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SMART EXECUTIVE DESK Malvika Bhasin MIT Institute of Design ‘17


The Graduation Project Evaluation Jury recommends MALVIKA BHASIN to be awarded the Graduation Degree of the MIT Institute of Design, Pune IN INDUSTRIAL DESIGN (PRODUCT DESIGN) herewith, for the project titled “SMART EXECUTIVE’S DESK” MEMBERS : NAME

ORGANISATION

SIGNATURE

on fulfilling the further requirements by *

(*Subsequent remarks regarding fulfilling the requirements :)

GRADUATION PROJECT 2017 PROGRAMME : UG PROGRAMME

Chairperson of the Jury 3


ACK N OW L E D G E M E N T Apart from personal efforts, the success of any project depends largely on the encouragement and guidelines of many others. I take this opportunity to express my gratitude to the people who have been instrumental in the successful completion of this project. I would like to show my greatest appreciation to my faculty mentor, Prof Hari Kara for his continuous guidance and feedback. Without his encouragement and support, this project would not have materialized. My heartful thanks to Amit and Sarath, fellow designers who had played the role of advisor, critique and friends. Last but not the least, I am grateful to my family for their continual support and encouragement throughout the journey.

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1.1 About Lucid Design 1.2 Founder's Story 1.3 Nature of Business 1.4 Clientele 1.5 Design Methodology 1.6 Role in Organisation

RE-DEFINE 6.1 Redefinition of Brief

02 22 23

07

01 06

CONTENTS

11 12 13 16 18 19

SPONSOR

86 90

INITIAL BRIEF 2.1 About Charcoal Technologies 2.2 Client’s Brief

APPROACH 7.1 Visual Language 7.2 Features & Technology


34 41 43

98 136 155 169

CON CEPTS 8.1 Initial Sketches 8.2 Intermediate Concepts 8.3 Final Concepts • VOLANT • NAUTIC

09

08

45 47 48 61

184 188 194 198

4.1 History of Work Desks 4.2 Types of Executive Desks 4.3 Parts of an Executive’s Desk 4.4 Ergonomics 4.5 USP of Product 4.6 Target Audience 4.7 Competitors

DETAILS

9.1 Orthographic Views 9.2 Materials & Processes 9.3 Construction 9.4 Cantilever Calculations 200 9.5 Component Specifications 204 9.6 Mockup Models

05

DISCOVER

74 75 76 77 78 79

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3.1 Project Deliverables 3.2 Project Methodology 3.3 Project Timeline

04

03 26 27 29

PROJECT SUMMARY

DEFINE 5.1 Brainstorming 5.2 Analysing Customer 5.3 Customer Wants 5.4 Pains & Gains 5.5 Support Technology 5.6 Budget Consid

REFLECT

210 10.1 Conclusion 211 10.2 Retrospection 213 10.3 Bibliography

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01

SPONSOR 1.1 About Lucid Design 1.2 Founder's Story 1.3 Nature of Business 1.4 Clientele 1.5 Design Methodology 1.6 Role in Organisation

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A B O U T LU C I D D E S I G N W E D O T H I N G S D I F F E R E N T LY. W E WA N T TO B E S U STA I N A B L E . W E WA N T TO CH A N G E T H E WAY P E O P L E L I V E .

Lucid Design is a creative consulting firm that delivers ‘World Class Design’. The focus is on enabling a brand to say exactly what it should, making it a beacon of clarity, excitement, quality and global appeal. The key services offered include Design Research, User/Usability Research, Industrial Design, Design Engineering (Mechanical & Electrical), Prototyping, Tooling, Manufacturing Support along with UI/UX Design, Graphic Design, Packaging Design and Space (Interior Architecture & Retail and Commercial Space) Design.Their Work spans a broad spectrum of industries i.e., Medical & Healthcare, Telecommunications, Consumer Electronics, Consumer Durables, Food & Beverages, Cosmetics, Home Appliances, Retail, Packaging, Exhibition, Lifestyle & Furniture, Smart Devices, Automation, etc. Lucid Design’s office is based in Bangalore, India.

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A mit Mirchandani F O U N D E R ' S STO RY

Amit Mirchandani is a graduate of the California College of the Arts in San Francisco and the founder and Creative Director of Lucid Design Pvt Ltd, India. Starting in 2006, he successfully ran Lucid in the United States for 3 years before moving the company to India in 2009 with the intention of contributing to the design scene in India. He grew the India operations over the next few years, while managing projects and clients all across the world with an international design team.

Prior to Lucid, Amit worked for reputed design consultancies and global brands. He is also a founding partner of Mexican restaurant Chinita, Concrete Labs and the award winning design collaborative Lift. Amit’s past work includes designs and strategies for companies such as Incase, Plantronics, Infinity, Bushnell, Bolle, Reef, Mark Levinson, Ernie Ball, The North Face, Coleman, Fender, T-Mobile, Palm, At&t, Sprint & Htc.


N AT U R E O F B U S I N E SS

D E S I G N P R O J E C TS

D E S I G N PA RT N E R S H I P S

P R O - AC T I V E P R O J E C TS

Proposal based design projects that are achieved through an efficient crafted program to achieve the required results.

Collaborative design projects with companies as either in-house design division or on large projects over an extended duration.

Self driven projects that benefit people, raise awareness or generate a buzz.

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D E S I G N S E RV I C E S O F F E R E D

Graphic Design

I ndustrial Design

UI/UX DESIGN

PRINT DESIGN

PRODUCT DESIGN

S PAC E D E S I G N

+ Mobile Apps + Websites

+ Branding + Publication + Packaging

+ Form Design + CMF / Skin Design + Packaging

+ Interior Spaces + Retail Spaces + Office Spaces


O R G A N I S AT I O N ST R U C T U R E

V I JAY M I R CH A N DA N I

De s i g n Di re ct or

G R APHIC D ESIG N T EAM

KOYA L C .

Graphic Designer

P R AT E E K VATA S H Graphic Designe r

CH A K D R A K A N T S . Front E nd Developer

RALPH NONGBRI

A M I T M I R CH A N DA N I

Di rect or

RIT TIK A S.

Graph i c De si g ne r

Of f ice Administrator

IN DUSTRIAL D ESIGN T EAM

S A R AT H S .

Produ ct E ng ineer

UJ WA L I K

Dig ital Desig ner

MALVIKA BHASIN Produ ct Desig ne r

SENDELL D’SOUSA Contractor

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D E S I G N M E T H O D O LO GY

Define

Discover

Design

RESEARCH

STRATEGY

SKETCHING

Understand user behaviour, needs and perspectives to better empathize with the user.

Defining pain and gain points for the target user leading to innovative ideas.

Everything begins with a sketch, ideas are chosen and given a form.

PERSONAS

MOODBOARDS

CONCEPT MODELS

A persona represents a significant portion of people in the real world rather than a generic everybody.

Putting together visuals from discovered user study to create designs fitting into the lifestyle seamlessly

Software models are created to visually showcase the concepts.

TRENDS

DESIGN DIRECTION

TECHNICAL MODELS

Compiling design trends according to the user lifestyle throughout the ages in order to create a timeless design.

Defining multiple visual directions catering to the brand strategies.

Final models created with measurements, keeping in mind the technical constraints.


R O L E I N O R G A N I S AT I O N

MENTOR + ME

ENGINEER (SARATH S.)

