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ARCHITECTURE j a n ug y r u u r r eq ywu i po v f d s l i wh a f v a collection of designs and creative work by daniel snider e s e d u p i dwz c l y a i d x o f t e v g xm l s kw l
PORTFOLIO | 09
preface My relationship with architecture has always been complicated as the experiences in my life persistently mold and evolve my understanding and disposition as a designer. Most members of the profession place themselves under a static ideology put forth by architectural greats that insist their resolution is truth. Without adhering myself to a specific pedagogy, it seemed like I was making a grave mistake in my first year at the School of Architecture. Following a specific design doctrine can never be an easy decision. We never cease to learn as designers and we are confronted with the reality that major dichotomies exist. Sitting at one side are Mies van der Rohe and his contemporaries that profoundly support the notion that “Less is more”. Decades later, the establishment was challenged when Robert Venturi explored the classics and came to the conclusion that there are inherent flaws in Mies’ modernist dictum, thus he coined that “Less is Bore.” One can contemplate how to resolve and mediate which rule stands above the rest, but why is that necessary? Should design be restricted to one inflexible ideology? Should chaos and order be given the same distinction, opportunity, and reverence? Each design scenario can accept a variety of proposals. Hence, our indiividual talents and creativity cannot be truly exploited without including self-determination and dexterity to each challenge.
As a child, I had the benefit of growing up in different cultures and living among architecture that instigated imagination. Each example that I experienced challenged the rest and those vivid memories remain with me today as I finally recognize that there is value in diversity. It has taken me this long to discover that a constantly maturing disposition in design is not an impedance to myself, nor to my peers, but an opportunity to bring new and unique approaches to the table through individual life experiences. Adaptability is essential to any design profession as each individual represents one essential component to the operation and execution of a project. This collection of works represents the contributions that I can make to the profession.
04 Cirriculum Vitae 05 Estudio Carlos Ferrater (OAB - Office of Architecture in Barcelona) - Barcelona, Spain 06 LAKESIDE COMPETITION - Tirana, Albania
09 RESIDENCIA OFICIAL DE LA EMBAJADA DE ESPAÑA - Canberra, Australia
13 EXPOSICIÓN COAM - Madrid, Spain
15 Elkus Manfredi Architects - Boston, Massachusetts, USA
16 LEGACY PARK - Tustin, California, USA
19 PROJECT ONEFRANKLIN / FILENE’S REDEVELOPMENT - Boston, Massachusetts, USA
21 University of Cincinnati
22 HOUSING FOR AN AFRICAN FAMILY - Ahoada, Rivers State, Nigeria
29 PLEASANT RIDGE MONTESSORI SCHOOL - CIncinnati, Ohio, USA
31 HOUSING FOR FAMILIES OF THE CREATIVE ARTS - Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
>> Should you require further examples of work, please contact me at email@example.com
10373 Windfern Court N Jacksonville FL 32257 904-654-6563 (Cell) // 904-551-0469 (Home)
Skills & interests
UNIVERSITY OF CINCINNATI // 2005 - 2009 Cincinnati, Ohio, USA College of Design, Art, Architecture, & Planning (DAAP) School of Architecture and Interior Design (SAID) Bachelor of Science in Architecture - Class of 2009
SOFTWARE Graphic (CS4) Drafting Modeling Rendering Processing
FLORIDA COMMUNITY COLLEGE // 2003-2004 Jacksonville, Florida, USA Associate in Art President’s List LAKESHORE CATHOLIC HIGH SCHOOL // 1999-2003 Port Colborne, Ontario, Canada Graduation Date // 02/2003 Honor Roll 1999-2003
Photoshop // InDesign // Illustrator // Dreamweaver // Acrobat AutoCAD 2008 Form Z 3D 5.5 // Rhino 4.0 // 3DSMax // Maya // Sketchup 7 Maxwell Render // V-Ray Word // Excel // Publisher // Powerpoint // Outlook
MIXED MEDIA Architectural Drafting // Lettering Rendering Pencil // Marker // Pastel // Pen Drawing/Sketching Pencil // Marker // Charcoal // Pen INTERESTS Photography // Sketching // Soccer // Traveling // Languages // Urban Living
Experience ESTUDIO CARLOS FERRATER / OFFICE OF ARCHITECTURE IN BARCELONA (OAB), BARCELONA, ES // architecture intern // 05/2008 -10/2008 Skills were utilized on a number of competitions based in Africa, Europe and Australia. Responsibilities included 3d modeling, rendering, photoshop and presentation diagrams and drawings, photography, handcrafted modelmaking, cad drafting, translations, precendent research, developing layout and design parameters for expositions, and participation on case study projects. JAMES POSTELL ARCHITECT, CINCINNATI, OHIO // drafting / labor / carpentry // 07/2007 - 05/2009 Part time work with studio professor. Assisted with drafting, modeling, construction, casework & project installation, and furniture assembly. Specific projects included remodeling of a child’s bedroom, and construction of a studio space. ELKUS MANFREDI ARCHITECTS, BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS // architecture intern // 03/2007 - 12/2007 During the first internship period, the duties included cad drafting, 3d modeling, presentation renderings and diagrams, site photography, precendent research, and compiling design guidelines. To improve upon the first experience, a more direct role was taken with design and presentations during the second internship period. Presentations and perspective renderings were developed using the rendering software maxwell. Contributions helped the team and studio claim the commission for additional multi-use development and a restaurant in California.
