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art of control

May 2 014

The World Cup World Cup History: Top 10 Controversial Moments Upcoming WC 2014: Ones to watch Teams and Groups

Youth Desensitation How To: Aviod Career Misery Changing the World


CONTENTS Indepth information bout this issue’s Item of luxury Featuring: The Land Rover

Expert advice including easy tips and tricks to help improve your language efficiency

Vacation spots worth your while

How youth are subject to desensitatiation

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3

18

24

Teach a Kid to Fish The “Hook Up”

Apple Products

38

35

28

Admirable Crafts

Object of Desire

Aviod Career Misery

World Cup history Statistics Power Rankings Young Players to Watch Insight on the Upcoming WC

The World Cup

art of control

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Insight on Latest Apple technology: -Smart Phones -What’s New?! -Upcomming!

14 Vocal Connections

Youth Desensitation

Worlds Finest

6

6 interesting crafts you may want to try at home

Changing the World Take a Look at some of the worlds major individual influences.

Expert Information on Ways to Avoid a Miserable Career

The Great Mahi Cooking Tips Lattest Fishing Gear


Object of Desire Range Rover

The All-New Range Rover “EXPERIENCE THE JOURNEY” The all-new Range Rover Sport takes the marque to another level. It is the most dynamic, agile and responsive Land Rover ever. Its flowing lines, distinctive silhouette and muscular stance embody the vehicle’s energy, modernity and boundless ability. It simply demands to be driven. Designed and engineered without compromise, the Range Rover Sport delivers transformational on-road dynamics, paired with Land Rover’s all-terrain performance. The result is a vehicle with unrivalled breadth of capability. This is the fastest, most agile and responsive Land Rover ever. With its lightweight aluminum body, optional Torque Vectoring® and dedicated Dynamic Mode in Terrain Response®2*, it delivers a truly impressive on-road performance with superior handling. *These systems are not a substitute for driving safely with due care and attention and will not function

under all circumstances, speeds, weather and road conditions, etc. Driver should not assume that these systems will correct errors of judgment in driving. Please consult the owner’s manual or your local authorized Land Rover Retailer for more details.

The all-new Range Rover Sport has Land Rover capability at its heart. Designed and engineered to greater heights, it tackles the toughest road surfaces and climates as though born to the task. Extreme testing in the most inhospitable terrains and temperature ranges have all helped to create a vehicle that, even in the most challenging conditions, is designed to perform. Impeccably. Contemporary. Beautifully designed. Flawlessly executed. Created around the driver, the interior of the all-new Range Rover Sport epitomizes modern living. The strong lines are balanced by soft lighting and fresh, individual colorways. The fit and finish are crafted from premium materials to create a striking interior cabin.

The Range Rover Sport offers an exclusive range of options that allow you to personalize your vehicle. You have several choices: from selecting your engine and model to exterior and interior colors, wheels, finishes and those detailed touches that define your style. If you’d like to bring your options to life, go to our online configurator at LandRoverUSA.com


Safety and Security * = Latest Features Remote power central double locking

Cruise control*

Single point entry, customer configurable

Front Parking Aid with front visual display*

Power operated child locks

Surround camera system*

Driver and Passenger Airbags (side, seatfront, thorax, pelvis)

Rear view camera*

Roll Stability Control (RSC) Active Speed Limiter device (ASL) Front height adjustable seat belts Perimetric alarm with engine immobilization Interior Features Rear Park Distance sensors with visual display* Console Switch Pack includes hazard and master lock/unlock

Homelink® Auxiliary device connectivity (full integrated streaming) Voice Control – ‘Say What You See’ intuitive voice control (SWYS) User selectable screen savers Auxiliary power sockets (front, second row and loadspace 12V)

Meridian Surround Sound Audio System (825W) with 19 speakers Satellite Digital Audio Receiver System (SDARS) and HD radio Hard disk navigation system Bluetooth® phone connection Keyless entry Loadspace Features Roller loadspace cover Secure glovebox stowage Loadspace mounting provisions Eight inch Touch-screen

Range Rover Audio System (380W) with eight speakers.

MP3 compatible audio disk

Two USB Sockets

Bluetooth® audio streaming


Electric Power Assisted Steering The Electric Power Assisted Steering (EPAS) system helps to deliver accurate, Adaptive Dynamics* consistent steering and agile cornering. Adaptive Dynamics monitors the Power assistance is speed-sensitive vehicle’s movements over 500 times a so the steering is light and responsive second, reacting to driver or road inputs virtually instantaneously, helping at lower speeds and firmer at higher to give greater control and minimizing speeds. Torque Vectoring* body roll, for a composed ride. The Adaptive Cruise Control with Queue system even senses off-road conditions Assist, Intelligent Emergency Braking and optimizes damping accordingly. and Active Seat Belts*. Adaptive Cruise Electronic Air Suspension* Control is an improved cruise control The all-new Range Rover Sport feasystem that helps maintain a pre-set tures a next-generation four corner gap. Queue Assist extends the ACC air suspension system which delivers class-leading comfort and capabilities functionality. It is designed to allow the vehicle to come to a stop when it reachboth on and off-road. The air suspenes a traffic queue. Intelligent Emergension system automatically switches cy Braking uses radar to detect vehicles between two ride heights when the off-road setting is selected. Maximum travelling in the same direction and automatically reduces impact speed if ground clearance is increased by 2.6 it calculates that a frontal collision is inches above normal ride height at unavoidable. speeds less than 30mph.

Interior Features

Park Assist* Using sensors, this feature identifies parking spaces and helps you parallel park in tight spots. The screen prompts you to select reverse and then automatically steers you into place. You stay in control using the brake and graphics in the instrument panel to guide you through each maneuver. (Included with Vision and Convenience Package.) Reverse Traffic Detection* Using radar detectors in the rear of the vehicle the system is designed to warn you about potential collisions during reversing maneuvers. The system can help detect a vehicle approaching from either side. When a target vehicle with a credible ‘time to collision’ is detected (a collision within three seconds or less), the system alerts the driver. Three warnings are given: an indicator lights up in the corresponding door mirror, an audible alert is sounded and a warning symbol is displayed on the camera screen. (Included with Vision and Convenience Package.)


Top Crafts to be Admired 6

1. Neon Paint Dipped Pumpkins

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Fall is the next season, and Halloween will soon be right around the corner, so that means it’s time for PUMPKINS! I break them out every year about this time and tend to hear a sigh from my husband. Yes, it may get a little pumpkin crazy ’round our house. But how can you not love these gorgeous gourds?? So when Michaels told me about the Great Pumpkin Challenge I was intrigued!

And they sent me a few pumpkins to test out some new tricks…and I came up with these fun Neon Paint Dipped Pumpkins! Are you a child of the 80s? If so, you may be reveling in the bright neon revival! I think neons are so much fun, especially when it comes to party decor. So pumpkins may be a little out there, but if you’re into modern design with a POP – these would be perfect! And they were so much fun to create! What you’ll need: • Pumpkins • White/Black spray paint • Americana NEONS paint • Paint brush


And the Steps: • I started off with an orange, black and ivory pumpkin that I spray painted white (several light coats until fully covered). • Once dry I “dipped” the bottom of the pumpkin in Americana NEONS paint, spread around a thick layer with a paint brush and held upside down until the bottom was completely covered and paint started to run up the sides. • Once I was happy with how far the paint ran “up” the pumpkin, I turned it upright and placed on a glass to dry.

And voila! Perfectly modern, bright and 80s-worthy Neon Paint Dipped Pumpkins! Aren’t they FUN!? I’m obsessed. Where has neon been all these years? And I have to tell you, these Americana NEONS (that you can also find at Michaels) are fabulous! So true to color and bright! I can see more neon projects in our future. You have been warned!

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DIY Twine Wrapped Lampshade

Twine-Wrapped LAMPSHADE

Hi friends! Today I’m sharing a fun DIY Twine-Wrapped Lampshade that was part of a Lamps.com DIY Blogger Lampshade Challenge! Each participant in the challenge was provided a plain white drum lampshade to makeover, as creatively as possible. I chose to go with a simple, neutral and natural look as I knew that it would fit best in my office/craft room that I’m currently updating. And you too can create this look with just a few dollars and a little bit of time ! What you’ll need: • Plain white lampshade • Twine • Glue gun/(I used fabric hot glue) • Spray adhesive

And the steps: • I started the twine at the base of the lampshade just above the bottom lip and at the back seam, I glued the twine down with hot glue to start. • Then around the circumference of the lampshade I sprayed the spray adhesive about 6 inches at a time and wrapped the twine around • Each time I met the seam I would again hot glue the twine down for extra hold. • I then repeated these steps until the entire lampshade was covered to the bottom of the top lip.


And you’re done! Your very own DIY Twine-Wrapped Lampshade! It took a couple of hours and about 225 feet of twine, but I’m in LOVE with the results! Here it is up close… It’s all lit up and happy in my office…

What do you think? Do you love it as much as I do? I had so many ideas for this challenge, but I’m so happy I went with this one because I knew it would be right at home in my office. I love the natural, yet contemporary look. Could you use a DIY twine-wrapped lampshade in your home?

What you’ll need: • Martha Stewart Crafts™ Glass Adhesive Stencils-Classic Serif Alphabet • Martha Stewart Crafts™ Frost Translucent Glass Paint Set • Paint brushes • Glass jar • Manicure supplies: cotton balls, nail polish, nail files, etc. And the steps:

Mother’s Day Monogram Manicure Jar

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Hi friends! Mother’s day will be here shortly! this is a very fun and thoughtful Mother’s Day Gift made with Martha Stewart Crafts: a Mother’s Day Monogram Manicure Jar! Now I don’t know about your mom, but my mother is into beauty. Not in a self-centered way, but I remember ever since I was a little girl that my mother would spend time on her hair and makeup each and every day. I always admired that about her, even more so now that I’m grown and have two little ones to take care of! So come holidays, like Christmas and

• Adhere adhesive alphabet stencils onto glass jar. • Paint a couple of layers of glass paint onto the stencils and let dry. • Peel off adhesive stencils. • Fill the jar with manicure supplies.

Mother’s Day, beauty items on top on my list to buy her! I gave my nieces fun little manicure jars at Christmas this year and I thought, what a nice Mother’s Day gift they would make too! And with Martha Stewart paints and stencils, I knew I could add a personal touch to it!

A quick note – dealing with the enamels can get messy and sticky! No worries though – you can make clean up a breeze with some simple vinegar! Great to use to “start over” if need be.


