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Environment

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Preserving Is a duty of all

Index Warnings…………………………………………………………………………………………….…..page.3 Deforestation………………………………………………………………………………………….page.5 Extinction of species……………………………………………………………………………….page.7 Paul do Boquilobo reserve………………………………………………………………………page.9 Interview to a Paul do Boquilobo forest guard………………………………………page.10 2


Shouldn’t we

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love our world 4


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Forests are very important because they are used as habitat for a wide diversity of animals and plants and because it is in them that are many vital resources to man. But forests are in danger due to the threat of human deforestation, endangering not only the animals and plants that live there but also all mankind!

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There are people that depend directly from forests

Undervaluation of forest products and environmental services Forests could be used for tourism giving more profits because they would be explored more than just once.

There are many indias tribes that depend on forests to survive because its from there that they take vital resourses.

Lack of protective measures by the government

The wood is cut overly because there aren’t many measures given from governments to protect the forests, something that let them vulnerable to illegal woodman causing destruction of important habitats.

Lack of resources to replant this areas Illegal Trade

Illegal trade of precious wood premoves the cut of some species that are in danger of extinction.

The majority of times the deforested areas aren’t replanted and there are several impacts on that, not just in environment but in the quality of life of the local habitants too.

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For all this we must preserve and save these species to be able to keep the balance and live in a healthier planet to ensure the continuity and quality of life of future generations.

There are many species in danger of extinction due to human causes. This can be harmful to humans because as all species are interconnected when one disappears the balance can be destroyed causing major alterations in ecosystems that might affect seriously the human species.

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Habitat Destruction

Lack of food

Habitat destruction put species in danger because without the location to which they are adapted they might not be able to survive.

When a species goes extinct, the food chain on which it’s contained can collapse putting the species at risk of extinction.

Hunt and Overfishering Hunting and fishing overly contribute to the decline of the species because many individuals or entire populations (as in the case of overfishing) are killed at once putting at risk the recovery of species. Climate change also causes the collapse of the species because changing rapidly the conditions where they live is almost the same as killing them because they don’t found easy to adapt to this changes.

Climate Change

Economic Interests Often due to the economic value of the species (or parts thereof) countries where they are rather than protect them against due to their high biological value prefer to promote they hunting or collecting endangering their survival and often on this exploration leads to the disappearance of these species 9


The ” Paul do Boquilobo” is a swampy area located between the municipalities of Torres Novas and Golegã classified as a natural reserve 06/24/1980 and subsequently rated in 1981 as a biosphere reserve, in 1996 as a wetland of international importance, in 1999 as special protection area and its limits were extended in 2005. Paul serve as habitat to an extensive range of species of birds and fish and some mammals and reptiles amphibians (and some species are vulnerable or endangered), with emphasis on the bream, the heron, the osprey, the woodpecker -dick, the spoonbill and several species of ducks and birds of prey. Despite their environmental importance is subject to heavy pollution (agricultural, urban and industrial), which endanger the enormous biodiversity of this important nature reserve.

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There are species in danger of extinction in the reserve? There are not really extinct or endangered species in the reserve, but there are species in decline due to environmental impacts such as: external pollution arriving by waters from areas surrounding the reserve (the case of urban, industrial and agricultural pollution). Deforestation has also affected the area recently, because the land near this the reserve belong to individuals and as they want to make use from their land the cut the forest areas that serve as habitat for many species. What should be done to control the external pollution? To control pollution would be needed an intervention by the state, because these are things that go beyond the authority of the people that work hear. What makes “Paul” such a sensitive area to pollution? The “Paul” is a depression where the waters run down from the surrounding fields, and is almost completely crossed by the river Almonda (which is a target to strong discharges of pollution), it becomes quite sensitive because as water quality is extremely important for the living beings, they are threatened because that water quality is compromised by chemicals, what makes the survival quite difficult. In what concern the deforestation near the reserve is harmful to the reserve? The deforestation of the surrounding areas is harmful because the forest act as a buffer zone that protect wetland from some external aggressions and serve as habitat for some important species of the local fauna as the genet, the mongooses and wild mink. What could people do to help and helping protecting the reserve? Send a letter to the ministry of environment and to major industrial units responsible for pollution, to communicate what is going on and what should be done by people to help solving this problem. This may not make much effect, but if we all join hands we could show our concern for the situation and as citizens we have the right and duty to show our outrage and denounce such situations.

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