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]pkvXIw c≠v e°w 77 2008 s^{_p-hcn 22 (1183 Ipw`w 10) hnhmZw

D≈S°w

a{¥n Ico-an¬ \n∂v \mw A\p-`-hn-®-dn-bp-∂Xv \nco-£-I≥

kp[m-Ic- a- {- ¥n-bpsS Acp-f∏ - m-Sp-Iƒ

17 48

kºm: Pn {]im¥v A`n-apJw

A[n-Imcw a{¥n kp[m-Ic- s\ aØp-]n-Sn-∏n-°p∂p

19

]n \mcm-b-W≥/ Xt\jv Xºn ]p\¿hm-b\

7

Ddq-_ns‚ t_m[n-hr£w ]n kptc-{μ≥

Ih¿ tÃmdn

]m¿´nbpw P\-ßfpw; aq¿On-°p∂ sshcp≤yw

10

F≥ kpK-X≥

ASn-b¥ - n-ci - {Xp hn`m-Ko-bX - tbm, apX-em-fnØ {]tbmK ]≤-Xntbm? BkmZv

kpÿnc`cWw aco-Nn-Ib - m-Ip∂p cmjv{Sob teJ-I≥

amt\-PnMv FUn-‰¿ s{]m^. F≥ kp-K-X≥ FUn-‰¿ Pn i‡n-[-c≥ Nn{Xo-I-cWw N≥kv P\-i‡n hmcnI Sn kn. 28/2070 t^m¿´v sslkvIq-fn\v FXn¿hiw, t^m¿´v Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw 695 023 Printed and Published by G Sakthidharan at Pournami Media Publishers Pvt Ltd. Ambalathara, Thiruvananthapuram. Tel: 0471 6450625 Fax: 0471-2468133 e-mail: janashakthi@gmail.com www.janashakthionline.com

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

12 15

dnt∏m¿´v Ccp-´n-te°p \oßp∂ tIcfw 20 {]tXyI teJ-I≥ hni-Ie - \w Zmthm-knse shfn-]m-Sp-Iƒ 26 sI lcn-Zmkv am[yaw awKfw tZim-`n-am-\n°v 24 cmjv{Sob teJ-I≥ F¥n\v in£y-s∏-SWw {]Xn-Ic - Ww a{¥n Fw F t__n°v \μn-]q¿Δw 54 A∏p-°p-´≥ h≈n-°p∂v kmt¶-XnIimkv{Xw hnh-ch - n-\n-ab - Ø - ns‚ {]Imi irwJ-eI - ƒ 45 A≥km¿ XmPv t\mh¬ tKmep-hns‚ tdUntbm ]d-bmsX hnSp∂Xv 42 Fw sI Jcow Cc-Iƒ Fgp-Xp∂p 30 tUm. Fw sI NmμvcmPv/lcn-Zm-k≥ IY Bfl-IY - t- ]mse Ft¥m H∂v 35 tUm. Sn ]n \mk¿ IhnX hc 40 hbv°kv tehv Ip{]n-bm-t\mhv tImc\pw Imehpw 40 tPm¨ No°-\m¬ ]®-bpsS \m\m¿∞-߃ 41 AK-Ãn≥ Ip´-s\-√q¿ \yq¢n-b¿ 41 {]Zo]v t]cbw ]w‡n-Iƒ {]Xn-kzcw 28 laoZv tN∂-aw-Ke - q¿ Aev]k - zev]w 46 kn B¿ H - m-a\ - ° - p-´≥ ImgvN° - ∏ - pdw 56 A\n¬ h≈n-t°mSv ae-_m¿sa-bn¬ 58 hn\oXv t_m_≥

1


Iznkv

tPm°v

Iznkv tPm°v tIc-fs - am-gnsI C¥y-sb-ºmSpw F≥ kn ]n tIm¨{K-kp-ambn kJyØn-em-sW-¶nepw ChnsS kwÿm\ {]kn-U‚ v sI apc-fo-[-c≥ tIm¨{K-kn-s\bpw kz¥w A—-s\bpw \nc-¥cw ]pe`yw hnfn°p-∂p. CXns‚ e£yw F¥v? icn-bp-Øcw 9 sNøp-I.

B\p-Im-enIkw`-h-ßsf ap≥\n¿Øn IuXp- I - I c- a mb tNmZy- ß ƒ°v hmb- \ - ° m- c n¬ \n∂v DØcw tXSp- ∂ p. hmb- \ °m- c n¬\n∂v e`n- ° p∂ icn- b pØcw Cu ]w‡n- b n¬ {]kn≤o- I - c n- ° pw. icn- b p- Ø - c - Ø n\v P\- i - ‡ n- b psS 10 e°- ß ƒ {]Xn- ^ - e - a mbn \¬Ip- ∂ - X m- W v . H∂n- e - [ nIw icn- b p- Ø cw e`n®m¬ kΩm- \ m¿lsc \dp- s °Sp-∏n-eqsS \n›-bn-°pw.

1. ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs\ Xr]vXn-s∏-Sp-ج 2. ]fl-P-tbm-Sp≈ Acniw Xo¿°¬ 3. tIm¨{K-kns‚ £Ww In´m-Ø-Xns‚ sIdp-hv. e°w 73 se tNmZy-Øn\v DØcw

\mhp hmS-I-°p-sIm-Sp-°¬ hnPbn inh-Zm-k≥ then-°¬ then-°¬ hoSv H‰-∏m-ew, ]me-°m-Sv.

tIm´-bØv hmSn√ P\-i‡n e°w 76se Ih¿tÃmdn hmbn®-t∏mƒ tXm∂nb Nne Imcy-ßf - mWv ChnsS Ipdn-b° v p-∂X - .v Aß-s\-sbm∂pw Hcp tIm´bw ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ hmSp-∂-X√ kn ]n sF FΩns‚ kwL-S-\m-ti-jnbpw cmjv{So-b-hpsa∂v ]d-bm≥ B{K-ln-°p-Ib - m-Wv. ]m¿´n-°IØv _Z¬tc-Jb - p-ambn _‘-s∏´v CXn-t\°mƒ henb tImem-le - ß - ƒ krjvSn-°s - ∏´n-t√. F∂n-s´-¥p-≠m-bn. Cu ]m¿´n Xs∂bmWv icn-sb∂v P\w hn[n-sb-gp-Xn-bn-t√. Imem-Im-eß - f - nse CØcw Np´p-s]m-≈n-°p∂ {]Xn-k‘ - n-Isf adn-IS- ∂ - p-Xs - ∂-bmWv kn ]n sF Fw tIc-f-Ønse G‰hpw henb _lpP\ {]ÿm-\a- m-bX - .v AXp-sIm≠v ]md-∏p-dØv apf-®Xv tIm´-bØp hmSptam F∂ P\-i‡ - nbpsS Bi¶ Aÿm-\Ø - m-W.v lcn-Ip-am¿ kn sI, \m´n-I, Xriq¿

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

F®v Fw Sn hnhmZw ad-°c - pXv kn ]n sF Fw kwÿm\ ktΩ-f-\-Øns‚ tImem-l-e-Øn-\n-Sbn¬ c£-s∏-Sp-∂Xv F®v Fw Sn `qan-bn-S-]m-Sn¬ Btcm-]W hnt[-bcmb a{¥n-am-cm-Wv. Ct∏mƒ {]Xn-]£ - Ø - n\p t]mepw Ah-cpsS ImcyØn¬ Xm¬]-cy-an-s√∂p h∂n-cn-°p-∂p. CXp-ambn _‘-s∏´v P\-i‡n {]kn-≤o-Ic- n® dnt∏m¿´pIƒ \∂m-bn. F®v Fw Sn Hcp H‰-s∏´ kw`-ha- √. `qan-bpsS cmjv{So-b-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´ IqSp-X¬ kPo-h-amb N¿®Iƒ°v hnhmZw hgn-sh-t°-≠X - p-≠v. tZim-`n-am-\nbpw at\m-ca- bpw Hcp \pI-Øn-\n-cp-hi - hpw \n∂v apJy-a{- ¥n-s°-Xn-cmbn \S-Øp∂ lo\-amb B{I-aß - sf shfn-®Ø - p-sIm-≠p-h∂Xn\v {]tXyI A`n-\μ - \ - hpw tcJs∏-Sp-Øp-∂p. l^okv apl-ΩZ- ,v Ip‰ym-Sn, tImgn-t°m-S.v Ncn-{X-]cw `qan-bpsS cmjv{So-bh - p-ambn _‘-s∏´v kn B¿ \oe-IW - Tv ≥, tPm¨ s]cp-h¥ - m-\w, {]tXyI teJ-I≥, \nco-£I - ≥ F∂-hn-sc-gp-Xnb teJ\-ßfpw F®v Fw Sn hnhm-Z-sØ-°p-dn®v sI \ujm-Zns‚ dnt∏m¿´pw \∂mbn. ka-Im-enI tIc-fsØ `qan-hn-hm-Zß - ƒ ]nSn-®p-Ip-ep-°p-Ib - mWv. aq∂m-dn¬ apJy-a-{¥nbpw ]q®-Ifpw tN¿∂v XpS-ßn-sh-®Xv _lpP\ apt∂-‰a- mbpw am[y-aC - S- s- ]-Se - p-If - mbpw XpS-cp-Ib - m-W.v Ncn-{X-]c- a- mb IS-abmWv \n¿h-ln-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂s- X∂v P\-i‡ - n°v A`n-am-\n-°mw. inh-cm-P≥ CSp-°n.

2


IhnX \∂m-hp∂p Ign™ c≠p-aq∂p e°-ßf - n-embn P\-i‡ - n IhnX-Iƒ°v \√ {]m[m\yw sImSp-°p-∂-Xn¬ kt¥mj-ap-≠v. F√m e°-Ønepw Ipd-™Xv c≠p t]sP¶nepw Ihn-X°v th≠n \o°n-sh-°-Ww. e°w 76 se sI hn Intjm¿Ip-am¿ FgpXnb "Id' F∂ IhnX \ne-hmcw ]pe¿Øn. AtX-ka- bw Hcp IY t]mepw Dƒs∏-Sp-Øm-Xn-cp-∂X - n¬ {]Xn-tj[w D≠v. \μ-Ip-am¿ H‰-∏mew BÀm-Zn-∏n-°p∂ hmb\ P\-i-‡n-bpsS Hcp ]pXnb hmb-\-°m-c-\mWv Rm≥. hmbn-®p-Xp-Sß - n-bt- ∏mƒ ]ns∂ hmbn-°m-Xncn-°m≥ Ign-bm-sX-bm-bn. ap≥e-°ß - ƒ sse{_-dn-Ifn¬ t]mbn tXSn-∏n-Sn®p hmbn-®p. BtKm-fh - ¬°-cW- Ø ns‚ Cu Ccp≠ k‘n- b n¬ P\m- [ n- ] XysØ°pdn®pw tkmjy-en-ks - Ø-°p-dn®pw ]d-bpIbpw Acn-Ip-If - n¬ Pohn-°p-∂h - ¿°v th≠n hmZn°p-∂X - n¬ BÀm-Zn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. hniz-\m-Y≥ \mb¿, s]cn-¥¬aÆ sFIy-Zm¿Vyw P\-i‡ - n-hm-cn-Ib - n-eqsS tPmk^v ]pen-°p-t∂¬ Fgp-Xp∂ teJ-\-߃ h√msX CjvS-s∏-Sp∂ Hcp ss{IkvXh - a- X - h - n-izm-kn-bmWv Rm≥. P\-\Ø - n-s‚bpw hnhm-lØ - n-s‚bpw ac-WØ - n-s‚bpw Imcyw ]d™v Ipcp-°-pIƒ Xo¿Øv A\p-k-cn-∏n-°p∂ aX-ssZ-hßsf \n¿±m-£nWyw hna¿in-°p∂ ]pen-°p-t∂-e®-t\mSv sFIy-Zm¿Vyw {]Jym-]n-°p-tºmƒ Xs∂ sXΩm-Sn-°p-gn-bn¬ HSp-ßm-\m-hm-ØX - p-sIm≠v ]ptcmln-Xsc A\p-kc- n-t°-≠n-hc- p-∂X - n¬ tJZn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. Fßn-s\-bmWv Cu Nß-e∏ - q-´p-Isf adnI-S° - m≥ km[n-°p-I. tPmk^v tXmakv, Ipssh‰v Bg-Øn-ep-≈ hc Cc-Iƒ Fgp-Xp∂p F∂ t\mh-en\v N≥kv hcbv°p∂ Nn{X-߃ at\m-l-c-am-hp-I-bm-Wv. t\mhens‚ Hcp ^o¬ Nn{X-߃°p-≠.v A{X-b[ - nIw BgØn-ep≈ hc-bmWv N≥kn-t‚-X.v A`n-\μ - \ - ß - ƒ Adnbn-°p-∂p. k‘y _n N{μ≥, tXh-c.

am[y-aß - fpw kwÿm\ ktΩ-f\ - hpw kn ]n sF FΩns\ A]-Io¿Øn-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ Zpcp-t±-it- ØmsS-bp≈ kn≥Un-t°‰v am[y-a{- ]-h¿Ø-\a- mWv tIm´bw ktΩ-f\ - Øns‚ `mK-ambn D≠m-hp-∂-Xv. I¿i-\-amb \nco-£-Whpw samss_¬ Pma-dp-I-fp-sam-s°-bmbn hm¿Ø-tNm-c¬ Hcp-]-cn[n hsc Ipd™ ktΩf\-amWv tIm´-bt- Ø-X.v hoWp-In-´p∂ s]m´pw s]mSnbpw Hmtcm am[y-aß - fpw Xß-fp-tS-Xmb ho£-Wß - f - nepw Xmev]-cy-߃ A\p-k-cn®pw hnIr-X-am-°n-bmWv P\-߃°p ap∂n¬ Ah-Xc- n-∏n-°p-∂X - .v {]Imiv Imcm-´ns‚ {]kwKw aq∂p Nm\ep-If - n¬ ]c-k] v c- h - n-cp-≤a- mbn aq∂p hn[-Øn-emWv Ah-Xc- n-∏n-°p∂-X.v C√mØ {]kwKw eoUm-°nb ]{Xhpw ae-bmfw I≠p. ]nWdmbn hnP-b-t\mSpw ]nWn-bm-fp-I-tfm-Sp-ap≈ hntbm-Pn∏v \ne\n¬°p-tºmƒ Xs∂, am[y-a-kn‚n-t°-s‰∂ Btcm-]-WsØ km[q-Ic- n-°p-Ib - mWv Hcp ]‰w am[y-a{- ]-h¿Ø-I¿. samgeorge@gmail.com ]pXnb F¬ Un F^v? ap…ow eoKpw F≥ kn ]nbpw kn ]n FΩp-sams° Hcp ap∂Wn-bn-em-hp∂ ImeØv ho≠pw tIm¨{Kkv ]nf¿Øn Icp-Wm-Ic\pw FØp-am-bn-cn-°pw. P\-i‡ - n-bn¬ cmjv{Sob teJ-I≥ FgpXnb ac-W-a-Wn-ImØv F¬ Un F^v F∂ teJ\w {it≤-b-ambn. Icp-Wm-Ic- s - ‚bpw apc-fo-[c- s - ‚bpw ASn-°S- n-bp≈ {]kvXm-h\-If - nepw Ip™m-en-°p-´n-bpsS au\-Øn-ep-sa√mw ap≥Iq´n Xømdm-°s - ∏´ Hcp Xnc-°Y - b - psS GSp-Iƒ hmbn-s®-Sp-°m-\m-hp-∂p-≠.v A_vZpƒJm-Z¿, ]\-bd- , Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - pcw cmPn-sh-°Ww No^v sk{I-´dn dnt∏m¿´v F®v Fw Sn `qan-bpsS t]m°p-hc - hv d±p sNø-W-sa∂v Bh-iy-s∏´ kml-N-cy-Øn¬ a{¥n Ff-acw Icow cmPn-sh-°pI Xs∂ thWw. Cs√-¶n¬ \msf CØcw kw`h-߃ Bh¿Øn-°s - ∏Spw F∂p-d∏ - m-Wv. apJy-a{- ¥n-bpsS Hm^okns\ {]iv\Ø - n-te°v hen-®n-g° - m≥ at\m-ca hgn \S-Ønb {iaw ]mfn-t∏m-bXv 2008 se henb Xam-i-I-fn-sem-∂m-bn. CS-]m-Sns‚ D≈-dI - f - n-te°v At\z-jn®v sN√p-tºmƒ sR´n-°p∂ hkvXp-XI - fmhpw tIcf P\-Xsb ImØn-cn-°p-I. ]m¿´n ktΩ-f-\-Øns‚ Ah-[n-°mew Ign™v F®v Fw Sn hnhm-ZØ - n-te°v am[y-aß - ƒ {i≤-Xn-cn°pw F∂p {]Xo-£n-°p-∂p. ImcWw Ah¿ am{X-am-Wt√m am[y-a[ - ¿Ωw \nd-th-‰p-∂X - .v _me-N{- μ≥, B\-aß - m-S.v

hcnkwJym \nc°v H‰{]Xn 10 cq] hm¿jnI hcnkwJy 450 cq]

P\-i‡n hmcnI Sn.-kn. 28/2070, t^m¿´v sslkvIq-fn\v FXn¿hiw, Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw 695 023 Ph: 0471 6450625, Fax: 0471-2468133 E-mail: janashakthi@gmail.com

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

3


apJ-{]-kwKw

`mjbpw icoc`mjbpw ap

Jw a\- ns‚ IÆm-Sn-bmWv F∂p ]d-bm-dp-≠v. a\- ns‚ `mh-ßfpw `mh-am-‰-ßfpw a\pjy

ico-cØ - nse as‰m-ch - b - h - h - p-a√ - , apJ-amWv {]Xn-^e - n-∏n-°p-∂Xv F∂-XmWv B ]d-®n-en-\S- n-ÿm-\w. `mhßsf {]Xn-^e - n-∏n-°m≥ am{X-a√ - , Nne-t∏m-ƒ ad-®p-hb - ° v m\pw kpin-£n-Xa- mb apJ-߃°m-hpw. a\- nep-≈X - n\p hn]-co-Xa- m-bh apJØv {]I-Sn-∏n-°p∂ hncpXpw Nne¿ \nc-¥c ]cn-io-e\w sIm≠v t\Sn-sbSp-°m-dp-≠.v apJ-Øn-\p≈ Cu Ign-hp-Is- f√mw a\p-jys‚ alm-kn-≤n-bmb `mjbv°pw `mj-WØ - n-\p-ap-≠.v ""kwkmcn-°q, Rm≥ \nßsf Adn-bs´'' F∂ hN\w Hm¿°p-I. `mj-am-{X-a-√, `mj-W-th-f-bnse Ah-bh tNjvSI - fpw a\- ns‚ {]Xn-^e - \ - ß - f - m-Im-dp-≠.v `mj-bpsS ]cn-an-Xn-Isf adn-IS- ∂v `mj-WsØ ]q¿Æ-Xbn-se-Øn-°p-∂Xp Xs∂ ]e-t∏mgpw `mj-Wm-\p-_‘ - n-If - mb BwKnI Ne-\ß - f - m-W.v {]tXyI Ne-\ß - sfm∂pw IqSmsX kzbw kwkm-cn-°p∂ Nne ico-ch - n-ti-jß - fpw ico-cm-hÿ - I - fpw IqSn D≠v. F√mw IqSn tN¿Øp ]d-™m¬ `mjbpw icoc `mjbpw IqSn-bmWv Hcm-fpsS at\m-`m-hß - s- fbpw ho£W KXnI-sf-bp-amsI a‰p-≈h - ¿°v shfn-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-Sp-°p-∂X - .v \ΩpsS cmjv{Sob {]h¿Ø-Ic- psSbpw `c-Wm-[n-]∑ - m-cp-sSbpw `mjbpw icoc `mjbpw sNbvXn-Is - ft∏m-se-tbm AXn-e[ - n-Itam Ah-cpsS at\m-`m-hß - s- fbpw ho£-WK - X - n-Is- fbpw \ap°p ap∂n¬ Xpd-∂ph-b° -v p∂ ImgvNb - mWv Ct∏mƒ \mw I≠p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂X - .v ""hyh-kmbw XpS-tß-≠Xv `qan-bn-e√ - msX sXßn≥a-≠b - n-emtWm'' F∂ tNmZy-Ønse [m¿jvSysØ B tNmZyw tNmZn-°p-∂b - m-fns‚ At∏m-gsØ ico-c`- mj ZrVo-Ic- n-°p-∂Xv \mw Adn-bp-∂p. "FtSm tKm]m-eI - rjvWm' F∂ hnfn-bnse `oj-Wn-tbbpw ]c-\n-μt- bbpw F{X-aS- ß - m-bmWv B icoc `mj \ΩpsS A\p-`ham°n-Øo¿°p-∂X - v. \ΩpsS kl-IcW ˛ ssZh-Im-cy-a{- ¥n-bpsS `mjbpw icoc `mjbpw Znhkw Ign-bp-t¥mdpw H´pw kl-Ic- W - m-flI - a- √ - msXbpw ss]im-Nn-Ia- mbpw ]cn-Wa- n-®p-sIm-≠p-an-cn-°p-∂p. apjvIns‚ cmjv{Sob {]tbm-Ka- mb ^mkn-kØns‚ h‡m-°f - mb sXmKm-Un-ba- m-cp-sSbpw tamUn-am-cp-sS-bpw, Im]-Sy-Øns‚ cmjv{Sob Iem-hn-jI v m-cØn¬ _ncp-Z[ - m-cn-If - mb Icp-Wm-Ic- ∑ - m-cp-sSbpw sN∂n-Øe - a- m-cp-sSbpw `mjbpw ico-c`- m-jbpw C∂-seI-fn¬ ChnsS CS-Xp-]£ cmjv{Sob t\Xm-°∑ - m¿°v A\y-am-bn-cp-∂p. a‰p ]eXnep-sa-∂t- ]mse C°mcy-Ønepw ^mkn-Ãp-If - p-ambpw BP∑ I]-Sc- m-j{v So-b° - m-cp-ambpw R߃s°mcp hyXym-kh - p-an√ F∂p ka¿∞n-°p-Ib - mtWm CØcw `mj-sIm≠pw icoc`mj-sIm≠pw \ΩpsS ]pXnb CS-Xp-]£ t\Xr-cq-]߃ sNøp-∂s- X∂v \ymb-ambpw kwi-bn-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. h¿§ ˛ cmjv{Sob \ne-]m-Sp-I-fn¬ ISp-InS hn´p-ho-gvN-bn-√m-Xn-cn-°p-tºmgpw i_vZ-Øntem A¿∞Øntem hna¿i-\ß - f - psS \nin-XXzw H´pw Ipd-b° v m-Xn-cn-°p-tºmgpw FXn-cm-fn-ItfmSp t]mepw \¿Ω-a[ - pchpw kvt\l-ak - r-Wh - p-ambn kwkm-cn-°p-Ibpw s]cp-am-dp-Ibpw sNbvXp-t]m∂ kz¥w ]q¿Δn-I∑ - msc ka-Nn-ØX ssIh-cp∂ A]q¿Δ-\n-an-jß - f - nset∏msg-¶nepw \ΩpsS \h-bp-Kk - m-cY - n-Iƒ H∂p kvacn-®ncp-s∂-¶n¬ F{X \∂m-bn-cp∂p! AYhm B ]cn-∏p-h-S-bp-sSbpw I´≥ Nmb-bp-sSbpw Imcyw t]mse, a- n-ep-]n-Sn-°m-sXbpw acymZbv°p kwkm-cn®pw C\n ChnsS ]m¿´n hf¿Øm-\m-hn-s√-∂m-bn-t∏mtbm? B¿°-dn-bmw.

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

4


]p\¿hm-b\

Ddq-_ns‚ t_m[n-hr£w (D-dq_ns‚ kpμ-cn-Ifpw kpμ-c≥amcpw F∂ t\mh-ens‚ AºXmw h¿j-am-Wn-X)v

]n kptc-{μ≥

a\p-jy-\-∑-bn¬ Bg-ta-dnb hnizmkw Ddq-_n-\p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. kXysØ kuμ-cy-am°n Ddq-_n-s\-s°m≠v `mh-\-sN-øn-∏n-®Xv Km‘n-b≥ kuμ-cy-Z¿i-\-am-bn-cn-°-Ww. a\p-jys‚ hogvN-I-tf-°m-tfsd Ahs‚ Dbn¿∏p-I-sf-°p-dn-®mWv Ddq_v Gsdbpw kwkm-cn-®-Xv. AXn-\m¬ Ahn-izm-k-Øn¬\n∂v hnizm-k-Øn-te-bv°v, IpSn-sbm-gn-b-en¬ \n∂v IpSn-∏m¿∏n-tebv°v, C√m-bva-bn¬ \n∂v D◊-bn-tebv°v F∂n-ßs\ Cu t\mh-ens‚ hf¿®sb \n¿h-Nn-°p-Ibpw sNømw. Bfl-l-Xy sNøm≥ t]mIp-∂-h≥ Cu t\mh¬ Iøn-se-Sp-°-s´. CXns‚ ]mcm-b-W-Øn-eqsS Ah≥ Bfl-lXym ap\ºn¬ \n∂v ]n≥hm-ßn-tb-°mw.

1958

e - mWv kpμ-cn-Ifpw kpμc≥amcpw ]pkvXI cq]Øn¬ ]pd-Øp-hc- p-∂X - .v F√m A¿∞-Ønepw CsXmcp _rlZv BJym-\a- m-Wv. a\p-jys\ tI{μ-ÿm-\Ø - p-\n¿Øn Ncn-{X-]chpw kmaq-lnI imkv{X-]c- h - p-amb BJym\w ae-bm-fØ - nse CXn-lmk Xpey-amb cN-\b - m°n Cu IrXn-sb- am-‰n. alm-`m-cX-Øn¬ Xs∂-bmWv Cu IrXn-bpsS thcv F∂v Be-¶m-cn-Iambn am{Xw ]d-bm-hp-∂-X-√. Ddq-_ns\ G‰hpw kzm[o-\n® IrXn alm-`m-cXw Xs∂-bm-Wt- √m. Fgp-Øp-Im-cs‚ cmjv{Sob \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ tæ—-ambn Nn{Xo-I-cn-°-s∏-Sp∂ Hcp Ime-L-´Øn¬ Cu IrXn ho≠pw ho≠pw hmbn-°p-∂Xv \sΩ Bfl-cXn-bpsS IpSp- p-ap-dn-If - n¬ \n∂v ]pd-Øp-IS- ° - m≥ klm-bn-°pw. 2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

Xs‚ cmjv{Sob \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ IWn-ia- mbn-Øs∂ Ah-X-cn-∏n® IrXn-bm-Wn-Xv. Cu IrXn-b° v I - Øv cmjv{Sob kwhm-Zß - fpsS henb `qan-II - f - p-≠.v ]et∏mgpw ]I Dcpƒs∏m-´¬ t]mse hn\m-i-I-c-ambn IpØn-sbm-gp-Ip-∂Xv ImWm-sa-¶nepw AXv hn{im-¥n-bpsS \Zn-bmbn Hcp-]mSv P\]Y-߃°v Poh-Pew \¬In kvt\l\oena-bn¬ ebn-°p-∂Xv ImWmw. kvt\l-amWv kuμ-cyw. kuμcyw Xs∂ kvt\lhpw. {]W-b-Ønepw hnc-l-Ønepw \odn-\odn {`m¥n-se-Ønb IYm-]m-{X-ap≠v Cu t\mh-en¬. IY-Ifn Bim≥ tKm]n-°pdp-∏.v {]W-bn-\nsb Hm¿Øv hnßn-°c- ™v Ahn-hm-ln-X-\mbn Pohn-®-h≥. h¿j߃°ptijw B {]W-bn\n hn[-hbmbn aS-ßn-sb-Øp-∂p. Ahƒ e-£van°p-´n. aIƒ im¥bpw. Ah¿ Xma-kn® ho´n-tebv°v Hcp-I≈ - s- \-t∏mse ]Xp-ßns®-√p-Ib - mWv tKm]n-°p-dp-∏v. ]s£ B cm{Xn Abmƒ ho´n-se- Im-cy-ÿ-\m¬ ]nSn-°s - ∏-Sp-Ib - m-W.v "e£van-°p´n hnf-°p-s]m°n B apJtØbv°p t\m°n. N{]-Ø-e-ap-Sn. Ip‰nØm-Sn, hnb¿∏-Wn™ apJw. B IÆpIƒ AS-™p-t]m-bn-cn-°p-∂p. Bcm-WXv? Hcp-\n-anjw c≠p-\n-anjw; aq∂m-asØ \nanj-Øn¬ B kv{Xo Hscm‰ \ne-hnfn

5


"lmcv?' Ah-cpsS ssIbn¬ \n∂v hnf-°pXmsg hoWn√' (t]Pv \q‰n-sbm-∂v) CXv kvt\lm-t\z-j-W-ß-fpsS Hcp ]cy-h-km-\-am-Wv. Hcp Is≠-Ø-ens‚ \n¿hr-Xn-bn¬ kvt\l-Øns‚ H®-bmWv \ne-hn-fn-bmbn amdp-∂-Xv. \ne-hn-f°v Xmsg hogp-Ib - n-√. B shfn-®a- mWv tNmcbn¬ kv]¿in® {]W-bsØ Ahƒ°v hos≠-SpØv sImSp-°p-∂-Xv. Ddq-_ns‚ temIØv ]I-b√ {`m¥-amb {]W-bamWv sIme-]m-XI - Ø - n-tebv°v \bn-°p∂-X.v DΩm-®p-hnepw AΩn-Wn-bn-ep-sams° Cu hn[-Øn-ep≈ kvt\l {]I-S\ - ß - f - p≠v. CsXms° ({]-Wb - a- m-bm-epw, sIme]m-XI - a- m-bmepw hnhm-la- m-bm-epw) kZmNm-c-]-c-a√ F∂ hna¿i-\-Øn\pw Ddq_n\v Xt‚-Xmb adp-]S- n-If - p-≠.v "cm[bpw hnizhpw IqSn Hcp IpSpw_w ÿm-]n-°m\p-db - ° v p∂ IY-bpsS ]cy-hk - m\w kZmNm-cØ - n-te-b° v √ hnc¬ Nq≠p-∂s- X∂pw Nne kplr-Øp-°ƒ Hm¿Ω-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ib - p≠m-bn. "DΩm®p'hns‚ ]cy-hk - m-\s - Ø∏-‰nbpw CtX hn[-Øn-ep-≈ Bt£-]a- p≠m-bn-cp-∂p. kZm-Nm-cß - ƒ A\p-jT v n-°s∏-tS-≠h Xs∂. ]t£, kZm-Nm-cß - ƒ bpK- [ ¿Ω- ß - f m- W v . amdn- s °m- ≠ n- c n°p∂hbm-W.v Pohn-®n-cn-°p-hm\pw I¿Ωw sNøp- h m- \ p- a mWv F√m Pohn- I fpw At_m-[a- m-bn-s´-¶nepw B{K-ln-°p-∂X - .v Cu C— a\p-jy¿°p-kt- _m-[a- m-bn-Øoct´ Ft∂ {]m¿∞n-°m≥ Ign-bq. (D-dq_v ˛ kpμ-cn-Ifpw kμ-c≥am-cpw ˛ Bap-Jw) Hcp sIme-]m-XI - a- mWv Ah-km-\sØ hntam-N\ am¿§-sa∂v Xo¿®-bm-hp-tºmƒ, Hcp sIme-]m-XI - Ø - n-¬\ - n-∂mWv kvt\lØns‚ \Zn Bcw-`n-°pI F∂m-sW-¶n¬ Hgp-Ip∂ tNmc IÆo-cp-t]mse sXfn™P-ea- mbn amdp-am-bn-cn-°W - w. sIme-]mXIw ss\XnIambn amdp-am-bn-cn-°-Ww. a\p-jy-lX - y°v [m¿ΩnIamb \ymbo-Ic- W-߃ aX-kw-l-nX-I-fn-ep-≠v. {]Xyb imkv{X-ßf - n-ep-≠v. lnwksb [¿Ω-Ønte-b° v p≈ hgn-bm-bn-I≠ {]hm-NI NcyI-fp-≠.v tNmc sXm´p-sIm≠v kvt\lw Dcphn´ t]mcm-fn-I-fpsS PohnX ]pkvX-Ißfpw \ΩpsS apºn-ep-≠.v kuay-am-bn-cn-s°-Øs∂ Aev]w hn[zwkI-am-bn-Øs∂ Ddq_pw CuImgvN-∏mSv Ah-X-cn-∏n-®-Xm-bn-Im-Wmw. B apJ-Øn¬ as‰m-cn-SØv Ddq_v Fgp-Xp-∂p: "X\n D¬Ir-jvS≥amtc-tbm Xotc \nIr-jSv ≥am-tctbm Rm\n-hnsS Nn{X-s∏Sp-Øn-bn-´n-√. km[m-c-W-a-\p-jy-sc-∏‰n kwkm-cn-°p-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p. B kv{Xo-]p-cp-

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

j≥am-cm-hs- ´ hncq-]ß - fpw hn[zw-kI - ß - fp- a mb {]h¿Ø- \ - ß - f n- t e¿s∏- S p∂ kμ¿`-ßf - n¬t]mepw hnIm-tcmjvafßfmb lrZ-b-ß-sf-s°m≠v kpμ-cn-Ifpw kpμ-c∑ - m-cp-amtb tXm∂n-bp-≈q. kztX, a\p-jy¿ kpμ-c∑ - m-cmWv. kpμ-cn-If - p-am-W.v ' temI-Ønse F√m-kp-μ-cn-Iƒ°pw kpμ-c≥am¿°p-ambn Cu t\m-h¬ ka¿∏n°-s∏-´X - ns‚ Imc-Whpw AXm-W.v a\p-jy\-∑b - n¬ Bg-ta-dnb hnizmkw Ddq-_n-\p≠m-bn-cp-∂p. kXysØ kuμ-cy-am°n Ddq_n-s\-s°m≠v `mh-\s- N-øn-∏n-®Xv Km‘nb≥ kuμ-cy-Z¿i-\-am-bn-cn-°-Ww. a\pjys‚ hogvN-I-tf-°m-tfsd Ahs‚ Dbn¿∏p-Is - f-°p-dn-®mWv Ddq_v Gsdbpw kwkm-cn-®-Xv. AXn-\m¬ Ahn-izm-kØn¬\n∂v hnizm-kØn- t e- b v ° v , IpSnsbm-gn-b-en¬ \n∂v IpSn-∏m¿∏n-te-bv°v, C√m-bva-bn¬ \n∂v D◊-bn-tebv°v F∂nßs\ Cu t\mhens‚ hf¿®sb \n¿h- N n- ° p- I bpw sNømw. Bfl-l-Xy sNøm≥ t]mIp-∂h≥ Cu t\mh¬ Iøn-se-Sp-°-s´. CXns‚ ]mcm-b-WØn- e qsS Ah≥ B fl - l X y m ap\ºn¬ \n∂v ]n≥hm-ßn-tb-°mw. Cu hn[w a\p-jys\ Bg-Øn¬ am‰n adn°m≥ sI¬∏p≈ IrXn-Isf CXn-lmksa∂p \Ωƒ hnfn°p-∂p. a¿Øy≥ kpμ-c\m- W v F∂p XpSßp∂ CS-t»-cn-bpsS Ihn- X m- i - I - e - a mWv BapJ- a mbn Cu ]pkvXI - Ø - n-tebv°v Ddq_v kzoI-cn-°p∂-Xv. a\p-jym-h-ÿsb kw_-‘n® ImgvN-∏m-Sn¬ CS-t»-cn, Ddq_v F∂o cs≠-gp-Øp-Im¿°pw Gsd kmPm-Xy-ap-≠.v CS-t»-cn-bpsS ]qX-∏m-´n-t\mSv tN¿Øp-sh°m-hp∂ cN-\b - mWv Ddq-_ns‚ shfp-ØIp-´n. a\p-jy≥ kpμ-c-\mWv F∂ Ddq_ns‚ hnizm-ksØ Ipμw-Ip-fsØ t]m¿°p-Iƒ°v \μn-]-d-™p-sIm≠v At±lw Fgp-Xnb teJ-\-hp-ambpw tN¿Øp-sh-bv°mw. IpμwIpfØp-sh®v

]∂n-sb I - ≠ - Xv Ip™p-\m-fnse A\p-`h-am-Wv Ddq-_n-\.v BZy-Im-gN v b - n¬ Xs∂ apJwXncn-∏n-°m≥ t{]cn-∏n® Pohn-bm-WXv. Kpcp-hm-bq-cn-te°p t£{X Z¿i-\Øn\p t]mhp-tºmƒ Ipμw-Ipfw hgn k©-cn-°W - w. F√m amk-hp-ap≈ G¿∏mSm-W-Xv. F{X apJw Xncn-®mepw Hmtcm amkhpw t]m¿°p-Isf A`n-ap-Jo-Ic- n-t°≠n-hc- p-∂p. BZyw tXm∂nb Ad∏v ]ns∂∏ns∂ Ipd-™p-h-cn-I-bm-Wv. B PohntbmSv IuXpIhpw tXm∂n-Øp-Sß - n. B IuXp-I-Øn¬ \n∂v Hcp kuμ-cy-Nn¥ D≠m-hp-∂p. AXv temI-Ønse G‰hpw kuμ-cy-ap≈ Pohn-If - n-sem∂v ]∂n-bmWv F∂-Xt- {X. Cu kuμ-cy-Z¿i\w Ddq_v F∂ {]Im-i-tKm-]p-c-Øns‚ ASn-Ø-d-

Ddq_v bmWv F∂p ]d-bmw. t£{X-Z¿i-\s - Ø°p-dn- ®v Ddq_v H∂pw Xs∂ ]d-bp∂n-√. t£{Xw A¥n-aa- mb icn-sb-∂√ - , icn-bnte-°p≈ Nq≠p-]e - I - s- bt∂ Ddq_v hnizkn- ® n- c n- ° m- \ n- S - b p- ≈ q. Nq≠p- ] - e I ImWn® hgn-bn-eq-sS-bp≈ k©m-cØ - n-\nS-bn¬ Agp-°p-Nm-ep-Iƒ... Nfn-∏p-dß - ƒ.... Ahn-sS-sb-tßm-sh-®p-I≠ BZyw Ad∏p-≠m-°nb arK-amWv Pohm-hÿ - s- b-°pdn®v Nne-Xp-sh-fn-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-Sp-ØX - v. F®n-ep-Iƒ sN∂-Sn-bp-∂n-S-ØmWv Ddq-_ns‚ acw hf-cp-∂X - .v B acw apcn-ß-

6


bmWv F∂Xv khn-tij ]cn-K-W\ A¿ln-°p-∂p. Cu t\mh-ense {][m\ IYm-]m-{X-amb hniz-\m-Ys‚ t_m[n-hr£-am-bmWv apcn-ßa- cw {]Xy-£s - ∏-Sp-∂Xv. apcn-ß-bn¬ \n∂p≈ FXn¿Zq-c-¥Øns‚ Atß X - e - b - ° v em-Wv B¬a-cw. t£{X hnip- ≤ n- b nte B¬acw hf¿Ømhq F∂p ]d-bpw. F∂m¬ apcnß-bpsS CSw ASp-°f - b - psS ]n∂m-ºp-dØpw. B¬acw k∂ym-kn-bm-W.v apcn-ß Krl-ÿ\pw. H hn hnP-bs‚ hr£w B¬a-ca- m-W.v hnP-bs‚ chn°pw Ddq-_ns‚ hniz\m-Y\pw XΩn¬ Nne kmZr-iy-ßf - p-≠v. chnbv°p apºv Hcp hniz-\m-Y\ - p-≠m-bn-cp∂p-sh∂pw, ae-bmf t\mh¬ kmln-XyØn¬ chn, ctaiv ]Wn-°¿, tkXp, inh≥Ip´n F∂n-ßs - \-bp≈ IYm-]m-{Xß-fpsS BZn-cq]w hniz-\m-Y\ - m-bn-cp-∂psh∂pw B[p-\nI \ncq-]-I¿ t_m[]q¿Δw ad-®p-sh-®p. s]cpØ AkvXn-Xzhy-YI - ƒ, Bfl-\m-iØ - ns‚ ht°m-fs - aØn® kzXz {]Xn-k‘n CsXm-s°bpw hniz-\m-Ys‚ IqS-∏n-d-∏m-bn-cp-∂p. B[p\nI \ncq- ] - I ¿ F∂p hnfn- ° - s ∏´ aqh¿kwLw Ddq-_n-t\bpw _jo-dnt\bpw tImhn-et- \bpw NXn-®,v Ah-cpsS intcm-e¶ - m-ca- m-th-≠n-bn-cp∂ Inco-Sß - ƒ apIp-μ\pw, Im°-\m-S\pw B\-μn-\psams° Nm¿Øn-s°m-Sp-ØXv B[p-\nI \ncq-]W - s - a∂p hnf-n° - s - ∏-Sp∂ hmb\m coXn-Isf F{X-I≠v A«o-ea- m-°n-sb-∂pw, N¿® sNø-s∏-´n-√. Imºn-√m-bav s - b-°p-dn®p≈ hymIp-eX chnbv°pw hniz-\m-Y\ - pap- ≠ v . Cu hymIp- e - X - b mWv c≠p t]scbpw bm{X sNøm≥ t{]cn-∏n-®-Xv. s]m≈ a\p-jy-cpsS bm{X-I-fm-bn-cp∂p chn-bp-tSbpw hniz\m-Yt- ‚-bpw. Ddq-_ns‚ `mj-bn¬ `mj-bn¬ Nm¿Øn-In-´nb Ip´nbm-Wv hniz-\m-Y≥. t]cv Xs∂ `mc-am-bh≥. bm{X-bpsS cq]-Iß - ƒ Fºm-Sp-ap≠v Cu t\mh- e n¬. \o≠p- t ]m- I p∂ sdbn¬∏m- f - ß ƒ F∂Xv Hc- [ ym- b Øns‚ t]cm-W.v hniz-\m-Ys‚ bm{Xtbm `qan-bpsS A‰-tØ-°m-Wv. D≈-Xn-s\-hn´v C√mØ H∂n-s\-bm-Wv hniz-\m-Y≥ At\z-jn-®-Xv. AXp Xs∂-bm-bn-cp∂p Bfl-\m-iØ - ns‚ Imc-Wh - pw. Bfl-lXy-bn-tebv°v Ah-s\ \ - b - n-°p-∂XpaXmWv. HSp-hn¬ anYym-{`-aß - f - n¬\n∂v Ah≥ hnap-‡-am-hp-∂p. temI-sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ hniz-\m-Ys‚ ImgvN-∏mSv Iptd-°qSn cmjv{So-tbm-∑p-J-am-hp-∂p. s]mßp-X-Snbmbn Hgp-In-t∏m-bh - ¿ cmjv{Sob kwhm-Zßfn¬ G¿s∏-Sm≥ Icp-Øp-t\-Sp-∂p. a\pjy-cpsS cmP-ss\-XnI \ne-]m-Sp-I-fpsS t]cn-emWv Ah¿°n-Sb - n¬ kwL¿j-ap2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

