Conceiving a child might seem like a relatively simple process, however some women end up having difficulty with the process. Many women often experience infertility problems as a result of their reproductive system not functioning properly, old age, serious medical conditions or complications with medications. Infertility may also affect males as well, due to the same factors. If a woman can't conceive, there's a variety of methods she can use to become pregnant. One of these methods is called artificial insemination . The most basic artificial insemination technique depicts the direct insertion of sperm into the cervix, fallopian tubes or uterus of a woman. Placing the sperm closer to the egg increases the chance of a woman becoming pregnant. Artificial insemination actually dates back as far back as the 1900s, where the most basic techniques were an early form of intrauterine insemination—the technique where “washed” or treated sperm is placed directly into the uterus. Intrauterine insemination is the technique many think about when seriously pursuing artificial insemination. The other common forms of artificial insemination are: Intravaginal insemination: Sperm is placed into the woman's vagina, closest to the cervix; the simplest insemination procedure. Typically used when a woman's fertility issues aren't as severe. The success rate is considered lower than that of intrauterine insemination. Intracervical insemination: Sperm is placed inside the cervix, with the use of a needle-less syringe. More common than intravaginal insemination and less expensive than intrauterine insemination. A doctor may recommend artificial insemination as a solution for a woman to conceive a child. Before the procedure is performed, a woman may have to take a fertility drug, near the start of her menstrual cycle, to stimulate her ovaries into developing mature eggs for the fertilization process. She'll then be asked to monitor her ovulation process, allowing her to set a time for the insemination to take place. Her male partner is also expected to produce a sperm sample, which will be treated or “washed” for the insemination process. Following the insemination procedure, the woman will be able to take a pregnancy test around two weeks later. Women and couple who skew younger have better success rates from artificial insemination procedures. The success of a particular artificial insemination procedure also depends on what type of fertility problem a couple may have. The cost of artificial insemination in the United States averages around $300 to $700 per treatment cycle, however these rates can balloon thanks to peripheral treatments such as using donor sperm, receiving ultrasounds and medication.