Page 1

]pkvXIw c≠v e°w 67 2007 Unkw-_¿ 14 (1183 hr›nIw 28)

D≈S°w

dnt∏m¿´v

^mcn-kns‚ Hcp Iq´p-{]-Xn-°p-IqSn ]ng-in£

49 26 41

KpPm-dØv : Hcp Nq≠p-]-eI [\-a{¥n F¥n\v kwÿm-\sØ ]m∏-cm-°p∂p ?

48 sI hn cm[m-IrjvW≥ cmjv{Sob teJ-I≥ 42

sshZypXn kpJ-t`mK hkvXp-hm-Ip-tºmƒ Cu tImg IÆq-cn\v ]pXpa; ]m¿´n°pw

JmenZv Fw Fkv Dfn-°¬ {]tXyI teJ-I≥

kw`m-jWw

hnZym-`ym-k-Øns‚ t\¿h-gnIƒ tUm. bp B¿ A\-¥-aq¿Ønbpw _n B¿ ]n `mkvIdpw XΩn¬ \S-Ønb kw`m-jWw

7

Ih¿ tÃmdn

a{¥n°v Ifn, ]≈n°v Ien

10

hnZym-`ymk ˛hym-]m-c-˛-hy-h-kmb kwL-Øns‚ Xncp-h-N-\-߃ Imcy-£-a-Xm- h¿jtam ]nSn-∏p-tI-Sns‚ h¿jtam

22 Pn _n taml≥Xºn v ≥ sI 14 Ip™n-Ir-jW

]≈n-bpsS bp≤-{]-Jym-]\w HØp-Ifn

- vT≥ 16 kn B¿ \oe-IW

21 hn F _me-Kw-Km-[c- ≥

hnZym-`ym-k-ta-J-e-bpw Xt±-i-ÿm-]-\-ßfpw Ipkm-‰ns\ hnZym-`ym-k-I-®-h-S-°m¿°v ASn-b-d-h-bv°-cpXv A\-¥-aq¿Ønsb A]-am-\n-°-cptX amt\-PnMv FUn-‰¿ s{]m^. F≥.-kp-K-X≥ FUn-‰¿ Pn. i‡n-[-c≥ Nn{Xo-I-cWw N≥kv P\-i‡n hmcnI Sn kn. 28/2070 t^m¿´v sslkvIq-fn\v FXn¿hiw, t^m¿´v Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw 695 023

F≥ kpKX≥

18

kn±p

24

Un thWp-tKm-]m-e≥ \ºym¿

hni-Ie - \w

BW-hI - c- m-dns‚ A¥¿ln-Xß - ƒ 45 tUm. Sn sI cma-N{- µ≥ am¿Ivknkw Zmcn-{Zy-Øns‚ XXz-im-k{v X-a√ 39 tkma-ti-Jc- ≥ ae-∏p-dØv \n∂v tIm´-bs- Ø-Øp-tºmƒ ˛- - \mev 30 Acp¨ kn Fkv {]`m-jWw

"hmkhss[cy-tem-]n-'bmb Ejn ˛- aq∂v 36 s{]m^. Fw eoem-hXn IY

Zv t{K‰v C¥y≥ tdm]v {Sn°v 30 _m_p`c-ZzmPv Im...-Im... 31 hn ]n at\m-lc- ≥ t\mh¬

tKmep-hns‚ tdUntbm ]d-bmsX hnSp∂Xv 32 Fw sI Jcow Printed and Published by G. Sakthidharan at Pournami Media Publishers Pvt Ltd. Ambalathara, Thiruvananthapuram. Tel: 0471 6450625 Fax: 0471-2468133 e-mail: janashakthi@gmail.com www.janashakthionline.com

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

IhnX

Fcp-aI - sf hf¿Øn-bn-cp∂ 35 Rß-fpsS hoSp-Iƒ

tPmbv tPmk^v

hmb\

Bflm-hns‚ \·-amb Ihn-XI - ƒ 58 ssh°w apcfn ]w‡n-Iƒ

{]Xn-kzcw 28 laoZv tN∂-aw-Ke - q¿ Aev]k - zev]w 46 kn.-B¿.-Hm-a\ - ° - p-´≥ ImgvN° - ∏ - pdw 56 A\n¬ h≈n-t°mSv

1


Fs‚ Kpcp-\m-Y≥ F∂ Ihn-X-bn¬ alm-Ihn h≈-tØmƒ Km‘n-Pnsb∏‰n Cßs\ Fgp-Xn:

Iznkv

tPm°v B\p-Im-enIkw`-h-ßsf ap≥\n¿Øn IuXp- I - I c- a mb tNmZy- ß ƒ°v hmb- \ - ° m- c n¬ \n∂v DØcw tXSp-∂p. hmb-\°m-cn¬\n∂v e`n-°p∂ icn-bpØcw Cu ]w‡n- b n¬ {]kn≤o- I - c n- ° pw. icn- b p- Ø - c - Ø n\v P\- i - ‡ n- b psS 10 e°- ß ƒ {]Xn- ^ - e - a mbn \¬Ip- ∂ - X m- W v . H∂n- e - [ nIw icn- b p- Ø cw e`n®m¬ kΩm- \ m¿lsc \dp- s °Sp- ∏ n- e qsS \n›- b n- ° pw.

""{InkvXp-tZ-hs‚ ]cn-Xym-K-io-e-hpw, km£m¬˛ IrjvW\mw `K-hms‚ [¿a-c-t£m-]m-bhpw, _p≤s‚ Alnw-kbpw, i¶-cm-Nm-cy-cpsS _p≤n-i-‡nbpw, cµn-tZ-hs‚ Zbm-hmbv]pw, {iol-cn-N-{µ-\p≈ kXy-hpw, apl-Ω-Zn-≥, ssÿcyhpw Hcm-fn¬ tN¿s∂mØp ImW-W-sa-¶n¬ sN√p-hn≥ `hm-∑msc≥ Kpcp-hn≥ \nI-S-Øn, e√m-bv-In¬ Ahn-SpsØ Ncn{Xw hmbn-°p-hn≥'' CubnsS Hcp cmjv{Sob Bÿm-\-hn-Zzm≥ Xs‚ Kpcp-\m-Ys\-∏‰n CXp-t]mse Hcp kvXpXn-KoXw cNn-®p. Bÿm-\hn-Zzm≥ Bcv? kvXpXn-°-s∏´ cmjv{Sob Kpcp-\m-Y≥ Bcv?

e°w 65 s‚ Nn{X-Øn\v anI® ASn-°p-dn∏v : Rm\pw Nne Ip≠d hnfw-_-c-߃ \S-Øn-bn-´p-≈Xv tI´n-cn-°p-a-t√m. Zneo]v Fkv {]k∂ lukv, apl-Ω-Zmen kv{So‰v imkv{Xn tdmUv, cØn-\m-]p-cn, tImb-º-Øq¿ 641027

`b-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ au\w `qc-ln-Xc - mb BZn-hm-kn-Iƒ°pw Zen-X¿°pw IqSn D]Im-c{- ]-Za- mb coXn-bn¬ `q]-cn-jvIc - W \nbaw hym]n-∏n°p-Ib - mWv F¬Un^v k¿°m-cn¬ \n∂v P\-߃ {]Xo£n-°p-∂X - v. Zu¿`m-Ky-Ic - s - a∂p ]d-bs´ Nne apX-em-fnam¿°p th≠n `q]-cn-jI v c- Ww d±m-°W - s- a∂ N¿®-If - mWv `cWkncm tI{µ-Øn¬ \n∂pw Db¿∂p tIƒ°p-∂X - .v aebmf at\m-ca t]mep≈ Nne am[y-a-߃ CXv henb Iymºbn-\mbn Db¿Øn-s°m-≠p-hc- m≥ {ian-°p-∂p-ap-≠.v `q]-cn-jI v c- W \nbaw d±v sNøpI F∂Xv k¿°m¿ hncp≤-cmb DtZym-Kÿ Zpjv{]-`p-°-fpsS B{Klw am{X-amsW∂v hniz-kn-°m\mWv kmam\yP\-߃ - Xm¬]-cy-s∏Sp-∂Xv. F∂m¬ CØ-cs - amcp t\m´p Xbm-dm-°nb DtZymK-ÿ-s\-Xnsc \S-]-Sn-sb-Sp-°mt\m F¥n\v Hc-£cw i_vZn-°mt\m t]mepw a{¥n-amtcm ]m¿´ntbm Xbm-dmhp-∂n√ F∂Xv kXy-Øn¬ Rßsf `b-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p-≠.v {io[-c≥, Ip‰ymSn

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

e÷m-Icw kmdm So®¿s°-Xn-cmb a{¥n Pn kp[m-Ic- s‚ ]cm-a¿i-߃ AXn-cp-IS- ° - p-∂p. HmS-bpsS Zp¿K-‘a- m-Wv At±-lØ - ns‚ hm°pIƒ°v F∂v ]d-bmsX hø. kmdm So®-dnse kmln-Xy-Im-cn°v kp[m-Ic- s‚ k¿´n-^n-°‰v Bh-iy-an-√. F∂m¬ Hcp kv{Xos°Xnsc s]mXp-th-Zn-I-fn¬ \S-Øp∂ a{¥n-bpsS ]cm-a¿i-߃ kmwkvIm-cnI tIc-fØ - nse GsXmcp ae-bm-fn-sbbpw e÷n∏n-°pw. X…oa \{ko-s\-Xnsc \S-°p∂ th´-bm-Se - pIƒ°v kam\-amWv tIc-fØ - n¬ kmdm-So-®¿s°-Xn-sc kp[m-Ic- \ - n-eqsS \S°p∂Xv. Hcp ]{X-Ønepw A®-Sn-°m≥ t]mepw Ign-bmØ A{Xbpw A«o-ea- mWv kp[m-Ic - ≥ sIm√Øv \S-Ønb {]kwK-Øn¬ hnf-ºn-bX - .v IpSpw-_h - p-samØv Snhn ImWp-tºmƒ kp[mI-cs\ ImWn-®m¬ Nm\¬ amt‰≠ Ah-ÿ-bm-Wv. F¥p kwkvIm-ca- n-√m-bav m-bmWv hnfn®p ]d-bm≥ t]mIp-∂s- X∂v Duln°m-\m-hn-√-t√m. kp[m-I-cs\ sI´-gn-®p-hn-´n-cn-°p∂ ]m¿´n t\XrXzw DS≥ DW¿∂p {]h¿Øn-®n-s√-¶n¬ Ct±-l-Øns‚ sNbvXn-Ifpw hm°pw ]m¿´n°v henb tZmjw sNøpw. kz¥w hIp∏p t]mepw acym-Z°v `cn-°m-\d- n-bmØ BfmWv Ct∏m-ƒ \m´p-Imsc acymZ ]Tn-∏n-°m-\n-d-ßn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. e÷m-Icw. CXn¬]cw H∂pw ]d-bm-\n-√. inhm-\µ - ≥, A¥n-°m-S,v Xriq¿

2


km{am-PyXz AP≠ ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ aI≥ _¿an-Mvlm-an¬ ]Tn-°p-∂Xpƒs∏sS XpS¿®-bmbn tIc-f-Ønse kn]n-Fw t\Xm°ƒs°-Xnsc P\-i‡n \S-Øp∂ B{I-aW - ß - ƒ he-Xp-]£sØ am{Xsa kt¥m-jn-∏n-°p-Ib - p≈q F∂v ]d-bs - ´. CSXp-]£ - sØ Zp¿_-es- ∏-Sp-Øm≥ cmPy-sam-´p°pw \S-°p∂ {ia߃°v P\-i‡n t]mep≈ {]kn-≤o-Ic- W - ß - ƒ Du¿Pw ]Icp-Ib - mWv sNøp-∂X - v. ]m¿´n-°I - Øv Po¿W-Xb - p-s≠∂v hcpØn-Xo¿°p-∂Xn\p ]n∂n¬ km{am-PyXzAP≠ Xs∂-bm-W.v cmPysØ khn-tij kml-Nc- y-Øn¬ tIc-fØ - nse CS-Xp-]£sØ i‡n-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ib - mWv P\-i‡ - n-t]m-ep≈ {]kn-≤oI-cW - ß - ƒ sNtø-≠X - .v B¿ cmP≥, DZp-a, Imk¿tKmUv kn\n-am-]w‡n thWw P\-Iob Ie-bmb kn\n-asb P\-i‡n Xa-kI v c- n-°p-∂X - n¬ i‡-ambn {]Xn-tj-[n-°p∂ ÿncw hmb-\° - m-c\ - mWv Rm≥. kmaq-lnI am‰-߃°p hsc kn\na Nme-I-i-‡n-bm-bn-´ps≠∂v Ncn{Xw ]cn-tim-[n-®m¬ a\-kn-em-hpw. temI-kn\n-abnse Ne-\ß - sfbpw C¥y≥ kn\nam temIsØbpw \nco£n-°p-∂h - cpw Adn-bm-\m-{K-ln-°p-∂h - c- p-amb hen-sbmcp P\k-©bw tIc-fØ - n-ep≠v F∂v ad-°c- p-X.v ^nenw s^Ãn-he - pI-fpsS Bc-hß - ƒ Db¿∂n´pw P\-i‡n Hcphcn t]mepw kn\na°p th≠n Nne-hg- n-°m-ØX - n¬ ISpØ Aa¿jw tcJ-s∏-SpØp-∂p. tKmh≥ taf Ign-™m¬ tIc-f-Øns‚ Ne-®n{Xtafbv°v XpS-°a- m-Ipw. CXp-kw-_‘ - n®v hni-Za- mb Ipdn-∏pIƒ {]Xo-£n-°p-∂p. kn\n-ab - p-ambn _‘-s∏´ Hcp ÿncw ]w‡n XpSßp∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn®v Btem-Nn-°p-∂Xv \∂m-bn-cn°pw. s]mXp-hn¬ Bsc-¶nepw acn-°p-tºmƒ Hcp Hm¿Ω-°p-dn∏n-\n-Sb - n¬ am{X-ambn Ie P\-i‡ - n-bn¬ HXp-ßp-∂p. kn\nasb Kuc-ha- mbn hni-Ie - \w sNøp∂ teJ-\ß - ƒ ÿnc-ambn {]Xo-£n-°p-∂p. inlm-_p-±o≥, at©-cn, ae-∏pdw Bi-¶b - psS {]Xn-^e - \w P\-i‡ - n-bn¬ JWvUi: {]kn-≤o-Ic- n®p hcp∂ Acp¨ kn Fkv Fgp-Xp∂ ae-∏p-dØp \n∂v tIm´-bs- Ø-Øp-tºmƒ F∂ teJ-\-]-c-ºc apS-ßmsX hmbn-°p-∂p. ]m¿´nsb ASn-apSn {Kkn-®n-cn-°p∂ he-Xp-]£ Nmbvh - ns\ Ncn-{X-]c - a- mbn hnebn-cp-Øp∂ teJ\Øn\v Hcp Xm°o-Xns‚ kz`mhw IqSn-bp≠v. h¿K-ka- c- Ø - n\v ]Icw h¿K-kl - I - c- W kn≤m-¥h - p-ambn h∂-hc- psS Iøn-te°v ]m¿´n-bpsS Xmt°m¬ FØn-s∏-Sp-∂Xn-ep≈ P\-ßf - psS Bi-¶b - psS bYm¿Y {]Xn-^e - \ - a- mWv teJ-\Ø - n-eqsS D∂-bn-°s - ∏-Sp-∂X - .v A`n-\µ - \ - ß - ƒ tXmakv ]md-bn¬, sXmSp-]p-g, CSp°n Ih¿ DPzew P\-i‡ - n-bpsS Ign™ Iptd e°-ßf - nse Ih¿ AXyp{Kw F∂v ]d-bm-Xn-cn-°m-\m-hn-√. Ih¿tÃm-dn-sb-°p-dn®v kwh-Zn°p∂ kq£vaa- mb hcbpw \nd-߃ sXc-s™-Sp-°p-∂X - nse IrXy-Xbpw CXc hmcn-II - sf At]-£n®v P\-i‡ - nsb hyXykvXa- m-°p-∂p. Nn{X-Im-c≥ N≥kn\pw P\-i‡ - n°pw Biw-kIƒ apc-fo-[c- ≥, kp¬Øm≥ _tØcn 2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

N¿®m-hn-jbw \m´nse cmjv{So-bN - ¿®-If - n¬ P\-i‡ - n-bmWv apJy-hn-jb - w. Hmtcm teJ-\ß - s- fbpw N¿®-Iƒ°v hnt[-ba- m-°p-tºmƒ ]m¿´n {]h¿Ø-Icpw A\p-`m-hn-I-fp-amb Rß-fpsS kwL-Øn\v kXy-Øn¬ thZ-\b - m-Wv. F¶nepw ]≠v ]Tn-®n-cp∂ t]mse kl-\Ø - n-s‚bpw ka-cØ - n-s‚bpw Xoa-gbv°p tijw hk¥w hcp-sa∂v Dd-∏p-≠v. Agn-aX - n°pw Acp-Xm-bvaI - ƒ°p-sa-Xnsc kwÿm-\s - am-´p°pw \S-°p∂ k‘n-bn-√mØ t]mcm-´Ø - n\v P\-i‡n \¬Ip∂ Du¿Pw ]d-™d- n-bn-°m-\m-hm-ØX - m-Wv. A`n-hm-Zy-߃ IrjvWI - p-am¿, s\Sp-aß - m-S,v Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - pcw IqSp-X¬ {i≤n-°Ww k¿Km-flI kmlnXyØn\v P\-i‡ - n-bnse CSw Xosc Ipdhm-Wv. {]kn-≤o-I-cn®p hcp-∂- Nne IY-Ifpw Ihn-X-Ifpw th≠{X \ne-hmcw ]pe¿Øp-∂n-√. A®-Sn-sØ-‰p-Iƒ hmb-\bpsS ckw-sI-Sp-Øp-∂p. hmcn-Isb IqSp-X¬ anI-hp-‰X - m-°m≥ IqSp-X¬ {i≤ ]Xn-∏n-°p-at- √m. hnP-b≥, {io[-c≥, sImSp-hm-bq¿, ]me-°mSv

hcnkwJym \nc°v H‰{]Xn 10 cq] hm¿jnI hcnkwJy 450 cq]

P\-i‡n hmcnI Sn.-kn. 28/2070, t^m¿´v sslkvIq-fn\v FXn¿hiw, Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw 695 023 Ph: 0471 6450625, Fax: 0471-2468133 E-mail: janashakthi@gmail.com www.janashakthionline.com

3


apJ-{]-kwKw

tIm´bw amXrI kn ]n sF (Fw) ]m¿´n tIm¨{K- n-\p-ap-t∂m-Sn-bmb tIc-f-Ønse kwL-S-\m-k-tΩ-f-\-ß-fpsS Hcp \n¿Æm-bI-L-´-Øn\v XpS°w Ipdn-®p-sIm≠v aq∂v Pn√m ktΩ-f-\-߃ ]q¿Øn-bm-bn-cn-°p-∂p. kwÿm\ ktΩ-f-\-Øn\p thZn-bm-Ip∂ tIm´-bsØ ktΩ-f\ \S-]S- n-If - mWv BZyw kam-]n-®X - v. A∂p-Xs∂ Aev]w sshIn hb-\mSp ktΩf-\hpw kam-]n-®p. aq∂p Znh-k-߃°p tijw Ct∏mƒ Imk¿tKmUp ktΩ-f-\hpw kam-]n-®n-cn-°p-∂p. an° am[y-a-ßfpw Xmev]-cy-tØm-sSbpw {]Xo-£-tbm-sSbpw {]h-Nn®ncp∂ "ISpØa’-cw' Fßpw -D-≠m-bn-√. hn`m-KobX IqSm-sX F√mw `wKn-bmbn \S-∂p-sh-∂mWv HuZym-KnI hni-Zo-Ic - W - w. Pn√m IΩn-‰n-bw-K-ß-sfbpw kwÿm-\-k-tΩ-f-\-{]-Xn-\n-[n-I-sfbpw thms´-Sp-∏p-Iq-SmsX ka-hmb-Øn-eqsS sXcs™-SpØp F∂mWv am[y-a-߃ dnt∏m¿´p sNøp-∂-Xv. "tIm´bw Pn√m ktΩ-f\w kwÿm-\sØ ]m¿´n ktΩ-f\ - ß - ƒ°v amXr-Ib - m-sW'∂v tIm´-bw Pn√m ktΩ-f\ - k - am-]-\-tbm-K-Øn¬ kwÿm-\-sk-{I-´dn ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ {]kvXm-hn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂p. hn`m-Ko-b-X-bpsS emRvO\-t]mepw tIm´-bØp Zriy-am-bn-s√∂pw Aßs\ h√Xpw Fhn-sS-sb-¶nepw Ds≠-¶n¬ AXv tIm´-bØp Xs∂ \S-°m≥ t]mIp∂ kwÿm-\k - t- Ω-f\ - t- ØmsS ]q¿Æ-ambn XpS-®p-\o-°s - ∏-Sp-sa∂pw IqSn At±lw ]d-bp-Ibp-≠m-bn. Be-∏p-g-bn¬ Gcnbm ktΩ-f-\-th-Zn-bn¬ sh®v tXmakv sFk-°pw, hb-\m-Sn¬ kam-]-\-k-tΩ-f-\-{]kw-KØ - n¬ tImSn-tbcn _me-Ir-jvW\pw \S-Øn-bXpw CtX {]h-N\ - a - m-Wv. BsI-°q-Sn, kn ]n sF (Fw) se hn`mKo-b-Xbpw, AXns‚ ]m¿´n ktΩ-f-\-ß-fnse s]m´n-sØ-dnbpw h¿Æn®v Ipsd-°mew IqSn \nXy-hrØn Ign-°msa∂p {]Xo-£n-®n-cn-°p∂ ]{X-˛-Zr-iy-am-[y-a-ß-fpsS I™n-IpSn ap´n-t∏m-Iptam F∂p kwi-bn-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p! tIm´bw ktΩ-f-\sØ amXr-I-bmbn hmgvØnb kwÿm\ sk{I-´-dn, ]s£, hb-\mSp ktΩ-f-\sØ amXr-Ibmbn h¿Wn®p I≠n-√. hb-\m-´nse Imcy-Øn\p tIm´-bØp F¥p {]k‡n F∂p Icp-Xn-bn-cn-°-Ww. F∂m¬ tIm´-bsØ amXr-Ib - m-°p-tºmƒ At±lw a\- n¬ I≠ Imcyw ae-bmf at\m-ca am\Øp I≠n-cn-°p-∂p.! ""kwÿm\ sk{I-´dn ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ Cu kwÿm\ ktΩ-f-\-tØmsS hn Fkv ]£-Øns‚ IY Ign-bp-sa∂ kqN-\bmWv \¬In-bXv''. ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ apgp-h≥ ka-bhpw ]s¶-SpØ ]nW-dmbn tIm´bsØ hnP-bØn¬ ]q¿Æ-Xr]vX-\m-sW∂pw at\m-ca XpS¿∂p ]d-bp-∂p. tIm´-bsØ ktΩ-f-\-coXn tIc-f-Øn¬ apgph≥ Bh¿Øn-°p-sa∂v ]nW-dmbn ]d-™-Xns‚ hymJym\w Cßs\: ""hn`m-Ko-b-X-bpsS Nc-a-KoXw Cu kwÿm-\-k-tΩ-f-\-tØmsS ]mSpsa∂ ap∂-dn-bn∏p t]mse kwkm-cn® ]nW-dmbn tIm´bw ktΩ-f\w CXn\p XpS-°a - m-sW∂p ]d-bp-Ibpw sNbvXp.'' ]m¿´n sk{I-´dn hb-\m-´n¬ amXr-I-sbm∂pw ImWm-Ø-Xp-t]m-se, at\m-ca AhnsS "hn`m-Ko-b-X-bpsS Nc-aKoXw' hmbn-°p-∂p-an-√. Ahn-sSbpw sXc-s™-Sp-°s - ∏-´h - c - n¬ `qcn-`m-Khpw ]nW-dmbn ]£-°m-sc∂v Dd-∏p-≈t- ∏mƒ Aß-s\-sbmcp hmb\ BIm-am-bn-cp-∂p. IqsS-°-gn-bp-∂-h¿ cm∏\n Adn-bp-∂Xp t]mse a\- p-hm-bn®v \¬In-°mWp∂ CXpw CXp-t]m-se-bp≈Xpamb hymJym-\ß - ƒ IqSn tN¿Øp hmbn-°p-tºmƒ tIm´bw amXr-Is - b-∏‰n aXnt∏m aSpt∏m _m°n-bm-hp-∂X - v? tIm´-bØp km∂n[yw sIm≠p-Xs∂ km[y-am-°nb amXrI Imk¿tKmUv k¿∆-k-∂m-l-ß-tfmSv If-Øn-endßn hnb¿Øp-I-fn®p Bh¿Øn-®p. At∏mƒ AXv Iqsd-°qSn anI® amXr-I-bm-bn. tIm´-bsØ kn ]n sF (Fw) s‚ \ne-hn-ep≈ ÿnXnbpw, amXr-II - ƒ krjvSn-°p-∂X - n¬ ]nW-dm-bn-bpsS khn-tij ssienbpw Adn-bp∂ B¿°pw, B amXr-Im-]-cm-a¿ihpw Cu hymJym-\-ßfpw A¿∞-iq-\y-amtb tXm∂p-I-bp-≈q. tIm´-bsØ amXr-I-bmbn IW°m-°p-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ hb-\m-Sns\ AXn\p hncp-≤-amb as‰mcp amXr-I-bmbn a\- n-em-t°-≠n-h-cn-Ibpw sNøpw. hn`m-Ko-b-amb CjvSm-\n-jvS-߃°pw em`-\-jvS-߃°pw A\p-k-cn-®p≈ \ne-]m-Sp-Ifpw hne-bn-cp-Ø-ep-Ifpw C∂sØ kml-N-cy-Øn¬ ]m¿´n t\Xm-°-∑m-cn¬ \n∂p-≠m-Ip-∂Xv \n¿`m-Ky-I-c-am-sW-¶nepw, kzm`m-hn-I-am-Wv. hn`m-Ko-b-X-bpsS XpS-®p-\o-°¬ F∂-Xn\v adp-hn-`m-K-Øns‚ ta¬ kz¥w hn`m-K-Øns‚ kºq¿Æm-[n-]Xyw F∂pam{Xw A¿∞w Iev]n-°p-∂-h-cm-Wt√m Ah¿. F∂m¬ am[y-a-߃ AXns‚ Nph-Sp-]n-Sn®p \S-Øp∂ hymJym-\ßfpw \nK-a-\-ßfpw hgn kzbw h©n-X-cm-hp-Ibpw hmb-\-°msc h©n-°p-I-bp-amWv sNøp-∂-Xv. P\m-[n-]-Xy-sØ-∏‰n kZm hmbvØm-cn-Iƒ Dcp-hn-Sp-Ibpw P\m-[n-]-Xy-]m¿´n-Iƒ F∂v Hma-\-t∏-cp hnfn®v Acp-abmbn t]m‰n-t∏m-cp∂ kz¥w ]m¿´n-If - n¬ Hcp-hn[ P\m-[n-]X - y-hpw IqSmsX "Xncp-hmbv°v FXn¿hm-bn-√m-'sX Xmt¥m∂n-Øa - mbn am{Xw F√mw \S-°p-∂Xv I≠n-s√∂p \Sn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ _q¿jzm-am-[y-aß - ƒ°v IΩyq-WnÃv ]m¿´n ktΩ-f-\-ß-fpsS "amXrI' \n¿Æ-bn-°m≥ Hcp am\-Z-WvUhpw kzmb-Ø-a-√. {_m©p Xew apX¬ kwÿm-\-Xew hscbpw HSp-hn¬ tZio-b-X-e-Ønepw Hmtcm L´-Ønepw ]m¿´n ktΩ-f-\-ß-fnse N¿®-I-fnepw Xocp-am-\-ß-fnepw kw`-hn-°m-hp-∂Xpw kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xp-amb KpW-]-c-amb am‰-߃ Ah¿°v A⁄m-X-am-Wv. F∂m¬ ]cn-N-b-k-º∂-cmb ]m¿´n t\Xm-°-∑m¿°v {Kq∏v Xmev]-cy-ß-fpsS AXn-k-Ω¿±w sIm≠v a\ v F{X-Xs∂ Iep-j-am-bmepw AXv Hm¿Ω-bn-√msX t]mIp-∂Xv IjvSa - m-Wv. Fß-s\-bmWv Hcp ]m¿´n ktΩ-f\w amXr-Ib - m-bn-Øo-cp-∂Xv. Hcp t\Xm-hn-s‚tbm A∂-∂sØ t\Xr-Xz-Øns‚tbm C—-bvs°mØv F√m A\p-Iq-e-am-bn-Øo-cp-tºm-gmtWm? km¿∆-tZ-io-bhpw tZio-bhpw {]mtZ-inI-hp-amb auenI cmjv{Sob {]iv\-߃ A¿ln-°p∂ Kuc-h-tØmsS N¿® sNø-s∏-Sp-Ibpw B N¿®-I-fn¬ \n∂p-cp-Øn-cn-bp∂ icn sX‰p-If - psS ASn-ÿm-\Ø - n¬ Xocp-am-\ß - ƒ ssIs°m-≈p-Ibpw sNøp-tºmtgm AtXm, AØcw N¿®-Itf \S-°mXn-cn-°p-tºmtgm? ap≥ ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ ssIs°m≠ icn-bmb \b-ß-fn¬ \n∂p hyXn-N-en-°msX B \b-߃°\p-k-c-W-amb \S-]-Sn-Iƒ ssIs°m-≈p-Ibpw P\-ßsf kwL-Sn-∏n-°p-Ibpw t]mcm-´-߃ \bn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ {]h¿ØI¿ `mc-hm-ln-I-fmbn \n›-bn-°-s∏-Sp-tºm-tgm, hn`m-Kob Xmev]-cy-ß-fp-sSbpw {]tem-`-\-ß-fp-sSbpw ASnÿm-\Ø - n¬ ap≥Iq´n Xøm-dm-°s - ∏-Sp∂ ]m\¬]´n-II - f - n¬ XpeywNm¿Ø-s∏-Sp-tºmtgm? GI-IW - vTa - m-tbm, _mlyC-Ss - ]-Se - p-Ifpw kΩ¿±-{]-tem-`\ - ß - fpw IqSmsXbp≈ sXc-s™-Sp-∏n-eq-sStbm {]Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ `mc-hm-ln-Isf \n¿Ænbn-°p-tºm-tgm, ka-hmbw F∂ t]cn¬ `mc-hm-ln-Xz-߃ ]¶p hbv°-s∏-Sp-tºmtgm? Cu am\-Z-WvU-ß-fn¬ GXp {]Im-c-amWv tIm´bw ktΩ-f\w amXrI F∂v hnh-cn-°-s∏-´-sX-∂-dn-bn-√; hb-\mSp ktΩ-f\w Aßs\ hnh-cn-°s∏-SmsX t]mb-sX-∂pw.

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

4


kw`m-jWw

hnhmZw

C

hnZym-`ym-k-Øns‚ t\¿hgnIƒ tUm bp B¿ A\-¥-aq¿Øn / _n B¿ ]n `mkvI¿

_n B¿ ]n : tIc-fh - n-Zym-`ymkcwKw Xm¶ƒ°v kp]-cn-Nn-Xa- m-Wv. Xm¶ƒ ChnsS k¿∆-I-em-ime sshkv Nm≥k-e-dm-bn-cp-∂p. kvIqƒ hnZym-`ym-k-I-Ωn-js‚ A≤y£-\m-bn-cp-∂p. Ct∏mƒ D∂-Xh - n-Zym-`ym-kc - w-KsØ ]cn-jvIm-cß - f - p-ambn _‘-s∏-´ncn-°p-∂p. t\csØ \¬Inb ip]m¿i-If - n-t∑¬ FSpØ \S-]S- n-If - n¬ Xr]vX\ - mtWm? bp B¿ : Fs‚ A`n-{]m-bß - ƒ F√m-h¿°pw Adn-hp-≈X - m-Wv. Fs∂ k¿°m¿ ho≠pw £Wn-®Xv Ah-bn¬ XmXv]cyw sIm≠m-sW∂v Rm≥ Icp-Xp-∂p. Rm≥ \qdv Nph-Sp-Iƒ hbv°p-tºmƒ k¿°m¿ Hcp Nph-sS-¶nepw h®m¬ A{Xbpw Bb-t√m. ho≠pw Rm≥ \qdv Nph-Sp-Iƒ hbv°p-tºmƒ k¿°m¿ ]Øp-Np-hS- p-Iƒ h®m¬ Rm≥ ho≠pw kt¥m-jh - m-\m-Ipw. _n B¿ ]n : \ΩpsS hnZym-`ymk cwKw A\p-Zn\w amdn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-Ib - m-Wt√m? ]e kap-Zm-b-ßfpw Ah-c-h-cpsS hnZym-`ymkÿm]-\-߃ XpS-ßp-∂p. CØ-c-Ønep≈ am‰-ßsf Fßs\ t\m°n ImWp∂p? {]tXy-In®v \nb-a\ - ß - f - psS Imcy-Ønepw a‰pw.. bp B¿ : cmPyØv hnZym-`ymk Imcy-Øn¬ Imcy-£-a-amb CS-s]-S-ep-Iƒ \SØn-bn-´p-≈Xv {InkvXy≥ kap-Zm-b-am-Wv. \∂mbn {]h¿Øn-°p∂ tImtf-Pp-I-fn¬

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

¥y-bnse ]c-tam-∂X kmlnXy _lp-aX - n-bmb ⁄m\-]oTw Ahm¿Uv tPXm-hmb tUm bp B¿ A\-¥aq¿Øn ka-Im-eo\ Fgp-Øp-Im-cn¬ G‰hpw {it≤-b-\m-Wv. ]fl-`q-j¨, tI{µ-km-ln-Xy-A-°m-Zan Ahm¿Uv F∂o _lp- a - X n- I fpw A\¥aq¿ØnbpsS sXm∏n-bnse Xqhep-If - m-Wv. kmwkvIm-cn-I˛- h - n-Zym-`ymk taJ-eb - n¬ Ht´sd ]c-tam-∂X ÿm\߃ hln-®n-´p≈ A\-¥-aq¿Øn B ]Z-hn-If - n-se√mw Xs‚ hy‡n-ap{Z ]Xn∏n-®n´p≠v. C¥y-bnse aX-\n-ct- ]£ tNcn- t bmSv F∂pw B`n- a pJyw ]pe¿Øn-bn-´p≈ A\-¥a- q¿Øn h¿Kob-i-‡n-I-fp-sSbpw kwL-]-cn-hm-dns‚bpw IÆnse Ic-Sm-Wv A∂pw C∂pw. \mj-\¬ _p°v {SÃv {]knU≠v (1992) tI{µ-km-ln-Xy-A° - m-Zan {]kn-U≠v (1993) ^nenw B‚ v sSenhn-j≥ C≥Ãn-‰yq´v Hm^v C¥y-bpsS sNb¿am≥ (C- t ∏mƒ c≠mw- h - ´ w) tIm´bw alm-flm-Km‘n k¿∆-I-emime sshkv Nm≥k-e¿ (1987) XpSßnb ]Z-hn-Iƒ hln-®n-´p-≠v. Ht´sd t\mh-ep-IfpsSbpw IY-If - p-sSbpw \mSI-ß-fp-sSbpw cN-bn-Xm-hmb A\-¥aq¿Øn I∂S kmln- X y- c w- K sØ G‰hpw {]ap-J\ - n-cq-]I - ≥ IqSn-bm-W.v G‰hpw anI® hnZym-`ym-k-hn-N-£-W\mb A\- ¥ p- a q¿Ønsb F sI B‚Wn apJy-a-{¥n-bm-bn-cp-∂-t∏mƒ 2004 ¬ tIc-fØ - nse kvIqƒ hnZym-`ymk-ta-Je - b - nse {]iv\ß - s- f-°p-dn®v ]Tn°m≥ \ntbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂p. B h¿jw Xs∂ dnt∏m¿´v ka¿∏n-®n´pw B k¿°mtcm XpS¿∂p h∂ CS-Xp-]£ - P-\m-[n-]X - y-ap-∂Wn k¿°mtcm Hcp \S]-Snbpw ssIs°m-≠n-√. CS-Xp-]£ - P - \m-[n-]-Xy-ap-∂Wn k¿°m-cm-Is´ Ct∏mƒ kvIqfns‚ XpS¿®-bmb D∂X-hn-Zym-`ym-kc- w-KsØ {]iv\ß - ƒ ]Tn°m\p≈ Iu¨kn-ens‚ A[y-£\mbn A\¥-aq¿Ønsb \ntbm-Kn-®n-cn°p-Ib - m-W.v CSXpw heXpw k¿°m-cpIƒ A\-¥-aq¿Øn-bpsS \ma-t[bw Hcm-`c - W - a- mbn FSp-ØW - n-bm-\√ - msX At±- l - Ø ns‚ A`n- { ]m- b - ß ƒ°v Fs¥-¶nepw hne Iev]n-°pt∂m F∂v kwi-bw. ]pXnb Npa-Xebpambn _‘-s∏´v Xncph-\¥ - ] - p-cs- Ø-Ønb A\-¥a- q¿Øn-bpambn {]ikvX am[y-a\ncq]-I≥ _n B¿ ]n `mkvI¿ \S-Ønb kw`m-jW - Øns‚ {]k-‡`- m-Kß - ƒ c≠p e°-ßfn-embn "P\-i‡n' {]kn-≤o-Ic- n-°p-∂p.

5


]eXpw {InkvXy≥ amt\-Pvsa‚pIƒ \SØp-∂-Xm-Wv. AØcw tImtf-Pp-I-fn¬ \nb-a\ - ß - ƒ \S-°p-tºmƒ C‚¿hyqhn\v ]Icw as‰mcp ]co-£-W-amWv amt\Pvsa‚ v sNøp-∂X - .v \nb-an-°p-∂h - ¿ C∂p hsc ¢m p-If - n¬ ]Tn-∏n-®n-´pt≠m F∂Xv Hcn-°epw {]iv\amhp∂n-√. KpW-ta∑-b√ ]Ww Xs∂-bm-Wv AhnsS {][m\w. hnZym-`ymk cwKw hyh-km-b-amsW∂Xns‚ G‰hpw henb sXfn-hm-WnXv. hn¬∏\®c°v F∂ coXn-bn-emWv ]et∏mgpw A¨ FbvUUv kvIqfp-Iƒ Ip´nIsf ImWp-∂X - .v _n B¿ ]n : CXn-\n-S°v bYm¿Y hnZym-`ym-kØ - ns‚ ÿnXn? bp B¿ : C∂sØ hnZym-`ymkw hfcp-∂-Xn¬ \n∂pw Ip´n-Isf th¿Xn-cn®p \n¿Øp-∂p. AXns\ Hcp Afhv hsc adnI-S-°m≥ ¢Ã¿ k{º-Zm-b-Øn\mIpw. tImtfPv amt\-Pvsa‚ v Cu coXn Nnet∏mƒ AwKo-Ic- n-°pw. AXn\p ImcWw, ]pXnb k{º-Zmbw AhcpsS Dd-hn-Sßsf h¿≤n-∏n-°m-\p-XIpw F∂XmWv. ¢Ã¿ k{º-Zmbw G¿s∏-Sp-Øm-\p≈ \n¿t±-iØns‚ \nP-ÿnXn a\- n-em-°Ww. _n B¿ ]n: D∂X hnZym-`ym-kÿ - m]-\-߃°v kzbw-`-cWw \¬Ip-∂-Xnt\mSv Nne¿°v FXn¿∏p-≠t√m? bp B¿: kzbw`cWw ]co-£Ww F√m-bn-SØpw hnP-bn-®n-´n-√. hnZym`ymk ÿm]-\ß - ƒ kzbw-`c- Ww hym]I- a m- ° p- ∂ - X ns‚ KpWw hnZym¿YnIƒt°m A[ym-]I - ¿t°m e`n-°p-∂n-√. _n B¿ ]n : D∂-X-hn-Zym-`ymk cwKØv {][m-\a- mbpw c≠v {]iv\ß - f - mWp-≈X - .v D∂-Xh - n-Zym-`ym-kØ - n\v t]mIp∂-hc- psS FÆ-amWv H∂m-asØ {]iv\w. c≠m-a-Xmbn D∂X hnZym-`ym-k-Øn\v t]mIp-∂-h¿ Xs∂ AXv Fßs\ D]tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øp∂p F∂-Xpw.]e¿°pw D∂X hnZym-`ymkw F∂Xv kabw Ifbm-\p≈Xp am{X-am-Wv. tPmen In´p∂Xphsc am{Xta Fs¥-¶nepw ]Tn-°q. s]¨Ip-´n-I-sf-bm-sW-¶n¬ IeymWw Ign-bp-∂-Xp-hscbp≈ kabw If-bm≥ th≠n am{Xw ]Tn-∏n-°m≥ hnSp∂p F∂ Zpc-h-ÿbpw amdn-bn-´n-√. \qdv iX-am\w km£-cX t\Snb kwÿm\w F∂ ]´w In´n- b Xv tIc- f - Ø n\v hn\- b mbn tXm∂nb Ah-k-c-ß-fp-ap-≠m-bn-´p-≠v. ]s£ Hcp Imcyw kΩ-Xn-°msX Xc-an√, a‰v kwÿm-\-ßsf At]-£n®v D∂X hnZym-`ymk cwKØv hfsc ap≥]-¥n-bnemWv tIcfw \n¬°p-∂X - v. Xm¶ƒ D∂bn-®Xv tIc-f-Ønse am{Xw {]iv\-a-√. cmPy-sØm-∂msI CXp Xs∂-bmWv 2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

- ns‚ Imcy-Øn¬ ÿnXn. temIsØ ap∂qdv anI® k¿h- kz`mhw hnZym-`ym-kØ I-em-im-e-I-fpsS ]´n-I-bn¬ C¥y-bn¬ DS-se-Sp-°p-∂p. Nne tImtf-Pp-Iƒ \√\n∂p≈ Hcp k¿h-Ie - m-ime t]mep-an-√. Xv, Nneh NoØ F∂ t_m[w hym]-IGjy-bn¬ \n∂pw BsI 13 bq\n-th- am-Ip-∂p. CXv hnZym¿YnI-sfbpw tZmjgvkn-‰n-Iƒ am{X-amWv ]´n-Ib - n¬ ÿm\w I-ca- mbn _m[n-°p-∂p. ¢Ã¿ k{º-Zmbw - n-°pw. hnZym-`ymk hnI-k\ - t\Sn-bn-´p-≈Xv. CXv sXfn-bn-°p-∂Xv CXv ]cn-lc D∂X hnZym-`ymk cwKØv C¥y-bpsS Øns‚ t]cn¬ sF Snsb am{Xw t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°p-tºmƒ hnZym-`ymk h¿Ø-am\ ÿnXn-bm-W.v - ∏-Sm≥ bp B¿ : am{X-a-√, ]T-\-Øn-\mbn cwKsØ kzmX{¥yw \ntj-[n-°s - p-Xv. Ie, kwkvIm-cw,- kn-\n-a, sXc-s™-Sp-°p∂ hnj-bØ - nepw {]iv\- CS-bm-°c ß-fp-≠v. F√m-hcpw sF S- n am{Xta ]Tn- cmjv{S-X{¥w Ch-sb√mw ]Tn-°m≥ Xbm°p-∂p-≈q. Xm¬∏-cy-an-s√¶nepw t{]c-W°pw a‰pw hgßn- b mWv ]e hnZym¿YnIfpw CXn\v Xbm-dm-Ip-∂X - v. sF S- n-bn¬ ISn®p Xqßp-∂Xn\v ]Icw kmt¶-XnI hnZybpsS hf¿®-°m-h-iy-amb sIan-kv{Sn, _tbm-fPn XpSßnb imkv{X hnj-b-ßfnepw ]T\w \S-Øm≥ Ip´nIƒ Xbm-dm-I-Ww. tPmen F∂ km[yX ]d™p am{Xta Hcmsf hnZym-`ymkw sNøn-°m≥ Ignbq F∂XmWv ÿnXn. a‰v hnj-bß - fpsS IqSn ]T- \ - a n- √ msX hnhc kmt¶-XnI hnZy-bpsS ]T-\ß - ƒ°p am{X-ambn \ne\n¬∏n-s√∂pw a\- n-em-°Ww. _n B¿ ]n : tIc- f Øns‚ kml-Ncyw ]d-bp-Ibm-sW-¶n¬ A©v e£-Øne[nIw Ip´n- I ƒ h¿jmh¿jw kvIqƒ ss^\¬ ]co£-sb-gp-Xp-∂p. \√ Db¿∂ _n B¿ ]n `mkvIdpw tUm A\-¥-aq¿Ønbpw tPmen-sb-°p-dn®v Ch-cn¬ ]IpXn t]¿ am{Xta Nn¥n°p-∂p-≈q. _m°n-bp-≈h - ¿ AØ-cØ - n- dmhp∂-hsc \ncpXvkml-s∏-Sp-Ø-cp-Xv. ep≈ Kuc-hN - n-¥ h®p ]pe¿Øm-ØX - n- C°m-cy-Øn¬ Ata-cn-°-°m¿ \ap°v - m-W.v AhnsS CjvSs- ∏´ hnjbw \m¬ sXmgn-en-√mbva cq£-ambncn-°p-∂p. amXr-Ib ]Øv h¿jw kvIqfn¬ ]Tn-®p-sh-∂√ - msX ]Tn-°m-\p≈ kuI-cyhpw kml-Nc- y-hp-apa‰v Imbn-Ia- mb tPmen-Is- fm∂pw Abmƒ ≠v. _n B¿ ]n : Xm¶ƒ ]d-bp-∂Xv Ataioen-°p-∂p-an-√. am{X-a√ hnZym-`ymk cwK-Øp-≠m-Ip∂ am‰-ßsf kzoI-cn-°p∂- cn- ° ≥ coXn \mw kzoI- c n- ° Ww Xnepw Aew-`mhw ]pe¿Øp-∂p. Xm¶-fn- F∂mtWm? bp B¿ : \mw kzoI-cn-°-W-sa-∂√ sX-ßs\ t\m°n ImWp∂p? - .v adn®v AXns\ kzoI-cnbp B¿ : ¢Ã¿ t]mep-≈h \S-∏m- Rm≥ ]d-bp-∂X °p-∂-Xn-eqsS ÿnXn-K-Xn-bnepw am‰-ap- °m≥ \mw Xbm-dm-IWw F∂mWv Fs‚ ≠mIpw F∂mWv Fs‚ A`n-{]m-bw. tIc- A`n-{]m-bw. _n B¿ ]n : hfsc \√ coXn-bn¬ f-Øn-e-√msX as‰mcp kwÿm-\Øpw ¢Ã¿ k{º-Zmbw \√ coXn-bn¬ \S-∏m- kwL-Sn-X-amb hnZym¿Yn kaq-lhpw °m≥ Ign-bn√ F∂Xp icn Xs∂. A[ym-]I kaq-lhpw \ap-°p-≠.v Xm¶fo ]s£ ¢Ã¿ hcp-tºmƒ tIc-f-Øn\v ]d™ coXn-bn-ep≈ am‰sa∂Xv kzoI- AXv ]pXnb H∂m-W.v tImtf-Pp-Isf ¢Ã- cn-°m≥ A[ym-]I hnZym¿Yn kwL-S\ dp-I-fm°n Xncn-°p-tºmƒ Hcp hn`-PnX Iƒ Xbm-dmtWm?

6


bp B¿ : Rm\n-hn-sS-sb-Øn-bt- ∏mƒ Nne A[ym-]-I-sc ImWm\pw kwkm-cn°m\pw Ah-kcw e`n-®p. Ah-sc√mw k¿°m¿ Ct∏mƒ kzoI-cn-®n-cn-°p∂ hnZym`ymk \b-ßsf A\p-Iq-en-°p-∂h - cm-Wv. F∂m¬ Rm\-htcmSv ]d-™Xv \n߃ sh√p-hn-fn-Iƒ Gs‰-Sp-°W - s- a-∂mWv . tIcfØn¬ hnZym- ` ymk cwKw ssIImcyw sNøp-∂h - ¿°v AXns\ \nb{¥n-°m-\p≈ i‡n \jvSs - ∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. Aß-s\-b-s√-¶n¬ A[ym-]-I-cm-Im≥

]Øpw Ccp-]Xpw e£w sImSp-t°≠ ÿnXn hcn-√. k¿°m¿ apgp-h≥ iºfw \¬In-bn´pw kvIqfp-If - n¬ amt\-Pvsa‚ v ]Ww hmßpI F∂Xv AwKo-Ic- n-°m-\mIn-√. _n B¿ ]n : hnZym-`ymk \nb-a-ßfn¬ CØcw {]h-W-X-Iƒ XS-bm-\p≈ hyh-ÿI - f - p-≠v. ]s£ AsXm∂pw \S∏m-°m-\p≈ cmjv{Sob C—m-i‡n C√ F∂-XmWv {]iv\w. ]s£ hnZym-`ymk cwKsØ Zpjv{]-h-W-X-Iƒ XS-bp-∂-Xn\p≈ {ia-߃ Bhn-jvI-cn-°p-∂-Xn\v Bcpw Xm¬∏cyw ImWn-°p-∂n-√. C\n AYhm \ymb-amb h√Xpw \S-∏m-°m-\pt±-in-°p-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ DS≥ Xs∂ ]e`m-KØp \n∂pw FXn¿∏p-Iƒ hcpw. CsX√mw kqNn-∏n-°p-∂Xv Cu cwKw ssIImcyw sNtø-≠h - ¿ sNdnb hnj-b-

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

ß-fn¬ t]mepw Iog-Sß - p∂p F∂t√...... bp B¿ : AXv Xs∂-bmWv Fs‚bpw \nK- a - \ w. tIc- f - Ø nse P\- ß ƒ s]mXpsh _p≤n-]c- a- mb {]mho-Wy-ap-≈h-cm-Wv. Ah¿ Ah-cpsS Bi-b-߃ N¿® sNøp-∂p. F¥psIm≠v C{Xbpw Bi-bk - º - p-jvSa- mb P\-Xb - p-≠m-bn´pw ChnsS am‰-߃ \S-°p-∂n-s√∂v tNmZn®m¬ , F\n-°p≈ adp-]Sn hnZym-`ymk cwKsØ Zpjv{]-hW - X - I - ƒ Ah-km-\n-∏n°m≥ apJy-a{¥n Hcp \S-]-Sn-sb-Sp-°p-Ibm-sW-¶n¬ AXv \qdv Bi-b-߃°v ]I-ca- m-Ipw F∂m-W.v F\n°v thW-sa¶n¬ Bbncw Bi-b-ß-sfbpw \S-]-SnI-sfbpw kz]v\w ImWmw. F∂m¬ apJy-a{- ¥n \S-]S- n FSp-°p-tºmƒ AXv samØ-Øn¬ am‰-ap-≠m-°pw. kn\n-abnepw kwKo-X-Ønepw Xm¬∏-cy-ap≈ Hcp _ncp-Z-[m-cn, Abmƒ tPmen sNøp∂Xv ^nkn-Ãm-bn. Cu A\p-]mXw HØ Hcp hy‡nsb tIc-f-Øn¬ I≠p-]n-Sn°m≥ ]‰ptam, Aß-s\-bp-≈s- bm-cmƒ°v ImesØ t]Sn-bp-≠m-In-√. AØ-cs- amcp hy‡nsb I≠p-ap-´pI F∂p-≈Xv Fs‚sbmcp kz]v\-am-Wv. Xm¶-fp-sSbpw Fs‚bpw Imcyw Xs∂-sb-Sp-°p-I. \Ωsf√mw ]Tn-®Xv km[m-cW kvIqfp-If - nem-Wv. \ΩpsS amXr-`m-jb - n-em-bn-cp∂p hnZym- ` ym- k w. Fs‚ Xe- a p- d - b nse `qcn`mKw t]cpw k¿K-]c - a- mbn \nc-h[n Ign-hp-Iƒ D≈-h-cm-bn-cp-∂p. ae-bm-fØn¬ Xs∂ H -hn -hn-P-b≥, Fw -Sn -hmkp-tZ-h≥\m-b¿ Ch-sc√mw Xs∂ km[mcW kvIqfp-I-fn¬ ]Tn-®n-´mWv henb \ne-If - n-se-Øn-bX - v. _n B¿ ]n : kmwkvIm-cn-I-amb am‰w sIm≠t√ Cßs\ kw`-hn-°p∂Xv? bp B¿ : kmwkvIm-cn-I-amb am‰w sIm≠mWv Cßs\ kw`-hn-°p-∂s - X∂v ]d-bmw. _n B¿ ]n : C∂sØ Ah-ÿbn¬ ]d-bp-Ib - m-sW-¶n¬ \K-ch - X - I v c- W - Øns‚ ^e-am-bn-´mWv ta¬∏-d™ am‰ßƒ D≠m-Ip-∂X - .v Ct∏mƒ tIc-fØ - nse tZiob ]mX-I-fn-eqsS k©-cn-°p-I-bmsW-¶n¬ \K-cß - ƒ Xnßn-t®¿∂ C-Sß - fn-eqsS k©-cn-°p-∂Xpt]mse \ap°v tXm∂pw. Cu \K-ch - XvIc- WØns‚ A\¥-c^ - e - ß - ƒ A]-ISw ]nSn-®h - b - m-W.v bp B¿ : \Ωƒ \K-ch - X - I v c- W - s - Ø°p- d n®v C{X- s bms° hmNm- e - a m- I ptºmgpw Fgp-Xp-tºmgpsa√mw a\- n-emt°≠ Hcp kXy-ap-≠v. Ata-cn-°-bn¬ bphm-°ƒ°n-S-bn¬ ^mj≥ {`ahpw a‰v \K-ch - X - I v rX Xm¬∏-cy-ßfpw Ipd-™p-hcn-I-bm-Wv. Ah¿ Ft∏mgpw efn-X-ambn

hkv{Xw [cn-°p-∂p. shPn-t‰-dn-b≥ `£W-Øn\v IqSp-X¬ {][m\yw \¬Ip-∂p. CXp t]mse bqtdm]y≥ cmPy-ßf - nepw \nch[n am‰-ßf - p-≠m-Ip-∂p≠v. B{K-lß-fpsS ^e-am-bn-´mWv hnI-k\w D≠mIp-∂X - .v F∂m¬ kmwkv°m-cnI am‰-ßfp-≠m-Ip-∂Xv \mw F¥n-s\-sb-¶nepw ImØp-kq-£n®v ]pXn-bX - ns\ tXSp-tºmgm-W.v _n B¿ ]n : Xm¶ƒ ]d™ Cu am‰-߃ \ap°v ImWm≥ km[n-°p-∂h - bm-Wv. ]s£ kPm-Xo-ba- mb Xm¬∏-cy߃ kaq-lsØ _m[n-®n-cn°p∂ ImeamWv Ct∏m-gpw. ]s£ AXns\Xnsc {]Xn-tcm-[Ø - ns‚ Nne Hgp-°p-Iƒ D≠mIp∂p F∂mWv Ah sXfn-bn-°p-∂X - .v bp B¿ : hnZym-`ymk cwKØv aqeyßsf Im°p-∂-Xn\v A¬∏w ]nt∂m´p \S-Øhpw Bh-iy-am-W.v Fgp-Ø— - s- \∂ Ihn ]I¿∂p X∂ t_m[w ae-bm-fn°v Hcn-°epw \jvS-s∏-Sn-√. F√m ae-bm-fnIƒ°pw Ah-cp-tS-Xmb Fgp-Ø— - ≥am¿ AXm-bXv Ah-cp-tS-Xmb Fgp-Øp-Im¿ D≠m-I-W-sa-∂-XmWv Fs‚ B{K-lw. `qX-Imew X∂ \∑-Iƒ ae-bm-fn-Iƒ CS°n-S°v ad-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂p-≠.v F∂m¬ Xangv\m-´nepw _wKm-fnepw ÿnXn hyXy-kX v am-W.v Cw•-≠n¬ GXv hnZym-kº - ∂ - \pw tjIvkv]n-bd- ns‚ IrXn-If - p-ambn ]cn-Nb-ap-≠.v AXn\p ImcWw kmwkvIm-cn-Iambn Xs∂ tjIvk] v n-b¿ Ah-cpsS D≈nte°v Bgv∂n-dß - n-bn-cn-°p∂p F∂-XmWv . kmln- X y- Ø n\v am{X- a √ IeIƒs°√mw CØ-c-Øn¬ Bfp-Isf BI¿jn-°m\pw ]Tn-∏n-°m-\p-ap≈ Ignhp- ≠ v . Ncn{Xw F¥n\v ]Tn- ° Ww F∂mWv CubnsS B{‘- { ]- t Ziv ap≥apJy-a{¥n N{µ-_m_p \mbnUp tNmZn-®X - .v Hcn-°epw Ip´n-Isf \n¿_-‘n∏n®v H∂pw ]Tn-∏n-°-cpXv F∂p IqSn Rm≥ ]d-bs - ´. _n B¿ ]n : BtKm-f-h-XvI-c-WØns‚ ImeØv CsX√mw km[y-amtWm bp B¿ : Ime-ta-Xm-bmepw hnZym-`ymk-Øn\v Hcp km¿h-{XnI e£y-ap-≠v. hnZym-`ym-kØ - n-\p≈ ^okv hfsc IqSpX-em-W.v AXp ImcWw an° Ip´n-Iƒ°pw ]Tn-°m≥ ]‰p-∂n-√. tIcfw t]mse-bp≈ kwÿm- \ sØ hnZym- ` ymk cwKw ssIImcyw sNøp-∂-h¿ {i≤nt°≠ hnj-b-sa-s¥-∂m¬ ˛ A¿l-X-s∏´ B¿°pw hnZym-`ymkw \ntj-[n-°-cp-Xv. Ah-Im-in-I-fm-b-h¿°v kvtImf¿jn∏v t]mep≈ B\p-Iq-ey-߃ \n¿_-‘ambpw \¬I-Ww. B Imcy-ß-fn-ep≈ t]mcm-bav I - ƒ am‰m≥ {ian-°W - s- a-∂mWv F\n°v ]d-bm-\p-≈X - .v (Xp-Sc- pw)

7


Ih¿ tÃmdn

a{¥n°p Ifn ]≈n°v Ien `cWsshZKv[y{]I-S\-Øn-\p-th-≠n-bp≈ sXfn-hp-I-fmWv Ct∂mfw ]pd-Øp-h-∂n-´p-≈-sX∂p ]d-bmsX hø. \ne-hn-ep≈hsb ]c-am-h[n Imcy-£-a-ambn {]h¿Øn-∏n-°m-\p≈ {ia-sams° ]g-©-s\∂pw F√mw Rm\pw Rm≥ \ntbm-Kn-°p∂ Ipsd D]-tZ-i-I-∑mcpw IqSn ASn-apSn am‰n-°-f-bpsa∂p≈ Cu `mhw CXp-h-sc-bp≈ A\p-`-h-߃ ap≥ \n¿Øn-sb-¶nepw Dt]-£n-°p-∂-XmWv `wKn.

