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Title: Marine / saltwater fish

Species #: 1

Common Name: Great White Shark Scientific Name: Carcharodon carcharias Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chrondrichthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Lamnidae

Geography / Habitat: the coastal regions of the all the oceans

Life Strategy: They are the largest predatory fish in the world. They are somewhat social. Food / Feed Strategy: The great white sharks are extremely sensitive to the electrical field emitted by the movement of living creatures. They eat primarily seals. They follow behind the seals far below and wait for they perfect moment to leap up and grab the seal.

 Body Form or Style: Fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: www.indianchild.com/great_white_shark.htm


Title: Marine / saltwater fish

Species #: 2

Common Name: Bull Shark Scientific Name: Carcharhinus leucas Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chrondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: This species can be found primarily in shallow coastal waters and is common in lagoons, bays, and river mouths. Bull sharks can also be found in fresh water that connects with salt water and have been caught in the Mississippi River as far upstream as Illinois. Life Strategy: This species reaches maturity at about 6 years and lives at least 14 years. Number of pups per litter ranges from 1 to 13. Bull sharks can grow to about to 11.5 feet in length, although they rarely grow past 9 feet. Food / Feed Strategy: The diet of the bull shark is very broad, depending on its location, but mostly consists of bony fish and small sharks. They also eat sting rays, sea turtles, dolphins, crabs, shrimp, sea birds, mollusks, crustaceans, and squid. It will eat almost anything. Bull shark teeth are triangular, serrated, and very sharp. The teeth are in rows that rotate into use as needed. The first two rows are used in catching prey, and as teeth are lost, broken, or worn down, they are replaced by new teeth that rotate into place.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thuuniform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: www.nmfs.noaa.gov/sharks/FS_bullshark.htm


Title: Marine / saltwater fish

Species #: 3

Common Name: Whale Shark Scientific Name: Rhincodon typus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Orectolobiformes

Family: Rhincodontidae

Geography / Habitat: The whale shark occurs in all of the world's tropical and warm-temperate oceans, usually between latitudes 30°N and 35°S, and is thought to prefer surface sea-water temperatures between 21 - 25°C. Whale sharks are known to inhabit both deep and shallow coastal waters and the lagoons of coral atolls and reefs. Life Strategy: The whale shark is largely solitary and is rarely seen in groups unless feeding at locations with abundant food. Males range over longer distances than females and they can dive to great depths of 1500 metres. Food / Feed Strategy: The whale shark is one of only three filter-feeding sharks (the other two are the basking and megamouth sharks). It feeds on very small plankton including small crustaceans like krill, copepods and crab larvae as well other tiny invertebrates such as squid, small fish and jellyfish.

 Body Form or Style: ostraciiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform  Mouth Position: filter feeder Citation: http://www.marineparks.wa.gov.au/fun-facts/40-whale-shark.html


Title: Marine / saltwater fish

Species #: 4

Common Name: black tip reef shark Scientific Name: Carcharhinus melanopterus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: This species is commonly found in shallow waters on and near coral reefs and occasionally in brackish waters. Juveniles are typically found in extremely shallow water (±15 to 100 cm) inside lagoons, often swimming along the shoreline; adults typically occur on shallow parts of the forereef, often moving over the reef crest and onto the reef flat at flood tide. Individual adults inhabit a relatively small home range of ±2.5 km2 and appear to reside close to their home reef but occasionally cross deepwater channels between adjacent reefs. Life Strategy: small sharks measuring up to 1.8 m with short, bluntly-rounded snouts, oval eyes, and narrow-cusped teeth. They have 2 dorsal fins and no interdorsal ridges. Food / Feed Strategy: Blacktip reef sharks are fast, pursuit predators that prefer reef fishes, but also feeds on stingrays, crabs, mantis shrimps and other crustaceans, cephalopods, and other mollusks.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thuuniform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://marinebio.org/species.asp?id=90


Title: Marine / saltwater fish

Species #: 5

Common Name: Shortfin Mako shark Scientific Name: Isurus oxyrinchus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chrondrichthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Lamnidae

Geography / Habitat: Mako sharks are found around the world in warm and temperate seas, in the Pacific from Oregon to Chile, and juvenile makos are common in southern California during the summer months.

Life Strategy: Makos represent the largest, fastest most sophisticated species of pelagic shark on our planet. Food / Feed Strategy: The makos of today feed on some of the worlds fastest and highly developed tunas and billfish and are therefore considered apex predators. Makos are also known to prey on squid, dolphins, porpoises, blue sharks, bonito, sea turtles, and mackerels.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thuuniform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://marinebio.org/species.asp?id=36


Title: Saltwater/ Marine Fishes

Species #: 6

Common Name: Arabian carpetshark Scientific Name: Chiloscyllium arabicum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Orectolobiformes

Family: Hemiscylliidae

Geography / Habitat: Presently known to live in the "Gulf" between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula. Life Strategy: Maximum length about 70 cm, average size between 50 and 60 cm. Probably egg laying. Food / Feed Strategy: Feeds primarly on invertebrates and small fishes.

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4 x 3 inches Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://www.shark.ch/Database/Search/species.html?sh_id=1148


Title: Saltwater/ Marine fish

Species #: 7

Common Name: White Tip Reef Shark Scientific Name: Triaenodon obesus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: This species is found all across the Indo-Pacific region. It is found almost exclusively in coral reef habitats along the coral heads and ledges. Sometimes they can be seen near sandy flats, in lagoons, or near deep drop offs. The preferred depth is 8 to 40 meters (26 to 130ft) making this a shallow swimmer. Life Strategy: Females give birth to 1 to 6 pups at a time and pregnancy lasts for 10 to 13 months. The Whitetip Reef is a very social fish. They often lay on the ground in large groups. Food / Feed Strategy: Since this is a slow species compared to others, they prefer to hunt at night when most sea animals are sleeping. They prefer eels, crustaceans, octopus, lobsters, and crabs.

 Body Form or Style: Fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform  Mouth Position: Subtermina Citation: http://www.the-shark-side-of-life.com/whitetip-reef-shark.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whitetip_reef_shark


Title: Marine / saltwater fish

Species #: 8

Common Name: Burmese bamboo shark Scientific Name: Chiloscyllium burmensis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Orectolobiformes

Family: Hemiscyliidae

Geography / Habitat: is an extremely rare bamboo shark in the family Hemiscylliidae. Only one single specimen is known to science. It was caught 1963 off the coast from Rangoon in Burma in a depth of 29 – 33 m. This holotype is an adult male, 57 cm long and kept in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC. Life Strategy: No color pattern. Dorsal fin has straight rear margins. Reproduction is presumed to be oviparous (egg laying). Food / Feed Strategy: Small bony fish or invertebrates

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burmese_bamboo_shark


Title: Marine / saltwater fish

Species #: 9

Common Name: longfin Mako shark Scientific Name: Isurus paucus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chrondrichthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Lamnidae

Geography / Habitat: Longfin mako sharks, Isurus paucus, are found in tropical to warm temperate seas, but records are spotty due in part to their confusion with shortfin makos. Life Strategy: Makos represent the largest, fastest most sophisticated species of pelagic shark on our planet. Food / Feed Strategy: The makos of today feed on some of the worlds fastest and highly developed tunas and billfish and are therefore considered apex predators. Makos are also known to prey on squid, dolphins, porpoises, blue sharks, bonito, sea turtles, and mackerels.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thuuniform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://marinebio.org/species.asp?id=1538


Title: marine / saltwater fishes

Species #: 10

Common Name: brownbanded bamboo shark Scientific Name: Chiloscyllium punctatum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Orectolobiformes

Family: Hemiscyliidae

Geography / Habitat: found in the Indo-West Pacific from Japan to northern Australia, between latitudes 34° N and 26° S, to depths of 85 metres (279 ft). Life Strategy: The major threats to these sharks are the loss of their habitat, pollution, and hunting (both for aquarium trade as well as food). Reproduction is oviparous. Food / Feed Strategy: their diet includes fresh shrimp, scallop, squid, and marine fish.

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ody Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chiloscyllium_punctatum


Title: Marine / saltwater fishes

Species #: 11

Common Name: white spotted bamboo shark Scientific Name: Chiloscyllium plagiosum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Orectolobiformes

Family: Hemiscyliidae

Geography / Habitat: These sharks are found on coral reefs of the Pacific Ocean. They are common in the coastal areas of Indonesia and surrounding waters, but the species' range extends from Japan to India Life Strategy: Whitespotted bamboo sharks are oviparous (egg laying). The eggs are approximately five inches long and hatch after 14 or 15 weeks. Food / Feed Strategy: These sharks feed at night, preying on small fish and invertebrates. They have small teeth that can be used for grasping or crushing prey.

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body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpet_shark


Title: marine/saltwater fishes

Species #: 12

Common Name: slender bamboo shark Scientific Name: Chiloscyllium indicum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Orectolobiformes

Family: hemiscylliidae

Geography / Habitat: inshore bottom duelling shark. Found on sandy and muddy bottoms of coastal waters. Probably feed on small bottom dwelling invertebrates. Life Strategy: Reproduction is oviparous (egg laying). It is harmless to humans. Food / Feed Strategy: small marine animals

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chiloscyllium_indicum


Title: marine/ saltwater fishes

Species #: 13

Common Name: Winghead shark Scientific Name: Eusphyra blochii Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Sphyrnidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found in shallow waters of the continental and insular shelves and the tropical Indo-west Pacific are benthopelagic (i.e., occurring near the bottom or in midwaters) and coastal. Life Strategy: Winghead Sharks are viviparous (live-bearing) with a yolk-sac placenta. This species is not known to attack people. Food / Feed Strategy: the diet of the Winghead Shark is not reported, but probably consists of small fishes, cephalopods, and crustaceans

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://eol.org/pages/206682/overview


Title:

Marine/saltwater fishes

Species #: 14

Common Name: Scalloped bonnethead Scientific Name: Sphyrna corona Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Sphyrnidae

Geography / Habitat: It is found in tropical and subtropical waters in the eastern Pacific Ocean, from Mexico to Peru, and possibly as far north as the Gulf of California Life Strategy: Like other hammerheads, the scalloped bonnethead is viviparous, with presumably 2 pups per litter. The young are born at 23 cm or above; an adolescent male has been recorded at 51 cm long, and an adult at 67 cm Food / Feed Strategy: It feeds on or near the bottom, on mobile crustaceans and molluscs, cephalopods, echinoderms, and bony fishes

 Body Form or Style: fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scalloped_bonnethead


Title: Marine / saltwater fishes

Species #: 15

Common Name: Whitefin hammerhead Scientific Name: Sphyrna couardi Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Sphyrnidae

Geography / Habitat: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Congo. Possibly Mediterranean. Life Strategy: Average size about 200 cm to 250 cm, maximum total length about 300 cm. Viviparous, with yolksac-placenta (gives birth to live young). 24 to 28 pups per litter. Size at birth around 30 cm. Males reach sexual maturity between 150 cm to 180 cm, females between 230 cm to 250 cm. Food / Feed Strategy: Feeds on fishes and cephalopods.