+ Inspiration + Ideation + Concept Modelling

+ Final 3D + Solid Works Model

CRITERIA Feasibility Proportion Accessibility/Ergonomy Materials Engineering Constraints

ME

+ Visual Communication + Showcasing final design

=

by visually communicating the final product Function Details Materials Colours

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02

INITIAL BRIEF 2.1 About Charcoal Technologies 2.2 Client’s Brief

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A B O U T C L I E N T : CH A R COA L T E CH N O LO G I E S

Charcoal Technologies is a well-funded Startup based in Bangalore that aims to introduce technology in products of daily use with luxury value. The creation of products the world has yet to experience, that is the essence of Charcoal. Built upon a passion for bringing into the world objects of peerless sophistication, beauty and engineering. Charcoal represents the best of two worlds - fashion and technology.


CLIENT’S INITIAL BRIEF To d e s i gn a S mar t E xe c utive ’ s D e sk f or a luxury mark et and in c or por atin g the l ate st te c hnologies.

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03

PROJECT SUMMARY 3.1 Project Deliverables 3.2 Project Methodology 3.3 Project Timeline

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PROJECT DELIVERABLES

Product Design

Manufacturing Support

DESIGN DIRECTION

COMPONENT OUTSOURCING

Analysing user lifestyle and design trends to come up with 2 design directions for the form and integrated technology.

Assistance in technology selection and contacting dealers/vendors for outsourcing technical components .

CONCEPT SKETCHES

ASSEMBLY DRAWINGS

Showcasing 3 concept sketches each for the selected 2 design directions.

Drafting technical assembly drawings including both internal structure as well as technical components.

FINAL DESIGN

WORKING PROTOTYPE

Detailed 3d rendered design of selected forms for each of the design directions with realistic functionality.

Suggesting contractors to take up the responsibility in successfully completing the working prototype.


P R O J E C T M E T H O D O LO GY

Understanding Client

Competitive Analysis

Target Audience Study

Personas

Client Feedback

Concept Sketches

Design Directions

Strategy

Final Detailed Design

Assembly Drawings

Prototype

Selected Concepts

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Se p te mbe r

August

Jul y + Understanding Organisation + Other Projects + Research work

+ Understanding Brief, Client Needs & Product + Competitor Analysis

+ + + +

User Research Analysis Personas Strategy


Redefined Brief Design Directions Initial Concepts Selected Concepts Form Design Detailing

+ Engineering Constraints + Technical 3D Model + Component Outsourcing Support

De ce mbe r

Nove mbe r

Octobe r + + + + +

+ Component Arrival + Mock Form Prototype Creation + Engineering

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04

DISCOVER 4.1 History of Work Desks 4.2 Types of Executive Desks 4.3 Parts of an Executive’s Desk 4.4 Ergonomics 4.5 USP of Product 4.6 Target Audience 4.7 Competitors 4.8 Material

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WO R K D E S K

A piece of furniture with a flat or sloping surface and typically with drawers, at which one can read, write, or do other work


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H I STO RY O F WO R K D E S KS 15th Century - 21st Century A semantic study of how education and work spaces have evolved due to new inventions and other factors leading to paper work and computer work which lead to the evolution of the desk form.

DESK DESIGN • Slots and hooks for bookmarks and writing • MASSIVE STRUCTURE catering to heavy manuscripts

<15TH CENTURY MOVABLE PRINTING PRESS

15TH CENTURY WRITERS / PUBLISHERS Books and notes were written by hand, hence desk users were mainly monks & scholars.

Introduction of the movable printing press made documents accessible to the common man to copy by hand.


17TH - 18TH CENTURY RENAISSANCE

Introduction of wood working and cabinet making.

DESK DESIGN • Mass produced • Steam driven woodworking machinery.

DESK DESIGN • Slimmer Structures • More drawers

19TH CENTURY STEAM ENGINE Introduction of the steam engine helped create cheap wood-pulp paper. Lead to increase in white collar workers

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END 19TH - EARLY 20TH CENTURY •Introduction of smaller and cheaper electrical presses •Appearance of typewriters

DESK DESIGN MODULAR DESKS •Work surfaces diminished in size. •Paper moved to cabinets (record management centres)

DESK DESIGN • Steel desks to take heavier load of more paper • Withstand load of typewriters.

20TH CENTURY POST WORLD WAR II Spread of photocopying, increasing quantity of paperwork & desk workers


LATE 20TH CENTURY INFLUENCE OF COMPUTERS Ease of printing documents & lack of comfort reading text on computer monitors.

TECH DEPENDENT

21ST CENTURY

DESK DESIGN • Increased desk space • Attached accessory items to modesty panel like outlit strips & cable management.

TECH BOOM

DESK DESIGN

Inc. office workers lead to shrinking size of cramped workspaces.

Introduction of CUBICLE DESK

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EXECUTIVEâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S DESK

The executive desk is the big king of the office world. With loads of drawer storage and surface area, along with an often massive footprint, these carved wood specimens impart a sense of grandeur and timeless appeal that stands apart from other styles. Often what is pictured when considering a traditional desks, the executive desk can encompass anything from a single rectangular desk to an entire office suite.

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T Y P E S O F E X E C U T I V E â&#x20AC;&#x2122; S D E S KS Executive desks come in several different styles and configurations. Some are fairly basic, while others are massive and take up a substantial amount of floor space. The type of desk chosen depends on an individualâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s own office needs.

BASIC EXECUTIVE DESK

Basic style; large desk; ample working and storage space; just one flat surface for working, plus various drawers and shelving


Usually comes in two pieces, positioned parallel in an L shape; second piece may have extra storage space as well, or just be a work surface

L-SHAPED DESK

Provides maximum amount of working and storage space; three separate pieces positioned in a U shape

U-SHAPED DESK

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PA RTS O F A N E X E C U T I V E â&#x20AC;&#x2122; S D E S K

1 6 2 7

3 4

8 5


1 - TABLE TOP 2 - MODESTY PANEL 3 - DRAWER 4 - CABINETS 5 - LEGS 6 - L-SIDE TABLE TOP 7 - SLIDING CABINET 8 - L-SIDE LEGS

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ERGONOMICS Ergonomics (or human factors) is the scientific discipline concerned with the understanding of interactions among humans and other elements of a system, and the profession that applies theory, principles, data and methods to design in order to optimize human well-being and overall system performance.


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UNIQ UE SELLIN G POINT Charcoal’s product offerings focus on the executive level customer who has an appreciation for quality craftsmanship and materials and wishes to integrate technology in to their office environment. The market segments within the office furniture context include the corporate executive, small business owner and home office. Markets will be targeted through a variety of media including the Internet, catalogue distribution and word of mouth advertising. Because Charcoal offers products at a high cost level, mass marketing is not a requirement. Rather the strategy is to make the product information readily available to those seeking quality office furniture with specific technological needs.

EXECUTIVE’S DESK (FURNITURE)

TECHNOLOGY

CHARCOAL’S EXECUTIVE DESK Charcoal occupies a specific niche within the office furniture market. Therefore, the competition does not provide comparable products, as they lack the combination of technological integration and quality in materials and craftsmanship & design.


MORE THAN A PIECE OF FURNITURE

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TA R G E T AU D I E N C E Charcoal aims to give the discriminating personal computer user, who cares about design, quality furniture, and quality of working environment, a combination of the highest quality furniture and an integration of the latest technology, at a relatively high price.