F≥ kpK-X≥

tI

c-fob hnZym-`ym-kc- wKw Hcp ]g-Inb ssien-bn¬ ]d-™m¬ sNIpØm\pw IS-en\pw CS-bn¬ AI-s∏-´n-cn°p-∂p. BcmWp sNIp-Øm-s\∂pw GXmWp IS-se∂pw BIpe-s∏-tS-≠. Ah-ÿ-bpsS bmYm¿∞yw t_m[y-ambm¬ aXn-bt- √m. hnZy Kpcp-hn\pw injy\pw CS-bn¬ as‰m-cn-S-s]-Sepw IqSmsX kzX-{¥tam ]c-X-{¥tam Bbn-cp∂ Hcp Kpcp-Ipe Imew tI´ptIƒhn-bm-sb-¶nepw \ΩpsS Hm¿Ω-bn-ep-≠v. ]n∂o-S-Xn-te°v ]ecpw c£-Icpw kwc-£I - cpw {]tNm-ZI - cpw a‰pambn am{X-a-√, {]Xn-_-‘-Im-cn-I-fmbpw IS∂p sN∂p. `qcn-]-£-Øn\pw hnZy hne- ° - s ∏- S p- I tbm hne- s °m∂pw IqSmsX Xs∂ \ntj-[n-°-s∏-Sp-Itbm Hs° sNbvXp. B[p-\nI ImeL´-Øn¬ B hne-°p-Iƒ ]eXpw ]Sn-]-Sn-bmbn C√m-sX-bm-bn. Nne-sX√mw kzb-tahbpw a‰p Nne-sX√mw \nc-h[n t]mcm-´ß - f - psS ^e-am-bpw. HSp-hn¬, hnZy e`n-t°-≠Xv F√m-h-cp-sSbpw Ah-Im-ihpw AXv

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

\¬tI-≠Xv Hcp L´w-hs - c-sb-¶nepw `cWI¿Øm-°f - psS DØ-ch - m-Zn-Xz-hp-am-bnØo¿∂p. `cWIqSw B DØ-ch - m-ZnXzw \n¿∆-ln-°m≥ aSn®p \n¬°p-Itbm hogvN hcp-Øp-Itbm Gs‰-Sp-Øm¬ Xs∂ ]cn-anX ^ew am{Xw D≠m-hp-Itbm sNbvX, ÿe-ß-fnepw ka-b-ß-fnepw \n¿t±m-j-amb hnZym-Zm\ Xm¬]cyw sIm≠pw \n›n-X-amb A\y-Xm¬]-cy߃sIm≠pw hy‡n-If - mbpw hyXykvX GP≥kn-I-fmbpw ]ecpw B DØ-c-hmZnXzw Gs‰-Sp-Øp. Aßs\ hnZym-`ym-kØn¬ s]mXp-ta-Je - bpw kzImcytaJ-ebp- a p- ≠ m- b n. c≠nepw kuP\yw kzm{ibw Fs∂-√m-ap≈ th¿Xn-cn-hpIfpw D≠m-bn-Øo¿∂p. Cu ]S-hp-Isf√mw Xm≠n C∂sØ Ah-ÿ-bn-seØn- b n- ´ p≈ tIc- f ob hnZym- ` ymk afiew AXn¬ CS-s]-Sp∂ hn`n∂ hn`mK-ßf - psS hncp≤ Xm¬]-cy-ßf - m¬ Gsd \mfmbn Hcp kwL¿j-cw-Ka- mbnØo¿∂n´p-≠v. AsXmcp bp≤-`qan Xs∂-bm-Ip∂ Ah-kc- ß - fpw Ipd-h√ - .

tIc-fob hnZym-`ym-ksØ GIo-Ic - n°p-Ibpw Hcp tI{µo-IrX \b-Øn-s‚bpw \nb-{¥-WØ - n-s‚bpw N´-°q-Sn¬ sIm≠ph-cn-Ibpw s\Sp-\m-fmbn hnhn[ Xe-ßfn¬ hnhn[ cq]-ßf - n¬ \S-∂n-cp∂ NqjW-߃°pw Acm-PI - X - z-߃°pw AdpXn hcp-Øp-Ibpw sNbvX P\m-[n-]Xy]chpw hnπhI-ch - p-amb Hcp `c-WI - qS CS-s]-S¬ BZy-ap-≠m-bXv BZy Iayq-WnÃv a{¥n-k`-bpsS Ime-Øm-Wv.- hnZym-`ym-kØ - nse apJy-L-S-I-ß-fmb A[ym-]-I-cpsSbpw hnZym¿Yn-If - p-sSbpw P\m-[n-]X - y-]c- a- mb Ah-Im-iß - ƒ kwc-£n-°p-Ibpw hnZymeb \S-Øn-∏p-Im-cmb kzImcy amt\Pvsa‚ v GP≥kn-I-fpsS Aan-Xm-[n-Im-c߃ \nb-{¥n-°p-Ibpw sNøm-\p-≈ \nba-\n¿ΩmWw A∂p-≠m-bn. B \nba \n¿am-W-Øns‚ Ncn-{X-{]m-[m-\yhpw AXn-s\-Xnsc \n£n]vX Xmev]-cy-°mcmb kzImcy amt\-Pvsa‚p-Iƒ s]mXphnepw \yq\-]£ - a- X ta[m-hn-Iƒ hntijn®pw Db¿Ønb FXn¿∏p-Ifpw AXns\√mw tIc- f - Ø nse he- X p- ] £ cmjv{Sob i‡n-Iƒ \¬Inb HØm-ibpw F√mw F√m-h¿°pw Adn-hp-≈X - m-W.v CXns‚-sb√mw BsI-Øp-Ib - mbn kw`-hn-®Xv; hnZym¿Yn-Ifpw A[ym-]I - cpw c£n-Xm-°fp-a-√ hnZym-`ymk cwKsØ {]iv\-ßfnepw {]iv\]cn-lmcw e£y-am-°n-bpap≈ ]cn-jI v m-cß - f - n-epw apJy-I£ - n-Iƒ. t\sc adn®v Cu taJ-eb - n¬ {]_e i‡nbm-bn-Øo¿∂ hnZym-`ymk GP≥kn-Ifpw AhbpsS \n£n]vX kmap-Zm-bnI˛ hmWnPy Xm¬]-cy-ßf - p-amWv F∂ Ahÿ- b m- W v . B Ah- ÿ sb \ne\n¿Øm\pw hf¿Øm\pw Ign™ Ac-\q‰m-≠n-ep-S\ - ofw amdn amdn h∂ he-Xp-]£ `c-WI - q-Sß - ƒ {ian-®p-t]m-∂n-´p-≠.v kwLSnX hnZym¿Yn {]ÿm-\-ß-fp-sSbpw A[ym-]I {]ÿm-\ß - f - p-sSbpw ]n≥XpW-tbmsS ]ptcm-Ka- \]c-amb hnZym-`ymk ]cn-jvIm-cß - ƒ°p-th-≠n-bp≈ t]mcm-´ßfpw \nba \n¿Ωm-Wß - fpw CS-Xp-]£ i‡n-Iƒ \S-Øn-bn-´p-ap-≠.v 1957se hnZym- ` ymk \nb- a hpw AXnse \nb-{¥W hyh-ÿI - t- fm-Sp≈ Nne aX kap- Z mb hn`m- K - ß - f psS FXn¿∏ns\ C‘-\a- m°n i‡n {]m]n® hntam-N\ ka-chpw AXns‚ ]cn-Wm-ah - psa√mw IqSn hnZym-`ymkw Ie-ßn-bm¬ Kh¨sa‚ v Ipepßpw Fs∂mcp [mcW tIc-f-Øn¬ {]_-e-s∏-Sm≥ CS-bm-°n. CXpsIm≠p-Iq-Sn-bm-hWw ]n∂o-sSm-cn°epw ap≠-t»cn \S-Øn-b-Xp-t]mse hnZym- ` ymk taJ- e sb Bg- Ø n¬ kv]¿in-°p∂ \nba \n¿Ωm-Wß - ƒt°m `cW \S-]S- n-Iƒt°m A[n-Ia- mcpw apXn-

8


cp-I-bp-≠m-bn-√. s]mXp-hn-Zym-`ym-k-Øns‚tbm D∂X hnZym-`ym-k-Øn-s‚tbm taJ-eb - n¬ `mKn-Ihpw ]cn-an-Xh - p-amb CSs]-Se - p-Iƒ°p≈ {iaw \S-∂t- ∏m-sgms° AXv henb tImem- l - e - ß ƒ°pw cmjv{Sob tImfn-f° - ß - ƒ°pw Imc-Wa- mhp-Ibpw sNbvXp. Iq´pI£n `cWw Hcp bmYm¿Yyhpw XpS¿®-bp-ambnØo¿∂ 1967 apX¬°ntßm´v Hcn-°¬ t]mepw CSXp heXp ap∂-Wn-If - psS t\Xr-i‡ - nI-fmb kn ]n sF FtΩm, tIm¨{Kt m hnZym-`ymk hIp∏v ssIbm-fm\pw k∂≤- a m- b n- ´ n- √ . apkv e nweoKv , tIcf tIm¨{Kkv XpS-ßnb aX kmap-Zm-bnI I£n-Itfm ap∂-Wn-bnse a‰p sNdp-LS-I-£n-Itfm BWv XpS¿®-bmbn \mep]-Xn-‰m-≠p-Imew hnZym-`ymk `cWw \SØn-t∏m∂-Xv. CXn-\n-S-bn¬ hnZym-`ymk cwK-amsI hºn® am‰-߃°p hnt[-bambn, {]iv\ß - ƒ IqSp-X¬ k¶o¿Æ-ambn. BtKm-fX - ew apX¬ {]mtZ-inI Xew hsc kw`-hn® ]e am‰-ß-fpsS Nph-Sp]n- S n®v hnZym- ` ym- k - Ø ns‚ e£yw, kz`mhw, D≈- S - ° w, XpS- ß n- h - b n¬ ]pXnb ]e {]h-W-X-Ifpw {]m_eyw t\Sn. ]pXnb Bh-iy-ßf - psS Ah-kcw apX-se-SpØv s]mXp-hn-Zym-`ymk XeØnepw D∂X hnZym-`ymk Xe-Ønepw GIo-Ir-Xt- am, tI{µo-Ir-Xtam Bb `cW \n¿∆l-W-Øn\v hg-ßmØ ÿm]-\ßfpw GP≥kn-Ifpw B[n-]X - y-ap-d∏ - n-®p. P\m-[n-]Xyw, atX-X-c-Xzw, kmaq-lnI \oXn XpS-ßnb tZiob aqey-߃t°m, kln-jvWp-X, kmtlm-Z-cyw, ka-`m-h-\ XpS-ßnb am\-hnI˛kmwkvIm-cnI aqey߃t°m Hcp ]cn-KW - \ - bpw \¬ImØ sXmgn¬ km[yX, hcp-am\ km[yX, em` km[y-X, a’-c£ - a- X XpS-ßnb I®-hS aqey-߃ Cu ÿm]-\ß - f - n-eqsS hnZym`ym-ks- Ø-bmsI {Kkn-®p. Cu ]cn-Wmaw km[m-cW - ° - m-cs‚ hnZym-`ym-km-hI - m-ißsf hen-sbm-cf-thmfw ]cn-an-X-s∏-SpØn. Hcp L´-Øn¬ ]cnan-Xa- mb tXmXnse-¶nepw \nb-{¥W hnt[-b-am-bn-cp∂ hnZym-`ymk taJ-e-bnse {]Xn-tema i‡n-Iƒ, aX ˛ hmWn-Py-Xm¬]-cy-ßfpambn ]c-kv]c kJyw ÿm]n®v {]o ˛ ss{]a-dn-Xew apX¬ s{]m^-j-W¬ hnZym-`ym-k-Xew hsc kzm[o\w Dd-∏n°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. AXy¥w B]¬°c-amb Cu {]h-WX - I - ƒ°p ISn-™m-WnSp-hm≥ hnZym-`ym-kØ - ns‚ F√m cwK-ßfnepw kmaq-lnI \oXnbpw AXp km[yam-°m-\m-h-iy-amb kmaq-lnI \nb-{¥Whpw IqSntb Xocq F∂p-ap≈ A`n-{]mbhpw CtXm-sSm∏w i‡n-s∏-Sp-∂p-≠m-bncp-∂p. B A`n-{]m-b-Øns‚ hnØv hnX-

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

Fw F t__n ®Xpw AXns\ hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-ØXpw Chn-SpsØ hnZym¿Yn {]ÿm-\-ßfpw A[ym-]I {]ÿm-\-ß-fpw ]ptcm-K-a\ cmjv{Sob {]ÿm-\ß - fpw hnZym-`ymk ˛ kmwkvIm-cnI cwK-ß-fnse ]ptcm-Ka\ hmZn-Ifpw tN¿∂m-Wv. hnZym-`ymk taJe- b nse {]iv \ - ß - f msI cq£hpw kvt^mS-I-hp-ambnØo¿∂ Ign™ bp Un F^v `cW ImeØv {]Xn-]£w B P\-Io-bm-`n-em-j-Øn-s‚bpw A`n-{]m-bØn-s‚bpw c£m-I¿ØrXzw Gs‰-Sp-°pIbpw ho≠p-samcp `c-W-am-‰-ap-≠m-Iptºmƒ Cu Zni-bn¬ kp\n-›n-Xhpw kpZr-Vh - p-amb Nne \S-]S- n-Iƒ D≠m-Ipsa∂ hym]-I-amb {]Xo£ P\n-∏n-°pIbpw sNbvXp. AXv F¬ Un F^ns‚ {][m-\-s∏´ sXc-s™-Sp∏p hmKvZm-\ßfnsem-∂p-am-bn. {]Xo-£n-®t- ]mse P\m-`n-em-jØ - n-\\p-kc- W - a- mb `c-Wa- m-‰a- p-≠m-bn. Nnc-Ime- a mbn XpS¿∂p- h ∂ Aew- ` mhw shSn™v apJy I£n-bmb kn ]n sF Fw Xs∂ hnZym-`ymk hIp∏v Gs‰-Sp°m≥ Xøm-dm-hp-Ibpw AXns‚ Npa-Xe hnZym¿Yn Pohn-X-Imew apX¬ Cu

cwKsØ {]iv\-ß-fn¬ CS-s]-´p-t]mcp∂, "Du¿÷nXmib's\∂v Icp-Xs - ∏´ Hcm-sf-Øs∂ G¬∏n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Bsc-√mtam IqSn Nm¿Øn-s°m-SpØ c≠mw ap≠-t»cn F∂ In∂-cn-sØm∏n At±lw Hu≤-Xy-]q¿∆w FSp-ØW - n-bpIbpw sNbvXp. AtXmsS c≠mw hnZym`ymk hnπ-h-Øns‚ tIfn-sIm´v \m´nemsI Db¿∂p. B a{¥n-bpsS H∂c h¿jsØ hnZym-`ymk cmPy `mc-Øns‚ _m°n ]{X-amWv Cu Ipdn-∏ns‚ Bcw-`Øn¬ Hcp ]g-sam-gn-bn¬ kwt£-]n-®Xv ˛ tIc-fob hnZym-`ymk cwKw Ct∏mƒ sNIp-Øm\pw IS-en\pw CS-bn-em-Wv. hnZym-`ym-k-Øn-s‚bpw kwkvIm-cØn-s‚bpw ta®n¬∏p-dß - f - n¬ a{¥n-bpsS hnlmcw XpS-ßn-bX - p-ap-X¬ At±lw \SØnb hoc- h m- Z - ß ƒ°pw hnfw- _ - c ߃°pw ssIbpw IW-°p-an-√. AXnt∏mgpw {]Xn-Zn\w \mepw A©pw thZnI-fnepw kzImcy k√m-]ß - f - nepw XpS-cpI-bp-am-Wv. Hs∂-¶nepw {]mh¿Øn-IambXmbn At±lwt]mepw Ah-Im-is- ∏Sp-∂n-√. {]mh¿Øn-Ia- m-°m≥ {ia-ap-≠mb

9


ASpØ ]Sn-bn-te-°p≈ ]gp-X-S® Hcp \nba \n¿Ωm-W-Øn\p apXn-cpI F∂ cmjv{Sob ]IzX \nd™ D]tZiwt]mepw Ah⁄- t bmsS Ah- K - W n- ° - s ∏- ´ p. kwÿm-\Ø - ns‚ Ncn-{X-Øn¬ Hcp-\n-ba- \n¿am-WØ - n\pw kw`-hn-°mØ Zp¿hn-[nbm-bn-cp∂p ^ew. Kuc-h-_p-≤n-tbm-sSbp≈ as‰mcp \nb-a-\n¿am-W-Øns‚ km[y-X-sb-t∏mepw {`qW-l-Xy-sNbvX Cu Hscm‰ \nb- a - \ n¿Ωm- W - Ø ns‚ t]cn¬ Cu Kh¨sa‚ v t]dp∂ Zpjvt]cn\v BcmWv ]ng-sbm-Sp-t°-≠-Xv. ASn°Sn t\cn´ Xncn-®S- n-Isf adn-IS- ° - m≥ \SØnb hyh-lm-cß - ƒ hgn Xpe® JP-\mhnse aq∂-c-tIm-Sn-bne-[nIw cq]-bpsS \jvSw Bcn¬ \n∂mWv CuSm-°p-I. C°m-cy-Øn¬ C\n Cu k¿°mcns\ \ºn-°qSm F∂ ]q¿Æ t_m[y-hp-ambn I¿Wm-SI - Ø - n-te°pw Xangv\m´n-te°pw h≠n-I-b-dnb hnZym¿Yn-Ifpw c£n-Xm°fpw A\p-`-hn-®-dn-™Xv Hcp t__n a{¥n-bpsS ]nSn-∏p-tI-Sp-am-{X-a-√, Hcp Kh¨sa‚n-s‚-bmsI hnizmk h©-\b - mWv. kz¥w ]ng G‰p-]d- b - m-t\m, `c-WX - {¥-⁄X sXm´p-Xo-≠mØ Xs‚ ssien Xncp- Ø mt\m Xøm- d m- I msX a{¥n Ct∏mgpw Xs‚ kmaq-lnI \oXn-sb-∏‰- nbp≈ ho¨hm-°p-Ifpw hoc-ky-ßfpw XpScp-Ib - m-W.v "shfp-°m≥ tX®Xp ]m≠mbn' F∂ ssien kzm{ib hnj-b-Øn¬ kw`-hn®-Xns\ hnti-jn-∏n-°m≥ D]-tbm-Kn-°mØXv, shfp-°m≥ Xs∂ Dt±-in-®mtWm ""BsI shfp-∏n°m''\pt±I¿±n-\mƒ am¿ h¿°n hnX-bØ - n¬ in- ® mtWm tX®- s X∂p kwi-ba- p-≈X - p-sIm-≠mWv. Ic-Sm-bn-cn-°p-tºmƒXs∂ \nb-aØ - nse hyh-ÿI - ƒ Ac-a-\-I-fn-se-Øp-∂-Xpw, AhnsS th≠{X Krl-]mThpw dntl-gvk-ep-Ifpw \S∂p Ign-bp-tºmƒ Ic-SpIƒ am{Xw \nd™ \nb-a߃ shfn®w ImWp∂Xpw ]Xn-hm-bn-cn-°p-Ibm- W - t √m. kzm{i- b Øns‚ Imcy-Øn¬ am{Xa-√, ]pXnb sI C B¿ ]cn-jvIc - W - Ø - ns‚ ImcyØnepw kw`-hn-®n-cn-°p-∂XnXm-W.v `c-W\ - b - ß - f - n¬ Htc- X q- h ¬]- £ n- I - f mb Cc-´-I-fn¬ H‰-bmb [\-a{¥n-sb-t∏mse hnZym-`ymk-a-{¥n°pw clky AP≠-Iƒ D≈-Xmbn kwi-bn°m≥ t]m∂ \ne-]m-Sp-I-

NneXmIs´ ASn-ap-Sn Ae-t¶m-e-s∏´v hn]-co-X-^ew th≠{X \¬Ip-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂p. ^e-{]-Za- mb Hcp tI{µ \nb-a-Øn-s‚bpw ]c-kv]c sshcp-≤y-an√mØ tImSXn hn[n-I-fp-sSbpw A`m-hØn¬ Gsd-°m-e-ambn Iodm-ap-´n-bm-bn°n-S-°p∂ kzm{ib hnZym-`ym-k-Øn-embn- c p∂p a{¥n BZyw ssIh- ® - X v . kzm{ib tem_n-bpsS Xm¬]cy kwc£Ww {]Jym-]n-X-\-b-am-°nb bp Un F^v `c-W-Im-e-Øp-t]mepw tbmKy-XbpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ Hcp sNdnb hn`mKw hnZym¿Yn-Iƒs°-¶nepw e`y-ambn-cp∂ \oXn t]mepw C\nta¬ Hcp hnZym¿Yn°pw e`n-°mØ \ne-bn¬ B cwKsØ ISn-™m-Wn-√mØ I®-hS kzmX- { ¥y- t ØmsS ssIb- S - ° m≥ kzm{ib hnZym-`ymk I®-hS- ° - m¿°msI hgn-sbm-cp°n F∂-XmWv B ssI{In-bbpsS BsI-°q-Sn-bp≈ ^ew. Bh-iyamb Krl-]m-T-sam∂pw sNøm-sXbpw \njvIr-jvS-amb \nb-tam-]-tZiw tXSmsXbpw Aev]-_p-≤n-I-fmb kn¬_‘nkwL-Øns‚ Xe-bW a{¥-ßfpw X≥ {]am-Wn-Øhpw t{]cn-∏n-®h - g- n-bn¬, kzm{ib hncp≤ ka-c-Øns‚ Bth-iØn¬ apgpIp∂ Hcp-hn-Zym¿Yn t\Xmhns‚ emLh _p≤n-tbmsS Hcp \nb-a\n¿Ωm-W-Øn\p NmSn-∏p-d-s∏-Sp-IbmWv a{¥n sNbvXXv. kzm{ib amt\-Pvsa‚pIƒ°p-Xs∂ A∂v Gsd-°psd kΩ-Xa- mbn-cp∂ 50:50 A\p-]m-X-Øn¬ am{Xw Dd®p\n∂p- s Im≠v kmh- I m- i - a mbn

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

fmWv ]cn-jvIm-cß - f - psSbpw hntI-{µo-Ic-W-Øn-s‚bpw t]cn¬ XpS-ßn-bn-´p-≈Xv. hnZym-`ym-kØ - ns‚ \b cq]o-Ic- W - hpw ]mTy-]-≤-Xn-bpsS D≈-S-°hpw GI-cq]hpw tI{µo-Ir-X-hp-am-bn-cn-°-W-sa∂ k¿∆-kΩ - X - a- mb XXzhpw, B Zn-ib - n¬ \S-Ønb BZysØ \nb-a-\n¿Ωm-WØns‚ kØbpw Dt]- £ n- ° - s ∏- S ptºmƒ Cu kwibw kzm`m-hn-I-am-Wv. Cu ]cn-jI v m-cß - f - psSbpw \nba \n¿ΩmW-ß-fp-sS-bp-sa√mw at{¥m-]-tZ-jvSm°fpw kq{X-[m-c-∑mcpw ]cn-jXv _p≤n tI{µ-ßf - m-hp-tºmƒ hnti-jn-®pw. hnZym-`ym-kØ - ns‚ kakvX Xe-ßfnepw Imtem-Nn-Xa- mb ]cn-jI v c- W - ß - fpw AXn-\p-X-Ip∂ \nb-a-\n¿Ωm-W-ßfpw Bh-iy-amWv F∂-Xn¬ X¿°-ta-bn-√. B Zni-bn¬ D∂X hnZym-`ymk kan-Xnt]m-se-bp≈ hnZKv[kan-Xn-Iƒ cq]oIcn-°p-∂Xpw ]T-\-ßfpw kwhm-Z-ßfpw \S-Øp-∂-Xpw, AXn¬ \n∂p-cp-Øn-cnbp∂ {]mtbm-KnI \n¿t±-iß - ƒ icn-bmb ap≥K-W\m {Ia-Øn¬ \S-∏m-°p-∂Xpw \√-Xp-X-s∂. ]s£ ta\n \Sn-°m≥ th≠n-bp≈ ]cn-jvIm-c-{`m-¥p-I-ƒ \√sXm- ∂ n\pw D]- I - c n- ° n- √ . `cW sshZKv[y {]I-S-\-Øn-\p-th-≠n-bp≈ Hcp Ifn-bm-bn-am-dp-∂-Xns‚ sXfn-hp-IfmWv Ct∂mfw ]pd-Øp-h∂ - n-´p-≈s- X∂p ]d-bmsX hø. \ne-hn-ep≈hsb ]c-amh[n Imcy-£-aambn {]h¿Øn-∏n-°m\p≈ {ia-sams° ]g-©s - \∂pw F√mw Rm\pw Rm≥ \ntbm-Kn-°p∂ Ipsd D]tZ-i-I-∑mcpw IqSn ASn-apSn am‰n-°-f-bpsa∂ Cu `mhw, CXp-h-sc-bp≈ A\p-`h-߃ ap≥\n¿Øn-sb-¶nepw Dt]-£n-°p∂-XmWv `wKn. Cu \ne XpS¿∂m¬ `cW-sØ-∏‰- n-bp≈ {]Xo-£I - ƒ XI¿°p∂-Xn¬ Rmt\m \otbm tIa≥ F∂, ]e a{¥n-amcpw hmin-tbmsS G¿s∏-´n´p≈ a’-c-Øn¬ hnZym-`ymk a{¥n-°pXs∂ t^mt´m ^n\n-jn-se-Ømw. AXpX-s∂-bmWv e£y-sa-¶n¬, am∏v, H∂pw ]d-™n-´n-√. a{¥n-bpsS Ifn-I-sf-∏‰n am{Xw ]d™m¬ hnZym- ` ymk cwK- Ø ns‚ C∂sØ Ah-ÿb - psS ]q¿Æ-Nn-{X-am-hn√. ]≈n-bpsS Ien-IqSn I≠mte aXnbmhq. AXm-Is´ ImWm≥ tNep≈ Hcp ImgvNbpamWv. Cu Ien ASn-°Sn D≠mIm-dp-≈-Xm-sW-¶nepw C°pdn AXns‚ tNjvSI - fpw ]pe-ºe - p-Ifpw Ipd-®[ - n-Ia- mWv. F¥p-]d- ™ m-emWv AYhm ]d-bm™m-emWv ChnsS \yq\-]-£m-h-Imi [zwk-\a- m-Im-ØXv F∂v Xo¿®-bn-√mØ Ah-ÿ-bm-bn-´p-≠v. Cu Ahÿbv°v \ΩpsS `c-WL - S- \ - m-in¬]n-Iƒ Ct∏mƒ

10


a{¥n-bpsS Ifn-I-sf-∏‰n am{Xw ]d-™m¬ hnZym-`ymk cwK-Øns‚ C∂sØ Ah-ÿ-bpsS ]q¿Æ-Nn-{X-amhn-√. ]≈n-bpsS Ien-IqSn I≠mte aXn-bmhq. AXmIs´ ImWm≥ tNep≈ Hcp ImgvNbpamWv. Cu Ien ASn-°Sn D≠m-Im-dp-≈-Xm-sW-¶nepw C°pdn AXns‚ tNjvS-Ifpw ]pe-º-ep-Ifpw Ipd-®-[n-I-amWv. F¥p-]-d-™m-emWv AYhm ]d-bm-™m-emWv ChnsS \yq\-]-£m-h-Imi [zwk-\-am-Im-ØXv F∂v Xo¿®-bn-√mØ Ah-ÿ-bm-bn-´p-≠v. ]c-tem-IØ - n-cp∂v kzbw-]g- n-°p-∂p-≠mhpw. `qcn-]£ - aXhnizm-kn-If - psS ta[mhn-Xz-Øn¬ \n∂pw ]oU-\Ø - n¬ \n∂pw hnth-N\ - Ø - n¬ \n∂pw \yq\-]£ - ß - sf kwc-£n-°p-hm≥ Dƒs∏-Sp-Ønb DZmchpw kZp-t±-i] - c- h - p-amb `c-WL - S- \ - m-hyh-ÿI - f - m-Wt- √m, F¥pw Ih¿∂p ssIhi-s∏-Sp-Øm\pw P\m-[n]Xy `c-WI - q-Sß - sf-Øs∂ sh√p-hn-fn-°m\pw B \yq\]-£-Øn-¬ Hcp hn`mKw AXn\p-≈nse alm-`q-cn-]£ - Ø - ns‚ lnXw t]mepw ]cnK-Wn-°msX Zpcp-]-tbmKw sNbvXp-sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂Xv! Cu \yq\-]-£m-h-Im-i߃ Fs¥m-s°-bm-sWt∂m F{X-tØmf- a m- s Wt∂m Ct∏mƒ `c- W - L - S \m hymJym-Xm-°ƒ°p-IqSn \n›-ba- n-√m-Xmbn-´p-≠v. hen-®m¬ \ofp-∂Xpw hn´m¬ ]q¿∆ÿnXn {]m]n-°p-∂Xpw ssIhn-´p-Ifn-®m¬ I≠p-In-´m≥ {]bm-ka- p-≈X - p-amb Ft¥m H∂v Ft∂ kmam\y P\-߃°dn-bq. AXp-t]mse as‰m-∂mWv kZm {hW-s∏-Sm≥ k∂-≤a- m-bn-cn-°p∂ aX-hnIm-c-hpw. AXn-t∏m-ƒ ap≥Iq-dmbn {hWs∏-´n-cn-°p-IX - s - ∂-bm-W.v B {h-WØ - n¬ \n∂v Zp¿K-‘hpw ZpjvSpw ]pdØphcm≥ {]tXy-In-s®mcp ImcWw Xs∂ thW-sa∂n-√. shdpw IS- e m- k p- ] pen F∂p sXfn™p Ign™ kzm{ib\nb- a Øns‚ t]cn-em-bn-cp∂p ]≈n BZyw Ien-Xp-≈n-b-sX-¶n¬ Ct∏mƒ FhnsS \nt∂m Ic-Smbn tNm¿∂p-In-´n-bXpw CXm hcm≥ t]mIp∂p F∂mtcm ]d™ptI´Xpamb sI C B¿ ]cn-jvIm-cß - s - fbpw ]mTy-]≤ - Xn ]cn-jI v m-cß - s- fbpw ]T-\k - a-ba- m-‰s - Øbpw sNm√n-bmWv ]≈n IenXp-≈∂ - X - .v Fbn-UUv kvIqƒ A≤ym-]I \nb- a \w ]n Fkv kn°p- h n- S m≥ t]mIp∂p F∂pIqSn Btcm- ]-d-™tXmsS Ien Ie-i-em-bn-cn-°p-∂p. am¿ h¿°n hnX-b-Øn¬ At∏mƒ hnfn®p Iqhn-bXp tI´m¬ ]≈n-t]mepw Nncn-®p-

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

sb-¶nepw t\cn´v kmaqly \oXn A\pim-kn°pw hn[w A≤ym-]I \nb-a\w ]n Fkv kn°p hnSm-\p≈ Xocp-am-\-sa-Sp°m≥ ss[cy-apt≠m? Cu a{¥n-k-`bv°pt≠m? a‰p-≈h - c- psS Imcy-an-cn-°s´, ss{IkvXh - c - n¬ Xs∂ `qcn-]£ - hpw a\ p-sIm≠pw \s√mcp iX-am\w ]c-ky-ambn´pw AXns\ «mLn-°pw. k¿°m-cn¬ \n∂p-sIm-Sp-°p∂ iº-fØ - n¬ amt\-P¿ Inºfw hmßp∂ Cu A\ymbw H∂-hkm-\n-°-s´. ]n Fkv kn \nb-an-°p∂ A[ym-]I - sc k`-bpsS kvIqfn¬ Ib-‰pI-bn-s√-¶n¬ th≠ a\- p-≈-hsc \nban®v iº-fhpw sImSpØp sIm≈-s´. C∂p≈ F√m A≤ym-]I - cpw C∂p-≈X - pt]mse XpS-cpw, C\n apX¬ ]n Fkv kn

t]m-Ipw. ]n Fkv kn \nb-an-°p∂ A≤ym]- I sc k` \S- Ø p∂ kvIqfp-I-fn¬ ]Tn-∏n-°m≥ A\p- h - Z n- ° p- I - b n- s √- ∂ v , ]n sI \mcm-bW ]Wn-°¿ Ah¿ I≈p IpSn-b-∑mcpw \nco-iz-ch - m-Zn-If - p-am-bn-cn-°psa-∂v. \nco-iz-c-Xz-Øns‚ Imcyw Ccn-°-s´, Ct∏mƒ k` \S-Øp∂ kvIqfp-I-fnsem∂pw I≈p-Ip-Sn-°p-∂h - cm-cp-an-s√-s∂-¶nepw Cu ]nXm- h n\v Dd- ∏ n®p ]dbmtam? AhnsS \n∂pw _lp- Z qcw (ap- t ∂mt´m ]nt∂mt´m F∂v ]d-™h - ¿ Xs∂ Xocp- a m- \ n- ° - s ´) t]mbn C‚¿ N¿®v Iu¨kn¬ sNb¿am-\mb as‰mcp ]nXmhp ]d-bp-∂Xv \nco-iz-c-hm-Z-Øns‚ kmØm≥ _m[n-°m-Xn-cn°m≥ ss{IkvXh Ip™pß-sf-sb√mw ss{IkvXh ]n hn DÆn-IrjvW≥ hnZym- e - b - ß - f n¬ Xs∂ tN¿Øp- s Im- ≈ - W - s a- ∂ v . AsXmcp CS-bt- e-J\ - a- m-bnd°n \S- ∏ m- ° m≥ Xp\n™m¬ F¥mhpw IY! hnZym- e - b - ß ƒ am{X- a - √ , ]e "kvIqfp-Ifpw' ]q´n-t∏mhp-Ib - nt√? \msf {InkvXym-\n-bpsS IS- hgn \nb-an-°p-∂h - ¿t° k¿°m¿ JP-\mbn¬ \nt∂ ss{IkvX-h¿ hmßm-hq, hn¬ \n∂v iº-fa- p-≈q. Xo¿∂nt√ X¿°w. ss{Ikv X - h - c psS Bip- ] - { Xn- b nte ]≈n-If - m-Is´, kap-Zmb t\Xr-Xz-ß{InkvXym\n NnIn-’-tX-Smhq F∂n- fm-Is´ aq°p-hn-d-∏n-°p-tºm-tg°pw ap´pßs\ Fs¥√mw hcmw. CtX hgn-Xs∂ hn-d®v Ct√, Aß-s\-sbm∂pw Nn¥n-®na‰p aX-ßfpw ]n≥Xp-S¿∂mtem? Cß-s\- t´-bn-t√, C\n Nn¥n-°p-I-bpant√ F∂v sbm∂pw Nn¥n-°m≥ Ien-_m-[n-®m¬ GØ-an-Sp∂ a{¥n°pw a{¥n-k-`bv°pw Ign-bp-∂X - √ - t- √m. ap∂Wn t\Xr-Xz-Øn-\p-sam∂pw AXnkmaq-lnI \oXn \ne-hn¬ hcp-Øm- \p≈ ss[cyw D≠m-hn-√. AXn-√m-Øn-S\mbn DS-¥SnNmSm≥ hsc k∂-≤-\mb tØmfw a{¥n-bpsS Ifnbpw ]≈n-bpsS hnZym-`ymk a{¥n°v A≤ym-]I - \ - n-ba- \w Ienbpw XpS-cpw. P\-߃ AXp klnt® kw_-‘n® ]≈n-bpsS Cu sh√p-hn-fn- Xocq.

11


Ih¿tÃmdn

Imcy-£-aXm h¿jtam, ]nSn-∏p-tI-Sns‚ h¿jtam? Cu k¿°m¿ A[n-Im-Øntedn Hcp h¿jw XnIbpw apºv F√m kp{]-[m\ hIp-∏p-I-fn-tebpw \bw HutZym-Kn-I-ambn {]Jym-]n®p. F∂m¬ G‰hpw kp{]-[m-\-am-b, `mhn tIc-fsØ \n¿W-bn-t°≠ hnZym-`ymkØn\v am{Xw Hcp \b-an-√.

Ip™n-Ir-jvW≥ sI

k

Jmhv Fw F t__n hnZym`ymk hIp∏v `cn®p XpS-ßnb c≠mw h¿j- a m- W nXv . Ign™ A°m- Z - a nI h¿jw (2006˛07) hnZym-`ymk a{¥n-sb∂ \ne-bn-ep≈ BZy h¿jam-b-Xn-\m¬ A∂v kw`-hn® A]m-IX - I - ƒ P\w s]mdpØ-Xm-Wv. kvIqƒ hnZym-`ymk cwKØv Imcy-ambn H∂pw kw`-hn-°mØ Ime-hpam-bn-cp∂p AXv. F∂m¬ 2007 ˛08 hnZym`ymk hIp-∏nse Imcy-£a- Xm h¿j-am-bncn- ° p- s a∂ {]Jym- ] - \ - t Øm- s S- P\߃°v {]Xo£ \¬In-s°m-≠m-bn-cp∂p XpS-°w. XpS°w Kw`o-ca- mbn. Ah-[n-°meØp Xs∂ A[ym-]I ]cn-io-e\ - w, Ah[n-°m-eØp ]©m-bØv tImwπ-Ik v p-Iƒ tXmdpw A[ym-]I kwK-aw, kvIqƒ Xpd°p∂ Znhkw {]th-it- \m-’h amam-¶w... Cßs\ A[ym-]-I-cp-tSbpw s]mXp-P-\ß- f p- t S- b pw {]Xo- £ - I ƒ ht\mfw Db¿Øn. F∂m¬ Cu ]pdw-]q-®p-Iƒ°v Bbp v Ipd-hm-bn-cp-∂p. kvIqƒ Xpd∂p Ign™v BZy hmcw ]n∂n-´t- ∏mƒ Xs∂ a{¥n-bp-tSbpw hIp-∏n-t‚bpw Imcy-£aXbn√mbv a hy‡- a mbnØpS- ß n. ]nSn∏ptISns‚ XpS°w ]mT-]p-kvXI hnX-cW - Ø - n¬ \n∂m-bn-cp-∂p. ]mT-]p-kX v I hnX-cW - wCu h¿jw ]pkvXI am‰-߃ H∂p-ap≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. F√mw ]g-b] - p-kX v I - ß - ƒ Xs∂. Pq¨ amkw kvIqƒ Xpd-°p-sa∂pw, kvIqƒ Xpd-°p∂ Znhkw apX¬ ]mT-]p-

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

kvXI - ß - ƒ Bh-iy-ap-s≠∂pw AXns‚ FÆw F{X-bm-sW∂pw hnZym-`ymk hIp∏-[n-Ir-X¿°-dn-bm-ØX - √ - . F∂m¬ 2007 Pq¨ amkw kvIqƒ Xpd-∂-t∏mƒ ]e ]pkvXI - ß - fpw kvIqƒ tÃmdp-If - n-se-Ønbn-√. H∂mw ¢mkv apX¬ ]{¥≠mw ¢mkp-h-sc-bp≈ ]pkvX-I-ß-fn¬ ]Ip-Xnbpw Fhn-sSbpw e`y-a√ - mØ Ah-ÿ. c£-I¿Øm-°-fp-tSbpw A[ym-]-I-cptSbpw apd-hn-fn-bp-b¿∂n´pw Imcy-ap-≠m-bn√. kvIqƒ Xpd∂v 3 amkw Ign-™mWv ]e-]p-kvX-I-ßfpw ImWm≥ A[ym-]I¿°v `mKy-ap-≠m-bX - .v HmW-∏c- o£ ]eIp-´n-Ifpw Fgp-Xn-bXv ]mT-]p-kX v Iw Hcp t\m°p ImWm-sX-bmWv! lb¿sk-°‚-dn-bn-em-Is´ `mjm]pkvXI - ß - ƒ - am{XamWv kwÿm\ k¿°m-dn\v A®Sn®p \¬Im-\p-≈Xv (a‰p ]pkvX-I-߃ A®-Sn-°m\pw hnX-cW sNøm\pw ssKUv Iº-\n-Iƒ°v ]q¿W kzmX- { ¥y- a p- ≠ nhn- s S). F∂m¬ lb¿sk-°‚-dn-bnse `mjm-]p-kX v I - ß - fpsS hnX-c-Whpw ka-bØv \S-∂n-√. kv]Xw-_¿am-k-amWv ]pkvX-I-߃ kvIqfp-If - n-se-Øn-bX - .v ]pXnb ]pkvXI - ߃ A®-Sn®v hnX-cWw sNøm≥ ImeXm-ak - a- p-≠m-Ip-∂Xv a\- n-em°mw (AXv tIc-fØ - n¬ ]Xn-hp-≈X - p-am-W)v F∂m¬ Hscm‰ ]pXnb ]pkv X Iw t]mepw C√mØ h¿jw ]mT-]p-kX v I - ß - ƒ C{Xtbsd sshIp-∂Xv CXm-Zy-am-bn-´m-Wv.

Imcy-£a- X - b - psS t]cn¬ BtLm-jß - ƒ kwL-Sn-∏n®v sRfn-bp-tºmƒ G‰hpw ASn-ÿm\ Imcy-ß-fn-¬ Kpcp-X-c-amb hogvNb - p-≠m-Ip-∂Xn\v F¥p \ymbo-Ic - W-amWv ]d-bm-\p-≈X - .v ]mXn-hg - n-bn¬ Hcp ]pkvXI am‰w lb¿sk-°‚-dn°v ]pXnb UbdIvSsd a{¥n \nb-an-®Xv Cu h¿j-amWv. lb¿sk-°‚dn-bn¬ Cu h¿jw Fkvkn C B - ¿ Sn \n¿t±-in® kne-_kv {]Imc-amWv ¢mkv Bcw-`n-®-Xv. aq∂p-amkw ]n∂n´v Ign-™t- ∏m-gmWv ]pXp-Xmbn \nban-°s- ∏´ Ub-dIvSd- psS DØ-ch - v ]pdØp h∂Xv ˛ lb¿sk- ° ‚- d n- b n¬ Cu h¿jw apX¬ F≥ kn -C -B¿ Sn ]pdØn-d° - nb kne-_kv {]Imcw ]Tn-∏n-®m¬ aXn. A-[ym-]-Icpw Ip´n-Ifpw s\t´m-´ambn. Bscm-°tbm sslt°m-SXnbn¬ t]mbn. k¿°m¿ Xocp-am-\-Øn\v tà h∂p. Ip´n-Iƒ ho≠pw Fkv kn C B¿ Sn ]pkvXIw ]Tn®p XpS-ßn. hnZym-`ymk hIp∏v hn´p sImSp-Øn√. A∏o¬ t]mbn. Unhn-j≥ s_©v hn[n k¿°m-cn\v A\p-Iqew. ]T\w ho≠pw F≥.kn.B¿.Sn ]pkvXIØnte°v. Ip´n-It- fbpw A[ym]-It- cbpw Ipcßp Ifn-∏n® Cu ]cn-jI v c-W-Øns‚ e£yw F¥m-bn-cp-∂p? {]o ss{]adn apX¬ πkv Sp hsc-bp≈ Icn°pew ]cnjvIcWw \S-Øm≥ N¿®-Iƒ \S- ∂ p- s Im- ≠ n- c nt° lb¿sk°‚dnbnse tIm¿ hnj-bß - f - psS am{Xw ]pkvX-I-am-‰-Øns‚ tNtXm-hn-Imcw F¥mWv? Hmtcm A°m-Z-anI h¿jhpw FXvv kne-_kv BWv kzoI-cn-°p-∂sX∂pw GsXms° ]pkvX-I-ß-fmWv ]Tn-∏n-t°-≠-sX∂pw sXm´p apºsØ s^{_p- h cn amkw Xs∂ k¿°m¿ hn⁄m-]\w ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-®n-cn-°W - s - a∂ sI C -B¿ hyhÿ a{¥n t__n°pw At±-lw \nb-an® Ub-dI - vS¿°pw _m[I-as- √-∂p-t≠m? ¢Ã¿ Hcp amam-¶a - m-Ip-tºmƒ ]pXnb ]mTy-]-≤-Xn-bpsS \S-Øn∏nse G‰hpw kp{]-[m\ LS-Iß - f - n-sem∂mWv ¢Ã¿ tbmK-߃ - . kao-]ÿ - ß - fmb GXm\pw hnZym-eb - ß - f - nse A[ym]-I¿ Hmtcm amkhpw H∂n-®n-cp∂v X߃ Ign™ amkw sNbvX {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ Ah-tem-I\w sNøp-Ibpw hcpw amktØ°p≈ {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ Bkq-{XWw sNøp-Ibpw sNøp∂XmWv ¢Ã-dp-IfpsS coXn. A[ym-]I - c - psS Iq´mbva h¿≤n-∏n°m\pw anI-hp-Iƒ ]¶nSm\pap≈ AhkcamWn-X.v tIc-fØ - n¬ Ign™ 10 h¿j°m-ea- mbn Cu {]h¿Ø\w \S-°p-∂p-≠.v Cß-s\-sbmcp ]cn-]mSn \S-°p-∂p-s≠∂v Bcpw sIm´ntLmjn-°m-dn-s√∂v am{Xw.

12


A[ym-]I - c- psS Iq´m-bav b - m-bX - n-\m¬ Xs∂ ¢Ã¿ tbmK-߃ Nn´bmbpw Bkq-{Xn-X-ambpw \S-Øm-\m-h-iy-amb {Iao-Ic - W - ß - ƒ - \S-ØpIsb∂Xv am{XamWv hnZym-`ymk hIp∏v C°m-cy-Øn¬ sNtø-≠n-bn-cp-∂X - .v F∂m¬ Cu h¿jw G‰hpw Ae-t¶m-es- ∏-´Xpw ¢kv‰¿ tbmK߃ Xs∂. CXn\v ImcWw a{¥n-bptSbpw At±-lØ - ns‚ Hm^o-knse Nne _p≤n-tI-{µ-ßf - p-tSbpw ]nSn-hmin Xs∂. CØ-hW a{¥n BZyta {]Jym-]n®p 200 A[y-b\ Zn\w XnI-bv°pw, AXn\v th≠n ¢Ã¿ tbmK-߃ i\n-bm-gN v I - f - n¬ am{Xta kwL-Sn-∏n-°q. CXn\v th≠n hnZym-`ymk hIp∏v Im´n°q´nb ]cm-{I-a߃ Zb-\o-b-amb ImgvN-bm-bn. F√m ¢mkp- I - f p- t Sbpw ¢Ã¿ tIc- f - Ø nepS\ofw Hscm‰ Znhkw \S-Øp-Is - b-∂Xm-bn-cp∂p Ah-cpsS ]≤-Xn. ¢Ã¿ \SØm≥ Xocp-am-\n® i\n-bm-gN v I - ƒ a‰p ]e hntij Znh- k - ß - f p- a m- s W∂v Hm¿°mØXp-sIm≠p Xs∂ \nc-¥cw ¢Ã¿ tbmK- ß ƒ am‰n sh®p. k¿°mcns‚ ]nSn-hm-in-bn¬ {]Xntj[n®v ]e A[ym-]I kwL-S-\-Ifpw ¢Ã¿ tbmK-߃ _ln-jvI-cn-®p. Ah-km\w {]hrØn Znhkw Xs∂ kvIqfp-Iƒ°v Ah[n \¬Inbpw ¢Ã¿ \S-∂p; tIcf Ncn-{X-Øn¬ BZy-ambn! a{¥nbpw hIp∏pw Cu Nph-Sp-am‰sØ°p-dn®v ]n∂osSm∂pw ]d™p tI´-Xp-an-√. F∂m¬ hntI-{µo-Ir-X-amb coXnbn¬, kvIqƒ AS®p ]q´msX ¢Ã¿ tbmK-߃ kwL-Sn-∏n-°m-am-bn-cp-∂p. Hmtcm hnj-b-Øn-s‚bpw ¢Ã¿ tbmK߃ sht∆sd Znh-k-am-°p-I am{Xw sNbvXm¬ aXn. Xnø-Xnbpw ka-bhpw Pn√m-Sn-ÿm-\Ø - n-tem, D]-Pn-√m-Sn-ÿm-\Øntem \n›-bn-®m¬ aXn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Hcp hnhm-Zhpw D≠m-ImsX Imcy-߃ \S∂p t]mIp-am-bn-cp-∂p. 1997 apX¬ ¢Ã¿ tbmK߃ \S-∂Xv Aß-s\-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Aßs\-sbms° \S-∂m¬ Imcy-£a- Xm h¿jØn\v sImgp∏v In´n-s√-t∂m¿Øn-´mtWm Cß-s\-sbmcp ¢Ã¿ amam¶w kwL-Sn-∏n®v Imcy-߃ Ah-Xm-f-Ønem°m≥ a{¥n°v tXm∂n-bXv? \b-an-√mØ ]cn-jI v cWw Ign™ Ipd®p h¿j- ß - f mbn tIcfØn¬ \S-∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ hnZym`ymk ]cn-jI v c- W - - {ia-߃ Gsd N¿® sNø-s∏-´-Xm-Wv. Xo¿Øpw PUn-e-ambn InS-∂n-cp∂ \ΩpsS hnZym-`ymk hyhÿbv°v A¬∏-samcp DW¿hp \¬Im≥ Cu ]cn-jvI-cW {ia-ß-ƒ sIm≠p Ign™n´p-≠v. F∂m¬ hy‡-amb Hcp hnZym-`ymk \b-tam, imkv{Xo-ba- mb ]cn2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

jvI-cW ]≤XnItfm C√m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ Xs∂ ]cn-jI v c- W - ß - ƒ e£yw ImWmØ Ah-ÿb - mWv Ign™ Imeb-fh - n¬ \mw I≠-X.v hn.-Fk - .v A - N - yp-Xm-\µ - s‚ t\Xr-XzØn¬ CS-Xp-ap-∂Wn a{¥nk` A[n-Im-cØn-te-dn-bt- ∏m-sg-¶nepw CXv ]cn-lr-Xa- mIp-sa∂v \mw {]Xo-£n-®p. Ac-\p-‰m-≠n\v tijw BZy-ambn Hcp IΩyq-WnÃpImc≥ hnZym-`ymkhIp∏v a{¥n-bm-Ip-tºmƒ \mw Aßs\ {]Xo-£n-°p-∂-Xn¬ sX‰n-√. F∂m¬ F√m {]Xo- £ - I - t fbpw XI¿°p∂ coXn-bn-embncn°p∂p t__nbpsS {]I-S-\w. Cu k¿°m¿ A[n-ImØntedn Hcp h¿jw XnIbpw apºv F√m kp{]- [ m\ hIp- ∏ p- I - f n- t ebpw \bw HutZym-Kn-I-ambn {]Jym-]n®p. F∂m¬ G‰hpw kp{]-[m-\a- m-b, `mhn tIc-fsØ \n¿W-bn-t°≠ hnZym-`ymkØn\v am{Xw Hcp \b-an-√. a{¥n s]mXpNS-ßp-If - ntem ]{Xk-tΩ-f\ - ß - f - ntem kuIcyw t]mse hnf-ºp-∂-XmWv \b-sa-∂mWv At±lw sX‰n-≤cn®ncn-°p-∂Xv. tIc-f-Ønse kvIqƒ hnZym-`ym-kcwKØv Cu k¿°m-cns‚ e£y-ßs- f¥v, B e£y-߃ k^-eo-Ic- n-°m≥ ASpØ A©p h¿jw F¥mWv Cu Kh¨sa‚ v sNøm-\p-t±-in-°p-∂X - ,v AXn-\m-hi - y-amb I¿Ω-]-≤-Xn-I-sf-¥m-Wv, hnZym-`ymk cwKsØ C∂p≈ ÿm]-\ß - ƒ, LS-I߃, {]h-W-X-Iƒ XpS-ßn-b-h-tbmSv k¿°m-cns‚ kao-]\ - s - a-¥m-Wv XpS-ßnbh hy‡-am-°p∂ Hcp \bw {]kn-≤o-Icn-°p-Ibpw Ah N¿® sNøp-Ibpw thWsa∂ Imcyw t__n-°d- n-bm-ØX - mtWm? AX√ ap≥ k¿°m-cp-Is - f-t∏mse \b-an√mØ Ahÿ F¥pw ImWn-°m-\p≈ ssek≥kv Xcp-∂p≠v F∂ ImgvN-∏mSmtWm At±-lsØ `cn-°p-∂Xv? hnZym-`ymk hIp-∏ns‚ ]nSn-∏p--tI-Sp-Isf√mw Cu \b-cm-ln-Xy-Øn¬ \n∂v Bcw-`n-°p-∂p. Hmtcm Znh-khpw Hmtcm {]Jym- ] \w \SØpI, hnhm- Z - ß ƒ krjvSn°pI ]n∂oSv kuIcyw t]mse ]d-™-sX√mw hngp-ßpI CXm-bn-cn°p∂p C∂sØ hnZym-`ymk cwKsØ hnπ-h-I-c-amb {]h¿Ø-\-߃. hnZym`ymk cwK-sØ-°p-dn®v CS-Xp-]£ kwLS-\-Iƒ°p≈ kao-]-\-߃ t]mepw a{¥n°p _m[-I-a-√. \bw {]Jym-]n-®ns√-¶nepw CS-Xp-]-£-Øn\v Hcp hnZym`ymk kao-]\ - a- p-s≠-∂mWv ]d-bm-dp-≈Xv. AXp hnZym-`ymk I®-hS- Ø - n-s\-Xn-cmbp-≈X - pw, s]mXp hnZym-`ym-ksØ kwc£n-°p-∂Xpw Bb H∂m-Wv. F∂m¬ \ΩpsS hnZym-`ymk hIp-∏ns‚ C°m-cyØn-ep≈ \b-ka- o-]\ - s - a-¥mWv? A¨˛-Fb - vUUv kvIqfp-Iƒ tIc-fØ - n¬ \S-

Øp∂ hnZym-`ymk I®-hS- ß - ƒs°-Xnsc hmtXm-cmsX kwkm-cn-°p∂ t__n CØ-h-Wbpw hmcn-t°mcn A¨-˛-FbvUUv kn _n F - k - v C hnZym-eb - ß - ƒ°v AwKo-Imcw sImSpØp. tZmjw ]d-bc- p-Xt√m, sImSp-Øs- X√mw \yq\-]£ \ma-[mcn- I - f mb hnZym- e - b - ß ƒ°m- W v. FXn¿°m≥ CS-Xp-]£ kwL-S-\-Iƒ t]mep-an-√m-ØX - p-sIm≠v Imcy-߃ bpUn F-^p-Im-tc-°mƒ Ffp-∏ambn F∂p am{Xw. hnZym-`ymk I®-hS- ° - m¿°v aq°p IbdnSpw F∂p ]d™p \S∂v kzm{ib \nba-Øns‚ Imcy-Øn¬ aq°pw IpØn hoW a{¥nsb \mw I≠-Xm-Wv. kvIqƒ hnZym`ymk cwKØpw CXp- X - s ∂- b mWv Ahÿ. tIc-fØ - n¬ D∂X hnZym-`ymk cwK-sØ-°mƒ AXn-hn-]p-e-amb NqjWhpw Xosh-´n-s°m-≈-bp-amWv s]mXp hnZym-`ymk cwKØv \S-°p-∂X - .v CX-hk - m\n-∏n-°m≥ C°-gn™ H∂-c-s°m√w sIm≠v Fs¥-¶nepw Cu taJebn¬ sNøm≥ Ign-™pthm? Cs√∂v am{X-a√ hnZym-`ymk I®-hS- ° - m¿°v Ah-cpsS I®h-Sß - ƒ ]q¿hm-[nIw XpS-cm≥ kuI-cy߃ sNbvXp-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-Ib - m-Wn-t∏mgpw. c≠pXcw ]uc≥amsc hm¿sØ-Sp°p∂ hnZym-`ymk coXn°v FXn-cm-Wt√m t__n. Ign™ bp Un -F^v k¿°mcns‚ ImeØv sIm≠p-h∂ Hcp Sp C≥ h¨ ]≤-Xn-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. k¿°m¿ kvIqfp-Iƒ°pw, FbvUUv hnZym-e-b߃°pw ae-bmfw aoUn-b-tØm-sSm∏w Xs∂ Cw•ojv aoUnbw _m®p-Iƒ XpSßm-\p-≈Xmbncp∂p Cu ]cn-]m-Sn. s]mXphn-Zym-`ymk cwKØv Zqc-hym-]-I-amb {]Xym-Lm-Xß - ƒ hcp-Øp∂ Cu ]cn-]mSn Ct∏mgpw XpS-cp-Ib - m-W.v am{X-a√ IqSp-X¬ k¿°m¿, FbvUUv hnZym-eb - ß - ƒ Cu ]mX-bn-te°v h∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-Ib - m-W.v kz¥w hIp-∏ns‚ Iognep≈ kvIqfpIfn¬ \S-°p∂ htcWyhXv°c- W - sØ C√m-Xm-°m≥ Ign-bmØ a{¥n°v tIcf hnZym-`ymk cwKØv Fs¥-¶nepw hnπhw \S-Øm≥ Ign-bp-sa∂v {]Xo-£n-°p-∂Xv Hcp AXn-tam-la- t√? CSXp `c-WØ - nse bp Un F - ^v a{¥n {]Xn-]-£-Øm-bn-cp-∂-t∏mƒ CS-Xp]£ A[ym-]I kwL-S\ - I - fpw bph-P\ hnZym¿∞n kwL-S-\-Ifpw i‡-ambn FXn¿Øn-cp∂ GsX-¶nepw Imcy-Øn¬ \n¿Wm-bI - a- mb \S-]S- n-Is - f-Sp-°m≥ Fw F t__n°v Ignt™m? Agn-aX - n, sISpIm-cy-ÿX F∂n-h-bpsS Imcy-Øn¬

54 13


I - -h¿tÃmdn

]≈n-bpsS bp≤ {]Jym-]\w HØp-Ifn hnZym-`ym-k-°-®-h-S-ta-J-ebnse c≠p h≥i-‡n-Iƒ (F≥ Fkv Fkpw, {InkvXo-b-k-`-I-fpw) bp≤{]Jym]\w \S-Øn-°-gn-™p. kq£va-ambn \nco-£n-®m¬ CXv Hcp HØp-I-fn-bm-sW∂v hy‡-am-Ipw. Ch¿°v _lfw hbv°m≥ th≠n am{Xw Nne hnj-b-߃ ap∂n-en´p-sIm-Sp-Øn-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv k¿°m¿.

kn -B¿ \oe-I-WvT≥

]q

c-∏-d-ºn¬ "B\ hnct≠' sb∂v Dds° hnfn-®p-]d- ™p Xn°pw-Xnc°pw Bi-¶bpw krjvSn®v km[m-cW - a- \p-jy-cpsS t]m°-‰-Sn-°p∂ (sIm≈ sNøp-∂) Hcp Iq´-cp-≠.v AXns‚ ]pXnb ]Xn-∏mWv tIcfw `cn-°p∂ CS-Xp-]£sØ ]e a{¥n-amcpw. ChnsS tIc-fØnse s]mXp-ka- q-lsØbmWv sIm≈b-Sn-°p-∂-Xv. Ah¿ Ih¿s∂-Sp-°p-∂Xv Hs∂mc \q‰m-≠mbn tIcfw B¿÷n® kmaq-ly-hn-I-k-\-t\-´-ß-fm-Wv. \thm∞m\ {]ÿm-\ß - ƒ XpS-ßn-h® t]mcm´-ß-fpsS XpS¿®-bmbn ChnsS hf¿∂ph∂ CS-Xp-]£ sXmgn-em-fn-I¿j-I-{]ÿm-\-ßfpw AXns‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ cq]w sIm≠ 1957 se a{¥n-k`- bpw tIcfob kaq-lØ - n-ep-≠m-°nb apt∂-‰ß - ƒ Hs∂m-∂mbn Xncn-sI-sIm-≠p-t]m-Ip-∂p. B k¿°m-cns‚ ]n¥p-S¿®-°m-cmWv Xß-sf∂v C∂sØ k¿°m-cns‚ apJya{¥n CSbv°nsS Bh¿Øn-°m-dp-s≠¶nepw a‰p ]e a{¥n-amcpw Cu apt∂-‰ßsf XI¿°p∂hcm-bn-cn-°p-∂p. Zcn-{Zcpw km[m-cW - ° - m-cp-amb a\p-jysc "hnI-k\ - ' Øns‚ ad-hn¬ IpSn-sbm-gn®v sXcp-hm-[mc-am-°p-Ib - mWv h√m¿]m-SØpw a‰n-Sß - f - nepw. k¿°m¿ Xs∂ IpSn-sbm-gn-°p-∂p. `q]-cn-jI v c- W - \ - n-baw A´n-ad- n-°m≥ th≠ AWn-bd- {- i-aß - ƒ \S-°p-∂p. \K-c`- q-]c- n-

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

[n-\n-baw FSp-Øp-I-f-bp-sa∂v FUn_n°v hm°p \¬In-bmWv hmbv]-sb-SpØ-Xv. tIm¿]-td-‰p-Isf klm-bn-°m≥ CX-\n-hm-cy-am-W.v tIc-fØ - ns‚ Btcm-Kyta-Je GXm≠v ]q¿W-ambpw XI¿Øp-Ign-™p. Ccp-]-Ø-©p-e£w t]¿°mWv Cu h¿jw ]I¿®∏\n h∂-Xv. F{X tImSn cq] Zcn-{Z-Nn-In-’-°mbn apS-°n. s]mXp-P\ - m-tcm-Ky-kw-hn-[m-\Ø - ns‚ ihs∏-´n-bnse Ah-km-\sØ BWn-bmWv tUmIvS¿amsc {]tIm-]n-∏n®v ka-cØ - n-\nd-°p-Ih - gn ASn-®p-Ib - ‰- p-∂X - .v s]mXp-hg- nI-sf√mw Bkq-{Xn-Xa- mbn "Ipf'-ßf - m-°nam-‰m≥ [\-hI - p∏v ka¿∞-ambn Ifn-®p. HSp-hn¬ "_n H Sn sslth'°v AwKoImcw t\Sn. Aø-¶mfn \S-∂p-sIm≠v \ap°p-≠m-°n-Ø∂ "s]mXp-hgn' C\n ta¬ tSmƒh-gn-bm-Ip-∂p. a‰p hIp∏pa{¥n-am-tc-°mƒ tIc-fa- mXr-Isb A]-l-kn®v XI¿°p-∂-Xn¬ apº- ¥ n- b n- e p- ≈ Xv hnZym- ` ym- k a{¥nbmsW∂v Dd-∏n-®p-]d- b - mw. 1993˛ 94 apX¬ ChnsS kwL-Sn-Xa- mbn Bcw-`n® s]mXp-hn-Zym-`ym-k-\-io-I-c-W-Øns‚ G‰hpw Db¿∂ cq]-am-Wn-t∏mƒ \mw ImWp-∂X - .v kaq-lØ - ns‚ GXp X´n¬s∏´-h¿°pw GXp t{iWn-bn-te°pw hnZym`ym- k w- h gn Db¿s∂- Ø m- \ p≈ Hcp km[yX (CXn-s\s¥√mw ]cn-an-Xn-I-fp-

s≠-¶n-epw) ChnsS D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ]Sn-]Sn-bmbn AXp XI¿Øp-Ig- n-™n-cn-°p-∂p. Un ]n C ]n apX¬ kzm{ibw hsc \ofp∂p AXn-\m-bp≈ km[y-X-Iƒ. Ct∏mƒ sI C B¿ ]cn-jI v c- W - hpw hcp∂p. hnZym-`ym-kØ - ns‚ e£yw AXn-s\Øp∂ Ip´nsb \mfsØ kaq-l-Øn¬ Pohn-°m≥ tijn-bp≈ ]uc-\m°n am‰pI-sb-∂-Xm-W-t√m. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ hnZym-`ym-kØ - ns‚ DØ-ch - m-ZnØw kaql-Øn-\m-Wv. CXv Gs‰-Sp-°m≥ 1957 se k¿°m¿ Xøm-dm-bXpw AXp-sIm-≠m-W.v kmaq-lyhpw kmº-Øn-Ih - p-amb Imc-Wß-fm¬ ]n¥-≈-s∏-Sp-∂-h¿°v kaq-lØns‚ A[n-Im-c-t{i-Wn-bnseØm≥ CXp am{Xta hgn-bp-≈q. \mfsØ kaqlsØ cq]-s∏-Sp-Øm-\p≈ {]{In-bs- b∂ \ne-bn¬ AXv kºq¿Æ-ambpw Bkq-{XnX-hp-am-bn-cn-°W - w, bmZr-—n-Ia- m-Im≥ ]mSn√. hnZym-`ym-k-Øns‚ D≈-S-°hpw \SØn∏pw k¿°m¿ \n›-bn-°p∂hbm-bncn-°W - s- a-∂¿∞w. F∂m¬ BtKm-fa- q-e[-\m-[n-th-iI - m-eØv CXp Xe-Xn-cn-bp-∂p. hnZym-`ymkw Ip´n-bp-sStbm IpSpw-_Ø - ns‚tbm DØ-ch - m-Zn-Øa- m-Ip-∂p. Ah-cpsS tijn-°\ - p-kc- n-®m-Ip-∂p. AXp-aqew hyXykvXX - e - Ø - nepw Xc-Øn-ep-ap≈ hnZym-`ymk-ap-≠m-Ip-∂p. Cu \b-ßsf FXn¿ØpsIm-≠p-am-{Xta ]ptcm-Ka- \ - h - n-Zym-`ym-k\ - b-߃°v apt∂m´p t]mIm-\m-Iq. temI_m-¶n-s‚ CS-s]-Sepw temIhym-]m-ck - wL-S-\-bpsS Km‰vkpw aqe-[-\m-[n-th-iØn\v hgn-sbm-cp-°p-∂h - b - m-bn-cp-∂p. AXn\p-km-[q-Ic- Ww \¬Ip∂ "]T-\ß - ƒ' \S∂p. hnZym-`ym-k-Øn-\p-ta¬ k¿°m-cn\p≈ \nb-{¥-Wß - ƒ Ipd-®p-sIm-≠p-hc- nI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. "BtKm-fh - ¬°-cW - Ø - ns‚ A®p-X-≠n¬I-d-ßn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ temI-Øn¬ Pohn-°m≥ Xøm-dm-°¬' BWnXv F∂p bps\kvtIm Xs∂ ]dbp-∂p. hnZym-`ymk Nne-hn¬ \s√mcp `mKw c£n-Xmhp apS-°-W-sa-∂-XmWv temI-_m-¶ns‚ Hcp XXzw. (A-Xn-\mbn _m¶v hmbv]sb∂ "klmbw' hym]n-∏n°mw....-A-ßs\ hnZym-`ym-k-cw-KØv apX¬ap-S° - p-∂h - ¿°m-hi - y-amb D]-t`m‡m-°sf In´p-∂p) hnZym-`ym-k-Øn¬ \n∂v k¿°m¿ ]n∑m-dW - s - a∂p ]d-bp-Ib - √ - , adn®v AXn\p-th≠ Ah-kc- s- am-cp-°p-Ib - mWv sNøp∂-Xv, hnti-jn®pw tIcfw t]msemcp kwÿm-\Ø - .v AXn-\mbn {]tbm-Kn-°p∂ Hcp ]pI-a-d-bmWv A[n-Im-c-hn-tI-{µo-IcWw F∂-X.v "CXv alm-flPn-bp-sSbpw C Fw Fkn-s‚bpw al-Ømb k¶¬∏amWv ' F∂p ]d™m¬ ]ns∂-¥p-sN-

14


øpw. hnZym-`ym-kc- w-KØ - p-\n∂v kwÿm-\k¿°m¿ ]n∑m-dp-∂X - ns‚ `mK-am-bn-´mWv ChnsS hnZym-`ymkw Xt±-i`- c - W - ÿ - m-]\-ßsf Gev]n-°m≥ Xocp-am-\n-®X - .v A[nIm-ch - n-tI-{µo-Ic - Ww kw_-‘n-®p-\S- ∂ Hcp kwhm-Z-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-Øp-sIm≠v Ct∏m-gsØ Bkq-{X-Wt- _m¿Uv D]m-≤y£-\mb tUm {]`mXv ]Sv\m-bnIv D∂bn® Nne kao-]\ - ß - f - p-≠v. ÿm]-\X - e-hn-tI-{µo-Ic- W - s- a∂pw {]h¿Ø-\Xe-hntI-{µo-Ic- W - s - a∂pw Xcw Xncn®v CXnse heXv ˛ CS-Xp-ho-£W - ß - ƒ hni-Zo-Ic- n-°p∂p-≠.v Htc {]h¿Ø\w `c-WI - q-SØ - ns‚ hnhn-[X - e - ß - ƒ \n¿hln-°p∂ (tI{µw˛ kw-ÿm-\w˛Xt±-i`- c- W - ÿ - m-]\ - w) coXnbmWv CS-Xp-]£ - Ø - n\p kzoIm-cy-am-bX - .v F∂m¬ temI-_m¶v \n¿t±-in-°p∂ ÿm]-\X - e hntI-{µo-Ic- W - a- m-Is´, `c-WIqSw sNøp∂ {]hr-Øn-Iƒ a‰p ]e-scs°m≠pw sNøn-°p-Ib - m-W.v hnZym-`ym-kc- w-KØv kzm{i-bÿ - m-]\ - ßsf \nb-{¥n-°m-s\∂ t]cn¬ sIm≠ph∂ A]-lm-ky-amb \nbaw Xs∂ Hcp DZm-l-c-Ww. "kº-∂-cpsS Nne-hn¬ Zcn{Zsc°qSn ]Tn-∏n-°pI' F∂ hnI-ea- mb AP≠ (b-Ym¿∞-Øn¬ kº-∂-cn¬ \n∂p \nIpXn ]ncn®v B ]Ww sIm≠v k¿°m¿ hnZym-`ym-ka- S- ° - a- p≈ tkh-\߃ \¬Ip-I-sb-∂Xv Dt]-£n-°p-∂p) kzIm-cy-aq-e[ - \ - i - ‡ - n-Is- f-s°m≠v \n¿∆ln-°p-sa∂ he-Xp-]£ - \ - b - a- mWv kzm{ib-tIm-sfPv sIm≠p-h∂ - X - v. F∂m¬ CSXp-]£w CXn-\mbn \nb-aa- p-≠m°n cwKsØ-Øn-bt- ∏mƒ F¥mbn Ahÿ? ap≥ k¿°m-cns‚ ImeØv D≠m-bn-cp∂Xnt\°mƒ Db¿∂ ^okv \nc°v CuSm°m≥ I®-hS- ° - m¿°v Ign-bp-∂p, AXpw k¿°mcns‚ AwKo-Im-ct- Øm-sS-bp≈ Icm-d\p-kcn-®v. CXv tImS-Xn-bpsS sX‰mb CS-s]S¬ sIm≠p am{X-ap≠mb Hcp {]iv\s- a∂ coXn-bn¬ Ah-Xc- n-∏n-°s - ∏-Sp-∂Xv icn-b√. adn®v \nbaw cq]-s∏-SpØn-bXp Xs∂ Hcp HØp-If - n-bm-bn-cp∂p F∂v \ap-°n∂p a\- n-em-Ip-∂p. C°m-cy-Øn¬ k¿°mcn\v bmsXmcp C—m-i‡ - n-bp-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂ns√-∂Xv hy‡-am-W.v kvIqƒ hnZym-`ym-kc- w-KØv \S-Øm≥ t]mIp∂ CS-s]S¬ CXn-s\-°mƒ Zqc-hym]-Ia- mb {]Xym-Lm-Xß - f - p-≠m-°p-∂h - b - mWv. hntI-{µo-Ir-Xsa∂ t]mse inip-tI{µo-Ir-Xs- a∂ Hma-\t- ∏-cn´v s]mXp-hn-Zym-`ymksØ kºq¿W-ambpw aqey-c-ln-X-am°p∂ Hcp {]{In-bb - m-Wn-hnsS \S-Øp-∂Xv. tIc-f] - m-Ty-]≤ - Xn N´-°qSv (2007) IcSv F∂ t]cn¬ {]kn-≤o- I-cn-®n-´p≈ kao-]\-tc-J, Un ]n C ]n apX¬ XpS¿∂p-hc- p∂ "A\u-]-Nm-cnIhev°-c-W'-Øns‚ Ah2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

km-\-L-´-am-Wv. s]mXp-hn-Zym-`ymksØ H´pw Xs∂ "Kuc-ha- n-√m-ØH-∂m-°n- am-‰p-Ib - m-Wv.' kmaq-ly-Pohn-bmbn Ip´nsb hf¿Øp-I-sb∂Xv hnZym-`ym-kØ - ns‚ e£y-a√ - mXm-Ip-∂p. ]T-\w, ]co-£, A[ym-]I≥, ]T-\{- I-aw, hy‡-amb kne-_kv , ]mT- ] p- k v X - I w, sX‰p- X n- c pØp∂Xv XpSßnb-hs- bm∂pw Bhiy-an-√mØ ]T\w! ]T-\-sa-∂Xv Bkq-{Xn-X-a-s√∂pw ]cn-k-c-Øp\n∂v Ip´n-Xs∂ tiJ-cn-°p∂ Adnhp-If - psS tiJ-cW - a- m-sW-∂p-ap≈ kao-]\w hf-sc-tbsd A]-IS- I - c- am-Wv. CXns‚ `mK-ambn h∂ \nc¥-ca- q-ey-\n¿Wbw (I-≠n-\yphkv Chm-epth-j≥ ˛ kn C) hen-sbmcp NXn-bmbn amdp-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p. "c≠p aWn- ° q¿ ]co- £ - s Im- ≠ p- a m{Xw Hcp h¿jsØ ]T-\-tijn Af-°m-\m-hn√ F∂-XmWv ' CXn\p th≠n Db¿Øp∂ hmZw. ]s£ C°-gn™ ]Ømw ¢mkv ]co-£m-^ew ]pd-Øp-h∂ - t- ∏mƒ CXns‚ Zpc¥w I≠p. Fgp-Øp-]c- o-£b - n¬ ]Øpi-Xa- m\w am¿°p-am-{Xw In´n-bh - s- c-t∏mepw "]mkm°n' hn´v hnP-bi - X - a- m-\a- p-b¿Øm\mWv kn C bnse am¿°v D]-tbm-Kn-®X - v. kv I qfn¬ apS- ß msX sN√mØ Ip´nIƒ°phsc Ccp-]X - n¬ ]Xn-t\gv am¿°v kn C bn¬ \¬In-bmWv 85 iX-am\w hnPbw D≠m-°n-bX - v. ]co£ Ip´n-Iƒ°v ]oU-\a- m-IW - s- a-∂n-√. ]s£ Ip´n-bpsS Adnhv ]cn-tim-[n-°s- ∏-SW - a- t- √m. ]s£ ChnsS AsXm-∂p-an-√. Cu Ip´n-Iƒ `mjssI-Imcyw sNøm≥ Adn-b-W-sa-∂n-√. KWn-X-Øn-s‚tbm imkv{X-Øn-s‚tbm ASn-ÿm-\X - X - z-߃ ]Tn-®n-cn-°W - s- a-∂n√. Ncn{Xw Adn- ™ n- c n- ° - W - s a- t ∂bn√. F∂mepw Fkv Fkv F¬ kn ]mkm-Ip∂p. tij-sa¥v F∂Xv B¿°pw {]iv\a√. CØ-cØ - n¬ \in-∏n-°p-∂Xv Zcn-{Zcpw km[m-cW - ° - mcpw kmaq-ly-ambn ASn-®a¿Ø-s∏-´h - cpw t\Sp∂ s]mXp-hn-Zym-`ymk-am-W.v CXn\p kam-¥c- a- mbn kº-∂¿ ]Tn-°p∂ A¨ FbvUUv hnZym-`ymkw Xg-®p-hf - c- p-Ib - m-W.v Cu s]mXp-hn-Zym-`ymk-Ønse Ip´n-Iƒ "t{ijvT'cmb Ip´n-Ifp-ambn bmsXmcp hn[ a’-cØn\pw tijn-bn-√m-Ø-h-cm-Ip-∂p. F≥{S≥kv XpSßnbp≈ IS-ºI - ƒ Ch¿°v IS-°m≥ Gsd {]bm-ka- m-Ip-∂p. {ItaW "Fs¥¶nepw tijn-bp-≈h - ¿' F√mw Xß-fpsS Ip´n-Isf "A¨ FbvUU - n'¬ FØn-°p∂p. s]mXp-hn-Zym-`ymkw IqSp-X¬ XI-cpI hgn kaq-l-Ønse \s√mcp hn`m-KØn\pw hnZym-`ymkw In´m-Xm-Ip-∂p. Cu

