Narratorium - B.Arch thesis report (2014)

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NARRATORIUM MUZIRIS ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE


The Collective Memory Of Space: The Architecture Of Remembering And Forgetting

SYNOPSIS

DIFFERENT WAYS A PERSON CARRIES HOME MEMORIES OF A PLACE:

INTRODUCTION:

1 SOUVENIRS

2

3

REGISTERED MEMORY THROUGH EXPERIENCE

Architecture that is classed as historically important is most often perceived And consequently treated as an expression of the past due to its existence Through ages, it’s been a vital source of reference for mankind to relate and Understand the past. This has been possible only through archaeology. Indeed many historic buildings that we admire exist now only because of a series Of reactive processes. Architecture as an adaptive, adaptable & responsive media has responded to the Past in its own way to build residences, places of worship, public places etc & Adapt. It also has been adaptive with relevance to the period incorporating Social, topographical and geographical transformation. Similarly it has Continued to cater to the present too.

HYPOTHESIS: INTERACTIVE MEMORY OF THE SPACE ITSELF

embedding memories through spaces

inspirations architecture palimpsests

THE KOLUMBA ART MUSEUM BY PETER ZUMTHOR.

A FEW FINE EXAMPLES OF SIMILAR ATTEMPTS AND THESE ARCHITECTS HAVEN’T JUST LIMITED THIS TO THE PROJECTS BUT HAVE LET IT INFLUENCE THEIR STYLES TOO.

This sensitive adaptation here could serve to 1) liberate historical architecture from its constraints of being understood Through its past and facilitate a dialogue with the present that we are Familiar with. 2) preserve not just the remains, but also its history 3) simple understanding & efcient registry Particularly as an architectural solution for preventing decay of Heritage sites due to overprotective conservative legislation.

CONCLUSION: Thus, translating the language of the past & displaying it in a contemporary Manner by using architecture to NARRATE the context, process of its Exploration & technology would not just bring clarity to the perception and Understanding of the people but also a sense of awareness and intimacy to Preserve their past.

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CASTELVICHIO MUSEUM BY CARLO SCARPA

Historical remnants, Architectural or Non-Architectural, perceived as a representative of Past, physically exists in the present too. They are a part of the REALM. This existence of the past in the Present can challenge the whole notion of the term ‘historic’ itself due to its Potential to hold more history. Further, at present, the above has gone unnoticed as these historic references Are experienced isolated by the context they’re ‘preserved’ in, leading to their limited understanding. Thus, architecture being a responsive medium - should it not respond to this past? - should it not continue to undergo Transformations relevant to the present & add to the existing history, Thus creating a PALIMPSEST ? - should it not serve as a language or an interactive tool to relate the past with the present ?

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MUZIRIS VISITIOR’S CENTER (live project) INTRODUCTION: Search for India's ancient city -Archaeologists working on India's south-west coast believe they may have solved the mystery of the location of a major port which was key to trade between India and the Roman Empire - Muziris, in the modern-day state of Kerala. -Key evidence Pattanam is the only site in the region to produce architectural features and material contemporary to the period. -Mystery disappearance Muziris became important because of the Romans' interest in trading, and their desire to have contact with regions beyond the reach of conquest and set up trading routes with these places.

AIM: -TO CREATE A RESPONSIVE & SENSITIVE ARCHITECTURE THAT NOT ONLY ADAPTS & RELATES TO THE SITE BUT ALSO NARRATE ITS ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXT - AS A PALIMPSEST THAT CONTEMPLATES WHAT REMAINS OF THE PAST.

THE ANCIENT TRADE ROUTES OF THE WORLD

OBJECTIVES: - to create an architecture that balances out traditional & contemporary concepts which is a dialog in itself. - to dene a space that can redene the function, purpose & potential of a museum that just exhibits relics - an aesthetic approach that shows a perfect translation in terms of design strategy and materials, Thus creating a tangible relationship between the site & the architecture. - a sustainable approach through sensitive manipulation of locally available materials, be site specic or Regionally specic. Energy and other services to make the Building self-dependent.

