ABPL 30048 | air MYENG SON | 351288
* COMPUTING IN ARCHITECTURE 2 WEEK
“In contemporary architectural design,digital media is increasingly being used not as a representational tool for visualization but as a generative tool for the derivation from and its transformation – the digital morphogenesis.” ~ Kolarevic, Branko In shifting away from traditional architectural desgin, “digitally-generated froms” are no more perceived as the traditional understanding of it, but it is calculated by the generative computational method incorporated in between human and computer. “The digital generative processes are opening up new territories for conceptual, formal and tectonic exploration, articulating an ar-
chitectural morphology focused on the emergent and adaptive properties of form.” (Kolarevic, Branko 2003) Such innovation is manifested and driven by the development of complex geometry in modern day architectural designs. Complexity in use of geometry which was near impossible 10 years ago now has became available to many through computer system.
UK PAVILION FOR SHAGHAI WORLD EXPO 2010 THE SEED CATHEDERAL | HEATHERWICK STUDIO The Seed Cathedral has been designed by Heatherwick Studio. Led by the internationally-acclaimed architect Thomas Heatherwick. Studio’s design intention for the cathedral divides into three key strategies to meet the UK Pavilion Exp’s brief: to become one of the five most popular attractions at the Expo. Frist design intention for the cathederal is to directly manifest what the pavilion is exhibiting. Then the second was to accomodate sufficient open public space around the architecture for people to rest and provide different option in experiencing the architecture: either to enter, or to study it from outside space. The last design strategy is to distinguish from hundreds of other pavilions and programmes that are competing with the Seed Cathedral.
DESIGN THEME OF THE SEED CATHEDRAL: “technology driven pavilions, filled with audio-visual content on screens, projections and speakers” During the day, architecture’s rods functions as optic fibres , drawing light to illuminate the space at night. It creates a new experience for the viewers with its glow from light source embedded in the fibres. Sophisticated technology and precision was enabled from 3D modelling techniques in the placement of the holes which the fibres were plugged to. Also, an interactive software was utilized for the comprehension of structural behaviour of the system. UK PAVILION: THE SEED CATHEDERAL
THE NATIONAL SWIMMING CENTRE: WATER CUBE 2008 | BEIJING The National Swimming Center - Watercube is a cubic formed architecture in Beijing filled with bubble patterns on its faรงade skin. Using parametric design methods, the bubble shapes were created; and was constructed by steel skeleton with ETFE (ethyl tetra fluoro ethylene.) This architecture is a clear manifestation of computation design in complex architecture. Using computer-aided drawing and parametric designing, enormous amount of architectural documentation required for such architecture is more readily able in shorter amount of time and effort. In technical aspects, it demonstrates how computer based design software affect design of the architecture in terms of material use. Complex geometry of the build-
ing is based on a unique lightweight-construction which was developed by PTW with ARUP. Geometry was derived from an aggregation of foam from the structure of water. Behind what seems to be randomized pattern is thorough geometric codes which are found in nature: crystals, cells and molecular structures. It was then simplified into repetitive units, generating a highly rationalized design. This visually provoking, energy efficient and ecologically friendly architecture is a direct demonstration of a unique innovation of contemporary computational design technique. THE NATIONAL SWIMMING CENTER: WATER CUBE
ARCHITECTURAL SCRIPTING: VORONOI DIAGRAM | ARCHITECTURE Modern day architects, more often than it was before, look at the branches of science like mathematics, biology or physics for inspiration and for tips on how to solve problems they are trying to tackle. A Voronoi diagram is a means of decomposing a metric space determined by distances to a specified family of objects in the space. It is a mathematical algorithm deals with tessellation of randomized geometries organized in pattern by the principles of topological transformations - created by Georgy Voronoi. Voronoi diagram is being used by architects because it allows very organic looking patterns to be created as an outcome. It is also useful for space planning. For example for comparing areas covered by different hospitals, or shops; with Voronoi diagram one can easily determine where is the nearest shop or hospital. There are already several
architectural applications that can be found online in regards to Voronoi Diagram. One is a plug-in which constructs Voronoi Diagrams in rhino, it has already been developed and is readily available for public.
QHULL: Qhull computes the convex hull, Delaunay triangulation, Voronoi diagram, halfspace intersection about a point, furthest-site Delaunay triangulation, and furthest-site Voronoi diagram. The source code runs in 2-d, 3-d, 4-d, and higher dimensions. Qhull implements the Quickhull algorithm for computing the convex hull. ~http://www.qhull.org/
Designed by San Francisco-based architect Thom Faulders and developed in collaboration with digital technologist Sean Ahlquist of proces2, Airspace Tokyo appears to be covered with layer upon layer of artificial vegetation, created employing Voronoi Diagram pattern. It’s organic form was inspired by the abundant greenery that previously occupied the site; the screen façade comprises four different overlapping organic patterns. With an air gap of 15cm in-between, the 3mm-thick curtain-like coverings of laser-cut aluminium and plastic composite, frame views and light. Using computer generated organic forms and pattern, architect can accomplish a desgin which is material-efficiency, structural design, and also creates aesthetic sensation for public to enjoy. Same patterns and design methodology could be generated and implemented for a Wyndham City Gateway Project. Its visual attraction for public, through its radical organic forms and topology, is suitable for “exciting and eye-catching installation” at Wyndham City Council, as well as its material efficiency resulting in environmental and social benefit of the council. ~AIRSPACE TOKYO X WYNDHAM CITY COUNCIL EOI