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OilandGas.book Page 4 Wednesday, September 14, 2011 3:28 PM

Recent changes in regulations:

June 8, 2011 (Federal Register Volume 76, No. 84) In the June 8, 2011 edition of the Federal Register, OSHA published Phase IIIof the Standards Improvement Project, a series of rulemaking actions to improve and streamline OSHA standards. The Standards Improvement Project removes or revises individual requirements within rules that are confusing, outdated, duplicative, or inconsistent. OSHA identified several requirements for SIP–III (e.g., rigging, NIOSH records, and training certifications) for improvement based on the Agency’s review of its standards, suggestions and comments from the public, or recommendations from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). This final rule became effective June 8, 2011, and affects the following sections: §1910.132

General requirements

§1910.1030

§1910.134

Respiratory protection.

§1926.51

Sanitation

§1910.134

Appendix C

§1926.60

Methylenedianiline

§1910.440

Recordkeeping requirements.

§1926.62

Lead

§1910.1003

13 Carcinogens (4-nitrobiphenyl, etc.).

§1926.251

§1910.1018

Inorganic arsenic

§1926.1101

§1910.1020

Access to Employee Exposure and Medical Records

§1926.1127

§1910.1028

Benzene

Bloodborne pathogens

Rigging equipment for material handling Asbestos Cadmium

July 25, 2011 (Federal Register Volume 76, No. 142) In the June 8, 2011 edition of the Federal Register, OSHA corrected a final rule on General Working Conditions in Shipyard Employment published in the Federal Register of May 2, 2011 (76 FR 24576). This update became effective August 1, 2011, and affects §1910.145(a)(1) and §1910.147(a)(1)(i).

Disclaimer Although the author and publisher of this book have made every effort to ensure the accuracy and timeliness of the information contained herein, the author and publisher assume no liability with respect to loss or damage caused by or alleged to be caused by reliance on any information contained herein and disclaim any and all warranties, expressed or implied.


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TOC Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1903 - Inspections, Citations, and Proposed Penalties §1903.1 §1903.2 §1903.3 §1903.4 §1903.5 §1903.6 §1903.7 §1903.8 §1903.9 §1903.10 §1903.11 §1903.12 §1903.13 §1903.14 §1903.14a §1903.15 §1903.16 §1903.17 §1903.18 §1903.19 §1903.20 §1903.21 §1903.22

Purpose and scope Posting of notice; availability of the Act, regulations and applicable standards Authority for inspection Objection to inspection Entry not a waiver Advance notice of inspections Conduct of inspections Representatives of employers and employees Trade secrets Consultation with employees Complaints by employees Inspection not warranted; informal review Imminent danger Citations; notices of de minimis violations; policy regarding employee rescue activities Petitions for modification of abatement date Proposed penalties Posting of citations Employer and employee contests before the Review Commission Failure to correct a violation for which a citation has been issued Abatement verification Informal conferences State administration Definitions

1904 - Recording and Reporting Occupational Injuries and Illnesses 1

§1904.0 §1904.1

1 1 1 2 2 2

§1904.2

2 3 3 3 3 4

§1904.3 §1904.4 §1904.5 §1904.6 §1904.7 §1904.8 §1904.9 §1904.10

4 4 5 5 5 5 5 8 8 8

§1904.11 §§1904.13 1904.28 §1904.29 §1904.30 §1904.31 §1904.32 §1904.33 §1904.34 §1904.35 §1904.36 §1904.37

Purpose Partial exemption for employers with 10 or fewer employees Partial exemption for establishments in certain industries Keeping records for more than one agency Recording criteria Determination of work-relatedness Determination of new cases General recording criteria Recording criteria for needlestick and sharps injuries Recording criteria for cases involving medical removal under OSHA standards Recording criteria for cases involving occupational hearing loss Recording criteria for workrelated tuberculosis cases

10 11 11

[Reserved] Forms Multiple business establishments Covered employees Annual summary Retention and updating Change in business ownership Employee involvement Prohibition against discrimination State recordkeeping regulations

15 15 16 16 16 17 17 17 17 17

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9 9 9 9 10

14 14 14 15

i


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§1904.38 §1904.39 §1904.40 §1904.41 §1904.42 §1904.43 §1904.44 §1904.45 §1904.46

Variances from the recordkeeping rule 18 Reporting fatalities and multiple hospitalization incidents to OSHA 18 Providing records to government representatives 19 Annual OSHA injury and illness survey of ten or more employers 19 Requests from the Bureau of Labor Statistics for data 19 Summary and posting of the 2001 data 19 Retention and updating of old forms 20 OMB control numbers under the Paperwork Reduction Act 20 Definitions 20

Part 1910 - Occupational Safety and Health Standards Subpart A - General §1910.1 §1910.2 §1910.3

Purpose and scope Definitions Petitions for the issuance, amendment, or repeal of a standard Amendments to this part Applicability of standards Incorporation by reference Definition and requirements for a nationally recognized testing laboratory OMB control numbers under the Paperwork Reduction Act Compliance duties owed to each employee.

§1910.4 §1910.5 §1910.6 §1910.7 §1910.8 §1910.9

21 21 21 21 21 22 26

§1910.17 §1910.18 §1910.19

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Scope and purpose Construction work Shipyard employment Longshoring and marine terminals Effective dates Changes in established Federal standards Special provisions for air contaminants

§1910.21 §1910.22 §1910.23 §1910.24 §1910.25 §1910.26 §1910.27 §1910.28 §1910.29 §1910.30

Definitions General requirements Guarding floor and wall openings and holes Fixed industrial stairs Portable wood ladders Portable metal ladders Fixed ladders Safety requirements for scaffolding Manually propelled mobile ladder stands and scaffolds (towers) Other working surfaces

33 36 36 38 38 39 40 43 50 52

Subpart E - Exit Routes and Emergency Planning §1910.33 §1910.34 §1910.35 §1910.36 §1910.37 §1910.38 §1910.39 Subpart E Appendix

Table of contents Coverage and definitions Compliance with alternate exit-route codes Design and construction requirements for exit routes Maintenance, safeguards, and operational features for exit routes Emergency action plans Fire prevention plans Exit Routes, Emergency Action Plans, and Fire Prevention Plans

53 53 53 53 54 55 55 55

29

Subpart F - Powered Platforms, Manlifts, and Vehicle-Mounted Work Platforms

30

§1910.66

Subpart B - Adoption and Extension of Established Federal Standards §1910.11 §1910.12 §1910.15 §1910.16

Subpart C [Reserved] Subpart D - Walking-Working Surfaces

31 31 31 31 32 32 32

§1910.67 §1910.68

Powered platforms for building maintenance Vehicle-mounted elevating and rotating work platforms Manlifts

57 74 75

Subpart G - Occupational Health and Environmental Control §1910.94 §1910.95 §1910.97 §1910.98

Ventilation Occupational noise exposure Nonionizing radiation Effective dates

79 86 94 94


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Subpart L - Fire Protection

§1910.101

§1910.155

§1910.102 §1910.103 §1910.104 §1910.105 §1910.106 §1910.109 §1910.110 §1910.119 §1910.120

Compressed gases (general requirements) Acetylene Hydrogen Oxygen Nitrous oxide Flammable and combustible liquids Explosives and blasting agents Storage and handling of liquefied petroleum gases Process safety management of highly hazardous chemicals Hazardous waste operations and emergency response

95 95 95 100 101 101 119

Appendix B

General requirements Eye and face protection Respiratory protection Head protection Foot protection Electrical protective equipment Hand protection

§1910.162

149

§1910.163

159

§1910.164 §1910.165

183 183 184 198 198 198 200

References for Further Information (Non-mandatory) 200 Personal Protective Equipment 200

Subpart J - General Environmental Controls §1910.141 §1910.142 §1910.143 §1910.144 §1910.145 §1910.146 §1910.147

Sanitation Temporary labor camps Nonwater carriage disposal systems - [Reserved] Safety color code for marking physical hazards Specifications for accident prevention signs and tags Permit-required confined spaces The control of hazardous energy (lockout/tagout) Medical services and first aid [Reserved]

223 224 226 227 228 228 229 229 230 230 230

Subpart N - Materials Handling and Storage §1910.176 §1910.177 §1910.178 §1910.179 §1910.180 §1910.181 §1910.183 §1910.184

Handling materials — general Servicing multi-piece and single-piece rim wheels Powered industrial trucks Overhead and gantry cranes Crawler, locomotive and truck cranes Derricks Helicopters Slings

243 243 245 251 256 260 263 264

Subpart O - Machinery and Machine Guarding

203 204

§1910.211 §1910.212

205

§1910.215 §1910.218

205

Subpart P - Hand and Portable Powered Tools and Other Hand-Held Equipment

205 207 217

Subpart K - Medical and First Aid §1910.151 §1910.152

§1910.161

129

Subpart I - Personal Protective Equipment §1910.132 §1910.133 §1910.134 §1910.135 §1910.136 §1910.137 §1910.138 Subpart I Appendix A

§1910.156 §1910.157 §1910.158 §1910.159 §1910.160

TOC

Scope, application and definitions applicable to this subpart Fire brigades Portable fire extinguishers Standpipe and hose systems Automatic sprinkler systems Fixed extinguishing systems, general Fixed extinguishing systems, dry chemical Fixed extinguishing systems, gaseous agent Fixed extinguishing systems, water spray and foam Fire detection systems Employee alarm systems

221 221

§1910.241 §1910.242 §1910.243 §1910.244

Definitions General requirements for all machines Abrasive wheel machinery Forging machines

Definitions Hand and portable powered tools and equipment, general Guarding of portable powered tools Other portable tools and equipment

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269 272 273 280

283 284 284 287

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Table of Contents

Subpart H - Hazardous Materials


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Subpart Q - Welding, Cutting and Brazing §1910.251 §1910.252 §1910.253 §1910.254 §1910.255

Definitions General requirements Oxygen-fuel gas welding and cutting Arc welding and cutting Resistance welding

289 289 293 300 301

Subpart R - Special Industries §1910.269

Electric power generation, transmission, and distribution

§1910.1026 §1910.1027 §1910.1028 §1910.1030 §1910.1048 §1910.1096 §1910.1200 §1910.1201 §1910.1450

303

Chromium (VI) Cadmium Benzene Bloodborne pathogens Formaldehyde Ionizing radiation Hazard communication Retention of DOT markings, placards and labels Occupational exposure to hazardous chemicals in laboratories

418 423 474 484 491 504 508 520 520

Subpart S - Electrical §1910.301 §1910.302 §1910.303 §1910.304 §1910.305 §1910.306 §1910.307 §1910.308 §1910.331 §1910.332 §1910.333 §1910.334 §1910.335

Introduction Electric utilization systems General Wiring design and protection Wiring methods, components, and equipment for general use Specific purpose equipment and installations Hazardous (classified) locations Special systems [Reserved] Scope Training Selection and use of work practices Use of equipment Safeguards for personnel protection

§§1910.3361910.360 [Reserved] §§1910.3611910.380 [Reserved] [Reserved] §1910.399 Definitions applicable to this subpart Subpart S Appendix A Subpart S - Electrical

329 329 330 333 338

§1910.1025

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Air contaminants Asbestos Inorganic arsenic Access to employee exposure and medical records Lead

Subpart A - General §1926.1 §1926.2

Purpose and scope Variances from safety and health standards Inspections — right of entry Rules of practice for administrative adjudications for enforcement of safety and health standards OMB control numbers under the Paperwork Reduction Act Incorporation by reference

342 346 348 350 351 351

§1926.3 §1926.4

351 353

Subpart B - General Interpretations

354 355 355 355 355 359

§1926.5 §1926.6 §1926.10 §1926.11 §1926.12 §1926.13 §1926.14 §1926.15 §1926.16

Scope of subpart Coverage under section 103 of the act distinguished Reorganization Plan No. 14 of 1950 Interpretation of statutory terms Federal contract for “mixed” types of performance Relationship to the Service Contract Act; Walsh-Healey Public Contracts Act Rules of construction

529 529 529

529 529 529 533 533 533 536 537 537 537

Subpart C - General Safety and Health Provisions

Subpart Z - Toxic and Hazardous Substances §1910.1000 §1910.1001 §1910.1018 §1910.1020

Part 1926 - Safety and Health Regulations for Construction

361 368 390 396 401

§1926.20 §1926.21 §1926.22 §1926.23

General safety and health provisions Safety training and education Recording and reporting of injuries First aid and medical attention

539 539 539 539


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§1926.34 §1926.35

Fire protection and prevention Housekeeping Illumination Sanitation Personal protective equipment Acceptable certifications Shipbuilding and ship repairing [Reserved] Definitions Access to employee exposure and medical records Means of egress Employee emergency action plans

539 539 540 540 540 540 540 540 540 540 540 541

§1926.56 §1926.57 §1926.58 §1926.59 §1926.61 §1926.62 §1926.64 §1926.65

Medical services and first aid Sanitation Occupational noise exposure Ionizing radiation Nonionizing radiation Gases, vapors, fumes, dusts, and mists Illumination Ventilation [Reserved] Hazard communication Retention of DOT markings, placards and labels Lead Process safety management of highly hazardous chemicals Hazardous waste operations and emergency response

§1926.96 §§1926.971926.98 §1926.100 §1926.101 §1926.102 §1926.103 §1926.104 §1926.105

Criteria for personal protective equipment Occupational foot protection [Reserved] Head protection Hearing protection Eye and face protection Respiratory protection Safety belts, lifelines, and lanyards Safety nets

617 617

Subpart F - Fire Protection and Prevention §1926.150 §1926.151 §1926.152 §1926.153 §1926.154 §1926.155

Fire protection Fire prevention Flammable and combustible liquids Liquefied petroleum gas (LP-Gas) Temporary heating devices Definitions applicable to this subpart

619 620 621 629 631 631

543 543 544 544 544

§1926.200

545 550 550 562 562

Subpart H - Materials Handling, Storage, Use, and Disposal

562 562

§1926.252

§1926.201 §1926.202 §1926.203

§1926.250 §1926.251

Accident prevention signs and tags Signaling Barricades Definitions applicable to this subpart

General requirements for storage Rigging equipment for material handling Disposal of waste materials

633 634 634 634

635 635 645

Subpart I - Tools — Hand and Power

591

§1926.300 §1926.301 §1926.302 §1926.303 §1926.304 §1926.305

615 615

§1926.306 §1926.307

615 615 615 615 617

Subpart J - Welding and Cutting

617 617

§1926.354

579

Subpart E - Personal Protective and Life Saving Equipment §1926.95

Working over or near water Definitions applicable to this subpart

Subpart G - Signs, Signals, and Barricades

Subpart D - Occupational Health and Environmental Controls §1926.50 §1926.51 §1926.52 §1926.53 §1926.54 §1926.55

§1926.106 §1926.107

§1926.350 §1926.351 §1926.352 §1926.353

General requirements Hand tools Power-operated hand tools Abrasive wheels and tools Woodworking tools Jacks — lever and ratchet, screw, and hydraulic Air receivers Mechanical power-transmission apparatus Gas welding and cutting Arc welding and cutting Fire prevention Ventilation and protection in welding, cutting, and heating Welding, cutting, and heating in way of preservative coatings

TOC

647 648 648 649 649 650 650 651 655 656 656 657 658

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TOC Table of Contents

§1926.24 §1926.25 §1926.26 §1926.27 §1926.28 §1926.29 §1926.30 §1926.31 §1926.32 §1926.33


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Subpart L - Scaffolds §1926.450 §1926.451 §1926.452 §1926.453 §1926.454 Subpart L Appendix A Appendix B

Appendix C Appendix D Appendix E

Scope, application and definitions applicable to this subpart General requirements Additional requirements applicable to specific types of scaffolds Aerial lifts Training requirements Scaffold Specifications (Non-mandatory) Criteria for Determining the Feasibility of Providing Safe Access and Fall Protection for Scaffold Erectors and Dismantlers (Non-mandatory) List of National Consensus Standards (Non-mandatory) List of Training Topics for Scaffold Erectors and Dismantlers (Non-mandatory) Drawings and Illustrations (Non-mandatory)

Subpart N - Helicopters, Hoists, Elevators, and Conveyors 659 661

§1926.550 §1926.551 §1926.552

666 670 670

§1926.553 §1926.554 §1926.555

671

674 674 674 675

Subpart M - Fall Protection §1926.500 §1926.501 §1926.502 §1926.503 Subpart M Appendix A

Appendix B Appendix C Appendix D Appendix E

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TOC

Scope, application, and definitions applicable to this subpart Duty to have fall protection Fall protection systems criteria and practices Training requirements Determining Roof Widths — Non-mandatory Guidelines for Complying With §1926.501(b)(10) Guardrail Systems — NonMandatory Guidelines for Complying with §1926.502(b) Personal Fall Arrest Systems — Non-Mandatory Guidelines for Complying With §1926.502(d) Positioning Device Systems — Non-Mandatory Guidelines for Complying With §1926.502(e) Sample Fall Protection Plan — Non-Mandatory Guidelines for Complying With §1926.502(k)

677 678 679 683

685 685

§1926.600 §1926.601 §1926.602 §1926.604

688

696 697 697 697

Equipment Motor vehicles Material handling equipment Site clearing

699 699 700 701

Subpart P - Excavations §1926.650 §1926.651 §1926.652 Subpart P Appendix A Appendix B Appendix C Appendix D

Scope, application, and definitions applicable to this subpart 703 Specific excavation requirements 703 Requirements for protective systems 705 Soil Classification Sloping and Benching Timber Shoring for Trenches Subpart P - Excavations Aluminum Hydraulic Shoring for Trenches Subpart P - Excavations Alternatives to Timber Shoring Selection of Protective Systems Subpart P - Excavations

706 708 709 709 713 713 716 716 716

Subpart U - Blasting and the Use of Explosives §1926.900 §1926.901 §1926.902 §1926.903

688

695 695

Subpart O - Motor Vehicles, Mechanized Equipment, and Marine Operations

Appendix E Appendix F 684

[Reserved] Helicopters Material hoists, personnel hoists, and elevators Base-mounted drum hoists Overhead hoists Conveyors

§1926.904

General provisions Blaster qualifications Surface transportation of explosives Underground transportation of explosives Storage of explosives and blasting agents

717 718 718 718 719


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§1926.905

§1926.907 §1926.908 §1926.909 §1926.910 §1926.911 §1926.912 §1926.913 §1926.914

719

Subpart Z - Toxic and Hazardous Substances

719 720 720 720 721 721 721

§§1926.1100 §1926.1101 §1926.1126 §1926.1127 §1926.1128 §1926.1148 Appendix A

721 721

Subpart W - Rollover Protective Structures; Overhead Protection §1926.1000 §1926.1001

§1926.1002

§1926.1003

Subpart W Appendix A

Rollover protective structures (ROPS) for material handling equipment 723 Minimum performance criteria for rollover protective structures for designated scrapers, loaders, dozers, graders, and crawler tractors 723 Protective frames (roll-over protective structures, known as ROPS) for wheel-type agricultural and industrial tractors used in construction 726 Overhead protection for operators of agricultural and industrial tractors used in construction 729 Figures W-14 through W-28

§1926.1050

Scope, application, and definitions applicable to this subpart General requirements Stairways Ladders

§1926.1051 §1926.1052 §1926.1053 §§1926.1054 1926.1059 [Reserved] §1926.1060 Training requirements Subpart X Appendix A Ladders

§1926.1400 §1926.1401 §1926.1402 §1926.1403 §1926.1404

§1926.1405 §1926.1406 §1926.1407 §1926.1408

733 733 733 734

737 737 767 770 778 778

779

Subpart AA- BB Reserved Subpart CC Cranes and Derricks in Construction

729

Subpart X - Stairways and Ladders

[Reserved] Asbestos Chromium (VI) Cadmium Benzene Formaldehyde Designations for General Industry Standards Incorporated Into Body of Construction Standards

TOC

§1926.1409 §1926.1410

736 736

§1926.1411

736

§1926.1412 §1926.1413 §1926.1414

Scope Definitions Ground conditions Assembly/Disassembly — selection of manufacturer or employer procedures Assembly/Disassembly — general requirements (applies to all assembly and disassembly operations) Disassembly — additional requirements for dismantling of booms and jibs Assembly/Disassembly — employer procedures — general requirements Power line safety (up to 350 kV) — assembly and disassembly Power line safety (up to 350 kV) — equipment operations Power line safety (over 350 kV) Power line safety (all voltages) — equipment operations closer than the Table A zone Power line safety — while traveling under or near power lines with no load Inspections Wire rope — inspection Wire rope — selection and installation criteria

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781 781 784 784

784 785 786 786 786 788 788 789 789 791 792

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§1926.906

Loading of explosives or blasting agents Initiation of explosive charges — electric blasting Use of safety fuse Use of detonating cord Firing the blast Inspection after blasting Misfires Underwater blasting Blasting in excavation work under compressed air Definitions applicable to this subpart


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§1926.1415 §1926.1416 §1926.1417 §1926.1418 §1926.1419 §1926.1420 §1926.1421 §1926.1422 §1926.1423 §1926.1424 §1926.1425 §1926.1426 §1926.1427 §1926.1428 §1926.1429 §1926.1430 §1926.1431 §1926.1432 §1926.1433 §1926.1434 §1926.1435 §1926.1436 §1926.1437 §1926.1438

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Safety devices Operational aids Operation Authority to stop operation Signals — general requirements Signals — radio, telephone or other electronic transmission of signals Signals — voice signals — additional requirements Signals — hand signal chart Fall protection Work area control Keeping clear of the load Free fall and controlled load lowering Operator qualification and certification Signal person qualifications Qualifications of maintenance & repair employees Training Hoisting personnel Multiple-crane/derrick lifts — supplemental requirements Design, construction and testing Equipment modifications Tower cranes Derricks Floating cranes/derricks and land cranes/derricks on barges Overhead & gantry cranes

793 794 795 796 796 796 797 797 797 798 798

§1926.1439 §1926.1440 §1926.1441 §1926.1442 Subpart CC Appendix A

Dedicated pile drivers Sideboom cranes Equipment with a rated hoisting/ lifting capacity of 2,000 pounds or less Severability

815 815

Standard Hand Signals

816

815 816

Addendum General Duty Clause OSHA’s Citation Policy OSHA Form 300 OSHA Forms 300A and 301 SIC Division Structure NAICS Codes Incidence Rates Most Common Standards Cited Sharps Injury Log It’s The Law! Mandatory Posting OSHA Instruction STD 1-11.6A Safety and Health Management Guidelines States with Approved Plans State Office Directory

798 799 801 801 801 802

819 819 820 820 823 825 826 827 828 829 830

805 806 807 808 810

Letters of Interpretation

833

812 814

Index

847

831 832


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1903 - Inspections, Citations, and Proposed Penalties

1903 - Inspections, Citations, and Proposed Penalties §1903.1 Purpose and scope

§1903.2 Posting of notice; availability of the Act, regulations and applicable standards (a)(1) Each employer shall post and keep posted a notice or notices, to be furnished by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, informing employees of the protections and obligations provided for in the Act, and that for assistance and information, including copies of the Act and of specific safety and health standards, employees should contact the employer or the nearest office of the Department of Labor. Such notice or notices shall be posted by the employer in each establishment in a conspicuous place or places where notices to employees are customarily posted. Each employer shall take steps to insure that such notices are not altered, defaced, or covered by other material. [§1903.2(a)(1)] (2) Where a State has an approved poster informing employees of their protections and obligations as defined in §1952.10 of this chapter, such poster, when posted by employers covered by the State plan, shall constitute compliance with the posting requirements of section 8(c)(1) of the Act. Employers whose operations are not within the issues covered by the State plan must comply with paragraph (a)(1) of this section. [§1903.2(a)(2)] (3) Reproductions or facsimiles of such Federal or State posters shall constitute compliance with the posting requirements of section 8(c)(1) of the Act where such reproductions or facsimiles are at least 8½ inches by 14 inches, and the printing size is at least 10 pt. Whenever the size of the poster increases, the size of the print shall also increase accordingly. The caption or heading on the poster shall be in large type, generally not less than 36 pt. [§1903.2(a)(3)] (b) Establishment means a single physical location where business is conducted or where services or industrial operations are performed. (For example: A factory, mill, store, hotel, restaurant, movie theatre, farm, ranch, bank, sales office, warehouse, or central administrative office.) Where distinctly separate activities are performed at a single physical location (such as contract construction activities from the same physical location as a lumber yard), each activity shall be treated as a separate physical establishment, and a separate notice or notices shall be posted in each such establishment, to the extent that such notices have been furnished by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. Where employers are engaged in activities which are physically dispersed, such as agriculture, construction, transportation, communications, and electric, gas and sanitary services, the notice or notices required by this section shall be posted at the location to which employees report each day. Where employees do

not usually work at, or report to, a single establishment, such as longshoremen, traveling salesmen, technicians, engineers, etc., such notice or notices shall be posted at the location from which the employees operate to carry out their activities. In all cases, such notice or notices shall be posted in accordance with the requirements of paragraph (a) of this section. [§1903.2(b)] (c) Copies of the Act, all regulations published in this chapter and all applicable standards will be available at all Area Offices of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. If an employer has obtained copies of these materials, he shall make them available upon request to any employee or his authorized representative for review in the establishment where the employee is employed on the same day the request is made or at the earliest time mutually convenient to the employee or his authorized representative and the employer. [§1903.2(c)] (d) Any employer failing to comply with the provisions of this section shall be subject to citation and penalty in accordance with the provisions of section 17 of the Act. [§1903.2(d)]

1903

[36 FR 17850, Sept. 4, 1971, as amended at 39 FR 39036, Nov. 5, 1974]

Inspections, Citations, and Proposed Penalties

The Williams-Steiger Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (84 Stat. 1590 et seq., 29 U.S.C. 651 et seq.) requires, in part, that every employer covered under the Act furnish to his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees. The Act also requires that employers comply with occupational safety and health standards promulgated under the Act, and that employees comply with standards, rules, regulations and orders issued under the Act which are applicable to their own actions and conduct. The Act authorizes the Department of Labor to conduct inspections, and to issue citations and proposed penalties for alleged violations. The Act, under section 20(b), also authorizes the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare to conduct inspections and to question employers and employees in connection with research and other related activities. The Act contains provisions for adjudication of violations, periods prescribed for the abatement of violations, and proposed penalties by the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission, if contested by an employer or by an employee or authorized representative of employees, and for judicial review. The purpose of this part 1903 is to prescribe rules and to set forth general policies for enforcement of the inspection, citation, and proposed penalty provisions of the Act. In situations where this part 1903 sets forth general enforcement policies rather than substantive or procedural rules, such policies may be modified in specific circumstances where the Secretary or his designee determines that an alternative course of action would better serve the objectives of the Act. [§1903.1]

§1903.4 (b)

§1903.3 Authority for inspection (a) Compliance Safety and Health Officers of the Department of Labor are authorized to enter without delay and at reasonable times any factory, plant, establishment, construction site, or other area, workplace or environment where work is performed by an employee of an employer; to inspect and investigate during regular working hours and at other reasonable times, and within reasonable limits and in a reasonable manner, any such place of employment, and all pertinent conditions, structures, machines, apparatus, devices, equipment and materials therein; to question privately any employer, owner, operator, agent or employee; and to review records required by the Act and regulations published in this chapter, and other records which are directly related to the purpose of the inspection. Representatives of the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare are authorized to make inspections and to question employers and employees in order to carry out the functions of the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare under the Act. Inspections conducted by Department of Labor Compliance Safety and Health Officers and representatives of the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare under section 8 of the Act and pursuant to this part 1903 shall not affect the authority of any State to conduct inspections in accordance with agreements and plans under section 18 of the Act. [§1903.3(a)] (b) Prior to inspecting areas containing information which is classified by an agency of the United States Government in the interest of national security, Compliance Safety and Health Officers shall have obtained the appropriate security clearance. [§1903.3(b)]

§1903.4 Objection to inspection (a) Upon a refusal to permit the Compliance Safety and Health Officer, in exercise of his official duties, to enter without delay and at reasonable times any place of employment or any place therein, to inspect, to review records, or to question any employer, owner, operator, agent, or employee, in accordance with §1903.3 or to permit a representative of employees to accompany the Compliance Safety and Health Officer during the physical inspection of any workplace in accordance with §1903.8, the Safety and Health Officer shall terminate the inspection or confine the inspection to other areas, conditions, structures, machines, apparatus, devices, equipment, materials, records, or interviews concerning which no objection is raised. The Compliance Safety and Health Officer shall endeavor to ascertain the reason for such refusal, and shall immediately report the refusal and the reason therefor to the Area Director. The Area Director shall consult with the Regional Solicitor, who shall take appropriate action, including compulsory process, if necessary. [§1903.4(a)] (b) Compulsory process shall be sought in advance of an attempted inspection or investigation if, in the judgment of the Area Director and the Regional Solicitor, circumstances exist which make such preinspection process desirable or necessary. Some examples of circumstances in which it may be desirable or necessary to seek compulsory process in advance of an attempt to inspect or investigate include (but are not limited to): [§1903.4(b)] (1) When the employer's past practice either implicitly or explicitly puts the Secretary on notice that a warrantless inspection will not be allowed; [§1903.4(b)(1)]