Executiv es DECISION MAKER

+

INNOVATOR

User characteristics + Appreciation for quality craftmanship + Appreciation for material and finishes + Appreciation for technology

+

LEADER


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CO R P O R AT E E X E C U T I V E D E S I G N AT I O N S

CAO

Chief Accounting Officer

CCO

In one sense of the term, responsible for the overall look and feel of marketing, media, and branding. In another sense, similar to chief design officer.

Responsible for overseeing all accounting and bookkeeping functions, ensuring that ledger accounts, financial statements are operating effectively.

CAO

Chief Administrative Officer

CDO

Chief Business Officer

CDO

Responsible for the administrative, financial, and operations management of the organization, often combining the roles of chief administrative officer (CAO), chief financial officer (CFO),

CBDO

CBO

CCO

CDO

Chief Commercial Officer Responsible for commercial strategy and development.

Chief Digital Officer Responsible for adoption of digital technologies, digital consumer experiences, the process of digital transformation, and devising and executing social strategies.

Chief Brand Officer Responsible for a brandâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s image, experience, and promise, and propagating it throughout all aspects of the company, overseeing marketing, advertising, design, public relations and customer service departments.

Chief Design Officer Responsible for overseeing all design aspects of a companyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s products and services, including product design, graphic design, user experience design, industrial design, and package design, and possibly aspects of advertising, marketing, and engineering.

Chief Business Development Officer Responsible for business development plans, design and implementation of processes to support business growth.

Chief Development Officer Responsible for activities developing the business. Usually through added products, added clients, markets or segments.

Responsible for business administration, including daily operations and overall performance.

CBO

Chief Creative Officer

CEO

Chief Executive Officer Responsible for the overall vision and direction of an organization, making the final decisions over all of the corporationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s operations. The highest-ranking management officer; often also the chairman of the board. Usually called CEO in the United States, chief executive or managing director in the United Kingdom and some other countries.


CXO

Chief Experience Officer

COO

Responsible for user experience, overseeing user experience design and user interface design. “CXO” is not to be confused with “CxO”, a term commonly used when referring to any one of various chief officers.

CFO

CIO

CPO

CSO

Responsible for strategy, usually business strategy, including strategic planning and strategic management. Assists the chief executive officer with developing, communicating, executing, and sustaining strategy. Sometimes called chief strategic planning officer (CSPO).

Chief Legal Officer Responsible for overseeing and identifying legal issues in all departments and their interrelation, as well as corporate governance and business policy. Often called general counsel (GC) or chief counsel.

CMO

Chief Strategy Officer

Chief Innovation Officer Responsible for innovation.

CLO

Chief Process Officer Responsible for business processes and applied process theory, defining rules, policies, and guidelines to ensure that the main objectives follow the company strategy as well as establishing control mechanisms.

Chief Information Officer Responsible for information technology (IT), particularly in IT companies or companies that rely heavily on an IT infrastructure.

CIO

Responsible for business operations, including operations management, operations research, and (when applicable) manufacturing operations; role is highly contingent and situational, changing from company to company and even from a CEO to their successor within the same company. Often called “director of operations” in the nonprofit sector. studies.

Chief Financial Officer Responsible for all aspects of finances.

Chief Operating Officer

Chief Marketing Officer Responsible for marketing; job may include sales management, product development, distribution channel management, marketing communications (including advertising and promotions), pricing, market research, and customer service.

CTO

Chief Technology Officer Responsible for technology and research and development, overseeing the development of technology to be commercialized. (For an information technology company, the subject matter would be similar to the CIO’s; however, the CTO’s focus is technology for the firm to sell versus technology used for facilitating the firm’s own operations.). Sometimes called chief technical officer.and engineering.

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MARKET DEMOGRAPHICS The marketing is focused on four types of target consumers:

Corporate Executives

Home Offices

The Bureau of Labour Statistics (http://stats.bls.gov) reports there are 14.4 million executive, administrative, and managerial employees in United States and that number is growing at 1.6% per year. The company estimates the top 1% of that number, 144,000, as our market, and weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re suggesting the number is growing at the same 1.6% annually.

According to a story in Home Office Computing magazine, there are 36 million home offices in the United States. That means a home office in 27% of the households in the country. The U.S. census reports that in 1997 there were 16 million households in this country with incomes of more than $100,000 per year.

Small / Medium Business Owners

Other

According to the most recent data available from the Small Business Administration (SBA), there are between 13 and 16 million small businesses in the United States. That includes about 5.5 million employers and 11 million self-employed people. We take the top 1% of 15 million, to make our potential market of 150,000. The company estimates growth at 2.5%, a composite of different sources.

The company will also sell to some buyers outside India and outside of these targeted market segments. We estimate 100,000 other potential customers, a number that we estimate will be growing at 5% per year.


Corporate Executives

SME Owners

Home Offices

Computer Usage : Medium

Computer Usage : Medium

Computer Usage : High

Age : 40 - 65

Age : 25 - 65

Age : 25 - 65

Income : $200,000 (1.3 C) and up

Income : $50,000 (32.5 L) and up

Income : $100,000 (65 L) and up

Issue : Prestige

Issue : Comfort

Issue : Space

Decision Maker : Staff

Decision Maker : User

Decision Maker : User

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P E R S O N A ST U DY NAME :

Ajay Kanwal

AGE :

46

PROFESSION :

Banking (Standard Chartered)

DESIGNATION :

Regional CEO ASEAN and South Asia

STATUS :

Married Singapore

LOCATION :

Ajay Kanwal completed a Bachelor’s in Engineering and a Master’s in Marketing from India before going on to work with Citi Bank and then Standard Chartered Bank. He has a wife and 2 teenage daughters who live with him in Singapore. Travel is an important part of his work. In his free time, he likes playing golf, sailing on his private yacht and shopping for the latest tech gadgets, and of course the new line of Rolex watches. MINDSET

ENVIRONMENT / LIFESTYLE

Proactive Leader Seek Convenience Desire to optimise time Appreciates timeless trends

• Important morning routines including a jog and some yoga to keep healthy. • Travel is an integral part of his career. • Office space is the definition of luxury. • Spending a lot of the time interacting with

TECH USAGE :


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NAME :

Sahil Malhotra

AGE :

28

PROFESSION :

Design (TriDesign)

DESIGNATION :

Founder / Owner

STATUS :

Single

LOCATION :

Mumbai, India

Sahil completed his Bachelor’s in Design from UCA, London and Master’s in Management from UIUC, Illinois. After spending mist of his life overseas, Karan came back to India with a goal of adding international standards to his fathers Publication Business. He then went on to become a Founder of his own Design business in Mumbai that caters to businesses requiring Graphic and UIUX Design. MINDSET

ENVIRONMENT / LIFESTYLE

Modern Thinking Seek Style Desire to try new things In-sync with modern trends

• Business requires daily meetings for acquisition of projects • Goes on vacation twice a year with friends • Office space is contemporary lofty with several gadgets like apple tv, ps4, universal remote. • Owning latest tech

TECH USAGE :

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NAME :

Suhani Datta

AGE :

30

PROFESSION :

Writer (ELLE India)

DESIGNATION :

Blog Writer

STATUS :

Single

LOCATION :

Mumbai, India

Suhani Datta did her Graduation in Interior Design from India and went on to study Writing in London. Worked at Vogue as an Assistant Art Director in the intital stages of her career and went on to join ELLE Magazine as a writer. She gets to work at home, having to go to work once a week only. She converted one of the bedrooms in her house to a Study, where she ends up spending most of her time. MINDSET

ENVIRONMENT / LIFESTYLE

Creative Visionary Seek Simplicity Desire to explore thoughts Appreciates Minimalism

• Works out of the study in her home. Considers it her most stimulating environment • Coffe breaks are extremely important • Enjoins a highly active social life and hosting parties at her house. • Believes in a clutter free environment

TECH USAGE :


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CO M P E T I TO R P R O D U C TS

1

STIR KINETIC DESK

FOCUS

FEATURES :

Sitting Standing Desk PURPOSE Health Benefits TARGET Employees & Executives PRICE $2,990 - $4,990

FIT-BIT CONNECTIVITY Syncs data with your Fit-bit dashboard through initial connection made in desk settings within your personal user profile

WHISPERBREATH REMINDERS Timed to the resting, human breath rate, the desk surface gently rises and lowers one inch as a signal to move.

