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Birds Freiburg of

and surroundings

ď Field Guide

Of the main migratory & resident species of

Freiburg im Breisgau Marco SepĂşlveda F.


Birds of Freiburg

2013

A photographer’s guide… of the birds of Freiburg

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Birds of Freiburg

2013

Freiburg A green city

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Birds of Freiburg

2013

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Birds of Freiburg

2013

Field Guide

Birds of Freiburg & sourroundings

Pictures, Design and Text: Marco SepĂşlveda F.

Freiburg, Baden-WĂźrttemberg Germany 2014

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OPEN AREAS AND FOREST EDGES

63 FLIGHT & SHAPE PATTERNS

FOREST & PARK SPECIES

13

Aquatic & riparian birds

Birds of Freiburg 2013

INHALT/ GENERAL INDEX

45

87

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

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Birds of Freiburg

2013

INHALT

Foreword …………………………………

09

Guide description ……………………..

10

Bird topography ………………………..

11

Family characteristics of birds …..

12

Forest & parks birds …………………

14

Areas & forest edges ……………….

44

Aquatic & riparian birds ……………

68

Flight & shape patterns …………….

84

Birds shapes patterns ……………….

85

Glosary ……………………………………

100

References ………………………………

101 7


Birds of Freiburg

2013

Map of Baden-W端rttemberg & Freiburg im Breisgau

With

a superficie of 35,751.65 km2, BadenW端rttemberg is located in the southwestern part of Germany to the east of the Upper Rhine, it is the third largest of the 16 German federal states in both area and population. Is divided in four Administrative Districts (Regierungsbezirke), which one of them is Freiburg im Breisgau, the sunniest city in Germany. The city of Freiburg, is surrounded by many hills located on the western edge of the Black Forest in the Upper Rhine Plain. This beautiful landscape and the close sector of Wasenweiler (Kaisersthul) correspond to two important spots that concentrate high diversity of resident and migratory birds.

Wasenweiler

Freiburg

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Birds of Freiburg

2013

Map of Freiburg im Breisgau

Main sites of interest for Birdwatching in Freiburg ❶

Schlossberg

Stadgarten

Alter Friedhof

Roßkopf

Hauptfriedhof

Seepark

Mooswald

Dietenbachanlage

Rieselfeld

Opfinger

Valentins Wald

Mösle & Waldsee

Dreisam

Lagoons

Urban parks

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Birds of Freiburg

2013

Why to whatch birds? You don't need to know a lot about birds to enjoy watching them. But, what if you want to know how to identify one species from another? Here you can find useful information and suggestions to help you learn.

*

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Birds of Freiburg

2013 All pictures ©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

FOREWORD TO THE FIRST EDITION

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Birds of Freiburg

2013

GUIDE DESCRIPTION CATEGORY GERMAN NAME ENGLISH NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME PRESENCE IN MONTHS

R

WACHOLDERDROSSEL Fieldfare (Turdus pilaris) I Okt. - April General description…

Size of the birds in relation a Common pigeon (Columba livia) Order

Habitat niche

  

PASSERIFORMES

Forest & Park Species

HABITAT

Around 13 cm in length. Possible to find in all Freiburg during the whole year. IUCN Categorie: Least Concern

Categories of distribution R RESIDENT

M MIGRATORY

PM PARTIAL MIGRATION

U UNCOMMON

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Birds of Freiburg

2013

BIRD TOPOGRAPHY/ Vogeltopografie

SOME IDENTIFICATION TIPS Supercilium: feathers in the side of head above eye. Lore: tiny feathers between eye and bill. Culmen: the upper ridge of the bill Chin: below the base of the bill and at the very top of the throat (some birds have different colours) Orbital feathers: several rows of tiny feathers encircling eye. Eye-stripe: A line 'through' a bird's eye Mantle: Center of back, often patterned as streaks

* All pictures ŠMarco Sepúlveda 2013

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Birds of Freiburg

2013

FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS OF BIRDS

Here are a shape-code of the main Orders and Families present in this guide.

The major

group are represented by Passeriformes Order, with more than 30 species.