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Jewellery with Martha Stewart Crafts

And your finished product is an adorable, monogrammed manicure jar! Now what gal wouldn’t love that? And even more, the fact that you went that extra step to make it personal! I also found this adorable flower hair piece that I attached to the top of the jar to give it even more of a girly touch…

Perfectly cute and pampered, don’t you think? You could even tuck a gift card in there for a salon or spa if you wanted to spend a bit more! Also as a side note, I started out this project using the stencils and Martha Stewart Crafts Glass Etching Cream, which I have to say is fabulous! And to be honest I think I like the result of the etching cream better, but it was so hard to show in photographs, especially when the jar was full of all the manicure goodies. But I wanted to show you the jar so you could get an idea of what I will actually be giving my mother this year… Well I hope you leave here inspired! Think of what amazing gifts you could make this year with Martha Stewart Crafts! And there’s still plenty of time to create!

Hi friends! I’m so excited about this month’s 12 Months of Martha DIY Jewelry. You may have heard by now that Martha has her own jewelry line - Martha Stewart Crafts™ Jewelry! When I opened this month’s #12MonthofMartha box, I was shocked by the fabulous supply of beads, enamels and charms. But I have a confession: I’m no jewelry crafter! I’ve actually never made jewelry before, so I was honestly a little nervous to give it a try. But I had to test it out for all of you, right? To show you how easy it was to make your own? Fingers crossed. What you’ll need: • Martha Stewart Crafts™ Jewelry Beads – Ocean Blue • Martha Stewart Crafts™ Jewelry Tools – Chain Nose Pliers • Eyelet pins • Jump rings • Clasps • Chain

So I set out to play. I broke open enamels, busted out beads and got to tinkering. And wow – let me tell you – I’m hooked! After a few fails (thankfully it’s easy to scrap and start over), I got the hang of it and I haven’t stopped ever since! I’ve actually created quite a few pieces so I’ll share a favorite with you. It is an An Ombre Stacker Bracelet. So lets get down to it. And the steps: • I started the twine at the base of the lampshade just above the bottom lip and at the back seam, I glued the twine down with hot glue to start.


• Then around the circumference of the lamp shade I sprayed the spray adhesive about 6 inches at a time and wrapped the twine around • Each time I met the seam I would again hot glue the twine down for extra hold. • I then repeated these steps until the entire lampshade was covered to the bottom of the top lip.

5. Easy No-Sew Kids Lion Halloween Costume

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Find it hard to find good costumes for your kids at Halloween? Do you usually have your costumes all buttoned up and ready to go? Just in case you need another fun and EASY last-minute, no-sew costume, we have one for you today – Stacey of Dream Photography Studio

See how easy it is to – craft your own arm candy? I particularly love that you can pick out what colors you need to coordinate most with your wardrobe AND that you can adjust the size to fit YOU! I actually have quite small wrists (I wish I had that issue all around), so I rarely can buy something that isn’t adjustable. Problem solved! For styles such as these – from now on I’m making my own with Martha Stewart Crafts® Jewelry! So what do you think? Do you love what I’ve created so far? Like I said, I am not done! I feel like I’m almost creating a piece a day at this rate! Don’t you want to try now? I don’t blame you.

What you’ll need: • Yellow shirt • Yarn (fluffy, multi-colored yarn works best!) • Scissors • Brown eyeliner (or Halloween face make-up) And the steps: • Simply wrap rounds of yarn around your fingers, like you’re making a yarn pom- pom! • Tie a length of yarn around the rounds of yarn to secure. • Cut across the rounds of yarn on the opposite side and fluff. • Repeat this step, making plenty of yarn “pom-poms” for the mane!


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Football Field Party Tables

Once you’re done with the poms: • Braid 6 lengths of yarn to create a thick headband that you’ll use to tie the mane on. • You’ll want to make sure that it’s long enough once braided to tie around your child’s head. • Tie off each end of the braid ed cord. • Starting from the middle of the cord, attach the yarn pom-poms by simply tying them to the cord.

And voila! You have one easy, FLUFFY lion’s mane for one easy nosew Lion Halloween Costume!

Then you just tie that fun little mane onto your child, add a nose and some whiskers (I just used my brown eyeliner) and you’re done! Isn’t he the cutest?! I don’t think I’ve ever heard so many roars in my life. If you have animal lovers like my kiddos, you should definitely give this last-minute Lion Halloween Costume a try! If you’ve got yarn and some eyeliner, you can pull it together in no time. And that’s a good thing – since if you’re in a rush you’re almost out of time!

Stacey of Dream Photography Studio

Are you ready for some football?! Here we’re going to show you our go-to Football Field Party Table! So we were getting ready for the Superbowl in our home where we have a big party every year. Here will show you this fun football field party table and easy steps to put it together, I originally saw the idea of a football field table on Pinterest of all things, shocker I know. It was pinned from “Counting it all Joy”. I made a few modifications and here are the steps. What you’ll need: • Green felt (enough to cover your table surface) • White duct tape • White vinyl • Die cutting machine or pre-cut numbers


And the steps: • • • •

Simply cover the table surface with the green felt (I purchased mine from Hobby Lobby with 40% off coupon, with measurements for my kitchen island), and tape it down to secure. Mark off where you want the yard lines for your football field and use white duct tape to create the line. Cut yard line “numbers” out of white vinyl with your die cutting machine. If you don’t have a machine you could buy pre-cut numbers or trace and cut them out by hand. Stick the numbers down around the duct tapelines. And you’re done! Pretty easy right?!

I also created some EASY football bunting with simple brown triangles and white laces…

So there you have it! An easy football field party table. I love how it turned out! It was the hit of the party – and probably the part that I spent the least time on – don’t you love when that happens? I hope you give it a try this year! I can’t wait to see all of the fun parties.


Changing the W rld

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Gandhi

ahatma Gandhi – the one who freed an entire country with his peaceful movement. He wasn’t the first and he won’t be the last revolutionist but certainly he is the most famous of the world’s peaceful political dissidents. Mohandas Gandhi — more known as Mahatma — led India’s independence movement without any violence involved and he’s named as one of the 20th century’s most important figures and remains revered in India as the father of the nation. So How did Mahatma Gandhi Change the World? When Gandhi returned to India at the age of 46, he started traveling widely among the country, helping to settle many local disputes. His big success lead to him being admired throughout the country so much that one of India’s most well-known writers gave Gandhi the title Mahatma (“Great Soul”). Mahatma Gandhi became a leader of the Indian community and over the years developed a political movement based on the methods of non-violent civil disobedience, which he called “satyagraha”. He dressed simply, in a loin cloth and shawl, and he didn’t have any other material possessions.

To those who don’t know India was a British Colony. During the years Gandhi would be imprisoned many times, but that didn’t stop him but what Gandhi managed to do was that he developed satyagraha into a national movement, stressing passive resistance, nonviolent disobedience, boycotts and, on occasion, hunger strikes. He became so well-known and respected, that he gained influence with both the British ruler and the general public. Mahatma Gandhi believed in the unity of all mankind under one god. As a youth, he was neither a genius nor a child prodigy and actually he suffered from extreme shyness. However, he approached life with making small steps towards his goals, which he pursued relentlessly. By the time he died, India had become an independent country, free of British rule and actually India became the largest democracy in the world. Today, Gandhi is remembered not only as a political leader, but also as a moralist who appealed to the universal conscience of mankind. On January 30, 1948, just after India attained its independence from Britain, Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated. Now more than everything else what Mahatma Gandhi proved was that ONE MAN can change the world, he managed to take down an empire without using any violence.


And his example was later followed by other peaceful resisters such as Martin Luther King Jr. and Dalai Lama. He freed India from the British Empire, without using any violence and advocated that others do the same, and who could believe that such a skinny and shy man could do it, but he is another proof of what we as humans can achieve, and if Mahatma Gandhi could do it, why do you think you can’t? Just give me a single reason, he wasn’t a genius neither a prodigy, he came from a middle class family, but he did something that most would describe as “impossible”, now many would disagree and I’m fine with that, as you know there will always be haters trying to prove you wrong, but it’s your choice if you listen to them.

How will you change yourself? How will you change our world? 2. You Are in Control “Nobody can hurt me without my permission.” What does this mean? It means that no matter what anyone else does or says, ultimately, we are in control of how we react to anything and everything. Life is full of choices and it’s important to remember that every single day, we are making a thousand different choices all of which are within our control. It’s these choices that we make — the way we choose to handle a situation, the way we choose to spend our time, how we choose to spend our money, who we choose to love, how we choose to live – that, no matter how big or small, enable us with the capability of changing the world.

Like guys you have to understand that we all have the power to change the world, and believe me the ones changing the world are humans not freaking “aliens” for god sake! So remember that we are the ones shaping our destiny, we are the ones that create the future, we make our own decisions and in the end we all get what we deserve, and remember this that – It’s Those who are crazy enough to think they can change the world who change it! So be crazy, be creative, be original and never forget that we get to live once and if you want to work a job that makes you unhappy for the rest of your life, that’s fine with me, but don’t forget that we get to live once, so it’s your choice – Be happy and do the things you love or be miserable doing the things you hate, because someone told you that was the right path! So, in the spirit of changing the world and Mahatma Gandhi, lets take a look at: Gandhi’s Top 10 Fundamentals For Changing The World:

3. Forgive and Let Go “An eye for an eye will make the whole world blind.” Although forgiveness is not always the easiest task, it’s much more enjoyable to carry the lightness of a positive mind. Reacting to violence with violence equals war. As mentioned above, we are in control of ourselves and our reactions, this includes forgiving and letting go — rising above any of the negativity threatening to weigh you down.

1. Change Yourself “You must be the change you wish to see in the world.” We can’t just expect the world to change on its own. It tarts with YOU. It starts with a resolution to stop sitting around hoping things will change for the better, and actually s getting up and proactively pursuing that change.