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§1903.5

1903 - Inspections, Citations, and Proposed Penalties

(2) When an inspection is scheduled far from the local office and procuring a warrant prior to leaving to conduct the inspection would avoid, in case of refusal of entry, the expenditure of significant time and resources to return to the office, obtain a warrant and return to the worksite; [§1903.4(b)(2)] (3) When an inspection includes the use of special equipment or when the presence of an expert or experts is needed in order to properly conduct the inspection, and procuring a warrant prior to an attempt to inspect would alleviate the difficulties or costs encountered in coordinating the availability of such equipment or expert. [§1903.4(b)(3)] (c) With the approval of the Regional Administrator and the Regional Solicitor, compulsory process may also be obtained by the Area Director or his designee. [§1903.4(c)] (d) For purposes of this section, the term compulsory process shall mean the institution of any appropriate action, including ex parte application for an inspection warrant or its equivalent. Ex parte inspection warrants shall be the preferred form of compulsory process in all circumstances where compulsory process is relied upon to seek entry to a workplace under this section. [§1903.4(d)] [45 FR 65923, Oct. 3, 1980]

§1903.5 Entry not a waiver Any permission to enter, inspect, review records, or question any person, shall not imply or be conditioned upon a waiver of any cause of action, citation, or penalty under the Act. Compliance Safety and Health Officers are not authorized to grant any such waiver. [§1903.5]

§1903.6 Advance notice of inspections (a) Advance notice of inspections may not be given, except in the following situations: [§1903.6(a)] (1) In cases of apparent imminent danger, to enable the employer to abate the danger as quickly as possible; [§1903.6(a)(1)] (2) In circumstances where the inspection can most effectively be conducted after regular business hours or where special preparations are necessary for an inspection; [§1903.6(a)(2)] (3) Where necessary to assure the presence of representatives of the employer and employees or the appropriate personnel needed to aid in the inspection; and [§1903.6(a)(3)] (4) In other circumstances where the Area Director determines that the giving of advance notice would enhance the probability of an effective and thorough inspection. [§1903.6(a)(4)] (b) In the situations described in paragraph (a) of this section, advance notice of inspections may be given only if authorized by the Area Director, except that in cases of apparent imminent danger, advance notice may be given by the Compliance Safety and Health Officer without such authorization if the Area Director is not immediately available. When advance notice is given, it shall be the employer's responsibility promptly to notify the authorized representative of employees of the inspection, if the identity of such representative is known to the employer. (See §1903.8(b) as to situations where there is no authorized representative of employees.) Upon the request of the employer, the Compliance Safety and Health Officer will inform the authorized representative of employees of the inspection, provided that the employer furnishes the Compliance Safety and Health Officer with the identity of such representative and with such other information as is necessary to enable him promptly to inform such representative of the inspection. An employer who fails to comply with his obligation under this paragraph promptly to inform the authorized representative of employees of the inspection or to furnish such information as is necessary to enable the Compliance Safety and Health Officer promptly to inform such representative of the inspection, may be subject to citation and penalty under section 17(c) of the Act. Advance notice in any of the situations described in paragraph (a) of this section shall not be given more than 24 hours before the inspection is scheduled to be conducted, except in apparent imminent danger situations and in other unusual circumstances. [§1903.6(b)] (c) The Act provides in section 17(f) that any person who gives advance notice of any inspection to be conducted under the Act, without authority from the Secretary or his designees, shall, upon conviction, be punished by fine of not more than $1,000 or by imprisonment for not more than 6 months, or by both. [§1903.6(c)]

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§1903.7 Conduct of inspections (a) Subject to the provisions of §1903.3, inspections shall take place at such times and in such places of employment as the Area Director or the Compliance Safety and Health Officer may direct. At the beginning of an inspection, Compliance Safety and Health Officers shall present their credentials to the owner, operator, or agent in charge at the establishment; explain the nature and purpose of the inspection; and indicate generally the scope of the inspection and the records specified in §1903.3 which they wish to review. However, such designation of records shall not preclude access to additional records specified in §1903.3. [§1903.7(a)] (b) Compliance Safety and Health Officers shall have authority to take environmental samples and to take or obtain photographs related to the purpose of the inspection, employ other reasonable investigative techniques, and question privately any employer, owner, operator, agent or employee of an establishment. (See §1903.9 on trade secrets.) As used herein, the term employ other reasonable investigative techniques includes, but is not limited to, the use of devices to measure employee exposures and the attachment of personal sampling equipment such as dosimeters, pumps, badges and other similar devices to employees in order to monitor their exposures. [§1903.7(b)] (c) In taking photographs and samples, Compliance Safety and Health Officers shall take reasonable precautions to insure that such actions with flash, spark-producing, or other equipment would not be hazardous. Compliance Safety and Health Officers shall comply with all employer safety and health rules and practices at the establishment being inspected, and they shall wear and use appropriate protective clothing and equipment. [§1903.7(c)] (d) The conduct of inspections shall be such as to preclude unreasonable disruption of the operations of the employer's establishment. [§1903.7(d)]

(e) At the conclusion of an inspection, the Compliance Safety and Health Officer shall confer with the employer or his representative and informally advise him of any apparent safety or health violations disclosed by the inspection. During such conference, the employer shall be afforded an opportunity to bring to the attention of the Compliance Safety and Health Officer any pertinent information regarding conditions in the workplace. [§1903.7(e)] (f) Inspections shall be conducted in accordance with the requirements of this part. [§1903.7(f)] [36 FR 17850, Sept. 14, 1971, as amended at 47 FR 6533, Feb. 12, 1982; 47 FR 55481, Dec. 10, 1982]

§1903.8 Representatives of employers and employees (a) Compliance Safety and Health Officers shall be in charge of inspections and questioning of persons. A representative of the employer and a representative authorized by his employees shall be given an opportunity to accompany the Compliance Safety and Health Officer during the physical inspection of any workplace for the purpose of aiding such inspection. A Compliance Safety and Health Officer may permit additional employer representatives and additional representatives authorized by employees to accompany him where he determines that such additional representatives will further aid the inspection. A different employer and employee representative may accompany the Compliance Safety and Health Officer during each different phase of an inspection if this will not interfere with the conduct of the inspection. [§1903.8(a)] (b) Compliance Safety and Health Officers shall have authority to resolve all disputes as to who is the representative authorized by the employer and employees for the purpose of this section. If there is no authorized representative of employees, or if the Compliance Safety and Health Officer is unable to determine with reasonable certainty who is such representative, he shall consult with a reasonable number of employees concerning matters of safety and health in the workplace. [§1903.8(b)] (c) The representative(s) authorized by employees shall be an employee(s) of the employer. However, if in the judgment of the Compliance Safety and Health Officer, good cause has been shown why accompaniment by a third party who is not an employee of the employer (such as an industrial hygienist or a safety engineer) is reasonably necessary to the conduct of an effective and thorough physical inspection of the workplace, such third party may accompany the Compliance Safety and Health Officer during the inspection. [§1903.8(c)]


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Inspection not warranted; informal review (d) Compliance Safety and Health Officers are authorized to deny the right of accompaniment under this section to any person whose conduct interferes with a fair and orderly inspection. The right of accompaniment in areas containing trade secrets shall be subject to the provisions of §1903.9(d). With regard to information classified by an agency of the U.S. Government in the interest of national security, only persons authorized to have access to such information may accompany a Compliance Safety and Health Officer in areas containing such information. [§1903.8(d)]

§1903.9 Trade secrets

§1903.10 Consultation with employees Compliance Safety and Health Officers may consult with employees concerning matters of occupational safety and health to the extent they deem necessary for the conduct of an effective and thorough inspection. During the course of an inspection, any employee shall be afforded an opportunity to bring any violation of the Act which he has reason to believe exists in the workplace to the attention of the Compliance Safety and Health Officer. [§1903.10]

§1903.11 Complaints by employees (a) Any employee or representative of employees who believe that a violation of the Act exists in any workplace where such employee is employed may request an inspection of such workplace by giving notice of the alleged violation to the Area Director or to a Compliance Safety and Health Officer. Any such notice shall be reduced to writing, shall set forth with reasonable particularity the grounds for the notice, and shall be signed by the employee or representative of employees. A copy shall be provided the employer or his agent by the Area Director or Compliance Safety and Health Officer no later than at the time of inspection, except that, upon the request of the person giving such notice, his name and the names of individual employees referred to therein shall not appear in such copy or on any record published, released, or made available by the Department of Labor. [§1903.11(a)] (b) If upon receipt of such notification the Area Director determines that the complaint meets the requirements set forth in paragraph (a) of this section, and that there are reasonable grounds to believe that the alleged violation exists, he shall cause an inspection to be made as soon as practicable, to determine if such alleged violation exists. Inspections under this section shall not be limited to matters referred to in the complaint. [§1903.11(b)] (c) Prior to or during any inspection of a workplace, any employee or representative of employees employed in such workplace may notify the Compliance Safety and Health Officer, in writing, of any violation of the Act which they have reason to believe exists in such workplace. Any such notice shall comply with the requirements of paragraph (a) of this section. [§1903.11(c)] (d) Section 11(c)(1) of the Act provides: “No person shall discharge or in any manner discriminate against any employee because such employee has filed any complaint or instituted or caused to be instituted any proceeding under or related to this Act or has testified or is about to testify in any such proceeding or because of the exercise by such employee on behalf of himself or others of any right afforded by this Act.” [§1903.11(d)] (Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1218-0064)

1903 Inspections, Citations, and Proposed Penalties

(a) Section 15 of the Act provides: “All information reported to or otherwise obtained by the Secretary or his representative in connection with any inspection or proceeding under this Act which contains or which might reveal a trade secret referred to in section 1905 of title 18 of the United States Code shall be considered confidential for the purpose of that section, except that such information may be disclosed to other officers or employees concerned with carrying out this Act or when relevant in any proceeding under this Act. In any such proceeding the Secretary, the Commission, or the court shall issue such orders as may be appropriate to protect the confidentiality of trade secrets.” Section 15 of the Act is considered a statute within the meaning of section 552(b)(3) of title 5 of the United States Code, which exempts from the disclosure requirements matters that are “specifically exempted from disclosure by statute.” [§1903.9(a)] (b) Section 1905 of title 18 of the United States Code provides: “Whoever, being an officer or employee of the United States or of any department or agency thereof, publishes, divulges, discloses, or makes known in any manner or to any extent not authorized by law any information coming to him in the course of his employment or official duties or by reason of any examination or investigation made by, or return, report or record made to or filed with, such department or agency or officer or employee thereof, which information concerns or relates to the trade secrets, processes, operations, style of work, or apparatus, or to the identity, confidential statistical data, amount or source of any income, profits, losses, or expenditures of any person, firm, partnership, corporation, or association; or permits any income return or copy thereof or any book containing any abstract or particulars thereof to be seen or examined by any person except as provided by law; shall be fined not more than $1,000, or imprisoned not more than 1 year, or both; and shall be removed from office or employment.” [§1903.9(b)] (c) At the commencement of an inspection, the employer may identify areas in the establishment which contain or which might reveal a trade secret. If the Compliance Safety and Health Officer has no clear reason to question such identification, information obtained in such areas, including all negatives and prints of photographs, and environmental samples, shall be labeled “confidential — trade secret” and shall not be disclosed except in accordance with the provisions of section 15 of the Act. [§1903.9(c)] (d) Upon the request of an employer, any authorized representative of employees under §1903.8 in an area containing trade secrets shall be an employee in that area or an employee authorized by the employer to enter that area. Where there is no such representative or employee, the Compliance Safety and Health Officer shall consult with a reasonable number of employees who work in that area concerning matters of safety and health. [§1903.9(d)]

§1903.12 (b)

[36 FR 17850, Sept. 4, 1973, as amended at 54 FR 24333, June 7, 1989]

§1903.12 Inspection not warranted; informal review (a) If the Area Director determines that an inspection is not warranted because there are no reasonable grounds to believe that a violation or danger exists with respect to a complaint under §1903.11, he shall notify the complaining party in writing of such determination. The complaining party may obtain review of such determination by submitting a written statement of position with the Assistant Regional Director and, at the same time, providing the employer with a copy of such statement by certified mail. The employer may submit an opposing written statement of position with the Assistant Regional Director and, at the same time, provide the complaining party with a copy of such statement by certified mail. Upon the request of the complaining party or the employer, the Assistant Regional Director, at his discretion, may hold an informal conference in which the complaining party and the employer may orally present their views. After considering all written and oral views presented, the Assistant Regional Director shall affirm, modify, or reverse the determination of the Area Director and furnish the complaining party and the employer and written notification of this decision and the reasons therefor. The decision of the Assistant Regional Director shall be final and not subject to further review. [§1903.12(a)] (b) If the Area Director determines that an inspection is not warranted because the requirements of §1903.11(a) have not been met, he shall notify the complaining party in writing of such determination. Such determination shall be without prejudice to the filing of a new complaint meeting the requirements of §1903.11(a). [§1903.12(b)]

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§1903.13

1903 - Inspections, Citations, and Proposed Penalties

§1903.13 Imminent danger Whenever and as soon as a Compliance Safety and Health Officer concludes on the basis of an inspection that conditions or practices exist in any place of employment which could reasonably be expected to cause death or serious physical harm immediately or before the imminence of such danger can be eliminated through the enforcement procedures otherwise provided by the Act, he shall inform the affected employees and employers of the danger and that he is recommending a civil action to restrain such conditions or practices and for other appropriate relief in accordance with the provisions of section 13(a) of the Act. Appropriate citations and notices of proposed penalties may be issued with respect to an imminent danger even though, after being informed of such danger by the Compliance Safety and Health Officer, the employer immediately eliminates the imminence of the danger and initiates steps to abate such danger. [§1903.13]

§1903.14 Citations; notices of de minimis violations; policy regarding employee rescue activities (a) The Area Director shall review the inspection report of the Compliance Safety and Health Officer. If, on the basis of the report the Area Director believes that the employer has violated a requirement of section 5 of the Act, of any standard, rule or order promulgated pursuant to section 6 of the Act, or of any substantive rule published in this chapter, he shall, if appropriate, consult with the Regional Solicitor, and he shall issue to the employer either a citation or a notice of de minimis violations which have no direct or immediate relationship to safety or health. An appropriate citation or notice of de minimis violations shall be issued even though after being informed of an alleged violation by the Compliance Safety and Health Officer, the employer immediately abates, or initiates steps to abate, such alleged violation. Any citation or notice of de minimis violations shall be issued with reasonable promptness after termination of the inspection. No citation may be issued under this section after the expiration of 6 months following the occurrence of any alleged violation. [§1903.14(a)] (b) Any citation shall describe with particularity the nature of the alleged violation, including a reference to the provision(s) of the Act, standard, rule, regulation, or order alleged to have been violated. Any citation shall also fix a reasonable time or times for the abatement of the alleged violation. [§1903.14(b)] (c) If a citation or notice of de minimis violations is issued for a violation alleged in a request for inspection under §1903.11(a) or a notification of violation under §1903.11(c), a copy of the citation or notice of de minimis violations shall also be sent to the employee or representative of employees who made such request or notification. [§1903.14(c)] (d) After an inspection, if the Area Director determines that a citation is not warranted with respect to a danger or violation alleged to exist in a request for inspection under §1903.11(a) or a notification of violation under §1903.11(c), the informal review procedures prescribed in §1903.12(a) shall be applicable. After considering all views presented, the Assistant Regional Director shall affirm the determination of the Area Director, order a reinspection, or issue a citation if he believes that the inspection disclosed a violation. The Assistant Regional Director shall furnish the complaining party and the employer with written notification of his determination and the reasons therefor. The determination of the Assistant Regional Director shall be final and not subject to review. [§1903.14(d)] (e) Every citation shall state that the issuance of a citation does not constitute a finding that a violation of the Act has occurred unless there is a failure to contest as provided for in the Act or, if contested, unless the citation is affirmed by the Review Commission. [§1903.14(e)]

(f) No citation may be issued to an employer because of a rescue activity undertaken by an employee of that employer with respect to an individual in imminent danger unless: [§1903.14(f)] (1)(i) Such employee is designated or assigned by the employer to have responsibility to perform or assist in rescue operations, and [§1903.14(f)(1)(i)] (ii) The employer fails to provide protection of the safety and health of such employee, including failing to provide appropriate training and rescue equipment; or [§1903.14(f)(1)(ii)]

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(2)(i) Such employee is directed by the employer to perform rescue activities in the course of carrying out the employee's job duties, and [§1903.14(f)(2)(i)] (ii) The employer fails to provide protection of the safety and health of such employee, including failing to provide appropriate training and rescue equipment; or [§1903.14(f)(2)(ii)] (3)(i) Such employee is employed in a workplace that requires the employee to carry out duties that are directly related to a workplace operation where the likelihood of life-threatening accidents is foreseeable, such as a workplace operation where employees are located in confined spaces or trenches, handle hazardous waste, respond to emergency situations, perform excavations, or perform construction over water; and [§1903.14(f)(3)(i)] (ii) Such employee has not been designated or assigned to perform or assist in rescue operations and voluntarily elects to rescue such an individual; and [§1903.14(f)(3)(ii)] (iii) The employer has failed to instruct employees not designated or assigned to perform or assist in rescue operations of the arrangements for rescue, not to attempt rescue, and of the hazards of attempting rescue without adequate training or equipment. [§1903.14(f)(3)(iii)] (4) For purposes of this policy, the term imminent danger means the existence of any condition or practice that could reasonably be expected to cause death or serious physical harm before such condition or practice can be abated. [§1903.14(f)(4)] [36 FR 17850, Sept. 4, 1971, as amended at 59 FR 66613, Dec. 27, 1994]

§1903.14a Petitions for modification of abatement date (a) An employer may file a petition for modification of abatement date when he has made a good faith effort to comply with the abatement requirements of a citation, but such abatement has not been completed because of factors beyond his reasonable control. [§1903.14a(a)] (b) A petition for modification of abatement date shall be in writing and shall include the following information: [§1903.14a(b)] (1) All steps taken by the employer, and the dates of such action, in an effort to achieve compliance during the prescribed abatement period. [§1903.14a(b)(1)] (2) The specific additional abatement time necessary in order to achieve compliance. [§1903.14a(b)(2)] (3) The reasons such additional time is necessary, including the unavailability of professional or technical personnel or of materials and equipment, or because necessary construction or alteration of facilities cannot be completed by the original abatement date. [§1903.14a(b)(3)] (4) All available interim steps being taken to safeguard the employees against the cited hazard during the abatement period. [§1903.14a(b)(4)]

(5) A certification that a copy of the petition has been posted and, if appropriate, served on the authorized representative of affected employees, in accordance with paragraph (c)(1) of this section and a certification of the date upon which such posting and service was made. [§1903.14a(b)(5)] (c) A petition for modification of abatement date shall be filed with the Area Director of the United States Department of Labor who issued the citation no later than the close of the next working day following the date on which abatement was originally required. A laterfiled petition shall be accompanied by the employer's statement of exceptional circumstances explaining the delay. [§1903.14a(c)] (1) A copy of such petition shall be posted in a conspicuous place where all affected employees will have notice thereof or near such location where the violation occurred. The petition shall remain posted for a period of ten (10) working days. Where affected employees are represented by an authorized representative, said representative shall be served with a copy of such petition. [§1903.14a(c)(1)] (2) Affected employees or their representatives may file an objection in writing to such petition with the aforesaid Area Director. Failure to file such objection within ten (10) working days of the date of posting of such petition or of service upon an authorized representative shall constitute a waiver of any further right to object to said petition. [§1903.14a(c)(2)] (3) The Secretary or his duly authorized agent shall have the authority to approve any petition for modification of abatement date filed pursuant to paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section.


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Abatement verification Such uncontested petitions shall become final orders pursuant to sections 10 (a) and (c) of the Act. [§1903.14a(c)(3)] (4) The Secretary or his authorized representative shall not exercise his approval power until the expiration of fifteen (15) working days from the date the petition was posted or served pursuant to paragraphs (c)(1) and (2) of this section by the employer. [§1903.14a(c)(4)] (d) Where any petition is objected to by the Secretary or affected employees, the petition, citation, and any objections shall be forwarded to the Commission within three (3) working days after the expiration of the fifteen (15) day period set out in paragraph (c)(4) of this section. [§1903.14a(d)] [40 FR 6334, Feb. 11, 1975; 40 FR 11351, Mar. 11, 1975]

§1903.15 Proposed penalties

§1903.16 Posting of citations (a) Upon receipt of any citation under the Act, the employer shall immediately post such citation, or a copy thereof, unedited, at or near each place an alleged violation referred to in the citation occurred, except as provided below. Where, because of the nature of the employer's operations, it is not practicable to post the citation at or near each place of alleged violation, such citation shall be posted, unedited, in a prominent place where it will be readily observable by all affected employees. For example, where employers are engaged in activities which are physically dispersed (see §1903.2(b)), the citation may be posted at the location to which employees report each day. Where employees do not primarily work at or report to a single location (see §1903.2(b)), the citation may be posted at the location from which the employees operate to carry out their activities. The employer shall take steps to ensure that the citation is not altered, defaced, or covered by other material. Notices of de minimis violations need not be posted. [§1903.16(a)] (b) Each citation, or a copy thereof, shall remain posted until the violation has been abated, or for 3 working days, whichever is later. The filing by the employer of a notice of intention to contest under §1903.17 shall not affect his posting responsibility under this section unless and until the Review Commission issues a final order vacating the citation. [§1903.16(b)] (c) An employer to whom a citation has been issued may post a notice in the same location where such citation is posted indicating that the citation is being contested before the Review Commission, and such notice may explain the reasons for such contest. The employer may also indicate that specified steps have been taken to abate the violation. [§1903.16(c)] (d) Any employer failing to comply with the provisions of paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section shall be subject to citation and penalty in accordance with the provisions of section 17 of the Act. [§1903.16(d)]

§1903.17 Employer and employee contests before the Review Commission (a) Any employer to whom a citation or notice of proposed penalty has been issued may, under section 10(a) of the Act, notify the Area Director in writing that he intends to contest such citation or proposed penalty before the Review Commission. Such notice of intention to contest shall be postmarked within 15 working days of the receipt by the employer of the notice of proposed penalty. Every notice of intention to contest shall specify whether it is directed to the citation or to the proposed penalty, or both. The Area Director shall immediately transmit such notice to the Review Commission in accordance with the rules of procedure prescribed by the Commission. [§1903.17(a)] (b) Any employee or representative of employees of an employer to whom a citation has been issued may, under section 10(c) of the Act, file a written notice with the Area Director alleging that the period of time fixed in the citation for the abatement of the violation is unreasonable. Such notice shall be postmarked within 15 working days of the receipt by the employer of the notice of proposed penalty or notice that no penalty is being proposed. The Area Director shall immediately transmit such notice to the Review Commission in accordance with the rules of procedure prescribed by the Commission. [§1903.17(b)]

1903 Inspections, Citations, and Proposed Penalties

(a) After, or concurrent with, the issuance of a citation, and within a reasonable time after the termination of the inspection, the Area Director shall notify the employer by certified mail or by personal service by the Compliance Safety and Health Officer of the proposed penalty under section 17 of the Act, or that no penalty is being proposed. Any notice of proposed penalty shall state that the proposed penalty shall be deemed to be the final order of the Review Commission and not subject to review by any court or agency unless, within 15 working days from the date of receipt of such notice, the employer notifies the Area Director in writing that he intends to contest the citation or the notification of proposed penalty before the Review Commission. [§1903.15(a)] (b) The Area Director shall determine the amount of any proposed penalty, giving due consideration to the appropriateness of the penalty with respect to the size of the business of the employer being charged, the gravity of the violation, the good faith of the employer, and the history of previous violations, in accordance with the provisions of section 17 of the Act. [§1903.15(b)] (c) Appropriate penalties may be proposed with respect to an alleged violation even though after being informed of such alleged violation by the Compliance Safety and Health Officer, the employer immediately abates, or initiates steps to abate, such alleged violation. Penalties shall not be proposed for de minimis violations which have no direct or immediate relationship to safety or health. [§1903.15(c)]

§1903.19 (b)

§1903.18 Failure to correct a violation for which a citation has been issued (a) If an inspection discloses that an employer has failed to correct an alleged violation for which a citation has been issued within the period permitted for its correction, the Area Director shall, if appropriate, consult with the Regional Solicitor, and he shall notify the employer by certified mail or by personal service by the Compliance Safety and Health Officer of such failure and of the additional penalty proposed under section 17(d) of the Act by reason of such failure. The period for the correction of a violation for which a citation has been issued shall not begin to run until the entry of a final order of the Review Commission in the case of any review proceedings initiated by the employer in good faith and not solely for delay or avoidance of penalties. [§1903.18(a)] (b) Any employer receiving a notification of failure to correct a violation and of proposed additional penalty may, under section 10(b) of the Act, notify the Area Director in writing that he intends to contest such notification or proposed additional penalty before the Review Commission. Such notice of intention to contest shall be postmarked within 15 working days of the receipt by the employer of the notification of failure to correct a violation and of proposed additional penalty. The Area Director shall immediately transmit such notice to the Review Commission in accordance with the rules of procedure prescribed by the Commission. [§1903.18(b)] (c) Each notification of failure to correct a violation and of proposed additional penalty shall state that it shall be deemed to be the final order of the Review Commission and not subject to review by any court or agency unless, within 15 working days from the date of receipt of such notification, the employer notifies the Area Director in writing that he intends to contest the notification or the proposed additional penalty before the Review Commission. [§1903.18(c)]

§1903.19 Abatement verification Purpose. OSHA's inspections are intended to result in the abatement of violations of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (the OSH Act). This section sets forth the procedures OSHA will use to ensure abatement. These procedures are tailored to the nature of the violation and the employer's abatement actions.[§1903.19] (a) Scope and application. This section applies to employers who receive a citation for a violation of the Occupational Safety and Health Act. [§1903.19(a)] (b) Definitions. [§1903.19(b)] (1) Abatement means action by an employer to comply with a cited standard or regulation or to eliminate a recognized hazard identified by OSHA during an inspection. [§1903.19(b)(1)] (2) Abatement date means: [§1903.19(b)(2)] (i) For an uncontested citation item, the later of: [§1903.19(b)(2)(i)]

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Appliances

Index

A

Section #, Page #

Acetylene 1910.102 95 Generators 1910.253(f) 297 Approval 1910.253(f)(1) 297 Location 1910.253(f)(3) 297 Maintenance 1910.253(f)(7) 299 Marking 1910.253(f)(1) 297 Operation 1910.253(f)(7) 299 Portable 1910.253(f)(5) 298 Pressure Limits 1910.253(f)(2) 297 Rating 1910.253(f)(2) 297 Stationary 1910.253(f)(4) 297 Houses and Rooms 1910.253(f)(6) 299 Adjustments Cranes 1910.179(l)(3) 255 Derricks 1910.181(f)(2) 262 1910.181(f)(3) 262 Administrative Adjudications 1926.4 529 Aerial Lift Electric Power Generation, Transmission, and Distribution 1910.269(p)(4) 312 1910.269(q)(3) 313 1910.269(r)(5) 314 Electrical Selection and Use of Work Practices 1910.333(c)(3)(i) 353 Vehicle-Mounted Elevating and Rotating Work Platforms 1910.67(c)(2) 75 Aerial Lifts 1926.453 670 Boom Platforms 1926.453(b)(2) 670 Bursting Safety Factor 1926.453(b)(4) 670 Electrical Selection and Use of Work Practices 1910.333(c)(3)(i) 353 Electrical Tests 1926.453(b)(3) 670 Field Modifications 1926.453(a)(2) 670 Ladder Trucks 1926.453(b)(1) 670 Tower Trucks 1926.453(b)(1) 670 Welding Standards 1926.453(b)(5) 670 A-Frame Derrick (see also Derricks) 1910.181(a)(2) 260 Air Airborne Radioactive Materials, Exposure 1910.1096(c) 505 Compressed 1910.242(b) 284 Contaminants 1910.1000 361 Exposure Limits 1910.1000(a)(1) 361 Mineral Dusts 1910.1000 361 Permissible Exposure Limits 1910.1000 361 Hoses 1910.243(b)(2) 284 Lift Hammers, Forging 1910.218(e)(1) 281 Quality 1910.134(i) 189 Air Quality Breathing 1910.134(i) 189 Airborne Contaminant Mists 1926.55 545 Airborne Radioactive Materials, Exposure 1910.1096(c) 505 Aisles Mechanical Equipment 1910.176(a) 243 1910.178(m)(14) 248 Working Surfaces 1910.22(b) 36 Alarms Audible 1926.602(a)(9) 700 Fire 1926.150(e) 620 Alarms (see also Detection Systems under Fire) 1910.164 230 1910.165 230 1910.37(e) 54 1910.38(d) 55 General Requirements 1910.165(b) 230 Installation and Restoration 1910.165(c) 230 Maintenance and Testing 1910.165(d) 231 Ammonium Nitrate 1910.109(i) 127 Bulk Storage 1910.109(i)(4) 128 Containers 1910.109(i)(3) 128 Contaminants 1910.109(i)(5) 128 Electrical Installations 1910.109(i)(6) 128 Fire Protection 1910.109(i)(7) 128 Warehouses 1910.109(i)(4) 128 Anchoring Fixed Machinery 1910.212(a)(5) 273 1910.212(b) 273 Appliances Liquefied Petroleum Gases 1910.110(b)(20) 139