SCOPE: - the scope of thesis will extend upto exhibiting the layering of history clearly dened in a present

LIMITATIONS: - regulatory norms of archaeological survey of india (asi) and unesco. - site restrictions in terms of building in a regulated zone and linking the structure To the prohibited zone. - limited & specic program for minimal intervention & maximum preservation.

introduction

Context as an EXPERIENCE. - create a site originated architecture - gives an opportunity to experiment by depicting the architecture in a Transitional manner through movement, design, material and the structure with respect to the context. - usage of site specic and locally available materials being in abundance. Eg: excavated soil, deforested timber etc.

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C A S E S T U D I E S MUSEUMS

BUILDINGS REDESIGNED TO BE MUSEUMS Ø

Ø

HILL PALACE MUSEUM, THRIPUNITHURA, KERALA FORT MUSEUM,FORT St.GEORGE, CHENNAI

BUILDINGS DESIGNED TO BE MUSEUMS

Ø

Ø

GOA STATE MUSEUM, PANAJI,GOA MUSEUM OF KERALA HISTORY,EDAPALLY, KOCHI,KERALA

Ø ARCHAEOLOGICAL

EXCAVATION SITEARIKAMEDU, PUDUCHERRY. Ø ST. AUGUSTINE'S TOWER -

GOA

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ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM, GOA

ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES IN RUINS

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1.ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM, GOA LOCATION: OLD GOA Archaeological Museum Velha Goa, GA 403110 OWNED BY: ASI (Archaeological Survey Of India) STATUS A UNESCO World Heritage Site

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St. CATHERINE COURT

AA CHAIRMAN Dy. SA CHAIRMAN

STAFF COURT ROOM

RC ROOM III

KEY GALLERY (Pre-historic & Excavated)

§

STALL

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TOILETS

OFFICE STORE

GALLERY - 4 RC ROOM IV

VIDEO SHOW

SERVICE

GALLERY - 5

MARITIME GALLERY

GALLERY - 3

CONFERENCE HALL

LOBBY

TEMPLE GALLERY - 2

STORE

§ §

ALTAR

CATHEDRAL

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GROUND FLOOR

RC ROOM II

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CATHEDRAL

Way to Choir & Church

ALTAR

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PAINTINGS

GALLERY - 7

St. CATHERINE COURT

GALLERY - 8

STORE

GALLERY 6 Coins & Stamps

TOILETS

FIRST FLOOR

Established in 1964 and reorganized in 1981–82. Housed in the CONVENT PORTION OF THE CHURCH of St. Francis of Assisi. antiquities displayed in 8 GALLERIES include the objects from the PREHISTORIC AND EARLY HISTORIC PERIOD TO THE LATE MEDIEVAL PERIOD. Known for display of the portrait paintings of governors and viceroys, wooden sculptures, pillars, capitals, postal stamps likewise many other objects which belong to the Portuguese period in Goa. The showcases have been provided to display the important objects the pedestals are prepared to display the heavy stone and wooden objects. With heavy relics on the ground level and lighter ones on top. The portraits are displayed utilizing both NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL LIGHT. The additional facilities provided for the visitors include the POTABLE DRINKING WATER, CLEAN INVENTORY, VIDEO SHOW on World Heritage properties in India, CHILDREN ACTIVITY CENTER, publication sale counter. Also houses the REGIONAL ASI DEPARTMENT, RECOVERY LABS, TREATMENT & CURATORIAL LABS AND A RECONSTRUCTION DEPARTMENT.

Opening Hours : 10.00 am to 5.00 pm Closed on – Friday Entrance Fee : Rs. 5/- per head (Children up to 15 years free)

ARMOURY PORTRAITS / WOOD SCULPTURES GALLERY - 9 SERVICE

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P L A N S

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Rich HISTORIC CONTEXT. Basilica of Bom Jesus, Se’Cathedral, Chapel of St.Catejan, Chapel of St.Catherine, Church of Lady Rosary, Church of St.Augustine, Adil Shahi palace. converted museum. Large range of exhibits. Non Air-conditioned and partial Naturally lit spaces.

MUSEUM ENTRANCE

KEY GALLERY

- Several Architectural remains of columns, capitals, bases and inscriptions KEPT IN OPEN due to LACK OF SPACE. - Adjacent to Mandovi river. - Partially POLLUTED ENVIRONS. - LIMITED visitor experience. - Lack of public amenities around.