4. Take Care of This Moment “I do not want to foresee the future. I am concerned with taking care of the present. God has given me no control over the moment following.”This is all about living in the NOW. Although we can plan for our futures, it’s important to not lose sight of the present and not lose focus on what is important right now, in this moment. It’s true what the say — we can’t alter our past and we can’t possibly know what our future holds. The time is now, to capitalize on the present moment and to do with it all that we possibly can. 5. Without Action, You Aren’t Going Anywhere

“An ounce of practice is worth more than tons of preaching.” We’ve all heard it before — practice makes perfect. We can talk all we want about that perfect Swish sound f a nothing-but-net 3-pointer from the wide corner, but until we practice that shot over and over and over gain.


it will never be the buzzer-beater game-winner. It’s all about turning plans into action; talking the talk and then actually walking the walk… (How many cliché metaphors can you fit into one description?) 6. Everyone is Human “I claim to be a simple individual liable to err like any other fellow mortal. I own, however, that I have humility enough to confess my errors and to retrace my steps.” This is an important one. I think, too often we put people on a pedestal and hold them to unnaturally high standards — we turn people and their actions, accomplishments and achievements into myths — heroism beyond our capability. Remembering that we are all human and all capable of equal greatness is crucial to our understanding and our purpose. 7. See the Good in People and Help Them “I look only to the good qualities of men. Not being faultless myself, I won’t presume to probe into the faults of others.”If we can focus on recognizing the good in a person, instead of picking out one’s flaws, we are promoting positivity. Positivity is a mindset, and a powerful tool when it comes to finding the will within yourself to turn your energies towards helping others. 8. Persist “First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win.” Nothing good ever comes easy. If you really want something, you have to work for it. This is where persistence comes in. Persistence is a character builder. It is a statement to one’s dedication to a cause and a test of resilience, hunger and determination. How badly do you want it? How far will you go to get it? 9. Be Congruent, Be Authentic, Be Your True Self “Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and what you do are in harmony.” This one is pretty self-explanatory. Whatever you do, do it because it’s something you are truly passionate about; do it because it’s you. Be authentic to your cause

and that way, no matter what you are doing, you will be able to feel true and utter happiness. 10. Continue to Grow and Evolve ”Constant development is the law of life, and a man who always tries to maintain his dogmas in order to appear consistent drives himself into a false position.” Our growth and development doesn’t just stop when we get to a certain age. There is no end to the amount of things we are capable of learning, and we should not remain stagnant. I used to believe that I was only 1 person and that because of that, there wasn’t anything I could possibly do that would make a big enough impact on this world to actually change it. Recently, I learned I was wrong. Because of Gandhi’s fundamentals, because of a few chance encounters, because I believed in a cause so whole-heartedly that I would go to any length to see it through, because I surrounded myself with passionate and like-minded people who challenged me to believe in an idea, because I was persistent — I implemented change. And you can, too.


Martin Luther King Jr.

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o think and speak on behalf of others is noteworthy, to serve and act on be half of others is heroic, but what do we call someone who gave his words, actions and life on behalf of others? Martin Luther King, Jr. is one of the few people in history who have so profoundly changed the world in such a short time. His visions and actions for social unity, racial brotherhood, true peace and social welfare were not only carefully thought and weighed, but also acted upon with strategic finesse. Born to a middle class family on January 15, 1929 in the segregated state of Georgia, Martin Luther King, Jr. would grow up to become an American philosopher, expert orator and strategic leader of the American Civil Rights Movement. Martin excelled at school and entered Morehouse College at the age of fifteen and earned a B.A. in Sociology by the age of nineteen. In the next six years he would marry Coretta Scott, earn a Bachelor of Divinity from Crozer Theological Seminary, become a pastor of a church in Montgomery, Alabama and begin earning his Doctorate of Philosophy from Boston University. It was his education and travels to other countries that King claims opened his eyes to the world around him and exposed him to “the complexity of man’s social involvement and the glaring reality of collective evil.” It was the collective sins and structural evils that Martin Luther King, Jr. would dedicate his life to eradicatin “True compassion is more than flinging a coin to a beggar….it comes to see that an edifice which produces beggars needs restructuring” – Martin Luther King Jr.

King’s first leadership role in the civil rights movement was as an executive of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), where he lead and organized the year long Montgomery Bus Boycott. The Boycott would lead to the United States Supreme Court ruling that segregated buses were unconstitutional. His next major role would come as President of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). This group distinguished itself from other civil rights organizations by using only nonviolent strategies to expose the evils of oppression while learning to see the common bonds between all. King stated it most simply when he said, “Nonviolence means avoiding not only external physical violence but also internal violence of spirit. You not only refuse to shoot a man, but you refuse to hate him.” King also traveled to India to visit Gandhi’s birthplace and learn how the methods of nonviolent resistance could be used in the struggle for justice and human dignity in the United States. Over the next few years, Martin Luther King Jr. spoke over 2,500 times and led marches and nonviolent demonstrations for blacks’ right to vote, desegregation, labor and other basic civil rights. Often the demonstrations against unjust laws were met with police and segregationist violence and force. In the face of high-pressured water jets and police dogs, massive arrests as well as bomb and death threats, Martin Luther King, Jr. continued to persuade those fighting for civil rights to remember that their goal was unity and peace. “Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that.” – Martin Luther King, Jr. Martin Luther King faced resistance to his efforts and at all levels, from local police, district judges, governors and even the President of the United States. He was arrested over 20 times, yet despite it all, he continued in his labor for change. In addition to the police violence and violence from segregationists, King also faced threats and violence from members of his own race that did not agree with his views of peace, unity and brotherhood. He was stabbed in the chest at a book signing


and later stoned by a group of black nationalists who felt that the history of injustice made racial integration and racial unity impossible. In an effort to learn more about the plights of the poor, Martin Luther King, Jr. moved into the poorest area of Chicago and switched his focus to a broad social uplift campaign known as “the poor people’s campaign.” King believed that in addition to the right to vote, the government would also need to invest in economic and social improvement for true equality to become a reality. King demanded economic aid to the poorest communities of all races in the United States in what would be called the Economic Bill of Rights. Recognizing the immense sums of money being spent on war in Vietnam rather than those in need in the United States, King began to adamantly oppose the war and call for the end of federal funds being used on violence. Martin Luther King, Jr. suggested that poverty was a major cause of the social problems in the U.S. and called for “a radical redistribution of economic and political power” that would uplift those from all racial and ethnic groups. “We are called to speak for the weak, for the voiceless, for the victims of our nation and for those it calls enemy. For no document from human hands can make these humans any less our brothers.” Martin Luther King Jr. n the last days of his life, Martin Luther King Jr. was supporting a garbage worker’s strike in Tennessee and planning a massive nonviolent civil disobedience demonstration to bring a broad ethnic and racial mix of the nation’s poor to set up camp at the national mall in Washington D.C. The goal of the demonstration was to make it unavoidable for the lawmakers at the Capitol to remain ignorant on the plight and needs of the poor. However, before the event could take place, Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated while exiting his hotel room. As a result, organization and rallies on behalf of the economic bill crumbled and it did not pass. There is much controversy surrounding King’s death such as how and why It occurred. King had been under surveillance by the FBI for years including during the shooting.

He was labeled as the “most dangerous negro”, and had faced dozens of FBI’s attempts to infiltrate and disrupt the movement and to discredit King. The suspected killer, James Earl Ray, was picked up by the FBI and coerced into pleading guilty to avoid going to trial or having evidence produced. Many had hoped for further investigations and clarity. Martin gave 2,500 speeches during the last 11 years of his life, including his “I have a Dream” speech. Despite the controversies over his tragic death, what should be remembered about Martin Luther King Jr. was his profound grasp on the social problems in the world around him and his commitment to use nonviolent tactics to bring about social change. He is a hero in every sense of the word. King committed his life improving the lives of all races and to creating true unity through racial reconciliation. “I want you to say that day that I tried to be right on the war question. I want you to be able to say that day that I did try to feed the hungry. I want you to be able to say that day that I did try in my life to clothe those who were naked. I want you to say on that day that I did try in my life to visit those who were in prison. And I want you to say that I tried to love and serve humanity.” -King’s desire for his legacy.


Nikola Tesla Nikola Tesla was one of the greatest electrical inventors who ever lived. His technological achievements transformed America from a nation of isolated communities to a country connected by power grids where information was available upon demand. In the 20th century, it was Tesla’s technology that united the United States and eventually the world. Tesla’s life was like a movie. It is the story of a brilliant and charismatic immigrant who rose to the height of celebrity with his amazing talent, and then was tragically undone by his own visionary ideas. The cast of characters includes: Thomas Edison, J. Pierpont Morgan, Guglielmo Marconi, George Westinghouse, Mark Twain and many more. A Serb by origin, his early discovery of the alternating current motor led him to America to seek a venue for his discovery. Here he developed the polyphase AC system of power transmission, which drives every home and industry in the country. He invented the Tesla coil to create high-frequency electricity, and with it neon and florescent lighting, radio transmission, remote control, and hundreds of other devices which are now an essential part of our everyday lives. Tesla was also a visionary thinker, and in his papers and interviews he anticipated the development of radio and television broadcasting, robotics, computers, faxes, and even the Strategic Defense Initiative. He developed the idea for smartphone technology in 1901. Tesla may have had a brilliant mind, but he was not as good at reducing his ideas to practice, Carlson said. In the race to develop transatlantic radio, Tesla described to his funder and business partner, J.P. Morgan, a new means of instant communication that involved gathering stock quotes and telegram

messages, funneling them to his laboratory, where he would encode them and assign them each a new frequency. That frequency would be broadcast to a device that would fit in your hand, he explained. In other words, Tesla had envisioned the smart phone and wireless Internet, Carlson said, adding that of all of his ideas, that was the one that stopped him in his tracks. Tesla’s great dream was to find the means to broadcast electrical power without wires in between. But like many geniuses, he was not a practical man. He gave his life to realize his visions, while others made millions with his inventions. In the end, he wound up a penniless and forgotten man. In his later years, Tesla was regarded as an eccentric scientist. Ridiculed by his contemporaries, his ideas frequently appeared in works of science fiction. He was the inspiration for the mad scientist in Max Fleischer’s Superman cartoons. At the height of World War Two, Tesla claimed that he invented a powerful “death beam” that could destroy attacking aircraft. He proposed a system of beam weapons to protect the borders of the United States and other European nations. When he died, most of Tesla’s technical papers mysteriously disappeared, and many have not been found since. Tesla was so far ahead of his time that many of his ideas are only appearing today. His legacy can been seen in everything from microwave ovens to MX missiles. But more than this, Tesla’s life inspires us to believe that anything we can imagine can be accomplished - especially with electricity. Let’s take a look at what Nikola Tesla -- a man who died broke and alone -- has actually given to the world. For better or worse, with credit or without, he changed the face of the planet in ways that perhaps no man ever has. 1. Light -- Of course he didn’t invent light itself, but he did invent how light can be harnessed and distributed. Tesla developed and used florescent bulbs in his lab some 40 years before industry “invented” them. 2. X-rays -- Electromagnetic and ionizing radiation was heavily researched in the late 1800s, but Tesla researched the entire gamut. Everything from a precursor to Kirlian photography, which has the ability to


document life force, to what we now use in medical diagnostics, this was a transformative invention of which Tesla played a central role. 3. Radio -- Guglielmo Marconi was initially credited, and most believe him to be the inventor of radio to this day. However, the Supreme Court overturned Marconi’s patent in 1943, when it was proven that Tesla invented the radio years previous to Marconi. Radio signals are just another frequency that needs a transmitter and receiver, which Tesla also demonstrated in 1893 during a presentation before The National Electric Light Association.

that Tesla’s invention of a motor with rotating magnetic fields could have freed mankind much sooner from the stranglehold of Big Oil. 8 . Wireless Communications and Limitless Free Energy -- These two are inextricably linked, as they were the last straw for the power elite -- what good is energy if it can’t be metered and controlled?