INDEX

IX Subject Index

Aboveground Storage Tanks, Flammable and Combustible Liquid 1910.106(b)(2) 103 Spacing 1910.106(b)(2)(ii) 103 Spill Control 1910.106(b)(2)(viii) 105 Venting 1910.106(b)(2)(iv) 104 1910.106(b)(2)(v) 104 Abrasive Blasting 1910.94(a) 79 Air Compressors, Breathing Air 1910.94(a)(6) 80 Air Supply Breathing 1910.94(a)(6) 80 Blast-Cleaning Enclosures 1910.94(a)(3) 79 Cleaning Nozzles 1910.244(b) 287 Definitions 1910.94(a)(1) 79 Dust Hazards 1910.94(a)(2) 79 Personal Protective Equipment 1910.94(a)(5) 79 Abrasive Wheel Machinery 1910.243(c) 284 1910.215 273 Blotters 1910.215(c)(6) 275 Excluded Machinery 1910.215(a)(5) 273 Flanges 1910.215(a)(3) 273 1910.215(c) 275 Guard Design 1910.215(a)(2) 273 Specifications 1910.215(b)(12) 275 Guard Exposure Angles 1910.215(b)(2) 273 Band Type 1910.215(b)(11) 274 Cup Wheels 1910.215(b)(1) 273 Cylindrical Grinders 1910.215(b)(4) 273 Dimensions 1910.215(b)(10) 274 Material Requirements 1910.215(b)(10) 274 Snagging Machines 1910.215(b)(7) 274 Surface Grinding 1910.215(b)(5) 274 Swing Frame 1910.215(b)(6) 274 Guarding 1910.215(a)(1) 273 1910.215(b) 273 Mounting 1910.215(d) 276 Arbor Size 1910.215(d)(2) 276 Blotters 1910.215(d)(5) 276 Bushings 1910.215(d)(4) 276 Inspections 1910.215(d)(1) 276 Multiple Wheel 1910.215(d)(6) 276 Ring Test 1910.215(d)(1) 276 Surface Conditions 1910.215(d)(3) 276 Portable 1910.243(c) 284 Definitions 1910.241(b) 283 Guarding 1910.243(c) 284 Cup Wheels 1910.243(c)(2) 284 General Requirements 1910.243(c)(1) 284 Other Portable Grinders 1910.243(c)(4) 285 Vertical Grinders 1910.243(c)(3) 284 Inspection 1910.243(c)(5) 285 Mounting 1910.243(c)(5) 285 Work Rests 1910.215(a)(4) 273 Abrasive Wheels and Tools 1926.303 649 Access Bulk Oxygen Systems 1910.104(b)(2) 100 Cranes 1910.179(c)(2) 252 Industrial Plants 1910.106(e)(9)(ii) 112 Powered Platforms 1910.66(a) 57 Processing Plants 1910.106(h)(8)(ii) 118 Roof Cars 1910.66(c)(4) 57 Accident Prevention Responsibilities 1926.20(b) 539 Accident Prevention Signs and Tags (see also Signs and Tags) 1910.145 205

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Arbor Grinding Wheels Arbor Grinding Wheels 1910.215(d)(2) 276 Arc Welding 1910.254 300 Confined Spaces 1910.252(a)(4) 290 1910.252(b)(4) 291 Equipment Design 1910.254(b)(4) 300 Disconnecting Means 1910.254(c)(3) 301 Environmental Conditions 1910.254(b)(2) 300 Grounding 1910.254(c)(2) 301 1910.254(d)(3) 301 Installation 1910.254(a)(2) 300 1910.254(c) 300 Instruction 1910.254(a)(3) 300 Maintenance 1910.254(d)(9) 301 Operation 1910.254(d) 301 Personnel Protection 1910.252(b) 290 Protection from Rays 1910.252(b)(2)(iii) 290 Supply Connections 1910.254(c)(3)(i) 301 1910.254(d)(3) 301 Health Protection 1910.252(c)(1)(i) 291 Ventilation 1910.252(b)(4)(ii) 291 1910.252(c)(2) 291 1910.252(c)(4) 292 Voltage 1910.254(b)(3) 300 Arc Welding and Cutting 1926.351 656 Arsenic, Inorganic 1910.1018 390 Compliance Methods 1910.1018(g) 391 Definitions 1910.1018(b) 390 Exposure Monitoring 1910.1018(e) 390 Housekeeping 1910.1018(k) 392 Hygiene 1910.1018(m) 392 Medical Surveillance 1910.1018(n) 392 Observation 1910.1018(r) 394 Permissible Exposure Limit 1910.1018(c) 390 Protective Clothing and Equipment 1910.1018(j) 392 Recordkeeping 1910.1018(q) 393 Regulated Area 1910.1018(f) 391 Respiratory Protection 1910.1018(h) 391 Signs and Labels 1910.1018(p) 393 Substance Information Sheet 1910.1018 Appendix A 394 Training 1910.1018(o) 393 Asbestos 1910.1001 368 1926.1101 737 Airborne Concentration 1910.1001(c) 368 1926.1101(c) 738 Airborne or Dust Exposure 1926.55(c) 545 Brake and Clutch Repair 1910.1001(f)(3) 370 Caution Signs and Labels 1910.1001(j)(1) 371 1910.1001(j)(3) 371 1910.1001(j)(4) 371 Change Rooms 1910.1001(i)(1) 371 Competent Person 1926.1101(o) 748 Compliance 1910.1001(f) 369 Contractors 1926.1101(d)(5) 738 Methods 1926.1101(g) 739 Definitions 1910.1001(b) 368 1926.1101(b) 737 Employee Training 1910.1001(j)(7) 372 Exposure Assessments and Monitoring 1926.1101(f) 738 Permissible Limits 1926.1101(c) 738 Exposure, Permissible 1910.1001(c) 368 Fibers Exposure, Permissible 1910.1001(c) 368 Hazard Communication 1910.1001(j) 371 1926.1101(k) 745 Hazard Determination 1926.1101(k)(5)(i) 745 Housekeeping 1910.1001(k) 372 1926.1101(l) 747 Hygiene Facilities and Practices 1910.1001(i) 371 1926.1101(j) 744 Information and Training 1926.1101(k)(9) 746 Lunchrooms 1910.1001(i)(3) 371 Measurements 1910.1001(m)(1) 373 Medical Examinations 1910.1001(l) 373 Medical Questionnaires 1926.1101 Appendix D 755 Medical Surveillance 1910.1001(l) 373 1926.1101(m) 747 Monitoring 1910.1001(d) 368 Multi-Employer Worksites 1926.1101(d) 738 Personal Protective Clothing 1926.1101(i) 744 Personal Protective Equipment 1910.1001(h) 370 Recordkeeping 1910.1001(m) 373 1926.1101(n) 748 Regulated Areas 1910.1001(e) 369 1926.1101(e) 738 Respiratory Protection 1910.1001(g) 370 1926.1101(h) 743 Sampling and Analysis 1926.1101 Appendix A 749 1926.1101 Appendix B 750 Showers 1910.1001(i)(2) 371 Special Clothing 1910.1001(h)(1) 370 Waste Disposal 1910.1001(k)(6) 372 Atmospheric Contaminants (see also Contaminants under Air) 1910.1000 361 Atmospheric Tanks 1910.106(b)(1)(iii) 103 Attendants Liquefied Hydrogen Systems 1910.103(c)(4)(ii) 99 Liquefied Petroleum Gases 1910.110(b)(14) 136 Audible Warning 1926.601(b)(3) 699 Audits 1910.119(o) 152 Authorized Person (Definition) 1926.32(d) 540 Automatic Sprinkler Systems (see also Sprinkler Systems, Automatic) 1910.159 228

848

INDEX

B

Ballast, Cranes 1910.180(i)(2) 259 Barrels 1910.212(a)(4) 273 Barricades 1926.202 634 Definition 1926.203(a) 634 Motor Vehicle Equipment 1926.600(a)(1) 699 Basket Derricks (see also Derricks) 1910.181(a)(3) 260 Bathing Facilities, Labor Camps 1910.142(f) 205 Battery Changing and Charging 1910.305(j)(7) 342 1910.178(g) 247 Belts Definitions 1910.211(f)(1) 272 1910.211(f)(2) 272 1910.211(f)(3) 272 Manlifts 1910.68(c)(1)(ii) 77 Belts, Safety 1926.104 617 Definition 1926.107(f) 617 Materials Storage 1926.250(b)(2) 635 Bench and Floor Stands, Guarding 1910.215(b)(3) 273 Benzene 1910.1028 474 Communication of Benzene Hazards to Employees 1910.1028(j) 477 Definitions 1910.1028(b) 474 Exposure Monitoring and Measurement 1910.1028(e) 475 Medical Surveillance 1910.1028(i) 476 Methods of Compliance 1910.1028(f) 475 Observation of Monitoring 1910.1028(l) 478 Permissible Exposure Limits 1910.1028(c) 474 Protective Clothing and Equipment 1910.1028(h) 476 Recordkeeping 1910.1028(k) 478 Regulated Areas 1910.1028(d) 474 Respiratory Protection 1910.1028(g) 475 Beryllium 1910.252(c)(8) 292 Bins, Bulk Storage of Explosives 1910.109(g)(4) 125 Biological Hazard Signs and Tags 1910.1030(g) 489 1910.145(e)(4) 206 1910.145(f)(8) 207 Blades, Exposure 1910.212(a)(5) 273 Blankets, Rubber Insulating 1910.137 198 Blasting (see also Explosives) 1926.900 717 Blaster Qualifications 1926.901 718 Definitions 1926.914 721 Detonating Cords 1926.908 720 Electric 1926.906 719 Excavation Work 1926.913 721 Firing 1926.909 720 General Provisions 1926.900 717 Loading 1926.905 719 Misfires 1926.911 721 Safety Fuses 1926.907 720 Storage 1926.904 719 Surface Transportation of Explosives 1926.902 718 Underground Transportation of Explosives 1926.903 718 Underwater 1926.912 721 Blasting Agents 1910.109(g) 124 1910.109(h) 126 Bulk Delivery 1910.109(g)(3) 124 1910.109(h)(4) 127 Bulk Storage Bins 1910.109(g)(4) 125 Definitions 1910.109(a) 119 Mixing Fixed Location 1910.109(g)(2) 124 1910.109(h)(3) 126 Vehicles 1910.109(g)(3) 124 1910.109(h)(4) 127 Slurries 1910.109(h) 126 Storage 1910.109(g)(5) 126 Transportation 1910.109(g)(6) 126 Use 1910.109(g)(7) 126 Water Gels 1910.109(h) 126 Blocking Jacks 1926.305(c) 650 Motor Vehicles 1926.600(a)(3)(i) 699 Bloodborne Pathogens 1910.1030 484 Compliance Methods 1910.1030(d) 485 Definitions 1910.1030(b) 484 Engineering and Work-Practice Controls 1910.1030(d)(2) 485 Exposure Control 1910.1030(c) 485 Hazard Communication 1910.1030(g) 489 Housekeeping 1910.1030(d)(4) 487 Laboratories and Production Facilities, HIV and HBV Research 1910.1030(e) 488 Personal Protective Equipment 1910.1030(c)(2)(ii) 485 1910.1030(d)(3) 486 1910.1030(d)(2)(i) 485 Recordkeeping 1910.1030(f)(6) 489 1910.1030(h) 490 Sharps Injury Log 820 1910.1030(h)(5) 491 Training 1910.1030(e)(5) 488 1910.1030(g)(2) 490 Vaccinations, HBV 1910.1030(f) 488 Warning Labels and Signs 1910.1030(g)(1) 489 Bloodborne Pathogens 1910.1030 Sharps Injury Log 1910.1030(h)(5), Addendum 828 Blotters 1910.215(c)(1)(v) 275 1910.215(c)(6) 275 1910.215(d)(5) 276 Board Drophammers 1910.218(e)(2) 281

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Change Rooms

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Bulk Oxygen Systems (continued) Testing 1910.104(b)(8)(v) 101 Tubing 1910.104(b)(5) 101 Vaporizers 1910.104(b)(7) 101 Ventilation 1910.104(b)(3)(xii) 100 Venting 1910.104(b)(8)(vii) 101 Bulk Plants, Flammable and Combustible Liquids 1910.106(f) 112 Buildings 1910.106(f)(2) 112 Drainage 1910.106(f)(7) 114 Electrical Equipment 1910.106(f)(5) 113 Fire Protection 1910.106(f)(8) 114 Ignition Sources 1910.106(f)(6) 114 Liquid Storage 1910.106(f)(1) 112 Loading 1910.106(f)(3) 112 Waste Disposal 1910.106(f)(7) 114 Wharves 1910.106(f)(4) 113 Bumpers Bridge 1910.179(e)(2) 252 Trolley 1910.179(e)(3) 253

C

Cabinets, Flammable and Combustible Liquid Storage 1910.106(d)(3) 109 Fire Resistance 1910.106(d)(3)(ii) 109 Size 1910.106(d)(3)(i) 109 Cables Welding Cables and Connectors 1926.351(b) 656 Cabs Cranes 1910.179(c) 252 1910.179(o)(2) 256 1910.180(i)(3) 259 Derricks 1910.181(j)(6) 263 Cadmium 1910.1027 423 1910.252(c)(9) 292 1926.1127 770 Airborne Concentration 1910.1027(c) 423 1926.1127(c) 771 Compliance 1910.1027(f) 424 Compliance Methods 1926.1127(f) 772 Confined Spaces 1910.252(c)(9) 292 Definitions 1910.1027(b) 423 1926.1127(b) 771 Emergency Situations 1910.1027(h) 425 1926.1127(h) 773 Exposure, Permissible 1910.1027(c) 423 1926.1127(c) 771 Hazard Communication 1910.1027(m) 430 1926.1127(m) 777 Housekeeping 1910.1027(k) 426 1926.1127(k) 773 Hygiene Areas and Practices 1910.1027(j) 426 Hygiene Facilities and Practices 1926.1127(j) 773 Indoors 1910.252(c)(9)(i) 292 Medical Surveillance 1910.1027(l) 426 1926.1127(l) 773 Monitoring 1910.1027(d) 423 1926.1127(d) 771 Observation 1926.1127(o) 778 Personal Protective Equipment and Clothing 1910.1027(i) 425 1926.1127(i) 773 Recordkeeping 1910.1027(n) 431 1926.1127(n) 777 Regulated Areas 1910.1027(e) 424 1926.1127(e) 772 Respirator Protection 1926.1127(g) 772 Respiratory Protection 1910.1027(g) 425 Warning Labels 1910.252(c)(1)(iv) 291 Calcium Carbide 1910.253(g) 299 Packaging 1910.253(g)(1) 299 Storage Indoors 1910.253(g)(2) 299 Storage Outdoors 1910.253(g)(3) 300 Calenders Rubber and Plastics Industry Definitions 1910.211(c) 270 Cantilever Gantry Cranes (see also Overhead and Gantry Cranes) 1910.179 251 Carbon Monoxide 1910.1000 361 1910.178(i) 247 Carbon Tetrachloride 1926.150(c)(1)(vii) 619 Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Electric Power Generation, Transmission, and Distribution 1910.269(b)(1) 303 1910.269(t)(3) 315 Permit-Required Confined Spaces 1910.146(k)(2)(iii) 211 Cargo Hooks 1926.551(d) 695 CarpentersBracketScaffolds 1910.28(k)' 48 1926.452(g)' 667 BracketAttachment 1910.28(k)(2)' 48 BracketDimensions 1910.28(k)(1)' 48 EmployeeProtection 1910.28(k)(3)' 48 Guardrails 1910.28(k)(5)' 48 PlatformSize 1910.28(k)(4)' 48 Caution Signs and Labels 1910.145(c)(2) 206 1910.145(d)(4) 206 Asbestos 1910.1001(j)(3) 371 1910.1001(j)(4) 371 Fluorides 1910.252(c)(1)(iv) 291 Ionizing Radiation 1910.1096(e) 505 1910.1096(g) 507 1910.1096(h) 507 Welding 1910.252(c)(1)(iv) 291 Ceiling WorkersScaffolds 1910.28(o)' 49 Certifications Boilers 1926.29(b) 540 Pressure Vessels 1926.29(a) 540 Chains, Alloy Steel 1926.251(b) 635 Change Rooms 1910.141(e) 204

INDEX

IX

IX Subject Index

Boatswains Chair Scaffolds 1910.28(j)' 48 1926.452(o)(3)' 668 EmployeeProtection 1910.28(j)(4)' 48 FiberRopes 1910.28(j)(2)' 48 Life Belts 1910.28(j)(4)' 48 RoofIrons,Hooks 1910.28(j)(6)' 48 SeatSlings 1910.28(j)(3)' 48 Size 1910.28(j)(1)' 48 Tackle 1910.28(j)(5)' 48 Boilers 1926.29(b) 540 Boom Guards Cranes 1910.180(f) 258 Derricks 1910.181(j)(1) 263 Boom Platforms 1926.453(b)(2) 670 Booms, Derricks 1910.181(i)(6) 263 Brackets, Roofing 1926.452(h) 667 Brakes Bridges 1910.179(f)(4) 253 1910.179(f)(6) 253 Control 1910.179(f)(3) 253 Cranes 1910.179(f) 253 Earthmoving Equipment 1926.602(a)(4) 700 Equipment 1926.602(a)(4) 700 1926.600(a)(3)(ii) 699 Hoists 1910.179(f)(1) 253 Holding 1910.179(f)(2) 253 Manlifts 1910.68(c)(1)(i) 77 Motor Vehicles 1926.601(b)(1) 699 Power Control 1910.179(f)(3) 253 Powered Industrial Trucks 1910.178(g)(8) 247 1910.178(m)(5)(i) 248 1910.178(m)(5)(ii) 248 1910.178(m)(5)(iii) 248 1910.178(m)(7) 248 Trolleys 1910.179(f)(4) 253 1910.179(f)(5) 253 Brazing (see also Welding) 1910.252 289 Definitions 1910.251 289 Breast Derricks (see also Derricks) 1910.181(a)(4) 260 Bricklayers Square Scaffolds 1910.28(l)' 49 1926.452(e)' 667 Height 1910.28(l)(6)' 49 Level 1910.28(l)(7)' 49 PlatformPlanks 1910.28(l)(5)' 49 Reinforcement 1910.28(l)(3)' 49 Size 1910.28(l)(1)' 49 SquareBracing 1910.28(l)(4)' 49 Bridge Bumpers, Cranes 1910.179(e)(2) 252 Bridge Plates 1910.30(a) 52 1910.178(n)(11) 249 Buffing (see also Polishing and Buffing under Grinding) 1910.94(b) 80 Building Maintenance Powered Platforms 1910.66 57 Buildings, Temporary 1926.151(b) 620 Bulk Delivery Blasting Agents 1910.109(g)(3) 124 1910.109(h)(4) 127 Explosives 1910.109(h)(4) 127 Bulk Oxygen Systems 1910.104 100 Accessibility 1910.104(b)(2)(ii) 100 Cleaning 1910.104(b)(8)(i) 101 Containers 1910.104(b)(4) 100 1910.104(b)(6) 101 Gaseous 1910.104(b)(4)(iii) 100 Liquid 1910.104(b)(4)(ii) 100 Definition 1910.104(b)(1) 100 Dikes 1910.104(b)(2)(v) 100 Distances from Hazards 1910.104(b)(3) 100 Combustible Liquids 1910.104(b)(3)(vii) 100 1910.104(b)(3)(viii) 100 Combustible Materials 1910.104(b)(3)(x) 100 Combustible Structures 1910.104(b)(3)(ii) 100 Congested Areas 1910.104(b)(3)(xiii) 100 Fire Resistant Structures 1910.104(b)(3)(iii) 100 Flammable Gases 1910.104(b)(3)(ix) 100 Flammable Liquids 1910.104(b)(3)(v) 100 1910.104(b)(3)(vi) 100 Openings 1910.104(b)(3)(iv) 100 Slow-Burning Materials 1910.104(b)(3)(xi) 100 Electrical Wiring 1910.104(b)(8)(ix) 101 Firewalls 1910.104(b)(3)(iii) 100 Fittings 1910.104(b)(5) 101 Installation 1910.104(b)(8)(iv) 101 Joints 1910.104(b)(8)(ii) 101 Leakage 1910.104(b)(2)(iii) 100 Liquid Oxygen Vaporizers 1910.104(b)(7) 101 Grounding 1910.104(b)(7)(iv) 101 Location 1910.104(b)(2) 100 Maintenance 1910.104(b)(10) 101 Marking 1910.104(b)(8)(viii) 101 Operating Instructions 1910.104(b)(9) 101 Piping 1910.104(b)(5) 101 Placarding 1910.104(b)(8)(viii) 101 Safety Relief Devices 1910.104(b)(6) 101 1910.104(b)(7)(ii) 101 All Containers 1910.104(b)(6)(i) 101 ASME Containers 1910.104(b)(6)(iii) 101 DOT Containers 1910.104(b)(6)(ii) 101 Security 1910.104(b)(8)(vi) 101 Storage Containers 1910.104(b)(4) 100 1910.104(b)(6) 101

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Charge Initiation Charge Initiation 1910.109(e)(4) 123 Chemicals Hazard Communication 1910.1200 508 Definitions 1910.1200(c) 509 Employee Information and Training 1910.1200(h) 513 Hazard Determination 1910.1200(d) 511 Labels and Other Forms of Warning 1910.1200(f) 512 Material Safety Data Sheets 1910.1200(g) 512 Trade Secrets 1910.1200(i) 514 Written Program 1910.1200(e) 511 Hazardous Chemicals, Occupational Exposure in Laboratories 1910.1450 520 Chemical Hygiene Plan 1910.1450(e) 522 Definitions 1910.1450(b) 520 Employee Information and Training 1910.1450(f) 522 Exposure Determination Monitoring 1910.1450(d) 522 Hazard Identification 1910.1450(h) 523 Medical Consultations and Recommendations 1910.1450(g) 522 Permissible Exposure Limits 1910.1450(c) 522 Recordkeeping 1910.1450(j) 523 Respirator Use 1910.1450(i) 523 Highly Hazardous Chemicals, Process Safety Management 1910.119 149 Change Management 1910.119(l) 151 Chemicals - Toxic and Reactive, Threshold List 1910.119 Appendix A 152 Contractors 1910.119(h) 151 Definitions 1910.119(b) 149 Emergency Planning and Response 1910.119(n) 152 Employee Participation 1910.119(c) 149 Hazard Analysis 1910.119(e) 149 Hot Work Permit 1910.119(k) 151 Incident Investigation 1910.119(m) 152 Mechanical Integrity 1910.119(j) 151 Operating Procedures 1910.119(f) 150 Safety Information 1910.119(d) 149 Safety Review, Pre-Startup 1910.119(i) 151 Trade Secrets 1910.119(p) 152 Training 1910.119(g) 150 Highly Hazardous, Process Safety Management 1926.64 579 583 584 585 590 Chemicals, Toxics, and Reactives, Threshold List 1926.64 Appendix A 583 Compliance Audits 1926.64(o) 582 Compliance Guidelines 1926.64 Appendix C 585 Contractors, Employer Responsibilities 1926.64(h) 581 Definitions 1926.64(b) 579 Emergency Planning and Response 1926.64(n) 582 Employee Participation 1926.64(c) 580 Hot Work Permit 1926.64(k) 582 Incident Investigation 1926.64(m) 582 Management of Change 1926.64(l) 582 Mechanical Integrity 1926.64(j) 582 Operating Procedures 1926.64(f) 581 Pre-Startup Safety Review 1926.64(i) 581 Process Hazard Analysis 1926.64(e) 580 Process Safety Information 1926.64(d) 580 Trade Secrets 1926.64(p) 583 Training 1926.64(g) 581 Hygiene Plan 1910.1450(e) 522 Laborarories (see also Hazardous Chemicals, Occupational Exposure in Laboratories, this heading) 1910.1450 520 Plants (see also Refineries, Chemical Plants, and Distilleries) 1910.106(i) 118 Chicago Boom Derricks (see also Derricks) 1910.181(a)(5) 260 Chicken Ladders (see also Crawling Boards) 1910.28(t) 50 Chute Openings 1910.23(a)(3) 36 Chutes Waste Disposal 1926.252(a) 645 1926.252(b) 645 Circular Saws Portable 1910.243(a)(1) 284 Clean Air, Spray Finishing 1910.94(c)(7) 86 Cleaning Bulk Oxygen Systems 1910.104(b)(8)(i) 101 Compounds 1910.252(c)(11) 292 Degreasing 1910.252(c)(11)(ii) 292 ManufacturersInstructions 1910.252(c)(11)(i)' 292 Compressed Air 1910.242(b) 284 Powered Platforms 1910.66(h)(2) 64 Respirators 1910.134(c)(1)(v) 185 Clear Zones Bulk Oxygen 1910.104(b)(3) 100 1910.104(b)(10) 101 Industrial Plants 1910.106(e)(9)(iv) 112 Liquefied Hydrogen Systems 1910.103(c)(2)(iii) 99 Processing Plants 1910.106(h)(8)(iv) 118

,

850

INDEX

,

,

,

Clearances Cranes 1910.179(b)(6) 252 1910.179(b)(7) 252 Derricks 1910.181(j)(5) 263 Fixed Ladders 1910.27(c) 41 Back 1910.27(c)(4) 41 Climbing Side 1910.27(c)(1) 41 Grab Bars 1910.27(c)(5) 41 Hatch Covers 1910.27(c)(7) 41 Step-Across Distance 1910.27(c)(6) 41 With Cages or Baskets 1910.27(c)(3) 41 Without Cages or Wells 1910.27(c)(2) 41 Manlifts 1910.68(b)(11) 76 Stairs 1910.24(i) 38 Clearing, Clearances Fire Prevention 1926.151(d) 620 Materials Storage 1926.250(a)(3) 635 Site 1926.604 701 Temporary Heating Devices 1926.154(b) 631 Clothing (see also Personal Protective Equipment) 1926.95 615 Clothing, Protective (see also Personal Protective Equipment) 1910.132 183 Asbestos 1910.1001(h) 370 Body 1910.156(e)(3) 225 Electrical 1910.137 198 Eye 1910.133 183 1910.156(e)(5) 225 Face 1910.133 183 1910.156(e)(5) 225 Fire Brigade 1910.156(e) 225 Footwear 1910.156(e)(2) 225 1910.136 198 Goggles 1910.133 183 Hand 1910.156(e)(4) 225 Head 1910.135 198 1910.156(e)(5) 225 Leg 1910.156(e)(2) 225 1910.156(e)(3) 225 Rubber 1910.137 198 Welders 1910.252(b)(3) 291 Clutches Definition 1910.180(a)(19) 256 Color Codes Physical Hazards, Colors 1910.144(a) 205 1910.145(d)(2) 206 Red 1910.144(a)(1) 205 Yellow 1910.144(a)(3) 205 Respirators 1910.134(j) 189 Stop 1910.144(a)(1)(iii) 205 Combustible Dusts, Trucks Used 1910.178(c)(2)(vi) 246 Liquids (see also Flammable and Combustible Liquids) 1910.106 101 Materials, Welding 1910.252(a)(2) 289 Commercial Stepladders, Type II 1910.25(c)(2) 38 Communicable Diseases, Reporting in Labor Camps 1910.142(l) 205 Communications, Powered Platforms 1910.66(e)(11)(vi) 59 Competent Person (Definition) 1926.32(f) 540 Compressed Air Excavations 1926.913 721 Power-Operated Hand Tools 1926.302(b)(4) 648 Compressed Air, Cleaning 1910.242(b) 284 Compressed Gas 1910.101 95 Cylinders 1910.253(b) 293 Approval 1910.253(b)(1) 293 Inspection 1910.101(a) 95 Manifolding 1910.253(c)(1)(i) 294 Markings 1910.253(b)(1) 293 Operating Procedures 1910.253(b)(5) 293 Oxygen Manifolds 1910.253(c)(2) 294 1910.253(c)(3) 295 Public Protection 1910.101(c) 95 Safety Relief Valves 1910.101(c) 95 Storage 1910.253(b)(2) 293 Equipment 1910.253 293 Handling 1910.101(b) 95 Safety Relief Devices 1910.101(c) 95 Storage 1910.101(b) 95 Conductors Cranes 1910.179(g)(1)(iv) 253 1910.179(g)(6) 254 Confined Spaces Hazardous Work 1910.120(c)(3) 162 Instruction of Employees Relating to 1926.21(b)(6)(i) 539 1926.21(b)(6)(ii) 539 Permit-Required 1910.146 207 Attendant Duties 1910.146(i) 211 Authorized Entrant Duties 1910.146(h) 211 Definitions 1910.146(b) 207 Entry Permit 1910.146(f) 210 Supervisor Duties 1910.146(j) 211 Permit Samples 1910.146 Appendix D 215 System 1910.146(e) 210 Permit Samples 1910.146 Appendix D 215 Permit System 1910.146(e) 210 Programs 1910.146(d) 209

