Kidney Transplant Kidneys are the bean-shaped organs which are located on each side of lower abdomen. The human body has two kidneys. The primary function of kidneys is to filter the water from the blood and convert them into the urine. There are millions of tiny filters in the kidneys which are known as nephrons. These nephrons help to filter the harmful chemicals and excess fluid from the blood. If a kidney loses the ability to filter waste products start to accumulate in the blood which can be life-threatening. Kidneys filter around 45 gallons of blood every day and when they stop working waste and fluids build up. This can lead to high blood pressure or sometimes kidney failure. When there is a chronic kidney disease, a person has two options1. Dialysis-is a procedure to filter the blood by a machine.
2. Kidney Transplant–Kidney transplant is a surgery to transfer a healthy kidney into the body of a person who have diseased kidney or whose kidneys are not working properly. Doctors prefer transplant over dialysis because the patients who get a kidney transplant live longer than those who are on dialysis. If a person of 30 years is on dialysis can live another 15 years, but with an operation, this number can jump up to 30-40 years. The person who gets a transplant not only live longer but also tends to have
• Better quality of life because they do not have to spend hours for dialysis. • After the transplant, a person can go back to work like a normal human being. • Less long-term health issues • More energy • Fewer limits on diet
Dialysis can also cause anemia and heart disease. Unlike other organ donations, the kidney can be donated while you are alive because you need only one kidney to survive. That is why it is called living donation. People who want to donate a kidney are tested carefully to ensure that they are suitable for donation and fit for the operation to remove the kidney. The living donation comes from a close relative because the chances are very high that close relatives share same blood group and same types of tissues, which reduce the risk of rejecting the kidney by the body. The people who recently died can also be the kidney donor this kind of donation is known as deceased kidney donation. These kinds of donations have a lower chance of long-term success.
If transplant is a better option than why people get dialysis because there is a demand and supply gap means there are lots of people who need kidney but there are fewer donors. People who need a kidney transplant but do not have a suitable living donor has to wait until suitable deceased donor kidney is available. Sometimes it takes 2-3 years to find a suitable kidney donor. A kidney transplant is not suitable for the people who are very old or have an ongoing infection, severe heart disease, cancer or AIDS. According to available data, one in every three people with kidney failure is suitable for the kidney transplant.