6. Robotics -- Tesla’s overly enhanced scientific mind led him to the idea that all living beings are merely driven by external impulses. He stated: “I have by every thought and act of mine, demonstrated, and does so 4. Remote Control -- This invention was a natural daily, to my absolute satisfaction that I am an automaoutcropping of radio. Patent No. 613809 was the first ton endowed with power of movement, which merely remote controlled model boat, demonstrated in 1898. responds to external stimuli.” Thus, the concept of the Utilizing several large batteries; radio signals controlled robot was born. switches, which then energized the boat’s propeller, rudder, and scaled-down running lights. 7. Laser -- Tesla’s invention of the laser may be one of the best examples of the good and evil bound up 5. Electric Motor -- Tesla’s invention of the electric together within the mind of man. Lasers have transmotor has finally been popularized by a car brandishing formed surgical applications in an undeniably benefihis name. While the technical specifications are beyond cial way, and they have given rise to much of our curthe scope of this summary, suffice to say rent digital media.

Tupac Shakur Tupac was the most important Hip-Hop artist ever. He was important not just for what he did, but for what he said. Whether it is twelve years after he pasted away, or seven days after the anniversary of his death, we must never forget what Pac contributed to the world in his short time here. With the amount of books, documentaries, and articles produced on Tupac’s life, I never thought I’d be put in a position to have to defend Pac’s

importance to Black people. I thought the fact that scholars like Michael Eric Dyson and Mark Anthony Neal, and institutions like University of Cal-Berkeley, studied Tupac was enough to justify his significance. I figured the murals of him in Brazil, the respect for him in Cuba, and the people who asked me about him in South Africa was a testament to his global impact. Perhaps being studied in a college classroom isn’t enough to show Pac’s importance to American history. And maybe Brazil and Cuba don’t show his global meaning. Maybe time makes us forgetful. But for those of us that love Hip-Hop, and believe in the struggle and glory of Black people in this world, we must always remember and celebrate how important what our prince did (and the message he brought) was to this world. Tupac was the window to the soul of the first post-Black Power/Civil Rights generation. He is indicative of that generation in so many tangible and intangible ways. His name shows his ties to the


African Diasporic tradition: Pac was named after the Tupac Amaru, the leader of Peru’s indigenous rebellion against the Spanish Empire’s conquest of the Inca people. His mother (Afeni Shakur) and stepfather (Mutulu Shakur) were Black Panthers, and instilled in him a Black consciousness that showed him the history and power of his people. He enjoyed the best that America had to offer: Pac had a childhood education that allowed him to read Shakespeare, study Theater, and participate in the arts; he was well read, as evident by his reading and studing of political philosopher Niccolò Machiavelli’s The Prince leading him to name his last recorded album The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory. His music allowed him to reap the financial benefits our society offers. Growing up without a father, raised by a mother battling a drug addiction, and living in Harlem, Baltimore, and Oakland, he also saw the dark side of his generation: Drugs, poverty, and broken homes. Education. Success. Poverty. It’s indicative of the struggle; the gift and the curse. This story, this complexity, came out in the way Pac lived his life and in the music he produced. He wrote about how much he loved his mother despite her addiction (Dear Mama). He was misogynistic, sexist, and vulgar. He displayed sophistication and militancy in his music (Rebel of the Underground), while expressing charisma and intellect in his interviews. He crafted stories of urban Black life that was resonating for the time (Brenda’s Got a Baby). He could uplift and inspire (Keep Ya Head Up). But most importantly, he wasn’t afraid to be vulnerable (So Many Tears, Pain); Pac wasn’t afraid to bear his soul as witness to the struggle and pride of being Black in America. The brilliant work of Tupac was that he expressed stories that the media didn’t cover. While a news station tells the story of the black male doing a crime, Tupac voiced his opinion of why the crime was actually commited. One example of this was in his song “Changes”. He describes the mentality of living in a poor community as he states, “Wake up in the morning and I ask myself, is life worth living should I blast myself. I’m tired of being poor even worse I’m black my stomach hurts so I’m looking for a purse to snatch.” At the end of the song he closes saying,

And as long as I stay black I gotta stay strapped and I never get to lay back, cuz I always got to worry about the payback, some punk that I roughed up way back, comin’ back after all these years, Rat-tat-tat-tat-tat, that’s the way it is”. Author, educator, and artist Dax-Devlon Ross gives perhaps one of the most poignant testimonies to what Tupac meant in his book, “The Nightmare and the Dream: Nas, Jay-Z, and the History of Conflict in African-American Culture:” “I was a 21 year-old college student the night ‘Pac died. I wasn’t a thug or a gangsta. I hadn’t grown up in poverty. My parents hadn’t marched with King. I’d never been to jail. I’d never been shot. I’d never sold drugs… Existentially, though, we were kindred spirits. He showed me that I didn’t have to be the most intelligent or gifted person to bear my soul on the page. He let me know that it was ok to be vulnerable. More than any other artist, Tupac explored the tensions stemming from our generation’s desire, and in some senses demand, to ‘keep it real.’ Hip-hop was born and bred by those people and in those communities that were left behind; by the children and grandchildren of those who didn’t make it to college and couldn’t enter the middle class…For Tupac that cultural experience wasn’t embedded in a single community, but in the soul of every community that knew poverty and the chaos it wrought.” “It is all these things that endeared Tupac Shakur to a generation, to the public, and to people all over the world. His aim was to become a voice rather than a star. This is why the life of Tupac Shakur is so important. He was far more than just another rapper. Tupac was a political activist who used the power of his music as a device of activism. When asked if he can change the world he responds stating, “I’m not saying I’m gonna change the world, but I guarantee that I will spark the brain that will change the world.” Many of us know this; millions of people across the world know this. And that is exactly why we must continue to remember him, and never downplay his significant because he is that important to us…Until The End Of Time.


Youth Desensitization Did you know a frog placed in hot water will jump out immediately? But a frog placed in cool water, gradually becoming hotter, will remain in the water, even to the point of boiling. It will die because it doesn’t sense the harmful change of environment. Gone are the days known as “a simpler time.” Goodbye Generation X; you are now “square”(d) with the ushering in of what Business Week calls “Generation Y.” Also known as the Echo Boomers or the Millennium Generation, Generation Y refers to the group born between 1979 and 1994. They are today’s youth, and the future of America. But what is in store for America’s future? It seems that movies are unsatisfying and downright boring if they are not packed with action, sex, and violence; well at least for today’s youth. Children are being exposed with graphic and suggestive imagery, as well as crude language, at an earlier age. As a result, they have become increasingly desensitized to the heinous components that have become embedded in our culture. Our nation has seen a moral decline, unparalleled with any other time period. There has always been war and hate, but we now live in a time when our nation capitalizes on a people who feed off these things. This isn’t something entirely new, but now more than ever, it has seeped into almost every aspect of our culture, and the media is the prime outlet. Commercials have become more provocative; humor has become cruder. Shielding your kids from watching R-rated movies and music that is riddled with profanity seems to be

enough, but have you considered the subtleties that they are exposed to everyday? With little hints of sexuality and violence masked with humor, television and the World Wide Web has taken America by storm, penetrating the minds of the youth. If you’ve never heard of Myspace or Facebook, or if you don’t know what the word “blog” means, then you might just live under a rock. Have these also contributed to this moral decline? Well, there’s no denying that they have increased time spent on the internet. Remember not too long ago when we used to be glued to the TV? Now it’s the internet! Kids can’t get enough of enforcing and reinforcing their social status through the use of social websites which, by the way, seems to have reduced the need for actual human contact. All the while they drink in, with big gulps, the corrupted culture that we have marketed so well. And let’s not forget about drugs. Perhaps it was just my lower-key childhood, but has drug use seemed to have become more prevalent among the preteen group? I recently enjoyed a free Big Band concert in the center of town one evening. Accompanied by my father, his fiancé, and my fiancé, we walked over from the school parking lot to the town green where the band would perform. Suddenly, the pungent smell of marijuana slapped us all in the face. A moment later two kids on bikes, no older than 10 or 11, whizzed by. “Are you responsible for that smell?” my dad’s fiancé boldly asked. To that, one kid responded, “I wish!” It is sad to see what we have been reduced to. Sex, violence, drugs, amd profanity: all things that have become intrinsic


to our everyday lives. How much more numb can we become to these horrors? When will we move toward more wholesome environments? When will Generation X2 take a stand, and redirect the youth, our future? The time is now! Guidelines for Generation X2 1. Instill good and moral qualities from the very beginning. The most crucial and defining period in our lives are our early years. Our earliest years are when we are still “new” and we’re absorbing everything around us. Not only do parents need to monitor and control what children are taking in, they also need to explain just what it is they are taking in. 2. Follow through Good follow-through is key. The problem is: Generation X was largely impacted by the earlier stages of the desensitization process. They were living the changing times, and as a result, the desensitized “gene” was passed down. Hence the evolved state of Generation Y. The main point here is this: continuing your child’s character development every step of the way is vital. But it isn’t that simple. Children are still being exposed to provocative images on TV, crude humor, and an unhealthy set of priorities that have been established and accepted by our self-absorbed culture. What are kids watching on TV? They’re not watching Barney anymore; they’re watching Hannah Montana and other shows that prioritize looks, fashion, dating, and having a grand time. 3. Reteach, remediate, enrich Remind your kids of good values. Correct undesirable behavior at an early age, before it becomes part of their being. And enrich kids with wholesome activities, programs, and all around environment. Who is guilty of bringing along their child to the movie theater because you can’t get a sitter? We are all aware of the hustle and bustle world we live in. Everything is fast paced, life on the go. But we can’t let children fall through the cracks because of our failure to slow things down a bit, put things into perspective, and reevaluate our priorities.