REMAINS DISPLAYED AND SCATTERED IN THE OPEN

CHAPEL OF St. CATHERINE

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ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM

CHURCH OF St. FRANCIS

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2 . H I L L PA L A C E M U S E U M , THRIPPUNITHURA, KERALA LOCATION: HILL PALACE ROAD, THRIPPUNITHURA, ERNAKULAM, KERALA OWNED & MAINTAINED BY: STATE GOVERNMENT TYPE: ARCHAEOLOGICAL/HERITAGE MUSEUM

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-BIGGEST and 1ST ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM of kerala opened to public in 1986. -HOUSED IN THE PALACE COMPLEX of 54 acres, 49 buildings of the kochi royal family built in 1865. -RENOVATED ADMIN OFFICE of the the kochi raja is the present museum. -divided into 2 blocks, north & south, the museum complex houses a variety of program such as, HERITAGE MUSEUM, ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM, PRE-HISTORIC PARK, DEER PARK, MEDICINAL PLANT GARDEN, CHS (CENTER FOR HERITAGE STUDIES), MCC (manuscript conservation center) MRC (manuscript resource center), NMC (national mission for manuscripts) - museum is known for exhibiting 14 CATEGORIES INCLUDING ORNAMENTS, SCULPTURES, PAINTINGS, COINS & EXHIBITS OF THE TRAVANCORE ROYAL FAMILY AND EPIGRAPHY TOO. - serves as a cinema shooting location because of its FAMOUS HORSE CARTS AND WEAPONRY GALLERY. - functions from 9:00 to 1:00 and 2:00 to 5:00, monday holiiday, ESTABLISHED & MAINTAINED BY KERALA STATE ARCHAEOLOGICAL DEPT.

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3. FORT MUSEUM, FORT St.GEORGE, CHENNAI

LOCATION: RAJAJI SALAI, CHENNAI, TAMIL NADU OWNED & MAINTAINED BY: TAMIL NADU GOVERNMENT & ASI TYPE: ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM

CHENNAI

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SCULPTURE GALLERY

PA I N T I N G S G A L L E R Y

UNIFORMS

Site info - BUILT IN 1640 BY BRITISH EAST INDIA COMPANY Garrison info - OCCUPIED BY TAMIL NADU LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY -SECRETARIAT & WAS THE FIRST BRITISH FORTRESS IN INDIA -ONE OF THE 163 NOTIFIED/MEGALITHIC AREAS IN TAMIL NADU

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- the present museum is housed by one of the OLDEST SURVIVING BUILDINGS In the fort complex which functioned as THE MADRAS BANK completed in 1795. - opened to the public on 31st january, 1948. - exhibits include ARMS RANGING FROM VARIETY OF CANONS, PISTOLS, RIFFLES AND SWORDS TO COINS, LETTERS AND STAMPS. - other notable exhibits include the DECORATIVE PORCELAIN, TABLEWARE, SCULPTURES PORTRAITS, PAINTINGS. - THE GROUND FLOOR - armoury and sculptures and other HEAVY ARTEFACTS, - THE 1ST FLOOR - PAINTINGS GALLERY AND NUMISMATICS, THE 2ND FLOOR - INDO-FRENCH GALLERY AND THE ARTEFACTS OF INDIAN FREEDOM MOVEMENT. - THE EXHIBITS ARE CONTEXTUALLY WELL EXPLAINED AND THE MUSEUM IS LOCATED IN AN ASI SITE THAT HOLDS SEVERAL OTHER MONUMENTS.

