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fJ;bkwh wo:kdk

}[B?ok

;kv/ fBsk gqsh ihtB ftZu fezB/ jh nfij/ ezw jB fiBQK ~ n;hI eo sK b?Id/ jK go ;k~ fJj gsk BjhI j[zdk fe Xkofwe gZy'I T[; ezw ~ eoB dk Yzr sohek eh j?< fBZs o'} d/ ezwK ftZu eh eosZt Fkfwb jB< fJ; bJh j}os w[jzwd (;H) d/ o'}kBk d/ ezw eko ;kv/ bJh wkor doFe jB. nkT[ nZi nkgK fgnko/ Bph (;H) dhnK fgnkohnK ;[ZBsK (s"o sohfenK) pko/ uouk eohJ/. ;t/o/ id'I ;kvh nZy y[ZbQ/ sK fszB tkoh ebwk sZ:p ns/ fszB tkoh nbjwd[-fbZbkj gVQhJ/. ;t/o/ T[Zm e/ gfjbK dksB eohJ/. i/eo ;t/o/ eZgV/ pdbD/ j'D sK gfjbK jw/FK ;Zi/ gk;/ s'I F[o{ eo' ns/ yZp/ gk;/ ]sw eo'. i[ZshnK gfjBD bJh th fJj' Yzr w;B{B j?. pkjo'I nkT[D ;w/I, i/eo xo d/ e[ZM ftnesh ;"I oj/ j'D sK ;k~ nzdo tVB ;ko fJ; Yzr Bkb ;bkw eoBk ukjhdk j? fe ikrD tkb/ ;[D b?D go ;"D tkfbnK dh BhIdo ]okp Bk j't/. t}{ eo e/ ;"Dk ;[zBs j?. fp;so T[Zs/ ;"D s'I gfjbK T[; ~ fszB tkoh MkV bt'. ;"D s'I gfjbK eZgV/ pdbDk ;[zBs j?. ;"D ;w/I fp;fwZbkj efjzd/ j'J/, nZr/ fby/ ezw eoB/ ukjhd/ jBL

p{jk pzd eo d/t'. dht/ ~ p[Mk fdT[. gkDh tkb/ GKv/ dk w{zj pzd eo fdT, GKv/ Ye d/t', ;"D t/b/ nZyK ftZu fszB tkoh ;[owk brkT[Dk w;B{B j?. ;"D dk fJokdk j't/ sK e[onkB dhnK e[ZM nkfJsK gVQBk ;[zBs j?. i/eo e'Jh vokT[Dk ;[gBk d/y' ns/ nZy y[ZbQ ikt/, sK fszB tkoh nkT{ } [ fpZ b kfj fwBZ F ? s k fBoihw gVQ' ns/ gk;k pdb e/ ;"I ikt'. ykDk ykD bJh d;so]kB ftSkT[ ns/ ykDk F[o{ eoB s'I gfjbK jZE }o{o X' bU. nktk} Bkb fp;fwZbkj gVQBk ;[zBs j?. f;ZX/ jZE Bkb ykDk ykt'. ykDk ykD t/b/ fijVk ftnesh T[wo ftZu ;G s'I pVk j't/, T[;/ s'I ykDk F[o{ eotkT[. ykDk jw/Fk nkgD/ nZr/ s'I ykt'. N/e brk e/ Bk ykt'. ykD/ ftZu B[e; Bk eZY'. ykDk ykD s'I pknd GKv/ X' fdU. ykDk yk e/ oZp dk F[eo ndk eoBk ns/ e[obh eoBk ;[zBs j?. o;{b (;H) B/ \owkfJnk,@@id'I d;so]kB ftSkfJnk j't/ sK T[; T[Zs'I e'Jh ftnesh T[d'I sZe Bk T[m/, id'I sZe T[; d/ Bkb tkfbnK B/ g{oh soQK ykDk Bk yk fbnk j't/. Bk jh d;soykB T[mkfJnk ikt/. fes/ nfijk Bk j't/ fe fJZe ftnesh B/ g/N Go e/ ykDk Bk

cotoh,wkou 2008

ykXk j't/ ns/ s[jkv/ eoe/ T[j Fofwzdk j' e/ ykDk pzd eo d/t/.## w[;fbw Foh\ dh fJZe jdh; j? fe @@;Zi/ jZE Bkb gkDh ght', feT[I fe yZp/ jZE Bkb F?skB ghIdk j?.## fp;fwZbkj efj e/ gkDh ght' ns/ pknd ftZu nbjwd[fbZbkj ej'. fszB ;kjK ftZu gkDh ghDk ns/ jo ;kj ftZu GKv/ ~ w{zj s'I nbZr eoBk ukjhdk j?. n"osK ~ f;o d/ tkb bzp/ oZyD dk ns/ tkbK ~ Ye e/ oZyD dk j[ew j?. tkbK ~ X'Dk, s/b brkDk ns/ ezxh eoBk ;[zBs j?. ezxh jw/Fk ;Zi/ gkf;T[I eoBh F[o{ eo'. Bjz[ eZND bJh ;Zi/ jZE dh Fjkds tkbh T[Irbh s'I Bj[z eZNDk F[o{ eo' ns/ S'Nh T[Irbh se ikT[. fco yZp/ jZE dh S'Nh T[Irbh s'I b? e/ nzr{m/ se eZNd/ ikT[. nk]o ftZu ;Zi/ jZE d/ nzr{m/ dk Bj[z eZN'. fe;/ fpwko ftnesh dk jkb g[ZSD ikDk th ;[zBs j?. fJe tkoh j}{o (;H) B/ cowkfJnk, @@fi; ;w/I e'Jh w[;bwkB nkgD/ Gok dh fpwkoh ftZu T[; dk jkb gZ[SD bJh ikt/ sK oZp efjzdk j? fe s{z th gftZso j?, s/ok ubDk th gftZos j? ns/ s{z fJ; ezw Bkb izBs ftZu nkgD/ bJh irkQ pDk bJh j?.## 19


GkrK tkbV/

d{ih feFs

w[jzwd uKd

fJ;bkw dhnK ewhnK bZGD fBZefbnk ;h gkdoh fcb'p;! fJpokjhw ]bhb nfjwd dk g[okDk BK ]bhb fcb'p; ;h. T[j gfjbK fw;o d/ ekgfNe gkdoh ;B. fcb'p; B/ Xow Fk;so #u fgqz;N'B :{Bhtof;Nh s'I n?wHJ/H ehsh. fJ;bkw d/ fto[ZX gquko eoB d/ we;d Bkb fcb'p; B/ v{zxk nfXn?B ehsk. T[j fJ;bkw ftZu xkNK bZGDk ukj[zd/ ;B. go fJ;bkw s'I p/jZd gqGkfts j' e/ T[BQK B/ nkgD/ uko pZfunK d/ Bkb fJ;bkw ep{b eo fbnk. gV'Q ]bhb fJpokjhw nk]o fet/I nkJ/ fJ;bkw dh r'dh ftZu< -;zgkde fJ;bkw ep{b eoB d/ jkbks L ekfjok ftZu w/oh ikD-gSkD fJZe gq'c?;o Bkb j'Jh. T[jBK B/ w/o/ pko/ fpBK e[ Z M ikD/ , w;hpsK ns/ gq'FkBhnK ftZu w/ok ;kE fdZsk. w?I T[BQK nZr/ nkgDk t/otk fJe w[;fbw d/ o{g ftZu fdZsk ;h. jkbKfe w?I T[d'I sZe pkekfJdk fJ;bkw ep{b BjhI ehsk ;h. vkH w[jzwd npd[b w[BfJw nb-iwkb BK d/ fJj ftnesh ;oekoh ]}kB/ ftZu ;?eo/Noh ;B. T[BQK dh fJ;bkfwe nfXn? B Bkb }pod;s fdbu;gh ;h ns/ T[j e[onkB dk nwoheh nzro/}h ftZu nB[tkd eotkT[D d/ fJZS[e ;B. T[BQK B/ e[onkB d/ nB[tkd bJh w?E'I wdd ukjh feT[Ife w?I uzrh nzro/}h ikDdk ;h ns/ w?I nwohek dh 20