≠m- h p- ∂ - X v . Ip™n- c m- a ≥ ]´m- f Øn¬tNcp-∂-Xp-t]mepw Hcp-cm-jv{Sob \ne-]m-Sns‚ `mK-ambncp∂p. cmP-ss\-XnI-amb kwhm-Z-ß-fpsS CS-߃ hfsc IqSp-Xe - p≠v Cu t\mh-en¬. B\-μns‚ Bƒ°q-´-Øn\pta¬ Cu IrXn sNepØnb kzm[o\w hne- b n- c p- Ø - s ∏- ´ n´pt≠m? Ip‰n-∏p-d-Øp-\n∂v ae-_m-dnse BZysØ hyh-kmb \K-c-amb tImgnt°mSv sN∂p-\n∂ AtX Xoh-≠n-bmWv Gsd h¿j-߃°p-tijw hnIvtSm-dnb sS¿an-\ - n¬ sN∂p-\n∂v Bƒ°q-´a- mbn amdp-∂Xv F∂v Hm¿Øp-sIm≠v Cu t\mhep-Isf XΩn¬ tN¿Øp-sh-®p-hm-bn-°p-Ibp-am-hmw. Rm\m-cm-Wv F∂v Fw apIp-μs‚ IYm-]m{Xw tNmZn°pw apºv kpμ-cn-Ifpw kpμ-c≥ amcpw F∂-t\m-he - nse Hcp IYm]m{Xw CtX tNmZyw tNmZn-®n-cp-∂p. Pbnen¬ sh®v hniz-\m-Y≥ ]cn-Nb - s - ∏-Sp∂ Hcp amjp-≠v. At±-l-sØ-∏‰n hniz-\mY≥ cm[-tbmSv ]d-bp∂p: F¥mWv At±-lØ - ns‚ Zp:Jsa∂p Rm≥ At\z-jn®p. IpSpw-_k - w-_‘ - a- mbn Zp:Jan-√. kvt\l-ab - n-bmb `mcybpw c≠v Hma-\-°p-´n-Ifpw At±-lsØ ImØpsIm≠v IpSpw-_-Øp-≠v. Ah¿°p- Ign™p IqSm-\p≈ hI-bp-≠.v \m´p-Im¿°v At±lw IÆn-ep-Æn-bm-W.v F√mw At±l-Øn-\p-≠v. F∂n´pw At±lw Zp:JnX\m-W.v "ImcWw' ho≠pw IY tIƒ°p∂ Ip´n-bpsS hnS¿∂ IÆp-I-tfmsS cm[ tNmZn-®p. "At±lw Ft∂mSp ]d-bp-I-bm-Wv. F√mw X\n-°p-≠v. ]t£, Xm≥ BcmsW∂v Adn-™p-Iq-sS∂v' Pbn-en¬ \n∂v ]pd-Øp-h-cp-tºmƒ amjv hniz-\m-Yt- \mSv ]d-bp-∂p≠v "IqsS°qsS F\n-s°-gp-Xp. Rm≥ Ds≠∂v hnNm-cn-°m≥ AsXs∂ klmbn-°pw. bm{X sNbvXv bm{X sNbvXv Jkm°nse chn- Po- h n- X - Ø ns‚ `q]SØn¬\n∂v ]pd-Øp-t]m-Ip-∂p. hniz-\mYt\m Pohn-X-Øns‚ ]pt¥m´w Is≠Øp-∂p. chn ]flsb Dt]-£n-°p-I-bmsW-¶n¬ hniz-\m-Y≥ cm[-bp-samØv PohnXw Bcw-`n-°m≥ Xocp-am-\n-°p-Ib - mWv. cm[bpw hniz-\m-Y\pw tN¿∂p-≠m°p∂ ]qt¥m´w hfsctbsd [z\n-If - p≈ PohnX Nn{Xo-Ic- W - a- m-W.v F√m-Xcw sNSnIƒ°pw CS-ap≈ ]qt¥m-´a- m-WX - .v Dujc-XI - f - n-eq-sS-bp≈ bm{X-If - psS HSp-hn¬ ]qt¥m´w Is≠-Øp-I-Xs∂ sNøpw F∂Xv Ddq-_ns‚ ImgvN∏ - m-Sm-W.v Hcp apcnß ac-Øn¬ \n∂m-Wv hniz\m-Y\v shfn-]m-Sp-≠m-hp-∂X - .v

"]d-ºn¬ \n¬°p∂ apcnß acØn\p ta¬ Abm-fpsS IÆ-psN∂p \n∂p. IdpØ hmepw a™-Øqh-ep-ap≈ Hcp ]£n AXn-t∑¬ h∂n-cp∂v Np‰pw-t\m°n. AXv `wKn-bn¬ IsÆ-gp-Xn-bn-´p-≠v. B a™®nd-In¬ sNdnb Icn-ºp-≈n-Iƒ Ds≠∂v kq£n-®p-t\m-°n-bt- ∏mtg I≠p≈q. Btctbm {]Xo-£n-°p-∂X - p-t]mse Np‰pw t\m°n. F∂n´v c≠p-Xh - W i_vZn®p. ]pgw ]pd-Øn\p t\sc ]d∂p t]mhpIbpw sNbp-Xp. Bap-cnß acw iq\y-amb-t]mse hniz-\m-Y\ - p-tXm-∂n. Ba-cØ - nte- ° p- X s∂ t\m°n- \ n¬°p- h m≥ Hcpckw ˛ kpJ-amb Zp:Jw. Cuacw t]mse-Ø-s∂-bmWv PohnXhpw F∂v Abmƒ°p-tXm∂n. F√m sNSn-Ifpw H‰-°p-\p-¥mbn-´mWv apf-b° v p∂-Xv. ]Xp-s°-∏-Xps° sImºp-I-fpw, Ihc-ßfpw Nn\-®ß - fpw Ce-Ifpw D≠mhp-∂p. F{X efn-X-am-bn-´mWv PohnXw Bcw-`n-°p-∂-Xv. t\m°n-bncn°ptºmƒ AXv k¶o¿W-am-bn-t∏m-hp-∂p. H‰-Ø-Snbmbn hf-cm≥ Pohn-XØn-\p-km-[y-a-√. Hm¿°m-∏p-d-Øp-sIm-ºp-Iƒ s]m´n-ap-fbv°p-∂p. Ih-c-߃ D≠m-hp-∂p. -Xs‚ ÿnXnbpw Cu am-Xn-cn-Xs - ∂-bt- √.? as‰m-cp-]£n apcn-ßb - n≥ ta¬h-∂ncp-∂p. Icp-tØm-et- ]mse shfp-Øp-\o≠ AXns‚ hmev Nn√-bn¬ Xßn-°n-S-∂p. Hcp alm-cm-⁄n-bpsS \oe-b-¶nsb Hm¿Ωn- ∏ n- ° p∂ Ft¥m H∂v B hmen≥ta-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. s]s´-∂mWv B In-fn- ]mdnt∏mb-X.v CØ-hW hniz-\m-Y\v A{Xbpw henb GIm- ¥ X B hr£sØ _m[n-®-Xmbn tXm∂n-bn-√. C\nbpw Infn-Iƒ ht∂-b° v p-sa∂ BisIm-≠mtWm? AtXm hchpw t]m°pw a\- n\v ]cn-Nb - s - ∏-Sp-Ib - mtWm? Cu apcn-ßa- c - hpw Infnbpw h¿j-tasd-Ig- n™v Sn ]fl-\m-`s‚ ]md-∏p-dsØ ho´n-se-Øp-tºmgpw Pohn-X-tØm-Sp≈ AKm-[amb {]W-b-Øns‚ Infn-∏m-´pIƒX-s∂-bt√ apcn-ßa- c- Ø - n¬ \n∂v \mw tI-´Xv? CsXms° ae-bm-fØ - ns‚ ]pWya-√msX as‰¥v? PohnX \ncm-k-Øn-tebv°pw BfllXybntebv°pw \ofp∂ Ht´sd hgn-Iƒ Cu t\mh-ense IYm-]m-{X-߃°p-ap-ºnep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. F∂n´pw Ah¿ Pohn-XØn-te°p aS-ßp-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p. t\mh-ens‚ HSp-hn¬ cm[- hniztØmSv tNmZn-°p-∂p: "B amÿ°v a‰p-]Sn Fgp-Xntbm?' "C√. Cs∂--gpXpw' "F¥m-sW-gp-XpI?' "Rm≥ Fs∂ I≠p-]n-Sn-®p-sh∂v'

7


Ih¿ tÃmdn

]m¿´nbpw P\-ßfpw: aq¿—n-°p∂ sshcp≤yw F≥ kpK-X≥ tIc-f-Ønse ]ptcm-K-a-\-cm-jv{Sob kaqlw Ah-cpsS {]Xym-im-tI{μambn-cp∂ Hcp Bi-bhpw Hcp kwL-S-\bpw Hcp {]ÿm-\hpw Cß-s\-sbmcp ]X-\-Øn-se-Øp-tºmƒ Fß-s\-bmhpw CXn-t\m-sS√mw {]Xn-I-cn-°m≥ t]mIp-∂-sX∂v Hcp cmjv{Sob tPym’y\pw {]h-Nn-°m-\m-hn-√. Ah-cpsS ss\cmiyw a™p-I-´-bmbn L\o-`-hn-°ptam tcmjw A·n-Pzm-e-I-fmbn Bfn-°-Øptam?

""am

[y- a - ß - f psS A`q- X ]q¿Δhpw kwL-Sn-Xh - p-amb \pW-{]-Nm-cWhpw h¿Kob i‡n-If - psS IS-∂m-{I-aW-ßfpw t\cn´v kn ]n sF (Fw) AXns‚ _lp- P - \ - k zm- [ o- \ - Ø nepw kwL-S\ - m-i‡ - n-bnepw h≥ap-t∂‰ap≠m°n. '' ˛ kwÿm-\k - t- Ω-f\ - Ø - ns‚ aq∂mw \mfn¬ s^{_p-hcn 13 \v ""IS-∂m-{I-aW - ßsf t\cn´v IqSp-X¬ Icp-tØmsS'' F∂ io¿j-I-Øn¬ tZim-`n-am\n, ktΩ-f-\Øn¬ kwÿm\ sk{I-´dn Ah-Xc- n-∏n® dnt∏m¿´ns\ Bkv]Z-am-°n {]kn-≤o-Icn®hm¿Ø-bpsS cXv\® - p-cp-°a- mWv Cu hmIyw. ae-∏pdw ktΩ-f-\-Øn\p tijap≈ aq∂p-h¿j-ßf - n¬ AwK-kw-Jy-bn¬ 20339 s‚ h¿≤-\h - p-≠m-bn, 1741 {_m©pIƒ IqSn, 145 tem°¬ IΩn-‰n-Iƒ ]pXpXmbn cq]o-Ic - n-®p, \yq\-]£ - P - \ - h - n-`m-KØn-\n-S-bn-ep≈ kzm[o\w h¿≤n-®p. _lp-P-\-kw-L-S-\-I-fpsS AwK-kw-Jybn¬ 20 e£-Øns‚ h¿≤\ D≠m-bn, ]m¿´n hnZym-`ymkw \¬Ip-∂X - n¬ _lpZqcw apt∂m-´p-t]m-bn-˛h - f - ¿®-bp-sSbpw IcpØn-s‚bpw IW-°p-Iƒ Cßs\ \ofp∂p. hf¿®-sbbpw IcpØp h¿≤-\s- b-bpw

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

]‰n-bp≈ Cu HutZym-KnI `mjy-ßf - n¬ Nne-Xns‚sb¶nepw s]m≈-Øcw ap≥Ime-ßf - n¬ Zi-Iß - ƒ°p-≈nepw ktΩ-f\ - Im-eb - f - h - p-Iƒ°p-≈nepw D≠mb hf¿®bp-am-bp≈ Xmc-Xayw sIm≠v hy‡-amIpw.(ASn-b-¥nc i{Xp hn`m-Ko-b-Xtbm apX-em-fnØ {]tbmK ]≤-Xntbm? : -Bkm-Zv t]Pv 12 ImWpI) ]pXnb AwK-ßfpsS IS-∂p-hc- h - n-s\-∏‰n ap≥Im-eß - sf At]-£-n®v AsX{X sNdnb Af-hn-emsW-¶n-epw-˛-Du‰w sIm≈p-tºmƒ ]gb AwK-ß-fn¬ F{X t]¿ sImgn-™pt]mbn F{X t]¿ \njv{In-bcpw \ma-am{X-Aw-K-ß-fp-ambn F∂ Imcy-Øn¬ hm¿Ø au\w ]men°p-∂p. cmjv{Sob hnZym- ` ym- k hpw A\p- ` - h - k - º Øpw B¿÷n® apXn¿∂-hcpw bphm-°f - p-amb F{X AwK-߃ cmjv{So-bØ - n-ep-]cn hn`mKob ]cn-KW - \ - I - f - m¬ ]pd-Øm-°s - ∏´pw AwKXzw ]pXp-°msXbpw sImgn-™pt]mbn F∂Xv Hcp IΩyq- W nÃp ]m¿´nsb kw_-‘n-®n-St- Ømfw AK-Wyamb \n m-c-kw-K-Xn-bm-hp-∂-sX-ßs\? ]m¿´n ]{X-Øn-s‚bpw XmXzn-Ih - m-cn-Ib - psSbpw FÆ-Øn¬ Ign™ Hcp h¿jØn-\p-≈n¬ kw`-hn® e£-ßf - p-sSbpw

]Xn-\m-bn-cß - f - p-sSbpw CSnhpw _lp-P\m-Sn-Ød hn]p-ea- m-bX - n-s‚bpw kwL-S\m-]c- a- mb IcpØv h¿≤n-®X - n-s‚bpw ASbm-f-ambn IW-°m-°mtam? Cßs\ Du‰w sIm≈p∂ IW-°p-If - n-tem-tcm-∂ns‚bpw D≈p-I-≈n-Iƒ At\z-jn-®m¬ s]m≈n-°p∂ bmYm¿∞y-ß-fn-emhpw sNs∂-ØpI F∂-Xn-cn-°s - ´. Cu IW°p-I-sf-sb√mw \ap°v A£-cm¿∞Øn¬ kzoI-cn®v AwKo-Ic- n-°mw. F¶n¬Øs∂bpw ]m¿´nbpw P\ßfpw XΩn¬ Fgp-]X - p-h¿j-߃°p-apºv cq]o-Ic- W - L - ´w apX¬ kao-]I - mew hsc A\p-kyq-Xa- mbn h¿≤n®pw At`-Zy-am- bn \ne-\n∂pw t]m∂ ASp∏w Ign™ aq∂p h¿j-ßf - ntem kao-]a- m-kß - f - ntem Znhk-ß-fn¬ t]meptam Ipd-bp-I-bmtWm IqSp-Ib - mtWm sNbvXn-´p-≈Xv? A£-c\ - K-cØ - nse h¿Æ-Øn-f° - ß - f - nepw Bc-h∏p-f∏ - p-If - nepw B bmYm¿∞yw IÆn¬ s]s´∂p hcn-√. \m´n≥]p-dß - f - n¬ \n∂pw \K-c-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw FØn-bn-´p≈ P\k-º¿°-ap≈ {]Xn-\n-[n-If - psS s\©n¬ \n∂v cmjv{Sob kq£va- m-]n-\n-Iƒs°m≠v AX-f-°m≥ Ign-bpw. ]m¿´n-bpsS AwKßfpw A√m-Øh - c- p-amb ]Xn-\m-bn-c° - W - °n\v {]h¿Ø-I-cnepw e£-°-W-°n\v A\p-`m-hn-If - nepw P\-Iob {]t£m-`t- hf- I - f nepw `c- W - k ¬°¿Ω- ß - f psS t]cnepw Imem-Im-e-ß-fn¬ ]m¿´nsb klm-bn-®p-t]m-cp∂ et£m]-e£ - a- mb \njv ] - £ - c nepw ]m¿´nsb∏‰nbpw AXns‚ t\Xr-Xz-sØ-∏‰- nbpw AXv C∂v apgp-In-bn-cn-°p∂ A¶-°f - n-Isf∏‰nbpw aXn-∏mtWm aSp-∏mtWm hf¿∂p sIm≠ncn-°p-∂Xv? CXp-IqSn Adn-bm\pw AS-bmf-s∏-Sp-Øm\pw P\-ßt- fm-Sp-Øc - h - m-Zn-Xzap≈ Hcp cmjv{Sob ]m¿´n°pw AXns‚ kwL-S\m ktΩ-f-\-Øn\pw _m[y-Xbnt√? hn`m- K o- b - X - b psS hnf- b m- ´ - ß ƒ Znhkw {]Xn, \nanjw {]Xn ktΩ-f\ - l - m-

8


fn¬ t]mepw DjvWa- m-]n-\n-bnse ck-_nμp-t]mse Db¿∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-tºmgpw hn`m-Ko-b-X-Iƒ Cu ktΩ-f-\-tØmsS \n¿Ωm¿÷\w sNøp-sa∂ hmbvØmcn XpS-cp-I-bm-Wv. AXns‚ A¿∞w C∂v tIc-fob kaq-lØ - n-s\m-∂S- ¶w Hcp am[ya-kn-≠n-t°-‰n-s‚bpw hymJym\w IqSmsX kp{K-l-am-Wv. `qcn-]£ HutZym-KnI hn`mKw adp-`m-KsØ XpS-®p-\o-°pw, Xpcpºn® Ccp-ºp-≠sb ]pd-tºm-°n-tet°m ]pcm-h-kvXp-ti-J-c-Øn-tet°m X≈pw, A\-`n-a-X-sc Igp-th-‰p-Ibpw Xpd-tb-‰pIbpw sNøpw. s^{_p-hcn 14 \v hn`m-Kob- X - b psSbpw A®- S - ° ewL\Øns‚bpw {KlWw Xm≠n ]m¿´n kqcy≥ Pzen-®p-b-cpw. ]pXnb D]-{K-lßfpw \£-{X-ßfpw DZbw sIm≈pw. ]m¿´n H‰-s°-´mbn AXns‚ {]Jym-]n-Xe£yØnte°v ASn-h®v \oßn-Øp-Sßpw. Hcp kwibw am{Xw _m°n-bm-hp-∂p. GXp e£y-Øn-te°v? ÿm]-It- \-Xm-°∑m¿ \n¿Æ-bn-®Xpw 1964 ¬ dnhn-j\ - nÃv If-¶-߃ \o°n ]p\¿\n¿Æ-bn-®-Xp-w ]nev ° m- e Øv Aev ] - a m- { X- a mb t`ZKXntbmsS ]pXp°n \n›-bn-®-Xp-amb ]m¿´n ]cn-]m-Sn-bnse P\-Iob P\m-[n]-Xy-hn-πh - Ø - n-tet°m AtXm Ign™ GXm\pw h¿j-ß-fmbn ÿm]n-s®-Sp°m≥ XnSp-°s- ∏-´p-t]m-cp∂ ]pXnb h¿K_-‘-ß-fm-h-iy-s∏-Sp∂ ]pXp-]p-Ø≥ hnI-k\ - e - £ - y-ßf - n-tet°m? C°pdn apsºm-cn-°epw kw`-hn-°mØ-hn[w, P\m-[n-]X - y-tI-{μo-Ic- W - s - a∂ kp]-co-£n-Xk - w-LS- \ - m-XX - z-Øn-s‚ ASnÿm-\Ø - n¬ {]h¿Øn-°p∂ Hcp ]m¿´nbn¬ Hcn°epw kw`-hn-°m≥ ]mSn-√m-Øhn[w, ]m¿´n-bnse arKob `qcn-]£ - h - n-`mK-sam-∂-S¶w hn Fkv ANyp-Xm-\-μ\p t\sc am{X-a√ - , At±-lØ - ns‚ A`n-{]mb-߃°pw ]cm-Xn-Iƒ°pw sN-hn-sImSpØ ]m¿´n ]n _nbv°p t\scbpw D∂w sX‰msX shSn-bp-Xn¿Øn-cn-°p-∂p. F¥m-bn-cp∂p ]n _n sNbvX alm]-cm[w? tIc-fØ - nse Bcpw kwL-Sn-∏n®-X-√mØ P\m-`n-{]mbw Adn™pw Af∂pw kwÿm\ t\XrXzw \ntj-[n°m≥ iTn® ÿm\m¿∞nXzw hn Fkv ANyp-Xm-\-μ\p \¬Im≥ \n¿t±-in-®p. ]m¿´n sk{I-´dn \bn® tIcf am¿®n¬ Db¿Ønb ka-{K-hn-I-k\w kmaq-lnI \oXn F∂o ap{Zm-hm-Iy-Øn¬ am{X-a-√, AXns‚ {]N-cW - m¿∞w ÿm]n® Iq‰≥ ^vfIvkv t_m¿Up-I-fnepw am¿®n-\nsS \S∂ hncp∂p k¬°m-cß - f - nepw \nthZ-\k-a¿∏-Wß - f - nepw hsc BIr-jSv c- mbn P\-e£ - ß - ƒ thm´p sNbvXX - ns‚ ^e2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

ambn sXc-s™-Sp-∏n¬ `qcn-]£w e`n-®t∏mƒ AXn-s\√mw Imc-W-`q-X-\mb sk{I-´-dn-tbtbm At±-l-Øns‚ d∫¿ Ãmºns\tbm apJy-a{- ¥n-bm-°p-∂X - n-\p-]Icw hnI-k\ - h - n-tcm-[n-bpw, \yq\-]£ - h - ncp-≤\pw hn`m-Kob hnj-hn-Øp-amb B ]g- © ≥ ]mc- º - c y- h m- Z n- s b- Ø s∂ kwÿm-\-t\-Xr-Xz-Øns‚ lnX-Øn\p hncp-≤a- mbn apJy-a{¥n ÿm\-Øh - t- cm-[n®p. ae-∏pdw ktΩ-f\ - Ø - n¬ HutZym-KnI ]m\-en-s\-Xnsc a’-cn-®h - sc ]Sn-bS- ® - p]nWvUw hbv°m-\\ - p-hZ- n-°msX sX‰p-Xncp- Ø m- \ p- ] - t Z- i n®p Xncn- s ®- S p- Ø p. ]ns∂bpw ]ns∂bpw Hmtcm kμ¿`Øn¬ FhnsS \nt∂m hen-™p-tI-dnh∂ ]n _nbpw P\-d¬ sk{I-´-dnbpw kwÿm-\t- \-Xr-Xz-Øns‚ Xo¿∏p-Iƒ°pw Xo´q-cß - ƒ°p-sa-Xnsc Xocp-am-\ß - s - f-SpØp. F√m N¿®-Iƒ°pw Xocp-am-\߃°pw tijw hyh-ÿm-]n-X-ambpw kpXm- c y- a mbpw Hcp ]m¿´n _‘phn¬\n∂p kzoI-cn® c≠p-tImSn tZim-`nam\n ^≠v Xncn-®p-sIm-Sp-∏n®p F∂p am{Xa-√, B CS-]m-Sn¬ Pm{K-X° - p-dh - p-Im-Wns®∂p ]gn®v tI{μ-IΩ - n-‰n-bw-Ka- mb kJmhns\ ]m¿´n ]{X-Øns‚ P\-d¬ amt\P¿ ÿm\-Øp-\n∂p \o°m≥ \n¿t±-in®p. Cu ]n _n Fs¥mcp ]n _nbmWv? Ah-cpsS Cu Xocp-am-\-ßtfmtcm∂pw Bflm¿∞-Xb - p≈ F{X ]m¿´n kJm-°fpsS s\©p-]n-f¿Øp∂Xmbn-t∏m-bn! BsS-¥d- n-bp∂p AßmSn hmWn`w F∂ sNm√p-t]mse ]n _n F¥-dn-bp∂p tIcf-Ønse ]m¿´n hnImcw? AXp-sIm≠mWv hn Fkn-s\m∏w ]n _nsbbpw hcn-™p-\n¿Øn shSn-bp-Xn¿°p-∂X - .v ]n _n s°Xn-cmb Cu \o°w bmZr—n-Itam \n¿t±m-jtam A√. AXn-semcp ktμ-ia- p-≠.v B ktμiw tIc-fØ - nse IΩyq-WnÃp cmjv{Sob hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°v a\- n-em-Ip-∂t- X-bp≈q. Hmtcm {]hn-iybnepw Xcw-t]mse Hmtcm \b-k-ao-]-\߃ kzoI-cn-°m≥ kuI-cy-ap≈ Hcp s^U-d¬ ]m¿´n-sb∂ kpJ-I-c-amb kz]v\Ø - ns‚ ]co-£W - ∏ - d- ° - e - m-hm-aX - .v Cßs\ Duln-°m≥ Imc-Wa- p-≠v. 19 mw ]m¿´n tIm¨{K- n-e-h-X-cn-∏n-t°≠ cmjv{Sob {]ta-b-Øns‚ IcSp tI{μ t\XrXzw {]kn-≤o-Ic- n-®X - v P\p-hcn 20\mWv. AXn-\p-ti-ja- mWv ChnsS F®v Fw Sn `qan hnhm-Zw, AØcw hnhm-Zß - f - psS kao-]I - m-e] - c- º - c- b - nse G‰hpw HSp-hn-esØ-Xmbn sImSp-ºn-cn-s°m-≠-Xv. B hnj-b-Øn¬ IcSp cmjv{Sob {]ta-bØns‚ A¥- Ø - bv°p hncp-≤a- mb \ne]m-SmWv HutZym-KnI kΩ-Xn-tbmsS B hnhm-ZØ - n¬ Ip‰m-tcm-]n-X\ - mb hyh-km-

b-a{¥n ]c-ky-ambn {]I-Sn-∏n-®X - .v hntZi hmbv]I - ƒ, {]tXyI kmº-ØnI taJ-eIƒ, hymh-km-bn-Im-hi - y-Øn-\mbn Irjn `qan Gs‰-Sp-°¬, s]mXp-ap-X¬ hyh-kmb- Ø ns‚ t]cn¬ kzIm- c y- h y- ‡ nIƒ°pw Iº-\n-Iƒ°pw ssIam-d¬, hyhkm-bk - w-cw-`ß - f - psS t]cn¬ IpSn-sbm-gn∏n- ° s∏- S p∂hcpsS ]p\- c - [ n- h mkw, CØcw CS- ] m- S p- I - f n- s e√mw ]pe¿tØ≠ kpXm-cyX XpS-ßnb \nch[n kp{]-[m-\h - n-jb - ß - f - n¬ kwÿm\ a{¥n-amcpw kwÿm\ t\Xr-Xzhpw kzoIcn-°p∂ cl-kyhpw ]c-ky-hp-amb kao]\w tI{μ-t\-Xr-Xz-Øns‚ \b-\n¿Æ-b߃°p-hn-cp-≤-am-Wv. Cu {]iv\-ß-tfmtcm-∂nepw Nne L´-ßf - n¬ sshIn-bn-´msW-¶nepw ]e-t∏mgpw \njv^-e-am-bn-´msW-¶nepw apJy-a{¥n kzoI-cn-°p-∂k - a- o]\w tI{μ-t\-Xr-Xz-Øns‚ A\p-im-k\ - ߃°p A\p-kr-Xa- m-bn-´p-≈X - p-am-W.v Cu {]iv\ß - f - n-se√mw tIc-fØ - nse s]mXpP-\h - n-Imcw GXp-]£ - Ø - m-sW∂pw A∏t∏mƒ hy‡-am-bn-´p-≈X - m-Wp-Xm-\pw. hy‡n- I ƒ°p Ncn- { X- t Ø- ° mƒ {]m[m-\y-an-s√∂v ⁄m\n-Iƒ ]d-bp-∂p. AXp kXyw. hy‡n-I-fmWv H‰bv°pw Iq´mbpw Ncn{Xw cNn-°p-∂s - X∂pw Adnhp-≈h¿ kΩ-Xn-°p-∂p. AXv A\p-`h - w. AXn-\m¬ hn Fkv ANyp-Xm-\μ - ≥ F∂ hy‡n°p F¥pw kw`-hn-°s´; At±lsØ A\p-Iq-en-°p-∂-h¿°pw. At±lhpw Ahcpw Cu ]cn- W m- a - ß sf Fßs\ A`n-ap-Jo-Ic- n-°pw, AXn-t\mSp Fßs\ {]Xn-I-cn°pw F∂Xv Ah¿ Xocp-am-\n-°-s´. ]s£ tIc-f-Ønse ]ptcm-Ka- \ - c - m-jv{Sob kaqlw Ah-cpsS {]Xym-im-tI{μambn-cp∂ Hcp Bi-bhpw Hcp kwL-S\ - bpw Hcp {]ÿm-\hpw Cßs\-sbmcp ]X-\Ø - n-se-Øp-tºmƒ Fßs\-bmhpw CXn-t\m-sS√mw {]Xn-Ic- n-°m≥ t]mIp- ∂ - s X∂v Hcp cmjv{Sob tPym’y\pw {]h-Nn-°m-\m-hn-√. Ah-cpsS ss\cmiyw a™p-I-´-bmbn L\o-`-hn°ptam tcmjw A·n-Pzm-eI - f - mbn Bfn°-Øptam?

9


Ih¿ tÃmdn

ASn-b-¥nc i{Xp hn`m-Kob-Xtbm apX-em-fnØ {]tbmK ]≤-Xntbm ? BkmZv hncp-≤-{[p-h-ßfn¬ \n¬°p∂ c≠p ]£-ßtfm hn`m-Ko-b-X-Itfm A√ ]m¿´n-bpsS ASn-b-¥n-c-i{Xp. ]pXnb apX-em-fn-Ø-Øns‚ {]tbm-K-]-≤-Xn-I-fmWv. AXn-s\-Xn-cmb H‰-s°-´mb sNdp-Øp-\n-ev]n¬ Aen-™n-√m-Xm-Im-t\-bp≈q GXp hn`m-Ko-b-X-bpw.

tIm

´-bw ]n∂n-Sp-tºmƒ kn ]n sF FΩn\v khn-ti-j-ambn Fs¥¶nepw kw`-hn-°m-\n-√. Hcm-fn¬ \n∂v as‰m-cm-fn-tet°m Hcp {Kq∏n¬ \n∂v as‰mcp {Kq∏n-tet°m D≈ A[n-Im-css°-am-‰-amWv {]iv\-sa∂p Icp-Xp-∂h¿°v tamltam taml-`w-Ktam Bhmw. ]mc-º-cy-hm-Zhpw ]cn-jvI-c-W-hm-Zhpw Ft∂m hn Fkv ANyp-Xm-\μ - \pw ]nWdmbn hnP-b\pw Ft∂m hyXy-kX v ] - £ - ߃ krjvSn-°m≥ ]ecpw D’m-ln-®n-´p≠v. CXn¬ hnPbw GXp ]£-Øn-s\∂v AXo-h\ - n-jvIf - ¶ - a- mbn D‰p-t\m-°p-∂h - cpsS hen-sbmcp ]‰w cq]-s]-´n-cn-°p-∂p. Ch¿ XΩn¬ tIm´-bØp Zzμz-bp≤w \S°p-sa-∂m-bn-cp∂p ]e-cp-sSbpw {]Xo-£. Hcp-]-£Øp Bƒ_ew Ipd-bp-∂t√m F∂ DXv°WvT t]mepw Zzμz-bp-≤Øns‚ ckw sISp-Øp-at√m F∂ hyk\-Øn-t‚-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. CXn-\n-S-bn¬ bYm¿∞ bp≤w Hfn™p-In-S∂ - p. ]pXnb cq]-Øn¬ h∂ apXem-fnØw AP-ø-am-sW∂pw C\n A\pk-cn-°p-Itb \nhr-Øn-bp≈psh-∂p-ap≈ Nn¥m-KXn ]m¿´n ]cn-]m-Sn-bp-ambn \SØnb G‰p-ap-´-em-W-Xv. Cu kwL¿jØn¬ ]cn-]m-Sn°pw Nn√d £X-ßsfms° h∂p-s]-´n-´p-≠.v ka-cß - f - √ kac-ks∏-Se - p-If - mWv th≠-Xv. P\-ßf - psS ]ptcm-KX - n-b√ apX-em-fnØ hnI-k\ - a- mWv apJyw. {]mXn-\n-[y-P\ - m-[n-]X - y-a√ ]¶mfnØ P\m-[n-]X - y-amWv hnP-bI - cw F∂nßs\ hyXy-kX v t- Im-iß - f - n-te°p bp≤w kq£vahpw \nin-Xh - p-ambn. G‰p-ap-´e - p-Isf√mw ]m¿´n ]cn-]mSn-tbm-Sm-bn-cp∂p

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ sXmgn-em-fn-h¿KØns‚ hnπ-h{- ]-ÿm-\t- Øm-Sm-bn-cp∂p, am¿Ivkn-kw se\nk-tØm-Sm-bn-cp∂p Fs∂- √ m- a mWv A¿∞w. t\csØ am¿Ivknkw Ime-lc- W - s- ∏´p {]Xy-bi - mkv{Xhpw Ncn-{Xhpw Ah-km-\n®p (End of ideolgy, End of History) F∂n- ß - s \bp≈ km{am-Py-Xz-Øns‚ Bi-bm-{I-aW - ߃°p k∂m-ls- am-cp-°n-bXp he-Xp-]£-am-bn-cp-∂p. Ct∏m-gm-Is´ ]mf-b-ØnemWv ]S. h¿K-߃ C√m-Xm-Ip∂p sXmgnem-fn-h¿Kw Fs∂m-∂n-√. tkmjy-enkw ]cm-Pb - s - ∏-´p. Iayq-WnÃv am\n-s^tÃm am‰n Fgp-X-Ww, \memw temI-hmZw kzoImcyw. th≠Xp ]m¿´n-c-ln-X-]-¶mfnØ P\m-[n-]-Xyw. AXp \S-∏m-°m≥ kzbw klm-b-kw-L-ßfpw \h-km-aqlnI {]ÿm-\ß - fpw F∂n-ßs - \-bp≈ Bi-b[ - m-cI - ƒ IS-∂m-{I-an-°p-∂Xp ]pdØp-\n-∂√ ]m¿´n-°I - Ø - p-\n-∂mWv. G‰pap-´p-∂X - v ]m¿´n ]cn-]m-Sn-tbmSpw sXmgn-emfn-h¿K-{]ÿm\-tØm-Sp-amWv. Cu bp≤Øns‚ ]S-lß - f - mWv Ign™ Hcp ZiIw apgp-h≥ apg-ßn-t°-´X - .v kqNn-∏n-°p-∂Xv Hcp `mKØv kn ]n sF Fw ]cn-]m-Snbpw Imem-Im-eßfn¬ AwKo-Ic - n-°s - ∏-SmØ {]Xy-bi - m-kv{X-˛cmjv{Sob˛kw-LS- \ - m-{]-ta-bß - fpw IayqWnÃp am\n-s^-tÃmbpw am¿Ivknkw Xs∂-bp-amWv D≈sX∂mWv adp-`m-KØ - mIs´ dnhn-j-\n-khp(]cn-jvI-c-W-hmZ)amWv CXn¬ am[y-aß - fpw he-Xp-]£ _p≤n-Po-hn-Ifpw Btcm-]n-°p∂ ]mc-ºcy-hm-Zs - a-hnsS? AXp ]cn-]m-Sn-bmtWm? Iayq-Wn-Ãp-am-\n-s^tÃm BtWm? sXmgn-

em- f n- h ¿K- ] - £ - a mtWm? CsXms° ImØp-t]m-cnI F∂Xv hn Fkv ANypXm-\-μs‚ am{Xw Npa-X-em-bm-Ip-∂-sXßs\? At∏mƒ hnjbw as‰m-∂m-Wv. amdp∂ Ime-Øns‚ IW-°n¬ ]m¿´n-°IØp aqe-[-\-i-‡n-Iƒ°p InS-∏mSw sh®p-sIm-Sp-°m≥ D’m-ln-°p-∂h - c- psS Iui-e-am-WXv. i‡-amb hn`m-Ko-b-XbpsS ]me- ° m- ´ p- ’ - h - Ø n¬ (1998) ]n≥hm-Xn-en-eqsS IS-∂p-Ib - d- nb t\Xm°fpw ]cn-jI v c- W - h - m-Zc- m-j{v So-bhpw Hcp Ifn Ifn°p-I-bmWv. ]cn-jvI-c-W-hm-ZØn\v sXs√-¶nepw Ccn-°W - s- a-¶n¬ adp]p-dØv ]mc-ºc- y-hm-Zn-If - p-s≠-∂,v Xo{h-hmZn-If - p-s≠∂v hc-´p-XX - z-hm-Zn-If - p-s≠∂v \ng- e p- ≠ m- ° - W w. Iayq- W n- Ã p- a m- \ ns^tÃm Xs∂ Xo{h-hm-Z-am-b-Xn-\m¬ AXp XncpØn Fgp-Xm≥ ]pd-s∏´ t\XrXz-Øn\v am¿Ivkn-Ãp-Is - fms° Xo{h-hmZn-Ifpw {^m¶n-am¿ ssk≤m-¥n-Im-Nm-cy∑mcpw imkv{X-km-ln-Xy-]c- n-jØv sXmgnem-fn-h¿K-{]-ÿm-\-hp-ambn tXm∂pI kzm`m-hn-Ia- m-Wv. bYm¿∞ A{I-an-Isf hnip-≤s- ∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw am¿Ivkn-Ãp-Imsc i{Xp-°f - m-°p-Ibpw sNøpI F∂ e£yw km{am-Py-Xz-A-P-≠-bpsS ^e-{ip-XnbmWv. AS-™a- p-dn-°p-≈nse N¿®-Ifpw Hfn-]-co-£-W-ß-fp-ambn sXmÆq-dp-Iƒ apgp-h≥ \S-Ønb D]-Pm]w Ct∏mƒ Gsd-°psd shfn-s∏-´p-Ig- n-™n-cn-°p-∂p. hncp-≤{- [p-hß - fn¬ \n¬°p∂ c≠p ]£- ß tfm hn`m- K o- b - X - I tfm A√ ]m¿´n-bpsS ASn-b¥ - n-ci - {Xp . ]pXnb apXem-fn-ØØ - ns‚ {]tbm-K] - ≤ - X - n-If - mWv. AXn-s\-Xn-cmb H‰-s°-´mb sNdp-Øp-\nev]n¬ Aen-™n-√m-Xm-Im-t\-bp≈q GXp hn`m-Ko-bX - b - pw. F∂m¬ AIw apgp-h≥ apX-em-fn-Ø-]-≤-Xn-I-fpsS h‡m-°fpw {]tbm-‡m-°fpw \nd-™mtem? ]me°m´p ktΩ-f\ - Ø - n\p tijw kw`-hn-®Xv B ]cn-Wm-a-Øns‚ thK-h¿≤-\-ht√? ]m¿´nsb Ah¿ h¿tK-Xc- a- mb cmjv{Sob \ne-]m-Sp-I-fn-te°pw ka-hm-b-ß-fnte°pw \h DZm-ckao-]\-ßf - n-te°pat√ \bn-®Xv? ]pXnb dn{Iq-´p-sa‚pI-sf√mw AXn\p tbmPn® hn[-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂nt√? P\-Iob P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øns‚ hnZym-e-bß-fmbn ]m¿´nsb hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-t°-≠-

10


Xn-\p-]-Icw apX-em-fnØ hnI-k-\Øns‚ h¿W-hn-{`-a-߃°p Iogvs∏-SpØpI-bt√ sNbvXXv? IS-∂p-t]mb c≠p Zi-I-Øns‚ ]m¿´n AwK-Xz-Øns‚ hf¿®m-\n-c°nep≠mb CSnhv sR´n-∏n-°p-∂X - m-W.v Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cØp tN¿∂ ]Xn-aq∂mw ]m¿´n tIm¨{K-kn\p tij-ap≈ Imeb-fhm-W-Xv. ioX-bp-≤-Øns‚ hnPbw AYhm tkmhn- b ‰v bqWn- b s‚ XI¿®bp≠m-°nb BLmXw Imc-Wa- mbn- c p- ∂ p. F∂m¬ \Sp- \ n- h ¿Øn \n¬°m\pw temI-Ia- yq-WnÃp {]ÿm\-߃°p hgn-Im-´m\pw tkmjy-en-kØns‚ AP- ø X Dd- s °- { ]- J ym- ] n°m\pw \mep apJy-ssh-cp-≤y-ßfpw \ne\n¬°p-I-Xs∂bmsW∂v bYm¿∞yt_m[- t ØmsS \nco- £ n°m\pw kn ]n sF FΩn\p Ign-™p. 1992 P\p-h-cn-bn¬ aZn-cmin ]m¿´n tIm¨{K- n¬ Ah-Xc - n-∏n® {]Xy-bi - mkv{X-tcJ temI Iayq-WnÃp {]ÿm-\Øns‚ Ncn-{X-Øn¬ Xs∂ \mgn-I° - √ - mbn. sNdp-Øp-\n-ev]ns‚bpw Xo¿®-I-fpsSbpw Cu L´-Øn¬ c≠p tIm¨{K-kpIƒ°n-S-bn¬ Aº-Xn-\m-bncw ]pXnb AwK-߃ tIc-f-]m¿´n-bn-ep-≠m-bn. F∂m¬ XpS¿∂p≈ Imew tIc-f] - m¿´nbn¬ ]pd-sabv°v hn`m-Ko-bX - b - psS i_vZtIm-em-le - ß - fpw AIØv km{am-Py-Xzmi-bß - f - psS h≥tXm-Xn-ep≈ IS-∂p-Ib - ‰hpw Htc-ka- bw Ccºnsb-Øn. XpS¿∂v dn{Iq-´p-sa‚p-Is - f-°mƒ thK-am¿÷n-®Xv sImgn-™p-t]m-°n-\m-W.v ]m¿´n AwK-kwJy (tI-cf - w) 1977 67366 1987 178869 1997 268183 2007 336644 Cu IW- ° p- { ]- I mcw 1977 ˛ 87 ImeØv h¿≤-\hv 1,11,503 AwK-ß-fp-tSXm-Wv. 1987-˛97 Ime-Øm-Is´ AXv 89314 Bbn Ipd-™p. 1997 ˛2007 Ime-Øm-Is´ ho≠pw Ipd™v 68461 Bbn. Cu IW°p-a-d-®p-sh-®p-sIm-≠mWv ]m¿´n°v apsºm-cn-°epw C√mØ hf¿®-bm-sW∂v kwÿm\ sk{I-´dn hne-bn-cp-Øp-∂X - v. as‰mcp Imcyw IqSn {i≤n-°m-\p-≠v. 2006 ¬ ]m¿´n tIc-fØ - n¬ A[n-Im-cta¬°ptºmƒ ]m¿´n AwK-ßf - psS FÆw 341006 Bbn-cp-∂p. Hcp-h¿jw ]n∂n-´t- ∏mƒ AXv 336644 Bbn F∂mWv ]nW-dmbn Xs∂ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. At∏mƒ 4362 AwK-ß-fpsS Ipdhv Ign™ Hcp h¿jsØ A\p-`-ham-Wv. kn ]n sF FΩns‚ Ncn-{X-Øn¬ BZy-am-bmWv ]m¿´n saº¿am-cpsS FÆw ap≥h¿j-tØ-°mƒ ]nd-tIm-´p-t]m-Ip-∂X - .v