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4. goa state museum, panjim, goa LOCATION: DIRECTORATE OF MUSEUM,

EDC Ccomplex, Patto, Panjim - Goa OWNED & MAINTAINED BY: STATE GOVERNMENT TYPE: MULTIPURPOSE MUSEUM

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GALLERY - C

AERIAL VIEW

GALLERY - K

GOA STATE MUSEUM : - was setup to CENTRALIZE AND PRESERVE antiquities, art objects, objects of cultural signicance, exhibiting the ancient historical and cultural traditions of goa and THEMATICALLY EXHIBITING THEM. - the museum was setup in a SMALL SCALE IN 1977 AT St. INEZ. - AFTER CONSTRUCTION OF THE PRESENT BUILDING AND THE EXHIBITS WERE ALL SHIFTED HERE IN 1996. - HOLDS A FAIRLY LARGE COLLECTION OF 8000 ARTICLES THAT INCLUDE STONE, BRONZE & WOOD SCULPTURES, PORTUGUESE FURNITURE, COINS, STAMPS, PRINTING EQUIPMENTS ETC. - CONSISTS OF 14 GALLERIES.

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GOA S TAT E L I B RA R Y

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PROGRAM: A - SCULPTURE GALLERY B - CONSERVATION LABORATORY C - CHRISTIAN ART GALLERY D - AUDITORIUM E - HISTORY OF PRINTING IN GOA GALLERY F - NATURAL HERITAGE OF GOA GALLERY G - ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT GALLERY H - STORE I I - GEOLOGY GALLERY J - BANERJI ART GALLERY K - RELIGIOUS EXPRESSION GALLERY L - CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY M - CONTEMPORARY ART GALLERY N - NUMISMATICS GALLERY O - GOA’S FREEDOM STRUGGLE P - MENEZES BRAGANZA GALLERY Q - ADMINISTRATION BLOCK R - STORE II S - FURNITURE GALLERY

ü - NATURALLY VENTILATED AND LIGHTING THROUGH CLEAR STOREYS AND SKYLIGHTS. - HIGHLY VALUABLE COLLECTIONS. - SEMINARS & WORKSHOPS HELD FOR INTERESTED STUDENTS ON HERITAGE.

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û - MUSEUM IS IN BAD CONDITION, LARGELY CRACKED

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WALLS AND SLABS. - SUNKEN FLOORS - FALSE CEILINGS ALL CHIPPED OFF. - POOR CONTEXTUAL LOCATION FOR TOURISTS.


5.MUSEUM OF KERALA HISTORY, EDAPALLY, KOCHI. LOCATION: SALEM ERNAKULAM HIGHWAY, PATHADIPALAM, EDAPPALLY, KOCHI, KERALA, OWNED & MAINTAINED BY: STATE GOVERNMENT TYPE: CULTURE, HERITAGE & ARTS MUSEUM

MUSEUM OF KERALA HISTORY AND ITS MAKERS IS SITUATED AT EDAPPALLY, 10 KMS FROM ERNAKULAM ON THE ERNAKULAM -ALUVA ROUTE. HERE HISTORY OF KERALA FOR THE LAST 2000 YEARS IS EXHIBITED AND NARRATED WITH THE HELP OF LIGHT AND SOUND. COMMENTARIES ARE IN ENGLISH AND MALAYALAM. THE COMPLEX HAS TWO UNITS, A GALLERY OF PAINTINGS AND SCULPTURES WITH A UNIQUE COLLECTION OF OVER 200 PAINTINGS IN CONTEMPORARY ART BY INDIAN ARTISTS AND A CENTRE FOR VISUAL ARTS WITH AUTHENTIC REPRODUCTIONS OF SELECTED WORLD MASTERS FROM LEONARDO DA VINCI TO THOSE OF THE PRESENT CENTURY.

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E N T R A N C E

C U L T U R A L E X H I B I T S I N T H E K E Y G A L L E R Y

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PROGRAM: -MUSEUM OF KERALA HISTORY -ART GALLERY -VISUAL ARTS CENTER -DOLLS COLLECTION -MINIATURE ART GALLERY -MUSEUM SHOP -CAFETERIA

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A R C H A E O LO G I C A L E XC AVAT I O N SITES

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1. arikamedu, puducherry Arikamedu is an archaeological site located at a distance of 1 km from Ariyankuppam, where Mortimer Wheeler conducted his best-known excavation in the 1940s. According to Wheeler, Arikamedu was a Tamil ď€ shing village which was formerly a major port dedicated to bead making and trading with Roman traders. It ourished for centuries until the Romans left. Various Roman artifacts, such as a large number of amphorae bearing the mark of Roman potter schools VIBII, CAMURI and ITTA, have been found at the site, supporting the view on an ancient trade between Rome and the ancient Tamil country.