Die Entenvögel ORDER: ANSERIFORMES FAMILY: Anatidae This order includes geese, ducks and swans. Their body shape is typically designed to allow them to float on water in an upright posture, with their legs paddling beneath. They have feet adapted for paddling and walking. Their diet include mainly plants, insects, seeds, bulbs and crustaceans. The primary habitats for birds in this order include lakes, ponds, wetlands, rivers and even artificial habitats in urban areas.

Die Schreitvögel ORDER: CICONIIFORMES. FAMILY: Ardeidae-Ciconiidae Members of this order includes the herons, egrets and storks. These wading birds generally have long necks, long legs, short tails and long spear-shaped bills. Herons have powder down, a type of feather that is not shed but becomes powder which conditions and protects the other feathers.

Die Greifvögel ORDER: FALCONIFORMES. FAMILY: Accipitridae – Falconidae Birds of prey such as hawks, eagles, kites and falcons. They have strong and curved talons. Their bills have hooked tips, sharp edges and a fleshy cere at the base. Members of this order have keen vision, are strong flyers, and are diurnal hunters. Their diet includes snakes, invertebrates, fish, birds, mammals and carrion. Sexes usually have similar plumage and the female is often larger than the male. One to six eggs are laid in a large, bulky nest. The young are semiprecocial with down and open eyes upon hatching. 14


Birds of Freiburg

2013

Die Tauben ORDER: COLUMBIFORMES. FAMILY: Columbidae Pigeons and doves have small heads, fleshy cere, short neck, soft, dense plumage, a large crop, and short legs. All are monogamous, lay one to two eggs, and secrete a substance known as "pigeon milk" to feed their young. Pigeons, unlike other birds, can drink by sucking up water, without needing to tilt the head back. The nestlings are altricial at birth. These birds are proficient fliers but spend a lot of time on the ground and on perches. live in a wide variety of places including urban areas, gardens, all kinds of vegetation, forests, rocky ground and open areas. Are typically plant feeders, eating fruits, seeds and parts of plants.

Die Spechte ORDER: PICIFORMES. FAMILY: Picidae The bill of woodpeckers is long and chisel-like. They generally have a stiff pointed tail and short legs. All members of this order are cavity dwellers. The young are naked and blind at birth, or altricial. While known as insect feeders, some of the members of this order eat fruit. For habitats, this group of birds prefer woodlands, forest, scrub and grassland.

Die Singvรถgel ORDER: PASSERIFORMES. FAMILY: Tyrannidae-Hirundinidae-Corvidae-Paridae-Sittidae-CerthiidaeCinclidae-Trogloditidae-Mimidae-Turdidae-Sylviidae- ombyllidae- PasseridaeFringiilidae. They could be coloured birds, often whit elaborate songs. Their bodies are usually stoutish or slightly elongate and they are often small to medium in size. Generally are fast fliers, often displaying rapid, short bursts of flight. They are also well adapted for life among tree-filled environments, so they are highly skilled at navigating branches and flower gardens. Used diverse environments, such as forested areas and scrub or grasslands. Food items include insects and spiders, nectar, seeds, fruits and small invertebrates.

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Birds of Freiburg

2013

FOREST & PARKS BIRDS

© Schlossberg view from Münster platz

Freiburg is recognized for being a “green city”. For that reason, the presence of the city in a “green belt” permits the creation and presence of several garten spots, urban and natural parks, cultural landscapes and nature reserves that allow to find diverse species of resident and migratories birds. In this chapter discover the main birds that we can find in native forest and urban parks. Some species are specialist in use old trees like the Schwarzpecht and other species like the Amsel use both canopy and understory. Some interesting areas close to the city include places such as Schlossberg, the old and general cemetery, Mooswald-Nord, Valentins Wald, Möslepark and the natural conservation area "Freiburger Rieselfeld" in the west.

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Birds of Freiburg

2013

Some interesting places 1

Schwabentor view, next to Schlossberg. This area present a beautiful view of the city and the same time an easy route to walk and to do birdwatching. Two interesting areas is a short trekking to the 30 meter-high tower in Schlossberg mountain. The second route is walking from the “panoramic view” of t the city through the forest to St. Ottilien.