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

sI sI ama-°p´n ]XmI Db¿Øp∂p 1741 {_m©p-Iƒ h¿≤n-®n-´p≠v F∂ IWt°m 2005 s\°mƒ Ccp-]X - n-\m-bncw AwK-߃ h¿≤n®p F∂ IWt°m Dcphn-´p-sIm-≠v ]nW-dm-bn°p c£-s∏-Sm-\mhn-√. 1996 sk]vXw-_¿ 24 apX¬ 26 hsc tN¿∂ kn ]n sF Fw tI{μ-I-Ωn‰n tbmKw ]m¿´n AwK-ßf - psS sImgn-™pt]m-°n¬ tIc-f-amWv ap≥]-¥n-bn¬ F∂p Ip‰-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXpw Hm¿t°-≠X - p≠v. Cu IW-°p-Iƒ kqNn-∏n-°p-∂Xv ]m¿´n-bn-te-°p≈ ]pXnb AwK-ßf - psS IS-∂p-hc - hn\v thKw Ipd-bp-Ibpw ]gb AwK-ßf - psS sImgn-™p-t]m-°n\v thKw IqSp-Ibpw sNbvXXv ]pØ≥km-ºØ - nI AP- ≠ - I - f psS cwK- { ]- t h- i tØmsSbmsW-∂m-W.v ]m¿´n Ncn-{X-Ønte-s°m∂p Xncn-™p-t\m-°n-bm¬ CXp IqSp-X¬ hy‡-am-Ipw. 1934 ¬ shdpw 200 AwK-ß-fmWv AJn-te-¥ym-X-e-Øn¬ D≠m-bn-cp-∂X - v. 1942 ¬ AXv 4000 Bbpw 1943 ¬ 15000 Bbpw h¿≤n-®p. 1943 ¬ H∂mw ]m¿´n tIm¨{Kkv \S-°p-tºmƒ AwK-kwJy 15563 Bbn-cp-∂p. 1944 emIs´ AwKXzw 30000 Bbn Db¿∂p. 1946 ¬ 53000 Bbn. 1964 ¬ ]m¿´n ]nf¿∂-t∏mƒ AwK-ß-fn¬ 60 iX-am-\amWv kn ]n sF FΩn-s\m∏w \n∂-Xv. Ah-cpsS FÆw 104421 BWv. AXns‚ Ccp-]Xv iX-am-\t- Ømfw tIc-fØ - n-em-bncp-∂p. 1977 ¬ Bb-t∏mƒ tIc-f-]m¿´nbnse AwK-kwJy 67366 Bbn. C°m-eb-fh - n¬ P∑n-Øh - pambpw apX-em-fn-Øhpambpw t\cn´v G‰p-ap-´p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. {]t£m-`W - ß - f - n-eq-sS-bp≈ hf¿®-bmWv ]m¿´n t\Sn-sb-Sp-°p-∂X - .v ]pXnb apX-em-fnØw hymP-tkm-jyenÃv ]≤-Xn-Ifpw ap{Zm-hm-Iy-ß-fp-ambn

am¿Ivkn-ksØ B{I-an-®p. ]m¿´n-bnte°p t{SmP≥ IpXn-cI - sf IS-Øn-hn-´p. cl-ky-]≤ - X - n-Iƒ IS-∂p-Ib - d- n. 1987 se hnπ-hI - c- a- mb km£-cX - m-]≤ - X - n-t]mepw ]uc-ka- q-lc- m-j{v So-bØ - n-s‚bpw \h-kmaqln-I{- ]-ÿm-\ß - f - p-sSbpw hnf-sh-Sp-∏mbn-Øo¿∂p. XpS¿∂v \memw temI-hm-Zambpw ]¶m-fnØ Bkp-{X-Wa- mbpw Acmjv{So-b] - ≤ - X - n-If - mbpw Bi-bh - m-Z[ - m-cI - fmbpw t]mÃv am¿Ivkn-khpw \ntbm-en_-de - n-kh - p-ambpw am¿Ivkn-ksØ Zp¿∫e-s∏-Sp-Øm-\p≈ IÆn-Iƒ kPo-ha- m-bn. ]pXnb apX- e m- f n- Ø sØ t\cn- S m≥ BtKm-fh - ¬°-cW - Ø - ns‚ {]tbm-K] - ≤ - Xn-Iƒ Xpd-∂p-Im-´n s]mcp-XW - a- m-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ BtKm-fh - ¬°-cW - Ø - n\p KpWh-iß - f - p-s≠∂pw tkmjy-enkw XI¿∂psh∂pw AI-Øp-Xs∂ Acp-f-∏m-Sp-I-fp≠m-bn. Cu L´-Øn¬ `n∂-kz-c-ß-fpsSbpw ktμ-lß - f - p-sSbpw apJ-]S- a- m-bncp∂p kn ]n sF FΩn-s‚-X.v Xo¿®-If - psS A`mhw ]m¿´n-bpsS \ne kwi-bm-kv]Z- am-°n-Øo¿Øp. Cu kμ¿`- Ø n- e mWv 1977- ˛ 87 ImesØ 1,11,503 AwK-ßf - psS h¿≤-\hv XpS¿∂p≈ c≠p Zi-Iß - f - n¬ bYm-{Iaw 89314 Dw 68461 Dw Bbn `oXn-Zamw hn[w Ipdhp tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xv. P\-kw-Jymh¿≤-\h - p-ambn X´n-®p-t\m-°n-bm¬ Cu CSnhv IqSp-X¬ `bm-\a- m-Ipw. Xo¿®-If - n¬ \n∂v ktμ-lß - f - n-te°pw ka-cß - f - n¬ \n∂p ka-ck - s - ∏-Se - p-If - n-te°pw sX∂nam-dp-tºmƒ ]m¿´n-bn¬ \n∂v P\-߃ AI-ep-Ib - m-sW∂v IW-°p-Iƒ \sΩ ]Tn∏n-°p-∂p. ]c-kv]cw sh´ntbm Bt«jnt®m kwÿm-\k - a- n-Xn-bn¬ sFIytam kvt\ltam hnf-bn-s®-Sp-°mw. ]s£, AX√ Imcyw. P\-߃°v apºv A\p-`h - -

11


s∏-´n-cp-∂X - p-t]mse \nkz-hn-`m-KØ - ns‚ sXmgn-em-fn-h¿K-Øns‚ {]t£m-`{- ]-ÿm\-ambn kn ]n sF Fw XpS-cptam F∂XmWv. AXp-]s£ A{X Ffp-∏a- √ - . IW°n¬ ImWp∂ AwK-Xz-h¿≤-\hp Xs∂ h≥tXm-Xn-ep≈ sImgn-™p-t]m°v ad-®psh-®p-sIm-≠p krjvSn-°s- ∏´ DS≥ AwKXz-ßf - m-W.v tI{μ-IΩ - n‰n Nq≠n-°m-´n-bXv ]q¿W-Aw-K-ß-f-n¬ 10-.19 iX-am-\hpw Im≥Un-tU-‰w-Kß - f - n¬ 23.19 iX-am-\hpw sImgn-™p-t]m-Ip∂p F∂mWv (2006 se IW-°v) Cu sImgn-™p-t]m°v ]m¿´n hnZym-`ym-khpw {]mtbm-KnI ]cn-Nb - hpw h¿K-t_m-[hpw kn≤n® ]g-bX - e - a- p-db - n¬ \n∂pƒs∏-sS-bm-Wv. ]I-cw hcp-∂tXm he- X p- ] - £ - k m- a m- \ y- t _m- [ - Ø ns‚ Xm¬∏- c y- ß ƒ°- I - Ø p- \ n- ∂ p- a m- W v . Cßs\ DuXn-ho¿∏n-°s - ∏´ AwK-Xz-LS-\bv°v Hcp t\Xr-am‰w sIm≠v h¿Kt_m[w ssIh-cn-°m-\m-hn-√. ]m¿´n-bpsS t]cn- e p≈ "am¿Iv k nkw' Ah¿°v A⁄m-Xa- m-bn-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøpw. ]m¿´nsb XI¿°m≥ Cd-ßn-Øn-cn® km{am-Py-Xz-˛a- q-e[ - \ - i - ‡ - n-Iƒ°msI N´pI-ambnØocp-∂Xv HutZym-KnI t\XrXzw Xs∂-bm-Wv. apX-em-fnØ hnI-k\ - ∏ - m-Xkzo-Ic- n-°pI hgn apX-em-fnØ Po¿W-XIfpw kzm`m-hn-I-sa∂ t]mse kzoI-cn°m≥- C-°q-´¿ k∂-≤-am-Ip-∂p. Ncn-{XØn¬ tI´p-tIƒhn-bn-√m-Øh - n[w tImSnI-fpsS tImg-bm-tcm-]W - ß - f - mWv Db¿∂ph-∂X - .v emhven≥ apX¬ tZim-`n-am-\n-hs- cbp≈ tImg-t°-kp-Ifpw aq∂m¿ apX¬ F®v Fw Sn hsc-bp≈ `qan CS-]m-Sp-Ifpw ]m¿´n-bpsS apJw hnIr-X-am-°n. Btcm-]-Wß-fn¬ Ipcp-ßn-bh - cpw Pmfy-Xt- bmsS sX‰pXn-cp-Øm≥ \n¿_-‘n-°s- ∏-´h - cpw ]m¿´n-ÿm\-߃ \jvS-am-ImsX ImØp. Ahsc kwc£n-°p∂ Imcy-Øn¬ HutZym-KnI t\XrXzw _≤-{i-≤-am-bn-cp-∂p. ]m¿´nsb Iog-S-°n-°gn™ apX-em-fnØ Xm¬∏cyw AXns‚ klP-amb Po¿W-X-IƒsIm-≠p-Xs∂ kzbw {]Jym-]n-°p-∂Xp \mw I≠p. sNdp-Øp-\n-∂hscbmsI \new-]-cn-im-°pw-hn[w A{I-a-Iamb \ne-]m-SmWv kwÿm\ t\XrXzw kzoIcn-®-Xv. F¥p hogv®-sbbpw iucyw-sIm≠p km[q-I-cn-°m-sa∂pw FXn¿∏p-Isf henb FXn¿∏p-IƒsIm≠v Zp¿∫-e-am-°m-sa-∂pap≈ lnwkm-fl-I-amb kao-]-\-amWv ]nWdmbn cmjv{So-b-Øns‚ ImX¬. C ]n Pb-cmP≥ apX¬ Ff-acw Icow hsc-bp-≈-h¿ apt∂-dp-∂Xv B ]mX-bn-em-W.v I´≥Im-∏nbpw ]cn-∏p-hS- bpw sIm≠v C∂v ]m¿´n {]h¿Ø\w \S- Ø m- \ m- h n√ F∂ Pb- c m- P - s ‚bpw sXßns‚ a≠-bn-emtWm hnI-k\w sIm≠ph-cnI F∂ Icoan-s‚bpw shfn-]m-Sp-Iƒ Cu AXn-Po-h\ - k - q-{X-Øns‚ km£y-ßf- m-Wv.

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

{]Imiv Icm´v ]pjv]N - {Iw ka¿∏n-°p-∂p. apX-em-fnØ ]mX kpK-aa- m-°p-∂X - n\mWv ae-∏pdw ktΩ-f\ - t- ijw Agn-®p]-Wn-Iƒ \S-Øn-bX - .v ssk≤m-¥nI hmcnI-bpsS (Nn-¥) ]{Xm-[n-]ÿ - m-\Ø - p-\n∂v hn Fkv ANyp-Xm-\-μs\ am‰n \memw temI-hm-ZØ - ns‚ {]tbm-‡m-°f - n¬ {]apJ-\mb kn ]n \mcm-b-W-s\-Øs∂ ]Icw sXc-s™-Sp-Øp. sk{I-´-dn-tb-‰nte°v {^m¶n-b≥ am¿IvknÃmb sFk°n\v ÿm\-°b - ‰w \¬In. a{¥n-am-cpsS Hm^o-kp-I-fn¬ imkv{X kmln-Xy-]-cnjØp {]h¿Ø-Isc hn\y-kn-®p. h¿K-_lp-P-\-kw-L-S-\-I-fp-sSbpw k¿°m¿ emh-Wß - f - p-sSbpw \mb-Iÿ - m-\t- Ø°v A\p-Nc- ∑ - msc IpSn-bn-cp-Øn. ]pXnb apXem-fnØ hnI-k\ - Ø - n-s‚ ]mX {]bm-kta-Xp-an-√msX Xpd-∂n-Sm≥ CXn¬∏cw F¥p-sN-øWw? ]m¿´n ]cn-]m-Snbpw cmjv{Sob {]ta-bß - fpw {]Xy-bi - m-kv{Xhp-sa√mw G´nse ]ip-hm-bn. ]m¿´n A®S°w hna¿in-°p-∂h - sc `b-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ am{X-ap≈ H∂m-bn-Øo¿∂p. CXn-s‚-sb√mw ^e-ambn bYm¿∞Øn¬ cq£-am-bn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ h¿Kk-a-csØ kv]¿in-°mt\m aq¿NvOn∏n°mt\m Ign- b mØ hn[- Ø n- e p≈ Zu¿∫eyw kn ]n sF FΩn-\p-≠m-bn. BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Nq-j-W-Øns‚ CcIsf h¿K-h¬°-cn-°mt\m ka-c{- ]-ÿm\-Øns‚ `mK-am-°mt\m Icp-Øp≈ CSXp-]-£-{]-ÿm-\-Øns‚ A`m-h-amWv AXp krjvSn-®X - .v aqeºn≈n-bnse ]mhßsf IpSn-bn-d°n-hn-´t- ∏mƒ Xncn-™p-t\m°m≥ Hcp ]m¿´nbpw D≠m-bn-√. IpSn-bnd°p \ntcm-[n-°W - s - a∂pw hnI-k\ - {- i-aß-fpsS `mK-ambn IpSn-bn-d-°p-tºmƒ s]mXp-am-\-ZWvUw ]men-°-W-sa∂pw ]Icw kwhn-[m-\-ap-≠m-°nb tijta hosSm-gn-bm≥ Bh-iy-s∏-Smhq F∂pw

hmZn-®p-t]m∂ ]m¿´n-bmWv Iayq-WnÃv ]m¿´n. Ct∏mƒ F√m Hm¿Ω-Ifpw ambv®pI-fb - p-∂Xv aqe-[\ - i - ‡ - n-If - psS am{¥n-Ikv]¿i-am-Wv. `qan kuP-\y-ambn Gs‰SpØv \nt£-]I - ¿°v \¬Im≥ Ign-bm-ØXn-emWv a{¥n Icoan\v tJZw. a‰p kwÿm-\ß - f - n¬ Aß-s\-bm-Ws- {X. Zcn{Z-cpsS aqt∂m \mtem sk‚ v ]nSn-®p-]‰m≥ ImWn-°p∂ Cu Bthiw h≥In-S`q-am-^n-bI - f - psS Ahn-ln-Xk - º - m-Zy-߃ ]nSn-®p-]d- n-°p-∂X - n¬ ImWp-t∂-bn-√. CSp°n-bn¬ Sm‰sb sXm´-t∏mƒ ]m¿´n°pw s]m≈n-b-t√m. aq∂m-dn¬ Gs‰-Sp-°p∂ `qan-bn¬ ]mh-߃°pw `qc-ln-X¿°pap≈ `qan apJy- a {¥n Dd- ∏ p- \ ¬In- b n´pw B¿s°m-s°tbm Xr]vXn-bm-hp-∂n-√. ]m¿´n- b n¬ Xs∂- b p≈ C°q- ´ ¿°v h≥In-S° - m-cpsS k¶-Sa- mWv {]iv\w. aqeºn≈n Ah-cpsS ImgvNb - n¬ hcp∂ hnjbta A√. Cu A\p-`-h-sa√mw ]m¿´n Ftßm´p- t ]m- I p∂p F∂mWv tIc- f o- b sc t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂X - .v B]-Øn¬ XpWbm-ImØ ]m¿´nsb ]mh-߃s°-¥n\mWv? ]mh-ß-fp-tS-Xv, sXmgn-em-fn-h¿KØn-t‚Xv Fs∂ms° te_-sem-´n-®-XpsIm- s ≠¥v ? saKm- h ym- ] m- c - ß - f psS Im¿Wn-he - p-If - n-em-Wt√m ]m¿´n°p {`aw. CXv ASn-ÿm-\h - ¿Khpw ]m¿´nbpw XΩnep≈ ]pXn-sbmcp sshcp-≤ysØ kPoh-am-°pw. sXmgn-em-fn-h¿K-Øn\v Ah-cpsS te_-en-ep≈ Hcp hymP-ÿm]\sØ Xpd-∂p-Im-Wn-t°-≠nbpw hcpw. AXn-\m¬ apIƒØ-´n¬ B`y-¥c-{]-iv\ß - s - f√mw sI´-Sß - n-bmepw Bg-Øn¬ ASn-ÿm-\h¿Khpw ]m¿´nbpw XΩnepw P\-ßfpw ]m¿´nbpw XΩn-ep≈ G‰p-ap-´¬ Hgn-hm-°m\m-hn-√.

12


Ih¿ tÃmdn

kpÿnc `cWw aco-Nn-Ib- m-Ip∂p cm{„ob teJ-I≥

CS-Xp-]£ap∂-Wnsb ho≠pw A[n-Im-c-Øn¬ sIm≠p-h-c-W-sa∂Xv kn ]n sF FΩns‚ cmjv{So-b-e-£yta A√m-Xm-bn-cn-°p-∂p. A[n-Im-c-Øns‚ N°-c°pSw \pW-™p-Xp-S-ßn-b-tXmsS Cu e£yw CS-Xp-]-£P-\m-[n-]-Xy-ap-∂Wn ssIhn´p F∂p am{X-a-√, ap∂Wn BsIbpw AXnse LS-I-I-£n-Iƒ Hmtcm∂pw Xs∂ Cu `c-W-sØbpw ap∂-Wn-sbbpw F{X-thKw Aÿn-c-s∏-Sp-Øm-sa∂ a’-c-Øn-epam-Wv.

tI

c- f - Ø n¬ CS- X p- ] £w XpS¿®- b mbn A[n- I mcw Iøm- f p∂ cmjv{Sob kml-Ncyw hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-°pI F∂ e£y-Øn-\p-th-≠n-bm-bn-cp∂p c≠ph¿jw apºp-hsc tIc-f-Ønse CS-Xp]£ ]m¿´n-Iƒ {]tXy-In®v kn ]n sF Fw \ne-sIm-≠n-cp-∂-Xv. AtX-k-abw _wKmƒ tamU-en-te°v tIcfw FSp-sØdn-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xns‚ B]Øv Nq≠n-°m-´nbm-bn-cp∂p A∂sØ apJy-a{¥n F sI B‚Wnbpw bp Un F^v t\Xm-°fpw Cu \o°sØ {]Xn-tcm-[n-®-Xv. tIc-fØnse he-Xp-]-£-i-‡n-I-sfbpw aX-˛km-ap-Zm-bnI hn`m-Kß - s - fbpw Hcp-an-∏n-®p\n¿Øn CS-Xp-]£ - a- p-t∂‰w sNdp-°m≥, B‚Wn {]tbm- K n- ® - X - { ¥hpw Cu _wKmƒ tamU-ens‚ B]Øv Db¿Ønbm-bn-cp-∂p. he-Xp-]£ - Ø - n-s‚ k¿Δ-IW - °p-Iq-´epw sX‰n®v 2006 sabn¬ hn Fkv ANyp-Xm-\-μ≥ A[n-Im-c-Øn-te-dn-bt∏mƒ At±lw tIc-fsØ A`n-kw-t_m[\ sNbvXp \S-Ønb {]Y-a-\-b-{]-Jym]-\{]-kw-KØ - n¬ ASn-hc - b - n´p ]d-™ncp-∂Xv tIcfw _wKm-fn-s\-t∏mse XpS¿®2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

bmbn CS-Xp-]£ - `- c- W - Ø - nemIp∂ kmlN-cy-Øn\v hgn-sX-fn-°p-sa-∂m-Wv. \nb-ak- ` - b nepw aJy- a {¥n CXv ]e- h ´w Bh¿Øn-®n-cp-∂p. a{¥n-k`- b - psS H∂mw hm¿jnImtLm-jt- h-fb - nepw apJy-a{¥n CXv Du∂n-∏d- ™ n-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ A[n- I m- c - Ø ns‚ N°c°pSw \pW-™p-Xp-S-ßn-b-tXmsS Cu e£yw CS-Xp-]-£-P-\m-[n-]-Xy-ap-∂Wn ssIhn´p F∂p am{X- a - √ , ap∂Wn BsIbpw AXnse LS-I-I-£n-Iƒ Hmtcm∂pw Xs∂ Cu `c-Ws- Øbpw ap∂Wn-sbbpw F{X-thKw Aÿn-cs- ∏-Sp-Ømsa∂ a’-cØ - n-epam-bn. {]Xn-]£ - w Hcp `oj-Wn-tbb-√m-Xm-°nam‰n-s°m≠v B tdmƒ kzbw Gs‰-Sp-Øn-cn-°p-Ib - mWv CSXp-]£w hnti-jn®pw kn ]n FΩnse ap≥\n-c-t\-Xm-°ƒ. CS-Xp-]£ap∂Wnsb ho≠pw A[n-Im-cØ - n¬ sIm≠ph-cW - s- a∂Xv Ch-cpsS cmjv{So-be - £ - yta A√m-Xm-bn-cn-°p-∂p. tIcf cmjv{So-bØn¬ \n¿Wm- b - I - k zm- [ o\w sNeptØ≠ kn ]n sF Fw kwÿm-\k - t- Ωf-\Ø - nse N¿®-bn¬ GsX-¶nepw {]Xn-

\n-[n-bpsS \mhn¬ \n∂v CtX°pdn®v Hcp ]cm-a¿iw t]mepw Db-¿-∂n√ F∂Xpw Kuc-h-tØmsS ImtW-≠-Xm-Wv. P\ßfpw Cu ]m¿´nbpw XΩn-ep≈ AIew F{X- I ≠v h¿≤n- ° p- ∂ p- s h- ∂ - X ns‚ {Km^nIv tcJ-bmWv Cu ktΩ-f\w hc®p-Im-´p-∂X - .v am{X-a√ ]m¿´n P\-߃°pap-ºn¬ ]d-bp∂ Bi-b-߃°v ]m¿´n Xs∂ FXn-cp-\n-e° v p-Itbm AXn¬ \n∂v ]n∑-Sß - p-Itbm BWv Chn-sS. hn Fkv ANyp-Xm-\μ - ≥ a{¥n-k`- sb P\-a-[y-Øn¬ CSn-®p-Xm-gvØm\pw P\߃°v AXn-ep≈ hnizmkw \jvS-s∏Sp-Øm\pw CS-Xp-]£ - a- p-∂W - n-bn¬Xs∂ Hcp "jmtUm a{¥n-k`' {]h¿Øn-°p-∂psh-∂Xv ]I¬t]mse hy‡w. CXns‚ ISn-™m¨ kn ]n sF FΩnse HutZymKn-I-]-£-Ønepw AXns‚ Xe-h-\mb ]nW-dmbn hnP-b-\n-ep-am-Wv. At±-lØns‚ sNmev]-Sn-°p-\n-ev°p∂ a{¥namsc Xs∂-bmWv CXn\p C‘-\am-°s- ∏Sp-∂X - pw. Cu a{¥n-k` A[n-Im-cØ - n-seØnb ]msS Db¿∂p-tI´ a{¥n-am-cpsS BUw-_c - P - o-hn-XØ - n-s‚bpw a{¥n-aμ - n-cß-fpsS ]pXp-°n-∏-Wn-b-ep-I-fp-sSbpw hnhmZw apX¬ G‰hpw HSp-hn¬ F®v Fw Sn `qan `qam-^nbbv°v Xosd-gp-Xn-sIm-SpØXp hsc-bp≈ Hmtcm kw`-h-Ønepw ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ ssIt°mSm-en-Ifmb a{¥n-am-cpsS ]¶v hy‡w. Cu hnhmZ-ß-fn-se√mw Xs∂ Hcp Iayq-WnÃv ]m¿´n- b psS kwÿm- \ - s k- { I- ´ - d n°v tNcp∂ kao-]\ - a- √ P\-ln-XØ - n-s\-Xncmb \ne-]m-Sp-If - mWv ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ kzoI-cn-®p-t]m-cp-∂X - pw. apJy-a{- ¥n-sbbpw Cu a{¥n-k-`-sbbpw s]mXp-P-\-a-[yØn¬ Ah-tl-fn-°m\pw Cu a{¥n-k-`bnse sI´ AwK-Øns\ Xs∂ Ib-dqcn hn´n-cn-°p-∂Xpw a‰m-cp-a√ - . Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - pcØv ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ km∂n-[yØn¬ tN¿∂ s]mXp-tbm-KØ - n¬ apJya{¥n hn Fkv ANyp-Xm-\μ - s\ tZhkzw a{¥n Pn kp[m-Ic- ≥ hna¿in-®Xv ""shdpw ]∂- ]mc-ºc- y-hm-Zn''-sb-∂m-bn-cp-∂p. ]m¿´nbpsS (kz¿W) ]mZ-߃ ""sk]v‰n-°m°p∂ Xpcp-ºn® shSn-bp-≠''-bmWv ANypXm-\μ - ≥ F∂p t]mepw kp[m-Ic- ≥ {]kwKn-®t- ∏mƒ ]nW-dm-bn-bpsS apJØv Pmfya√ Bth-i-am-Wv Xn-c-X-√n-b-Xv. Hcp s]mfn‰v _yqtdm AwKw IqSn-bmb kl{]-h¿Ø-Is\ CØ-cØ - n¬ sXcp-hn-en´v A[n-t£-]n-°p-∂Xv tI´n´pw AXns\ X≈n-∏d- b - m-\p≈ HuNn-Xytam ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ Xs∂ Hcn-°¬ hnti-jn-∏n® ""kJm-°ƒ XΩn¬ D≠m-tI≠ DZm-Øamb kulr-Z-Øns‚'' amlm-flytam At±lw Hm¿Ωn-®p-an-√. ]nW-dmbn hnP-

13


hn F - k - v ANyp-Xm-\μ - ≥

b≥ a{¥n-ÿm\w \evIn-{]oWn-∏n®Xp-apX¬ \mhv At±-lØ - n\v hmS-I°v sImSpØn-cn-°p∂ kp[m-I-c≥ Cu a{¥n-k-`bpsS {]Xn-—mbbv°v If-¶a- √ - msX as‰s¥-¶nepw kw`m-h\ - s - N-bX v X - mbn tIc-fØnse GsX-¶nepw Hcmƒ°v ]d-bm-\mIn-√. F∂m¬ Cu a{¥n-bpsS {`m¥v Xfbv°msX XpS-eqcn hnSp-I-bmWv ]nWdmbn hnP-b≥. tIc-fØ - n¬ kpÿn-ca- mb CS-Xp-]£ - `- c - Ww B{K-ln-°p∂ FsX¶nepw t\Xmhv CX- n s\ Cßns\ t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°ptam? Cu a{¥nk` A[n-Im-c-ta-ev°p∂ L´-Ønepw sXc-s™-Sp-∏p-th-f-bnepw Fs¥¥p hmKvZm-\-߃ P\-߃°p apºn¬sh-®n-cp-∂p. CXn¬ GsX-¶nepw Hcp Imcy-sa-¶nepw {]mh¿Øn-Ia- m-°m≥ kn ]n sF Fw t\XrXzw ap≥ssI FSpØ-Xmtbm Cu a{¥n-k-`bv°v am¿K\n¿t±iw \¬In-bX - mtbm Nq≠n-°m-´m-\n√. Ign™ c≠p h¿j-ßf - n¬ `c-WsØ kw_-‘n®v ]m¿´n t\XrXzw N¿® sNtø-≠n-h∂ hnj-b-߃ Hs∂m-gnbmsX Xs∂ ]nW- d mbn hnP- b s‚ "jmtUm a{¥n-k`' hcp-Øn-sh® hn\-Iƒ am{X-am-bn-cp-∂p. Iayq-WnÃv a{¥n-am¿ CXx]-cy¥w ]pe¿Øn-bn-´p≈ [m¿Ωn-IX - b - psSbpw \nkzm¿∞-Xbp-sSbpw AXn-cp-Iƒ ewLn® GsX- ¶ nepw Hcp a{¥nsb t\¿hgn°v \bn-°m≥ ]m¿´n-t\-XrXzw sNdp-hn-c-se-¶nepw A\-°n-bn-´pt≠m? tIcfsØ kpÿn-ca- mb CS-Xp-]£ - `- c- W - Øn-te°v sIm≠p-h-cnI F∂ e£yw C∂sØ ]m¿´n t\Xr-Xz-Øn\v C√ F∂-Xp-sIm-≠p-am-{XamWn-X.v AtX-k-abw P\-ln-X-Øn-s\m∏w

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

\nev ° p∂ apJy- a - { ¥nsb AXn¬ \n∂p ]n∑m- ‰ m\pw kz¥w hcp-Xn-bn-em-°m\pw Cu "jmtUm a{¥n-k`' XpS-sc-ØpSsc I¿a-\n-cX - a- mb kw`-h] - c- º - c-Iƒ tIc-fP - \ - X - b - psS apºn-ep≠v. kn ]n sF FΩn¬ km{amPy-Xz-Zm-k\ - mbn IS-∂p-Iq-Sn-bn-cn°p∂ [\-a{¥n tUm tXma-kv sFk- ° ns‚ CwKn- X - Ø n\v hgßn F Un _n hmbv ] hmßp-∂X - n¬, `qam-^n-bI - ƒ°v hgßn aq∂m¿ ZuXy-Øn¬ \n∂v ]n∑m-dp-∂X - n¬, t]meokv tk\-bnse sIme-s°m√n F∂v hnti- j n- ∏ n- ° p∂ sF Pn tSman≥ X®-¶-cn-s°-Xn-cmb t]meokv -\-S-]-Sn-I-ƒ ac-hn-∏n°p-∂-Xn¬, ]nW-dmbn hnPbs\ Nqgv∂p \nev°p∂ emhven≥ Ipw`-tIm-WØ - nse kn _n sF At\z-jW - w A´n-ad- n- ° - p-∂X - n¬, apcn-ßq¿ [ym\-tI-{μ-Øn¬ sslt°m-SXn \n¿t±in® kn _n sF At\z-j-WØn¬ CSt¶m-en-Sp-∂X - n¬, P\-ßsf `b-NI - n-Xc - m°nb Nn°≥Kp-\nb tcmKw ]S-cp-∂X - ns\ eLq-Ic- n®p ImWp-∂X - n-¬, P\-{]-Xn-\n-[nI-fpsS hnI-k-\-^≠v [\-a{¥n GI-]£o-ba- mbn sh´n-°p-d° - p∂-Xn\v, B`y-¥c-a{¥n HutZym-KnI hk-Xn-bm-°n-bn-cn°p∂ cay-l¿a-Øns‚ DS-abpsS h\-`qanhnev]\ - - XS-™X - n¬, \nIpXn ]W-Øn\p]Icw c≠p-tIm-Sn-cq-]-bpsS Ingn hmßn tem´dn cmPmhv km‚n-bmtKm am¿´ns\ kwc-£n-°p-∂X - n¬, 500 tImSn cq]-bpsS F®v Fw Sn `qan 91 tImSn cq]bv°v `qam-^nbbv°v ssIam-dn-bX - n¬ F√mw P\-ln-X-Øn-s\-Xn-sc-bmWv Cu "jmtUm a{¥n-k`' [m¿jvSy-tØmsS \ne-sIm-≠-Xv. Cu hnhm-Z-ß-fn-se√mw \nb-asØ AXns‚ hgn-°p-hn-Sm\pw P\m`n-{]mbw am\n-°m\pw apXn¿∂ apJy-a{¥nsb Xncp-Øm\pw hcp-Xn-bn¬ \n¿Øm\p-amWv ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ apXn¿∂-Xv. F¥p-sIm≠v? tIc-f-Øn¬ kn ]n sF FΩn\v kpÿn-ca- mb `cWw ssIh-cp-ØW-sa∂ Nn¥ ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ a\ n¬ hnZq-ca- mbn t]mepw C√m-ØX - p-sIm≠v. kpÿn-c-amb `cWw F∂ Bi-bØn¬ \n∂p≈ ]n∑-S-°-Øn-em-sW¶nepw [\-kº - m-Z\ - Ø - ns‚ Imcy-Øn¬ "kpÿn-ch - n-Ik - \ - '-Øns‚ ]mX-bn-emWv kn ]n sF FΩnse ]e t\Xm-°fpw a{¥n-amcpw F∂Xv P\-߃ ImWp-∂p-≠.v km‚n-bmtKm am¿´n≥amcpw ^mcnkv

A_q-_-°¿amcpw tkhn at\m amXypamcpw enkv Nmt°m-amcpw kn ]n sF FΩns\ XW¬ ac-ambn ImWm≥ XpSßn-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv as‰m-∂p-sIm-≠p-a√ - .B ]c-ºc - b - n¬ G‰hpw HSp-hn-esØ IÆnbmWv apwss_-bnepw a‰pw ]mh-ßf - psS `qan-tbmfwXmWtNcn-Iƒ \new ]cn-im°nb ªqÃm¿ dnbƒ-t‰- gvkv. Cu `qam-^nb°v \mep ]Xn-‰m-≠n-tesd Xcn-imbn InS°p∂ F®v Fw SnbpsS Fgp-]Xp G°¿ `qan Dgp-Xp-ad- n-°W - s - a∂v shfn-]m-Sp-≠mbXv "kpÿn-ch - n-Ik - \ - '-Øn\v tamln®p Ign-bp∂ Hcp hyh-kmb a{¥n tIc-fØn¬ A[n-Im-cØ - n-en-cn-°p-∂X - p-sh-∂Xp

]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ sIm≠p-Xs- ∂-bm-Ipw. Cu `qam-^nbbv°v Cu `qan ssIam-dm≥ hyh-km-ba- {¥n Ffacw Icow \S-Ønb AWn-bd- \ - o-°ß - ƒ ad-\o-°s- ∏-Sm-\n-cn-°p-∂t- X-bp-≈q. am[y-a߃ ]pd-Øp-sIm-≠p-h-∂Xv a™p-a-ebpsS A{Kw am{Xta BIp-∂p-≈q. kXyw Ct∏mgpw Ccp-´d- b - n-em-W.v shfn-®Ø - ns‚ Inc-Wß - ƒ AhnsS sshImsX FØpw. A¿[-cm-{Xn°p kqcy\pZn®-{]-Xo-Xn-bm-Ipa-t∏mƒ. At∏mgpw \jvSw tIc-f-Øn¬ kpÿn-ca- mb CS-Xp-]£ - `- c- Ww Ct∏mgpw kz]v\w ImWp∂ P\Øn-\m-W.v Ff-acw Ico-an-s\-t∏m-ep≈ ]pgp-°pØp-Iƒ Cu kz]v\Ø - n¬ hgn-ap-S°nIfmbn IS-∂p-hcp-sa∂v Ah¿ Icp-Xn-bn√.

14


hnhmZw

a{¥n Icoan¬ \n∂v \mw A\p`hn®dnbp∂Xv \nco-£I - ≥ sXßn≥ a≠bn¬ hyhkmbw XpSßm\mIn√ F∂Xv Im¿jnI tIcftØmSpff Ah⁄bpsSbw AhKW\bpsSbpw {]Jym]\amWv. tIhew hf¿®m \nc°nepw aqe[\\nt£] em`Ønepw Du∂nbpff apXemfnØ a\ ns‚ {]IS\amWv. Cu sXßn≥ a≠IfmWv aebmf°c°v tIcfsa∂ t]cpw {]kn≤nbpw \¬InbXv.

aq

e[\w hy‡ncq]w sImffp∂Xns\∏‰n am¿Ivkv ]d™n´p≠v. Hcp apXemfnbpsS Bflmhv aqe[\amWv. ]s£ Hcp sXmgnemfnh¿K t\Xmhv, sXmgnemfnh¿K {]ÿm\w t\XrXzw \¬Ip∂ Hcp k¿°mdns‚ hyhkmb a{¥n, aqe[\Øns‚ a\pjycq]ambn amdp∂Xv B›cy IcamWv. Ign™ Znhkßfn¬ a{¥n Ffacw Icoans‚ cq]hpw `mhhpw i_vZ hpw A]cnNnXamb, `bs∏SpØp∂ Xe Ønte°v amdnbncn°p∂p. CXv hyh kmb a{¥n Ffacw Icow A√, hyh kmb a{¥n Ip™men°p´n F∂ Ah ÿbnte°v. bpUnF^v a{¥nk`bnse hyh kmb a{¥n Ip™men°p´nbpsS icoc `mjbpw hnIk\ \bØns‚ `mjbpw Btcbpw A¤pXs∏SpØnbncp∂n√. B Kh¿sa≠v {]Xn\n[oIcn°p∂ P∑n˛ `q{]`p h¿KØns‚bpw aqe[\i‡n IfptSbpw {]tXyI h¿K_‘ßfpsS XmXv]cyßfpsS a\pjycq]w F∂ am¿Iv k ns‚ hniIe\w icn°pw t_m[ys∏SpØpwhn[w. kvam¿´vkn‰n AS°apff F√m hnIk\ kwcw`ßfp tSbpw DffS°Ønepw kao]\Ønepw CXv i‡ambn {]ISambncp∂p. F®v Fw Sn `qan CS]mSv hnhmZambXns\ XpS¿∂v a{¥n Ffacw Icow XpS¿®bmbn \SØns°m≠ncn °p∂ {]kvXmh\IfpsS DffS°hpw cmjv{Sob ap\Ifpw bpUn^v

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

P\hn`mKßtfbpw F¥n\v P\ßsf Xs∂ BsIbpw hnkvacn°pItbm? aqe[\ \nt£]I¿°pw `qanam^nb Iƒ°pw th≠n CSXp a{¥nk`bn¬ Hcp Imh¬ a{¥ntbm? Cu tNmZy߃ C∂v Gsd {]k‡amWv. ""am¿°‰v hne t\m°n ÿew hn‰v em`w t\m°pIb√ k¿°m¿ \bw. \nt£]I¿°v Ahkcw \¬IpIbmWv k¿°mdns‚ \bw.'' Ffacw Icow ]dbp∂p. CXpXs∂bmWv DΩ≥ Nm≠nbpw Ip™men°p´nbpw hmZn®ncp ∂Xv. Zp_mbv C‚¿s\‰v kn‰n°v Hcp kzX{¥ tZisa∂ \ne°v sIm®nbn¬ 99 h¿jtØ°v kvam¿´vkn‰n ]Xn®p sImSp°m≥ Xocpam\n®t∏mƒ AXns‚ IqsS C≥t^m ]m¿°v kuP\yambn hn´psImSpØt∏mƒ BbnctØmfw G{I `qan tIhew Hcp aqfn∏m´n\v ]Icw ssIamdm≥ Xocpam\n®t∏mƒ DΩ≥ Nm≠n°pw Ip™men°p´n°pw tIcfØn\v ]Icw \¬Im\p≠mbncp∂Xv hnhckmt¶XnI hyhkmb hnIk\ sa∂ Hcp hmMvab kz]v\w am{Xambn cp∂p. aqe[\ \nt£]w a‰v kwÿm \߃ X´nsbSp°pw F∂ `ojWnbpw. aq∂ptImSn P\ßfpsS \nXyPohnX {]iv\߃°pw hnIk\Øn\pw A∏p dØv \nt£]w hcp∂Xns‚ Hcp hnIk\ N{Ihmfw ISpw NmbØn¬ hc®v Im´n P\ßsf ]‰n°pIbmbncp∂p Ah¿. A∂v {]Xn]£ t\Xmhpw

Kh¿sa≠nt‚Xv Ipsd°qSn tX®v aq¿® Iq´nbXp t]msebmWv. ap≥ Kh¿sa≠n¬ \n∂v `n∂ambn Hcp P\]£ hnIk\ ˛ aqe[\\bw \S∏nem°m≥ B Kh¿sa≠ns\ am‰n hnFkv apJya{¥nbmbn Hcp CSXp]£˛P\m[n]Xy Kh¿sa≠ns\ P\߃ A[nImcØnte‰nbXmWv. a{¥n Ff-acw Icow AhcpsS a\ nt\bpw \ne\n¬∏n t\bpw apdnth¬∏n°p∂Xpw tNmcsbmen∏n°p∂XpamWv Icoans‚ Cu `mh∏I¿®. CFwFkv Kh¿ sa≠ns‚ XpS¿®bmWv F∂v AhImis∏Sp∂, P\߃°v Dd∏p \¬Ip∂ Hcp Kh¿sa≠n\v Hcp heXp]£ a{¥ntbm? CSXp ]£Øns‚ t]cnepw sNehnepw. BtKmfoIcWw k a q l Ø n s ‚ apJy[mcbn¬ \n∂v {]m¥hXv°cn®v {]Xnk‘nbnepw ZpcnXØnepam°p∂ Irjn°mtcbpw ]cºcmKX hyhkmb sXmgnemfnItfbpw sXmgn¬ clnXtcbpw BZnhmkn Zp¿_e

15


CSXp]£ ˛P\m[n]Xyap∂Wnbpw bpUnF^ns‚ aqe[\ kz]v\ßfn¬ tNmZyßfpsS Is√dn™p. C≥t^m ]m¿°v shdpsX sImSp°pItbm? Xp—w hne°v `qan ssIamdp Itbm? a‰v sFSn hyhkmb߃°v \ntcm[\w G¿s∏Sp ØpItbm? k¿°mdn\v ]¶mfnØan s√t∂m? \ΩpsS ]cam[nImcØn \pffn¬ kzX{¥ hyhkmb km{amPyw krjvSn°pItbm? c≠v \b߃ XΩn¬ Bt·bmkv{X߃ XΩnset∂mWw G‰pap´nb tIcf cmjv{Sob Ncn{XØnse Xo ]mdp∂ kwhmZ߃. B NqSnepw Xobnepw \nd™p \n∂ sXcs™Sp∏v, XpS¿∂pff P\hn[n. tIcfØn\v th≠n hnFkv ANypXm\μ≥ D∂bn® tNmZy߃°v IqsSbmWv _lp`qcn ]£w P\ßfpw \nes°m≠Xv. B \bßsfbmWv dnb¬ FtÉv \bambn Ffacw Icow Bt£]n°p∂Xv . Aßs\ cq]oIcn°s∏´ ap≥ Kh¿sa≠ns‚ P\hncp≤hpw aqe[\ ]£]mX]chpamb \b߃ XncpØp∂Xn\v th≠n A[nImcta¬ ∏n® Kh¿sa≠ns‚ hyhkmb a{¥nbmbmWv Ffacw Icoans\ kn]nFw kwÿm\ t\XrXzw \ntbmKn®n´pffXv . . Cu cmjv { Sob ]›mØehpw Ncn{Xhpw Bcv ad∂mepw hyhkmb a{¥n Icow ad°m≥ ]mSpffX√. Cu \bkao]\ßfn¬ Dd®p \n∂mWv kvam¿´vkn‰n kwcw`Icpambn N¿® \SØn apJya{¥n hnFkv Icmdn¬ s]mfns®gpØv \SØbnXv. C≥t^m ]m¿°v XncnsI In´n. ÿehne h≥ tXmXn¬ Iq´n. a‰v sFSn hyhkmb ߃°v G¿s∏SpØnbncp∂ \ntcm[\w t]m°n. k¿°mdn\v IqSpX¬ HmlcnIfpw \nb{¥Whpw ssIh∂p. Ip™men°p´nbptSbpw DΩ≥Nm≠n bptSbpw \bØn¬ \n∂v tIcfØn s‚bpw P\ßfptSbpw XmXv ] cyw ]cnKWn®psIm≠pff henb \bam‰w. DΩ≥Nm≠n°pw Ip™men°p´n°pw bpUnF^n\pw an≠m´an√mXmbn. F¥mWv CSXp]£ _Z¬ F∂Xns‚ sNdnbsX¶nepw hy‡amb kao]\w {]ISambn. B \ne]mSpw AXn\v ASnÿm\ amb CSXp]£ cmjv { SobØnepw BibØnepaq∂nb \bßfpamWv Icow Xffn∏dbp∂Xv. AXpw At±lw Dƒs°mffp∂ a{¥nk`m tbmKw No^v sk{I´dntbbpw A©v hIp∏v sk{I´dnamtcbpw Dƒs∏-SpØn F®v Fw Sn `qan CS]mSv kw_‘n®v At\zjn °m≥ Hcp IΩ‰nsb \ntbmKn®t∏mƒ AXns‚ dnt∏m¿´v a{¥nk`