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A

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VARYING BRICK SIZES : - 24”X 6”X 3” & 8”X 4”X 3” - DIFFERENT TYPES OF BONDING MATERIAL -THE PORT TOWN MIGHT HAVE BEEN OCCUPIED BY A DIFFERENT ERA AND REBUILT. -SEGMENTAL AND SEMICIRCULAR ARCHES OF BRICKWORK. -45 TO 60 CM THICK BRICK WALLS

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THE RUIN SITE IS LEFT TO DECAY AND HAS BEEN NEGLECTED THOUGH ASI HAS TAKEN OVER. PROPOSALS FOR A TOURIST CENTER HAVE BEEN MADE BUT HAVE’NT BEEN IMPLEMENTED AT ALL FOR THE LAST 8-10 YEARS. A BRIEF PROGRAM OF THE TOURIST CENTER INCLUDES -ASI OFFICE -AMPHITHEATER -ECO-PARK -RESTAURANT -BOAT DECK & VIEWING TOWER -BOATING ACTIVITY -MUSEUM

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proposed visitor center

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2.ST. AUGUSTINE'S TOWER GOA

ARCHITECTURAL REMAINS

This highly visible landmark, a 46M-HIGH TOWER served as a BELFRY and formed part of the facade of a magniď€ cent Church. The tower is ONE OF THE FOUR TOWERS of St. Augustine Church that once stood at the site. Initially built of laterite and colossal in size, it had four storeys. The Tower was meant to serve as a belfry and the Church had eight richly adorned chapels and four altars and a convent with numerous cells attached to it. The church was abandoned in 1835 due to the repressive policies of the Portuguese government, which resulted in the eviction of many religious orders from Goa. This remnant, the renowned St. Augustine's tower is all that remains of what was once one of the largest buildings in Goa -- The Augustinian Monastery.

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EXCAVATED REMAINS STONE TABLETS, INSCRIPTIONS, COLUMNS & TOMBSTONES LEFT UNPROTECTED. ACTIVITIES SUCH AS CINEMA SHOOTING HAS LED TO POLLUTED ENVIRONS.

CONSERVATION TO SOME EXTENT

SITE NOT WELL MAINTAINED

COLLAPSED WALL OF THE CONVENT narratorium 21


L I T E R A T U R E

MUSEUMS

Ø

Ø

NINGBO HISTORIC MUSEUM , CHINA NEW ACROPOLIS MUSEUM, ATHENS, GREECE

S T U D I E S

ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Ø

Ø

LENGGONG VALLEY VISITOR CENTER, MALAYSIA NEW STONEHENGE VISITOR CENTRE, WILTSHIRE, UK

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1. LENGGONG VALLEY VISITOR CENTER, MALAYSIA

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Lenggong valley was brought up to unesco world heritage status in june 2012. Prominent archaeological ndings around the valley include 10,000 year old perak man’s skeleton and the 40,000 year old layer of the toba volcanic ash. Inspired by the meticulous and highly time consuming work of the archaeologists, from excavation up to PROCESSING AND ANALYSING THE FINDINGS. It stimulated the design team to ANALYSE THE VERTEBRAE and developed it into individual components which are then linked up as a STRUCTURAL SYSTEM that would conform to the CONTOURS AND SITE BOUNDARY. Immense research was undertaken in nding a LIGHTWEIGHT AND STRONG MATERIAL TO TAKE THE FORM, the idea is to avoid deep excavation to preserve the potential antiquities that lies underneath the ground surface.

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LAYERING OF STRUCTURE L E A R N I N G C E N T E R

literature study

SECTION THROUGH SITE

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The visitor center is made from bamboo, which can be grown and cultivated on-site, and it will reintroduce heritage tropical forest at the palm oil estate. The project is designed to generate interest towards archaeology among the local community, and it will feature live archaeological excavations and an elevated tropical forest canopy walk. -central courtyard is planned for a REFORESTATION PROGRAM, addressing global deforestation on a small scale.

- the space would form a sequence OF DIG SITE EXHIBITS, ARCHAEOLOGICAL GALLERIES, TIME TUNNELS, VISITOR'S AMENITIES AND AN AMPHITHEATRE, all within the BUILDING LOOP.