Fw F t__n ]mTy-]-≤Xn N´-°qSv Xøm-dm-°n-bXv "tZiob N´-°q-Sn's‚ Ime-Sn-∏m-Sp-Iƒ ]n¥p-S¿∂m-sW∂p ]d-bp-∂p. A¤p-XI - c-sa∂p ]d-bs´ B tZiob N´-°qSv \n¿am-WØ - n¬ \n¿Wm-bI - a- mb ]¶v hln®Xv (tI-cf - Ø - n¬ Cu ]cn-jI v m-cß - ƒ°v {]Nmcw \¬Im≥ XmXzn-Ih - ym-Jym-\ß - ƒ krjvSn-®) tIc-fi - m-k{v X-km-ln-Xy-]c- n-jØns‚ t\Xm-°ƒ Xs∂-bm-W.v CXn-t\m-sSm-∏a- mWv Ct∂-sd-hn-hm-Zß-fp-b¿Ønb tIcf hnZym-`ym-kN - ´- ß - ƒ (sI C B¿) ]cn-jvI-c-W-Øn-\mbn \ntbm-Kn-°-s∏´ kan-Xn-bpsS \n¿t±-ißfpw ]pd-Øp-h-∂-Xv. CXv shdpw IcSv am{X-am-sW∂pw k¿°m¿ bmsXmcp Xocpam-\hpw FSp-Øn-´n-s√∂pw Bh¿Øn-°p∂p-s≠-¶nepw tIc-fØ - nse hnZym-`ym-k°-®h - S- t- a-Je - b - nse c≠p h≥i-‡n-Iƒ (F≥ Fkv Fkpw, {InkvXo-b-k-`-Ifpw)bp≤{]Jym-]\w \S-Øn-°g- n-™p. H‰t\m-´Ø - n¬ Ch¿ bmsXmcp Imc-Wh - p-an√msXbmWv Cßs\ sNøp-∂-sX∂p tXm∂mw. F∂m¬ kq£vaa- mbn \nco-£n®m¬ CXv Hcp HØp-If - n-bm-sW∂v hy‡am-Ipw. Ch¿°v _lfw hbv°m≥ th≠n am{Xw Nne hnj-bß - ƒ ap∂n-en´p-sIm-SpØn-cn-°p-Ib - m-Wv k¿°m¿. kvIqƒ kabw, ]©m-bØpIƒ°v kvIqƒ \S-Øn∏n¬ CS-s]-Sm-\p≈ A[n-Im-cw, ]≈n-Ifnse aX-]-T\w \nb-{¥n-°¬, kzImcy kvIqfp-I-fnse A[ym-]-I-\n-b-a-\w ]n Fkv kn°v hnS¬ XpS-ßn-bs- Xm∂pw Cu k¿°m¿ \S-∏m-°m≥ Dt±-in-°p-∂n-s√∂p≈ Dd∏v k¿°mcn¬ \n∂p In´m≥ Xs∂-bmWv Ch¿ _lfw hbv°p-∂X - v. B Dd∏v s]mXp-k-aq-l-Øns‚ kΩ-XtØmsS \¬Im-\mWv a{¥n°p Xmev]cyw. kzm{i-bØ - n-se∂ t]mse ("sIm≈

25 15


I - -h¿tÃmdn

Ipkm-‰ns\ hnZym-`ymk I®-h-S-°m¿°v ASn-b-d-h-bv°-cpXv tIc-f-Øns‚ A`n-am\ kvXw`-amb sIm®n≥ imkv{X kmt¶-XnI k¿∆-I-em-im-e, A©v ]Xn-‰m-≠p-Iƒ°v tijw kn ]n FΩn\v hnZym-`ym-k -a-{¥nsb e`n® Ah-k-c-Øn¬ \ap°v \jvS-s∏-Sm≥ t]mIp∂p F∂-XmWv Gsd tJZ-I-c-amb Imcyw.

kn±p

{]

Xn-h¿jw 65-˛7-0 t]¿°v ]n F®v Un. h¿jw tXmdpw D∂-X-\n-ehmcw ]pe¿Øp∂ 450 Kth-jW {]_-‘ß - ƒ. _ncp-Zm-\¥ - c- ˛- K - t- h-jW - h - n-`mK-ßf - n-se \qdv iX-am\w s{]m^-k¿am¿°pw doU¿am¿°pw ]n F®v Un. F√m Zp¿∫-eh - n-`m-Kß - ƒ°pw kwh-cW - w. \ymb-amb ^okv. ]pcp-j˛- h - \ - nXm A\p]mXw 4:1. 3000 tImSn cq]-bpsS BkvXn. C{X-tbsd kvXpXy¿l-amb t\´ßƒ ssIh-cn® sIm®n≥ imkv{X-km-t¶-XnI k¿∆-Ie - m-im-e, hSt° C¥ybnse hnZym-`ym-k-I-®-h-S-°m¿ \S-Øp∂ kzm{ib F©n-\o-b-dnwKv tImtfPp-Iƒ°v A≤ym-]I - sc krjvSn-®p-\¬Ip∂ Hcp ÿm]-\a- m°n A[x-]X - n-∏n°m≥ GsX-¶nepw `c-Wm-[n-Imcn Xøm-dmIpw F∂v \ap°v Nn¥n-°m≥ Ignbptam? kwÿm\ Xmev]cyw kwc-£n-°p∂ Hcp `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn°pw CØcw Hcp \nIr-jSv a- mb Xocp-am-\Ø - n\v Iq´p-\n¬°m-\m-hn-√. F∂m¬ tIc-fØ - nse CS-Xp-]£ - k - ¿°m-cnse hnπ-ht- \-Xm-hmb hnZym-`ym-ka- {¥n Fw F t__n Cu \mWw-sI´ \o°-Øn\p t\XrXzw \¬In-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-Ib - m-W.v imkv{X-km-t¶-XnI hnZy, lypam-\n-‰o-k,v kmaq-ly-im-k{v Xw F∂o taJ-eI-fn¬ _ncp-Zm-\¥ - c _ncp-ZX - e - Ø - n¬ A≤ym-]\ - hpw Kth-jW - hpw t{]m’mln-∏n-°p∂Xn\mbn 1971 emWv sIm®n≥ k¿∆-I-em-ime cq]oIrX-am-b-Xv. imkv{Xw, kmaq-ly-im-k{v Xw, assd≥ kb≥kv, lypam-\n-‰okv, \nb-aw, kmt¶XnI hnZy F∂o taJ-eI - f - n¬ {]h¿Øn-°p∂ Hcp D∂-X] - T - \ - t- I{µw F∂ \ne-bn¬ sIm®n≥ k¿∆-I-em-ime tIc-f-Øns‚ hn⁄m-\m-Sn-Ø-d-bpsS hnIk-\Ø - n¬, Ign™ aq∂c ]Xn-‰m-≠n-\p-≈n¬, \nkvXp-ea- mb ]¶mWv hln®p-h-cp-∂-Xv. tIc-f-Øns‚ hnZym-`ymk ˛ hymh-km-bn-I-˛-hm-WnPy Xmev]-cyßsf kwc-£n®v t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°p-∂X - nepw Cu k¿∆-Ie - m-im-ebv°v henb ]¶p-≠.v C¥y-bn¬ G‰hpw {][m-\s - ∏´ ]Øv k¿∆-Ie - m-im-eI - f - n¬ H∂mbn bp Pn kn hne-bn-cp-Øn-bn-´p≈ sIm®n≥ k¿∆-Ie - m-imebn¬ ]n∂oSv jn∏v sSIvt\m-fP - n, t]mfn-a¿ kb≥kv, assd≥ _tbm-fP - n, C‚-kv{Sn-b¬ ^nj-dokv, Hmjym-t\m-{K-^n, an‰o-cn-tbm-f-Pn, assd≥ Pntbm-f-Pn, sslt{Um sIankv{Sn, C‚-k{v Sn-b¬ I‰m-en-kn-k,v t^mt´mIvkpw tek¿ Hm]vSn-Ik v pw, H]vt‰m CevIt- {Sm-WnIvkv F∂o hnj-bß - f - n¬ tImgvkp-If - m-cw-`n-®p. CØcw ]pXp-Xe-apd tImgvkp-Iƒ Bcw-`n-°p∂ Imcy-Øn¬ C¥ybn¬ ap≥]-¥n-bn¬

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

\n¬°p∂ k¿∆-Ie - m-im-eI - f - n¬ {]apJ ÿm-\-amWv Cu imkv{X kmt¶-XnI k¿∆- I - e m- i m- e - b v ° p- ≈ - X v . 1986 ¬ ""sIm®n≥ bqWn-th-gk v n‰n Hm^v kb≥kv B‚ v sSIvt\m-fPn'' (Ip-km-‰v) F∂v ]p\¿\m-aI - c- Ww sNø-s∏-´, A¥m-cmjv{S Xe-Øn¬ Xs∂ {]i-kX v a- mb Cu k¿∆I-em-ime, tIcfw 3000 tImSn cq]-ap-S°n ]Xn-‰m-≠p-IƒsIm≠v hnI-kn-∏n-s®-SpØ Xnf-°t- a-dnb cXv\a- m-W.v tIc-f-Øns‚ A`n-am-\-kvXw-`-amb Cu imkv{X-km-t¶-XnI k¿∆-I-em-imesb kzImcy kzm{ib F©n-\o-bd- nßv taJ-e°v Bh-iy-amb A≤ym-]-Isc krjvSn-°p∂ Hcp ÿm]-\a- m-°n Xcw-XmgvØp∂ \o°-߃°v bYm¿∞-Øn¬ XpS°w Ipdn-®Xv 2002-em-W.v ap≥ sF Fkv B¿ H sNb¿am-\m-bn-cp∂ bp B¿ dmhphns‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ tI{µ-k¿°m¿ 2002 ¬ cmPysØ kmt¶-XnI hnZym-`ymk taJe t\cn-Sp∂ {]iv\-߃ ]Tn-°m≥ Hcp A©wK kan-Xnsb \nb-an-®-p. Cu kanXn 2002 ¬ Xs∂ AXns‚ dnt∏m¿´v k¿°m-cn\v ka¿∏n-®p. Cu dnt∏m¿´n¬ \n∂mWv sF sF C Fkv Sn (C-¥y≥ C≥Ãn- ‰ yq´v Hm^v F©n- \ o- b - d nßv kb≥kv B‚ v sSIvt\m-f-Pn) F∂ Bibw cq]-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. Ign™ H∂c ]Xn- ‰ m≠v Ime- Ø n- \ p- ≈ n¬ cmPysغmSpw \qdv IW-°n\v F©n-\o-bdnßv tImtf-Pp-Iƒ Bcw-`n-°p-Ib - p-≠m-bn. CXn¬ _lp-`q-cn-]£hpw kzImcy kzm{ib taJ-eb - n-em-bn-cp-∂p. Ch-bn¬ Xs∂ A[n-Ihpw cmjv{Sob t\Xm-°ƒ Dƒs∏sS `cW-Øn¬ D∂X kzm[o\w sNep-Øp∂hcpsS DS-aÿ - X - b - n-ep-≈X - mbn-cp-∂p. Cu tImtf-Pp-Iƒ t\cn-Sp∂ G‰hpw henb {]iv\w Bh-iy-amb tbmKy-Xb - p≈ A≤ym-]I - c- psS Zu¿e`yam-bn-cp-∂p. kzIm-cy-kzm-{ib F©n-\o-bdnßv tImtf-Pp-If - nse Hgn-™p-In-S° - p∂ A≤ym-]I XkvXn-II - f - n-te-°mbn Npcpßn-bXv 10,000 ]n F®v Un°m-scbpw 30,000 Fw sSIv _ncp-Z[ - m-cn-It- fbpw Bhiy-ambn hcpw F∂mWv bp B¿ dmhp IΩn‰n IW-°m-°n-bX - .v C¥y-bnse sXmgn¬ hn]-Wn-bn¬ \ne-\n-ev°p∂ coXn A\p-k-cn®v ]pXpXmbn _n sSIv/ Fw sSIv _ncp-Z-ß-sfSpØv ]pd-Øp-h-cp-∂-h¿ A≤ym-]-\-hrØn°v BZy ]cn-KW - \ \¬Im-dn-√. sF sF Sn bn¬ \n∂pw a‰pw Cd-ßp∂ CØcw _ncpZw D≈-h¿ BZy Ah-kcw In´p-tºmƒ Xs∂ hntZ-it- Ø°v t]mhpIbpw sNøp-∂p. AXm-bXv C∂-sØ kml-N-cy-Øn¬ cmPy-sØ-ºmSpw D≈ kzm{ib F©n-\o-b-dnßv tImtf-PpIƒ°v Bh-iy-amb hnZym-`ymk tbmKyX-bp≈ A≤ym-]I - sc XpS¿®-bmbn e`n°m-\p≈ bmsXmcp km≤y-Xb - p-an-√. Cu

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]›m- Ø - e - Ø n- e mWv Cu Bhiyw km£m-Xv°c- n-°p-∂X - n-\v am{X-ambn Hcp Iq´w ]pXnb ÿm]-\ß - ƒ Bcw-`n-°pI F∂ Bibw Dcp-Øn-cn-™X - v. CXns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn-em-Wv, A≤ym-]-\-hrØn°v am{X-ambn D]-tbm-K-tbm-Ky-amb Cc´ _n sSIv Fw sSIv Un{Kn-bp≈ (_n sSIv Un{Kn°v tijw tImgvkv Ah-km\n-°m≥ A\p-h-Zn-°m-Ø) F©n-\o-bdnßv _ncp-Zm-\-¥c _ncp-Z-[m-cn-Isf krjvSn-°pI F∂ e£y-tØmsS sF sF C Fkv SnIƒ Bcw-`n-°m≥ Xocp-am\n-°s - ∏-´X - .v CXn-s\-Xp-S¿∂v tUm A\-¥-IrjvWs‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ cq]o-Ic- n-°s - ∏´ Hcp hnZ-K≤ v k - a- nXn 2006 s^{_p-hc- n-bn¬ tI{µ- a m- \ - h - h n- ` - h - a - { ¥m- e - b - Ø n\v ka¿∏n® dnt∏m¿´v A©v ÿm]-\ß - sf sF sF C Fkv Sn F∂ _m\-dn¬ kmt¶-XnI hnZym-`ym-kØ - n-\m-bp≈ Hcp ]pXnb kwhn-[m-\a- m-°m-\p≈ \n¿t±iw apt∂m´v h®p. _\m-dkv lnµp k¿∆-Iem-im-eb - nse C≥Ãn-‰yq´v Hm^v sSIvt\mf-Pn, _wKmƒ F©n-\o-bd- nßv tImtf-Pv, B{‘m k¿∆-Ie - m-im-eb - nse F©n-\ob-dnßv tImtf-Pv, Hkvam-\nb k¿∆-Ie - mim-e-bnse bqWn-th-gvkn‰n tImtfPv Hm^v F©n-\o-bd- nßv F∂n-hb - m-bn-cp∂p CXn¬ BZysØ \mev ÿm]-\-߃. A©m- a sØ ÿm]- \ w, sIm®n≥ imkv{X kmt¶-XnI k¿∆-Ie - m-im-eb - pw. BZysØ \mev ÿm]-\ß - ƒ F©n-\ob-dnßv tImtf-Pp-I-fpw, A©m-a-tØ-XmIs´ tIc-fØ - nse GI imkv{X kmt¶XnI k¿∆-Ie - m-im-ebpw! hnhn[ \qX\ imkv{X-km-t¶-XnI taJ-eI - f - n¬ A¥mcmjv{S \ne-hmcw ]pe¿Øp∂ Kth-jW - A-≤ym-]\ {]h¿Ø-\-߃°v D÷z-eamb t\XrXzw \¬In hcp∂ tIc-fØnse GI imkv{X kmt¶-XnI k¿∆I-em-im-es - b, hSt° C¥y-bnse hnZym`ym-k-I-®-h-S-°m¿ \S-Øp∂ kzm{ib F©n-\o-bd- nßv tImtf-Pp-Iƒ°v Bh-iyamb A≤ym-]I - sc krjvSn-°m-\p≈ Hcp tI{µ-am°n A[x-]-Xn-∏n-°m-\p≈ \oNamb \o°-amWv CXn-eqsS Bcw-`n-®X - v. tIc-ft- ØmSv Im´p∂ G‰hpw henb NXn-bm-Wn-X.v hnZym-`ym-ka- {¥n Xs∂ Cu sImSpw-NX - n°v t\XrXzw sImSp-°p-Ib - mWv. sXc-s™-Sp-°-s∏´ ÿm]-\-ßsf sF sF Sn \ne-hm-cØ - n-te°v Db¿Øp∂Xv kw_-‘n® Fkv sI tPmjn-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn-ep≈ hnZ-Kv≤-k-anXn 2004 s^{_p-hc- n-bn¬ tI{µ-am-\h - h - n-`h - a- {- ¥me-bØ - n\v dnt∏m¿´v ka¿∏n-®n-cp-∂p. Cu kanXn sF sF Snbp-tSbpw Ipkm-‰ns‚bpw {]I-S\w Xmc-Xayw sNøp-Ib - p-≠mbn. Cu c≠v ÿm]-\ß - fn-tebpw _ncpZm-\-¥c _ncpZ A≤ym-]\ Kth-jW hn`m-K-ß-fpsS {]I-S\w H∏-Øn-s\m-∏2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

amWv F∂mWv tPmjn-bpsS IΩn‰n Is≠-Øn-bX - .v Ipkm-‰nepw sF sF SnIfnepw \ne-\n-ev°p∂ A°m-Za- nI A¥co-£Ø - n-ep≈ hyXymkw \mw IW-°nse-Sp-t°≠Xp≠v. AJn-te¥ym Xe-Ønep≈ {]th-i\ - ] - c- o-£bpsS ASn-ÿm-\Øn- e mWv sF sF Sn Ifn- t e°v hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ sXc-s™-Sp-°s- ∏-Sp-∂X - .v 17-˛20 hb- n-\n-S-bn-ep≈ hnZym¿∞n-IfmWv Cßs\ sXc-s™-Sp-°s∏Sp-∂X - .v kmº-Øn-Ia- mbpw kmaq-ln-Ia- mbpw kaql-Øn¬ G‰hpw apIƒØ-´n-ep≈ hn`mK-Øns‚ {]Xn-\n-[n-If - mWv Ch¿. amdn-amdn-hc- p∂ tI{µ-k¿°m-cp-Iƒ sF sF SnIfpsS hnI-k-\-Øn\v \qdp-I-W-°n\v tImSn cq]-bmWv sNe-hg- n-®p-hc- p-∂X - .v sF sF Sn IfpsS {]Xn-h-¿j _P‰v 800 ˛ 900 tImSn cq]-h-cpw. Cu c≠v Imcy-ßfnepw sF sF SnI-fpsS ASp-sØßpw hcm≥ Ipkm-‰n\v Ign-™n-´n-√. Ipkm‰ns‚ {]Xn-h¿j _P‰v tIhew 127 tImSn cq] am{X-am-W.v ]s£ C{X-tbsd Ipd™ _P‰pw ]cn-an-X-amb A≤ym-]-\-˛-K-thjW kuI-cy-ßfpw am{Xw D]-tbm-Kn-®psIm-≠mWv Ipkm‰v A≤ym-]\ - ˛- K - t- h-jW - ta-Je - b - n¬ sF sF SnIƒs°m∏w XeD-b¿Øn \nev°p-∂X - v. Ipkm-‰ns‚ t\´ß-fpsS Xnf°w CXn-eqsS ]Xn-∑-Sßv h¿≤n-°p-∂p. CXn-ep-]c - n-bmbn sF sF Sn IfpsS ^okv LS\ Zp¿∫-e-hn-`m-K߃°v Hcn-°epw Xmßm-hp-∂-X-√. F∂m¬ Zp¿∫-eh - n-`m-Kß - ƒ°v Xmßm≥ Ign-bp∂ \ymb-amb ^okv LS-\b - mWv Ipkm-‰n¬ \ne-hn-ep-≈-Xv. CØ-c-Ønep≈ al-Ømb Hcp imkv{X kmt¶-XnI k¿∆-Ie - m-im-esb BWv, c≠mw ap≠-t»cn-bm-Im≥ Cdßn ]pd-s∏´ Fw F t__n F∂ hnZym-`ym-k-a{¥n hSt° C¥y-bnse hnZym-`ym-kI - ® - h - S- ° - m¿ \SØp∂ kzImcy kzm{ib F©n-\o-bd- nßv tImtf-Pp-Iƒ°v Bh-iy-amb A≤ym-]Isc krjvSn-°p∂ Hcp F©n-\o-bd- nßv tImtfPm°n am‰m≥ KqVm-tem-N\ \SØp-∂X - .v CØcw Hcp am‰w D≠m-hp-∂t- XmsS

a‰v ]e Xc-Øn-ep≈ \jvSß - fpw D≠mIp-sa∂ Imcyhpw ImWm-Xn-cp-∂p-Iq-Sm. H∂m-a-Xm-bn, Ign™ aq∂c ]Xn-‰m≠v ImesØ Bkq-{XW hnI-k-\-Øns‚ `mK-am-bn, D∂-X\ - n-eh - mcw ]pe¿Øp∂ hnZym-`ymk Kth-jW kuI-cy-߃ sa®-s∏-SpØm\mbn Ipkm-‰ns‚ ]›mØe kuI-cy-߃ hnI-kn-∏n-°m-\mbn kwÿm-\k - ¿°m¿ 3000 tImSn cq]-bmWv sNe-hg- n-®X - .v Fd-Wm-Ip-fØv Xr°m-°c- bnepw kn‰n-bpsS lrZ-b-`m-K-Øpw ]pfn¶p-∂n-ep-ambn Ipkm-‰n\v 300 G°¿ ÿew kz¥-am-bp-≠.v G‰hpw sa®-s∏´ sI´n-Sß - fpw Ipkm-‰n\v kz¥w. G‰hpw sa®-s∏´ Hcp sse{_-dnbpw Chn-sS-bp≠v. \ymb-amb ^okv \¬In hnZym¿∞nIƒ°v ChnsS D∂- X - a mb Ht´sd tImgvkp-I-fn¬ ]Tn-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂p. Ipkm-‰nse Fw _n F, F¬ F¬ Fw tImgv k p- I ƒ C¥y- b n¬ e`n- ° p∂ G‰hpw \√ tImgvkp-I-fm-Wv. sF sF C Fkv Snbmbn Ipkm‰v amdp-∂-tXmsS Cu tImgvkpI-fp-sS-sb√mw \S-Øn∏v Ah-Xm-f-Øn-em-Ipw. Chn-SpsØ ^okv tIc-fØ - nse hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°v Xmßm-hp∂-Xnepw hfsc A∏p-dØ - m-bn-cn-°pw. sF sF C Fkv Snbn-te-°p≈ {]th-i\w tIc-f-Ønse hnZym¿∞n-ItfmSv H´pw \oXn-]p-e¿Øp∂ Xc-Øn-ep≈-X√ - . 30 iX-am\w ko‰p-Iƒ hntZ-ih - nZym¿∞n-Iƒ°v kwh-cWw sNø-s∏-´n-cn°p-∂p. tIc-fØ - n¬ \n∂p≈ hnZym¿∞nIƒ°v tI{µ k¿°m¿ 50 iX-am\w kwhcWw A\p-h-Zn-®m¬ t]mepw, kwÿm\Øv \n∂p≈ hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°v e`y-amb ko‰p-If - psS FÆw Ct∏mƒ e`n-°p-∂X - nt\-°mƒ Ipd-hm-bn-cn-°pw. C∂sØ IW°-\p-k-cn®v Ipkm‰n¬ 2300 hnZym¿∞nIƒ°mWv {]th-i\w e`n-°p-∂-Xv. AXn¬ 1520 t]cpw kwÿm- \ Øv \n∂p≈hcm-W.v F∂m-¬ \n¿±njvS sF sF C Fkv Snbn¬ 1320 hnZym¿∞nIƒ°mhpw {]th-i\w e`n-°p-I. AºXv iXam\w kwh-cWw e`n-®m¬ t]mepw

17


I - -h¿tÃmdn kwÿm-\Øv \n∂p-≈-660 hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°v am{Xta ChnsS {]thi\w e`n-°q. sF sF C Fkv Sn bmbn amdp-∂t- XmsS kmaq-ly-\o-Xnbpw \ntj[n-°s - ∏-Spw. {]tXy-In®v Fkv kn / Fkv Sn, H _n kn F∂o hn`m-Kß - fn¬s]-Sp∂ hnZym¿∞n-If - psS Imcy-Øn¬. C∂sØ kml-Nc- yØn¬ kwÿm-\sØ F√m hn`m-KØ - n¬\n-∂p≈ kmaq-ly-ambpw hnZym-`ymk-]c- a- mbpw ]n∂m°w \n¬°p∂ hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°pw Ipkm‰n¬ {]thi\w e`n-°p-∂p-≠v. Ipkm‰nse F√m tImgvkp-Ifpw {]^-j-W¬ tImgvkp-If - m-Wv F∂-Xn-\m¬ F√m ]n∂m° hn`m-Kß - ƒ°pw hnI-emwK-¿°pw {]tXyI iX-am\w ko‰p-Iƒ am‰n-h° - s- ∏-´n-´p-≠.v ]s£ Ipkm‰v sF sF C Fkv Snbmbn cq]m-¥cw {]m]n-°p-∂t- XmsS Cu kwh-cW Ah-kc- ß - ƒ \jvSs- ∏-Spw. DZm-lc- W - Ø - n\v BZysØ 4 h¿jw sIm≠v samØw \jvSs- ∏-Sp∂ 5300 ko‰p-If - n¬ hnhn[ hn`m-Kß - f - n-embn 3794 ko‰p-If - mWv \jvSs - ∏Sp-I. Ipkm‰v sF sF C Fkv Snbmbn amdn-bm¬ 5 h¿jw sIm≠v 518 tImSn cq] e`n-°pw F∂mWv hmZw. CsXmcp hkvXpX Xs∂. ]t£ Cu XpI-bn¬ Bh¿Ø-\s - Ne-hmbn {]Xn-h¿jw hI-bn-cn-Øn-bn-cn-°p∂Xv shdpw 46.30 tImSn cq] am{X-am-Wv. (A-Xm-bXv 5 h¿jw sIm≠v 231.5 tImSn cq]) F∂m¬ 2007 ˛ 08 h¿j-tØ°v Ipkm‰n\v hI-bn-cpØn-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv 127.57 tImSn cq]-bm-W.v A©v h¿jw sIm≠v sF sF C Fkv Sn °v e`n-°p∂ Bh¿Ø-\s - Ne-hmb 231.5 tImSn cq] Ign®v _m°n 205.31 tImSn cq]bpw sI´nS \n¿Ωm-WØ - n-\m-W.v sI´nS \n¿ΩmW-Øn-\mbn 205 tImSn cq] sNe-hg- n-°s - ∏-Sp-tºmƒ 5 h¿jw sIm≠v ]n F®v Un, Fw sSIv s^t√m-jn-∏p-Iƒ°mbn hI-bn-cp-Øn-bn-cn-°p∂Xv 24.5 tImSn cq]-bpw, ]pkvXI - ß - ƒ°pw tP¿Æ-ep-Iƒ°p-ambn hIbn-cp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv 19.3 tImSn cq]bpw am{X-am-W.v C≥kv{Sp-sa-t‚-j≥, em_v kuI-cy-߃ F∂nh sa®-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂X - n-\mbn Hcp \bm ss]k t]mepw hI-bn-cp-Øn-bn-´n-√. sF sF C Fkv Sn Iƒ Bcw-`n-°p-tºmƒ kzIm-cy-˛s - ]m-Xp-ta-Je ]¶m-fnØw BImw F∂pw \n¿t±-ia- p-≠.v CØcw ÿm]-\ß - ƒ°mbn 11˛mw ]©-h-’-c-]-≤-Xn-bn¬ 500 tImSn cq] hI-bn-cp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. F∂m¬ 11˛mw ]≤-Xn°v tijw Fhn-Sp-∂mWv kmº-ØnI klmbw e`n-°pI F∂ tNmZy-Øn\v adp-]S- n-bn-√. kzm`m-hn-Ia- mbpw AXn-\p-tijw Cu taJe kzIm-cy-h¬°-cn-°s - ∏-Sm-\mWv Gsd km[y-X. 3000 tImSn cq]-bpsS BkvXn-bp≈, sF sF SnIƒ°v H∏w \n¿Øm≥ Ign-bp-∂, D∂X \ne-hm-ca- p≈ Ht´sd tImgvkp-Iƒ \S-∏n-em°p∂ tIc-fØ - nse A`n-am\ kvXw`-amb sIm®n≥ imkv{X kmt¶-XnI k¿∆-Ie - m-im-e, A©v ]Xn-‰m-≠p-Iƒ°v tijw kn ]n FΩn\v hnZym`ym-k-a-{¥nsb e`n® Ah-k-c-Øn¬ \ap°v \jvS-s∏-Sm≥ t]mIp∂p F∂-XmWv Gsd tJZ-Ic- a- mb Imcyw. Cu al-Ømb ÿm]-\s- Ø, ^eØn¬ hSt° C¥y≥ hnZym-`ymk I®-hS- ° - m¿°v A≤ym-]I - sc Dev]mZn-∏n-°p∂ ÿm]-\-ambn A[x-]-Xn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-s\-Xnsc {]Xn-tcm-[w Db¿∂p-hc- p-∂p-≠.v Cu A]-I-S-I-c-amb \o°-Øn\v _Z-embn Ht´sd \n¿t±-i-ßfpw apt∂m´vhbv°s- ∏-´n-´p-≠.v kwÿm-\w, tI{µklmbw e`n-°m-\p≈ Ahkcw Dt]-£n-°msX H∂p-In¬ Hcp sF sF Sn ÿm]n-°mt\m As√¶n¬ C¥y≥ C≥Ãn-‰yq´v Hm^v kb≥kv FUyp-t°-j≥ B‚ v dnk¿®v (sF sF Fkv C B¿) ÿm]n-°mt\m tI{µ-Øn\p ta¬ kΩ¿±w sNep-tØ-≠-XmWv. As√-¶n¬ Ipkm‰ns\ kwÿm-\-k¿°m¿ DS-aÿ-Xb - n-ep≈ Hcp amXrIm k¿∆-Ie - m-im-eb - mtbm As√-¶n¬ DS-am-hImiw kwÿm-\k - ¿°m-cn\v \ne-\n¿Øn-s°m≠v Hcp tI{µ-k¿∆-Ie - mim-ebmtbm Db¿Øm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. AXpw As√-¶n¬ Ipkm‰n\v Iognep≈ F©n-\o-b-dnßv tImtf-Pp-Isf Cu hn`m-K-Øn¬ s]Sp-Øm-\pt±-in-®n-cn-°p∂ as‰√m ÿm]-\ß - fpsSbpw Imcy-Øn-se-∂t- ]mse Hcp sF sF C Fkv Snbm°n am‰m-hp-∂X - m-Wv. ]s£ CXn-sem-∂pw, \ΩpsS c≠mw ap≠-t»-cn°v Xmev]c- y-an-√. Cu H‰-Øh - W sIm≠p Xs∂ tIc-fØ - ns‚ hnJym-Xa- mb hnZym-`ym-kc- wKw ap®qSpw apSn®v (kzm-{ib D∂-Xh - n-Zym-`ym-kc- wKw t]mse) Ncn-{X-Øn¬ ÿm\w ]nSn-°m-\mWv At±-lØ - n\v Xmev]c- yw. 2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

Nm≠n-bpsS ho™v ]cnjØns‚ Ip∏n-bn¬ a\p

kw

ÿm- \ sØ FbvUUv A¨F-bU v Uv kvIqfp-If - psS ta¬t\m´w Xt±-i-kz-bw-`-cW ÿm]-\-ß-fpsS NpaX-e-bm-°n-s°m-≠p≈ `cW ]cn-jvIm-cØn\v k¿°m¿ apXn-cp∂p F∂pw CXv Xß-fpsS Ah-Im-i-Øn-t∑-ep≈ IS-∂pI-b-‰-amWv F∂p-amWv Nne kmap-Zm-bnI kwL-S\-If - psS Bt£-]w. cmjv{Sobem`Øn-\p-th≠n Ct∏mƒ Cu kwL-S-\-IfpsS hmZw Gs‰-Sp-Øn-cn-°p∂ {]Xn-]£ t\Xmhv DΩ≥ Nm≠n CØcw Hcp \o°w k¿°m¿ \S-Øp-∂-Xmbpw sI C B¿ ]cn-jvI-cW kan-Xn-bpsS dnt∏m¿´n-eqsS CXp \S- Ø n- s b- S p- ° m≥ k¿°m- c n\v KqtVm-t±iw D≠∂pw amXr-`qan (Un-kw_¿ \mev) ]{X-Øn¬ Fgp-Xn-b-te-J-\Øn¬ Btcm- ] n- ° p- ∂ p. F¥mWv hmkvXhw? bYm¿∞-Øn¬ CXv BtKm-fa - q-e[ - \ i‡n-I-fpsS Hcp AP≥U-bm-Wv. F Un _nbpsS `cW \ho-Ic - W ]≤Xn hmbv]bp-ambn _‘-s∏-SpØn kvIqfp-If - psS ]T\-{Iaw Dƒs∏-sS-bp≈ ta¬t\m´w F≥ Pn HIfpw Xt±-iÿ - m-]\ - ß - fpw AS-ßp∂ IΩyq-Wn-‰nsb G¬∏n-°Ww F∂v Ah¿ iTn-®n-cp-∂p. Fw Pn ]n 1.3.1) CXns‚ tcJIƒ C∂pw tIcf k¿°mcns‚ HutZymKnI sh_vssk-‰n¬ e`y-amWv . CXv \S∏n-em-°m≥ DΩ≥ Nm≠n k¿°m¿ Xocpam-\n-°p-Ibpw AXn-\m-h-iy-amb XpI hI- b n- c p- Ø n- s °m≠v bp Un F^v k¿°m¿ 2005 P\p-hcn \men\v DØ-chv Cd-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp-∂p. {]Xn-]£ t\Xmhv Ct∏mƒ Hgp-°p-∂Xv apX-e-°Æo¿ BsW∂v hy‡w. F∂m¬ DΩ≥ Nm≠n k¿°m-cn\v ]q¿Øn-bm-°m≥ km[n°msX t]mb BtKmf aqe-[\ i‡n-IfpsS AP≠ C∂p \S-Øn-sb-Sp-°p∂ tPmen CSXp k¿°m- c nse imkv { X kmlnXy ]cn-jØv a{¥m-eb - ß - ƒ F∂p hnti-jn-∏n-°m-hp∂ a{¥n-{X-bß - ƒ Gs‰Sp-Øn-cn-°p-Ib - m-Wv. IΩyq-WnÃv a{¥nbpw apkv e nw eoKv a{¥nbpw XΩnep≈ AIew Ipd-bv°-em-Wv C∂v imkv{X kmln-Xy ]cn-j-Øns‚ tdmƒ. CØ-c°msc F{Xbpw s]s´∂v ]Sn- b S®p ]nWvUw hbv°Ww F∂p hnfn®p ]dbm-\mWv Fw F≥ hnP-b≥ tcmKw hI-hbv°msX tImWn Ib-dn-b-Xv. A√msX Bsc- ¶ nepw ]nd- I n¬ Nm´- b p- a mbn \n∂nt´m apI-fn¬ A∏-°jWw I≠nt´m A√.

18


Ih¿ tÃmdn

hnZym-`ymk taJ-ebpw Xt±i ÿm]-\-ßfpw hn F _me-Kw-Km-[-c≥

X

t±i`cWØm]-\-§Ä¡v hnZym-`ymk taJ-e-bn \ne-hn-epÅ A[n-Im-c-§sfIpdn¨pw, Ah-bpsS ZpÀhn-\n-tbm-K-§-sf-Ip-dn¨pw FXnÀ¸pw Bt£-]-§fpw DbÀ¶psIm--n-cn-¡p-t¼m-gmWv ap³No^v sk{I-«dn A[y-£-\m-bpÅ sI C BÀ ]cn-jvI-cW kan-Xn-bpsS tIcf hnZym-`ymk N«-t`-Z-KXnbpsS IcSv \nÀt±-i-§Ä ]pd¯v hcp-¶-Xv. amt\Pvsaâp-I-fpsS \nb-a-\m-[n-Imcw DÄs¸sS-bpÅ Ah-Im-i-§Ä I¿-S-¡p-¶-Xn\pw, kvIqfp-I-fpsS `cWw Xt±-i-`-cW-Øm-]-\-§-fpsS \nb-{´-W-¯n-semXp¡n cmjv{So-b-¡m-cpsS thZn-bm¡n amäp-¶-Xn\pw e£y-an-«n-«p-Å-XmWv \nÀ±njvS \nÀt±-i-§-sf¶pw Ah-bvs¡-Xnsc H¶n¨p {]t£m-`-§Ä \S¯p-sa¶pw ss{IkvXh k`-Ifpw, F³ Fkv FÊpw {]Jym-]n-¡p-¶-nS¯v F¯n-bn-cn-¡-bmWv Imcy-§Ä. `c-W-L-S-\-bpsS 73, 74 t`Z-K-XnI-fpsS XpSÀ¨-bmbn tIcf \nb-a-k` ]mÊm-¡nb \nb-a-§-fpsS ASn-Øm\-¯n Xt±i `c-W-Øm-]-\-§Ä¡v hnZym-`ymk Imcy-¯n A[n-Imcw ssIamäw sN¿-s¸-«n-«p--v. sI C BÀ ]cn-jvI-c-W-k-an-Xn-bpsS A´na dnt¸mÀ«v Kh¬saân\v kaÀ¸n-¨n-«nsÃ-¦nepw Xt±i`cWØm]-\-§Ä¡v Ah-bpsS A[n-Imc ]cn-[n-bn-epÅ hnZym-`ymk Øm]-\-§-fpsS `c-Ww, A¡m-Z-anIv {]hÀ¯-\w, KpW-\n-emhc hnI-k\w, A[ym-]-IÀs¡-Xnsc kkvs]³j³, in£m-\-S-]-Sn-IÄ F¶o Imcy-§-fnepw A[n-Imcw \ÂIp¶ hyh-Ø-IÄ \nÀt±-i-§-fnep-s-¶v ]{X dnt¸mÀ«p-IÄ kqNn¸n-¡p-¶p.

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

hnZym-`ym-k hnI-k-\-¯n Xt±i `c-W-Øm-]-\-§Ä¡v hf-sc-b-[nIw sN¿m³ Ign-bpw. F¶m Hu]-NmcnI hnZym-`ymk hn`m-K-¯n Xt±i `cW Øm]-\-§-fpsS \nb-{´-W¯n\v {]k-àn-bnÃ. {]th-i\ kabw, ]mTy]²Xn, ]mTy-{I-aw, ]mT]pkvX-I-§Ä, ka-b-hn-h-c-¸-«n-I, \nbXamb t_m[\ coXn-IÄ, A[ym]-I-cpsS hnZym-`ymk tbmKy-X, ]cntim-[\m kwhn-[m-\w, ]co£ XpS§nb \nb-a-]-c-am-bn-¯s¶ Cu Øm]-\-§Ä A\p-k-cn-t¡- Hu]Nm-cnI hyh-Ø-IÄ \nc-h-[n-bm-Wv. CuhI Imcy-§-fn Xt±i `c-WØm-]-\-§Ä CSs]-«m Imcy-§Ä BsI Ah-Xm-f-¯n-em-Ipw. kvIqfnsâ Imcy-£-a-amb {]hÀ¯\w Dd-¸p-hcp-¯p-I, hn`-h-tijn kam-l-c-Ww, ka-b-¯n\v tPmen-s¡-¯m¯ A[ym]-IÀs¡-Xnsc \S-]Sn kzoI-cn-¡pI, A¡m-ZanI {]hÀ¯\w sa¨-s¸-Sp¯pI F¶o Npa-X-e-IÄ ]©m-b¯v / \K-c-k`m hmÀUv AwK-¯nsâ A[y-£-X-bn-epÅ kvIqÄ hnI-k\ kan-Xn-¡m-bn-cn¡pw F¶v \nÀ±njvS t`Z-K-Xn-bn-ep-s-¶v ]d-b-s¸-Sp-¶p. hnZym-`ymk Øm]-\-§-fpsS `uXnI kuI-cy-§Ä Hcp-¡pI F¶-Xn Ihnªv Hu]-Nm-cnI hnZym-`ymk hn`m-K-¯n Xt±-`-cW Øm]-\§Ä¡v H¶pw sN¿m-\n-Ã. A¡m-ZanIv {]hÀ¯\w sa¨s¸-Sp-¯m-\pÅ \S-]-Sn-IÄ¡v cq]w sImSp-¡p-hm³ hnZym-`ymk hnZ-Kv²-·mÀt¡ Ign-bq. kvIqfp-I-fpsS Imcy-£-a-amb {]hÀ¯-\w, tPmen-bnse IrXy-\n-jvT F¶nh ]cn-tim-[n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pw, \S-¸m¡p-¶-Xn-\pw, hyh-Øm-]nX Øm]-\-

§fpw A[n-Im-cn-I-fpw, IrXy-\nÀh-lW-¯n hogvN-h-cp-¯n-bm AXn\pÅ in£-Ifpw, AXn-\pÅ A[nIm-chpw hyà-am-¡nb \nb-a-§Ä C¶v \ne-hn-ep--v. Cu Npa-X-e-Ifpw, A[nIm-c-§fpw cmjv{Sob AWn-I-fn-te¡v ssIamäw \S-¯p¶ ]£w hnZq-c-amb {]Xym-Lm-X-§Ä¡v AXv CS-bm-¡pw. FbnUUv kvIqfp-I-fn cmjv{So-b¯n¶v hne-¡nà F¶Xv CtXm-Sp-IqSn tNÀ¯v hm-bn-t¡---Xm-Wv. A¯cw Hcp ØnXnhnti-j-¯n cmjv{Sob ]I-t]m-¡-en-sâbpw cmjv{Sobh¡-cW-¯n-sâbpw thZn-I-fmbn hnZym-e-b§Ä A[x]Xn-¡p-sa¶ Bi¦ AØm-\-¯--Ã. A\u-]-Nm-cnI hnZym-`ymkw \S¯p-¶Xv Hu]-Nm-cnI hnZym-`ymk Øm]-\-§-fpsS ]cn-[n¡v ]pd-¯mWv. htbm-P\ hnZym-`ym-kw, km£cXm ]cn-]mSn F¶n-hbpw A{]-Imcw Xs¶. Xt±i `cW Øm]-\-§Ä¡v hnZym-`ymk taJ-e-bn hf-sc-b-[nIw hnI-k\ {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä Cu cwK¯v \S-¯m³ Ign-bpw. A[n-Imc hntI-{µo-I-c-W-¯ntâbpw Npa-X-e-IÄ ssIamäw sN¿p¶-Xn-sâbpw ad-hn Hmtcm Xnc-sªSp-¸nepw kwØm-\¯v amdn-amdn A[nIm-c-¯n hcp¶ cmjv{Sob I£n-IfpsS \b-§fpw ]cn-]m-Sn-Ifpw \S-¸nem-¡p¶ thZn-bmbn hnZym-`ymk Øm]-\-§Ä amdp-t¼mÄ hnZym-`ymk cwK¯v Acm-P-IXzw \S-am-Spw. ""hnZym-`ymk taJ-e-bn ]pXpXmbn e`n¨ A[n-Imcw hn\n-tbm-Knt¡---Xv, kmaqly hn¹-h-¯n\v Gähpw ^e-{]-Z-ambn {]tbm-P-\-s¸Sp-¯m-hp¶ Hcp-ta-J-e-bmWv hnZym-`ymk-sa¶v a\-Ên-em-¡n-s¡m--pw, hnZym`ymk cwKs¯ {]hÀ¯-\-§-fn kmaqly \nb-{´Ww XpSÀ¨-bmbn hÀ²n-¸n-¨p-sIm--p-am-Wv. A[ym-]-Icpw, c£n-Xm-¡-fpw, P\-{]-Xn-\n-[n-Ifpw Hs¯m-cp-an-¨p-Å Iq«m-bvabvt¡ Cu e£yw t\Sm-\m-Iq. AXn\v t\XrXzw \ÂIpI F¶p-Å-XmWv Xt±i `cW Øm]-\-§-fpsS ]pXnb ISa'' tIcf imkv{X kmlnXy ]cnj¯v 1999 {]kn²o-I-cn¨ "Xt±i `cW Øm]-\-§fpw hnZym-`ym-khpw' F¶ eLp-teJ Ah-km-\n-¡p-¶Xv taep-²-cn¨ hcn-I-tfm-sS-bm-Wv. K h ¬ s a â v \nb-an¨ sI C BÀ ]cnjvI-cW kan-Xn-bpsS \nÀt±-i-§-fnse e£y-hp-ambn CXn-¶pÅ kmZriyw bmZr-Ñn-I-am-Imw.

19


Ih¿ tÃmdn

hnZym-`ymk hym]mcn˛hy-h-kmb kwL-Øns‚ Xncp-h-N-\-߃ {InkvXy≥ kvIqfp-I-fn¬ am{Xsa {InkvXym-\n-Isf tN¿°mhq F∂p ]d™ A`n-hµy ]ptcm-ln-X≥ AXns‚ {]Xym-Lm-X-ß-sf-°p-dn®p Btem-Nn-®n-cn-°m≥ CS-bn-√.

Pn _n taml≥ Xºn

hn

Zym-`ym-k- -hym-]m-cn-˛-hy-hkmb kwL-Øns‚ Nne {]Xn-\n-[nIƒ°p Aa¿Øn-h-bv°m-\m-hmØ a´n¬ Aa¿jw A\p-`h - s - ∏-Sp-Ib - m-W.v tIc-fØ - nse hnZym-`ymk N´-ßf - n¬ Imtem- N n- X - a mb ]cn- j v I m- c - ß ƒ hcpØm≥ Kh¿sa‚ v Xocp-am-\n-®t∏mƒ apX¬ tcmjm-Ip-ec - mbn C°q´¿ {]Xn-Ic - n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. D∂X-hn-Zym-`ymk Iu¨kn-ens‚ \n¿tZi-ßfpw Ah¿ X≈n-°-f-bm≥ Xocpam-\n-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. hnZym-`ymk {]iv\-ß-fn¬ kmap-Zm-bnI aX ]cnK-W-\-Iƒ Ie¿Øn cmj-{Sob {]Xnk‘n D≠m-°m≥ Ah¿ clky AP-≠I - ƒ Xbm-dm-°n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂p. Hcp-Im-eØp hnZym-`ymk taJ-ebn¬ \nkzm¿∞hpw DPz-e-hp-amb {]h¿Ø-\ß - f - n¬°qSn \ΩpsS kaql-Øns‚ B[p-\o-IcW {]{In-bbn¬ kPo-h-amb ]¶p-h-ln® ]≈nta-[m-hn-I-fn¬ Hcp hn`mKw Ct∏m-ƒ XnI®pw k¶p-Nn-Xhpw {]Xn-tem-a-]c-hp-amb kao-]\ - ß - ƒ ssIs°m-≈pI-bm-Wv. ssZh-Øn-\p-≈Xv ssZhØn\pw; kok¿°p-≈Xv kok-dn\pw F∂ skIyp- e ¿ at\m- ` m- h sØ _lp-am-\n-°p∂ Iayq-Wn-Ãp-Imsc ]≈n-ap-‰-Øp-\n∂v B´n-tbm-Sn-°m≥ Ah¿ Xp\n-™n-dß - n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. acWm-k∂ At_m-[m-h-ÿ-bn¬ InS∂ Hcp Ahn-izm-kn°p At±lw 2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

Bh-iy-s∏-SmsX Xs∂ A¥y-Iq-Zmi \¬In kz¿K-Øn¬ ko‰v dnk¿hv sNbvXp F∂p Ah-Im-i-hmZw apg°m≥ aSn-bn-√m-Ø-hcpw ]c-ky-ambn bp≤-{]-Jym-]-\-ß-fp-ambn cmjv{So-bcwKw sImgp-∏n-°p-∂p. Ip™m-Sp-Isf s]mXp- \ n- c - Ø n¬IqSn sXfn- b n®p ""am¿IvknÃp ]m¿´n°v tcmKo-te-]\w'' \¬In A¥y-Iq-Zm-ibv°p Xbm-sd-Sp°p∂ CS-b≥am-scbpw tIcfw I≠pI-gn-™p. At∏m-gmWv D≠n-cp∂ \mb¿ hnfntI-´-Xv. hnZym-`ymk taJ-e-I-fn¬ Kh¿sa‚ v sIm≠p-hc - m≥ Dt±-in-°p∂ am‰-߃ Xß-fpsS Ah-Im-i-ß-fn¬ ssII-S-Ø-emWv F∂ hmZ-hp-ambn F≥ Fkv Fkv ]≈n-bnse Hcp hn`mK-hp-ambpw ssItIm¿°m≥ apt∂m´p h∂n-cn-°p-∂p. F∂n´v Ah¿ CS-Xp]- £ - a p- ∂ - W n- b p- a mbn sImºptIm¿°m≥ sh√p-hn-fn-Ifp-ambn tKmZbn- e n- d - ß n- ° - g n- ™ p. apsºßpw ImWm-Ø-t]mse {InkvXy≥-˛-ap…ow hnizm- k n- I - f n¬ \s√mcp hn`mKw Ahsc shdpw thm´p-_m-¶p-I-fnse \nt£-]-ambn I≠n-cp∂ t\Xr-Xz-ßfpsS Im]Syw a\-kn-em-°n-°-gn-™p. GXp- h n- t [- \ - s b- ¶ nepw Ahsc XßfpsS hcp-Xn-°p≈n¬ \n¿Øm\mWv Cu t\Xr-Xz-߃ {ian-°p-∂Xv. X…o-asb A]m-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-sa∂v `ojWn Db¿Øp∂ _wKm- f nse

ap…ow Xo{h-hm-Zn-I-fp-ambn sFIyZm¿Vyw {]I-Sn-∏n-°m≥ {]_p-≤-tI-cf-Ønse ap…ow eoKv t\Xr-Xz-Øn\v henb D’m-l-am-Wv. Npcp-°-Øn¬, kmap-Zm-bnI aX-hn-Im-c-ßsf Cf-°nhn´v {InkvXy≥-˛-\m-b¿-˛-ap…ow A®pX≠v A‰-Ip-‰-∏Wn Xo¿Øv ho≠psamcp hntam-N\ cY-bm{X \S-Øn-°fbmw F∂-h¿ kz]v\w ImWp-Ib - m-W.v D∂-X-hn-Zym`ymk Iu¨kn-ens‚ D]-tZ-iI kanXn A[y-£≥ s{]m^. A\-¥-aq¿Øn Iptd ip]m¿i-Iƒ ka¿∏n-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-W-t√m. kwÿm\Øp Hcp hnZym-`ymk k¿hokv IΩoj≥ ÿm]n-°-W-sa∂pw tImtfPv A[ym-]-I-cpsS \nb-a\w AXp Xbmdm-°p∂ enÃn¬ \n∂m-bn-cn-°-Wsa∂pw At±lw \n¿t±-in-®Xv G‰hpw kzmK-Xm¿l-am-Wv. D∂-X-hn-Zym-`ymk taJ-e-bnse \ne-hm-c-Ø-I¿®bv°p {][m\ ImcWw \nb-a-\-Ønse Agna-Xn-bm-Wv. A\-¥-aq¿Øn-bpsS Cu \n¿tZiw D∂- X - h n- Z ym`ymk Iu¨kn¬ AwKo-Ic - n-°p-Ibpw tIcf k¿°m¿ bmsXmcp hn´p-ho-gvNbpw IqSmsX AXp \S- ∏ n- e m- ° p- I bpw sNbvXm¬ am{Xsa \ne-hm-c-Ø-I¿®bn¬ DXvIWvT {]I-Sn-∏n-°p-∂-h¿ Bflm¿Y-X-bp-≈-h-cm-sW∂p P\w hnizkn-°p-I-bp-≈q. Imtem-Nn-Xa - mb Cu Xocp-am-\sØ hnZym- ` ymkhym]mcn ˛ hyh- k mb kwL-Øns‚ {]Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ F¥p-sIm≠mWv FXn¿°p- ∂ - s X∂p F√mh¿°pw Adn-bmw. amt\-Ps v a‚n\p \nba-\m-[n-Imcw th≠ F∂p A\-¥aq¿Øn ]d-™Xv Chsc InSn-ew-sIm≈n- ® n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. C{XbpwImew Ah¿°p In´n-s°m-≠n-cp∂ \nb-a-\m[n-Imcw kz¿W-ap-´b - n-Sp∂ Xmdm-hm-Wv. AXns\ sIm√m-\mWv A\-¥-aq¿Øn Blzm\w sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. AXv Ch¿°p kzoIm-cy-am-Ip-sa∂p {]Xo£n- t °≠ Imcy- a n- √ . Ah- c p- a mbn Btem-Nn®v Hcp ka-hm-b-ap-≠m-°nb

20


{]`mXv ]Sv\m-bnIv tijta Xocp-am-\-ap-≠m-hp-I-bp≈q F∂p ]d-bp-∂-h¿ D∂-X-hn-Zym-`ymk Iu¨kn-ens\ shdp-samcp D]-tZ-iI-k-an-Xn-bmbn Xcw-XmgvØpI-bmWv sNøp-∂X - v. kzm{ib tImtf-Pp-If - nse ^okv \n›-bn-°m≥ cq]o-I-cn-°-s∏´ PÃnkv apl-ΩZv IΩn-‰n-bpsS ÿnXn F{X Zb-\o-b-am-bn-Øo¿∂n-cn-°p∂p F∂p {]tXyIw ]d-tb-≠-Xn-√-t√m. πm\nwKv t_m¿Uns‚ C∂sØ D]m-[y-£\ - mb s{]m^. {]`mXv ]Sv\mbn-°ns‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ GXm-\pwsIm√߃°p apºv tIc-fØ - nse D∂X-hn-Zym-`ymk hyh-ÿb - psS ]p\xkwL- S - \ - s b- ° p- d n®p \n¿tZ- i - ß ƒ ka¿∏n-°m≥ Hcp kanXn cq]o-I-cn-®ncp-∂p. Ah-cpsS dnt∏m¿´nse A[ym]-I \nb-a\ - s - Ø-°p-dn®p ]d-™n-´p≈ Nne Imcy-߃. 1. ]T-\{- ]-{In-bb - n¬ G‰hpw {][m\-s∏´ ]¶v A[ym-]I - c - p-tS-Xm-W.v Adnhns\ _lp-am-\n-°p∂ kaq-l-Øn¬ A[ym-]-I¿°v G‰hpw D∂-X-amb ÿm\w D≠m-bn-cn-°pw. A[ym-]-I¿ Adn-hn-t‚bpw aqey-ßf - p-tSbpw \∑-Ifp- t Sbpw hnf- \ n- e - a mbncn°Ww. Abmƒ kz]v\P - o-hn-bm-bn-cn-°W - w. 2. ⁄m\-k-ºm-Z-\-sa∂ {]{In-bbpsS ss\c- ¥ cyw hnZym¿Yn- I - s fs°m≠p AwKo-I-cn-∏n-°m\pw {]tbmK-Øn¬ sIm≠p-h-cm\pw A[ym-]I¿°p Ign-b-Ww. 3. Ct∏m-gp≈ A[ym-]-I-\n-b-a\w Xr]vXn-Ic - a - √ - . an\naw tbmKy-Xb - p-s≠∂p-sh®v Hcmsf \nb-an-°m≥ ]mSn-√. tbmKy-X, hnj-bØ - n-ep≈ Ah-Km-lw, Kth-j-Wm\p-`-hw, Bi-b-hn-\n-ab sshZ-Kv[yw, kmaq-ly-Z¿i\w˛C-hsb√mw ]cn-KW - n-°W - w. 4. kzImcy ÿm]-\ß - fpw ]ªnIv k¿hokv IΩoj\pw A[ym-]I \nba-\-Øn¬ \n∂p ]n≥am-d-Ww. 5. A[ym-]I dn{Iq-´s v a‚ v t_m¿Uv cq]o-I-cn-°-Ww. Ah-cpsS Xocp-am\w tNmZyw sNø-s∏-Sm-Xn-cn-°-Ww. I¿i-

]n sI Ip™m-en-°p´n 2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

\- a mb ]co£m k{º- Z m- b - ß ƒ G¿s∏- S p- Ø - W w. ]Tn- ∏ n- ° m- \ p≈ Ignhpw ]co- £ n- ° - W w. \nb- a \w Ign™p A©p-sIm√w Ign-bp-tºmƒ ka-{K-amb hne-bn-cp-ج thWw. ko\n-tbmdn‰n am{Xw DtZym-K-°-b-‰Øn\p am\-Z-WvUam-°n-bm¬ t]mc. Cu \n¿tZ- i - ß ƒ hnZym- ` ymk hIp-∏ns‚ {i≤-bn¬s∏-´n-´p≠v F∂v hniz-kn-°mw. {]`mXv ]Sv\m-bn-°ns‚ dnt∏m¿´v amdme ]nSn® Ae-am-cn-bn¬ \n∂pw s]mSn-X-´n-sb-SpØv _‘-s∏-´h¿ hmbn-°p-∂Xp sIm≈mw. πm\nwKv t_m¿Uv Xs∂ s{]m^. tXmakv tPmk-^ns‚ A≤y-£X - b - n¬ D∂-X-hn-Zym-`ym-k-sØ-°p-dn®v Hcp dnt∏m¿´v Xbm-dm-°n-bn-´p-≠v. AXnepw A[ym-]I \nb-a\Øn\p th≠n "" bqWn-th-gvkn-‰n-˛-tIm-tfPv k¿hokv IΩo- j ≥'' cq]o- I - c n- ° - W - s a∂p ip]m¿i sNbvXn-´p-≠v. ap≥ A\p-`hw sh®p-t\m-°p-tºmƒ kz¥w πm\nwKv t_m¿Uns‚ \n¿tZ-iß - ƒ Petc-Jb - mbn-Øo-cm-\mWv km≤y-X. kz¿Æ-ap-´bn-Sp∂ Xmdm-hns\ sIm√m≥ Bcp Xbm-dmIpw? ss{Ikv X h tae- [ n- I m- c n- I ƒ as‰mcp hSnbpw Hmßp- ∂ p- ≠ v am¿IvknÃv ]m¿´nsb X√m≥. Cuizc hnizmkn-Isf am{Xsa A[ym-]-I-cm°m≥ ]mSp≈q F∂p Ah¿ iTn-°p∂p. Cuizchnizm-kn-If - m-bm¬ am{Xw t]mc-t√m. {InkvXp-aX - h - n-izmknIfm-bncn-°-Ww. {InkvXym-\n-I-fm-bn-cp-∂m¬ am{Xw t]mc-t√m, ItØm-en-°-cm-bncn°Ww, s{]m´-Âp-Im-cm-bn-cn-°W - w, kndn-b≥ {InkvXym-\n, km¬h-j≥ B¿an, ae-¶c Cßs\ F{X-sb{X hnizm-k-ß-fm-Wp-≈-Xv tIc-f-Øn¬ am{Xw. Hmtcm aX- h n- ` m- K - Ø ns‚ kvIqfpI-fnepw AXn-ep-≈h - ¿ am{Xsa tNcm-hq. lnµp-°ƒ°p PmXn-b-\p-kcn®p kvIqfp-Iƒ, ap…-oap-Iƒ°pw kp∂n, jnbm, Al-Ω-Zo-b, hlm_n a{Z-k-Iƒ thWw. {InkvXy≥ kvIqfp-

I- f n¬ am{Xsa {Inkv X ym- \ n- I sf tN¿°mhq F∂p ]d™ A`n-hµy ]ptcm-ln-X≥ AXns‚ {]Xym-Lm-Xß - sf-°p-dn®p Btem-Nn-®n-cn-°m≥ CS-bn√. c≠p-i-X-am\w am{Xw P\-kw-Jybp≈ {InkvXym-\n-Iƒ°p C∂v C¥ybnse hnZym-`ymk taJ-e-bn¬ {]apJ-amb km∂n≤yw D≠-t√m. Ah-cpsS tImtf-Pp-Iƒ cmPysØ G‰hpw \√ tImtf-Pp-If - psS ]´n-Ib - n¬ D∂-Xÿ - m\-߃ t\Sp-∂p. aX˛hn-izmk hnthN-\-an-√msX F√m-hcpw AhnsS ]Tn°p-∂p-≠v. Ahn-sS-sb√mw hnizm-knIƒ am{Xw ]Tn-®m¬ aXn F∂p-h∂ - m¬ F¥p-kw-`-hn-°pw F∂p A`n-hµy Xncpta\n Btem- N n- ® n- ´ p- s ≠∂p tXm∂p- ∂ n- √ . Iayq- W n- à p- I mcmb A[ym- ] - I - c psS Imcyw t]mI- s ´. _¿{S‚ v dk-ens\ t]mep≈ Hcp Nn¥-I\v Cu A`n-hµy Xncp-ta-\n-amcpsS tImtf-Pp-I-fn¬ Ib-dm≥ ]‰p-Ibn-√t- √m. CsX√mw ap≥Iq-´n-°≠ - p-sIm≠m-bn-cn°mw At±lw ""F¥p-sIm≠p Rms\mcp {InkvXym-\n-b√'' F∂ ]pkvXIw cNn-®-Xv. \nco-iz-ch - mZw kne-_k - n¬ Dƒs∏SpØn ]Tn-∏n-°p∂p F∂ ]cm-Xnbpw hnizm-kn-Iƒ A√m-Ø-hsc A[ym-]I-cmbn \nb-an-°p-I-bn√ F∂ {]Jym]-\hpw {InkvXp-a-X-hn-izm-kn-I-fnse hnth-In-If - mb `qcn-]£w X≈n-°f - b - psa∂p {]Xo-£n-°mw. CXp-t]mse lmkym-k] v Z- a - mb as‰mcp {]Jym-]\w kzm{ib hyh-kmb hnhm-ZØ - n¬ tI´ncp-∂p. Hc-`n-hµy ss{IkvXh {]amWn ]d™p: ""]mh-ßsf ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂Xp k¿°m- c ns‚ IS- a - b m- W v . AXp R߃ sNtø≠ Imcy-an-√.'' im¥w! ]m]w! F∂-√msX F¥p-]d - b - m≥. ]cn]-Iz-aX - n-Ifpw kmaq-ly-{]-Xn-_≤ - X - b - p≈- h - c p- a mb F{Xtbm {Inkv X y≥ ]WvUn-X-∑m¿ tIc-f-Øn-ep-≠v. Ahcn-em-sc-¶nepw Cu A`n-hµy hnizmknsb ss__n-fnse ]pXnb \nbaw ]Tn-∏n-®p-sIm-Sp-Øm¬ At±-lØ - n\pw \m´m¿°pw KpW-ap-≠m-Ip-sa∂p \n wibw ]d-bmw.

]n sI \mcm-bW ]Wn-°¿

21


Ih¿ tÃmdn

A\-¥-aq¿Ønsb A]-am-\n-°-cptX A[n-Im-c-ta-‰n´v c≠p-h¿j-am-bn´pw A\-¥aq¿Øn IΩo-j≥ dnt∏m¿´v \S-∏m-°p-∂-Xn\v Hcp sNdp-hn-c¬ t]mepw A\-°mØ hnZym`ymk a{¥n A\-¥-aq¿Ønsb Xs∂ kvIqfns‚ XpS¿®-bmb D∂X hnZym-`ymk cwKsØ {]iv\-߃ ]Tn-°p-∂-Xn-\m-bp≈ Iu¨kn-ens‚ A[y-£-\mbn \nb-an-®-Xn¬ Zpcq-l-X-I-tf-sd-bp-≠v.