2 Valentins Wald view, in the sector of Wiehre. This green area covers a big extension between Littenweiler, Wiehre and Günterstald. It is possible to do different trekking through the forest and reach the top of the mountain at more of 600 meters of high.

3 Roßkopf area, between Gundelfingen and Elbet. This mountain of the Black forest had 737 meter of high and several trails ideal to do trekking looking for raptors and woodpeckers.

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R

2013

ROTKEHLCHEN European Robin (Erithacus rubecula)

The male and female are similar in coloration, with an orange breast and face lined with grey, brown upper parts and a whitish bell The upper parts are brownish, and the belly whitish, while the legs and feet are brown. The bill and eyes are black. The Robin is diurnal, although has been reported to be active hunting insects on moonlit nights or near artificial light at night. Male Robins are noted for their highly aggressive territorial behavior. They will attack other males that stray into their territories, and have been observed attacking other small birds without apparent provocation.

  Habitat niche

Around 13 cm in length. Possible to find in all Freiburg during the whole year. IUCN Categorie: Least Concern

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PASSERIFORMES

FOREST & PARK SPECIES

Birds of Freiburg


Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

GARTENBAUMLĂ„UFER Short-toed Treecreeper (Certhia brachydactyla)

The male and female are similar in coloration, with an orange breast and face lined with grey, brown upper parts and a whitish bell The upper parts are brownish, and the belly whitish, while the legs and feet are brown. The bill and eyes are black. The Robin is diurnal, although has been reported to be active hunting insects on moonlit nights or near artificial light at night. Male Robins are noted for their highly aggressive territorial behavior. They will attack other males that stray into their territories, and have been observed attacking other small birds without apparent provocation.

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Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

BLAUMEISE Eurasian Blue Tit (Cyanistes caeruleus)

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Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

KOHLMEISE Great tit (Parus major)

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R

2013

SUMPFMEISE Marsh Tit (Poecile palustris)

The male and female are similar in coloration, with an orange breast and face lined with grey, brown upper parts and a whitish bell. The upper parts are brownish, and the belly whitish, while the legs and feet are brown. The bill and eyes are black. The Robin is diurnal, although has been reported to be active hunting insects on moonlit nights or near artificial light at night. Male Robins are noted for their highly aggressive territorial behavior. They will attack other males that stray into their territories, and have been observed attacking other small birds without apparent provocation.

  Habitat niche

Around 13 cm in length. Possible to find in all Freiburg during the whole year. IUCN Categorie: Least Concern

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PASSERIFORMES

Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg


Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

SCHWANZMEISE Long-tailed Tit (Aegithalus caudatus)

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Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

KLEIBER Eurasian Nuthatch (Sitta europaea)

(** Preparing the nest with dry leaves and mud)

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M/U

2013

SEIDENSCHWANZ Bohemian Waxwing (Bombycilla garralus) IOkt. - April

The male and female are similar in coloration, with an orange breast and face lined with grey, brown upper parts and a whitish bell The upper parts are brownish, and the belly whitish, while the legs and feet are brown. The bill and eyes are black. The Robin is diurnal, although has been reported to be active hunting insects on moonlit nights or near artificial light at night. Male Robins are noted for their highly aggressive territorial behavior. They will attack other males that stray into their territories, and have been observed attacking other small birds without apparent provocation.

  Habitat niche

Around 13 cm in length. Possible to find in all Freiburg during the whole year. IUCN Categorie: Least Concern

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PASSERIFORMES

Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg


Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

2013

PM HECKENBRAUNELLE Dunnock (Prunella modularis)

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Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

M

2013

MÖNCHSGRASMÜCKE Eurasian Blackcap (Sylvia atricapilla) I April - Oktober

*Female & Male

* Juvenile

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Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

M

2013

FITIS Willow Warbler (Phylloscopus trochilus) I April - September

LONG PROJECTION OF PRIMARIES * ZILZALP present “short projection of primaries”

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Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