-CUSTOMISED SMART PHONE APPLICATION could also be uploaded to give extended information and VIRTUALLY GUIDE the visitors through the space.A combination of FULL SCALE MODEL, HOLOGRAM-LIKE DISPLAY AND SOUND DOMES, CURATES VISITORS THROUGH TIME & NATURE.

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A BUNDLED BAMBOO STRUCTURE spans through spaces and at some parts, OPEN TO THE SURROUNDING LANDSCAPE to give a LIVING CONNECTION TO NATURE.

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- this project is conceived beyond just a visitor's centre but also as a KNOWLEDGE ENVIRONMENT THAT WILL GENERATE, PROCESS and RE-DEPLOY THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL FINDINGS for PUBLIC CONSUMPTION TO CONNECT THE HUMAN HERITAGE of lenggong with CURRENT AND FUTURE UNDERSTANDING OF MANKIND.

SOURCE :

LITERATURE STUDY

- it will be made as a HUB FOR RESEARCHERS & VISITORS to further explore the network of archaeological sites within the surrounding area around lenggong. ASPIRATIONS FOR ARCHEO-TOURISM is growing and with the right planning & implementation, lengong could land itself with a BRIGHT FUTURE WITH THE CONNECTION TO ITS HERITAGE PAST.

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2. NINGBO HISTORIC MUSEUM WANG SHU, AMATEUR ARCHITECTURE STUDIO YINZHOU NINGBO,ZHEJIANG,CHINA NINGBO, located in the east coast of china, is a HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL CITY which has 7,000 YEARS OF CIVILIZATION AND 1,200 YEARS OF CITY HISTORY . Since the reform and opening up, ningbo has BECOME ONE OF THE MOST DEVELOPED CITIES. NINGBO MUSEUM IS THE SYMBOL OF NINGBO CULTURE. It is a COMPREHENSIVE MUSEUM WITH GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES, showing the HISTORY OF HUMANITIES AND ARTS.

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-ningbo history museum, FRAGMENTS OF CHINESE HISTORY ARE CONSERVED IN THE FACADES of this building conceived as a kind of ARTIFICIAL MOUNTAIN DISSOLVE INTO THEIR SURROUNDINGS.

-the powerful and moving museum is very impressively BUILT FROM RUBBLE BY LOCAL ARTISANS AND CRAFTSMEN as a way of HONORING AND PRESERVING TRADITIONAL CONSTRUCTION METHODS.

-is devoted to TRADITION, HISTORY, A SENSE OF PLACE, SUSTAINABLE USE OF MATERIALS, AND THE PEOPLE WHO WILL INHABIT IT.

“In the Chinese tradition, whenever nature has been dramatically damaged, people tend to recreate it in articial forms to satisfy their desire to be closer to nature." - WANG SHU -THE FACADE TECHNIQUE is borrowed from what is known as WAPAN TILING, A TRADITION OF EMERGENCY WALL BUILDING necessary after the typhoons that frequent the region.

- was an ATTEMPT TO DRAW HISTORY OUT OF THE MUSEUM for the benet of the public. Instead, HISTORY HAS LITERALLY BECOME PART OF THE MUSEUM.

-A CARVED GEOLOGIC FORM THAT NODS TO THE NEARBY MOUNTAINS — Is an outgrowth of architect wang shu's interest in the ANCIENT PRACTICE OF BUILDING TO REFLECT NATURAL SETTINGS.

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C R O S S S E C T I O N

S I T E P L A N

F R O N T E L E V A T I O N

G R O U N D F L O O R

L O N G I T U D I N A L S E C T I O N

F I R S T F L O O R

E A S T E L E V A T I O N

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S E C O N D F L O O R

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3. NEW ACROPOLIS MUSEUM / BERNARD TSCHUMI ARCHITECTS, ATHENS, GREECE