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Cutting-Off Machines

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Contractors Control of Hazardous Energy (Lockout/Tagout) 1910.147(f)(2) 220 Electric Power Generation, Transmission, and Distribution 1910.269(d)(8)(iv) 306 Hazard Communication 1910.1200(e)(2) 512 1910.1200(i)(3)(v) 514 Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response 1910.120(b)(1)(iv) 161 Permit-Required Confined Spaces 1910.146(c)(8) 209 1910.146(c)(9) 209 Process Safety Management 1910.119(f)(4) 150 1910.119(h) 151 1910.119(m)(3) 152 Welding, Cutting, and Brazing 1910.252(a) 289 Contracts, Mixed Performance 1926.14 537 Controllers 1910.179(g)(3) 253 Conveyors 1926.555 697 Forging Machines 1910.218(j)(3) 281 Corrosion Protection Piping, Valves, and Fittings 1910.106(c)(5) 108 Underground Tanks 1910.106(b)(3)(iii) 105 Counterweights, Cranes 1910.180(i)(2) 259 Coupler Scaffolds, Mobile (see also Mobile under Tube and Coupler Scaffolds) 1910.29(d) 51 Covers, Openings 1910.23(a) 36 1910.22(c) 36 Cranes Assembly/Disassembly — employer procedures — general requirements 786 Assembly/Disassembly — general requirements (applies to all assembly and disassembly operations) 784 Assembly/Disassembly — selection of manufacturer or employer procedures 784 Cranes and Derricks in Construction 781 Crawler (see also Crawler, Locomotive, and Truck Cranes) 1910.180 256 Definitions 1910.179(a) 251 1910.180(a) 256 Design, construction and testing 806 Fall protection 797 Gantry 1910.179 251 Ground conditions 784 Hoisting personnel 802 Inspections 789 Locomotive (see also Crawler, Locomotive, and Truck Cranes) 1910.180 256 Operation 795 Operational aids 794 Operator qualification and certification 799 Overhead (see also Overhead and Gantry Cranes) 1910.179 251 Safety devices 793 Standard Hand Signals 816 Training 801 Truck (see also Crawler, Locomotive, and Truck Cranes) 1910.180 256 Wire rope — inspection 791 Work area control 798 Crawler, Locomotive, and Truck Cranes 1910.180 256 Cabs 1910.180(i)(3) 259 Definitions 1910.180(a) 256 Electric Power Lines 1910.180(j) 260 Fire Extinguishers 1910.180(i)(5) 259 Inspections 1910.180(d) 258 Frequent 1910.180(d)(3) 258 Idle (Irregular) 1910.180(d)(5) 258 Initial 1910.180(d)(1) 258 Periodic 1910.180(d)(4) 258 Records 1910.180(d)(6) 258 Regular 1910.180(d)(2) 258 Ropes 1910.180(g) 258 Load Handling 1910.180(h) 259 Load Ratings 1910.180(c) 257 Maintenance 1910.180(f) 258 Refueling 1910.180(i)(4) 259 Rope Inspection 1910.180(g) 258 Swinging Locomotive Cranes 1910.180(i)(6) 259 Testing 1910.180(e) 258 Crawling Boards 1910.28(t) 50 1926.452(m) 668 Construction 1910.28(t)(1) 50 Lifelines 1910.28(t)(2) 50 Securing to Roof 1910.28(t)(3) 50 Cup Wheels Flaring-Cup, Type 11 1910.241(b)(8) 283 Guarding 1910.243(c)(2) 284 Straight Cup, Type 6 1910.241(b)(9) 283 Straight, Type 1 1910.241(b)(10) 283 Cutoffs, Fire 1926.150(f) 620 Cutting (see also Welding) 1910.252 289 Containers 1910.252(a)(3) 290 Definitions 1910.251 289 Ventilation 1910.252(c) 291 Cutting-Off Machines 1910.215(b)(5) 274

INDEX

IX

IX Subject Index

Confined Spaces (continued) Permit-Required (continued) Rescue and Emergency Services 1910.146(k) 211 Sewer System Entry 1910.146 Appendix E 216 Training 1910.146(g) 210 Welding 1910.252(b)(4) 291 1910.252(c)(4) 292 Beryllium 1910.252(c)(8) 292 Cadmium 1910.252(c)(9) 292 Electrode Removal 1910.252(a)(4) 290 1910.252(b)(4)(v) 291 Fluorine Compounds 1910.252(c)(5) 292 Gas Cylinder Shutoff 1910.252(b)(4)(iii) 291 Lead 1910.252(c)(7) 292 Lifelines 1910.252(b)(4)(iv) 291 Mercury 1910.252(c)(10) 292 Respirator 1910.252(c)(4) 292 Ventilation 1910.252(b)(4)(ii) 291 1910.252(c)(2) 291 1910.252(c)(4) 292 Warning Signs 1910.252(c)(1)(iv) 291 Zinc 1910.252(c)(6) 292 Welding and Cutting 1926.353(b) 657 Containers Ammonium Nitrate 1910.109(i)(3) 128 Bulk Oxygen Systems 1910.104(b)(4) 100 1910.104(b)(6) 101 Gaseous 1910.104(b)(4)(iii) 100 Liquid 1910.104(b)(4)(ii) 100 Design Bulk Plants, Storage 1910.106(f)(1) 112 Flammable and Combustible Liquids 1910.106(d)(2) 108 Industrial Plants, Storage 1910.106(e)(2)(ii) 111 Processing Plants 1910.106(h)(4) 117 Service Stations, Storage 1910.106(g)(1) 114 Flammable and Combustible Liquids (see also Storage, Flammable and Combustible Liquids under Tanks) 1910.106(b) 103 1910.106(d) 108 Gaseous Hydrogen Systems 1910.103(b)(1)(i) 95 Guarding 1910.212(a)(4) 273 Indoor 1910.106(d)(5)(ii) 109 Liquefied Hydrogen Systems 1910.103(c)(1)(i) 97 Liquefied Petroleum Gases 1910.110 129 Accessories 1910.110(b)(7) 131 1910.110(c)(6) 140 1910.110(d)(3) 141 1910.110(d)(8) 143 1910.110(e)(5) 144 Awaiting Use or Resale 1910.110(f) 145 Capacity 1910.110(d)(6) 142 1910.110(h)(5) 147 Charging Plants 1910.110(d)(13) 143 Construction 1910.110(b)(3) 130 Cylinder Systems 1910.110(c) 139 Accessories 1910.110(c)(6) 140 Indoor 1910.110(c)(5) 139 Markings 1910.110(c)(2) 139 Outdoor 1910.110(c)(4) 139 Valves 1910.110(c)(6) 140 Filling Densities 1910.110(b)(12) 135 Fire Protection 1910.110(d)(14) 143 Fittings 1910.110(b)(8) 131 1910.110(e)(6) 145 1910.110(h)(7) 148 1910.110(h)(9) 148 Hoses 1910.110(b)(9) 132 Industrial Plants 1910.110(d)(12) 143 Installation 1910.110(e)(4) 144 1910.110(h)(6) 147 Lighting 1910.110(d)(16) 144 Location 1910.110(b)(6) 130 1910.110(f)(5) 146 Markings 1910.110(b)(5) 130 1910.110(c)(2) 139 Non-DOT Containers 1910.110(d) 141 Accessories 1910.110(d)(3) 141 Capacity 1910.110(d)(6) 142 Installation 1910.110(d)(7) 142 Pipes 1910.110(d)(3) 141 Pressure, Design 1910.110(d)(2) 141 Reinstallation 1910.110(d)(5) 142 Safety Relief Devices 1910.110(d)(4) 141 Valves 1910.110(d)(3) 141 Original Testing 1910.110(b)(4) 130 Piping 1910.110(b)(8) 131 1910.110(d)(3) 141 1910.110(e)(6) 145 1910.110(h)(9) 148 Pressure Design 1910.110(d)(2) 141 1910.110(e)(3) 144 Safety Relief Devices 1910.110(b)(10) 132 1910.110(c)(7) 140 1910.110(d)(4) 141 1910.110(e)(7) 145 1910.110(h)(4) 147 Tubing 1910.110(b)(8) 131 1910.110(e)(6) 145 Valves 1910.110(b)(7) 131 1910.110(c)(6) 140 1910.110(e)(5) 144 1910.110(h)(9) 148 Vaporizers 1910.110(b)(11) 133 1910.110(d)(17) 144 1910.110(e)(8) 145 Welding 1910.110(b)(4) 130 LP-Gas 1926.153 629 Welding and Cutting 1926.352(i) 657 Welding, Gas 1910.253(a) 293 1910.253(b) 293 Contaminants Airborne, TLV 1926.55 545 1926.55 Appendix A 545 Definition 1926.107(a) 617

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Cylinders, Welding and Cutting Cylinders, Welding and Cutting 1926.350 655 Cylinders, Welding Gas Manifolding 1910.253(c) 294 Operating Procedures 1910.253(b)(5) 293 Cylindrical Grinders 1910.215(b)(4) 273

D

Danger Signs 1910.145(c)(1) 206 1910.145(d)(2) 206 Tag 1910.145(f)(5) 206 Deadman Controls 1910.243(e)(4)(vi) 287 1910.243(e)(3)(vii) 287 DecoratorsScaffolds 1910.28(o)' 49 Dedicated pile drivers 815 Degreasing Cleaning Compounds 1910.252(c)(11)(ii) 292 Derricks 810 1910.181 260 Adjustments 1910.181(f)(3) 262 Cabs 1910.181(j)(6) 263 Definitions 1910.181(a) 260 Electric Power Lines 1910.181(j)(5) 263 Fire Extinguishers 1910.181(j)(3) 263 Guards 1910.181(j)(1) 263 Hooks 1910.181(j)(2) 263 Inspections 1910.181(d) 261 Classification 1910.181(d)(1) 261 Frequent 1910.181(d)(2) 262 Idle 1910.181(d)(4) 262 Periodic 1910.181(d)(3) 262 Ropes 1910.181(g) 262 Load Handling 1910.181(i) 263 Load Ratings 1910.181(c) 261 Maintenance 1910.181(f) 262 Operations 1910.181(h) 263 Refueling 1910.181(j)(4) 263 Repairs 1910.181(f)(3) 262 Rope Inspections 1910.181(g) 262 Testing 1910.181(e)(1) 262 Designated Person (Definition) 1926.32(i) 540 Detonating Cords 1926.908 720 Dies Changing 1910.28(h)(5) 48 Diesel Powered Trucks 1910.178(b)(1) 245 1910.178(b)(2) 245 1910.178(b)(3) 245 Dikes Bulk Oxygen Storage 1910.104(b)(2)(v) 100 Storage Tanks 1910.106(b)(2)(vii) 105 1910.106(c) 108 Dining Facilities Labor Camps 1910.142(i) 205 Lunchrooms 1910.141(g) 204 Disposal Exhaust Materials 1926.57(e) 551 Waste Materials 1926.252 645 Disposal Systems (see also Waste Disposal) 1910.141(a)(4) 203 Distances from Hazards Ammonium Nitrate 1910.109(i)(5) 128 Bulk Oxygen Systems 1910.104(b)(3) 100 Explosives Storage 1910.109(c) 120 Distilleries (see also Refineries, Chemical Plants, and Distilleries) 1910.106(i) 118 Ditches, Guarding 1910.176(g) 243 Dockboards 1910.30(a) 52 1910.178(n)(11) 249 DOT Markings, Retention of Markings, Placards, and Labels 1910.1201 520 Drainage Bulk Plants 1910.106(f)(7) 114 Industrial Plants 1910.106(e)(2)(iii) 111 Labor Camps 1910.142(a)(1) 204 Processing Plants 1910.106(h)(3)(ii) 117 Service Stations 1910.106(g)(7) 117 Sprinkler Systems 1910.159(c)(7) 228 Drains Liquefied Petroleum Gases 1910.110(d)(11) 143 Dressing Rooms, Personnel 1910.141(e) 204 Drips, Condensed Gas 1910.110(d)(9) 143 Drums 1910.212(a)(4) 273 Dry Chemical Extinguishing Systems Fixed 1910.161 229 Scope and Application 1910.161(a) 229 Specific Requirements 1910.161(b) 229 Dump Trucks 1926.601(b)(11) 699 1926.601(b)(12) 699 1926.601(b)(10) 699 Dust Hazards Abrasive Blasting 1910.94(a)(2) 79 Asbestos 1910.1001 368 1910.19(a) 32 Employee Exposure 1910.1000(a) 361 Dusts 1926.55 545

852

INDEX

E

Ear Protection 1926.101 615 Earthmoving Equipment 1926.602(a) 700 Egress, Means 1926.34 540 Exit Marking 1926.34(b) 540 Maintenance 1926.34(c) 540 Electric Definitions 1910.399 355 Energy, Hazardous, Control of (see also Lockout/Tagout of Hazardous Energy) 1910.147 217 Power Generation, Transmission, and Distribution 1910.269 303 Communication Facilities 1910.269(s) 315 Confined Spaces 1910.269(e) 306 Deenergized Lines and Equipment 1910.269(m) 310 Definitions 1910.269(x) 318 Enclosed Spaces 1910.269(e) 306 Energized Parts 1910.269(l) 308 Fall Protection 1910.269(g)(2) 307 Grounding 1910.269(n) 311 High Voltage Testing 1910.269(o) 311 Ladders and Platforms 1910.269(h) 307 Live-Line Tools 1910.269(j) 308 Lockout/Tagout (Hazardous Energy Control) 1910.269(d) 304 Materials Handling and Storage 1910.269(k) 308 Mechanical Equipment 1910.269(p) 312 Medical Services and First Aid 1910.269(b) 303 Overhead Lines 1910.269(q) 312 Personal Protective Equipment 1910.269(g) 307 Power Generating Plants 1910.269(v) 316 Power Tools, Hand and Portable 1910.269(i) 307 Public Work Areas 1910.269(w)(6) 318 Radiation 1910.269(s) 315 Safety Training 1910.269(a) 303 1910.269(b) 303 1910.269(c) 304 Substations 1910.269(u) 315 Testing and Test Facilities 1910.269(o) 311 Training 1910.269(a)(2) 303 1910.269(b)(1) 303 1910.269(d)(2) 304 1910.269(e)(2) 306 1910.269(q)(3)(i) 313 1910.269(r)(1)(vi) 314 Tree Trimming, Line-Clearance 1910.269(r) 314 Underground Installations 1910.269(t) 315 Water, Work Near 1910.269(w)(5) 318 Power Lines 1910.333(c)(3) 352 Protective Equipment 1910.137 198 Care and Use, In-Service 1910.137(b) 199 Design 1910.137(a) 198 Safety-Related Work Practices 1910.331 351 Confined Spaces 1910.333(c)(5) 353 Illumination 1910.333(c)(4) 353 Ladders 1910.333(c)(7) 353 Ladders, Portable 1910.333(c)(7) 353 Lockout and Tagging 1910.333(b)(2) 352 Personal Protective Equipment 1910.333(c)(2) 352 1910.335(a) 354 Portable Electric Equipment 1910.334(a) 353 Power Lines, Overhead 1910.333(c)(3) 352 Training 1910.332 351 Wiring Ammonium Nitrate 1910.109(i)(6) 128 Appliances 1910.305(j)(3) 341 Approval 1910.303(a) 330 Arcing Parts 1910.303(d) 331 Branch circuits 1910.304(b) 333 Bulk Oxygen Systems 1910.104(b)(8)(ix) 101 Bulk Plants 1910.106(f)(5) 113 Cabinets 1910.305(b) 339 Capacitors 1910.305(j)(6) 342 Communications Systems 1910.308(e) 350 Conductors 1910.305(f) 340 Cranes 1910.306(b) 342 1910.179(g) 253 Disconnecting means and circuits 1910.303(f) 331 Electrolytic cells 1910.306(e) 343 Elevators 1910.306(c) 343 Emergency Power Systems 1910.308(b) 349 Enclosures for Damp or Wet Locations 1910.305(e) 340 Escalators 1910.306(c) 343 Examination of Equipment 1910.303(b)(1) 330 Extension Cords 1910.334 353 1910.334(a) 353 Fittings 1910.305(b) 339 Flexible Cords and Cables 1910.305(g) 340 General 1910.303 330 Grounded and Grounding Conductors, Identification and Use 1910.304(a) 333 Grounding 1910.304(a) 333 Guarding of Live Parts 1910.303(g)(2) 332 Hazardous (Classified) Locations 1910.307 346 Heating equipment 1910.306(g) 344

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Exit Routes

Section #, Page #

Employee (Definition) 1926.32(j) 540 Employee Alarm Systems 1910.165 230 1910.37(e) 54 1910.38(d) 55 General Requirements 1910.165(b) 230 Installation and Restoration 1910.165(c) 230 Maintenance and Testing 1910.165(d) 231 Employee Rescue 1903.14(f) 4 Employee-Owned Protective Equipment 1910.132(b) 183 Employer (Definition) 1926.32(k) 540 Enclosed Spaces Welding and Cutting 1926.352(g) 657 Entry, Right of 1926.3 529 Environmental Controls Accident Prevention Signs and Tags 1910.145 205 Air Contaminants 1910.1000 361 Asbestos 1910.1001 368 Labor Camps 1910.142 204 Marking Physical Hazards 1910.144 205 Noise Exposure 1910.95 86 Physical Hazards Markings 1910.144 205 Radiation Ionizing 1910.1096 504 Nonionizing 1910.97 94 Safety Color Codes 1910.144 205 Sanitation 1910.141 203 Signs and Tags 1910.145 205 Ventilation 1910.94 79 Equalizers 1910.179(h)(3) 254 Equipment Earthmoving 1926.602(a) 700 Firefighting 1926.150(c) 619 1926.150(d) 620 Mechanized 1926.600 699 Rigging 1926.251 635 Evacuation, Ionizing Radiation 1910.1096(f) 506 Excavations Access and Egress 1926.651(c) 704 Adjacent Structure Stability 1926.651(i) 704 Definitions 1926.650(b) 703 Emergency Rescue Equipment 1926.651(g)(2) 704 Equipment 1926.602(b) 700 Fall Protection 1926.651(l) 705 Hazardous Atmospheres 1926.651(g) 704 Inspections 1926.651(k) 705 Pier Holes, Bell-Bottom 1926.651(g)(2)(ii) 704 Protective Systems 1926 Appendix F 716 1926.652 705 Rescue Equipment 1926.651(g)(2) 704 Shield Systems 1926 Appendix B 708 1926.652(c) 705 Shoring 1926.652(c) 705 Sloping and Benching 1926 Appendix B 708 1926.652(b) 705 Soil Classification 1926 Appendix A 706 Surface Encumbrances 1926.651(a) 703 Ventilation 1926.651(g)(1)(iii) 704 Exhaust Systems (see also Ventilation) 1910.94(a)(4) 79 Abrasive Blasting 1910.94(a) 79 Grinding, Polishing, Buffing 1910.94(b)(4) 81 Exhausts 1926.57 550 Exit Routes Alterations, During 1910.37(d) 54 Basic Requirements 1910.36(a) 53 Capacity 1910.36(f) 54 Construction, During 1910.37(d) 54 Coverage 1910.34(a) 53 1910.34(b) 53 Danger 1910.37(a) 54 Definitions 1910.34(c) 53 Design 1910.36 53 Door Side-Hinged Exit Door 1910.36(e) 54 Unlocked 1910.36(d) 54 Employee Alarm System 1910.37(e) 54 1910.38(d) 55 Exit Discharge 1910.36(c) 54 Fire Retardant Paints 1910.37(c) 54 Height 1910.36(g) 54 Lighting 1910.37(b) 54 Manlifts 1910.68(b)(8) 76 Marking 1910.37(b) 54 Number of 1910.36(b) 53 Obstructions 1910.37(a)(3) 54 Outdoor 1910.36(h) 54 Repairs, During 1910.37(d) 54 Safeguards 1910.37(a)(4) 54 Width 1910.36(g) 54

INDEX

IX

IX Subject Index

Electric (continued) Wiring (continued) High Voltage General 1910.308(a) 348 High Voltage (Over 600 Volts) Grounding 1910.304(g)(6) 337 Guarding 1910.303(h)(2) 332 Hoists 1910.306(b) 342 Industrial Plants 1910.106(e)(7) 112 Information Technology Equipment 1910.306(e) 343 Installation and Use of Equipment 1910.303(b)(2) 330 Lamps 1910.305(j)(1) 341 Marking 1910.303(e) 331 Motors 1910.305(j)(4) 341 Moving Walks 1910.306(c) 343 Outline Lighting 1910.306(a) 342 Outside Conductors 1910.304(c) 335 Overcurrent Protection 1910.304(f) 335 Panelboards 1910.305(d) 340 Portable cables 1910.305(h) 341 Powerlimited circuits 1910.308(c) 349 Processing Plants 1910.106(h)(7)(iii) 118 Receptacles 1910.305(j)(2) 341 Remote Control Circuts 1910.308(c) 349 Service Stations 1910.106(g)(5) 117 Services 1910.304(e) 335 Signaling Circuits 1910.308(c) 349 Signs 1910.306(a) 342 Space about electric equipment. 1910.333 351 1910.303(g) 331 1910.303(h)(3) 332 1910.303(h)(4) 332 Storage Batteries 1910.305(j)(7) 342 Swimming pools 1910.306(j) 345 Switchboards 1910.305(d) 340 Switches 1910.305(c) 340 Transformers 1910.305(j)(5) 342 Welders 1910.306(d) 343 Wiring design and protection 1910.304 333 Wiring methods 1910.305(a) 338 Working Space about Electric Equipment 1910.333 351 1910.303(g) 331 1910.303(h)(3) 332 1910.303(h)(4) 332 X-Ray equipment 1910.306(f) 344 Electric Power Lines 1910.333(c)(3) 352 Electric Wiring 1910.333 351 Electrical, Electricity Power-Operated Tools 1926.302(a) 648 Safety-Related Work Practices Confined Spaces 1910.333(c)(5) 353 Illumination 1910.333(c)(4) 353 Ladders, Portable 1910.333(c)(7) 353 Lockout and Tagging 1910.333(b)(2) 352 Personal Protective Equipment 1910.333(c)(2) 352 Power Lines Overhead 1910.333(c)(3) 352 Training 1910.332 351 Electrode Holders 1926.351(a) 656 1926.351(d) 656 Electromagnetic Radiation 1910.97(a) 94 Definitions 1910.97(a)(1) 94 Nonionizing Radiation 1910.97 94 Protection Guide 1910.97(a)(2) 94 Warning Symbol 1910.97(a)(3) 94 Elevating Work Platforms 1910.67 74 Emergency Action Plan 1926.35 541 Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response 1926.65(q)(1) 600 Highly Hazardous Chemicals, Process Safety Management 1926.64(n) 582 Emergency Action Plans 1910.38 55 Application 1910.38(a) 55 Elements of 1910.38(c) 55 Employee Alarm System 1910.165 230 1910.37(e) 54 1910.38(d) 55 Fire Detection Systems 1910.164 230 Fire Extinguishers 1910.157 226 1910.160 228 Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response, Exemption 1910.120(l)(1)(ii) 167 Highly Hazardous Chemicals, Process Safety Management 1910.119(n) 152 Oral 1910.38(b) 55 Review 1910.38(f) 55 Training 1910.38(e) 55 Written 1910.66(e)(9) 59 1910.38(b) 55 Emergency Provisions Excavation Rescue Equipment 1926.651(g)(2) 704 Emergency Response 1910.120 159 1910.119 149 Hazardous Waste 1910.120 159

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Explosives Explosives Actuated Fastening Tools 1910.243(d) 285 Definitions 1910.241(a) 283 Fasteners 1910.243(d)(3) 286 General Requirements 1910.243(d)(1) 285 High-Velocity Tools 1910.243(d)(2)(i) 285 Inspection 1910.243(d)(2) 285 Loads 1910.243(d)(3) 286 Low-Velocity Tools 1910.243(d)(2)(ii) 285 Maintenance 1910.243(d)(2) 285 Blast Holes 1910.109(e)(3) 123 Bulk Delivery 1910.109(h)(4) 127 Charge Initiation 1910.109(e)(4) 123 Definitions 1910.109(a) 119 Hazards 1910.109(b)(1) 120 Hours of Transfer 1910.109(f)(5) 124 Loading 1910.109(e)(3) 123 Magazines 1910.109(c)(2) 121 Mixing Vehicles 1910.109(h)(4) 127 Piers 1910.109(f) 124 Railroad Cars 1910.109(f) 124 Railroad Stations 1910.109(f) 124 Scope 1910.109(k) 129 Slurries 1910.109(h) 126 Small Arms Ammunition 1910.109(j) 129 Smoking 1910.109(e)(1) 123 Storage 1910.109(b)(1) 120 1910.109(c) 120 1910.109(e)(2) 123 1910.109(f)(4) 124 Transportation 1910.109(d) 122 Use 1910.109(e) 123 Vessels 1910.109(f) 124 Warning 1910.109(e)(5) 123 Water Gels 1910.109(h) 126 Explosives (see also Blasting) 1926.900 717 Loading 1926.905 719 Storage 1926.904 719 Surface Transportation 1926.902 718 Underground Transportation 1926.903 718 Exposure Air Contaminants 1910.1000 361 Airborne Radioactive Material 1910.1096(c) 505 Asbestos 1910.1001 368 Limits (Tables Z-1 to Z-3) 1910.1000 368 Mineral Dusts 1910.1000 368 Noise 1910.95 86 Radiation Exposure (see also Ionizing Radiation) 1910.1096(b) 505 Minors 1910.1096(b)(3) 505 1910.1096(c)(2) 505 1910.1096(d)(2)(ii) 505 Exposure, Ionizing Radiation (see also Ionizing Radiation) Airborne Radioactive Material 1910.1096(c) 505 Radiation Exposure 1910.1096(b) 505 Minors 1910.1096(b)(3) 505 1910.1096(c)(2) 505 1910.1096(d)(2)(ii) 505 Extension Cords 1910.334 353 Extension Ladders, Portable Extension Lamps, Cranes 1910.179(g)(7) 254 Metal 1910.26(a)(2) 39 Metal, Trestle 1910.26(a)(4) 40 Wood 1910.25 38 Wood, Trestle 1910.25(c)(3)(v) 39 Eye and Face Protection 1910.133 183 Markings 1910.133(a)(4) 183 Optical Corrections 1910.133(a)(3) 183 Protector Requirements 1910.133(a)(2) 183 Welding 1910.252(b)(2) 290 Eye Protection 1926.102 615 Eye Washes/Showers 1910.141(d)(3) 204 1910.151(c) 221 Formaldehyde 1910.1048(i)(3) 493 Powered Industrial Trucks 1910.178(g) 247 Eye Washes/Showers, Formaldehyde 1910.1048(i)(3) 493

F

Face Protection 1926.102 615 Face Protection (see also Eye and Face Protection, Personal Protective Equipment) 1910.133 183 Fail-Safe Controls Overhead and Gantry Cranes 1910.179(a)(40) 251 1910.179(g)(3)(viii) 254 Fall Protection Bricklaying 1926.501(b)(9) 679 Criteria and Practices 1926.502 679 Dangerous Equipment 1926.501(b)(8) 679 Definitions 1926.500(b) 677 Electric Power Generation, Transmission, and Distribution 1910.269(g)(2) 307 1910.269(r)(8) 315 Excavations 1926.501(b)(7) 678 Falling Object Protection 1926.501(c) 679

854

INDEX

Fall Protection (continued) Formwork and Reinforcing Steel 1926.501(b)(5) 678 Guardrail Systems 1926.502(b) 679 Hoist Areas 1926.501(b)(3) 678 Holes 1926.501(b)(4) 678 Leading Edges 1926.501(b)(2) 678 Personal Fall Arrest Systems 1926.502(d) 680 Positioning Device Systems 1926 Appendix D 688 1926.502(e) 681 Powered Platforms 1910.66(j) 65 Precast Concrete 1926.501(b)(12) 679 Ramps, Runways, Walkways 1926.501(b)(6) 678 Residential Construction 1926.501(b)(13) 679 Retraining 1926.503(c) 683 Roofs Low-Slope 1926.501(b)(10) 679 Steep 1926.501(b)(11) 679 Width Determination Guidelines 1926 Appendix A 684 Safety Net Systems 1926.502(c) 680 Sample Plan 1926 Appendix E 688 Training Certification 1926.503(b) 683 Training Program 1926.503(a) 683 Unprotected Sides and Edges 1926.501(b)(1) 678 Wall Openings 1926.501(b)(14) 679 Fasteners 1910.243(d)(3) 286 Fastening Tools 1910.243(d) 285 Fenders, Earthmoving Equipment 1926.602(a)(5) 700 Fire Alarm System 1910.37(e) 54 1910.38(d) 55 Brigades 1910.156 224 Firefighting Equipment 1910.156(d) 224 Organization 1910.156(b) 224 Protective Clothing 1910.156(e) 225 Body Protection 1910.156(e)(3) 225 Foot and Leg Protection 1910.156(e)(2) 225 Hand Protection 1910.156(e)(4) 225 Head, Eye, and Face Protection 1910.156(e)(5) 225 Respiratory Protection 1910.156(f) 225 General Requirements 1910.156(f)(1) 225 Positive-Pressure Breathing Apparatus 1910.156(f)(2) 226 Scope and Application 1910.156(a) 224 Training and Education 1910.156(c) 224 Detection Systems 1910.164 230 Installation and Restoration 1910.164(b) 230 Maintenance and Testing 1910.164(c) 230 Number, Location, and Spacing 1910.164(f) 230 Protection of Detectors 1910.164(d) 230 Response Time 1910.164(e) 230 Scope and Application 1910.164(a) 230 Employee Alarm System 1910.37(e) 54 1910.38(d) 55 Extinguishers Cranes 1910.179(c)(3) 252 1910.179(o)(3) 256 1910.180(i)(5) 259 Derricks 1910.181(j)(3) 263 Portable 1910.157 226 Exemptions 1910.157(b) 226 General Requirements 1910.157(c) 226 Hydrostatic Testing 1910.157(f) 226 Inspection, Maintenance, and Testing 1910.157(e) 226 Scope and Application 1910.157(a) 226 Selection and Distribution 1910.157(d) 226 Training and Education 1910.157(g) 227 Welding 1910.252(a)(2)(ii) 289 Prevention Plans 1910.39 55 Application 1910.39(a) 55 Elements of 1910.39(c) 55 Employee Information 1910.39(d) 55 Oral 1910.39(b) 55 Written 1910.39(b) 55 Protection Ammonium Nitrate 1910.109(i)(7) 128 Blasting Agents 1910.109(i)(7) 128 Bulk Plants 1910.106(f)(4)(ix) 113 1910.106(f)(8) 114 Chemical Plants 1910.106(i)(5) 119 Definitions 1910.155(c) 223 Distilleries 1910.106(i)(5) 119 Equipment Color Identification 1910.144(a)(1) 205 Fire Brigades 1910.156(d) 224 Explosives 1910.109(i)(7) 128 Flammable Liquids 1910.106(d)(7) 110 1910.106(e)(5) 111 1910.106(f)(8) 114 1910.106(g)(9) 117 1910.106(h)(6) 118 1910.106(i)(5) 119 Industrial Plants 1910.106(e)(5) 111 Liquefied Petroleum Gases 1910.110(d)(14) 143 1910.110(f)(7) 146 1910.110(h)(14) 148 Local Fire Alarms 1910.165 230 Processing Plants 1910.106(h)(6) 118 Refineries 1910.106(i)(5) 119