M

2013

ZILPZALP Common Chiffchaff (Phylloscopus collybita) IM채rz - Oktober

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Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

WINTERGOLDHĂ„NCHEN Goldcrest (Regulus regulus)

The smallest bird in Germany

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Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

ZAUNKÖNIG Eurasian Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

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Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

AMSEL Common black bird (Turdus merula)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

(Male & Female)

*Total leucocism

32


Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

SINGDROSSEL Song Thrush (Turdus philommelos)

33


Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

MISTELDROSSEL Mistel Thrush (Turdus viscivorus)

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Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

WACHOLDERDROSSEL Fieldfare (Turdus pilaris)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

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Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

RINGELTAUBE Common Wood Pigeon (Columba palumbus)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

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Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

TÜRKENTAUBE Eurasian Collared Dove (Streptopelia decaocto)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

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Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

EICHELHÄHER Eurasian Jay (Garrulus glandarius)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

38


Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

PM

2013

STAR Common Starling (Sturnus vulgaris)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

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Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

R–PM

2013

BUCHFINK Common Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

Male (left) & female (right)

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Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

KERNBEIĂ&#x;ER Hawfinch (Coccothrausters coccothrausters)

41


Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

M

2013

KUCKUCK Common Cuckoo (Cuculus cantorus) I April-September

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

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Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

BUNTSPECHT Great Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos major)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

Females (Male has red nape)

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Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

MITTELSPECHT Middle Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos medius)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

* Male and female has head red, but male the color is stronger.

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Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

SCHWARZSPECHT Black Woodpecker (Dryocopus martius)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

* female present only the nape red/ males has red from the front to the nape.

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Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

WALDKAUZ Tawny owl (Strix aluco)

46


Forest & Park Species

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

WALDOHREULE Long-eared Owl (Asio otus)

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Birds of Freiburg

2013

OPEN AREAS & FOREST EDGES

Š Way to Stegen

The transition or edge between two habitats (ecotone) is a good place to find high diversity. Also, open areas offer

the possibility to see raptors, such as the case of the family Falconidae, looking for preys. Besides, we can see small birds in beautiful display to attract to female or find territory (e.g. Passeriformes). In the surroundings of Freiburg, is possible to find several open areas related with cultural landscapes, that included grassland next to forest and parks, such as the area way to GĂźnterstald, the road to Stegen, Gundelfingen and all the way next to Dreisam.

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Birds of Freiburg

2013

Stegmatten area

*All pictures ŠMarco Sepúlveda 2013

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Open Areas & Forest Edges

Birds of Freiburg

M

2013

HAUSROTSCHWANZ Black Redstart (Phoenicurus ochruros) I M채rz- Oktober

(Male)

(Female)

50


Open Areas & Forest Edges

Birds of Freiburg

M

2013

SCHWARZKEHLCHEN European Stonechat (Saxicola torquatus) I M채rz- Oktober

Male

Female

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Open Areas & Forest Edges

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

FELDLERCHE Eurasian Skylark (Alauda arvensis)

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Open Areas & Forest Edges

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

FELDSPERLING Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus)

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Open Areas & Forest Edges

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

GRĂœNFINK European Greenfinch (Carduelis chloris)

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Open Areas & Forest Edges

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

GOLDAMMER Yellowhammer (Emberiza citrinella)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

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Open Areas & Forest Edges

Birds of Freiburg

R-PM

2013

ERLENZEISIG Eurasian Siskin (Carduelis spinus)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

Male

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

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Open Areas & Forest Edges

Birds of Freiburg

2013

M GIRLITZ European Serin (Serinus serinus) I März - Oktober

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

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Open Areas & Forest Edges

Birds of Freiburg

2013

R STIEGLITZ European Golfinch (Carduelis carduelis)

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Open Areas & Forest Edges

Birds of Freiburg

2013

R-PM GIMPEL Eurasian Bullfinch (Phyrrhula pyrrhula)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