THE ACROPOLIS MUSEUM is an ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE-SPECIFIC MUSEUM, housing more than 3.000 FAMOUS ARTEFACTS from the Athenian Acropolis, the most signicant SANCTUARY OF THE ANCIENT CITY. Located in the historical area of Makriyianni, southeast of the Rock of the Acropolis, the Museum NARRATES THE STORY OF LIFE ON THE ROCK FROM PREHISTORIC TIMES UNTIL THE END OF ANTIQUITY. From its opening in June 2009 until March 2012 more than 4 MILLION LOCAL AND FOREIGN VISITORS have passed through the Museum’s doors. Architect BERNARD TSCHUMI’S new Acropolis Museum replaced the old Museum ON THE ROCK OF THE ACROPOLIS. The new museum has a total area of 25,000 SQUARE METERS, with exhibition space of over 14,000 square meters, APPROXIMATELY TEN TIMES THE SIZE OF THE OLD MUSEUM.

LITERATURE STUDY 30


THE MUSEUM IS CONCEIVED AS A BASE, A MIDDLE ZONE AND A TOP, TAKING ITS FORM FROM THE ARCHEOLOGICAL EXCAVATION BELOW AND FROM THE ORIENTATION OF THE TOP FLOOR TOWARD THE PARTHENON. The top is the RECTANGULAR, GLASS-ENCLOSED, SKYLIT Parthenon Gallery, over 7 METERS HIGH and with a oor space of over 2,050 square meters (22,100 square ft). It is SHIFTED 23 DEGREES from the rest of the building to ORIENT IT DIRECTLY TOWARD THE ACROPOLIS. The middle - TRAPEZOIDAL in plan is a DOUBLE-HEIGHT space that soars to 10 meters (33 feet), accommodating the galleries from the archaic to the late roman period. A MEZZANINE FEATURES A BAR AND RESTAURANT with a PUBLIC TERRACE looking out toward the acropolis and MULTIMEDIA SPACE.

The visitor’s route is therefore a clear, three-dimensional loop with collections installed in chronological sequence, from pre-history through the late roman period. double-height galleries for the Archaic period Parthenon Gallery back down to the Roman Empire galleries out toward the Acropolis itself.

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The BASE HOVERS OVER THE EXCAVATION on more than 100 SLENDER CONCRETE PILLARS. This level contains the LOBBY, TEMPORARY EXHIBITION SPACES, MUSEUM STORE, AND SUPPORT FACILITIES.

the surrounding historic hills and the modern city of athens and immediate views of the archaeological excavation that lies below the museum, provides the opportunity to visitors to appreciate both the masterpieces of the acropolis in the upper levels of the museum

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S I T E P L A N

A N D

S E C T I O N S

POLI

O ACR O T VIEW

The top-oor Parthenon Gallery offers a 360-degree panoramic view of the Acropolis and modern Athens. The Museum is entered from the Dionysios Areopagitou pedestrian street, which links it to the Acropolis and other key archeological sites in Athens.

VIEW OLIS CROP TO A

Designed with SPARE HORIZONTAL LINES and UTMOST SIMPLICITY, the Museum is deliberately NON-MONUMENTAL, focusing the visitor’s attention on extraordinary works of art. With the greatest possible CLARITY, the design TRANSLATES PROGRAMMATIC REQUIREMENTS INTO ARCHITECTURE.

LITERATURE STUDY

Program - 8,000 square meters (90,000 square feet) of exhibition space - full range of visitor amenities - galleries unite collections formerly dispersed in multiple institutions, including the small Acropolis Museum built in the 19th century.

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GLAZED WALLS TO CONNECT WITH THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXT FOR BETTER UNDERSTANDING

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PILES PLOTTED SENSITIVELY SKYLIT GALLERIES WITH VARYING LEVELS THROUGH THE TO ALLOW LIGHT PENETRATE ARCHAEOLOGICAL DIGS TO THE BASE FLOOR.

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F L O O R P L A N S

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D A T A

S T U D I E S

Ø INTERIM REPORT OF THE PATTANAM EXCAVATION/EXPLORATIONS - 2013 (handbook of the 7th season excavations) Published by - KCHR (kerala council for historical research) -HISTORY OF INDIAN OCEAN EXCHANGES -ANCIENT PORT SITES OF PENINSULAR INDIA -TYPE & PROCESS OF EXCAVATIONS CARRIED OUT ON THE SITE 2010 - ‘11 -PATTANAM SITE DETAILS -ARCHAEOLOGICAL FINDS OF THE SITE Ø

ANNUAL EXCAVATION REPORTS - 2008, 2009-10, 2010-11, 2013.