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Gaseous Hydrogen Systems

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,

,

Float Scaffolds 1910.28(u) 50 1926.451(g)(1) 665 Flooding, Tank Areas 1910.106(b)(5)(vi) 106 Floors Covers, Hinged 1910.23(a)(3)(i) 36 Loading 1910.22(d) 36 Openings (Holes) 1910.23(a) 36 Manlifts 1910.68(b)(5) 76 1910.68(b)(7) 76 Open-Sided 1910.23(c) 36 Spray Booths 1910.23(b)(3) 36 Floors, Flooring Openings 1926.500 677 Fluorine Compounds, Welding (see also Contaminants under Air) 1910.252(c)(5) 292 Foam Extinguishing Systems, Fixed 1910.163 230 Food Handling 1910.141(h) 204 1910.120(n)(4) 167 1926.51(d) 543 Footwalks, Cranes 1910.179(d) 252 Forging Hammers 1910.218(a)(3) 280 Foot-Operated Devices 1910.218(b)(2) 281 Gravity 1910.218(e) 281 Air-Lift Hammers 1910.218(e)(1) 281 Board Drophammers 1910.218(e)(2) 281 Keys 1910.218(b)(1) 281 Power-Driven 1910.218(d) 281 Machines Area 1910.30(b) 52 Billet Shears 1910.218(j)(1) 281 Boltheading 1910.218(i)(1) 281 Conveyors 1910.218(j)(3) 281 Definitions 1910.211(e) 272 Grinding 1910.218(j)(5) 281 Hammers 1910.218(a)(3) 280 1910.218(b) 281 1910.218(d) 281 1910.218(e) 281 Inspections 1910.218(a)(2) 280 Lead Use 1910.218(a)(1) 280 Maintenance 1910.218(a)(2) 280 Presses 1910.218(a)(3) 280 1910.218(c) 281 1910.218(f) 281 1910.218(g) 281 Rivet Making 1910.218(i)(2) 281 Saws 1910.218(j)(2) 281 Shot Blast 1910.218(j)(4) 281 Upsetters 1910.218(h) 281 Presses 1910.218(a)(3) 280 1910.218(c) 281 1910.218(f) 281 1910.218(g) 281 Fork Trucks (see also Powered Industrial Trucks) 1910.178 245 Forklifts (see also Powered Industrial Trucks) 1910.178 245 Forklifts and Forklift Training 1926.602(c) 700 1926.602(d) 701 Formaldehyde 1910.1048 491 Airborne Concentration 1910.1048(c) 491 Compliance 1910.1048(f) 492 Definitions 1910.1048(b) 491 Emergencies 1910.1048(k) 493 Exposure Monitoring 1910.1048(d) 491 Permissible Limit 1910.1048(c) 491 Hazard Communication 1910.1048(m) 494 Housekeeping 1910.1048(j) 493 Hygiene Protection 1910.1048(i) 493 Medical Surveillance 1910.1048 Appendix C 502 1910.1048(l) 493 Personal Protective Equipment 1910.1048(h) 492 Recordkeeping 1910.1048(o) 495 Regulated Areas 1910.1048(e) 492 Respiratory Protection 1910.1048(g) 492 Training Employees 1910.1048(n) 495 Fuel, Fueling, Refueling Flammable and Combustible Liquids 1926.152 621 Fuel Gases 1926.350(d) 655 1926.350(e) 655 Fuel Powered Tools 1926.302(c) 648 Handling and Storage 1910.178(f) 247 LP Gas Dispensing 1926.153(e) 629 Oxygen Manifolds 1926.350(e) 655 Fuel, Handling and Storage 1910.178(f) 247 Fuel-Gas Systems (see also Fuel-Gas Systems under Oxygen) 1910.253 293 Fumes (see also Ventilation) 1926.55 545 Fuses, Safety 1926.907 720

IX

IX Subject Index

Fire (continued) Protection (continued) Service Stations 1910.110(h)(14) 148 1910.106(g)(9) 117 Storage Tanks 1910.106(d)(7) 110 Trucks 1910.178 245 Resistance (Rating) Inside Storage Rooms 1910.106(d)(4)(ii) 109 Storage Cabinets 1910.106(d)(3)(ii) 109 Tank Supports 1910.106(b)(5)(ii) 106 Retardant Paints 1910.37(c) 54 Sprinklers (see also Sprinkler Systems, Automatic) 1910.159 228 Standpipe and Hose Systems (see also Standpipe and Hose Systems) 1910.158 227 Watch, Welding 1910.252(a)(2)(iii) 289 Fire Alarm Devices 1926.150(e) 620 Fire Extinguishers 1926.150(c)(1) 619 Fire Extinguishers Data 1926.150 Table F-1 619 Welding and Cutting 1926.352(d) 656 Fire Prevention 1926.24 539 1926.151 620 Oil and Grease Hazards 1926.350(i) 656 Preservative Coatings 1926.354 658 Welding and Cutting 1926.352 656 Fire Protection 1926.150 619 Cutoffs 1926.150(f) 620 Fire Alarm Devices 1926.150(e) 620 Firefighting Equipment 1926.150(c) 619 1926.150(d) 620 Prevention Program 1926.24 539 Trucks 1910.178 245 Water Supply and Equipment 1926.150(b) 619 Firefighting Equipment 1926.150(c) 619 1926.150(d) 620 Fireworks 1910.109(k) 129 First Aid 1910.151(b) 221 1926.23 539 1926.50 543 Eye Flushing 1910.151(c) 221 Labor Camps 1910.142(k) 205 Welding 1910.252(c)(13) 292 Fittings (see also Piping) 1910.253(d)(1) 295 Fixed Extinguishing Systems Dry Chemical Agent Systems 1910.161 229 Gaseous Agent Systems 1910.162 229 General Requirements 1910.160(b) 229 Total Flooding Systems 1910.160(c) 229 Water Spray and Foam Systems 1910.163 230 Fixed Industrial Stairs (see also Stairs, Fixed Industrial) 1910.24 38 Fixed Ladders (see also Fixed under Ladders) 1910.27 40 Flammable and Combustible Liquids 1926.152 621 Bulk Plants 1910.106(f) 112 Chemical Plants 1910.106(i) 118 Container Marking 1910.106(d) 108 Color Codes 1910.144(a)(1) 205 Definitions 1910.106(a) 101 Distilleries 1910.106(i) 118 Hazard Communication 1910.1200 508 Ignition Sources 1910.106(b)(6) 107 1910.106(e)(6) 112 1910.106(f)(6) 114 1910.106(g)(8) 117 1910.106(h)(7) 118 Industrial Plants 1910.106(e) 111 Outdoor Storage 1910.106(d)(6) 110 Piping, Valves, and Fittings 1910.106(c) 108 Pressure Vessels 1910.106(b)(1)(v) 103 Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals 1926.64 579 583 584 585 590 Processing Plants 1910.106(h) 117 Refineries 1910.106(i) 118 Scope 1910.106(j) 119 Service Stations 1910.106(g) 114 Storage Containers 1910.106(d) 108 Storage Tanks 1910.106(b) 103 1910.106(d) 108 Tanks 1910.106(b) 103 1910.106(d) 108 Trucks Used 1910.178(c)(2) 245 Flanges, Abrasive Wheel Machinery 1910.215(a)(3) 273 1910.215(c) 275 Balance 1910.215(c)(3) 275 Blotters 1910.215(c)(1)(v) 275 1910.215(c)(6) 275 1910.215(d)(5) 276 Diameter Uniformity 1910.215(c)(4) 275 Dimensions 1910.215(c)(8) 275 Driving 1910.215(c)(7) 275 Finish 1910.215(c)(3) 275 General Requirements 1910.215(c)(1) 275 Maintenance 1910.215(c)(9) 276 Recess 1910.215(c)(5) 275 Repairs 1910.215(c)(9) 276 Types 1910.215(c)(1)(iv) 275 Undercut 1910.215(c)(5) 275 Flash Point (Definition) 1926.155(i) 631 Flash Welding Equipment 1910.255(d) 302 Fire Curtains 1910.255(d)(2) 302 Ventilation 1910.255(d)(1) 302

G

Gaging Devices, Liquid-Level 1910.110(b)(19) 138 Gantry Cranes (see also Overhead and Gantry Cranes) 1910.179 251 Gas Welding and Cutting 1926.350 655 Gaseous Agent Extinguishing Systems, Fixed 1910.162 229 Scope and Application 1910.162(a) 229 Specific Requirements 1910.162(b) 229 Gaseous Hydrogen Systems (see also Gaseous Hydrogen Systems under Hydrogen) 1910.103(a)(2)(i) 95 1910.103(b) 95

INDEX

855


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Gases Gases 1926.55 545 Excavations, Hazardous Atmospheres. 1926.651(g) 704 Fuel Gases. 1926.350(d) 655. 1926.350(e) 655 Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LP-Gas). 1926.153 629 Gasoline Powered Trucks. 1910.178(b)(8) 245. 1910.178(b)(9) 245 Gin Pole Derricks. 1910.181(a)(6) 260 Gloves, Rubber Insulating (see also Personal Protective Equipment). 1910.137 198 Goggles. 1926.102(a)(3) 615 Labels. 1926.102(b)(2)(ii) 616 Lasers. 1926.102(b)(2) 616 Welding. 1926.102(b)(1) 616 Goggles (see also Eye and Face Protection). 1910.133 183 Grades, Access. 1926.602(a)(3) 700 Gravity Hammers. 1910.218(e) 281 Grinding Machines Cylindrical. 1910.215(b)(4) 273 Flanges. 1910.215(a)(3) 273 Portable. 1910.243(c)(3) 284. 1910.243(c)(4) 285 Surface Grinders. 1910.215(b)(5) 274 Swing Frame Grinders. 1910.215(b)(6) 274 Top Grinding. 1910.215(b)(8) 274 Work Rest. 1910.215(a)(4) 273 Personal Protective Equipment. 1910.218(j)(5) 281 Polishing and Buffing. 1910.94(b) 80 Branch Pipes. 1910.94(b)(3) 80 Definitions. 1910.94(b)(1) 80 Enclosure Design. 1910.94(b)(5) 81 Exhaust Systems. 1910.94(b)(4) 81 Hoods. 1910.94(b)(3) 80. 1910.94(b)(5) 81 Top. 1910.215(b)(8) 274 Grinding Machines. 1926.303 649 Ground Support Excavations. 1926.652 705. 1926.651(a) 703. 1926.651(h) 704. 1926.651(i) 704. 1926.651(j) 704 Grounding Bulk Oxygen Systems. 1910.104(b)(7)(iv) 101 Flammable and Combustible Liquids. 1910.106(e)(6)(ii) 112. 1910.106(f)(3)(iv) 112 Liquefied Hydrogen Systems. 1910.103(c)(4)(iv) 99 Return and Machine Grounding. 1926.351(c) 656 Welding. 1910.254(c)(2) 301. 1910.254(d)(3) 301. 1910.255(b)(9) 302. 1910.255(c)(6) 302 Woodworking Tools. 1910.243(a)(5) 284 Guarding (see also Fall Protection). 1926.500 677 Guarding (see also Term to Which It Applies) Abrasive Wheel Machinery, Portable. 1910.243(c) 284 Floor Openings (Holes). 1910.23(a) 36 Hatchways. 1910.23(a)(3) 36 Ladderways. 1910.23(a)(2) 36 Open-Sided Floors. 1910.23(c) 36 Platforms. 1910.23(c) 36 Powered Tools, Portable. 1910.243 284 Railings. 1910.23(e) 37 Runways. 1910.23(c) 36 Skylight. 1910.23(a)(4) 36 Stairways. 1910.23(a)(1) 36. 1910.23(d) 37 Wall Openings (Holes). 1910.23(b) 36 Guarding(See also terms below)1910.211-1910.219 Live Parts. 1910.303(g)(2) 332. 1910.303(h)(2) 332 Guards and Guardrails. 1926.500 677 Definitions. 1910.21(f)(10) 34 Derricks. 1910.181(j)(1) 263 Guardrail Systems. 1926.502(b) 679 Hoisting Ropes. 1910.179(e)(5) 253 Manlifts. 1910.68(b)(10)(iv) 76. 1910.68(b)(7) 76. 1910.68(b)(8) 76. 1910.68(b)(9) 76 Moving Parts. 1910.179(e)(6) 253 Powered and Working Platforms. 1910.66(e)(3) 59 Removable. 1910.23(a)(3) 36 Scaffolds. 1926.451 661 Stairways. 1926.500(a)(2)(vii) 677 Trucks. 1910.178(e) 247 Working Surfaces. 1910.22(c) 36 Gudgeon Pin. 1910.181(a)(20) 261 Guy Derricks. 1910.181(a)(7) 260

H

Hammers, Forging (see also Hammers under Forging) 1910.218(a)(3) 280 Hand Protection 1910.138 200 Hand Tools 1910.242 284 Handholds, Manlifts 1910.68(c)(4) 77 Handling (see also Materials Handling and Storage) 1910.176 243 Compressed Gases 1910.101(b) 95 Liquefied Hydrogen Systems 1910.103(c)(2)(iii) 99 Liquefied Petroleum Gases 1910.110 129 Liquids 1910.106(h)(4) 117 Service Stations 1910.106(g)(1) 114

856

INDEX

Handrails Cranes 1910.179(d)(3) 252 1910.179(d)(4)(ii) 252 Fixed Industrial Stairs 1910.24(h) 38 Mobile Ladder Stands 1910.29(f)(4) 51 Handtools 1926.301 648 1926.302 648 1926.303 649 1926.304 649 1926.300 647 1926.305 650 Hatchways Guarding 1910.23(a)(3) 36 Hauling, Haulage Equipment 1926.602(c) 700 Hazard Communication 1910.1200 508 Definitions 1910.1200(c) 509 Employee Information and Training 1910.1200(h) 513 Hazard Determination 1910.1200(d) 511 Labels and Other Forms of Warning 1910.1200(f) 512 Labels and Other Forms of Warnings 1910.1200(f) 512 Material Safety Data Sheets 1910.1200(g) 512 Trade Secrets 1910.1200(i) 514 Written Program 1910.1200(e) 511 Hazardous Atmospheres, Excavations 1926.651(g) 704 Chemicals, Highly Hazardous, Process Safety Management (see also Highly Hazardous Chemicals, Process 1926.64 579 583 584 585 590 Substances (Definition) 1926.32(l) 540 Hazardous Chemicals (see also Chemicals) 1910.1450 520 1910.119 149 Hazardous Materials Acetylene 1910.102 95 Blasting Agents 1910.109 119 Bulk Oxygen Systems 1910.104 100 Compressed Gases 1910.101 95 DOT Markings, Retention 1910.1201 520 Explosives 1910.109 119 Flammable Liquids 1910.106 101 Hydrogen 1910.103 95 Liquefied Petroleum Gases 1910.110 129 Nitrous Oxide 1910.105 101 Oxygen 1910.104 100 Packages, Transport Vehicles, etc. 1910.1201 520 Trucks Used 1910.178(c)(2) 245 Hazardous Waste Operations Contractors and Subcontractors 1910.120(b)(1)(iv) 161 1926.65(b)(1)(iv) 592 Decontamination 1910.120(k) 166 1910.120(p)(4) 168 1926.65(k) 597 Definitions 1910.120(a)(3) 160 1926.65(a)(3) 591 Drums and Containers 1910.120(j) 165 1926.65(j) 596 Emergency Response 1910.120(e)(7) 163 1910.120(l) 167 1910.120(p)(8) 168 1910.120(q) 169 1926.65(e)(7) 594 1926.65(l) 598 1926.65(p)(8) 599 1926.65(q) 600 Engineering Controls 1910.120(g)(1) 164 1910.120(g)(2) 164 Engineering Controls and Personal Protective Equipment 1926.65(g) 595 Hazard Communication Program 1910.120(p)(2) 168 Illumination 1910.120(m) 167 1926.65(m) 598 Information Program 1910.120(b)(1) 161 1910.120(i) 165 1926.65(b) 592 1926.65(i) 596 Laboratory Waste Packs 1910.120(j)(6) 166 1926.65(j)(6) 597 Material Handling 1910.120(j)(3) 166 1910.120(p)(6) 168 1926.65(j) 596 Medical Surveillance 1910.120(f) 163 1910.120(p)(3) 168 1910.120(q)(9) 171 1926.65(f) 594 Monitoring 1910.120(c)(6) 162 1910.120(h) 165 1926.65(c)(6) 593 1926.65(h) 596 Personal Protective Equipment 1910.120 Appendix B 173 1910.120(c)(5) 162 1910.120(g)(3) 164 1910.120(g)(4) 165 1910.120(g)(5) 165 Radioactive Wastes 1910.120(j)(4) 166 1926.65(j)(4) 597 RCRA Facilities 1910.120(p) 168 1926.65(p) 599 Recordkeeping 1910.120(f)(8) 164 1926.65(f)(8) 595 Safety and Health Program 1910.120(b) 161 1910.120(p)(1) 168 1926.65(b) 592 Sanitation 1910.120(n) 167 1926.65(n) 598 Shock Sensitive Wastes 1910.120(j)(5) 166 1926.65(j)(5) 597 Site Characterization and Analysis 1910.120(c) 162 1926.65(c) 593 Site Control 1910.120(d) 162 1926.65(d) 594 Site-Specific Safety and Health Plan 1910.120(b)(4) 161 1926.65(b)(4) 592 Tank and Vault Procedures 1910.120(j)(9) 166 1926.65(j)(9) 597 Technology Programs 1910.120(o) 168 Totally-Encapsulating Chemical Protective Suits 1910.120(g)(4) 165 1926.65(g)(4) 596 Training 1910.120(e) 163 1910.120(p)(7) 168 1910.120(p)(8)(iii) 168 1910.120(q)(6) 170 1910.120(q)(7) 171 1910.120(q)(8) 171 1926.65(e) 594 1926.65(p)(8)(iii) 600 1926.65(q)(6) 601 Uncontrolled Sites, Emergency Response 1910.120(l) 167 Uncontrolled Sites, Emergency Responses 1926.65(l) 598 Head Protection 1910.135 198 1926.100 615 Hearing Conservation Program 1910.95(c) 87

,

,

,

,

Section #, Page #


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Inspection

Section #, Page #

Hydraulically Designed Sprinkler Systems 1910.159(c)(11) 228 Hydrogen 1910.103 95 Definitions 1910.103(a)(1) 95 Gaseous Hydrogen Systems 1910.103(a)(2)(i) 95 1910.103(b) 95 Clear Zone 1910.103(b)(5) 97 Containers 1910.103(b)(1)(i) 95 Design 1910.103(b)(1) 95 1910.103(b)(3) 97 Equipment Assembly 1910.103(b)(1)(iii) 95 1910.103(b)(1)(iv) 95 Fittings 1910.103(b)(1)(iii) 95 Location 1910.103(b)(2) 96 Outdoor 1910.103(b)(3)(i) 97 Separate Buildings 1910.103(b)(3)(ii) 97 Special Rooms 1910.103(b)(3)(iii) 97 Maintenance 1910.103(b)(5) 97 Marking 1910.103(b)(1)(v) 96 Operating Instructions 1910.103(b)(4) 97 Piping 1910.103(b)(1)(iii) 95 Safety Relief Devices 1910.103(b)(1)(ii) 95 Testing 1910.103(b)(1)(vi) 96 Tubing 1910.103(b)(1)(iii) 95 Liquefied Hydrogen Systems 1910.103(a)(2)(ii) 95 1910.103(c) 97 Containers 1910.103(c)(1)(i) 97 Design 1910.103(c)(1) 97 Electrical Systems 1910.103(c)(1)(ix) 98 Equipment Assembly 1910.103(c)(1)(vi) 98 Fittings 1910.103(c)(1)(v) 97 Grounding 1910.103(c)(4)(iv) 99 Location 1910.103(c)(2) 98 Outdoor 1910.103(c)(3)(i) 99 Separate Buildings 1910.103(c)(3)(ii) 99 Special Rooms 1910.103(c)(3)(iii) 99 Maintenance 1910.103(c)(5) 99 Marking 1910.103(c)(1)(iii) 97 Operating Instructions 1910.103(c)(4) 99 Attendants 1910.103(c)(4)(ii) 99 Security 1910.103(c)(4)(iii) 99 Written Instructions 1910.103(c)(4)(i) 99 Piping 1910.103(c)(1)(v) 97 Safety Relief Devices 1910.103(c)(1)(iv) 97 Supports 1910.103(c)(1)(ii) 97 Testing 1910.103(c)(1)(vii) 98 Tubing 1910.103(c)(1)(v) 97 Vaporizers 1910.103(c)(1)(viii) 98 Hydrostatic Testing Fire Extinguishers 1910.157(f) 226 Piping 1910.106(c)(7) 108

IX

I

Ignition Hazards 1926.151(a) 620 Ignition Sources Bulk Plants 1910.106(f)(6) 114 Industrial Plants 1910.106(e)(6) 112 Processing Plants 1910.106(h)(7) 118 Service Stations 1910.106(g)(8) 117 Storage Tanks 1910.106(b)(6) 107 Illumination 1926.56 550 1926.26 540 Minimum Illumination Intensities 1926.56 Table D-3 550 1926.56(a) 550 Indoor Storage Flammable and Combustible Liquids 1910.106(b)(4) 106 1910.106(d)(4) 109 1910.106(d)(5) 109 1910.106(e)(5) 111 1910.106(g)(1)(iii) 115 1910.106(h)(4)(i) 117 Rooms 1910.106(d)(4) 109 Industrial Stepladders, Type I 1910.25(c)(2) 38 Industrial Trucks 1910.178, 1926.602(c) 700 Inert-Gas Metal-Arc Welding 1926.353(d) 657 Injury/Illness Recording and Reporting 1904 9 Inorganic Arsenic 1910.1018 390 Inorganic Arsenic (see also Arsenic, Inorganic) 1910.1018 390 Insect Control 1910.141(a)(5) 203 Labor Camps 1910.142(j) 205 Inspection (see also Term to Which It Applies) Compressed Gas Cylinders 1910.101(a) 95 Cranes 1910.179(j) 254 1910.180(d) 258 Crawler 1910.180(d) 258 Gantry 1910.179(j) 254 Ropes 1910.179(m) 255 Locomotive 1910.180(d) 258 Overhead 1910.179(j) 254 Ropes 1910.179(m) 255 Truck 1910.180(d) 258 Cylinders 1910.101(a) 95 Derricks 1910.181(d) 261 Fire Extinguishers 1910.157(e) 226 Flooding, Tank Areas 1910.106(b)(5)(vi) 106 Gas Cylinders 1910.101(a) 95 Manlifts 1910.68(e) 78 Powered Platforms 1910.66(g) 63 Respirators 1910.134(f) 187 1910.134(h)(3) 188 Ropes, Cranes 1910.179(m) 255

INDEX

IX Subject Index

Hearing Protection 1926.101 615 Heating Bulk Plants 1910.106(f)(2)(ii) 112 Service Stations 1910.106(g)(6) 117 Heating, Temporary Devices 1926.154 631 Helicopters 1910.183 263 1926.551 695 Approach Distance 1926.551(o) 695 Approaching 1926.551(p) 695 Briefing 1926.551(b) 695 Cargo Hooks 1926.551(d) 695 Clothing 1926.551(e) 695 Communications 1926.551(r) 695 Fires 1926.551(s) 695 Ground Lines 1926.551(l) 695 Hand Signals 1926.551(n) 695 Hooking and Unhooking Loads 1926.551(i) 695 Housekeeping 1926.551(g) 695 Loose Gear 1926.551(f) 695 Operator Responsibility 1926.551(h) 695 Personal Protective Equipment 1926.551(e) 695 Personnel 1926.551(q) 695 Regulations 1926.551(a) 695 Signal Systems 1926.551(n) 695 Hand Signals Fig. N-1 695 Slings and Tag Lines 1926.551(c) 695 Static Charge 1926.551(j) 695 Visibility 1926.551(m) 695 Weight Limitation 1926.551(k) 695 Helmets 1910.135 198 Hepatitis B (see also Bloodborne Pathogens) 1910.1030 484 High Voltage (Over 600 Volts) General Requirements 1910.303(h) 332 Industrial Plants 1910.106(e)(7) 112 Liquefied Petroleum Systems 1910.110(b)(17) 136 1910.110(b)(18) 138 1910.110(h)(13) 148 Processing Plants 1910.106(h)(7)(iii) 118 Service Stations 1910.106(g)(5) 117 Highly Hazardous Chemicals, Process Safety Management (see also Highly Hazardous Chemicals, Process 1910.119 149 Hinged Floor Opening Covers 1910.23(a)(3)(i) 36 HIV and HBV Research 1910.1030(e) 488 Hoist Limit Switches 1910.179(n)(4) 256 Hoisting Equipment Cranes 1910.179(e)(5) 253 1910.179(h) 254 Powered Platforms 1910.66(f)(4) 61 1910.66(g)(6) 64 Rope Guards 1910.179(e)(5) 253 Hoists, Hoisting Base-Mounted Drum 1926.553 697 Materials 1926.552(b) 696 Overhead 1926.554 697 Personnel (and Elevators) 1926.552(c) 696 Holding Brakes 1910.179(f)(2) 253 Holes 1910.23(b) 36 Hooks 1926.251(f) 637 Cranes 1910.179(h)(4) 254 Derricks 1910.181(j)(2) 263 Horse Scaffolds 1910.28(m) 49 1926.452(f) 667 Hoses Liquefied Petroleum Gases 1910.110(b)(9) 132 Semiconductive 1910.109(a)(12) 119 Sprinkler Systems 1910.159(c)(5) 228 Standpipe and Hose Systems 1910.158(c)(3) 227 Welding and Cutting 1910.253(e) 296 Hoses and Connections Fire 1926.150(c)(2) 620 Manifold 1926.350(e) 655 Nozzles 1926.151(a)(5) 620 Pneumatic Power Tools 1926.302(b) 648 Hot Work Permits, Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals 1910.119(k) 151 Hours of Transfer, Explosives 1910.109(f)(5) 124 Household Stepladders, Type III 1910.25(c)(2) 38 Housekeeping 1910.141(a)(3) 203 1926.25 539 Asbestos 1910.1001(k) 372 Bloodborne Pathogens 1910.1030(d)(4) 487 Cadmium 1910.1027(k) 426 Flammable Liquids 1910.106(e)(9) 112 Processing Plants 1910.106(h)(8) 118 Formaldehyde 1910.1048(j) 493 Lead 1910.1025(h) 403 Materials Handling and Storage 1910.176(c) 243 Processing Plants, Flammable and Combustible Liquids 1910.106(h)(8) 118 Sanitation 1910.141(a)(3) 203 Walking-Working Surfaces 1910.22(a) 36 Hydraulic Jacks 1926.305 650 Power Tools 1926.302(d) 648