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

]cnKWn°m\ncns°. a{¥n tNmZn°p∂p. `qanbn¬ A√msX sXßns‚ a≠bnem tWm hyhkmbw XpSßpI F∂v . At±lw `ojWn apg°p∂p: F¥v kw`hn®mepw a{¥n∏Wn Dt]£n®v Xm≥ t]mIp∂ {]iv\ans√∂v. \nt£]hpw hnIk\hpw hcpØntb ASßq F∂v. CtX hnImchpw CtX A¿∞hpamWv Ip‰n∏pdsØ tIm´bn¬ \n∂v P\߃ ASntbmsS ]ngpXv Fdnbpwhsc Ip™men°p´nbpw ]d™p\S∂ncp∂Xv. sXßn≥ a≠bn¬ hyhkmbw XpSßm\mIn√ F∂Xv Im¿jnI tIcftØmSpff Ah⁄bpsSbpw AhKW\bpsSbpw {]Jym]\amWv. tIhew hf¿®m\nc°nepw aqe[\ \nt£] em`Ønepw Du∂nbpff apXemfnØ a\ ns‚ {]IS\amWv. Cu sXßn≥ a≠IfmWv aebmf°c°v tIcfsa∂ t]cpw {]kn≤nbpw \¬InbXv . Cu sXßn≥ a≠Iƒ tIcfob PohnXØnt‚bpw kwkv°mc Ønt‚bpw BXntYbXzØnt‚bpw Du¿÷hpw a[phpw Bbncp∂p. ]Xn‰m≠pIƒ°v apºv tIcfØns‚ \thm∞m\ \mbI≥ {io\mcmbW Kpcphns\ kμ¿in°m≥ hwKtZiØp \n∂v cho{μ\mY SmtKm¿ FØn. A∂v Kpcp Xs‚ AXnYn°v apºn¬ hninjvS t`mPyambn ka¿∏n®Xv sXßn≥ a≠bn¬ \n∂pff a[pc°cnºmbncp∂p. {KmaoW tIcfØns‚ kmºØnI \s´√v ]cºcmKX Ib¿ hyhkmb Øns‚ kph¿W \q¬. Aßs\ Cu Iev] hr£w Ncn{XØneqsS tIcfob kaqlØns‚ hf¿®°v Xmßpw XWepw IcpØpw ]I¿∂p t]m∂XmWv. AXn∂v XI¿∂ ÿnXnbnte°v FØnbXv C¥ybnse \mWy hnfIsf BsI XI¿°p∂ DZmcoIcW kmºØnI \b߃ km{amPyi‡nIƒ°pth≠n ASnt®¬∏n®XpsIm≠mWv. AXns\ sNdp°m≥ ]≤XnIƒ Bhnjv°cn t°≠ tIcfØns‚ hyhkmb a{¥n sXßn≥ a≠bn¬ aWvUcnIsf am{Xw I≠v ]cnlkn®v \n¬°p∂p. B¿°v th≠nbmWv hyhkmbw? hnIk\w B¿°v th≠nbmWv? tIcfØnse aq∂ptImSnbn¬∏cw hcp∂ P\߃°v th≠n. Xo¿®bmbpw AXn\v aqe[\ \nt£]w thWw. hyhkmbw hcWw. AXv hcptºmƒ P\ßfpsS PohnXhpw Bhmkhyhÿbpw `mhnbpw kpc£nXXzhpw kwÿm\Øn s‚ s]mXp XmXv]cyhpw Dd∏v hcpØpIbpw thWw. aqeºffnbn¬ sNbvXXp t]mse ]mhs∏´hcpsS hoSpIƒ CSn®p \nc∏m°n ASp°fbpw hnZym¿∞n IfpsS ]T\ kma{KnIfpw I≠psI´n.

tXm°pw emØnbpambn IpSnbnd°n sXcphnsednbp∂ hnIk\\ba√ th≠Xv. Ahiyw IpSnsbmgn∏nt°≠n h∂m¬ A`n{]mb ka\z bØneqsS ]p\c[nhmkw BZyw Dd∏v hcpØWw. a{¥nt°m \nt£]IcpsS cmjv{Sob t{_m°¿am¿t°m tImSnIƒ ssIadm\pw ]mcntXmjnI߃ ]‰m\pw kz¥w XmXv]cyßfpw AXns‚ hnIk\hpw Dd∏m°m\pw DffX√ CSXp]£ Kh¿sa≠ns‚ hnIk\ \bw. aq∂mdnse A\[nIrX Itø‰ßƒ Hgn∏n°¬, sa¿°nè FtÉnse `qan hnhmZw, F®v Fw Sn `qan hnhmZw CsX√mw P\ßsf sIm≠psN∂v FØn°p∂Xv Htc _nμphnemWv . bpUnF^v Kh¿sa≠nt‚bpw F¬Un F^v Kh¿sa≠nt‚bpw hyhkmb `qhnIk\ \bßfn¬ {]mtbmKnI XeØn¬ Hcp hyXymkhpw Cs√∂nSØv. bpUnF^v XpSßnsh®Xv F¬UnF^v ]q¿Ønbm°n sImSp°p ∂p. Iptd°qSn Bflm¿∞XtbmsS. {]Xn_≤XtbmsS. tImSnIfpsS AgnaXnIƒ ]›mØeØn¬ \S°p∂p. {Inan\¬ aqe[\hpambpff NßmØw FhntSbpw ZriyamWv. sa¿°nè CS]mSnse `qam^nbbpsS hmSI°mc≥ hnPne≥kpw s]meokpw Iømfp∂ CSXp]£ B`y¥ca{¥n. F®vFwSn hnhmZ `qanbpsS t]m°phchv \SØns°mSp°m≥ hnt√Pv Hm^ok¿ Nabp∂Xv F¬UnF^v a{¥nam¿. hn¬°cpsX∂ k¿°m¿ hyhÿ ewLn® aÆn¬ `qam^nbbpsS hnIk\ ]≤Xn°v Xd°n√nSm≥ sN√p∂Xv kn]nFw a{¥nam¿, t\Xm°ƒ. NSßv am‰nsh°Wsa∂v apJya{¥n Bhiy s∏Sp∂Xv AhKWn°p∂Xv At±lØn s‚ ]m¿´nbnse Xs∂ a{¥nam¿. HSphn¬ tIm´bsØ kn]nFw kwÿm\ ktΩf\Øn¬ F√mhcpw IqSn NmSnhogp∂Xv apJya{¥nbpsS IgpØn\v t\sc. samss_¬ ktμi߃ hsc Pmw sNøs∏´ ktΩf\m¥co£Øn¬ XcwKßfmbn \nd™p\n¬°p∂Xv am^nbIfptSbpw aqe[\i‡nIfptSbpw emt`—Ifpw ZpjvS XmXv]cyßfpw. AsX, am¿Ivkv ]d™ aqe[\ XmXv]cyØns‚ Bƒcq]ßfmbn ChnsS CXm kn]n FΩns‚, CSXp]£I£nIfpsS, ap∂WnbpsS, `cWØns‚ ImcyI¿Øm °ƒ. Ahsc Ct∏mƒ _m[n®ncn°p∂Xv aqe[\ t^m_nb. AXns‚ {]IS\hpw ]cm{IahpamWv a{¥n Icoan¬ \n∂v \mw I≠psIm≠ncn°p∂Xv.

16


A`n-apJw

A[n-Imcw a{¥n kp[m-I-cs\ aØp-]n-Sn-∏n-°p∂p ]n \mcm-b-W≥ / Xt\jv Xºn tZhkzw a{¥nbpw t_m¿Uv {]kn-U‚pw Hcp tNcn-bnepw c≠v t_m¿UwK߃ adp-tN-cn-bnepw \n∂p-sIm≠v \S-Øp∂ N°-fØn t]mcm-´w CS-Xp-]-£-P-\m-[n-]Xy ap∂-Wn-sb {]Xn-k‘ - n-bn-em-gvØn-bn-cn-°p-Ib - m-Wv. ]´n-IP - mXn°mc-s\bpw h\n-Xs- bbpw t_m¿Uw-Kß - f- m-°n-bX - mWv X\n°v ]‰nb sXs‰∂v a{¥nbpw ka-\ne sX‰nb Hcmƒ tZhkzw a{¥n-bm-bXmWv Cu {]Xn-k‘ - n-s°√mw Imc-Ws- a∂v t_m¿Uw-Kß - fpw ]c-ky-ambn hngp-∏e - ° - p-∂p. Cu ]›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ t_m¿Unse kn ]n sF {]Xn-\n-[n-bmb ]n \mcm-b-W-\p-ambn P\-i‡n {]Xn-\n[n \S-Ønb A`n-apJw

cq

]o- I - c n- ® - X p- a p- X ¬ hn- h m- Z ßfmWt√m Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ tZhkzw t_m¿Un¬? Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ tZhkzw t_m¿Un¬ Hcp-]mSv A[n-Im-cß - fpw Ah-Im-iß - fpw Ds≠-∂mWv tZhkzwa{¥n- Pn kp[mIcs‚ [mc-W. AsXmcp kzX{¥ A[nIm-c-ß-fp≈ t_m¿Um-sW∂v At±-lØn\v Adn-™p-Iq-S. AXv a{¥n ]Tn-°m™n-´mtWm AtXm ]Tn-®n´v R߃s°m∂p-ad- n-bp-∂n-s√∂v \Sn-°pI-bm-tWm F∂dn-bn√. At±lw CS-Xp-]£ - Ø - ns‚ a{¥nbm-sW∂v a‰p-≈h - ¿ ]d-bp-tºm-gmWv \Ωf-dn-bp-∂X - .v CS-Xp-]£ - Ø - n-s‚-bmtWm bp Un F^n-s‚-bmtWm AXn-\∏ - p-dØp h√Xp-amtWm F∂-XmWv Fs‚ kwi-bw. CXp-X-s∂-bmWv tZhkzw t_m¿Unse F√m {]iv\-߃°pw hnhm-Z-߃°pw ASn-ÿm-\I - m-cW - w. a‰p tZhkzw t_m¿Up-Iƒ hnhm-Za- p‡-am-Wt- √m, AXpw Pn kp[m-Ic- s‚ Iognet√? Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿, sIm®n tZhkzw t_m¿Up-Iƒ kzX{¥ t_mUn-bmWv. AtX-ka- bw Kpcp-hm-bq¿ t_m¿Uv F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv Kpcp-hm-bq¿ t£{Xw am{X-amWv. Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ tZhkzw t_m¿Un\p Iogn¬ 1200Hmfw t£{X-ßf - p≠v. sIm®n

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

tZhkzw t_m¿Un\p Iogn¬ GXm≠v 310 t£{X-ßf - p-ap≠v. Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ tZhkzw t_m¿Uns‚ ASn- ÿ m\ tcJ- I ƒ ]cntim[n-®m¬ cmPm-hn¬ \n∂v A[nImcw t_m¿Un-\mWv ssIam-dnbncn°p∂Xv F∂v a\-kn-emhpw. tcJ-bn¬ sXm´v B¿°pw Ifn°m-\m-hn-√. AXnse Xocp-am-\a- mWv t_m¿Un¬ aq∂w-Kß - ƒ D≠m-hpI F∂-X.v CXn¬ am‰w hcp-Øm≥ cmjv{S-]Xn hnNm-cn-°W - w. a{¥n kp[m-Ics‚ Cu Bhiyw PÃnkv ]cn-]q¿W≥ X≈n. F∂m¬ AXn-_p-≤n D]-tbm-Kn®v LS-\b - n¬ am‰w hcp-Øs´ F∂v kp[mI-c≥ tNmZn-®p. Hcp ]´n-I-Pm-Xn-°mcs\bpw h\n-Xsbbpw IqSn sh®m¬ Kp]vXs\ D]-tbm-Kn®v Ct±-l-Øn\v dntam´v I¨t{Smƒ Imcy-߃ \S-Ømw F∂mWp Icp-Xn-bX - .v AXmWv ASp-ØnsS ]´n-I-Pm-Xn-°m-c-s\bpw kv{Xosbbpw sh®Xv X\n°v hn\-bmbn F∂p kp[mI- c ≥ ]d- ™ - X v . kp[m- I - c - \ - d nbmw CsXmcp kz¿ÆJ\n-bm-sW-∂v. CXn-\I-Øp-\n∂pw Hcp-]mSp Imiv t\csØ a‰p≈h¿ ASns®SpØn-´p-≠v. AXpt]mse X\n°pw taSn-°m-sat∂m Cs√¶n¬ Xs‚ ]m¿´n°p taSn-°m-sat∂m Hcp [mc-W-bp-≠m-b-Xns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-ØnemWv Cu {iaw \S-Øn-b-Xv. F∂m¬

]n \mcm-bW - ≥ B⁄m-\p-h¿Øn-I-f-√mØ Cß-s\sbmcp ]´n-I-Pm-Xn-°m-c-s\bpw h\n-Xsbbpw kp[m-I-c≥ kz]v\-Øn¬ {]Xo£n-®n-√. F¥psIm-≠mWv F√m Ip‰hpw a{¥nbn¬am{Xw Nmcp-∂Xv? kp[m-Ic- \pw Rm\pw HºXmw \nb-ak-`-bn¬ Hcp-an®v Ccp-∂n-´p-≈-h-cm-Wv. A∂v Rm≥ Abm-tfmSp Hcp-]mSp Imcy߃ ]d-™n-´p-≠v. Abmƒ Ft∂mSpw ]d-™n-´p-≠v. ]s£ Abmƒ a{¥n-bmb tijw ]gb \ne-hm-c-sa√mw If-™p. a{¥n-k-`-bn¬ sN∂p Ib-dn-b-t∏mƒ Abm-sft¥m henb {]amWn BbXp t]mse-bm-Wv. Rm≥ t\m°n-bn´v Hcp {]am-Wn-Xzhpw ImWp-∂n-√. Bcpw Btc°mfpw hep-sXm-∂p-a√ - . F√m-hcpw s]mXp{]-h¿Ø-I-cmbn h∂v Ffnb-co-Xn-bn¬ {]h¿Øn-®mWv a{¥nbpw t_m¿Uv {]knU‚pw AwK-hp-sams°, F¥n\v cmjv{S]-Xn-t]mepw Bhp-∂-Xv. Nne¿°v A[nImc ÿm\ßfn-te°v FØn-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ IÆnse ImgvNI - ƒ amdnt∏m-Ip-∂p. A[n-Im-c-ta-‰-tijw CS-bm-\p≈ BZysØ ImcWw F¥m-bn-cp∂p? BZy-tbmKw IqSm≥ h∂-t∏mƒ acma-Ø,v [\w, Iƒ®¿ F∂o aq∂v Ãm‚nwKv IΩn-‰n-I-fp-sSbpw sNb¿am≥ ÿm\w X\n°p \¬I-Ws- a∂v Kp]vX≥ ]d-™p. a{¥n ]d-™n-´p-s≠-∂m-WXn\v ImcWw ]d-™-Xv. Aßns\ ]d-bm≥ a{¥n°v F¥mWv Ah-Im-is- a∂v Rm≥ tNmZn-®p. CXn\v sXm´p-apºv sIm®n tZhkzw

22 17


dnt∏m¿´v

Ccp-´n-te°p \oßp∂ tIcfw

{]tXyI teJ-I≥

tIc-f-Ønse sshZypXn taJe \nco-£n-°p∂ Hcmƒ°v GXm≠v Hcp sIm√w ap≥]v Adn-bm≥ Ign-bp∂ hkvXp-X-I-fmWv P\-ßsf sR´n-∏n-°m-\m-bn Ct∏mgpw hm¿Ø-I-fmbn Im®n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. sshZyp-Xn-a-{¥n-bm-I-s´, CXv Xs‚ {]kw-K-ß-fnse AXo-h-Ku-c-h-ap≈ {]ta-b-ambn X´n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. `c-Wm-[n-Imcn F∂- \n-e-bn¬ At±lw ]d-tb-≠n-bn-cp∂Xv CXm-bn-cp-∂n-√. Cu ÿnXn adn-I-S-°m≥ hmNm-tSm-]-߃°v ]Icw Ign™ 18 amk-ambn {Inbm-fl-I-ambn F¥p-sNbvXp F∂m-bn-cp∂p ]d-tb-≠n-bn-cp-∂-Xv.

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\p-hcn 28 s‚ tZim-`n-am\n ]{XØns‚ apJy-hm¿Ø ""sshZypXn {]Xnk‘n cq£w; adn-I-S-°m≥ Xo{h-{iaw'' F∂-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. hm¿Ø hmbn-®m¬ Fs¥-¶nepw ""hm¿Ø'' AXn-ep-≈X - mbn ImWm≥ Ign-bn-√. C°m-cy-Øn-se-∂t]mse hmbn-°p-∂h - c - n¬ Bi-b° - p-g∏ - ap-≠m-°m≥ t]m∂ h{I-e-£y-ß-tfm-SpSnb hm¿Ø- I ƒ tZim- ` n- a m- \ n- b n¬ Bh¿Øn®v D≠m-bn-s°m-≠n-cn-b° v p-∂Xv teJ-Is‚ `mh-\m-hn-emkw sIm≠√ F∂p-hy-‡w. A\n-hm-cy-amb (?) t_m¿Uphn-`-P\w DS-s\-bp-≠m-Ip-sa∂ a´n-ep≈ XpS-c≥ hm¿Ø-Iƒ {]Xy-£s - ∏-´n-cp- ∂ - Xv as‰m-cp-Zm-l-c-Ww. ]m¿´n t\Xm-hmb a{¥nbv°v s]mcp-Ø-s∏-Sm≥ Ign-bmØ hm¿Ø-Iƒ tZim-`n-am-\n-bn¬ {]Xy-£s- ∏Sn√ F∂v B¿°m-Wd- n-™p-Iq-Sm-ØXv! am¿®v 2007 ¬ {]kn-≤o-I-cn® "P\-i‡n'-bpsS 29 mw e°-Øn-tebv°v Cu kμ¿`-Øn¬ hmb-\° - m-cpsS {i≤-£W - nbv°p-I-bm-Wv. Cu e°-Øns‚ Ih¿ tÃmdn-Xs∂ ""Icp-Xn-bn-cn-°p-I, Ccp´v AIse-b√'' F∂-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m-¬ ASpØ h¿jw (2008 G{]nen¬ XpS-ßp∂ kmº-ØnI h¿jw) ÿnXn Kpcp-Xc- a- m-Ip-∂X - mWv Ct∏m-gsØ t]m°v. hcp-∂h - ¿jw tIc-fØ - n¬ IqSp-Xembn {]Xo-£n-°p∂ Dev]m-Z\w 128.5 2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

saKm-hm-´m-W.v 108 saKm-hm-´ns‚ Ip‰ymSn hnI-k\w 3.5 saKm-hm-´ns‚ Ip‰ymSn tS¬td-k,v 25 saKm-hm-´ns‚ t\cy-aw-Kew hnI-k\w F∂n-hb - mWXv. IqSw-Ip-fØ - p\n∂v 260 saKm-hm´v e`n-t°-≠n-bn-cp-∂X - mWv. hcpw-h¿jw tIc-fØ - nse ÿm]n-Xtijn h¿≤-\b - n¬ \n∂v A‰-Ip-‰∏ - W - n°p \o°n-sh-°p∂Xp Ign®v _m°n e`n°p∂ sshZypXn 115 saKm-hm´mWv. Cu h¿≤-\- e-`y-Xb - n¬ D≠m-Ip-tºmƒX-s∂, AXn¬ Hcp -h≥tNm¿®bpw {]Xo-£n°mw. tI{μ-\n-e-b-ß-fn¬ \n∂v tabv hsc e`n- ° p∂ 1200 saKm- h m- ´ ns‚ ÿm\Øv ÿnc-ambn A\p-h-Zn-®n-´p≈ 916 saKm-hm-´n-tebv°v AXp Npcp-ßmw. samØ-e`- yX 2762 saKm-hm-´mbn amdp-∂p. CXv Imbw-Ipfw \ne-bØ - nse 180 saKmhm-´v, sIm®n-bnse 157 saKm-hm´v F∂n-hIq-Sm-sX-bm-Wv. ASp-Øh - ¿jw am¿®n¬ {]Xo-£n-bv°s - ∏-Sp∂ 300 saKm-hm-´ns‚ Bh-iy-IX H-∂p-In¬ temUv sjUnw-Knte-t°m, As√-¶n¬ Imbw-Ipfw sIm®n\n-eb - ß - f - nse h≥hn-eb - p≈ sshZypXn hmßp-hm≥ \n¿∫-‘n-X-am-°p-∂-Xntet°m Kh¨sa‚n-s\ X≈n-hn-Spw. Zpxkl-amb sshZypXn \nc°v h¿≤-\tbm, sshZypXn t_m¿Uns‚ kmº-Øn-I-XI¿®-tbm, cmjv{So-ba- mbn CS-s]-´p≈ ]cnlmcw tXS-tem, GXmWv th≠-sX∂v

Kh¿sa‚ v Xocp-am-\n-bvt°≠ kμ¿`-amWn-Xv. IqSw-Ip-fw-˛-sIm®n 400 sI hn sse≥ \n¿Ωm-Ws- Ø-∏‰n ]Tn-°m≥ apJya-{¥n-bpsS CS-s]-St- emsS cq]o-Ic- n® D∂Xm- [ n- I m- c - k - a n- X nsb \new- s Xm- S m≥ {]t£m-`-°m¿ A\p-h-Zn-°p-∂n-s√-∂XmWv AhnsS \n∂p≈ hm¿Ø-Iƒ kqNn-∏n-°p-∂X - .v tIc-fØ - nse sshZypXn taJe \nco£n-°p∂ Hcmƒ°v GXm≠v Hcp sIm√w ap≥]v Adn-bm≥ Ign-bp∂ hkvXp-X-IfmWv P\- ß sf sR´n- ∏ n- ° m- \ m- b n! Ct∏mgpw hm¿Ø-If - mbn Im®n-s°m-≠ncn-°p-∂X - v. sshZyp-Xn-a{- ¥n-bm-Is - ´, CXv Xs‚ {]kw-Kß - f - nse AXo-hK - u-ch - a- p≈ {]ta-ba- mbn X´n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. `c-Wm[n-Imcn F∂- \n-eb - n¬ At±lw ]d-tb≠n-bn-cp∂Xv CXm-bn-cp-∂n-√. Cu ÿnXn adn-I-S-°m≥ hmNm-tSm-]-߃°v ]Icw Ign™ 18 amk-ambn {Inbm-fl-I-ambn F¥p-sNbvXp F∂m-bn-cp∂p ]d-tb-≠nbn-cp-∂X - .v 5 sIm√sØ IW-°p-t]-£n®v hcp∂ 10 sIm√-Øn-\Iw 2000 saKm-hm´v ÿm]n-Xt- ijn h¿≤n-∏n-°p-sa∂ ]√-hnbmWv At±lw ]mSp-∂-Xv. 5 sIm√-Øn\Iw ]q¿Øn-bm-t°-≠Xpw XpS-tß≠Xpamb ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS ÿnXn F¥msW∂p ]cn-tim-[n-°mw. 2007 ˛ 2008 ¬ e`nt°≠nbn-cp∂ 128.5 saKm-hm-´v sshZypXnbn¬, Xøm-dm-bn-´p≈Xv t\cy-aw-Kew hn]p-eo-Ic - W - ] - ≤ - X - nbpsS 25 saKm-hm-´p-am-{X-am-Wv. Ip‰ymSn tS¬tdkv ]≤-Xn-bn¬ \n∂p≈ 3.5 saKmhm´v ASp- Ø - k m- º - Ø n- I - h ¿jw Peh¿jta e`n-°q. Ip‰ymSn c≠mw-L´ hn]p-eo-I-c-W-]-≤-Xn-bn¬ \n∂p≈ 100 saKm-hm´v 2009 te e`n-°q. Cu ]≤-Xn-Ifn¬ thKX ssIh-cp-Øm≥ Ign-™n-´n-√. Ch ]Wn \S-∂p-h∂ - n-cp∂ ]≤-Xn-If - mWv. tI{μ-]≤ - X - n-bmb IqSw-Ip-fØ - p-\n∂v 2008 Ah-km\w sshZypXn e`n-®p-Xp-S-ßpw. ]t£ AXn\v tIc-f-Ønse sse≥ \n¿ΩmWw ]q¿Ønbm-I-Ww. GXm≠v 480 saKm-hm-´ns‚ sNdpXpw hep-Xp-amb ]pXnb ]≤-Xn-Iƒ Ccp-]-Øn-\m-seÆw Cu ]©-h-’-c-]-≤-Xn-°m-eØv tIc-fØn¬ Bcw- ` n- t °- ≠ n- b n- c p- ∂ - X m- W v . CXn¬ G‰hpw kp{]-[m\ ]≤-Xn-bm-bncp∂p AXn-c-∏n≈n (169 saKm-hm-´v). Cu ]≤-Xn°v tI{μ h\ ˛ ]cn-ÿn-Xn-h-Ip∏ns‚ AwKo-Imcw e`n-®n´pw Icm-dp-ambn _‘- s ∏´ \nb- a - ° p- c p- ° n¬ s]´p tImSXn-bn-em-Wv. Cu tIkv tIcf sslt°m-SX - n-bpsS ]cn-KW - \ - b - n¬ h∂t∏mƒ, dosS-≠¿ sNbvXv DS≥ ]≤-Xn XpSßm-\p≈ \S-]S- n kzoI-cn-®X - ns\ th≠hÆw \ymbo-Ic- n®p tImS-Xnsb t_m≤ys∏- S p- Ø m≥ Bcp- a p- ≠ m- b n- √ . tIkv

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t_m[-]q¿Δw tXmev°p-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂pthm? t_m¿Uv A∏o¬ \¬In. ]≤Xn ho≠pw \nb-a°p-cp-°n-embn! Dev]m-Z\w h¿[n-∏n°m-\p-X-Ip∂ ]≤-Xn-Iƒ bYm-k-abw ]Wn-Xp-Sßn apt∂-dm-\p≈ cmjv{Sob tijn-bmWv a{¥nsb∂ \ne-bn¬ F sI _me≥ Imt´-≠n-bn-cp-∂-Xv. AXn¬ At±lw Zb-\o-b-ambn ]cm-P-b-s∏-SpIbpw ]h¿I-´n-s‚bpw temUvsj-Unw-Kns‚bpw DΩm-°n-Im-´n, sIm®p-Ip-´n-Isf `bs∏-Sp-Øp-∂X - p-t]mse tIc-fo-bsc ""Ccp´-Øq-´m≥'' {ian-°p-Ib - p-am-Wv. ]Wn-Xp-Stß-≠n-bn-cp∂ h≥In-S-]-≤-Xn-I-fn¬ ]≈n-hm-k¬ hn]p-eo-Ic- W - hpw (6-0 saKmhm-´v) tXm´n-bmdpw (4-0 saKm-hm-´v) am{XamWv sS≠¿ sNbvXX - v. ]Wn-Xp-Sß - m≥ Ign-™Xv ]≈n-hm-k¬ hn]p-eo-Ic- W - ] - ≤Xn am{X-hpw. \ho-Ic- Ww ]q¿Øn-bm°n Dev]m-Z\w \S-∂p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂, Hcp ]≤-Xn-bv°p≠mb Zptcm-Kyhpw Cu kμ¿`-Øn¬ ]dbm-sX-hø - . ]∂n-bm¿ Zpc-¥s- Ø-∏‰- n-bmWv ChnsS hnh-£n-°p-∂X - .v F´p-t]-cpsS acW- Ø n- \ n- S - b m- ° n- b Zpc¥w \S∂n´v Ct∏mƒ A©p amk- a m- b n. ]≤Xn {]h¿Ø- \ - £ - a - a m- I p- s a∂v ]d- b m≥ B¿°pw Ign- b n- √ . \nc- h [n amk߃Xs∂ ]Wn-]q¿Øn-bm-°m≥ th≠nh-cp∂ s]≥tÃm-°n-s‚bpw hm¬hv lukn-s‚bpw a‰pw ]Wn F∂p XpS-ßm≥ Ign-bp-sa-∂p-t]mepw Adn-bn-√. CXns\ kw_-‘n®v At\z-jn®v dnt∏m¿´v ka¿∏n°m≥ Kh¿sa‚ v Hcp IΩn-‰nsb \ntbmKn-®n-cp-∂p. B dnt∏m¿´v ]c-ac- l - k - y-ambn kq£n-®n-cn-°p-∂p. CØcw dnt∏m¿´p-Iƒ ˛ AXv ]∂n-bm¿ Zpc-¥Ø - n-t‚-Xm-bm-epw, t_m¿Uns‚ ]p\x-kw-Lm-S\ - Ø - n-t‚-Xmbm-epw-˛_ - ¿apUm {XntIm-WØ - n-\S- p-Øps≠∂p ]d-bs- ∏-Sp∂ ªmIv tlmfn-te°v I∏-ep-Ifpw hnam-\ß - fpw A{]-Xy-£a- mIp∂ A¤p-XI - Y - t- ]mse sshZyp-Xn-a{- ¥nbpsS ASp-sØ-Øptºmƒ A{]-Xy-£a- mIp-Ib - m-W.v `c-WØ - ns‚ kpXm-cy-Xb - p-sSbpw, P\-ßt- fm-Sp≈ hnizm-kØ - n-s‚bpw {]Xn-^-e-\-am-Wv s]mXp-kz-Ømb Cu {]am- W - ß ƒ Im¬s∏- ´ n- b n- e m- ° n Xmt°m¬ Ioi-bn¬s°m-≠p-\S- ° - p-∂X - .v a{¥n, a{¥n-∏-Wn-b-√, FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv F©-\o-b¿am-cpsS ]Wn-bmWv ]et∏mgpw \S-Øp-∂-Xv. Unhn-j≥ Xe-Ønepw, k¿°nƒ Xe-Øn-epw, {]tZ-iX - e - Ø - nepw, kwÿm-\X - e - Ø - n-ep-sams° XmtgXew hsc-bp≈ Iogp-tZym-Kÿ - ∑ - m-sc-hnfn®v {]h¿Ø-\-]p-tcm-KXn ]cn-tim-[nbv°p-I-b√ a{¥n-bpsS tPmen. AXn\v FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv F©n-\o-b¿ sXm´v No^v F©n-\o-b¿h-sc-bp≈hcpw, apgp-h≥ kab t_m¿Up-sa-º¿amcpw D≠v. Ah2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

cpsS tPmen a{¥n Gs‰-Sp°Wsa∂v Bsc-¶nepw D]-tZ-in-°p-∂-Xpw, AXp sNøp-∂Xpw Imcy-£-a-XbpsS ASn-th-cd- p-°p-sa-∂Xv, `c-W] - m-Tß - f - psS lcn{io- b m- W v . sshZypXn t_m¿Uns\ Hcp k¿°m¿ Un∏m¿´p-sa‚n-t\-°mƒ Gsd, a{¥n-am-cpsS ssZ\wZn\ CS-s]-S-en\p hnt[-bam- ° n- b - X ns‚ sISpXn tIc-fo-b¿ A\p-`h - n-°p-∂p. C°- W - ° n- \ m- s W- ¶ n¬ IqSp- X ¬ A\p- ` - h - ß ƒ D≠m-Im≥ t]mIp-∂p. sshZypXn {]Xn-k‘ - nbpsS IY-bn-te°v XncnsI hcmw. Ct∏m-gsØ ÿnXnsb-¥mWv? tI{μ-Øns‚ A¨ Atem-t°-‰Uv jbdn¬ \n∂p≈ 183 saKm-hm´v sh-´n-°p-d® - n-cn-°p-∂p. ]∂nbm-dn¬ \n∂p≈ 30 saKmhm-´ns‚ Dev]m-Z\w e`y-a√. am¿®v, G{]n¬ amk-ßfnse k‘y- I - f n- e mWv tIc- f - Ø n¬ h¿jsØ ]c- a m- h [n sshZypXn D]-tbmKw hcn-I. t]mb h¿jsØ At]-£n®v 150-˛200 saKm-hm´v h¿≤\ k‘y-k-a-bsØ Bh-iy-I-Xbn¬ D≠m-Ip-sa∂pw {]Xo-£n-°s- ∏-Sp-∂p. 2742 saKm-hm´mWv Ign-™-h¿jsØ G‰hpw Db¿∂ Bhiy-I-X. At∏mƒ Cu h¿jsØ ]c-am-h[n Bh-iy-IX 2892-˛2942 saKm-hm´v F∂p {]Xo-£n-°mw. CXv 3000 saKm-hm-´mbn Db¿∂mepw A¤p-Xs - ∏-Sm-\n-√. Imbw-Ipfw \ne-b-Øn¬ \n∂p e`n°p∂ 350 saKm-hm-´n¬ sshIn´v 6.30 apX¬ 10.30 hscbp≈ ka-bØv 100 saKmhm-´mWv Ct∏mƒ tIcfw D]-tbm-Ks - ∏-SpØp-∂X - v. _m°n Xan-gv\mSv hmßp-Ib - mWv. \m^vXm ]≤-Xn-bn¬ \n∂p≈ Hcp bqWn-‰n-\v Ct∏mƒ C‘-\h - n-ea- m{Xw 7.8 I hne-hc- pw. tIcfw \¬tI≠ ^nIvkUv Nm¿Pv bqWn-‰n\v 81 ss]k-bm-W.v CXn¬ Hcp hnln-Xhpw Xan-gv\mSv \¬Ip-∂p-≠v. (hm-ßp∂ bqWn-‰n\v 48 ss]k)CtX C‘-\h - n-eX - s- ∂-bmWv sIm®n-bnse dneb≥kns‚ ]≤- X nbv ° pw _m[- I w. AhnsS \n∂pw 157 saKm-hm-´mWv e`n-°pI. Ct∏mƒ 120 saKm-hm´v tIcfw k‘yk-ab - Øv FSp-°p-∂p-≠.v a‰p≈ ka-bß - fn-teXv t\csØ ]©m-_pw, Ct∏mƒ Xangv\mSpw hmßn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-bm-Wv. hcpw amk-ß-fn¬ ChnsS \n∂p≈ 157 saKm-hm´pw tIc-fØ - n\p kzoI-cn-t°-≠n-

P\-i‡nbpsS 29-˛mw e°w h-cpw. t\cy-aw-Kew hn]p-eo-Ic - W - ] - ≤ - X - nbn¬ \n∂v 25 saKm-hm´v ]pXp-Xmbn e`n°pw. Ign-™h - ¿jsØ At]-£n-®p≈ ÿnXn am‰w C{]-Imcw kwt£-]n-°mw. e`y-Xb - n¬ h∂-sh-´n-°p-dhv 213 saKm-hm´v t\cy-aw-Kew hn]-eo-I-c-W-Ønse ]pXnb Dev]m-Z\w 25 saKm-hm´v Imbw-Ip-fw, sIm®n, \m^vXm ]≤-XnI-fn¬ \n∂pw hmßp-∂Xv 257 saKmhm´v Bh-iy-I-X-bn¬ {]Xo-£n-°p∂ h¿≤\ 150-˛200 saKm-hm´v At∏mgpw 80-˛130 saKm-hm-´ns‚ IΩnbp-≠v. IΩn \nI-Øm-\p≈ {ia-amWv t_m¿Up \S-Øp-∂-Xv F∂mWv D∂-Xcmb kmt¶-XnI hnZ-K≤ v ¿ hy‡-am-°n-bXv. \ho-I-cWw \S-∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ i_-cn-Kncn ]≤-Xn-bn¬ \n∂pw, th\-en\p-ap≥]v ]Wn-]q¿Øn-bm°n 50 saKm-hm´v IqSn e`y-am-°m-\p≈ Xo{h-{i-aØ - n-emWv t_m¿Upw Icm-dp-Imcpw. A‰p-Ip-‰∏ - W - n-IfpsS {Iao-Ic- W - h - yh-ÿb - n¬ AXn-\mbn \o°n-sh-°p∂ a‰p Pe-ssh-ZypX ]≤-XnI-fnse P\-td-‰d- p-If - psS ]Wn Npcp-°n-\SØn as‰mcp 50 saKm-hm´p IqSn e`y-am°m-sa∂pw t_m¿Up {]Xo-£n-°p-∂p. At∏mgpw \mw Ccp-´n-te°v t]mIm≥ hnXpºn \nev°p-Ib - m-bn-cn°pw!!

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19 t_m¿Un¬ Aßn-s\-b-√t√m \S-∏n-em°n-bX - v. a{¥n-]d- ™ s - Xm-∂p-a√ Chn-sS. CXv kzX-{¥-t_m-Un-bm-W.v \ap°v aq∂p t]¿°p-a√ - msX ChnsS a‰m¿°pw CS-s]Sm≥ Ah-Im-i-an-√. AXp-sIm≠v Rm≥ [\-Imcy Ãm‚nwKv IΩn‰n sNb¿am-\mbn {]kn-U‚ns\ t\man-t\‰v sNøp-I-bmsW∂v ]d-™p. XpS¿∂v Iƒ®-d¬ Ãm‚nwKv IΩn‰n sNb¿am≥ ÿm\w kpaXn-°p-´n-b-Ω°pw acm-aØns‚ ÿm\w F\n°pw e`n-®p. At∏mƒ sNb¿am\v a‰p c≠p IΩn-‰n-If - nepw AwK-am-hW - s- a-∂m-bn. AXp kΩ-Xn-®n-√. c≠p IΩn-‰n-I-fn¬ h\n-Xm-sa-º¿ AwK-am-bn. CsXms° ]dbp-tºmƒ Rm≥ a{¥n-tbmSv F¥p-]d- b - psa∂v At±lw tNmZn-°p-∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. a{¥n-bpsS Ah-Im-i-sØ-°p-dn-®mWv Kp]vX≥ At∏mƒ ]d-™-Xv. Rm≥ ]d™p. hoSp ]Wn-bp∂ Bim-cn°v ]Wn Ign™ tijw hS°pw ]pdØv DuWpsIm-Sp-°p∂ t]mse F∂p Icp-Xn-bm¬ aXn-sb-∂v. a{¥n°v ]cn-bº-dØv DuWv F∂v \mcm-bW - ≥ ]d-™X - mbn "awK-f'Øn¬ Bdp-tImfw hm¿Ø h∂p. CXns‚ {]tIm-]-\-Øn¬ X\n°v A[n-Imcw Dt≠m F∂p ImWn®pXcp-∂X - n-\m-bn-´mWv apdn ]q´n-bn-S¬ hnhmZw D≠m-b-Xv. aq∂v t]cv tN¿∂v tbmKw hnfn-®m¬ {]knU‚n\v Aku-Ic- y-ap-s≠-¶n¬ ko\n-b¿ saº¿°v tbmKw hnfn-°mw. A[n-Imcw Im´m-\m-bmWv Kp]vX≥ hcm-Xn-cp-∂-Xv. A∂v cmhnse "ssIc-fn'bn¬ \n∂v Hcmƒ hnfn®p tNmZn-®p. C∂v t_m¿Uv tbmKw Dt≠m-sb-∂v. Ds≠∂v Rm≥ ]d-™p. Rm≥ hcp-tºmƒ Fs‚bpw kpa-Xn-°p-´nbp-sSbpw apdn-]q´n t_m¿Upw FSpØv Btcm t]mbn. Bcm apdn ]q´n-b-sX∂v Akn- v sk{I-´d- n-tbmSv Rm≥ tNmZn®p. {]kn-U‚m-sW∂v adp-]Sn In´n. XpS¿∂v Rm≥ AhnsS IpØn-bn-cp-∂p. AsX√mw F√m- h cpw I≠- X m- W v . A{Xbpw kp[m-Ic- ≥ {]Xo-£n-®n-√. apdn]q-´n-bn-cn-°p-∂Xp I≠p Rm≥ Xncn-®p-t]mbm¬ F\n°v Hcp hne-bp-ap-≠m-hn-√. AXm-bn-cp∂p a{¥n-bp-sSbpw a‰pw Dt±ihpw hkvXp-X-bpw. F\n-°-[n-Imcw Cs√∂v hcp-Øm≥ a{¥n kp[m-I-cs‚ ]Wn-bm-Wn-sX∂v Rm≥ Xncn-®-dn-™p. t\csØ Ãm‚nwKv IΩn‰n Imcyw N¿® sNøm≥ ssh°w hniz≥ FsIPn sk‚dn¬ tbmKw hnfn-®p. BZyw {]kn-U‚nt\mSv Imcy-߃ ]d-bm≥ ]d-™p. ]ns∂ Ft∂m-Sm-hi - y-s∏-´p. Rm≥ \S-∂s- X√mw Xpd-∂p-]d- ™ p. Rm≥ ]d-™Xv kpa-Xn°p-´n-bΩ \qdv iX-am\w ]n¥m-ßn. CXptI´ Kp]vX≥ Xm\pw 110 iX-am\w tbmPn°p-∂-Xmbn ]d-™p. AhnsS D≠m-bncp∂ Sn sP N{μ-Nq-U≥ ]ns∂ BcmWv 2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

{]iv\w Rß-fmtWm F∂p Ifn ]dbpIIqSn sNbvXp. a{¥nbpw a{¥n-bpsS ]n Fkp-amWv Ipg-∏° - m-sc∂v Rm≥ ]d™p. CXn\p tijw Rm≥ Ac-hW FSpØp-sIm-≠p-t]mbn F∂v kp[m-I-c≥ Btcm-]n-®p. _n√p-Im-Wn-®t- ∏mƒ ]ns∂ an≠m-´a- n-√. Imdns‚ Imcy-Ønepw CsXms°-Øs - ∂-bmWv kw`-hn-®X - .v Ac-h-W-I-cm-dn¬ F¥mWv kw`-hn®Xv? Ac-hW - b - psS ^b¬ a{¥n-bpsSbpw {]kn-U‚n-s‚bpw Hm^o-kp-I-fn-emWv sh®p-Xm-a-kn-∏n-®-Xv. _n H Sn Icm-dn¬ F´p h¿jw \S-Øn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂h - c- mWv ]©an ]mbv°v. ]pXnb t_m¿Uv h∂v t\m°p-tºmƒ Hcp-am-k-ap-≠v. ]gb I£n°v Xs∂ Icm¿ sImSp-°W - s - a∂ \ne- ] m- S mWv a{¥nbpw a{¥n- b psS

kn.-sI. Kp]vX≥ Hm^okpw ssIs°m-≠X - v. cmP-ti-Jc- ≥ F∂ a{¥n-bpsS ss{]h‰v sk{I-´-dnbmWv ]n∂n¬ ]e-If - n-Iƒ°pw Np°m≥ ]nSn-®X - .v ]et∏mgmbn H∂c tImSn-bpsS _m[yX t_m¿Un-\p-≠m-°n-b-Xn-\m-¬ ]©-ansb Icn-º-´n-I-bn¬ s]Sp-ØnbXmWv. _m°n-bp-≈h - c- psS sS≠¿ ]cntim-[n-®p-Ig- n-™t- ∏mƒ G‰hpw Ipd™ XpI-°m-c≥ Be-∏p-gbnse jm\-hmkv Bbn-cp-∂p. B jm\-hm-kn\v Icm¿ sImSp-°m≥ Xocp-am-\n-®p. jm\-hm-kn\v Icm¿ sImSp-°m≥ Xocp-am-\n-®Xv t_m¿Uv am{X-a-√. hnPn-e≥kv Fkv ]n, No^v F©n-\o-b¿, Rß-fpsS \nba Hm^o-k¿ ]ns∂ IΩo-jW - ¿ sk{I-´d- n, Akn- v sk{I-´dn F∂n-h-sc√mw ]s¶-SpØ tbmK-am-Wv. CXns‚ an\pSvkv thW-sa¶n¬ ]cn-tim-[n-°m-hp-∂X - m-Wv. G‰hpw Xmgv∂ Izt´- j ≥ jm\- h m- k n\v 5.90cq]bv°mWv sImSp-Ø-Xv. 1998˛2007 hsc ]Øv cq]bv°v Hcp Iss≠-\¿ Ach-Wb - mWv sImSp-Øp-sIm-≠n-cp-∂X - .v Hcp tImSn Iss≠-\¿ Ac-hW s]´∂v D≠m°m-\mWv Xocp-am-\n-®X - v. BZyw IW°v ]cn-tim-[n-®t- ∏mƒ 4.10 tImSn em`w jm\hm-kn\v Icm¿ sImSp-Øm¬ D≠m-hp-sa-