Un thWp-tKm-]m-e≥ \ºym¿

I

gn™ bp Un F^v k¿°m cns‚ ImeØv F sI B‚Wn apJy-a{¥n-bm-bn-cp-∂-t∏mƒ tIc-fob kvIqƒ hnZym-`ymk taJ-e-bnse {]iv\-ßsf Ipdn®p ]Tn®v ]cn-lm-cß - ƒ \n¿t±-in-°p∂-Xn-\v \ntbm-Kn-°-s∏´ bp B¿ A\¥-aq¿Øn A[y-£-\m-bp≈ kvIqƒ hnZym- ` ymk IΩo- j ≥ 2004- ˛ ¬ k¿°mcn\v dnt∏m¿´v ka¿∏n-°p-Ib - p-≠mbn. s]mXp JP-\m-hn¬ \n∂v Im¬tImSn-tbmfw cq] sNe-h-gn®v C¥y-bnse hnhn[ ÿe-ßf - n-embn ap∏Xp kn‰nw-KpIƒ \SØn aqhm-bn-c-Øn-tesd hy‡nI-fn¬ \n∂pw hnZym-`ymk cwKØp {]h¿Øn-°p∂ \qdp-IW - ° - n\v kwL-S\ - I-fn¬ \n∂pw sXfn-sh-Sp∏p \S-Øn, hnZym-`ymk taJ-eb - n¬ ka-{Khpw k¿§mfl-Ihpw {]mtbm-Kn-I-hp-amb am‰-߃ \n¿t±-in-°p∂ {]kvXpX dnt∏m¿´v aq∂p h¿jw Ign-™n´pw k¿°m¿ CXp-hsc kzoI-cn-°p-Itbm \ncm-I-cn-°p-Itbm sNbvXn-´n-√. ""s]mXp hnZym-`ym-kØ - ns‚ KpW-\ne-hm-ca- p-b¿Øm≥ kwÿm\ FbvUUv kvIqƒ A[ym-]I \nb-a-\-Øn¬ I¿i\-amb \nb-{¥Ww sIm≠p-hc- Ww'' F∂

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

Hscm‰ \n¿t±-i-Øns‚ t]cn¬ Xs∂ dnt∏m¿´n\v CS-Xp-]-£-®mbvhps≠∂p ap{Z-IpØn ]n∂o-Sp≈ `cW Ime-sØm-cn°- e pw bp Un F^v AtX- ° p- d n®v Hm¿°mt\m apXn-cmsX dnt∏m¿´v tImƒUv tÃmtd-Pn¬ sh°p-Ib - mWv sNbvXX - v. ANyp-Xm-\µ - ≥ apJy-a{- ¥n-bmbn F¬ Un F^v A[n-Im-c-ta‰ tijw tIcf hnZym-eb hnI-k\ kanXn ]e-{]m-hiyw apJy-a-{¥n°pw hnZym-`ymk a{¥n°pw A\-¥a- q¿Øn IΩo-j≥ dnt∏m¿´v \S-∏m°-Ws - a∂ \nth-Z\w \¬Ip-Ib - p-≠mbn. G‰hpw HSp-hn¬ 2006 \hw-_¿ 27\v kanXn, apJy-a{- ¥n°pw hnZym-`ymk a{¥n°pw A\-¥-aq¿Øn IΩo-js‚ dnt∏m¿´nse {][m\ ip]m¿i-bmb kvIqƒ hnZym-`ymk Iu¨kn-ens‚ cq]o-I-cWw F¶nepw F{Xbpw thKw \S-∏m-°-W-sa-∂m-h-iys∏´v \nth-Z\w \¬In-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw Hcp h¿jw Ign-™n´pw Hcp \S-]S- nbpw D≠mbn-´n-√. apJy-a{¥n sNb¿am\pw, hnZym-`ymk a{¥n sshkv sNb¿am\pw, {]Xn-]£ t\Xmhv c≠v ap≥ hnZym-`ym-k a{¥n-am¿ tlmW-ddn AwK-ßfpambn {]_p≤ tIcf-Øns‚ ]cn-t—Zw Xs∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p A\-

¥-aq¿Øn hn`m-h\w sNbvX kvIqƒ hnZym-`ymk Iu¨kn-¬. CØcw Hcp Iu¨kn¬ Hcp-an-®n-cp∂v ka-hm-bØ - n-eqsSbpw ka-\z-b-Øn-eq-sSbpw tIc-fØns‚ X\Xv hnZym-`ymk \bw cq]o-Icn-°p-Ibpw kam-[m\ ]q¿W-amb s]mXphn- Z ym- e - b - ß ƒ cq]- s ∏- S p- Ø p- I bpw sNøpw F∂m-bn-cp∂p IΩo-js‚ hnebncp-ج. A\-¥-aq¿Øn IΩo-js‚ Cu \n¿t±iw t]mepw \S-∏m-°m≥ Iq´m°mØ Fw F t__n-bmWv Ct∏mƒ A\-¥-aq¿Ønsb hmgvØn-∏mSn At±lsØ D∂X hnZym-`ymk Iu¨knens‚ Xe-∏Øv Ah-tcm-[n- ® - n-cn-°p-∂X - v. apJy-a{¥n sNb¿am-\m-Ip∂ Hcp Iu¨kn¬ Fw F t__n°pw At±l-Øns‚ D]-Pm-]I kwL-amb imkv{X kmlnXy ]cn-jØ - p-Im¿°pw H Fw i¶c\pw ]nW- d mbn ]£- ° m¿°pw cpNn°mØXp-sIm-≠mImw kvIqƒ hnZym`ymk Iu¨kn¬ F∂ Imtem-Nn-Xhpw imkv{Xo-bh - p-amb \n¿tZiw t]mepw \S∏m-°m≥ Xp\n-bm-ØX - .v Fw F t__n a{¥n-bmbn A[n-Imc-ta‰ tijw At±-lØ - n\v bp B¿ A\¥-aq¿Øn A`n-\-µ\ IsØ-gp-Xp-I-bp≠m-bn. kwÿm-\-Øns‚ Ncn-{X-Øn¬ BZy-ambn kn ]n sF (Fw) hnZym-`ymk hIp∏v Fs‰-Sp-°m≥ Xocp-am-\n-®-Xns‚ ]nd-In-ep-≈ C—m-i‡n Xncn-®-dn™v hnZym-`ymk a{¥nsb A`n-\µ - n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Xs‚ A\m-tcm-Kym-hÿ - b - nepw tIc-ft- Øm-Sp≈ Xs‚ {]tXyI ASp∏w sIm≠pw tIc-f-Ønse Xs‚ ]gb kplr- Ø p- ° - f psS kv t \tlm- j v a f \n¿∫-‘Ø - n\p hg-ßnbpw ap≥ k¿°mcns‚ ImeØv Xm≥ Gs‰-SpØ IΩojs‚ dnt∏m¿´v \S-∏m-°m-Ø-Xnep≈ Bi¶ B IØn¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw sNbvXp. IØn\v Hcp adp-]S- n-bp-an-√msX Gsd Ign-™v hnZym-`ymk a{¥n-bpsS Hm^o-kn¬ Bh¿Øn®p _‘-s∏-´t∏mƒ ""hnZym-`ymkw I®-h-S-h¬°-cn°m≥ Dt±-in-°p-∂n√'' F∂ Hcp Hgp-°≥ adp-]S- n-bmWv A\-¥a- q¿Øn°v e`n-®X - v. A[n-Im-c-ta-‰n´v c≠p-h¿j-am-bn´pw A\-¥a- q¿Øn IΩo-j≥ dnt∏m¿´v \S-∏m°p-∂X - n\v Hcp sNdp-hn-c¬ t]mepw A\°mØ hnZym- ` ymk a{¥n A\- ¥ aq¿Ønsb Xs∂ kvIqfns‚ XpS¿®bmb D∂X hnZym-`ymk cwKsØ {]iv\߃ ]Tn-°p-∂-Xn-\m-bp≈ Iu¨knens‚ A[y-£-\mbn \nb-an-®-Xn¬ Zpcql-XI - t- f-sd-bp-≠.v A\-¥-aq¿Øn IΩo-j≥ dnt∏m¿´v B[m-ca- m-°n-bp≈ \mj-W¬ Icn-°pew s{^bn-ans\ ASn-ÿm-\-s∏-SpØn CXn-

22


\Iw Xs∂ C¥y-bpsS a‰p kwÿm-\߃ Icn-°pew cq]-s∏-SpØn ]mTy-]≤Xn ]pXnb ]mT ]pkvX-I-ß-fp-ambn KpW- t a- ∑ - b p≈ hnZym- ` ym- k - Ø n- t e°p≈ ]S-hp-Iƒ Ib-dp-tºmƒ ChnsS BhI Imcy- ß ƒs°m∂pw ImØp\n¬°msX 260 ˛ Hmfw ssS‰n-ep-Iƒ kvIqƒ ¢mkp-If - n¬ sSIvÃp-_p-°p-If - m°m-\p≈ X{X-∏m-Sn-emWv a{¥n. Xmsg Xe-Øn-ep≈ N¿®-Iƒ \S-∂p-sIm-≠ncns° Xs∂ imkv{X kmlnXy ]cn-jØnse _p≤nPohn-Iƒ Fkv kn C B¿ Snbn¬ sSIvÃp-_p°v \n¿Ωm-W-Øn¬ apgp-In-bn-cn-°b - m-W.v P\-]¶ - m-fn-Øt- ØmsS-bp≈ ]mTy-]-≤Xn cq]-s∏-´-tijw ]mT]pkvXI - ß - ƒ \n¿an-°pI F∂ k¿∆k-Ω-X-amb [mc-W-Im-‰n¬ ]d-Ønb hnZym-`ymk a{¥n-bpsS Cu Xe-Xn-cn™ \bw hcp∂ A[y-b\h¿jw apX¬ hnZym- ` ymk cwKØv Xe- t h- Z - \ - b p≠m°pw; Zqc-hym-]I - a- mb {]Xym-Lm-Xß - fp-≠m-°pw. kvIqfns‚ XpS¿®-bmb ]pXnb ]mTy]-≤-Xn-bp-ambn _‘-s∏´ t{KUnwKv D∂X hnZym- ` ymk taJ- e - b n- t e°p hym]n-∏n-°m≥ tUm. A\-¥a- q¿Øn CS°me dnt∏m¿´n¬ ip]m¿i sNbvXX - mbn Adn-bp-∂p. t{KUnw-Kn-\p-th≠n t{KUnwKv G¿s∏-Sp-Øp∂ CØcw \S-]Sn D∂X hnZym-`ymk cwKw {]iv\ k¶o¿W-am°mt\ DX-Ip-Ib - p-≈q. h¿jm-¥y-Øn¬ \S-Øp∂ FgpØp ]co£ Ip´nsb ka- { K- a mbn aqey\n¿Wbw \S-Øp-hm≥ A]-cym-]vXhpw Hm¿Ω- i - ‡ n- b psS ]cn- t im- [ - \ - b n¬ am{Xw HXp-ßp-∂X - m-sW-∂p-ap≈ hn¿i-\Øn¬ \n∂m-Wv Ip´nsb \nc-¥-c-ambn aqey-\n¿Wbw sNøp∂ k{º-Zmbw

17 ^okv' ]ncn-°m≥ \nb-a] - c - a- mbn A\p-hZn-®X - )v FbvUUv kvIqfp-If - psS ta¬ Hcp \nb-{¥-Whpw G¿s∏-Sp-Øn-s√∂v kaqlw kΩ-Xn-°p-∂p. a{¥nsb klm-bn-°m≥ `cW-]£ A[ym-]I - t- \-Xm-°fpw Nne ]©mbØv AwK-ßfpw Nne "IS∂ ]Wn-Iƒ' sN-øp-Ibpw sNbvXp. ap…owIƒ [mcm-fap≈ aSnss° ]©m-b-Øn¬ {]`m-XØnse Jp¿-B≥ ¢mkv XS-ks - ∏-Sp-Øpwhn[w ]T-\k - a- bw am‰m≥ Bh-iy-s∏-Sp∂Xpw a‰pw CXns‚ `mK-am-W.v CØcw _l-f-߃°n-S-bn¬ a{¥n Xs‚ bYm¿∞ AP-≠-Iƒ \S-Øn-sbSp-°p-Ib - m-W.v ]mTy-]≤ - Xn ]cn-jI v c- Ww t]mse hnZym-`ym-k-Øns‚ \S-Øn∏v (]©m- b - Ø p- I - s f- s b- ∂ hymtP\)

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

BZy- a mbn C¥y- b n¬ Un ]n C ]nbpsS `mKambn Bcw-`n-®-Xv. Cu kwhn-[m\w C∂v kvIqfpI-fn¬ ^e-{]-Za- mbn HcnS-Øp-an-√. ]pXnb ]mTy-]-≤-Xnbp- a mbn _‘- s ∏´ t{KUnw- K mWv as‰mcp {][m-\-{]-iv\w. am¿°nwKv knÃw C∂v temI-hym-]-I-ambn XnckvI-cn-°-s∏´p Ign-™ncns° kvIqfp-If - n¬ \S∂p-hc - p∂ Izm≠n-t‰-‰ohv t{KUnwKv am¿°nwKv knÃw Xs∂-bm-W.v ta¬°m- W n® XcØn-ep≈ Kpcp-X-c-amb Aim-k{v Xo-bX - I - ƒ \ne\n¬°p-tºm-fmWv Xs‚ {]Xn-—mb h¿≤n-∏n-°m≥ A\-¥a- q¿Ønsb Xs∂ hnZym-`ymk a{¥n Iq´p-]nSn-®n-cn-°p-∂X - .v k¿°m¿ \ntbm-Kn°p∂ Hscm‰ A[ym-]-I-s\bpw kz¥w kvIqfp-I-fn¬ ]Tn-∏n-°m≥ A\p-h-Zn-°ns√∂ [m¿jvSy-tØm-sS-bp≈ FbvUUv amt\-Pvsa‚p-I-fpsS sh√p-hnfn `oj-Wnb-√msX as‰-¥mWv? F C H, Un C H, Un ]n sF XpS-ßnb kwhn-[m-\-ß-sfsbms° X≈n-∏d- b - m≥ Ch¿°v A[n-IIm-e-sam∂pw C\n th≠nh-cn√. A[ym]-I ]cn-io-e\w XpS-ßn-bh Ch¿ C\n ths≠∂p ]d-bpw. s]mXp hnZym-`ymksØ A]m-bs- ∏-Sp-Øp∂ CØcw {]hW-X-Isf sNdpØp tXm¬∏n-°m-\p≈ s]mXp-P\ - ß - f - psS Npa-Xe - b - n-em-°p-Ib - mWv. hnI-k\ - k - a- n-Xn-Iƒ°mWv C\n-ta¬ kvIqƒ \S-Øn∏v Npa-X-e. Un ]n C ]n apX¬ Ct∂mfw temI-_m-¶ns‚ hmbv]sb-SpØ ]Ww kvIqfp-Iƒ°p In-´p-∂p-≠.v 2010 HmsS Ct∏m-gsØ Fkv Fkv F ]Ww Xocpw. ]ns∂ kvIqƒ \S-Øn-∏n\v ]Ww apgp-h≥ \m´p-Im¿ \¬I-Ww. A≤ym]-I¿°v ]©m-bØv iº-fw \¬tI-≠nhcn-√sb∂v a{¥nbpw `c-Wk - w-LS- \ - bpw ]d-bp-tºmgpw \m´nse H´-\h - [n kvIqfpI- f n¬ aWn- ° q¿ ASn- ÿ m- \ - Ø n¬ {]h¿Øn°p∂ "Imjz¬' A[ym-]I - ¿°v iºfw \¬Ip-∂Xv hnI-k\ - k - a- n-Xn-If - mWv. Ch-cpsS FÆw {IaØn¬ h¿≤n-∏n°pw. kao-]-`m-hn-bn¬ A[ym-]-I-i-º-fØns‚ t]mepw Hcp `mKw s]mXp-P\w \¬tI-≠n-hc- pw. ]©m-bØ - p-Iƒ°v CXn-

bp B¿ A\¥-aq¿Øn \s´√v hnZym- ` ymk a{¥n- ° pt≠m? kzImcy ˛ FbvUUv amt\-Ps v a‚p-Iƒ°v hoSp-]Wn sNøp∂ as‰mcp hnZym-`ymk a{¥nbmbn Fw F t__n amdn-s°m-≠ncn-°p-Ib - m-W.v Aev]-sa-¶nepw a\:km£n-bp-s≠¶n¬ Fw F t__n sNtø-≠Xv A\¥-aq¿Øn-sb-t]m-ep≈ {Im¥-Z¿in-bmb Hcmsf A]-am-\n-°m-Xn-cn-°e - m-Wv. (tI-cf hnZym-eb hnI-k\ kanXn P\-d¬ sk{I-´d- n-bmWv teJ-I≥)

s\m-∂p-ap≈ tijn Hcn-°e - p-ap≠mIn-√. tdmUv \∂m-°m\pw sXcp-hp-hn-f° - p-IØ - n°m\pw ]ns∂ Poh-\-°m¿°v iº-fw sImSp- ° m\pw th≠ ^≠n- √ mØ ]©mb-Øp-If - mWv an°-Xpw. "Pe-\n-[n'sb∂ t]mse Chn-sSbpw Npa-Xe apgph≥ "KpW-t`m-‡m-°ƒ' F∂ c£n-Xm°ƒ°mIpw. a‰- \ - h [n {]iv \ - ß - f p- s ≠- ¶ nepw X¬°mew Ah-bn-te°v IS-°p-∂n-√. C{Xbpw ]d-™X - n¬ \n∂p-Xs∂ \ΩpsS Zni hy‡-am-W.v tIc-fØ - ns‚ t\´-߃ Dt]-£n-°p∂ kaq-lsØ ]nt∂m-´p \bn-°p∂ Cu a{¥nsb "c≠mw ap≠t»cn' F∂pw a‰pw hnfn-°p-∂-h¿ ]≠v ap≠-t»cn amsj "a≠m-a≠m ap≠-t»cn' F∂p hnfn-®h - ¿ Xs∂-bm-bn-cn-°pw.

23


dnt∏m¿´v

Cu tImg IÆq-cn\v ]pXpa; ]m¿´n°pw IÆq-cns‚ {Kmam-¥-c-ß-fn¬ s]m´n-sØ-dn-tbm-f-saØn-bn-cn-°p∂ P\-ß-fpsS {]Xn-tj[w hniZo-I-cW s]mXp-tbm-K-Øn-s\-Ønb Pn√m sk{I-´-dnsb _ln-jvI-cn-°p-∂nSw hsc FØn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. CXv IÆq-cn\v ]pXp-a-bm-Wv.

Fw Fkv Dfn-°¬

F

bvUUv kvIqfp-If - nse A[ym]I \nb-a-\-Øn\v e£-ß-fmWv tImgbmbn hmßp-∂s- X-∂Xv ]c-ky-amb Imcyam-Wv. ]Øp-e£w cq]-tbm-f-amWv ]e amt\- P v s a‚p- I fpw ssI°q- e n- b mbn hmßp-∂s - X∂Xv Hcp ]pXnb shfn-s∏-SpØ-e√ - . Cßs\ \nb-an-°s- ∏-Sp∂ A[ym]-I¿°v iºfw sImSp-t°-≠Xv k¿°mcmWv. Cu sshcp≤yw Hgn-hm-°m\pw \nba-\-߃ kpXm-cy-am-°m\pw A[ym-]I \nb-a\w ]nFkvkn hgn-bm-°-W-sa∂ N¿® kPo-ha- m-Wv. hnZym-`ymk ]cn-jvIc-WØ - n-\m-bp≈ kn ]n \mbcpsS t\XrXz-Øn-ep≈ kanXn C°mcyw \n¿tZ-in®n-´p-≈X - mbn ]{X-hm¿Ø-Ifpw h∂n-cn-°p∂p. ]pXnb N¿®-I-fn≥ta¬ i‡hpw hnπ-hI - c- h - p-amb Xocp-am-\s- a-Sp-°p-∂X - n\v kn]n-FΩ - n\v hnΩn-´a- p-≠.v ImcWw ]m¿´n {Kma-ßf - n¬ amXr-Im-]c - a- mbn ]m¿´n \SØn- s °m- ≠ n- c p∂ hnZym- e - b - ß - f n¬ \n∂pw Agn-aX - n-bpsS Id-]p-c≠ IY-Iƒ ]pd-tØ°v h∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wt√m. IÆq-cns‚ {Kmam-¥c- ß - f - n¬ s]m´nsØ-dn-tbm-f-sa-Øn-bn-cn-°p∂ P\-ßfpsS {]Xn-tj[w, hniZo-I-cW s]mXptbm-K-Øn-s\-Ønb Pn√m sk{I-´-dnsb _ln-jI v c- n-°p-∂nSw hsc FØn-bn-cn-°p∂p. CXv IÆq-cn\v ]pXp-ab - m-Wv. ]pdsa Hcp IS¬t]mse IÆq¿ im¥-am-sW¶nepw ASn-Ø-´n¬ {]Xn-tj-[-Øns‚ kp\m-an-Øn-cI - ƒ cq]-s∏-´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°pI-bm-W.v IÆq-cn¬ ]m¿´n t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ \S°p∂ Agn-aX - nbpw Agn-aX - n-°msc kwc2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

]cn-°pfw imcZ hnemkw F bp ]n kvIqƒ ‰nbp-sS \nb-{¥Ww tem°¬ IΩn-‰n°v hn´p-sIm-Sp-Øp. Dfn-°¬ tem°¬ IΩn‰n AwK-ßf - mb ]n Ip™n-cm-a≥ (amt\-P¿), sI sI tKmhn-µ≥ (sk-{I-´-dn) F∂n-hcmWv kvIqƒ skmssk-‰nsb \nb-{¥n°p-∂X - .v ]m¿´n-bpsS ap∂n¬ kvIqƒ hnj-bam-hp-∂Xv AhnsS \S∂ tImg \nb-a-\ß-fneq-sSbmWv. ]cn-°pfw imc-Z- hnemkw F bp ]n kvIqfn¬ \nb-an-X-cmb A[ym-]-I-tcmSv amt\-Pvsa‚ v hmßn-bXn\v ]pdsa kn ]n Fw tem°¬ IΩn‰nbnse Nnecpw h≥XpI cl-kyambn hmßnbs{X. CXm-hs´ ]m¿´n tem°¬ IΩn-‰n-bnse Nne AwK-߃ am{Xw Adn™p-sIm-≠pw. ]W-Øns‚ IW-°p-Iƒ tem°¬ IΩn-‰n-bn¬ \n∂pw ad-®p-sh-®p. Ign™ ]Øp- h ¿j- Ø n- \ n- S - b n¬ Cu kvIqfn¬ HºXv \nb-a-\-߃ \S-∂n-´p-≠v. (Ah-cn¬ \n∂v tem°¬ IΩn-‰nbnse Nne AwK-ßfpw kvIqƒ IΩn-‰nbpw hmßnb ]W- Ø ns‚ hni- Z mw- i - ß ƒ ]´nI H∂n¬) \nb-a-\-Øn\v hmßn-b-Xn-s‚bpw sNe-hm-°n-bX - n-s‚bpw IW°v CXp-hsc IΩn-‰n hnfn-®p-tN¿Øv t_m[y-s∏-SpØmØ {]iv\a- mWv Ct∏mƒ s]m´n-sØdn-bpsS h°nseØn-bX - v. kvIqƒ IΩn-‰n-bpsS Imem-h[n aq∂v h¿j-am-Wv. Ime-h[ - n°v tijw t]mepw P\-d¬ t_mUn \S-Øp-Itbm ]pXnb `mc-hm-ln-Isf sXc-s™-Sp-°p-Itbm IW-°p-Iƒ t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øp-Itbm sNbvXn-´n-√. Imem-h[n Ign™ IΩn-‰nbmWv \nb-a\ - ß - ƒ \S-Øn-bX - .v Cu Imeb-f-hn¬ \nb-a\w \S-Øn-b-h-cn¬ \n∂v aq∂v e£-tØmfw cq] ssI∏-‰n-bn-´p-

£n-°m≥ ]m¿´n t\XrXzw kzoI-cn-°p∂ Pm{K-Xbpw Agn-a-Xn-s°-Xnsc \ne-]mSv kzoI-cn-°p-∂h - sc D≥aq-e\w sNøm≥ \SØp∂ hy{K-Xbpw hy‡-am-°p-∂X - mWv ]m¿´n-bpsS \nb-{¥-WØ - n-ep≈ {SÃv \SØp∂ kvIqfnse \nb-a\ - ß - f - p-ambn Np‰n∏‰n ]pd-Øp-h∂ - n-cn-°p-∂Xpw sR´n-∏n-°p∂-Xp-amb Agn-aX - n-°Y - I - ƒ. IÆq¿ Pn√-bpsS Ing-°≥ ae-tbmcØv Dfn-°¬ {Kma-]© - m-bØ - n-emWv ]cn°p-fw F∂ {]tZ-iw. kn]nFw Ccn´n Gcn-bm-I-Ωn-‰n°v Iogn-ep≈ Dfn-°¬ tem°¬ IΩn-‰n-bpsS \nb-{¥-W-ØnemWv ]cn- ° pfw FUyp- t °- j ≥ skmssk‰n (cPn. \º¿ 26/61) \S-Øp∂ imc-Zh - n-emkw F bp ]n kvIqƒ. 1954¬ \mcm-bW amcm¿ ap≥ssI FSpØv \m´pIm-cpsS klm-b-tØmsS ÿm]n® ]cn°pfw imc-Z-hn-emkw F bp ]n kvIqƒ 1961-emWv \m´p-Im-cpsS IΩn-‰n°v hn´psIm-Sp-Ø-Xv. 1962¬ C∂sØ kvIqƒ sI´nSw tªm°ns‚ klm-b-tØmsS \n¿Ωn-®p. Ct∏mƒ 17 Unhn-j\ - p-If - n-embn 522 hnZym¿Yn-I ƒ ]Tn-°p-∂p-≠.v kn]nFw ]cn°pfw {_m ©n s‚ \nb-{¥-WØn-em-bn-cp∂p BZyw kvIqƒ skmssk-‰n. Iq Sp-X¬ DØ-ch - mZn-Xz-tØmsS {] ]n. Ip™ncm-a≥ sI.-sI. kptcjv Ipam¿ sI.-sI. tKmhn-µ≥ h¿Øn-t°-≠X - n- (kvIqƒ amt\-P¿) (]pd-Øm-°nb {_m©v (kvIqƒ sk{I-´d- n) sk{I-´dn) \m¬ skmssk

24


kvIqƒ

apXte s]Sm-∏mSv s]Sp-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p. ]cn°pfw {_m©n¬ \n∂p-≈-h¿ D]cn ktΩ-f\ - ß - f - n¬ ]s¶-Sp-°c- p-sX∂ ImcyØn¬ t\Xm-°ƒ°v \n¿_-‘a- p-≠m-bncp-∂p. ImcWw N¿®-bn¬ {]iv\w Db¿∂ph- c p- a - t √m. kv I qƒ \nb- a - \ - Ø nse tImgsb tNmZyw sNbvX-hsc a‰p-X-cØn¬ H‰-s∏-Sp-Øm\pw t\XrXzw aSn-®n√. sNØp-sXm-gn-em-fn-bmb ]n Pn apc-fo[-cs‚ I≈v Af-°p-∂Xv bqWn-b≥ t\XrXzw CS-s]´v XS-™p. Gcnbm IΩn‰nbpsS IØp-s≠-¶n¬ am{Xsa I≈v Af°q F∂v `oj-Wn-s∏-Sp-Øn. A[ym-]-I-cn¬ Nnesc `oj-Wn-s∏SpØn tem°¬ IΩn-‰n°v ]Ww \¬Inbn-´n-s√∂v ]d-bn-°m-\p≈ kΩ¿±hpw CXn-\n-Sb - n¬ \S-∂p. Ad_n A[ym-]I - \mb skbv^p-±o-\n¬ \n∂v kvIqƒ IΩn‰n c≠v e£w cq]bpw tem°¬ IΩn‰nbpsS t]cn¬ 60,000 cq]-bp-amWv ]´nI ˛ 1 hmßn-bn-cp-∂Xs{X. ae-∏pdw Aco-t°mSv tem°¬ IΩn‰nbnse Nne kv I qƒ IΩn‰n \w. \nb-a\w e`n-®h - ¿ AwK-߃ hmßnb XpI kztZ-in-bmWv skbv^p-±o≥. Ct±-lhmßnb XpI Øns‚ _m∏ A[ym-]I - \pw sIFkvSnF 1 ]fln\n (kwkvIrXw) ]Ww hmßn-bn-√ 50,000 {]h¿Ø-I\ - p-am-Wv. Ct±-lsØ hnfn-®p2 Zmk≥ 2,50,000 25,000 h-cpØn tem°¬I-Ωn-‰n°v ]Ww \¬In3 hnZy 2,50,000 25,000 bn-´n-s√∂v ]d-bm≥ F¬kn sk{I-´4 sI sI kptcjv 2,50,000 25,000 dnbpw a‰pw kΩ¿±w sNep-Øn. F∂m¬ 5 skbv^p-±o≥ (Ad-_nIv) 2,00,000 60,000 C°m-cy-Øn¬ If-hp-]-d-bm≥ km[n-°n6 kz]v\ 2,50,000 25,000 s√∂v Ct±lw Xo¿Øp-]-d-™-tXmsS 7 {]ho¨ 2,50,000 30,000 tem°¬ t\XrXzw IqSp-X¬ sh´n-em-bn. 8 jn_p 3,00,000 25,000 hmßnb ]Ww s^{_p-hcn 28\v apºv 9 Znhy Zmtam-Zc - ≥ 3,00,000 25,000 Xncn-®p-sIm-Sp-°m-sa∂v Ct∏mƒ F¬kn sk{I-´dn ]d-bp-∂p. kwkvIrXw A[ym20,50,000 2,90,000 ]nI ]fln- \ n- s bbpw CtX coXnbn¬kΩ¿Zw sNep-Øn. ap≥ amt\-P¿ AwKhpw Pn√m ]©m-bØp {]kn-U‚p- tem°¬ sk{I-´dn Fw hn ]fl-\m-`≥, sI P\m¿±- \ s‚ km∂n- [ y- Ø n¬ amb sI sI \mcm-bW - ≥ ]s¶-SpØv c≠p \nb-a\w \S¬In Nne A[ym-]-I-tcmSv F¬kn sk{I-´dn Fw hn ]fl-\m-`\v {_m©p-I-fp-sSbpw kwbp‡ tbmKw ]m¿´n ]Ww hmßn-b-Xmbn kΩ-Xn-®p. At±-l-Øns‚ ho´n¬sh-®mWv Xm≥ ]Ww \¬In-bs - X∂v ]fln\n Dd-∏n-®p-]hnfn®p tN¿Øp. IW°v Ah-X-cn-∏n- AXv Xncn-®p-sIm-Sp-°p-sa∂pw ]d-™p. sXm´-SpØ Znhkw F¬ kn sk{I- d-™p. (Cu A[ym-]n-I-tbmSv kvIqfn\v °msX {_m©v ktΩ-f\w \S-Øm≥ Ignbn-s√∂ ap≥\n-e-]m-Sn¬ {_m©v AwK- ´dn Fw hn ]fl-\m-`s\ ]m¿´n A\p-`m- th≠n ]Ww hmßn-bn-´n√) h¿j-߃°v ߃ Dd®p \n∂p. ]m¿´n saº¿amsc hn-Iƒ ]cn-°p-fØv XS-™p-sh-°p-∂ apºv hmßnb Cu ]W-Øns‚ IW°v `oj-Wn-s∏-Sp-Øn-bmWv A∂v Pn√m˛ ÿnXnbpw h∂p. Cu kw`-h-ß-fp-sS- CXp-h-scbpw Hcp IΩn-‰n-bnepw sh®n-´nGcnbm ˛ tem°¬ t\Xm-°ƒ t]mb-Xv. sb√mw XpS¿®-bmbn \hw-_¿ 21\v Pn√m √-t{X. kvIqfns\ D]-tbm-Kn®v Hcphn`mKw XpS¿∂v _e-ambn {_m©v ktΩ-f\w \S- sk{I-´-dn-tb‰v AwKw sI sI \mcm-b- t\Xm- ° ƒ \S- Ø p∂ Agn- a Xn Øm\pw {_m©v saº¿am-cn¬ Hcp hn`m- W≥ ]s¶- S pØv tem°¬ P\- d ¬ Nq≠n°m´n 1999¬ ]m¿´n IÆq¿ Pn√m KsØ AS¿Øn-sb-Sp-°m-\p-ambn t\Xm- t_mUn tbmKw hnfn®p tN¿Øp. c≠v IΩn-‰n°v ]cmXn \¬In-sb-¶nepw CXp°-fpsS {iaw. Aßs\ CXn¬ Hcp {_m©n¬ \n∂v Bcpw ]s¶-Sp-Øn-√. P\- hscbpw Hcp \S-]S- nbpw kzoI-cn-®n-´n-√. Agn-a-Xn-°m-cmb t\Xm-°sf kwc- ¿ {_m©ns‚ ktΩ-f\w aq∂v h\nXm d¬ t_mUn tbmK-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-Øh - sc saº¿amsc am{Xw sh®p-\S- Ø - n. CXn¬ hna¿i\w D∂- b n- ° p- ∂ Xv XS- b m≥ £n-°p-Ibpw Agn-aXn Nq≠n-°m-´p-∂h Hcw-KsØ sXm´-SpØ {_m©n¬ \n∂p Gcnbm sk{I-´dn sI {io[-c≥ {ian-s®- ]pd-Øm-°p-Ibpw sNbvX ]m¿´n t\Xr-XzsIm≠p-h∂ - Xpw. XpS-¿∂v \hw-_¿ 10\v ¶nepw ^en-®n-√. tbmK-Øn¬ ]s¶-SpØ Øns‚ \S-]S- n-s°-Xnsc P\-Iob kacw ]cn-°pfw {_m©v sk{I-´-dnbpw CtX apgp-h≥t]cpw Agn-a-Xn-°msc kwc-£n- \bn-°p-I-bmWv ]cn-°pfw {Kma-Ønse kvIqfnse A[ym]-I-\p-amb sI sI °p∂ t\Xr-\n-e-]m-Sns\ FXn¿-Øp. ]m¿´n A\p-`m-hn-Ifpw AwK-ß-fpw. Dfnkptcjv Ipam-dns\ ]m¿´n-bn¬ \n∂pw F¬kn sk{I-´d- n-tbbpw tem°¬ IΩn- °¬ tem°-ense ]m¿´n-bpsS GI]pd-Øm-°n-s°m-≠p≈ Pn√m IΩn-‰n- ‰n-bw-K-ß-tfbpw kwc-£n-°m≥ Ccn´n i‡n tI{µ-am-Wv ]cn-°fw. Gcnbm sk{I-´dn sI {io[-c≥ XpS°w bpsS Adn-bn∏p h∂p. ≠s{X. CXn-s‚bpw IW°v t_m[n-∏n-®n´n-√. 2007 Pqsse 30\v apºv IW-°p-Iƒ ]m¿´n apºmsI sh°pw F∂m-bn-cp∂p t\csØ \¬Inb Dd- ∏ v . {]iv \ w kvIqfns‚ {]h¿Ø\]cn-[n-bn¬ hcp∂ c≠v {_m©v IΩn-‰n-Iƒ (]-cn-°p-fw, ]cn°pfw F) \nc- ¥ cw D∂- b n- ® n´pw bmsXmcp ^e-hp-ap-≠m-bn-√. Aßn-s\-bncn-s°-bmWv {_m©v ktΩ-f-\-߃ \SØm-\p≈ \n¿tZiw h∂-Xv. {_m©v ktΩ-f\w \S-Øp-∂X - n\v apºv \nb-a\w kw_-‘n® IW-°p-Iƒ tbmK-Øn\v apºmsI sh°-W-sa∂v c≠v {_m©pIfpw iTn- ® p. CtXmsS {_m©pw tem°¬ IΩn-‰nbpw XΩn-ep≈ kwL-´\-Øn\v hgn-sXfn™p. {]iv\w cq£-amb-t∏mƒ Pn√m-°Ω - n‰n CS-s]-´p. sk]vXw_¿ 21\v ]m¿´n Pn√m sk{I-´-dn-tb‰v

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

sXm´-SpØ Znhkw Pn√m sk{I-´dn ]n iin ]s¶-Sp-Øv ]cn-°p-fØv hni-Zo-IcW s]mXp-tbmKw tN¿∂p. \m´p-Imcpw ]m¿´n A\p-`m-hn-Ifpw s]mXp-tbmKw _ln-jvI-cn-°p-Ibpw IS-Iƒ AS®v l¿Øm-em-Nc- n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. s]mXptbmK ÿe- t Ø- ° p≈ sshZypXn _‘hpw hntO-Zn-°s - ∏-´p. ]pd-Øp-\n∂v hml- \ - Ø n¬ sIm≠p- h ∂ GXm\pwt]sc km£n \n¿Øn Pn√m sk{{I´dn \S-Ønb {]kwKw AXy¥w {]tIm-]\]c-am-bn-cp-∂p. "]m¿´n-tbmSv a√v Ifn-®m¬ Nhn´n Dc-°pw, th≠n h∂m¬ tXms°-Sp-°pw, Cu Ifn ]m¿´n-tbmSv th≠, ]m¿´n-tbmSv Ifn-®h - c- mcpw t\cmwhÆw \m´n¬ \S-∂n-´n-√....' XpS-ßnb `ojWn-If - mWv kz¥w ]m¿´n-°m-tcmSv ]n iin \S-Øn-b-Xv. tbmK-Øn¬ kwkm-cn®

25


]w‡n

\yq\-]-£m-h-Im-i-߃ B¿°p-th≠n? \yq\-]-£m-h-Im-i-߃ B¿°p-th≠n F∂ tNmZyw Kuc-h-]q¿hw Db¿Ø-s∏-tS≠ kabw h√msX sshIn. \yq\-]£ kap-Zm-b-ß-fnse Akw-L-SnX Iogvh¿K-߃°p-th-≠nbp≈XmtWm AtXm ]≈n-Ifpw Ac-a-\-Ifpw a¿I-kp-Ifpw aX-{S-Ãp-Ifpw {]Xn-\n-[m\w sNøp∂ tIm¿]-td‰v \yq\-]£ {]`p-°ƒ°pth-≠n-bp-≈-XmtWm \yq\-]-£m-h-Im-i-߃?

laoZv tN∂-aw-K-eq¿

`

c-W-L-S-\m-\n¿amW k`-bpsS \mfp-Iƒ sXm´v C¥y-bn¬ N¿® sNø-s∏-´p-hc- p∂ hnj-ba- mWv \yq\-]£ - mh-Im-iß - ƒ. aX ˛ `mjm \yq\-]£ - ß - f - psS kmwkvIm-cn-Ihpw hnZym-`ym-k] - c- h - p-amb Ah-Im-iß - ƒ bmsXmcp kmlN-cy-Ønepw l\n-°s - ∏-´p-Iq-sS∂ \n¿_‘w \ΩpsS `cW-LS- \ - m-in¬]n-Iƒ°p≠m-bn-cp-∂p. AXns‚ ^e-am-bmWv `c-WL - S- \ - b - n¬ 29, 30 hIp-∏p-Iƒ ÿm\w ]nSn-®X - .v \yq\]-£-°m-cpsS hnZym-`ymk ˛ kmwkvIm-cn-Im-h-Im-i-߃ Bh¿Øn-®p-d∏p hcp-ØpI F∂-XmWv hmkvXh - Ø - n¬ B hIp-∏p-If - psS Dt±-iyw. auen-Im-hImi-ßf - psS ]´n-Ib - n¬ hcp∂ CXc hIp-∏p-Is - f-t∏mse Cu hIp-∏p-Ifpw \ymbhm-Zm¿l (Justiciable) ßfm-W.v F∂p-sh-®m¬, Ah-bn¬ ]d-bp∂ Ah-Im-iß - ƒ tImS-Xn-hy-hl - m-ch - n-t[-bß - f - mWv; \nb-at- °m-SX - n-Iƒ°p \S-∏m-°m-hp∂ Ah-Im-iß - f - m-Wh - . a\p-jym-hI - m-iß - sf kw_-‘n® {^©v {]Jym-]\ - w, Ata-cn-°≥ `c-WL - S- \ - , sFdnjv `c-WL - S- \ - , P∏m-s‚bpw _¿a-bp-sSbpw `c-W-L-S-\-Iƒ, sFIy-cmjv{S k`-bpsS km¿h-{XnI a\p-jym-h-Imi {]amWw F∂n-h-bn¬ \ns∂ms° {]tNm-Z\ - a- pƒs°m≠v Xbm-dm-°s - ∏´ \ΩpsS `c-WL - S\-bn¬ Dƒt®¿∂ \yq\-]£ - m-hI - m-iß - ƒ `qcn-]£-Øn-\n-√m-ØXpw \yq\-]-£-Øn\p am{X-ap-≈-Xp-amb khn-ti-jm-hI - m-iß - f - √ - . hnZym-`ymk ˛ kmwkvIm-cnI Xpd-

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

I-fn¬ `qcn-]-£-Øn\p e`n-°p∂ kakvXm-hI - m-iß - fpw \yq\-]£ - Ø - n\p e`n°p∂p F∂p-d∏ - m-°p-Ib - m-Wv \yq\-]£ - mh-Im-i-߃ {]Xn-]m-Zn-°p∂ hIp-∏p-IfpsS e£yw. Ah {]Imcw aX ˛ `mjm\yq-\-]-£-߃°v Ah-cpsS `mjbpw en]nbpw XZ\p_‘ kwkvIm-chpw hnZym-`ymk kzmX-{¥yhpw kwc-£-n°m\pw hnZym-`ymk ÿm]-\ß - ƒ D≠m°m\pw `cn-°m-\p-ap≈ Ah-Im-iß - f - p-≠.v ]t£ Ah-sbm∂pw \ncp-]m-[n-I-a-√. 1957se tIcf hnZym-`ymk _n√nse Nne hyh-ÿ-I-fpsS `c-W-LS-\m-]-c-amb km[pX tNmZyw sNø-s∏´ ]›m-Ø-eØn¬, C°mcyw kp{]ow-tIm-SXn A°meØv Xs∂ hy‡-am-°n-bn-´p-≠.v \yq\-]£-߃ \S-Øp∂ hnZym-`ymk ÿm]-\ß-fpsS `c-WØ - n¬ bmsXmcp]m[nbpw ASn-t®¬∏n-°mh-X√ F∂m-bn-cp∂p FXn¿∏p-Im-cpsS hmZw. Cu hmZsØ Jfin-®p-sIm≠v A∂v No^v PÃokv \nco-£n-®Xv `cn-°m-\p≈ Ah-Im-i-

26


Øn¬ Zp¿`-c-W-Øn-\p≈ Ah-Imiw Dƒs∏-Sp-∂n√ F∂-t{X. \yq\-]£ - m-hI - m-iß - ƒ \ncp-]m-[n-Ia- s√∂p ]c-tam-∂X \oXn-]oTw Ac-\q-‰m≠v ap≥]v hy‡- a m- ° n- b n- ´ p- s ≠- ¶ nepw, Ct∏mgpw Hcp {]iv\w Ah-ti-jn-°p-∂p≠v. `c-W-L-S\ ]d-bp∂ \yq\-]-£m-hIm-i-߃ \yq\-]£ kap-Zm-b-ß-fn¬ s]Sp∂ BcpsS Ah-Im-iß - f - mWv F∂XmWv B {]iv\w. Cu kwibw H∂p-IqSn sXfn®p tNmZn°mw: \yq\-]£ kap-Zmb- Ø nse kwL- ß - f psS Ah- I m- i amtWm AtXm hy‡n-If - psS Ah-Im-iamtWm AXv? \yq\-]£ kap-Zm-bØn¬s]´ hy‡n-Ifpw kwL-ßfpw XΩn¬ X¿°-ap-≠m-bm¬ \yq\-]£ - m-hIm-i-߃ Bsc XpW°pw ˛ hy‡n-Isftbm kwL-ßs - ftbm? ta¬kq-Nn-∏n® a´n-ep≈ Hcp X¿°Øns‚ Ncn{Xw ]cn-tim-[n-°mw. Hcp ]Xn‰m≠v ap≥]v tImgn-t°mSv Pn√-bnse Hcp \yq\- ] £ Fbv U Uv tImtf- P n¬ {]n≥kn-∏¬ \nb-a\w kw_-‘n®v X¿°ap-≠m-bn. tImtf-Pnse G‰hpw ko\nbdpw _‘-s∏´ \yq\-]£ kap-Zm-bØn¬ s]´-bm-f-p-amb A[ym-]-Is\ Xg™v X߃°n-jvS-s∏´ Xmc-X-tay\ hfsc Pq\n-b-dmb as‰m-c-[ym-]-Is\ amt\-Pvsa‚ v {]n≥kn-∏-embn \nb-an-®p. ko\n-b-dmb A[ym-]-I≥ tImS-Xnsb kao-]n-s®-¶nepw hn[n amt\-Pvsa‚n\v A\p-Iq-ea- m-bn-cp-∂p. \yq\-]£ kap-Zm-bØn¬s]´ hy‡n-bpsS ]cmXn F{X \ymb-bp-‡a- m-sW-¶n-epw, \yq\-]£ - m-hIm-iß - f - psS B\p-Iqeyw tImSXn \¬InbXv amt\-Ps v a‚n-\m-W.v \yq\-]£ - m-hI - mi-߃°¿l¿ hy‡n-If - √, kwL-ßf - msW∂ ktµ-ia- mWv AXp-hgn \oXn-]oTw \¬In-bX - .v CXv hy‡n-Ifpw kwL-ßfpw XΩnep≈ X¿°-Øns‚ IY. C\n, X¿°w \yq\-]£ kap-Zm-b-Ønse Nqjn-Xcpw Nqj-Icpw XΩn-em-hp-tºmƒ F¥p kw`hn°p∂p F∂p t\m°mw. `qcn-]£ kap-Zmb- Ø n¬s]´ kwL- ß ƒ \S- Ø p∂ hnZym-`ymk ÿm]-\ß - f - n-se-∂t- ]m-se, \yq\-]£ amt\-Pvsa‚p-Iƒ \S-Øp∂ hnZym-`ymk ÿm]-\ß - f - n¬ A[ym-]I ˛ A\-[ym-]I \nb-a\ - ß - ƒ°v h≥XpI tImg-hm-ßp∂ A[¿aw Zi-I-ß-fmbn ChnsS \ne-\n¬°p-∂p. At]-£-I≥ _‘- s ∏´ \yq\- ] £ kap- Z m- b Øn¬s]´ BfmtWm F∂-Xn-te-sd, \n›nX XpI ssI°qen \¬Im≥ tijnbpw k∂-≤-X-bp-ap≈ BfmtWm F∂t{X amt\-Ps v a‚ v t\m°p-∂X - .v ]W°m-c-\mb kap-Zm-bmw-K-Øn¬ \n∂p 2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

\n¿ZnjvS tImg CuSm°n Abmƒ°v \nb-a\w \¬Ip∂ amt\-Ps v a‚ v ]mh-s∏´- h - s \- ¶ nepw Hcp ]t£ ]W-°m-c-t\°mƒ A°m- Z - a nI tbmKy-Xb - p≈ kap-Zmbmw- K sØ \njv I cpWw Xg- b p- ∂ p. CØcw tI p-If - n¬ \yq\-]£ - m-hI - m-iß - fpsS t]cn¬ kwc-£n°-s∏-Sp-∂Xv \yq\]£ kap- Z m- b Øn¬s]´ Nqj- I amt\-Pvsa‚n-s‚bpw kº-∂-cp-sSbpw XmXv]c- y-ßf - m-W.v \yq\-]-£m-h-Imi-ßf - psS ad-hn¬ \yq\-]£ kap-Zm-bß - fn¬s]´ hy‡n- I - f p- s Sbpw Zcn{Z ˛ NqjnX hn`m-K-Øn-s‚bpw \ymb-amb Ah-Im-i-߃ _‘-s∏´ \yq\-]£ kap-Zm-b-ß-fnse Nqj-I kwL-߃ Ah¿°p \ntj-[n-°p∂ Np‰p-]m-Sp-Iƒ ChnsS Zo¿L-Im-ea- mbn \ne-\n¬s°-bmWv, Ct∏mƒ ss{IkvXh k`-Iƒ (A-htcm-sSm∏w F≥ Fkv F p-ap-≠)v A[ym]I \nb-a\w ]ªnIv k¿hokv IΩo-j\v hnS-Ws - a∂ \n¿tZ-iØ - n-s\-Xn-cn¬ {]Xntj-[s - °m-Sp-¶m‰pw {]t£m` `oj-Wn-bpambn cwKØv h∂n-cn-°p-∂X - v. FbvUUv kvIqfp-If - nse A[ym-]I \nb-a\w Gs‰Sp-°p-Is- b∂ \n¿t±iw k¿°m-dns‚ ]cnK-W-\-bn-en-s√∂v hnZym-`ymk a{¥n hy‡-am-°p-∂p-s≠-¶n-epw, k¿°m¿ \nban-°p∂ A[ym-]Isc k`-bpsS Iognep≈ FbvUUv hnZym-eb - ß - f - n¬ tPmen sNøm≥ A\p-hZ- n-°n-s√∂pw B Zn-ib - nep≈ hnZym-`ymk ]cn-jI v c- W - ß - sf \nba-]c- a- mbn t\cn-Sp-sa-∂p-at{X taP¿ B¿Nv _nj∏v I¿Zn-\mƒ h¿°n hnX-b-Øn¬ `ojWn apg-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂X - .v hnZym-`ymk cwKsØ \yq\-]£ - m-hI - m-iß - ƒ Ih-cm\mWv k¿°m¿ {ian-°p∂sX∂v At±lw Btcm-]n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂p. Cu L´-Øn¬ I¿Zn-\mƒ hnX-bØnepw CXc k`m-[y-£∑ - mcpw a‰p \yq\]£ kap-Zm-b-ta-[m-hn-Ifpw Hcp Imcyw hni-Zo-Ic- n-t°-≠X - p-≠.v k`-bp-sSbpw kapZmb kwL-ß-fp-sS-bpw Ah-Im-i-ßfmtWm AtXm k`-bp-sSbpw kap-Zmb kwL-S-\-I-fp-sSbpw D≈nepw ]pdØpw \n¬°p∂ kap-Zm-bmw-Kß - ƒ°n-Sb - nse ]mh-s∏-´-h-cpsS Ah-Im-i-ß-fmtWm \yq\-]£ - m-hI - m-iß - ƒ? HSp-hn¬ ]d-™-

h-cpsS Ah-Im-i-ß-fmWv \yq\-]-£m-hIm-i-ß-sf-¶n¬, Ah-cpsS Ah-Imi ˛ XmXv]-cy-߃ kwc-£n-°-s∏-Sp--∂Xv A[ym-]I \nb-a\w ]n Fkv kn°p hnSp-tºm-gm-Wv. tImg-bn-√m-sX, sadn-‰Sn- ÿ m- \ - Ø n¬ A[ym- ] I tPmen kºm-Zn-°m≥ Ah¿°p klm-b-I-amhpI B kwhn-[-m-\-am-bn-cn-°pw. adn®v \nb-a-\m-[n-Imcw amt\-Pvsa‚p-Iƒ°mhp-tºmƒ sadn-t‰m, A¿l-Xtbm kapZmb ]cn-K-W\ t]meptam Bhn-√, aSn»o-e° - \w am{X-amhpw am\-Zfi w. tImg hmßmØ amt\-Ps v a‚p-Iƒ ]t£ A]hm- Z - ß ƒ a{Xam- s W∂v Adn- b mØ inip-°ƒ t]mepw C∂p \m´n-ep-≠m-hn√. k¿°m¿ \nb-an-°p∂ A[ym-]-I¿ \nco- i z- c Xzw {]N- c n- ∏ n- ° p- ∂ - h - c m- I psa∂ ]cn-lm-ky-amb Btcm-]-Whpw Xncp-ta-\n-am¿ D∂-bn-°p-∂p-≠v. tImg Cuiz-cX - z-amtWm F∂v Ah¿ Zb-hmbn hy‡-am-°-Ww. Cu hnhmZw kaq- l - Ø n- s ‚bpw k¿°m-dn-s‚bpw k¿thm-]cn \oXn-]o-Tß-fp-sSbpw IÆp Xpd-∏n-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. \yq\-]-£m-h-Im-i-߃ B¿°p-th≠n F∂ tNmZyw Kuc-h] - q¿hw Db¿Ø-s∏tS≠ kabw h√msX sshIn. \yq\-]£ kap-Zm-bß - f - nse Akw-LS- nX Iogvh¿K߃°p-th--≠n-bp≈XmtWm AtXm ]≈n-Ifpw Ac-a\ - I - fpw a¿I-kp-Ifpw aX{S-Ãp-Ifpw {]Xn-\n-[m\w sNøp∂ tIm¿]td‰v \yq\-]£ {]`p-°ƒ°p-th-≠n-bp-≈XmtWm \yq\-]-£m-h-Im-i-߃? Cu tNmZy- Ø n- \ p≈ Jfin- X - a mb adp]SnbmWv PpUo-jydn cmPy-Øn\v \¬tI-≠X - .v

27


IY

Z t{K‰v C¥y≥ tdm]v {Sn°v

Ahs\ Akz-ÿ-\m-°n. B¿∏p-hn-fnIƒ°n-Sb - n¬ \n∂v ad-bm≥ Hcn-°epw Hcp sN∏- S n- h n- Z y- ° m- c ≥ B{K- l n- ° n- √ . F¶nepw Ahsf Akz-ÿ-\m-°m\pw A¤p-Xs - ∏-Sp-Øm\pw Xm≥ ad-tb-≠X - msW-∂h - \v tXm∂n. Ah≥ Iøn-en-cp∂ Ib¿ BIm-i-Ønte°v \o´n-sb-dn-™p. BImiØns‚ GtXm AZr-iy-amb sImfp-Øn¬ IpSp-ßnb- t ]mse AXv A¥- c o- £ - Ø n¬ Aßns\ Xqßn-\n-∂p. Ah≥ Ib-dn-eqsS

_m_p`c-ZzmPv

{Km

aw DW-ßn-s∏m-Sn-bm≥ XpSßnb Ime-ØmWv sN∏SnhnZy-°m-c≥ {Kma-Øn-se-Øn-bX - .v Aev]wIqSn sshInbn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ {Kmaw [qfn-bmbn ]ds∂tßm ad-™p-t]m-tb-s\. ]ns∂ Abm-sf-hnsS sN∏SnhnZy-Iƒ Im´pw. GXv BIm-iØ - nse sN∏-Sn-hn-Zy-°m-c\pw Ic- W w- a - d n™v Xmsg- s b- Ø p- t ºmƒ \nev°m≥ `qan thWw. Abmƒ hcp-tºmgpw kwK-Xn-Iƒ H´pw ]¥n-bm-bn-cp-∂n-√. Xnf-®p-cp-In-s°m-≠ncp∂ BIm-iØ - n-te°v ]d-∂p-s]m-ßnb ]£n-Iƒ BIm-iØ - ns‚ \oe-ta-em-∏n¬ Dcp-In-sbm-´n-°-gn-™p. Ah-bpsS ]m´pIƒ t]mepw ]fp-¶p-a-Wn-Iƒ t]mse BIm-iØ - n¬ Dcp-In-∏n-Sn-®n-cp-∂p. ]I¬ BIm-iØ - n¬ C{X-tbsd \£-{X-ßtfm F∂mcpw hnNm-cn-®p-t]m-hpw. F∂-tØbpw t]mse DÆn-Iƒ hni∂p Ic-™n-cp-∂psh-¶nepw AXm¿°pw tIƒ°mt\m ImWmt\m Ign™n-√. i_vZß - ƒ IWvTß-fn¬ \n∂p-bc - p-tºm-tg°pw ]pI-™pXo-cp-Ibpw IÆo¿ Ihn-ft- Ø°v Hen-®n-dßp-∂-Xn\v apºv _mjv]o-I-cn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp-∂p. i_vZß - ƒ Cßs\ sXm≠bn¬ h‰n- Ø o- c p- ∂ - s X{X Zpjv I - c w. Abmƒ°m-Is´ sN∏SnhnZy-Iƒ Im´m≥ Hcp Im°-°m-ens‚ XW¬ t]mep-an-√mbn-cp-∂p. sN∏Sn hnZy-°m-c\v CsXms° \nkmcw. a{¥-ZWvUv hoin Abmƒ {KmasØ ho≠pw lcn-Xm-`a- m-°n. DW-ßn-hc- ≠ `qanbn-es√ ]®-∏ns‚ Pme-hnZy Im´m≥ ]‰q. s]´-∂p≈ Cu `mh-∏-I¿®-bn¬ BImiØv H´n-t∏m-bn-cp∂ ]£n-Iƒ NndIv IpS™p-Wc- p-Ibpw Ah-bpsS tX≥sam-gnIƒ a™p-I-W-߃ t]mse Xmtg°v s]mgn-bp-Ibpw sNbvXp. hm ]nf¿∂n-cp∂ Ic-®n-ep-Iƒ L\o-`h - n-°p-Ibpw IÆo¿ Acp-hn-If - mbn {KmasØ \\-®p-sIm-s≠mgp-Im≥ XpS-ßp-Ibpw sNbvXp. s]´-s∂mcp 2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

Iq´-hn-em]w Abmsf- t ∏mepw H∂p ]cn-{`-an-∏n-®n-cn-°Ww. Hcp iwJ-\mZw t]mse B hnem]w {KmaØn¬ apg-ßn-\n-∂p. ]pXp-Xmbn apf-∏ns®-SpØ ]p¬ØIn- S n- b n¬ Ah≥ sN∏SnhnZy- I ƒ \nc- Ø n. sNºcØn Cebpw sam´pw ]dn-s®-Sp-Øh≥ XØ- I sf D≠m°n BIm-i\o-en-ab - n-te°v ]d-Øn. sh≈n-e∏ - q-°ƒ ]dn-s®-Sp-°m≥ Xpºn-Isf krjvSn-®p. sImßn-Wnbpw ap°p-‰nbpw Xpºbpw ]dns®-SpØv Ah≥ BIm-iØv \£-{X-߃ hnXm-\n-®t- ∏mƒ Ah¿ i_vZa- S- ° - n-∏n-Sn®p \n∂p. Hcp Xma-c-bne ]dn-s®-Sp-Ø-h≥ BIm- i Øv N{µs\ Na- ® p. ]I¬ s]bvXn-dß - nb \nem-hn¬ Ipfn®v Ah¿ \n∂p. CsXms° Ahm-kvXh - a- m-sW∂v B \nan-j-Øn¬ Ah¿°v Btem-Nn°mt\ Bbn-√. At∏mgpw s]¨Ip-´n- am{Xw Fcn-bp∂ IÆp-I-tfmsS \n∂p. Ah-fpsS I¨ap∂n¬ Fcn-™n-dß - p∂ BImiw am{Xw. Ah-fpsS Im¬®p-h-´n¬ hc≠v s]mSn™p-Xo-cp∂ `qan am{Xw. Ah-fpsS ZrjvSn]-YØ - n¬ \·\pw tImam-fn-bp-amb sN∏Sn-hn-Zy-°m-c≥ am{Xw. Ah-fpsS IØp∂ IÆp-Iƒ Xs∂ Dcp-°n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ Imcyw Ah≥am{Xw Adn-™p. Np≠p-Iƒ hc-≠p-Wßn hn≠p-t]m-bX - p-sIm≠v am{XamWv Ahƒ Xs‚ t\sc t\m°n ]cnlkn®p Nncn-°m-Ø-sX-∂-h\v tXm∂n. Ft∏mgpw kXyw Adn-bp∂ Hcm-sf-¶nepw GXv Bƒ°q-´Ø - n-epw ImWp-sa∂ Nn¥

Xqßn \oen® BIm- i - Ø n- s etßm t]mbn ad-™p. izmk-aS- ° - n-∏n-Sn®v ImWnIƒ AXv t\m°n- \ n- ∂ p. Ah- c psS hni∏pw ss]Zm- l - ß fpw am{¥n- I - Z WvUns‚ Hcp Npg-‰e - n¬ am™p-t]m-bn-cp∂p. s]¨Ip-´n°v am{Xw h√msX hni∂p. Gsd t\cw Ign-™n-√. c‡-Øn¬ Ipfn®p Nph∂ Ahs‚ Xebpw Iøpw Imepw amdn-S-hp-sams° JWvU-i-bmbn \ne- Ø p- h o- W p- s Im- ≠ n- c p- ∂ p. B bmYm¿Yy-Øns‚ Ib-dn-eqsS Ib-dn-t∏mbn-cp∂ ImWn-Iƒ kvXw`n-®p-\n-∂p. Ahsc kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw CXm-bncp∂p s]mcpƒ. s]¨Ip-´n-am{Xw Nncn°m≥ XpS-ßn. ImWn-Iƒ `b-kw-{`-a-ßtfmsS Ahsf Xpdn-®p-t\m-°n. Ah-cpsS `b-kw-{`-aß - ƒ°-∏p-dØv Im´p-ar-Kß - f - psS apcƒ® DW¿∂p-hc- p-∂ps≠∂v Ahƒ°dnbmw. Cu I_-‘Ø - ns‚ ImgvN Ahsc ckn-∏n-°p∂ps≠∂pw Ahƒ°-dn-bmw. C\n s]m´msX s]mfn-bmsX Ah-\n-dß - nh-∂m¬ Ah-sc√mw tN¿∂v Ahs\ ]n®n°odn Hcp-]mSv Ipcn-ip-If - n¬ Xd-bv°p-sat∂m¿Øv Ahƒ hmhn-´p-Ic- ™ p.