Ø ASI REGULATIONS -SENSITIVITY OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES IN INDIA -LEGISLATION REGARDING PROHIBITED AND REGULATED ZONES Ø

HANDBOOK OF MUSEUM TECHNIQUE - published by ASI (archaeological survey of india)

Ø

HANDBOOK OF MUSEUM TECHNIQUE

DATA STUDY 34


S I T E D A T A


l o c a t i o n I N D I A

K E R A L A

P A R A V O O R P A T T A N A M E R N A K U L A M

ERNAKULAM, KERALA Area :3,032 km2 (1,171 sq mi) Elevation :4 m (13 ft) Languages : Malayalam, English Location : Kerala, India Coordinates: 9.98°N 76.28°E population : 3,279,860 literacy : 98% - commercial hub of kerala - houses the high court of kerala - been a site of human settlement since stone age - tropical monsoon climate - known for its shipyard and international port at kochi, its highest tourism & tech-parks.

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VADAKKEKARA, NORTH PARAVUR, ERNAKULAM area : 9.32 sq.km Elevation : 13 m (43 ft) Population : 30,056 - ruled by Both British and Travancore - Vadakkekara was the most important province under Parur Kingdom as it included Muziris where most of the Ships landed in the coasts of this panchayat - known for the backwaters, chinese shing nets - periyar river ows right through - rich in agriculture,Important jobs are boat making, shing, coconut trade, coir making, toddy tapping, pottery and tiles

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S I T E

MAP OF EARLY HISTORIC INDIAN SEA EXCHANGES

LATE PRE HISTORIC & EARLY HISTORIC SITES IN INDIA

EARLY HISTORIC PORT SITES FROM ALEXANDRIA TO TAMRALIPTI

SITE STUDY

ANCIENT PORT SITES OF PENINSULAR INDIA

S T U D Y

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SITE IMAGES


SITE STUDY

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ARCHITECTURAL REMAINS

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SITE ANALYSIS

S I T E A N A LY S I S

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ROAD HIERARCHY

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site analysis

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program

PROGRAM

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VI

SI

TO

R

EX

PE

RI

EN

CE narratorium 45


1

A C T U A L A R T E FA C T S E X H I B I T

exhibit space : - to house the archaeological ď€ nds of the site. these range from huge amphorae of wine & oil to tiles, bricks & pottery shards & tiny ornaments to tools.

supporting facilities : - gallery spaces -

recovery lab conservation lab treatment lab storage admin spaces staff room & toilets public facilities archive room conference hall commercial unit program 46


2

h o l o g r a p h i c m u s e u m

exhibit space : - to contain display units & gallery for containing reconstructed artifacts. - to present digitized data of other heritage sites across the world with a motive to bring world heritage to the public as well as to archive permanently for the future.

supporting facilities : - 3d gallery spaces - digital reconstruction & scan lab - digital data archive room - electronic facilities - storage - children activity center

amenities: - library narratorium

- auditorium - cafĂŠ - guest house units for visiting professionals

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3

v i r t u a l r e a l i t y w a l k

walkway: the ď€ nal part of the experience is a unique walk experiencing the past in its present through augmented reality. purely technical, supported by google glass which superimposes past in its excavated context for a live understanding .

supporting facilities : - elevated walkway /

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open theater - live excavation sites - artiď€ cial site for experiencing archaeology hands on for all age groups. this supports in the musealization of archaeology itself.

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AREA ANALYSIS

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design

D E S I G N

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stage -1

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ZONING

SITE SECTION

design 54


SECTION 02

NARRATIVE LOOP SECTION 01

SECTION 01

SECTION 02 narratorium 55


ARCHAEOLOGICAL PARK

THE NARRATIVE LOOP

design 56


DESIGN STAGE 2

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FINAL STAGE

design 58


plan @ -7.5 m narratorium

section

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longitudinal section

aerial view

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model

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F I N A L

S H E E T S


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MODEL


thank you