fJZe :{Bhtof;Nh s'I n?wH J/H eo u[ek ;h. T[j fJj ikDd/ ;B fe w?I e[onkB, pkJhpb s/ s"o?s dk s[bBkswe nfXn?B eo fojk jK. w?I T[BQK dh e[onkB d/ nB[tkd ftZu ;jkfJsk ehsh. fJ;/ d"okB id'I vkH iwkb ~ gsk bZfrnk fe w?I B"eoh SZv u[Zek jK ns/ fJjBhI fdBhI w?I p/o[}rko jK sK T[BQK B/ ekfjok ftZ u jh B" e oh fdbkT[D ftZu w/oh ;jkfJsk ehsh s/ fJ; soQK w/oh rZvh fco gNVh #s/ nk rJh. fJ; d"okB gsBh s'I d{o ofjD #s/ T[; ~ bZfrnk fe w?I T[; ~ G[bk fdZsk j? id'I fe T[; s'I d{oh fJ; ftubh T[ZEb g[Eb d/ ekoB ;h. fJ;bkw ngDkT[D d/ n?bkB eoB dk fJokdk w?I e[ZM ;w/I bJh Nkb fdZsk feT[I

fe w?I T[; Bkb g?dk j'D tkb/ jkbks Bkb bVB bJh nkgD/ nkg ~ j'o w}p{s pDkT[Dk uj[zdk ;h. ;zB 1955 ftZu w?I fJ;bkw dk nfXn?B ns/ nbZr-nbZr XowK dk s[bBkswe nfXn?B g{ok eo fbnk. fJ; ftueko w/ok ihtB ;"yk j' frnk. w?I B" e oh SZ v e/ ;N/ F Boh fBo:ks dk eko'pko F[o{ eo fbnk. eko'pko ftZu w?I b'V nB[;ko uzrk g?;k ewk fbnk. fJ; soQK ;?ZN j'D fgZS'I w?I pkekfJdk fJ;bkw ep{b eoB ns/ T[;dk n?bkB eoB dk gZek fJokdk eo fbnk ns/ fco 25 d;zpo 1959 ~ w?I fw;o ftZu nwoheB fwFB d/ w[Zyh vkH Ekw;B ~ N?bhrqkw okjhI fJ;bkw ep{b eoB dh ikDeoh fdZsh. cotoh,wkou 2008


w?I vkH iwkb ~ nkgDh phsh ejkDh ;[DkJh sK T[j j?okB j'J/ feT[Ife T[j fJ; s'I g{ o h soQ K nDikD ;B. fJ;bkw ep{b eoB d/ n?bkB Bkb w/o/ nZr/ BthnK gq/FkBhnK nkT[DhnK F[o{ j' rJhnK. fwFBoh ftZu w/o/ Bkb d/ g[okD/ ;kEhnK B/ w/o/ T[Zs/ fJ;bkw ep{b Bk eoB bJh dpkU gkfJnk. w?I nkgD/ fJokd/ T[go vfNnk fojk. T[BQK B/ w?~ w/oh gsBh s'I nbZr eoB dh Xweh fdZsh. w? ;kc efj fdZsk fe T[j nkgDk c?;bk b?D bJh nk}kd j?. w?~ wkoB dh Xweh th fdZsh rJh. id'I T[BQK dhnK fJBQK rZbK dk w/o/ T[go e'Jh n;o Bk j'fJnk sK T[BQK B/ w/o/ fJe g[okD/ d';s ns/ w/o/ Bkb ezw eo u[Ze/ ;fjeowh ~ w/o/ e'b G/fink. T[j w/o/ e'b nk e/ o'D bZr fgnk. w?I T[; d/ ;kjwD/ e[onkB dh fJj nkfJs gVQhL@@id T[j T[; ~ ;[Dd/ jB i' o;{b T[go T[skfonk frnk j? sK s[;hI d/yd/ j' fe T[BQK B/ jZe ~ gfjukD fbnk j?. T[j efjzd/ jB fe j/ ;kfvnk oZpk! n;hI JhwkB b? nkJ/. p; s{z ;kvk BK rtkjh d/D tkfbnK ftZu fby b?. ns/ n;hI nZbkj T[go s/ i' jZe-;Zu ;kv/ e'b gj[zfunk j? T[; T[go JhwkB feT[I Bk

fbnkJhJ/, id'I fe ;k~ T[whd j? fe ;kvk oZp ;k~ gqj/}rko b'eK Bkb izBs (;tor) ftZu dk]b eo/rk.## (e[onkB 5L83,84) w?I T{; ~ fejk fe e[onkB ;[BD fgZS'I s?~ BhtK j' e/ oZp d/ ;kjwD/ M[e ikDk ukjhdk j? ns/ ;Zu/ Xow ~ ngDk b?Dk ukjhdk j?. nkgDhnK rZbK dk n;o Bk j[zdk d/y e/ T[j w?~ fJeZbk SZv e/ ufbnk frnk ns/ c/o w?I iBtoh 1960 ftZu nfXekfoe o{g ftZu fJ;bkw ep{b eoB dk n?bkB eo fdZsk.

gsBh ns/ pZfunK dh gqshfefonk L fJ;bkw ep{b

Xow BjhI SZv/rh. w?I T[; ~ ngBk fbnk. fJ;bkw ftZu fJ; dh nkfrnk j?. w?I T[; ~ fejk fe w?I s/o/ #s/ dpkU gk e/ w[ ; bwkB BjhI pDkT[ D k ukj[zdk pbfe ukj[zdk jK fe s{z fJ;bkw ~ ;wM e/ c?;bk bt/I. e[ZM ;w/I fgS'I T[j th fJ;bkw d/ sZEK #s/ Go';k eoB bZrh. go nkgD/ xo tkfbnK d/ vo ekoB fJ;bkw dk n?bkB BjhI eo ;eh. gqzs{ ;kvk fttjko T[ ; Bkb w[;fbw n"os tkbk j?. T[j ow}kB d/ wjhB/ d/ o'}/ oZydh j?. w/o/ ;ko/ pZu/ th o'}/ oZyd/ jB ns/ Bwk} gVQd/ jB. w/oh bVeh Bihpk ekwo; dh ftfdnkoED j?, w[zvk :{;\ vkeNo s/ iwkb fJzihBhno j?. 1961 s'I j[D sZe w?I fJ;bkw ns/ Jh;kJh fwFBohnK dh fJ;bkw d/ fto[ZX w[fjw ftfFnK T[go eJh feskpK fby u[ZfenK jK. 1973 ftZu w?I jZi ehsk. w?I fJ;bkw T[go seoho eodk jK. w?I eJh :{Bhtof;NhnK ns/ ;wki ;/te ;z;EktK ftZu ;?whBkoK dk nk:'iB ehsk j?. w?I nkgDk g{ok ;wK fJ;bkw bJh you eo fojk jK.

eoB d/ n?bkB Bkb jh w/oh gsBh w?~ SZv rJh ns/ nkgD/ Bkb xo dk ;kok coBhuo th b? rJh. w/o/ fszB g[Zso s/ fJe g[Zsoh w/o/ Bkb oj/ ns/ T[BQK B/ th fJ;bkw ep{b eo fbnk. fJ;bkw ep{b eoB ftZu ;G s'I tZX T[sFkfjs eoB tkbk w/ok tZvk w[zvk fJ;jke ;h fi; B/ nkgDk fJ;bkwhe BK T[;kwk oZy fbnk. T[;kwk B/ fcbk;ch ftZu vkeNo/N ehsh s/ T[j g?fo; :{Bhtof;Nh ftZu gq'c?;o pD frnk. xo SZvD s'I 6 ;kb fgZS'I fJ;bkw dh ]k;hns L w/oh gsBh xo gos nkJh go fJ; Fos T[go fe T[j nkgDk e[onkB ns/ Bph w[jzwd (;H)

cotoh,wkou 2008

21


dh f}zdrh dk nfXn?B eoB T[go fJ;bkw gqsh w/ok :ehB gZek pDdk frnk. fJ;bkw ftZu fJZe oZp dh g{ik eoB s'I w?I pj[s gqGkfts j'fJnK ns/ w?~ fJ;bkw dh fJj ;G s'I tZvh y{ph bZrh. nZbkj fJZe j?. T[; dk e'Jh ;KMh BjhI j?. fJ;bkw dh fJ; XkoBk Bkb w?I T[; fJe f;oiBjko s/ gkbDjko dk pzdk pD frnk fi; dk e'Jh ;kEh BjhI. fJe oZp #s/ Go';k ftnesh ~ nDyh pDkT[Idk j? ns/ g{oh wB[Zy iksh ~ jo soQK dhnK rbs cfjwhnK s'I nk}kdh fdzdk j?. F[ZX noEK ftZu fJjh nk}kdh j?. w?I fJ;bkw ftZu wk\ eoB ns/ fB:w s/ oZp d/ pzd/ d/ ftu f;ZX/ ;pzX s'I pj[s gqGkfts j'fJnk jK. e[onkB ftZu j?- @@efj fdU, n? w/o/ pzfdU! fiBQK B/ nkgD/ nkg Bkb tXheh ehsh j? nZbkj dh fdnkbsk s'I fBokF Bk j't/. p/Fe nZbkj ;ko/ jh r[BkjK ~ w[nkc eo fdzdk j?. :ehBB T[j tZvk wkc eoB tkbk ns/ fdnkb{ j?.## (e[onkB, 39L53) nB[tkdL w[jzwd n]so