28


IY

Im....-Im..... hn ]n at\m-l-c≥

"tZ

Hcp Im°'-˛t- ]-c° - p-´n-bmWp I≠p-]n-Sn-®X - .v .....-F√m IÆp-Ifpw Hme-Øp©-tØ-°.v "AX-—≥ Xs∂-bm-˛' aI-fpsS i_vZØn¬ BÀm-Zw. c≠v B¨a-°fpw {]IS-amb kt¥m-jt- ØmsS t\m°p-∂p.... _‘p-°f - psS apJØv Bizm-kw. \m´p-{]-am-Wn-am¿°v hyk-\w....(-C\n ]d™p \S-°m≥ ]‰n-√s√m F∂m-hpw....) "F√m-hcpw Hs∂m-Xp-ßn-\n-t∂...-Im° h∂p sImØ-s´˛' Mpw sImØpw...-Ct- Xbv taP¿ Ipam-cta-t\m-\m...-FSm a°-sf∂p `mhn-°p∂ \µn-sI-´h - ∑ - mtc, \ns∂-sbms° Rm≥ \m‰n-°pw...-Ifn Rm≥ ImWn-®p-Xc- mw... Im° Hme-Øp-©Ø - p-\n∂p ]pfn-ac - s°m-ºn-te°p amdn....-IÆ - p-Is- f√mw t\sc Ctßm-´.v ..-Ct- ∏mƒ _‘p-P\ - Ø - ns‚ apJß-fn¬ Bi-¶...-\m-´p-{]-am-Wn-am-cpsS D≈n¬ {]Xo-£... ho≠pw ssIsIm´n hnfn-°p-Ib - m-W.v .. Mpw ....-Fs‚ ]´n hcpw: CXv, ]d-™nt√ taP¿ Ipam-c....-A√ - m, B ]´nsb Btcm Is√-Sp-sØ-dn-t™m-Sn-°p-∂p-≠t√m! Bflmhv ]d-bp-∂Xv ]´n°p am{Xta a\- n-emIq F∂v Pohn-®n-cn-°p-tºmƒ Hcp sNm√v tI´n-cp-∂p.... "πokv A—m'˛ C-f-b-a-I≥ bmN-\-

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

bpsS t\m´w... "Cu Ing-ß∑ - m-cpsS apºn¬ _p≤n-ap´n-°t√ A—m...' aqØ-aI - ≥. "A—m CXp Rm\m A—s‚ s]m∂mc-tamfv, koX˛' tkm∏n-Sm≥ Bcpw hc-≠...-Po-hn-®n-cn°p-tºmƒ Cu taP¿ Ipam-c-ta-t\ms\ B¿°pw th≠....-Fs‚ kzØpw kºmZyhpw am{Xw `mKn-s®-Sp-°m≥ F{X XnSp°w...-Im¿Øym-b\n t\ctØ t]mbtXmsS Rms\mcp iey- a mbn F√mh¿°pw.....-A— - ≥ Rß-fpsS IqsShm F∂v \nß-fn-em-sc-¶nepw £Wnt®m? Hcp `wKnhm-°n-s\-¶n-epw...? ]{¥≠v h¿j-am-bnt√ Im¿Øym-b\n t]mbn-´v.....-AX - n-\p-tijw Hcp s]¨aWw Adn-bm≥ F\n°pw taml-ap-≠m-hn-t√....-A-dp-]-Ømdv hb v Fcn-™p-Xo-tc≠ {]mb-am-tWm....-AS- p-°f-∏W - n°p klm-bØ - n\p \n∂ B AΩmfp-s∏-Æns‚ ]pc-bn¬ Rm≥ kµ¿i\w \S-Øp∂p F∂v \n߃°p Zqc-tZ-itØ°v Nmc-∑m¿ hnhcw X∂p... Kp≠-Isf hn´v Ah-fpsS IpSnev XI¿Øv \mSp-I-SØn-®p....-_m-dn¬ hnfn-®p-]d- ™v s]§n\p \nb-{¥-Wa- p-≠m-°n... Bcm-bn-cp-∂p, Cu taP¿ Ipam-ct- a-t\m≥ F∂v \n߃°-dnbmtam \mbv°-sf...-ta-P¿ alo-{µ-]m-ent\mSv tNmZn-°-Ww...-tIW¬ i¿am-PntbmSv tNmZn-°W - w...-F´mw sdPn-sa‚nse kn]m-bav m-tcmSv tNmZn-°W - w.... Im° ]d™p: "IqƒUu¨ taP¿Pn Hcm-flmhv Cßs\ t£m`n-®p-Iq-Sm....-AsXs‚ XSn°v IqSn tISm...' ssIsIm-´n-Xf - ¿∂p-sh∂p tXm∂p-∂p. a°-fpsS apJØv hnj-ÆX - ... \m´p-{]-am-Wn-am¿ kt¥m-ja- S- ° - n-∏nSn®v ]ndp-]n-dp-°p-∂p. "aq∏¿s°t¥m ]cn`-ha- p-≠.v ' "C√m-Xn-cn-°p-tam....' as‰m-cmƒ Ipip-Ipip-°p-∂p....-F√mw Rm≥ tIƒ°p-∂p-≠.v \msf Aßm-Sn-ap-°n¬, Aº-e-∏-dºn¬ Hs° \n߃°p sNmdn-™p-\-S°mw.... "F¥p-b¿∂ ]Z-hn-bn-se-Øn-bmepw Xt¥sS ]nWvUw Im° sImØntbm?' FSm a°-tf.....-\m-´p-Imtc kpJn-∏n-°p∂-Xn¬ F\n°p Xmev]c- y-an-√. ...-F∂ - mepw

\µn-sI´ \nßfv hnj-an-°p-∂Xv F\n°p ImW-Ww... NØp-i-h-am-bn-´p-t]mepw \n߃ \mSIw Ifn-®n-t√, R߃°p Ah-km-\-ambn ImW-W-sa∂p iTn-®v....\mev Znh-kam cmk-em-b-\n-bn¬ InS-∂Xv....Cu taP¿ Ipamc-ta-t\ms‚ Zp¿∆n[n. Im° Bflm-hns\ XtemSn Biz-kn∏n®p: "IqƒUu¨ taP¿ Pn...' Hmtcm-t∂m¿Øv ]cn-k-c-t_m[w sX√n-S h - n-´p-t]m-bn....-Ch - ∑ - m-sc¥m IpipIp-ip-°p-∂Xv? Hm, B dmkv°e - p-ap-≠s√m KqVm-tem-N\ - b - n¬, Cf-ba- I - s‚ `mcym-]nXm-h,v ]en-i° - m-c≥ tKmhn-µ∂ - m-bc- .v .. "shdp-Xb√, A—s‚ Bflmhv _ent®mdv sImØm-ØX - .v ...' aqØ-aI - s‚ \m´pIm-tcm-Sp≈ hni-Zo-I-cWw: "KwKm-Pew sIm≠p-sh-®n-cp∂p A—≥...-AXv D]-tbmKn-°m≥ ]‰n-bn-cp-∂n-√s - √m....' At∏m-tg°pw Hcp ]n®-f-°n-≠n-bpambn Cf-bh - ≥ ]pd-tØ-°p-h∂ - p....-kq-{XØn¬ \m´p-{]-am-Wn-am¿°p ]pdw-Xn-cn-™ncp-∂,v tamcn¬ IpXn¿∂ _en-t®m-dn-te°p In≠n-bpsS hmen-eqsS {Zmh-I-sam-gn-°pI-bm-W.v .. KwKm Pe-tam..... Rm\-ßs - \-sbm-∂pI-cp-Xn-sh-®n-t´-bn-√.....-D-ds° hnfn-®p-Iqhn.... Ft¥m Hcp hmk\ Bflm-hn-te°p Ib-dn-hc- p-∂p-≠s- √m.....-H∂ - p-IqSn aWw ]nSn®p.... lu... kvtIm®v....-a-Is‚ t_Kn¬ \ns∂-Sp-Ø-Xm-h-Ww. Bdv h¿jw apºv Cf-bh - ≥ h∂-t∏m-gmWp Ah-km-\a- mbn cpNn-®X - .v ...-Xs‚ ]Xnhv tdj≥ dΩm-Ws√m hn[n-®X - .v .. kvtIm®v IS-∂p-I-bdn Bflm-hns\ Xpf-°p-I-bm-Wv....-kvar-Xn-Isf Ct∏m-sg¥n\p IS-∂p-h∂v hyk-\n-∏n-°p-∂p...-]g- b-Im-ew, taP¿ alo-{µ-]m¬, tIW¬ i¿am-Pn, Iym]v‰≥ tPmkv sk_m-Ãy≥, Iym]v‰≥ Ir]m¬knw-Kv....slm F{Xsb{X sIm√-߃°v apºm-W.v ...-Fs- ¥m-cmtLm-ja- m-bn-cp-∂p.... Im° Bflm-hns\ Biz-kn-∏n®p; Ic-bc- pXv taP¿Po.... {]Xn-tcm-[ß - s - f√mw Xmt\ Aen-bp∂p. kvtIm®n¬ sFkv Aen-bp-∂-Xpt]mse XWp∏v sXm≠-bn-eqsS Acn-®n-dßp∂ kpJw.... ˛a-°ƒ \mbv°sf Fs∂ tXm¬∏ns®∂v Icp-tX-≠.... _en-t®mdv B¿Øn-tbmsS sImØnØn-∂p∂ Im°sb t\m°n ]c-kv]cw IÆn-dp-°n-®n-cn-°p-∂p, NXn-b∑ - msc Rm≥ shdp-samcp Bflm-hm-bn-t∏m-bn.... hne-bn-√mØ Hcm-flm-h.v .. N¶p-d∏ - n-√mØ Hcm-flm-h.v ...

29


t\mh¬

t\mh¬ Ggv

tKmep-hns‚ tdUntbm ]d-bmsX hnSp-∂Xv

Fw.-sI. Jcow

sIm

´m-ck - Z- r-ia- mb ho´p-ap-‰ØmWp IpXnc sN∂p \n∂-X.v AXv bm{XbpsS Ah- k m- \ - a mbn tXm∂n- b n- √ . AsXmcp hgnØn-cn-hm-W.v AhnsS \n∂pam-Wp X - m≥ ]pXnb hoYn-Iƒ tXSp-I. IpXn-c∏ - p-dØp \n∂pw Cdßn aqcn-\nh¿Øp-tºmƒ Xte-cm{Xnsb ho≠pw hmbn-s®-Sp-°p-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p. AX-{Xbpw a\- n¬ Dd-∏n®p \n¿Øp-I. C\n-bt- ßm´p≈ {]bm-Wß - ƒ°v AXmhmw shfn-®w. ]pcm-X-\-amb sI´n-S-Øns‚ HmSp-Ifn¬ ]mb¬ ]nSn-®n-cp-∂p. AhnsS \ncsIm≠ πmhp-Iƒ. Ah-bpsS IÆp-If - n¬ ]I∏p {]I-Sa- m-bn. B Ipdp-I¬ \\™ ap‰Øv apg-®p. "CXv \nt‚bpw hoSm-W.v ..' aJ≥knwKv ]d-™p. aJ≥knw-Kn\v `mcybpw c≠p s]¨a°-fp-ap-≠t√m! bm{X-°n-Sb - n¬ GI-tZiw [mcW In´n-bn-cp-∂p. F¥p-sImt≠m Abmfpw B hoSpw am{X-am-sbmcp temIw `mh\ sNøm-\m-Wv CjvSw. "\n\-°n-jvSmt-bmtSm?' aJ≥knwKv tNmZn-®p. "av... \√ `wKn....' ]d-ºns‚ AXn-cn¬ \ne-sIm≠ hmI-a-c-߃. C∂se s]bvX ag-bn¬ \new-s]m-Ønb tNmc-∏q-°ƒ. aZn®p InS-°p∂ ae°v A∏pdw hbem-Wv. ]pe-cn-bpsS BZy-X-cn-I-fp-ambn hoip∂ Im‰n¬ ssht°m¬ aW-ap-≠v. lmhq Fs¥mcp kpJw. {]Ir-Xn-bpsS ssIsbm- ∏ p- h oW lrZ- b w Fs¥ms°tbm sh´n-∏n-Sn-°m-\p≈ Bth-i2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

tØm-sS.... hcm-¥-bn¬ Nn{X-∏Wn sNbvX acØq-Wp-Iƒ. AXp-hgn \neq-^¿ hcp-∂X - pI-≠t- ∏mƒ D≈n¬ h√m-sØmcp Ne\w A\p- ` - h - s ∏- ´ p. XWp∏pw NqSpw Ie¿s∂mcp hnImcw sXm≠-tbmfw h∂p \nd-™p. ImgvN-bn¬ aJ≥knw-Kns‚ `mcysbt∂m c≠p-Ip-´n-IfpsS AΩ-sbt∂m tXm∂n- √ . Infn- c wIqSnb B kpµcnsb I≠p a\w \nd™p. \oXphpw ao\bpw hcm-¥b - n¬ \n∂-sXbp-≈q. am¿hm-Sn-bpsS t]ma-td-\n-b≥ \mbsb A\p-kva-cn∏n-°p∂ ico-c-߃. Xs‚ hchv Ah¿°p Xosc t_m[n- ® ns√∂p hy‡w. Xm\mcv Ah- c psS kz¿§o-b-X-bn¬ hen™p Ib- d nb ]od. \neq-^-dpsS ssI \ndp-Ib - n¬ ]Xn™- t ∏mƒ \√ kpJw tXm∂n. Xfn¿∏ns‚ thKw sIm≈-¬.

"Xn∂m≥ Fs¥-¶nepw sImSp°v', aJ≥knwKv ]d-™p. "Ah≥ hni∂p s]mcn-bp-∂p-≠m-hpw....' "av....' \neq-^¿ aqfp-Ia- m{Xw sNbvXp. AhfpsS a\ v ]n∂n´ ]mX-If - n¬ Dgdn \S°p-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p. an∂n-a-d-bp∂ t_mKn-I-fn-eqsS ]mfØns‚ iq\y-Xb - n-eqsS tNmc°p-™ns‚ \ne-hn-fn°p ImtXm¿Øp. "\obn-ßs\ angn®p \n∂mtem \neq^¿.... C\n-sb-¶nepw ImWp∂ ]nt≈-cn¬ tams\ Xnc-bp∂ ]Wn \n¿Øv. ^l-Zns\ tam\mbn Icp-Xn-t°m....' "s]‰ hb-dns‚ thZ\ X≈-°t√ Adn-bq....' \neq-^d- psS IÆp \nd-™p. Hcp-Xp≈n ^l-Zns‚ s\dp-I-bn¬ ]Xn-®p. At∏m-ƒ A\p-`-h-s∏´ B\-µØns‚ s]mcp-sf¥v? Adn-bmsX B apJØp t\m°n hnfn®p t]mbn: "AtΩ....' "ßm tamt\....' Ah-fh - s\ tN¿Øp ]nSn-®p. aq¿≤mhn¬ XpSsc Npw_n-®p. C∂sehsc AΩ F∂ ]ZsØ shdp-ØX - t√! C∂Xv F{X a[p-cw. PohnX-Øn¬ A\p-`-hn-°msX t]mb H∂v:

30


Xm≥ In\m-hp-Im-Wp-Ib - m-tWm.... AXn\p apºv F{Xtbm In\m-hp-Iƒ Xs∂ sImXn-∏n-®n-´p-≠.v .... Ct∏mƒ B hm’eyw X\n°p am{Xambn HXp-ßp-I. B ape-sR-´n-te-°,v K¿`mi-Øns‚ kzIm-cy-X-bn-te°pw HgpIn sN√p- I . Im‰pw ag- b p- t a¬°m- s X, shbn¬ sIm≈msX B Ccp-´ns‚ im¥nbn¬ hfs™mSn™p InS-°p-I... AΩ... F{X a[p-ca- mb ]Zw... Aßs\ hgn-hn´p Nn¥n-°p-∂Xv F¥n\v? Ah-fpsS aI-\m-hm≥ F¥p tbmKy-X-bmWp≈Xv? sXcphp ]ø≥. X\n°v HmS-bnse Dfp-ºp-a-W-am-Wv. Hcn°¬ tKmep-hns‚ tNm∏-S-bn¬ h®p as‰mcp Agp-°mbn amdn... sNfn-]p-c≠ Im¬]mZw B Nph∂ ]c-hX - m-\n-bn¬ hbv°m≥ aSn-®p. GtXm A⁄mX i‡n D≈mse XS w \n¬°p-∂p. B au\-`m-j-bpsS s]mcp-sf¥v? sXcp-hp-sX-≠n. Aßs\ ]d-™t√ hne-°p-∂X - .v .. "hcq tamt\....' \neq-^¿ ]d-™p. XWp- Ø - s h- ≈ - Ø n¬ Ipfn. ssS¬kns‚ A]m-c-amb Xnf-°w. Hcp _m[ Hgn-™-Xn-ep≈ Bizm-kw. \neq^-dp-sSbpw tX®p ]nSn-∏n® tkm∏n-s‚bpw kpK-‘w. AXv amXr-Xz-Øns‚ aW-at√! I´-bmbn \oßp∂ tkm∏p ]X-bn¬ sI´n \n∂ Agp-°.v ... "Ct∏mƒ anSp-°\ - m-bn.....' \neq-^¿ ]d-™p. Ahƒ s]´n-Xp-d∂ - p. AXn¬ ]e Af-hn-ep≈ [mcmfw hkv{Xw Icp-Xn-bn-cp-∂p. B¨Ip-´n-°mbn Xp∂n-®h - . A∂v Xoh-≠n-bn¬ h®p \jvSs∏´ B Ip™v Fs∂-¶nepw aSßn hcpsa∂p Icp-Xn-bn-cn-°W - w. B XpWn-bn-e{Xbpw hnem-]Ø - ns‚ aW-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. aIs‚ th¿∏mSpw X≈-bpsS A\-¥amb \ne-hn-fnbpw. AXv saXn®p IS-∂pt]m-sbmcp Xoh-≠n-bpw. Ahƒ°p-Xo-h≠n Zpc-¥a- m-W.v X\nt°m? Nm™p \oßp∂ t_mKnI-fn¬ Xm≥ bm{X-bpsS elcn A\p-`h - n°p-∂nt√! hmXn¬°¬ ]pd-tØ°p t\m´-a-b®p \n¬°p∂ k©m-cn-Isf F{Xtbm I≠n-cn-°p-∂p. Hcn-°¬ AXpt]mse \nd-ap≈ hkv{X-aW - n™p k©cn-°p-∂-Xns\ Ipdn-t®m¿Øp F{Xtbm t\cw ]mf-Øn-\c- nsI \n∂n-´p-≠v. Nn{X-∏Wn sNbvX _\n-b≥ FSpØv \neq-^¿ s\t©mSp tN¿Øp: "CXv \n\°p tNcpw....' as‰mcp ico-c-Øns‚ Af-hn-te-°pXs∂ ISØn hnSm-\p≈ hy{K-X. AXp X\n°p ]mI-s∏-Sp-∂-sX-ß-s\. hnc-l2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

Øns‚ sRmdn-hn-te°p as‰mcmsf Xp∂n-t®¿°p-I. Xm≥ Ah-\√ - .... Ah≥ Fhn- s S- b mhpw? `n£m-SI - c- m¬ IÆp XI¿°-s∏´-h\ - mbn \S-°p-∂p-≠m-hn-t√.... AdnbmØ ktlm- Z - c m, \ns‚ Ccn-∏nSw Rm≥ ssItødp-∂p. s]mdp-°p-I. IÆm-Sn°p ap∂n¬ \n¬°ptºmƒ ^lZv Aº- c - ∂ p. Xm\msI amdn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. XpWn°- S - I - f nse IÆm- S n- I - f n¬ AXn\p apºp-I≠p t]m∂ apJw AX-√t√m! hkv{X-amWp a\p-jys\ am‰p- I . \√Xv AWn™p Ipt_c ]p{X-\m-hmw.... Ing- h ≥ ]d- ™ - X mWv Hm¿ØXv: "Ipt™, F√m ImgvNbpw kXy-a√ - . kXyw ImgvNb - m-hW - sa-∂p-an-√.... sXcphp tXmdpw Ae- b - S n- ° p∂ thj- ß ƒ. temIw thj-ßf - psS Acßpw Ahn-SsØ kXyw A\y-\m-W.v Ah≥ ]pd-s∏-´p-t]m-Ip-∂h - \ - mWv....' IÆm- S n- b n¬ Xncn™pw adn™pw t\m°n. Cu thjw X\n°v H°ptam? \neq- ^ ¿ X∂n¬ s]mß®w hnf- º p- I - b t√! Xs∂ sXcp-hp-amSn hnfn-°p-∂p. Xm≥ sXcp-hns‚ \jvSh - pw.... "_lp-tI-a\ - m... H∂p Xmßnbm¬ sN°≥ Dbsc FØpw', aJ≥knwKv ]d™p: "GtXm henb ho´n¬ ]nd∂-Xm-hpw... ]mhw Ah-s‚-sbmcp hn[n....' "av...' \neq-^¿ aqfpI am{Xw sNbvXp. At∏mƒ B a\- n¬ Fs¥m-s°tbm Iq´n-°n-gn-°-ep-Iƒ \S-°p∂p F∂p kv]jvSw. Ahs‚ \o≠p-b¿∂ \mkn-Ibn¬ hnc¬ h®v Ahƒ Hm¿Ω-bn¬ \jvSs∏-´p. At∏mƒ ^l-Zns‚ Nn¥ as‰mcp hgn°p \oßn. Xm≥ F{X Dbsc FØpw? \K-cØ - n¬ I≠ apX-em-fn-amcpw sh≈nØn-cb - nse Aan-Xm_v _®\pw [¿tΩ-{µbp-sams° Ie-º¬ Iq´n-s°m-≠n-cp-∂p. Ah-cpsS _w•mhpw Imdp-If - pw.... Ah- c nepw Dbsc FØp- I . Hcp Znhkw tKmep-hns‚ tNm∏-S°p ap∂n¬ Cºm-em-Im-dn¬ sN∂n-dß - W - w. At∏mƒ Abmfm ]gb tdUn-tbm-bn¬ ]m´n-\mbn _´≥ Xncn®p sIm≠n-cn-°pw. Abmƒ°p

ap∂n¬ Xnf-ßp∂ jqkv h®p Xm≥ ]dbpw: "t]mfojv sNø-Sm....' At∏mƒ Abm-fpsS sR´-sem∂p ImW-Ww... £W- Ø n¬ a\w- h m- S n. Abmƒ sR´n√; Xs∂ B´pw: "t]mSm sN°m.... \obpw \ns‚-sbmcp ]{Xm-kpw. F\n°p ap∂n¬ sRfn-bm≥ \o hf-cn-√. \osbs‚ hncn-∏nse Agp°t√; ]v^q...' F√m Db¿®-sbbpw X√ns°Sp-Øm≥ t]ms∂mcp cm{Xn. GXp \in® t\cØmWv A∂-hnsS ]m´p tIƒ°m≥ tXm∂n-bX - v. Aßs\ H∂p-≠m-bn-√m-sb¶n¬.... F¥n\v Db-cWw? _mhp¬ KmbIs‚ hgn-bt√ t\cv. AhnsS Xs∂ CI-

31


gvØm≥ B¿°p-am-hn-√. "]Whpw _w•mhpw Db¿®- b - √ . shdpw \ng-ep-Iƒ. ImgvNb - psS D’-hw...' Ing-h≥ ]d-™n-cp∂p: "Ipt™ \o \ns∂ Is≠-Øp-I. AXmWp \ns‚ ]q¿Æ-X, hnP-bh - pw...' Xm≥ IÆm-Sn-bnse ImgvNb - √ - . AXn\-∏pdw a‰v Fs¥m-s°tbm BWv... tKmep-hns‚ tdUn-tbm-sb-°mƒ hepXmWv aJ≥knw-Kn-s‚-X.v tai-ta¬ Ccp∂p AXv Iem]w BtLm-jn-°p-tºmƒ AkzÿX C√m- s X- b - √ . en]v à n- ° n¬ s]mXn™ hm°p- I ƒ. Btcbpw hogvØm≥ t]m∂ `mj. AsX-°mƒ F{Xtbm ta∑-bp≠v Nta-en-bpsS `mj°v. Ahƒ D≈tX ]dbq. s]mSn∏pw sXmßepw tN¿Øv Bsf hogvØp∂ ]Wn Ahƒ°n-√. thiy-sb-¶n-se¥v; kXysa ]d-bq. tdUntbm Nta-ensb I≠p-]T- n-°s - ´.... tai-ta¬ \nc-∂ N∏m-Ønbpw k_vPnbpw... e n, ]g-߃... s]mcn® tImgn°v F¥p-aWw!! hgp-Xn-bpsS sIm°n¬ sh≈-aq-dn. H‰-sh-´n\p hngp-ßm-\p≈ B¿Øn. tImgn-°m¬ FSpØv hI-Xn-cn-hn√msX ISn®p ]dn-®-t∏mƒ \neq-^¿ XS™p: "tamt\ ]Xp-s°... Hs° \n\-°p-≈Xm....' Ahƒ sdm´n-sbm-Sn®p k_vPn-bn¬ ap°n hmbn¬ h®p. sas√ Nh-®n-d-°ptºmƒ Hm¿Øp: AΩ-bpsS ssI]p-Wyw.... AXv as‰ßpw In´n-√t√m! "tam\v A—- \ - Ω - a msc I≠ Hm¿tΩt≠m?' "C√...' "]ns∂-ßs\ C{X-bmbn?' "Bthm...' Hm¿Ω- b n- √ mØ B \mfp- I - f n¬ Fs¥√mw kw`-hn-®n-cn-°mw. \mƒ hgn-bn-√mØ Pohn-Xw. AXn\n-Sb - n¬ GXp Ih-eb - n¬ h®mWp Hm¿ΩbpsS IXn¿s]m-´n-bXv? Adn-bn-√... "Hs° Hmtcm hn[n-If - m.... \Ωfv B{Kln-°-W-t]m-emtWm Imcy-߃ \S-°pI....' \neq-^¿ \niz-kn-®p. ]mf-Øns‚ Xpcp-ºn® iq\y-X. IS∂p t]msbmcp h≠n-bpsS aWw Ct∏mgpw \mkm-Zzm-cØn¬ IpSpßn InS-°p-∂p. ¢mhp ]nSn® C∂-se-Iƒ. AXn-sem-∂n¬ Nhn´n aqS¬ a™n-se-t∂mWw Ahƒ CSdn \n∂p. At∏mƒ B Ip™ns‚ \ne-hn-fn-bm-W.v ... ae-ap-I-fnse hmI-a-c-Øns‚ kmbm”-Øn-te°p aJ≥knw-Kns\ A\p-K-an°p-tºmƒ ^lZv BÀm-Zn-®p. IS∂p

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

t]mIp-∂Xv AXn Kw`o-ca- m-sbmcp {KŸ-Øm-fn-eq-sS-bm-Wv. ap∂n¬ \o≠p InS-°p∂ Kpcp-hns‚ \ng¬. AXn- t e°v ^lZv Aen- b m≥ shºn. Abmƒ XpS¿∂p. "hn[n-sb∂p IcpXn Pohn-®m¬ A_- ≤ amhpw. \ΩpsS hn[n \ΩpsS Ic-ß-fn-em-Wv. B AhImiw as‰m-∂n\pw ]Xn®p sImSp°-cp-X.v ..' "icn _m_m....' "\o F¥m- h m≥ B{K- l n°pt∂m AXm-hm≥ {ian-°pI. AXm-Wv \ns‚ hnP-bw....' \oeq-^d- psS ImgvN∏ - mSv as‰m∂m-Wt√m! Ahƒ hn[nsb ]gn®p Ign-bp-∂p. Nne-t∏mƒ aWn-°q-dp-Itfmfw apdn-bS- ®p X\nsb Ccn-°pw. At∏m-ƒ Ahn-tS°v B¿°pw {]th-i\ - a- n-√. B GIm-¥X - b - n¬ Ahƒ Fs¥-√m-amWv A\p-`h - n-°pI-sb∂v a‰m¿°pw Adn-bn-√. Bcpw AXn\p {ian-°m-dn-s√-∂-XmWv t\cv. t]msc-t∏msc Hcp Imcyw t_m[y-ambn. B hoSv Zpcq-l-X-bpsS Xpcp-Øm-Wv. aJ≥knwKv knJp-Im-c≥. \neq-^¿ apkvenam-Wv. \oXp lnµphpw ao\ {InkvXym-\nbpw.... Hcp-Ip-S° - osg Ah-sc-¥n\p Aßs\ NnX-dn-Ig- n-bW - w. AsX-°p-dn®p aJ≥knwKn-t\mtSm \neq-^t- dmtSm tNmZn-°W - s - a∂p-≠.v F¥p-sImt≠m ss[cyw t]mcm... Ah¿°Xp t_m[n-®n-s√-¶ntem! Ah¿°n-S-bn¬ Xm\m-cmWv? aX-an√msX as‰m-cmƒ... F∂pw bm{X- b n- e m- h p- I . AXv aJ≥knw-Kn\p hnt\mZamh-Ww. ]pd-s∏´m¬ Nne-t∏mƒ amk-߃ Ign-™mhpw aS-ßn-sb-Øp-I. Abmƒ Fhn-tS°v F¥n\p t]mIp-∂p-sh∂p Bcpw Xnc-°nbn-√. Xm¥m-ßf - psS Xpcp-Øp-If - n¬ Dgdn \S-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ as‰m-cmsf Ipdn®p Nn¥n-°m≥ t\cw In´m-™nt´m? As√¶n¬ Aß-s\-sbmcp tNmZy-Øns‚ hy¿∞X t\ctØ Ah¿ Dƒs°m-≠n-cn°mw. ]t£ \oXp-hn\pw ao\°pw X\n-°pta-semcp IÆp-≠v. iXpX-bpsS. Xs∂ Fß-s\bpw]pdw-X≈ - m-\p≈ \o°-at√! ]e-t∏mgpw B s]¨Ip-´n-I-fpsS km∂n≤yw X\n°p aSpt∏m `btam Hs° ]I-cp-∂p-≠v. AXp-sIm≠v Ah-cn¬ \n∂pw HXp-ßm≥ Xm≥ {i≤n-®p. ]pkvX-I-sa-SpØp _mKn¬ hbv°ptºmƒ Sn^-n\p-ambn \neq-^¿ h∂p: "\n\-s°m∂p thKw sdUn Bbm-

se¥v! \oXqw aot\w t]mb-t√m...' "Rm≥ X\n®p s]mt°m-fmw...' "\n߃ Ip´n-Iƒ Cßs\ hg-°S- n-°cp-X.v ]c-k] v cw kvt\ln®p Ign-bt- ≠...' "Hm ]nt∂ Rm\-hf - p-amsc Xmßmw....' "Aß-s\-b√ - t- am-t\....' _mKpambn thKw Cd-ßn. X\n°p Iq´n\p _k-¥n-bp-≠v. Cubn-sS-bmbn Ahsf Ipdn- t ®m¿°m≥ ck- a m- W v . Bflm-hn¬ A]-cn-Nn-Xa- m-sbmcp hnIm-cØns‚ X≈¬. kn\n- a - b n- s ems° ImWp- ∂ - X pt]mse Ifn-°q-´n\p A∏p-d-tØ°p hfcp∂ _‘w. _k-¥n-tbmSp F¥pw ]dbmw. Ahƒ X\n-s°mcp Bizm-ka- m-Wv. Ht∂m¿Øm¬ Ah-fpsS km∂n-≤y-Øn\p th≠n-bmWp apS-ßmsX kvIqfn¬ t]mIp∂-X.v "Cs∂-¥mSm apJ-sØmcp hm´w? \oXp NoØ-hn-fnt®m?'' _k¥n tNmZn®p. "av..' "\ns‚ Imcyw Hm¿°p-tºmƒ F\n°v B[n-bm.. \ob-hnsS H‰-°t- √....' "\ns∂ ImWp-ºgm F\n-s°mcp kam[m\w D≠m-hp-∂X - .v ...' "XevImew £an-s°-Sm. Fßt\w ]Tn®v hey Bfm-h-Ww. ]ns∂ Btcw t]Sn-°≠ - t- √m....' "av..' "\o a‰p Ipt´ymsf t]me-√, hfsc satNzUv BWv. \√ `mho-≠p-t´m...' "Ft¥m...' (XpS-cpw)

32


IhnX

A

∂v, Rß-fpsS hoSp-If - n¬ Fcp-aI - sf hf¿Øn-bn-cp∂p FÆ-°d- p-∏p≈ Fcp-aI - ƒ. AS°m-ac - ß - ƒ°nS-bn-eqsS Ah BImi-tØ°v t\m°n \n∂n-cp-∂p. ip¶n-cn-am-hns‚ tNmSp-If - n¬ Ab-sh-´n-°n-S∂ - p. cm{Xn-If - n¬ sXmgp-Øn¬ Ibdn\n∂v sXm´n-bnse ImSn-sh-≈hpw, ssht°mepw Ah B¿Øn-tbmsS AI-Øm-°n. Fcp-a∏ - m¬ hoSp-If - nepw IS-If - nepw hn‰mWv R߃ _n F hsc ]Tn-®X - v. t\cw ]c-]cm shfp-°p-tºmƒ A∏-∑m¿ sXmgp-Øp-If - n¬ Fcp-aI - sf Id-∂p. ssa\m-´n-bpsS IS-bn¬ \n∂v˛ In´p∂ ]m¬°miv Icp-Xn-h® - ,v sImc´n _nµp Sm°o-kn¬ R߃ am‰n-\n°v t]mbn. Fcp-a∏ - m¬ IS-tImev Ib-dp-sI-´n-°S- ™v Rß-fpsS AΩ-am¿ tamcpw shÆ-bp-ap-≠m-°n. shÆ-bp-cp°n \dp-s\øv £ma Ime-ßf - n-te-°mbn IcpXn h®p. Idp-I° - m-´n¬ Fcp-asb ta°p-tºmƒ ]pfn-ac- ß - f - n¬ Ib-dn-bn-cp∂v R߃ Aa¿ Nn{X-IY - I - f - pw, Aºnfn AΩm-h\ - pw, ]mSmØ ss]¶n-fnbpw hmbn-®p. Fcp-aI - ƒ ]p√p Xn∂p-tºmƒ shfn-ºd- º - p-If - n¬ Rm\pw, sIm®p-tIm-hm-e\ - pw, tImb-bpw, πm° tPmbnbpw sXtßme saS-™p-≠m-°nb A®mw ]¥v Ifn-®p. C©w Ipf-Øn¬ Dufm-°n´v \S-∂p. Iq´p-Im-cmb Fcp-aI - sf I≠v

Fcp-aI- sf hf¿Øn-bn-cp∂ Rß-fpsS hoSp-Iƒ tPmbv tPmk^v

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

Rß-fpsS Fcp-aI - ƒ ]p√n≥ ]pd- ß - f n¬ hnti- j - ß ƒ ]¶psh®p. k‘y-If - n¬ tNmc Nmdp-tºmƒ, IpjvTm-ip-]{Xn Aº-e-Ønse sdt°mUp-Iƒ ]mS-hc- º - p-Iƒ IS-s∂-Øp-tºmƒ, IqXn-Ip-Wp°n∏£n-Iƒ IqSp-If - n-te°v aS-ßp-tºmƒ I\m¬ _≠n-eq-sS, R߃ Fcp-aI - t- fbpw sXfn®v hoSp-It- f°v aS-ßn. C∂v, Rß-fpsS Ip´n-Iƒ \n߃ F¥n-\mWv hoSp-If - n¬ Fcp-aI - sf hf¿Øn-bs - X-∂v˛ IpØn-°pØn tNmZn-°p-∂p. hoSp-Iƒ F¥p-am-{Xw hrØn-tI-Sm-bn-´p≠m-hpw. sXmgpØv F∂m¬ F¥m-sW-∂pw, ssht°m¬ Iq\-Iƒ F¥n-\m-bn-cps∂∂pw NmWIw sagp-Inb Xd-If - n¬ \n߃ Fßns\ InS-∂p-dß - n-sb∂pw Ah¿ tNmZn-®p-sIm-t≠-bn-cp-∂p. Rß-fpsS IpSpw_w Hu´n-ßn-\p t]mhp-tºmƒ, _o^v Nn√n Ign-°p-∂X - ns‚ ckw am{Xw Ah¿ s\m´n-\p-W™ p.

33


{]`mjWw

"hmk-h-ss[-cy-tem]n'bmb Ejn ˛ 3 (Xfn-°p-fØv \S-Ønb Fw F≥ hnP-b≥ A\p-kva-cW {]`m-jWØns‚ Ah-km-\-`mKw)

A[n-\n-thi {]Xn-tcm[w-˛ A¿∞-h-Ømb cmjv{Sob {]h¿Ø\w c≠p c≠-c-tImSn ]Xn-\m-ep-h-b- n\p Xmsg-bp≈ Ip´n-Iƒ ITn-\m-[zm\w sNbvXv aq∂p-t\cw hni-∏-S°m≥ th≠n sXcp-hn-e-e-bp∂ Cu Zcn-{Z-cm-PyØv temI-Øn¬ G‰hpw henb [\n-I≥ F∂-Xns‚ t]cn¬ A`n-am\w sIm´n-tLm-jn-°p-∂p. B hm¿ØbmWv A«o-ew. am[y-a-ßfpw `c-W-I¿Øm-°fpw A`n-am\w t]mse-bmWv AXv ssIs°m-≈p-∂-Xv. CXn-t\-°mƒ A«o-e-ambn F¥m-Wp-≈Xv ?

s{]m^. Fw eoem-hXn

I

hn-Iƒ kXyw ]d-bp-∂-h-cmWv F∂v At±lw ASpØ ImeØv D≠m-bn-´p≈ Hcp A`n-ap-J-Øn¬ Dta-jv_m-_phns‚ Ihn-Xs - b-∏‰n ]d-™p. Ihn-Iƒ t\ctØ ]d™ Xh-fI-sf-t∏m-ep-≈-h-cmWv. Ah¿ kXyw ImWp-∂p. kXy-Øns‚ A·n-k^ v p-cWw Ah¿ D≈n-te°v Bhm-ln-s®-Sp-°p-∂p. AØc-Øn-ep-≈-h-cmWv icn-bmb Ihn-Iƒ. Ah¿°v A∂-∂sØ \bhpw D]m-bhpw Hs° sh®p-sIm≠v hna¿in-°m-Xn-cn-°m≥ km≤y-a√ - . B IhnX Rm≥ P\-i‡ - n-bn¬ t\cn-´p-hm-bn-®n-´n-√. thsd-sbm-∂n¬ D≤-cn-®Xv hmbn-®X - m-W.v Btcm Hcp {]kw-Kw \SØn, t\Xm-°ƒ ]d-™p AXp ]m¿´nsb XI¿°m-\m-W.v Btcm Hcp Ihn-Xs - b-gp-Xn. t\Xm-°ƒ ]d-™p AXp ]m¿´nsb XI¿°m-\m-W.v Btcm Hcp hna¿i-\w- D∂bn®p. t\Xm-°ƒ ]d™p AXp ]m¿´nsb XI¿°m-\m-W.v

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

Btcm Hcp ]{Xw XpS-ßn. t\Xm-°ƒ ]d-™p AXp ]m¿´nsb XI¿°m-\mWv Btcm Hcmƒ ac-n® hm¿Ø tI´t∏mgpw t\Xm-°ƒ ]d-™pt]mbn AXp ]m¿´nsb XI¿°m-\mWv AXn-emWv IhnX hcp-∂-Xv. HSp-hnesØ hcn-I-fn¬. Ihn-X-bn¬ [z\n, kuµ-cyw, sshIm-cn-Ia- mb Hcp Xos∏m-cnD-≠m-hWw. AXv Ah-km-\t- Ø-Xn-em-Wp≈-X.v Hcm-fpsS acWw ]m¿´nsb XI¿°m\m-hpI! hnP-b≥amsj kw_-‘n-®n-StØmfw Dta-j_ v m-_p-hns‚ Cu hm°pw {]h-N\w t]mse-bm-bn-Øo¿∂p. AXpw ]m¿´nsb XI¿°p∂ Hcp acWw BbnØo¿∂p. Dt±-in-®Xv AX-s√-¶nepw. AXv `bw H∂v, `bw c≠v Cß-s\: CSnØo hoWp t\Xm-°ƒ ]d™p; IΩ‰n IqSs´ ]mew s]mfn-bp∂p t\Xm-°ƒ ]d™p: IΩ‰n IqSs´ kXyw Ad-nbWw t\Xm-°ƒ ]d-™p: IΩ‰n IqSs´ \oXn In´p-∂n√ t\Xm-°ƒ ]d-™p: IΩ‰n IqSs´ IΩo-j≥ ]Øp-iX - a- m\w t\Xm-°ƒ ]d-™p: kzIm-cy-ambn´p Xm. HSp-hn-esØ hcn-bn-emWv Ihn-X. CXp tI´m¬ ]m¿´n-bn¬\n∂p ]pd-Øm°p-I-b-√msX thsd-sb-¥m-Wp hgn? kzm`m-hn-I-ambpw Ihn-X-bpsS i‡n-bmW-Xv. HSp-hn-esØ hcn-I-fnse k‰-b¿ Aºp-t]mse sIm≈pw. AXp Xncn-®dn™v amjv Cßs\ Ihn-Xs - b-gp-Xp-∂h - -

34


tcmSv Cß- s \- s]cp- a m- d p- I b- √ msX Ah¿°p as‰m∂pw sNøm-\n√ F∂p≈ \ne°v AXn-s\-∏‰n kwkm-cn-°p-Ib - p-≠mbn. CXp-t]mse apºv F{Xtbm Ihn-Iƒ Ihn-Xs- b-gp-Xn-bn-´p-≠.v As∂m∂pw ]m¿´n ]pd-Øm-°n-bn-´n-√. AXpw Nq≠n-°m-Wn°p∂p≠v amjv B C‚¿hyq-hn¬. almIhn Pn.-i-¶-c-°p-dp∏v "A¥yameyw' FgpXn. A∂v hnP-b≥amjv°v hfsc sNdp∏-am-Wv. aZn-cm-in-bn¬ tPmen sNøp∂ Imew. A∂v Pb-tI-c-f-Øns‚ Hm^okntem at‰m \S∂ ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ ]m¿´n saº-dmb Hcp tUmIvS¿, K¿`n-Wnbmb ^vtfmdn-bpsS ac-Ws- Ø-°p-dn®v ]dbp-I-bm-Wv. K¿`-Øn-en-cn-°p∂ Ip´n°v thZ\bdn-bm-\m-bn-´n√ {]mbw. AXpsIm≠v acn-°p-∂Xv kmc-an-√. At∏mƒ hnP-b≥amjv ]d-™p. Aß-s\-bm-sW¶n¬ Xm¶-sf-t∏m-se-bp≈ Bfp-Iƒ Cu tPmen (tUm-IvS-dp-sS) cmPn-sh®v t]sdSp-°m≥ t]meo-kp-Imsc Ab-®m¬ aXnsb-∂v. t]meo-kp-Im-cm-Wt√m AXn\p hnZ-Kv≤¿. A¥n-ameyw F∂ Ihn-Xsb kw_-‘n®v F¥m-bn-cp∂p ]m¿´n-bpsS kao-]\w? Cu Ihnsb sh®p-sIm-≠n-cn°m≥ ]‰n-√ F∂m-bn-cp-∂s{X ]m¿´n ]d™-Xv. C Fw -Fkv ]d-™p: Ihn-Iƒ Aß-s\-sbms° ]dbpw. Ah¿ s]s´∂v hnImcw sIm≈pw. AsXm∂pw kmc-an-√. At±-l-Øn\v hnth-I-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂p F∂¿∞w. IhnX F¥m-sW∂v a\- n-emIp-Ibpw sNøpw. ]m¿´n-bn¬ At±lw ]d™m¬ Xncp-hmbv°v A∂v FXn¿hm-bn-

√m-ØX - p-Im-cWw Ipdp∏v amjv ]ns∂bpw Iptd-Imew Pohn-®p. As√-¶n¬ F¥p-≠mIp-am-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v Btem-Nn-®n´v h√mØ Aº-c∏ - m-W.v ]m¿´n-bn¬ \n∂v _ln-jI v cn-°m≥ \nhr-Øn-bpt≠m? amjv ]m¿´n saº-d√ - t- √m. Dta-jv_m-_p-hns\ ]m¿´nbn¬ \n∂v _ln-jvI-cn-°mw. At∏mƒ AsXmcp h√mØ ASn-bm-Wv. I_-‘Øns‚ Xe-b° v S- n®v DZ-cØn-em°n F∂p ]d-bp-∂X - p-t]mse Xe-bv°S- n®v Ccp-Øem-WX - v. ASn-®n-cpØmw Hcp ]m¿´n saºsd. A√mØ BtfmSv F¥p-sN-øm-\mWv? A∂p XSn°p tISm-Ip-am-bn-cp∂p Ipdp-∏pam-jn-\v. AXp-≠m-hm-ØXv C Fw F - - ns\-t∏mse hnth-I-ap-≈-h¿ ]m¿´nbpsS Xe-∏Øv D≠m-bn-cp∂p F∂p-≈X - p-sIm≠m-W.v AXp-t]mse ]n.-`m-kI v c- s‚ IhnX-sb-∏-‰nbpw H F≥ hnbpsS Ihn-X-sb∏-‰nbpw hb-em-dns‚ Ihn-X-sb-∏-‰n-bpsams° ]d-bp-∂p≠v B C‚¿hyq-hn¬. hb-em¿ Ahn-sS-bp-≠m-bn-cp∂p. hnP-b≥ ]d™ Imcyw henb ]pIn-em-bn. AXpwsIm≠v hb-em-dns‚ ASp-tØ-°p-sN-∂p. hb-em¿ ]d™p F\n°v AXn-s\-∏-‰nsbm∂pw ]d-bm-\n-s√-∂v. "kvt\ln-°bn√ Rm≥ t\mhp-am-flm-hns\ kvt\ln®n-Sm-sØmcp XXz-im-k{v X-sØbpw' F∂p ]d™ Ihn-bmWv hb-em¿. A¥y-ameyw F∂ IhnX Hc¿∞-Øn¬ ]m¿´n-s°-XncmtWm? IhnX icn°p hmbn®p t\m°nbm¬ AXn-\p≈ klr-Zb - X - z-ap-≠m-bm¬˛ B IhnX ]m¿´n-bpsS \b-ßs- f-sbm∂pw tNmZyw sNøp∂ Ihn-X-b-√, kw`-h-

Xfn-°p-fØv Fw F≥ hnP-b≥ A\p-kvac- W ]cn-]m-Sn-bn¬ s{]m^ Fw. eoem-hXn {]`m-jWw \S-Øp-∂p.

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

Øns‚ Zmcp-WX Hcp Ihn-bpsS lrZbsØ kv]¿in-®p. AXns‚ Bhn-jvImc-am-sW∂v icn°pw a\- n-em-Ipw. "lm acn®pt]mbv aÆn¬ ]nd-∂p-hogpw apºntem-at\ \o \mSns‚ \njvTp-c-`m-hØmte' F∂mWv IhnX XpS-ßp-∂X - .v \mSns‚ \njvTp-c`- m-hØ - mte F∂m-W.v \mSv F∂ ]Z-Øn¬ ]m¿´n am{X-am-tWm s]SpI? Cu shSn-sh∏v F∂ Zmcp-W-kw-`-h-Ønte°v \bn-®-h-scms° AXn¬s∏-Spw. kacw kwL-Sn-∏n-®-hcpw s]Spw. kacsØ ASn-®a- ¿Øm≥ th≠n `S≥am-sc \ntbm-Kn-®h - c- p-sa√mw Hcp-t]mse s]Spw. AXn¬, "Nqcepw tXm°pw PmXn aX I£n h¿Km-[n-Im-cß - fpw Iem-hn-Zybpw \ymb-ßfpw t\mhn-°mØ' Hcp imizX im¥n `qhn-te°p \o t]mbn F∂p-IqSn ]d-bp-∂p. PmXn, aX, I£n h¿Km-[n-Imc taml-߃ F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ F√m a\pjy- s cbpw Dƒs∏- S p- Ø n- b n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. \mSns‚ \njvTp-cX F∂n-SØv CØ-cØ - nep≈ ÿnXn-hn-tijw D≠m-°n-Øo¿Øh-sc-Øs- ∂-bmWv kqNn-∏n-°p-∂X - .v AXp IhnX hmbn-®m¬ a\- n-em-Ipw. ]m¿´nbnse Ipd-®p-t]¿s°-¶nepw AXp a\- nem-bn-√. ]s£ ]m¿´n-bpsS Xe-∏Ø - p≈ Bƒ°p klr-Zb - \ - m-bX - p-sIm≠v IhnX a\- n-em-bn. Cß-s\-bp≈ Nne ]q¿∆ kw`-hß - s - fms° Hm¿°p-tºmƒ CØ-cØn-ep≈ A®-S° \S-]S- n-Isf ]p—n-°ms\-¥mWv hm°v? AXn-\p≈ hm°n-√. F¶nepw Atß-b-‰sØ Ah-⁄t- bmsS ]pOn-°p-Ib- √ msX \nhr- Ø n- b n- √ . CØ-cØ - n¬ hkvXp-XI - sf t\m°n-°m-Wm-\p≈ kn≤nbpw AXn-\p≈ B ^en- X - t _m- [ hpw Hs° amjv°vam{Xw hn[n-°-s∏-´XmWv \ΩpsS Ime-L-´Øn¬. Cu A[n-\n-th-i-{]-Xntcm-[k - a- n-Xn-bpsS {]h¿Ø\- ß - f n¬ amjv ]d™ {][m- \ - s ∏´ Imcy- ß sfms° Dƒs∏t´ aXn-bmIq. Ipd®p cmjv{So-bØ - ns‚ hi-tØ-°p-IqSn Rm≥ IS°p-I-bm-Wv. C∂v \ΩpsS G‰hpw henb KXn-tISv F¥mWv ? _lp- c mjv { S IpØ-II - ƒ Ah-cpsS DXv]∂-ßs - fms° sIm≠p-h∂v \ΩpsS Xe-bn¬ sI´n-sh°p-Ib - m-W.v \mw tIc-fo-b¿

35


Hs° hngp-ßm≥ Xøm-dmbn \n¬°p∂ Ah-ÿm-hn-ti-j-amWv G‰hpw henb KXn-tI-S.v AXns\ XS-bW - s - a-¶n¬, AhcpsS ]Ww ISw hmßp∂ k{º-Zmbw \ne-bv°W - w. Ahsc £Wn-®p-hc - p-Øp∂Xv \n¿Ø-Ww, lnµp-ÿm≥ enh¿ F∂ Iº\nbpsS DXv]-∂-߃ tX®p ssI IgpInbn´p-thWw `£Ww Ign°m≥ F∂v tIc-fØ - nse P\-ßsf ]Tn-∏n-®h - cm-Wh - ¿. Ah-cpsS DXv]∂ - a- mb tkm∏pIƒ tX®p ssI IgpIn thWw `£Ww Ign-°m-s\∂v AXym-hiyw ipNn-Xz-t_m[-ap≈ tIc-f-Ønse P\-ßsf ]Tn-∏n°m≥ ]pd-s∏-´h - c- mWv Iº-\n-°m¿. F¥psIm-≠mWv Ah-cX - n\v ss[cy-s∏-´Xv? G‰hp-a[ - nIw D]t`mK hkvXp-°ƒ sNe-hmIp-∂Xv tIc-fØ - n-emWv F∂-Xp-sIm-≠mW-Xv. \Ωƒ AXn-s\-∏‰n Ah-t_m-[ap≈-hc- m-IW - w. _ln-jI v c- n-°m-\p≈ i‡n \ap-°p-≠m-IW - w. kmam-\y-cpsS Bh-iyamWv. Cu A[n-\n-th-i{- ]-Xn-tcm-[Ø - n¬ CXp-IqSn Dƒs∏-Sp-sa∂v Rm≥ kqNn-∏n°p- I - b mWv . Ah¿ sIm≠p- h cp∂ I¨kyq-a¿ KpUvkns\ kzoI-cn-°p-Ib - n√ F∂v Xocp-am-\n-°W - w. CubnsS hfsc A«o-e-ambn Hcp hm¿Ø hmbn-®Xv Btem-Nn-°p-tºmƒ A·n-bn¬ NmSm≥ tXm∂pw. thmsdm-∂pa√. c≠p c≠-ct- ImSn ]Xn-\m-ep-hb - - n\p Xmsg-bp≈ Ip´n-Iƒ ITn-\m-[zm\w sNbvXv aq∂p-t\cw hni-∏S- ° - m≥ th≠n sXcp-hne-eb - p∂ Cu Zcn-{Z-cm-PyØv temI-Øn¬ G‰hpw henb [\n-I≥ F∂-Xns‚ t]cn¬ A`n-am\w sIm´n-tLm-jn-°p-∂p. B hm¿Ø-bmWv A«o-ew. am[y-aß - fpw `c-W-I¿Øm-°fpw A`n-am\w t]msebmWv AXv ssIs°m-≈p-∂-Xv. CXn-t\°mƒ A«o-ea- mbn F¥m-Wp-≈Xv? Fßs\-bmWv G‰hpw henb [\n-I\ - m-bn-Øocp-∂Xv? P\-tIm-Sn-Isf NqjWw sNbvXn´m-W.v DXv]∂ - ß - ƒsIm-≠.v Ct∏mƒ \mw FhnsS t\m°n- b mepw saKm- a m¿´v Fs∂ms° ]d-™p-sIm≠v Ah-cpsS DXv]-∂-߃ hn¬°m-\p≈ tI{µ-߃ Xpd-∂n-cn-°p-∂p. \ΩpsS sNdp-InS I®-hS-°m-cpsS ]oSn-I-bn-sem∂pw Bfp-Iƒ t]mImsX saKm-am¿´n¬ t]mIp-Ib - m-W.v F√m km[-\ß - fpw AhnsS In´pw. `wKnbp≈ _mKp-If - n¬ Iøn¬ Xcpw. hrØnbm-bn-´p-Xc- pw. Cu hrØn-bp-sSbpw tjmhns‚bpw t]cn¬ \mw ]mh-s∏´ I®-hS- ° - mcpsS I™n-bn¬ ]m‰ hogvØp-∂p. Cu sNdp-In-S° - m-cmb hym]m-cn-Is- fms° hgnbm-[m-ca- m-Im≥ t]mIp∂ ÿnXn-hn-ti-jw. CXn-s\-sbms° t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°p∂p \ΩpsS F√m tÉn-ep-ap≈ `c-W-Iq-S߃. CØ-cØ - n-ep≈ kº∂≥amsc `c2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

W-Iq-S-߃ t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°p-Ibpw \Ωƒ km[m-cW - ° - m-scms° CXn\v ichy-ambn \n∂p-sIm-Sp-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ ÿnXn- h n- t i- j w- s Im- ≠ mWv G‰hpw henb [\n-I≥ C¥y-bn-ep-≠m-b-Xv. C¥y-bn¬ G‰hpw henb [\n-I-\p-≠mbXv `qan-bn¬\n∂pw ˛koX A¥¿≤m\w sNbv X `qan- b n¬\n- ∂ pw˛ s]mßnh∂sXm∂p-a√ - . G‰hpw henb [\n-I-\mb hy‡n C¥y≥ kaq-lØ - n¬ Fß-s\-bp-≠mbn? ]mh-s∏-´-h-cpsS Ioi-bn¬ \n∂pw AhcpsS Ioi-bn-te°p ]Ww Hgp-Ip-∂X - p-sIm≠mWv. AXn\p-th≠ DXv]-∂-߃ Ah¿°p-≠m-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂p. P\-tIm-SnIsf NqjWw sNøp-∂p. G‰hpw henb [\n-I≥am¿ Ipsd-bp-≠n-hn-sS. _n¬tK‰vkns\ tXm¬∏n® Hcmƒ Ct∏mƒ C¥ybn-ep-≠m-bn. \msf ssN\-bn-emhmw. open door t]mfnkn A\p-k-cn®v hntZin-Iƒ°m¿°pw AhnsS \n¿_m[w hcmw F∂ Ah-ÿbmW.v 1993¬ AhnsS sN∂-t∏mƒ Rm≥ t\cn-´p-I-≠n-´p-≠v, Ah¿ At∂ open door t]mfn-kn-bmWv. aƒ´n-\m-j-W¬ Iº-\n-I-sf-sbms° kzmKXw sNøp-Ibpw AX-\p-kc- n®v hn]Wn- s bm- c p°ns°mSp- ° p- I bpsams° sNøp∂ \ne-bn-te°v ssN\-°m¿ hoWn´p-≠v. ssN\ Iayq-WnÃv cmPyw-X-s∂bmWv Ct∏m-fpw. ]s£, ssien AXmWv Ah-cpsS Pohn-X-Øn¬. Ahn-sSbpw tImSn-°W - ° - n-\m-fp-Iƒ ]´nWn InS-°p∂-hc- mWv F∂ ÿnXnbpw Ah-ti-jn-°p∂p. AXv F{X-Imew Cß-s\-sbms° \ne-\n¬°p-sa∂v ]d-bm≥ hø. GXmbmepw AXmWv ÿnXn-hn-ti-jw. B ÿnXn-bmWv G‰hpw BZ¿im-flIw F∂p hniz-kn-°p∂ `c-Wß - f - mWv C¥ybnepw kmam- t \y\ D≈- X v.

Ch¿s°ms° s]mSn-]p-cf - mØ ]c-hX - m\n-Iƒ hncn-®p-sIm-SpØp kzoI-cn-°m≥ k∂-≤c- mbn \n¬°p∂ Hcp P\-ka- qlw AXv B \mSns‚ A[:]X-\-sØ-°p-dn°p-∂p. AXn¬ \ns∂mcp tamN\w D≠mhm-\mWv A[n-\n-th-isØ {]Xn-tcm-[n°m-\p≈ Hcp {]h-WX hnP-b≥amjv Ah- k m- \ - a mbn \ΩpsS a\- n¬ DW¿Øn-hn-´X - .v B sshIm-cnI Ah-ÿ\Ωn-te°p IpØn-sh-®n-cn-°p-Ib - m-W.v At±-lØ - n\p AXp sNøm≥ km[n®Xv At±lw kmln-Xy-\n-cq-]-W-Øn¬ \n∂p hn´n´v ]m¿´n-bn-te°p h∂-Xp-sIm≠p- I q- S n- b m- W v . AXn- \ m- e mWv B {]h¿Ø\w A¿∞-hØ - mbn F∂p ]d™-Xv. As√-¶n¬ Rß-sf-t∏m-ep-≈-hscms° ]d-bpI H∂m-¥cw kmln-Xy-\ncq-]Ww FgpXn Ccp-∂m¬ aXn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Iptd-°qSn hen-sbmcp \ncq-]I - \ - m-Im-am-bncp-∂p Fs∂ms°bmWv. At±-l-Øn-\v, cmPnbpw cmjv{So-b{- ]-h¿Ø-\a- mWv F∂p]-d™ - X - p-t]mse CsXms° cmjv{So-b{- ]h¿Ø- \ - a m- W v . ac- W w- t ]mepw Hcp cmjv{Sob {]h¿Ø-\-am°n am‰p∂ Hcp alm-\mb hy‡n. \ΩpsS Ime-L-´Øn¬ CXp-t]mse alm-\mb Hcp hy‡n ASpØ ImeØp thsd-bp-≠m-Im-sas∂m∂pw {]Xo£n-°m≥ hø. ]gb ImesØm´p D≠m-bn-´p-an-√. Cu A\p-kav c-W ktΩf\Øn¬ ]¶p-sIm-≈m≥ Fs∂ hnfn-®-Xn¬ \nß-tfm-sS√mw Rm≥ \µn]-d™ p-sIm-≈p-∂p. amjpsS A\p-kvac - WsØ kw_-‘n®v sshIm-cn-Ia- m-bn, Hcp ]s£ F\n-°p≈ A{X-Xs∂ BgØn¬ sIm≈p∂ B Hcp Ahÿ Gsdt∏¿°p-≠mhn√. AXv Fs‚ kzIm-cyamb [\y-X-bmbn Rm≥ kq£n-°p∂p. \a-kI v m-cw. Ah-km-\n®p

36


hni-Ie - \w

am¿Ivknkw Zmcn-{Zy-Øns‚ XXz-im-kv{X-a√ tkmatiJ-c≥

tem

IØv C∂v [\nI Zcn{Z hn`m-K-߃°n-S-bn¬ hcp-am-\-Ønepw BkvXn-bn-ep-ap≈ A¥cw h¿≤n-®p-hc- p∂-Xm-bp≈ IW-°p-Iƒ hnhm-Zc- l - n-Xa- mbw-Ko-I-cn-°-s∏-´-Xm-Wv. Ipd-s®ms° Bh¿Øn-®nh {]kn-≤o-Ic- n-°s- ∏-Sp-∂p-ap≠v. Cu teJI\S°w ASpØ ImeØv CtX-Zn-i-bn¬ Nne teJ-\-߃ {]kn≤o-I-cn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-´p-≠v. IW-°pIƒ \n¿∆n-hm-Z-sa∂v ]d-b-p∂-Xv, Ah \ntj-[n-°m-\m-hm-Øh - n[w hkvXp-Xm-]c-am-bX - p-sIm-≠p-am-W.v F∂m¬ {i≤n-t°s≠m-cp-Imcyw Cu IW°p-I-fn¬ an°Xn-s‚bpw {]`hw C∂sØ [\n-Im-[n-]Xy-L-S-\°v \nb-a-km-[p-X-sbm-cp-°p∂ bp F≥ {]kn-≤o-I-c-W-߃ Xs∂-bmsW-∂X - m-Wv. Cu IW-°p-Iƒ kwJy-IfpsS cq]-Øn-em-sW-¶nepw Ahsb Cßs\ {]tXyI KW-ßf - m°n Xncn-®psh-°p-∂-tXmsS AXn-s\mcp cmjv{Sobm¿∞w ssIh-cp-∂p-≠.v IW-°p-kw-JyI-fnepw A¥¿`-hn-®n-cn-°m-hp∂ cmjv{Sob-sØ-bm-WnXv Nq≠n-°m-Wn-°p-I. am¿Ivkn-kt- ØmSv A\p-`mhw t]mepap≈ ÿm]-\a- √ bp F≥. Cu IW-°pIƒ G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ D≤-cn-°p-∂Xv CSXp-]£ - hpw am¿Ivkn-Ãp-If - p-am-sW-¶nepw, bp F∂n\v CØ-cs- amcp Nmbvhp-≈X - mbn Btcm-]n-°m-hp-∂-Xp-a-√. CS-°m-eØv {]_-ea- m-bn-cp∂ t£a-cmjv{S k¶¬]ß-tfmSv tN¿∂v kº∂ Zcn{Z A¥cw Ipd-®p-sIm-≠p-hc- W - s - a∂ Nne en_-d¬ [m¿Ωn-IX CØcw IW-°p-If - psS {]Nc-WsØ t{]m’mln-∏n-®n-´p≠v F∂mWv ]c- a m- h [n ]d- b m- \ m- h p- I . ]s£, BtKmfhXvIc- W - Ø - n-s‚bpw tamWn-‰d- nk-Øn-s‚bpw ]pXnb Ime-Øn-cp∂p Xncn™p t\m°p-tºmƒ ImWm-\m-hpI CØcw en_-d¬ kºZv imkv{X-ßfpw BXy-¥n-Im¿∞-Øn¬ _q¿jzmk-ºZv LS-\s - b- X-s∂-bmWv XpW-®s - X-∂m-W.v F∂m¬ Cßs\ BXy- ¥ n- I m¿∞Øn¬ am{Xw Npcp-°n-°-≠v, tamWn-‰-dnkhpw t£a-cmjv{S k¶¬]-\-ßfpw 2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

XΩn-ep≈ hyXym-ksØ CS-Xp-]£w Ah-K-Wn-°p-I-bp-a-cp-Xv. ]s£, AXpsIm≠v kmº-Øn-Im-¥c- sØ Xpd-∂p-Im´p∂Xcw IW-°p-Iƒ Ft∏mgpw kzbtah am¿Ivkn-Ãm-bn-cn-°p-sa∂v sX‰n-≤cn-°bp-ac- p-X.v GXv \ne-]m-Sn¬ \n∂p-sIm≠h D≤cn-°p∂p F∂-XS- °w thsdbpw ]›m-Øe hkvXp-XI - ƒ Ch-tbm-sSm∏w ]cn-KW - \ - m-hn-jb - a- m-t°-≠X - p-≠.v P\-{]n-bX {]N-cn-∏n®v am¿IvknksØ Xs∂ Zp¿∫-ea- m-°n-s°m-≠n-cp∂ Ncn{Xw IqSn-bmWv Ign™ \q‰m-≠ns‚ DØ-cm¿≤-sa∂v CS-°nsS Hm¿°p-∂X - pX-s∂bpw Cs∂mcp sNdnb NnIn-’bpsSsb¶nepw ^ehpw sNbvtX-°pw. Dev]m-Z\ _‘-ßf - mWv {][m\w Cu IW-°p-If - nse kºZv imkv{XK-Wß - ƒ, kº∂¿, Zcn-{Z¿ XpS-ßn-bh - bm-Wv. am¿Ivkns‚ ImeØv {]qtYm≥ Fs∂m- c mƒ "Zmcn- { Zy- Ø ns‚ XXzimkv{Xw' Fs∂mcp IrXn-sb-gp-Xn-bXns\ XXz-im-k{v X-Øns‚ Xs∂ Zmcn-{Zysa-∂mWv am¿Ivkv ]cn-lkn-®X - .v CXns‚ hni- Z mw- i - ß - f √ ChnsS {][m- \ w. t\csØ kaq-lsØ ]Tn-°p-∂-Xn-\p-]tbm-Kn®p t]m∂ {]Xy-£hpw P\-{]n-bhp-amb CØcw kw`-h-߃°p-]-Icw Dev]m-Z\ - _ - ‘ - ß - f - n-eq-∂n-s°m≠pw XZ\p-km-cn-bmb ]pXnb hni-I-e-\-]-≤-XnIƒ hf¿Øn-s°m-≠p-amWv am¿Ivknkw cq]-sa-Sp-Ø-Xv. {]Xy-£m-\p-`-h߃°∏pdw IS-°p∂ CØcw Dƒ°m-gN v I - f - mWv am¿Ivkn-ksØ al-Øm-sbmcp Nn¥m-]≤- X n- b m- ° n- b - X pw. AXp- s Im- ≠ pXs∂bmWv am¿Ivknkw s]‰n-_q¿jzm hnIm-c] - c- X - I - f - psS Hcp-hn-em-]I - mhy-a√ - mXn-cn-°p-∂X - pw. \ap°okº∂ Zcn-{Z-°-W-°p-I-fnte°v Xs∂ Xncn-®p-hc- mw. Ch-bpsS icnIƒ°-IØv Xs∂ a‰p {][m-\s - ∏´ ]eXn-s\bpw Hfn-∏n-®p-sh-°p-∂p-ap-≠.v DZm-lc-W-Øn\v kº-∂s‚ BkvXnbpw hcpam-\h - p-am-bp-≤c- n-°p∂ IW-°p-Iƒ ]WØns‚ aqe-[\ - c - q-]hpw D]-t`m-Kc - q-]hpw

XΩn-ep≈ A¥cw I-f-bp-∂p. apX-em-fnØ- Ø n¬ kº- ∂ s‚ Bkv X n- b psS Afhv h¿≤n-°p-t¥mdpw hy‡n-KX D]t`m-KØ - n-\p-]t- bm-Kn-°p∂ ]¶ns‚ iXam\w Ipd-™p-sIm-≠mWv hcn-I. hcp-am\-Øns‚ knwl-`m-Khpw Xs∂ aqe-[-\\n-t£-]a- m-Wv. adp-hi - Øv Zcn-{Zs‚ hcpam\w t\sc Xncn-®pam-Wv. AXn¬ aqe-[\-am°n \o°n-sh-°p-∂X - n-s\-s¥-¶nepw Ds≠-¶n¬ Xs∂-bXv Xp—hpw an°hmdpw apgp-h\ - m-bn-Xs∂ D]-t`m-Km-hi - y߃°p-]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xp-am-Wv. CXn\¿∞w apX-em-fn-h¿§-Øns‚ hy‡nKX D]-t`m-KØ - ns‚ Afhv Ime-{I-taW Ipd-bp-∂p-sh-∂p-a√; ]cn-amW°W°n¬ AXv \nc-¥cw h¿≤n-®p-sIm-t≠-bn-cn-°p∂p-≠v. kº-∂-s‚bpw Zcn-{Z-s‚bpw D]t`m-Kk - q-Nn-II - ƒ {]tXyIw IW-°p-Iq´n ]cn-tim-[n-®m¬ Ch¿ XΩn-ep≈ A¥chpw h¿≤n-®p-Xs∂ hcpw. ]Icw an®-aqey-Øn¬ h¿≤n-®p-sIm-≠p-hc- p∂ ]pXnb aqe-[\ - \ - n-t£-]Ø - ns‚ tXmXp-ambn D]t`m-KsØ X´n-®p-t\m-°p-tºmƒ am{X-amWXv Ipd-™p-hc- n-Is - b∂pw a\- n-em-°Ww. am¿IvknÃv hni-I-e\sØ kw_‘n-®n-St- Ømfw CØcw kq£vah - y-Xymk-߃°v henb {]m[m-\y-ap-s≠∂p ]d™p-sh-°p-Itb ChnsS sNtø-≠-Xp≈q. CXns‚ kºZv imkv{X {]m[m-\y-sa¥mWv? XI¿∂p-t]mb tkmjy-en-kØ - n\-IØpw Cßs\ aqe-[-\-\n-t£-]Øns‚ ]¶-S°w an®-aq-ey-a∏ - msS sXmgnem-fn-Iƒt°m s]mXp-P\ - ß - ƒt°m D]t`m-K-Øn-\mbn hoXn-®p-\-evIn-bn-´n-√. as‰m-c¿∞-Øn¬ sXmgn-em-fn-bpsS Xs∂ Iqen-bmbn \evIn-bn-´n-√. hcpw-Ime tkmjy-en-kØ - n-\p-aß - s\ sNøm-\m-hpI-bp-an-√. ImcWw an®-aq-ey-Øn¬ \n∂v \nc- ¥ cw ]pXnb aqe- [ - \ - \ n- t £- ] ߃°mbn \o°n-sh-°p∂ Cu ]¶mWv kmaq-ly-]p-tcm-K-Xn°m-[mcw Xs∂. kaqlw Dev]m-Zn-∏n-°p∂ an®-aq-ey-sØb-∏msS ]nSn-s®-SpØv hy‡n-Iƒ°v hoXn-®p-sIm-Sp-°p∂ _q¿jzm-en-_-d¬ kz]v\-hy-h-ÿ-bn¬ \n∂v am¿IvknksØ hyXy-kvXa- m-°p-∂X - n-Xm-Wv. an®aqeyw aqe-[\ - c- q-]Ø - n¬ tI{µo-Ic- n-°p-∂Xn-s\bpw tkmjy-enkw \ncm-Ic- n-°p-∂n√. Hcp-]s£ A\p-`-h-߃°v Aev]w Xncn-®mWv B°pw Iq´p-I. ]›mXy apXem-fn-Ø-sØ-b-t]-£n®v D]-t`m-KsØ Ipd-®[ - nIw \nb-{¥W-Øn¬ sIm≠p-h∂pthm F∂-XmWv tkmjy-en-kØ - ns‚ Hcp ]cn-an-Xn-bmbn N¿® sNø-s∏-´-Xpw. aqe-[\ - t- I-{µo-Ic- W - a- mWv ap≥hy-hÿ - I - sf-bt- ]-£n®v Dev]m-Z\ - {- ]-{In-bsb IqSpX¬ kmaq-ly-hevIr-Xa- m-Ip∂Xn\-Sn-ÿm\-sam-cp-°p-∂X - v. apX-em-fnØw km≤y-am-