 Body Form or Style: fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform  Mouth Position: terminal  Citation: http://www.shark.ch/Database/Search/species.html?sh_id=1128


Title: Marine/ saltwater fishes

Species #: 16

Common Name: Scoophead Scientific Name: Sphyrna media Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Sphyrnidae

Geography / Habitat: Scoophead sharks are found in tropical waters in the western Atlantic Ocean from Panama to Southern Brazil, and in the eastern Pacific Ocean from the Gulf of California to Ecuador. They live in inshore areas over continental shelves, and typically are found in shallow areas no deeper than 200 meters, or 656 feet. Life Strategy: They are viviparous. The pups are thought to be about 1 foot long when born. Females are mature at about 3.2 feet in length, while males mature at about 2.9 feet in length. Food / Feed Strategy: Scoophead sharks are thought to eat elasmobranchs, cephalopods, and bony fish.

 Body Form or Style: fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform  Mouth Position: subterminal Citation: http://marinelife.about.com/od/Shark-Profiles/p/Scoophead-Shark-Sphyrna-Media.htm


Title:

Marine/Saltwater fishes

Species #: 17

Common Name: Great Hammerhead Scientific Name: Sphyrna mokarran Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Sphyrnidae

Geography / Habitat: Great hammerheads are coastal-pelagic, semi-oceanic sharks, found close inshore and well offshore, over the continental shelves, island terraces, and in passes and lagoons. They occur widely throughout the world's oceans in depths ranging from 1-300m. Life Strategy: Great hammerheads are potentially dangerous, though only a few shark attacks can be attributed to the great hammerhead because of the apparent difficulty of distinguishing the large hammerhead species involved in attacks. Although they are not targeted directly by commercial fisheries, hammerheads are a bycatch species of tropical longline and drift net fisheries with highly valued fins. Great hammerhead meat is sold for human consumption (fresh, fresh-frozen, dried-salted, and smoked), their liver oil for vitamins, fins for soup, hides for leather, and carcasses for fishmeal. Food / Feed Strategy: Great hammerhead sharks prefer to feed on stingrays and other batoids groupers, and sea catfishes; they also prey on other small bony fishes, crabs, squid, other sharks, rays, and lobsters. They are known to be cannibalistic but the reasons remain unclear.

 Body Form or Style: Fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://marinebio.org/species.asp?id=87


Title: Marine/Saltwater Fish

Species #: 18

Common Name: Lemon Shark Scientific Name: Negaprion brevirostris Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: This shark loves the tropical and subtropical waters in coastal areas of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. They stay in moderately shallow water, normally going no deeper than 80 meters (roughly 260 feet). They are often found in shallow waters near coasts and islands, by coral reefs, mangroves, bays, and sometimes even river mouths. Life Strategy: This is a very social species. They are often seen in groups and have a structured hierarchy system based on size and sex. They generally don't show any aggressive behavior with each other and coordinate in groups for hunting purposes in places the hierarchy is strictly followed. Food / Feed Strategy: Because this shark is a bottom dweller, they often track their prey by churning up the ground for bony fish, rays, crustaceans, and sometimes even seabirds.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.the-shark-side-of-life.com/lemon-shark.html


Title: Marine/Saltwater fishes

Species #: 19

Common Name: Zebra Shark Scientific Name: Stegostoma fasciatum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Orectolobiformes

Family: Stegostomatidae

Geography / Habitat: They love the tropical waters of the Indo-Pacific and are often found at coral reefs or sandy flats with depths up to 70 meters (230ft). Zebras prefer shallow water with sufficient places to hide and rest. Life Strategy: Since they are oviparous, females produce up to 50 egg capsules within a 4 month period. The eggs are fixated onto corals or rocks until the pups hatch. Humans fish for this shark both for sport and commercially for its flesh, fins, liver oil, as well as fish meal production. Food / Feed Strategy: This slow swimmer uses an eel-like motion. With small mouths and strong jaws, they prefer preys like crab, mollusk, small bony fish, and shrimp. Hunts at night.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://www.the-shark-side-of-life.com/zebra-shark.html


Title: Marine/Saltwater fishes

Species #: 20

Common Name: Basking Shark Scientific Name: Cetorhinus maximus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Cetorhinidae

Geography / Habitat: Basking Sharks have a circumglobal distribution and can be found in cold to warm temperate waters. They are pelagic sharks that are often seen singly or in groups of up to 100 feeding at or below the surface. Life Strategy: they are believed to demonstrate yolk-sac viviparity (eggs are laid in the womb that hatch internally, the shark then gives birth to live young) with the pups demonstrating oophagy (developing pups feed on unfertilised eggs). Food / Feed Strategy: One of only three filter feeding shark species, Basking Sharks feed passively on zooplankton and are thought to be capable of filtering over 1800 tons of water per hour.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: tubular

Citation: http://www.baskingsharks.org


Title: Marine/ Saltwater fishes

Species #: 21

Common Name: Greenland shark Scientific Name: Somniosus microcephalus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondicthyes

Order: Squaliformes

Family: Somniosidae

Geography / Habitat: native to the waters of the North Atlantic Ocean around Greenland and Iceland Life Strategy: This is one of the largest living species of shark, of dimensions comparable to those of the great white shark. The flesh of a Greenland shark is poisonous. They retain the developing embryos within their bodies so that they are born alive after an undetermined gestation period. 10 pups per litter is normal, each initially measuring some 90 cm (35 in) in length. Food / Feed Strategy: grey seals and fish

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenland_shark


Title: Marine/ Saltwater fishes

Species #: 22

Common Name: Pelagic thresher shark Scientific Name: Alopias pelagicus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Alopiidae

Geography / Habitat: It ranges extensively in the Indo-Pacific, with scattered records from South Africa, the Red Sea and the Arabian Sea (off Somalia, between Oman and India, and off Pakistan), to China, southeastern Japan, northwestern Australia, New Caledonia, and Tahiti, to the Hawaiian Islands, the Gulf of California, and the Galapagos Islands. Life Strategy: The pelagic thresher is an active, strong swimmer and has been known to leap clear of the water. The pelagic thresher has never been implicated in an attack on humans. Food / Feed Strategy: Little information is available on the feeding ecology of the pelagic thresher. It’s very slender tail and fine dentition suggest an exclusive diet of small, pelagic prey. Analysis of stomach contents reveal that pelagic threshers feed mainly on barracudinas, lightfishes, and escolars, all inhabitants of the mesopelagic zone.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pelagic_thresher


Title: Marine/ Saltwater fishes

Species #: 23

Common Name: Indian sand tiger shark Scientific Name: Carcharias tricuspidatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Odontaspididae

Geography / Habitat: found in the Indian and western Pacific oceans Life Strategy: Reproduction is ovoviviparous, the embryos feeding on their yolk sac, and other ova produced by the mother Food / Feed Strategy: Its diet consists of fish and small sharks

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_sand_tiger


Title: Marine/ Saltwater fishes

Species #: 24

Common Name: Bluntnose sixgill shark Scientific Name: Hexanchus griseus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Hexanchiformes

Family: Hexanchidae

Geography / Habitat: The bluntnose sixgill shark can be seen at depths of 30 m (100 ft) and shallower during parts of the year in some specific places e.g. Flora Islet, near Hornby Island, Sightings during shallow evening dives in Whytecliff Park West Vancouver in British Columbia, in Puget Sound, Monterey Canyon off Monterey, California and in fjords in Norway. Life Strategy: They are sluggish unless they are hunting prey. Food / Feed Strategy: Their diet consists of a variety of mollusks, crustaceans, and Agnathans (hagfish and sea lampreys).

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bluntnose_sixgill_shark


Title: Marine/ saltwater fishes

Species #: 25

Common Name: Megamouth Shark Scientific Name: Megachasma pelagios Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chrondrichthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Megachasmidae Geography / Habitat: it’s a deepwater shark that is found all over the world Life Strategy: very little is known about this shark because only 54 of them have ever been seen and very few of them studied. Food / Feed Strategy: swims with its enormous mouth wide open, filtering water for plankton and jellyfish

 Body Form or Style: Fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform  Mouth Position: tubular Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Megamouth_shark


Title: Marine/ saltwater fishes

Species #: 26

Common Name: Dusky shark Scientific Name: Carcharhinus obscurus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae Geography / Habitat: Cape Cod, MA, and Georges Back to FL, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea Life Strategy: The dusky shark is considered to be potentially dangerous to humans because of its large size, though little is known of how it behaves towards people underwater. As an apex predator positioned at the highest level of the trophic web, the dusky shark is generally less abundant than other sharks that share its range. Food / Feed Strategy: The dusky shark is a generalist that takes a wide variety of prey from all levels of the water column, though it favors hunting near the bottom.

 Body Form or Style: Fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dusky_shark http://na.nefsc.noaa.gov/sharks/species/list.html


Title: Marine/ saltwater fishes

Species #: 27

Common Name: Spinner Shark Scientific Name: Carcharhinus brevipinna Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae Geography / Habitat: Some uncertainty exists in the distribution data for the spinner shark due to confusion with the blacktip shark. In the western Atlantic Ocean, it occurs from North Carolina to the northern Gulf of Mexico, including the Bahamas and Cuba, and from southern Brazil to Argentina. Life Strategy: The spinner shark is a fast, active swimmer that sometimes forms large schools, segregated by age and sex. Young individuals prefer cooler water temperatures than adults. Food / Feed Strategy: Spinner sharks feed primarily on small bony fishes, including tenpounders, sardines, herring, anchovies, sea catfish, lizardfish, mullets, bluefish, tunas, bonito, croakers, jacks, mojarras, and tongue-soles. They have also been known to eat stingrays, cuttlefish, squid, and octopus.