nzso Mks

p[ZYh wkJh dk p'M

fJZe bzph u"Vh rbh ftZu fJe p[ZYh n"os nkgD/ ;wkB dh Gkoh gzv bJhI p?mh ;h. T[j fJzBh ew}'o j' uZ[eh ;h fe nkgDk ;wkB th nkg BjhI u[Ze ;edh ;h. T[wo ns/ ;w/I d/ fBFkB T[; d/ M[oVhnK Go/ fujo/ #s/ ;kc B}o nk oj/ ;B. T[j nkgD/ nkb/-d[nkb/ ikd/ ojhnK ~ j;os Goh B}o Bkb sZe ojh ;h. FkfJd T[j ;'u ojh ;h fe e'Jh Gbk fJB;kB nkt/rk ns/ T[; dh Gkoh gzv u[Ze e/ T[; dh wzf}b se gj[zuk d/tkrk. go ne;o B"itkB T[; e'b'I bzxd/ ns/ T[; dk w}ke T[vkT[Id/ j'J/ nZr/ tX iKd/. fJzM ekch ;wK phs frnk ns/ ;t/o s'I Fkw j' rJh, go oZp B/ sK T[; dk jhbk eoBk jh ;h. ;' T[E'I fJe nfij/ ftnesh dk r[}o j'fJnk, fi; ~ T[; p[ZYh dh jkbs #s/ so; nk frnk. T[j p[ZYh ~ t/yd/ jh ;G e[ZM ;wM iKdk j?. T[j T[; dh gzv u[Zedk j? ns/ T[; ~ ;jkok d/ e/ T[mk e/ yVQk eo fdzdk j? ns/ T[; Bkb uZbDk F[o{ eo fdzdk j?. id'I T[j p[ZYh o;s/ ftZu ubfdnK p'M T[mkT[D tkb/ *XzBtkd ;fjs wkf;e eKsh T[; ftnesh ~ t/ydh j? sK T[; d/ fdb ftZu fJe fynkb BthI fdbh Btzpo, 2007+ nkT[Idk j? ns/ fdwkr ftZu gj[-c[Nkb/ ftZu fJFfsjko d/Dk th fJ; Bkb ;fj:'r eoBk j?. ekch v{zxh ;'u s'I pknd T[j 22

wkohnk fYZb'I

nkydh j? fe @@g[Zso! s{z w?~ Gbk nkdwh ikgd/I. fJ; bJh w?I s?/~ fJZe B;hjs eoBk ukjKrh.## ns/ T[j nkyDk F[o{ eodh j? fe @@fJ; Ffjo ftZu fJe nfijk ftnesh j? fi; e'b fJe nihp ikd{ j?, i' th T[; dhnK fwZmhnK-fwZmhnK rZbK ;[Ddk j?, T[j T[; dk jh j' iKdk j?. T[; ekoB xoK ftZu bVkJhnK F[o{ j' iKdhnK jB. ;' s{z T[; s'I pu e/ ojhI. T[; dk BK j? w[jzwd (;H). fJzB/ ~ T[j ftnesh p[ZYh wkJh d/ p{j/ nZr/ nk o[edk j? s/ T[; dk ;kwkB oZy fdzdk j?. ikD s'I gfjbK id T[j p[ZYh n"os T[; ftnesh dk BK g[ZSdh j? sK T[j nkydk j? fe w?I jh w[jzwd jK. fJj ;[D e/ p[ZYh n"os jZeh pZeh ofj iKdh j? s/ g[ZSdh j? fe T[; B/ T[; bJh nfijk feT[I ehsk< nZr'I nkg (;H) nkyd/ jB fe @@j/ p}[or n"os! w?~ oZp dk j[ew j'fJnk j? fe p[ZY/, ew}'o ns/ w[;hps ftZu c;/ ftneshnK dh wdd eo', T[BQK dk p'M u[Ze'. ;' w?I nfijk jh ehsk j?.## T[go'es feZ;k T[; ;w/I Bkb ;pzXs j? id'I ;kv/ Bph (;H) B/ ni/ fJ;bkw dk ;Zdk d/Dk F[o{ ehsk jh ;h ns/ T[; ;w/I w[;bwkBK dh frDsh pj[s jh xZN ;h go nZi id'I pkeh gzBk 25 #s/ cotoh,wkou 2008


ofjB[wkJh

g/FeF LvkH w[jzwd fJoFkd

nzsookFNoh gqf;ZXh gqkgs fJ;bkwh ;ekbo vkH :{;[\[b eo}kth fgSb/ eJh ;kbK s'I @eso N?bhth}B# s/ fJZe gq'rokw @fjdk:b fJ;bkw# g/F eod/ nk oj/ jB fi; ftZu T[j b'e-;wZf;nktK dk jZb fBo'b e[onkB s/ ;[zBs (Bph dh eoBh ns/ eEBh) d/ nXko #s/ g/F eod/ jB. nkgD/ ;[fjod gkmeK dh ikDekoh bJh n;hI fJBQK #u'I e[ZM u'Dt/I ;tkb s/ T[BQK d/ itkp g/F eoB dk wkB b? oj/ jK. nk; j? fe gzikph irs fJBQK ~ g;zd th eo/rk s/ fJBQK s'I nkgD/ ihtB #u b'VhIdh ;/X th gqkgs eo/rk. -;zgkde ;tkb L yr'b ftfrnkBhnK dk ws j? fe nekF fJ; ftZu e'Jh th nfijh rZb BjhI fijVh n;b ftZu eJh ozrK dk ;w{j j? fiBQK d/ e[onkB dhnK f;ZfynktK Bkb NeokT[Idh nkg;h fwbkg s'I fijVk ozr T[ZxVdk j? T[j j't/. ;r'I gftZso e[onkB ftZu sK nfijhnK Bhbk j?. fJ; d/ T[bN e[onkB efjzdk j? fe nB/eK fNZgDhnK fwbdhnK jB fiBQK dh nZbkj B/ fJ; ~ T[ukJh #s/ g?dk ehsk j?. s;dhe ;w/I-;w/I #s/ ni'e/ ftfrnkBhnK B/ id'I nekF e[ZM ozrK dk ;w{j j?l e'Jh m'; thehsh j?. gozs{ nc;'; fJ; rZb dk j? fe t;s{ BjhI sK fJ; dh dZ;h iKdh T[ukJh d/ n;hI w[;bwkB gZSwh ;ZfGnsk ns/ eh noE ofj iKd/ jB < ;fGnkuko ~ sK s[ozs ngDk b?Id/ jK id'I itkp L e[onkB dh fe;/ th nkfJs ftZu e'Jh th fe frnkB ns/ j[Bo dh FBkys Bk sK Xosh nfijh rZb B}o BjhI nkT[Idh fijVh fe;/ d/ fe;/ ftF/F fyZs/ Bkb pZMh j'Jh j? s/ Bk jh m'; dbhb #s/ nXkos ftfrnkBe ftuko fe;/ Xow Bkb. Bkb NeokT[Idh j't/. ;k~ w[;bwkBK ~ ;tkbL nZieZbQ b'eK ftZu o{jK ~ p[bkT[D, T[BQK ukjhdk j? fe n;hI T[; nkX[fBe ftfrnkB s'I r?ph rZbK g[ZSD ns/ fJbki eokT[D d/ Yzr-sohe/ nkw gquZbs jB. fJBQK o{jK dh dk ;fseko eohJ/ fi; dh p[fBnkd y'i, n;b jehes eh j?< eh T[j ypoK dbhb ns/ fBohyD #s/ oZyh rJh j't/. fijVhnK fJj ny"sh o{jK dZ;dhnK jB, fJ;bkw Bk f;oc nfij/ frnkB dh T[jBK dh s;dhe eoBk iK fJBQK s'I fJbki jwkfJs eodk j? ;r'I ;k~ nfij/ y/soK eotkT[Dk mhe j?< ftZu w[jkos jk;b eoB dh th gq/oDk fdzdk j?. nfijk frnkB n;{bh s"o #s/ w[;fbw, itkpL ;kvk w[;bwkBK dk wZs j? fe ;z;ko ftZu e[ZM nD-d/yhnK FeshnK dk ti{d th j?. r?o w[;fbw jo/e ftdtkB s'I gqkgs ehsk fit/I cfoFs/ ns/ fizB nkfd. cfoFfsnK ik ;edk j?. pko/ fJ;bkwh XkoBk fJj j? fe fJj nZbkj fJ; bJh i/ ftfrnkBh y'i ns/ fBohyD d/ dh T[j B{okBh w]b{e j? fi; d/ f}zw/ nZbkj nXko #s/ T[es ftuko XkoB eod/ jB sK cotoh,wkou 2008