37


°nb A≤zm-\-Øns‚ Cu kmaq-lyhevIrX-cq-]sØ \ncm-I-cn-°p-Ib√, AXns‚ km[y-XI - sf hnI-kz-ca- m-°p-IbmWv tkmjy-enkw IS-ab - m-tb-s‰-Sp-ØXv. hnIm-k-Øns‚ ]pXnb ta®n¬ ]pdß-fn-te°v CXv kaq-lsØ \bn-°p-sa∂m-Wv tkmjy-enkw Icp-Xp-∂-Xpw. {]iv\w ChnsS an®-aq-eyanßs\ Hcp hiØv tI{µo-Ic- n-°s - ∏-Sp-∂X - √ - , ]Icw Aßs\ tI{µo-I-cn-°-s∏-Sp∂ ]¶ns‚ DS-a-ÿ-Xbpw \nb-{¥-W-hp-am-sW∂p kmcw. apX-em-fnØ kzIm-cy-kz-Ø-∏msS hy‡n-Iƒ°mbn hoXn®p \evIp-Ibpw Dev]m-Z\ - sØ sNdp-In-Sh - e - ° v c- n-°p-Ibpw thW-sa∂v ]d-™m¬ am¿IvknÃv `mjbn¬ AXn\v ]d-bpI s]‰n _q¿jzm Acm-P-I-hm-Z-sa-∂m-Ipw. CXv _q¿jzm kzIm-cy-kz-Øp-tI-{µo-I-cWw AXns‚ Xs∂ adp-h-iambn krjvSn-°p∂ Hcp Imev ] - \ n- I temIw am{X- h p- a m- W v . tKm¿_t®-hns‚ s]cn-kvt{Sm-bn-°, CØcw hymtam-l-ß-fpsS Nne ]pI-a-dIƒ Xo¿Øp-Iq-Sn-bmWv Xß-fpsS Zp q{X-߃ \S-∏m-°n-b-Xv. apX-em-fnØw hf¿Øn- s b- S p- ° p∂ Dev]m- Z - \ {]InbbpsS kmaq-ly-kz-`m-hsØ \ne\n¿Ønbpw ]pXnb Xe- ß - f n- t e°v hf¿Ønbpw kzIm-cy-kz-Øp-tI-{µo-I-cWsØ XS-bp-IbmWv tkmjy-enkw sNøp-I. Iq´p-Sa- ÿ - X - b - pw, s]mXp-DS- a- ÿ - Xbpw XpSßn kzØp-S-a-ÿ-X-bpsS Xs∂ ]e-L-´-ß-fn-eqsS kzØp cq]sØXs∂bpw AXn-\-Sn-ÿm-\-am-Ip∂ kzIm-cy-kz-Øp-Sa- ÿ - X - s - bbpw C√m-°p∂-Xn-\mWv tkmjy-enkw bXv\n°p-∂X - .v C∂sØb¿∞- Ø n- e p≈ DS- a - ÿ X Xs∂-bn-√m-Xm-Ie - p-am-WX - .v tkmjy-enkw aqe-[\ - t- I-{µo-Ic - Ww DS-aÿ - X XpS-ßn-bh ant®m- e v ] m- Z - \ - Ø nse aqe- [ - \ - ] ¶ns\°qSn ho-Xn®v hy‡n-K-X-kz-Imcy DS-aÿ - X - h - ym-]I - a- m°pI-b√ - , s]mXp-Sa- ÿ-Xÿ - m-]n-®p-sIm≠v kzIm-cy-kz-Øp-Sa-ÿX Xs∂ \n¿Ωm¿P\w sNøp-IbmWv tkmjy-en-k-Øns‚ IS-a-sb∂v ]d-™p-Ig- n-™p. Dev]m-Z\ - Ø - ns‚ kmaqly-he - ° v c- W - hpw DS-aÿ - X - b - psS kzImcy-tI-{µo-Ic- W - hpw XΩn-ep-≈X - mWv apXem-fn-Ø-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-ssh-cp-≤yw. DS-a-ÿ-X-bpsS tI{µo-I-c-WsØ ]et∏mgpw sNøp-∂t- ]mse aqe-[\ - Ø - ns‚ tI{µo-Ic- W - s- a∂v sX‰n-hm-bn-°p-Ib - p-ac- pXv. XpS-°Ø - n¬ Xs∂ aqe-[t- \m-Sa- ÿ - Xsb tZi-km-e° v c- n®v cmPy-Ønse apgph≥ P\-ßf - p-sSbpw s]mXp-DS- a- ÿ - X - b - n¬ sIm≠p-h-cn-I-bmWv tkmjy-enkw sNbvX-Xv. aqe-[-\-tI-{µo-I-c-W-am-I-s´,

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

apX-em-fn-ØØ - n-se-∂t- ]mse tkmjy-enkØnepw s]mXp-hm-bp-≈X - m-W.v apX-emfn-Ø-Øn-eXv Npcp°w Nne hy‡n-IfpsS kzImcy DS-a-ÿ-X-bn-em-sW-¶n¬ tkmjy-en-k-ØneXv s]mXp DS-a-ÿXbn-em-sW∂v hyXym-kw. AY-hm, DSaÿXm _‘-ßf - m-Wv tkmjy-en-ks- Ø apX-em-fn-Ø-Øn¬ \n∂v th¿Xn-cn®p \n¿Øp∂ Hcp \n¿Æm- b - I - L - S - I w. tkmjy-en-ksØ ]ecpw tÉv Im∏n‰enkØn-t\mSv tN¿Øp hmbn-°p-∂X - n\p≈ Imc-W-hp-an-Xp-X-s∂. F∂m¬ tkmjy-enÃv s]mXp-D-S-a-ÿ-X-°p≈ Nne hyXym-k-ß-sfbpw kq£va-ambn {Kln-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. Btfm-lcn `mKw hmßn hy‡n-KX DS-aÿ - X - ÿ - m-]n-°m\p≈ \nb-am-hI - miw tkmjy-en-kØ - n¬ hy‡n-Iƒ°n-√. tkmjy-en-kØ - n¬ DSa-ÿX - b - psS {]mtbm-KnI cq]-LS- \ apXem-fn-Ø-a-S-°-ap≈ tkmjy-enÃv ]q¿∆k-aq-lß - f - n¬ \n∂v auenIambn-Øs∂ `n∂-am-sW-∂p-an-Xn-\¿∞-ap-≠.v F∂m¬, DS-a-ÿ-X-bn¬ \nb-a-]-camb am‰-߃h-cp-∂-Xp-sIm-≠p-am{Xw tkmjy- e n- k - Ø ns‚ auen- I - { ]- i v \ ߃ ]cn-l-cn-°-s∏-S-W-sa-∂n-s√-∂XmWv {]bp-‡m-\p-`h - ß - ƒIm-Wn-°p-∂Xv. tkmjy-enÃv cmPy-ß-fn¬ Pohn® Ip™-\-¥≥\m-b-c-S°w ]ecpw Atacn-°≥ kº-∂-sc-°mƒ hfsc Ipd-hmbn-cp-∂n√. ]n¬°m-eØv tkmhn-b‰v {]am-Wn-am-cp-sSbpw hy‡n-K-X-D-]-t`m-Kß- s f∂v Fgp- X n- b n- ´ p- ≠ v . D]- t `mKØns‚ Cu am\-ZWvUw sh®v am{Xw Chsb hn[n-°-W-sa-∂√ CXn-\¿∞w. cmjv{S-Øns‚ s]mXp-kzØv kzIm-cykz-Øp-t]mse ssIImcyw sNøp-∂Xv tKm¿∫-t®hv Xs∂ Xs‚ s]cn-kvt{Smbn° ImeØv Nq≠n-°m-Wn®v hna¿in®n-´p-≠v. CtXmSv tN¿∂v tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b-\n¬ hym]-I-ambn Ign-™ncp∂ Agn-a-Xnbpw kzP-\-]-£-]m-X-ßfp-sa√mw Db¿Øn-°m-´n-Iq-Sn-bm-Wbmƒ ]pXnb djy≥ P∑n-am¿°v hmXn¬ Xpd∂n- ´ - X v . ]m›m- X ycm- P y- ß - s f- ° mƒ ]nt∂m- ° - a m- b n- t ∏mb tkmhn- b ‰v PohnX \ne- h m- c sØ s]men- ∏ n®v ]d™v ]ecpw •mkvt\m-kvXns\ tIcf-Øn¬ ]n¥p-W-®Xpw ad-°m-dm-bn-´pan√. DS-a-ÿ-Xbpw \nb-{¥-Whpw H∂s√∂v ]pXnb _q¿jzm amt\-Pvsa‚ v imkv{Xw FSp-Øp-]d- b - p-∂p-≠v. CXns\ ]e-t∏mgpw Hcp _q¿jzm X´n-∏p-am{X-ambn bp‡n-IƒsIm≠v JWvUn-°p-I-bmWv CS-Xp-]£w sNøm-dv. BXy-¥n-I-ambn apX-em-fn-Ø-Øn¬ DS-a-ÿ-Xbpw \nb{¥-Whpw _q¿jzm-h¿§-Øns‚ Iøn¬ Xs∂-bmWp-Xm\pw. F∂m¬ Ch-bpsS

{]mtbm-Kn-Ih - y-Xym-ksØ Ah-KW - n-°p∂Xv Kuc- h m- h - l - a mb {]Xym- L X߃°v Imc-W-am-Ip-sa∂v Xncn-®p≈ Nne tkmhn-b-‰-\p-`-h-߃ Xs∂ FSpØp-Im-Wn-°pw. tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b\neS°w HSp-hn-sem-Sp-hn¬ \nb-a-]-camb s]mXp-S-a-ÿX IS-em-kn-sem-Xpßp-Ibpw aqe-[-\-Øns‚ ta¬ \nb-{¥Wm-[n-Im-c-ß-fp≈ Hcp hn`mKw h¿§-]c-ambn Xs∂ {[pho-I-cn-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw HSp-hn¬ DS-a-ÿ-X-Xs∂ Iø-S-°p-I-bpam-Wp-≠m-bX - v. Hu]-Nm-cn-Ia- mb s]mXpD-S-a-ÿ-X-am-{X-a-√m-sX, s]mXp-\n-b{¥Ww IqSn Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øp∂ P\m-[n-]X y - ] - c - a mb kmaq- l y˛- k m- º ØnI˛cmjv{So-b kwL-S\ - m-cq-]ß - f - psS {]m[m\yw CXp-b¿Øn-s°m-≠p-hc- p-∂p. P\m-[n-]X - y-hpw tkmjy-en-khpw \h- e n- _ - d ¬ kº- Z v L - S - \ - b psS C°m-eØv tkmjy-enkw t\cn-Sp∂ tI{µ- { ]- i v \ - ß - f n- s em- ∂ mbn s]mXp taJ-e-bpsS kwc-£Ww N¿® sNøs∏´n-´p-≠v. F∂m¬, s]mXpDS-aÿ-X-bpsS kmam-\y-ambn ]d-™m¬ aqe- [ - \ m- [ n- I m- c - ß - f p- t S- X - S - ° - a p≈ F√m cwK-ß-fnepw Hu]-Nm-cnI DS-aÿX am{X- a - √ msX \nb- { ¥- W hpw {]mtbm-Kn-Ia- m-bp-d∏ - p-hc - p-Øp-∂X - n-\p≈ P\m-[n-]-Xy-am¿§-ßsf°qSn ]cn-K-Wn°m-sX Cu N¿®-Iƒ ]pXnb ^esam∂pw D≠m°n√. BtKmfambn Xs∂ tI{µo-Ic - n-°s - ∏´ aqe-[\ - Ø - ns‚ C∂sØ kzIm-cy-Ip-Ø-Im-[n-Im-c-cq-]߃, a\p-jy-k-aq-l-Øns‚ h¿Ø-am\hpw `mhn-bp-amsI Hcp sNdp-\yq-\-]£-Øns‚ kzm¿∞-Xm-ev]-cy-߃°v A[o-\-am-°p-∂p. BW-hm-bp-[-ßfpw bp≤-ßfpw ]cn-ÿn-Xn-\m-i-ßfpw hn`h-Zp¿hy-b-ß-fp-sa√mw BXy-¥n-Ia- mbn Cu tI{µ-{]-iv\s - Ø-Np-‰n-bmWv \nev°p∂-Xv. kzImcy Xmev]-cy-߃°p-ta¬ s]mXp- X m- e v ] - c y- ß sf kwc- £ n- ® p\n¿Øp-∂X - n\p {]m]vXa- mb P\m-[n-]X - ykw-L-S-\m-cq-]-ß-fp-ambn IÆn-tN¿ØpsIm-≠√ - m-sX, tkmjy-enkw t\cn-Sp∂ h¿Ø-am-\{- ]-i\ v ß - sf t\cn-SpI km≤yam-sW∂pw tXm∂p-∂n-√. Cu Zni-bn¬, BtKm-f-ap-X-em-fn-Øm-[oi-Xz-Øn-s\-Xncmbn C∂p-b¿Øn-sIm-≠p-ht- c≠ tI{µhn-a¿i-\Ø - ns‚ {]m[m-\ysØ Ah-KW - n°p∂Xnt\m Ipd-®p-Im-Wp-∂X - nt\m kºZvim-k{v X-Øns‚ cwKØpw s]‰n-_q¿jzm sk‚n-sa‚-en-ksØ A\p-h-Zn-®p-Iq-Smsb-t∂m¿Ωn-∏n-°p-I-am-{X-amWo Ipdn∏ns‚ Xmev]c- yw. en_-d¬ am\-hn-IX - b - pambn ]e-cw-KØpw sFIys∏-Sp-tºmgpw kq£n-t°-≠p∂ AXn¿h-c-ºn-s\-bp-antXm¿Ωn-∏n-°pw.

38


dnt∏m¿´v

^mcn-kns‚ Hcp Iq´p {]Xn°p IqSn ]ngin£ knwK-∏q¿ InUv\n ^ut≠-j≥ X´n-∏n¬ \nb-a-Øn\p ap∂n-se-ØmsX c£-s∏´p \S-°p∂ Htc-sbm-cmƒ kn]n-F-Ωns‚ hnip-≤-\mb ^mcnkv A_q-_-°-dm-Wv. XSntISm-Ip-sa∂v Dd-∏m-b-t∏mƒ Abmƒ cmPyw hn´v C¥y-bn-se-Øn.

sa‰n¬Um Nph

{]tXyI teJ-I≥

kn

wK-∏qcnsebpw tlmt¶m-ßn-sebpw tImS-Xn-I-fn¬ \n∂v knwK-∏q¿ InUv\n ^ut≠-j≥ X´n-∏p-tI-kn¬ ]pdØp h∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂Xv kwÿm-\sØ kn]nFw Dƒs∏-sS-bp≈ cmjv{Sob ]m¿´n-If - nse Nne t\Xm-°f - psS hniz-kvX\pw kmº-ØnI CS-]m-Sp-Im-c-\p-amb ^mcokv A_q-_-°¿°v H´pw Bizm-k-I-c-amb Imcyßf-√. \mj-W¬ InUv\n ^ut≠-j≥ (F≥sI-F^v) X´n∏n¬ {]Xn-Is- f√mw Hs∂m-∂mbn in£bv°v Cc-bm-hp-Ib - m-Wv. ^mcn-kns‚ Iq´p-{]-Xnbpw ap≥ F≥sI-F^v t_m¿Uw-K-hp-amb sa‰n¬Um Nphbv°v ]Xn-\m-bncw tUmf¿ ]ngin£ hn[n® tImSXn \S-]-Sn-bmWv CXn¬ G‰hpw HSp-hn-et- Ø-Xmbn ]pd-Øp-h∂ hm¿Ø. \hw-_¿ 30-\mWv CXp-kw-_‘ - n® dnt∏m¿´v knwK-∏q-cnse {]apJ ]{Xam[y-a-߃ {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. Iº\n tcJ-If - n¬ Ir{Xnaw ImWn-®X - n-\m-Wv Ah¿s°-Xnsc tImSXn in£ hn[n-®X - .v Ggp h¿jw hsc in£ In´m-hp∂ sX‰mWv sa‰n¬Um hcp-Øn-bs - X∂pw tImS-Xn-bpsS hnim-ea- \ - k - vIX - b - mWv ]Xn-\m-bncw tUmf¿ ]ngbnte°v in£ HXp-°n-bs - X∂pw ]{X-߃ dnt∏m¿´v sNøp-∂p. AXn-\nsS Pbn-en¬ Ign-bp∂ ap≥ InUv\n ^ut≠-j≥ sNb¿am≥ dn®m¿Uv tbmßns‚ `mcy jp IntbmbpsS kmº-Øn-Im-]l-cW tIkv tlmt¶mMv tImSXn Unkw-_¿ 21-te°v am‰n-sh-®p. kmº-ØnI A]-l-cW Ip‰-Øn-\v Ahsc Pbn-ene-S® - n-cn-°pIbm-bn-cp∂p. Xm≥ sX‰p-Im-cn-bs- √∂pw \njvIf - ¶ - b - m-sW∂pw jp Intbm tImS-Xnsb Adn-bn-®p. \hw-_¿ 23\v A©p an\n‰v \o≠p \n∂ hmZw tIƒ°-en\p tijw XpS¿\S-]-Sn-Iƒ Unkw-_-dn-te°v \o´n-b-Xmbn PUvPn Adn-bn-°p-I-bm-bncp-∂p. F≥sIF^v X´n-∏v ]pd-Øp-h-∂-tijw tImS-Xn-bn¬ ]m∏-cmbn {]Jym-]n°m≥ At]£ \¬In AXp t\Snb dn®m¿Uv tbmßv `mcy-bpsS t]cn¬ \S-Ønb Zi-e-£-°-W-°n\v tUmf-dns‚ ]W-hn-\n-a-b-amWv 63-Im-cn-bmb Ah¿°v hn\-bmb-X.v t•m_¬ s\‰v dnte-j≥kv AYhm PnF≥-B¿ F∂v Ata-cn-°-bn¬ cPn-ÿ sNbvX Iº\nbneq-sS-bmWv ^mcnkpw kwLhpw InUv\n ^ut≠-j≥ F∂ [¿Ω ÿm]-\Ø - ns‚ tImSn-Iƒ Du‰n-sb-Sp-ØX - v. ^ut≠-js‚ ap≥ No^v Sn Sn Zpssc, sa‰n¬Um Nph F∂n-h¿ 2000-Øn-emWv PnF≥-B¿ Iº\n cq]o-I-cn-®-Xv. ^mcnkns‚ klm-bt- Øm-sSbpw ]n¥p-Wt- bm-sS-bp-ambncp∂p CXv. CtX-Iº - \n ^ut≠js‚ ]pdw]Wn-If - psS Icm-dp-Iƒ \S-]S- n-{I-aß - ƒ ]men-°msX ^mcn-kns‚ DS-aÿ-Xb - n-ep≈ t{]mt´m¨ sh_v, t^m¿Nyq¨ XpS-ßnb Iº-\n-Iƒ°v \¬Ip-Ibpw AXp-hgn e`n® tImSn-I-ƒ hoXn-s®-Sp-°p-I-bp-am-bn-cp∂p. Cu aq∂v ÿm]-\-ß-fpsSbpw cPn-ktv {S-j≥ Htc hnem-kØ - n-em-bn-cp∂p. ^ut≠-j≥ sNb¿am-\m-bn-cp∂ dn®m¿Uv tbmßns‚ Bio¿hm-Zhpw \n¿tem-`a- mb ]n¥p-Wbpw Ch¿°p-≠m-bn-cp∂p. sR´n-∏n-°p∂ Xosh-´n-s°m-≈b - mWv, temI-{]-ikvX ÿm]-\a- mb sIFw-]nPn-bpsS HmUn-‰n-ßn-¬ ]pdwtemI-sØ-Øn-b-Xv. AtXmsS Cu s]cp-®mgn kwLw InUv\n ^ut≠-j\ - n¬ \n∂v XqsØ-dn-bs - ∏-Sp-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p.

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

2007 P\p-hcn F´n-\v ^ut≠-j≥ dn®m¿Uv tbmßv , sa‰n¬Um Nph, ^ut≠-j≥ {Sj-d¿ eq kmbv km≥, Sn Sn Zpssc, ^mcnkv A_q-_-°¿ F∂o A©p t]¿s°-Xnsc tIkv sImSpØp. CXn¬ ^mcnkv Hgn-sI-bp≈ {]Xn-Iƒ tImS-Xn-bn¬ lmP-cm-bn. 120 e£w tUmf¿ ^ut≠-js\ I_-fn-∏n-®-Xn\v sk]v X w- _ ¿ 18\v ap≥ sNb¿am≥ dn®m¿Uv tbmßns\ tImSXn 15 amksØ XS- h n\v in£n- ® p. Cu tIkn¬ in£n-°-s∏-Sp∂ BZy {]Xnbm-bn-cp-∂p Abmƒ. XpS¿∂v Iq´p-{]XnIsf√mw H∂n\p ]pdsI H∂mbn \nch[n tIkp-If - n¬ IpSp-ßp-Ibpw tImSXn hcm-¥-I-fn¬ ÿnc-Xm-a-k-am-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Cu tIkp-If - psS XpS¿®-bmbn SnSn Zpssc aq∂p amksØ Pbn¬in£ A\p-`h - n®v Pmay-Øn-en-dß - n. tbmßns‚ `mcy jp Izntbm tlmt¶m-ßn¬ Pbnen-em-bn. knwK-∏q¿ InUv\n ^ut≠-j≥ X´n-∏n¬ \nb-a-Øn\p ap∂n-se-ØmsX c£-s∏´p \S-°p∂ Htc-sbm-cmƒ kn]nF-Ωns‚ ""hnip-≤\ - mb'' ^mcnkv A_q_-°-dm-Wv. XSntISm-Ip-sa∂v Dd-∏m-bt∏mƒ Abmƒ cmPyw hn´v C¥y-bn-seØn. ]nW- d mbn hnP- b \pw Fw F t__n°pw ssIcfn Nm\-en-\p-sams° XW-embn hf¿∂p. FXn¿Ø AP-bI - pam¿ Fw ]nsb-t]m-ep-≈-hsc sh´n-hogvØn. knwK- ∏ q- c n¬ F≥sI^v X´n∏p tIkns‚ hnNm-cW XpS-ßn-bn-t´-bp-≈q. AXn¬ ^mcn-kns‚ ]¶v hy‡-am-sW∂n-cns° C\n-sb-∂mWv knwK-∏q¿ k¿°m¿ A¥m-cmjv{S Ip‰-hm-fn-Isf ssIam- d m- \ p≈ Bh- i y- h p- a mbn C¥ysb kao-]n-°p-∂s- X∂p am{XamWv tNmZy-ambn Ah-ti-jn-°p-∂X - v.

39


dnt∏m¿´v

[\-a{¥n F¥n\v kwÿm-\sØ ]m∏-cm-°p∂p ? [\-a-{¥n-bpsS km{am-PyXz AP-≠bpw [m¿jvSyhpw ]nSn-hm-inbpw P\-߃°p ap∂n¬ Xpd-∂p-Im-´m\pw AØcw kao-]-\-߃ kwÿm\ Xm¬]-cy-ßsf F{]-Imcw l\n°pw F∂v ap≥Iq´n Ims≠-Øm\pw Ign-™-Xn¬ P\-i-‡n°v XnI™ Nmcn-Xm¿Yy-ap-≠v.

cmjv{Sob teJ-I≥

"P

\-i‡n' Ign™ c≠p-e° - ß - fn-embn [\-a{¥n tUm. tXmakv sFk°ns‚ `c-W-\-S-]-Sn-Isf hna¿i-\-]-cambn hni-Ie - \w sNøp-Ib - p-≠m-bn. 58mw e°-Ønse (HIvtSm-_¿ 12) apJ-te-J\ - Øn¬ [\-a-{¥n-bpsS [\-Im-cy-am-t\Pvsa‚ns\ [\-Im-cy-h-Ip-∏ns‚ Xs∂ IW-°p-Iƒ D]-tbm-Kn®v hna¿i-\] - c- a- mbn ]cn-tim-[n-°m-\mWv {ian-®X - v. _p≤n-Pohnbpw kmº-ØnI hnZ-Kv[\ - p-amb tUm. tXmakv sFk°v [\-Im-cy-a-{¥n-bmbXn\v tij-ap≈ H∂c h¿j-°mew sIm≠v kwÿm-\-Øns‚ [\-am-t\Pvsa‚n¬ F¥v am‰w hcpØn F∂p Is≠-Øm-\mWv kpZo¿L-amb B hniI-e\ - Ø - n-eqsS {ian-®X - .v kwÿm-\sØ B`y-¥c hn`h kam-lcWw a\-]q¿hw A´n-a-dn-®-Xn\v tijw, A]-I-S-I-c-amb \n_-‘\ - I - f - Sßnb hntZi hmbv]bv°v ]ndsI A‘-ambn ]mbp-I-bmWv [\a{¥n sNøp-∂Xv F∂ \nK-a\ - Ø - n-emWv At±-lØ - ns‚ [\-Imcy amt\-Psv a‚ns\, [\-hI - p-∏ns‚ Xs∂ ÿnXn-hn-hc - ° - W - °p-I-fpsS kq£va-]-cn-tim-[-\-bn-eqsS FØn-t®¿∂-Xv. Cu \nK-a\ - Ø - n-seØn tNcp-∂-Xn-\m-h-iy-amb F√m IW-°pIfpw B teJ-\ß - f - n¬ Ah-Xc- n-∏n-®n-cp∂p. Ah-X-cn-∏n® IW-°p-Ifpw FØnt®¿∂ \nK-a-\-ßfpw A£-cw-{]Xn 2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

icnbmbncp∂p F∂v hy‡-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p. Cu hna¿i- \ - Ø ns\ XpS¿∂v , tlm´¬ amt\-Pvsa‚p-Iƒ - °v 12.5 iX-am\-Øn¬ \n∂v 0.5 iX-am-\Ø - n-te°v \nIpXn-bn-fhv \¬Inb [\-a{- ¥n-bpsS \S-]Sn h≥hn-hm-Z-ambn Db¿∂p h∂n-cn-°p-∂p. Ign™ aq∂v h¿j-tØ°v Ch¿°p \nIpXn-bn¬ tImºu-≠nwKv \S-Øm≥ A\paXn \¬Inb Xocp-am-\hpw hna¿i-\Ø - n\v hnt[-ba- m-bn-cp-∂p. Cu hna¿i-\Ø - n-s\Xnsc ]c-ky-ambn {]Xn-I-cn-°m-\p≈ B¿÷hw [\- a {¥n Im´m- X n- c p- ∂ t∏mƒXs∂ At±-l-Øns‚ ]cm-Pbw R߃ Dd-∏n-®n-cp-∂p. km[m-cW X\n-s°Xn-sctbm Xs‚ \b-߃s°-Xn-sctbm hna¿i-\ß - ƒ Db¿∂m¬ kpZo¿L-amb Hcp ]{X-kt- Ω-f\ - hpw ]n∂mse "tZim-`nam\n'bn¬ \mev e°w teJ-\hpw FgpXp∂ [\-a{¥n CØ-hW A¿Y-K¿`-amb au\w ]men-®p F∂p-am-{X-a-√, hnhm-Z߃°p≈ adp-]Sn tZim-`n-am\n teJ-It\mSv am{Xw ]d-bp-Ib - mWv sNbvXXv! B adp-]Sn Xs∂ C°m-cy-Øn-ep≈ Agn-aXn hy‡-am-°p-∂X - m-bn-cp-∂p. tlm´¬ I®-hS-°m-cpsS \nIpXn 12.5 iX-am-\-Øn¬ \n∂p 0.5 iX-am-\a- mbn Ipd®p F∂Xv icnbmWv F∂pw, F∂m¬ 0.5 iX-am\w \nIpXn AS®n-s√-¶n¬ 12.5 iX-am\w \nIpXn CuSm°pw F∂v ap∂-dn-bn∏p

\¬Inbn-´p≠v F∂p≈ hni-Zo-Ic- W - a- mWv [\-a{¥n kzIm-cy-ambn tZim-`n-am-\n°p \¬In-b-Xv. AXm-bXv \qdv cq] ISw hmßnb Hcm-tfmSv DS-\Sn 50 ss]k XncnsI \¬IWw F∂pw Cs√-¶n¬ \qdp-cq] Xs∂ XncnsI \¬tI≠n hcpw F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xp t]mse-bmWv Cu hniZo-Ic- W - w. kwÿm-\-Øns‚ [\-am-t\-Pvsa‚ v a\-]q¿hw XI¿Øv P\-hn-cp≤ \n_-‘\-It- fmSp IqSnb hntZ-ih - m-b] v °v ]n∂mse-bp≈ [\-a-{¥n-bpsS ]c°w ]m®nen\p ]n∂n¬ Hcp km{am-PyXz AP-≠bp≠v F∂ hna¿i-\-Øn\p t\scbpw [\-a{¥n A¿Y-K¿`amb au\w ]pe¿Øn. ""au\w hnZzm\v `qjWw'' F∂ t]mse. "hm‰n¬ \n∂p {]Xo-£n-®{X hcp-am\w In´n-bn√"" F∂pw ""Ign™ h¿j-tØ°mƒ 10 iX-am\w h¿[\ am{X-amWv D≠mbXv'' F∂pap≈ [\-a{- ¥n-bpsS sk]vXw_¿ H∂nse {]kvXm-h-\bpw, Xt±i kzbw-`c - W ÿm]-\ß - ƒ°v 1000 tImSn cq]- b psS hmbv ] - s b- S p- ° m≥ temI_m¶pambn N¿® XpS-ßm-\p≈ Xocp-am-\ßfpw [\-a{- ¥n-bpsS km{am-PyXz AP≠ kw_-‘n® Btcm-]W - ß - ƒ icn-sb∂v hnfn®p-]d- b - p-∂p. 2007-˛08 t- e-°p≈ Xs‚ _P‰v {]kwK-Øn¬ aq∂mw-`m-KØv ""hn`-h-k-am-lcWw'' F∂ Xe-s°-´n\p Iogn¬ [\-a{¥n C{]-Imcw ]d-™p: ""28,950 tImSn cq]bpsS sNehv km£m-XvI-cn-°m≥ D≈ hn`-h-߃ Fßs\ Is≠Øpw F∂v Rm≥ C\n hni-Zo-Ic- n-°mw. 2007-˛08 Ahkm-\t- ØmsS hcp-am-\Ø - n¬ 20 iX-am-\Øns‚ hf¿®-bm-Wv \mw e£y-an-Sp-∂X - .v Ign™ ]Xn-‰m-≠nse icm-icn h¿≤\ 12 iX-am\w am{X-am-bn-cp-∂p. Cu Bkq{XnX h¿≤-\-bn¬ \n¿Wm-bILSIw hm‰n¬\n-∂p≈ hcp-am-\a- m-bn-cn°pw. Cu k¿°m¿ A[n-Im-c-Øn¬ hcp-tºmƒ A°u-≠‚ v P\-d-ens‚ IW-°p-Iƒ A\p-kc - n®v kwÿm-\Ø - ns‚ hm‰v hcpam\w 2946 tImSn cq] am{X-am-bn-cp-∂p. 2 h¿jw sIm≠v CXv 6000 tImSn cq]-bmbn h¿[n- ∏ n- ° m- \ mWv {ian- ° p- I . CXv

40


kwÿm-\sØ \nIpXn kam-l-c-WØnse k¿h-Ime dn°m¿Um-bn-cn°pw'' CXn-\mbn ""\nIpXn \nc-°p-Iƒ h¿≤n-∏n®p-sIm-≠√ - , adn®v kwÿm-\sØ I®-hS kaq-lh - p-ambn \√ _‘w D≠m-°n-s°m≠p≈ {ia-ß-fm-bn-cn°pw \S-ØpI'' CXns‚ `mK-ambn Xm≥ hym]mc kaq-lhp-ambn hni-Za- mb N¿®-Iƒ \S-Øp-Ib - p≠mbn F∂pw Ah¿ N¿®- I - f n¬ Db¿Ønb \n¿t±-iß - f - n¬ Gdnb ]¶pw _P-‰n¬ Dƒs∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-s≠∂pw a{¥n XpS¿∂v hy‡-am-°n. I®-hS- k - a- q-lh - p-ambn \√ _‘-ØneqsS \nIpXn h¿≤n-∏n-°m-\p≈ {iaØns‚ `mK-ambn hm‰v \nIpXnZmb-Ic- mb I®-hS- ° - m¿°v a{¥n tImSn-IfpsS Cf-hpIfpw \¬In. k¿h-Ime dn°m¿UmWt√m hm‰v \nIp-Xn-bn¬ a{¥n {]Xo-£n®Xv hm‰v \nIp-Xn-bn¬ 2007-˛08 kmºØnI h¿jw 50 iX- a m\w h¿≤\ D≠mIpw F∂pw a{¥n XpS¿®-bmbn {]Jym-]n-®n-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ \hw-_¿ Ahkm-\n-®n´pw Ign™ h¿jsØ At]£n®v hm‰v \nIpXnbn¬ ""]Øv iX-am\w h¿≤\ am{X-am-Wp-≠m-bXv'' F∂v [\a{¥n Xpd∂p kΩ-Xn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. \nIpXn hcp-am-\Ø - nse G‰hpw \n¿Wm-bI - - LSI-amb hm‰v \nIpXn ]ncnhv XI¿∂p Xcn∏-Wa- mbn F∂v [\-a{¥n Xs∂ Xpd∂p kΩ- X n- ® n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. CtXmsS Cu h¿jsØ \nIpXn hcp-am\w e£y-Ønse-Øn√ F∂p-d-∏m-bn-°-gn-™p. H∏w tIc-f-Øn¬ \n∂v ]ncn-°m-\p≈ 15,000 e[nIw tImSn cq]-bpsS \nIpXn IpSn-inI ]ncn-°m≥ [\-a{¥n bmsXmcp {iahpw \SØn-bn-´p-an-√. adp-`m-KØv tlm´¬°-®h - S-°m¿, kz¿W-°® - h - S- ° - m¿ F∂o hn`mK-߃°v [\-a{¥n hmcn-t°mcn Cf-hpIfpw \¬In hcp-∂p. ^e-Øn¬ \nIpXn kam-lc - Ww A´n-ad- n-°s - ∏-´p-Ig- n-™n-cn°p-∂p. CXmWv BgvNI - ƒ°p aptº 'P\i‡n' {]Jym-]n® kXyw. F∂n´v ISpØ \n_-‘\ - I - f - S- ß - nb temI-_m¶v hmbv] hmßm≥ [\-a{¥n s\t´m´w HmSp-∂-XneqsS At±-lØ - n-s‚, km{am-PyXz AP≠bpw shfn-®Øp h∂n-cn-°p-∂p. 63mw e°-Øn¬ (\hw-_¿ 16) hntI{µo-I-cW Bkq-{X-W-Øns‚ `mK-ambn Xt±-i`- c- W ÿm]-\ß - f - psS ]≤Xn cq]oI-cWw [\-a{¥n tXmakv sFk°ns‚ sX‰mb \S-]S- n-If - psS `mK-ambn A´n-ad- n°-s∏Spw F∂pw, CØ-hW ]≤Xn hnlnX-ambn \¬Inb 1700 e - [ - nIw tImSn cq]bn¬ sXmÆqdv iX- a m- \ Øne- [ nIw XpIbpw Agn-aX - n-bn-eq-sSbpw [q¿Øn-eqsSbpw ]mgm-bn-t]mIpw F∂pw apJ-te-J\-Øn-eqsS ap∂-dn-bn∏v \¬In-bn-cp-∂p. 2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

'hm¿jnI ]≤-Xn°v [\-a{- ¥n-bpsS A¥yIq- Z mi' F∂m- b ncp∂p B teJ- \ Øns‚ Xe- s °- ´ v . B teJ- \ - Ø n¬ hni-Zmw-iß - f - p-sSbpw IW-°p-I-fp-sSbpw ASn- ÿ m- \ - Ø n¬ sXfn-bn® hkvXp-XIƒ A£-cw-{]Xn icn-bm-bn-cp∂p F∂v \hw-_¿ 29\v tN¿∂ kwÿm\ Bkq{XW t_m¿Uv tbmKw ]pd-Øp-hn´v hnh-cß - f - n¬ \n∂pw, [\-a{¥n \hw-_¿ 30\v \S- Ø nb {]kvXm- h - \ - b n¬ \n∂pw ]I¬t]mse hy‡-am-Ip-∂p. 2007-˛08 kmº-ØnI h¿jw Xt±i `cW ÿm]-\ß - ƒ°v ssIamdn \¬Inb 1790 tImSn cq]-bn¬ \hw-_¿ Ah-km\n-®n´pw tIhew Bdv iX-am\w XpI (AXm-bXv 107.4 tImSn cq]) am{Xsa sNeh-gn-°-s∏-´n-´p≈q F∂mWv apJy-a-{¥nbpsS km∂n- ≤ y- Ø n¬ tN¿∂ Bkq{XW t_m¿Uv tbmKw hne-bn-cpØn-bX - v. Cu \ne-bn¬ t]mbm¬ kmºØnI h¿jw Ah-km\w BIp-tºm-tg°v 10 iX-am\w ]≤Xn sNe-sh-¶nepw \S∂m¬ Xs∂ alm- ¤ p- X - a m- W v . Cu h¿jsØ ]≤Xn cq]o-Ic- Ww A´n-ad- n-°s∏´p F∂v [\-a{¥n sXm´p]n-t‰∂v \SØnb {]kvXm-h-\bpw hy‡-am-°p-∂p. ""Xt±i kzbw-`-cW ÿm]-\-ß-fpsS ]≤Xn hnln- X - Ø n¬ 20 iX- a m\w ASpØ h¿j- Ø °v Iymcn Hmh¿ sNøm≥ A\p-h-Zn°pw'' F∂mWv [\a{¥n hy‡-am-°n-bX - .v ]≤Xn A´n-ad- n-°s∏´p F∂ [\-a{- ¥n- Xs∂ kΩ-Xn-®n-cn°p-Ib - mWv Cu {]Jym]-\Ø - n-eq-sS. HºXmw ]≤-Xnbpw ]Ømw ]≤Xnbpw BZy h¿j-°mew Xma-kn-®mWv XpS-ßn-bXv F∂ apS-¥≥ \ymbw ]d™v Xt±i `c-Wÿ - m-]\ - ß - f - psS 2007-˛08se ]≤Xn A´n-a-dn-®-Xns‚ DØ-c-hm-Zn-ØØn¬ \n∂v [\-a-{¥n°v Hcp Imc-W-himepw Hgn™p amdm-\m-hn-√. P\-Io-bmkq-{X-W-Øns‚ `mK-ambn e£-°-W°n\v t]sc AWn-\n-c-Øp∂ aps∂m-cp°ßƒ th≠n h∂XpsIm≠mWv 1997¬ HºXmw ]≤-Xn-bpsS XpS°w sshIn-bXv. ]Ømw ]≤-Xn-bpsS H∂mw h¿jw bpUn-F^ - m-bn-cp∂p tIcfw `cn-®X - .v Ah¿

tXmakv sFk°v ]≤Xn cq]o-Ic- n-°m\pw \n¿h-ln-°m\pw Imcy-ambn H∂pw sNbvXn-√. AXmWv ]Ømw ]≤-Xn-bpsS H∂mwh¿j Ime-Xma-kØ - n\v Imc-Ww. F∂m¬ ]Xn-s\m∂mw ]≤-Xn-bpsS H∂mw h¿jw ]q¿W-ambn A´n-ad- n-°s - ∏´-Xns‚bpw AXns‚ ^e-ambn 1790 tImSn cq]bn¬ 90 iX-am-\Ø - n-e[ - n-Ihpw [q¿ØSn-°-s∏-Sm≥ t]mIp-∂-Xns‚bpw ]q¿W DØ-ch - m-ZnØw [\-a{¥n tXmakv sFk°n-\m-Wv. P\-Io-bm-kq-{XWw \S-∂-ImesØ t]mse P\-ß-fpsS h≥tXm-Xnep≈ ]¶m-fn-Ø-an-√msX (^e-Øn¬ bmsXmcp ]¶m-fn-Øh - p-an-√msX) AXn-k¶o¿W-amb am¿K-\n¿tZ-iß - ƒ apI-fn¬ \n∂p tI{µo-Ir-X-ambn Xt±i `cW ÿm]-\ß - ƒ°v ta¬ ASn-t®¬]n-®m¬ ]≤Xn cq]o-I-cWw \S-°n√ F∂mWv "P\-i‡n' sXfn-hp-Iƒ \ncØn sXfn-bn®-Xv. AXv ]q¿W-ambpw icn-bm-sW∂v Ct∏mƒ hy‡-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p. [\-Im-cy-a-{¥n-bpsS kmº-ØnI amt\-Pvsa‚n-s\-°p-dn®pw ]≤Xn cq]o-Ic-Ws - Ø-°p-dn®pw \S-Ønb hne-bn-cp-Øep-Iƒ A£-cw-{]Xn icn-bmbn Xo¿∂Xn¬ R߃ sX√pw kt¥m-jn-°p-∂n-√.]s£ Cu hnj-bØ - n¬ [\-a{- ¥n-bpsS km{am-PyXz AP-≠bpw [m¿jvSyhpw ]nSnhm-inbpw P\-߃°p ap∂n¬ Xpd-∂p-Im´m\pw AØcw kao-]\ - ß - ƒ kwÿm\ Xm¬]-cy-ßsf F{]-Imcw l\n°pw F∂v ap≥Iq´n Ims≠-Øm\pw Ign-™Xn¬ P\-i‡ - n°v XnI™ Nmcn-Xm¿Yyap-≠.v AXpXs∂-bmWv Rß-fpsS ZuXyhpw.

41


hni- I - e \w

BWh Icm-dns‚ A¥¿ln-X-߃ ioX-k-a-c-Im-eØv `b-∂n-cp-∂-Xp-t]mse F√mw \in-∏n-°p∂ Hcp BW-h-bp≤w DS-\Sn D≠m-hm-\n-S-bn-√. ]t£ lntcm-jn-a-bntem \mK-km-°n-bntem D≠mb BW-hm-bp[ hnkvt^m-S-\-ß-tf-°mƒ amc-I-amb BWh Zpc-¥-߃ C\nbpw D≠m-Im-sa∂pw 1 2 3 Icm¿ t]mep≈ Zo¿L-ho-£-W-an-√mØ kao-]-\-߃ CXn-\mIpw hgn-h-°pI F∂p-ap≈ Xncn-®-dnhv CS-Xp-]-£-Øn\v D≠m-th-≠-Xp-≠v.

tUm. Sn sI cma-N-{µ≥

A

ta-cn-°b - p-am-bp≈ BW-hI - c - m¿ Ht´sd hnhm-Zß - ƒ°pw bp ]n F a{¥n-k`- b - psS `mhn-sb-Øs∂ A]-IS- s - ∏-Sp-Øp∂ kµ¿`-߃°pw Hs° hgn-h® - n-´p≠v F∂Xv hmkvXh - a- m-Wv. bp ]n F `c-WI - q-SØ - ns‚ km{am-PyXz A\p-Iqe \b-ßsf G‰hpw ^e-{]Z-ambn {]Xn-tcm-[n-°m≥ C°m-cy-Øn-se¶nepw CS-Xp]£-Øn\p Ign™p F∂ {]Xo-Xnbpw km¿∆-{Xn-I-am-bn-cp-∂p. ]t£, XpS¿∂p-h∂ \µn{Kmw kw`-hß - fpw Xkveoa \{kos\ Np‰n-∏‰- n-bp≈ hnhm-Zß - fpw CS-Xp-]£ - Ø - n\v FXn-cmb i‡-amb {]N-cW - Ø - n\v hgn-sbm-cp°n. H∏w sFIy-cm-j{v S-k`- b - psS BW-thm¿P kan-Xn-bp-ambn N¿®-bm-hm-sa∂ kn ]n FΩn-s‚bpw kn ]n sFbp-sSbpw \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ CS-Xp-]-£hpw bp ]n Fbpw XΩn-ep≈ XXz-Zo-£b - n-√mØ Hcp HØp-Xo¿∏mbn am[y-aß - f - n¬ hymJym\n-°s - ∏-Sp-Ib - p-≠m-bn. Cu hymJym-\ß - f - nepw hmZ-KX - n-If - nepw F√mw `mKn-Iamb kXy-߃ AS-ßn-°n-S∏ - p≠v F∂v AwKo-Ic- n-°p-tºmƒ Xs∂ Ata-cn-°bp-am-bp≈ 1 2 3 Icm-dns‚ D≈-S°w Ncn-{X-]c - a- mbpw hkvXp-\n-jvTa- mbpw ]cntim-[n-°s - ∏-tS-≠X - p-≠.v hmkvXhØn¬ Cu Icm-dn\v c≠p hi-ßf - p-≠.v H∂v, s]m{Im≥ kvt^mS-Øn\p tijw BW-hm-bp[ tijn-bp≈ cmPy-ßf - psS t{iWnbn-te-°p≈ C¥y-bpsS IS∂p Ib-‰sØ kulr-Z`- m-hØ - n-e√ Ata-cn-°bpw ]m›mXy km{am-PyXz cmjv{S-ßfpw I≠p-t]m-∂n-´p-≈X - .v BW-hm-bp[ \n¿hym]\ Icm¿ XpS-ßn-bh - b - psS ad-]‰n C¥y-bp-sSbpw a‰pw BW-thm¿P hnI-k\ {]h¿Ø-\ß - sf XS- s - ∏-Sp-Øm-\p≈ \b-ßf - mWv B cmPy-߃ kzoI-cn-®pt]m-∂n-´p-≈X - .v 1 2 3 Icm¿ Cu XS- ß - ƒ°v Adp-Xn-hc- p-Øp-sa∂pw Hcp BWh i‡n F∂ \ne-bn¬ km{am-PyXzw C¥ysb AwKo-Ic- n-°p-∂X - ns‚ BZy-]S- nbmIpw CsX-∂p-amWv bp ]n FbpsS {][m-\-s∏´ Ah-Im-i-hm-Zw. ioX-k-a-cØns‚ Imew-ap-X¬°v \ne-\n¬°p∂ kam-[m-\Ø - ns‚ \nZm\w im‡nI k¥pe-\a- m-sW∂ hmZ-Øns‚ XpS¿®-bmWv Cu kao-]\ - h - pw.

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

H∏w, Kuc-h-amb Hcp Du¿P-{]-Xnk‘n temI-cm-jv{S-ßsf sshImsX {Kkn-°p-sa∂pw AXns\ adn-IS- ° - m≥ ]cº-cm-KX Du¿÷-t{km-X - p-Iƒ {]m]vXa-s√∂pw D≈ Hcp hni-I-e\w Db¿∂ph-∂n-´p-≠v. BW-thm¿PsØ kam-[m-\]-c-amb Imcy-߃°mbn D]-tbm-Kn-®psIm≠v Cu {]Xn-k‘ - nsb adn-IS- ° - m-\mIp-sa∂ hnizmkw Hcp hn`mKw kt¶-XnI hnZ-K[ v s- c-¶nepw h®p-]p-e¿Øn-t∏m-cp-∂pap-≠v. Ct¥m ˛ bp Fkv Icm¿ CØ-cØn¬ ssk\n-tI-Xc - a- mb BW-thm¿P hnI-k-\-Øn\v C¥y \S-Øp∂ {ia߃°v A¥¿tZ-iob AwKo-Imcw t\Sns°m-Sp-°p-sa∂pw bp ]n F˛-bnse Atacn-°≥ A\p-Iqe hn`mKw hmZn-°p-∂p. _n sP ]n `c-W-Im-eØv Alnw-kbp-tSbpw kam-[m-\-Øn-t‚bpw {]Xo-Iamb {io_p- ≤ s‚ t]cn- \ p- X s∂ If¶whcp-Øn-s°m≠v s]m{Im-\n¬ \S∂ BWh ]co-£Ww hmkvX-hØn¬ CS-Xp-]£ - Ø - ns‚ Cu afi-eØ - nep≈ Nne ssk≤m-¥nI k∂n-Kv[-XIsf ]pd-Øp-sIm-≠p-h-cn-I-bp-≠m-bn. C¥y-bnse imkv{X-⁄≥am¿ Cu \S]-Sn-s°-Xn-cmbn \S-Ønb {]Xn-tj-[ß - fn¬ BZy-sams° CS-Xp-]£w ]s¶-Sp°m≥ aSn-Im-Wn-®n-cp∂p F∂-XmWv hmkvXh - w. AWp-hm-bp-[w-IqSn ssIømfp∂ Hcp i‡n-bmbn C¥y-am-dp∂p F∂ Xo{h-tZ-io-bh - m-Z] - c- a- mb ap{Zm-hmIyw P\ß-fn¬ Ne-\a- p-≠m-°p-sa∂ Bi¶ CSXp-]£ - Ø - n-\p-≠m-bn-cp-∂X - p-sIm-≠mWv C°m-cy-Øn¬ Hcp sas√-t∏m°v \bw kzoI-cn-°m≥ Ah¿ \n¿_-‘n-Xc- m-bX - .v C¥y-bpsS hnI-k\ - t- Øbpw P\-t£a {]h¿Ø-\-ß-sfbpw Gsd {]Xn-Iq-eambn _m[n-°p∂ H∂mhpw Cu BWh \bw F∂-dn-™n-´p-t]mepw BZy-sams° CXns\ i‡-ambn FXn¿°m≥ CS-Xp-]£-߃°m-bn√ F∂v Npcp-°w. CXn\p kam-\a- mb Hcp {]Xn-k‘n C¥y-bnse Xo{h-h-e-Xp-]-£hpw C∂p t\cn-Sp-∂p-≠.v C¥y-bpsS tNcn-tNcm\bØn\pw s\{lp-hn-t‚bpw IrjvWt- a-t\mt‚bpw Imew apX-ep≈ km{am-PyXz hncp≤ \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ°pw F∂pw FXn-cmbn-cp∂p P\-kwLpw B¿ Fkv Fkpw. C{k-tb-ep-ambn \b-X-{¥-_-‘-߃ ]p\-:ÿm-]n-°m≥ _n sP ]n k¿°m¿ \S-Ønb {ia-߃ C¥y≥ hntZi \bØn-se-Xs∂ {it≤-ba- mb Hcp hgn-Øncn-hm-bn-cp-∂p. Cu \b-ßsf ^e-Øn¬ ]n¥p-Sc- p-Ib - mWv a≥tam-l≥ ˛ Aep-hmenb ˛ NnZw-_cw A®p-X≠v sNbvX-Xv. Hc¿∞-Øn¬ t\m°n-bm¬ \c-knw-ldmhp k¿°m-cns‚ ImesØ kmº-ØnI ]cn-jvIm-c-ßfpw hmPvt]bv `c-W-Im-

42


esØ hntZ-i\ - b - Ø - nse Nph-Sp-am‰-ßfpw Ct∏m-gsØ 1 2 3 F{Knsa‚pw ]c-k] v c _‘n-Xa- mb {]{Inb-If - m-W.v BtKmf aqe-[\ - m-[n-]Xy Ime-L´- Ø - n¬ C¥y-bnse `c-Wh¿§-ß-fn¬ hcp∂ am‰-ß-fpsS kqN--I-ß-fmWv Ch. {]I-S-ambpw Ata-cn-°≥ ]£-]m-XnXzw {]I-Sn∏n- ° p∂ _n sP ]n t]mepw \ΩpsS tZiob kzmX-{¥ysØ km{am- P y- X z- Ø n\v ASnbdsh°p∂ Cu Icm¿ krjvSn-t®°m-hp∂ P\-tcmjsØ `b-°p-∂p F∂-XmWv Gsd hnNn-{X-amb hkvXp-X. Ata-cn-°≥ km{am-Py-XzØn-s‚bpw Ah-cpsS B⁄m\ph¿Øn-If - mb A¥¿tZ-iob kmºØnI ÿm]-\ß - f - p-sSbpw Ifn-∏mh- I - f m- s W∂v bph- P - \ - ß - f psS apºn¬ Xpd-∂p-Im-´s- ∏-´n-´p≈ a≥tam-l≥ knwKn- s \bpw a‰pw sh≈- ] q- i m\pw Ah¿°v kz`mh k¿´n-^n-°‰v \¬Im\pw CS-Xp-t\-Xm-°ƒ \n¿_-‘n-Xc- m-Ip-∂Xpw Cu hn]-cy-bØ - ns‚ adp-hi - a- m-W.v Du¿P{]-Xn-k-‘nsb adn-I-S-°m≥ BW-h-hnZysb B{i-bn-°W - s- a∂ hmZw Iqe-¶j - am-bn-Øs∂ hni-I-e\w sNø-s∏-tS-≠Xm-Wv. {Xossa-¬ Zpc-¥Ø - n\p tijhpw sN¿tWm-_n-en\p tijhpw {]mtbW ]m›m-Xy-\m-Sp-If - nse s]mXp-P\ - l - nXw BW-thm¿P ]≤-Xn-Iƒ°v FXn-cm-bn-cp∂p. 1973\v tijw Hcp BWh dnbm-ISv ¿ t]mepw Ata-cn-°b - n¬ IΩo-j≥ sNøs∏-´n-´n-√. BW-thm¿P-Øn-s\-Xnsc I¿i\ \ne-]m-sS-Sp-°p∂ ]cn-ÿnXn {]ÿ-m\ - ß - ƒ bqtdm-∏n¬, {]tXy-In®pw kvIm≥Un-t\-hn-b≥ \mSp-If - n¬ {]_-eam-bn-´p-≠.v F∂m¬ BW-thm¿P kmt¶XnI hnZy Ib-‰p-aXn sNbvXv em`w-sImøm≥ {ian-°p∂ cmPym-¥c `oa≥am¿ Ct∏mgpw cwK-Øp-≠v. ASp-ØnsS AhcpsS Hcp D®-tIm-Snbpw D≠m-bn. Cu D®tIm-Sn-bpsS Xocp-am-\ß - fpw 1 2 3 Icmdpw XΩn¬ Iq´n hmbn-°p-∂Xv ck-Ic- a- m-hpw. ^e-Øn¬ ssk\n-Ihpw ssk\n-tI-Xc - hp-amb C¥y-bpsS BW-thm¿P ]≤-XnIsf Ata-cn-°-bpsS \nb-{¥-W-Øn-em°p∂p F∂-Xn\p ]pdsa C¥y-bnse ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS C‘\ t{kmX-kp-Isf ]q¿Æ-ambpw Ata-cn°≥ IpØ-II - f - psS \nb-{¥-W-Øn¬ sIm≠p-h-cnI F∂XmWv Cu Icm-dns‚ Hcp KqV-e-£yw. A¥n-a-hn-i-I-e-\-Øn¬ BW-thm¿Pw sNehv Ipd-™-XmtWm F∂ {]iv\w X¬°mew am‰n-h® - mepw Cu ]≤-Xn-Iƒ hntZ-ik - l - m-bt- ØmsS \S-∏m-°p-tºmƒ Ah- b n¬ D≠m- t b- ° m- h p∂ Zpc- ¥ ߃°v GX-f-hp-hsc Ah¿ DØ-c-hmZnXzw hln-°pw XpS-ßnb tNmZy-߃

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

{][m-\-a{¥n a≥tam-l≥knwKv Ata-cn-°≥ {]kn-U‚ v tPm¿Pv _pjn-t\m-sSm∏w

th≠{X Kuc-h_ - p-≤n-tbmsS D∂-bn-°s∏-´n-´n-√. t`m∏m¬ Zpc-¥-Ønse CcIƒ°v C\nbpw \oXn-In-´n-bn-´n√ F∂pw AXn-\p-Øc- h - m-Zn-If - m-bn-cp∂ hntZ-in-Iƒ Bcpw in£n-°-s∏´n´n√ F∂pw Cu L´- Ø n¬ A\p- k v a - c n- t °- ≠ - X p≠v . {]tXy- I n®pw Cdm≥ ˛ C¥y ˛ ss]∏vsse≥ ]≤-Xn-bpsS ]›m-Ø-eØn¬. Iq´-Øn¬ 1 2 3 Icmdpw sslUv BIvSpw XΩnep≈ _‘hpw. CXp-^e - Øn¬ C¥y≥ hntZ-i-\-b-Øn\v ta¬ Ata-cn-°°p \¬Ip∂ \nb-{¥-Whpw N¿® sNø-s∏-tS-≠X - p-≠.v H∂mw temI-bp-≤-Øn\pw c≠mwtemI alm-bp-≤Ø - n-\p-an-Sb - n-ep≈ ImeL-´Ø - n¬ apX-em-fn-Øh - n-cp≤ hmZ-߃ Ah-Xc - n-∏n-°p∂ \mS-Iß - f - psS Hcp ]cº-cX - s∂ P¿Ω-\n-bn¬ Ac-ßØ - p-h∂ - ncp-∂p. ssIk¿, tSmf¿ XpSßnb AXnIm-b≥am-cm-bn-cp∂p Cu FIvk{v ]-jW - nÃv \mS-It- h-Zn-bpsS P\-bn-Xm-°ƒ. GXm≠v {]h-N\ - Ø - ns‚ am\-ap≈ Hcp \mS-Ihpw A°q-´-Øn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-I-bp≠mbn: "Kymkv'. hnj-hm-XIw DXv∏m-Zn-∏n°p∂ Hcp h≥InS ^mIvSdn Hcp kaq-lØn¬ {]Xy-£s- ∏-Sp-tºm-gp-≠m-Ip∂ am‰ß-fmWv AXnse {]ta-bw. ^mIvSd- n-bpsS \n¿±b {Ia-߃ krjvSn-°p∂ A\yh¬°-cWw Fßs\ sXmgn-em-fn-If - psS a\p-jy-XzsØ tNm¿Øn-°-f-bp-Ibpw Ahsc b{¥-ß-fpsS ]¬N-{I-ß-fmbn sh´n-®p-cp-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p-sh-∂X - ns‚ angn-hm¿∂ Ht´sd Nn{X-߃ B \mS-IØn-ep-≠.v AXnse Hcp apJy-IY - m-]m{Xw sSe- { Km- a nse `mj- t bmSv ASp- Ø p\n¬°p∂ AXn-Z-cn-{Z-amb Hcp kwth-Z\-{Iaw BWv kzoI-cn-°p-∂X - .v kq£n-®pt\m-°p-tºmƒ sR´n-∏n-°p∂ Xc-Øn¬ \ΩpsS tªmKp-If - nepw Fkv Fw Fkp-

I-fnepw Sn hn kvt{Imfp-If - nepw {]Xy-£s∏-Sp∂ A£-c-sØ-‰p-I-tfm-sSm-∏-ap≈ ]pXnb `mjW coXn-Xs- ∂-bm-Wn-X.v Ahkm\w Cu Kymkv ^mIvSdn hn\m-iI - c- a- msW∂v sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ a\-kn-em-°p-∂p. AXv AS-∏n-°m-≥ Ah¿ Xocp-am-\n-°p-∂p. ]t£ At∏m-tg°pw hfsc sshIn-t∏mbn-cp-∂p. hnj-hm-XIw ^mIvSd- n-bn¬ \n∂v s]m´n-∏p-d-Øp-h∂v B \K-c-sØ-bmsI hebw sNøp-∂p. "Kymkn'se Zpc¥ ]cn- k - a m]v X n Hc¿∞Øn¬ apX-em-fnØ D¬∏m-Z\ kn≤m-¥-Øns‚ ]cn-an-Xn-bn-te-°mWv hnc¬Nq-≠p-∂X - .v hnIm-kt- Øbpw ]ptcmK-Xn-tbbpw kmº-ØnI hf¿®-tbbpw A`n-∂a- mbn ImWp∂ Hcp kao-]\w Xo¿®bmbpw Akzo-Im-cy-am-Wv. apX-em-fnØ hf¿®-bp-tS-Xm-b, \nb-{¥-Wß - f - n-√mØ \K-ch - n-Ik - \ - Ø - n-t‚-Xmb ]mX \mw sXcs™-Sp-°p-Ib - m-sW-¶n¬ AXv A\n-hm-cyambpw Du¿P-{]-Xn-k‘ - n°pw AXv adn-IS- °m-\m-bp≈ BW-thm¿P B{ib-Xz-Øn\pw, AXp krjvSn-t®-°m-hp∂ sN¿tWm_n¬ t]mep≈ Zpc-¥ß - ƒ°pw hgn-h° - psa∂v \mw Xncn-®d- n-bmsX hø. ioX-ka- c- Im-eØv \mw `b-∂n-cp-∂X - p-t]mse F√mw \in-∏n-°p∂ Hcp BW-hb - p≤w C\n DS\Sn D≠m-hm-\n-Sb - n-√. ]t£ lntcm-jn-abntem \mK-km-°n-bntem D≠mb BWhm-bp[ hnkvt^m-S-\-ß-tf-°mƒ amc-Iamb BWh Zpc-¥-߃ C\nbpw D≠mIm-sa∂pw 1 2 3 Icm¿ t]mep≈ Zo¿L-ho£-Wa- n-√mØ kao-]\ - ß - ƒ CXn-\mIpw hgn-h° - pI F∂p-ap≈ Xncn-®d- nhv CS-Xp]-£Ø - n\v D≠m-th-≠X - p-≠.v Cu Ncn-{X]-ca- mb DØ-ch - m-ZnXzw F{X-I≠v CS-Xp]-£-߃°v \n¿∆-ln-°m-\m-Ip-sa-∂Xv C¥y-bnse ]ptcm-Ka- \ - h - m-Zn-Iƒ D‰p-t\m°p∂ {]iv\a- m-W.v

43


]w‡n

-I-S-ense Hmfhpw Ic-fnse tamlhpw Zqsc\n∂pw Hgp-In-sb-Ønb Hcp B¿{Z-kzcw F∂n¬ \nd™p: \msf \Ωfpw D≠m-hn-√. ]t£, "sNΩo≥' D≠m-hpw. XI-gn-bpsS t\mhepw Fs‚ kn\n-a-bpw.

kn.-B¿. Hma-\° - p-´≥

Xn

cp-h\ - ¥ - ] - pcw A¥m-cmjv{S Ne-®n-t{Xm-’h - w. "temI' kn\n-ab - nse Ipsd \√-]S- ß - ƒ _o\m-t]mfpw Fw ]n kpIp-am-c≥ \mbcpw Hs°-°qSn ]mSp-s]´v sIm≠ph∂v ImWn-°p-Ib - m-Wv. sh≈-®c - S- nepw Xhn-´p-Nc - S- nepw sI´nb Xmen-If - p-ambn "ZentK‰p'Iƒ cmhnse F´p-aW - n-ap-X¬ cm{Xn c≠p-aW - n-hsc ]m™p\S∂v ]Sw ]Tn-°p-∂p. {io, ssIc-fn, \yq, {ioIp-am¿, {io hnimJv sIm´-I-I-fn¬ sIm≈m-Ø-h¿ \nIp-RvPØnse Cud-\n-cp-´n¬ apgp-t\-chpw IpØn-bn-cn-°pw. Ac-hnµ au\n-If - mWv ]e¿. Nne¿ tPm¨ K¿P-I-cpw. shfn-bn¬ AcntÃm PMvj-\n¬ \n∂pw s]m∂d ]m¿°n-te°v Ihn-I-fpsS ]S-bWn cm]-I¬. Acn-tÃm-bn¬ \n∂pw sN¶¬Nqf-bn-te°v IYm-Imc≥am-cpsS hmfpw ]cn-Nb - p-ta-¥n-bp≈ the-If - n- th-sd. Rm≥ I\-I°p-∂n-te°v HmSn..... I\-I°p-∂n¬ \nim-K‘n F∂ Xpd∂ sIm´-Ib - n¬ "sNΩo≥' kn\na Ifn-°p-∂p≠v. D’-ht- ØmSp tN¿∂v sNΩo-s‚ ap∏-Ø©mw h¿jm-tLm-jw. ae-bm-fØ - n-te°v BZy-ambn kz¿Æ-sa-U¬ h∂-Xns‚ Hm¿Ω-]p-Xp-°¬. sNΩo≥ ]nSn-®h - c - nepw ]mIs∏-Sp-Øn-bh - c - nepw an®-ap-≈h - s - c-sb√mw NS-ßn¬ BZ-cn-°p-∂p. _m_p, Fsk¬]pcw, Ejn-tIiv, joe, a[p, `hm-\n, eX F∂n-hs - cms° hcpw. Nne-t∏mƒ a∂m-sUbpw tbip-Zm-kpw. \nim-K‘n \nd™p Xqhp∂ P\w. Igp-Øn¬ Nc-Sp-If - n-√m-Øh - ¿. Hcp ]g-b] - Sw ImWm≥ c≠m-bn-ct- Ømfw hcp∂ Bƒ°q-´w. s]Æp-ßfpw ]ndp-ßn-Wn-Ifpw \nd™ D’-h° - q-´w. Ch-cmWv bmYm¿∞ t{]£-I¿. Rm≥ sN∂p-tI-dp-tºmƒ Fkv F¬ ]pcw {]kw-Kn-°p-I-bm-Wv. sNΩos‚ Xnc°Ym kw`m-jW IrØm-Wt√m At±-lw. kz¥w A\p-`h - ß - ƒ At±lw Ab-hn-d°n. F\n°v henb kt¥m-ja- m-bn. F\n-°p-am{Xw Adn-bp∂ Hcp clkyw Fsk¬]pcw FSp-Øp-]d- ™v shfn-s∏-Sp-Øn-bX - mWv kt¥m-jI - m-cW - w. Fsk¬]pcw ]d™p: ˛ sNº≥ Ip™n-t‚bpw N°n-bp-tSbpw ]f-\n-bp-tSbpw Idp-ØΩ - b - p-sSbpw thj߃°v sIm´m-c-°c {io[-c≥ \mb-scbpw ASq¿ `hm-\n-sbbpw kXy-s\bpw joesbbpw a‰pw \n›-bn-®Xv _m_pthm cmapthm A√. B¿´nÃv i¶-c≥Ip´n-bmWv kXyØn¬ AXv sNbvXX - .v sNΩo≥ IYm-]m-{X-ßsf tbmPn® \So-\S- ≥amsc h®v hc-®b - ®p-X∂p i¶-c≥Ip-´n. Fkv ]n ]n≈-sbbpw cmP-Ip-am-cn-sbbpw Hs° Nn{X-Im-c≥ hc-®b-®p. sNΩo≥ kn\n-ab - psS ImÃnw-Kns‚ {IUn‰v B¿´nÃv i¶-c≥Ip-´n-°p-≈X - m-Ip-∂p. A∂v, B Nn{X-߃ cq]-s∏-Sp-Øp-tºmƒ i¶-c≥ Ip´n°v Iq´n-cp-∂h - ≥ Rm\m-Wt√m! sNº≥Ip-™ns‚ Ihn-fnse adpIpw Idp-ØΩ - b - psS amdnse adpIpw ^n‰p sNbvXpsIm-Sp-°p-tºmƒ i¶-c≥Ip-´nsb hnkvab - t- ØmsS t\m°n-bn-cp-∂h - ≥ Rm\m-Wt√m! ("]co-°p-´nbpw KwKm-ZØ - \pw' F∂ Hcp D{K≥ D]-\ym-ks - a-gp-Xn-bn-´p≠v Ch≥ : hmbn®p-hf - c- p-I)