4. Make a difference individually; make a difference heard round the world. Alone, we cannot change the condition of our generation. But together we can make a difference. And though it sounds cliché, it’s true. We do not revolve around the entertainment market, it revolves around us. It reflects who we are and what we demand, and it gladly gives us what we want. Let’s make every effort to demand only wholesome things for our children; for the more things that taint the youth of today, the more they will become fully submerged in the culture that has us in foothold. 5. Have a close, personal, and loving relationship with your children. This is such an important rule, especially as your children are creeping closer to adulthood. Can you imagine hurting someone you love and someone who has shown so much love for you? The more you feel that love, the less willing you will be to hurt that someone you love. You see the kids of today out there, the 10 and 11 year olds, maybe even younger, involved with drugs and alcohol. Do they think about how it hurts their parents? Well, does it hurt you in the first place? And do they know it hurts you? Take the time to show your kids just how much you care. It can make a world of difference. And have we just arrived at the core of the problem of desensitization? We just don’t care. We don’t care about the horror we see on TV to the point we are entertained by it, much less blink an eye when we see stories about murders in the news. We have become callused, unaffected by the crazy world around us. We, like the unaware frog in the boiling water, will sit in a hostile environment because we fail to recognize a gradually elevating destruction. Violence Finds a Niche in Children’s Cartoons A pug-nosed thug kicks in an elderly storekeeper’s face. Then he punches a young heroine in the eye and cracks her in the small of the back with a heavy bar stool. Her limp frame collapses to the ground as he stands over her with his gun drawn and pointed at her head. Two young boys are in a fistfight on a moving boxcar. A friend tries to intervene. But an older and very respected boy advises: let the fight continue. Sometimes, he says, friends need to bare fists in order to strengthen the bonds of friendship. They resume. A little girl karate-kicks another little girl so hard that


she flies through the air. Her head smashes into a cement post. She is knocked cold. Scenes from the latest R-rated thrillers or video games? Actually, these are moments culled from a wave of fast-action Japanese-style animation television shows that now fill much of the children’s programming schedules of three outlets -- the WB and Fox broadcast networks and the Cartoon Network on cable. The success of the ‘’Pokémon’’ cartoon show jumps-tarted the genre two years ago and then others upped the ante in violence. The shows fulfill the need for inexpensive programming and address a growing interest in marketing shows and products more narrowly to American boys, who have grown up with video games and remote controls. Many of the shows are imported directly from Japan, where the public’s tolerance for blood and guts on TV has traditionally been much higher than it is in the United States. Their spread has come despite threats from Congress that it would try to limit children’s exposure to media violence through legislation. Yet, unlike past cartoon trends that brought more violence to the television screen, the genre’s growth has drawn very little attention from parents and media watchdog groups. Researchers and some industry executives say this is a a result of evolving theories on the impact of cartoon violence on children and an overall desensitization to it among parents. Network executives who show the new-style cartoons say no extra scrutiny is necessary. Cartoon violence, they argue, is nearly as old as television itself. And they point out that many of the series now appearing in the United States have been shown in Japan for many years with no ill effect. ‘’The fascinating thing to me is to consider that these cartoons are made and air in a country with one of the lowest rates of violence in the world,’’ said Mike Lazzo, senior vice president for programming and production at the Cartoon Network. The violence in the new shows often goes well beyond the antics in such enduringly popular shows as ‘’Roadrunner’’ and ‘’Tom and Jerry.’’ At any given moment buildings explode, fists fly, weapons are brandished, characters die. Fighting can be constant.

On ‘’Dragon Ball Z,’’ the Cartoon Network’s most popular Japanese-style program, watched on average in more than a million households, Cell, an evil emperor, is approached by a cowering television news correspondent. He knocks the correspondent onto his back and then kicks him so hard that the man flies across a field head first into rocks, presumably dead. In a recent episode of ‘’Digimon,’’ Fox’s most successful Japanese-style program, an evil character, Apocolymon, attacks the young heroes with razors. At one point, he uses a blast of energy to make their bodies disintegrate. The style of the Japanese cartoons, called ‘’anime,’’ is influencing domestic animators, whose new cartoons are often no less violent than -- and stylistically similar to -- the cartoons imported from Japan. The WB’s ‘’Batman Beyond,’’ produced in the United States but influenced by Japanese animation, has some of the most vivid fight scenes in children’s television. In an episode that was shown on Thursday, the hero, Batman, strangled a villain with two halves of a broken pole until he went lifeless. The spread of the cartoons has been swift. Until two years ago, there was barely a trace of anime programs on children’s television beyond a scattered few that had been purchased in syndication and shown on independent television stations. Though ‘’Mighty Morphin Power Rangers,’’ a Fox program that caused a parental outcry over violence in the early 1990’s, was still going relatively strong, there was an overall trend toward more benign programming in children’s TV, like ‘’Goosebumps,’’ based on the R. L. Stine books, on Fox. Now, on any given day, anime-style programs may hold the majority of the time slots on the after-school and Saturday morning schedules of the WB and the Cartoon Network, both units of AOL Time Warner, and Fox,


which is owned by the News Corporation. All three entered the children’s market in the 1990’s, focusing on boys to differentiate themselves from the established programmers like Nickelodeon, ABC and CBS. While Mr. Carrey’s point of view has its adherents, most people reflexively agree with Mr. Millar. After all, the logic goes, millions of Americans see violent imagery in films and on TV every day, but vanishingly few become killers. But a growing body of research indicates that this reasoning may be off base. Exposure to violent imagery does not preordain violence, but it is a risk factor. We would never say: “I’ve smoked cigarettes for a long time, and I don’t have lung cancer. Therefore there’s no link between smoking cigarettes and lung cancer.” So why use such flawed reasoning when it comes to media violence? There is now consensus that exposure to media violence is linked to actual violent behavior — a link found by many scholars to be on par with the correlation of exposure to secondhand smoke and the risk of lung cancer. In a meta-analysis of 217 studies published between 1957 and 1990, the psychologists George Comstock and Haejung Paik found that the short-term effect of exposure to media violence on actual physical violence against a person was moderate to large in strength. Other studies have followed consumption of violent media and its behavioral effects throughout a person’s lifetime. In a meta-analysis of 42 studies involving nearly 5,000 participants, the psychologists Craig A. Anderson and Brad J. Bushman found a statistically significant small-to-moderate-strength relationship between watching violent media and acts of aggression or violence later in life. Of course, the absence of evidence of a causative link is not evidence of its absence. Indeed, in 2005, The Lancet published a comprehensive review of the literature on media violence to date. The bottom line: The weight of the studies supports the position that exposure to media violence leads to desensitization toward violence and lack of sympathy for victims of violence, particularly in children. In fact the surgeon general, the National Institute of Mental Health and multiple professional organizations — including the American Medical Association, the American Psychiatric Association and the

American Psychological Association — all consider media violence exposure a risk factor for actual violence. To be fair, some question whether the correlations are significant enough to justify considering media violence a substantial public health issue. And violent behavior is a complex issue with a host of other risk factors. Sure enough, compared with a group who had played a nonviolent video game, those who had been engaged in “Mortal Kombat” were more aggressive across the board. They gave their fellow students significantly bigger portions of the hot sauce. Many similar studies have found the same thing: A dose of violent gaming makes people act a little more rudely than they would otherwise, at least for a few minutes after playing. It is far harder to determine whether cumulative exposure leads to real-world hostility over the long term. Some studies in schools have found that over time digital warriors get into increasing numbers of scrapes with peers — fights in the schoolyard, for example. In a report published last summer, psychologists at Brock University in Ontario found that longer periods of violent video game playing among high school students predicted a slightly higher number of such incidents over time. “None of these extreme acts, like a school shooting, occurs because of only one risk factor; there are many factors, including feeling socially isolated, being bullied, and so on,” said Craig A. Anderson, a psychologist at Iowa State University. “But if you look at the literature, I think it’s clear that violent media is one factor; it’s not the largest factor, but it’s also not the smallest.” Most researchers in the field agree with Dr. Anderson, but not all of them. Some studies done in schools or elsewhere have found that it is aggressive children who are the most likely to be drawn to violent video games in the first place; they are self-selected to be in more schoolyard conflicts. And some studies are not able to control for outside factors, like family situation or mood problems. “This is a pool of research that, so far, has not been very well done,” said Christopher J. Ferguson, associate professor of psychology and criminal justice at Texas A&M International University and a critic of the field whose own research has found no link. “I look at it and I can’t say what it means.”


’s Finest Sweden The mere mention of Sweden conjures up resonant images: snowcapped peaks, reindeer wandering in deep green forests and the 24-hour daylight of the midnight sun. But beyond the household names of ABBA, IKEA and Volvo, Sweden is relatively unknown. The largest of the Scandinavian countries, with an area twice that of Britain (and roughly that of California), but a population of barely nine million, Sweden has space for everyone: the countryside boasts pine, spruce and birch forest as far as the eye can see and crystal-clear lakes perfect for a summer afternoon dip – not to mention possibly the purest air you’ll ever breathe. The country’s south and

west coasts, meanwhile, feature some of the most exquisite beaches in Europe – without the crowds. In general, Sweden is a carefree place where life is relaxed. Indeed, the Swedes’ liberal and open attitude to virtually every aspect of life is certainly one of their most enviable qualities; people are generally left to do their own thing, providing it doesn’t impinge on the rights and freedoms of others. In Sweden, rights go hand in hand with duties, and there’s a strong sense of civic obligation (count how few times you see people dropping litter, for example), which in turn makes for a well-rounded and stable society. Many of the cornerstones of the Swedish welfare state, such as tremendously generous benefits and health-care perks, which Swedes still hold dear today, were laid down during forty years of unbroken rule by the Social Democrats.

With a population of over nine million and ranking as the largest of the Scandinavian countries, Sweden has a lot to offer visitors. Consisting of 25 provinces, which are divided into three regions – Norrland, Svealand and Götaland – the country has large areas that are sparsely populated. This makes it the perfect destination for those looking to get off the beaten track, while also offering a healthy selection of bustling metropolises.