23


B/ eJh ezw brk oZy/ jB. fit/I wB[Zy d/ uzr/wkV/ ezw fbyDk ns/ B/e ftneshnK dh oZfynk eoBk nkfd. go cfoFs/ fBFfus fvT{Nh s'I fpBK j'o e'Jh th ezw eoB dh Fesh BjhI oZyd/. fizBK pko/ th fJ;bkw dk fJZe nkgDk fdqFNhe'D j?. gftZso e[onkB ftZu nZbkj B/ fJB;kBK ns/ fizBK ~ d' tZyohnK feosK ti'I ;zp'XB ehsk j?. fizBK ftZu wB[ZyK tKr jh ;kT{-;[Gkn d/ ftnesh th jB s/ Fokosh th ns/ fJBQK bJh th iBw s/ w"s dh ohs wB[ZyK tKr jh s?n ehsh rJh j?. go fJ;bkwh nehd/ nB[;ko r?p ns/ GftZy dhnK rZbK dh ikDekoh nZbkj s'I fpBK j'o fe;/ ~ th BjhI j[zdh. fiE'I sZe fJbki bJh o{jK ~ p[bkT[D dk wkwbk j? sK fJj j}os w[jzwd (;H) dh ;[zBs d/ fpbe[b T[bN j?. nZbkj d/ o;{b (;H) B/ fpwkohnK d/ fJbki bJh f;oc T[BQK sohfenK ~ jh ngDkfJnk ;h fijV/ T[; t/b/ d/ gquZfbs Yzr ;B. fit/I f;zrhnK brkT[Dk, nZr Bkb ibkT[Dk ns/ Ffjd dh tos'I Bkb fJbki eoBk nkfd. T[; t/b/ id'I th e'Jh ftnesh fpwko j' iKdk ;h sK s[ozs jehw (vkeNo) ~ p[bkfJnk iKdk ;h, @o{jK# ~ BjhI. fJj' ekoB j? fe nkg (;H) B/ sphsK-XkfrnK ns/ j'o nfij/ d{i/ tfjwKGowK #s/ bkjDs gkJh j?. nkg (;H) dk eEB j?L @@fi; B/ sth} bNekfJnk, T[; B/ fFoe ehsk.## ;ukJh fJj j? fe o{jK ~ p[bkT[D tkbh fJj ftXh G'bh-Gkbh iBsk ~ p[ZX{ pDk e/ T[; ~ mhe okj s'I GNekT[D tkbk fJZe Yetzi j? fijVk fe wkbh bkG b?D bJh jh ehsk iKdk j? go fJZE/ fXnkB d/D:'r sZE fJj th j? fe nkX[fBe :[Zr d/ gZSwh ;ZfGnsk s'I gqGkfts b'e fijV/ nkw eoe/ soe nXkos rZbK wzBD d/ dknt/ eod/ jB, T[j th nfijhnK 24

rZbK s'I gqGkfts B}o nkT[Id/ jB. ;tkb L eh fe;/ froik xo ftZu Bwk} gVBh ikfJ} j?, ftF/F eo e/ id'I e'Jh j'o irQk fwbdh Bk j't/< itkpL nZbkj d/ Bph j}os w[jzwd (;H) dk eEB j? fe w?~ nZbkj B/ gzi nfijhnK dksK Bkb fBtkf}nk j? fijVhnK w?E'I gfjbK j'o fe;/ ~ BjhI ;B fdZshnK rJhnK. T[BQK gziK ftZu'I fJZe fJj j? fe g{oh Xosh w/o/ bJh f;id/ dh EK ns/ gke gftZso pDk fdZsh rJh j?. ;' w[;bwkB ~ ;koh Xosh jh gke j?, T[j fiZE/ th ukj/ Bwk} gVQ ;edk j? go tXhnk rZb fJj j? fe nfijhnK EktK #s/ Bwk} Bk gVQh ikt/ fiZE/ fe;/ r?o-w[;fbw Gok Bkb MrV/ dk vo j't/. j}os T[wo ~ id'I th fe;/ froik xo ftZu y[d Jh;kJhnK B/ Bwk} gVQB dh cowkfJF ehsh sK T[BQK jw/FK fJ; vo s'I T[ZE/ Bwk} BjhI gVQh fe GftZy ftZu fes/ (w[;bwkB) b'e fJ; ~ T[BQK dh Bwk} dk pjkBk eo e/ w;fid ftZu spdhb Bk eo d/D. ;tkbL w?I nkgDh g;zd dh bVeh Bkb ftnkj eokT[D bJh T[; d/ foFs/dkoK ~ ;zd/F G/fink sK T[BQK ;theko eo fbnk ns/ d't/I gfotkoK B/ fJZe gkoNh eo e/ fJ; dk n?bkB th eo fdZsk. eh foFs/ ;pzXh d' gfotkoK dh fJj ;fjwsh fJ; rZb bJh ekch j? fe j[D n;hI d't/I fJeKs ftZu fwb ;ehJ/ < itkpL fJ;bkwh Fohns B/ wzrDh ns/ fBekj ftZu vkYk coe oZfynk j? . wzrDh (;rkJh) dk Gkt/I fezBk th gquko feT[I Bk ehsk ikt/ fJ; dh wkBsk f;oc fJj' j? fe d't/I fXoK fBekj bJh ;fjws jB. fJ; bJh fBekj wro'I fi; Yzr d/ nfXeko fBFus j' iKd/ jB. T[BQK ~ wzrDh wro'I E'fgnk BjhI ik ;edk. fBekj s'I gfjbK wzr/so dh fJZe niBph tkbh wkBsk poeoko ofjzdh j?. cotoh,wkou 2008


wzrDh s'I gfjbK fit/I d'tK dk fJeKs ftZu fwbDk tofis ;h, wzrDh s'I fBekj sZe ;fEsh T[t/I jh poeoko ofjzdh j?. B"itkB bVe/$bVehnK d/ wkfgnK ns/ y[d T[BQK ~ th w/oh ;bkj fJjhU j? fe wzrDh wro'I fizBh S/sh j' ;e/ ftnkj j' ikDk ukjhdk j?. fJ;/ ftZu ;kv/ ;wki dh fpjsoh s/ GbkJh j?. (w'pkJhb ns/ N?bhc'B d/ :[r ftZu sK fJ; dh b'V tX/o/ jh T[ZxV nkJh j?nB[tkde) ;tkbL ngq?b-c{b wBkT[Dk noEks M{mhnK ypoK d{finK ~ d/Dk ns/ w}ke ftZu d{finK ~ szr eoBk Fohns dh B}o ftZu fet/I j?< ftF/F eoe/ id'I fe fJ; dk we;d E'VQ/ ;w/I bJh wB-gquktk jh j't/. itkpL M{Zm p'bDk wjK gkg j?. ;r'I fJ;bkw dh B}o ftZu sK fJj w[Bkces (d'rb/gD) dh th fBFkBh j?. fJ;bkwh Fohns B/ wip{oh dh fi; jkbs ftZu M{m p'bD dh nkfrnk fdZsh j?, fBo/ wy"b ns/ wB-gqukt/ bJh M{m p'bDk sK T[; ftZu th Fkwb BjhI j?. fJ; d/ fpbe[b T[bN Bph (;H) B/ eJh w"fenK #s/ jk;/-wy"b ns/ wBgqukt/ bJh M{m p'bD fto[ZX ;]s fusktBh fdZsh j?. fJBQK ;G sZEK d/ nXko #s/ ;gFN j' iKdk j? fe ngq?b-c{b d/ w"e/ #s/ w}ke ftZu th M{m p'bDk BkikfJ} j? feT[IfeL 1) ngq?b-c{b ;w/I M{m dk ;jkok jh sK fbnk iKdk j?. 2) ngq?b-c{b d[nkok fe;/ ~ n?t/I vok Xwek e/ X'y/ ftZu oZyD d/ Bkb-Bkb gq/FkB th ehsk iKdk j?. 3) ngq?b-c{b fJybke s'I fvZrh j'Jh fJZe nfijh g[Zmh gZSwh ohs j? fi; dk Bk sK fJ;bkw Bkb e'Jh ;pzX j? ns/ Bk jh fJ;bkwh Fohns nfijh fe;/ o;w dh nkfrnk d/ ;edh j?. cotoh,wkou 2008