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

{]kwKw Ign™v thZn-bnse sse‰pIƒ AW-™p. ]Icw henb sh≈nØnc Xnf-ßn. "am\-ks - sat\'∏m´v Hgp-Insb-Øn. Xnc-»o-e-bn¬ a[p sXfn-™p. XpS¿∂v thZn-bn¬ km£m¬ a[p h∂p. ]ns∂ sh≈n-Øn-cb - n¬ sXfn-™Xv N°n-bpsS ac-Whpw sNº≥Ip-™ns‚ N¶p-s]m-´n-°c- ® - n-epw. sIm´m-c° - c {io[c≥\m-b-cpsS \ne-hn-fn-bpsS \Sp-hn¬ {]Imiw ]c-∂p. thZn-bn¬ B Zriyw t\m°n-\n∂v tXßn-°-c-bp∂ ASq¿ `hm\n. Ah¿°v hm°p-Iƒ sXm≠-bn¬ XS-™p..... Xmc-ß-sf-°mƒ Xmc-amb _m_p cwKØv h∂p. Ct∏mgpw bph-kp-µc- ≥. ap∏Ø-©m≠p apºv "sNΩo≥' \n¿Ωn-°ptºmƒ _m_p-hn\v Ccp-]Xv hb- mWv {]mbw. Bcpw sImXn-°p∂ cq]-s∏m-en-a. Ac-ßn¬ sh≈n-sh-fn-®-Øn¬ _m_p sh´n-Øn-fß - n. _m_p ]d™p: ˛ \tΩm-sSm-∏w C∂v, XIgn C√ hb-em¿ C√ ken¬ Nu[pcn C√ am¿Im_v _¿´ven C√ sIm´m-c° - c C√ kXy≥ C√ Fkv ]n C√ tIm´bw sN√-∏≥ C√ FÕn C√ cmaphpw.... C√. Ahsc F√mw Hm¿Øv, kvt\lm-Zc - ߃ \¬In, Hcp \nanjw Hs∂-Wo‰p \n¬°m≥ Rm≥ At]-£n-°p-∂p. \nim-K-‘n-bn¬ Xnßn-°q-Snb apgph≥ t]cpw FWo‰v \an®p \n∂p. ]cn]q¿Æ \n»-_Zv X - . _m_p H∂q-IqSn hnIm-c-`-cn-X-\mbn ]d™p: \msf \Ωfpw D≠m-hn-√. ]t£, _m_p tk´v

44


"sNΩo≥' D≠m- h pw. XI- g n- b psS t\mhepw Fs‚ kn\n-ab - pw.... ]nt‰-∂,v {io ssIcfn Xntb-‰d- p-If - psS ap‰Øv hn sI lwksb I≠p. kn\n-ca- , Nn{X-c-a, Nn{X-Im¿Øn-I, ^nenw-\mZw F∂o Ne-®n{X hmcn-II - f - nse teJ-I\ - mbn-cp∂p lwk. ]cn-Nb - s - ∏-´n-´p-≠v. Gsd \mfp-Iƒ Ign™v ImWp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. _m_p-hns‚ `wKn-sb-∏‰n \∑sb∏‰n Rm≥ lwk-tbmSv kwkm-cn-®p. _m_p- t k´v ]¶Pv tlm´- e nse kyq´n-ep-s≠∂pw DS≥ t]mbn ImWmsa∂pw lwk ]d-™p. BZyw aSn-s®¶nepw Rm≥ IqsS-t∏m-bn. sIm®n-bn¬ Hcp anØv BWv _m_ptk-´.v Ipt_-c] - p-{X≥. cmP-Ip-am-cs‚ PohnXw. IW-°n-√mØ `qkz-Øp-°ƒ. FÆnbm¬ XocmØ h≥sI-´n-S-߃. IhnXbv°v inem-cq]w \¬In _m_p ]Wnbn® "IhnX' Xntb-‰¿. Ag-In¬ A¿Pp-\\pw Zm\-Øn¬ I¿Æ-\pw... _m_p-tk-´ns‚ Z¿_m-dn-te°mWv lwk Fs∂ Iq´n-s°m-≠p-sN-∂X - .v Rm≥ BZy-ambn t\cn¬ ImWp-Ib - m-W.v F\n°v A¿ln-°mØ BZ-ch - v X∂p; alm-cm-Pmknse Hcp s{]m^-k¿ Fs∂ms° lwk X´n-hn-´X - mWv Imc-Ww. s]s´∂v At∏mƒ a\- n-ep-Zn® Hcmibw Rm≥ _m_p-hn-t\mSv ]d™p: Ct∏mƒ Hcp ]pkvXIw Cd-ßn-bn-´p-≠v, "Bhmcm'. cmPvI]q-dns‚ ]S-sØ-∏‰n ˛ Bhm-cm-sb-∏‰n am{Xw ˛ D≈ ]pkvXI - w. kn\n-ab - nse Ãn√p-Iƒ Ipsd-bp-≠.v cmPvI]q¿ ˛ \¿Ko-kp-If - psS am{X-a√ ]S-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-´-h-cpsS F√mw kpµ-c≥ Nn{X߃. A∫mkv , i¶¿˛ Pbv I n- j ≥, aptJjv, eX XpSßn Iyma-dm-am≥ cm[pIm¿am¿°¿ hsc. "Bhmcm'bnse A\iz-cK - m-\ß - f - p-ap≠v ]pkvXI - Ø - n¬. at\ml-c-amb te ˛ Hu´v. H∂m-¥cw B¿´v t]∏¿. \ap°v "sNΩo≥' Fs∂mcp ]pkvXIw πm≥ sNbvXmtem? Cw•o-jnepw ae-bm-fØn-ep-am-bn˛ _m_p-hns‚ IÆp-Iƒ Xnf-ßn. XpSpØ Ihn-fp-Iƒ Nph-∂p. NmSn Fs‚ ssIbn¬ ]nSn-®p. tNmZn®p: F¥v sNehmIpw? NpΩm Hcp h≥XpI Rm≥ ]d™p: Aº-Xn-\m-bncw cq]. t]mcm, aq∂p e£-am-Is´! tk´ns‚ hm°p-Iƒ Fs∂ sR´n-®p. At±lw XpS¿∂p: lnµn, Xan-g,v _wKmfn `mj-If - nepw ]pkvXI - w. A©p-e£ - Ø - nt‚-Xm-hs´ \ΩpsS t{]mP-I‰v .v Rm≥ t]Sn-®p. _m_p-tk-´ns\ ]‰n°m≥ Hcp-Ø≥ IqsS IqSn-bn-cn-°p∂p F∂t√ kw`hw Adn-bp-∂h - ¿ ]dbq! B

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

sNΩo-\n-¬ kXy\pw joebpw

\√-h-\n¬ \n∂pw HmSn-sbm-fn-°m≥ At∏mtg Rm≥ Xocp-am-\n-®p. sIm®n-bn¬ h®p ImWm-sa∂pw ]d™v Rm≥ c£s]-´p. ]n∂o- s Sm- c n- ° epw _m_p- h - n s‚ ap∂n¬ {]Xy- £ - s ∏- ´ n- √ . At±- l Øns‚ s_≥kv Im¿ I≠m¬ Rm≥ HmSn-sbm-fn-°pw. tk´ns‚ Xocm-kz-Øp-°ƒ Xo¿∂p XpS-ßp-∂X - ns‚ IY-Iƒ tI´p. "IhnX' hn¬°p-∂p, s_≥kv Im¿ hnev°p-∂p, sIm´mcw t]mep≈ hoSv hn¬°p-∂p. ]t£, Z¿_m¿ ]m¿´n-Iƒ XpS-cp-∂p-≠.v `mcy acn-®p. A]q¿h kpµ-ca- mb Hcp {]W-b-I-Y-bm-bn-cp∂p AXpw. aqt∂m \mtem hb- n\v aqØ-hf - mb _mey-Ime- k Jn; _m_p- h n\p {]mb- ] q¿Øn Bhm≥ ImØn-cp∂ Imap-In. `mcy acn®v ASpØ \mfn¬ _m_p {]apJ ]{X-ß-fnse H∂mw t]Pn¬ henb ]c-ky-߃ \¬In. ac-W-a-t\zjn®v Bcpw Xs‚ ho´n¬ h∂n-s√∂pw Xm\n-t∏mƒ Zcn-{Z-\m-sW∂pw Bbn-cp∂p ]c-kyw. Zcn-{Z-\m-sW-∂-dn-bn-°m≥ A©p e£w cq]-bpsS ]ckyw! _m_p F∂ anØv.... Bbn- S bv ° v "tZim- ` n- a m\n'bpsS hmXn¬°¬ _m_p-hns‚ s_≥kvIm¿. _m_p tZim-`n-am\n B∏o-kn-ep-≠v. aq∂mev Znh-k-ambn F∂pw hcp-∂p-≠s{X. C Fw Fkvs\ ASn-b-¥n-c-ambn ImW-Ww. tNmZn®p ]nSn®p h∂-t∏mƒ kwKXn shfn-s∏-´p. _m_p-hn\v cmjv{S]Xn sXc-s™-Sp-∏n¬ a’-cn-°-Ww, C Fw Fkn-t‚bpw CS-Xp-]£ - Ø - n-t‚bpw ]n¥pW thWw! {]kn-U‚ v ÿm\m¿∞nbm-Im≥ Xøm¿! Bsc-√mtam CS-s]´v ]n¥n-cn-∏n-®p. _m_p-tk´v A¥-cn-°p-∂X - n\v H∂pc≠p amkw ap≥]v Rm≥ ho≠pw I≠p. Fd-Wm-Ipfw F≥ _n Fkv ap‰Øp h∂p\n∂ Hcp sNdnb Imdn¬ _m_p Ccn-°p-

∂p. IqsS h∂ Bƒ ]pkvX-I-im-e-bnte°v Ib-dn. tjhp- s N- ø mØ apJw. Aev ] w a™®p XpS-ßnb \ndw. ssU sNømØ Xhn-´p-ap-Sn. ssIIƒ hnd-b° v p-∂p. Rm≥ Imdn-\-cn-In¬ sN∂v \a-kvIcn-®p. At±lw ssIIq-∏m≥ {ian-®p. hnj-atØmsS ]d™p: ]m¿°n≥k¨kns‚ ]nSn-bn-em-Wv. hnd-b¬. Cdßn \n¬°mØXv £an-°W - w. Hcp ep¶n-bmWv DSp-Øncn-°p-∂-Xv. ImWp-∂-h¿ ]dbpw B _m_p F√mw apSn®v Zm sX≠n-bmbn \S°p-s∂-∂˛v F\n-s°m∂pw ]d-bm≥ tXm∂n-bn-√. ]ns∂ ]Xps° tNmZn®p: tk´v h∂Xv? F\n°v alm-`m-cXw thWw. Fgp-Ø-—s‚ Infn-∏mt´ ChnsS D≠m-hq. alm-`m-cXw apgp-h\ - mbn thWw. Ip™n-°p-´≥ Xºp-cms‚ X¿Pqa Hcp e£Øn Ccp-]Ø - ø - m-bncw t«mI-ßf - mWv. Ggp-hm-ey-߃. Ct∏mƒ In´m-\n-√. KZyw aXn F\n-°v. hnZzm≥ {]Im-i-Øns‚ KZy-X¿Pqa D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Ccp-]Xv ]pkvXI - ß - ƒ. _m_p- t k´v Bfl- K Xw amXncn ]d™p: A{Xbpw hmbn-°m≥ C\n kab-an√! AXv tI´n-s√∂ a´n¬ Rm\-dn-bn®p: `mc-Xob hnZym-`-h-\n¬ cmPm-Pn-bpsS alm-`m-c-Xhpw cmam-b-W-hp-ap-≠v. \√ Cw•o-jn¬ sNdnb {KŸ-߃. AXv aXn. AXv aXn. i_vZw XmgvØn _m_p F\n°v \µn ]d-™p. Hcp Nncn X∂p. hnf-dnb Hcp ]p©n-cn. _m_p-tk´v IÆn¬ \n∂pw ad-bpwhsc Rm≥ t\m°n-\n-∂p. Zqsc\n∂pw Hgp-In-sb-Ønb Hcp B¿{Z-kzcw F∂n¬ \nd™p: \msf \Ωfpw D≠m-hn-√. ]t£, "sNΩo≥' D≠m-hpw. XI-gn-bpsS t\mhepw Fs‚ kn\n-ab - pw.

45


dnt∏m¿´v

s\m∏w \n¬°p∂ ÿnXn-bn-se-Øn-bn-´ps≠-∂mWv cmjv{Sob \nco-£I - ¿ IW-°p-Iq´p-∂-Xv. _n sP ]n t\cnb `qcn-]£ - Ø - n\v `cWw \ne- \ n¿Ønbm¬t∏mepw tIm¨{K-kn\v AXv \tI-{µ-tamUn t\m´-am-Ip-Itb D≈q. KpP-dm-Ønse ^ew I≠- t ijw temIvk - `- b - n-te°v CS-°me s]mXp-Xn-cs™-Sp-∏ns‚ km[yX Bcmbm-\mWv tIm¨{Kkv t\m´- a n- S p- ∂ - X v . Hmtcm kwÿm-\-sØbpw kwL-S\m {]iv\- n-bn¬ hnizmkw D≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. 2002se sXc- ߃ CXp ap≥Iq´n I≠v Xo{h-KX - m-Wv. _n sP s™-Sp-∏n¬ 39 iX-am\w thm´p t\Sn-sb- ]cn-lc- n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-Ib - n¬ ASp¶nepw tIm¨{K-kn\v 51 kot‰ e`n-®p- ]n CXcaX\n-ct]£ I£n-If - p-≠mb Nm©m-´hpw tIm¨{K≈q. AtX kabw _n sP ]n°v 50 iX- Ø-Im-eØ - m-W.v DØ¿{]am\w thm´pw 127 ko‰pw e`n-®p. F∂m¬ kn\v Bizmkw ]I-cp-∂X 2004¬ \S∂ temIvk`m sXc-s™-Sp- tZin¬ apembw knwKv b mZ- h ns‚ ∏n¬ tIm¨{Kkpw _n sP ]nbpw H∏- kamPvhmZn ]m¿´n s]mSp- ∂ s\ tIm¨{Kkv A\p-Iqe \ne-]m-Sn-te°v Øn-s\m∏w FØn-bn-cp-∂p. _n sP ]n KpP-dm-Øn¬ IqSp-X¬ \oßn-bn-´p-≠v. KpP-dm-Øn¬ Ign™ inYn-e-am-bn-cn-°p-I-bmWv Ct∏mƒ. ap≥ sXc-s™-Sp-∏n¬ _n sP ]n A\p-Iqe apJy-a{¥n tIip-`m-bv]-t´-em-Is´ sXc- \ne-]mSv kzoI-cn® apembw C°pdn - m-Sn¬ \n∂v ]n∑m-dn. ZfnXv hn`ms™- S p∏v {]Nm- c - W - Ø n¬ \n∂v B\n-e] - psS ]m¿´n-sb∂dnb-s∏-Sp∂ ambmhn´p\n∂v _n sP ]n t\Xr-XzsØ ]c- K-ßf ky-ambn sh√p-hn-fn-°p-I-bm-Wv. apJy- h-Xn-bpsS _n Fkv ]n C°pdn apgp-h≥ a{¥n \tc- { µ- t amUn {]Nm- c W ko‰nepw H‰°v a’- c n- ° p- ∂ Xpw {]h¿Ø\w Bcw-`n-°p-tºmƒ Gsd tIm¨{K-kn\v A\p-Iq-e-L-S-I-am-Wv. ap∂n-em-bn-cp-∂p. _n sP ]nbnse B`y- alm-cmjv{S AXn¿Øn {]tZ-i-ß-fn¬ ¥c Ipg∏w aq¿—n-®-XmWv tIm¨{K- kzm[o-\a- p≈ icXv ]hm-dns‚ F≥ kn kns\ Bekyw hn´p- W ¿Øn- b - X v . ]n°v tIm¨{Kkv F´v ko‰v \¬In-bn-´ptIm¨{K-k,v F≥ kn ]nbp-ambn Iq´p-sI- ≠v. Ign™ XhW tIm¨{K-kns\ 25 ´n-em-W.v tKm[vc Iq´-s°me Bkq-{XWw ko‰n¬ tXmev]n-®Xv F≥ kn ]nbpsS sNbvX-Xv apJy-a{¥n tamUn-bm-sW∂ H‰-°p≈ t]mcm-´a- m-bn-cp-∂p. tIm¨{Kkv "sXl¬I' hmcn-Ib - psS shfn-s∏-Sp-ج Hcp ko‰v kn ]n sF FΩn\v \evIn-bn-´pcmPyw sR´-tem-sS-bmWv tI´-Xv. ]s£ ≠v. Ccp Iayq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-Ifpw tN¿∂ - n¬ a’-cn-°p-∂p-≠v. tIm¨{Kkv Cu shfn-s∏-Sp-ج sXc- kJyw 15 ko‰p-If Cu sXc-s™-Sp-∏n¬ G‰hpw Bis™-Sp∏v {]Nm-cW - Ø - n\v D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂n-√. lnµp-thm-´p-Iƒ tNm¿∂p-t]m-Iptam ¶-s∏-Sp-∂Xv KpP-dm-Ønse apkvenw P\F∂ Bi-¶-sIm-≠m-Wn-Xv. _n sP Xbm-Wv. Hcp ]m¿´nbpw ]c-ky-ambn Cu - n-\p-th≠n i_vZw Db¿Øp]nbpsS "lnµp-Xz-apJw' tIm¨{Kkv P\-hn-`m-KØ - w. lnµp-thm´v {]Nm-c-W-Øn¬ Imcy-amb hnj-b-am-Ip- ∂n√ F∂-XmWv hmkvXh ∂n-√ F∂p-Xs∂ ]d-bmw. KpP-dm-Øns‚ \jvS-s∏-Sp-sa∂ `bw-sIm-≠m-Wn-Xv. 182 hnI-k\ cwKsØ ]nt∂m-°m-h-ÿ- ko‰p-I-fn¬ Btd Bdv ko‰p-I-fnte bmWv tIm¨{Kkv apJy Bbp-[-am-°p- tIm¨{Kkv apkvenw ÿm\m¿Yn-Isf ∂-X.v _n sP ]n°v G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ De- \n¿Øn-bn-´p-≈p. AXp Xs∂ \nhrØn tISp-sIm-≠m-Wv. 60 iX-am-\-tØmfw ®n¬ tKm{X-h¿K taJ-eb - n-em-Wv. - m-Wn-h. _n sP ]nbnse Dƒt∏m-cp-Iƒ aq¿—n- apkvenw P\-kw-Jy-bp≈ ko‰p-If - nse i‡®Xpw tamUn°v Iq\n-t∑¬ Ipcp-hm-bn. AXp Xs∂ Cu kap-Zm-bØ t\Xm- ° ƒs°m- ∂ p- a √ thms´-Sp-∏n\v sXm´p-apºv AtX h¿Kob cmb Iem]w tamUn Bkq-{-XWw sNøptam ÿm\m¿YnXzw \¬In-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xpw. "lnµpXz'tbmSv arZp-ka- o-]\w kzoI-cn-®mF∂ Bi¶ ]cs° D≠v. KpP- d m- Ø n¬ _n sP ]nbpw bmepw KpP-dmØv `cWw ssI°-em-°pI tIm¨{Kkpw _em-_-e-Øn¬ H∏-Øn- F∂-XmWv tIm¨{Kkv e£yw.

KpP-dmØv: Hcp Nq≠p]eI sI hn cm[mIrjvW≥

2008

, tZiob cmjv{So-bØ - n¬ h≥ am‰-߃°v hgn-Xp-dt- ∂-°pw. KpP-dmØv, lnam-N¬{]-tZiv kwÿm\ \nb-ak-`-I-fnse sXc-s™-Sp∏v ^ew Cu amkw Ah-km\w ]pd-Øp-hc - p-∂t- XmsS Cu am‰-Øns‚ tIfn-sIm-´p-bc- pw. 2008¬ Imem-h[n ]q¿Øn-bm-°p∂ ]tØmfw \nb-ak - `- I - f - p-≠v. AXn-sem-∂mb lnamN¬ {]tZ-in¬ sXc-s™-Sp∏v aq∂p-amkw t\csØbm°n-bn-cn-°p-Ib - m-Wv. hS-°p˛In-g-°≥ kwÿm-\-ß-fmb taLm-e-b, antkm-dmw, \mKm-em‚ v, {Xn]pc F∂o kwÿm\ \nb-a-k-`-I-fpsS Imem-h[n ASpØ h¿jw am¿®nepw a[y-{]-tZ-iv, OØn-kvK-Uv, PΩp ˛ Imivao¿, Zn√n F∂o \nb- a - k - ` - I - f psS Imem- h [n ASpØ h¿jw Ah- k m- \ - h p- a mWv ]q¿Øn-bm-Ip-∂-Xv. Cu sXc-s™-Sp-∏pIƒ DØ-tc-¥y-bn¬ Hcp an\n s]mXp sXc-s™-Sp-∏ns‚ {]XoXn krjvSn-°pw. AtX kabw temIvk`m CS-°m-e sXcs™-Sp∏v D≠m-bm¬ Cu \nb-a-k`m sXc-s™-Sp-∏p-Iƒ AXn-t\m-sSm-∏a- mIpw \S-°m≥ km[y-X. F¥m-bmepw 2008 C¥y-bpsS cmjv{Sob Ncn-{X-Øn¬ kw`h-_l - p-ea- m-Ipw. C¥y apgp-h≥ D‰p-t\m-°p-∂Xv Unkw_¿ 23\v ]pd-Øp-h-cm-\n-S-bp≈ KpPdmØv sXc-s™-Sp-∏p-^-e-am-Wv. KpP-dmØnse aq∂-ct- °m-Sn-bn-tesd thm´¿am¿ ssIs°m-≈p∂ \ne-]mSv C¥y-bpsS `mhn cmjv { Sobw \n¿W- b n- ° p- s a∂v ]d™m¬ AXn¬sX√pw AXn-i-tbm‡n-bn-√. temIvk-`-bn-te°v CS-°me s]mXp-sX-c-s™-Sp∏v B{K-ln-°p∂ tIm¨{K-kn\v Bfl-hn-izmkw e`n-°W - sa-¶n¬ KpP-dmØns\ _n sP ]n `c-WØn¬ \n∂v tamNn-∏n-°m≥ Ign-b-Ww. KpP-dmØv \nb-ak - `- b - nse 182 ko‰p-If - nte-°p≈ {]Nm-cWw Bcw-`n® L´Øn¬ tIm¨{K- k n\v A{X Bfl 2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

46


dnt∏m¿´v

sshZypXn kpJ-t`m-Kh-kvXp-hm-Ip-tºmƒ t{Imkv k_vknUn ]cn-an-X-s∏-Sp-Øn, sshZypXn Hcp kpJ-t`m-K-h-kvXp-hmbn am‰m-\mWv sshZypXn \nb-ahpw \bhpw DX-Ip-∂-Xv.

JmenZv

P

\-ßsf _m[n-°p∂ c≠p hnjb-߃, sshZyp-Xn-bp-ambn _‘-s∏´v tIc-fØ - n¬ Ign-™b - mgvN N¿®m-hn-jb-am-bn. H∂v, sshZypXn \nc-°p-h¿[-\. c≠v, sshZypXn t_m¿Uns‚ ]p\x-kwL-S-\. t_m¿Uns‚ ÿm\Øv aq∂p Iº-\n-Iƒ cq]-s∏-Sm≥ t]mIp-∂phs{X! \nc-°p-h¿[-\-bpsS Imcyw Xs∂ BZyw ]cn-tim-[n-°mw. Id-≠p-Xo-\n-hy-hkm-bß - ƒ, ssls-S≥j≥ hmWnPy D]tbm-‡m-°ƒ. A\m-Ym-eb - ß - ƒ, hr≤-kZ-\-߃ F∂n-h-bvs°m-s°-bmWv \nc°p-h¿[n-∏n-®X - .v BZysØ c≠p hn`m-K߃°pw bqWn-‰n-\v 50 ss]k-bmWv Iq´n-bX - .v a‰p-≈h - bv°v bqWn-‰n\v ]Øpss]-kh - ®pw. tem sS≥j≥ hmWn-Py-D]-tbm-‡m-°ƒ°pw, IÃw-k,v FIvsskkv, sI Fkv B¿ Sn kn XpS-ßn-bh - b - psS Hm^o-kp-Iƒ°pw bqWn-‰n\v 20 ss]k Ipd-®p. taev]d™ h¿≤-\h - ns\ Bcpw FXn¿Øn-√. A\p-Iq-en-®p-an-√. Ipd-®Xns\ «mLn-®p-an-√. ImcWw Iq´epw Ingn°epw \S-Øn-bn-´p-≈Xv kwÿm\ sshZypXn dKp-te-‰d- n-IΩ - n-j\ - m-W.v IΩnj-\mWv \nc°p \n›-bn-°p-∂-Xns‚ k¿∆m-[n-Im-cn. Kh¨sa‚n\v GsX¶nepw hn`m-KØ - n\v kuP\yw \¬I-Wsa-¶n¬ AXn\v hIp-∏p-≠v, sshZypXn \nb-aØ - n¬. kuP\yw \¬I-Ws - a∂p Xocp-am-\n®v IΩn-js\ Adn-bnbv°Ww. F{X XpI-bpsS kuP-\y-amtWm \¬Ip∂Xv A{Xbpw ap≥Iq-dmbn sshZypXn \¬Ip∂ ÿm]-\sØ Gev]n-°-Ww. k¿°m-cn\v kmº-ØnI _m[y-Xh - c- m-sX Xs∂ A¿l-Xb - p≈, Nne hn`m-Kß - ƒ°v \nc-°n-fhp \¬Im\pw am¿§-ap-≠.v AXn{]-Im-c-am-Wv. Db¿∂ \nc-°p-\¬Im≥ tijn- b p≈ hn`m- K - ß - f n¬ \n∂v , sshZypXn FØn-®p-sIm-Sp-°p∂Xn\p≈ Nne-hn-t\-°mƒ IqSp-X¬ \nc°v CuSm-

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

°p-I. Cf-hp-\¬Ip∂{Xbpw XpI Cßs\ kw`-cn-°W - w. t{Imkv k_vknUn F∂mWn- X ns‚ t]cv. ]s£, tI{µ Kh¨sa‚ns‚ sshZyp-Xn-\n-c°v \bw Cu am¿§-Øn\pw Nne ]cn-anXn G¿s∏-SpØn-°g- n-™p. Hmtcm kwÿm-\s - Øbpw \nc-°v, B kwÿm-\Øp sshZypXn FØn-®p-sIm-Sp-°p∂ icm-icn Nne-hn-t\°mƒ 20% ¬ Gsdtbm Ipdthm BIm≥ ]mSn√ F∂mWv \nc°v \bw ]d-bp-∂X - .v kwÿm\ Kh¨sa‚ v t\cn´p \¬Ip∂ Cf-hn\v Cu \nb-{¥Ww _m[--Ia√. tIc-f-Øn¬ Km¿lnI D]-tbm-‡m°ƒ°pw, Im¿jnI D]- t bm- ‡ m°ƒ°psa√mw \nc-°n-fhp G¿s∏-Sp-Ønbn- c p- ∂ Xv {][m- \ - a mbpw t{Imkv k_vknUn D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øn-bm-Wv. CXns‚ `mcw Xmßn-bn-cp-∂-Xm-Is´ GXm≠v 13 e£-tØmfw hcp∂ hmWnPy-D] - t- bm-‡m-°fpw h≥InS hyh-km-bß-fp-am-W.v CXn¬ alm-`q-cn-]£w hcp∂ hmWnPy D]-tbm-‡m-°ƒ°mWv Ct∏mƒ \nc-°n-fh - p-\¬In-bn-´p-≈X - .v Km¿lnI D]-tbm-‡m-°ƒ°p \nc-°ph¿≤n-∏n®p F∂v Btcm-]n®p ]e ÿeß- f nepw bqØp- t Im¨{K- k p- I m¿ sshZypXn Hm^o-kp-Iƒ Itø-dp-Ib - p-≠m-bn. CXns‚ hkvXpX F¥mWv Fs∂m∂p ]cntim-[n-°mw. Ign™ \nb-ak - `- m-sX-cs- ™Sp-∏n\v sXm´p-ap≥]v A∂sØ sshZypXn a{¥n Bcym-S≥ apl-ΩZv Hcp {]Jym-]\w \S-Øn. t_m¿Up h≥em-`Ø - n-em-W.v AXpsIm≠v Ncn-{X-Øn¬ BZy-ambn sshZypXn \nc°v Ipd-b° v m≥ t]mIp-∂p.! Bcym-S≥ Cßs\ {]Jym-]n-°p-tºmƒ, \nb-aß - fpw hkvXp-XI - f - p-ambn AXn\p s]mcp-Øa- p-≠mbn-cp-∂n-√. t_m¿Up \jvSØ - n¬Xs∂ Bbn-cp-∂p. XpS¿∂pw \jvSa- p-≠m-°p∂ \nc°v Cfhv {]Jym-]n-°p-tºmƒ, B _m≤yX Kh¨sa‚ v Gs‰-Sp-°m≥ Xocp-am-

\-sa-Sp-°mw. A∂sØ [\-a{- ¥n-bm-bn-cp∂ h°w ]pcp-tjm-Øa≥ FXn¿Ø-Xn-s\ØpS¿∂v Kh¨sa‚ v Xocp-am-\a- p-≠m-bn-√. dKpte-‰d- n-IΩ - n-j≥ Acp-Xm-ØX - mWv XpS¿∂p sNbvXX - .v k_vknUn Kh¨sa‚ v \¬Inbn-s√-¶n¬ Cf-hp-Iƒ \S-∏m-°p∂ XobXn apX¬ XncnsI ]nSn-°p-sa∂ hyh-ÿb - n¬ Km¿lnI D]-tbm-‡m-°ƒ°pw hmWn-PyD-]t- bm-‡m-°ƒ°pw bqWn-‰n\v Ccp-]Xv ss]k Cf-h\ - p-hZ- n-®p. Hmtcm sshZypXn _n√pw A∂p apX¬ Xøm-dm-°p-∂Xv Cu hyhÿ {]Xn-^e - n-∏n®p sIm≠m-W.v bp Un F^ns‚ sXc-s™-Sp∏p {]Nm-cW - Øns‚ Iøm-fmbn \nev°p-Ib - m-Wv dKp-te‰dn IΩo-j≥ C°m-cy-Øn¬ sNbvXX - .v bp Un F^v Kh¨sat‚m, Ct∏m-gsØ F¬ Un F^v Kh¨sat‚m t{Imkv k_vknUn hgn e`n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ kuP\y- ß ƒ°p ]pd- t a- b p≈ Cu kuP\yw \¬Im≥ Xøm-dm-bn-√. AXn\m¬ A[n-I`- mcw t]dp∂ hmWn-Py-D] - t- bm‡m-°ƒ°v \nc-°n-fhv A\p-hZ- n® IΩo-j≥ Km¿lnI D]-tbm-‡m-°ƒ°v Cu Ccp-]X - pss]-kb - psS \nc-°n-fhv XpS¿∂-\p-hZ- n-°m≥ Xbm-dm-bn-√. IΩo-js‚ Xocp-am\w sX‰-√. a\p-jys‚ ASn-ÿm-\m-h-iy-ambn amdnb sshZypXn°v \√ \nc-°n-f-hp\¬In-bmWv tIcf-Øn¬ hnev°p-∂X - .v F kn D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-h¿°pw, sshZypXn Zpcp- ] - t bmKw sNøp- ∂ - h ¿°pw B kuP\yw e`n-°p-∂p≠v F∂Xpw Hcp bmYm¿∞y-am-Wv. ho≠pw kuP-\y-߃ \¬Im≥ sshZypXn D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂hcpw A√m-Ø-h-cp-amb s]mXp-P-\-ß-fn¬ \n∂p ]ncn- s ®- S pØ \nIp- X n∏Ww k¿°m¿ \¬I-Ws - a-∂m-hi - y-s∏-Sp-∂Xv {Iqc-X-bm-Wv. bp Un F^v Kh¨sa‚ v sNbvXXv F√m A¿∞-Ønepw h©-\bmWv. GXm≠v 215 tImSn cq]-bmWv \hw_¿ amkw hsc tIcf k¿°m¿ sshZypXn t_m¿Un\v _m≤y-Xh - c - p-Ønsh-®X - .v bqØp-tIm¨{K-kp-Im¿ B{I-ant°-≠Xv (kl-\-k-a-cw) tIm¨{Kkv Hm^o-kp-I-sfbm-bn-cp-∂p; sshZypXn Hm^o-kp-Is - f-b√ - . _n sP ]nbpw tIm¨{Kkpw tN¿∂v ]mkm°n \S-∏m-°n-h-cp∂ sshZypXn \nb-aØ - nsebpw \nc-°p-\bØnsebpw P\-hn-cp-≤k - z-`m-hhpw kº-∂] - £ - ] - m-XnXzhpw ad-®p-h-bv°m-\m-Wv ]e am[y-aßfpw tIc-fØ - nse {]Xn-]£ - hpw {ian°p-∂X - .v t{Imkv k_vknUn ]cn-an-Xs - ∏Sp-Øn, sshZypXn Hcp kpJ-t`m-Kh - k - vXphmbn am‰m-\mWv sshZypXn \nb-ahpw \bhpw DX-Ip-∂X - .v Cu bYm¿∞yw P\ßsf th≠-t]mse a\-kn-em-°p-∂X - nepw AXn-s\-Xnsc i‡-amb {]t£m`w kwL-Sn-∏n-°p-∂-Xnepw CS-Xp-]-£hpw Xosc hnP-bn-®n-´n-√.

47


hni-Ie - \w

ae-∏p-d-Øp-\n∂v tIm´-bØv FØp-tºmƒ ˛ 4

hn`m-Ko-b-Xbpw Bi-b-]-c-amb tNcn-Xn-cn-hp-Ifpw ""sXmgn-em-fn-h¿KØn-s\mcp kao-]\ coXn-bp-≠v. B kao-]\ coXn°p ]Icw \nß-ƒ _q¿jzm-kn-bpsS kao-]\ coXn-bmWv Ign™ Ipsd h¿j-ß-fmbn FSp-Øp-h-∂n-´p-≈-Xv.... Ah-km-\-ambn t]mbn-t∏mbn \nßfpw Iayq-Wn-ksØ FXn¿°p-∂-hcpw XΩn¬ bmsXmcp hyXym-khpw tXm∂mØ hn[-Øn¬, \n߃ hgn-sX-‰n-t∏m-I-cp-sXt∂ F\ns°mc-t]-£-bp≈q.'' ˛F sI Pn

Acp¨ kn Fkv

B

dv h¿jw apºv IÆq¿ kwÿm\ ktΩ-f\w \S-°p-tºmƒ ]m¿´n-bnse hn`m-Ko-bX c≠p Pn√-If - n¬ am{X-am-bn-cp-∂p. ae-∏pdw kwÿm\ ktΩ-f-\-Øn-se-Øn-b-t∏mƒ CXv Ggv Pn√- I - f n- t e°p hym]n- ® p. tIm´bw kwÿm\ ktΩ-f\ - a- m-Ip-tºmƒ CXv 14 Pn√-Is - fbpw {Kkn-®ncn-°p-Ib - m-W.v hn`mKo-bX - b - psS emRvO\ - s - b-¶n-ep-an-√mØ H‰ {_m©v ktΩ-f-\tam tem°¬ ˛ Gcnbm ktΩ- f - \ tam tIc- f - Ø n¬ ]sØm-ºXmw tIm¨{K-kns‚ apt∂m-Snbmbn \S∂n-´n√ F∂-Xm-Wv kXyw. `mchm-ln-Isf sXc-s™-Sp-°p-∂X - v thms´Sp-∏n-eqsS BtWm F∂Xv am\-Zfiam°n IW-°p-Iq-´m-hp-∂X - √ hn`m-Ko-bX - bpsS tXmXv. thms´-Sp∏v am{X-amsW¶n¬ ]Xn-s\´mw tIm¨{Kkv \S-∂t- ∏mƒ Ggv Pn√-I-fn¬ hn`m-Ko-b-X-bp-s≠∂ Is≠Ø-en¬ A¿Y-an-√. ]pXnb `mc-hm-lnIsf sXc-s™-Sp-°p-∂X - n¬ GII-WvTambn ]m\¬ AwKo-I-cn-®bn-S-ß-fnepw

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

hn`m-Ko-b-X-bpsS I\-ep-Iƒ Dan-Øot]mse Fcn-bp-∂-Xns‚ F{X thW-sa¶nepw DZm-l-c-W-߃ \nc-Øm-\m-Ipw. amXr-Im-]-c-sa∂v ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ hnti-jn-∏n-°p∂ tIm´bw Pn√m ktΩf\w t]mepw hn`m-Ko-b-X-bn¬ apßn°pfn-®mWv \nev°p-∂X - v. Pn√m-IΩ - n‰n AwKß-fp-sSbpw kwÿm\ ktΩ-f\ {]Xn-\n[n-If - p-sSbpw ]´nI ]cn-tim-[n-®m¬ AXv t_m[y-am-Ipw. tIc-f-Ønse aq∂ce-£-tØmfw ]m¿´n AwK-߃ ct≠m aqt∂m tNcn-Ifmbn ]nf¿∂p-\n¬°p-∂p-sh-∂-XmWv bmYm¿Yyw. H∂v, ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ t\XrXzw \¬Ip∂ HutZym-KnI tNcn, c≠v hn Fkv ANyp-Xm-\-µ≥ t\XrXzw \¬Ip∂ FXn¿tN-cn, aq∂v c≠nepw ]q¿W-ambn `mK-`m-°m-sX-\n¬°p∂ tNcn. aq∂m-asØ tNcn FsX-¶nepw t\Xm-hn-s‚tbm {Kq∏n-s‚tbm A[o-\Øn-e√ - m-ØX - p-sIm≠v Ah¿ hfsc \yq\]£amWv. ]Xn-s\´mw tIm¨{Kkv Cu

{]h-WX - sb C{]-Im-ca- mWv hne-bn-cp-ØnbXv: ""tIc-fØ - n¬ Zo¿L-Im-ea- mbn hn`mKo-bX - b - psS A¥-co£w \ne-\n¬°p-∂Xn-\m¬ hn`m-Kob Nmbvhp-I-fn¬ \n∂v ]pd-Øp-IS- ° - m≥ kJm-°ƒ hnj-an-°p-Ibm-Wv. Ah-cn¬ Nne¿ _q¿jzm-]m¿´n-Ifnse AwK-ßs - f-t∏mse s]cp-am-dp-∂p.'' F{X kXy-k-‘amb hne-bn-cp-ج. Cu tNcn-Isfsb√mw H‰°pS-°o-gn¬ \ne-\n¿Øm-\p≈ G‰hpw t¢i-Ic- a- mb {]h¿Ø-\a- mWv ]m¿´n tI{µt\XrXzw ]sØm-º-Xmw tIm¨{K-kn¬ t\cn-Sp∂Xv. kn ]n sF Fw cq]w sIm≠-tijw kwL-S-\m-cw-KØv t\cn-Sp∂ G‰hpw henb sh√p-hn-fn-bm-Wn-Xv. tIm´bw kwÿm\ ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ thms´-Sp-∏n√msX ka-hmb-Øn-eqsS Hcp ]m\¬ AwKo-I-cn-®mepw AX-√, P\m-[n-]Xy coXn-bn¬ thms´-Sp-∏n-eqsS ]pXnb kwÿm\ IΩn- ‰ nsb Xnc- s ™- S pØmepw tIc-f-Øn¬ bYm¿Y IayqWnÃv ]m¿´n sI´n-∏-Sp-°m≥ Gsd kab-sa-Sp-°pw F∂-XmWv bmYm¿Yyw. D≠m-bn-cp∂ tdmUp-Iƒ {]Xn-Iqe Imemhÿ ImcWw XI¿∂p Xcn-∏-W-am-b ÿe-ßf - n¬ ]pXnb tdmUv Xs∂ \n¿ant°≠ Ah-ÿt- ]m-se-bmWv C\n tIcf-Øn¬ bYm¿Y Iayq-WnÃv ]m¿´n sI´n∏-Sp-°¬. ]m¿´n-bpsS Hcp Iq‰≥ Aÿn ]RvPc - a- mWv Ah-ti-jn-°p-∂X - v. AXn\p- ≈ nse a÷- tcmK{Kÿ- a mbn Po¿Wn®p sIm≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. ]e Ah-b-h-ßfpw Zp¿K‘w han-°p∂ ÿnXn-bn-epw. tIc-f-Ønse hn`m-Ko-b-X°v H∂c ∏Xn-‰m-≠n-tesd ]g-°a- p-s≠-¶nepw AXv _oPm-hm]w sNbvX L´Øn-ep≈ cq]`m-hß - f - √ - , C∂p-≈X - v. C∂v Bib]cambn c≠v tNcn-If - mbn AXv aq¿Ø cq]w ssIs°m-≠n-cn-°p-Ib - m-W.v \ne-hn-ep≈ t\Xr-Xz-Øn-\mWv Dƒ]m¿´n Bi-b-ka- c - Ø n¬ ]m¿´n kwL- S \- b n¬ Ft∏mgpw ta¬ss°bv e`n-°p-I. tIc-fØnse Ct∏m-gsØ ÿnXn AXn\v A]hmZ-a-√. 1964¬ Ahn-`‡ Iayq-WnÃv ]m¿´n c≠mbn ]nf¿∂-t∏mgpw C¥ybnemsIbpw tIc-fØ - n¬ {]tXy-In®pw I≠ ÿnXnbpw adn-®-√. ]m¿´n-bpsS tI{µ sk{I-´d- n-b‰- n¬ \n∂v CS-Xp-tNcn apgp-h≥ cmPn-sh-®n´pw P\-d¬ sk{I-´dn ÿm\w hln-®n-cp∂ C Fw Fkv B ÿm\w Hgn-™n´pw tI{µ Iu¨knen¬ tbmK-Øn¬ \n∂v tIc-f-Ønse Ggv t]c-S°w 32 AwK-߃ Cd-ßn-t∏m∂n´pw HutZym- K nI t\Xr- X z- Ø n\v bmsXmcp Iqk- e p- a p- ≠ m- b n- c p∂n√. ImcWw F√m IΩn-‰n-If - nepw `qcn-]£w

48


H∏-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Dcp-°p-t]m-ep≈ ]m¿´n A®-S°w Db¿Øn-°m-´n CsX√mw AhK-Wn-®p-X-≈m≥ HutZym-KnI t\Xr-XzØn\v Ign-™n-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ X¿° {]iv\-߃ P\-ß-fn-¬ FØn-b-t∏mƒ ÿnXn amdn. tIcfaS-°a- p≈ kwÿm-\ß-fn¬ HutZym-KnI t\Xr-Xz-Øns‚ kzm[o\w AXo-hi - qjvIambn. A®-S° ewL- I ¿ F∂v ap{Z- b - S n- ° - s ∏- ´ - h ¿ bYm¿Y Iayq-Wn-Ãp-If - m-sW∂v P\-߃ AwKoI-cn-®p. tIc-f-Ønse ]m¿´n-bpsS HutZymKnI t\XrXzw ssIs°m-≈p∂ \b-kao-]\ - ß - fpw kwL-S\m Xocp-am-\ß - fpw ]m¿´n-bpsS tI{µ t\XrXzw \nc-¥cw Xncp-Øn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xn¬ \n∂p-Xs∂, Cu hn`m-KsØ hn`m-Ko-b-X-°-XoX-ambn tI{µ t\XrXzw ImWp-∂n-s√∂Xp hy‡-am-Wv. he-Xp-]£ Bi-b߃ ]m¿´n-bn¬ IS-Øp∂ HutZym-KnI hn`m-Khpw AXns\ sNdp-°m≥ {ian°p∂ CSXp hn`m-Khpw G‰-°p-d® - n-temsS-bm-sW-¶nepw, hn`m-Ko-bX - b - psS ImcyØn¬ Htct]mse ]¶m-fn-If - m-sW-∂mWv tI{µ t\Xr-Xz-Øns‚ hne-bn-cp-ج. F∂m¬, tIc-f-Ønse HutZym-KnI t\XrXzw ]m¿´n AWn-Iƒ°v \¬Ip∂ ktµiw adn-®m-Wv. ]m¿´n A®-S°w ewLn-°m\pw ]m¿´n-°-Xo-X-cm-Im\pw HutZym- K nI t\Xr- X zsØ FXn¿ °p∂h¿ {ian-°p∂p-sh-∂m-Wv. ]m¿´n IogvLS- I - ß - ƒ°p≈ dnt∏m¿´nßv {]{Inb-bn¬ HutZym-KnI t\XrXzw \nc-¥cw \S-Øp∂ {]Nm-c-Whpw Cu e£yw sh®p-≈-Xm-Wv. IogvL-S-I-ß-fn-te°v dnt∏m¿´nwKn\v \ntbm-Kn-°s - ∏-Sp-∂h - c- n¬ alm-`q-cn-]£ - hpw HutZym-KnI t\Xr-XzØns‚ hnizkvX hnt[-b-cm-b-Xn-\m¬ Ah¿ B{K-ln-°p∂hn[w ]m¿´n AwKß-fpsS akvXnjvI {]£mf\w \S-ØpIbpw sNømw. icn-bmb cmjv{Sob \b-ka- o-]\ - ß - ƒ apdpsI∏nSn-°p∂ CS-Xp-]£ tNcn F¥psIm≠v kwL-S\ - m-Xe - Ø - n¬ km¿∆-{XnI-ambn ap≥ssI t\Sp-∂n-√ F∂ tNmZyw {]k-‡-am-Wv. ]m¿´n-bnse CSXp tNcn apdpsI∏nSn-°p∂ Bi-bß - ƒ°v s]mXp kaq-lØ - n¬ A`q-X] - q¿∆-amb ]n¥pW e`n-°sh Xs∂ ]m¿´n-°p-≈n¬ B tNcn°v AtX tXmXn¬ ]n≥_ew e`n°msX hcp-∂Xv F¥p-sIm-≠m-sW-∂Xv ]T-\m¿l-amb hnj-ba- m-W.v Ncn-{X-Øn\v hntcm-[m-`m-kß - t- fm-Sp≈ aa-Xt- ]m-se-bmW-Xv. ]m¿´n-bpsS {]Xn-NvOm-b°v \nc¥cw If- ¶ - a p- ≠ m- ° p∂hsc- t ∏mepw ]m¿´n-bn¬ \n∂v XqsØ-dnbm≥ IgnbmsX hcp∂ kml-Ncyw Hcp Iayq-WnÃv ]m¿´n- b n¬ Fßns\ D≠m- I p∂p?

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

_q¿jzm ]m¿´n-I-sf-t∏mepw \mWn-∏n°p∂ Btcm-]W - ß - ƒ°v Cc-bm-Ip-∂h - ¿ Iayq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-bn¬ Fßns\ kwc£n-°s - ∏-Sp∂p? tIc-fØ - n-setbm C¥ybn-sesbm Iayq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-bpsS Ncn{X-Øn¬ tI´p-tIƒhn-t]mepw C√mØ kw`-hß - f - m-Wn-X.v Ahn-`‡ Iayq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-bn¬, CØcw Btcm-]-W-߃ Db¿∂ L´-Øn¬ P\m-[n-]Xy coXn-bnep≈ ]cn-lmcw Is≠-Øm≥ Ign-bmsX h∂-t∏m-gmWv ]m¿´n Xs∂ c≠m-b-Xv. (AXv ]n∂oSv hni-Zo-Ic - n-°mw) tIc-fØ - nse s]mXp kaq-lØ - ns‚ hnImcw ]m¿´n-bn¬ {]Xn-^-en-°m-sXt]m-Ip-∂-Xns‚ {][m\ ImcWw GXp Iayq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-°pw Poh-hm-bp-hmb "P\m-[n]Xy tI{µo-Ic- Ww' tIc-fØ - nse ]m¿´n-bn¬ £bn-®p-hc- p-∂p-sh-∂X - p-sIm≠m-Wv. `qcn-]£Øn\v \yq\-]£w IogS-ß-W-sa∂ P\m-[n-]Xy tI{µo-I-c-WXXzw BWv temI-sØ-hn-sSbpw IayqWnÃv ]m¿´n-Iƒ apdpsI ]nSn-°p-∂-Xv. Iayq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-If - n¬ A®S°w F∂Xp-sIm≠v Dt±-in-°p-∂-Xv, ]m¿´n-bn¬ N¿® sNøp-∂s- Xm∂pw ]pdØp ]d-™pIqSm F∂Xv am{X-a√; {]Xy-bi - m-k{v X-]c-amb A®-S° - a- m-W.v "P\m-[n-]Xy tI{µoI-cWw' F√m A¿Y-Ønepw \ne-\n∂mte {]Xybimkv{X-]-c-amb A®-S°hpw D≠m-Iq. F∂m¬ ""P\m-[n-]Xy tI{µo- I - c - W - Ø ns‚ Ct∏m- g sØ Ahÿ- sX√pw Xr]v X n- I - c - a - s √∂v kwÿm\ IΩn-‰n-I-fn¬ \S-Ønb Ahtem-I\w hy‡-am-°p-∂-Xmbn ]Xns\´mw ]m¿´n tIm¨{Kkv Xs∂ Xpd∂p kΩ-Xn-®n-´p-≠v. (]Xn-s\´mw ]m¿´n tIm¨{Kkv tcJ-Iƒ) Iayq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-bpsS khn-ti-jamb kwLS\m cq]hpw ]m¿´n AwK-ßfpsS cmjv{Sob t_m[\ne-hm-chpw IqSn a\- n- e m- ° n- b mse s]mXp kaq- l Øns‚ hnIm-cß - ƒ AtX tXmXn¬ Nnet∏mƒ ]m¿´n-°p-≈n¬ {]Xn-^-en-®p-ImWm-ØX - ns‚ ImcWw hy‡-am-Iq. "P\m[n-]Xy tI{µo-Ic- W - Ø - ns‚' \ne ]m¿´nbn¬ Xr]vXn-I-c-a-s√∂ \nK-a-\-Øn-seØm≥ \n¿_‘n-X-am-°nb Zu¿_-ey߃ ]Xn-s\´mw ]m¿´n tIm¨{Kkv tcJ-bn¬ Xs∂ FÆn FÆn-∏-d-bp-∂p≠v. Fs¥m-s°bmWh. 1. Xmsg\n-∂p≈ hna¿i-\-ßsf t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°m-Xn-cn-°¬ 2. {Kq∏v B`n-ap-Jy-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm\-Øn¬ Bfp-Isf Xnc-s™-Sp-°¬. 3. ]m¿´n-bnse kwL-S-\m-]-c-hpw cmjv{So-b-hpam-b Xmgv∂ t_m[-Øn¬ \n∂v IΩ‰n sXc-s™-Sp∏v thf-bn¬ apXse-Sp-°¬.

4. hn`m-Ko-bX - ° - mbn kz¥w A\p-Iqen- I sf k÷- a m- ° p- ∂ - X n- \ p- t h≠n Atbm-Ky-cmb Bfp-Isf ]m¿´n-bn-te°v dn{Iq´v sNø¬. (]Xn-s\´mw ]m¿´n tIm¨{Kkv tcJ-Iƒ) CØcw h≥Zu¿_-ey-߃ {Kkn-®ncn-°p∂ ]m¿´n IΩn-‰n-If - n¬ Htc-t]mse s]mXp kaq-l-Øns‚ hnImcw {]Xn-^en-°p-sa∂v Fßns\ {]Xo-£n-°m-\mIpw. hn`m-Ko-b-X-bpsS `mK-ambn Hmtcm IΩ-‰n-Iƒ Iø-S° - n-bh - ¿ XpS¿∂pw AtX ho£W tImWn-eqsS Xs∂ s]mXp kaq-l-Ønse hnj-b-߃ t\m°n-°mWp-∂p-sh-∂X - mWv C∂sØ Zu¿_-eyØns‚ khn-ti-jX - . CXns\ apdn-®p-IS- °m≥ {ian-°p-∂h - c- m-Is´ ISpØ A®-S°-\S- ] - S- nt°m ]I-t]m-°e - nt\m Cc-bmIp-∂p. Bbn-c° - W - ° - n\v {]h¿Ø-Ic-mWv Ign™ aq∂v h¿j-Øn¬ A®-S° - \ - S- ] - Sn-Iƒ°v Cc-bm-bn-´p-≈-Xv. CXp-sIm≠v Xs∂ A®-S° - \ - S- ] - S- n°v Cc-bm-bh - ¿°v ap≥Im-e-ß-fn¬ \n∂v hyXy-kvX-ambn s]mXp-k-aq-l-Ønse ]m¿´n A\p-`m-hnI-fpsS BZ-chpw AwKo-Im-chpw C∂p e`n-°p∂p. tIc-f-Ønse ]m¿´n AwK-ß-fpsS KpW-\n-ehm-cw kw_-‘n®v ]Xn-s\´mw tIm¨{Kkv Fßns\ hne-bn-cp-Øn-bn-cn°p-∂p-sh-∂Xpw CtXm-sSm∏w tN¿Øphm-bn-°-Ww. samØw AwK-ß-fn¬ 20 iX-am-\t- Ømfw 25 hb- n¬ Xmsg {]mbap-≈-hcm-Wv. 50 hb- n¬ Xmsg D≈-hcm-Is´ 83 iX-am-\t- Ømfw hcpw. CXn¬ ap°m¬ ]¶pw Ign™ 15 h¿j-Øn-\p≈n¬ am{Xw ]m¿´n-bn¬ AwK-ßf - m-bh - cm-W.v cmjv{So-ba- mbpw {]Xy-bi - m-k{v X-]c-ambpw kwL-S-\m-]-c-ambpw icn-bmb hnZym-`ymkw e`n-°m-Ø-h-cmWv Cu alm-`q-cn-]£w. hn`m-Ko-bX sImSn-Ip-Ønhm-gp∂ Hcp ]m¿´n-bn¬ ]Xn-s\´mw tIm¨{Kkv Nq≠n-°m-´n-b-Xp-t]mse ""hn`m-Ko-tbm-t±-iy-߃°mbn Ch-cpsS ]n¥pWt\Sm≥ Ch-cpsS sX‰p-Iƒ°v tv \sc IÆ-S° - pItbm'', ""{Kq∏v ASn-ÿm\-Øn¬ Ch¿°v ÿm\-am-\ß - ƒ \¬In Xr]vXn-s∏-Sp-Øp-Itbm'' sNbvXm¬ aXn. tam¥mbw Xs∂ hf-™m¬ ]ns∂ Igp-t°m-ep-If - psS ÿnXn ]d-tb-≠X - n√ t√m. Nne kwÿm\ sk{I-´d- n-am¿ AanXm- [ n- I mc tI{µ- ß - f m- I p- ∂ - X ns‚ B]Øv ]Xn-s\´mw tIm¨{Kkv Nq≠n°m-´n-bXv C{]-Im-ca- mWv: ""hnhn[ hnj-b-ßsf kw_-‘n®v sk{I´dn F∂ \ne-bn¬ X߃°p≈ Bi-b-߃ \S-∏n-em-°-s∏-S-W-sa∂pw a‰v AwK-ßf - psS A`n-{]m-bß - ƒ°p-ta¬ HcpXcw hot‰m A[n-Imcw X߃°p-s≠∂pap≈ sX‰mb [mcW Nne kwÿm\

49


sk{I-´d- n-am¿°p-≠.v '' (]m¿´n ]Xn-s\´mw ]m¿´n tIm¨{Kkv tcJIƒ t]Pv 137). tIcf kwÿm\ sk{I-´d- n-bpsS e£W-samØ cq]w Xs∂-bmWv ]m¿´n tIm¨{Kkv tcJ-bnepw sXfn™p ImWp-∂X - .v icn-bmb cmjv{Sob sse\n¬ AwKß-sfbpw LS-I-ß-sfbpw Dd-∏n®p \n¿Ø-Ws - a-¶n¬ ]m¿´n-bn¬ _lp-`q-cn]- £ - Ø n\pw CXns\ kw_- ‘ - n ® cmjv{Sob hnZym-`ymkw thWw. F∂m¬ alm-`q-cn-]£w AwK-ßfpw kao-]I - m-eØp-am{Xw ]m¿´n-bn¬ {]th-in-®h - s - c∂ \ne°v Ah¿°v CXn-\p≈ Ah-kcw e`n-®n-´n-√. AwK-߃°v XpS¿®-bmbpw Nn´-bmbpw cmjv{Sob hnZym-`ymkw \¬Im-\p≈ kwhn-[m-\tam Pm{K-Xtbm C∂n-√-Xm-\pw. tIm¨{Ktkm _n sP ]ntbm {]h¿Øn-°p-∂X - p-t]msebmWv kn ]n sF FΩpw F∂ [mc-W-bmWv `qcn-]-£-Øn\pw D≈-Xv. ]Xn-s\´mw ]m¿´n tIm¨{Kkv Cu Zu¿_-ey-߃ Nq≠n-°m-´n-bn-´p≠v: ""C¥y≥ hnπ- h - s Ø- ° p- d n- ® p≈ ]m¿´n-bpsS ASn-ÿm\ [mc-Wsb kw_-‘n®pw P\-Iob P\m-[n-]Xy ap∂-Wn-bn¬ AWn-\n-cØ - s - ∏-tS-≠X - mbp≈ h¿K-ß-sfbpw hnhn[ P\-hn-`mK-ßs - fbpw Ipdn®pw ]m¿´n-bpsS Ct∏mgsØ AS-hns\°p-dn®pw ]m¿´n-bn¬ ]pXp- X mbn tN¿∂- h - c n¬ At\Iw t]¿°pw Adn-bn-√. ]m¿´n AwK-ßf - n¬ KWy-am-sbmcp hn`m-KØ - n\v sshcp-[ymXvaI `uXn-Ih - m-ZsØ°pdn®v aXn-bmb [mc-Wb - n-√. B kao-]\w {]mtbm-Kn-Iam-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ Ign-hp-an-√. kmaqly kΩ¿Z-Øns‚ t]cn¬ At\Iw kJm°ƒ Aim-k{v Xo-bhpw hn⁄m-\h - n-cp-≤hp-amb coXn-Iƒ ]n¥p-S-cp-∂p. Xmgv∂ {]Xyb imkv{X \ne-hmcw ImcWw Cu {]h-W-X-Iƒs°-Xnsc t]mcm-tS-≠Xns‚ Bhiyw Ah-KW - n-°s - ∏-Sp-∂p.'' (]Xn-s\´mw ]m¿´n tIm¨{Kkv tcJIƒ t]Pv 145-˛146) ]m¿´n Xs∂ Xpd∂p kΩ-Xn-°p∂ Cu Zu¿_-ey-߃ alm-`q-cn-]£w AwK- ß - f nepw \ne- \ n¬°p- t ºmƒ am¿Ivknkw-˛-se-\n-\n-k-Øn\p \nc°mØ {]h-W-X-Iƒ ]m¿´n-bn¬ \pg™p-I-b-dp-Ibpw Cu AwK-ß-fn¬ kzm[o\w sNep-Øp-Ibpw sNøpw. B \ne°v F¥p-sIm≠v CS-Xp-]£ tNcnbpsS icn-bmb cmjv{Sob sse\n\v km¿∆- { Xn- I - a mb ta¬ss°bv ]m¿´n°p≈n¬ e`n-°p-∂n√ F∂Xv B cmjv{Sob sse\ns‚ tIm´-ambn hne-bn-

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

cp-Øm-hp-∂X - √ - . XI-cmdv ]m¿´n-°p-≈n¬ Xs∂-bm-W.v Xo£vWa- mb Dƒ∏m¿´n kac-ßf - n-eqsStb CXns\ apdn-®p-IS- ° - m-\mIq. tIc-f-Ønse ]m¿´n C∂p km£yw hln-°p-∂Xpw Cu Dƒ∏m¿´n ka-cØ - n-\mWv. AXp-sIm-≠mWv CXns‚ `mK-ambn GsX-¶nepw hn`m-K-Øns\ ]m¿´n-bn¬ \n∂v D∑q-e\w sNøm-\p≈ \o°w A\ph- Z n- ° p- I - b n- s √∂v s]mfn‰v _yqtdm Bh¿Øn®p ap∂-dn-bn∏p \¬Ip-∂-Xv. Be-∏p-g, Xriq¿ Pn√-bnse \mep t\Xm°ƒs°-Xnsc kwÿm\ sk{I-´d- n-b‰pw kwÿm\ IΩn-‰nbpw kzoI-cn® A®-S° - \-S] - S- n-Iƒ d±m-°p-Ibpw Ah¿°v ]m¿´n AwKXzw ]n _n ]p\xÿm]n-°p-Ibpw sNbvX-XmWv CXns‚ G‰hpw HSp-hnesØ DZm-lc - W - w. tIc-f-Ønse kn ]n sF FΩn¬ kao] Ime-Øp-≠mb hn`m-Kob tNcn-Xncn-hp-Iƒ aq¿—n-∏n-®X - n¬ G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ kw`m-h\ sNbvXn-´p-≈Xv hn`m-Ko-bX C√mbva sNøm-s\∂ t]cn¬ X´n-°q-´nb At\z-jW IΩo-j-\p-Iƒ BsW∂v kq£va-ambn ]cn-tim-[n-®m¬ ImWmw. ]m¿´nsb sFIy-s∏-Sp-ØpI F∂Xv Cu At\z-jW IΩo-j-\p-I-fpsS Nn¥-bn¬ hnZq-ca- m-bn-t∏mepw IS-∂p-hc- m-Xn-cp-∂X - mWv ]m¿´n-bnse hn`m-Ko-b-X-bpsS hym]-\Øn\v hgn-sbm-cp-°n-bs- X∂p ImWmw. ae∏pdw kwÿm\ ktΩ-f-\-Øn-\p-ti-jamWv tIc-fØ - nse ]m¿´n-bn¬ C{X-tbsd At\z-jW IΩo-j\ - p-Iƒ \ntbm-Kn-°s- ∏´-Xv. AXm-I-s´, Hs∂m-gn-bmsX hn`mKobhpam-bn-cp-∂p. tIc-fØ - nse aq∂-ce - £-tØmfw ]m¿´n AwK-ßsf sFIy-s∏Sp-Øn-\n¿Øn tNcn-t∏m-cp-Iƒ C√mbva sNøpIb√ ]pXnb ]pXnb kwL¿j߃°v C‘\w ]I-cp-I-bmWv Cu At\z-jW IΩo-j-\p-Iƒ Hmtcm∂pw sNbvXp Iq´n-b-Xv. Bsc-sbms° in£n°-Ww, F¥p in£-sIm-Sp-°Ww F∂v ap≥Iq´n \n›-bn-®mWv At\z-jW IΩoj-\p-Iƒ \ntbm-Kn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. CXn¬ GsX-¶nepw At\z-jWw kXy-k‘ - a- m-bncp-s∂-¶n¬, ]m¿´n-tbm-Sp≈ BZ-c-hns‚bpw Iqdn-s‚bpw IWn-Is - b-¶nepw Cu IΩo-j≥ AwK-ß-fn¬ Ah-ti-jn-®n-cps∂-¶n¬ tIc-fØ - nse ]m¿´n C{X cq£amb {]Xn-k‘ - n-bn-te°v FSp-sØ-dn-bs- ∏Sp-Ib - n-s√∂v \njv]£ - a- mbn ÿnXn KXnI-ƒ hne-bn-cp-Øp∂ B¿°pw t_m[y-amhpw. sXm´-Xn\pw ]nSn-®X - n-\p-sa√mw At\zjW IΩo-j\ - p-Isf \ntbm-Kn-°p-tºmƒ Xs∂, ]m¿´n-bpsS {]Xn-—m-b°v Hcp ImeØpw C√mØ If-¶a- p-≠m-°p-∂- Hcp

hn`mKw t\Xm-°-∑m-cpsS t]cn¬ Dbcp∂ Kpcp-X-c-amb Btcm-]-W-ß-sf-°pdn®v ]cn-tim-[n-°m≥ Hcp At\z-jW - hpw C√. CXp-Xs∂bmbn-cp∂p Ahn-`‡ Iayq- W nÃv ]m¿´n ]nf¿∏n- t e°p \oßnb L´-Øn-sebpw ÿnXn. tIc-fØn¬ kao-]-Im-eØv G‰hpw hnhm-Z-apb¿Øn-b-Xm-Wv, tem´dn cmPmhv km‚nbmtKm am¿´n-\n¬ \n∂v kwÿm\ sk{I-´dntb‰nepw tI{µ-I-Ωn‰nbnepw AwK-amb C ]n Pb-cm-P≥ c≠p-tImSn cq] ssI°-em-°n-bXpw enkv Nmt°mbn¬ \n∂v ]m¿´n-bw-Khpw ]m¿´n apJ-]{X-Øns‚ sU]yq´n P\-d¬ amt\-P-cpamb sI thWp-tKm-]m¬ Hcp-tImSn cq] tImg hmßn-bX - p-amb kw`-hß - ƒ. BZy kw`-h-Øn¬ ]Ww Xncn-®p-sIm-Sp-°m≥ Xocp-am-\n®p HXp-°n-Øo¿Øp. c≠masØ kw`-h-Øn¬ sI thWp-tKm-]mens\ ]pd-Øm°n Ah-km-\n-∏n-®p. c≠p kw`-hß - f - nepw GsX-¶nepw IΩ‰n Fs¥¶nepw At\z-jWw \S-Ønbn√. At\zj-W-Øn-te°v \oßn-bm¬ Cu coXnbn¬ Ah-km-\n-∏n-°m-\m-In-√. ]e-cpsSbpw apJwaqSn-Iƒ No¥-s∏-Spw. sI thWp-tKm-]m-en\v e`n® Hcp tImSn cq]bpsS ]¶v B¿s°ms° In´n F∂pw CtX enkv Nmt°m-bn¬ \n∂v t\csØ Xriq¿ ]m¿´n Hm^o-knepw a‰pw sh®v hmßnb e£-߃ F¥n\v hn\n-tbmKn®p F∂pw ]pd-Øp-h-∂mtem? C ]n Pb-cm-P≥ hmßnb c≠p-tImSn cq] H‰s∏´Xs√∂pw km‚n-bmtKm am¿´n-\n¬ \n∂p-Xs∂ t\csØ ssIam-dnb e£ßƒ F¥p-sN-bX v p-sh∂pw At\z-jW - w \S-Øn-bm¬ ]pd-Øp-h-∂mtem? C ]n Pb-cm-P≥ P\-d¬ amt\-P¿ Bb tijw Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cØv ]©m_v \mj-W¬ _m¶v A°u-≠n¬ e`n® Bdv tImSn-bntesd cq]-bpsS ]q¿W Nn{Xw ]pd-Ømbm¬ Cu ]m¿´n-bn¬ \qdv ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥am¿ hnNm-cn-®mepw Pb-cm-P\v \n¬°-°≈ - n-bp-≠m-In-√. sI thWp-tKm-]m-ens\ Idn-th-∏n-et]mse FSp-Øp-I-f-™-Xp-t]mse Pbcm- P - s ‚bpw cmjv { Sob `mhnbpw AtXmsS Ah-km-\n-°pw. Cu ]Ww \¬In-bh - c - p-ambn Pb-cm-P\ - p≈ _‘w ]pd-Øp-hc- m-Xn-cn-°W - s- a-¶n¬ Hcp At\zj-Whpw \S-Øm-Xn-cn-°W - w. Pb-cm-P≥ Npcp-ßnb Imew sIm≠v- ssIam-dn-bX - pt]mse e£-ßfpw tImSn-Ifpw tIc-fØnse Hcp cmjv{Sob t\Xmhpw, F¥n\v sI Icp-Wm-I-ct\m, DΩ≥ Nm≠n-tbm, Ip™m-en-°p-´ntbm t]m-epw, Ah-cpsS cmjv{Sob PohnXw apgp-h≥ FSp-Ømepw