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Inspections Inspections Asbestos 1926.1101(g)(11) 743 1926.1101(o) 748 Blasting, After 1926.910 721 Excavations 1926.651(k) 705 Exhaust Ventilation 1926.57(f)(4) 551 Hazardous Chemicals 1926.64(j)(4) 582 Hazardous Waste 1926.65(b)(4)(iv) 593 Hoists and Elevators 1926.552(c)(15) 697 Jacks 1926.305(d)(1)(iv) 650 Motor Vehicles 1926.601(b)(14) 700 Respirators 1910.134(f) 187 1910.134(h)(3) 188 Rigging Equipment 1926.251(a)(6) 635 Right of Entry 1926.3 529 Scaffolds 1926.451 661 Inspections, Citations, and Proposed Penalties Abatement verification 1903.19 5 Advance notice of inspections 1903.6 2 Authority for inspection 1903.3 1 Citations notices of de minimis violations policy regarding employee rescue activities 1903.14 4 Complaints by employees 1903.11 3 Conduct of inspections 1903.7 2 Consultation with employees 1903.10 3 Definitions 1903.22 8 Employer and employee contests before the Review Commission 1903.17 5 Entry not a waiver 1903.5 2 Failure to correct a violation for which a citation has been issued 1903.18 5 Imminent danger 1903.13 4 Informal conferences 1903.20 8 Inspection not warranted informal review 1903.12 3 Objection to inspection 1903.4 1 Petitions for modification of abatement date 1903.14a 4 Posting of citations 1903.16 5 Posting of notice availability of the Act, regulations and applicable standards 1903.2 1 Proposed penalties 1903.15 5 Purpose and Scope 1903.1 1 Representatives of employers and employees 1903.8 2 State administration 1903.21 8 Trade secrets 1903.9 3 Instruction Signs, Manlifts 1910.68(c)(7) 78 Interior Hung Scaffolds 1910.28(p) 49 1926.452(t) 669 Interpretations, Letters of 833 Ionizing Radiation 1910.1096 504 1926.53 544 Airborne Radioactive Materials 1910.1096(c) 505 Caution Signs and Labels 1910.1096(e) 505 Definitions 1910.1096(a) 504 Employees Disclosure of Records 1910.1096(o) 508 Exposure Records 1910.1096(m) 508 1910.1096(n) 508 Incident Reporting 1910.1096(l) 507 Instruction Posting 1910.1096(i) 507 Evacuation 1910.1096(f) 506 Exemptions 1910.1096(g) 507 1910.1096(h) 507 Exposure 1910.1096(b) 505 Airborne Radioactive Materials 1910.1096(c) 505 Minors 1910.1096(b)(3) 505 1910.1096(c)(2) 505 1910.1096(d)(2)(ii) 505 Records 1910.1096(m) 508 1910.1096(n) 508 1910.1096(o) 508 Incident Reporting 1910.1096(l) 507 Monitoring 1910.1096(d) 505 NRC Licensees 1910.1096(p) 508 Overexposure Reports 1910.1096(m) 508 Personnel Instructions, Posting 1910.1096(i) 507 Radioactive Materials Packaged 1910.1096(h) 507 Storage 1910.1096(j) 507 Warning Signals 1910.1096(f) 506 Waste Disposal 1910.1096(k) 507

J

Jacks Definitions 1910.241(d) 283 Fixed Truck 1910.178(k)(3) 247 Lever and Ratchet Jacks 1926.305 650 Loading 1910.244(a)(1) 287 Maintenance 1910.244(a)(2) 287 Marking 1910.244(a)(1) 287 Operation 1910.244(a)(2) 287 Truck 1910.178(k)(3) 247

K

Kitchens, Labor Camps 1910.142(i) 205

858

INDEX

L

Labeling, Hazardous Chemicals 1910.1200 508 Labor Camps, Temporary 1910.142 204 Bathing Facilities 1910.142(f) 205 Bedding 1910.142(b)(3) 204 Communicable Disease Reporting 1910.142(l) 205 Dining Facilities 1910.142(i) 205 Facilities 1910.142(b) 204 First Aid 1910.142(k) 205 Floors 1910.142(b)(4) 204 1910.142(b)(5) 204 Furnishings 1910.142(b) 204 Grounds 1910.142(a)(3) 204 Heating Equipment 1910.142(b)(11) 204 Insect Control 1910.142(j) 205 Kitchens 1910.142(i) 205 Laundry Facilities 1910.142(f) 205 Lighting 1910.142(g) 205 Refuse Collection 1910.142(a)(3) 204 Refuse Disposal 1910.142(h) 205 Rodent Control 1910.142(j) 205 Screening 1910.142(b)(8) 204 Sewage Disposal 1910.142(e) 205 Shelters 1910.142(b) 204 Site 1910.142(a) 204 Size 1910.142(a)(2) 204 Sleeping 1910.142(b)(2) 204 1910.142(b)(3) 204 Space 1910.142(b)(2) 204 1910.142(b)(9) 204 Stoves 1910.142(b)(10) 204 Toilet Facilities 1910.142(d) 204 Washing 1910.142(f) 205 Waste Disposal 1910.142(h) 205 Water Supply 1910.142(c) 204 Windows 1910.142(b)(7) 204 1910.142(b)(8) 204 Laboratories HIV and HBV Research 1910.1030(e) 488 Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals (see also Hazardous Chemicals, Occupational Exposure in 1910.1450 520 Ladder Stands, Manual Mobile 1910.29(f) 51 Ladder-Jack Scaffolds 1910.28(q) 49 Ladders Cranes 1910.179(d)(4) 252 1910.179(o)(1) 256 Fixed 1910.27 40 Cages 1910.27(c)(3) 41 1910.27(d)(1) 41 Clearances 1910.27(c) 41 Cleats 1910.27(b)(1) 40 Design 1910.27(a) 40 Stress 1910.27(a)(2) 40 Deterioration 1910.27(b)(7) 41 Electrolytic Action 1910.27(b)(5) 40 Extensions 1910.27(d)(3) 43 Fastenings 1910.27(b)(3) 40 Grab Bars 1910.27(c)(5) 41 1910.27(d)(4) 43 Ladder Extensions 1910.27(d)(3) 43 Landing Platforms 1910.27(d)(2) 42 Maintenance 1910.27(f) 43 Pitch 1910.27(e) 43 Rungs 1910.27(b)(1) 40 Safety Devices 1910.27(d)(5) 43 Side Rails 1910.27(b)(2) 40 Splices 1910.27(b)(4) 40 Welding 1910.27(b)(6) 41 Wells 1910.27(d)(1) 41 Manlifts 1910.68(b)(12) 77 Portable Metal 1910.26 39 Care 1910.26(c)(2) 40 Extension Ladders 1910.26(a)(2) 39 General Requirements 1910.26(a)(1) 39 Platform Ladders 1910.26(a)(5) 40 Stepladders 1910.26(a)(3) 39 Straight Ladders 1910.26(a)(2) 39 Trestle Ladders 1910.26(a)(4) 40 Use 1910.26(c)(3) 40 Portable Wood 1910.25 38 Care 1910.25(d)(1) 39 Materials 1910.25(b) 38 Rung Ladders 1910.25(c)(3) 38 Sectional 1910.25(c)(3)(iv) 39 Single 1910.25(c)(3)(ii) 38 Trestle 1910.25(c)(3)(v) 39 Two-Section 1910.25(c)(3)(iii) 38 Side-Rolling Ladders 1910.25(c)(5) 39 Special Purpose Ladders 1910.25(c)(4) 39 Masons 1910.25(c)(4)(iii)' 39 Painters 1910.25(c)(4)(ii)' 39 Stepladders 1910.25(c)(2) 38 Trolley Ladders 1910.25(c)(5) 39 Use 1910.25(d)(2) 39

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Loads

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Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LP-Gas) 1926.153 629 Fuel Handling and Storage 1910.178(f) 247 Trucks 1910.178(b) 245 Converted 1910.178(d) 247 Liquefied Petroleum Gases (see also Liquefied Petroleum Gases under Containers) 1910.110 129 Appliances 1910.110(b)(20) 139 Attendant 1910.110(b)(14) 136 Buildings Engine Use 1910.110(e)(11) 145 1910.110(e)(12) 145 Industrial Trucks 1910.110(e)(13) 145 Inside Storage 1910.110(f) 145 Piping Into 1910.110(b)(13) 135 Condensed Gas Drips 1910.110(d)(9) 143 Definitions 1910.110(a) 129 Drains 1910.110(d)(11) 143 Electrical Equipment 1910.110(b)(17) 136 1910.110(b)(18) 138 1910.110(h)(13) 148 Engines in Buildings 1910.110(e)(11) 145 1910.110(e)(12) 145 Equipment Approval 1910.110(b)(2) 130 Fire Protection 1910.110(d)(14) 143 1910.110(f)(7) 146 1910.110(h)(14) 148 Fuel Handling and Storage 1910.178(f) 247 Gaging Devices 1910.110(b)(19) 138 Liquid Transfer 1910.110(b)(14) 136 Liquid-Level Gaging Devices 1910.110(b)(19) 138 Loading 1910.110(b)(15) 136 Motor Fuel 1910.110(e) 144 Odorizing Gases 1910.110(b)(1) 129 Regulating Equipment 1910.110(b)(6) 130 1910.110(c)(5) 139 1910.110(d)(9) 143 1910.110(e)(9) 145 Indoor 1910.110(c)(5) 139 Location 1910.110(b)(6) 130 Outdoor 1910.110(c)(4) 139 Storage 1910.110 129 Service Stations 1910.110(h) 146 Tank Car Loading 1910.110(b)(15) 136 Transport Trucks 1910.110(b)(15) 136 Trucks 1910.178(b) 245 Converted 1910.178(d) 247 Liquid Fuels Handling and Storage 1910.178(f) 247 Service Stations 1910.106(g) 114 Liquid Transfer Flammable Liquids 1910.106(e)(2)(iv) 111 1910.106(e)(3)(vi) 111 1910.106(f)(3)(vi) 113 1910.106(g) 114 1910.106(h)(4) 117 Liquefied Petroleum Gases 1910.110(b)(14) 136 Liquids, Flammable and Combustible 1926.152 621 Load Handling Crawler, Locomotive and Truck Cranes 1910.180(h) 259 Attaching 1910.180(h)(2) 259 Holding 1910.180(h)(4) 259 Moving 1910.180(h)(3) 259 Size 1910.180(h)(1) 259 Derricks 1910.181(i) 263 Attaching 1910.181(i)(2) 263 Boom Securing 1910.181(i)(6) 263 Holding 1910.181(i)(4) 263 Moving 1910.181(i)(3) 263 Size 1910.181(i)(1) 263 Winch Heads 1910.181(i)(5) 263 Overhead and Gantry Cranes 1910.179(n) 256 Attaching 1910.179(n)(2) 256 Hoist Limit Switches 1910.179(n)(4) 256 Moving 1910.179(n)(3) 256 Size 1910.179(n)(1) 256 Load Ratings Cranes 1910.180(c) 257 Derricks 1910.181(c) 261 Overhead and Gantry Cranes 1910.179(b)(5) 252 Loading Bulk Plants 1910.106(f)(3) 112 Explosives 1910.109(e)(3) 123 Industrial Plants 1910.106(e)(4) 111 Liquefied Petroleum Gases 1910.110(b)(15) 136 Processing Plants 1910.106(h)(5) 118 Scaffolds 1910.29(a)(2) 50 Loads Helicopter Cranes, Hooking and Unhooking 1926.551(i) 695 Hoists and Elevators 1926.552(a)(2) 696 Number and Spacing of U-Bolt Wire Rope Clips 1926.251(f)(2) Table H-20 645 Safe Working Loads for Shackles 1926.251(f)(2) Table H-19 645 Scaffolds, Ratings 1926.451(a) 661 Storage 1926.250(a)(2) 635

INDEX

IX

IX Subject Index

Ladders (see also Stairways) 1926.1051 733 1926.1053 734 1926.1050 733 1926.1060 736 Chicken Ladders or Crawling Boards 1926.452(m) 668 Defects and Repairs 1926.1053(b)(16) 736 1926.1053(b)(17) 736 Electric Equipment, Energized, Exposure to 1926.1053(b)(12) 736 Inspection 1926.1053(b)(15) 736 Ladder Jack Scaffolds 1926.452(k) 668 Ladder Trucks, Manually Propelled Mobile 1926.453(b) 670 Load Capabilities 1926.1053(a)(1) 734 1926.1053(b)(3) 736 Portable Metal 1910.333(c)(7) 353 Safety Devices 1926.1053(a) 734 1926.1051(b) 733 Scaffolds, Use On or With 1926.1051(a) 733 Training Requirements 1926.1060 736 Trestle Ladder Scaffolds 1926.452(n) 668 Ladderway Guarding 1910.23(a)(2) 36 Landings, Manlifts 1910.68(b)(10) 76 1910.68(b)(6) 76 Lanyards (see also Body Belts, Safety Straps, and Lanyards) 1926.104 617 Lasers Eye Protection 1926.102(b)(2) 616 Nonionizing Radiation 1926.54 544 LathersScaffolds 1910.28(o)' 49 Laundry Facilities, Labor Camps 1910.142(f) 205 Laundry Operations Bloodborne Pathogens 1910.1030(d)(4)(iv) 487 Laundry Operations, Bloodborne Pathogens 1910.1030(d)(4)(iv) 487 Lavatories 1910.141(d)(2) 204 Lawnmowers, Power 1910.243(e) 286 General Requirements 1910.243(e)(1) 286 Riding Rotary 1910.243(e)(2) 286 1910.243(e)(4) 287 Walk Behind 1910.243(e)(2) 286 1910.243(e)(3) 287 Lead 1910.1025 401 1910.252(c)(7) 292 Compliance 1910.1025(e) 402 Confined Spaces 1910.252(c)(7)(i) 292 Definitions 1910.1025(b) 401 Exposure, Permissible Limits 1910.1025(c) 401 Forging Machines 1910.218(a)(1) 280 Housekeeping 1910.1025(h) 403 Hygiene Facilities and Practices 1910.1025(i) 403 Indoors 1910.252(c)(7)(ii) 292 1910.252(c)(7)(iii) 292 Medical Removal 1910.1025(k) 405 Medical Surveillance 1910.1025(j) 404 Monitoring 1910.1025(d) 401 1910.1025(o) 407 Protective Clothing and Equipment 1910.1025(g) 403 Recordkeeping 1910.1025(n) 407 Respiratory Protection 1910.1025(f) 403 Signs 1910.1025(m) 407 Training, Employee 1910.1025(l) 406 Ventilation 1910.1025(e)(4) 402 1910.252(c)(7)(iii) 292 Lead Exposure in Construction Definitions 1926.62(b) 562 Employee Information and Training 1926.62(l) 568 Exposure Assessment 1926.62(d) 562 Housekeeping 1926.62(h) 565 Hygiene Facilities and Practices 1926.62(i) 565 Medical Removal Protection 1926.62(k) 567 Medical Surveillance 1926.62(j) 565 Methods of Compliance 1926.62(e) 564 Permissible Exposure Limit 1926.62(c) 562 Protective Work Clothing and Equipment 1926.62(g) 565 Recordkeeping 1926.62(n) 568 Respiratory Protection 1926.62(f) 564 Signs 1926.62(m) 568 Leakage, Bulk Oxygen Systems 1910.104(b)(2)(iii) 100 Lenses 1926.102(a)(3) 615 Lasers 1926.102(b)(2) 616 Welding 1926.102(b)(1) 616 Letters of Interpretation 833 Lever and Ratchet Jacks 1926.305 650 Lifelines 1926.104 617 Chicken Ladders 1910.28(t)(2) 50 Confined Spaces 1910.252(b)(4)(iv) 291 Crawling Boards 1910.28(t)(2) 50 Materials Storage 1926.250(b)(2) 635 Scaffolding 1926.451(h) 666 Welding 1910.252(b)(4)(iv) 291 Lifting Equipment 1926.602(c) 700 Lighting (see also Illumination) 1926.56 550 1926.26 540 Electrical Safety-Related Work Practices 1910.333(c)(4) 353 Portable Equipment 1926.151(a)(4) 620 Powered Industrial Trucks 1910.178(h) 247 Lighting (see also Lamps) Container Areas 1910.110(d)(16) 144 Cranes 1910.179(c)(4) 252 1910.179(g)(7) 254 Electrical Safety-Related Work Practices 1910.333(c)(4) 353 Exit Routes 1910.37(b) 54 Hazardous Waste Operations 1910.120(m) 167 Labor Camps 1910.142(g) 205 Manlifts 1910.68(b)(14) 77 1910.68(b)(6)(iii) 76 Powered Industrial Trucks 1910.178(h) 247

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Lockout/Tagout of Hazardous Energy Lockout/Tagout of Hazardous Energy 1910.147 217 Control Sources 1910.147(d) 219 Definitions 1910.147(b) 218 Electrical Safety-Related Work Practices 1910.333(b) 352 Inspection 1910.147(c)(6) 219 Release Procedures 1910.147(e) 220 Testing 1910.147(f)(1) 220 Training 1910.147(c)(7) 219 Locomotive Cranes (see also Crawler, Locomotive, and Truck Cranes) 1910.180 256 Low Pressure Tanks 1910.106(b)(1)(iv) 103 Lunchrooms 1910.141(g) 204 Location 1910.141(g)(1) 204 1910.141(g)(2) 204 Waste Disposal Containers 1910.141(g)(3) 204

M

Machine(ry) Guarding Abrasive Wheel Machinery 1910.215 273 Anchoring Fixed Machinery 1910.212(a) 272 1910.212(b) 273 Barrels 1910.212(a)(4) 273 Blades Exposure 1910.212(a)(5) 273 Containers 1910.212(a)(4) 273 Definitions 1910.211 269 Drums 1910.212(a)(4) 273 Forging Machines 1910.218 280 General Requirements 1910.212(a)(2) 272 Point of Operation 1910.212(a)(3) 273 Types 1910.212(a)(1) 272 Machines Abrasive Wheels 1910.215 273 Definitions 1910.211 269 Forging 1910.218 280 Magazines, Explosives 1910.109(c)(2) 121 Class I 1910.109(c)(3) 121 Class II 1910.109(c)(4) 121 Storage 1910.109(c)(5) 121 Maintenance (see also Term To Which It Applies) Bulk Oxygen Systems 1910.104(b)(10) 101 Cranes 1910.179(l) 255 1910.180(f) 258 Derricks 1910.181(f) 262 Fire Alarm Systems 1910.164(c) 230 Fire Extinguishers 1910.157(e) 226 Industrial Plants 1910.106(e)(9) 112 Liquefied Hydrogen Systems 1910.103(c)(5) 99 Powered Industrial Trucks 1910.178(q) 249 Powered Platforms 1910.66(e)(5) 59 Processing Plants 1910.106(h)(8) 118 Respirators 1910.134(f) 187 1910.134(h) 188 Sprinkler Systems 1910.159(c)(2) 228 Standpipe and Hose Systems 1910.158(e) 228 Manholes 1910.23(a)(6) 36 Manifolding Gas Cylinders 1910.253(c) 294 Fuel-Gas Manifolds 1910.253(c)(1) 294 Operating Procedures 1910.253(c)(5) 295 Oxygen 1910.253(c)(2) 294 1910.253(c)(3) 295 Portable Outlet Heaters 1910.253(c)(4) 295 Manifolds, Oxygen 1926.350(e) 655 Manlifts 1910.68 75 Application 1910.68(b)(1) 76 Belts 1910.68(c)(1)(ii) 77 Brakes 1910.68(c)(1)(i) 77 Clearances 1910.68(b)(11) 76 Definitions 1910.68(a) 75 Design 1910.68(b)(3) 76 Exit Protection 1910.68(b)(8) 76 Floor Openings 1910.68(b)(5) 76 1910.68(b)(7) 76 General Requirements 1910.68(b) 76 Guardrails 1910.68(b)(10)(iv) 76 1910.68(b)(8)(i) 76 Guards 1910.68(b)(7) 76 1910.68(b)(8) 76 1910.68(b)(9) 76 Handholds 1910.68(c)(4) 77 Inspections 1910.68(e) 78 Instruction Signs 1910.68(c)(7) 78 Ladders 1910.68(b)(12) 77 Landings 1910.68(b)(6) 76 Lighting 1910.68(b)(14) 77 1910.68(b)(6)(iii) 76 Machinery 1910.68(c) 77 Mechanical Requirements 1910.68(c) 77 Operating Rules 1910.68(d) 78 Platforms 1910.68(c)(3) 77 Speed 1910.68(c)(2) 77 Steps 1910.68(c)(3) 77 Stops 1910.68(c)(5) 77 1910.68(c)(6) 78 Warning Signs 1910.68(c)(7) 78 Weather Protection 1910.68(b)(15) 77 Marine Operations Working Over or Near Water 1926.106 617 Marine Service Stations 1910.106(g)(4) 116

860

INDEX

Markings Bulk Oxygen Systems 1910.104(b)(8)(viii) 101 Compressed Gas Cylinders 1910.253(b)(1) 293 Explosive Actuated Tools 1910.243(d)(3) 286 Eye and Face Protection 1910.133(a)(4) 183 Gaseous Hydrogen Systems 1910.103(b)(1)(v) 96 General 1910.303(e) 331 Liquefied Hydrogen Systems 1910.103(c)(1)(iii) 97 Liquefied Petroleum Gases 1910.110(b)(5) 130 1910.110(c)(2) 139 Load Ratings Cranes 1910.180(c)(2) 258 Derricks 1910.181(c)(1) 261 Physical Hazards 1910.144 205 Powered Industrial Trucks 1910.178(a)(3) 245 Respirators 1910.134(j) 189 Masonry MasonsScaffolds 1926.451(d)(3)(i)' 662 1926.451(d)(3)(iii)' 662 1926.452(q)' 668 MasonsAdjustableMultiple-PointSuspensionScaffolds 1910.28(f)' 46 MasonsLadders 1910.25(c)(4)(iii)' 39 Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) 1910.1200(g) 512 Materials Handling Equipment 1926.602 700 Earthmoving 1926.602(a) 700 Excavating 1926.602(b) 700 Lifting and Hauling 1926.602(c) 700 Hazardous Materials, Retention of DOT Markings 1910.1201 520 Rigging Equipment 1926.251 635 Materials Handling and Storage Aisles and Passageways 1910.176(a) 243 Clearance Signs 1910.176(e) 243 Cranes Crawler, Locomotive, and Truck 1910.180 256 Overhead and Gantry 1910.179 251 Derricks 1910.181 260 Guarding Openings 1910.176(g) 243 Hazardous Materials, Retention of DOT Markings 1910.1201 520 Hazardous Waste Operations 1910.120(j) 165 1910.120(p)(6) 168 Housekeeping 1910.176(c) 243 Mechanical Equipment 1910.176(a) 243 Railroad Car Blocks 1910.176(f) 243 Secure Storage 1910.176(b) 243 Materials Storage 1926.250 635 Safety Belts 1926.250(b)(2) 635 Maximum Allowable Concentration Fluorine 1910.252(c)(5)(ii) 292 Welding Contamination 1910.252(c)(1)(iii) 291 Mechanical Equipment Powered Industrial Trucks 1910.178 245 Mechanical Power Presses Definitions 1910.211(d) 270 Mechanical Power-Transmission Apparatus Definitions 1910.211(f) 272 Medical (see also First Aid) Attention 1926.23 539 Services 1926.50 543 Medical Services (see also First Aid, Personal Protective Equipment) 1910.151 221 Mercantile Occupancies 1910.106(d)(5)(iv) 109 Mercury 1910.252(c)(10) 292 Metal Ladders, Portable (see also Portable Metal under Ladders) 1910.26 39 Midrails, Scaffolding 1926.451(e)(4) 663 1926.451(e)(4)(i) 663 1926.451(g)(4) 665 Mills Rubber and Plastics Industry Definitions 1910.211(c) 270 Mixing Blasting Agents 1910.109(g)(2) 124 1910.109(g)(3) 124 1910.109(h)(3) 126 1910.109(h)(4) 127 Explosives 1910.109(h)(3) 126 1910.109(h)(4) 127 Mobile Ladder Stands 1910.29(f) 51 Mobile Scaffolds 1910.29 50 Mobile Work Platforms 1910.29(e) 51 Motor Vehicles 1926.601 699 1926.600 699 Audible Warning Device 1926.601(b)(3) 699 Brakes 1926.601(b)(1) 699 Cab Shields and Canopies 1926.601(b)(6) 699 Dump Trucks 1926.601(b)(11) 699 1926.601(b)(12) 699 1926.601(b)(10) 699 Inspection 1926.601(b)(14) 700 Lighting 1926.601(b)(2)(i) 699 Mud Flaps 1926.601(b)(13)(i) 699 Obstructed View 1926.601(b)(4) 699 Seat Belts 1926.601(b)(9) 699 Transporting Employees 1926.601(b)(8) 699 Windshields and Wipers 1926.601(b)(5) 699 Multi-Employer Citation Policy Addendum 819 Multi-Piece Rim Wheels 1910.177 243

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Piping

N

NAICS Codes Addendum 825 Needle Beam Scaffolds 1910.28(n) 49 1926.452(u) 669 Platform Spans 1910.28(n)(4) 49 Rope Attachments 1910.28(n)(3) 49 Ropes and Hangers 1910.28(n)(2) 49 Supports 1910.28(n)(7) 49 Tools 1910.28(n)(6) 49 Wood Needle Beams 1910.28(n)(1) 49 Work Surfaces 1910.28(n)(8) 49 Nets, Safety 1926.105 617 Nitrous Oxide 1910.105 101 Noise Exposure 1910.95 86 1926.52 544 Personal Protective Equipment 1910.95(b)(1) 86 1910.95(c) 87 1910.95(i) 88 1910.95(j) 88 Nonionizing Radiation 1910.97 94 1926.54 544 Electromagnetic Radiation 1910.97(a) 94 Noxious Gases, Storage Areas 1910.178(i) 247 Nozzles Abrasive Blasting 1910.244(b) 287 1910.94(a)(2)(iii) 79 Gasoline 1910.106(g)(3)(vi) 116 Standpipe 1910.158(c)(4) 228 NRC Licensees 1910.1096(p) 508 Nuclear Regulatory Commission Licensees 1910.1096(p) 508 Radiation Exposure 1926.53(a) 544

O

Section #, Page #

P

PaintersStepladders 1910.25(c)(4)(ii)' 39 Paints Color Code 1910.144 205 Fire Retardant 1910.37(c) 54 Permissible Exposure Limits (PEL) 1910.1000 361 Permit-Required Confined Spaces 1910.146 207 Permit-Required Confined Spaces (see also Confined Spaces, Permit-Required) 1910.146 207 Personal Fall Arrest Systems 1926.502(d) 680 Personal Protective Equipment (see also Respiratory Protection) 1926.28 540 1926.95 615 Cutting, Welding, Heating 1926.353(c)(3) 657 Electrical Safety-Related Work Practices, Use of PPE 1910.333(c)(2) 352 Eye Protection 1926.102 615 Face Protection 1926.102 615 Foot Protection 1910.136, 1926.96 615 General Requirements 1910.132 183 Head Protection 1926.100 615 Hearing Protection 1926.101 615 Helicopter Workers 1926.551(e) 695 Respiratory Protection 1910.134 184 Personal Protective Equipment (see also Term to Which It Applies) Abrasive Blasting 1910.94(a)(5) 79 Asbestos Exposure 1910.1001(g) 370 1910.1001(h) 370 Electrical Protective Equipment 1910.137 198 Electrical Safety-Related Work Practices, Use of PPE 1910.333(c)(2) 352 Electrical Workers 1910.335(a) 354 Eye Protection 1910.133 183 Face Protection 1910.133 183 Foot Protection 1910.136 198 General Requirements 1910.132 183 Grinding Operations 1910.218(j)(5) 281 Hand Protection 1910.138 200 Hazardous Waste Operations 1910.120(g) 164 Head Protection 1910.135 198 Noise Exposure 1910.95(b)(1) 86 1910.95(c) 87 1910.95(i) 88 1910.95(j) 88 Respiratory Protection 1910.134 184 Rubber Protective Equipment 1910.137 198 Welding 1910.252(b) 290 Booths 1910.252(b)(2)(iii) 290 Cable 1910.252(b)(1)(ii) 290 Clothing 1910.252(b)(3) 291 Eye Protection 1910.252(b)(2) 290 Helmets 1910.252(b)(2) 290 Railing 1910.252(b)(1)(i) 290 Physical Hazards Markings (see also Color Codes, Markings) 1910.144 205 Pier Holes, Bell-Bottom 1926.651(g)(2)(ii) 704 Piers and Wharves 1910.178(c)(2)(x) 247 Piers and Wharves, Trucks Used 1910.178(c)(2)(x) 247 Pipelines, Piping 1926.351(c)(2) 656 1926.351(c)(3) 656 1926.351(c)(4) 656 Piping Tubing and Fittings Bulk Oxygen Systems 1910.104(b)(5) 101 Gaseous Hydrogen Systems 1910.103(b)(1)(ii) 95 1910.103(b)(1)(iii) 95 Liquefied Hydrogen Systems 1910.103(c)(1)(iv) 97 1910.103(c)(1)(v) 97 Liquefied Petroleum Gases 1910.110(b)(8) 131 Safety Relief Devices 1910.103(b)(1)(ii) 95 1910.103(c)(1)(iv) 97 Valves and Fittings Corrosion Protection 1910.106(c)(5) 108 Design 1910.106(c)(1)(i) 108 Flammable and Combustible Liquids 1910.106(c) 108 Joints 1910.106(c)(3) 108 Liquefied Petroleum Gases 1910.110(h)(9) 148 Materials 1910.106(c)(2) 108 Processing Plants 1910.106(h)(4)(ii) 117 Supports 1910.106(c)(4) 108 Testing 1910.106(c)(7) 108 Valves 1910.106(c)(6) 108