INLAID TOUCH CONTROLS Double tap anywhere to move the desk to between your preset heights

WIFI & THE CLOUD User profiles and preferences are stored in the cloud, and can follow you to any Stir Kinetic Desk you want to work at.


22 ERGON DESK ERAGON DESK

FOCUS

FEATURES :

Height Adjustable

SMARTPHONE CONNECTIVITY The App saves both usage statistics and goals achievement, and both are available to be checked in real time on your smartphone.

COLLABORATIVE FORM

ADAPTIVE LEANING The Ergon is the first desk in the market integrating a motorized desktop leaning

ERGONOMIC USER EXPERIENCE With the user as the centre of the desktop surface, more than 80% of the desk is reachable with the hands without moving.

PURPOSE Health Benefits TARGET Employees & Teams PRICE Price on Request

It enhances collective creativity and decreases the amount of wasted time at meetings through visual contact and a better physical interaction

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3 TABLE AIR

FOCUS

FEATURES : SMARTPHONE REMINDERS

The App will notify you when it’s time to sit or stand, when you’re working and tend to forget to adjust the height. HEIGHT ADJUST WITH HAND MOTION Raising your hand to indicate the height is made possible with the Smart Button. It senses the distance to your hand and lifts TableAir to match the height.

LED LIGHTING Set the mood to your liking and communicate if you’re busy or available to your colleagues. With million of lighting variations.

Height Adjustable PURPOSE Health Benefits TARGET Employees PRICE €2,899 - € 3,599


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MATERIAL Since executive desks are designed to project professionalism and prestige, they generally are not made from lower quality materials, such as particleboard. The majority of executive desks are made out of high quality solid wood.. Commonly found types of wood are cherry, mahogany, maple, oak, and walnut, although many other types are also available. There are colors of wood to match any decor and existing furniture. Many times, wooden desks come with a sheet of glass on top, to protect the wood from scratches. Though less common, executive desks can also be found made from steel or another sturdy metal, often with glass tops and shelves. These desks have a more modern style and may not blend in as well with some homes or offices, although for others they are a perfect fit.

GLASS Glass surfaces add a boldly modern touch to any desk. Paired with wood or metal construction, the glass expands visual space and lightens the entire piece of furniture. Often removable for cleaning, maintenance, or moving purposes, glass desktops can be found in a variety of shapes and configurations.


WOOD Wood surfaces are the most traditional form of desktop. These often manifest on top of an all-wood desk, but can also be mounted atop metal frames. As the most common desk construction material, wood models come in a range of finishes, with the most popular being natural, white, black, and grey.

Maple Maple is a gorgeous golden wood that is a joy to work with, especially the burr “Quilted Maple” that has a beautiful depth that, when French polished, is quite breathtaking. The hard maple ‘acer saccharum’ or sugar maple (or rock maple) that we typically use will have a wonderful wavy figuring.

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Cherry There are a few varieties of Cherry wood used in furniture making. European Cherry, Wild Cherry and American Black Cherry. The wood ranges in colour from a pinkish heartwood through to pale yellow sapwood. Cherry wood is easy to work with in furniture making and has a typically beautiful figuring that reaches its potential when finished by master furniture makers.

Rosewood Rosewood, when finished, is a deeply beautiful dark red colour perfect for luxurious high quality furniture design. When polished, the profoundly alluring depth radiates classâ&#x20AC;Ś There are many species of rosewood, each with its own subtleties.


Walnut A beautiful wood, perhaps more in the burr veneer form than in the slightly plain solid form. Although mild and easy to work it can prove less exciting than its European counterpart. Regardless of aesthetics, however, this is a magnificent furniture-making wood.

Oak English Oak, or European Oak, is a wonderful material to work with. It is heavy, but it is also one of the most graceful woods that only gets better as it ages and the colour matures. English Oak has been a solid staple material of the British furniture making tradition for hundreds of years. Oak pieces come in a variety of colours, from Light to Blackened oak (not to be confused with Black Oak â&#x20AC;&#x201C; which is typically a medium to light wood).

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Ash These are just a few examples of pieces of furniture made in Ash. The wood of an ash tree is a hardwood it has a bright colouring and has a beautiful quality when finished. A common use for Ash wood is in guitars as it has wonderful sustain resonance.

Ebony Ebony is a truly unique wood with a deep black colouring exuding class and sophistication. It also comes with a hefty price tag as it is a rare species. Finished in matt or french polish, this beautiful wood makes a dramatic, bold, statement as a complete piece, or a subtle but striking detailed feature.


Mahogany Mahogany is strong, with a uniform pore structure and poorly defined annual rings. It has a reddish - brown color and may display stripe, ribbon, broken stripe, rope, ripple, mottle, fiddleback or blister figures. Crotch mahogany figures are widely used and greatly valued. Mahogany is an excellent carving wood and finishes well.

Teak Teak is a yellow to dark brown hardwood which is extremely heavy, strong and durable. Often strongly figured, teak may show straight grain, mottled or fiddleback figures. It carves well, but because of its high value, is often used as a veneer. Scandinavian modern, and oriental furniture styles are often crafted of teak. 69


METAL

A metal desktop is the ultimate in utilitarian design. Resisting stains and scuffs, and remaining cool to the touch, itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s another modern material thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s often paired with a modern design desk, like glass. As you can see, metal desktops can be paired for a high contrast look with traditional wood constructed desks.


CORIAN

With its beauty, color, and depth, Corian® solid surface is the ultimate design material — it gives you the opportunity to design furniture and furnishings that meet your exacting vision. The material’s natural solidity and its ability to be shaped, engraved, and combined with other materials make it ideal for innovative seating, tables, bookshelves, cabinets, and many other pieces. And since Corian® is durable enough for the highest-traffic environments, the designs will remain beautiful for years to come.

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05

DEFINE 5.1 Brainstorming 5.2 Analysing Customer 5.3 Customer Wants 5.4 Pains & Gains 5.5 Support Technology 5.6 Budget Considerations

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A N A LYS I N G C U STO M E R

Working Professional

+ Elite Individuals who not only can afford luxury, but chose to spend on material luxuries and finely crafted products.

Hereditary Meritocracy

Nouveau Riche

Individuals whose wealth and belongings have been acquired by familial inheritance.

+

Individuals whose wealth has been acquired within their own generation, rather than by familial inheritance.