gzBk22 dk pkeh w[;bwkBK dh frDsh eo'VK s/ nopK ftZu j? ni/ th ;kv/ ftZu T[; i}p/ dh xkN j?, i' T[d'I w[;bwkBK ftZu j[zdk ;h. T[; ;w/I Bph dh fJZe B}o e"wK dhnK fe;wsK ~ pdb fdzdh ;h, gozs{ j[D ;kvhnK d[nktK ftu'I th n;o ]sw j[zdk ik fojk j?. j[D ;kv/ ftZu y[d nkgDk p'M T[mkT[D dh skes BjhI. fJ; ekoB n;hI d{finK T[s/ p'M pD rJ/ jK. feT[I fe n;hI d{finK d/ T[go fBoGo eoBk F[o{ eo fdZsk j?. fJ; bJh ;kv/ c?;b/ j'oK d[nkok j[zd/ jB s/ j'oK d[nkok jh ;kv/ w;b/ jZb ehs/ iKd/ jB. fJ; dh fJZe w{zj p'bdh T[dkjoB j? pkpoh w;fid. ;kv/ ftZu fJB;kc dk gkbVk brksko j[edk ik fojk j? ns/ d{finK dh wdd eoB dh fjzws sK bZrgr ysw jh j'Jh ikgdh j?. fJjh ekoB j? fe i/ nZi fe;/ ftnesh Bkb e'Jh d[o xNBk tkgo iKdh j?, sK n;hI th FkfJd T[jBK b'eK ftZu jh Fkwb j[zd/ jK i' sVc oj/ ftnkesh dk swkFk t/y oj/ j[zd/ jB. feT[Ife ;k~ vo j[zdk j? fe fes/ fJj pbk ;kv/ f;o jh Bk g? ikt/. e'Jh nfijk BjhI j[zdk i' f;oc oZp d/ j[ew dh gkbDk eoB bJh T[; ghVs ftnesh dh wdd eo/. j[D ;kvh e"w dh jkbs T[; p[ZYh n"os fijh pD u[Zeh j? i' nkgDk p'M T[mkT[D bJh d{ihnK tZb j;os Bkb t/y ojh j? ns/ ;kv/ ftu'I FkfJd e'Jh nfijk BjhI j? i' T[; dk p'M T[mk ;e/. feT[I fe n;hI y[d pj[s y'yb/ j' u[e/ jK. fpBK FZe ][dk snkbk fi; ~ ukj[zdk j? p[bzdh fdzdk j?. go n;hI fJj p[bzdh th T[d'I jk;b eo ;ed/ jK, id'I n;hI ;ko/ fJZew[Zm j' e/ nZr/ tXD dk n}w (gZek fJokdk) eohJ/. fJ; bJh j[D ;wK nk frnk j? id'I ;k~ ;G ~ fJeZm/ fwb e/ ;'u-ftuko eoB dh b'V j?. fJ; bJh fXnkB oZyDk j't/rk fe fet/I d[BhnK ftZu fJ;bkw dk rbpk ekfJw eohJ/, i' fe oZp dh o}kn ns/ T[;d/ pzfdnK dh fBFekw ;/tk s'I fpBk fe;/ soQK ;zGt BjhI j?. nkU! nkgK ;ko/ nkg' nkgDh EK #s/ T[; p[ZYh wkJh d/ p'M ~ j"bk eohJ/ fijVh j[D th j;os GohnK B}oK Bkb jo nkT[D ikD tkb/ ~ t/y ojh j?! 25


nDr"bh Fy;hns

nkfpd nbh yK

w"bkBk BZtkp yK @;kfep# w"bkBk BZtkp ]K ;kfep dk iBw 1880 JhL ftZu w[jZbk B[;osykBh wb/oe'Nbk ftZy/ fJZe irhodko gfotko ftZu j'fJnk. wb/oe'Nbk Ffjo d/ ndph jbfenK #u w"bkBk ;kfep ~ T[;skd FkfJo ti'I ikfDnk iKdk j?. T[j fJe nfij/ FkfJo ;B fiBQK B/ fJZe s'I tX/o/ ghVhQnK dh ndph nrtkJh ehsh. BZtkp nfjwd nbh ]K nkg d/ FfrodK ftZu'I fJZe ;B. T[BQK dh ekpbhns ~ t/yd/ j'J/ BZtkp ;kfjp B/ T[BQK ~ fonk;s d/ jkJh ;e{b #u T[od{cko;h d/ ;hBhno nfXnkge dh f}zw/tkoh fdZsh. T[j nkgDh fwjBs Bkb soZeh eod/ j'J/ ndkbs d/ T[Zu/ nj[fdnK #s/ th oj/. fJ;/ bJh wb/oe'Nbk fonk;s d/ ndph jbe/ ftZu nkg ~ pVh fJZ}s jkf;b ;h. BZtkp ;kfjp d/ T[;skd j'D ekoB T[BQK ~ @T[;skd-J/-j[}{o# dh gdth d/ e/ ;BwkfBs ehsk frnk. w"bkBk BZtkp yK ;kfep B/ noph dh f;Zfynk w[\sh wb/oe'Nbk gho w[jzwd f;Zdhe w/omh s'I jkf;b ehsh. pknd ftZu T[BQK Uohn?INb ekbi bkj"o s'I w[BFh \kf}b ns/ w"bth \kf}b dhnK fvrohnK gqkgs ehshnK. fJ; s'I S[ZN T[BQK bkj"o d/ wFj{o ]Zsks ns/ ][FBth; B{o nfjwd @B{o# s'I ]Zsksh (e?bhrok\h) ns/ jehw B{o-T[d-dhB G?oth s'I fsZp dk frnkB th gqkgs ehsk. T[BQK ftfdnkoEh ihtB #u jh wFj{o FkfJo jehw

}kfwB nbh ibkb byBth ~ fJe nFoch ns/ nkgDh fbyh fJZe o[pkJh B}o ti'I g/F eo e/ nkgDk T[;skd Xkfonk. w"bkBk ;kfep d/ ebkw ~ gVQB s'I pknd ;k~ T[BQK dh FkfJoh T[Zs/ @byBT{ ;e{b# dh Skg ;k\ fdykJh fdzdh j?. fJj ozr T[BQK d/ Ffrod Btkp nfjwd nbh yK ns/ d{i/ FfrodK dh FkfJoh ftZu th d/yD ~ fwbdk j?. j/m fdZs/ fFnoK s'I n;hI T[BQK dh FkfJoh dk nzdk}k brk ;ed/ jK.

t' w? Goh j? uFw-J/-f;nkj w;s -J/-:ko w/I ;keh B:k ;o{o j? fi;e/ ][wko w/I rodB g/ ngB/ s{ B/ :/ Bk-jZe bhnk j? ]{B ;Z:kd fenk fwbk s[M/ fdb e/ fFeko w/I gkwkb :{z ehnk j? fe;h B/ fe pknd-J/-wor skes BjhI j? T[mB/ eh w/o/ |[pko w/I }kfjd Bk S/V ;kfep-J/-nk}[odk o{ e' s{ fenk w{zj ;/ fBeb/ d/yhJ/ w? e/ ][wko w/I fprVh sedho pBk b{z fe;h sdpho e/ ;kE w/oh sdpho fprV iksh j? sedho e/ ;kE eosk j? esb fe; e' fJokd/ ejK e/ j?I s/to |}p e/ nki e[S T[; B"itK e/ j?I N{Nh o[Jh bjd ;/ po;sh j? p/e;h fgnk;/ jw nkp-J/-f}zdrh-J/-ikftdK e/ j?I

@F/o w[jzwd ykB dk wb/oe'Nbk# pko/ fJZe ;'X iBtoh 2008 d/ nze ftZu n;hI o'}kBk nihs ibzXo d/ gqf;ZX ekbw @fBZe-;[Ze# ~ XzBtkd ;fjs w[V gqekfFs ehsk ;h. fJ; ;pzXh ;k~ nB/eK gkmeK d/ ;tkbK dk ;kjwDk eoB fgnk j?. fJzBh fwZmh s/ gqGktwJh sfjoho ftZu ;odko r[b}ko f;zx ;zX{ j[oK dh ebw s'I fe;/ soQK fJj Fpd th fBZeb rJ/ fe @@T[Ii fJfsjk; dh pdp]sh fJj th j? fe ][d Btkp ;kfjp (noEks Btkp F/o w[jzwd yK) ;zB 1710 Jh;th dh bVkJh ftZu f;ZyK d/ jZE'I Fohd j'J/ ;B. fJfsjk; d/ T[bN/ gzfBnK Bkb'I tZvh rZb fJj j? fe TBQK dh ;'u dh Skg nZi th ekfJw j?HHH## fJZE/ ftdtkB b/ye ~ Ngbk br frnk. ;zB 1710 ftZu BjhI ;r'I 1712 JhH ftZu Btkp F/o w[jzwd yK dh e[dosh w"s j'Jh ;h. f;ZyK d/ jZE'I T[BQK dh Fjkds tkbh rZb ;jh BjhI. r[o{ r'fpzd f;zx ih wjkoki B/ sK Btkp F/o w[jzwd yK s/ T[BQK dh Broh ~ nFhotkd fdZsk ;h. f;ZyK dhnK izrK th ikpo w[rb jkewK Bkb j'JhnK ;B ns/ T[[j fe;/ Xow, tor iK ftnesh ftF/F d/ fto[ZX BjhI ;r'I }[bw, ipo s/ nfBnK d/ fto[ZX ;B. fJ; T[ekJh tZb fXnkB fdtkT[D tkb/ ;[fjod gkmeK ftF/F eoe/ w[jsow vkH jouzd f;zx ;ofjzdh ih d/ n;hI fdb'I F[eor[}ko jK. (ndkok) 26

cotoh,wkou 2008


w[M/ ws esb j'B/ d'!