 Body Form or Style: Fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spinner_shark


Title: Marine/Saltwater Fish

Species #: 28

Common Name: Bignose Shark Scientific Name: Carcharhinus altimus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: Patchy records from around the world indicate the bignose shark probably has a circumglobal distribution in tropical and subtropical waters. In the Atlantic Ocean, it occurs from Delaware Bay to Brazil, in the Mediterranean Sea, and off West Africa. Life Strategy: While large enough to perhaps be dangerous, the bignose shark seldom comes into contact with humans due to its preference for deep water. Food / Feed Strategy: The bignose shark feeds mainly on bottom-dwelling bony fishes (including lizardfishes, croakers, flatfishes, and batfishes), cartilaginous fishes (including Squalus dogfishes, Holohalaelurus catsharks, Dasyatis stingrays, and chimaeras), and cephalopods.

 Body Form or Style: Fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bignose_shark


Title: Marine/Saltwater fishes

Species #: 29

Common Name: sandbar shark Scientific Name: Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhininus

Geography / Habitat: native to the Atlantic Ocean and the Indo-Pacific. Life Strategy: It is one of the biggest coastal sharks in the world, and is closely related to the dusky shark, the bignose shark, and the bull shark. Natural predators are the tiger sharks, and rarely great white sharks. Food / Feed Strategy: The sandbar sharks prey on fish, rays, and crabs.

 Body Form or Style: Fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sandbar_shark


Title: Marine/Saltwater fishes

Species #: 30

Common Name: Frilled Shark Scientific Name: Chlamydoselachus anguineus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Hexanchiformes

Family: Chlamydoselachidae

Geography / Habitat: a wide but patchy distribution in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. This uncommon species is found over the outer continental shelf and upper continental slope, generally near the bottom though there is evidence of substantial upward movements. Life Strategy: Highly specialized for life in the deep sea, the frilled shark has a reduced, poorly calcified skeleton and an enormous liver filled with low-density lipids, allowing it to maintain its position in the water column with little effort. Food / Feed Strategy: fish and squid

 Body Form or Style: Anguillform  Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguillform  Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frilled_shark


Title: Marine/Saltwater fishes

Species #: 31

Common Name: Copper shark Scientific Name: Carcharhinus brachyurus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: The copper shark is the only member of its genus largely found in temperate rather than tropical waters, in temperatures above 12 °C (54 °F). it is found in various places all over the world. Life Strategy: Fast and active, the copper shark may be encountered alone, in pairs, or in loosely organized schools containing up to hundreds of individuals. Some aggregations seem to form for reproductive purposes, while others form in response to concentrations of food. Food / Feed Strategy: The copper shark feeds more towards the bottom of the water column than the top, consuming cephalopods, including squid (Loligo spp.), cuttlefishes, and octopus; bony fishes, including gurnards, flatfishes, hakes, catfishes, jacks, Australian salmon, mullets, sea breams, smelts, tunas, sardines, and anchovies; and cartilaginous fishes, including dogfish sharks (Squalus spp.), stingrays, skates, electric rays, and sawfishes.

 Body Form or Style: Fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform  Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copper_shark


Title: Marine/saltwater fishes

Species #: 32

Common Name: tiger shark Scientific Name: Galeocerdo cuvier Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: Its behavior is primarily nomadic, but is guided by warmer currents, and it stays closer to the equator throughout the colder months. Life Strategy: Females mate once every 3 years. They breed by internal fertilization. Food / Feed Strategy: The skin of a tiger shark can typically range from blue to light green with a white or light yellow underbelly. The advantage of this is that when it is hunting for its prey, when prey looks at the shark from above, the shark will be camouflaged since the water below is darker. It commonly preys upon fish, crustaceans, mollusks, jellyfishes, dugongs, seabirds, seasnakes,and marine mammals.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiger_shark


Title: Marine/saltwater fishes

Species #: 33

Common Name: Japanese Sawshark Scientific Name: Pristiophorus japonicus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Pristiophoriformes

Family: Pristiophoridae

Geography / Habitat: a species of sawshark, family Pristiophoridae, found in the northwest Pacific Ocean around Japan, Korea, and northern China between latitudes 48°N and 22°N. Life Strategy: The species is rarely captured, but no information is available to determine whether it is naturally rare or may have already been depleted. Very little information is available on this species and it is not possible to assess it beyond Data Deficient at present, but mortality in fisheries and population trends should be investigated as a priority. Food / Feed Strategy: typically feeds on fish, squid, shrimp and other crustaceans. Once it locates its prey, the Japanese sawfish will first use its snout to uncover its prey from the sand and then kill or maim it with savage slashes of its saw-like snout

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform Mouth Position:

Citation: http://www.nywec.com/the-japanese-sawshark-the-samurai-of-the-ocean http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/161634/0


Title: Marine/saltwater fishes

Species #: 34

Common Name: Bahamas sawshark Scientific Name: Pristiophorus schroederi Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Pristiophoriformes

Family: Pristiophoridae

Geography / Habitat: Western North Atlantic: Bahamas region, between Cuba, Florida and the Bahamas. Life Strategy: Its reproduction is ovoviviparous. Food / Feed Strategy: fish.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: caragiform Mouth Position:

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bahamas_sawshark


Title: Marine/Saltwater fishes

Species #: 35

Common Name: Pacific Angelshark Scientific Name: Squatina californica Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Squatiniformes

Family: Squatina

Geography / Habitat: Pacific angelsharks are found in cold to warm-temperate waters from the southeastern corner of Alaska to the Gulf of California, including the entire Baja peninsula, and are most common off central and southern California. It may also occur from Ecuador to the southern tip of Chile (see taxonomic uncertainty above). Life Strategy: Although usually sedate and approachable underwater, Pacific angelsharks are quick to bite if touched, captured, or otherwise provoked, and can inflict severe lacerations. Food / Feed Strategy: sedentary ambush predator, the Pacific angelshark feeds mainly on bony fishes, including kelp bass, croakers, flatfishes, damselfishes, mackerels, and sardines

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Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_angelshark


Title: Marine/Saltwater fishes

Species #: 36

Common Name: Horn Shark Scientific Name: Heterodontus francisci Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Heterodontiformes

Family: heterodontidae

Geography / Habitat: The horn shark inhabits the continental shelf of the eastern Pacific Ocean, occurring off the coasts of California and Baja California from Monterey Bay southward, and in the Gulf of California. Life Strategy: The horn shark is a clumsy, sporadic swimmer that prefers to use its flexible, muscular pectoral fins to push itself along the bottom. It is usually solitary, though small groups have been recorded Food / Feed Strategy: Some 95% of the adult horn shark's diet consists of hard-shelled molluscs (e.g. bivalves and gastropods), echinoderms (e.g. sea urchins) and crustaceans (e.g. crabs, shrimp, and isopods).

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horn_shark


Title: Marine/Saltwater fishes

Species #: 37

Common Name: Port Jackson Shark Scientific Name: Heterodontus portusjacksoni Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Heterodontiformes

Family: heterodontidae

Geography / Habitat: The Port Jackson shark is endemic to the waters around Australia—it can be found in southern Australian waters and west of the south central coast of the continent. It is believed to have originated somewhere off the coast of South Africa Life Strategy: Male Port Jackson sharks become sexually mature between ages 8 and 10, and females at 11 through 14. They are oviparous meaning that their eggs, which are laid annually, are produced in a group, rather than in live birth Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on hard-shelled mollusks, crustaceans, sea urchins, and fish.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Port_Jackson_shark


Title: Marine/Saltwater

Species #: 38

Common Name: Blind shark Scientific Name: Brachaelurus waddi Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Orectolobiformes

Family: Brachaeluridae

Geography / Habitat: The range of the blind shark is restricted to the eastern coast of Australia, from Mooloolaba in southern Queensland to Jervis Bay in New South Wales Life Strategy: Contrary to its common name, the blind shark has "perfectly adequate" vision. The blind shark is aplacental viviparous with a possibly annual reproductive cycle. Food / Feed Strategy: feeds primarily on small invertebrates and bony fishes.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blind_shark


Title:

Marine/Saltwater fishes

Species #: 39

Common Name: Epaulette shark Scientific Name: Hemiscyllium ocellatum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Orectolobiformes

Family: Hemiscylliidae

Geography / Habitat: The range of the epaulette shark extends from the southern coast of New Guinea to the northern coast of Australia, as far south as Sydney. Life Strategy: As an adaptation for navigating its complex reef environment, the epaulette shark moves by seemingly walking, bending its body from side-to-side and pushing off of the substrate with its paddle-shaped pectoral and pelvic fins. The shark only swims to escape from a threat, and then not very far. Food / Feed Strategy: The epaulette shark is an opportunistic predator of benthic crustaceans, worms, and small bony fishes.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epaulette_shark


Title: Marine/Saltwater fishes

Species #: 40

Common Name: Crocodile shark Scientific Name: Pseudocarcharias kamoharai Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chrondrichthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Pseudocarchariidae

Geography / Habitat: The crocodile shark is almost circumtropical in distribution. Life Strategy: With a long body, small fins, and large liver rich in squalene and other lowdensity lipids, the crocodile shark is convergently similar to mesopelagic dogfish sharks such as the cookiecutter shark (Isistius brasiliensis). Food / Feed Strategy: Eats pelagic bony fishes, squid and shrimp.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: wikipedia


Title: Marine/Saltwater fishes

Species #: 41

Common Name: Balloon Shark Scientific Name: Cephaloscyllium sufflans Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Scyliorhinidae

Geography / Habitat: The range of the balloon shark is likely restricted to the waters off the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal and Mozambique. Additional records from the Gulf of Aden and off Vietnam appear to represent different, yet-undescribed species. This common, bottom-dwelling shark inhabits the continental shelf and upper continental slope, at depths of 40–600 m (130–2,000 ft). Life Strategy: Like other members of its genus, the balloon shark is capable of greatly inflating its stomach with water or air as a defense mechanism Food / Feed Strategy: The diet of the balloon shark consists mainly of lobsters, shrimps, and cephalopods, while bony fishes and other elasmobranchs may also be consumed.

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: gape-and-suck

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balloon_shark


Title: Marine/Saltwater fishes

Species #: 42

Common Name: Hawaiian lanternshark Scientific Name: Etmopterus villosus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Squatiniformes

Family: Etmopteria

Geography / Habitat: around the Hawaiian islands

Life Strategy: Reproduction is presumed to be ovoviviparous. It is assessed as Least Concern, but if deepwater fisheries begin to operate within this endemic species’ limited range in the future, it will need to be reassessed.