Technology Enthusiast

75


CONSUMER WANTS FORM + Grand + Edgy + Futuristic + Classy + New Age + Trendy + Timeless + Rich + Personslized + Contemporary

SECURUTY + Bold + Luxury + Modern + Minimal + Royal CONVENIENT + Useful + Organised + Clutter Free + Gadget catering + Wire management

+ Safety of belongings + Easy Accessibility + Quick COMFORT + Relaxing + Hassle free + Health Benefits + Storage + Accessibility


VOICE & SKYPE CONFERENCE CALLS

DRAWER ACCESS

WIRE CLUTTER

BEVERAGE / FOOD PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

77


SUPPORT TECHNOLOGY HEALTH

SECURITY

BEVERAGE

LOCK Biometric Lock Drawer Operated through Smart Phone

Beverage Warmer/Cooler

GADGETS

FOOD

EXERCISE

Integrated Warming Mat

Sit to Stand

CLUTTER FREE

PHONE

SPEAKER

LANDLINE

Wireless Phone Charging

Build-in Bluetooth Speakers

Integrated Landline

CABLE MANAGEMENT Plug Points | USB Ports| Ethernet


BUDGET CONSIDERATION

BIOMETRIC LOCK DRAWER

HEALTH

Operated through Smart Phone With an emergency Key

Beverage Warmer / Cooler Integrated Food Warming Mat Sit to Stand Desk

GADGETS

CABLE MANAGEMENT

Wireless Phone Charger

Plug Points Usb Ports Ethernet Landline

Build-in Bluetooth Speakers Integrated Landline

79


06

RE-DEFINE 6.1 Redefinition of Brief

81


INSIGHTS • Ta rge t Us e r ha s v e ry different needs for a work environment and ar e wi lli ng t o s pe nd o n i t . • Ta rge t Us e r is not f a miliar with the use of large and complicated gadge t s , h e nce u se r e x p e r i e nce and i nte rf a ce mus t b e m inimal. • S pa ce is a v a ila b le he nce freedom to make a large, g rand sized desk . • A d d ing te chnology to the desk should make the user look lik e t h e fu r ni t u r e pi e ce as a gadge t . • The f orm a nd ma t e rials should be in par with the interior and deco r o f any lu x u r y o ffi ce . • P rov id ing a lif e s tyle feeling like that of owning private jets or lu x u r y yach t s .

RE-DEFINE TO DESIGN AN EXECUTIVE’S DESK INCORPORATING: + BIOMETRIC LOCK DRAWER + WIRELESS PHONE CHARGER + BEVERAGE WARMER / COOLER + BUILD-IN BLUETOOTH SPEAKERS + HEIGHT ADJUSTABILITY

83


07

APPROACH 7.1 Visual Language 7.2 Features & Technology

85


Contemporary

+ LUXURY

+ ELEGANT


V I S UA L L A N G UAG E 1

+ MINIMAL

87


V I S UA L L A N G UAG E 2

+ ANGLE

+ NEW AGE


Future Stealth

+ EDGY 89


FEATURES & TECHNOLOGY

01

Specifications : External thumb print scanner. Side hidden key lock to be used in emergencies.

BIOMETRIC SCANNER + LOCK


02

SPEAKER & CONTROLS

Specifications : Speaker integrated in work top. Bluetooth connectivity with phone. Possibility to showcase display or mode.

91


03

WIRELESS PHONE CHARGER

Specifications : Can be placed seamlessly under a 4mm non conductive surface such as a glass or wood top.


04

BEVERAGE WARMER & CHILLER

Specifications : Combined heater and chiller plate. Heat upto 60 ยบC Chill upto 7 ยบC

93


05

HEIGHT ADJUSTABILITY

Specifications : Electric. Can lift upto 150kg with various height adjustments. Keypad control.


06

PLUG SOCKETS

Specifications : Integrated under a discreet flap with wire manager and includes USB sockets

95


08

CON CEPTS 8.1 Initial Sketches • Sketches • Tabletop Layouts • Contemporary & Futuristic Concepts 8.2 Intermediate Concepts 8.3 Final Concepts • VOLANT • NAUTIC

97


INITIAL CON CEPTS


99


101


Exploring with base for modesty banel and shapes of legs

V shaped legs adds a lighter appearence to the design

Exploring with symmetric paneled leg designs

Tapering solid paneled legs for visual interest in the table


Exploring with a thin table top, circulat V legs with no modesty panel

V shaped rounded legs gives an apparence of contemporary finish

Exploring with curved straight leg blocks

Elegant, minimal and stable symmetric legs 103


TABLE TOP L AYOUTS

SPEAKER

WIRELESS PHONE CHARGER

PLUG SOCKET

SPEAKER

BEVERAGE WARMER / COOLER TOUCH PANEL


SPEAKER

PLUG SOCKET

SPEAKER

WIRELESS PHONE CHARGER TOUCH PANEL

BEVERAGE WARMER / COOLER

105


CONTEMPORARY CONCEPT

01


Layered table top with drawer that is attached to the leg. Visual contrast created by the impression of different materials on two sections.

107


SPEAKER 1

SPEAKER 2

BEVERAGE HEATER / COOLER WIRELESS PHONE CHARGER BIOMETRIC / SMART LOCK

DRAWER

PLUG SOCKETS


109


CONTEMPORARY CONCEPT

02

111


Table top with a curved bottom attached to the drawer. Identical legs which keeps the design symmetric.


SPEAKER 1

PLUG SOCKETS

WIRELESS PHONE CHARGER

BIOMETRIC / SMART LOCK

SPEAKER 2

DRAWER

BEVERAGE HEATER / COOLER

113


115


CONTEMPORARY CONCEPT

03


L shaped design with one leg extending into a cabinet incorporating the drawer as well as two shelves.

117


SPEAKER 1 PLUG SOCKETS LIGHT

WIRELESS PHONE CHARGER

BIOMETRIC / SMART LOCK

TOUCH PANEL

BEVERAGE HEATER / COOLER DRAWER


119


CLIENT FEEDBACK

01 02 03

+ The visual contrast created by the two sections is interesting + Bulk needs to be added to the form + The off symmetry adds uniqueness

+ Does not look like a luxury form + The symmetry is not working + The graphic tabletop works well

+ Most preferred overall form as it caters to storage space + Preferred addition of modesty panel + Open shelves should be closed

SELECTED CON CEPT : 03 121


FUTURE STEALTH CONCEPT

01


Cantilever design with a hollow body and heavy base for stability. Table integrates a tray which holds all the components.

123


SPEAKER 1 PLUG SOCKETS WIRELESS PHONE CHARGER

SPEAKER 2 BIOMETRIC / SMART LOCK TOUCH PANEL

DRAWER BEVERAGE HEATER / COOLER


125


FUTURE STEALTH CONCEPT

02


Cantilever design with multy faceted surfaces, placed on a base platform.

127


SPEAKER 1

PLUG SOCKETS WIRELESS PHONE CHARGER

SPEAKER 2

BIOMETRIC / SMART LOCK

DRAWER

BEVERAGE HEATER / COOLER


129


FUTURE STEALTH CONCEPT

03

131


Multi faceted surfaces on one leg with the glass of the other leg extending to the table top.