fJzfs}ko BJhw

Go{D-jZfsnk fij/ rzGho ftF/ #s/ wFj{o T[od{ FkfJo fJzfs}ko BJhw dh B}w @fJbfsik# B/ tkjtk BkwDk yZfNnk j?. ;k~ fJ; dk gzikph fbghnzsoB G/fink j? gj[-c[Nkbk d/ fJZe ;[fjod gkme B/ fi; B/ nkgDk BK-gsk BjhI fbfynk. n;hI fJZE/ @fJbfsik# dh EK @fbbeVh# BK j/m w{b T[od{ ouBkeko s/ fbghnzsoeko d/ XzBtkd ;fjs fJj B}w SkgD dk wkD b? oj/ jK. -;zgkde

w/oh nzwhHHHHHHHHw/oh nzwhHHHHHHHHHHHH! w?I wo ikT{Irh nzwh! nzX/ok i?;/ rfjok j' ojk j? X{znK ;k jo so\ c?bk j[nk j? w[;b;b fJZe x[NB ;h j' ojh j? or'-g?n w/I u[GB ;h j' ojh j?! w/oh nzwh w[M/ d[BhnK w/I nkB/ d' w?I BzBQh ;h ;jh b/feB p[B/ j? ]kp e[S w?I B/ T[BQ/I sknpho gkB/ d' w[M/ d[BhnK w/I nkB/ d'! w?I nkT{Irh s' jz;-jz; eo s[wQ/I jo dw foMkT{Irh s[wQkok fdb b[GkT{Irh w?I gkgk e' w[jZps ;/ g[eko{zrh BjhI jofr} ;skT{Irh BjhI jofr} ;skT{Irh w?I xo izBs pBkT{Irh! cotoh,wkou 2008

w?I E'V ;h pVh j' eo eo{zrh Bkw o'FB nkg ek, gkgk ek nzwh ih! yVQh j' ikT{Irh w?I ngB/ g?o'I go s[wQ/I Fofwzdk w?I j'B/ BjhI d{zrh s[wQkoh nkpo{ y'B/ BjhI d{zrh s[wQkoh n"o gkgk eh d[nkJ/ b/ e/ ikT{Irh BJh d[BhnK p;kT{Irh! wro nzwh s[wQkoh e'y w/I wfj;{; j'sk j? fe;h ek jkE j? w/o/ rb/ go n"o i?;/ dw nGh fBebk! nGh fBebk! w/oh nzwh! w/ok :/j fJbfsik ;[B b'! w[M/ ws esb j'D/ d' puk b' w[M e' nzwh ih! puk b' w[M e' nzwh ih! p[B/ j? ]kp e[S w?I B/ T[BQ/I sknpho gkB/ d' w[M/ d[BhnK w/I nkB/ d'! w[M/ d[BhnK w/I nkB/ d'! 27


gq/oe gq;zr

vkH jouzd f;zx ;ofjzdh

gq?; fobh}

fgxbBk fJbw eh ukjs w/I fw;b-J/-FwQk }/pk j?

n?;HnkJhHUH d/ nj[d/dkoK dh u'D

i/ s[;hI T[ZuhnK T[vkohnK GoBk ukj[zd/ j' sK uzrhnK feskpK okjhI frnkB gqkgs eo'@@frnkB T[jBK yzGK ~ nkyd/ jB fiBQK okjhI n;hI ;tor tZb T[v ;ed/ jK.## F?e;ghno. feskpK ;kv/ fdwk| ~ @;kD #s/ bkT[IdhnK# jB ns/ ;Zs ;w[zdo'I gko dh ]po th fdzdhnK jB - @@feskp tork e'Jh ijk} BjhI, i' ;k~ d/FK-d/FKsoK s'I gko b? iKdk j?.##-n?fwbh fveB;B. ;kv/ Xkofwe rqzE th frnkB dh gqkgsh #s/ }'o fdzd/ jB@@:k ][dk w/o/ frnkB #u tkXk eo!## e[onkB Fohc. j'o; wkB dk eEB j? fe wB[Zy T[ZBk fuo ;jh noEK ftZu wB[Zy BjhI pDdk, fizBk fuo T[; ~ ftfdnk Bk fdZsh ikt/.## vkH okXk feqFBB fJ; sZE #s/ nkgDh w'jo e[ZM fJ; soQK brkT[Idk j?L@@f;Zfynk wB[Zy ~ frnkBtkB pDkT[Idh j?. fJ; s'I fpBK nkdwh nX{ok j?.## fJ; rZb ftZu e'Jh FZe BjhI fe feskpK gVQB s'I fpBK wB[Zy frnkBtkB BjhI pD ;edk. }ok fXnkB d/Dk! fJfsjk; d/ gzfBnK #s/ nkgD/ j;skyo SZvD tkb/ wjkB fJB;kBK dh xkVs ns/ T[BQK dhnK bk;kBh gqkgshnK fgZS/ wjkB g[;seK jh ezw eodhnK ;B, go d[Zy dh rZb j? fe T[BQK dhnK wjkB gqkgshnK ;k~ feskpK gVQB tZb BjhI w'V ;ehnK. gVQB-fbyD tkb/ gk;'I nt/;bkgD fsnkr e/ ;k~ fJ; Bkjo/ #s/ vN e/ gfjok d/Dk ukjhdk j? feL ftfdnk e' sp br gV'Q ip br xZN wfj gqkD.

phs/ fdBhI ;N{v?IN; fJ;bkfwe nkor/BkJh}/FB nkc fJzvhnk gzikp }'B d/ :{fBNK ns/ ;oebK dhnK u'DK j'JhnK. fJBQK u'DK bJh oZy/ rJ/ fJibk; dk nozG e"wh gZXo dh fJ;bkwh :{Bhtof;Nh Bdtks[b T[bwk byBT{ d/ noph ftGkr ftZu g[VQd/ ftfdnkoEh ][p?p nfjwd d/ do;/ jdh; Bkb j'fJnk. fi; ftZu T[BQK JhwkB fbnkT[D wro'I fJZe w'wB d/ nkdoF ;wki dh T;koh bJh i' co} pDd/ jB T[BQK pko/ gqGktg{os rZbpks ehsh. fJ; s'I pknd iE/pzdh d/ }'Bb nj[d/dkoK dh fBrokBh j/mK j'Jh u'D ftZu j/m fby/ nB[;ko tZy-tZy :{fBNK ns/ ;oebK d/ gqXkB ns/ fJzukoi u[D/ rJ/L :{fBN gqXkB 1 wb/oe'Nbk-1 pqkdo Fhok} nfjwd 2 wb/oe'Nbk-2 pqkdo fJ\fsyko nbh 3 eg{oEbk pqkdo :kjhnk nB;koh 4 uzvhrVQ pqkdo fJwfsnk} w[Fske 5 b[fXnkDk pqkdo Bdhw nfjwd 6 nbp/bg[ok pqkdo ;oto nbh ;oeb fJzukoi 1 gfNnkbk pqkdo ;kfpo jwhd 2 BkGk pqkdo ;kfde nbh 3 wzvh r'fpzdrVQ pqkdo n]so j[;?B 4 febQk ofjwsrVQ pqkdo fonk;s nbh 5 okDtK pqkdo nBtko nbh T[go'es :{fBNK ns/ ;oebK d/ w[yh fJ; u'D fJibk; s'I pknd S/sh jh nkg' nkgD/ :{fBNK s/ ;oebK d/ toeoK Bkb whfNzrK eo e/ nkg;h ;bkj wFto/ Bkb pkeh nj[d/dkoK fit/I ;eZso, Bkf}w p?s[bwkb ns/ bkfJpq/ohnB nkfd dh u'D eo b?Dr/. u/s/ oj/ fe iE/pzdh dk e/Idoh ns/ ;{pkJh ekoiekb d' ;kb dk j[zdk j? id'I fe :{fBNK ns/ ;oebK dh u'D fJZe ;kb bJh ehsh iKdh j?. w[jzwd ijKrho (iB ;zgoe ;eZso) n?;HnkJhHUH gzikp }'B