∂m-Wv I≠-X.v AXv R߃ sImSp-ØXv sslt°m-S-Xn-bpsS A\p-aXntbm-sSbmWv \S-∏m-°n-b-Xv. sS≠-dn¬ ]s¶-SpØ-h-sc√mw sslt°m-S-Xn-bn¬ t]mhpIbpw sNbvXp. \m\m- h - i ßfpw sslt°m-SXn ]cn-tim-[n®v hn[n h∂Xv 25 Znhkw Ign-™n-´m-W.v ]ns∂ R߃ t\cn´v Xpemw H∂n\v Ac-hW D≠m-°n. B Ac-hW D≠m-°n-bt∏m Ahn-SpsØ FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv Hm^o-k¿°v IrXy-amb Hcp [mc-Wb - p-an-√. FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv Hm^ok-tdmSv ap≥h¿j-tØXv t]mse 20 Iq´v Ah-c-hW Xs∂ D≠m-°m≥ ]d™p. AXp XnI-™n-√. 40 D≠m-°m≥ ]d-™p. AXpw XnI-™n-√. ]ns∂ 75 D≠m-°m≥ ]d-™p. AXv D≠m-°n-b-t∏mƒ c≠ptImSn cq] Xpem-am-ksØ I®-hS- Ø - n¬ am{Xw t_m¿Un\v em`-ap-≠m-bn (jm\-hmkn\v sImSp-Ø-Xp-sIm≠v). AXp-sIm≠mWv jm\-hmkv F∂ Cu tIm¨{SmIvSsd Hgn-hm-°m≥ th≠n ]gb ]©an cwK-Øn-d-ßn-b-Xv. Nne DtZym-K-ÿcpw CXn\v Iq´p-\n-∂p. Ah¿ AXns‚ πm‚ v tISm-°n. ka-bØv dÆnwKv I≠o-j≥ A√msX h∂p. ]pXnb Bƒ°v sImSpØ-t∏mƒ, Iss≠-\¿ In´mØ Ah-ÿbm-bn. Ac-h-W°v £ma-ap-≠m-bn-´n-√. Iss≠-\¿ In´m-\n-√. As©-´p-amkw apºv 10- ˛ 15 e£w Iss≠- \ ¿ Cu kok¨ kabw Bhp-∂-Xn\v apºv tÃm°p sNøpw. ]ns∂ Znh-khpw Bhiy-Øn-\p-≠m-Ipw. tÃm°v IqSp-Ibpw Ipdbp-Ibpw sNbvXp-sIm-t≠-bn-cn-°pw. Hcp £ma-hp-an-√msX F√m-h¿°pw In´pw. In´msX hcp∂ {]iv\a- n-√. F∂m¬ Cu {]mhiyw Ac-h-W-bpsS hnj-b-Øn¬ Ac-hW D≠v. Iss≠-bv\¿ C√m F∂ ÿnXn h∂p. tKmIpew tKm]m- e \p th≠n a{¥nbpw {]kn-U‚pw Icp-°ƒ \o°n-bXmbn Btcm-]Ww D≠t√m? ]©an ]mbv°p-Im-cmWv tKmIpew tKm]m-e\v ]n∂n¬. Ah¿°v Imin-√msX h∂- t ∏mƒ tKmIpew tKm]m- e s\ CXn¬ sIm≠p-h-∂p. Ah-km\w ]©ansb Icn-º-´n-I-bn¬ s]Sp-Øn-bt∏mƒ tKmIpew tKm]m-es\ ]cn-K-Wn-°m≥ Ign-bmsX h∂p. tKmIpew tKm]m-e≥ Dƒs∏´ ]©an ]mbv°n\v Icm¿ sImSp°m-\mbncp∂p Ah¿ B{K-ln-®n-cp-∂X - .v AXv sImSp- ° m≥ ]‰n- √ . {]knU‚ns‚bpw a{¥n-bp-sSbpw \ne-]mSv CXp-Xs- ∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p. C°mcyw a{¥n t\cn´v Bh-iy-s∏-´ncpt∂m ? ]e-Xh - W IΩo-jW - t- dmSpw sk{I-´dn-tbmSpw ]d-™n-´p-≠v. \Ωƒ Agn-aXn XpS-®p-\o-°m≥ {ian-®X - n-\mWv Cu Btcm-

20


]-Wß - s- f√mw tIƒt°≠n h∂-X.v jm\m-hm-kn\v \mep Znhkw t]mepw Icm-dn¬ XpS-cm≥ ]‰n-bn-√. Abm-fp-sS Icm¿ t]mepw Abmƒ°v \jvS-am-bn. ]ns∂ Abmƒ ssI°qen \¬Insb∂mWv Btcm-]W - w. _nkn-\kv \S∂v em`- a p- ≠ m- b m- e t√ ssI°q- e n- b psS {]iv\w. jm\-hm-kn-t\mSv Nne¿, R߃ ssI°qen hmßn-sb∂v FgpXn \¬Im≥ Bh-iy-s∏-´p. Iogvim¥n \nb-a-\-Øn¬ Agn-aXn \S∂-Xmbn a{¥n Btcm-]n-®t√m? a{¥n°v CXn-s\-°p-dn®v Hcp-[m-cW - b - pan-√. i_-cn-a-e-bn¬ Bdp \S-I-fp-≠v. CXn¬ im¥n-°msc Bh-iy-ap-s≠-¶n¬ hnfn-°pw. Ahn-SpsØ FIvkn-Iyp-´ohv Hm^o-kd- mWv B Npa-Xe \n¿h-ln-°p-∂Xv. CX-√msX tZh-kzw IΩo-j-W-tdm, AwK-ßtfm hnj-bØ - n¬ CS-s]-Sp-∂n-√. Xm¬°m-enI \nb-a\ßfpsS ImcyØnepw Agn-aXn Btcm-]Ww Db¿∂p.. AsX-ß-s\-bm, kok-Wn¬ NqSpsh≈w sImSp-°m\pw tXßm s]mXn-°m\p-sam-s° Bsf Bh-iy-ap-s≠∂v IΩoj-W¿ Hcp t\m´n-^n-t°-j≥ Cd-°pw. Ah¿°v In´p-∂Xv Gdn-bm¬ Znhkw 100 ˛110 cq]-bm-Wv. Ch-cn¬ \n∂v Bcm ssI°qen taSn- ° p- t ∂. ssI°qen Fs∂ms° ]d- b ptºm tZhkzw t_m¿Uv AwK-ßf - p-sSbpw {]kn-U‚n-s‚bp-sams° Hcp \ne-hmcw IqSn ]cn-KW - nt°-t≠. AXp-sIm-≠mWv Rm≥ ]d-bp∂Xv CXv {`m¥m-sW-∂v. \n߃ Aßns\-Øs∂ Fgp-Xn-t°m. A√msX ]ns∂ F¥p-]d- b - m-\m. shdpw Btcm-]-W-a-√; hnPn-e≥kv Fkv ]nbpsS dnt∏m¿´m-Wv Abmƒ°pw {`m¥m-W.v Rm≥ tNmZn°-s´. Abmƒ as‰mcp Un∏m¿´p-sa‚n¬ \n∂v h∂-X-t√. Hcp Un∏m¿´n¬ \n∂v as‰m∂n-te°v sU]yq-t´-j\ - n¬ hcpsºm c≠v Un∏m¿´vsa‚n-s‚bpw A\p-aXn thWw. k¿°m¿ Atem-´vsN-bvXm¬ am{Xw t]mcm. Atem´v sNøp-∂-hsc t_m¿Uv AwKo-Ic- n-°p-Ibpw IqSn thWw. am{X-a√ t_m¿Uns‚ Hcp Iogp-tZym-Kÿ≥ am{X-amWv Fkv ]n. AXp-sIm≠v saº¿am- s c- ° p- d n®v At\z- j n- ° m≥ Cbmƒ°v A[n-Im-ca- n-√. At∏m AXv apgph≥ {`m¥m-W.v {`m¥ns‚ Awiw {]kn- U ‚n- \ papt≠m? CXv \n߃ Xs∂ hne-bn-cpØq. PmXn ]d™v A[n-t£-]n-°p-∂ kao]\w ]e- t ∏mgpw a{¥n- b n¬ \n∂p≠mhp∂nt√. kp[m-Ic- s‚ ]d-ºnse IpSnIn-S∏ - p-Im-c\ - √ Rm≥. Fs∂bpw kp[mI-c-s\bpw saºdpw a{¥n-bp-am-°n-bXv 2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

CSXp ]£ P\m-[n-]Xy ap∂-Wn-bm-Wv. kpa-Xn-°p-´n-bΩ - s - bbpw \nb-an-®Xv F¬ Un F^v Xs∂. A√msX kp[m-Ic - s‚ IpSpw-_-Øn¬ \n∂v sIm≠p-h∂ AhImiw sIms≠m-∂p-a√ Rßsf B°nb-X.v kn ]n sF t]mepw th≠-co-Xn-bn¬ ssIImcyw sNøp∂n-s√∂p tXm∂p-∂pt≠m.. N{μ≥k-Jmhv ]d-™-t√m, ]ns∂ Cu hgntb t]mIp-∂-h¿ Fs¥√mw InS∂v ]d-bp-∂p. ssIøpw Iem-ihpw Im´pw, sNhn-bn¬ sNº-cØn h®v \S°pw. Ahs‚ kz`mh coXn Aßs\ Bbn-t∏m-bn. ]ns∂ Aßs\ sNø-cpXv F∂v ]d-™n´v Imcy-apt≠m? t_m¿Uns\ ip≤o-Ic - n-°p-Ib - m-sW∂mWv kp[m-Ic- ≥ ]d-bp-∂Xv.. F¥v ip≤oI-c-Ww. A[n-Imcan√mØnSØv F¥v ip≤n-I-cWw \S-Øm-\mWv. \nß-fpsS ho´n¬ h∂n´v Rm≥ ip≤oI-cWw \SØpw Fs∂ms° ]d-bp∂-Xn¬ F¥mWv A¿∞w. \n߃ Rm≥ ]d-bp-∂X - p-t]mse Pohn-°Ww F∂p ]dbp-∂X - n¬ F¥mWv A¿∞w. CXv CdmJn¬ Ata-cn° ImWn® t]mesØ ]Wn-bt√? AsX¥v acym-Z. CtX kp[mI-c≥ Ata-cn-°s - °-Xn-sc-bt√ kwkm-cn°p-∂Xv (Nn-cn-°p-∂p) I°p-∂p-≠.v Imcyw \S-°p-∂n-√. Aßs\-bmtWm Cu t_m¿Uv ? \s´-√p-s≠-¶n¬ a{¥n AXp sXfn-bn°-s´. a{¥n Dƒs∏sS R߃ Dƒs∏-sSbp-≈-h-cpsS t]cn¬ Hcp PpUo-jy¬ At\z-jWw \S-Ø-s´. a{¥nbpw a{¥nbpsS Hm^okpw At\z-jW ]cn-[n-bn¬ hc-Ww. Rm≥ sX‰p-Im-c-\m-sW-¶n¬ Fs‚ t]cn¬ \S-]Sn kzoI-cn-°s - ´. CXv AsXm-∂p-a-√. a{¥n-bm-sW-¶n¬ a{¥n cmPn-sh-°s - ´. \Ω-fn-Xn-s\ms° Xbm-dmIp-∂p-≠.v A√msX shdptX hnfn®p X´nbn´v Imcy-an√. Rm\mWv a{¥n kp[m-Ics‚ ÿm\- s Ø- ¶ n¬ Cu aq∂v t_m¿Uw-Kß - sf hnfn-®p-Iq´n F¥mWv \n߃ XΩn-ep≈ {]iv\w F∂v tNmZn®v CS-s]-Spw. Fs‚ a°ƒ sIm≈n-s√-¶n¬ Rm≥ \m¬°-h-en-bn¬ \n∂p {]kw-Kn®v IpSpw-_Ø - n\v A]-am-\a- p-≠m-°p-Ib - √. Fs‚ a°ƒ Bcp-]d- ™ m¬ A\p-kcn-°p-tam, Ah-cp-ambn apt∂m-´p-sIm-≠pt]m-Im≥ Ahkcw D≠m-°W - w. AsXms°-bmWv Hcp `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-bpsS e£Ww. Ign™ t_m¿UmWv Ct∏mgpw `cW-Øn-en-cn-°p-∂s - X-∂mWv kp[m-Ic- s‚ a\-kn¬ F∂mWp tXm∂p-∂X - .v tZhkzw t_m¿Uns\ ]ncn-®p-hn-Sp-sa∂mWv a{¥n-bpsS `ojWn? cma≥ \mb-cptS t_m¿Uns\ ]ncn-®p-

kpa-Xn-Ip-´n-bΩ hn-´X - p-t]mse CXns\ ]ncn-®p-hn-Sm-\m-hn√. cma≥\m-b-cpsS t_m¿Un-s\-Xnsc `cW {]Xn-]£ - ß - fpw P\-ßfpw tImSXn- t ]mepw Xnc- ™ n- c p- ∂ p. Agn- a Xn AhnsS {]Y-a-Zr-jvSym-t_m-[y-s∏-´p. Aßns\ ]ncn-®p-hn-Sm-\mWv a{¥n B{Kln-°p-∂X - .v AXn\v t_m[-]q¿hw {]iv\߃ D≠m-°p-Ib - m-W.v F∂m¬ Aßns\ sNøm-\m-hn-√. ImcWw Hcp \nb-a\w t]mepw R߃ h∂-Xn\p tijw \S-∂n´n-√. Ign™ XhW Xs∂ `c-W{- ]-Xn-]£-ß-sf√mw H‰-s°-´mbn \n∂-Xp-sIm≠m-W.v \mep-h¿j-ap-≈Xv c≠p-h¿j-ambn Npcp-°n-s°m≠v ]ncn-®p-hn-Sp-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p. kwÿm-\sØ 150 Hmfw t_m¿Up-Isf Hcp \nanjw sIm≠v kwÿm\ k¿°mdn\v ]ncn-®p-hn-Smw. Hcp Hm¿Un-\≥kv aXn. F∂m¬ AXv Xncp-hnXmwIq¿ ˛ tZhkzw t_m¿Un¬ \S- ° n- √ . Xncp- ˛ - s Im®n t_m¿Un\v kzbw-`-c-Wm-[n-Im-c-ap-≠v. ]ns∂ Fs¥m-s°-bmWv a{¥n ]d-bm-ØXv. F√m Imcy-ßfpw a{¥n-X-s∂-bt√ am‰n ]d-bp-∂X - v. ASn-ÿm-\a- p≈ GsX¶nepw Hcp-Im-cy-ap-t≠m. ]ns∂ ]d-™I - mcy-߃ Xs∂ c≠p-Zn-hkw Ign-™m¬ ]dbpw Rm≥ Aßns\ ]d-™n-´n√ F∂v. AXm Rm≥ sNº-c-Øn-∏q-hns‚ IY-]-d-™-Xv. i_-cn-a-e-bn¬ apgp-h≥ Agn-aX - n-bm-W.v AhnsS Hcp ]Wnbpw \S°p-∂n-√. Fs∂ms° ]d-™p. i_-cn-ae kμ¿in-®t- ∏mƒ C{Xbpw \√ t_m¿Uv 10- ˛ 25 h¿j- Ø n- \ nsS D≠m- b n- ´ n√ F∂mWv a{¥n Xs∂ ]d-™X - .v kv{Xo {]thisØ kw_-‘n® hnhmZ-߃ sImSp-ºc- n-sIm-≈p-Ib - m-Wt√m? BNm- c - ß ƒ°pw A\p- j v T m- \ ߃°pw tIm´w X´m-Xn-cn-°W - w. ImtemNn-Xa- mb am‰-߃ D≠m-hW - w. F∂m¬ X{¥nbpw a‰p _p≤n Pohn-I-fp-sams° Btem-N\ \SØn GIm-`n-{]m-b-Øn¬ FØnb tijw aXn F∂mWv t_m¿Uns‚ A`n-{]m-bw. {]tXy-In®v AΩ-am-cp-sSbpw ktlmZ-cn-am-cp-sSbpw am\w kwc-£n-°m-\m-hpsa∂v DØa t_m[y-ap-s≠-¶n¬ am{Xw Xocp-am-\s - a-Sp-°p-I. ]d-bm-Xn-cp-∂Xv Hcp _e-lo-\X. Bb-Xp-sIm-≠mWv C{X-sb¶nepw ]d-™Xv.

21


am[yaw

awKfw tZim-`n-am-\n°p F¥n\v injy-s∏-S-Ww? cmjv{Sob teJ-I≥

kn

]n sF Fw tIm´bw kwÿm\ ktΩ-f\ - Ø - n¬ ]m¿´n P\-d¬ sk{I-´dn {]Imiv Imcm´v \S-ØmØ {]kwKw eoUv hm¿Ø-bm-°nb "awKfw' ]{Xw tIc-fØ - nse am[y-ak - a- q-lØ - n\v A]-am\w hcp-Øn-sh-®n-cn-°p-∂p. "awKfw' teJ-Is‚ Ic-hn-cp-XmtWm AtXm, GsX¶nepw kn ]n sF (Fw) Imc≥ Cu teJ-Is\ Icp-hm°n NXn-®-XmtWm F∂ kXyw ]pd-Øp-hc- m-\n-cn-°p-∂t- X-bp≈q. GXp \ne-°m-bmepw "awKfw' CXn¬ e÷n-°W - w. ]m¿´n ]{X-Øns‚ dkn-U‚ v FUn‰¿ ]n cmPohv Xs∂ hfscanX-amb `mjbn¬ Cu \nμy-amb ]{X-{]h¿Ø-I\sØ (s^-{_p-hcn 13 tZim-`n-am\n apJ{]-kwK t]Pv) Xpd∂p Im´n-bn-´p-≠v. At±lw Fgp- X p∂p: ""kn ]n sF FΩns\ A]-Io¿Øn-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ F¥p \pWbpw ]S-®p-hn-Sm≥ ae-bmf am[y-a߃°v Hcp aSn-bp-an-s√∂v CsX√mw hy‡-am-°p-∂p. am[y-aß - ƒ°v Ds≠∂p P\w Icp-Xp∂ hnizm-kyX-bmWv CXp-hgn XI-cp-∂X - .v '' GXp am[ya {]h¿Ø-I\pw CXn-t\mSv \ncp-]m-[nIw tbmPn-°pw. aebmf ]{X-{]-Nm-c-W-Øn¬ sXm´-Sp-Øp\n¬°p∂ ]{X-ßf - mWv tZim-`n-am-\nbpw awK-f-hpw. PmXn-˛-aX cmjv{Sob i‡n-IfpsS ]n≥_ew H∂pw C√msX Xs∂ am[ya X{¥-߃ sIm≠p-am{Xw hn]-Wnbn¬ IpXn-®p-Ib - d- n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ ]{Xhp-amWv awK-fw. B ]{X-Øn\v CØ-cØ - nsemcp ]nghv kw`hn-®p-Iq-Sm-bn-cp-∂p. D∂X am[ya kwkvImcw ]pe-cm≥ B ]{Xw Xs∂ sX‰p G‰p-]d- b - p-Ibpw GXp

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

tI{μ-amWv Cu sX‰mb hm¿Ø \¬In I_-fn-∏n-®-sX∂v shfn-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw sNtø-≠Xv kmam\y acym-Zb - m-W.v C°mcy-Øn¬ tZim-`n-am-\n°pw IqSn amXr-Ib - mIm≥ awK-f-Øn\p Ign-bptam F∂mWv am[ya cwKsØ BZ-cn-°p-∂h - ¿ D‰p-t\m°p-∂X - pw. awK-fØ - n\p ]nghv ]‰n F∂p ]d-bptºmgpw tZim-`n-am-\n°p CØ-c-Øn¬ sX‰p-]‰- m-dn-s√t∂m B sX‰p-Iƒ Xncp-Øs∏-´n-´p-s≠t∂m A¿Y-am-Ip-∂n-√. am{Xhpa√ IcpXn-°q´n hymP-hm¿Ø-\n¿anXnbn¬ Hmtcm h¿jhpw Ahm¿Uv G¿s∏Sp-Øn-bm¬, AXn¬ _lp-ImXw ap∂n¬ \n¬°p-∂] - {- Xhpw as‰m-∂m-In-√. am[y-acw-K-sØ al¿jn-Xp-ey-\mb C Fw Fkns‚ ]{Xw CØ-c-Øn¬ Hcp-dn°m¿Un\v A¿l-am-Ip-sa∂ Imcyw B ]{XsØ hf¿Øn-sb-SpØ t\cns‚ t\¿a- W n- I - f mb P\- ß ƒ kz]v \ Øn¬t]mepw hnNm-cn-®n-´p-≠m-In-√. AXpsIm≠p Iq-Sn-bmIpw ae-bm-fØ - n¬ ASn°Sn {]Nmcw CSn-bp∂ ]{Xw F∂ "JymXn' tZim-`n-am-\n-°p-am{Xw kz¥-am-Ip∂-Xpw. tIc-f-Ønse kn ]n sF FΩpw AXns‚ t\Xm-°fpw C∂sØt∏mse ISpØ sh√p-hn-fn-Iƒ t\cn-Sp∂ Hcp ImeL´w apsºßpw D≠m-bn-´n√ F∂Xp kXyw. F∂m¬ AXns\ AXn-Po-hn°m≥ hy‡n-l-Xybpw hymP-tc-J-Ifpw Na®v AWn-Isf I_-fn-∏n-°m\pw ]m¿´n t\Xm-°sf {]oWn-∏n-°m\pw ]m¿´n am[ya-߃ Hcp-sº-´m¬ AXns\ XS-tb≠ ISa AXns‚ Npa- X - e - ° m¿°n- s √-

∂mtWm? ]m¿´n \b-ßf - nse hyXn-bm-\ßsf FXn¿°p-Itbm `n∂m-`n-{]mbw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp-Itbm sNøp-∂-h¿°v ]m¿´n-am-[y-a-߃ hgn \¬Ip∂ \nμyamb hnfn-t∏-cp-Iƒ ]m¿´n-t\-Xm-°ƒ sXcphp-tXmdpw BtLmj-]q¿Δw sIm≠m-Ss- ∏Sp-I-bm-Wv. "awKfw' teJ-I≥ C√mØ {]kwKw dnt∏m¿´v sNbvX-Xn¬ ]m¿´n ]{X-Øns‚ dkn-U‚ v FUn-‰¿ tcmjw sIm≈p-tºmƒ At±-l-Øns‚ ]{XØn¬ H∂mw t]Pn¬ 2007 \hw-_¿ 22\v h≥{]m-[m-\y-tØmsS {]kn-≤o-I-cn® "]m¿´n t\Xm-°-fpsS kz`mh lXy°v sIm®n- b n¬ clky tbmKw' F∂ hm¿Ø ]®-°≈ - a- m-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v sXfn™n´pw F¥p-sIm-≠mWv sX‰v kΩ-Xn®v am\y-amb am[ya {]h¿Ø\ ssien-bnte°v aS-ßn-h-cm-Xn-cp-∂-Xv? F{X-sb{X am[ya {]h¿Ø-I-cpsS k¬t∏-cn-\mWv B hm¿Ø-bn¬ Icp-Xn-°q´n If¶w Nm¿Øn hmb-\° - msc I_-fn-∏n-®Xv? B hm¿Ø-bn¬ ]cm-a¿in-°s- ∏´ ka-Im-enI ae-bmf hmcn-I-bpsS ]{Xm-[n] kan-XnbpsS Npa- X - e - ° m- c ≥ Cu hm¿Ø XncpØn £am-bm-N\w sNbvXn-s√-¶n¬ \nba \S-]-Sn-bp-ambn apt∂m-´p-t]m-Ipsa∂v ]m¿´n ]{X-Ønse taem-f∑ - m¿°v ap∂-dn-bn∏v \¬In-bn-cp-∂-Xm-Wv. km‚nbmtKm am¿´n≥am¿ F{X-tImSn thW-sa¶nepw sh®p-\o-´p-∂X - p-sIm≠v GXp-tImS-Xn-bnepw \nba bp≤w sNbvXp Ifbmw F∂v Al-¶-cn-°p-∂-XmtWm AtXm sX‰p-]‰n F∂v Xpd∂p kΩ-Xn-°p-∂XmtWm icn-bmb ]{X-[¿aw? C Fw Fkv Pohn-®n-cp-s∂-¶n¬ Cu A[-a-bmb ]{X-{]-h¿Ø\w At±lw A\p-hZ- n-°n-√m-bn-cp-∂p. ]ecpw \nba \S]-Sn-If - p-ambn Cu]-{X-Øn-s\-Xnsc tImSXnsb kao- ] n- ° m- X n- c n- ° p- ∂ Xv B al¿jn-h-cy≥ ÿm]n-®-Xm-Wt√m Cu ]{Xw F∂ AXns‚ ]gb ss]XrIw Hm¿an-®n-´p-am-{X-am-Imw. cmjv{Sob FXn-cm-fn-Isf tXtPm-h[w sNøp-∂-Xn\v hymP-tc-J-Iƒ Na-°p∂ X{¥w a™-∏{- X-߃°p am{Xw tN¿∂Xm- W - t √m. F∂m¬ "tZim- ` n- a m\n' AXn\pw aSn-°n-s√∂v kao-]-Im-eØv F{X-tbm-h´w sXfn-bn-®p. kn ]n sF FΩns\ IpSn-∏I - t- bmsS FXn¿°p∂ "aebmf at\m-ca'°v A]Io¿Øn D≠m-°m≥ AXns‚ DS-a-Isf A]-Io¿Øn-s∏-SpØp∂ hymP-IØv Xøm-dm°n {]kn-≤oI-cn® ]{Xhpw tZim-`n-am-\n-Xs - ∂-bm-Wv. ae-bmf at\m-ca aq∂v tIkp-If - mWv tZim`n-am-\n-s°-Xnsc \¬In-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. s]mfn‰v _yqtdm AwK-߃ IqSn-bmb hn

22


Fkv ANyp-Xm-\μ - ≥, ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥, tI{μ IΩn‰n AwKw ]n Icp-Wm-I-c≥ F∂n-hc- S- ° - a- p≈ t\Xm-°f - mWv {]Xn-°q´n¬. "at\m-c-a-bnepw kn ]n sF Fw sk¬: sI Fw amXyp-hns‚ IØv' F∂ Xe-s°-´n¬ 2001 s^{_p-hcn 15\v H∂mw t]Pn¬ h≥ {]m[m-\y-tØmsS {]kn-≤oI-cn® hymP IØmWv at\m-ca- sb A]Io¿Øn-tI-kn-te°v X≈n-hn-´-Xv. Cu IØns‚ Dd-hn-Shpw hymP-IØv {]kn-≤oI-cn®v ]{X-Øn\v Zpjvt∏-cp-≠m-°nb Icßfpw ]m¿´n ]{X-Ønse apgp-h-\m-fpIƒ°pw Adn-bmw. kwip≤ cmjv{So-bØns‚ F°m-es - Øbpw {]Xo-Ia- mb F sI PnbpsS \ma-t[-b-Øn-ep≈ F sI Pn sk‚-dn¬ BWv Cu hymP-IØv Xøm-dm-°n-bs- X∂Xpw kXyw. Cu IØv {]kn-≤o-Ic - n-®m¬ "F√m-hcpw Pbn-en¬ t]mtI-≠-nh-cp-sa∂v' Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw tZim-`n-am-\n-bn¬ ]c-ky-ambn ap∂-dn-bn∏p \¬In-bX - mWv A∂sØ P\-d¬ amt\P¿ ]n Icp-Wm-Ic- \pw ap≥ P\-d¬ FUn‰¿ sI taml-\\pw. ]s£ Cu hymPIØv Xøm-dm-°nb ]{Xm-[n-]-k-anXn AwK-Øn\v ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ AXni- ‡ - a mb ]n≥_- e - a p- ≈ - X n- \ m¬ CsXm∂pw XS- a- m-bn-√. ]{X-Øns‚ apgph≥ FUn-j-\nepw H∂mw t]Pn¬ h≥ {]m[m-\y-tØmsS Cu hymP-IØv A®Sn-

®p-h∂ - p. km[m-cW \ne-bn¬ GXp a™]-{X-am-sW-¶nepw X¬°m-e-tØ-s°¶nepw CXn\p apXn¿∂-hs\ B sXmgnen¬ \n∂p am‰n \n¿ØpI F¶nepw sNbvXv XSn c£n°pw. F∂m¬ Cu hymP- I Øv Na- ® - h s\ sXmSm≥ A∂sØ apJy-]-{Xm-[n-]¿ hn Fkv ANyp-Xm-\μ - ≥ hnNm-cn-®n-´p-t]mepw \S-∂n√. Abmƒ Ct∏mƒ Akn- v FUn-‰¿ ÿm\-sØØn A∂-tØ-Xnepw henb ISpw-ssI-Iƒ {]tbm-Kn-°m≥ {]m]vXn-t\Sn. CØ-c° - m-sc-bmWv ]nW-dmbn hnP-b\v Bh-iy-hpw. ae-bmf at\m-ca am\yX ImWn-®X - p-sIm-≠p-am-{X-amWv ]m¿´n ]{XØnse taem-f-∑m¿ Pbn-egn FÆmsX c£-s∏´p Ign-bp-∂-Xv. GsX-¶nepw At\zj-Wh - n-`m-KØ - ns‚ Iøn¬ s]´ncps∂-¶n¬ Cu hymP IØv Na® e‰¿ slUv AS-°a- p≈ sXm≠n apX¬ F sI Pn sk‚-dn¬ \n∂p-Xs∂ Is≠-Sp-°p∂ ÿnXn D≠m-Ip-am-bn-cp-∂p. tImSn-Iƒ sNe-hn-Sm≥ sIev]p-≈X - p-sIm≠v sX‰p-kΩ-Xn-°m\s\ sslt°m-SX - n-bnepw FdWm-Ipfw PpUo-jy¬ H∂mw ¢mkv aPnkvt{S‰v tImSXn bnep-ambn \nba bp≤Øn-eqsS at\m-c-asb t\cn-Sp-I-bmWv ]m¿´n ]{Xw. ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ ]n≥_-ea- p-s≠¶n¬ ]m¿´n ]{X-Øn¬ F¥p-amImw F∂-

XmWv C∂-sØ ÿnXn. B`y-¥c a{¥n tImSn-tbcn _me-Ir-jW v \pw tZim-`n-am\n ap≥ P\-d¬ amt\-P¿ C ]n Pb-cm-P\pw XΩn-ep≈ Dƒt∏m-cnepw ]m¿´n ]{Xw I£n-bm-Ip-Ib - m-Wv. ""bp Un F^v `c-WIm-esØ sh√p∂ t]meokv tX¿hm-gN v bmWv'' tIc-fØ - n¬ \S-°p-∂s- X∂v A®Sn-®p-h∂ - Xv ]m¿´n ]{X-Øn¬ Xs∂-bm-W.v at\m-c-a-s°-Xn-cmb hymP-IØv Na® ]{Xm-[n] kanXn AwK-Øns‚ IqØp-]d-ºnse ho´n¬ Ign™ Xn¶-fmgvN \S∂ sdbvUv ap≥ \n¿Øn-bm-bn-cp∂p Cu hm¿Ø (2008 s^{_p-hcn 12-sNm-Δ IÆq¿ FUn-j\ - n¬ ]Ømw t]Pn¬ c≠p-tImfw hm¿Ø). IÆq- c n¬ Bbp- [ - ß fpw t_mw_p-Ifpw kq£n-°p∂ tI{μ-߃ tXSnbmbn-cp∂p sdbvUv. Cu ]{Xm-[n] kanXn AwK-Øns‚ ktlm-Zc- ≥ Ht´sd {Inan-\¬ tIkp-I-fn¬ {]Xnbpw Pb-cmP- ∑ m- c psS ssIt°m- S m- e n- b p- a m- W v . s]meokv Cu tI{μw sdbvUv sNøm≥ ss[cyw ImWn-®X - p-sIm-≠mWv B`y-¥c `c-WØ - n¬ 's]meokv tX¿hmgvN' \S-°pI-bm-sW∂v ]m¿´n ]{X-Øn¬ A®-Sn°m≥ lp¶v Im´p-∂X - .v {]Xn-]£ ]m¿´nIfpsS ]{X-ß-fmb ho£-W-tam, N{μnItbm t]mepw B`y-¥c `c-WsØ Cu coXn-bn¬ A]-am-\n-°p-∂n√ F∂pw IqSn Hm¿°-Ww. CXmWv ]m¿´n ]{X-Ønse C∂sØ Zp:ÿnXn.

Npa-sc-gp-Øp-Iƒ ""Xs‚ k¿°m-cns‚ ImeØp \S∂ Hcp CS-]mSns‚ [m¿Ωn-IX - b - n¬ kwibw {]I-Sn-∏n®v AsX-°pdn®v At\z-jWw {]Jym-]n-°m-\p≈ ss[cyw {]I-Sn∏n® Hcp apJy-a{¥n F∂ _lp-aXn hn Fkn\v Ncn{Xw \¬Ipw F∂-Xn¬ kwi-ba- n-√. "F¥p-amhmw' F∂ \ntbm-en-_d- ¬ kn≤m-¥t- ØmSv hn´p-ho-gvNb - n√msX kacw sNøp∂ At±-lsØ Hcp "Znt\m-k'dm-bn-t∏mepw Nn{Xo-Ic- n-°p∂ kmwkvIm-cnI \mb-I¿ \ap-°p≠v F∂Xv tIcf kaq-lØ - n¬ kw`-hn-®p-sIm≠n-cn-°p∂ Zmcp-W-amb {[pho-I-c-W-Øn-te-°p≈ Nq≠p-]e - I - b - m-W.v '' ˛ tUm. Sn sI cma-N{- μ≥ ""A¥¿tZ-iobh¬°-c-W-sa∂ ]gb P\m-[n]Xy k¶¬]-Øn¬ \n∂v Ct∏m-gsØ BtKmf h¬°-cW {]{Inb hyXy-kvX-am-Ip-∂Xv CXns‚ BtKmf aqe-[\ - h - p-am-bp≈ _‘w aqe-am-W.v BtKmf h¬°-cWw hyXy-kX v k - m-aq-lnI hn`m-Kß - sf {]m¥h¬°-cn-°p-Ibpw A[:ÿnX-cp-sSbpw a[y-h¿§-Øns‚bpw Pohn-XsØ kmc-ambn _m[n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. BtKm-fh - ¬°-cW - ^ - e - a- mbn kmaq-lnI ]cnh¿Ø\w ]pdw-tamSn am{X-am-W.v B¥-cn-Ia- mbn CXv kmwkvIm-cnI iq\y-Xb - mWv krjvSn-®n-cn-°p-∂X - .v '' ˛ tUm. sI F≥ ]Wn-°¿

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

""kqcy≥ AkvXa- n®v Ccp-´p-aq-Sm≥ XpS-ßp-∂X - n\p apºv Xs‚ ]p{Xnam¿ ho´n¬ h∂-W™ p-sIm-≈Ww; As√-¶n¬ AhcpsS Nmcn-{X-ip≤n°v A]-IS- a- m-sW∂p Iev]n®pw AXp-]m-en®pw h∂ at[y-Xc h¿§w C∂v Xs‚ s]¨a-°ƒ cm{Xn Ggn\v Hm^o-kn¬ t]mbn, cmhnse A©n\p Xncn-s®-Øn, ]I¬ apgp-h≥ Ddßn kmbm-”Ø - n¬ DW-cp∂Xv hmbpw s]mØn I≠p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-Ib - m-W.v ImcWw Xs‚ Hma\-∏p-{Xn-Iƒ Imƒsk‚-dp-If - n¬ cm{Xn Dd-°s - am-gn®v Ata-cn-°≥ D]t`m-‡m-°t- fmSv kwkm-cn®v amkw tXmdpw sIm≠p-hc- p-∂Xv Aº-Xn\m-bn-ca- mWv'' ˛ Nmcp-\n-th-ZnX ""sImtfm-Wn-b¬ C¥y-bn¬ P\-߃°v hnti-jn®v bph-P-\߃°v, "C¥y' F∂sXmcp-hn-Im-ca- m-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ kzmX{¥yw ssIh∂ ImeØv "C¥y-hn´p ]pd-Øp-t]m-hpI' F∂Xv bphm-°f - psS kz]v\tam A`n-\n-th-itam Bbn-am-dn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. AX-ßs\ am‰n-sbSp-ØXv apJw-aq-Sn-h® A[n-\n-thi taml-Øns‚ X{¥-amWv'' ˛ H F≥ hn Ipdp∏v ""km[m-cW - ° - msc sXcp-hn-te°v hen-s®-dn™ tijw hyh-kmbw sXßn≥ a≠-bn-em-tWm, th≠-sX∂p tNmZn-°p∂ a{¥n Ff-acw Icow sXcphp Kp≠-If - psS `mj-bn-emWv kwkm-cn-°p-∂Xv. Hcp IΩyq-Wn-Ãv Imcs‚tbm a{¥n-bp-sStbm `mj-b√ Ff-ac- Ø - n-t‚-X.v CØcw a{¥nam¿ apJy-a{¥n ANyp-Xm-\μ - s‚ Xe-bn-se-gp-Øm-W.v '' ˛ kpIp-am¿ Ago-t°m-S.v

23


hni-Ie - \w

Zmthm-knse shfn-]m-Sp-Iƒ sI lcn-Zmkv hnI-k-\-Øns‚ tI{μ-ÿm-\Øv em`-sØbpw hn]-Wn-sbbpw {]Xn-jvTn-°p-Ibpw a\p-jy-s\bpw ]cn-Xx-ÿn-Xn-sbbpw c≠mw ÿm\-tØ°v X≈p-Ibpw sNøp∂ Z¿i\w Xs∂-bmWv \ΩpsS Ime-L-´-Øn¬ sIm≠m-S-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. temI-km-º-ØnI t^md-Øn¬ \n∂p-b-cp-∂Xpw AXp-am-{X-am-Wv. apX-em-fnØ hyh-ÿ-°-IØp \n¬°p-tºmƒ apX-em-fnØ Z¿i-\-߃°pw {]mtbm-KnI ]≤-Xn-Iƒ°pw hg-ßn-s°m-Sp-°m-Xn-cn-°pI F∂-XmWv a\pjy kzmX-{¥y-Øn-te-°p-≈ hgn F∂p ]d-bms\-¶nepw \ap°v km[-n-t°-≠-Xp-≠v.