Norrland offers abundant wilderness and nature; ideal hiking territory. Meanwhile, the south-central Svealand is the most popular region to visit, being host to the capital, Stockholm. The southern region of the country is where you will find Malmö and Gothenburg, also popular among visitors.

Sweden is bordered by Finland in the northeast; Norway is the west; the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia in the east; and the Skagerrak Strait and the Kattegat Strait in the southwest. Its land and sea links are excellent, making Sweden easily accessible by all forms of transport. The capital, Stockholm, is one of the world’s most beautiful cities, spread across several islands. Like the rest of the country, the capital is characterized by its modern and clean appearance, with residents enjoying a high although expensive standard of living, and sharing liberal views. While the north is generally cooler, the mountains in this region can reach sub-artic temperatures. Areas north of the Arctic Circle experience a period of darkness in the winter; while in the summer there is a short spell of endless daylight.

Travel Tips Cautions There are few safety concerns for travellers to Sweden, with the country having a very low crime rate. However, as with any large European city, the larger cities do experience some petty theft, with pick pocketing and bag snatchings taking place at busy bus and train stations and in crowded tourist areas. Common sense and keeping a close eye on your belongings should minimize the risk of you becoming a victim of one of these petty thieves; however, should the worse happen, it is unlikely you will experience anything more than the loss of your money, with violent crime levels negligible. If you choose to travel by bicycle, make sure you have a good lock. The police in Sweden are extremely efficient and will take any report of an incident very seriously and do their best to assist you, as will most hotels. Emergency: 112

Currency & Exchange The Swedish krona (SEK) is the national currency in Sweden, despite it being part of the EU. Notes come in denominations of SEK 10,000, 1,000, 500, 100, 50 and 20, while coins are available in denominations of SEK 10, 5 and 1, and 50 öre (ore=change).

Current exchange rates vary and should be checked before you change your money. ATMs are widespread and available in every city and town, and are primarily found at banks, shopping centres and in business and commercial areas. Most cash machines accept major credit cards. You can also exchange money at banks and bureaux de change, which are also easily found. Banks are open from Monday to Wednesday and Friday from 09:30 to 15:00, and on Thursdays from 09:30 to 15:00; some banks in Sweden’s larger cities have extended opening hours, with some branches open at weekends.


Sweden : Things not to Miss Etiquette The majority of Swedes are intolerant to smoking and smokers should be aware that smoking it not allowed in restaurants and bars unless they are open-air. While the Swedes do not differ greatly in their social conventions from the rest of Europe, you will notice a calm and ordered atmosphere that is not prevalent in some other EU countries. In keeping with this atmosphere, you should not behave noisily when in restaurants or on public transport. In addition to antisocial and loud behavior being frowned upon, so is any violent and anti-social behavior including expressing racist, homophobic and sexist opinions. Sweden is known for its liberalness with regards to gender equality, gay rights and openness, therefore conversations regarding these issues are unlikely to provoke any embarrassment.

#01 Snowmobiling Snowmobiling across Lapland is an exhilarating way to see Sweden in winter.

Language Swedish is the official language in Sweden. There are two minority languages: Finnish and Sami, which are spoken in the Northern regions. There are also a number of Romanies who speak in Romani. Most people speak English as well. So there wont be much trouble having conversations or just asking for directions Telephone The country code for Sweden is: +46. The country is the world’s second most internet-connected country therefore you will have little or no problem in hunting down an Internet café or wireless hotspot.

#02 River Rafting Build your own raft and glide down the graceful Klarälven River, taking in some of Sweden’s scenery.


#03 Midnight Sun From late May to mid-July the sun never sets in northern Sweden.

#05 Pickled Herring The quintessential Swedish dish best enjoyed with a cold beer or a shot of akvavit.


#04 Smorgasbord Eat until you drop: The smörgåsbord is a perfect way to sample Sweden’s excellent cuisine.

#06 GOTHENBURG’S KONSTMUSEUM The Fürstenberg Galleries boast some of Sweden’s finest late-nineteenth-century paintings, and Poseidostands guard outside.


#07 Ice Hotel One of the most unusual structures in Europe, the Ice Hotel is a masterpiece of snow and ice sculpture.

#09 Stockholm Gamla Stan in Stockholm is one of Europe’s best-preserved medieval cities.


#08 Vasa Ship, Stockholm After lying in mud for centuries at the bottom of Stockholm harbour, the mighty Vasa warship has now been restored to her former glory.

Behold the Northern Lights

#10

They appear as shimmering arcs and waves of light, often blue or green in color, which seem to sweep their way across the dark skies. During the darkest months of the year, the northern lights, or Aurora Borealis, are visible in the night sky all across northern Sweden. Until you see the light displays yourself, it’s hard to describe the spectacle in mere words – try to imagine, though, someone waving a fantastically colored curtain through the air and you’ve pretty much got the idea. What makes the northern lights so elusive is that it’s impossible to predict when they’re going to

make an appearance. The displays are caused by solar wind, or streams of particles charged by the sun, hitting the Earth’s atmosphere. Different elements produce different colors, blue for nitrogen, for example, and yellow-green for oxygen. The best place to view these mystical performances is north of the Arctic Circle, where temperatures are well below freezing and the sky is often at its clearest – two conditions that are believed to produce some of the most spectacular sightings. For the quintessential northern lights experience, pack a couple of open sandwiches topped with smoked reindeer meat and a thermos of hot coffee to keep out the chill


THE GREAT

M A H I


fins and black pelvic fins while juvenile pompano dolphinfish have whiteedged caudal fins and no pigment on the pelvic fins.

All it takes is patch of weeds or a piece of wood to attract dolphin in the deep water off Duck Key. These openocean swimmers flock to these floating islands like bees to honey. Generally a pelagic fish, the dolphinfish is found offshore under floating objects. It is sometimes known to follow large ships.

worldwide. Mahi-mahi is regarded as some of the highest quality in the world with fish over 15 lbs. in size being preferred. These type of fish are available at all seasons. Their meat is white, firm, sweeter than Ono, and delicious when sautéed, baked, broiled, or fried.

Habitat

Generally a pelagic fish, the dolphinfish is found offshore under floating objects. As previously stated, they are sometimes known to follow large ships and to hangout under large floating mats of sargassum. Dolphin fish are also found near the coast, ranging in depth from 0-279 feet (0-85 m). Small dolphinfish travel together in schools ranging from just a few fish to over 50 individuals. The larger adult fish travel alone or in pairs.

Give a man a fish and feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish and you can get rid of him for a whole weekend.

They also hangout under large floating mats of sargassum. Despite the name “dolphinfish” this fish is not related to the dolphin family at all and are not marine mammals. Dolphinfish are also found near the coast, ranging in depth from 0-279 feet (0-85 m). The smaller and average dolphinfish travel together in schools ranging from just a few fish to over 50 individuals. The larger adult fish travel alone or in pairs. They often gather in large schools attracted to floating objects such as logs and buoys where they find smaller fish to feed on. They are surface feeders and are found throughout the Pacific and tropical

Coloration of dolphin is quite dramatic with golden hues on the sides, irregular blotches of metallic blue and greens on the back and sides, and white and yellow on the underside. This fish is very colorful underwater, catching light and reflecting a wide range of brilliant colors. Freshly caught individuals change coloration very quickly, fading to a uniform silvery color. Small individuals and juveniles have well-defined alternating light and dark vertical bars on the sides of body that continue onto the dorsal and anal fins. Juvenile dolphinfish have white-tipped caudal

Threats and predators Other than facing threats from humans that hunt these fish for sport and/or food dolphinfish face threats from a number of different predators such as yellow-fin tuna, a variety of marlin fish species, swordfish, sharks, seabirds and a number of marine mammals. Survival often depends on their ability to adjust to their surroundings quickly and find shelter in large groups of young dolphinfish.


Diet

and triggerfish), juveniles of large pelagic fish (tunas, billfishes, jacks, Dolphinfish are generalists with prey mackerels, and dolphinfish), pelagic varying according to season and size larvae of benthic fish (flying gunards, of the individual. They feed during the triggerfish, pufferfish, and grunts), and invertebrates (cephalopods, day on small oceanic fishes (flyingfish, man-o-war fish, sargassum fish, crabs, and schyphozoans).

Fishery This fish is highly prized both as a gamefish and commercially. It can also be raised through aquaculture methods. Fishers take advantage of the dolphinfish’s attraction to floating objects; setting up floating bunches of bamboo reeds or planks to concentrate dolphinfish prior to setting nets. The flesh is marketed fresh and frozen and is highly valued.

Physical

There are two types of dophin fish. The common Dolphin and the Pompano Dolphin fish. In terms of size the dolphinfish can reach lengths of up to 4 ½ ft and can weigh up to 40 lbs. (15 – 30 lbs. on average). These ray-finned fish vary in color from blue and green to yellow and brown with multiple shades running from the top of their body to the bottom. They have a long dorsal fin which runs from the head to

the lower back and a tall but narrow shaped body. Male and female dolphinfish can be easily distinguished by the shape of their head. Male dolphinfish have pronounced heads with an obtrusive forehead, while female dolphin fish have rounded heads.

Reproduction The dolphin fish is one of the fastest known growing fish reaching sexual maturity within the first 6 – 12 months of life. Female dolphin fish can lay anywhere from 100,000 – 1,000,000 eggs at a time and can lay eggs 2 – 3 times per year! Fertility and laying eggs can occur at any time during the year as these fish do not have a primary mating season. Dolphinfish live in the “fast lane.”They’re rapidly growing fish that can attain a length of over four feet in the first year of growth, and up to 6.5 feet in four years. These fast-growing fish live no more that five years. They can reach speeds of up to 50 knots and light up like a neon sign when on the run.

M A H I


NOT A PASSION... IT’S AN OBSESSION Range The dolphinfish is distributed in tropical and subtropical waters throughout the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. It is abundant in the Gulf of Mexico, the Florida Current, and throughout the Caribbean. In the eastern Atlantic Ocean, dolphinfish are found between the Bay of Biscay (France) and the mouth of the Congo and as far south as the southern tip of Africa. Populations in the eastern Pacific Ocean range from the coast of Oregon and California south to the Galapagos Islands and Peru. Dolphinfish are found between latitudes 46°N and 38°S in the western Pacific Ocean, reported around the Philippine Islands, Sea of Japan, Taiwan, and the Sea of Okhotsk. It also occurs in the northern and central Indian Ocean and throughout the Mediterranean Sea.