REFERENCES AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST
Estudio Carlos Ferrater Office of Architecture in Barcelona (OAB) Barcelona, Spain 2008
lakesideCOMPETITION Location: Client: Year:
Tirana, Albania City of Tirana 2008
OAB was invited to participate in an international competition for the development of a strategic mixed-use site located against an artificial lake in the city of Tirana. Competing offices for this commission included MVRDV, David Chipperfield, and Jean Nouvel. The officeâ€™s submission was a second prize winner. Emptiness lies between the traditional city and the great lake. The site of twenty hectares is situated in the south of the Albanian capital. It sits against the lake, which is surrounded by a chain of parks and green space. This arrangement provides lucrative opportunites for development and regeneration. Extracting inspiration from this relationship, the design proposal seeks to iterate these natural circumstances into an internally autonomous urban system that liberates a central space of activity as rings of program concentrically radiate out to establish zones while maintaining its perimeter. A limited zone of water exists at the focal point. Circulation progresses along an extension of parks that finally meet at the center.
NIGHT TIME ZONE MAP
The program of the internal ring consists of recreational facilities, green space, and retail. The external ring of hotels, office towers and residential condominiums establish the siteâ€™s perimeter.
Personal responsibilities in this competition included 3d modeling and subsequent perspective renderings, presentation material including final submission rendering in perspective and plan.
VIEW BETWEEN THE EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL RING OF BUILDINGS
RESIDENCIA OFICIAL DE LA
EMBAJADA DE ESPAĂ‘A Location: Client: Year:
Canberra, Australia The Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation 2008
A design proposal was requested by the client that satisfies the requirements for the Official Residence of the Spanish Ambassador to Australia. This residence has a dual purpose as both the ambassadorâ€™s home and retreat while also serving as a palace for enterprise and political activity. The client, due to the changing needs of this diplomatic position, requires flexibility and opportunities for extension. Another consideration is the emblematic condition of the building, thus references are made to Spanish Mediterranean architecture through interstitial spaces, the manipulation of light by means of intermediate spaces between the exterior and the interior, and the addition of patios, terraces and porches. The residence is organized not only according to the cardinal points, but by means of bands that increase or diminish in length to divide the program according to its usage.
CONCEPTUAL AND VISUAL SCHEME
This division of space through the use of bands also gradiates privacy by positioning public spaces towards the perimeter while leaving the secluded interiors for the ambassador’s family and guests. Space and structure are organized with an orthogonal grid, which allows the bands to align themselves in rows running from east to west. The grid is divided into intervals of three meters. The vertical walls that continue the bands are placed on the grid in a staggered disposition. This arrangement breaks up the orthogonal nature of the grid by providing visitors with unexpected visual angles throughout the project.
The unjulation of form in both the vertical and horizontal enriches the perception of space and the impact of light on the concrete surfaces. The articulation generated by the bands enhances the effectiveness of cross ventilation, an additional characteristic that is important in both Spanish and Australian vernacular architecture.