""B

kq-{Xn-X-amb apX-em-fnØ-Øns‚ A¥yw'' kao] ]Xn-‰m-≠p-Ifnse hyh-lmc hnj-b-am-bn-cp∂p; Hcp ]cn-[n-hsc bmYm-¿∞y-sa∂ {]Xo-Xn-bpw. AXp-sIm-≠p-X-s∂-bmWv Cu Xe-s°´n¬ emjv kvtIm´pw bqdn tPmWpw tN¿s∂-gp-Xnb ]pkvXIw {it≤-ba- m-bnØo¿∂-Xv. bm{¥n-I-amb kao-]-\-߃ Xnc-kvI-cn-°p-∂p-sh∂ hmZ-K-Xn-Isf Aÿm-\Ø - m-°n-s°m-≠v, DØ-cm-[p-\nIX apt∂m´p sh°p∂ hnL- S nX k¶ev]w hntI-{μo-Ir-Xa- m-bn-Øo¿∂ apXem-fnØ Dev]m-Z\ k{º-Zm-b-Øns‚ {]Xn-^-e-\-am-sW∂ efn-X-h-XvI-cWw CØcw ]pkvXI - ß - ƒ apt∂m-´p-sh-°p-∂psh∂ hna¿i-\ß - ƒ Db-cp-Ibpw sNbvXp. IpØI apX-em-fn-Øhpw tkmjy¬ Utam-{Im-‰nIv cmjv{So-bhpw tN¿Øp-≠m°nb an{in-Xs- Ø-bmWv Bkq-{XnX apXem-fnØw F∂v hnfn-®p-t]m-∂X - .v s]mXpta- J - e sb \ne- \ n¿Øn- s °m≠pw, kzImcy aqe-[-\-Øn\p ta¬ `c-W-IqS \nb-{¥-W-߃ Ipd-s®ms° G¿s∏-SpØn-s°m≠pw \ne-\n∂ apX-em-fnØw Ncn-{X-]c- a- mb Imc-Wß - f - mWv. F¨]-XpI-tfmsS as‰m-cp Zim-am‰w \S-Øp-Ib - mWv sNbvX-Xv. sIbv\o-jy≥ tkmjy¬ Utam-{I-kn-bn-eqsS aqe-[-\hpw A≤zm\hpw XΩn¬ krjvSn-s®-Sp-°s - ∏-´n-cp∂ HØpXo¿∏ns‚ A¥y- a m- b n- c p∂p

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

AsX∂p hne-bn-cp-Ømw. tkmhn-b‰p bqWn-bs‚ Xntcm-[m-\w, AXn\p apºv 1984¬ {_n´-\n¬ J\n Poh-\°mcpsS ka-cØ - ns‚ ]cm-Pbw F∂nh Cu ]cnWmaZi-bnse Ncn{X kw`-hß - f - p-am-Wv. hotI-{μo-Ir-Xs - a∂ t]cn¬ ]n∂oSv \nehn¬ h∂Xv B Xe-Øn¬ tI{μo-Ir-Xamb apX-em-fnØw Xs∂-bm-sW∂v ]e hna¿i-Icpw Nq≠n-°m-Wn®p sIm≠n-cp∂p. sF Fw F^pw, temI _m¶pw Cu ]pØ-\-h-ÿ-bnse tI{μ-\n-b-{¥-I-ßfmbn {]h¿Øn®psIm≠n-cn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. amIvkv sh∫¿ ]d-™n-cp-∂X - v, s{]m´- v ASn-Ø-d-bn¬ \n∂v AkzmX-{¥y-Øns‚ ""Ccpºp IqSp-I-fn-te°v'' a\p-jys\ \bn-°p∂ apX-em-fn-ØØ - ns‚ DtZym-Kÿ ta[m-hn-Xz-]c- a- mb \nb-{¥-Wß-sf-°p-dn-®m-bn-cp-∂p. Ct∏mƒ kwPm-Xamb hntI-{μo-IrX apX-em-fn-Øw, sh∫¿ Nq≠n-°m-Wn® kzmX-{¥y-[zw-k\ - ß - sf C√m-Xm-°p-sa∂p Icp-Xnb ip≤-K-Xn°m¿°v Ncn{Xw adp-]Sn \¬In-°g- n™p. hyXykvX thZn-If - n¬ Bh¿Øn-°s∏-Sp∂ ka-Im-enI apX-em-fn-Øs- Ø-°pdn-®p≈ Cu bmYm¿∞y-߃ ho≠pw Hm¿Ωn∏n-°p-∂-XmWv Ign™ amkw Zmthm-kn¬ \S∂ temI kmº-ØnI t^md-Øns‚ ktΩ-f\ - w. 38 h¿jw apºv Hcp sNdnb {Kq∏p-am-{X-am-bn-cp∂ Cu t^mdw C∂p temI-Ønse kakvX cmPy-ß-fp-sSbpw thZn-bmbn amdn-bXv

BtKm-fh - ¬I-cW ImesØ alm-kw-`h-ambpw hmgvØs - ∏-Sp-∂p-≠v. Cu ktΩf-Øn\p sXm´p-apºv apX-em-fn-ØØ - ns‚ ka-Im-eo-\m-hÿ - s- b-°p-dn®p \S∂ kap∂X hy‡n-If - psS Nne {]Xn-Ic- W - ß - ƒ ChnsS {]k-‡a- m-Wv. k¿Δ-X{¥ kzX{¥-amb apX-em-fn-ØØ - n-\p-th≠n F∂pw \ne-sIm≠p t]m∂n-´p≈ ]c-»Xw tImSnIƒ°p-Sa- bpw \nt£-]I - \ - p-amb tPm¿÷v tkmtdmkv Bh-iy-s∏-Sp-∂Xv BtKmf ss^\m≥kn\v Hcp ]pXnb sjdo-^ns‚ Bh-iy-ap≠v F∂m-W.v Ign™ Adp-]Xp h¿j-߃°n-Sb - n¬ apX-em-fnØw A`n-apJo-I-cn-°p∂ G‰hpw hj-fmb ÿnXn hnti-jØ - n¬ \n∂v AXns\ Ic-Ib - ‰- m≥ Hcp ]pXnb \nb-{¥W GP≥kn-bpsS Bh-iy-ap-s≠-∂mWv At±lw \n¿t±in®Xv. {_n´-\n¬ \n∂v tKm¿U¨ {_u¨, sF Fw F^ns\t∏mse C∂p \ne-hn-ep≈ \nb-{¥I ÿm]-\-ßsf {]Xn- k - ‘ n- I - s f- ° p- d n®v ap∂- d n- b n∏v \¬Im-\p-XI - p∂ kwhn-[m-\ß - f - mbn am‰W-sa∂v A`n-{]m-bs- ∏-Sp-∂p. {^©p {]knU‚ \ v n°-tfmkv k¿t°mkn ]d-bp-∂Xv ""Nne-t∏m-sgms° \nb-{¥Ww hnSp∂ apX-em-fn-Ø-Øn\p ta¬ {Iao-I-cWw Bh-iy-amWv F∂mWv Cu A`n-{]mb {]I-S\ - ß - ƒ H‰-s∏-´h - b - √ F∂pw, apX-emfnØ kwhn-[m-\-sØ \ne-\n¿Øm≥ {]Xn-⁄m-_≤ - c- mb temI-ht- c-Wy-cpsS samØ-amb A`n-{]mbamsW∂pamWv temI-km-ºØ - nI t^md-Ønse N¿®-Isf-°p-dn®p e`y-amb hnh-cß - ƒ \¬Ip∂ kqN-\. Ata-cn-°≥ kºZv hyh-ÿ-bpsS amμyw, hcp-am-\-Øn¬ h¿≤n-®p-h-cp∂ A¥-cw, Du¿÷-Øns‚ hne-h¿≤-\-hv, F∂p XpSßn HºXp Imcy-߃ ktΩf\ {]Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ°p apºn¬ Ah-X-cn∏n® tijw CXn¬ G‰hpw apJy-amb ]cnK-W\ - b - ¿ln-°p∂ hnjbw GXm-sW∂p {]Xn-\n-[n-If - psS thm´n-ßn-eqsS Xocp-am\n-°p-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p. Cßns\ {]Xn-\n-[nIƒ sXc-s™-SpØ apJy-amb ka-Imeo\ hnjbw, BtKmf kºZvhyh-ÿ°v GtIm-]nX cq]-Øn-ep≈ {]Xn-Ic- W - Ø - ns‚bpw, t\Xr-Xz-Øn-s‚bpw A`m-ha- m-bncp-∂p. kºZv hyh-ÿb - n¬ kw`-hn-®p-sIm≠n-cn-°p∂ am‰-ß-sf-°p-dn-®p≈ hnh-c߃ tZim- ¥ - c - X - e - Ø n¬ ASn- ° Sn ssIam-dm-\p≈ kwhn-[m-\h - pw, B hnhc-߃°-\p-kr-X-amb GtIm-]n-X-amb {]Xn-Ic- W - ß - ƒ krjvSn-°e - p-am-Wv e£yan-S-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. kao-]-Im-eØv Atacn°bpsS `h\ hmbv]I - ƒ Xncn-®S- ° - s- ∏SmØ Ah- ÿ - b p- a mbn _‘- s ∏´v Bhn¿`-hn® {]Xn-k‘n F¥p-sIm≠v Imte-Iq´n hn`m-h\w sNøm≥ apX-em-

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fnØ kwhn-[m-\-Øns‚ _p≤n tI{μ߃°p Ign-bmsXt]mbn F∂v ]ecpw tNmZy-ap-∂b - n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. B¿°pw C°mcyw ImteIq´n ImWm≥ Ign-™n√ F∂mWv hna¿i-\w. CXm-Is´ kXy-hncp-≤-hp-am-Wv. amcvIvknÃv Nn¥-I-\mb tPm¨ s_√an t^mÿ 2006 sabv amkØnse Monthly Review hn¬ Xs‚ teJ\-Øn¬ ]d-™n-cp-∂Xv Xs∂-bmWv Ct∏m-ƒ Ata-cn-°-bn¬ kw`-hn-®p-sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂X - .v "Cu Ipanf s]m´m≥ t]mhpI-bmWv' F∂ At±-lØ - ns‚ hm°p-Iƒ ]q¿Æ-ambpw icn-sh-°s- ∏-Sp-Ib - m-Wp-≠mb-Xv. AXn-Kl-\-amb _p≤n hyh-lm-cambn hnti-jn-∏n-°-s∏´ N¿®-Iƒ°p tijw kmº-ØnI t^md-Ønse {]Xn\n-[n-Iƒ Is≠-Øn-b-Xv, Ct∏m-gsØ kmº-ØnI {]Xn-k‘ - n-bpsS Imcyw {IaoI-c-W-ß-fn-ep≈ ]cm-Pbw sIm≠mWv F∂-s{X. BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øns‚ Bi-b] - ≤ - X - n-bpsS `mK-ambn C¥y-bn-eS°w Ah-Xc - n-∏n-°s - ∏´ "CS-s]-Se - p-If - n√mØ kzX{¥ hym]mc hn\n-ab - ß - f - psS' kn≤m¥w F{X-am{Xw I]-Sa- mb H∂m-bncp-∂p-sh∂v Hcn-°¬ IqSn AXns‚ {]tbm-‡m-°ƒ hnfn®p ]d-bp∂p Ft∂ CXn-\¿∞-ap-≈q. Hmlcn hn]-Wn-bn¬ hne-bn-Snhpw kmº-ØnI amμy-hp-sams° kw`-hn-°p-tºmƒ, a‰p hm°p-I-fn¬ ]d™m¬ em`-Øns‚ tXmXn¬ Ipdhv kw`hn-°p-tºm-ƒ C°q-´¿ \nb-{¥-Wß - s- f-°pdn®v t_m[-hm-∑m-cm-Ip∂p; hne-°b - ‰- Ø - ns‚bpw sNdp-In-S° - m-cp-sSbpw Irjn-°m-cpsSbpw a‰p--wIm-cy-w hcp-tºmƒ \nb-{¥-Wß-fn-eqsS `c-W-IqSw CS-s]-S-W-sa∂ Bh-iysØ k¿Δ-i‡ - n-bp-ap-]t- bm-Kn®v FXn¿°p-Ibpw. Cu kmº-ØnI taf-bnse as‰mcp {][m\ N¿®m- h n- j bw IpSn- s h≈ £mahpw AXp-≠m-°p∂ {]iv\ß - f - p-ambn-cp-∂p-h-s{X. 1.5 _n√y¨ P\-߃°v ip≤-Pew e`y-a√ - mØ temIm-hÿ - bpw CXp-ambn _‘-s∏´ tcmK-ßsf XpS¿∂v {]Xn-h¿jw 20 e£w ac-Wß - ƒ kw`-hn°p-∂Xpw. Pe-hn-`h - m-kq-{X-WØ - n¬ kw`hn-t°≠ \ho-Ic- Ww ASn-b¥ - nc {]m[m\y-ap≈ H∂m-sW∂ Imcy-Øn¬ Bcpw hntbm-Pn-°p-Ib - n-√. F∂m¬ CXn-\mbn ]cn-KW - n-°s- ∏-Sp∂ \n¿t±-iß - ƒ sh≈w hne sImSpØp hmtß≠ Hcp-ev]-∂am°n am‰p∂ ho£-W-tØm-sS-bmWv. I¿j-Ic- n¬ \n∂v sh≈-Øn\v F{X Icw CuSm-°W - w, \K-cß - f - nse Zcn-{Z-hn-`m-K߃°v Ic-Øn¬ F{X I≠v kuP\yw A\p-h-Zn-°Ww F∂n-ßs\ t]mIp∂p ]pXnb Pe amt\-Pvsa‚ v hnZy-bpsS At\z-j-W-߃. Pe-Øns‚ h¿≤n®p hcp∂ D]-t`m-Ks- Ø-°p-dn®p ]d-bp-tºmƒ

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

hyh-km-bn-Im-hi - y-߃°mbn th≠n-hcp∂ Afhv h¿≤n-°p-∂-Xns‚ Imcyw klm-\p-`q-Xn-tbmsS Nq≠n-°m-Wn-°p-I, Irjn-bpsS Imcyw hcp-tºmƒ, sh≈w Ipd-®p-]-tbm-Kn-®p-sIm≠v \S-Øm-hp∂ hnf-sh-Sp∏v k{º-Zm-b-߃ Bhn-jvI-cnt°-≠X - ns‚ Bh-iy-IX - b - n-eq-∂pI (CXns\ c≠m-asØ lcnX hnπhw F∂p t]mepw hnti-jn-∏n-°p∂p Nne¿) ˛ CXmWv Nn¥-If - psS s]mXp-Zn-ib - pw, cq]s∏-Sm≥ t]mIp∂ temI-Øns‚ cq]-hpw. 2025 am≠v BIp-tºm-tg°v Im¿jn-tI-Xcm-hi - y-߃°p th≠n-bp≈ Pem-hiyw AºXp iX-am\w Db-cp-sa∂ {]h-N-\߃ A∏Sn kzoI-cn-°m-\-√m-sX, Cu Bh-iy-ßf - n¬ D]-t`mKw \nb-{¥n-t°-≠Xns‚ Bh-iy-IX - s- b-°p-dn®v ]cm-a¿i-ßsfm-∂p-an-√. CØcw kmº-ØnI Zm¿i-\nI-∑m¿ Xs∂-bmWv hnf-sh-Sp∏p \S-Øp∂ `qan-bnepw hyh-km-bß - ƒ hf-cp-Ib - mWv th≠-sX∂pw Im¿jn-It- a-Je - sb B{ibn-°p-∂X - n¬ \n∂v P\-ßsf hnap-‡c- m°n-s°m≠v temIw apgp-h≥ hymh-kmbnI kar- ≤ nbpw kpJio- X f- X bpw krjvSn-°p-Ib - mWv A`n-Im-ay-sa∂pw D]\ym-k-߃ cNn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. hfsc bmZr-—n-Ia- m-bn-cn-°mw, Cu kmºØnI t^md-Øn\p sXm´p ]n∂mse C¥y-bnse Hcp {]apJ tZiob ]{XØn¬ 1975¬ sshZy-im-kv{X-Øn-\p≈ t\m_¬ kΩm\w t\Snb tUhnUv _m¿Sn-tam-sd-bp-ambn Hc-`n-apJw {]kn-≤oI-cn-°s- ∏-´p. P\n-XI hnZy-bn-eqsS \n¿Ωn°-s∏-Sp∂ `£-W] - Z- m¿∞-߃ BtcmKy-Øn\p Hcp Xc-Ønepw lm\n-I-c-as√∂p≈ At±-lØ - ns‚ A`n-{]m-b{- ]-IS\w henb Xe-s°-´mbn amdn. KpfnI-IfpsS cq]-Øn¬ `£Ww e`y-am-°m≥ kmt¶-XnI hnZy hnI-kn-∏n-°p∂ apXemfnØw Irjnsb ]cn-an-X-ambn am{Xw \ne-\n¿Ø-s∏-tS≠ Hcp ZpjvI¿Ω-ambn ]cn-K-Wn-°p-∂-Xns‚ kqN-\-IfmtWm,

CsX√mw F∂p kwi-bß - ƒ \ymb-ambpw Db¿t∂-°mw. \nb{¥nX GP≥kn-I-sf-°p-dn®v temI kmº-ØnI t^md-Øn¬ Db¿∂ Bh-iy-߃ hn]-Wn-b[ - n-jT v nX k{º-Zmb-߃ IqSp-X¬ em`-Ic - a- mbn Du´n-bp-d∏n-°p-∂X - ns\ e£yw sh®p sIm≠p-≈Xm- W v . hn]- W n- b n¬ \n∂p amdn kºZvhyh-ÿsb°pdn®p Nn¥n-°p-∂X - pXs∂ C°m-eØv ]ecpw ad-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂p≠v. DZm-lc- W - Ø - n\v ssPh kky-ßf - n¬ \n∂v C‘-\a- p-≠m-°p-∂X - n-s\-°p-dn®v ]dbp-tºmƒ AØcw C‘-\-߃ A\ptbm-Py-hpw A\n-hm-cy-hp-sam-s°-bmsW∂p a\- n-em-°p-∂h - ¿ Xs∂ hn]-WnbpsS am\- Z - fi - ß ƒ sh®mWv {]iv\sØ kao-]n-®p-Im-Wp-∂X - .v a\p-jy¿ `£-WØ - n-t\m, Imen-hf - ¿Ø-ent\m D]tbm-Kn-°p∂ kky-߃ Cßns\ C‘\m- h - i y- Ø n- \ p- ] - t bm- K n- ® m¬, `£y ]Zm¿∞-ß-fpsS hne Dbcpw F∂mWv A`n-{]m-b-߃ cq]-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. AØcw kμ¿`-ßf - n¬ \nb-{¥-Wß - tfm {Iao-Ic-Wß - tfm \S-∏n-em-°p-∂X - n-s\-∏‰n ]cma¿i-߃ t]mepw Db-cp-∂n-√. hnI-k\ - Øns‚ tI{μ-ÿm-\Øv em`-sØbpw hn]-Wn-sbbpw {]Xn-jTv n-°p-Ibpw a\p-jys\bpw ]cn-Xx-ÿn-Xn-sbbpw c≠mw ÿm\-tØ°v X≈p-Ibpw sNøp∂ Z¿i\w Xs∂-bmWv \ΩpsS Ime-L-´Øn¬ sIm≠m-Ss - ∏-Sp-∂X - v. temI-km-ºØnI t^md-Øn¬ \n∂p-bc- p-∂Xpw AXpam-{X-am-W.v apX-em-fnØ hyh-ÿ° - I - Øp \n¬°p- t ºmƒ apX- e m- f nØ Z¿i- \ ߃°pw {]mtbm-KnI ]≤-Xn-Iƒ°pw hgßn-s°m-Sp-°m-Xn-cn-°pI F∂-XmWv a\pjy kzmX-{¥y-Øn-te-°p-≈ hgn F∂p ]d-bm-s\-¶nepw \ap°v km[-nt- °≠-Xp-≠.v

25


]w‡n

C¥y-bn¬ C¥ym-°m-c≥ A\y\- m-Ip-tºmƒ laoZv tN∂-aw-K-eq¿ C¥y-bn¬ C¥y-°msc A\y-cm-°p∂ cmjv{So-bw, F¥p-hn-e-sIm-Sp-Øm-bm-epw, \nt»jw XpS-®p-am-‰ntb aXn-bm-hq. aX-˛-Pm-Xn-˛-`m-jm-˛-hw-i-˛-{]-tZi k¶p-Nn-X-Xz-߃°p Akv]r-iyX I¬∏n-°p∂ tZiob cmjv{Sob ]m¿´n-Iƒ°mWv Cu Zni-bn¬ km¿Y-I-ambn {]h¿Øn-°m≥ km[n-°p-I. ]t£ Ah-sbm∂pw \mfnXv hsc Cu Ip’n-X-cm-jv{So-b-Øns‚ ASn-th-c-dp-°m≥ ZrV-a-\-t msS apt∂m-´p-h∂p I≠n-´n-√.

F

gp-]X - p-If - n¬ apwss_ \K-cØn¬ aÆns‚ a°ƒ hmZ-ab - p¿Øn aebm- f n- I - f pƒs∏- s S- b p≈ sX∂n- ¥ y°m¿s°-Xn-cn¬ sIme-hnfn \S-Øn-bXv inh-tk\m ta[mhn _m¬Xm-°s - d-bm-bncp-∂p. adm-Ø-°m-cpsS `mjm ˛ {]tZi hnIm-cß - ƒ cmjv{Sob aqe-[\ - a- m-°n-bmWv Xm°sd hf¿∂-Xv. C¥ybnse G‰hpw henb tImkvtam-s]m-fn-‰≥ \K-c-Øn¬ BZyw `mjm-{`m¥pw ]n∂oSv h¿Kob {`m¥pw Cf-°n-hn´v B alm-\-K-csØ inh-tk-\° - m¿ sImSpw-\c- I - a- m-°n. C¥ybpsS hyXy-kX v `- m-Kß - f - n¬ \n∂p-≈h - ¿ Xe- a p- d - I - f n- e qsS hf¿Øn- s b- S pØ apwss_ \K-cØ - n¬ "apwss_-Im¿' am{Xw aXn-sb-∂m-bn-cp∂p inh-tk\m Xe-hs‚ Xn´q- c w. apwss_bpw B \K- c sØ

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

Dƒs°m-≈p∂ alm-cm-jv{Sbpw C¥ybpsS `mK-am-sW∂pw AhnsS C¥ybnse ka-kX v P - \ - h - n-`m-Kß - ƒ°pw A[nh-kn-°m\pw PohnX hyh-lm-c-ß-fnte¿s∏-Sm\pw Ah-Im-ia- p-s≠∂pw AwKoI- c n- ° m≥ {]mtZ- i n- I - h n- I m- c m- ‘ X _m[n® inh-tk-\° - m¿ Xøm-dm-bn-cp-∂n√. ]t£ F¨]-Xp-I-fn¬ i‡n-s∏´ lnμp-Xz-cm-jv{Sobw Xm°sd tamU¬ {]mtZ-in-IX - z-Øn\v sh√p-hnfn Db¿Øn. admØm hnIm-c-Øn¬ \n∂p lnμpXzm hnIm-cØ - n-te°v amdn-s°mt≠ Xß-fpsS cmjv{So-b`- q-anI hnI-kn-∏n-°m-\mhq F∂p h∂-t∏mƒ Xm°-sdbpw Iq´cpw Nph-Sp-am‰n. _m¬Xm- ° - s d- b p- a mbn ]nWßn ""alm-cmjv{S \h-\n¿am¨ tk\'' cq]-h-

XvI-cn® A\¥-c-h≥ cmPv Xm°-sd, ]t£ H´pw amdn-bn-´n-√; Ncn-{X-Øn¬ \n∂v H∂pw ]Tn-®n-´pan-√. aq∂p ]Xn-‰m≠v apºv inh-tk\ sXmSpØp-hn´ adm-Øm-hmZw IqSp-X¬ Xo£vWa- mbn {]tbm-Kn-®p-t\m°p-I-bmWv Abmƒ. ]≠v inh-tk\ sX∂n-¥y-°m¿s°Xn-sc-bmWv Iem-]a- g- n®p-hn-´s - X-¶n¬, Ct∏mƒ alm-cmjv{S \h\n¿am¨tk\ hmtfm-ßp-∂Xv hSs° C¥y-°m¿s°-Xn-sc-bm-sW∂ hyXym-kta-bp-≈q. apwss_-bn¬ hkn®v t_mfnhp-Õns‚ D∂-Xß - ƒ Iog-S° - nb Aan-Xm`v _®≥ alm-cm-j{v S-bn¬ h\nXm tImtfPv XpS-ßp-∂X - n\p ]Icw Xs‚ amXr-kw-ÿm\-amb DØ¿{]-tZ-in¬ tImtfPv ÿm]n°p-∂Xv cmPv Xm°-sdbv°v kln-°p-∂n√. apwss_- b n¬ Pohn- ° p- ∂ - h cpw sXmgn¬ sNøp-∂-h-cp-sams° apwss_bn¬ am{Xta ÿm]-\ß - f - p-≠m-°p-Ibpw [\-\n-t£]w \S-Øp-Ibpw sNømhq F∂-XmWv \h-\n¿am¨ tk\m Iam≠dpsS Xe-Xn-cn-™-bp-‡n. GsX-¶nepw alm-cm-jv{S-°mc≥ A\y-kw-ÿm-\Øv hyh-kmbw \SØn tImSo-iz-c-\m-bm¬ Abmƒ B kwÿm-\Øv Xs∂ thWw \nt£]w \S-tØ-≠Xv F∂mWv Cu bp‡n-aqew h∂p-tN-cp-∂X - .v AXv kz¥w kwÿm-\a- mb alm-cm-j{v Ssb {]Xn-Iq-eambn _m[n-°p-sa∂v ImWm≥ t]mepw {]mtZ-in-Im-‘X - b - psS Ccp-fn¬ A`n-ca- n°p∂ cmPvXm-°s - dbv°v km[n-°p-∂n√! Aan-Xm`v _®≥ am{X-a√ alm-cmjv{S \h-\n¿am¨ tk\-bpsS tcmjm-·n-b° v nc-bm-bX - .v DØ¿{]-tZ-in¬ \n∂pw _olmdn¬ \n∂p-sams° h¿j-߃°p-apºv apwss_ \K-c-Øntebv°v IpSn-tb-dnb km[m-c-W-°m¿ AhnsS hym]-I-ambn B{I-an-°s- ∏-´p. Ah¿ \S-Øp∂ IS-Ifpw HmSn-°p∂ SmIvkn-Ifpw X√n-ØI - ¿ØpsIm-≠t{X cmPvXm-°s - d-bpsS Kp≠-Iƒ alm-cm-j{v S-bpsS "\h-\n¿amWw' \S-Øp∂-Xv. t`mPv]qcn Ne-®n{Xw {]Z¿in-∏n°p∂ Xntb-‰¿ t]mepw admØm D∑m-ZnI-fpsS B{I-aW - Ø - n-\n-cb - m-bn. ]≠v inhtk-\° - m¿ Z£n-tW-¥y-°msc A\ycpw i{Xp- ° - f p- a mbn ho£n- ® - X v t ]mse Ct∏mƒ \h-\n¿am¨ tk\-°m¿ DØ-tc¥-y° - msc A\ycpw i{Xp-°f - p-ambn A`nho-£n-°p-Ib - mWv sNøp-∂X - .v kzkw-ÿm-\Ø - n\v ]pd-Øp-≈h - sc A\ycpw AXn-\m¬ Xs∂ B´n-tbm-Sn-°-

26


_m¬ Xm°-sd

s∏-tS-≠-h-cp-ambn ImWp∂ coXn-bn-e-Sßnb A]-ISw adm-Øm-{`m-¥n-\S- n-s∏-´h - ¿ {i≤n-°msX t]mhp-∂p. alm-cm-j{v S-°m¿ apgp-h≥ alm-cm-j{v S-bne√ Pohn-°p-∂X - .v Ah-cn¬ KWy-amb Hcp hn`mKw C¥ybnse CX-c-kw-ÿm-\-ß-fn¬ sXmgn¬ sNøp-∂p-≠v. cmPvXm-°s - d-sb-t∏m-ep≈ {]mtZ-in-Ih - m-Zn-Iƒ Ahn-Sß - f - n-sems° Db¿∂p-h-∂m¬ B kwÿm-\-ß-fnsem∂pw alm-cmjv{S°m¿°v sskzc-ambn Pohn-°m-\m-hmØ ÿnXn-hn-tijw h∂ptN- c pw. C¥y- b nse Ccp- ] - Ø n- s b´v kwÿm-\-ß-fnse P\-ßfpw AXXv kwÿm-\ß - f - n¬ Xs∂ Xma-kn-®p-sIm≈Ww F∂ \n¿tZiw GXv \h-\n¿am-Wtk-\b - psS `mKØv \n∂p-≠m-bmepw AXv {]mtbm-Kn-I-a√ F∂p-am-{X-a-√, C¥y≥ bqWn-b≥ F∂ k¶-e] v Ø - n\v hncp-≤h - pam-Wv. `mj-bp-sStbm hwi-Øn-s‚tbm {]tZ-i-Øn-s‚tbm XmZr-i-L-S-I-ßfpsStbm ASn-ÿm-\Ø - n¬ P\-߃°p t\sc-bp≈ hnth-N\w \ΩpsS `c-WL - S\ AwKo-Ic- n-°p-∂n-√. F∂n´pw apºv _m¬Xm-°-sd-bpsS inh-tk-\bv°pw Ct∏mƒ cmPvXm-°-sdbpsS \h-\n¿am¨ tk\bv°pw F¥psIm≠v ]c-kwÿm\ßfn¬ \n∂p-≈-

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

s∏-´n-cp∂p F∂p Nq≠n-°m-Wn-°s- ∏-Smw. AØcw \ntcm-[-\-ßsf B kwL-S-\Iƒ tImS-Xn-hgn adn-IS- ∂ - p-sh-¶n¬ Ip‰w ]d-tb-≠Xv tImS-Xnsb A√, \ntcm[w G¿s∏-Sp-Øp∂ `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-bpsS \nba-˛\ - o-Xn-\n¿h-lW kw_-‘a- mb Ae-kX-sbbpw sISp-Im-cy-ÿX - s - b-bp-am-W.v C¥y-bn¬ C¥y-°msc A\y-cm°p∂ cmjv{So-bw, F¥p-hn-es- Im-Sp-Øm-bmepw, \nt»jw XpS-®p-am-‰ntb aXn-bm-hq. aX-˛P - m-Xn-˛`- m-jm-˛h - w-i˛- {- ]-tZi k¶p-Nn-XXz-߃°p Akv]r-iyX I¬∏n-°p∂ tZiob cmjv{Sob ]m¿´n-Iƒ°mWv Cu Zni-bn¬ km¿Y-I-ambn {]h¿Øn-°m≥ km[n-°p-I. ]t£ Ah-sbm∂pw \mfnXv hsc Cu Ip’n-Xc- m-j{v So-bØ - ns‚ ASnth-c-dp-°m≥ ZrV-a-\-t msS apt∂m-´ph∂p I≠n-´n-√. A[n-Im-ce - _ - [ v n°v inhtk-\-tbm-Sp-t]mepw Iq´p-Iq-Snb Ncn-{XamWv \ΩpsS ]e tZiob cmjv{Sob ]m¿´n-Iƒ°pap-≈X - .v AXv sIm≠p-Xs∂ ]c-kw-ÿm-\°m-scbpw ]c`m-j-°mscbpw i{Xp-]£Øv ÿm]n°p∂ almcmjv{Sm \h\n¿am¨ tk\-t]mhsc i{Xp- ° - f mbn ep≈ kwLNn{Xo-I-cn-°m\pw ß ƒ ° p Ahsc th´-bm-Sm\pw cmjv{Sob XZ-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn-ep≈ AbnØw cmjv{Sobw apt∂m-´pI¬]n-°m\pw sIm- ≠ p- t ]m- h m\pw Ah-bpsS Ign-bp∂p? \ΩpsS `cD∑q-e\w DdW- L - S - \ - b p- s Stbm ∏m-°m\pw P\-{]m-Xn-\n-[y-\n-b-aAh apt∂m´v cmPv Xm°-sd Øn-s‚tbm A¥- hcp-sa∂p IcpØ-bp-ambn Hcp hn[Xn-°q-Sm. Ønepw s]mcp-Øs- ∏-Sm-ØX - mWv AØcw ]ns∂ B{i-bn-°m-\p-≈X - v aX-\n-ct- ]£ kwL-S\ - I - fpw Ah-bpsS cmjv{So-bhpw tZiob P\m-[n-]-Xy-aq-ey-ß-tfmSv {]XnF∂Xv hy‡-am-Wv. C¥y-bv°-IØv ⁄m-_-≤X ]pe¿Øp∂ CS-Xp-]m¿´nC¥y-°msc A\y-cmbn ap{Z-Ip-Øp∂ Iƒ h√-Xp-ap-s≠-¶n¬ Ah-sbbpw B cmjv{Sobw cmPy-t{Zm-l] - c- a- t√? cmPy-t{Zm- aqey-߃ s]m°n-∏n-Sn-°p∂ am[y-a-ßl-Øn-te¿s∏-Sp∂ hy‡n-Isf in£n- sfbpw _lp-P\ - k - w-LS- \ - I - s - f-bp-am-Wv. °m≥ \ap°v \nb-aap-≠.v F∂m¬ cmPy- C¥y-°m¿ H∂m-sW∂v hniz-kn-°p∂ t{Zm-l-]-c-amb cmjv{So-bsØ in£n- \oXn \ymb-kw-hn-[m-\-Øn\pw CXn¬ °m≥ \ΩpsS ssIhiw F-¥p≠v? \n¿Wm-bI ]¶p hln-°m≥ Ign-bpw. C¥y≥ `c-WL - S- \ - - ap-∂n¬sh-®v, cmPy- cmjv{S-Øns‚ GI-X-bv°p-th-≠n, GIt{Zm-l-]-c-amb cmjv{So-bsØ {]Xn-°q- Xsb Xpc¶w sh°p∂ i‡n-Iƒs°-Xn´n¬ \n¿Øn hnNm-c-W-sN-øm≥ \ap°v cn¬, \oXn \ymb-]o-TØ - n\v F¥p-sIm≠v km[n-°W - w. cmPy-t{Zm-ln-bpsS Bi-b- PqUo--jy¬ BIv‰n-hn-kØ - n¬ G¿s∏-´ptemIw \oXn-\ym-bh - n-Nm-cW - bv°v hnt[- IqSm? AXv F{X s]s´∂v kw`-hn-°pb-am-°s- ∏-SW - w. Nne kμ¿`-ßf - n¬ inh- ∂pthm A{Xbpw \√-X.v tk-\t- ]m-ep≈ kwL-S\ - I - ƒ \ntcm-[n-°-

27


t\mh¬

t\mh¬ CXp-hsc Xn{In-Øn\p kao]w A¬ AhvP {Kma-Øn¬ A[n-\n-th-iß - ƒ sIm≈-bS- n® Cdm-Jns‚ ssZ\yw t]dn Pohn-°p∂ lpssk≥ A¬ aPoZns‚ IpSpw-_w. `mcy kp_lv Xp¬^m Im≥k¿ _m[n® aI≥ ^ntdm-kn\v Zmcn{Zyw aqew th≠ t]mse NnIn’ \¬Im≥ Ign-bmsX F√m-‰nepw shdp∏pw hnc-‡n-bp-ambn Ign-bp-∂p. ASn-a∏ - W - n-Iƒ°v A`nam\w A\p-hZ- n-°msX ]´nWn G‰p-hmßn Ignbp∂p lpssk≥. sshImsX A¿_pZw B Ipcp∂p Poh≥ Ih¿∂p. Hma-\a- I - ≥ \jvSs- ∏´ \nanjw Xs∂ kp_lv DZ-cØ - n¬ Ipcp∂p Pohs‚ XpSn-∏d- n-™p. Xm\-dn-bmsX lpssk≥ X∂n¬ sNbvX A]-cm-[Ø - ns‚ hnØv. Ahƒ°-Xn-t\mSv shdp∏pw ]Ibpw tXm∂n. tZiobhmZn-If - mb Cdm-Jn-IfpsS A[n-\n-thi hncp≤ cmjv{So-bm-iß - ƒ lpssk-\n¬ kzm[o\w sNep-Øm≥ XpS-ßn. a\pjy\v hne-bn-√m-Xm-°nb A[n-\n-th-i∏ - c - n-jIsf Xpc-Øm≥ Fs¥-¶nepw sNøm≥ Abmƒ AXn-bmbn tamln-®p. kp_-lns‚ DZ-cØ - n¬ hf-cp∂ Xs‚ s]mt∂m-a\ ]p{X-\n¬ Abmƒ \mSns‚ hntam-NIs\ kz]v\ Z¿i\w sNbvXp. Ahfm-Is´ F√m \n¿`m-Ky-߃°pw \nan-Øa- mbn°≠v AXns\ \in-∏n-°m≥ B{K-ln-®p. F√mw sIm≠pw D∑m-Zn-sb-t∏mse Bbn-Øo¿∂v lpssk≥ hoSpw \mSpw Dt]-£n®v Fhn-tSbvt°m A{]-Xy-£\ - m-bn. Xo¿Øpw \n -lb - mb kp_lv Bfl-lX - ybv°p {ians®-¶nepw ]cm-Pb - s - ∏-´p. H‰-s∏-Se - n-s‚bpw \n -lm-bX - b - p-sSbpw B∑-\n-μb - p-sSbpw aq¿≤-\y-Øn¬ Xm≥ {]k-hn® Ip™ns\bpw Ahƒ shdp-Øp. Xs‚ PohnXw Iodn-∏n-f¿∂v Ahs\ FXn-cp-S∂ - h - \mbn kwL¿j-°m-c-\mbn k±mw, k±mw F∂-edn AI-‰m≥ {ian-®p. Ip™p k±m-ans‚ kwc-£Ww kp_-lns‚ ktlm-Zc- ≥ ssJc≈ Gs‰-Sp-Øp. Abmƒ cmPy-ktv \-ln-bmb ]´m-f° - m-c\ - m-W.v Cdm-°ns‚ kmwkvIm-cnI ss]Xr-IØ - n¬ A`n-am-\hpw h¿Ø-am-\m-hÿ - b - n¬ AXr-]X v nbp-ap≈ ssJc≈ lrZ-bm-ep-hmb IpSpw-_\ - m-Y\pw \√ kplrZv _‘-ßfp≈ klr-Zb - \ - p-am-W.v XpS¿∂p-hm-bn-°p-I

Cc-Iƒ Fgp-Xp∂p 5 tUm. Fw sI NmμvcmPv / lcn-Zm-k≥

]

´mf tkh\ Imem- h m[n Ign™pw Cdm-Jn¬ Xs∂ Ign-bm-\mWv Aao¿lwk Xocp-am-\n-®X - v. s{]m^-k¿ hmlnZv Aenbpw Chn-SsØ a‰p Nne kplr-Øp-°fpw IqSn B Xocp-am-\sØ t{]m’m-ln-∏n-®p. {_n´ojv ]S-tbmSp tN¿∂v C∂m-´p-Im-tcmSp sNbvXp-t]mb sX‰p-Iƒ Hm¿Øp ]›m-Øm]w tXm∂n. CdmJp-Im¿ ]I-h®p ]pe¿Øn-bmtem? Aao-dns‚ t]Sn AXm-bn-cp-∂p. s{]m^k¿ Aen ]d™p: ]´m-f-°m-c-\m-bm¬ bp≤w sNtø-≠n-h-cpw. Cdm-Jn-Iƒ°v

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

C¥y-°msc aXn-∏m-Wv. \msa√mw \q‰m≠p-If - psS kmwkvIm-cnIss]Xr-Ia- p-≈h - cm-W.v am{X-a√ - , \man-t∏mƒ XpeyZp:JnX¿. {_n´ojv A[n-\n-th-iØ - ns‚ \pI-Øn≥ Iog-e-a¿∂-h¿. \nß-fpsS \n -lm-bXbpw \nc-]-cm-[n-Xzhpw Chn-S-Øp-Im¿ Xncn-®d- n-bpw. s{]m^-kd- p-sSbpw Iq´p-Imcp-sSbpw hm°p-Iƒ Aao¿lw-kbv°v Bizm-kt- aIn; DtØ-P\w \¬In. kpc£n-Xs - \-∂ t- Xm-∂e - p-fh - m-°n. CuØ-∏gw kwkvI-cn®v hntZ-itØ°v Ib‰n Ab-°m-\p≈ _nkn-\k - m-

Wn-t∏mƒ Aao-dn-t‚-X.v Cdm-Jnse CuØ∏-gØ - n\v temI-sa-ºmSpw \√ Unam‚m-W.v j´v A¬ Ad_v \Zn-bpsS Ccp-Ic- I - f - nepw ssaep-It- fmfw \of-Øn¬ CuØ-∏\ - I - fm-Wv. Ad_v \Zn-bpsS F°¬ CuØ∏-\I - sf ]pjvSn-s∏-Sp-Øp∂p. CuØ-∏g- ßsf kzmZp-≈X - m-°p-∂p. Cdm-Jns‚ {]tXy-IX - I - ƒ Aao-dns\ hnkvab - n-∏n-°p-∂p. tIc-fØ - nse anX-iotXm-jW v m-hÿ - b - n¬ \n∂v sImSn-bN - qSpw sImSpw ssiXy-hp-ap≈ Cdm-Jns‚ aÆn¬ thcp-d∏ - n-°m≥ BZy-sams° aSn-bm-bn-cp∂p. ]t£, h¿j-ßf - m-bp≈ kl-hmkw Aao¿lw-ksb ]mtS -am-‰n. ChnsS IqSm≥ aqe-Im-cWw Pao-eb - m-W.v Paoe ˛ CuØ- ∏ - g - Ø p- S p- ∏ m¿∂ Ihn- f p≈ s]¨Ip-´n. Hgn-hp-Zn-hkw \Pm^n-eqsS Idßn \S-°p-tºm-gmWv IÆn¬s∏-´X - v. lwk ]´m- f - t h- j - Ø n- e m- b n- c p- ∂ n- √ . Ahƒ Fs¥m-s°tbm km[\w hmßn hcp∂hgn-bm-Wv. Hcp IuXpIw tXm∂n. t]cp tNmZn-®p. Ahƒ H∂pw an≠msX XnSp-°-Øn¬ \S-∂p-t]m-bn. H∂p-c-≠mh¿Øn ho≠pw I≠-t∏mƒ Ahƒ t]cp]-db - m≥ apXn¿∂p; ]sø-∏sø a\ p ]¶ph-b° v m-\pw. Pao-eb - psS ap≥ap-d° - m¿ Ako-dnb-cmsW- ∂ m- W p- t Iƒhn. Akn- d n- b ≥

28


kwkvImcw {]mNo-\-am-Wv. _m_n-temWnb ˛ sak-s∏m-t´-anb kwkvImcw t]mse X\-Xm-bX - .v {InkvXp-aX - h - n-izm-knI-fm-Wh - ¿. F¶nepw Ct∏m-gsØ Xe-apd Cdm-Jn-Iƒs°m∏w Cgp-In-t®¿∂pIgn™n-cn-°p-∂p. Nne Akn-dnb°m¿ am{Xw ]gb ]mc-º-cy-tLm-j-W-Øn¬ A`n-can®p Pohn-°p-∂p. hnc-fa- mWv AØ-c° - m¿.

c≠p a°-sfbpw Pao-es- bbpw Iq´n tImgnt°m´p t]mI-W-sa-∂p-≠v, Hm¿a-]p-Xp°m≥. Aao-dn\v CXp-hsc km[n-®n-´n-√. JmenZv ]tØ-am-cn-bn¬ CuØ-∏g- ° - ® - h - S-Øn\v t]mIp-tºmƒ Nne-t∏mƒ tImgnt°mSv t]mb-Xmbn ]d-bpw. Aao-dns‚ klm-bn-bmWv Jmen-Zv. bmZr—n-Ia- m-bmWv

Jmen-Zns\ Aao¿ ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-∂Xpw CuØ-∏g hyh-km-bØ - n-te°p Xncn-bp∂-Xpw. ]´mf tkh\w Ign™v CdmJn¬Øs∂ IqSm-sa∂p Icp-Xnb kabw. Cu \msSms° Np‰n-°m-Wm-\p≈ B{K-lh - p-ambn ]pd-s∏-´X - m-W.v `mhn ]cn]m-Sn-I-sf-∏‰n Btem-Nn-®p-d-°p-Ibpw thWw. FØn-s∏-´Xv _{km-\K - c- Ø - n-emWv. Jeo^m Da¿ ÿm]n® _{km! GItZiw Bbn-cØ - n-ap-∂qdp h¿jw ap≥]mW- X v. Ct∏mƒ CuØ- ∏ g hyhkmbtI{μw IqSn-bm-Wv Cdm-Jns‚ sX°p`m-KØ - p≈ _{km. _{km Xpd-ap-JØ - n¬ \n∂mWv CuØ-∏gw A\y-tZ-i-ß-fnte°p Ib‰n Abbv° - p-∂X - .v _{km-bn¬ Aao-dn-s\mcp kplr-Øp-≠v. A_vZv A¬d-lav m≥. Abmƒ _{k-bnse Bjmdn¬ ]d-™n-SØpXs∂ IrXy-ambn ImØp-\n-∂p. hcq, \ap-s°m-cp- t_m-´pbm{X \S-Øn-bmtem? dlvams‚ tNmZyw tI´-t∏mƒ Aao-dn\v kt¥mjw tXm∂n. dlvams‚ ]cn-N-b-°m-cs‚ t_m´p-≠v. kt¥m-jw, Aao¿ Nncn-®p-sIm≠v Xe-Ipep-°n. D®-`£ - Ww Ign-®t- ijw A_vZv A¬ dlv a m- t \m- s Sm∏w Bjmdnse sJmdn-tj¿ IS-hn-se-Øn. j´v A¬ Ad_v \Zn°v \√ Hgp-°p-≠.v \√ Bghpap-s≠∂v tXm∂p-∂p. \o¥n-Øp-Sn-°p∂ ]e-Xcw a’y-߃. Ip™p Xnc-Iƒ 2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

hI™p am‰n- t ]m- I p∂ \of- a p≈ km¬a¨ a’y-߃. \Zn-tbm-c-ß-fn¬ ]p√p-hf - ¿∂p InS-°p-∂p, kar-≤a- m-bn. Bbn-cØn FÆq‰n Ccp-]Øn A©pssa¬ \of-ap-≈ b - p-{^-´okpw Bbn-cØn Ccp-∂q‰n ap∏-Ø-©p-ssa¬ \of-ap≈ ssS{Kokv \Znbpw _{kmbv°v Adp-]Ø - n\mep ssa¬ aosX I¿\m-bn¬ k‘n-°p∂p. Xp¿°n-bn¬ Ip¿Zn-ÿm≥ ]¿h-XØns‚ hS- ° p- ` m- K Øv Acm- d - ´ n¬ \n∂mWv bq{^-´o-kns‚ D¤hw. ]IpXn \ofw Xp¿°n-bnepw kndn-bb - nepw Hgp-In°-gn-™mWv hS°p ]Sn-™m-d≥ Cdm°n¬ AXp {]th-in-°p-∂-Xv. ]ns∂ sX°p Ing-t°m-s´m-gpIn ssS{Ko-kp-ambn kwK-an-°p-∂p. Ad-_n-bn¬ ZnPve F∂p hnfn-°p∂ ssS{Kokv Ip¿Zn-ÿm≥ ]¿hX-Øns‚ sX°p `mKØp \n∂p¬`hn®v Cdm-Jn¬ IS∂v sX°p Ing-t°m-s´m-gpIn bq{^-´o-kn¬ tNcp-∂p. kwK-a-Øn\p tijw j´v A¬ Ad_v F∂ Ad_v \Zn \q‰n-tbgv ssa¬ HgpIn t]¿jy≥ Dƒ°S-en¬ ebn-°p-∂p. sJmdn-tj¿ IS-hn¬ Ad_v \Zn°v Bep-hm-bnse s]cn-bm-dns‚ Cc´n hoXnbp-≠,v Aao¿ IW-°m-°n. Ip´n-°m-eØv D√m-k-bm-{X-bv°nsS Bep-hm-∏p-g-bn¬ Ipfn-®Xpw Ahn-SsØ aW-en¬ HmSn-°fn-®Xpw Abm-tfm¿Øp. IS-hn¬ t_m´p-ambn h∂Xv Jmen-ZmWv. A_vZv A¬ dlnams‚ ]cn-Nb - ° - m-c\mWv Jmen-Z.v then-bn-d° - a- m-bX - p-sIm≠v \√ Hgp-°p-≠v, JmenZv ]d-™p. A_vZv A¬ d-lvam≥ Abm-tfmSv Ad-_n-bn¬ \n¿tZiw sImSpØp: kq£n®v HmSn-°Ww. JmenZv Nncn- t bmsS Xe- b m- ´ n. dlvam≥ Aao-dns\ Jmen-Zn\p ]cn-Nb - s- ∏Sp-Øn. C¥y-sb-∂pw-tI-c-f-sa∂pw tI´t∏mƒ Jmen- Z ns‚ apJ- Ø p- ≠ mb IuXpIw Aao¿ {i≤n-®p. Ad_v \Zn-bn¬ Ahn-Sh - nsS I∏-ep-Iƒ Nc-°n-d° - p-Ibpw Ib-‰p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. t]¿jy≥ Dƒ°-Sen-eqsS {]th-in® I∏-ep-If - m-Wv. Ac-\m-gn-I-bm{X sNbvXp-Im-Wpw. Ct∏mƒ t_m´v Hcp ssItØm-´n-te°p Xncn-™p. A_vZv A¬ d-lvam≥ Nq≠n°m- ´ n- b n- S - t Ø°v Aao¿ t\m°n. ssItØm-´n-\n-cp-h-ihpw Ccp-f-S-™, CuØ-∏\ - b - psS \n_n-Uh - \ - ß - ƒ am{Xw. Aao-dns‚ BImw-£- I-≠n-´m-h-Ww, dlvam≥ ]d™p: hS°v kamd apX¬ sX°v t]¿jy≥ Dƒ°-S¬hsc-bp≈ bq{^´okv ˛ ssS{Kokv \Zn-X-S-ß-fn¬ aq∂p aq∂c ssatemfw hoXn-bn¬ CuØ∏-\t- Øm-´ß - ƒ ImWmw. F¶nepw Irjn°p-]-‰nb ÿew Ad_v \ZoXoc-am-Wv. NqSpw ]ns∂ ]pXp-sh-≈hpw ]\-bpsS