SPEAKER 1

PLUG SOCKETS WIRELESS PHONE CHARGER

DRAWER

BIOMETRIC / SMART LOCK

SPEAKER 2 BEVERAGE HEATER / COOLER

TOUCH PANEL

133


CLIENT FEEDBACK

01

+ Cantilever not possible in this form + A bit too light in appearence + Elegant form but requires more of an edgy character to it

02

+ A bit too angular and over futuristic + Form must have more continuity instead of looking like different parts

03

+ Most preferred overall form for being the right amount of multi faceted + Preferred cantilever form instead of having the glass leg on the other side

SELECTED CON CEPT : 01 + 03 135


INTERMEDIATE CON CE PTS


137


139


TABLE TOP L AYOUTS DETAILIN G

01

SPEAKER:

Switch On / Off

Bluetooth

Answer / Cut Call

02

HEIGHT ADJUSTABILITY

:

Volume Control

Up Down

03

BEVERAGE WARMER COOLER

Warm Cool

141


FUTURE STEALTH TABLETOP L AYOUT


01

143


Changing the location of the slit on the table top for wire movement as well as the plug sockets from the far back end to the centre of the table to allow convenient and effortless guest interaction with the table. The plug socket box shifts from the centre of the table top to the side, since the cantilever body allows for more space for its incorporation.


145


CONTEMPORARY DESIGN TABLETOP L AYOUT

Changing the location of the slit on the table top for wire movement as well as the plug sockets from the far back end to the left centre of the table to allow convenient and effortless guest interaction with the table. The plug socket box shifts from the centre of the table top to the side, since the cantilever the area aboce the legs provide more space for its incorporation.


147


FUTURISTIC SKIN DESIGN


2 3 1

4

1. ti bronze ss 2. silver grey corian 3. deep grey corian 4. brushed stainless steel 5. black oak wood 6. offwhite corian 7. black ash wood 8. black corian 5 8

7 6

149


CONTEMPORARY SKIN DESIGN


2 3

4 1 5

6

10

7

9 8

1. white jasmine corian 2. natural ash wood 3. brushed ss 4. deep grey corian 5. white wave corian 6. natural oak wood 7. vanilla corian 8. natural walnut wood 9. super white corian 10. brushed bronze ss

151


FINAL CON CEPT SKETCHES


153


VOL ANT 155


VOL ANT - FUTURISTIC DESK The design of Volant consists of a cantilever frame work incorporating a body having multi-facetted surfaces. The desk surface consists of a black colored glass which hold the various components and devices that make up the table. Volant exhibits the future of Charcoalâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s products with its high tech appearence. It is not a furniture piece but a gadget instead.


The body is created with corian held by an internal metal structural frame. The base consists of a gloss finish mild steel plate for counterbalance. The desk surface, made of glass has a groove that runs in the middle to manage the electrical wires, while the electronic components of the table are placed in a systematic manner for ease of access.

157


HEIGHT ADJUSTABILITY The top part of the desk can move up by a maximum of 100mm giving a more personal ergonomic position.


COMPONENTS The table consists of two stereo speakers placed at the far end, a facility of induction charging at the near left corner, a beverage heater & cooler at the near right corner and having a universal control panel controling each of these components individually. The desk also consists of a digital clock which switches on when the user interacts with it.

159


Beverage Heater and Cooler

Speakers

Placed at the right corner of the table it consists of a metal plate to warm or cool drinks placed on them. An icon that lights up when the device is being used is placed next to the device

Stereo speakers placed at the far end of the table can be used during conference calls or during leisure for music, The volume of these speakers can be adjusted over the control panel.


Wireless Phone Charger

Control Panel

Used to charge the users mobile, is placed on the left corner of the table . An icon placed next to the charging area lights up when charging is in progress.

The touch control panel allows the user to be able to - receive calls through a bluetooth connected mobile, scroll to change the volume of the speakers, adjust the height of table as well as control the beverage heater and cooler. The icons light up when interacted. 161


Storage A biometric scanner is used which unlocks the drawer placed below the desk.


Wire Management The glass surface of the desk has an opening to access electrical plugs and sockets which also includes USB power outlets. Facility to connect an external screen using a HDMI cable is placed at the bottom of the table.

163


COLOUR MATERIAL FINISH 01 mild steel block CNCâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d block of mild steel fit in and removed and placed through industrial suction cups

02 black glass Black tinted 5mm glass for the table top supported by a ply sheet underneeth

01 corian body Use of 1/2 and 1/4 inch Black Corian seamlessly forming the multi faceted body throughout

01


02

03

165


1981mm

762mm

135mm

280mm 762mm

75.5mm

1100mm

493mm


167


NAUTIC 169


NAUTIC - CONTEMPORARY DESK The design of the executive desk consists of a frame work incorporating a wooden table top and corian body. The L shaped form provides a larger surface area for work


The desk surface consists of laser cut elements which hold the various components and devices that make up the table. The body is made of corian and an aluminium metal base. The curved edges amounts to the soft minimal yet luxury look of the contemporary form.

171


HEIGHT ADJUSTABILITY The top part of the desk can move up by a maximum of 100mm giving a more personal ergonomic position.


COMPONENTS The table consists of two stereo speakers placed at the far end, a facility of induction charging at the near left corner, a beverage heater & cooler at the near right corner and having a universal control panel controling each of these components individually. The desk also consists of a digital clock which switches on when the user interacts with it.

173


Beverage Heater and Cooler

Speakers

Placed away from the activity area on the desk, the device maintains the temperature of the drink. The controls of the device is placed next to the device.

Stereo speakers placed at the far end of the table can be used during conference calls or during leisure for music, The volume of these speakers can be adjusted over the control panel.


Wireless Phone Charger

Control Panel

Placed on the right side of the desk, the user can charge his mobile wirelessly when placed in the area of the engraved icon.

The buttons of the control panel are created through laser cutting and a white decal is placed on them denoting its function.

175


Storage A biometric lock is used to open a cabinet door which gives access to a drawer placed inside.


Wire Management The top of the desk has an opening to access plugs and wires which are connected to an electrical switch box placed at the bottom part of the table.

177


COLOUR MATERIAL FINISH 01 stainless steel legs 8mm stainless steel sheets welded to form both the legs of the design

02 ply with veener Custom made as to suit the interiors of the office space. Unlimited veeners to choose from.

01 corian body Use of 1/2 inch Black Corian seamlessly forming the L shaped body throughout

01


02

03

179


4447mm

1117.5mm

762mm

1981mm 2154mm

554mm

460mm 762mm

208mm


181


09

DETAILS 9.1 Orthographic Views 9.2 Materials & Processes 9.3 Construction 9.4 Cantilever Calculations 9.5 Component Specifications 9.6 Mockup Models 9.67 Form Prototype

183


ORTHOGRAPHIC DRAWIN GS Ø100

Ø100

162.50

45

133

Ø100

140

Ø100

209.68

209.68 364.15

762

25

600

220

599.50

144.22

300

100

1981

280 135 35

4.48°

20°

154.7

°

80

370

762

395

35

75.5

1100

34

65 °

531

12.50°

72

.52 °

80

All dimensions in mm


1981.20

242.10

762

108.80 132.40

1116.78

189.60

383 382.80

R50

Ø100

1500 1499.80 1707.35

120

338.70

186.26

555.79

456.20

35

100

60

447.70

762

550

90

68.84

30 0°

90

10

170

212

60

120 1900.20

120

R50 163.85

6t

762 998.46 1317.79

All dimensions in mm 185


10

52

10

12

10

100

8.5 14

100

100

100

100

150

52

100

100


13 13

100

100

10 10

100

100

100

100

100

100

150

52

187


MATERIALS & PROCESSES

MILD STEEL Mild steel is a type of carbon steel with a low amount of carbon – it is actually also known as “low carbon steel.” Although ranges vary depending on the source, the amount of carbon typically found in mild steel is 0.05% to 0.25% by weight. Mild steel is not an alloy steel and therefore does not contain large amounts of other elements besides iron; you will not find vast amounts of chromium, molybdenum, or other alloying elements in mild steel. Less carbon means that mild steel is typically more ductile, machinable, and weldable than high carbon and other steels, however, it also means it is nearly impossible to harden and strengthen through heating and quenching. The low carbon content also means it has very little carbon and other alloying elements to block dislocations in its crystal structure, generally resulting in less tensile strength than high carbon and alloy steels. Mild steel also has a high amount iron and ferrite, making it magnetic.