(AA’) LONGITUDINAL SECTION 0
(BB’) TRANSVERSE SECTION
GROUND FLOOR PLAN
SECOND FLOOR PLAN
GARDEN VIEW TOWARDS INTERIOR
PROGRAM & USAGE (SECOND LEVEL)
NORTH FAÇADE & GARDEN
SERVICE PUBLIC SPACE PRIVATE SPACE PUBLIC | PRIVATE
INTERIOR VIEW THROUGH CORRIDOR
PROGRAM & USAGE (GROUND LEVEL)
exposiciónCOAM Location: Client: Year:
Madrid, Spain Colegio Oficial de Arquitectos de Madrid (COAM) 2008
After successful expositions with the Colegio Oficial de Arquitectos de Catalunya in Barcelona and Girona, OAB received an invitation from the Madrid chapter of the arquitecture college to display the office’s body of work at the institution’s gallery space. This exposition required a layout scheme for the media and presentation boards so that preparations could be made to accommodate the installations that would be sent to Madrid. My personal contributions included designing the layouts for the presentation boards, designating the location of scale models and designing the stands that would support them, photography of works and the gallery space, and a perspective rendering that portrays the gallery space in use during the exposition.
LAYOUT RENDERING OF THE EXPOSITION
Elkus | Manfredi Architects Boston, Massachusetts, USA 2007
This division of space through the use of bands also gradiates privacy by positioning public spaces towards the perimeter while leaving the secluded interiors for the ambassadorâ€™s family and guests. Space and structure are organized with an orthogonal grid, which allows the bands to align themselves in rows running from east to west. The grid is divided into intervals of three meters. The vertical walls that continue the bands are placed on the grid in a staggered disposition. This arrangement break up the orthogonal nature of the grid by providing visitors with unexpected visual angles throughout the project. The unjulation of form in both the vertical and horizontal enriches the perception of space and the impact of light on the concrete surfaces. The articulation generated by the bands enhances the effectiveness of cross ventilation, an additional characteristic that is important in both Spanish and Australian vernacular architecture.
BUILDING B STREET PERSPECTIVE
legacyparkCOMPETITION Location: Client: Year:
Tustin, California, USA Shea Properties 2007
The closure of a Marine Corp Air Station in the city of Tustin has left a massive void in the center of the community. The site has a close proximity to a major freeway while being surrounded by established neighborhoods and small businesses. Legacy Park contains roughly 1,580 acres of undeveloped space. Shea Properties stepped in to reclaim this excess federal land for development into a new retail and business mecca with additional residential neighborhoods to fill in the remaining space of the site. Elkus Manfredi was invited to propose a masterplan for the Main Street phase of the project - a pedestrian-friendly, mixed-use district that will include offices, shops, homes and hotels, running alongside a large park. The commercial floor area requirements for this masterplan are roughly 150,000 square feet of retail space and 200,000 square feet of office space. This project would also serve as an example of sustainable building practices. Building B is a mixed-use space with retail located on the grade level and office space for three tenants occupying the podium and above levels. Personal contributions to this project included line drawings, three dimensional modeling, submission renderings for perspectives and plans, and design revisions to building elevations.
BUILDING B STREET ELEVATION
N SITE PLAN
BUILDING B GRADE LEVEL FLOOR PLAN
BUILDING B PODIUM LEVEL FLOOR PLAN
FILENE’S BASEMENT C.
Location: Boston (Downtown Crossing) Type: Mixed Use Development / Restoration Client: Gale International & Vornado Realty / MBTA Officially named the One Franklin Street project, the area known as Downtown Crossing is in need of a significant facelift as businesses, retailers and consumers have relocated to newer properties. Historic Filene’s Department Store by Daniel Burnham is the jewel of this location, and for this reason, its restoration must accompany new development. A new mixed-use high rise tower placed above Filene’s Department Store was the proposal for this project. The program includes a hotel, additional retail, and office space. Personal contributions to this project included exterior renderings, and linework for construction and demolition documents.