29


hf¿®bv°v AXym-hi - y-am-W.v DjvWk - a- bØv temI-Ønse G‰hpw NqtS-dnb {]tZ-ia- mWv _{k. t]¿jy≥ Dƒ°-Se - n¬ D≠m-hp∂ then-tb‰w ImcWw Znhkw c≠p-h´w j´v A¬ Ad_v kzbw Db-cp∂p. Xoc-{]-tZ-isØ CuØ-∏-\-tØm-´ßsf ap°p-∂p. {]Ir-Xn-bpsS kzm`m-hnI Pe-tk-N-\w. Cu ImcWw sIm≠mWv temIsØ F¨]-Xp-i-X-am\w CuØ∏gw Cdm-Jn¬ hnf-bp-∂X - v. AXp-am-{X-a√, temI-Ønse G‰hpw cpNn-tb-dnb CuØ- ∏ - g hpw Chn- S - t Ø- X p- X - s ∂. dlvam≥ ]d-™h - k - m-\n-∏n-®t- ∏mƒ Aaodns‚ a\ v Nne Xocp-am-\ß - fn¬ apgp-IpI-bm-bn. Abm-fpsS Nn¥-Isf apdn®v dlvams‚ hm°p-Iƒ ho≠pw IS∂p h∂p: Hcn-°¬ CuØ-∏\ - sb Nq≠n°m-´n-bn´v apl-ΩZv \_n ]d-™p-t]m¬, hr£-ßfn¬ t{ijvTa- mb CuØ-∏t- \, \o `mKyh-Xn-bm-Ip-∂p. Fs¥-∂m¬ BZn-am-Xmhmb lΔsb \n¿an® aÆn¬Øs∂ \ns∂bpw k¿h-i‡ - ≥ sa\-s™-Sp-Øncn-°p-∂p. C\nbpw tIt´mfq. Aao¿, tbip{In-kX v p-hns‚ Ah-km-\sØ sbdp-itew bm{X-bn¬ At±-lsØ kzoI-cn-®m-\b - n®-h¿ CuØ-∏-\-bpsS Ipcp-tØm-e-Iƒ BIm-iØ - n-te-°p-b¿Øn I¿Øm-hn\p tlmi∂m I¿Øm-hn\p tlmi∂m F∂p hnfn-®p. CXp ss__n-fn-ep-≈-Xm-Wv. Aao¿ Nncn-tbmsS Xe-bm-´n. dlvam-t\mSv Abmƒ°p ap≥]n-√m-sØmcp ASp∏w tXm∂n. Aao¿ ]d™p: Rß-fpsS \m´nse I√m-bn-∏p-g-bn-eqsS tXmWnbm{X sNøp∂ t]mesØ A\p-`-hw. AhnsS Ccp-Xo-cß - f - nepw sXßn≥ \ncI-fm-sW∂p am{Xw. Aa-c° - m-c≥ Jmen-Zns\ Aao¿ {i≤n®-Xt- ∏m-gm-Wv. Aacw ]nSn-°mØ CS-thf- I - f n¬ Abmƒ knKd‰v sXdp∏pw henbpw XIr-Xn-bn¬ \S-Øp-I-bm-Wv. \of≥ Ip∏m-b-Øns‚ CStØ t]m°‰n¬ ssII-SØn Hcp knK-c‰v Sn≥ ]pdsØ-Sp-°p-∂p. AXn¬ Xp¿°n-∏p-I-bn-es∏m-Snbpw IS-emkpXp≠p-Ifpw IpØn-\nd-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. CStØ ssIsh-≈bn¬ Hcp IS-em-kp-I-jWw \nh¿Øn hbv°pw. he-Xp-ssI-bnse aq∂p-hnc¬Øpºp-sIm≠v Hcp IpØp-]p-I-bn-es∏mSn \nc-Øpw. AXp- sX-dpØp knK-d‰ns‚ cq]-Øn-em-°pw. knK-d‰v IØn®v Np≠p-Iƒ°n-Sb - n¬ Xncp-Ipw. JmenZv ]d™p: CS- b v°nsS Cu henbpw ]ns∂mcpXpSw ISpw Nmbbpw IpSn-®mte C∏Wn icn°p sNøm-\m-hq. Aao¿lwk ]p©n-cn-tbmsS Xnc°n: Bs´ Jmen-Zn-\dn-bmtam \n߃ IpSn-°p∂ Nmb-s∏mSn

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

BcpsS \m´n¬ \n∂m-sW∂v? Adn- b p- t am- ∂ v , sIm≈mw sIm≈mw, JmenZv Nncn-tbmsS XpS¿∂p: \nß-fpsS cmPy-Øp-\n∂v. AXp- h-fsc t]cp-tI-´-X-t√. Aao-dn\v kz¥w \mSn-s\-°p-dn®v Hcmƒ ]d-bp-∂Xp tI´v A`n-am\w tXm∂n. Jmen-Zv XpS-cp-I-bmWv: F{X h´-amWv CuØ-∏gw \nd® henb h≈-ß-fn¬ Ibdn I®v, _mw_, Ip®n, tImkn-t°m-Sv, Be∏n XpS-ßnb ]´-W-ß-fn¬ t]mbn h∂n-´p-≈X - v. Iq®n-bnepw tImkn-t°m´pw ]e-Xh - W Xmakn-®n-´p-ap-≠v. Jmen-Zns‚ `mjbnse Iq®n sIm®nbpw tImknt°mSv tImgn- t °m- S p- a m- W v . A¬∏-ka- b - sØ hncm-aØ - n\p tijw JmenZv ho≠pw XpS¿∂p, Hcp-Xcw {]tXyI Nncn-tbmsS: Hcn-°¬ IeymWw Ign-°m≥ tImkn-t°m´v IqSn. F{X-\√ kpμcn! \qdn¬ Nnezm\w cq] t- h-≠n-h∂ - p. JmenZv a[p-ck - av c-W-I-fn¬ apgp-Ip-∂-Xp-t]mse. A¬∏w Ign™v kar-≤amb Ipe-If - p≈ CuØ-∏\ Nq≠n-°m´n Jmen-Zv tNmZn®p: Ct{Xw Db-c-ap≈ sXßv t\_m-dn¬ ImWptam? ae_m-dmWv Abm-fpsS `mjbn¬ t\_mdm-bX - .v Abmƒ Nq≠n- ° m- ´ n- b n- S - t Ø°v Aao¿t\m-°n. Im‰n-em-Sp∂ CuØ-∏\ - bv°v F¨]-XS- ntbmfw Db- c - a p- ≠ m- h pw. \ndsb a™ CuØ-∏-gw. Ipe-Ip-Øn-]n-Sn-®n-´p-≠.v \qdSn-hsc Db-ca- p≈ CuØ-∏\-bp-s≠∂v JmenZv ]d™p. CuØ-∏\ - b - psS icmicn Bbp v ap∂qdv h¿jam-W.v C∂m-´n¬ GI-tZiw c≠p-tIm-Sn-bn-e[ - nIw ]\-Ifp-≠.v Dt±iw c≠m-bn-cØn A™qdv h¿jw ap≥]pXs∂ Ad-_n-Iƒ CuØ- ∏ gw \nd® ]tØamcn-I-fp-ambn C¥y≥ Xpd-ap-J-ß-fn¬ t]mbn-cp-∂p. B tXm- W n- b m{X HSpßpw ap≥]v A a o ¿ l w k bpsSbp≈n¬ ]pXnsbmcp Poh- t \m- ] m- [ n-

30


bpsS hnØv hoWpIgn- ™ p. AXp {ItaW ]\ t]mse hf¿∂v A¬ Aao≥ sUbv‰v t{SUnwKv Iº-\n-bmbn. Iq´n-\mbn A_vZv A¬ d-lvam\pw H∏w JmenZpw D≠v. ***** A¬ apØ-\_n sXcp-hn-eqsS Ihnbmb apl-ΩZv A_vZp Ae™p\S-°p-Ibm-Wv. sXcp-thm-cØv Ccp-h-i-ß-fnepw ]pkvX-I-°-®-h-S-°m¿ \nc-∂n-cn-∏p-≠v. Bfp-Iƒ \S∂p t]mIp-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ ]pkvXIw ImWm\pw hmßm\pw kabw Is≠-Øp-∂p. Cdm-Jn¬ Cu sXcp-hn¬ am{X-amWv C{X-bp-a-[nIw hgn-tbmc ]pkvXI°®-hS- ° - m¿ D≈-X.v A°mcyw apl-ΩZv A_vZp-hn-\d- n-bmw. A_vZp-hns‚ IpSpw_w bq{^-´okns‚ XocsØ \Pm-^n-em-Wv. DΩ t\ctØ acn-®p-t]m-bn. ]nXmhv apl-ΩZv Xmln¿ A¬ Damdn tZiobhmZnbpw hnπh-Im-cn-bpw. A¬ AlvZv F∂ cl-ky-kwL- S - b nse {][m\ IÆn. H∂mwtemIbp≤m-\¥ - cw {_n´ojv tk\ Xp¿°n-I-fpsS ]°¬ \n∂v CdmJv Dƒs∏´ {]tZiw ]nSn-s®-SpØv kqcy-\kvXa- n-°mØ km{am-Py-Øns‚ `mK-am-°n. {_n´ojv C¥y≥ Kh¨sa‚mWv `cWw ssIbm-fn-bX - v. Cdm-Jn-If - psS ta¬ A[n\n-thiw \S-Øn-b-h¿s°Xnsc P\tcmjw IØn-∏S- ¿∂p. A¬ AlvZpw kac-ßf - n¬ hotdmsS s]mcp-Xn. P\-hn-Imcw ASn-®a- ¿Øm≥ {_n´ojv tk\ ]e {IqcX-Ifpw \S-Øn. Ip¿Zv tKm{X-h¿K-°msc hnj-hm-XIw {]tbm-Kn®v sIms∂m-Sp-°n. Cubmw]m-‰I - s - f-t∏mse \qdp-IW - ° - n-\mfp-Iƒ NsØm-Sp-ßn. kp∂n, jnb hn`m-Kßfpw Ip¿Zp-Ifpw ASn®-a¿Ø-ens\ t\cn-´p. Ako-dn-b≥ hwi-Pc- n¬ Nne¿°pam{Xw sh≈-°m-tcmSv Iqdp-≠m-bn˛ sh≈°m¿ Ako-dn-bs- c-t∏mseXs∂ {InkvXpaXhnizm-kn-Isf∂ ]cn-K-W-\-bn¬. hwiw hisØ Xncn-®d- n-bp-∂p. AsXmcp \yq\-]£w am{Xw. blq-Zh - w-iP - cpw CdmJn-If - psS s]mXp-hn-Im-cØ - n-s\m∏w \n∂p. apl-ΩZv Xmln¿ A¬ Damdn \Pm-^nsebpw jan-bb - n-sebpw a‰p {]m¥ {]tZi-ß-fn-sebpw Bfp-Isf cl-ky-ambn kwL-Sn-∏n-®p. ]≈n-If - n¬ \nkvIm-cØ - ns\-Øp∂hscbpw cl-ky-ambn Imcyw {Kln-∏n-®p. De-am-°f - psS A\p-Iq-ea- mb \ne-]mSpw apl-ΩZv Xmln-dn\v D≠m-bn-cp∂p. _mKvZm-Znepw samkqenepw _{kbnepw a‰p-ap≈ kam\kwL-S\ - I - f - p-ambn apl-ΩZv Xmln¿ _‘w ]pe¿Øn. {_n´ojv tk\-bnse Bsc I≠mepw DS≥ hI-hc- p-Øp-I, AXmWp \n¿tZiw.

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

Xcw In´n-bt- ∏m-sgms° A¬ AlvZns‚ A\p-bm-bn-Iƒ AXv A£cw{]Xn \S-∏nem-°n. CdmJv `cWw Cdm-Jn-Iƒ°v, {_n´ojv `cWw t]¿jy≥ IS-en¬ XpSßnb ap{Zm-hm-Iy-߃ FºmSpw {]Xy-£s∏-´p. Zp¿LSw ]nSn® taJ-eb - mWv Ip¿ZpIƒ Xnßn-∏m¿°p-∂-bn-Sw. B¿°pw s]s´∂v IS-∂p-sN-√m≥ ]‰mØ ae-bn-Sp°p-Iƒ. ae-\n-cI - ƒ, Xmgvhmc-߃. t]mcmfn-Iƒ AhnsS Hfn-Øm-h-f-߃ D≠m°n. {_n´ojv ]S-bpsS K‘w t]mcm-fnIƒ DS≥ aW-Ød- n-bpw. Hfn-™n-cp∂v Aºp sIm≠pw a‰p Iq¿Ø Bbp[w sIm≠pw ]´m-f° - msc hogvØpw. ln√-bv°-SpØv ]´m-f-°m¿ Xº-Sn-®n-cn-°p∂ ÿew. bq{^´okv \Zn im¥-ambn Hgp-Ip∂p. sabv amk-Øn-se -XWpØ cm{Xn. ]´m-fI - ym-ºn¬ F√mhcpw Dd- ° - Ø n- e m- W v . Imh¬ `S≥am¿ tdm¥p-Np‰p- ∂ p- ≠ v . s]s´- ∂ mWv \mS≥ tXm°p- I fpw ssIt_mw-_p-I-fp-ambn apl- Ω Zv Xmlndpw Iq´cpw an∂¬ thKØn¬ Iymºv B{I-an®- X v. B{I- a Ww AXoh cl- k y- a mbmWv Bkq-{XWw sNbvX-Xv. AXp-sIm≠p-Xs∂ {]Xn-tcm-[Øn- \ p- t h≠n h∂ kabssZ¿Lyw t]mcm-fn-Iƒ°v A\pIq-e-am-bn. A¬∏aIse°qSn IqIn- h nfn®p t]mIp∂ Nc-°pXo- h - ≠ n- b psS H® IqSn-bm-b-t∏mƒ Iymºn- e msI ]cn{`m¥n ]S¿∂p. \qtdmfw {_n´ojv `S∑m¿ acn®phogm≥ GXm\pw an\n‰p-Itf th≠n-h∂ - p-≈q. ]´m-f°m¿ shSn-bp-Xn¿Øp. shSn-sbm-®bpw ]pI-]S-eh - pw. Iem]Imcn-Iƒ NnX-dn-tbm-Sn. ]e¿°pw amc-I-ambn ]cn-t°-‰p. H t ´ - s d - t ∏ ¿ acn®phoWp. c£-s∏-´h-cn¬ Nne¿ HmSn-tbmSn bq{^-´okv \Zn \o¥n°-S∂ - p. c£-s∏-´h - c- n¬

Nne-cn¬ \n∂mWv A_vZp ]nXm-hns‚ acWhnhcw Adn-™X - .v Ipd-®p-\mƒ AI∂ _‘p-hns‚ IqsS Ign™ apl-ΩZv A_vZp ]d-°a- p‰n-b-t∏mƒ _mKvZm-Zn-se-Øn. Bbn-csØm∂p cmhp-If - n-eqsS

31


am{Xw hmbn-®-dn™ _mKvZmZv \Kcw A_vZp-hn\v A¬`p-Xa- m-bn-cp-∂p. A_vZp Ct∏mƒ Hcp `qhp-Sa- b - psS Iogn¬ tPmen sNbvXp Pohn-°p-∂p. ]Tn-°m\pw Ihn-Xsb-gp-Xm\pw Abmƒ kabw Is≠-Øp∂p. ]cp-Ønbpw Iºn-fnbpw Ib-‰p-aXn sNøp∂ [\n-Is‚ IW-s°-gp-Øp-Im-c\mWv A_vZp. _mKvZm-Znse CSp-ßnb apdn-bn¬ Ign-bp-tºmgpw A_vZp-hn\v Hcm{K-la- p-≠.v henb Hcp Ihn-bm-hW - w. ]nXmhns‚ acWw G¬∏n® BLmXw I\-ØXm-bn-cp-∂p. Aen-hp-≈h - \ - m-bn-cp∂p ]nXmhv. Abm-fpsS kzmX-{¥y-Zm-lw, hnπ-hm`n-apJyw F√mw A_vZp-hn-\p-ap-≠.v B IhnX-I-fn¬ AXns‚ _nw_-ß-fp-≠v. ASn®-a¿Ø-s∏-´-hs‚ tcmjw, Cc-I-fpsS s\mº-cw, th´-°m-c-t\m-Sp≈ {]Xn-Im-chmRvO. sNdp-∏-°m-c-\mb apl-ΩZv A_vZp ssJc-≈s - bbpw kplrZvkwLsØbpw ]cn-Nb - s - ∏-´Xv kzm`m-hn-Ia- m-W.v A_vZp-hns‚ Ihn-X-Iƒ Cklm°v CuW-Øn¬ sNm√pw. AXp a‰p-≈-h¿ tI´n-cn-°pw. Ncn-{X-∏\n _m[n® C{_m-ln-ans\ A_vZp Is≠-Øn-bXp bmZr-—n-Ia- m-bm-W.v apØ\_n-sX-cp-hn¬ ]pkvXI - ° - ® - h - S- ° - mc\p t\sc ssIIƒsIm≠v BwKyw Im´n Hcmƒ Fs¥m-s°tbm hnfn®p ]d-bp-∂p. ]pkvX-I-°-®-h-S-°m¿ Ifn-bm°n Ifnbm°n ]c-k] v cw AS°w ]d-bp-∂p. Nne hgn-t]m-°¿ C{_m-ln-ans‚ {]hr-ØnI≠p ckn-°p-I-bm-Wv. A_vZp Hcp ]pkvXIw adn®pt\m°n \n¬°p-∂X - n-\nS-bn-emWv CXp I - m-Wp-∂X - .v tlbv F¥m, F¥m Imcyw? A_vZp Hcp I®-hS- ° - m-ct\mSp Xnc-°n. Hcp s\m- ≥ Kth-jI - \ - m, Abmƒ ]d-bp-∂p. A_vZp- Xn-c°n: Kthj-I-t\m, GXp bq\n-th-gvkn-‰n-bn¬? A_vZp-hns‚ \njvIf - ¶ - a- mb tNmZyw tI´v IS-°m-c≥ Nncn®p t]mbn. tlbv, Aßs\-sbm-∂p-a√ - . Ipsd-tbsd hmbn-®d- n-hp≠v. Ncn-{Xw, AXpw Chn-SsØ Bbn-ca- mbncw h¿jw apºp-≈ Ncn{Xw ]®sh≈wt]mse ]d-bpw. Cdm-Jnse F√m ayqkn-bß - f - nepw Abmƒ t]mIpw, IS-°mc≥ ]d™p \n¿Øn. \nß-fn-sXms° Fß- s \- b - d n™p? I®- h - S - ° m- c ≥ ]d™p: Abmƒ Xs∂ CS-bv°nsS ]dbp-∂-Xn¬\n∂p a\- n-em-°n-b-Xm-Wv. A_v Z p tNmZn®p: Cs∂- ¥ m- s Wmcp _lfw? Hcp ]pkvXIw thW-sa∂p hmin-]n-Sn®p \S-°p-Ib - m-Wb - mƒ. Abmƒ ]d-bp∂ ]pkvXIw Cu sXcp-hn¬ In´m\n- √ , IS- ° m- c ≥ ]d- ™ p. GXm ]pkvXIw? IS- ° m- c ≥ ]d- ™ p: F≥slUvhm-\b - psS Ihn-XI - ƒ. A_vZphn- \ - d n- b mw, temI- k m- l n- X y- Ø nse 2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

BZysØ Adn-bs - ∏-Sp∂ Fgp-Øp-Im-cnbmb F≥sl-Uvhm\ Pohn-®n-cp-∂Xv c≠m-bn-cØnap∂qdv _n knbn¬. kptadn-bb - nse cmP-Ip-am-cn. _n kn 2279 apX¬ 2334 hsc kpta-dnb `cn® k¿tKm c - m-Pmhns‚ aIƒ. Ah-cpsS cN-\-Iƒ Ddnse Ipe-t£-{XsØbpw C\m-\ t- Z-hn-sbbpw {]Io¿Øn-°p-∂X - m-W.v A_vZp ASp- s Ø- Ø n- b - t ∏mƒ C{_mlnw Abm-tfm-Smbn kwkm-cw. tIt´m kplr-tØ, \ΩpsS ]pkvXI - ° - ®- h - S - ° m¿°p Ncn{Xt_m[- a n- √ , kmwkvIm-cnI ss]Xr-Is- Ø-°p-dn®v H∂pa-dn-bn-√. Cu sXcp-hns‚ t]¿ Adn-bm-at√m, apØ-\_n sXcp-hv. apØ-\-_n- \ΩpsS {]mNo\ Ihn. F Un ]Ømw iXI-Øn¬ Pohn-®n-cp-∂b - mƒ. B Ihn-bpsS t]cn-ep≈ Cu sX-cp-hn¬ \ΩpsS kmlnXy-Øns‚ BZy-sX-fn-hmb Ihn-X-Iƒ Cs√-∂v. sO, F{X A]-am-\I - c - w. A√, \n߃s°-¥p-tXm-∂p-∂p? A_vZp F√mw Xe-Ip-ep°n kΩ-Xn-®p. F∂n´p NncntbmsS ]d-™p: kam-[m-\n°v Fs‚ kplr-tØ. A_vZp Abm-fpsS ssI Ih¿∂p. hcq \ap-°¬∏w Im∏n- Ip-Sn-°mw. Ccp-hcpw IqSn ASp-Øp-I≠ `£-Wi - me-bn¬ Ib-dn. A_vZp c≠v Xp¿°n Im∏n°v Hm¿U¿ sNbvXp. Im∏n taita¬\n-c-∂p. ASn-bn¬ Ac-`mKw Im∏ns∏m-Snbpw apI-fn¬ A¬∏w Icn-\n-dhpap≈ Xp¿°n Im∏n. A_vZp C{_m-ln-ans\ kq£n-®p-t\m°n. Xs∂-°mƒ c≠p-aq∂p hb n\nf∏w ImWpw. Ccp-]Xp XnI-™n-´n-√. ]t£, {]mb-sØ-°mƒ Adn-bhpw temI-]c - n-Nbhpw kwkm-cØ - n¬ ap∂n´p \n¬°p∂p; XnI™ Bfl-hn-izmkhpw. Ncn-{XØns‚ Bthiw Xebv°p ]nSn®v \mSphn-´-bm-fmWv C{_mlnw. _mKvZm-Zn\p sX°p-In-S° - p∂ ZpssPe {]tZ-iØ - mWv hoSv. I¿jI IpSpw-_w. Dss_Zv h¿K°mcm-Wv. Dss_-Zp-Iƒ s]mXpsh \mtSm-SnI-fm-Wv. hmbn-°m\pw Adn-bm-\p-ap≈ Xm¬∏cyw ]t≠-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p C{_mln-an\v. _mKvZmZv Abmsf amSn-hn-fn-°p∂-XmbntXm∂n. _mKvZm-Zn¬ s{Sbn-\n-dßp-tºmƒ Pohn-°m-s\mcp am¿Kw tXSn. HSp-hn¬ Is≠-Øn. k©m-cn-If - psS hgnIm-´n. _mKvZm-Zn-se-Øp∂ Sqdn-Ãp-Iƒ°v Cdm-Jns‚ Ncn{Xw hni-Za- mbn hnh-cn-®psIm-Sp-°pw. Ahsc hml-\ß - f - n¬ Ib‰n Ncn{Xkvamc-I-߃ Im´n-s°m-Sp-°pw. Abm-fpsS hnh-c-W-ß-fn-eqsS k©m-cnIƒ \q‰m-≠p-If - psS ]g-°a- p≈ \mK-cn-IX-I-fn-te°p bm{X sNøpw. ho≠pw hcW-sa∂ A`y¿Y-\t- bmsS Ah-sc b - m-{X-

bm-°pw. k©m-cn-I-fn¬ \n∂p In´p∂ Zn\m-dmWv Pohn-°m-\p≈ Xmßm-hp-∂X - .v \√-Xp-t]mse Cw•ojv hi-am-°n-bn-´p-≠.v k©m-cn-Iƒ GXp cmPy-°m-cm-sW∂p t\m°n Ah-cpsS `mj-bn¬ kzmKXw sNbvXv Ahsc hi-Øm-°pw. kz¥w `mj-tbmSv k©mcn-Iƒ°p≈ Iqdns\ Abmƒ apX-em-°pw. tPmen-bn-√mØ Znhk-ßf - n¬ Cdm-Jnse Ncn-{X-kvam-cI - ß - fnepw sse{_-dn-I-fnepw C{_mlnw kμ¿in-°pw, Bh¿Øn-®m-h¿Øn-®v. F¥n\m ho≠pw ho≠pw kμ¿in-°p∂Xv ? A_v Z p- h ns‚ tNmZyw tI´v C{_mlnw Nncn-tbmsS Xp¿°n-°m-∏n\pW-™p-sIm≠p ]d™p: Hmtcm∂pw ]p\¿hm-bn-°p-tºmƒ ]pXnb ]pXnb A¿Y-Xe - ß - ƒ In´p-∂p. ]pXnb hymJym\- ß ƒ, ]pØ≥ Is≠- Ø - e p- I ƒ. C{_mlnw hmNm-e-\m-bn. Im∏n-Ip-Sn®p Ign™v I∏v tkmk-dn¬ Ia-gvØn-bn´v sas√ FSp-Øp-am-‰m≥ C{_mlnw A_vZphn-t\m-Sp- ]-d™ p. A_vZp A\p-kc - n-®p. tkmk-dn-\-IØp ]S¿s∂m-en® Im∏ns∏m-Sn-t\m°ns°m≠v C{_mlnw \n›e-\m-bn. ]Øp-]X - n-\©p \nan-jß - ƒ IS∂p-t]m-bn. A_vZp-hns‚ `qX-h¿Ø-am-\߃ Abm-fpsS at\m-ap-Ip-cØ - n¬ {]Xn_nw-_n®p ImWp-∂X - mbn C{_mlnw apJ`mhw sIm≠p- hy-‡-am-°n. Abmƒ ]d™p XpSßn: Ign™ Hcp-am-kØ - n-\nS°v Hcp kp{]-[m\ kw`hw A_vZphns‚ Pohn-XØ - n¬ \S-∂n-´p-≠.v A_vZp BZyw H∂p Nqfn-t∏m-bn. Cbmƒ°v bYm¿Y-Øn¬ s\m p-X-s∂. A_vZp Nn¥n-®t- ∏mƒ Aß-s\-sbmcp {]tXyI kw`-hhpw \S-∂n-´n-√. As√-¶n¬ PohnX-Øn¬ kw`-hn-°p-∂s- X√mw kp{]-[m\w Xs∂-bt√? Pohn-XsØ ASn-apSn am‰n-adn-°m≥ Hcp sNdp-am-{X a- X - n-bm-Ipw. Xm¶sfmcp kmlnXyt{]an-bm-Wv, C{_mlnw A_vZp-hns‚ h¿Ø-am-\I - mew ]d-bp-Ibm-Wv. CSbv°v A_vZp Nncn-®p-sIm≠v Hcp Ipkr-Xn-t®mZyw FSp-Øn-´p. Bs´ Rm≥ ASp-Ø-Xmbn Fgp-Xm≥ t]mIp∂Xv F¥n-s\-°p-dn-®mhpw? C{_mlnw Nncn-®p-t]m-bn. I≈n -sh-fn-®-Øm-b-Xpt]mse. A_vZp-hn\pw ckn-®p. ]ecpw CØ-cØ - n¬ Xp¿°n-°m-∏n- Ip-Sn-°p-Ibpw e£Ww ]d-bp-Ibpw sNøm-dp-≠n-hn-sS. ]e Sqdn-Ãp-Is- fbpw C{_mlnw hi-Øm°p∂ s]mSnss° CXm-bn-cn-°mw. bm{X ]d™p ]ncn-bp-tºmƒ A_vZp ]d™p: \ap-°n-\nbpw ImWmw. AXns\¥m ImWm-at- √m, C{_mlnw A_vZphns‚ Icw ]nSn®p Ipep-°n. (XpS-cpw)

32


IY:

Bfl-IY t]mse Ft¥m H∂v tUm. Sn ]n \mk¿

Bcm D≈-X.v AXpw Hcp tbmKw. Hcn-°¬ aq∏tcw Rms\m∂v ap´n t\m°y-Xm. `mcybpw Ip´n-Ifpw Ipd®p ZqcØm-s{X. Ct∏m F√m-h¿°pw sIm®p InSm-ßs - f-bs√ t\m´w. Infn t]me-sØsbm∂v Iøn¬ XS-™-∏w˛ AXpw ]Xns\-´v. H∂p Im®n. "th≠ IrjvWm' ˛ amt\-Pdp ]d-™p. ""F\nbv°pw c≠p s]¨a-°f - m... AsXm∂pw \ap°p icymhq-√...'' F\nbv°p Nncn s]m´n. ]ns∂! s]¨a-°-fn-√m-tØm-cs√ C∏-Wn°v t]mWv?! th≠-¶n¬ th≠. Ct∏m-gm-bn´v F√mw Ipd®v tamim. CS]m-Sp-Imcp Xs∂ t\cn-´ßv I®-hSw Dd∏n-°pw. ]ns∂ IΩo-js\m-gn-hm-°mas√m. c≠p Iq´¿°pw em`w. Ign-™mgvN sNdnsbmcp Ii-]n-ib - p≠m-bn. Hcp t]meokv Hm^o-k¿°v Hcp-

Im

cy-ßf - n-ßs\ t]mbm¬ Fs‚ I™n-IpSn ap´n-bX - p-Xs - ∂. F\nbv°p t]Snbm-hp-∂p. Ch¿s°ms° F¥ns‚ kqt°-Sm. A√m≠p Xs∂ Hcp hn[w Hs° H∏n®p t]mhzm. AXn-s‚-tSem Ch-‰ß-sf-sbm-cp.... Hm, ad-∂p-t]m-bn. Rms\s∂ ]cn-Nb - s - ∏Sp-Øn-bn-√s√m. tKm]m-eI - r-jW v ≥. IrjvW≥ amsj∂pw hnfn-°pw. ]nºv. AXmbXv Iq´ns°m-Sp-∏p-Im-c≥. £an-°W - w. ]d-bp-∂Xp sIms≠m∂pw tXm∂-cp-Xv. Hcp t]cv ]d-™p-sh-t∂-bp-≈p. Imehpw ÿehpw kμ¿`-hp-a\ - p-kc- n®v Fs‚ t]cpw amdn-s°m-≠n-cn-°pw. AXp \n¿_-‘am. Cs√-¶n¬ \ne-\n-e° v m-\m-hn-√. AXm Cu sXmgn-ens‚ Ipg-∏w. F¥m sR´n-t∏mtbm?! ]Øn-cp-]-Ø©v sIm√-ß-fmbn Cu sXmgn-en-em-bn-´v. hcp-amt\mw tami-ey. IΩoj-\m-bn-´m. Ipd®p an®w ]nSn-bv°m≥ ]‰pw. IpSpw_w t]m‰m≥ AXp-aX - n. hosS-Sp-ØX - ns‚ temWS®p sIm≠n-cn-°ym. C\nbpw Ipd-®S- hv _m°o-≠.v AXn-s‚-tS--em... t_¶v temWns‚ Imcyw ]d™t∏mgm Hm¿Ω h∂-Xv. AsXmcp ckw≈ IYm. temsW∂p tI´ ]msS _m¶p amt\-Pdv Fs∂-bßp tIdn-∏n-Sn-®p. ]ns∂ tNmZy-ßfm-bn. t^mw ^n√-∏m-bn. tPm_v F∂ tImfØn-te°v tPmen tNmZn-®-t∏m-ƒ amt\-Psdm∂p hnc-≠p. ]ntºm?! Dw. Rm≥ ae-bm-fØneßp Im®n. AtX-bv, Iq´n-s°m-Sp∏p Xs∂. ]nºv. ]nºv. tem¨ ]m m-°m≥ BZy-sam∂v Aam-¥ns®-¶nepw Pmay-°msc I≠-t∏mƒ aq∏-cm-fmsI amdn. Hmcv Nn√-d-°m-c-√. Fs‚ I£n-I-fm. ]ns∂ C{X IrXym-bn´v temW-S° - tv Wm-cm-bn´v

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

33


Ønsb thWw. \mb-cm-Wv. tÉv hn´v ]pd-sØ-tßms´m s{Sbn-\nw-Kn\p t]mIm\m. hb v Ccp-]Ø - © - n\pw ap∏-Xn\pw CS-b° v .v \√ shSn∏pw sam©pw thWw. `mcy-sb-t∏mse tXm∂n-°W - w. B¿°pw kwi-b-Øn-\nS hcp-Ø-cp-Xv. slUv tIm¨Ã-_nƒ l ≥ Ip´n-bmWv ]d™-X.v tÃj-\X - n¿Ønbv°p ]pd-Øp-≈h-fm-bn-cn-°W - w. tI´-bpSs\ Fs‚ a\- n-tem-Sn-sbØn-bXv lcn-∏ms´ kuZm-an-\n-bm-Wv. tÃj-\-Xn¿Øn am{X-a√ Pn√bv°p Xs∂ ]pd-Ø.v t]mcm-ØX - n\v Ipd-s®mcp FSp∏pw D≠v. B¿°pw kwibw tXm∂n√. samss_-en¬ hnfn-®t- ∏mƒ Ah-fßp Xe-ÿm-\-Øm-bn-cp-∂p. GtXm ]m¿´n t\Xm-hns‚ IqsS. ]ns∂ Xncn®p hnfn®p. "˛th≠ IrjvtW´m Cu t]meo-kpImcv Hcp hI ImS-∑m-cm. h√m≠p t\mhn°pw. ]ns∂ ]d™ Imipw Xcn-√. t]Sn∏n®p hnSpw. cmjv{So-b° - mcm t`Zw. Ah‰bv°p kvt\lw-≠.v ssI \ndsb In´pw. A¥- mbn s]cp-am-dpw. Rm\n-√. tN´≥ thsd-bm-sc-sb-¶nepw t\m°v..' ]ns∂ Hm¿Ω h∂Xv Pko-°s - b-bmWv . A®m- b Øn. sNß- ∂ q¿°m- c n. Nm¿Pev]w IqSp-Xe - m-W.v Ahfpw t]meokp-Im-c\ - m-sW∂p ]d™ ]msS t^m¨ sh®p. "˛ F\n°p Ipd®p Imew IqSn Pohn°-Ww∂v≠v IrjvtW-´m. Ah-∑mcv sIm∂v Ipgn-®n-´m¬ t]mepw Bcp-ad- n-bn√...' Imcyw Xpd∂p ]d-™t∏mƒ bPam\scs∂ hnc´n ˛ Rß-tfmSp Ifn-®n´v GXh-fmSm hne-km≥ t]mWv. AsXm∂p ImW-s´. \n\°pw sh®n-´p≠v F∂p ]d™v Ahscs‚ Ip∂nbv°p ]nSn-®p. AXn\v Ft∂mSp sIdp-hn-®n-s´¥m Imcyw? AXp \nßfpsS h¿§-Øns‚ Ipg-∏a- s√ F∂mbn Rm≥. GXm-bmepw ]nSn hnSn-hn®v ]Xps° AhnsS \n∂pw Xe-bq-cn. kmd-∑mcv thsd-bm-scsb-¶nepw t\m°v... h°o-e-∑mcpw F©n-\o-b¿amcpw tUmIvS¿amcpw Cu Gam≥am-sc-t∏mse A{X Ipg-∏° - m-c√ - . ]d-™X - n¬ IqSp-X¬ Xcpw. Imcyw A¥- mbn \S-°pw. Bcpa-dn-bn-√. {]iv\ß - fpw Ipd-h.v h°o-e∑ - m-sc∂p tI´m¬ Ch-‰I - ƒ°v D’m-lm... Fs¥mcp XnSp-°m. tIkpw a‰pw h∂m¬ A -em-bn´v Xe-bq-cm-tem. ]ns∂ `mhoev Hcp klm-tbmw. \nb-aado-tWm-cs- √. FhnsS ]nSn-°W - w∂v icn°-dn-bmw. kq{X-Ønev Ah¿ Ah-cpsS \ºcpw ssI°-em-°pw. 2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

tImgn-t°ms´ kpld sdbvUnev IpSpßn-b-t∏mƒ c£n-®Xv Hcp h°o-em. A©mdv ]ø≥kp-ambn tIc-fØ - n-et- ßmfan-tßmfw Idßn \S∂v Ah-km\w t_°¬ tIm´-b° v S- pØv Hcp dntkm¿´n¬ sh®m t]meo-kns‚ ]nSn-bn-em-bX - v. t^mWp h∂∏w Rm\p-sam∂p t]Sn®p. DSs\ Id-°n. AUz. _me-N-{μ-\v. aq∏¿°v Ahsf ]≠p £ ]nSn-®-XmWv. Imcy-sams° icn Xs∂˛ h°oep ]d™p. h°o¬ ^okpw a‰p-ambn Ah-fp-sSb-SpØp \n∂pw Hcp XpI thWw. F¶n¬

{ian-°mw. tI´]msS kpld ]d-™p. F¥mbmepw th≠o-√. H∂p Xe-bq-cn-Ø∂ - m¬ aXn. IrjvtW-´≥ sImSp-tØm. Rm≥ ]pdØp h∂n´p Xcmw. ]Ww sdm°w sImSp-Øt∏mƒ h°o¬km-dXv ]oU-\t°- m°n am‰n. \mep Znh-k-߃°p tijw kpld ]pd-Ø.v ]ø≥am¿ Pbn-enep-am-bn. ]nt‰-Zn-hkw Xs∂ kpld ]Ww sIm≠p-X∂ - p. ]mhw tXm∂n. "CsXms° Cu sXmgn-enev ]Xn-hs√

34


IrjvtW-´m. kln-°m≠v ]t‰zm?' ]ns∂ Hcp Znhkw h°o-ens‚ IqsS aq∂m-dn¬. CSbv°p h°o-ens\ I≠t∏mƒ Abmƒ ]d™p ˛ AsXmcp h√mØ km[\w X∂m-tW-b.v F∂mepw Irjv W m ss]k sImSp- Ø n- ´ p≈ G¿∏mSp X∂m \√-Xv. AXn-s\mcp ckw≠v. {^osb-∂pw {^o Xs∂. c≠mgvN Ign-™-t∏m-gm-W-dn-™-Xv. kpld A∂v Abm-tfmSv IW°p ]d™v ]Ww hmßo-t{X. ]oU-\-t°kv \ne-hnen-cn-°W ka-ba- m-W,v IqsS°gn™ tcJI-sfms° sh®v Xt∂w IpSp-°p-sa∂v ]d™v hnc-´n-bs- {X. kuZm-an-\n-bm-Wv ]d™-X.v F∂mepw Ahfv \μn-bp-≈-h-fm. CSbv°v h∂p ImWpw. Fs¥-¶n-epsams° Xcpw. ssIbn-en-cn-°p∂ Cu hm®v Ah-fp-X∂ - Xm. GtXm K¬^p-Im-c≥ sImSp-Ø-Xv. A®m-b-Øn-I-f-ßn-s\-b√. Hcp \μn-bn-√mØ h¿§am AXv. Ah-cpsS Imcyw Ign-™m¬ ]ns∂ aqSpw X´n t]mIpw. ]ns∂ Xnc™p t\m°-Øn-√. Kƒ^n¬ \n∂pw hcp∂ tImbam¿s°ms° Ct∏mgpw t\m´w A®m-bØn-am-tc-bm. AsX-¥m-sW-∂d- n-bn-√. Cu sXmgnens‚ Hcp KpWw AXm. atX-Xc- X - zw. aX-ta-bmepw Imcyw \S-∂m¬ aXn. \mb-cm-bmepw am∏n-f-am-cm-bmepw A®m-b-∑m-cm-bmepw Cug-h-\m-bmepw A[xIrX-\m-bmepw Ah-\h - s‚ aX-Ønep-≈h - sc A{X Xmev]c- y-an-√. Ah¿s°t∏mgpw a‰p aX-Øn-ep-≈-hsc thWw. AsX- ¥ m- W mthm?Mv l m... \ap- ° nsXms° Adn-™n-s´-¥p-Im-cyw. IΩo-j≥ In´n-bm¬ t]mtc... Kƒ^p- I m- s c∂p tI´m¬ Ch- ‰ bv s °ms° `b- ¶ c C‚- d - à m. ssI \ndsb kΩmt\mw ]ns∂ ]tWmw. F√mw IqsS \√ Ipim-em. tNmZn-°p-∂Xn¬ IqSp-X¬ In´pw. aq∂mev Znh-kt- Øs°-¶nepw thWw. henb Xe-th-Z-\-bn√. CS-bv°nsS hnfn-bn-√. Ht∂m ct≠m h¿jw Ignt™ ]ns∂ ImW-Øp-≈q. IΩo-j\pw tamiey. Kƒ^p-Im-cnepw Nne Ac-°-∑m-cp-≠v. Ipd®v kmln-Xyhpw hnSphmbpw ]d™p sIm≠n-cn-°W v - h-I. ]Ww sNe-hm-°m\pw hø. I£-Øn-encn-°W v Xv t]mhp-Ibpw sNø-cp-X.v ]ns∂sbmcp KpWw, AX-ßns\ sNbn-\mbn XpS¿t∂m-fpw. t^m¨ \º¿ ssIamdn ssIamdn hcp∂ Hmtcm-cp-Øc- mbn hnfn®p XpS-ßpw. AXv Cu _nkn-\ - n\p \√-Xm. Hcn-°-semcp Kƒ^p-Im-c-t\mSp ]d™Xm ˛ Fßn-s\-b-¶nepw Hcp hnk icym-°n-Øc- m≥. F∂m¬ Cu sXmgnep \n¿Øn am\y-ambn Pohn-°m-am-bn-cp-∂p. 2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