PROCESS Welding

CNC

Welding is a fabrication or sculptural process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing fusion. In addition to melting the base metal, a filler material is typically added to the joint to form a pool of molten material (the weld pool) that cools to form a joint that is usually stronger than the base material. Pressure may also be used in conjunction with heat, or by itself, to produce a weld.

Computer Numeric Control (CNC) is the automation of machine tools that are operated by precisely programmed commands encoded on a storage medium (computer command module, usually located on the device) as opposed to controlled manually by hand wheels or levers, or mechanically automated by cams alone.

189


CORIAN Corian is the brand name for a solid surface material created by E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company (DuPont). Its primary use is as a countertop/benchtop surface, though it has many other applications. It is composed of acrylic polymer and alumina trihydrate (ATH), a material derived from bauxite ore. Corian is the original material of this type, created by DuPont scientists in 1967.

PROPERTIES OF CORIAN : •Non-porous •Stain resistant •Seamless: In the fabrication process, joints can be made invisible by joining the relevant pieces with Corian’s own color-matched two-part acrylic epoxy. After the adhesive dries, the area is sanded and polished to create a seamless joint. •Repairable and renewable: Cuts and scratches can be buffed out with a Scotch-Brite pad or orbital sander. •Thermoformable: Flexible when heated, Corian can be shaped and molded into generally limitless forms which can be used in commercial and artistic projects through a process called thermoforming. •Heat resistance: the material is heat resistant up to 100 °C (212 °F), but can be damaged by excess heat. DuPont recommends the use of trivets when the material is installed in kitchens. •Scratches: The material can be scratched, with scratches particularly noticeable on darker colors.


PROCESS Thermoforming

Laser Cutting

Thermoforming is a manufacturing process where a plastic sheet is heated to a pliable forming temperature, formed to a specific shape in a mold, and trimmed to create a usable product. The sheet, or “film” when referring to thinner gauges and certain material types, is heated in an oven to a high-enough temperature that permits it to be stretched into or onto a mold and cooled to a finished shape. Its simplified version is vacuum forming.

Laser cutting is a technology that uses a laser to cut materials, and is typically used for industrial manufacturing applications, but is also starting to be used by schools, small businesses, and hobbyists. Laser cutting works by directing the output of a high-power laser most commonly through optics. The laser optics and CNC (computer numerical control) are used to direct the material or the laser beam generated.

ADHESIVE

DuPont™ Joint Adhesive 2.0 is a specially formulated two-part reactive seam adhesive to be used with DuPont surfacing materials. DuPont™ Joint Adhesive 2.0 will be available in 50 mL, 250 mL and 470mL cartridges formulated to be a color coordinated with DuPont surfacing materials. It is intended for ridgidly bonding two surfaces of the same compositions. It is not intended for bonding dissimilar materials unless specifically approved by DuPont.

191


WOOD Commercial Plywood Hardwood plywood is made out of wood from angiosperm trees and used for demanding end uses. Hardwood plywood is characterized by its excellent strength, stiffness and resistance to creep. It has a high planar shear strength and impact resistance, which make it especially suitable for heavy-duty floor and wall structures. Oriented plywood construction has a high wheel-carrying capacity. Hardwood plywood has excellent surface hardness, and damage- and wear-resistance

Veener In woodworking, veneer refers to thin slices of wood, usually thinner than 3 mm (1/8 inch), that typically are glued onto core panels (typically, wood, particle board or medium-density fiberboard) to produce flat panels such as doors, tops and panels for cabinets, par-

ADHESIVE Veener to Plywood - Wood Glue Plywood to Metal Frame - Areldite


STAINLESS STEEL Stainless steel is a steel alloy with a minimum of 10.5% chromium content by mass. Stainless steel is notable for its corrosion resistance, and it is widely used for food handling and cutlery among many other applications. Stainless steel is used for corrosion-resistant tools such as this nutcracker Stainless steel does not readily corrode, rust or stain with water as ordinary steel does. However, it is not fully stain-proof in low-oxygen, high-salinity, or poor air-circulation environments. There are various grades and surface finishes of stainless steel to suit the environment the alloy must endure. Stainless steel is used where both the properties of steel and corrosion resistance are required.

BRUSHED FINISH BRUSHED FINISH Brushed or dull polished metal is metal with a unidirectional satin finish. It is produced by polishing the metal with a 120â&#x20AC;&#x201C;180 grit belt or wheel then softening with an 80â&#x20AC;&#x201C;120 grit greaseless compound or a medium non-woven abrasive belt or pad.

193


VOL ANT CONSTSRUCT ION 01. 40 X 2mm mild steel square pipe welded skeletal structure with a CNCâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d solid mild steel block on the bottom to ground the cantilever.

02. A 12.5mm thick ply wood base on which the skeletal structure and mild steel block is placed. The Corian is then place over.

08. 5mm thick black glass is positioned onto the Corian top.

07. A 5mm Corian sheet is added above the top piped frame in order to hold the components and glass top in place.


03. 12.5 mm thick Corian is placed over the skeletal body in order to hold the actuator housing in place. Pvc flexible tube for housing the wires.

04. The cantilever body is then covered with corian and the box incorporating the plus and sockets is constructed extending into the tabletop.

06. The electrical components are added and positioned on the table top (mounting still to be worked out)

05. The drawer and bottom corian is added to the table top.

195


NAUTIC CONSTSRUCTION 01. 25 X 2mm mild steel square pipe welded skeletal structure with 8mm thick stainless steel for the legs.

02. A 12.5mm thick corian sheet is placed between the welded structure and the legs for m6 nuts & bolts to hold them together

08. The components are held in place on the wooden tabetop and L shape Corian side.

07. A _mm wood is positioned around the piped metal structure on the table top.


03. 12.5 mm thick Corian is placed over the skeletal body of the L shaped body and side leg.

04. The Corian houses the drawer on the L shaped end and the actuator housing on the other end.

06. The modesty panel made of Corian joins the two independent Corian bodyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s together.

05. The Corian body is responsible for holding the actuators in place. The lock biometric lock at the sliding cabinet is added.

197


CANTILEVER CALCUL ATIONS

F l

BENDING MOMENT M : Bending Moment F : Force l : length of cantilever M=FXl l = 2000mm F = mg = 50kg X 10 = 500N M = 500 X 2000 Nmm


FLEXURAL STREGTH M =E=σ I R y

σ = 1 X 106 X 20 4 X 39572

M =σ I y

σ = 126.351 N/mm2 = 126 MPa

Where : I = 1 bd3 2 y=d 2

KEY : M : Bending Moment I : Second Moment of Area (mm4) y : Distance of Neutral Fibre I/y : Section Modulus

Ultimate Tensile Strength of Mild Steel = 440 MPa Yield Strength of Mild Steel = 220 MPa

d

b

k

Therefore, 500 X 2000 = σ 4[( 1 X 40 X 403 ) - ( 1 X 38 X 383 )] 40/2 2 2 1 X 106 = σ 4[( 213333.3) - ( 173761.3 )] 20 1 X 106 = σ 4 X 39572 20

Since,

h

σ = 126 Mpa < Yield Strength Therefore, It is confirmed that the designed structure can be called a stable.