Food / Feed Strategy: unknown

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hawaiian_lanternshark


Title: Marine/Saltwater fishes

Species #: 43

Common Name: Cookiecutter Shark Scientific Name: Isistius brasiliensis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Squatiniformes

Family: Dalatiidae Geography / Habitat: Inhabiting all of the world's major tropical and warm-temperate oceanic basins, the cookiecutter shark is most common between the latitudes of 20°N and 20°S, where the surface water temperature is 18–26 °C. Life Strategy: the cookiecutter shark under Least Concern, as it is widely distributed, has no commercial value, and is not particularly susceptible to fisheries Food / Feed Strategy: Virtually every type of medium to large-sized oceanic animal sharing the habitat of the cookiecutter shark is open to attack: bite scars have been found on cetaceans (including porpoises, dolphins, beaked whales, sperm whales, and baleen whales), pinnipeds (including fur seals, leopard seals, and elephant seals), dugongs, sharks (including blue sharks, goblin sharks, and megamouth sharks), deepwater stingrays, and bony fishes (including billfishes, tunas, dolphinfishes, jacks, escolars, opahs, and pomfrets)

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cookiecutter_shark


Title: Marine/Saltwater fishes

Species #: 44

Common Name: Dark shyshark Scientific Name: Haploblepharus pictus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Scyliorhinidae

Geography / Habitat: The range of the dark shyshark is restricted to the coastal waters of southern Africa, from north of Lüderitz in southern Namibia to east of the Storms River mouth in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. It is abundant, particularly west of Cape Agulhas Life Strategy: Like other members of its genus, the dark shyshark is oviparous; adult females have a single functional ovary and two functional oviducts. Eggs in nature typically hatch in 6– 10 months, with the newly hatched shark measuring 10–12 cm (3.9–4.7 in) long. Food / Feed Strategy: The dark shyshark is a generalist predator whose main food sources are, in descending order of importance, small benthic crustaceans, bony fishes, and molluscs.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dark_shyshark


Title: Marine/Saltwater fishes

Species #: 45

Common Name: Cloudy catshark Scientific Name: Scyliorhinus torazame Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Scyliorhinidae

Geography / Habitat: The cloudy catshark is common in the northwestern Pacific off Japan, Korea, China, and possibly the Philippines. Life Strategy: It is oviparous, with females laying encapsulated eggs two at a time in nursery areas. Food / Feed Strategy: The diet of the cloudy catshark consists of molluscs, crustaceans, and bony fishes.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcaraningiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloudy_catshark


Title: Marine/Saltwater fish

Species #: 46

Common Name: Grey sharpnose shark Scientific Name: Rhizoprionodon oligolinx Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: found in the tropical waters of the Indo-West Pacific Oceans between latitudes 30° N and 18° S, from the surface to 36 m. Life Strategy: It is considered harmless to people. It is eaten by people. is a requiem shark of the family Carcharhinidae Food / Feed Strategy: The diet of the grey sharpnose shark consists of crustaceans, fishes, and cephalopods.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grey_sharpnose_shark


Title: Marine/Saltwater fishes

Species #: 47

Common Name: Izak catshark Scientific Name: Holohalaelurus regani Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Scyliorhinidae

Geography / Habitat: common off South Africa and southern Namibia. Life Strategy: The Izak catshark is oviparous and reproduction proceeds throughout the year without seasonal patterns. Food / Feed Strategy: the Izak catshark feeds mainly on a diverse array of bony fishes, crustaceans, and cephalopods.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Izak_catshark


Title: Marine/Saltwater fishes

Species #: 48

Common Name: Gecko Shark Scientific Name: Galeus eastmani Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Scyliorhinidae

Geography / Habitat: The range of the gecko catshark extends from southern Japan, where it occurs off the Shizuoka and Mie Prefectures of Honshu and the main islands of Shikoku and Kyushu, to the East China Sea including Taiwan. Life Strategy: Schooling in nature, the gecko catshark feeds opportunistically on a wide variety of bony fishes (including lanternfish), cephalopods (including sepiolid and enoploteuthid squid), and crustaceans (including isopods, amphipods, krill, and decapods Food / Feed Strategy: bony fishes, cephalopods, and crustaceans

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcaraningiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gecko_catshark


Title: Marine/Saltwater fishes

Species #: 49

Common Name: Mouse catshark Scientific Name: Galeus murinus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Scyliorhinidae

Geography / Habitat: Fairly common, the mouse catshark has recently been found to be more widespread in the northeastern Atlantic than previously thought, occurring from western Iceland and the Faroe Islands to the Hebrides, Scotland, and Ireland, to as far south as France and Western Sahara. Life Strategy: Probably not exceeding 49 cm (19 in) long, the mouse catshark has a uniformly brown body and is characterized by large, rounded pelvic fins and crests of enlarged dermal denticles along both the dorsal and ventral caudal fin margins. In addition, in adult males the inner margins of the pelvic fins are merged into an "apron". Food / Feed Strategy: It preys mainly on benthic crustaceans, bony fishes, and cephalopods

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcaraningiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mouse_catshark


Title: Marine/ Saltwater fishes

Species #: 50

Common Name: Argentine angelshark Scientific Name: Squatina argentina Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Squadiniformes

Family: Squatinidae

Geography / Habitat: Subtropical; continental shelf and upper slope, demersal, marine. Found 50 – 320 m (usually 100 – 400 m) down. Life Strategy: Are ovoviviparous, birth about 7 to 11 pups per litter Food / Feed Strategy: Feeds on demersal fishes, shrimp, and squid.

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Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcaraningiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argentine_angelshark


Title: fresh water fishes

Species #:51

Common Name: blue catfish Scientific Name: Ictalurus Furcatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae

Geography / Habitat: Blue catfish are a warm-water fish found primarily in large rivers and lakes. They are native in the Mississippi, Missouri, and Ohio Rivers and their large tributaries. Life Strategy: Blue catfish spawn in late spring or early summer when water temperatures first reach 70 to 75 F. Males choose a nest site in or under hollow logs or large holes under the bank. The nest is then guarded by the male until the eggs hatch. Food / Feed Strategy: Primarily feeds on other fish but will eat a wide variety of items.

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.castawaylakes.com/CatfishSpecies.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue_catfish


Title: Freshwater fishes

Species #: 52

Common Name: Channel catfish Scientific Name: Ictalurus Punctatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae

Geography / Habitat: Channel catfish are native to Ohio and are found throughout Ohio in large streams, rivers, and lakes. Channel catfish prefer areas with deep water, clean gravel or boulder substrates and low to moderate current. However, they are tolerant of a wide range of conditions. Life Strategy: Typically 15-25 inches, can reach over 40 inches. Usually weighs 2-10 pounds, can reach over 50 pounds Food / Feed Strategy: They are omnivorous and will eat a wide variety of items including insect larvae, crayfish, mollusks, fish (dead or alive), and even some types of fruits and berries.

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.castawaylakes.com/CatfishSpecies.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Channel_catfish


Title: Freshwater Fishes

Species #: 53

Common Name: Flathead Catfish Scientific Name: Pylodictis Olivaris Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae

Geography / Habitat: They are found in large rivers in Ohio and are most abundant in the Maumee, Muskingum, Scioto, and Ohio Rivers. They can also be found in most of the larger reservoirs in the state. Life Strategy: Typically 20-40 inches, can reach nearly 60 inches. Usually weighs 10-40 pounds, and may reach weights well in excess of 100 pounds. Food / Feed Strategy: Feeds almost entirely on live fish..

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flathead_catfish http://www.castawaylakes.com/CatfishSpecies.html


Title: Freshwater Fishes

Species #: 54

Common Name: Yellow Fin Bream Scientific Name: Acanthopagrus australis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: sparidae

Geography / Habitat: Found along the east coast of Australia, commonly from Townsville, south to the Gippsland Lakes, with individuals being reported from Cairns and even Cooktown. Life Strategy: can grow to 4.4 kg Food / Feed Strategy: Yellowfin bream are a forage species that feed on anything from live minnow, through to crustaceans, worms and even algal growth.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellowfin_Bream http://bream.com.au/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=55


Title: Freshwater fish

Species #: 55

Common Name: Black Bream Scientific Name: Acanthopagrus butcheri Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: sparidae

Geography / Habitat: Black bream are found from Myall Lakes in NSW, south around the Great Australian Bight to Shark Bay in Western Australia. The species is also distributed throughout Tasmania. The habitat of black bream is quite diverse. The species can be found from fresh water to the ocean, but is most common in tidal estuaries. Often associated with hard structure, black bream are also common near weed beds and sand flats.

Life Strategy: grows up to 3.5 kg Food / Feed Strategy: Feeds extensively on shellfish, invertebrates and crustaceans, but does take baitfish in certain situations.

 Body Form or Style: Fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://bream.com.au/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=55 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_black_bream


Title: Fresh Water Fish

Species #: 56

Common Name: Brook Trout Scientific Name: Salvelinus fontinalis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoiformes

Family: Salmoidae

Geography / Habitat: The brook trout inhabits small streams, creeks, lakes, and spring ponds. Some brook trout, referred to as sea-run brook trout, are anadromous. Brook trout are native to a wide area of eastern North America, but increasingly confined to higher elevations southward in the Appalachian Mountains to northern Georgia, Canada from the Hudson Bay basin east, the Great Lakes–Saint Lawrence system, and the upper Mississippi River drainage as far west as eastern Iowa. Life Strategy: lengths vary from 25 to 65 cm

weights vary from 0.3 to 3.0 kg

Food / Feed Strategy: Brook trout feed on many water and land insects, crustaceans, fish and even some aquatic mammals, such as voles.

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brook_trout http://www.streamexplorers.org/fishfacts/trout-and-salmon-species/brook-trout


Title: Fresh Water Fishes

Species #: 57

Common Name: Rainbow Trout Scientific Name: Oncorhynchus mykiss Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoiformes

Family: Salmoidae Geography / Habitat: Rainbow trout are native to the rivers and lakes of the west coast and northern United States. They can also be found in the central and eastern areas of the country, southern Alaska and as far south as Mexico. Life Strategy: Like all trout, rainbows seek out water with trees, and shoreline cover that provide shade and places for fish to hide. Food / Feed Strategy: A natural predator, rainbows eat smaller fish almost from birth. Rainbow trout enjoy a varied diet of crayfish, crustaceans and sometimes plankton. They also feed on insects such as mayflies, caddis flies, and stoneflies.