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AΩm-\-am-Sn-bn-´p-≠m-In-√. CsXm∂pw ]m¿´n- b psS Hcp LS- I - Ø n- s ‚bpw AdnthmsStbm kΩ- X tØmsStbm sNbvXX - p-a√ - . Xriq-cnse {]apJ hkv{Xhym- ] mc ÿm]- \ - Ø ns‚ DS- a - b psS A°u-≠n¬ ]m¿´n ]{X-Øns‚ A°u≠n¬ \n∂v 30 e£w cq] Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - pcsØ F®v Un F^v kn {_m©n¬ \n∂v ssIam-dn-bXv hkv{X hym]m-cØn¬ GsX-¶nepw t\Xm-hn\v ]¶p-≈X - psIm-≠mtWm? CsX√mw At\z-jW IΩo-js\ \nb-an-®m¬ ]pd-Øp-h-t∂°mw. At∏mƒ Ffp-∏-am¿Kw At\zjWw ths≠∂p Xocp-am-\n-°-em-Wv. am{X-hp-a√ kwÿm\ IΩn‰n AwKw am{X-amb ]n Pb-cm-Ps\ Xs∂ P\-d¬ amt\-P¿ ]Z-hn-bn¬ Ah-tcm-[n-®t- XmsS ]m¿´n ]{Xw ad-bm°n \S-Ønb Cu CS]m-sS√mw XXv°mew `{Z-am-bn aqSnshbv°mw. ]m¿´n sk{I-´d- n-b‰- n¬ ]m¿´n ]{X-Øns‚ P\-d¬ amt\-P¿ BIm≥ tbmKy-Xb - p-≈h - ¿, IÆq¿°m-cn¬ Xs∂ D≠m-bn-´pw, AsXm∂pw B{i-bn-°msX ]n Pb-cm-P≥ F∂ kwÿm\ IΩn‰n AwK-Øns\ Cu Npa-Xe G¬]n-°-Wsa∂ imTyw F¥p-sIm-≠m-bn-cp-∂p? ]n Icp-Wm-Ic- ≥ Hcp hym-gh-´° - m-eØ - n-tesd ]m¿´n ]{X-Øns‚ P\-d¬ amt\-Pc - mbn {]h¿Øn® ]mc-ºcyap≈-bm-Wv. C ]n Pb-cm-Ps‚ Hgn-hn¬ F¥p-sIm≠v ]n Icp-Wm-I-cs\ ]cn-K-Wn-®n-√. IÆq¿ kztZ-in-bmb Fw hn tKmhn-µ-\m-Is´ ]m¿´n sk{I-´-dn-b‰v AwK-am-sW-¶nepw Imcy-amb a‰p Npa-Xe - s- bm-∂p-an-√. tKmhnµ-s\bpw ]cn-KW - n-®n-√. F¥p-sIm≠v? C ]n Pb-cm-P≥ \S-Ønb I≈-°fnIƒ ]q¿W-hn-t[-bX - z-Øn¬ \¬°p∂ Hcm-f√msX a‰mcpw Adn-bc- p-Xv. kn ]n sF (Fw) kwÿm\ sk{I´-dn-b‰- nepw kwÿm\ IΩn-‰n-bnepw C ]n Pb-cm-Ps‚ clky CS]m-Sp-Isf kw_‘n®v AXn-cq-£-amb hna¿i-\-߃ Db¿∂-t∏mgpw Hcp At\z-j-W-Øn\pw Xøm-dn-s√∂ \ne-]m-Sm-bn-cp∂p ]m¿´n sk{I-´dn ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ ssIs°m≠-Xv. Ahn-`‡ Iayq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-bn¬ A∂sØ sNb¿am≥ Fkv F Ums¶°pw Btcm-]W - ß - ƒ Db-cp-tºmsg√mw CXp-Xs∂bmbn-cp∂p \ne-]m-Sv. Ums¶-bn¬ \n∂v e`n® in£-Wa- mImw ]nW-dm-bn°pw. Ums¶ At\z-jW - Ø - n\v hg-ßm-Xn-cp-∂Xv ]m¿´n-sb ]nf¿∏n-emWv sIms≠-Øn-®s - X-∂p-am-{Xw. ISpØ Bibka-c-Øns‚ ]cy-hkm-\-amWv ]m¿´n c≠mbn ]nf¿∂-sX¶nepw AXn-te°v hgn-Xn-cn-®p-hn´ \n¿WmbI tZiob Iu¨kn¬ tbmK-Ønse 2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

X¿° hnjbw ]m¿´n sNb¿am≥ Fkv F Um-s¶-s°-Xnsc apwss_-bnse Id‚ v hmcnI ]pd-Øp-sIm-≠p-h∂ Nne kp{]-[m-\-tc-J-I-fm-bn-cp-∂p. 1924¬ {_n´ojv k¿°mcn\v Xs‚ tkh\w hmKvZm\w sNbvXv Fkv F Ums¶ FgpXnb IØp- I - f mWv Id‚ v hmcnI B¿ss°-hk v n¬ \n∂v ]pd-Øp-sIm-≠ph-∂-Xv. Cu IØp-Iƒ If-hm-sW∂pw hymP-\n¿an-Xa- m-sW∂pw Ums¶ hmZn-®p. F∂m¬ B¿ss°-hvkn¬ Cu IØpIƒ Cs√∂v Ums¶bpw ]d™n√. am{X-hp-a√ CXn-s\-Xnsc F¥p-sIm-≠v \nba \S-]Sn kzoI-cn-°p-∂n√ F∂ tNmZy-Øn\pw Umt¶°v adp-]Sn D≠mbn-√. \mep-]-Xn-‰m≠v \o≠ tkh\ Ncn{Xw Db¿Øn-∏n-Sn-®mWv Ums¶-bpsS ]m¿izh¿Øn- I - f mb tZiob Iu¨kn¬ AwK-߃ CXns\ t\cn-´Xv. Cu IØp-I-fpsS hnjbw N¿® sNøp∂ L´-Øn¬ F¶nepw Ums¶ A[y£ ÿm\-Øp-\n∂v amdn Ccn-°W-sa∂ G‰hpw anX-amb Bhiyw t]mepw tZiob Iu¨kn-ense arKob `qcn-]£w ap≥\n¿Øn Ums¶ \ncm-Icn-®p. kXyw ]pd-Øp-sIm-≠p-h-cm\pw ]m¿´n-bpsS {]Xn-—mb hos≠-Sp-°m\pw At\z-jW IΩn-js\ \nb-an-°-W-sa∂ B-hi - yhpw Ums¶bpw Iq´cpw X≈n. Cu ]›m- Ø - e - Ø n- e mWv tZiob Iu¨kn-en¬ \n∂v tIc-f-Ønse (hn Fkv ANyp-Xm-\µ - ≥ Dƒs∏-sS) Ggw-K߃ AS°w 32 t]¿ B tbmK-Øn¬ \n∂v Cd-ßn-t∏m-∂-Xv. tIc-f-Ønse Ggw-Kß - f - n¬ C∂v Pohn-®n-cn∏p-≈Xv hn Fkv ANyp-Xm-\-µ≥ am{X-hpw. CXv ]pXnb ]m¿´n cq]o-I-cn-°m≥ hgn-sbmcp-°n. B{‘-{]-tZ-inse sX\m-en-bn¬ {]tXyI I¨sh≥j≥ tN¿∂v ]pXnb ]m¿´n {]Jym-]n-®p. AXmWv C∂sØ kn ]n sF Fw. Ct∏mƒ ]nW-dmbn hnP-b\pw C ]n Pb-cm-P\pw a‰p-sa-Xnsc Db-cp∂ kmºØnI Btcm-]W - ß - f - psS A{X-t]mepw {]m[m\yw Iev]n-°m≥ Ign-bmØ Cu hnj-b-ß-fmWv Ahn-`‡ Iayq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-bn¬ cq£-amb `n∂n∏v D≠m-hm≥ \nan-Ø-am-bXv. Iayq-WnÃv aqey-ßsf A{X-I≠v apdp-sI-]n-Sn-°p∂ {]ÿm-\am-bn-cp∂p A∂-tØ-Xv. ]s£ "`qcn]£w' Iøn-eps≠∂ lp¶n¬ Ahn`‡ Iayq-Wn-Ãv ]m¿´n ssIs°m≠ Xocp-am-\ß - ƒ he-Xp-]£ ]m¿´n-If - ptSXn¬ \n∂pw H´pw hyXy-kvXa- m-bn-cp-∂n√. C∂sØ kn ]n sF Fw tIcf LSIhpw AtX ]mX-bn-emWv. CXn-s\-Xnsc i_vZa- p-b¿Øp-∂h - sc t\cn-Sp-∂Xv A®-

S° \S-]S- n-bpsS hmtfm-ßn-bm-W.v {]tXyIn®pw hn Fkv ANyp-Xm-\µ - \ - p-t\sc. CXpX-s∂-bm-bn-cp∂p Ahn-`‡ Iayq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-bpsS t\Xr-Xzhpw kzoI-cn® \ne]m- S v . Ahn- ` ‡ Iayq- W nÃv ]m¿´n t\XrXzw A∂sØ FXn¿∏ns‚ Ip¥ap\ Xncn-®p-sh-®Xv F sI Pn°p-t\-sc-bmbn-cp-∂p, C∂v hn Fkv ANyp-Xm-\-µ-\pt\sc F∂-t]m-se. F{X henb t\Xmhm-bmepw ]m¿´n A®-S-°-Øn\v AXo-X\-s√∂v kn ANyp-X-ta-t\m≥, A∂v F sI Pn°v \¬Inb ap∂-dn-bn-∏n\v F sI Pn \¬Inb adp-]Sn C∂v Ncn-{X-tc-J-bmWv. C∂sØ kml-N-cy-Øn¬ CXn\v {]k-‡n-tb-dp∂p. F sI Pn FgpXn: ""GXp henb t\Xm-hm-bmepw ]m¿´n A®-S°w ]men-°W - w. icn-bm-W.v kΩ-Xn°p-∂p. A®S-°Ø - ns‚ Dt±-is - a-¥mWv? bm{¥n-Ia- mb A®-S° - a- mtWm kza-\ - mte-bp≈ A®-S-°-amtWm Hcp ]m¿´n saº¿ A\p-jTv n-t°-≠Xv? A®-S°w kza\-   m- s e- b p- ≈ - X m- b n- c n- ° - W - s a- ∂ mWv ]m¿´n A\p-im-kn-°p-∂-Xv. ]m¿´nsb i‡n-s∏-Sp-Øm\pw ]m¿´n ]cn-]mSn i‡ns∏-Sp-Øm\pw ]m¿´nsb \ne-\n-dp-Øm\pw c£n-°m\pw ]m¿´nsb kwL-Sn-∏n-°m-\pamWv A®-S°w sIm≠p-t±-in-®n-´p-≈X - .v ..... Xp¿®-bmbn A®-S° ewL\w \S-Øns°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ Hcp ]m¿´n t\Xr-Xz-amWv A®-S-°-sØ-°p-dn®v hmtXm-cmsX D®Øn¬ kwkm-cn-°p-∂Xv? Ign™ Ipsd h¿j-ß-fmbn \nßfpsS t\XrXzw A\p-h¿Øn®p hcp∂ ]m¿´n ]nf¿∏≥ hn`m-Ko-bXm {]h¿Ø-\߃ F√m-h¿°pw Adn-bm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. \nß-fpsS {]tXyI "sse≥' ASn-t®ev]n°m-\p≈ F√m hrØn-sI´ coXn-Ifpw \n߃ CXn-\Iw ssIs°m-≠n-´p-≠v. Aßns\ \nß-fpsS `qcn-]£w \ΩpsS al-Ømb ]m¿´n-sbbpw a‰p _lp-P\ kwL-S\ - I - s- fbpw h©n-®n-´p-≠.v \nß-fpsS ka-ca- m¿Kw _q¿jzmkn ssIs°m-≈p∂ ka-ca- m¿K-hp-ambn bmsXmcp hyXym-kh - p-an√. sXmgn-em-fn-h¿KØn-s\mcp kao-]\ coXn-bp-≠v. B kao-]\ coXn°p ]Icw \nß-ƒ _q¿jzm-kn-bpsS kao-]\ coXnbmWv Ign™ Ipsd h¿j-ß-fmbn FSpØp-h∂ - n-´p-≈X - .v ... Ah-km-\a- mbn, t]mbnt∏mbn \nßfpw Iayq-Wn-ksØ FXn¿°p∂-hcpw XΩn¬ bmsXmcp hyXym-khpw tXm∂mØ hn[-Øn¬, \n߃ hgn-sX-‰nt∏m-Ic- p-sXt∂ F\ns°mc-t]-£b - p≈q.'' (k. ANyp-X-ta-t\m≥ adp-]Sn ]d-bs´. F sI tKm]m-e≥. Nn¥ {]kn-≤oI-c-Ww. 1964 Pq¨, tZim-`nam\n {]kv, tImgn-t°m-Sv) (Xp-Sc- pw)

51


15 hnZym-`ymk hIp-∏ns‚ NoØ-t∏cv am‰m\p≈ Fs¥-¶nepw \S-]S- n--If - p-≠mtbm? Nne km-ºn-fp-Iƒ t\m°mw. temI-_m-¶n¬ \n∂v IS-sa-SpØ ]Ww [q¿ØSn°p-∂p-sh-∂m-bn-cp∂p bpUn F^v `c-W-Im-eØv Fkv F-kv F (k¿∆ in£m A`n-bm≥) sb°pdn-®p≈ {][m\ ]cm-Xn. t__n a{¥n-bm-bt- ∏mƒ kw`-hn-®-sX-¥m-bn-cp-∂p. Agn-a-Xn-bp-tSbpw, a‰p ]e (A-®-Sn-°m≥ sIm≈mØ)Btcm-]W -- ß - f - p-tSbpw tI{µ-_n-µp-hmbn-cp∂ ap≥ Fkv kn C - B - ¿ Sn Xe-h≥ hnP-bI - p-am-dns\ Fkv kn C B - ¿ Sn Xeh-\mbn {]Xn-jvTn-®p. At±-lw Xs‚ {Sm°v sd°m¿Un-s\mØv \oßp∂psh ∂mWv tIƒ°p-∂-Xv. ]e ]cn-]m-Sn-I-fptSbpw t]cn¬ h≥ tXmXn¬ ]¿t®-knwKv \S-°p-∂p. sF C Un kn ]cn-]m-Sn-bpsS t]cn¬ hnI-emwK hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°mbn IW°n√msX hmßn-°q-´nb D]-I-c-W߃ Pn√m, tªm°v Hm^o-kp-If - n¬ sI´n°n-S° - p-∂p. C{Xbpw Imew hntI-{µo-IrX-ambn \S∂ ss{]adn kvIqƒ tNmZy-°S-emkv \n¿Ωm-Wa- pƒs∏sS F√m tNmZy°-Se - mkv {]n‚nwKpw Fkv F-kv F bpsS ]Ww D]-tbm-Kn®v \SØn [q¿Ø-Sn-°pI-bm-W.v hnZym-`ymk cwKØv ]pXp-Xmbn H∂pw apt∂m´p hbv°m-\n-√msX Fkv F-kv F - , ISw hmßnb ]Ww GXp hnt[\-sb-¶nepw sNe-hg- n®p Xo¿°pI-sb∂ \ne-bn-te°v Xcw XmWn-cn-°p-∂p. k¿∆ in£m A`n-bm-\n¬ Bh-iyØn\v A°m-Z-anI Ãm^ns\ \na-bn-°p∂n-s√-∂m-bn-cp∂p t\csØ Bt£]ap∂-bn-®n-cp-∂Xv. Ct∏mgpw AtX Ahÿ-bm-W.v an° tªm°v dntkmgvkv sk‚dp- I - f nepw Ign™ amkw hsc A©n¬Ømsg s{Sbv\¿am-tc-bp≈q. Fkv -F-kv F bpsS AJn-te¥ym am\ZWvU {]Imcw 20 s{Sbv\¿amsc \nb-an°m≥ Ign-bp-sa-∂n-cn-t°-bm-Wn-X.v CXpImcWw ]cn-io-e\ - ß - fpw ¢Ã¿ tbmK-ßfpw \S-Øm≥ kvIqƒ A[ym-]I - sc Xm¬°men-Ia- mbn D]-tbm-Kn-°p-Ib - mWv sNøp-∂Xv. Cßs\ kvIqfn¬ D≠mIp∂ A[yb\ \jvSw IW°p Iqt´-≠-Xnt√? t__n-bpsS 200 {]hrØn Zn\w F∂ kz]v\w 200 Znhkw kvIqƒ Xpd-∂n-cn°pI F∂-Xp-am-{X-am-tWm? s{Sbv\¿am-cpsS A`mhw sIm≠pXs∂ tamWn-´-dnwKv Cs∂mcp NSßp am{Xw. amk- Ø n- s em- c n- ° - s e- ¶ nepw s{Sbv\¿am¿ kvIqfn-se-Ø-W-sa∂pw A[ym-]I - ¿°v XXvÿe klmbw \¬IW-sa-∂p-amWv Un ]n C ]n Imew sXm´p Xs∂ Iogvhg-°w. CXp \S-Øm-\mb Bfp-Iƒ Hcp _n B - ¿ knbnep-an-√. h√2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

t∏mgpw s{Sbv\¿am¿ kvIqfn-se-Øn-bm¬ Xs∂ IrXy-amb \n¿t±-iß - f - n-√m-ØX - psIm≠v NSßp Xo¿Øp aS-ß-emWv ]Xnhv. sslkvIqƒ Xe-Ønepw lb¿ sk°‚dn Xe-Ønepw tamWn-´-dnw-Kn\mbn {]tXyIw kwhn-[m-\ß - ƒ C\nbpw cq]-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´n-√. C Sn aplΩZv _jodns‚ ImeØp-≠m-°nb C Un kn kn F∂ A[ym-]I kan-Xn-bmWv tamWn-´dnwKv \S-Øp-∂-Xv. Cu tamWn-´-dnwKv BIs´ h¿j-Øn¬ Hcp {]mhiyw! ]Ømw ¢mknse Ip´n-Iƒ°v A[ym-]I - ¿ C´ kn Cam¿°v ]cn-tim-[n®p kXy-k‘-am-tWm-sb∂v ]cn-tim-[n-°e - mWv ChcpsS ]Wn. Hc-[ym-]I - ≥ Hcp h¿jw Xs‚ \nco-£W - ß - f - n-eqsS F√m Ip´n-Iƒ°pw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ønb am¿°v GXm\pw an\p´p sIm≠v icn-bmtWm F∂p ]cn-tim-[n°Ww! F{X Kw`o-c-amWv Cu tamWn-´-

Øn-emWv tIcf kvIqƒ ]mTy-]≤ - Xn N´°qSv (sI -kn F-^v) cwKØp hcp-∂-Xv. Fkv kn C - B - ¿ SnbpsS Ip∏n-bn¬ ]cnj-Øns‚ ho™m-b-Xp-sIm≠pXs∂ henb {]Xo-£Isfmm∂pw hnZy-`ymk {]h¿Ø- I ¿°v Cu tcJ- s b- ° p- d n®p≠mbn- c p- ∂ n- √ . 1999¬ imkv { X kmlnXy ]cn-jØv ]pd-Øn-d-°nb BtimIv an{X sNb¿am-\m-bp≈ tIcf hnZym- ` ymk IΩo- j ≥ dnt∏m¿´ns‚ aq∂mw hmfy-amtb CXn-s\- Im-Wm≥ Ignbq. (c≠mw thmfyw ImW-W-sa-¶n¬ 2000¬ Fkv kn -C -B¿ Sn AwKo-I-cn® {]o˛-ss{]-adn apX-¬ πkv Sp hsc-bp≈ ]mTy-]-≤Xn kao-]\ tcJ hmbn®p t\m°p- I ) Cu aq∂p tcJ- I - f nepw ImWp∂ ASn-ÿm\ Z¿i-\ß - ƒ kam-\am-W,v ImgvN∏ - mSv kam-\a- m-W,v D≠m-°nb hnhm-Zß - fpw kam\amWv.

dnwKv. F∂m¬ tamWn-´-dnw-Kn\v hcp∂ \ΩpsS A[ym-]-I¿ hnZym-`ymk hIp∏nse taem-f∑ - m-cp-sS-b{- Xbpw hnUvVn-If-√m-ØX - p-sIm≠v Ah-cX - n-s\m∂pw sa\s°Sm-dn-√. tamWn-´-dnwKv F∂ NSßv Xo¿Øv Bh-iy-amb tcJ-Ifpw hmßn ÿew hnSpw. temI-saßpw sIm´n-tLmjn-°p∂ \ΩpsS XpS¿ aqey-\n¿Wb ]cn]m-Sn-bpsS hniz-mky-X-bmWv CXp-hgn C√m-Xm-Ip-∂X - .v c≠v A°m-Za- nI h¿jw In´n-bn´pw C°m-cy-Øn¬ bp -Un -F-^pIm-tc-°mƒ Fs¥-¶nepw sa®-ap-≠m-°m≥ t__n°pw Iq´¿°pw Ignt™m? ]mTy-]≤ - Xn kao-]\ tcJ ˛ ]g-bI - p-∏nbnse ]g-bh - o™v ]cn-jvI-cW {]h¿Ø-\-ß-sf√mw ]mXn hgn- b n- e p- t ]- £ n- ® pw, sh≈w tN¿°-s∏´pw XI¿∂-Sn-bp∂ Ime-L-´-

hnhm-Zß - ƒ krjvSn-°p-Is - b-∂X - n-\∏p-dØv `mhntIc-fØ - ns‚ kvIqƒ hnZym`ymksØ°p-dn®v ]ptcm-K-a-\-]-c-amb H∂pw sI kn F^v apt∂m´p hbv°p-∂n√. Cu tcJ-bn¬ ]ptcm-K-a\]c-amb Fs¥-¶nepw Ds≠-¶n¬ AXv CXn-\Iw tIc--f-Øn¬ (hn-I-e-am-sb-¶n-epw) \S∏m°n°gn-™-Xm-Wv. tIc-f-Øn¬ 1997 apX¬ kzo-Ic- n-®n-cn-°p∂ ]T\ kao-]\ - ßsfbmWv \mj- W ¬ Icn- ° pew s{^bnw h¿°v (F≥ -kn -F-^v) amXr-Ibmbn kzo-I-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv. AXn¬ Aev]w IqSn sh≈w tN¿Øv sI kn F^p-≠m°nsb∂-Xp- am-{X-amWv tIcf hnZym-`ymk hIp-∏n\v Al-¶c- n-°m-\p-≈Xv. Iq´-Øn¬ Hcn-°epw \S-∏n-em-°m-\pt±-in-°mØ Iptd Dt´m-]y≥ Bi-b-ßfpw. CXn-ep≈ ]cm-a¿i-ßf - psS t]cn¬

52


\m´nse aX kwL-S-\-Ifpw A[ym-]I kwL-S\ - I - fpw tImem-le - ß - f - p-ambn Cdßp-tºmƒ CXns‚ ]n∂n¬ {]h¿Øn® Nne i‡n-Iƒ Nncn-°p-∂p-≠m-I-Ww. ImcWw Cu hnhmZ ]cm-a¿i-ßs - f√mw s]mXp hnImcw am\n®v ]n≥hen-°pw. F∂m¬ Cu tcJ-bn¬ IS∂p IqSn-bncn°p∂ Nne A]-I-S-I-c-amb \n¿t±-i߃ Bcpw ImWmsX, Hcp N¿®bpw \S°msX AwKo-Ic- n-°s- ∏-Spw. Ahn-sS-bmWv \ΩpsS hnZym-`ymk hIp-∏n\v ]n∂n¬ \n∂v NcSv hen-°p∂ i‡n-I-fpsS AP≠ (ln-U¨) Xncn-®d- n-tb-≠X - .v bYm¿∞- Ø n¬ sI kn F^v apt∂m´p hbv°p∂ cmjv{Sob Z¿i\w F¥mWv? tcJ-bpsS \n¿amW {]{In-bbnepw tcJ-bn-epS\o-fhpw sXfn-bp∂ kao-]\w Bg-Øn¬ ]cn-tim-[n-t°-≠Xp-≠v. Hcp ]mTy-]-≤Xn kao-]\ tcJ cq]s∏-Sp-∂Xv Fß-s\-bm-bn-cn-°-Ww? Hcp kaqlw Xß-fpsS `mhn Xe-ap-dsb hnZym`ymkw sNøn-°m-\mWv Hcp ]mTy-]≤ - Xn cq]o-I-cn-°p-∂-Xv. Cu {]{Inb Fhn-sSbmWv Bcw-`n-t°-≠Xv? \ΩpsS kaqlw C∂v t\cn-Sp∂ {]Xn-k‘ - n-Ifpw Imc-Wßfpw A]-{K-Yn®p sIm≠p am{Xta am‰w Bh-iy-ap-t≠m-sb∂pw Ds≠-¶n¬ GXp Xc-Øn-ep≈ am‰-sa∂pw Xocp-am-\n-°m-\mhq. tIcfw t\cn-Sp∂ sh√p-hn-fn-Iƒ, Ahbv°p≈ Imc-W-߃, CXn¬ \ne-hnep≈ hnZym-`ymk kao-]-\-Øns‚ ]¶v F∂nh Bg-Øn¬ s]mXpN¿®bv°v hnt[-ba- m-t°-≠X - .v F∂m¬ AØ-cs- amcp N¿® tIc-fØ - n-sem-cn-SØpw sI k - n F^ns‚ `mK- a mbn \S- ∂ n- ´ n- √ . adn®v AsXms° Nne Bÿm\ ]WvUnX≥am¿ kzbw Xocp-am-\n®v Ctßm´p X∂n´p-≠v. Cu {]{Inb Atß-b‰w P\m-[n]Xy hncp-≤a- m-W,v bYm¿∞ {]iv\ß - f - n¬ \n∂p≈ Hfn-t®m-Se - m-W.v tcJ-bn¬ Nq≠n-°m-Wn-®n-cn-°p∂ {]iv\-߃ t\m°q, F{X D]-cn-π-h-ambmWv \ΩpsS Icn-°pew \n¿am-Xm-°ƒ Nn¥n-°p∂sX∂v ImWmw. C\n Imc-Wß-fn-te°v IS-∂mtem? IS-t°-≠, Aßs\-sbm∂v Cu tcJ N¿® sN-øp-∂n-√. {]iv\ß - f - psS Imc-Wß - ƒ hne-bn-cp-ØmsX- ]cn-lm-c߃ \n¿t±-in-°p∂ {]{Inbsb imkv{Xo-bs- a∂v hnfn-°m≥ imkv{X kmlnXy ]cn-j-Ønt\ Ign-bq. \mw t\cn-Sp∂ {]Xn-k-‘n-Iƒ°v \ΩpsS hnZym-`ymk {]{Inb Fßs\ Imc-Wa- mbn-sb-s∂-¶nepw hne-bn-cp-tØ-≠X - nt√? A√msX \n¿t±-in-°p∂ am‰ßƒ°v F¥p bp‡n-bm-Wp-≈Xv? Ah hnhm-Zß - fn¬ X´nØI-cm-Xn-cp-∂m¬ am{Xta A¤pX-ap-≈p. Imc-Wß - ƒ A]-{K-Yn-°m-\p≈ hnap2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

JX Cu tcJ-bpsS {][m\ {]tXy-IX - bmbn ImWmw. tcJ- b n- e q- S - \ ofw apt∂m´p hbv ° p∂ ]e ]pXnb Bib߃°pw bp‡n-]q¿hap≈ ImcW-߃ {]kvXm-hn®p ImWp-∂n-√. lb¿sk- ° ‚dn Xe- Ø n¬ Hcp {]tXyI sXmgn¬ taJe-bn¬ {]mtZinI Kpcp- \ m- Y - ∑ m- c psS Iogn¬ sshZKv[yw t\S-Ws- a∂ ip]m¿i CXns\mcp amXr-I-bm-Wv. s]mXp hnZym`ymkØns‚ IpS-°o-gn¬ Xs∂ CØcw shmt°-j-W¬ tImgvkp-Iƒ Bcw-`n°m-\p≈ Imc-Ws- a-¥mWv? C∂v tIcfw t\cn-Sp∂ hnI-k\ {]Xn-k-‘n°pw sXmgn-en-√m-bvabv°pw CsX-ßs\ ]cnlm- c - a mIpw? sXmgn¬ B`n- a pJyw hf¿Øm- \ m- s W- ¶ n¬ AXn- \ p≈ t]mwhgn CXmtWm? Ct∏mƒ \ne-hnep≈ shmt°- j - W ¬ lb¿sk°‚dnIƒ°v ]ns∂- s b- ¥ mWv {]k‡n? CØcw tNmZy-߃s°m∂pw Cu tcJ hni-Zo-Ic- Ww Xcp-∂n-√. 9˛mw ¢mkv apX¬ tIm¿ hnj-bß - ƒ c≠p coXn-bn¬ ]Tn-∏n-°m≥ Ah-kcw \¬IWw F∂v ip]m¿i sNøp-∂nSØpw Cu au\w ImWmw. F¥n\mWv HºXmw ¢mkv apX¬ kvs]jy-ssekvUv ]T\w Bcw-`n-°p-∂Xv? Cu Xocpam-\Ø - ns‚ A°m-Za- n-Ih - pw, kmaq-ly-hpamb Imc-W-߃ F¥mWv? HºXmw ¢mknse Hcp hnZym¿∞n°v kvs]jyssekv sNøm-\p≈ hnjbw Xocp-am-\n°p-∂-Xm-cm-bn-cn°pw? Ct∏mƒ Xs∂ A[ym-]I - c - psS tPmen kwc-£n-°p-∂Xn-\mbn Ip´n°v Xm¬∏-cy-an√mØ c≠mw `mj ASn-t®¬∏n-°p∂ Zpc-hÿ \ΩpsS \m´n-ep≠v. CXns‚ IqSp-X¬ hnIr-Xhpw `oI-ch - p-amb Ahÿ tIm¿ hnj-bß - f - psS Imcy-Ønepw kw`-hn-°mXn-cn-°m≥ F¥p \n¿t±-ia- mWv N´-°qSn-ep-≈X - ?v \ne-hn-ep≈ hnZym-`ymk hyh-ÿbpsS Po¿W-X-Isf I≠n-s√∂p \Sn°m-\p≈ hy{KX Cu ]mTy-]≤ - Xn N´°q- S n¬ {]I- S - a m- W v . hnZym- ` ymk cwKsØ Nne Aim-k{v Xo-bX - I - s - f-°pdn®v emL-ht- ØmsS ]d™p t]mIp-∂ps≠-¶nepw B Po¿W-XI - ƒ krjvSn-°p∂-Xn\v \ΩpsS hnZym-`ymk hyh-ÿbpsS GtXXp LS-Iß - f - mWv Imc-Wa- mbn-cn-°p-∂s - X∂v hni-Zo-Ic - n-°m≥ Cu tcJbv ° v Ign- ™ n- ´ n- √ . am{X- a √ AØcw L´-ßf - n¬ Hfn-t®m-Sp-∂X - mbpw ImWmw. \nc-¥c aqey-\n¿W-bs- Ø-°pdn®v {]kvXm-hn-°p∂ `mKw t\m°q. \nehn-ep≈ \nc-¥c aqey\n¿W-bØ - ns‚ Nne A]m-IX - I - ƒ (D-]c- n-πh - a- mb NneXp-am-{Xw) tcJ-bn¬ ]cm-a¿in-°p-∂p-≠.v F∂m¬ F¥m-bn-cp∂p tIc-f-Ønse

\nc-¥c aqey-\n¿Wb \S-Øn-∏n¬ kw`hn® A]m-I-X-Iƒ, AXn\v Imc-W-ß-sfs¥m-s°-bm-W,v C°m-cy-Øn¬ hnZym-`ymk hIp-∏ns‚ \S-]-Sn-{Ia-ß-fn¬ kw`-hn® hogvN-I-sf-¥mWv? CØcw hni-I-e-\-ßsfm∂pw \S-Øm-sX-bmWv N´-°qSv ip]m¿iI-fn-te°v IS-°p-∂X - v. F¬ ]n ¢mknse \nc-¥c aqey-\n¿W-b-Øn\v IqSp-X¬ kzoIm-cyX Ds≠∂v kΩ-Xn-°p∂ tcJ 1997 ¬ F¬ ]n ¢mkp-If - n¬ Bcw-`n® \nc¥c aqey-\n¿W-b-Øn¬ L´w L´-ambn hcp-Ønb sh≈w tN¿°-ep-Is - f-°p-dn®pw tcJ au\w ]men-°p∂p. \ΩpsS hnZym-`ymk LS-\b - psS ASnÿm\ {]iv \ - ß ƒ ]cn- K - W n- ° msX apt∂m´p sh°p∂ CØcw \n¿t±-i-ßsfm∂pw \S-∏n-em-Im≥ t]mIp∂n-s√∂v Cu tcJbpsS {kjvSm-°ƒ°pw Adn-bmw. CXn\v apºv 1998 ¬ XpSßn 2000 ¬ ]pdØn-d° - nb {]o ss{]a-dn apX¬ πkv Sp hscbp≈ Icn-°pew kao-]\ tcJ-bpsS Imcyw ]cn-tim-[n-®m-¬ aXn-bm-Ipw. CXp-t]mse sIm´n-tLm-jn-®p-≠m-°nb B kao-]\ tcJ hym]-Ia- mb hna¿i\߃ £Wn®p hcpØn. {]Xn-tj-[sØ XpS¿∂v knwl-`mKhpw \o°w sNbvXv 2000 ¬ Ah-km\ cq]w Cd-ßn-b-t∏mƒ hnti-jn-s®m∂pw sNøm-\n-√m-bn-cp-∂p. B kao-]\ tcJ-bn¬ BZy L´-Øn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂Xpw ]n∂oSv \o°w sNbvXX - p-amb FXms≠√m Imcyßfpw sI kn F-^nepw ImWmw. Cu tcJbp-tSbpw KXn BZy tcJ-bptSXm-bn-cn°psa∂v CXns‚ {kjvSm-°ƒ°pw kwi-ba- n√. AXp-sIm-≠m-Wt√m tcJ-bpsS N¿® Hcp `mKØv \S-°p-tºmƒ CXns‚ ASn-ÿm-\Øn¬ \S-t°≠ ]pkvXI \n¿ΩmWw Xeÿm-\Øv s]mSns]mSn-°p-∂X - v. P\Iob N¿®-Isf `b-°pIbpw P\-hn-Im-csØ ]p—n-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn°p am{Xta Cßs\ Hfn-t®m-Sm≥ Ignbq. Cu Imcy-£-aXm h¿jw Ign-bp-tºmtg°pw \ΩpsS kvIqƒ hnZym-`ymkw FhnsS sN∂v \n¬°p-sa∂v am{Xta C\n t\m°m-\p-≈p. Fw F t__n°v kam-[m\n-°mw. H∂pw sNbvXn-s√-¶nepw At±lsØ c≠mw ap≠-t»-cn-bmbn hmgvØm≥ Hc-\p-bmbn hrµ-ap-≠.v hnZym-`ymk I®-hS- °m¿s°Xnsc Hcp \S-]S- nbpw kzoI-cn-®ns√-¶nepw Ah-cpsS iIm-ch - ¿jw Znh-khpw In´p-∂p-≠.v hnZym-`ym-kØ - n¬ F¥p sNøW-sa∂v imkv{X kmlnXy ]cn-jØv Xocpam-\n®v \S-∏n-em-°p-tºmƒ Hcp a{¥n°v thsd-sb-¥mWv sN-øm-\p-≈Xv? (Ab\w P\-Iob hnZym-`ymk thZnbpsS P\-d¬ sk{I-´nbmWv teJ-I≥)

53


]w‡n

Icp-Wm-Ic hnjmZ-tbmKw s\lvdp aI-sf-bpw, aIƒ Ah-cpsS aI-t\bpw G¬∏n®v ]c-ºc \ne-\n¿Øn. aIs\ Kƒ^n¬ \n∂pw hnfn®p hcp-Øn cmjv{So-b-Øn¬ Xs‚ ]n≥Km-an-bm-°n-b-XmWv Icp-Wm-I-c≥ sNbvXsXs‰∂v cmPvtaml≥ DÆn-Øm≥ ]d-bp-∂p: Ch≥ Ipew apSn-∏n-°m≥ ]nd-∂-h-\m-Wv.

]

cm-Pn-X-\mb GsXm-c-—\pw Xs‚ B{K-l-߃ s{]mPIvSv sNøp-∂Xv a°-fn-te-°m-Wv. ]p{X≥ F∂-Xn\v A—s\ c£n-°p∂h≥ F∂m-W¿∞w. A—s\ c£n-°p∂-h-\m-IWw F∂v Cs∂m-cp-Ip-´nbpw B{K-ln-°p-∂n-√. ]nXm-hns‚ ta¬t°mbva F∂ Bibw Xs∂ Ip´n-Isf sXmgn-em-fn-I-fm°n hf¿Øp∂ {]mIr-X-amb coXn s{]mPIvSv sNøp-∂X - m-W.v Bbncw sIm√w Rm≥ \nßsf tkhn-®n´v F\n°v hb v Gsd-bm-bn. AXp-sIm≠v Rms\s‚ aIs\ bph-cmPmhm-°m≥ t]mIp-∂p, cmas\ cmP-hm-°m≥ t]mIp∂p F∂mWv Zi-cY - ≥ A∂v hen-sbmcp kZ- n¬ sh®v \pW ]d-™Xv F∂v ]pcmWw hmbn-®h¿°dn-bmw. \pW-Iƒ Bh¿Øn-®p-sIm-t≠-bn-cn-°p-∂p. ]m›m-Xy¿°v A\p-cmKw F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv hnhm-ltØmSpIqSn Ah-km-\n-°p-∂p. C¥y-°m¿°v AXv aI-t\mSp-IqSn Ah-km-\n-°p-∂p. X\n-°p-tijw cmPyw A\m-Ya- mIcp-sX∂p Icp-Xn-bmWv km£m¬ amfbpsS ]p{X≥ sI I-cp-Wm-Ic - ≥ amfhnIm-·n-an-{X-sa-gp-Xn-bX - v. Hcp ]p{X\v ˛ cmPm-hns‚ ]p{X\v Ah-Im-is- ∏-´X - mWv cmPyw F∂ ho£W-Øn\v eoU-td-°mƒ ]g-°-ap≠v. _m_¿°v At±-lØns‚ aIs\ Gev]n®v sImSp-°p-hm-\p-≈X - pw AIv_d- n\v

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

At±-lØ - ns‚ aIs\ Gev]n®p sImSp°p-hm-\p-≈X - pamWv C¥y F∂v \ap-°dn-bmw. AIv_¿,- _m-_¿, lqa-bq¨ HudwK-ko_v Cß-s\-bp≈ ]c-ºc- b - nse Ah- k m- \ sØ apKƒ cmPm- h ns‚ ssIbn¬ \n∂mWv {_´ojv `c-Wm-[n-Imcn-Iƒ C¥y-bpsS Ah-Imiw Fgp-Xn-hmßn-b-sX∂v hoSn\v sXm´-Sp-Øp≈ Hcp Ncn-{Xm-[ym-]I - ≥ ]d-™p-]T- n-∏n-®n-´p-≠v. cma-\n¬ \n∂p ]nSn®p ]dn® cmPyw cmas\Øs∂ Xncn-t®¬∏n-°W - s- a∂v ]d™-t]mse apKƒcmPm-hns‚ Iøn¬ \n∂pw H∏n´p hmßnb C¥ym cmPyw Xncn®p t]mIp-tºmƒ s\lvdp-hns\ Gev]n®p t]mIp∂ coXn \m´n¬ \S-∏p≠m-bn-cp-∂p. apKƒ N{I-h¿Øn-amscbpw Hudw-K-ko-_n-s\bpsams° Hm¿°m≥ ImcWap≠v. jmP-lm≥ N{I-h¿Ønsb B{K t^m¿´n¬ XS-¶-en-em-°nb HudwK-ko-_n-t\m-SmWv DÆn-Øm≥ apc-fo-[cs\ D]-an-°p-∂X - .v s\lvdp aI-sf-bpw, aIƒ Ah-cpsS aI-t\bpw Gev]n®v ]c-ºc \ne-\n¿Øn. aIs\ Kƒ^n¬ \n∂pw hnfn®p hcp-Øn cmjv{So-bØ - n¬ Xs‚ ]n≥Km-an-bm-°n-bXmWv Icp-Wm-Ic- ≥ sNbvX- sXs‰∂v cmPv taml≥ DÆn-Øm≥ ]d-bp-∂p: Ch≥ Ipew apSn-∏n-°m≥ ]nd-∂h - \ - m-W.v cmjv{So-bØ - ns‚ _me-]m-Tadn-bmØ Cu sNdp-°s\ ]nSn-®p-sIm-≠p-h∂ - X - ns‚ ^e-amWv Icp-Wm-Ic - ≥ Ct∏mƒ A\p-`hn-°p-∂Xv Fs∂ms° DÆn-Øm≥ Ncn{X-]mTw adn®v Nm\-ep-I-fn-emsI HmSn-\S∂v hnh-cn-°p-∂p. C¥ym-hn-j\n¬ "Icp-Wm-Ic- h - n-jm-ZtbmK'Øn¬ ]s¶-SpØ tImtSmØv tKmhn-µ≥\m-bsc \ntIjv hnNm-cW sNøp-∂Xv \c-knwlw kn\n-ab - n¬ aΩq´n-bpsS tImSXn hnkvXmcw Hm¿Ωn-∏n°p∂ Xc-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂p. F√mw eoUnwKv IzÃy≥kv. tlmssÃemb k - m£n-bpsS at\m-`mh-am-bn-cp∂p tImtSm-Øn-\.v sX‰p-]‰- n-sb∂v Ct∏mƒ tXm∂p-∂p ? AsX. ]d-™s - Xms° A_-≤a- m-bn-t∏mbn F∂p Icp-Xp-∂p. ? AsX Ct∏mƒ a\- n¬ Ip‰-t_m-[a- p≠v ? D≠v Hcp tNmZyw IqSn BIm-am-bn-cp-∂p ? H∂p s]m´n°c-bW - s- a∂v Xm¶ƒ°p tXm∂p-∂p ? AsX Hcn°epw \m°p-h-Sn-°m-Ø-h\pw hfsc hy‡-ambn ]d-bm≥ Ign-bp-∂ Hcp hm°mWv "HutZym-KnIw' F∂Xv. ]t£

54


ae-bmf `mj-bpsS Xd-bn¬ t]mepw \mfnXp-hsc IpØn-bn-cp-∂n-´n-√mØ tIm¨{K nse APbv Xd-bn-en\p am{Xw hm°ph-gß - p-∂n-√. "HutZym-Zn-X'-amb N¿® XpSßn-bn-´n-√ Fs∂mcp Xd-sam-gnbpw N¿®bn¬ tI´p. \mb-\m¿ acn°pw hsc "Gjymss\‰v ' Ft∂ ]d-bp-am-bn-cp-∂p≈q. tImSn-tb-cn°v "tIc-tfmZn'- "amdqan' F∂o c≠p ]{Xßsf Adn-bq.. sI. apcfo[-cs‚ hmbn¬ "C≥{^m-ta-j≥' Ft∂ hcq. Zqc-Z¿i≥ \ypkvdo-U¿ _me-IrjvWs‚ \mhn¬ "sj¬jytk' -hcq. Cßs\ \m°ns‚ ssì _p°p-ambn \S-°q∂ Hcp-]m-Sp-t]-cp≠v. Icp-Wm-I-c-t\m-Sp≈ kvt\lhpw, ap≠qcm≥ apc-fn-tbm-Sp≈ hntcm-[h - pw-Imc-Wa- mWv DÆn-Øm≥ Dd-™p-Xp-≈n-bs- X∂p-kXyw. CXn-\n-S-bn¬ ]o∏nƒ Nm\ense \ypkvdoU¿ ]oXmw-_c- ° - p-dp-∏ns\ hnfn®v A`n-{]m-b-am-cm-bm≥ {ian-®p. sse\n¬ h∂ Ipdp∏v tNmZn-°p-∂Xp tI´p ...ltem CtXXp Nm\em. ]t£ Nm\-ens‚ t]cp-]d- b - m≥ Ft¥m doU¿ H∂p ]cp-ßn. ]ns∂ sSe-t^m¨ XI-cmdmsW∂p ]d™v I´p sNbvXp. ]o∏nƒ F∂p tI´m¬ Aw_-c° - p-dp∏v {]Xn-Ic - n®ns√-¶ntem F∂mIpw `bw. Fs¥m-s°bmbmepw ]m{X-ad- n-™p h - n-fºm≥ Ipdp∏n-\d- n-bmw. \mfn-{X-bm-bn´pw DÆn-Øm-\X-dn-bn-√. Icp-Wm-Ic- s‚ ap∂Wn {]th-ihp-ambn _\v[s∏-´v s{IUn-_n-en‰n N¿®Iƒ°v F¥p {]k‡n-bm--Wp-≈Xv F∂ ]oXmw-_c - ° - p-dp-∏ns‚ tNmZy-Øn¬ Igºp≠v . 75 h¿j- I mew tIm¨{Kkv {]ÿm\Øn\p-th≠n tNmcbpw \ocpw \¬Inb BfmWv Icp-Wm-Ic- ≥ F∂v Kpcp`-‡n ImcWw Hcp-]mSp t]¿ ]d-bp-tºmgpw apc-fo-[c- s‚ tNmc BcptSXv F∂ tNmZyØn\pw Ig-ºp-≠v. AΩsb X√n-bmepw c≠p-]-£-sa∂ a´n¬ N¿® sImgp-∏n-®h¿°v kXy-Øn¬ cmjv{Sobw Adn-™pIq-Sm. AXn\v apc-fo-[-cs‚ hm°p-IqSn {i≤n-°W - w. H∂m-¥cw sI -]n -kn -kn {]kn-Us‚∂v F√m-hcpw ]d™p ]pI-gvØn-bt∏mƒ {Kq∏v Ifn-°m-\mbn A—≥ hnfn-®t∏mƒ Cdßn sNt√-≠n-h∂ - p. t]mIp-s∂¶n¬ Imen¬ sXm´p hµn-®p-Xs∂ bm{Xbm-°mw. ]t£ sN∂p Ib-dp-∂n-SØv kpJ-am-sW∂p [cn-°-cp-Xv. Ct∏mƒ ImWn-°p-∂Xv cmjv{Sob s\dn-tI-Sm-W.v F√m am[y-a-ßfpw s\dn-tI-Sn¬ Ibdn ]nSn-®p. apc-fn-bnse cmjv{So-b° - mc≥ ]d™ G‰hpw kXy-k‘ - a- mb Hcp adp-]Sn Xs∂-bm-bn-cp∂p AXv. apc-fo-[cs‚ Un F≥ F - sSÃv \S-Øm≥ t]mbXmWv am[y-a-߃ sNbvX sX‰v. Fw 2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

sI I-cp-Wm-Ic- \pw aI≥ sI apc-fo-[c- \pw sF jm\-hm-kns‚ Biz-kn-°¬ as‰m∂m- W v . Icp- W m- I - c ≥ hcp∂Xn¬ R߃s°mcp hntcm-[-hp-an-√. hb v sXmÆq-dm-bn. Bbp- ns‚ icm-icn ImeK-W-\-tbbpw sX‰n®v ChnsS hsc-sbØnb Icp-Wm-I-c≥ ASpØ Hcp sXcs™-Sp-∏ns\ AXn-Po-hn-°ptam F∂ Bizm-kt- am, DXvIW - T v tbm Hs° jm\hm-kn¬ am{X-a√ chn-Pn-bn-epw, Nm≠n-kmdn-epw, sN∂n-Øe - b - n-ep-ap-≠.v Ie-≠¿ amlmflyw ImesØ Ij-Wn®v Ie-≠-dm-°n-bt∏mƒ AXns‚ hn]-W\ km[y-Xs- b-∏‰n Hm¿Øp-ImWn√. Cs∂mcp Ie-≠d- ns‚ ]c-ky-Øn¬ tIƒ°p-∂Xv ....tZ RßfpsS Ie-≠¿ hmßq. CXn-emWv G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ Ah[n Znh-k-߃ D≈Xv F∂m-Wv. Nph∂ A°-ß-tfmSv \ap°p≈ kvt\lw ImcWw Cu ]c-kyØn¬ P\w hoWp-t]m-Im-\n-Sb - p-≠v. C¥y-mhn-j\n¬ N¿®-°n-S-\n-e-hln® \ntIjvtam≥ `mKy-hm-\m-Wv. A∏t\m-sSm∏w kn Fw -]n-bn¬ Bbn-cp-s∂¶n¬ KXn-sb-¥m-Ip-am-bn-cp-∂p. H∂p ]d™v c≠n\v shSn-sh-®p-I-f-bp∂ BfmWv. A∏-s\m-cn-°¬ aI-s\-∏‰n ]d™Xv Cßs\. shSn-sh-∏p-tI-kn¬ F\ns°m-cp ka≥kv h∂-t∏mƒ C¥ym-hnj≥Imcp ]d-™X - v F\n°p Ip‰-]{Xw sImSp-Øq∂m. ]p{X-\-hn-sS-bp-≠m-bn´p CXm KXn. I´-∏mc hngp-ßn-bn´v Np°psh≈w IpSn-®n´p Imcy-an√ F∂ Ah-ÿbn¬ Ign-bp∂ Nne ]nXm-°≥am-cp≠v \ΩpsS tIcf cmjv{So-bØ - n¬.

AΩ F∂ Ipcniv h∂p-Ib - d- p-tºmtg Ic-fp-am¥n Ah-fpam-cpsS Iøn-eßp sImSp-°pw. ]ns∂ Bscbpw hI- s h- ∏ n- √ . acp- a - ° sf s]mXpsh hne-bn-cpØn HcΩ ]d™ hnti-j-W-am-Wn-Xv. h∂p Ib-dp-∂-h¿ am{X-a√ kz¥w s]¨a-°fpw `¿Øm°≥am-cpsS Ic-fp-am-¥m≥ XpS-ßn-btXmsS hgn-bm-[m-ca- mb Hcp-]mSv AΩ-amsc sXcp-hn¬ \ns∂-SpØp kwc-£n-°p∂ ]p\-eq¿ tkma-cm-Pt- \bpw At±-lØ - ns‚ hf¿Øp-a° - f - mb hr≤-P∑ - ß - s- fbpw AhX-cn-∏n® AΩ F∂ Ipcniv (\-Ωƒ XΩn¬) kaq-lØ - ns‚ IÆp Xpd-∏n-°pI-bpw, \\-bv°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ Hcp ]cn]m-Sn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Gsd \mfp-Iƒ°p tijamWv Cßs\ Xø¬kqNn-t]mse Xd™n- d - ß p∂ hnj- b hp- a mbn \mb¿ hcp∂Xv. kwc-£-W-Øns‚ _m[yX G¬t°-≠n-h∂ - m¬ acp-a° - s- f-°mƒ hnjamWv s]¨a-°ƒ Fs∂mcp ]pXnb ]mTw Cu N¿®-bn¬ \n∂pw In´n. AIØ-f-Ønse s]¨N¿®-I-fn¬t]mepw CØcw hnj-bß - ƒ ssIImcyw sNø-s∏Sp- ∂ n- √ . Fßs\ BWn- t \bpw s]Ænt\bpw hncp≤ tNcn-bn¬ \n¿Ømw F∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn®v Ah¿ N¿® sNbvXp. ]p\-eq¿ tkma-cm-P-s\-t∏m-se-bp≈ Bƒ°msc kvt]m¨k¿ sNøm≥ Hcp tIm¨^n-U‚ v {Kq∏pw Xøm-d√ - . `mcybpw a°-fp-a-S-ßp∂ Hcp IpSpw-_-Øns‚ tIm¨^n-U≥kvv am{X-amWv P]vXn-`ojWn t\cn-Sp∂ Hcp AK-Xn-aµ - n-cØ - ns‚ i‡n.

55


hmb\

Bflm-hns- ‚ \·-amb IhnX- I- ƒ ({_ko-en-b≥ Ih-bn{Xn AUvenb {]msZm-bpsS Zn B¬^_‰v C≥ Zn ]m¿°v F∂ Ihn-Xm-ka- m-lm-cs - Ø-°p-dn®v )

ssh°w apcfn

Im

¿temkv {Uqtam≠v Un B≥t{ZZn-s‚bpw Kpta-dnb tdmk-bpsSbpw ]mc-º-cy-ap≈ {_ko-en-b≥ kmln-Xy-Øn¬ \n∂mWv Ih-bn{Xn AUvenb {]msZm-bpsS(Adelia prado) IS-∂p-hc- h - .v em‰n-\t- a-cn-°≥ Ihn-XI - f - psS F√m Kmw`o-cyhpw at\m-lm-cn-Xbpw ChcpsS Ihn-XI - ƒ°ps≠∂v "DZym-\Ø - n-\p≈nse en]n' (The Alphabet in the park) F∂ Ihn-Xm-k-am-lmcw hmbn-®t∏mƒ Xncn-®d- n-bm≥ Ign-™p. AUvenb {]msZm-bpsS Ihn-XI - f - n¬ ]nSn®-S° - s - ∏´n-cn-°p∂ PohnXw Cf-°n-ad- n-°s- ∏´ H∂mWv. \ncm-i-bpsS Hcn-cp≠ tImWn¬ \n∂pw BÀm-Z-Øns‚ _nµp-hn-te°v Hscm‰®m´-Øn¬ Ah¿s°Øn-t®-cphm≥ Ign-bpw. F√m-hn[ sshcp-≤y-ßfpw hntcm-[m-`m-kß - fpw Zzµz-`m-hß - fpw PohnX-Øn¬ \n∂v AS¿Øn-sb-SpØv Ch¿ kz¥w Ihn-XI - f - n¬ ka-\z-bn-∏n-®n-cn-°p∂p. G‰hpw Dujva-fhpw \·-hp-amb kv]¿iw ]¶p-hb - ° v p∂ Cu Ihn-XI - f - n¬ Ihn-bpsS ico-chpw Bflm-hp-ap-≠v. t]m¿®p-Kokp `mj-bpsS DZm-Ø-amb Xmfhpw Cu Ihn-XI - f - n-eqsS A\p-`h - n-®dn-bm≥ Ign-bpw. Fs‚ lrZ- b m- ` n- e m- j - ß - f p- a mbn Xpe\w sNbvXp-t\m-°p-tºmƒ IS¬ Hcp Xp≈n-am-{X-am-sW∂v hnfn-®p-]-d-bp-hm≥ a\-°c- p-Øp≈ AUvenb {]msZm- {_koense {]kn-≤amb an\mkv sPdm-bn-knemWv P\n-®X - .v Ahn-SsØ Znhn-s\m-t]mfn v(Divino polis)Ie-bpsS ]mc-ºcyw Ah-Im-is- ∏-Sp∂ Hcn-Sa- mWv. icn°pw Hcp \m´p-ºp-dØ - p-Im-cn-bmb Ch¿ ]mh-s∏´ sXmgn-emfn IpSpw-_Ø - n-emWv ]nd-∂X - .v {]msZm-bpsS Ihn-X-Iƒ icn°pw kar-≤n-bpsS Ihn-XI - f - m-W.v Ccp≠ Xeß-fpsS B[n-Iyhpw Ch-cpsS Ihn-X-Ifn-ep-≠v. BZyw h∂Xv Ic-fns‚ A¿∫pZ-am-Wv. ]n∂o-SmWv a\p-jy≥ ap´p-Ip-Ønbn-g™ p-sIm≠v IS-∂p-h∂ - X - v. Ah-t\m-

2007 Unkw-_¿ 14

sSm∏w ac-W-hp-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ac-WØns‚ j¿´n¬ Hcp _´-\p-≠m-bn-cp-∂n√. (kvt\-l-KoXw F∂ Ihn-X) AXv Xp∂n-Ø-cm-sa∂p ]d-bp∂ a\p-jy≥ tbip-hns‚ ac-W-sØ-tbm¿Øv hne-]n°p∂ tacn-tbbpw am¿Øtbbpw ImWp∂p-≠v. Hcp ]s£ \nß-fn-hnsS D≠m-bncp-s∂-¶n¬ Rß-fpsS tkmZ-c≥ acn-°n√m-bn-cp-∂p. ]s£ Ahsc XS-™psIm≠v tbip Xs∂-tbm¿Øv Ic-bp-hm\\p-h-Zn-°p-I-sb-∂mWv bmNn-°p-∂-Xv. ssZhhpw am\-h-cm-inbpw XΩn-ep≈ kwhm-ZØ - n-\p-≈n¬ Pohn-Xb - m-Ym¿∞yß-fpsS Ibv]v ChnsS Ihn Xncn-®-dn-bp∂-XmWv \mw ImWp-∂-Xv. Ihn-X-bpsS `mj GXm-bn-cp-∂mepw Ah kwth-Zn-°p∂ Xeß-fn¬ km¿∆-eu-In-IX - z-ap-≠m-bncn-°W - s- a-∂v Ch¿°v \n¿_‘ap-≠.v Zriy-]-Y-Øn-\p-≈n¬ \nco-£-W-Øn\p hnt[-ba- m-°p∂ \·-amb Ihn-XI - f - mWv {]msZm-bp-sS-X.v AZr-iy-ambhsb-t∏mepw tXSn-∏n-Sn-°p-hm≥ Ihn {ian-°p-∂p-≠v. krjvSn-°p-≈n¬ `mh-\b - psS Ahn-Ik - nX Xe-߃°pt]mepw CSw-sIm-Sp-°p-hm-\pw Ch¿ Xøm-dm-Ip-∂p. [q{a-h¿-ÆØ - n-\p-]n∂mse IpXn-s®-Øp∂ Ihnsb CtX-t]cn-ep≈ Ihn-Xb - n¬ ImWmw. Hcp \mep-aWn-]q-hp-t]mse ZpxJ-Ic - a- mb Htcm¿Ω am-{X-am-W-Xv. hnIm-cm-th-i-tØmsS B h¿ÆsØ kzmwio-I-cn-°p-hm\pw Ihn Hcp-°-am-Wv. Xnc-s™-Sp-°p-∂Xpw Xncs™-Sp-°-s∏-Sp-∂Xpw ChnsS H∂m-bnØo-cp-∂p. Hcp Ihn-Xb - n¬ Bflm-hmWv Imtam±o-]a- mbn h¿Øn-°p-∂s- X-∂h - ¿ kqNn-∏n°p-∂p. as‰m-∂n¬ Fs‚ ssewKnI {`amfl-XI - ƒ kz¿§ob{`am-flI - X - I - f - m-sW∂v Ah¿ hni- Z o- I - c n- ° p- ∂ p- ≠ v . hni∏v Ft∏mgpw FXn¿Zn-i-bn-ep≈ Hcp Xcw hni-∏n-\mWv {]tNm-Z\w sImSp-°p-∂X - .v ssZh-Øns\°pdn®p ]d-bp-tºmƒ {]msZm-bpsS Ihn-X-Iƒ°-Xn-cp-I-fn-√.

ssZhw kz¥w Nnd-Ip-Iƒ°p Xmsg \sΩ-sbm-Xp°n NqSp ]I-cp-∂p. Pohn-XsØ Bt«-jn-°p-I-sb-∂Xv A¿∞-am-°p-∂Xv Akm-≤y-amb sshcp≤y-ßsf Bt«-jn-°p-Is- b∂p≈-Xm-W.v Hcp km[m-cW - P - o-hn-XØ - n¬ \n∂pw ac-W`-bsØ shdpsX am‰n-\n¿Øm-\m-hn-√. Chsc kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw FgpØv hn{`m-¥n-bn-se-Øn-t®-cp-hm-\p≈ Hcp hgnbm-Wv. IhnX Fs∂ kpc-£n-Xb - m-°pw. BÀm-Zß - ƒ°pw thZ-\I - ƒ°p-an-Sb - n¬ CsXs∂ F√mw kam-l-cn-°p-hm-\p≈ hgn-bmbn IS-∂p-h-cp-∂p. BÀm-Z-Øns‚bpw ss\cm-iy-Øn-s‚bpw Ihn-X-bmWn-Xv. Hcp IhnXbn¬ P∏m≥ F∂ Hcp cmPyw Cu `qan-bn¬ Dt≠m F∂ _meni-amb tNmZyhpw Ah¿ Db¿Øp-∂p-≠.v F√m-ap-≠v...-]s£ H∂p-an√ F∂ Bi¶-bn¬ \n∂mWv CXv Db¿∂p-h-cp-∂sX∂v kam-[m-\n-°mw. an\mkv sPcm-bn- nse B[p\nI hnip≤ {^m≥-kn-kmbn amdp-I-bmWv {]msZm. ItØm-en°m kaq-l-Øn-\p≈nse Pohn-Xw, Ahsc Pohn-Xs - s\¿Ωey-Øn-te°p sIm≠p-t]m-Ip-∂p. kaq-lØnse Po¿Æ-X-I-fn-te-°pw. alm-Ihn Im¿temkv Un B≥t{Z-ZmWv Chsc hnip≤-{^m≥kn- ns‚ ]Zhn \evIn BZ-cn-®Xv. {_ko-en-b≥ B[p-\n-IX - b - psS h‡m°-fmb am\p-h¬ _≥Zn-bc- bpw(Manuel Bandeira)Hkv hmƒUv Un B≥t{Z-Zpw, tjm¿jv Un enabpw as‰mcp ans\-dn-sbm°m-c-\mb Kpta-dnb tdmkbpw {]msZmbpsS Ihn-Xsb C∂sØ \ne-bn-te-°pb¿Øp-hm≥ klm-bn-®-h-cm-Wv. Hcp hiØv ss__n-fn-s‚ kzm[o-\hpw adph-iØv Aÿn-Xz-]-c-amb Z¿i-\-ßfpw Cu Ihn-X-Iƒ°v ]pXnb ssNX\yw sImSp-°p-∂p. kz¥w cN-\b - psS coXn-sb°p-dn®v tNmZn-®t- ∏mƒ Ihn-Xb - psS {]hml-KXn \nb-{¥n-°p-hm≥ Rm\m-cm-Wv F∂ adp-]-Sn-bm-Wn-h¿ sImSp-Ø-Xv. IhnX Ch¿°v Hcp Xpd- mb {]tZ-ia- mWv. Xpd∂-Ic- ß - ƒ H∂n-s\bpw \ntj-[n°p-∂n-√. Aßs\ Hmtcm Ihn-Xt- bbpw Ch¿ AXns‚ hgn-°p-Xs∂ hnSp-∂p. Hcp ]pXnb Ip´n P\n-°p-∂-Xp-t]m-se-bmWv Hmtcm Ihn-Xbpw Bhn¿`-hn-°p-∂X - v. AXv InS∂p Xncn-bp-Ibpw ]pf-bp-Ibpw sNøpw. Hcp-]s£ AXn-\n-S-bn¬ samØ-Øn¬ ]pd-tØ-°p-h-cp-I-bm-Wv. The Alphabet in the park Selected Poems of Adelia prado Translated by Ellen Watson Pub- Weslyan University Press (USA) 2007. 63 pages $10.00

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Writings of Hameed Chennamangallur  

Column, Janashakthi Weekly