28

cotoh,wkou 2008


ndp ;bhe/ dhnK rZbK

;[bskB nfjwd

wfjwkB dk ;[nkrs eoBk nZieZbQ wfjzrkJh dk }wkBk j?. b'eK dk nkgDk you jh g{ok BjhI b[zdk Bk fe e'Jh wfjwkB nk ikt/. fJ; bJh pj[s/ b'e wfjwkBK d/ nk ikD #s/ pVh go/FkBh wfj;{; eoB bZrd/ jB ns/ i/eo wfjwkB d' fszB fdB mfjo ikt/ sK Bkrtkoh j'o tX iKdh j?. fJj rZb uzrh BjhI j?. wfjwkB dk th ;kv/ T[s/ fJZe jZe j?.fJ; f;bf;b/ ftZu fgnko/ Bph (;H) B/ \owkfJnk j? fe @@fijV/ b'e nZbkj ns/ nk]os T[s/ JhwkB oZyd/ jB T[BQK ~ ukjhdk j? fe T[j nkgD/ wfjwkBK dh Gbh GKs ]ksodkoh eoB.## fJ; bJh ;k~ wfjwkBK dh ]ksodkoh eoBh ukjhdh j? feT[Ife fJj' JhwkB dh fBFkBh j?. fijV/ b'e wfjwkB ~ d/y e/ fdb jh fdb ftZu e[VQB bZr iKd/ jB T[BQK ~ nkgD/ fdb NN'bQD/

ukjhd/ jB ns/ nkgD/ JhwkB dh ]?o wBkT[Dh ukjhdh j?. d/D tkbk sK nZbkj j?. T[jh ;k~ fybkT[Idk, fgbkT[Idk ns/ gkbdk j?. wfjwkBK ~ th sK T[jhU fybkT[Idk j?. fJ; bJh fJ; f;bf;b/ ftZu ;k~ nZ b kj #s/ Go' ; k eoBk ukjhdk j?. wfjwkB dk fyV/ wZE/ ;tkrs eoBk ukjhdk j? ns/ fijVh ]ksodkoh ;zGt j't/, T[; ftZu ezi{;h BjhI eoBh ukjhdh. fJj sK fgnko/ Bph (;H) B/ w/}pkB ~ jdkfJs ehsh j? gozs{ Bkb jh nkg B/ wfjwkB ~ th e[ZM B;hjs ehsh j?. nkg B/ \owkfJnk j?L @@wfjwkB dk gfjbk fdB fJBkw dk fdB j? fi; ftZu wfjwkB ~ uzr/-uzr/ ykD/ fybkU ns/ wfjwkBh fszB fdBK sZe j?. Gkt i/eo fJzBk Bk j't/ sK d{i/ ns/ shi/ fdB dh th }o{os BjhI. fJ; s'I pknd T[j i' e[ZM th eo/rk

T[j T[;dk ;dek j't/rk. wfjwkB bJh fJj ikfJ} BjhI j? fe T[j nkgD/ w/}pkB e'b mfjfonk oj/ fJZE'I sZe fe T[; ~ go/FkBh ns/ szrh j'D bZr/.## T[ g o' e s jdh; ftZ u nZbkj d/ o;{b B/ B;hjs \owkJh j? fe id'I fe;/ d/ wfjwkB pD e/ ikJhJ/ sK T[E/ jh izw e/ Bk ofj ikJhJ/ fi; Bkb w/}pkB ~ go/FkBh j'D bZr/. j}{o B/ fJe j'o EK #s/ \owkfJnk j? fe @@fe;/ w[;bwkB bJh fJj ikfJ} BjhI fe T[j nkgD/ Gok e'b fJzBk fuo mfjo/ fe T[;~ go/FkBh j'D bZr/. b'eK B/ g[ZfSnk fe @@n? nZbkj d/ o;{b (;H)! w/}pkB go/FkB fet/I j' t / r k<## nkg (;H) B/ \owkfJnk fe j' ;edk j? fe w/}pkB e'b fJzBk e[ZM Bk j't/ fe T[j wfjwkB d/ G'iB dk fJzs}kw eo ;e/.## nB[tkdL ;[wZJhnk

cotoh,wkou 2008

29


o"FBh

@skoh] nb-T[wok# ftZu fbfynk j? fe Fkjh s]s d/ ]bhck pDB s'I pknd j}os T[wo fpB npd[b n}h} fJzB/ ;kdk ;[Gk d/ j' rJ/ ;B fe fpbe[b fJZe w}d{o ikgd/ ;B. fJZe tkoh ]bhck dfwFe (;hohnk dh okiXkBh) d/ w[;s\k pk}ko ftZu'I bzx oj/ ;B. pk}ko ftZu fJZe tgkoh bZeVhnK yohd fojk ;h. id T[; B/ bZeVhnK dh Goh yohd bJh sK j}os T[wofpB npd[b n}h} ~ fJZe w}d{o ;wM e/ ntk} fdZsh ns/ fejk fe fJ; p'M ~ ;kv/ xo sZe gj[zuk fdT[. nkg B/ fpBk e[ZM p'b/ p'M nkgD/ f;o T[go u[Ze fbnk ns/ T[; d/ Bkb-Bkb s[o gJ/. o;s/ ftZu id'I ikDeko b'eK B/ nkg ~ nfs ;fseko Bkb ;bkw ehsk sK tgkoh ~ pj[s j?okBh j'Jh. T[; B/ b'eK s'I g[ZfSnk fe @@fJj e"D j?<## ikDeko b'eK B/ fejk, @@s{z pj[s nGkrk j?I. s{z BjhI ikDdk fe fJj ]bhck T[wo fpB npd[b n}h} jB.## gsk bZrd/ jh tgkoh B/ MZN wk\h wzrh. nkg B/ \owkfJnk fe @@e'Jh fuzsk Bk eo'. s[jkvk ezw eoB Bkb w/oh fJZ}s BjhI xN ikt/rh.

wfbek w[ n Z } wk fJZ e rohp dh M'IgVh ftZu L fJZe tkoh dh rZb j? fe oks d/ d' ti/ j}os T[wo fpB npd[b n}h} 30

n;wk u"jkB

fJZe w[jZb/ ftZu rFs eo oj/ ;B. T[jBK T[ZE/ fJZe rohp nkdwh ~ ;Ve d/ feBko/ gq/FkBh dh jkbs ftZu p?m/ d/fynk. T[; d/ B/V/ jh fJZe N[ZN/-Yj/ wekB ftZu'I fe;/ n"os d/ eokj[D dh ntk} nk ojh ;h T[BQK g[ZfSnk, @@j/ pzfdnk! Gbk s{z e"D j?I s/ fJ;

p?s[bwkb dk uokr L s}eok sZ[;kfbjhB ftZu fbfynk j? fe fJZe fdB j}os T[wo fpB npd[b n}h} oks d/ frnkoK ti/ p?s[b wkb d/ dcso ftZu fj;kp feskp fby oj/ ;B. T[jBK e'b nukBe T[jBK d/ fJZe d';s nk rJ/ ns/ ;bkw eoB s'I pknd rZbK eoB bZr/. j}os T[wo (o}hH) B/ S/sh jh uokr p[Mk fdZsk. d';s B/ g[ZfSnk fe @@nkg B/ fJj eh ehsk.## \owkfJnk, @@fJj uokr w/ok BjhI j?. p?s[bwkb dk j?. fJ; ftZu fijVk s/b j? T[j th p?s[b wkb d/ g?f;nK dk yohfdnk j'fJnk j?. p; fJ; ~ e/tb p?s[b wkb d/ ezw tk;s/ jh ibkfJnk ik ;edk j?. s[;hI ns/ w?I i' rZbK eo oj/ jK. T[; dk p?s[bwkb Bkb e'Jh ;pzX BjhI j?. fJ; bJh s[;hI ns/ w?I fuokr dh o'FBh dk bkG BjhI T[mk ;ed/.## fJj ;[D e/ T[jBK dk d';s jZek-pZek ofo frnk.