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.streamexplorers.org/fish-facts/trout-and-salmon-species/rainbowtrout


Title: Fresh Water Fishes

Species #: 58

Common Name: Apache Trout Scientific Name: Oncorhynchus apache Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoiformes

Family: Salmoidae Geography / Habitat: the streams of the White Mountains of Arizona and you’ll likely find the Apache trout. Life Strategy: The White Mountain Apache tribe considers the freshwater animal sacred, and protected the species with their conservation efforts. The Apache trout is the Arizona state fish. Food / Feed Strategy: feeds on insects, small fish and zooplankton.

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.streamexplorers.org/fish-facts/trout-and-salmon-species/apache-trout http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apache_trout


Title: Fresh Water Fish

Species #: 59

Common Name: Golden Trout Scientific Name: Oncorhynchus mykiss aguabonita Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoiformes

Family: Salmoidae

Geography / Habitat: You will find the colorful golden trout in the small streams of the Kern Plateau and in the Kern River of California. Life Strategy: A special characteristic of golden trout is that they are one of the few trout to keep the dark oval-shaped parr marks that appear along the sides of their bodies throughout their lifetimes. Food / Feed Strategy: They eat smaller fish, and if possible, algae.

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_do_golden_trout_eat http://www.streamexplorers.org/fish-facts/trout-and-salmon-species/golden-trout


Title: Fresh Water Fishes

Species #: 60

Common Name: Red Band Trout Scientific Name: Oncorhynchus mykiss Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoiformes

Family: Salmoidae

Geography / Habitat: Redband trout dwell in the waterways of Montana, Washington, Idaho, Oregon, California and Nevada Life Strategy: The Redband trout evolved in a harsh, high desert habitat and can endure higher water temperatures that other fish cannot. Though very adaptable, redband trout continue to disappear because of destroyed habitats and competition from other kinds of fish. Food / Feed Strategy: As with other trout, they feed on insects, crustaceans, and forage fish depending on their size.

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.streamexplorers.org/fish-facts/trout-and-salmon-species/redbandtrout http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Redband_trout


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:61

Common Name: grass carp Scientific Name: Ctenopharyngodon idella Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: This species occurs in lakes, ponds, pools and backwaters of large rivers, preferring large, slow-flowing or standing water bodies with vegetation. Life Strategy: In the wild, grass carp spawn in fast-moving rivers, and their eggs, which are slightly heavier than water, develop while drifting downstream, and kept in suspension by turbulence. The eggs are thought to die if they sink to the bottom. Food / Feed Strategy: Adults of the species feed primarily on aquatic plants. They feed on higher aquatic plants and submerged terrestrial vegetation, but may also take detritus, insects, and other invertebrates.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grass_Carp


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:62

Common Name: longnose gar Scientific Name: Lepisosteus osseus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Lepisosteiformes

Family: Lepisosteidae

Geography / Habitat: longnose gar are found in Central America, Cuba, North America, and the Isles of Pines. Longnose gar are frequently found in freshwater in the eastern half of the United States. Life Strategy: There consists of one female to five males per spawning ground. Eggs have a toxic, adhesive coating helping them stick to substrates and are deposited onto stones in shallow water, rocky shelves, vegetation, or smallmouth bass nests. Their hatch time is 7-9 days; young gar stay in vegetation during the first summer of life. Food / Feed Strategy: The most common prey of the longnose gar is clupeids (herrings and shads) as well as cyprinids and fundulids; they usually feed at night.

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Body Form or Style: sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Longnose_gar


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 63

Common Name: spotted gar Scientific Name: Lepisosteus oculatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Lepisosteiformes

Family: Lepisosteidae

Geography / Habitat: The spotted gar is native to North America and its current range is from southern Ontario to the west from the Nueces River in Texas east to the Northern coast of the Gulf of Mexico and southeast to the lower Apalachicola River in Florida. Life Strategy: Spawning habitat includes floodplains and wetlands with an abundance of aquatic vegetation. A female can have multiple mating partners and the female is usually larger than the males they mate with. They lay their eggs on leaves of aquatic plants. Food / Feed Strategy: Gar move slowly unless trying to catch food, which it grabs in its jaws in a quick sideways lunge. They often bask near the water's surface on warm days. Fry feed primarily on insect larvae and tiny crustaceans, but fish appear on the diet of young gar very early. Prey is usually swallowed headfirst.

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Body Form or Style: sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spotted_gar


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:64

Common Name: Florida Gar Scientific Name: Lepisosteus platyrhincus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Lepisosteiformes

Family: Lepisosteidae

Geography / Habitat: They can be found in the Ochlockonee River and waters east and in peninsular Florida in medium to large lowland streams, canals and lakes with muddy or sandy bottoms near underwater vegetation Life Strategy: This occurs in late winter and early spring. Groups of both sexes come together in shallow weedy water where the females discharge their adhesive eggs among the aquatic plants. Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on many baits such as zooplankton, many smaller fish, and certain birds.

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Body Form or Style: sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florida_gar


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:65

Common Name: yellow bullhead Scientific Name: Ameiurus natalis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae

Geography / Habitat: Yellow bullhead range throughout the central and eastern US from central Texas, north into North Dakota, and east through the Great Lakes region to the east coast. Life Strategy: Spawning begins in May and June with both sexes participating in nest building. The nest may be under a log or stone or in a similarly enclosed burrow. The female will lay 2,000 to 7,000 eggs. The eggs hatch within 5 to 10 days. Food / Feed Strategy: The yellow bullhead is a voracious scavenger typically feeding at night on a variety of plant and animal material, both live and dead, including small fish, crayfish, insects, snails, and worms.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellow_bullhead


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:66

Common Name: shadow bass Scientific Name: Ambloplites ariommus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: The shadow bass' native range includes the southeastern United States from the Apalchicola River drainage in Georgia to the lower Mississippi basin in Louisiana. The shadow bass inhabits small to medium size rivers and streams with permanent water flow and prefers cool water temperatures. Life Strategy: The male shadow bass does the nest constructing, the females only obligation is to pick a suitable males nest and lay her eggs after that she departs. The male bass watches over the eggs till they hatch 3–5 days later.[ Food / Feed Strategy: diet of shadow bass consist mostly on small invertebrates mainly crayfish Order Decapoda when small less than three inches after three inches can begin feeding on small fish species such as darters, madtoms, and minnows.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambloplites_ariommus


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:67

Common Name: koi Scientific Name: Cyprinus carpio haematopterus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: Koi have been accidentally or deliberately released into the wild in every continent except Antarctica. They quickly revert to the natural coloration of common carp within a few generations. In many areas, they are considered an invasive species and pests. Life Strategy: Like most fish, koi reproduce through spawning in which a female lays a vast number of eggs and one or more males fertilize them. Nurturing the resulting offspring is a tricky and tedious job, usually done only by professionals. Food / Feed Strategy: Fish do not have to be fed provided you do not overstock your pond. They will live off of algae, insects and other miscellaneous food that the environment provides

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koi


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:68

Common Name: oscar Scientific Name: Astronotus ocellatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae

Geography / Habitat: is native to Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, and French Guiana, and occurs in the Amazon river basin, along the Amazonas river system. Life Strategy: Captive oscars may be fed prepared fish food designed for large carnivorous fish, crayfish, worms, and insects. Food / Feed Strategy: Oscar fish owners will quickly notice that their Oscars are almost always ready for a meal. It is recommended that owners don’t succumb to their pets’ begging and pleading at the aquarium glass and ensure that a disciplined feeding schedule is in place at the outset.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oscar_(fish)


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 69

Common Name: alligator gar Scientific Name: Atractosteus spatula

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Lepisosteiformes

Family: Lepisosteidae

Geography / Habitat: Alligator Gar are found in the Lower Mississippi River Valley and Gulf Coast states of the Southern United States and Mexico as far south as Veracruz. Life Strategy: Though the Alligator Gar prefers slow-moving waters of rivers, bayous, and oxbows throughout most of the year, it appears to need spring time inundated floodplain fields or wetland vegetation in order to spawn. Their eggs are very poisonous Food / Feed Strategy: The Alligator Gar is a relatively passive, solitary fish that lives in fresh and brackish water bodies in the Southern United States It is carnivorous and feeds by lurking amongst reeds and other vegetation, ambushing prey.

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Body Form or Style: sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alligator_gar#Breeding


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:70

Common Name: white bass Scientific Name: Morone chrysops Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Moronidae

Geography / Habitat: White bass inhabit large reservoirs and rivers. When mating in the spring, they are more often found in shallow rivers, creeks, and streams. White bass are found in high densities in the upstream segment of rivers. Life Strategy:The spawning season for the white bass is mid-March to late May. The optimal water temperatures are 12 to 20 degrees Celsius. They are known to find their home spawning ground even if it's moved to a different part of the same lake. Food / Feed Strategy: White bass are carnivores. They are visual feeders. When not frightened, they will bite readily at live bait such as worms and minnows. Only the largest fish will feed on other fish, and as the summer season progresses, there is an overall trend towards eating fewer fish.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_bass


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:71

Common Name: Striped bass Scientific Name: Morone saxatilis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Moronidae

Geography / Habitat: Striped bass are native to the Atlantic coastline of North America from the St. Lawrence River into the Gulf of Mexico to approximately Louisiana. They are fish that migrate between fresh and salt water. Life Strategy: Spawning takes place in fresh water. They have been successfully adapted to freshwater habitat, they naturally spend their adult lives in saltwater. Food / Feed Strategy: Larval striped bass feed on zooplankton, while the diet of juvenile bass consists of insect larvae, small crustaceans, mayflies, and other larval fish. Adult bass eat almost any kind of small fish as well as several invertebrates, particularly crabs and squid.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Striped_bass


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 72

Common Name: largemouth bass

Scientific Name: Micropterus salmoides Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: The largemouth bass has been known to exist in many of the lower 48 states of the U.S. Although it is most popular in the southeastern states, many different varieties of the largemouth bass can be found in the north and western regions. Life Strategy: Studies of prey utilization by largemouth show that in weedy waters, bass grow more slowly due to difficulty in acquiring prey. Less weed cover allows bass to more easily find and catch prey, but this consists of more open-water baitfish. Food / Feed Strategy: The juvenile largemouth bass consumes mostly small bait fish, scuds, small shrimp, and insects. Adults consume smaller fish, snails, crawfish, and snakes.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Largemouth_bass


