MBTI Saturday, September22
Measure psychological preferences in how people perceive the world and make decisions Katharine Cook Briggs & Isabel Briggs Myers “most comfortable and effective” First questionnaire – 1962 Katharine Cook Briggs- 1917 – Meditative, Spontaneous, Executive & Social 1921 – Carl Gustav Jung – Psychological Types Myers apprenticed herself with Edward N Hay 1942-Briggs Myer Type Indicator Changed the name in 1956
Jungs Psychological Types 2 dichotomous pairs of cognitive functions Thinking & feeling Sensing& Intuition
Expressed in either INTROVERTED or EXTRAVERTED form
Myers Briggs Dichotomies
Does not measure aptitude, indicates preference
Extraversion (E) – (I) Introversion Sensing (S) – (N) Intuition Thinking (T) – (F) Feeling Judging (J) – (P) Perception
Attitudes Expression of functions Introversion Extraversion
Keep Decisions Open
Present, tangible & concrete. Info that can be understood by 5 senses. Look for facts. MEANING IS IN DATA
Information gathering PERCEIVING FUNCTION
Have Matters Settled
Look from Outside. Detached standpoint. Logic, Reason.
MENTAL FUNCTIONS Trust information that is more abstract or theoretical. MEANING IS IN UNDERLYING THEORY & PRINCIPLES WHICH ARE MANIFESTED IN DATA
Look from Inside. Involved standpoint. Associate, Empathize
Decision Making JUDGING FUNCTION
Dominant Function Secondary or Auxiliary Function Tertiary Function Inferior Function or Shadow
Sensing plus Thinking (ST) Sensing plus Feeling (SF) Intuition plus Feeling (NF) Intuition plus Thinking (NT)
How the Eight Functions are derived:
It is important to take into account our basic knowledge of the four preferences when grasping the eight functions. It helps in your understanding of the eight functions if you have an understanding of them.
As you can see by looking at the eight functions, each function is either introverted or extraverted and uses either sensing or intuition. The four main functions of each type are decided by the following:
First rule of thumb - The dominant function for Introverts will be an introverted function. The dominant function for extraverts will be an extraverted function.
2nd rule of thumb - The Thinking or Feeling function will always be extraverted for J’s and introverted for P’s. This is because J’s prefer to control their external environment, while P’s are flexible with their outer environment but judging of their internal values.
3rd rule of the thumb - The inferior function is always the opposite of the dominant function. This will always be the opposite expression of one’s dominant preference (extraverted for introverts, and introverted for extraverts; S for those with an N preference, and N for those with an S preference.)
4th rule of thumb - The tertiary function will always be the opposite of the auxiliary function
The Eight Function-Attitudes
Extraverted Sensing: Acts on concrete data from here and now. Trusts the present, then lets it go.
Introverted Sensing: Compares present facts and experiences to past experience. Trusts the past. Stores sensory data for future use.
Extraverted Intuition: Sees possibilities in the external world. Trusts flashes from the unconscious, which can then be shared with others.
Introverted Intuition: Looks at consistency of ideas and thoughts with an internal framework. Trusts flashes from the unconscious, which may be hard for others to understand.
Extraverted Thinking: Seeks logic and consistency in the outside world. Concern for external laws and rules.
Introverted Thinking: Seeks internal consistency and logic of ideas. Trusts his or her internal framework, which may be difficult to explain to others.
Extraverted Feeling: Seeks harmony with and between people in the outside world. Interpersonal and cultural values are important.
Introverted Feeling: Seeks harmony of action and thoughts with personal values. May not always articulate those values.
Preference You Tend to Show to the Outside World
The last letter of your type “points to” the function you use with the outside world—either your perception function (S or N) or your judgment function (T or F).
Favorite world: Do you prefer to focus on the outer world or on your own inner world? This is called Extraversion (E) or Intraversion (I) Information: Do you prefer to focus on the basic information you take or do you prefer to interpret and add meaning? This is called Sensing (S) or Intuition (N) Decisions: When making decision, do you prefer to first look at logic and consistency or first look at the people and special circumstances? This is called Thinking (T) or Feeling (F) Structure: In dealing with the outside world, do you prefer to get things decided or do you prefer to stay open to new information and options? This is called Judging (J) or Perceiving (P)