199


COMPONENT SPECIFICATIONS VOLANT Item

Product Name

Description/ Location

Quantity Cost per Unit

Total Cost

Height Adjustment

Electric Adjustable Height Office Table Legs

Left and Right Leg

1 set

12,000

Charging

Gasage W5S LED WirelessCell Phone Charger

Left Near End of Desk

1

470

Beverage warmer/cooler

USB Cooler And Warmer

Right Near End of Desk

1

Biometric scanner+Lock

TG-6360 Metal Shell Electronic Biometric Lock

On the Cabinet

Speakers

Aukey Wireless Premium Stereo Bluetooth Speaker

Left and Right Far End of Desk

Digital Clock

Magideal Wooden Digital White LED Clock

Table Top- Right Side

Vendor

12,000 Ruishi

Prod

https:

470 Alibaba

https:

1,380

1,380 Aliexpress

https:

1

4,855

4,855 Aliexpress

https:

1

2,949

2,949 Amazon

http://

1

1,410

1,410 Amazon

http://

23,064 23,064

TOTALCOST COST TOTAL

NAUTIC Item

Product Name

Description/ Location

Quantity Cost per Unit

Total Cost

Height Adjustment

Electrical Actuator

Left and Right Leg

2

4,070

Charging

Gasage W5S LED WirelessCell Phone Charger

Left Near End of Desk

1

470

Beverage warmer/cooler

USB Cooler And Warmer

Right Near End of Desk

1

Biometric scanner+Lock

TG-6360 Metal Shell Electronic Biometric Lock

Near the Drawer

1

Speakers

Aukey Wireless Premium Stereo Bluetooth Speaker

Left and Right Far End of Desk

Digital Clock

Magideal Wooden Digital White LED Clock

Table Top- Top Right

Vendor

8,140 Bibus

Produ

http://w

470 Alibaba

https://

1,380

1,380 Aliexpress

https://

4,855

4,855 Aliexpress

https://

1

2,949

2,949 Amazon

http://w

1

1,410

1,410 Amazon

http://w

TOTAL COST TOTAL

19,204 19,204


VOLANT ACTUATOR

NAUTIC ACTUATOR

REQUIREMENT

REQUIREMENT

LOAD CARRYING CAPACITY : 150-250kg

LOAD CARRYING CAPACITY : 150-250kg

STROKE : 100mm

STROKE : 400mm

TECH SPECIFICATIONS

TECH SPECIFICATIONS

SPEED : 12mm/s

SPEED : 10mm/s

VOLTAGE : 12V

VOLTAGE : 12/24V SEGMENTS : 2-3

201


WIRELESS PHONE CHARGER

BEVERAGE W/C

TECH SPECIFICATIONS

TECH SPECIFICATIONS

INPUT : DC 5V 2A

POWER CONSUMPTION : 3.5 W

OUTPUT : 5V/1A

COMPATABLE WITH USB1.1/2.0

CHANGING DISTANCE : ≤6mm

DIMENSIONS : 130 X 110 X 90mm

CHANGING EFFICIENCY : ≥ 70%

HEAT : 60ºC

DIMENSIONS : 100*8mm

COOL : 7ºC

NET WEIGHT : 56G

NET WEIGHT : 0.430kg

WARRENTY : 12 Months

WARRENTY : 12 Months


BIOMETRIC SCANNER + LOCK

SPEAKERS

DIGITAL CLOCK

TECH SPECIFICATIONS

TECH SPECIFICATIONS

TECH SPECIFICATIONS

POWER : 4XAA BATTERY

DUAL 3 WATT SPEAKERS

POWER : DC 6V USB CABLE OR 4 X 1.5V AAA BATTERY

MATERIAL : ABS+ METAL

POWER : 2600mAh RECHARGEABLE BATTERY

DIMENSIONS : 150 X 40 X 70 mm

READER SIZE : 50 X 113 X 22mm LOCK SIZE : 57 X 140 X 21mm SUITABLE FOR THICKNESS : 15 - 22mm

BLUETOOTH : 4.1

MATERIAL : PVC

DIMENSIONS : 241 X 107 X 66 mm DIAMETER 240mm RANGE : 33FT NET WEIGHT : 499G

203


VOL ANT FORM MOCKUP (SCALE 1:6)


NAUTIC FORM MOCKUP (SCALE 1:6)

205


VOL ANT FORM PROTOT YPE (1:1 SCALE)


NAUTIC FORM PROTOT YPE (1:1 SCALE)

207


10

REFLECT 10.1 Conclusion 10.2 Retrospection 10.3 Bibliography

209


CON CLUSION PROJECT CURRENT STAGE - 1:1 SCALE FORM MOCKUP BUILT MS SQUARE PIPED STRUCTURE FOR VOLANT IS BEING BUILT

Working at Lucid has been one of the learning intensive experiences Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve had, where work and fun goes hand in hand. The learning in the past 5 months has been immense. Gaining the best out of my exposure of working with clients and with other designers, pushing myself to work with new tools in a completely different environment. The industry taught me how to deal with time of not my own but everybody involved in the project. It taught me to be more goal driven and productive when it came to work. This experience pushed my skills in the direction of creating engaging products in the future.


CONTROL PANEL BUTTON POSITION

Position of the control panel changed from the table top to the cantilever body of Volant. The touch interface changed to an interface with buttons positioned right under the biometric lock scanner to reduce the cost of production.

211


RETROSPECTION These five months I have spent on this internship at Lucid Design have come with a lot of learning, meeting a lot of new people in the design world and broadening my perspective towards design as a profession. I am glad to have gotten a chance to get a first hand experience to know how a large scale organization function. As a designer, I always felt the need to innovate and letting go of constraints across all boundaries to achieve something new but after seeing how much time, effort and money goes into a simple product it made me realise the importance of constraints in design. It made me realise that real innovation lies in creating small changes which create a bigger impact. I feel satisfied to have done this project as it makes me realise my potential and the knowledge that I have picked up from my faculty, my peers and the industry during the 5 years at MIT Institute of Design. Thank you MIT ID, You have been Good!


BIBLIOGRAPHY -https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#search/ACTUATOR/15833a63616c1a47 -http://www.ebay.com/gds/Executive-Desk-Buying-Guide-/10000000177634622/g.html -http://www.dupont.com/products-and-services/construction-materials/surface-design-materials/ brands/corian-solid-surfaces/uses-and-applications/solid-surface-furniture-furnishings.html -http://becausewecan.org/node/216 -http://www.madehow.com/Volume-7/Table.html -http://www.finefurnituremaker.com/beautiful-wood/ -http://www.hermanmiller.com/why/the-office-documented.html -http://www.hermanmiller.com/content/dam/hermanmiller/documents/research_topics/2013_ Workplace_Trends.pdf

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THE SHOW HAS J UST B E GU N.

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Smart executive desk  

Smart Executive Desk for a luxury market incorporating the latest technologies.

Smart executive desk  

Smart Executive Desk for a luxury market incorporating the latest technologies.

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