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:73

Common Name: smallmouth bass Scientific Name: Micropterus dolomieu

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: is found in clearer water than the largemouth, especially streams, rivers, and the rocky areas and stumps and also sandy bottoms of lakes and reservoirs. The smallmouth prefers cooler water temperatures than its cousin the largemouth bass, and may be found in both still and moving water. Life Strategy: The female can lay up to 21,100 eggs, which are guarded by the male in his nest. Food / Feed Strategy: Smallmouth bass are Carnivorous, its diet comprises crayfish, insects, and smaller fish; the young also feeding on zooplankton.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smallmouth_bass


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:74

Common Name: Spotted Bass Scientific Name: Micropterus punctulatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: It has now been determined that the "Spotted Bass" found in the Tallapoosa and Coosa Rivers, and their lakes, are a new species, now known as the "Alabama Bass". Life Strategy: convenient way to distinguish between a largemouth bass and a spotted bass is by the size of the mouth. A spotted bass will resemble a largemouth bass in coloration but will have a smaller mouth. Food / Feed Strategy: Preferring cool and warm mountain streams and reservoirs with rocky bottoms, the spotted bass feeds on insects, crustaceans, frogs, annelid worms, and smaller fish.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/huntwild/wild/species/spb/


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 75

Common Name: silver carp Scientific Name: Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: species of freshwater cyprinid fish, a variety of Asian carp native to north and northeast Asia. It is cultivated in China. They are usually farmed in polyculture with other Asian carps, or sometimes Indian carps or other species. Life Strategy: Mature to breeding at three years old and breed until 10 years old. They live in rivers and streams, feeding in schools until spawning time then return to bigger water to feed again. Food / Feed Strategy: The silver carp is a filter feeder, and possesses a remarkably specialized apparatus capable of filtering particles as small as 4 micrometers. The gill rakers are fused into a sponge-like filter, and an epibranchial organ secretes mucus which assists in trapping small particles.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://oklahomainvasivespecies.okstate.edu/silver_carp.html


Title: Freshwater Fish Common Name: Bubble Eye

Species #: 76

Scientific Name: Carassius auratus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: tanks; country of origin is China Life Strategy: This fish is an egg scatterer during the summer. Food / Feed Strategy: Bubble Eye Goldfish are omnivores, and will eat live plants for food, and also vegetables including; Zucchini peas spinach lettuce. Frozen glass worms, blood worms, brine shrimp and daphnia will also be accepted by the Bubble Eye Goldfish.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bubble_Eye http://www.desktopgoldfish.com/goldfish-types.php?func=fishDetail&fish=Bubble Eye


Title: Freshwater Fish Common Name: Oranda

Species #: 77

Scientific Name: Carassius auratus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: tanks Life Strategy: This fish is an egg scatterer during the summer. Like many of the goldfish strains with more fully developed fins, the oranda needs very clean water conditions to prevent fin damage and deterioration. Food / Feed Strategy: omnivores, and will eat live plants for food

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.desktopgoldfish.com/goldfishtypes.php?func=fishDetail&fish=Oranda http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oranda


Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 78

Common Name: Comet Scientific Name: Carassius auratus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: tanks; ponds Life Strategy: This fish is an egg scatterer during the summer. It requires plenty of swimming room, and can swim exceptionally fast for short periods of time. It can be kept in a pond. Food / Feed Strategy: omnivores, and will eat live plants for food

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.desktopgoldfish.com/goldfish-types.php?func=fishDetail&fish=Comet


Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 79

Common Name: PomPom Scientific Name: Carassius auratus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: tanks Life Strategy: This fish is an egg scatterer during the summer. A fancy goldfish, Pompoms have bundles of loose fleshy outgrowths on each side of the head, between the nostrils. Food / Feed Strategy: omnivores

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.desktopgoldfish.com/goldfishtypes.php?func=fishDetail&fish=Pompom


Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 80

Common Name: Fantail Scientific Name: Carassius auratus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: tanks Life Strategy: The males will develop white tubercules on the gill covers and leading rays of the pectoral fins. Egg scatterer during the summer. The fantail can be kept in an outdoor pond all year round, providing the water is deep enough to ensure a warm layer at the bottom where it can lie dormant. Food / Feed Strategy: omnivores

 Body Form or Style: compressiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://www.desktopgoldfish.com/goldfishtypes.php?func=fishDetail&fish=Fantail


Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 81

Common Name: Lionhead Scientific Name: Carassius auratus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: tanks Life Strategy: This fish is an egg scatterer during the summer. Males develop white tubercules on the gill covers and leading rays of the pectoral fins. The lionhead is best kept in the indoor aqaurium, where its colorful feautres can be easily seen. Food / Feed Strategy: omnivores

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.desktopgoldfish.com/goldfishtypes.php?func=fishDetail&fish=Pompom


Title: Freshwater Fishes

Species #: 82

Common Name: Akar Betta Scientific Name: Betta akarensis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Belontiidae

Geography / Habitat: freshwater in temperature range 22-28ºC / 71-82°F; pH 5.5 - 6.8 Origin is Sarawak, Brunei Life Strategy: small non aggressive fishes, peaceful, no information on breeding Food / Feed Strategy: omnivores

• Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position: terminal http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/betta/akar.php


Title: Freshwater Fishes

Species #: 83

Common Name: Giant Betta Scientific Name: Betta anabatoides Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Belontiidae

Geography / Habitat: Origin is Singapore, Sumatra, Borneo; freshwater; temperature range 2730ºC / 79-86°F; pH 4.0 – 4.8 Life Strategy: Small fish that should not be left alone. Food / Feed Strategy: Prefers frozen food.

• Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position: terminalCitation: http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/betta/giant.php


Title: Freshwater Fishes

Species #: 84

Common Name: Browns Betta Scientific Name: Betta brownorum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Belontiidae

Geography / Habitat: Origin in Indonesia; Sibu, Matang ; freshwater; temperature 22-26ºC / 70-80°; pH 3.5 - 6.0 Life Strategy: peaceful; prefer large tanks with plenty of plants and silent environment Food / Feed Strategy: Carnivorous.

• Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/betta/browns.php


Title: Freshwater Fishes

Species #: 85

Common Name: Peaceful Betta Scientific Name: Betta imbellis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Belontiidae

Geography / Habitat: Origin in Malaysia; freshwater; temperature range 24-28ºC / 75-82°; pH 5.5 – 7 Life Strategy: peaceful; needs a lot of long stemmed plants among which they might hide as they are very shy Food / Feed Strategy: Betta imbellis (Peaceful Betta) likes live and frozen food.

• Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/betta/browns.php


Title: Fresh water fish

Species #: 86

Common Name: Tiger Botia Scientific Name: Botia helodes Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cobitidae

Geography / Habitat: Origin is Asia Mekong, Chao Phraya and Meklong basins; also from the northern Malay Peninsula. Life Strategy: Nocturnal. This species is best kept in a well planted slightly dimmed aquarium. pH 6.0-6.5, temperature 24-30°C / 75-84 ° F Food / Feed Strategy: Accepts only small living and frozen food.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/fish/tigerbotia.php


Title:

Fresh water fishes

Species #: 87

Common Name: Reticulated loach Scientific Name: Botia lohachata Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cobitidae

Geography / Habitat: Origin is Asia: Pakistan, India, Bangladesh and Nepal Life Strategy: Primarily nocturnal. This species is best kept in schools in well planted slightly dimmed aquariums. Non-aggressive. Food / Feed Strategy: Accepts all kinds of food.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/fish/yoyoloach.php


Title: Fresh water fish

Species #: 88

Common Name: Skunk Botia Scientific Name: Botia morleti Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cobitidae

Geography / Habitat: Origin is Asia: Mekong, Chao Phraya and Meklong basins, and peninsular Thailand. Life Strategy: Breeding is Unknown. Food / Feed Strategy: Usually accepts all kinds of food.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/fish/skunkbotia.php


Title: Fresh water fish

Species #: 89

Common Name: Chain Loach, Dwarf Loach Scientific Name: Botia sidthimunki Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cobitidae

Geography / Habitat: Origin is Northern India and Thailand. Life Strategy: Breeding is Unknown. Peaceful. Food / Feed Strategy: Botia sidthimunki (Dwarf Loach) accepts most foods but Frozen and Live foods are strongly recommended..

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/fish/skunkbotia.php


Title: Fresh water fish

Species #: 90

Common Name: Queen Loach Scientific Name: Botia dario Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cobitidae

Geography / Habitat: Origin is Mountain streams of Bangladesh. Life Strategy: No captive breeding reports and little or nothing is known about breeding this species. Food / Feed Strategy: Will eat most commercial foods but prefers live and frozen foods and in my experience bloodworms is a particular favorite.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/fish/skunkbotia.php


Title: Fresh water fish

Species #: 91

Common Name: Blyth's loach Scientific Name: Botia berdmorei Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cobitidae

Geography / Habitat: Origin is Thailand, Burma. Life Strategy: Botia berdmorei(Blyth's loach) should only be kept one specimen per tank or more if spaces and caves are provided, so each fish can stake out a territory. Food / Feed Strategy: Prefer live and frozen foods and will often only except this at first but they can soon be trained on to sinking pellets and flakes. But be sure to always include live and frozen foods in their diet.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/fish/blythsloach.php


Title: Fresh water fish

Species #: 92

Common Name: Zebra loach Scientific Name: Botia striata Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cobitidae

Geography / Habitat: Origin is Southern India, Tunga river system. Life Strategy: Little or nothing is known about the breeding of this fish. No reports of captive breeding. Food / Feed Strategy: Will readily except most foods, be sure to provide a varied diet of frozen and commercially prepared foods.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/fish/zebraloach.php


Title: Fresh water fish

Species #: 93

Common Name: Cochu’s Blue Tetra Scientific Name: Boehlkea fredcochui Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Characins

Family: Charaidae

Geography / Habitat: Origin is Peru. Life Strategy: Temperature 22-26°C / 72-79°F; 5.5 – 7.5 Boehlkea fredcochui (Cochu's Blue Tetra) can be kept in relatively small aquariums. The aquarium tank should be densely planted with open areas. They prefer a slightly dimmed light and dark bottom substrate. Food / Feed Strategy: Boehlkea fredcochui (Cochu's Blue Tetra) will accept dry food

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/fish/cochusbluetetra.php


Title: Fresh water fish

Species #: 94

Common Name: Black Convict Cichlid Scientific Name: Cryptoheros nigrofasciatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: Cichlidae