University of Cincinnati Cincinnati, Ohio, USA 2004-2009
PERSPECTIVE PEN DRAWING OF DOWNTOWN CINCINNATI
ahoadaSTUDIO Location: Professor: Year:
Ahoada, Rivers State, Nigeria Nmandi Elleh 2009
The developing parts of the world mostly in Africa, Asia, and Latin America are filled with countries where the living conditions and built environment are serious challenges in meeting infrastructure needs. Utilities such as water, electricity and sanitation are hard to come by in the poorest regions, while basic privileges such as education, shelter, health coverage and work also escape a majority of the worldâ€™s population. In Nigeria, conditions such as these continue to exist today despite the prosperity found through the refinement of oil. The studio explored the possibilities and challenges of designing affordable housing that functions and adapts to the climate, limitations of infrastructure, availability of materials, local family dynamics, history, culture, and the flooding conditions presented by the yearly monsoon season. Explorations and precedent research concentrated on the works of Maxwell Fry and his contemporaries, local building practices, and sustainable solutions that would give the people the freedom to assemble major components of these residences. An additional objective of the studio is planning the urban layout of the site to accommodate the largest number of housing units while allocating enough space for the cultivation of crops, market space and adjacent parking, vehicular circulation, indigenous trees and vegetation, and a central space that can be used publicly by all the residents of this neighborhood. It was predetermined that public utilties are available for all residents on the site. Family types throughout Nigeria vary due to religion and the established patriarchal structure. Polygamy is widely accepted and practiced among those who follow indigenous faiths. Closely related families traditionally live in compounds as individual space is a luxury. The sharing of space and resources between families is common throughout Nigeria. The sense of community leads to the notion that an open duplex with a central courtyard for family gathering and activity is the basis for development of affordable housing in Ahoada. NIGER DELTA - RIVERS STATE
NW VIEW THRU THE OPEN FIELD SPACE
Climate Sahara Desert Harmaton Winds (November - March)
Atlantic Ocean Trade Winds (April - October) CROSS VENTILATION DIAGRAM
CUSTOM CMU BLOCK (MIX OF CLAY & CONCRETE MIX) THICKNESS OF THE FLOOR PLATE MONSOON FLOOD WATERS (AT MAXIMUM DEPTH) CONCRETE STRUCTURE
MONSOON FLOODING STRATEGY
As the project deals with African climate and flooding conditions, many passive environmental solutions were put into place. The extreme heat and sunlight indicate the importance of shading and cross ventilation for the residents. From the South-West, the site welcomes the trade winds of the Altantic Ocean between the months of April and October, followed by harmaton winds from the Sahara Desert between November and March. It is crucial that the orientation of the housing units is considered in order to promote the most efficient and unobstructed path for air to circulate through and in between the buildings. The permeability of the walls and interior partitions, specifically taking consideration of materiality, also are extremely important considerations for air exchanges.
The exterior walls are divided into three even rows. Scale and weight within each row subsequently decreases vertically from the lowest row to the upper rows. The lowest row closest to the ground must be permeable and durable enough to account for monsoon flooding conditions. Looking to Maxwell Fry as inspiration, a unit of masonry was designed that consists of a mix of concrete and clay/mud. This unit is hollowed out and can be easily made by the residents. Once formed, they can be sun baked. The use of this masonry unit also provides stability and a platform to support the upper rows. The middle row requires permeability as well as function for its tenants. The components that occupy this row are lighter than masonry but operable, hence the addition of horizontally louvered window system. Bamboo was the material chosen for its construction as it is indigenous, durable, and can be made by the local population. The upper row is the lightest of all and only requires permeability. Bamboo was chosen again for the recreation of patterned screens. A compromise was made to use the square plaiting pattern as it is easy to work with, mimmick the orthogonality apparent in the design, and it is an indigenous patterned used historically by the local population in clothing, textiles, and art. The interior wall partitions repeat the same divisional language as the exterior except that they consist of alternating sets of screens and solid bamboo partitions that can be shifted back and forth, much like sliding screen doors. The modulator nature of the components makes it suitable for Nigeria.