Mahi Mahi is a lean fairly firmed meat with a sweet and mild to moderate flavor, very similar to swordfish. The dark portions you may find on a fillet can be trimmed away to produce a much milder flavor. Raw Mahi fillets will be pinkish to a grayish white; the cooked meat will be off-white with large, moist flakes. Mahi Mahi is great for grilling and remains moist if you do not overcook it.

You can grill the Mahi with the skin on or off; I prefer to remove the skin and the darker meat portions first. It adapts well to many seasonings and can even be blackened. Cooking Preparations:

• Bake • Fry • Grill • Sauté

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Cooking Tips

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THE WORLD Cup

The Past 4 WC’s South Africa, 2010

First World Cup to be held on african soil. This is the 19th edition of the FIFA Football World Cup, and has been held every 4 years since 1930, except during the second world war. The 2010 edition promises to be one of the most competetive ever, with both asian and african football getting ever more progressed. After the qualification rounds, we are left with 4 teams from Asia, 6 from Africa, 8 from America, 1 from Oceania and 13 from Europe. Since Australia qualified in the Asian pot, New Zealand qualified from Oceania. 10 Stadiums have been built and modernized, from Polokwane to Cape Town to Durban.

As for the favorites, South America and Europe are always a force to be reckoned with, what can Maradona do with Argentina? Dunga with Brazil? And can Capello finally get an English team performing? So get your earmuffs out, as we remember from last year, the Vuvuzelas will be out in numbers

Germany, 2006 The 2006 FIFA World Cup held in Germany was number 18 in the history of the FIFA World Cup. Germany last held the World Cup in 1974. Italy defeated France 5–3 in a thrilling penalty shootout in the final, after full time and extra time had then


finished 1–1. It was the first time Italy won a World Cup match on penalties after three failed attempts. Zinedine Zidane became the fourth player in World Cup history to score in two different finals, along with Pelé, Paul Breitner and Vavá, in addition to being tied for first place with Vavá, Pelé and Geoff Hurst with three World Cup final goals. In the final against Italy he was sent off in the 110th minute for headbutting Marco Materazzi. Despite the red card and the controversy that followed, Zidane was awarded the Golden Ball as the best player of the competition. Host nation Germany defeated Portugal 3–1 to finish third. The 2006 World Cup was also one of the most watched event in television history.

Korea & Japan, 2002 For the very first time the World-Cup went in Asia. And for the very first time it was split between two nations, Japan and South-Korea. Argentina was the big favourite, followed by the title holders France, and as always Brazil. But this turned up to be the World-Cup were the favourites failed. Both France and Argentina failed to qualify through the first rounds. And an incredible comeback of Ronaldo helped Brazil to the final. In the final Brazil faced Germany and won 2-0 after two goals by Ronaldo.

France is one of football world powers even though their national league is rather poor. FIFA was created in an alley in Paris in 1904, UEFA was created by Frenchmen. Because of that France was chosen as World-Cup hosts. This World-Cup should be the big breakthrough for the French playmaker Zinedine Zidane. Norway shocked the world by beating Brazil in the first round. Even though Brazil passed through and made it to the final. They faced a strong French side and lost 3-0 after two goals by Zidane.

France, 1998

France is one of football world powers even though their national league is rather poor. FIFA was created in an alley in Paris in 1904, UEFA was created by Frenchmen. Because of that France was chosen as World-Cup hosts. This World-Cup should be the big breakthrough for the French playmaker Zinedine Zidane. Norway shocked the world by beating Brazil in the first round. Even though Brazil passed through and made it to the final. They faced a strong French side and lost 3-0 after two goals by Zidane.


Ones to watch Teams and Groups

World Cup Power Rankings

Most Tournament App.: Brazil - 19 Tournaments Champions Record: Brazil - 5 Times Highest Scoring Game: Austria vs. Switzerland 7 - 5 (1954, Quarter Final)

All Time Top Scorer: Ronaldo, Brazil - 15 Goals Best Scorer in 1 game: Oleg Salenko, Russia - 5 Goals Most Appearances: Lothar Matthaeus, Fed. Rep. of Ger. and Germany - 25 Appearances Most WC Tournaments: Antonio Carbajal, Mexico Lothar Matthaeus, Fed. Rep. of Ger. and Germany - 5 Tournaments

1 3 5 7 9

Brazil

Total Attendance: Record Attendance: Highest Attendance: Avarage Attendance:

2 4 6 8 10

Spain

34.028.166 3.587.088 (1994) 199.854 (Uruguay vs. Brazil, 1950 Final Round) 44.077

Argentina

Italy

Belgium

Chile

Germany

Columbia

Netherlands

Uruguay


Top 5 Controversial Moments in World Cup History 1. Bakhramov rules Geoff Hurst’s goal (England vs West Germany, 1966) Perhaps the most controversial incident in World Cup history was England’s World Cup-winning goal against West Germany in 1966. With the final tied at 2-2, England and West Germany went to extra time. Eleven minutes into the extra period, England’s Geoff Hurst put a shot on net. The ball hit the underside of the cross bar, bounced down, and then was cleared out. The referee did not know if the ball had completely crossed the line. He looked to his linesman, a Soviet named Tofik Bakhramov, who indicated it was a goal. That decision in England’s favor helped the country win its first and only World Cup, beating West Germany 4-2. Bakhramov later said he thought the ball had bounced back off the net, not the crossbar, so he did not bother to observe whether the ball bounced over the goal line or not. To add more controversy to the tale, Bakhramov, according to lore, was asked on his death bed how he knew the ball crossed the line. He replied, “Stalingrad,” where over 75,000 Soviets had died fighting against the Nazis. were involved, not exactly the two sides known for being very aggressive. But from the start of the game, Russian referee Valentin Ivanov had no control, as he was forced to hand out a record four Red Cards and an unprecedented 16 yellow cards, both of which are records in any FIFA tournament.

2. The Battle of Nuremberg (Netherlands vs Portugal, 2006) Matches in World Cup are found to become even more chippy than usual when big teams face each other, but in a Round of 16 match in the 2006 World Cup (Germany), it got completely out of control. What probably made this even more surprising was the fact that it was Portugal and the Netherlands who It all started when Marco Van Basten got himself booked in the 2nd minute, and all hell broke loose afterwards, as Portugal’s legendary winger Luis Figo only got a yellow card for a headbutt, which is an automatic red card under the FIFA rules. Portugal wound up winning the match 1-0. Luiz Felipe Scolari was later quoted approving Figo’s headbutt, saying, “Jesus Christ may be able to turn the other cheek but Luís Figo isn’t Jesus Christ!”


FIFA President Sepp Blatter also said “Russian referee Valentin Ivanov should have given himself a yellow card for his poor performance during the match!”

3. Peru helps Argentina knock out Brazil (Peru vs Argentina, 1978) Back in the 1978 World Cup (Argentina), the second round of the tournament consisted of two group of four teams each, and the winner of each group advanced to the World Cup Final. Also, the last games for each team in the second round were not played simultaneously. Argentina knew they needed to win by at least 4 goals against Peru in order to leapfrog Brazil, and reach the final. A vast goal difference would be the only savior of Argentina. The score was 2-0 in Argentina’s favor at the half, but then Peru simply collapsed in the second half. After the match rumors spread that Peru had been bribed to help Argentina win big. Nothing was ever proven, but this controversy was an injustice to the Brazilians, knocking them out of the competition. The final score was 6-0, and it was all some people needed.

7. West Germany and Austria conspire against Algeria (West Germany vs Austria, 1982) The group-stage game between West Germany and Austria in the 1982 World Cup (Spain) was the reason that all of the final group-stage matches were played at the same time from then on. When the two teams faced each other, there were quite a few possibilities that determined whether West Germany, Austria or Algeria would get eliminated. A German win by three or more goals would eliminate Austria. A draw or an Austrian win would eliminate West Germany. But a German victory by one or two goals would eliminate Algeria. The whistle was blown, the match started and the West Germans scored 10 minutes into the match. After that, the two sides basically kicked the ball around the field, doing very very little, almost intentionally trying not to score. During the match, the outraged Algerian fans powerlessly waved banknotes from the terraces to suggest that the fix was in. When the final score line of 1-0 eliminated Algeria, the African side lodged a complaint with FIFA. However, the match result was allowed to stand, but it was clear to everyone what had happened. The 10 Biggest Controversies in FIFA World Cup History by Pramesh Pudasaini on March 6, 2014 in Soccer

4. Referees help South Korea knock out Italy (Italy vs South Korea, 2002) Going into the 2002 World Cup, South Korea (who were one of the two host nations) expected themselves to finally advance out of the group stage for the first time in their history, but their great World Cup will always


be overshadowed by the decisions referees made, most notably in the match against Italy. In the Round of 16 in 2002, the South Koreans scored an astounding upset against Italy, thanks to the help of Ecuadorian referee Byron Moreno, who seemed hell-bent on ensuring the Koreans progressed, disallowing a perfectly fine Italian goal in extra time with a bogus offside whistle and controversially sending off Francesco Totti, for diving. As a result of this, South Korea won 2-1 on a golden goal from Ahn Jung-Hwan. Then in the quarterfinal, South Korea once again got the benefit of the doubt as Egyptian Referee Gamal Al-Ghandour disallowed two legal Spanish goals and his linesmen judged one Spanish attack after another to be offside, as South Korea went on to win 5-3 on penalties to reach the semifinals. Shortly afterwards, FIFA forced both referee’s to retire. Moreno was accused of match-fixing and allegations while Ghandour had received a new car for helping South Korea to advance. Thankfully, such decisions weren’t the highlight of the game when South Korea lost 1-0 to Germany in the semi-final.

World Cup 2014: Ten potential Breakout Stars Paul Pogba (France)

Tonny Vilhena (Netherlands)


Kenneth Omeruo (Nigeria)

Son Heung-Min (South Korea)

World Cup 2014 Groups & Teams


Vocal Connections Probably no aspect of learning a foreign language is more important than memory. Yet no aspect of language learning has been less well examined.

Dr. Pimsleur (1928-1976) was one of the world’s foremost experts in applied linguistics. He taught French phonetics and phonemics at UCLA after obtaining his Ph.D. in French and a master’s degree in psychological statistics from Columbia University. After leaving UCLA, Pimsleur went on to faculty positions at Ohio State and SUNY at Albany, where he held dual professorships in Education and French. His research focused on language acquisition, especially the organic learning that takes place as children learn to speak their native language. He discovered how to select and organize the materials of the second language to fit the one way that the stream of speech of an unknown language can enter the consciousness of the adult and be processed through the language learning power of the human brain. He applied the results of his research on the acquisition process to second-language learning and the results became the Pimsleur Language Learning Method. The Pimsleur Method is the foundation upon which every Pimsleur course is built.

foundation upon which every Pimsleur course is built. It’s a scientifically proven set of principles designed to take a learner directly to the heart of the language, eliminating noise, confusion, and information overload. People all over the world are using Pimsleur programs to start speaking and understanding new languages quickly and easily.