Geography / Habitat: Origin is Southern Central America Life Strategy: Cryptoheros nigrofasciatus is extremely easy to breed and will breed under almost any conditions. The lay their eggs on a flat surface and guard the eggs and fry. They are usually very aggressive during the breeding period. A very good fish for anyone how wants to reed their first fish or their first cichlid. Food / Feed Strategy: Cryptoheros nigrofasciatus (Black Convict Cichlid) will eat anything you offer them

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/fish/convict.php


Title: Fresh water fish

Species #: 95

Common Name: T-Bar Cichlid Scientific Name: Cryptoheros sajica Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: Cichlidae

Geography / Habitat: Origin is Central America Life Strategy: Cryptoheros sajica (T-Bar Cichlid) are easy to breed and they accept just about any partner so pairing the species is not an issue. This species is in between being a cave or a substrate breeder and sometimes breeds on flat rocks. They are regardless of breeding behaviors usually very good parents. Food / Feed Strategy: Cryptoheros sajica (T-Bar Cichlid) accept most food sources.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/fish/tbarcichlid.php


Title: Fresh water fish

Species #: 96

Common Name: Honduran Red Fin Scientific Name: Cryptoheros sp. 'honduran red point' Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: Cichlidae

Geography / Habitat: Origin is Central America Life Strategy: Cryptoheros sp. 'honduran red point' is to breed although not as easy as the black convict cichlid. The eggs are laid on a flat surface. The female is in charge of guarding the eggs while the male guards the breeding territory. Food / Feed Strategy: Cryptoheros sp. 'honduran red point' (Blue Convict cichlid) accepts most food sources but a diverse diet is essential for this species to retain its colors.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/fish/redpoint.php


Title: Fresh water fish

Species #: 97

Common Name: Northern Snakehead Scientific Name: Channa argus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Channidae

Geography / Habitat: origin is Russia, China, Korea Life Strategy: Channa argus (Northern Snakehead) can be breed in ponds. They build large nests from plant parts. This species can produce up to 15 000 eggs in a spawning. The hatching period depends on the water temperature. Both parents guard eggs and fry. Food / Feed Strategy: Channa argus (Northern Snakehead) are predatory and accept most meaty foods.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/channa/argus.php


Title: Fresh water fish

Species #: 98

Common Name: Clown Loach Scientific Name: Chromobotia macracanthus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cobitidae

Geography / Habitat: Asia. Indonesia Life Strategy: Channa panaw (Panaw Snakehead) Requires a medium sized aquarium. The aquarium should be decorated with planted areas as well as open areas for swimming. Provide a few hiding places. Make sure not to restrict surface access as Channa panaw (Panaw Snakehead) will suffocate if the can’t reach the surface. The do well in water with low oxygen levels. Food / Feed Strategy: Will accept all kinds of sinking food. Some clown loaches also learn to get food on the surface swimming upside down

• • •

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/fish/macracanthus.php


Title: Fresh water fish

Species #: 99

Common Name: Panaw Snakehead Scientific Name: Channa panaw Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Channidae

Geography / Habitat: origin is Ayeyarwaddy and Sittang River basins, Myanmar Channa panaw (Panaw Snakehead) Requires a medium sized aquarium. The aquarium should be decorated with planted areas as well as open areas for swimming. Provide a few hiding places. Make sure not to restrict surface access as Channa panaw (Panaw Snakehead) will suffocate if the can’t reach the surface. The do well in water with low oxygen levels. Life Strategy: Breeding: Unknown. Food / Feed Strategy: Channa panaw (Panaw Snakehead) should be feed live food.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/channa/panaw.php


Title: Saltwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 100

Common Name: Caribbean reef octopus Scientific Name: Octopus briareus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Cephalopoda

Order: Octopoda

Family: Octopodidae

Geography / Habitat: Inhabits the reefs, hiding in recesses. This octopus is active during the night. It can hide in the smallest recesses in coral heads. Depth: ranges from 5 m down to 30 m. Life Strategy: The coloring and texture of this octopus is highly variable. When disturbed, it can be white, but most commonly, the animal is patterned brown with a green background. Food / Feed Strategy: The Caribbean reef octopus feeds on crabs or shrimp, lobsters, polychaetes and a variety of fish. It is a nocturnal species which only hunts at night.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caribbean_reef_octopus http://speciesidentification.org/species.php?species_group=caribbean_diving_guide&menuentry=soorte n&id=425&tab=beschrijving


Title: Saltwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 101

Common Name: Common octopus Scientific Name: Octopus vulgaris Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order: Octopoda

Family: Octopodidae

Geography / Habitat: Inhabits the reefs, hiding in recesses. This octopus is on occasions active during the day, but usually hides. The reef outside its home can be littered with left-overs from lunch or trinkets it gathered. Depth: ranges from 3 m down to 30 m. Life Strategy: The coloring and texture of this octopus is highly variable. When disturbed, it can be white, but most commonly, the animal is mottled reddish-brown. Food / Feed Strategy: feeds on crabs or shrimp, lobsters, polychaetes and a variety of fish.

• • •

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_octopus http://speciesidentification.org/species.php?species_group=caribbean_diving_guide&menuentry=soorte n&id=426&tab=beschrijving


Title: Saltwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 102

Common Name: Colossal Squid Scientific Name: Mesonychoteuthis hamiltoni Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order: Teuthida

Family: Cranchiidae

Geography / Habitat: In the colder waters is where you will find the Colossal Squid. They can be found along Antarctica, New Zealand, and even some areas of Africa. Life Strategy: There isn’t much at all known about this type of squid. Therefore it is hard to guess what their actual behaviors are. It is believed that they are loners in the water and that they eat large volumes of food daily. Food / Feed Strategy: Due to their enormous size, the Colossal Squid consumes a big volume of large fish out there. They are very powerful so they don’t have any trouble capturing and consuming these large fish.

• • •

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colossal_squid http://www.squidworld.com/colossal-squid.html


Title: Saltwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 103

Common Name: Humboldt Squid Scientific Name: Dosidicus gigas Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order: Teuithida

Family: Ommastrephidae

Geography / Habitat: found in the East Pacific Ocean region Life Strategy: They only get to be about 7 feet long and weigh up to 100 pounds. They grow extremely fast though so those new offspring can get very large in a matter of months as long as they have enough food to nourish their bodies. Food / Feed Strategy: This species of squid generally feeds upon krill and various types of small fish. They tend to look for food close to the surface of the water even though they spend most of their time deeper down. They come up at night to feed because that is when they find their prey to be readily available.

• • •

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humboldt_squid http://www.squidworld.com/humboldt-squid.html


Title: Saltwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 104

Common Name: Japanese Flying Squid Scientific Name: Todarodes pacificus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order: Teuithida

Family: Ommastrephidae Geography / Habitat: You will find the Japanese Flying Squid in the Northern parts of the Pacific Ocean. They can be found all the way up the cost too. This includes both China and Russia. They have also been located along the Bering Straight and into the areas of Alaska and Canada. Life Strategy: Reproduction takes place for the Japanese Flying Squid at about the end of their life. Food / Feed Strategy: The main food source of the Japanese Flying Squid is a variety of small fish. They will also consume other types of squid that are out there if food sources are short. Fishermen have learned to check their nets often too. Otherwise they will discover their catch is far less because larger squid have consumed the smaller ones in there with them.

• • •

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_flying_squid http://www.squidworld.com/japanese-flying-squid.html


Title: Saltwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 105

Common Name: Vampire Squid Scientific Name: Vampyroteuthis infernalis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order: Vampryromorphida

Family: Vampryroteuthidae

Geography / Habitat: The tend to be living in the tropical waters that are warmer for them to move around in. Life Strategy: The name of this particular squid is very different, as is the overall appearance of it. The black color is distinct enough in itself. The fact that the long arms flow like a black cape remind many people of a vampire wearing one. The arms have suckers that are hard to see unless you look up close at one. Food / Feed Strategy: The jaws of the Vampire Squid are extremely powerful. However, researchers aren’t fully sure of what all this type of squid consumes. Some theories include a variety of small invertebrates. They don’t need to eat very much though due to their low metabolism. It is believed that it only has to feed a few times per week. This is key to their survival too since it can be difficult at times to find enough food.

• Body Form or Style: N/A • Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A • Mouth Position: N/A Citation: http://www.squid-world.com/vampire-squid.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vampire_squid


Title: Saltwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 106

Common Name: Southern Blue-Ringed Octopus Scientific Name: Hapalochlaena maculosa Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order: Octopoda

Family: Octopodidae

Geography / Habitat: It is most commonly found in tidal rock pools along the south coast of Australia. Life Strategy: As an adult, it can grow up to 20 centimetres (8 in) long (top of the mantle to the tip of the arms) and on average weighs 26 grams (0.9 oz). They are normally a docile species, Food / Feed Strategy: Fishes, shrimp

• • •

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://www.bukisa.com/articles/58277_unique-and-colorful-octopus-andcuttlefish http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_blue-ringed_octopus


Title: Saltwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 107

Common Name: giant pacific octopus Scientific Name: Enteroctopus dofleini Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order: Octopoda

Family: Octopodidae

Geography / Habitat: It can be found in the coastal North Pacific, usually at a depth of around 65 m (215 ft). Life Strategy: The giant Pacific octopus is considered to be short-lived for an animal of its size, with lifespans that average only 3-5 years in the wild. To make up for its relatively short life span, the octopus is extremely prolific. Food / Feed Strategy: This species of octopus commonly preys upon shrimp, crabs, scallops, abalone, clams, lobsters, and fish.