SQUARE PLAITING PATTERN CREATE WITH STRIPS OF BAMBOO
STREET VIEW LOOKING NORTH-EAST
HAND-MADE BAMBOO SLATS TO BE USED AS HORIZONTAL WINDOW LOUVERS
STREET VIEW LOOKING NORTH-EAST
CUSTOM DESIGNED CONCRETE MASONRY UNITS BY MAXWELL FRY & JANE DREW
TS PA CE
M AH AIN OA RO DA AD TO TO W N
CUSTOM DESIGNED DOOR WITH FIXED BAMBOO LOUVERS
CENTRAL COMMUNITY SPACE
LT IVA TIO
OFFSITE BAMBOO BUSH THAT WILL PROVIDE MATERIAL FOR PLAITING
The dashed red line indicated the line of separation between the two family units. One unit has a covered garage while the other unit has an additional bedroom. A typical family in Nigeria has between 8 and 10 family members. The household may also accommodate the family members and guests. Each typical bedroom maximizes the occupancy through bunkbeds, with four beds per room. The master bedroom has a larger bed, space for individual storage, and a desk. The courtyard and circulation corridor is open to both families. Much of the communal activity and consumption of food will be shared together in the courtyard.
SECTION A THRU MASTER BEDROOM AND BATHROOM
SECTION B THRU BEDROOMS
SOUTH / STREET ELEVATION
Location: Year: COMPUTER STATIONS
Cincinnati, Ohio, USA 2007
Montessori education is built on a foundation of collaborative teaching among fellow students and teachers. Everyone in this system is responsible to support one another’s growth and creativity. The studio focused on: - Creating an active, changing, and social place for learning (K-8) - Designing and specifying interior elements in order to promote a specific sense of life within a new Cincinnati Public Schools (CSP) Montessori-based institution - Designing the spatial transition and interior space for a classroom for K·5th grade children
TEACHER’S DESK BOYS RESTROOM
Number of Students (per classroom) : Square Area (per classroom) : Minimum Storage Capacity :
28 Students 1100 SF (40 SF per student) 20 Cu. FT (per student)
As Montessori education implements collaborative learning among the students of different ages, this classroom is a representation of that support structure that is so important towards the education of these students. This support is translated into the stacking and offsetting of forms to create opportunities for space, lighting reveals, storage, and circulation. The idea of a ribbon serves as the conceptual motif for this classroom, which is a simple form that can be manipulated in complex ways. Stacking ribbons that are bent at varying degrees provide entirely new results and complexities that were utilized for the creation of storage units. Each bend in the ribbon has a distinct purpose that could generate or terminate a table or storage component, or provide reveals between partitions and the roof plane to allow lighting to penetrate into the spaces.
INTERIOR PERSPECTIVE LOOKING INTO CLASSROOM A
northsideSTUDIO Location: Professor: Year:
Northside District, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA Randall Corral 2006
The previous decade has witnessed significant investment from businesses as well as an influx of diverse peoples that have adapted their own culture and personality to Northside / Cumminsville, especially along Hamilton Avenue, the main drag for business. Despite these changes, certain areas remain undeveloped. The studio focused on revitalizing this historic and eclectic neighborhood with new housing that would acknowledge its social fabric as well as bridge a gap that exists among its social groups. A void exists between the different demographics of Northside, and finding common ground so that progress can be made is one of the more daunting challenges for this community.
MASSING MODEL ON BLACK SITE MODEL
PLEXIGLASS MASSING MODEL WITH LIGHTING GEL
The original site is a battered parking lot filled with old taxi cabs and surrounded by a fence topped with barbed wire. The development of the site will add communal housing while removing a blot in the neighborhood. Many of the surrounding households also require renovation as they have decayed over time and from the desertion of tenants and responsible ownership. A decision was made to focus on the future of this area, which is the development of the creative community. The diverse demographics of the community are represented through unit designs that are personalized by family type and other considerations such as workspace and studios for artists. Each unit shares one communal outdoor space with its adjacent neighboring units. Littering is a major issue in the residential areas of town, especially along the narrow and dilapidated alleyways that are not truly accessible because of trash and scattered vegetation growth. The communal outdoor spaces and circulation path (indicated by the continuous black line on the roof the project) encourage the importance of cooperative social responsibility for the upkeep of the property. The blue, green, and purple unit interiors have been customized for three different family sizes.
NS SECTION (BLUE UNIT)
NS SECTION (GREEN UNIT)
NS SECTION (PURPLE UNIT)
1’ 4’ 8’
VIEW OF THE SITE FROM THE ADJACENT FACTORY
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