If you haven’t experienced it for yourself, you may find it hard to believe that something so simple could work so well. The Pimsleur Method is made up of a few key principles:

Graduated Interval Recall

Dr. Pimsleur’s research on memory was perhaps one of his most revolutionary achievements. He discovered that if learners were reminded of new words at gradually increasing intervals, each time they would remember longer than the time before. Principle of Anticipation Our brains are hard-wired to automatically process speech and “anticipate” a correct response. It’s an intricate thought process that most of us take for granted. Dr. Pimsleur’s research demonstrated that new connections are activated whenever this dynamic system is triggered. By systematically asking for understanding, pausing for a response, and then reinforcing the correct response. Pimsleur courses accelerate learning, increase understanding, and activate new neural pathways in the learner’s brain.

He documented the optimal spacing for information to move from shortterm into long-term, or permanent, memory. This theory is at the base of all the other Pimsleur programs.


10 Ways To Improve Language Efficiency Because you learn the phrases and words you’ll be most likely to need, language comes alive, and the vocabulary, grammar, and native-like pronunciation are ready whenever you are. You can use many resources and techniques in learning another language. Taking advantage of all the tools - written and mental - that are available, as well as keeping in mind your own learning style, will help you learn more quickly and thoroughly. Here are some suggestions to try. You can probably think of others as you learn. A big key to learning is knowing what works for you.

1

Know your own language well

Being familiar with your own language’s grammatical structure, peculiarities, idioms, situations, vocabulary, and word origins can bring you a long way in learning another language, particularly when the two languages have the same roots, as is the case with Spanish and English or German and English, for example.

2

Take advantage of cognates.

When a word looks or sounds similar in your target language to one you know in English, find out if it is a cognate, that is a word that is similar in both languages and have similar meanings. It may very well have the same exact meaning as its English counterpart, or it may have a concept that is similar but not exact.

3

Practice in Various Situations

When we practice unfamiliar things, we get good at it. When we don’t, we may lose ground in the subject. This is especially true in learning a language. Feel free to practice in many situations, even in unlikely or unexpected ones! This will help round out your knowledge of appropriateness of word or idiom use.

4

Examine punctuation and sentence structure

These are clues to the meaning of a sentence and sometimes help with the framework of the meaning. Sometimes you can grasp what a sentence means by the first few worlds they say.


9

5

You never know when you’ll be right! Keep accumulating knowledge and build on it as you go. Most language concepts are built on ones previously learned.

Try out your new language with native speakers Native speakers of some languages enjoy hearing other people try to speak their language. They may be encouraging and willing to help you and even to correct your mistakes if you want!

6 Acquire a collection of helpful reference books and materials. Here are just a few useful books that you can keep by your side as you learn your target language: language dictionary, verb book, grammar book, traveler’s phrase book. And keep a notebook to write down things that you learn.

Guess!

7

Listen and read

Listening to your target language being spoken and reading written material adds to your dimension of learning, rather than just repeating the phrases a teacher or CD gives you. One technique is to read something in your target language which you are already familiar with in English. Or, read bilingual posters at the clinic or labels on packages.

8 Last but not least, have fun! It is fun to learn a new language, despite the hard work. It opens up new experiences for you and helps you to build bridges of friendship with people you’d never get to know otherwise.

10 Make mistakes! Except in situations where mistakes are life-threatening, mistakes are a normal part of learning and are healthy to our growth - if we’re willing to make them!


Most people live without a sense of meaning and work of passion. Without passion, life is work. With passion, work is a hobby and life is an adventure. You will spend 8, 10, or 12 hours at work each day. That is one-third of your day, one-third of your week, one-third of your month, one-third of your year, one-third of your life. If you are miserable with your career, you are miserable with one-third of your life. That’s 33%! 33% incorrect on any exam in the country is a 67, which corresponds to a “D.” If you are miserable with your career, you get a “D” in life. This guide is all about you getting an “A.” Preventing A Miserable Career Journey is not tolerating second-best. It’s about having a purpose more than a job. Start with your vision (what you want), your mission (how you will achieve it), and your legacy (so that when you leave this planet, people will know why you were here). That’s how we do it. When you ask a crummy question, you get a crummy answer. When you ask a better question, you get a better answer. Questions are the answer. This guide helps you ask the right questions. This is not a career assessment. It will not tell you what you should do with your life

,but rather provide you the opportunity to dig deep within yourself and find what’s best for you...because only you know that. A typical career assessment tells you what you would be good at and what you would enjoy. Preventing A Miserable Career Journey asks you profoundly powerful questions that will allow you to choose for yourself. Stop letting other people tell you what to do and take responsibility for your own life. As you answer each and every one of the questions, you provide yourself with a guarantee that most other students will not have – a master plan before you graduate! If you can answer one question by the end of this guide, then you will Prevent A Miserable Career Journey. Forget your grade point average. Many employers will never ask you for your GPA. They will want to know what the number actually means – your talents, your enthusiasms, and your achievements. Ask yourself this one question: “How will I use my greatest natural talents (Core Genius) within the industry that I love (Core Passion) to accomplish my lifetime goals (Core Achievement) and make a heck of a lot of money doing it?” That’s the Core GPA you will aspire towards! Yes, it is a loaded question, but it is only one; and if you can answer this one, you will enjoy the rest of your life and avoid being a part of the 75% of Americans over the age of 23 that are miserable in their jobs. This is my gift to you. Moving through this guide, you will now acknowledge your Core Genius, explore your Core Passions, clarify Core Achievements for your lifetime,


What is your main role and smaller roles in each of the organizations you are a part of? Why? What is your value and talent? Who could write a check for it? Which talents and skills can be used to create a Living Salary? What organizations could you join to further increase your capacity for your talents? What is (or might be) your major and are you happy with it? Why did you choose it? Would you like to use the knowledge you have gained from your studies for the rest of your life? Do the jobs that you have looked into have anything to do with the knowledge you have, the talents you would like to use, and the changes you would like to make on the planet? Why? What skills do your friends have that you are jealous of and that you wish you had? Why?

4 Ways to Avoid Career Misery Perhaps you are the person that busted your duff through college and grad school, indebting yourself to monstrous student loans in hopes of landing a lucrative career with plenty of ‘bells and whistles’ in terms of stock options, 401k, and a salary that’s worthy of your knowledge and work ethic. Or, maybe you are the lucky one that was born with a gift that landed you a position in a tech firm with the same perks. In either case, you work the position for a few years and realize that the once large aspirations you had for yourself have been reduced to a 4 x 6 cubicle that enslaves you from 8-4:30 daily. Yes, misery loves company; in our still recovering economy, the

unemployment line loves your company, too, and will not hesitate to force you to join that line. Unhappiness in the workplace, along with measly salaries, make up a large portion of job shifting in our country today; if you feel that you are in a position with good pay yet a miserable atmosphere, staying there may be your only option until something falls into your lap – besides, the children have to eat – so, until the time when your wild card turns up, here are five ways to avoid career misery and change the atmosphere where you work enough to survive:

Make Your Desk Home You have to be at a desk 2,080 hours a year on average, so why not make it home? You’d be surprised how small intricacies, such as a plant, funny photographs, soft music and even your children’s aspiring Crayon art can give you the right amount of inspiration to make it through the day, and remind you just how many people would die for your job. Small mementos like decor from home can give you inspiration to show up at work without dread or regret, even if your mind is still thinking of other options.

Remember Why You Applied You didn’t open up a Cracker Jack box and find a note stating ‘Interview at Lucent Technologies, 10 a.m. Monday’; there is some primary motive for your application to the job you have now, most likely related to income. You didn’t have to take the job you have now, yet the offer was lucrative enough to lure you in. Remember back to the day you applied, and keep in mind the numerous resumes on the interviews desk that could have been selected instead of yours.

Communicate Effectively Most issues at work stem from a lack of communication with co-workers or upper management; most people go into ‘fight or flight’ mode when dealing in situations that truly twist their skin, causing the bulk of issues to go unaddressed or outbursts to happen that are costly to their job – or, in extreme cases, freedom. Nip all small issues in the bud, no matter if it’s the position of


the stapler on your desk or the soda machine jamming as having the freedom to express discord in the workplace can empower longevity as well as give off a sense of comfort that you may not have had before.

Understand Your True Worth Getting the infamous raise at work is obviously a goal every employee wants to master, yet sometimes gets confused with actual worth of position or work involved. If you went to grad school for business management and obtain a position that requires no managerial knowledge, do not expect managerial pay. Sure, your degree may state the education you have, but it didn’t force you to take a lesser job. Positions pay based on delivery and role, chiefly; if you are putting out great stories, products, or marketing pitches and have consistent on-time delivery, then perhaps your worth to the company will rise due to your output; if you are responsible for answering a phone and typing some information into an AS400 system, do not expect the company to look deeply into your position since they have probably calculated a turn-over for your department anyway. Gauge what you are doing, the expertise you have accumulated, your own attendance, and see if you should even bother to approach the management for more money quite yet. Knowing your true worth will alleviate complaining about something like money when you are not quite ready to ask for it anyway, or will get nowhere asking too soon. Skilled and unskilled workers tend to create misery out of workplaces seemingly for no reason worth mentioning. If you apply for a job and receive an interview, make sure you ask for the tour of the plant or office. See all of the positions and even you’re soon to be position within the company ahead of time, because should you accept an offer from the company, you can rule out complaining about the conditions or atmosphere as you knew of this ahead of time. Same standard should go with pay; discuss this ahead of time in detail, including future performance raises and COLA increases.

Career misery is often an avoidable situation if you simply keep your work area colorful, build rapport with your co-workers, and communicate freely across the company. Remember, you applied for the job, and no matter how much you’d hate to realize this, 200 people are in line behind you that would be glad to take less pay and sassy bosses just to have food for their kids and a roof over their heads.


Youth Desensitation Object of Desire Vocal Connections Worlds Finest

Crafts to Be Admired Changing the World Teach a Kid to Fish The World Cup Apple Products

Marco Warren


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