INDEX

IX

IX Subject Index

Occupational Noise Exposure 1910.95 86 Odorizing Gases 1910.110(b)(1) 129 Openings 1910.23 36 Tanks Inside 1910.106(b)(4)(iv) 106 Open-Sided Floors 1910.23(c) 36 Optical Density Definition 1926.107(d) 617 Selecting Laser Safety Glasses 1926.102(b)(2)(i) Table E-3 616 OSHA General Duty Clause Addendum 819 Outdoor Storage, Flammable Liquids 1910.106(d)(6) 110 Outlet Heaters, Welding 1910.253(c)(4) 295 Protective Equipment 1910.253(e)(4) 297 Outrigger Scaffolds 1910.28(e) 46 1926.452(i) 667 Outside Storage Trucks 1910.178(c)(2)(ix) 247 1910.178(c)(2)(xi) 247 Overhead and Gantry Cranes 1910.179 251 Access 1910.179(c)(2) 252 Adjustments 1910.179(l)(3) 255 Brakes 1910.179(f) 253 Bridge Bumpers 1910.179(e)(2) 252 Cabs 1910.179(c) 252 1910.179(o)(2) 256 Clearances 1910.179(b)(6) 252 1910.179(b)(7) 252 Definitions 1910.179(a) 251 Effective Dates 1910.179(b)(2) 252 Electric Equipment 1910.179(g) 253 Fire Extinguishers 1910.179(c)(3) 252 1910.179(o)(3) 256 Footwalks 1910.179(d) 252 Guards 1910.179(e)(5) 253 1910.179(e)(6) 253 Handrails 1910.179(d)(3) 252 1910.179(d)(4)(ii) 252 Hoisting Equipment 1910.179(h) 254 Hoisting Ropes, Guards 1910.179(e)(5) 253 Inspections 1910.179(j) 254 1910.179(m) 255 Classification 1910.179(j)(1) 254 Frequent 1910.179(j)(2) 254 Idle Cranes 1910.179(j)(4) 255 Initial 1910.179(j)(1)(i) 254 Periodic 1910.179(j)(3) 255 Ropes 1910.179(m) 255 Ladders 1910.179(d)(4) 252 1910.179(o)(1) 256 Lighting 1910.179(c)(4) 252 Load Handling 1910.179(n) 256 Maintenance 1910.179(l) 255 Modifications 1910.179(b)(3) 252 Moving Parts, Guards 1910.179(e)(6) 253 Personnel 1910.179(b)(8) 252 Rail Clamps 1910.179(b)(4) 252 Rail Sweeps 1910.179(e)(4) 253 Rated Load Markings 1910.179(b)(5) 252 Tests 1910.179(k)(2) 255 Repairs 1910.179(l)(3) 255 Ropes Hoisting 1910.179(e)(5) 253 Inspection 1910.179(m) 255 Stairways 1910.179(d)(4) 252 Testing 1910.179(k) 255 Toeboards 1910.179(d)(3) 252 Trolley Bumpers 1910.179(e)(3) 253 Trolley Stops 1910.179(e)(1) 252 Warning Devices 1910.179(i) 254 Wind Indicators 1910.179(b)(4) 252

Overhead Lines 1910.333(c)(3) 352 Overhead Wires 1910.333(c)(3) 352 Overhead Protection 1926.1003 729 1926.451(h) 666 Oxygen (see also Bulk Oxygen Systems) 1910.104 100 Fuel-Gas Systems 1910.253 293 Outlet Heaters 1910.253(c)(4) 295 Piping Systems 1910.253(d) 295 Protective Equipment 1910.253(e) 296 Manifolds High Pressure 1910.253(c)(2) 294 Low Pressure 1910.253(c)(3) 295 Storage 1910.253(b)(4) 293 Oxygen Manifolds 1926.350(e) 655

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Piping Systems, Oxygen-Fuel Piping Systems, Oxygen-Fuel 1910.253(d) 295 Fittings 1910.253(d)(1) 295 Installation 1910.253(d)(3) 296 Painting 1910.253(d)(4) 296 Piping 1910.253(d)(1) 295 Piping Joints 1910.253(d)(2) 295 Pressure Relief Devices 1910.253(e)(2) 296 Protective Equipment 1910.253(e)(3) 296 1910.253(e)(4) 297 Signs 1910.253(d)(4) 296 Station Outlets 1910.253(e)(4) 297 Testing 1910.253(d)(5) 296 X-Ray Inspections 1910.252(d)(1)(vii) 293 Pits 1910.23(a)(5) 36 Drains 1910.110(d)(11) 143 Planks, Planking Hoists and Elevators 1926.552(b)(3) 696 Scaffolding 1926.451 661 Plans, Written Bloodborne Pathogens 1910.1030(c) 485 Chemical Hygiene Plan 1910.1450(e) 522 Confined Space (Permit Required) 1910.146(c) 208 Electrical Safety 1910.333(b) 352 Emergency Action 1910.66(e)(9) 59 1910.38(b) 55 Emergency Response 1910.120(q) 169 Fire Prevention 1910.39(b) 55 Hazard Communication 1910.1200(e) 511 HAZWOPER 1910.120(b) 161 Lockout/Tagout 1910.147(c) 218 Personal Protective Equipment/Hazard Assessment 1910.132(d) 183 Process Safety 1910.119(c) 149 1910.119(d) 149 1910.119(f) 150 Respiratory Protection 1910.134(c) 185 Plasterers’and Decorators’Scaffolds 1926.452(d) 667 PlasterersScaffolds 1910.28(o)' 49 Platforms Elevating and Rotating Work 1926.451(f) 664 Lift Trucks (see also Powered Industrial Trucks) 1910.178 245 Scaffolds (see also Scaffolds) 1910.23(c) 36 Guarding 1910.23(c) 36 Manlifts 1910.68(c)(3) 77 Pneumatic Power Tools 1926.302(b) 648 Pneumatic Powered Tools 1910.243(b) 284 Airhoses 1910.243(b)(2) 284 Tool Retainer 1910.243(b)(1) 284 Point of Operation Guarding 1910.212(a)(3) 273 Portable Metal Ladders (see also Portable Metal under Ladders) 1910.26 39 Portable Tools (see also Powered Tools, Hand and Portable) 1910.244 287 Portable Wood Ladders (see also Portable Wood under Ladders) 1910.25 38 Positioning Device Systems 1926 Appendix D 688 1926.502(e) 681 Powder-Actuated Tools 1926.302(e) 648 Power Lines 1910.333(c)(3) 352 Powered Industrial Trucks Approval Labels 1910.178(a)(3) 245 Batteries 1910.178(g) 247 Converted 1910.178(d) 247 1910.178(q)(12) 249 Design and Construction 1910.178(a)(2) 245 Designated Locations 1910.178(c) 245 Designations, Trucks 1910.178(b) 245 D 1910.178(b)(1) 245 DS 1910.178(b)(2) 245 DY 1910.178(b)(3) 245 E 1910.178(b)(4) 245 EE 1910.178(b)(6) 245 ES 1910.178(b)(5) 245 EX 1910.178(b)(7) 245 G 1910.178(b)(8) 245 GS 1910.178(b)(9) 245 LP 1910.178(b)(10) 245 LPS 1910.178(b)(11) 245 Front-End Attachments 1910.178(a)(5) 245 Fuel Hauling 1910.178(f) 247 Gases and Fumes 1910.178(i) 247 Hazardous Materials 1910.178(c)(2) 245 Lighting 1910.178(h) 247 Loading 1910.178(o) 249 Maintenance 1910.178(q) 249 Markings 1910.178(a)(6) 245 Modifications 1910.178(a)(4) 245 Operations 1910.178(m) 248 1910.178(p) 249 Repairs 1910.178(q) 249 Safety Guards 1910.178(e) 247 Training Operators 1910.178(l) 247 Traveling 1910.178(n) 248 Truck Operations 1910.178(m) 248 1910.178(p) 249

862

INDEX

Powered Platforms Application. 1910.66(b) 57 Buildings, Affected Parts. 1910.66(e) 58 Electrical. 1910.66(e)(11) 59. 1910.66(f)(8) 63 Equipment. 1910.66(f) 59 Fall Arrest Systems. 1910.66(j) 65 Hoisting Equipment. 1910.66(f)(4) 61. 1910.66(g)(6) 64 Inspections. 1910.66(g) 63 Maintenance. 1910.66(e)(10) 59. 1910.66(e)(5) 59. 1910.66(g) 63. 1910.66(h) 64 Operations. 1910.66(i) 64 Reshackling Hoists. 1910.66(h)(4) 64 Ropes. 1910.66(f)(7) 63. 1910.66(g)(5) 64. 1910.66(h)(3) 64. 1910.66(h)(4) 64 Tests. 1910.66(g) 63 Powered Tools, Hand and Portable Abrasive Wheels. 1910.243(c) 284 Compressed Air for Cleaning. 1910.242(b) 284 Definitions. 1910.241 283 Explosive Actuated Fastening Tools. 1910.243(d) 285 Lawnmowers, Power. 1910.243(e) 286 Pneumatic Powered Tools. 1910.243(b) 284 Woodworking. 1910.243(a) 284 Power-Operated Hand Tools. 1926.302 648 Presses Cold Trimming. 1910.218(g)(2) 281 Forging. 1910.218(f) 281 Hot Trimming. 1910.218(g)(1) 281 Hydraulic Forging. 1910.218(f)(2) 281 Trimming. 1910.218(g) 281 Pressure Vessels. 1926.29(a) 540 Chemical Plants. 1910.106(i)(3) 119 Distilleries. 1910.106(i)(3) 119 Flammable and Combustible Liquids. 1910.106(b)(1)(v) 103 Refineries. 1910.106(i)(3) 119 Primers, Ammunition. 1910.109(j)(4) 129 Process Safety Management, Highly Hazardous Chemicals (see also Highly Hazardous Chemicals, Process. 1910.119 149 Processing Plants, Flammable and Combustible Liquids. 1910.106(h) 117 Buildings. 1910.106(h)(3) 117 Fire Protection. 1910.106(h)(6) 118 Housekeeping. 1910.106(h)(8) 118 Ignition Sources. 1910.106(h)(7) 118 Liquid Handling. 1910.106(h)(4) 117 Loading. 1910.106(h)(5) 118 Location. 1910.106(h)(2) 117 Maintenance. 1910.106(h)(8) 118 Scope. 1910.106(h)(1) 117 Protective Clothing (see also Clothing, Protective). 1910.132 183 Protective Equipment (see also Personal Protective Equipment). 1926.95 615 Protective Equipment, Piping (see also Personal Protective Equipment). 1910.253(e) 296 Hoses and Connections. 1910.253(b)(5) 293 Pressure-Reducing Regulations. 1910.253(e)(6) 297 Station Outlet. 1910.253(e)(4) 297 Pumps, Gasoline (see also Service Stations). 1910.106(g)(3) 115. 1910.106(g)(4) 116 Pyrotechnics. 1910.109(k) 129

R

Radiant Energy Protection Lasers. 1926.102(b)(2) 616 Welding. 1926.102(b)(1) 616 Radiation Inert-Gas Metal-Arc Welding. 1926.353(d) 657 Ionizing. 1910.1096 504. 1926.53 544 Nonionizing. 1910.97 94. 1926.54 544 Radioactive Materials Packaged. 1910.1096(h) 507 Storage. 1910.1096(j) 507 Rail Clamps. 1910.179(b)(4) 252. 1910.180(i)(1) 259 Rail Sweeps. 1910.179(e)(4) 253 Railroad Cars. 1910.176(f) 243. 1910.178(k)(2) 247. 1910.178(k)(3) 247. 1910.178(k)(4) 247 Explosives. 1910.109(f) 124 Rated Capacity for Material Handling Rigging Equipment Alloy Steel Chain Slings. 1926.251(b) 635 Cable Laid Endless Slings. 1926.251(f)(2) Table H-14 642 Cable Laid Grommet. 1926.251(f)(2) Table H-12 642 Chain Slings, Alloy Steel. 1926.251(f)(2) Table H-1 637 Manila Rope Slings. 1926.251(f)(2) Table H-15 643 Maximum Allowable Wear at Any Point of Link. 1926.251(f)(2) Table H-2 637 Nylon Rope Slings. 1926.251(f)(2) Table H-16 643 Polyester Rope Slings. 1926.251(f)(2) Table H-17 644 Polypropylene Rope Slings 1926.251(f)(2) Table H-18 644 Strand Laid Endless Slings 1926.251(f)(2) Table H-13 642 Strand Laid Grommet 1926.251(f)(2) Table H-11 642

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Ropes

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Regulators, Use of in Gas Welding and Cutting 1926.350(d) 655 1926.350(h) 656 Remote Gas Pumping Systems 1910.106(g)(3)(v) 115 Resistance Welding Equipment 1910.255 301 Capacitor Discharge Welding 1910.255(b)(2) 301 Foot Switches 1910.255(b)(6) 302 Grounding 1910.255(b)(9) 302 Guarding 1910.255(a)(4) 301 1910.255(b)(4) 301 Installation 1910.255(a)(1) 301 Interlocks 1910.255(b)(3) 301 Personnel 1910.255(a)(3) 301 Safety Pins 1910.255(b)(8) 302 Shields 1910.255(b)(5) 301 Spot and Seam Welding 1910.255(b) 301 Stop Buttons 1910.255(b)(7) 302 Thermal Protection 1910.255(a)(2) 301 Voltage 1910.255(b)(1) 301 Resistors, Cranes 1910.179(g)(4) 254 Respirators 1910.134 184 Abrasive Blasting 1910.94(a)(1)(ii) 79 1910.94(a)(5) 79 Air Supply 1910.134(d) 185 1910.94(a)(6) 80 Asbestos 1910.1001(g) 370 Cleaning 1910.134(c)(1)(v) 185 1910.134(h)(1) 188 1910.134 Appendix B-2 197 Color Codes 1910.134(j) 189 Fire Brigades 1910.156(f) 225 Identification 1910.134(j) 189 Inspection 1910.134(f) 187 1910.134(h)(3) 188 Labeling 1910.134(j) 189 Maintenance 1910.134(f) 187 1910.134(h) 188 Medical Evaluation 1910.134(e) 186 1910.134 Appendix C 197 Minimum Acceptable Program 1910.134(c) 185 Positive-Pressure 1910.156(f)(2) 226 Repairs 1910.134(h)(4) 189 Selection 1910.134(d) 185 Storage 1910.134(h)(2) 188 Training 1910.134(k) 189 Use 1910.134(g) 188 1910.134(i) 189 1910.134 Appendix D 198 Welding 1910.252(c)(4)(ii) 292 1910.252(c)(4)(iii) 292 1910.252(c)(10) 292 1910.252(c)(5)(ii) 292 1910.252(c)(7)(ii) 292 1910.252(c)(8) 292 1910.252(c)(9) 292 Respiratory Protection (see also Respirators) 1910.134 184 Air Quality 1910.134(c) 185 1910.134(d) 185 1910.134(i) 189 1910.94(a)(6) 80 Air Supply 1910.134(d) 185 1910.94(a)(6) 80 Definitions 1910.134(b) 184 Excavations 1926.651(g)(1)(iii) 704 Fire Brigades 1910.156(f) 225 Fit Testing 1910.134(f) 187 1910.134(m)(2) 190 1910.134 Appendix A 190 Gas Mask Canister Identification 1910.134(j) 189 Minimum Acceptable Program 1910.134(c) 185 Permissible Practices 1910.134(a) 184 Respirators 1910.134(b) 184 1910.134(c) 185 1910.134(e) 186 Use 1910.134(g) 188 1910.134(i) 189 1910.134 Appendix D 198 Welding and Cutting 1926.353(c)(3) 657 Rigging Hoists and Elevators 1926.552 696 Materials Handling 1926.251 635 Rim Wheels 1910.177 243 Ring Buoys 1926.106(c) 617 Ring Test 1910.215(d)(1) 276 Roadways, Access 1926.602(a)(3) 700 Rodent Control 1910.141(a)(5) 203 Labor Camps 1910.142(j) 205 Rolling Scaffolds 1910.29(e) 51 Rollover Protective Structures (see also ROPS) 1926.1000 723 Roof Bracket Scaffolds 1926.452(h) 667 Roofing Brackets 1910.28(s) 50 Catch Platforms 1910.28(s)(3) 50 Construction 1910.28(s)(1) 50 Supports 1910.28(s)(2) 50 Rope Inspections Cranes 1910.179(m) 255 1910.180(g) 258 Derricks 1910.181(g) 262 Ropes Cranes 1910.179(m) 255 1910.180(g) 258 Hoists 1910.179(h)(2) 254 Inspections 1910.179(m) 255 1910.180(g) 258 Running 1910.179(m)(1) 255 1910.180(g)(1) 258 Derricks 1910.181(g) 262 Idle Ropes 1910.181(g)(3) 262 Limited Travel 1910.181(g)(2) 262 Nonrotating Ropes 1910.181(g)(4) 263 Running 1910.181(g)(1) 262 Natural and Synthetic 1926.251(d) 636 Powered Platforms 1910.66(f)(7) 63 1910.66(g)(5) 64 1910.66(h)(3) 64 Wire Hoists and Elevators 1926.552 696 Rigging Equipment 1926.251(c) 635

INDEX

IX

IX Subject Index

Rated Load Markings, Cranes 1910.179(b)(5) 252 Rated Load Test Crawler, Locomotive, and Truck Cranes 1910.180(e)(2) 258 Overhead and Gantry Cranes 1910.179(k)(2) 255 Recording and Reporting Occupational Injuries and Illnesses 2001 Data, Summary and Posting 1904.43 19 Annual Summary 1904.32 16 Change in Business Ownership 1904.34 17 Definitions 1904.46 20 Discrimination Prohibited 1904.36 17 Employee Involvement 1904.35 17 Employers With 10 or Fewer Employees 1904.1 9 Establishments with Partial Exemption 1904.2 9 1904 Appendix A to Subpart B 9 Forms 300, 300A and 301 1904.29 15 2001 Data 1904.43 19 Annual Summary 1904.32 16 Covered Employees 1904.31 16 Multiple Business Establishments 1904.30 16 Old Forms, Retention and Updating 1904.44 20 Retention and Updating 1904.33 17 New Cases, Determination of 1904.6 11 OMB Control Numbers 1904.45 20 OSHA Survey 1904.41 19 Recording Criteria General 1904.4 10 1904.7 11 Medical Removal Under OSHA Standards 1904.9 14 Needlestick and Sharps Injuries 1904.8 14 Occupational Hearing Loss 1904.10 14 Tuberculosis 1904.11 15 Recordkeeping Covered Employees 1904.31 16 Employers With 10 or Fewer Employees 1904.1 9 Establishments 1904.30 16 Establishments with Partial Exemption 1904.2 9 More than One Agency 1904.3 9 Multiple Business Establishments 1904.30 16 Rule Variances 1904.38 18 State Regulations 1904.37 17 Reporting Bureau of Labor Statistics, Requests for Data 1904.42 19 Fatalities and Multiple Hospitalization Incidents to OSHA 1904.39 18 Government Representatives, Providing Records to 1904.40 19 OSHA Survey 1904.41 19 Work-Relatedness, Determination of 1904.5 10 Recordkeeping Asbestos 1910.1001(m) 373 Bloodborne Pathogens, Exposure to 1910.1030(f)(6) 489 1910.1030(h) 490 Building Inspection, Assurance for Powered Platform Use 1910.66(c) 57 Communicable Diseases 1910.142(l)(1) 205 1910.142(l)(2) 205 Cranes Crawler, Locomotive, and Truck 1910.180(d)(2) 258 1910.180(d)(6) 258 1910.180(e)(2) 258 1910.180(g)(1) 258 1910.180(g)(2) 258 Overhead and Gantry 1910.179(k)(2) 255 1910.179(m)(1) 255 1910.179(m)(2) 255 Derricks 1910.181(g)(1) 262 1910.181(g)(3) 262 Forging Equipment 1910.218(a)(2) 280 Injury Reporting, Welding 1910.252(c)(13) 292 Ionizing Radiation Exposure 1910.1096(m) 508 1910.1096(n) 508 1910.1096(o) 508 Labor Camps 1910.142(l) 205 Liquid Storage 1910.106(g)(1) 114 Manlifts 1910.68(e)(3) 78 Powered Platforms Inspection 1910.66(g) 63 Radiation Exposure 1910.1096(b)(2)(iii) 505 1910.1096(m)(1) 508 1910.1096(n) 508 1910.1096(o)(1) 508 Respirators 1910.134(m) 190 Welding Operations 1910.252(c)(13) 292 1910.255(e) 302 Records, Employee Exposure and Medical 1926.33 540 Refineries, Chemical Plants, and Distilleries 1910.106(i) 118 Fire Protection 1910.106(i)(5) 119 Pressure Vessels 1910.106(i)(3) 119 Process Unit Location 1910.106(i)(4) 119 Scope 1910.106(j) 119 Storage Tanks 1910.106(i)(1) 118 Wharves 1910.106(i)(2) 118 Refueling Cranes 1910.180(i)(4) 259 Derricks 1910.181(j)(4) 263 Trucks 1910.178(p)(2) 249 Refueling, Trucks 1910.178(p)(2) 249 Refuse (see also Waste Disposal) 1910.141(a)(4) 203 Disposal 1910.142(h) 205 Receptacles 1910.141(a)(4)(i) 203

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Running Ropes ROPS (Rollover Protective Structures) 1926.1000 723 Coverage 1926.1000(a) 723 Crawler Tractors 1926.1001 723 Definitions 1926.1001(g) 725 Dozers 1926.1001 723 Equipment, Manufacture Dates 1926.1000(b) 723 1926.1000(c) 723 Existing Requirements 1926.1001(f) 724 Facilities and Apparatus 1926.1001(c) 723 Governmental Requirements 1926.1000(f) 723 Graders 1926.1001 723 Labeling 1926.1000(e) 723 Loaders 1926.1001 723 Overhead Protection 1926.1003 729 Performance Requirements 1926.1001(f) 724 Protective Frames 1926.1002 726 Remounting 1926.1000(d) 723 Scrapers 1926.1001 723 Source of Standard 1926.1001(h) 726 Test Procedures 1926.1001(e) 723 Test Setups 1926.1001(e) 723 Vehicle Condition 1926.1001(d) 723 Vehicle Weight (Definition) 1926.1001(g) 725 Rotary Lawnmowers 1910.243(e)(1) 286 1910.243(e)(4) 287 Rotating Work Platforms (see also Vehicle Mounted under Work Platforms) 1910.67 74 Rubber Protective Equipment 1910.137 198 Rung Ladders, Portable 1910.25(c)(3) 38 Running Ropes Cranes 1910.179(m)(1) 255 1910.180(g)(1) 258 Derricks 1910.181(g)(1) 262 Runway Conductors, Cranes 1910.179(g)(6) 254 Runway Protection 1910.23(c) 36 Runways 1926.651(c)(1)(ii) 704

S

Safe Working Loads Number and Spacing of U-Bolt Wire Rope Clips 1926.251(f)(2) Table H-20 645 Shackles 1926.251(f)(2) Table H-19 645 Safety Belts Powered Platforms 1910.66(f)(5)(ii) 61 1910.66(j) 65 Scaffolding 1910.28(j)(4) 48 1910.28(n)(8) 49 1910.28(s)(3) 50 1910.28(t)(2) 50 1910.28(u)(6) 50 Safety Belts (see also Belts, Safety, and Seat Belts) 1926.104 617 Safety Devices Base-Mounted Drum Hoists 1926.553(a)(3) 697 Conveyors 1926.555 697 Hoists and Elevators 1926.552 696 Liquefied Petroleum Gas 1926.153(d) 629 Pneumatic Power Tools 1926.302(b) 648 Safety Can (Definition) 1926.155(l) 631 Tire Racks 1926.600(a)(2) 699 Safety Factor Definition 1926.32(n) 540 Suspension Wire Ropes 1926.552(c)(14)(iii) 696 Safety Fuses 1926.907 720 Safety Instruction Signs 1910.145(c)(3) 206 1910.145(d)(6) 206 Safety Nets 1926.105 617 Safety Relief Devices Bulk Oxygen Systems 1910.104(b)(6) 101 1910.104(b)(7)(ii) 101 Gaseous Hydrogen Systems 1910.103(b)(1)(ii) 95 Liquefied Hydrogen Systems 1910.103(c)(1)(iv) 97 Liquefied Petroleum Gases 1910.110(b)(10) 132 1910.110(c)(7) 140 1910.110(d)(4) 141 1910.110(e)(7) 145 1910.110(h)(4) 147 Non-DOT Containers 1910.110(d)(4) 141 Safety Training and Education 1926.21 539 Salamanders, Solid Fuel 1926.154(d) 631 Sanding Machines 1910.243(a)(3) 284 Sanitation 1910.141 203 1926.51 543 1926.27 540 Change Rooms 1910.141(e) 204 1926.51(i) 544 Clothes Drying Facilities 1910.141(f) 204 Definitions 1910.141(a)(2) 203 Food Handling 1910.141(h) 204 1926.51(d) 543 Hazardous Waste Operations 1910.120(n) 167 Housekeeping 1910.141(a)(3) 203 Insect Control 1910.141(a)(5) 203 Lunchrooms 1910.141(g) 204 Rodent Control 1910.141(a)(5) 203 Scope 1910.141(a)(1) 203 Temporary Sleeping Quarters 1926.51(e) 543 Toilet Facilities 1910.141(c) 203 Toilets 1926.51(c) 543 Vermin Control 1910.141(a)(5) 203 1926.51(h) 544 Washing Facilities 1910.141(d) 204 1926.51(f) 543 Waste Disposal 1910.141(a)(4) 203 Water 1926.51(a) 543 1926.51(b) 543 Water Supply 1910.141(b) 203

864

INDEX

Sawmills Toilet Facilities 1910.141(c) 203 Vermin Control 1910.141(a)(5) 203 Washing Facilities 1910.141(d) 204 Waste Disposal 1910.141(a)(4) 203 Water Supply 1910.141(b) 203 Saws Circular 1910.243(a)(1) 284 Cracked 1910.243(a)(4) 284 Forging Machines 1910.218(j)(2) 281 Scaffolding (see also Scaffolds) 1910.28 43 Scaffolding, Scaffolds Access 1926.451(e) 663 Aerial Lifts 1926.453 670 BoatswainsChair 1926.452(o)' 668 BricklayersSquare 1926.452(e)' 667 CarpentersBracket 1926.452(g)' 667 Catenary 1926.452(r) 668 Crawling Boards or Chicken Ladders 1926.452(m) 668 Elevating and Rotating Work Platforms 1926.453 670 Fabricated Frame 1926.452(c) 667 Fall Protection 1926.451(g) 665 Falling Object Protection 1926.451(h) 666 Float or Ship 1926.452(s) 668 Form 1926.452(g) 667 Horse 1926.452(f) 667 Interior Hung 1926.452(t) 669 Ladder Jack 1926.452(k) 668 Ladder Trucks 1926.453(b)(1) 670 Manually Propelled Mobile 1926.453 670 Masons 1926.452(q)' 668 Mobile 1926.452(w) 669 Multi-Level Suspended 1926.452(v) 669 Needle Beam 1926.452(u) 669 Outrigger 1926.452(i) 667 Plasterers,Decorators',andLargeArea 1926.452(d)' 667 Pole 1926.452(a) 666 Pump Jack 1926.452(j) 667 Repair Bracket 1926.452(x) 669 Roofing Brackets and Catch Platforms 1926.452(h) 667 Single-Point Adjustable Suspension 1926.452(o) 668 Step, Platform, Trestle 1926.452(n) 668 Stilts 1926.452(y) 669 Stonesetters 1926.452(q) 668 Supported, Criteria 1926.451(c) 661 Suspension, Criteria 1926.451(d) 662 Swinging Two-Point Suspension 1926.452(p) 668 Training 1926.454 670 Trestle Ladder 1926.452(n) 668 Tube and Coupler 1926.452(b) 666 Two-Point Adjustable Suspension 1926.452(p) 668 Window Jack 1926.452(l) 668 Wood Pole 1926.452(a) 666 Scaffolds (see also Term to Which It Applies) BoatswainsChair 1910.28(j)' 48 BricklayersSquare 1910.28(l)' 49 CarpentersBracket 1910.28(k)' 48 Chicken Ladders 1910.28(t) 50 Coupler, Mobile 1910.29(d) 51 Crawling Boards 1910.28(t) 50 Decorators 1910.28(o)' 49 Float 1910.28(u) 50 Horse 1910.28(m) 49 Interior Hung 1910.28(p) 49 Ladder Jack 1910.28(q) 49 MasonsAdjustableMultiple-PointSuspension 1910.28(f)' 46 Mobile 1910.29 50 Needle Beam 1910.28(n) 49 Outrigger 1910.28(e) 46 Plasterers 1910.28(o)' 49 Powered Platforms 1910.66 57 Roofing Brackets 1910.28(s) 50 Ship 1910.28(u) 50 Single-Point Adjustable Suspension 1910.28(i) 48 Stone SettersAdjustableMultiple-PointSuspension 1910.28(h)' 48 Suspension 1910.28(f) 46 1910.28(g) 47 1910.28(h) 48 1910.28(i) 48 Swinging 1910.28(g) 47 Tube and Coupler 1910.28(c) 45 1910.29(d) 51 Tubular Welded Frame 1910.28(d) 46 1910.29(b) 51 Tubular Welded Sectional Folding 1910.29(c) 51 Two-Point Suspension 1910.28(g) 47 Window-Jack 1910.28(r) 50 Wood Pole 1910.28(b) 44 Screens Inert-Gas Metal-Arc Welding 1926.353(d)(1)(ii) 657 Shielding 1926.351(e) 656 Screw Jacks 1926.305 650