wekB ftZu'I eokj[D dh ntk} feT[I nk ojh j?<## T[; B/ dZf;nk fe @@w?I fbpBkB dk ofjD tkbk fJZe w}d{o jK. fJ; wekB nzdo w/oh gsBh j? fi; ~ go;{sh ghVK j' ojhnK jB. w/o/ e'b fJ; ;w/I g?;/ BjhI jB. w?I pj[s go/FkB jK. Bk sK dtk-dko{ eo ;edk jK s/ Bk jh fe;/ dkJh ~ p[bk ;edk jK.## nkg B/ T[; ~ s;Zbh fdZsh s/ S/sh jh nkgD/ xo nk e/ nkgDh gsBh ~ fejk, @@fJ; ftZu e'Jh FZe BjhI j? fe s[;hI fJZe pV/ pkdFkj dh p/Nh j'. fJZe ]bhck dk wfbek j'. s[jk~ fJZe |ohp go/FkB ftnesh dh wdd eoB s'I fJBeko BjhI eoBk j't/rk.## wfbek B/ T[jBK dk j[ew y[Fh Bkb ;thekfonk T[BQK nkfynk fe @@ w?I j[D/ jh fJZe rohp nkdwh ~ d/y e/ nkfJnk jK i' fe go/FkBh dh jkbs ftZu p?mk j?. T[; dh gsBh ~ go;{sh ghVK j' ojhnK jB. s[;hI w/o/ Bkb uZb e/ dkJh dk ezw fBGkT[.## wfbek B/ rZb ;[D e/ nkgDh ukdo bJh s/ T[; rohp n"os e'b nk rJh ns/ T[; dh d/yGkb ftZu o[ZM rJh. id pZuk g?dk j'fJnk sK T[jBK T[; w[;k\o ~ e[ZM nFochnK fdZshnK ns/ d't/I whnK-phth tkg; nkgD/ wfjb ftZu nk rJ/. cotoh,wkou 2008


g[s;e ;whfynk

g[;se dk BK L w{b b/ye L nB[tkd L gzB/ L w[Zb L gqekFe L

vkH skfoe fe\kfJs

fJ;bkw ns/ ;z:[es gfotkoe ftt;Ek w"bkBk ;[bskB nfjwd fJ;bkjh vkL w[jzwd fJoFkd vkH 24 8 o[gJ/ gzikph fJ;bkfwe gpbhe/FB}, wb/oe'Nbk

gfotkoe ihtB fe;/ th wB[Zy dh gfjbh b'V j?. ;wki ftZu nkgDk dpdpk pDkJh oZyD bJh tZv/ ns/ ;z:[es gfotko ~ nkfd ekb s'I jh uzrk ;wfMnk iKdk fojk j?. ephfbnK nkfd dk j'Id ftZu nkT[Dk fJ;/ XkoBk dk gqshe j?. fJei[Nsk ;dk jh Fesh s/ ;wfoZXh bJh }o{oh ;wMh iKdh ojh j?. wkwbk gfotko dk j't/ iK e'Jh j'o w[Zdk fJ;bkw fwZE dh EK sZE ~ ;kjwD/ oZydk j? ns/ wB[Zyh ;[Gkn ~ ;wMD #s/ }'o fdzdk j?. gfotko ftZu nB/eK MrfVnK ns/ fyMK dh iVQ b'VhIdh Privacy iK fBihst Bk fwbD iK tZX s'I tZX pzfdnK d/ ]kjw]kj fJZe' jh EK ofjD dh wip{oh, ftZu j[zdh j?. fJ;/ ;zdoG ftZu rZb eofdnK, fej' fijk gfotko fJ;bkw dh B}o ftZu g;zdhdk fejk ik ;edk j?, fJjh jEbh g[;sek dk ftFk j?. g[;se d/ gfjb/ Gkr ftZu ;KMh gfotkoe ftt;Ek ekoB g?dk j'D tkbhnK ;wZf;nktK tZb fJFkok ehsk frnk j? ns/ d{i/ Gkr ftZu fJefjo/ gfotko iK Nuclear Family dh o{g-o/yk g/F ehsh rJh j?. noEks T[j gfotkoe fJekJh cotoh,wkou 2008

fi; ftZu jo/e ftnesh bJh ofjD dh tZyoh EK j't/, god/ ns/ fBihst Privacy dk fXnkB oZfynk ikt/, d{finK d/ d]b s'I w[es j't/ ns/ jo/e ~ nkgD/ wkbh ;kXBK nB[;ko :'iBk ns/ you dk nfXeko j't/. fJj Fzek fe nfijh jkbs ftZu gfotko d/ p}[orK dh nD-d/yh j' ikt/rh ~ b/ye B/ fJ; eoe/ fBokXko dZf;nk j? fe fJ;bkw ftZu p}[orK dk fXnkB oZyD dh fizBh skehd j? T[; ~ w[Zy oZyd/ j'J/ fJj BjhI bZrdk fe T[j d/y-Gkb s'I tKM/ ofjDr/. Gkt/I b/ye tZb'I g/F ehs/ gfotkoe BeF/ dhnK ;kohnK rZbK Bkb ;fjws j'Dk n"yk j? gozs{ ni'e/ gfog/y ftZu fJe y[ F jkb, ;[ y h ns/ ;op-gotkBs gfotkoe ihtB bJh fJBQK B[efsnK ~ ;kjwD/ oZyDk }o{oh j?. w"bkBk ;[bskB nfjwd fJ;bkjh dh fJ; ouBk ~ F[ZX gzikph ftZu nB[tkd eoB bJh vkH w[jzwd fJoFkd j'oK ek\h fwjBs ehsh j? ns/ gzikph fJ;bkfwe gpbhe/FB} tZb'I fJ; ~ ;[uZi/ o{g ftZu g/F eoB ftZu th e'Jh e;o BjhI SZvh rJh. 31


ukBD dk Mo'yk

gj[ c[Nkbk gqpzXeh YKuk vkfJo?eNoL 01675-258914 98153-58914 99142-58914

;zgkdeh FkykL

id'I fJ;bkw jh w[ezwb dhB j? sK fiBQK 99142-58907 b'eK e'b fJj oZph dks w"i{d BjhI j? T[BQK se th gqpzXeh FkykL fJ; ~ g[Zidk eoBk ukjhdk j?.nZtb sK fJj fe 98555-85356 fJj rZb wB[Zyh w/b-fwbkg s/ jwdodh d/ jh fto[ZX wkbtk y/soL 98760-53710 j? fe fJZe bkj/tzd uh} s'I p; nkg jh bkjk fbnk 94643-44926 ikt/ s/ d{finK ~ fJ; d/ \kfJfdnK s'I ;ZyDk oZfynk d[nkpk s/ wkMk y/soL ikt/. d{i/ fJj fe fJ;bkwh Fohns nB[;ko n;hI 94176-64274 fJ; rZb d/ gkpzd jK fe fiBQK b'eK ~ fJ;bkw d/ r[DK dk frnkB BjhI, T[BQK ;kjwD/ fJBQK ~ toDB ADVERTISEMENT TARIFF eohJ/. COVER PAGES MULTICOLOUR gozs{ nZi ;kvh jkbs fJj j? fe ;kv/ ftZu'I Back Title (Outer) Rs. 5000/Rs. 3200/Back Title (Inner) pj[s ;ko/ b'e sK f;o/ s'I fJ; ezw ~ jh @s[ZS fijk Back Title Half Page (Inner) Rs. 1600/ezw# ;wMd/ jB ns/ fijV/ fJ; dh }o{os s/ INNER PAGES B/W wjZssk ~ ;wMd/ th jB, T[j th nfijh EK ik e/ Full Page Rs. 2000/Half Page Rs. 1100/spbhr (gquko s/ gq;ko) eod/ jB fiZE/ T[BQK dh Quarter Page Rs. 600/nkT[-Grs j[zdh j?. nkgD/ r?o-w[;fbw GoktK Contract for 1 Year : 33% Discount Contract for 6 Months : 25% Discount should be made in favour of ftZu gj[zue/ e'Jh spbhr BjhI eodk feT[Ife T[ZE/ All payments "MONTHLY PAUH FUTALA" nkT[-Grs sK fJe gk;/ ojh ;r'I eJh tkoh wzdk- Payable at Malerkotla (Distt. Sangrur) MANAGER uzrk th ;[DBk g?Idk j?. fJ; eoe/ b'eh r?oSkge s/ wkbe npd[; Fe{o w[;fbwK ~ fJ;bkw dk ;Zdk fdzd/ j'J/ vod/ s/ gqB/ekFe, gzikph fJ;bkfwe gpbhe/FB} wb/oe'Nbk tZb'I wfjokB fgqzNo}, xpokT[Id/ jB. fdZbh r/N, wb/oe'Nbk s'I Sgtk e/ w"bkBk nFo\ nbh EkBth (nb-fJswkw fb-fBnwkfsb fJ;bkwL287) 32

d\so gj[-c[Nkbk F/otkBh r/N, wb/oe'Nbk (f}bQk ;zro{o) s'I gqekfFs ehsk.

;zgkde L npd[; Fe{o

cotoh,wkou 2008


18-32_feb_mar_2008