Male

Female

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Open Areas & Forest Edges

Birds of Freiburg

2013

M BIENENFRESSER European Bee-eater (Merops apiaster) I Mai - September

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

Migratory from Africa. Possible to see near to Freiburg, in Wasenweiler

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Open Areas & Forest Edges

Birds of Freiburg

2013

M RAUCHSCHWALBE Barn swallow (Hirundo rustica) I April - Oktober

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

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Open Areas & Forest Edges

Birds of Freiburg

2013

M WIEDEHOPF Eurasian Hoopoe (Upupa epops) I April - September

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

Migratory from Africa. Possible to see near to Freiburg (Wasenweiler)

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Open Areas & Forest Edges

Birds of Freiburg

2013

R GRÜNSPECHT European Green Woodpecker (Picoides viridis)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

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Open Areas & Forest Edges

Birds of Freiburg

2013

R ELSTER Eurasian magpie (Pica pica)

64


Open Areas & Forest Edges

Birds of Freiburg

2013

R SAATKRÄHE Rook (Corvus frugilegus)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

65


Open Areas & Forest Edges

Birds of Freiburg

2013

R RABENKRĂ„HE Carrion Crow (Corvus corone)

66


Open Areas & Forest Edges

Birds of Freiburg

2013

M WEISSSTORCH White Stork (Ciconia ciconia) I März - August

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

67


Open Areas & Forest Edges

Birds of Freiburg

2013

R JAGDFASAN Common Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

* Male

Introduced from Asia

68


Open Areas & Forest Edges

Birds of Freiburg

PM

2013

ROTMILAN Red Kite (Milvus milvus)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

69


Open Areas & Forest Edges

Birds of Freiburg

M

2013

SCHWARZMILAN Black Kite (Milvus migrans) I April - September

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

70


Open Areas & Forest Edges

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

MÄUSEBUSSARD Common Buzzard (Buteo buteo)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

* Adult (all pictures)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

71


Open Areas & Forest Edges

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

TURMFALKE Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

72


Birds of Freiburg

2013

73


Birds of Freiburg

2013

AQUATIC & RIPARIAN BIRDS

© Stockente in Valdsee

In this classification are included lagoons such as Flückigersee in Seepark, Valdsee, Seepark and all the way next to Dreisam….

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Birds of Freiburg

2013

75


Aquatic & Riparian Birds

Birds of Freiburg

2013

R HÖCKERSCHWAN Mute Swan (Cygnus olor)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

*Adult with chick

Possible to see in Flückigersee (Seepark)

76


Aquatic & Riparian Birds

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

GÄNSESÄGER Common merganser (Mergus merganser)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

* Juveniles

*Male (left) & female (right)

77


Aquatic & Riparian Birds

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

STOCKENTE Mallard (Anas platyrhynchus)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

*Female with chick

*Normal male (left) &male with partial leucosism (right)

78


Aquatic & Riparian Birds

Birds of Freiburg

R-U

2013

KOLBENENTE Red-crested Pochard (Netta rufina)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

left: female

Possible to see in Flückigersee (Seepark) 79


Aquatic & Riparian Birds

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

BLÄSSHUHN Eurasian coot (Fulica atra)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

*Adult with chick

*Left: juveniles/

Possible to see in Flückigersee (Seepark)

80


Aquatic & Riparian Birds

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

TEICHHUHN Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

Possible to see in Flückigersee (Seepark) 81


Aquatic & Riparian Birds

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

HAUBENTAUCHER Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

*Right: Adult with chick

Possible to see in Flückigersee (Seepark)

82


Aquatic & Riparian Birds

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

GRAUREIHER Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

* adult

*Adult (back view) & Juvenile (right)

83


Aquatic & Riparian Birds

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

EISVOGEL Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis)

84


Aquatic & Riparian Birds

Birds of Freiburg

R

2013

GEBIRGSSTELZE Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea)

* First winter

* Juvenile (see short tail)

85


Aquatic & Riparian Birds

Birds of Freiburg

M

2013

BACHSTELZE White Wagtail (Motacilla alba) I M채rz-November

* Is possible to find it near to water bodies and open areas

86


Aquatic & Riparian Birds

Birds of Freiburg

2013

R WASSERAMSEL White-throated Dipper (Cinclus cinclus)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

87


Aquatic & Riparian Birds

Birds of Freiburg

2013

M TEICHROHRSÄNGER European Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus scirpaceus)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

88


Another aquatic species

Birds of Freiburg

2013

LACHMÖWE Black-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus ridibundus)

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

KORMORAN Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo)

89


Birds of Freiburg

2013

FLIGHT & SHAPE PATTERNS

In different parts of Freiburg it is possible to see birds flying. This is an important point at the moment to identify species, especially during the migratory season of some birds such as swallows (e.g. rauchschwalbe), swifts (e.g. mauersegler) or raptors (e.g. rotmilan).