• • •

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giant_Pacific_Octopus http://www.bukisa.com/articles/58277_unique-and-colorful-octopus-and-cuttlefish


Title: Saltwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 108

Common Name: Coconut Octopus Scientific Name: Amphioctopus marginatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order: Octopoda

Family: Octopodidae

Geography / Habitat: The coconut octopus is found on sandy bottoms in bays or lagoons. It frequently buries itself in the sand with only its eyes uncovered. Life Strategy: displays unusual behaviour, including bipedal walking and gathering and using coconut shells and seashells for shelter. Food / Feed Strategy: It commonly preys upon shrimp, crabs, and clams

• • •

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coconut_octopus


Title: Saltwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 109

Common Name: Broadclub cuttlefish Scientific Name: Sepia latimanus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order: Sepiida

Family: Sepiidae

Geography / Habitat: The type specimen was collected in New Guinea and is deposited at the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris Life Strategy: The broadclub cuttlefish is the second largest cuttlefish species after Sepia apama, growing to 50 cm in mantle length and 10 kg in weight Food / Feed Strategy: It is known to prey on shrimp and prawns

• • •

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broadclub_Cuttlefish


Title: Saltwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 110

Common Name: Pfeffer's Flamboyant Cuttlefish Scientific Name: Metasepia pfefferi Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order: Sepiida

Family: Sepiidae

Geography / Habitat: a species of cuttlefish occurring in tropical Indo-Pacific waters off northern Australia, southern New Guinea, as well as numerous islands of the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia. Life Strategy: Copulation occurs face-to-face, with the male inserting a packet of sperm into a pouch on the underside of the female's mantle. The female then fertilises her eggs with the sperm. The eggs are laid singly and placed by the female in crevices or ledges in coral, rock, or wood. Food / Feed Strategy: fish

• • •

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pfeffer%27s_Flamboyant_Cuttlefish


Title: Saltwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 111

Common Name: Australian Giant Cuttlefish Scientific Name: Sepia apama Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order: Sepiida

Family: Sepiidae

Geography / Habitat: native to the southern coast of Australia, from Brisbane in Queensland to Shark Bay in Western Australia Life Strategy: Sepia apama live from two to three years. Breeding takes place with the onset of the southern winter. Males, which outnumber females 11 to 1, abandon their normal cryptic colouring and set out to dazzle the females by adopting rapidly changing bright colours and striking patterns. Food / Feed Strategy: They are carnivorous, opportunistic and voracious predators who feed predominantly on crustaceans and fish

• • •

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_Giant_Cuttlefish


Title: Saltwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 112

Common Name: Fried Egg Jellyfish Scientific Name: Phacellophora camtschatica Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Scyphozoa

Order: Semaeostomeae

Family: Phacellophoridae

Geography / Habitat: This cool-water species can be found in many parts of the world's oceans Life Strategy: The life cycle of this jellyfish is well known (Widmer 2006), because it is kept in culture at the Monterey Bay Aquarium. It alternates between a benthic stage that is attached to rocks and piers that reproduces asexually and the planktonic stage that reproduces sexually in the water column; there are both males and females in the plankton. Food / Feed Strategy: It feeds mostly on smaller jellyfish and other gelatinous zooplankton, which become ensnared in the tentacles (Strand & Hamner, 1988). Because the sting of this jellyfish is so weak, many small crustaceans, including larval crabs (Cancer gracilis) and Amphipoda, regularly ride on its bell and even steal food from its oral arms and tentacles

• • •

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fried_Egg_Jellyfish


Title: Saltwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 113

Common Name: Scientific Name: Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Scyphozoa

Order: Semaeostomeae

Family: Cyaneidae

Geography / Habitat: Similar jellyfish, which may be the same species, are known to inhabit seas near Australia and New Zealand Life Strategy: A coldwater species, this jellyfish cannot cope with warmer waters. The jellyfish are pelagic for most of their lives but tend to settle in shallow, sheltered bays towards the end of their one-year lifespan. In the open ocean, lion's mane jellyfish act as floating oases for certain species, such as shrimp, medusafish, butterfish, harvestfish, and juvenile prowfish, providing both a reliable source of food and protection from predators Food / Feed Strategy: shrimp, medusafish, butterfish, harvestfish, and juvenile prowfish

• • •

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lion%27s_mane_jellyfish


Title: Saltwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 114

Common Name: Moon Jellyfish Scientific Name: Aurelia aurita Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Scyphozoa

Order: Semaeostomeae

Family: Ulmaridae

Geography / Habitat: The species Aurelia aurita is found along the eastern Atlantic coast of Northern Europe and the western Atlantic coast of North America in New England and Eastern Canada Life Strategy: It lives in ocean water temperatures ranging from 6 °C to 31 °C; with optimum temperatures of 9 °C to 19 °C. A. aurita prefers temperate seas with consistent currents. It has been found in waters with salinity as low as 6 parts per thousand Food / Feed Strategy: It feeds by collecting medusae, plankton and mollusks with its tentacles, and bringing them into its body for digestion

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Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moon_jellyfish


Title: Saltwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 115

Common Name: Sunflower Starfish Scientific Name: Pycnopodia helianthoides Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Echinodermata

Class: Asteroidea

Order: Forcipulatida

Family: Asteriidae

Geography / Habitat: Sunflower seastars are common in the northeast Pacific from Alaska to Southern California and are largest in Puget Sound, British Columbia and Alaska. Life Strategy: Sunflower seastars can reproduce either asexually through fissiparity or sexually through broadcast spawning. They also have separate sexes. Food / Feed Strategy: They are predatory, feeding mostly on sea urchins, clams, snails, and other small invertebrates.

• • •

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunflower_starfish


Title: Saltwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 116

Common Name: Cloud Sponge Scientific Name: Aphrocallistes vastus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Porifera

Class: Hexactinellida

Order: Hexactinosida

Family: Aphrocallistidae

Geography / Habitat: The cloud sponge is found in the northern Pacific Ocean. Its range includes Japan, Siberia, the Aleutian Islands and the west coast of North America from Alaska southwards to California and Mexico Life Strategy: The cloud sponge is one of several species of glass sponge that form slow growing reefs in deep water. They provide a substrate that is the basis of a community of invertebrates and fish. Food / Feed Strategy: plankton and algea

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Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloud_sponge


Title: Saltwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 117

Common Name: Blue Lined Chiton Scientific Name: Tonicella undocaerulea Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Polyplacophora

Order: Neoloricata

Family: Lepidochitonidae

Geography / Habitat: The natural range of T. undocaerulea stretches from Kodiak, Alaska to Point Conception, California. It is commonly found on rocks in low intertidal and shallow subtidal waters Life Strategy: The Blue Lined Chiton has a head plate with zigzag white (may be blue when alive) concentric lines without a dark border. It commonly has bright electric blue stripes and flecks when alive. The girdle is hairless and brown to red or pink, often with yellow or white mottling Food / Feed Strategy: This chiton grazes on corralline algae

• • •

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue_Lined_Chiton


Title: Saltwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 118

Common Name: Gumboot Chiton Scientific Name: Cryptochiton stelleri Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Polyplacophora

Order: Neoloricata

Family: Acanthochitonidae

Geography / Habitat: It is found along the shores of the northern Pacific Ocean from Central California to Alaska, across the Aleutian Islands to the Kamchatka Peninsula and south to Japan Life Strategy: The gumboot chiton is found clinging to rocks, moving slowly in search of its diet of algae, scraped off of rocks with its rasp-like retractable radula, covered with rows of magnetite-tipped teeth. Food / Feed Strategy: Algae

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Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gumboot_chiton


Title: Saltwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 119

Common Name: black-eyed hermit crab Scientific Name: Pagurus armatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Polyplacophora

Order: Neoloricata

Family: Acanthochitonidae

Geography / Habitat: is a species of hermit crab found in the eastern Pacific Ocean of the United States and British Columbia, Canada. Life Strategy: one of the largest species of hermit crab lives on a variety of substrates, being particularly abundant in sea pen beds, at depths of up to 117 m (384 ft) Food / Feed Strategy: algae and fish

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Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blackeye_hermit_crab


Title: Saltwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 120

Common Name: Umbrella Crab Scientific Name: Cryptolithodes sitchensis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Lithodidae

Geography / Habitat: coastal regions of the northeastern Pacific Ocean, ranging from Sitka, Alaska to Point Loma, California Life Strategy: may be hard to spot due to its rough, rock-like exterior, but is easily caught due to its slow movements. Found most commonly in the intertidal zone, this species feeds on coralline algae. The reason for the diverse colorations of its carapace may be camouflage with its surroundings Food / Feed Strategy: small fish and algea

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Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Umbrella_crab


Title: Freshwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 121

Common Name: Red Swamp Crayfish Scientific Name: Procambarus clarkii Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Anthropoda

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Cambaridae

Geography / Habitat: The native range of P. clarkii is along the Gulf Coast from northern Mexico to the Florida panhandle, as well as inland, to southern Illinois and Ohio. Life Strategy: The burrowing activities of P. clarkii can lead to damage to water courses and to crops, particularly rice, and its feeding can disrupt native ecosystems. It may out-compete the native crayfish species, and is a vector for the crayfish plague fungus Aphanomyces astaci, for crayfish virus vibriosis, and a number of worms parasitic on vertebrates. Food / Feed Strategy: worms.

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Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Procambarus_clarkii


Title: Freshwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 122

Common Name: Marble Crayfish Scientific Name: Procambarus fallax Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Anthropoda

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Cambaridae

Geography / Habitat: They have since been introduced into natural ecosystems on three continents. They have been found in the wild in Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Madagascar, and Japan, probably through release or escape from aquaria. Life Strategy: Marmorkrebs have caused concern as a potential invasive species[2] because only a single individual is needed to establish a new population, and they can reproduce at high rates. Food / Feed Strategy: fish

• • •

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Procambarus_sp._Marmorkrebs


Title: Freshwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 123

Common Name: Dwarf Cray Fish Scientific Name: Cambarellus patzcuarensis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Anthropoda

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Cambaridae

Geography / Habitat: Mexico. Life Strategy: listed as an endangered species Food / Feed Strategy: omnivore

• • •

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cambarellus_patzcuarensis


Title: Freshwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 124

Common Name: signal crayfish Scientific Name: Pacifastacus leniusculus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Anthropoda

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Cambaridae

Geography / Habitat: is a North American species of crayfish. Life Strategy: The life cycle of the signal crayfish is typical for the family Astacidae. Around 200–400 eggs are laid after mating in the autumn, and are carried under the female's tail until they are ready to hatch the following spring.[2] The eggs hatch into juveniles, which pass through three moults before leaving their mother. Sexual maturity is reached after two to three years, and the life span can be up to 20 years Food / Feed Strategy: omnivore

• • •

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacifastacus_leniusculus


Title: Freshwater fish Invertebrate

Species #: 125

Common Name: ninja shrimp Scientific Name: Caridina serratirostris Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Anthropoda

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Cambaridae

Geography / Habitat: a species of freshwater shrimp that lives in the Indo-west Pacific region, from Madagascar to Fiji Life Strategy: its ability to quickly change color and disappear into its surroundings Food / Feed Strategy: omnivore

• • •

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caridina_serratirostris


Mallie's Fish ID Project