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Stone Setters

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Slurries 1910.109(h) 126 Small Arms Ammunition 1910.109(j) 129 Primers 1910.109(j)(4) 129 Smokeless Propellants 1910.109(j)(3) 129 Storage 1910.109(j) 129 Smokeless Propellants 1910.109(j)(3) 129 Smoking 1926.151(a)(3) 620 Explosives 1910.109(e)(1)(i) 123 Flammable Liquids 1910.106(d)(7)(iii) 111 Snagging Machines 1910.215(b)(7) 274 Soil Classification for Excavations 1926 Appendix A 706 1926.652(b) 705 Special Industries Forging 1910.218 280 Hazardous Waste 1910.120 159 Spectacles 1926.102(a)(3) 615 Spill Containment 1910.106(d)(6)(iii) 110 Spot and Seam Welding Machines 1910.255(b) 301 Spray Booths 1910.94(c)(3) 84 Design and Construction 1926.57(h)(3) 556 Location and Application 1926.57(h)(2) 556 Make-Up Air 1926.57(h)(7) 558 Velocity and Air Flow 1926.57(h)(6) 557 Spray Finishing 1910.94(c) 84 Air Flow Requirements 1910.94(c)(6) 85 Clean Air 1910.94(c)(7) 86 Location 1910.94(c)(2) 84 Make-Up Air 1910.94(c)(7) 86 Spray Booths 1910.94(c)(3) 84 Spray Rooms 1910.94(c)(4) 84 Velocity 1910.94(c)(6) 85 Ventilation 1910.94(c)(5) 84 Sprinkler Systems, Automatic 1910.159 228 Acceptance Tests 1910.159(c)(3) 228 Design 1910.159(c)(1) 228 Drainage 1910.159(c)(7) 228 Exemptions 1910.159(b) 228 Hose Connections 1910.159(c)(5) 228 Hydraulically Designed 1910.159(c)(11) 228 Maintenance 1910.159(c)(2) 228 Protection of Piping 1910.159(c)(6) 228 Scope and Application 1910.159(a) 228 Sprinkler Alarms 1910.159(c)(9) 228 Sprinkler Spacing 1910.159(c)(10) 228 Sprinklers 1910.159(c)(8) 228 Water Supply 1910.159(c)(4) 228 Stainless Steel Cutting 1910.252(c)(12) 292 Stairs, Fixed Industrial 1910.24 38 Handrails 1910.24(h) 38 Length of Stairways 1910.24(g) 38 Railings 1910.24(h) 38 Rise Angle 1910.24(e) 38 Strength 1910.24(c) 38 Treads 1910.24(f) 38 Vertical Clearance 1910.24(i) 38 Width 1910.24(d) 38 Stairways (see also Ladders) Definitions 1926.1050 733 Spiral Stairways 1926.1051(a)(1) 733 1926.1052(c)(2) 734 Stairrails and Handrails 1926.1052(c) 734 Temporary Service 1926.1052(b) 734 Training Requirements 1926.1060 736 Standpipe and Hose Systems 1910.158 227 Equipment 1910.158(c) 227 Hose 1910.158(c)(3) 227 Outlets and Connections 1910.158(c)(2) 227 Nozzles 1910.158(c)(4) 228 Reels and Cabinets 1910.158(c)(1) 227 Exceptions 1910.158(a)(2) 227 Maintenance 1910.158(e)(2) 228 Protection 1910.158(b) 227 Scope and Application 1910.158(a) 227 Tests 1910.158(e)(1) 228 Water Supply 1910.158(d) 228 Standpipes 1926.150(d)(2) 620 Stands, Ladder (see also Scaffolds) 1910.29 50 Static Charges 1926.551(j) 695 Stepladders, Portable Metal 1910.26(a)(3) 39 Wood 1910.25(c)(2) 38 Stiff Leg Derricks (see also Derricks) 1910.181(a)(9) 261 Stone Setters Adjustable

IX

IX Subject Index

Seat Belts Earthmoving Equipment 1926.602(a)(2) 700 Motor Vehicles 1926.601(b)(9) 699 Semigantry Cranes 1910.179 251 Service Stations Dispensing Systems 1910.106(g)(3) 115 Drainage 1910.106(g)(7) 117 Electrical Equipment 1910.106(g)(5) 117 Fire Protection 1910.106(g)(9) 117 Flammable and Combustible Liquids 1910.106(g) 114 Handling 1910.106(g)(1) 114 Heating Equipment 1910.106(g)(6) 117 Ignition Sources 1910.106(g)(8) 117 Liquefied Petroleum Gases 1910.110(h) 146 Containers 1910.110(h)(2) 146 Accessories 1910.110(h)(3) 146 Capacity 1910.110(h)(5) 147 Installation 1910.110(h)(6) 147 Protecting Fittings 1910.110(h)(7) 148 1910.110(h)(9) 148 Valves 1910.110(h)(3) 146 Dispensing Devices 1910.110(h)(11) 148 Electrical Systems 1910.110(h)(13) 148 Fire Protection 1910.110(h)(14) 148 Fittings 1910.110(h)(7) 148 1910.110(h)(9) 148 Piping 1910.110(h)(9) 148 Pumps 1910.110(h)(10) 148 Safety-Relief Valves 1910.110(h)(4) 147 Truck Unloading 1910.110(h)(8) 148 Valves 1910.110(h)(7) 148 1910.110(h)(9) 148 Marine Stations 1910.106(g)(4) 116 Storage 1910.106(g)(1) 114 Waste Disposal 1910.106(g)(7) 117 Sewage Disposal 1910.142(e) 205 Shackles 1926.251(f) 637 Sharps Injury Log 1910.1030(h)(5) 491 Sharps Injury Log 1910.1030(h)(5), Addendum 828 Sheaves, Crane Hoists 1910.179(h)(1) 254 Shelters, Labor Camps (see also Labor Camps, Temporary) 1910.142(b) 204 Shielding Arc Welding and Cutting 1926.351(e) 656 Ship Scaffolds 1910.28(u) 50 1926.451(h)(2) 666 Shipbuilding and Ship Repairing 1926.30 540 Shoring Excavations 1926.652(c) 705 SIC Codes Addendum 823 Side-Rolling Ladders 1910.25(c)(5) 39 Signaling, Signals 1926.201 634 Cranes and Hoists 1926.201(b) 634 Helicopters 1926.551(n) 695 Signs, Accident Prevention 1926.200 633 Conveyors 1926.555(a)(7) 697 Explosives 1926.902(h) 718 1926.903(m) 719 Signs and Tags Accident Prevention 1910.145 205 Classification 1910.145(c) 206 Definitions 1910.145(b) 206 Use Classification 1910.145(c) 206 Biological Hazards 1910.145(c)(2) 206 1910.145(e)(4) 206 1910.145(f)(8) 207 Caution 1910.145(d)(4) 206 1910.145(f)(6) 206 Colors 1910.145(d) 206 Danger 1910.145(c)(1) 206 1910.145(d)(2) 206 1910.145(f)(5) 206 Design 1910.145(d) 206 1910.145(f)(4) 206 Powered Platforms 1910.66(f)(7)(vi) 63 Radiation Warning 1910.97(a)(3) 94 Respirators 1910.134(j) 189 Safety Instruction 1910.145(c)(3) 206 1910.145(d)(6) 206 Slow-Moving Vehicles 1910.145(d)(10) 206 Specifications 1910.145 205 Wordings 1910.145(e) 206 Single-Piece Rim Wheels 1910.177 243 Single-Point Adjustable Suspension Scaffolds 1910.28(i) 48 Single-Rung Ladders 1910.25(c)(3)(ii) 38 Masons 1910.25(c)(4)(iii)' 39 Site Clearing 1926.604 701 Excavations 1926.651(a) 703 1926.651(j) 704 Fire Prevention 1926.151(c) 620 Skiffs, Lifesaving 1926.106(d) 617 Skylight Floor Openings 1910.23(a)(4) 36 Skylights 1910.23(a)(4) 36 Sleeping Quarters, Temporary 1926.51(e) 543 Sleeves, Rubber Insulating 1910.137 198 Slings 1910.184 264 1926.551(c) 695 Slow-Moving Vehicle Signs 1910.145(d)(10) 206

Multiple-Point Suspension Scaffolds 1910.28(h)' 48

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Storage Storage Aisles and Passageways 1910.176(a) 243 Ammonium Nitrate 1910.109(i) 127 Batteries 1910.305(j)(7) 342 1910.178(g) 247 Blasting Agents 1910.109(g)(5) 126 Bridge Cranes 1910.179 251 Buildings 1910.106(d)(5) 109 Office Occupancies 1910.106(d)(5)(iii) 109 Warehouses 1910.106(d)(5)(v) 109 Clearance Signs 1910.176(e) 243 Clearances 1910.176(a) 243 Compressed Gases 1910.101(b) 95 Containers, Bulk Oxygen 1910.104(b)(4) 100 1910.104(b)(6) 101 Explosives 1910.109(b)(1) 120 1910.109(c) 120 1910.109(e)(2) 123 1910.109(f)(4) 124 Flammable and Combustible Liquids (see also Storage, Flammable and Combustible Liquids under Tanks) 1910.106(b) 103 1910.106(d) 108 Buildings Inside 1910.106(d)(5) 109 Outside 1910.106(d)(6) 110 Indoor Rooms 1910.106(d)(4) 109 Indoor Storage 1910.106(d)(5) 109 Housekeeping 1910.176(c) 243 Liquefied Petroleum Gases 1910.110 129 Mercantile Occupancies 1910.106(d)(5)(iv) 109 Respirators 1910.134(h)(2) 188 Secure Storage 1910.176(b) 243 Service Stations 1910.106(g)(1) 114 Tanks 1910.106(b) 103 Storage (see also Materials Storage) Batteries 1910.178(g) 247 Explosives 1926.904 719 Flammable and Combustible Liquids 1926.152(b) 621 Indoor 1926.152(b) 621 1926.151(d) 620 LP Gas Containers 1926.153(j) 630 1926.153(k) 630 Materials Handling 1926.250 635 Open Yard 1926.151(c) 620 Outdoor 1926.152(c) 621 Respirators 1910.134(h)(2) 188 Straight Ladders, Portable Metal 1910.26(a)(2) 39 Surface Grinders 1910.215(b)(5) 274 Swing Frame Grinders 1910.215(b)(6) 274 Swinging Locomotive Cranes 1910.180(i)(6) 259 Swinging Scaffolds (see also Two-Point Suspension Scaffolds) 1910.28(g) 47 Switches Cranes 1910.179(g)(5) 254

T

t `Exposure Limits (Tables Z-1 to Z-3) 1910.1000 361 Mineral Dusts 1910.1000 361 Tag Lines 1926.551(c) 695 Tags (see also Signs and Tags) 1910.145 205 Tags, Accident Prevention 1926.200(h) 633 Conveyors 1926.555(a)(7) 697 Tanks Storage, Flammable and Combustible Liquids 1910.106(b) 103 Atmospheric Tanks 1910.106(b)(1)(iii) 103 Construction 1910.106(b)(1) 103 Corrosion 1910.106(b)(1)(vi) 103 Diking 1910.106(b)(2)(vii) 105 Ignition Sources 1910.106(b)(6) 107 Installation Aboveground 1910.106(b)(2) 103 Inside Buildings 1910.106(b)(4) 106 Underground 1910.106(b)(3) 105 Low Pressure Tanks 1910.106(b)(1)(iv) 103 Materials 1910.106(b)(1)(i) 103 Portable 1910.106(d) 108 Application 1910.106(d)(1)(i) 108 Capacity 1910.106(d)(2) 108 Design 1910.106(d)(2) 108 Exceptions 1910.106(d)(1)(ii) 108 Fire Protection 1910.106(d)(7) 110 Indoor Storage 1910.106(d)(4) 109 1910.106(d)(5) 109 Outdoor Storage 1910.106(d)(6) 110 Storage Cabinets 1910.106(d)(3) 109 Pressure Vessels 1910.106(b)(1)(v) 103 Supports 1910.106(b)(5) 106 Testing 1910.106(b)(7) 107 Venting 1910.106(b)(4)(ii) 106 1910.106(b)(2)(iv) 104 1910.106(b)(3)(iv) 105 1910.106(b)(2)(v) 104 1910.106(b)(2)(vi) 105 Tanks, Portable, Outside Storage 1926.152(c)(4) 621 Temporary Floor Openings 1910.23(a)(7) 36

866

INDEX

Temporary Labor Camps (see also Labor Camps, Temporary) 1910.142 204 Testing Bulk Oxygen 1910.104(b)(8)(v) 101 Cranes 1910.179(k) 255 1910.180(e) 258 Derricks 1910.181(e) 262 Fire Extinguishers 1910.157(e) 226 Gaseous Hydrogen Systems 1910.103(b)(1)(vi) 96 Liquefied Hydrogen Systems 1910.103(c)(1)(vii) 98 Piping 1910.106(c)(7) 108 Powered Platforms 1910.66(g) 63 Radiation Alarm 1910.1096(f)(3) 507 Sprinkler Systems 1910.159(c)(3) 228 Standpipe and Hose Systems 1910.158(e) 228 Storage Tanks 1910.106(b)(7) 107 Threshold Limit Values 1926.55 Appendix A 545 Tire Safety Rack 1926.600(a)(2) 699 Toeboards Cranes 1910.179(d)(3) 252 Definition 1910.21(a)(9) 33 Walking-Working Surfaces 1910.23(a)(2) 36 1910.23(a)(3)(ii) 36 1910.23(e) 37 Toilet Facilities 1910.141(c) 203 Construction of Toilet Rooms 1910.141(c)(2) 203 Hazardous Waste 1910.120(n)(3) 167 Labor Camps 1910.142(d) 204 Lavatories 1910.141(d)(2) 204 Minimum Numbers 1910.141(c)(1) 203 1910.141(d)(2) 204 Washing Facilities 1910.141(d) 204 Toilets 1926.51(c) 543 Tongs, Upsetters 1910.218(h)(4) 281 Tools, Hand and Power 1926.300 647 Air Receivers 1926.306 650 Hand 1926.301 648 1926.302 648 Power-Transmission Apparatus, Mechanical 1926.307 651 Torch Valves, Welding 1910.252(a)(4)(ii) 290 Torches 1926.350(g) 656 Towels 1910.141(d)(3)(v) 204 Tower cranes 808 Towers, Scaffolds (see also Scaffolds) 1910.29 50 Toxic Metals (Welding, Cutting, and Heating) 1926.353(c) 657 Preservative Coatings 1926.354(d) 658 Tractors (see also Powered Industrial Trucks) 1910.178 245 Training Personnel Bloodborne Pathogens, Exposure to 1910.1030(e)(5) 488 1910.1030(g)(2) 490 Electrical Safety-Related Work Practices 1910.332 351 Fire Brigades 1910.156(c) 224 Fire Extinguishers 1910.157(g) 227 Hazardous Waste Operations 1910.120(e) 163 1910.120(p)(7) 168 1910.120(q)(6) 170 Ionizing Radiation 1910.1096(i) 507 Respirators 1910.134(k) 189 Truck Operators 1910.178(l) 247 Working Platform Operations 1910.66(i)(1) 64 Transmission Pipeline Welding 1910.252(d)(1) 292 Construction Standards 1910.252(d)(1)(v) 293 Electric Shock 1910.252(d)(1)(iii) 292 Field Shop Operations 1910.252(d)(1)(ii) 292 Flammable Substances 1910.252(d)(1)(vi) 293 Pressure Testing 1910.252(d)(1)(iv) 293 X-Ray Inspection 1910.252(d)(1)(vii) 293 Transportation Blasting Agents 1910.109(g)(6) 126 Explosives 1910.109(d) 122 Fire Extinguishers 1910.109(d)(2)(ii) 122 Markings 1910.109(d)(2)(ii) 122 Vehicles 1910.109(d)(2) 122 1910.109(d)(3) 122 Trapdoors 1910.23(a)(5) 36 Treads, Stairs 1910.24(f) 38 Trenching (see also Excavations) 1926.650 703 Trestle Ladders, Portable Metal 1910.26(a)(4) 40 Wood 1910.25(c)(3)(v) 39 Trimming Presses 1910.218(g) 281 Trolley Bumpers, Cranes 1910.179(e)(3) 253 Ladders, Portable 1910.25(c)(5) 39 Stops, Cranes 1910.179(e)(1) 252 Trucks 1910.178(k) 247 1910.178(m) 248 Converted Industrial 1910.178(d) 247 Dump Trucks 1926.601(b)(11) 699 1926.601(b)(12) 699 1926.601(b)(10) 699 Highway 1910.178(k) 247 1910.178(m) 248 Industrial 1926.602(c) 700 Off-Highway 1926.602(a)(7) 700 Powered Industrial 1910.178 245

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Webbing, Synthetic (for Slings) Tube and Coupler Scaffolds 1910.28(c) 45 1926.452(b) 666 Bearers 1910.28(c)(9) 46 Construction 1910.28(c)(5) 46 Heavy Duty 1910.28(c)(3) 45 Light Duty 1910.28(c)(1) 45 Medium Duty 1910.28(c)(2) 45 Mobile 1910.29(d) 51 Design 1910.29(d)(1) 51 Erection 1910.29(d)(3) 51 Handrails 1910.29(f)(4) 51 Loading 1910.29(f)(5) 51 Materials 1910.29(d)(2) 51 Runners 1910.28(c)(8) 46 Tuberculosis 1904.11 15 Tubular Welded Scaffolds Frame Scaffolds 1910.28(d) 46 Accessories 1910.28(d)(13) 46 Bracing 1910.28(d)(3) 46 Drawing and Specification Requirements 1910.28(d)(11) 46 Erection Requirements 1910.28(d)(12) 46 Frames 1910.28(d)(13) 46 1910.28(d)(5) 46 Guardrails 1910.28(d)(7) 46 Inspections 1910.28(d)(14) 46 Legs 1910.28(d)(4) 46 Loads 1910.28(d)(1) 46 1910.28(d)(8) 46 Mobile 1910.29(b) 51 Bracing 1910.29(b)(2) 51 Erection 1910.29(b)(5) 51 Panel Locking 1910.29(b)(4) 51 Spacing 1910.29(b)(3) 51

Planking Spans 1910.28(d)(10) 46 Securing 1910.28(d)(9) 46 Spacing 1910.28(d)(2) 46 Uplifts 1910.28(d)(6) 46 Sectional Folding Scaffolds 1910.29(c) 51 Bracing 1910.29(c)(3) 51 End Frames 1910.29(c)(6) 51 Erection 1910.29(c)(7) 51 Ladder Scaffolds 1910.29(c)(5) 51 Stairway Scaffolds 1910.29(c)(4) 51 Stairways 1910.29(c)(2) 51 Two-Point Suspension Scaffolds 1910.28(g) 47 Acid Solutions 1910.28(g)(10) 47 Blocks 1910.28(g)(7) 47 Guardrails 1910.28(g)(5) 47 Hangers 1910.28(g)(2) 47 Hoisting Machines 1910.28(g)(3) 47 Inspection 1910.28(g)(8) 47 Platform 1910.28(g)(12) 47 Roof Irons or Hooks 1910.28(g)(4) 47 Ropes 1910.28(g)(6) 47 1910.28(g)(7) 47 1910.28(g)(8) 47 Securing 1910.28(g)(11) 47 Size 1910.28(g)(1) 47 Supports 1910.28(g)(8) 47 Suspension 1910.28(g)(6) 47 Two-Section Rung Ladders 1910.25(c)(3)(iii) 38

Underground Installations 1926.651(b) 703 Transportation of Explosives 1926.903 718 Underground Storage Tanks, Flammable and Combustible Liquids 1910.106(b)(3) 105 Corrosion Protection 1910.106(b)(3)(iii) 105 Depth and Cover 1910.106(b)(3)(ii) 105 Location 1910.106(b)(3)(i) 105 Vents 1910.106(b)(3)(iv) 105 Underwater Blasting 1926.912 721 Unit Physical Operations 1910.106(e)(3) 111 Upsetters 1910.218(h) 281 Dies, Changing 1910.218(h)(5) 281 Lockouts 1910.218(h)(2) 281 Manual Controls 1910.218(h)(3) 281 Supporting Foundations 1910.218(h)(1) 281 Tongs 1910.218(h)(4) 281

V

Valves (see also Valves and Fittings under Piping) 1910.106(c) 108 Liquefied Petroleum Gases 1910.110(b)(7) 131 Non-DOT Containers 1910.110(d)(3) 141 Vaporizers Liquefied Petroleum Gases 1910.110(b)(11) 133 Liquid Hydrogen 1910.103(c)(1)(viii) 98 Liquid Oxygen 1910.104(b)(7) 101 Vapors (Airborne Contaminants) 1926.55 545 Variances from Safety and Health Standards 1926.2 529

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W

Walking-Working Surfaces Aisles 1910.22(b) 36 Covers 1910.22(c) 36 Definitions 1910.21 33 Fixed Industrial Stairs 1910.24 38 Floor Loading 1910.22(d) 36 Floor Openings, Guarding 1910.23 36 General Requirements 1910.22 36 Guardrails 1910.22(c) 36 Housekeeping 1910.22(a) 36 Ladders Fixed 1910.27 40 Portable Metal 1910.26 39 Wood 1910.25 38 Stands 1910.29 50 Passageways 1910.22(b) 36 Scaffolding Safety 1910.28 43 Scaffolds (Towers) 1910.29 50 Stairs, Fixed Industrial 1910.24 38 Stands, Mobile Ladder 1910.29 50 Wall Openings, Guarding 1910.23 36 Working Surfaces 1910.30 52 Wall Cranes 1910.179 251 Wall Openings (Holes) 1910.23(b) 36 Warning Devices and Signs (see also Signs and Tags) 1910.145 205 Bloodborne Pathogens 1910.1030(g)(1) 489 Cranes 1910.179(i) 254 Ionizing Radiation 1910.1096(f) 506 Manlifts 1910.68(c)(7) 78 Nonionizing Radiation 1910.97(a)(3) 94 Warning Devices and Signs (see also Signs, Tags) Bloodborne Pathogens 1910.1030(g)(1) 489 Ionizing Radiation 1910.1096(f) 506 Washing Facilities 1910.141(d) 204 1910.142(f) 205 1910.120(n)(6) 167 1926.51(f) 543 Waste Disposal 1910.141(a)(4) 203 Asbestos 1910.1001(k)(6) 372 Bloodborne Pathogens 1910.1030(d)(4)(iii) 487 Bulk Plants 1910.106(f)(7) 114 Containers 1910.141(g)(3) 204 Ionizing Radiation 1910.1096(k) 507 Labor Camps 1910.142(e) 205 1910.142(h) 205 Processing Plants 1910.106(h)(8)(iii) 118 Radiation 1910.1096(k) 507 Service Stations 1910.106(g)(7) 117 Water Nonpotable 1926.51(b) 543 Potable 1926.51(a) 543 Supply (for Fire Protection) 1926.150(b) 619 Working Over or Near 1926.106 617 Water Gels 1910.109(h) 126 Water Spray Extinguishing Systems, Fixed 1910.163 230 Water Supply Hazardous Waste Operations 1910.120(n) 167 Labor Camps 1910.142(c) 204 Nonpotable Water 1910.141(b)(2) 203 Potable Water 1910.141(b)(1) 203 Sprinkler Systems 1910.159(c)(4) 228 Standpipe and Hose Systems 1910.158(d) 228 Webbing, Synthetic (for Slings) 1926.251(e) 637

INDEX

IX

IX Subject Index

U

Vehicles, Slow Moving 1910.145(d)(10) 206 Veneer Machinery 1910.30(c) 52 Ventilation 1910.94 79 1926.57 550 Abrasive Blasting 1910.94(a) 79 Asbestos 1910.1001(f)(1)(iv) 369 Bulk Oxygen Systems 1910.104(b)(3)(xii) 100 Bulk Plants 1910.106(f)(2)(iii) 112 Grinding, Polishing, and Buffing 1910.94(b) 80 Inside Storage Rooms 1910.106(d)(4)(iv) 109 Preservative Coatings 1926.354 658 Processing Buildings 1910.106(h)(3)(iii) 117 Spray Finishing 1910.94(c)(5) 84 Spraying Operations 1910.94(c) 84 Temporary Heating Devices 1926.154(a) 631 Welding and Cutting 1926.353 657 Venting, Tanks Aboveground 1910.106(b)(2)(iv) 104 1910.106(b)(2)(v) 104 1910.106(b)(2)(vi) 105 Inside 1910.106(b)(4)(ii) 106 Portable 1910.106(d)(2)(ii) 108 Underground 1910.106(b)(3)(iv) 105 Vermin Control 1910.141(a)(5) 203 Vests, Buoyant 1926.106 617

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Welding Welding (see also Generators under Acetylene, Arc Welding, Flash Welding Equipment, Resistance Welding Beryllium 1910.252(c)(8) 292 Cadmium 1910.252(c)(9) 292 Cleaning Compounds 1910.252(c)(11) 292 Concentrations, Maximum Allowable 1910.252(c)(1)(iii) 291 Containers 1910.252(a)(3) 290 Contamination 1910.252(c)(1)(i) 291 Definitions 1910.251 289 Exhaust Hoods 1910.252(c)(3) 291 Fire Protection 1910.252(a)(2)(i) 289 1910.252(a)(2)(ii) 289 1910.252(a)(2)(xv) 290 First-Aid Equipment 1910.252(c)(13) 292 Fluorine Compounds 1910.252(c)(5) 292 Labels 1910.252(c)(1)(iv) 291 Ladders, Fixed 1910.27(b)(6) 41 Lead 1910.252(c)(7) 292 Liquefied Petroleum Gases 1910.110(b)(4) 130 Machines, Portable 1910.255(c) 302 Clevis 1910.255(c)(3) 302 Counterbalance 1910.255(c)(1) 302 Flash Welding Equipment 1910.255(d) 302 Grounding 1910.255(c)(6) 302 Holder, Movable 1910.255(c)(5) 302 Maintenance 1910.255(e) 302 Safety Chains 1910.255(c)(2) 302 Switch Guards 1910.255(c)(4) 302 Mercury 1910.252(c)(10) 292 Personnel Protection 1910.252(b) 290 Piping Systems, Mechanical 1910.252(d)(2) 293 Precautions 1910.252(a)(2) 289 1910.255(e) 302 Prohibited Areas 1910.252(a)(2)(vi) 289 Screens 1910.252(c)(1)(ii) 291 Spot and Seam 1910.255(b) 301 Stainless Steels 1910.252(c)(12) 292 Supervisory Responsibility 1910.252(a)(2)(xiv) 289 Torch Valves, Welding 1910.252(a)(4)(ii) 290 Transmission Pipelines 1910.252(d)(1) 292 Ventilation 1910.252(b)(4) 291 1910.252(c) 291 Welding or Cutting Containers 1910.252(a)(3) 290 Zinc 1910.252(c)(6) 292 Welding and Cutting 1926.350 655 Aerial Lifts, Standards for 1926.453(b)(5) 670 Eye Protection 1926.102(b) 616 LP-Gas Containers 1926.153(b) 629 Wharves Bulk Plants 1910.106(f)(4) 113 Chemical Plants 1910.106(i)(2) 118

868

INDEX

Distilleries 1910.106(i)(2) 118 Explosives 1910.109(f) 124 Marine Service Stations 1910.106(g)(4) 116 Refineries 1910.106(i)(2) 118 Wheels, Multi-Piece and Single-Piece Rim, Servicing 1910.177 243 Williams-Steiger Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 Addendum 819 Winch Heads, Derricks 1910.181(i)(5) 263 Wind Indicators 1910.179(b)(4) 252 Window Jack Scaffolds 1926.452(l) 668 Window-Jack Scaffolds 1910.28(r) 50 Guardrails 1910.28(r)(3) 50 Use 1910.28(r)(1) 50 1910.28(r)(2) 50 Wire Ropes (see also Ropes, Wire) 1926.251(c) 635 1926.552 696 Wiring Electric Splices 1910.303(c), 1910.305(h)(7) 341 Wood Ladders, Portable (see also Portable Wood under Ladders) 1910.25 38 Wood Pole Scaffolds 1910.28(b) 44 1926.451(b) 661 Woodworking Machinery Definitions 1910.211(a) 269 Tools, Portable Powered 1910.243(a) 284 Belt Sanding Machines 1910.243(a)(3) 284 Circular Saws 1910.243(a)(1) 284 Cracked Saws 1910.243(a)(4) 284 Grounding 1910.243(a)(5) 284 Sanding Machines 1910.243(a)(3) 284 Woodworking Tools 1926.304 649 Work Platforms 1910.66 57 1910.67 74 Elevating and Rotating 1910.67 74 Mobile (see also Scaffolds) 1910.29(e) 51 Vehicle Mounted Application 1910.67(b)(1) 75 Definitions 1910.67(a) 74 Design Requirements 1910.67(b)(1) 75 General Requirements 1910.67(b) 75

X

X-Ray Inspections, Mechanical Piping Systems 1910.252(d)(2)(ii) 293

Z

Zinc 1910.252(c)(6) 292 Confined Spaces 1910.252(c)(6)(i) 292 Indoors 1910.252(c)(6)(ii) 292

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Oil and Gas