90


Birds of Freiburg

2013

BIRDS SHAPES PATTERNS

M채usebussard

Rotmilan

Rabenkr채he

Turmfalke

Mauersegler

Weisstorch

Schwarzmilan

Sperber

Rauchschwalbe

Mehlschwalbe

Graureiher 91


FLIGHT & SHAPE PATTERNS

Birds of Freiburg

2013

1 MÄUSEBUSSARD Common Buzzard: Use of thermal currents

92


FLIGHT & SHAPE PATTERNS

Birds of Freiburg

2013

2 ROTMILAN Red Kite: Use of thermal currents

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

93


FLIGHT & SHAPE PATTERNS

Birds of Freiburg

2013

M채usebussard & Rotmilan

Rotmilan (left) & Schwarzmilan (right) 94


FLIGHT & SHAPE PATTERNS

Birds of Freiburg

2013

3 SCHWARZMILAN Black Kite: Use of thermal currents

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

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FLIGHT & SHAPE PATTERNS

Birds of Freiburg

4

2013

TURMFALKE Common Kestrel

*Male

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

* Turmfalke in “Hovering” behaviour

96


FLIGHT & SHAPE PATTERNS

Birds of Freiburg

2013

5 WANDERFALKE Peregrine Falcon

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

97


FLIGHT & SHAPE PATTERNS

Birds of Freiburg

2013

6 RABENKRÄHE Carrion Crow

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

Rabenkrähe (left) & Mäusebussard (right)

98


FLIGHT & SHAPE PATTERNS

Birds of Freiburg

2013

7 MAUERSEGLER Common Swift

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

Except when nesting. spend their lives in the air (drink, feed, mate and sleep).

99


FLIGHT & SHAPE PATTERNS

Birds of Freiburg

2013

8 ALPENSEGLER Alpine Swift

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

Only is possible to see in three cities in Germany

100


FLIGHT & SHAPE PATTERNS

Birds of Freiburg

2013

9 RAUCHSCHWALBE Barn Swallow

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

101


FLIGHT & SHAPE PATTERNS

Birds of Freiburg

2013

10 MEHLSCHWALBE Common House Martin

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

©Marco Sepúlveda 2013

102


FLIGHT & SHAPE PATTERNS

Birds of Freiburg

11

2013

WEISSSTORCH White Stork

103


FLIGHT & SHAPE PATTERNS

Birds of Freiburg

12

2013

GRAUREIHER Grey Heron

104


Birds of Freiburg

2013

Glosary

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Birds of Freiburg

2013

References

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Birds of Freiburg

2013

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Birds of Freiburg

Birds

of FREIBURG

2013

I 'm a veterinarian by profession,

but have done research on wildlife in northern and southern Chile. Since October 2012, I've been doing a M.Sc. in Forstwissenschaften/Forest Science (Wildlife & Biodiversity line) at the University of Freiburg in Germany. So far I've gained a good knowledge of the birds of Germany, which gives me the chance of making this brief photographic guide. 108


Birds of Freiburg

Birds Freiburg of

2013

marcspe@yahoo.com

im Breisgau

 Near to 200 pictures of the main migratory and resident birds  Brief description of the main green-areas for Birdwatching in Freiburg and its surroundings  Includes a flight shape identification key

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Birds of Freiburg

2013

All pictures Š Marco Sepúlveda 2013

110

Profile for raptor

Birds of freiburg, field guide/ Vögel in Freiburg  

Birds of freiburg, field guide/ Vögel in Freiburg  

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