At∏mƒ Ah≥ ]d- b phm ˛ AhnsSsbms° Ct∏mƒ \√ NnWp NnWp djy- ° m- c n- I - f p- s ≠- ∂ v. Ah¿s°m∂pw ]nºns‚ Bh-iy-an-s√∂v. tjm∏nwKv tImwπ-Ivknepw tlm´enepw \ncßn \S∂v t\cn´ßv I®-hSw Dd-∏n-bv°p-I-bm-sW-∂v. tds‰ms° Htc amXn-cn-bm-sW-∂.v ˛˛ Cu sXmgne-√. as‰m-∂v... tI´-]mXn Ah-\ßv s]m´n-®n-cn-°m≥ XpS- ß n. Irjv t W- ´ ≥ Cu hb p ImeØv as‰-¥p-sXm-gn-en\p t]mIm-\m. FIvkv]o-cn-b≥kv apgp-h≥ CXn-e-s√. K¬^nev Un{Kn-°√ ap≥Xq-°w. FIvk] v ocn-b≥kn-\m... Rm\msI NΩn-t∏m-bn. Ct∏mƒ ]gb Ime- a - √ . Ipd®v ssls´-°m. ]ecpw C‚¿ s\‰n-eqSm Ct∏mƒ It®m- S w. kz¥- a mbn Hcp sh_vssk-s‰m-s°-bm-bn-´v. hntZ-iØpw henb \K-c-ß-fnepw CsXmcp ]Xn-hm. Imcyw Ipd®p IqsS Ffp-∏-am-W-t√m. Imip sdm°-an-√m-Øh - \v hnkm Im¿Upw amÿ Im¿Up-sam-s°-bmbn Imcyw \SØm-a-s√m. aq∂p Iq´¿°pw Hcp t]Sow th≠. Ah-c-h¿°p-≈Xv A√-en-√msX In´pw. hne t]iepw C√. ]g-b-t]mse Nmbw tX®pw AhnS-hnsS Idßn \S∂pw Ch-‰I - ƒ°v IjvSs∏-tS-≠s- √m. F∂mepw \ΩpsS tIcfw X∂m ]ptcm-Ka- n-°m-ØXv. ]mØpw ]Xp-ßnbpw Hfn-tkh X∂m Ct∏m-gpw. Imew amdn-bs - Xm∂pw Ah-cd- n™n-´n√ Rm\o sXmgn-enev Ipd®v Uok‚m tIt´m. shdpsX tIdn hcp∂ GSm-Iq-SØn-s\-sbm∂pw I£n tN¿°-Øn-√. apS°p-∂-Xns‚ td‰-\p-k-cn®v \√ km[\w Xs∂ sImSp-°pw. AXp-sIm≠m C{Xbpw h¿j-ßf - m-bn´v \ne-\n∂p t]mcp-∂X - .v sabn≥ CS-]m-Sp-Imcv cmjv{So-b° - m-cm. Ah-cpsS Imcy-ßfv Hcp hI kzIm-cy-amW-s√m. ]d-bp∂ ÿe-Øßv FØn®p sImSp-°pw. ]ns∂-sbm∂pw Adn-tb≠. ]e-t∏mgpw ss{Uh¿am¿ aptJ-\b - mhpw. A√m-tØm¿°v afiew kn{I-´-dn-am¿ aptJ-\b - m-hpw. Imcyw km[n-°m-t\-b.v F√m- h - c p- a mbpw \√ NßmØw thWw. F¶nte CS-]mSv `wKn-bmbn \S°q. Imipw icn°pw In´q. AXnev kJmsht∂m tIm¨{K- p-Im-c-s\t∂m _n sP ]n°m-cs - \t∂m t`Z-an-√. aX-Øns‚ Imcyw ]d-™a- m-Xncn. Ct∏m-gm-bn´v Ipd®v t]Sym F√m¿°pw. ]{XØnepw Snhoepw a‰pw Hmtcm t\Xm-°-∑mcv BI-∏msS Imcyw \m‰n-∏n-®n-s√. AXn¬ ]ns∂ _yq´n ]m¿e-dp-Imcpw sFkv{Iow ]m¿edp-Imcpw Cu sXmgn-ens‚ am\yX sISp-

Øo- t e. AXp- s Im- ≠ mcpw Ct∏m Atßm´p t]mI-Øn-√. F√m-‰n\pw Hcp am\y-Xbpw ad-bp-sams° thWw. am\y-X-bpsS Imcyw ]d-™-t∏mgm Hm¿Ω h∂-X.v Cu tUmIvS¿amcpw F©n\o-b¿amcpw AXn-»n-cn-bp-t≈m-cm. IÃta¿kv G‰hpw Ipdhv Ah-cm. F∂m¬ Im´p I≈-∑m-cm-Wp-Xm-\pw. Hcp \bmss]k IqSp-X¬ Xcn-√. IW-°n\v apXem-°os´ t]mhq-≈p. ]Ø-\m-]p-csØ •mUnkv ]d-bp-hm, Hcn-°s- emcp tUmIvSd- p-ambn Ahƒ tX°Sn-bn¬ IqSnbs{X. B emdnt_°¿ ssÃen-ep≈ tlm´-enev. h∂-bp-Ss\ Abmƒ tcmKn-Isf ]cn-tim-[n°vW amXncn ]cn- t im- [ \ XpS- ß o- s {X. FbnUvkv t]Sn-®n-´mhpw ˛ Rm≥ ]d-™p. Bthm, ]Iep apgp-h≥ XSm-I-Ønepw Im´nepw Id-ßn, cm{Xn-bm-bm¬ kwKoXhpw sh®v.. Hcp {]tXyI coXnbm. CeIv{SnIv t]mÃv tIdvW sse≥tas\ Hm¿Ωhcpw F\n-b° v .v .. F©n-\o-b¿amsc ]ns∂ t]Sn-t°-≠. hfsc kpc-£n-Xam Imcy-߃. KÃv lukpw a‰pw D≠-s√m. Atßm´p ]d™p hn´m¬ aXn. Ft∏mgpw taØ-cta th≠p. \√ Imip In´pw. IΩo-j\ - p-w tami-ey. ssI°qen hI In´vWX - mhpw. AXm Hcp hne-bn-√m-Ø-Xv. Ccn-°q¿°mcn kp[sb F√m-hcpw F©n-\o-tb¿kv kvs]j¬ F∂m hnfn-°m-dv. F©n-\ob¿amcv°v Ah-tfmSv Ft¥m Hcp CXm. B¿Øn-∏-≠m-c-ßfv Hcp hI thsdbp-ap-≠v˛ Ip´n tUmIvS¿amcpw tImtfPp ]nt≈-cpw. {]mbw AX-s√. Imip In´m\pw ]mSv. lukv k¿P≥am¿°v Ah-cpsS ssÃ∏‚p sIm≠v H∏n- ° - W - a - s √m. Ft∏mgpw X¿°-ap-≠mhpw....Ah-∑msc kq£n-°W - w. Cu tImtf-Pp-Ip-am-c∑ - mcv Hcmsf sIm≠p-t]m-bm¬ Nne-t∏mƒ Iq´am-bn-´m-hpw. ]d-bm≥ ]‰n-√m. NØp t]mbmtem at‰m. AXp-sIm-s≠-\nbv°v C®ncn t]So-≠v. C\n-sbmcp hI IqSn-bp-≠.v FgpØpw hc-bp-sam-s°-bmbn \S-°vtWm-cv. XmSow apSow Hs° \o´n-bn-´v. Ipfn-t°y-bp-an-√. h√m- s Ømcp \m‰w. kmwkv I mcnI {]h¿Ø-I-cm-s{X. Ch-∑mcm Ch-‰-Isfsbms° NoØ-bm-°o-Xv. t]scms° ssewKn-I-sØm-gn-em-fn-bm°n am‰n-b-Xv. F∂mepw Ipd™ sNe-hn¬ kq{X-Øn¬ Imcyw H∏n-s®-Sp-°pw. BZyw Iptd D]-tZiw X∂p. t_m[h-ev°-c-Wm-s{X. ]ns∂ tNmZn®p ˛ F√mtcw kwL-Sn-∏n®v H∂p IqSn-°q-tS∂v. ao‰nw-sKms° Ahcv icym-°n-t°m-fpw. kvt]m¨k¿amsc In´m≥ Ffp-∏-am-

35


sW∂v H∂p kΩXw aqfn-bm¬ aXo-∂v. \√ aoUnbm Ih-tdPpw In´q-∂v. ˛ Ct∏mƒ F√m-hcpw kwL-Sn-°p∂ Ime- a m. F∂mte \ne- \ n¬]p- ≈ q. IrjvtW-´\pw tht≠ Hcp `mhn.? ˛ Cuiz- c s‚ Irt]ev Imcy- ß sfms° Hcp hn[w A√- e n- √ msX t]mWv≠v kmsd. C\n AXn-s‚-tSev shdp-sX-tbmtcm FSm-Iq-S-Ønev sN∂p NmStWm? ]ns∂ D≈Xpw C√m-≠m-hpw. ˛ Imew amdn-bXv IrjvtW-´≥ Adnbm-™n-´m-Wv. \n߃ ]nºp-Iƒ am{Xta C∂sØ cmjv{Sob Imem-h-ÿ-tbmSv apJw Xncn®v \n¬°p-∂p-≈p. thiy-Ifpw lnP-U-Ifpw kzh¿§m-\p-cm-Kn-I-fpw... XpSßn ]ecpw kwL-Sn®p XpS-ßn. AhcpsS Ah-Im-iß - ƒ.. Rm\-hs - \-sbm∂p X-d∏ - n®p t\m°n ˛ CsXm-s°-bm-bn´v \S-∂m¬ Fs‚ `mcybv°pw a°ƒ°pw Bcv Xn∂m≥ sImSp°pw? Xs∂-s°m-≠mthzm? ]ns∂ Ahs\ Fhn-sSbpw I≠n-´n√. Ah-cn-sem-cmfm Hcn-°-ses∂ Sn hn ÃpUntbm-bn¬ sIm≠p-t]m-bX - v. AXpw Hcp IY. IS∂ ]msS apdn-bn¬ shfn®w ]c∂p. IpS-I-fnepw Aep-an\nbw jo‰nepw X´n AsXs‚ ta¬ hoWp. IÆ-©n-t∏m-bn. tIad ]nSn® Bƒ Ipd®p IqsS hetØm´p Xncn-bm≥ ]d-™p. as‰m-cmƒ Hcp sNdnb Sn hn t\m°n Abmƒs°t¥m \n¿t±iw \¬In. A`n- a p- J - ° m- c ≥ Ft∂mSp tN¿∂n-cp-∂p. Abmƒ CS-°nsS Xqhme sIm≠v apJhpw IgpØpw XpSbv°p-∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p, IcpX-tem-sS. Ãm¿´v, C≥s{Sm-U£ - ≥. sXm∏n sh® Hcmƒ Ae-dn. tIad ]Xps° A`n-ap-J°m-cs‚ t\sc Xncn-™p. Abmƒ Nq≠pI-f\ - ° - n. "BtKm-f-h¬°-cW-Øns‚ kmwkvIm-cnI {]Xn-^-e-\-ß-fn-sem∂v ]m¿iz-h¬°-cn-°s - ∏´ Nne s{]m^-j\ - ep-Is - f \ΩpsS apJy-[m-cb - n¬ sIm≠ph-cm≥ Ign-™p-sh-∂p-≈X - m-W.v kZm-Nmc \nb-a-ß-fpsS t]cn¬ kap-Zmbw {`jvSp Iev]n®pw am‰n \n¿Øn-b-Xp-amb thiyIƒ, ]nºp-Iƒ, lnP-UI - ƒ, tlmtam-sk£z-ep-Iƒ XpSßnb-h¿°v Iq´w tNcm\pw kwL-S\ - I - ƒ cq]o-Ic- n-°m-\pw, Xß-fpsS Ah-Im-i-߃ t\Sn-sb-Sp-°m-\pambn katcm-’p-IX hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-°m\pw ]‰nb Hcp kml-Nc - y-amWv C∂p \ne-hnep-≈-Xv. \h en_-d¬ kmº-ØnI \b߃ \ΩpsS DXv]m-Z\ hyh-ÿs - bbpw AXp-hgn kmaq-lnI Pohn-X-sØ-bmsIbpw XI¿Øp Xcn-∏W - a- m-°n-s°m-≠ncn-°p∂ Cu Ncn{X L´-Øn¬.. thiym-

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

hr-Ønbpw Iq´n-s°m-Sp∏pw t]m°-‰Snbpw ab°p acp∂p hn¬]-\bpw sIme-]m-XIhpw D]-Po-h-\-am¿§-ambn kzoI-cn®p sIm≠n-cn-°p∂ KWy-am-sbmcp hn`mKw P\X Chn-sS-bp-≠v. _Z¬ kmº-ØnI ]cn-]mSn IqSn-bmWv Cu sXmgn¬ taJ-eIƒ. {]tXy-In®pw skIvkp h¿°n-s\bpw Ip´n-s°m-Sp-∏n-s\bpw AXnPoh-\Ø - ns‚ kmº-Øn-Im-h-ÿ-bpsS shfn-®-Øn¬ ]Tn-s®-Sp-t°-≠X - p-≠.v I´v, ho≠pw sXm∏n-°m-c≥ Ae-dn. kwhn-[m-bI - \ - m-bn-cn-°W - w. ˛ C≥s{Sm-U-£≥ aXn. C\n A`n-apJ-Øn-te°p IS-°mw. Abmƒ \n¿tZiw \¬In. tIad F\n°p t\sc Xncn-™p. ˛ km{am-PyXz BtKm-f-h-ev°-c-WØns‚ A`n-hmPyLS-I-amWv skIvkv Sqdn-kw C∂v. AXn¬ H´pw tami-a√ - mØ ]¶p hln-°p-∂h - c- m-Ws√m \n߃ ]nºpIƒ AYhm Iq´n-s°m-Sp-∏p-Im¿. B \nebv°v skIvSv Sqdn-ks- Ø-°p-dn®v Xm¶fpsS A`n-{]m-bs - a-¥mWv? ˛ \√ A`n-{]m-ba- m-Wv. ˛ Npcp-°n-∏d- ™ m¬ aqe-[\ - Ø - ns‚ temIØv shdp-samcp Dev]-∂-am°n skIvkns\ Nhn-´n-Øm-gvØp-∂Xv icnbmtWm? ˛ a\- n-em-bn-√. ˛ ssewKn-I-X-sb-∂Xv BWn\pw s]Æn\pw kz¥zw kzXz-Øns‚ Xs∂ A¥:kØ-bm-Wv. AXp hmßp-∂Xpw hn¬°p-∂Xpw icn-b-√. AsXmcp Xcw _en-bs√? ˛ BtWm. Adn-bn-√. ˛ ssewKnI _‘w F∂m¬ Hcp kzImcy hn\n-a-bamWv. ]Ww sImSp°p∂ Bfpw AXp kzoI-cn-°p∂ Bfpw XΩn-ep≈ hn\n-ab Icm-¿. B sImSp°¬ ˛ hm߬ B sXmgn-en-\\phZn® ka-b-tØmsS Ign-™p. Cßs\ Xm≥ ]Ww sImSpØp hmßn® kv { Xo icocsØ GXphn[-Øn-epw D]-tbmKn°m≥ ]pcp-j\v A[n-Im-ca- pt≠m? ˛ AX-ht- cmSp t]mbn tNmZn-bv°v... apdn-bn¬ Nncn apg-ßn. kwhn-[m-bIs‚ IÆp Nph∂p. apwJw hnf-dn. I´v, Abmƒ ho≠pw Ae- d n. dos´bv°v. tIad an∂n. A`n-ap-J° - m-c≥ Ft∂mSp Ipd®p IqsS tN¿∂n-cp-∂p. ˛ ssewKn- I - X - s b- ° p- d n®v C∂p s]mXpsh \ΩpsS \m´n¬ \ne-hn-ep≈ ]c-ºc- m-KX - a- mb ]pcp-jm-[n-]Xy ˛ bmYmÿn-XnI \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒs°-Xnsc sNdpØp \n¬°m\pw kv{Xo ˛ ]pcpj Xpey-Xb - n¬ ASn-ÿm-\a- m-°n-bXpw kv{Xo hncp-≤a- mb ]g-©≥ I]S kZm-Nmc aqey-ßsf i‡n-

bp‡w FXn¿°p-∂X - p-amb kao-]\ - ß - ƒ \mw hnI-kn-∏n-s®-Sp-t°-≠-Xp≠v F∂v DØ-c-hm-Zn-Xz-t_m-[-ap≈ Hcp ]nsº∂ \nebv°p Xm¶ƒ°p tXm∂p-∂pt≠m? ˛ Bthm... ˛ Hcp \nan-jw. {]ikvX ssewKnI sXmgn- e m- f n- b mb kmhn{Xn ssee Ct∏mƒ sse\n-ep-≠.v Ah-cpsS A`n-{]mb-a-dn-bm≥ Xo¿®-bmbpw t{]£-I¿°p BImw-£b - p-≠m-Ipw. A`n-ap-J° - m-c≥ t^m¨ Id-°n.

36


˛ taUw tIƒ°mtam? ˛ tIƒ°mw. ˛ ssewKn-I-sØm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sSbpw ssewKnI \yq\-]-£-ß-fp-sSbpw AhImi ka-cß - ƒ°p t\sc s^an-\n-Ãp-Iƒ {]I-Sn-∏n-°p∂ Ak-ln-jW v p- Xsb Xm¶sf-ßns\ hne-bn-cpØp∂p? kmhn{Xn: Chn-SsØ s^an-\n-Ãp-Iƒ XpS¿∂p t]mcp∂ hnIvtSm-dn-b≥ kZm-Nmc \nb-a߃ \mw am‰n-sb-Sp-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. Rßsf kw_-‘n-®n-St- Øm-fw...

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

...£an-°W - w. sse≥ I´m-bn. anÿ tKm]m-eI - r-jW v \ - n-te°p Xncn®p hcmw. A`n-ap-J° - m-c≥ ho≠pw Fs‚ t\sc Xncn-™p,. tIa-dbpw. \√-hÆw hnb¿°p∂p-≠.v HcpØ≥ h∂v apJw ]Xps° H∏nsb-Sp-Øp. Ãm¿´v. sXm∏n-°m-c≥ ho≠pw ˛ kmhn{Xn ssee ]d-™Xv Xm¶ƒ tI´pImWp-as- √m. AtX-°p-dn®v F¥p ]dbp∂p? F¥p ]d-bm≥. Hmtcm-cp-Øc- psS hb‰p-∏n-g∏ - .v ]d™p XpS-ßn-bXp apgp-hn-°m-\mhmsX Rm≥ ]nS-™p. Hcp •mkv sh≈w Rm\-ht- cmSp tNmZn-®p. I´v. sXm∏n-°m-c-\Xp ]nSn-®n-s√∂p tXm∂p-∂p. tIad ho≠pw A`n-ap-J° - m-c\ - n-te°p Xncn-™p. ˛ {]ikvX Fgp-Øm-cnbpw kmwkvImcnI {]h¿Ø-I-bp-amb AUz. _nμp {]kmZv Ct∏mƒ Rß-fpsS tImgn-t°mSv ÃpUn-tbm-bn-ep-≠.v ˛ AUz. _nμp. tIƒ°mtam? ˛ sbkv. ˛ ssewKnIXbpsS kmwkvIm-cnI ]cn-t{]£yw F∂ N¿®-bn-te°p kzmKXw. C∂sØ kml- N - c y- Ø n¬ skIvkh v ¿°v BIvSo-hn-Ãp-If - psS {]k‡n-sb-¥mWv? AUz. _nμp: R߃°v Dƒs°m-≈m\m-hmØ hn[w hnhn[ kmaq-lnI hn`mK- ß ƒ Ah- c psS kzXzsØ ]p\¿\n¿Æbw sNøm-s\m-cp-ßp-tºmƒ AXv BtKmf aqe-[\ - Ø - ns‚ KqVm-temN-\b - mbn Nne¿ ImWp-∂p. CØ-cs - amcp sX‰n-≤m-cW - sb \mw adnIS-t°-≠X - p-≠.v C∂sØ kml-Nc- y-Øn¬.. samss_-en-te°p t\m°n. F´p-]Øv ankvUv tImfp-≠v. CXn-ßs\ XpS¿∂p t]mbm¬ C∂v Fs‚ Ip´n-Iƒ ]´n-Wnbn-em-hpw. Rm≥ ]Xps° Fgp-t∂-‰p. A`n-ap-J° - m-c≥ Fs∂ ]nSn-®n-cp-Øn. πokv , h¨ an\n‰v tIad ho≠pw R߃°p-t\-sc˛ ˛ Ah-km\ambn Hcp tNmZyw. anÿ tKm]m-eI - r-jW v ≥. ]pØ≥ sImtfm-Wnb-enkw kaq-lsØ as‰mcp Xc-Øn¬ th´-bm-Sp-tºmƒ \n߃ ]nºp-I-fpsS ˛ Iq´n-s°m-Sp-∏p-Im-cpsS ˛ \ne-\n¬]ns\¥p {]k‡n? F\n-°ßp Xcn®p s]mßn. \nb-{¥n°m-\m-bn-√. ssIhoin Rm\hs‚ apJsØm∂p sImSp-Øp. ]ns∂ t\sc sXcphn-te-°n-dß - n. k‘y ab-ßn-Øp-Sß - p-∂p. \√ Im‰p≠v. IrjvtW-´m, H∂p \nt∂

]n≥hiØp \n∂p≈ hnfn tI´v Xncn™p t\m°n-b-t∏mƒ, inh-cm-P≥. as‰mcp _p≤n-Pohn. ˛ IrjvtW-´s- \-s°m-s≠mcp Imcy-≠.v hm, B ]m¿°n¬ t]mbn-cn-°mw. ˛ ]m¿°n¬ \√ Xncn-°p-≠.v Hgn™ Hcp aqe-bn-en-cp-∂p. ˛ IrjvtW´m \ap-s°mcp ]pkvXIw Cd-°n-bm-tem. Hcm-flI - Y - . Hm¿Ω-°p-dn-∏pI-sfms°bmbn´v. IrjvWt- \-´\v Hcp-]mSv A\p-`h - ß - f - n-t√.. ˛ a\- n-em-bn-√. ˛ Ct∏mƒ \ΩpsS `mtjev CXn\p \√ Unta‚m. Bfl-IY - bvt°. I≠ns√ ssewKnI sXmgn-em-fn-If - pw lnP-UI - fpw kzh¿§m-\p-cm-Kn-Ifpw t]meo-kp-Imcpw \Ivk-sse-‰p-Ifpw sF F F p-Imcpw Hs° CsXmcp sXmgn-em-°n-bn-cn-°ym. \√ k¿°p-te-j\m F√m‰n\pw ˛ AXn\v? -˛ Hcp ssI t\m°ymtem IrjvtW´m. Hcp Iq´n-s°m-Sp-∏p-Im-cs‚ Bfl-IY CXp-hsc Bcpw Cd-°n-bn-´n-√. \aps°m∂p {ian-®m-tem. BZyw GsX-¶nepw BgvN-∏-Xn-∏ntem k¨tU FUn-j\ntem hm¿jn-I-∏-Xn-∏n-tem. ]ns∂ ]pkvXI - w. \√ tdmb¬´nbpw In´pw... ˛ AXn\v F\nbv ° v kmln- X ysam∂pw Adn-bn-√s√m inh-cm-Pm. ˛ IrjvtW-´≥ hnj-an-t°-≠. Hm¿Ωbn¬ hcp-∂-sXms° Cßp ]d™p X∂m¬ aXn. _m°n-sbms° Rm\m-bnt°m-fpw. ˛ thtWm? thWw. hcp-am-\s- ams° Ipd-™p-sIm≠n-cn-°W v ka-ba- s- √. Cßn-\sØ km[\-߃°v Ct∏mƒ \√ Unam‚m. sIm√Øn¬Xs∂ A©pw Bdpw ]Xn-∏m. \∂mbn ]Ww hmcmw... ˛ Rms\m∂v Btem-Nn-°s - ´. ˛ Btem-Nn-°m-s\m-∂p-an-√. IrjvtW´≥ Cu Bbp p apgp-h≥ ]Wn-sbSpØmepw C{X In´-Øn-√. H∂p kΩXw aqfn-bm¬ aXn. _m°n Rm\m-bn-t°m-fmw. ˛ Rm≥ ]tdWvXv \o ]I¿Øn-bm¬ AsX-ß\m Bfl-IY - b - m-hp-∂X - .v ..? Ct∏m CsXmcp s{S≥Um. tIs´-gp-Ø.v IrjvtW-´≥ ]d-t™m-fq. Rm≥ ]I¿Ønt°m-fmw. ˛ AXp icn-bm-hq-√. AXn-s\mcp ]Wn-bp-≠v. ]pkvX-IØns‚ t]cp Xs∂ Aßn-s\-bm-°n-°f-bmw... ˛ Ft¥m∂v? ˛ Bfl-IY t]mse Ft¥m H∂v. Aßn-s\, Fgp-X-s∏-SmsX t]mb Fs‚ PohnXw Rm≥ Hm¿Ω-If - n¬ NnIs™-Sp-°m≥ XpS-ßn.

37


IhnX

tImc\pw Imehpw tPm¨ No°-\m¬

hc hbv°kv tehv Ip{]n-bm-t\mhv BIm-ia- mtI Hcp Ip´n°v hc-°m-\m-hn√ Hcp IS-emtI Hcp Ip´n°v hc-°m-\m-hn√ Ah≥ hc-°p-tºmƒ {[ph tcJ-Iƒ Htc ÿm\-tØ-s°-Øp-∂n√ kam-¥c tcJ-Iƒ sI´p-]n-Wb - p∂p ho¿∏n® _eq-Wp-Isf BIm-iØ - ns‚ kzmX-{¥y-Øn-te°v ]d-Øp-∂p. GtIm-]\ - Ø - ns‚ N´-߃ Ah≥ ]men-°p-∂n-√. AXn-cp-Is- f-°p-dn-®p≈ k¶ev]w ˛ Ah\v ˛ A\y-am-Wv. {]Xo-£t- b-°mƒ Db¿∂-X√ ae-ap-Is- f∂h≥ hniz-kn-°p∂p Zp:JtØ-°mƒ Bgw IS-en-\n-s√∂pw Ah≥ hniz-kn-°p∂p kt¥mjw `qantb°mƒ s]cp-Xm-sW∂pw! `qan-°˛v Hcp Ip´n-bpsS lrZ-bt- Ømfw hen-∏a- n-s√∂pw Ah≥ Icp-Xp∂p! Ah-ew_w: tkmhn-b‰v en‰-td-®¿ amkn-I hnh¿Ø\w: kn sI a[p

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

tImcm CXv ssk_¿ Xmgvhc- I - f - n¬ *C ˛ hk¥w hnS-cp∂ DØ-cm-[p-\nI Imew! \ns‚ Iqcbpw I™n-bn-√m-°p-ºnfpw C\n-sbßpw Xnc™p \S-t°≠ ]Icw BtKmf {Kmaw. tImw kμ¿in-°pI; In\m-hp-Is - f-√m-sam-Sp-ßn-b˛\ns‚ inc- n-s\˛ XSn®p sImgpØ Hcp-Se - p-ambn _‘n-°p∂ ]pØ≥ tam¿^nwKv Zriyhpw AhnsS \n\-°m-sbm-cp-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. AXn-\mbn Hcp \nan-js - a-¶n-epw, \o \ns∂-Øt∂ ad-°pI * Ce-Ivt{Sm-WnIv hk¥w

38


IhnX

]®-bpsS \m\m¿∞-߃ AK-Ãn≥ Ip´-s\-√q¿ ]®; D≈n¬ Xnc-bS- n-°p∂ alm-k¶ - S- ß - sf kvt\l-Øns‚ lcn-Xh - ¿Æ-Øn-ee - n-bn®v ]Z-ßf - n¬ IcpW ck-߃ Nmen®v Xo¿°m≥ \mw ad-∂p-t]mb Hcp ac-XI temIw "IØnbpw' "Icnbpw' \ap°o ]mX-tbm-cØ - g- n-®p-hbv°mw

\yq¢n-b¿

]®; Idp-I\ - m-ºmbpw alm-KW - n-bmbpw `qan-bpsS AS-cp-If - n¬ ]pcm-X\ thcpI-fq∂n t]¿Øpw t]¿Øpw AXns\ ]pjv]n-Wn-bm-°n-bh - ƒ Cf-\m-ºp- In-fn¿°p∂ B Hm¿Ωbv°v Hcn-e -ap-f-®n-sb-¶nepw Cu `qan°p \¬Imw ]®; {]W-bm¿{Z-amb angn-If - nse ]pecn \£-{X-Øns‚ Inc-Wt- a‰v Bflm-hns‚ lcnX Xoc-ßf - n¬ Ft∂m Xfn¿Øp-e™ Hcp ]®-ØpcpØv C∂v k¿Δw IS-se-Sp-Øp-t]mb AXns‚ XocØv hnip≤ {]W-bØ - ns‚ DS-em¿∂ Nn∏nIsf Ime-Øns‚ Xnc-Iƒ Dcp-´n-s°m-≠p-hcp-sa∂v shdpsX \Ωƒ Icp-Xn-bn-cn-°p∂p A\m-Zn-bmb tl Imesa FhnsS \o R߃°p \¬Inb i{Xphns\-t∏mepw \ncm-bp-[\ - m-°p∂ B ]® Nncn? FhnsS ]\n\o¿ss]-Xß - sf tImcn-sb-Sp-°p∂ B Xfncp lrZ-bß - ƒ? FhnsStbmSn-sbm-fn-®p, NndIp Ipg-™h - ƒ°p tNt°-dm≥ EXp]¿Æ-\mbv imJn-Iƒ hnS¿Ønb B buΔ-\Ø - p-Sn-∏p-Iƒ? AXv ]®-bpsS \m\m¿∞-߃ I≠p-Ipfn¿∂ Hcp lcn-XI - mew

ImWm-\m-fn-s√-∂mepw Im¿´q¨ hnS¿Øp∂q Hcp ]mhw sSen-hn-j≥ ImWm-\n-cp∂ sNdn-sbm-cmƒ Ifn-∏m´w tXSn Xe-Io-gmbn _°-‰nepw s\‰n≥ Im´n-sem-c— - ≥ ]mkvthUn≥ hgn-ad- ∂pw Hmh-\n¬ ]pI-s™mcp kz]v\Ø - n≥ h¿W-s°-b° v n¬ HcΩbpw izmkw ap´n-∏n-S™ Xv I≠n-√m-∏m-hw...!

{]Zo]v t]cbw 2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

39


t\mh¬

t\mh¬ ]Xn-\mev

tKmep-hns‚ tdUntbm ]d-bmsX hnSp-∂Xv

Fw.-sI. Jcow

ssI

h-cn-bpsS ac-hn-∏v. a™n¬ \jvS-s∏´ \ncØpw hr£-ßfpw.....-F-hn-tS°p t\m°n-bmepw ]pI am{Xw. H∂p ]pd-Øn-dß - W - s- a-∂p-≠.v F{Xsb∂p h®m apdn-bn¬ AS-bn-cn-°p-I. ^lZv apdn ]q´n CS-\m-gn-bn-eqsS \S∂v dnk-]vj\v Acn-sI-sb-Øn. "km_v Fhn-tS°m?' dnk-]j v \ - nÃv tNmZn-®p. "H∂p Idßn hcmw....' "F¥n\m Ad-hp-I-Øn°p IgpØp \o´p-∂Xv? c≠p Znhkw IqSn £an-®m¬ t]mtc; a™p Ipd-bs - ´....' "ac-WØ - n\v Chn-tS°pw Ibdn hcmat√m!' "km_vs‚ CjvSw...' sXm´- c nsI Hcmƒ FØn- b m¬ t]mepw ImWn-√. I´-Ip-Ønb a™v. sIme°pw _em-’w-K-Øn\pw CWßnb ]›m-Øe - w. t\cnb `bw C√m-sX-b-√. BcpsStbm hnc¬ Im©n-he - n-°m≥ Hcp-ßp∂Xp t]mse. tXm°ns‚ D∂w Xm\m-hpw.... A≈m- _ - I vkns‚ hN- \ - ß ƒ Hm¿Øp:

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

hm¿Ø ChnsS FØn-t√..... "AXp icn-b-√, A≈m-_-Ivkv...... sNøp∂ ]Wn- b n¬ Bflm¿∞X thWw...' "Hm ]nt∂ Hcm-flm¿∞-X....-\Ω - s- f{X ]{X-°msc I≠n-cn-°p-∂p. Nne t`mjvI∑m-cp-≠v, s]Æpw atZym-am-bn´v apdo-eß - pX-ßpw.....-Rm-s\{X hm¿Ø sImSp-Øn-cn°p-∂p.....-ip-≤\ - p-WI - f - pw.....' "F√mcpw Aß-s\-b√ - ....' "km_vs\-t]mse Ipsd-t]¿ D≠msb-¶n¬, Cu \mSv hj-fm-hn-√mbn-cp-∂p. t]\ ]nSn-°m-\dnbm∂ph®v BSn-s\-bßv ]´n-bm-°p-I.' a™n¬ km{μ- a mb k¥q- d ns‚ kwKo-Xw. Bcp-sStbm {hWn-X-lr-Zbw ]mSp-∂p. ac-WØ - ns‚ Ci¬°m-‰v. C∂sesb sImØn-∏-dn-°p∂ ac-W-Øns‚ sIm°v....-bm{X Xncn°pw apºv tZlo tZl Iem-]w..... hI-Xn-cn-hn-√msX •m n¬ aZy-samgn®p sh≈w tN¿°msX IpSn®p Nodn XpS®p A≈m-_Ivkv sRfn™p

"shSn-bp≠ Ib-dnb s\©n¬ tNmc-bpsS IpXn-∏v.....-K-k¬ s\mº-c-ambn a™v.....-a-[p-NjIw \o´q, aøØp aZn-®p-dß-s´...' aZyw aqØm¬ ]ns∂ Abmƒ ]mSn-Øp-Sß - pw. Kkep-Iƒ F∂mWv Ah-Im-ih - mZw. F¥m-bmepw tI´n-cn°m≥ ck-am-W.v A ≈ m - _ I v k v temUvPnse Xq∏p-Im-c\ - m-W.v B Ccp- \ ne sI´n- S - Ø n¬ Abm-fpsS temIw HXp-ßp-∂p. k©m-cn-I-fn¬ \n∂pw clkyw tNm¿Øn as‰mcp ImXn¬ FØn°pI. AXn-\n-S-bn¬ Abm-fp-sSXmb Iq´n-t®¿°-ep-Iƒ \S-∂n-cn°pw. IqSp- X ¬ ASp- Ø - h ¿ Abmsf tdUntbm F∂mWp hnfn- ° p- I . AXn¬ Abmƒ {]tXy-In-s®mcp kpJw A\p-`h - n°p-∂p-≠.v "Xmgvhc-bn¬ Idßn XSn tISm-°≠ km_v' c≠p Ip∏n dw Nne- h m- ° n- b m¬ aXn

40


\n∂p. At∏mƒ B \mhn¬ \n∂pw Kk¬ s]m´n-ho-gp-sa-∂mWp [cn-®-Xv. ]t£ Abm-sfmcp knK-c‰p tNmZn-®p. AXp In´nb-t∏mƒ Nc-km-Wv DØaw F∂p hmZn-®p. At∏mƒ F¥p-sImt≠m Abm-fpsS {]IS-\Ø - n¬ ckw tXm∂n. £W-Øn¬ aZyØn¬ knK-c‰p Nmcw X´n-bn´p AXpw IpSn®p. "ac-WsØ°pdn®v B¿°pw Hcp t_m[-hpw C√ km_v....' "AsX¥m A≈m-_Ivk?v ' "Fs‚ Nn¥ icn-sb-¶n¬ ac-tWm∂v ]d-b-WXv HcpXcw P]vXn-bm...-Po-hs\ P]vXn-sN-bX v p-sIm-t≠m-hp-I...' "AXv sIm≈m-tem.. Ipd-®p-IqSn IpSnt®m-fq..-\√ Dƒ°mgvN In´pw...' "km_vs‚ tXm∂-em. XSmIw \ndsb aZyw....-A-Xn¬ ]X™p \nd-™mepw A≈m-_Ivkv Ipep-ßn-√....' tS]vsd-t°m¿U¿ Hm¨ sNbvXp. IhnXsb tIƒ]n-°p-I. Z¥-tKm-]p-c-ß-fn¬ ^ntem-k^n tXSp∂ Ahƒ°-sXmcp sR´-em-hpw. "sX≠n-bptSw cmPm-hnt‚w ac-Ww. Hcmƒ Nmhp-∂p. at‰ Bƒ Xos∏-Sp-∂p.' A≈m-_Ivkv ]d™p: "{Inb H∂m-bn´p IqSn hN\w s]mß®w Im´p-∂p......-F¥ - psIm≠p cmPmhv NØq∂v ]d-bW - n-√.' "icn-bm-W.v ..' "ihw Igp-I\p Xo‰-bm-h-s´...-J-_dns‚ XWpØ Ccp-´n¬ hn{i-an-°-s´. AXp-as - √-¶n¬ Xobn¬....-ac- Ww ac-Wa- mWv...... If-Øn¬ \n∂pw sh´n-am-‰s∏-Sp-I.....-G-Im-¥X tXmdpw GIm- ¥ - a mb k©m- c w. AXn¬ sNt¶mtem IncoStam A\p-Ka- n-°n-√t- √m! sXcp- h ntem saØbntem InS-°p∂ ih-Øn\v H∂-\ß - W - s - a-¶n¬ ]c- lmbw thWw. Al¥°p In´m-hp∂ G‰hpw henb in£. aJ≥knw-Kns‚ acWw h¿j-߃°p ]pd-In-en-cp∂p Xpdn-®pt\m- ° n. A∂v tdUntbm Cμn- c bpsS ac-WsØ Ipdn®mWp hmNm-e-am-bXv. Cμnc Aa¿ ctl.... tdUn-tbmbn¬ \n∂pw 2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

sSen-hn-j\ - n-te°p Hgp-Inb ac-WØ - ns‚ D’-hw..... icocw shSn™p \S-°p∂Xn-\n-Sbn¬ ]p©n- c n- t bmsS aJ≥knwKv ]d™p: "\ΩpsS {Kma-Ønepw sSen-hn-j≥ Ah-Xc- n-®n-cn-°p-∂p....'C-μn-cm-h[ - sØ Ce-Itv {Sm-WnIv hnπh-tØm-Sp-tN¿Øp hmbn-®t-Z-ln-Iƒ. ImgvNb - psS s]m¥-Iƒ tXmdpw Fcn-™S-ßnb Nn¥.... Zn√n-bn¬ t]mImsX ap\n-kn-∏¬ B∏o-kn\p ap∂ntem kzoI-c-W-ap-dnbntem Ccp∂v Ah-cm- Im-gN v b - psS elcn \pW-™p. cm{Xn-tbsd sN∂-t∏mƒ I_-‘ß - fpsS kwJy s]cp-In. AXp \ne-hnfn∏pgbmbn amdp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Ah-bn¬ Hcmfmbn \nkw-KX - t- bmsS aJ≥knwKv \n∂p: "Fs‚bpw \nß-fp-sSbpw sIme-Iƒ...C-μn-cb - psS sIme....-AX - n\p sSen-hn-j≥ ]pXnb A¿∞w Na-bv°p-∂p. sSen-hnjs‚ X®≥ Hcp-°nb X{¥w. Ahs‚ Dev]∂w Ffp∏w hn‰-b-gn-bm≥ Is≠Ønb am¿§w...\mw sIm√-s∏-Sp-I...' ^lZv \niz-kn-®p. tKmep-hns‚ tdUntbm-sb-°mƒ F{Xtbm i‡-amWv sSenhn-js‚ `mj. ImgvN-bpsS temIØp hncp-s∂m-cp°n ]Xps° Nn¥°p I{XnI hbv°p-I. ]ns∂ ]mh IWs° \oßns°m-≈p-at- √m.! Z¿K-bv°-cnsI a™n\v Ab-hp-≠v. Ip¥n-cn-°-Øn-s‚bpw km{ºm-Wn-bpsSbpw ]pI-bn¬ `‡n-tbmsS \nev°p∂ ]WvUn-‰p-Ifpw ap…o-ßf - pw. aXw GXm-bmse¥v _m_ Ah¿°p kz¥w. B km∂n≤yw tXSn ssaep-Iƒ Xm≠n Ahsc-Øp-∂p. `‡n-km-{μ-amb A¥-co-£Øn¬ aX-ssa-{Xn-bpsS tijn-∏v.....-AXp XI¿°m≥ Hcp shSn-bp-≠bv°pw Ign-bmsX-t]m-Is- ´. Xte cm{Xn-bn¬ B Z¿Ksb Ipdn®v A≈m-_Ivkv ]d-™n-cp∂p: "]mIn-ÿm≥ sXmSp-°p∂ Hmtcm shSn-bp-t≠w C¥y≥ ap…o-ans‚ N¶nem sIm≈p-t∂. kXyw ]d-™m¬ C…mans\ XI¿°m≥ C{k-tb¬ ]WnX N´pIam ]mIn-ÿm≥....' "Fhn-Sp∂p In´n A≈m-_-Ivkn\p Cu hnh-cw.' "AXn\v henb ]Tn-s∏-¥n\v. IÆpw ImXpw Xpd∂p ]nSn-°p-I. C…m-ans‚ i{Xp-°fv ap…o-ßf - m...' "Rm\nXv Fgp-Xpw....' "Fs‚ t]cv hbv ° - t √. Ipd®p Imtemw IqSn Pnhn-t®m-s´..' Z¿K-°-cnsI \nev°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂

bphm-hns‚ apJØv \nkw-KX {]I-Sa- m-bn. AXn-\p-apºv Ahs\ ]e-h´w temUvPn¬ I≠n-´p-≠v. au\-Øns‚ apJm-h-c-WØn¬.... ASp-Øp-sN-∂t- ∏mƒ Ah≥ ]cn-Nbw \Sn-®n-√. B ]pI-bn¬ hyY-Iƒ Cd°n as‰mcp temIw tXSp-I. kz¥w aÆn¬ `ocp-°f - mbn Pohn-°m≥ hn[n-°s - ∏-´h - ¿. Btcm sNbvX ]m]-Øn\v ]cn-lm-cs- a∂ \ne-bn¬ Fcn™p Xocp-I. A[n-Im-cØn\v Ah-s\mcp hnj-bsa A√. Bcp NØm-se-¥.v ... Xte-cm-{Xn-bn¬, Hgn™ {_m≠nIp∏n H®-tbmsS tai-ta¬ h®p A≈m_Ivkv tNmZn-®p: "a\p-jy-cn-s√-¶n¬ a{¥n-am¿ F¥p sNøpw?' ]≠p hmbn® Ipam¿ Nmhve-bpsS Ihn-Xb - n¬ AXn-\p-ka- m-\a- mb tNmZy-ßfp-≠t√m? Im‰n-s√-¶n¬ ag F¥p-sNøpw? cm{Xnbn-s√-¶n¬ ]I¬?? IpSn-bm-\n-s√-¶n¬ P∑n? "km_v F¥m Btem-Nn-°tW? henb _p≤n-Po-hn-sbms° Bbn-´v....' "F∂p Rm≥ ]d-™n-√t√m A≈m_-Ik v .v ....-\n-ßf - psS tNmZy-Øn\v DØcw tXSp-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p....' "AXn\v \ΩpsS s{_bn≥ F¥n\p ]mgm-°W - w....-JP - \ - mhp hoXw h®v Ah¿ as‰m-cnSw tXSpw....-A-[n-Im-c-an-s√-¶n¬ Ah¿°v Pohn-°m-\m-hn-√....' temUv P p- a p- d n- I - f n¬ hncn- ∏ p- I ƒ IpS™p hrØn-bm-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ A≈m-_Ivkv Xs∂ tXSp-∂p-≠m-hpw. C∂-bmƒ°v aZyw In´n-°m-Wn-√. bm{Xbn¬ Abmƒ D≠m-hW - a- m-bn-cp-∂p. \n¿∫‘n-s®-¶n¬ t]mt∂-s\.... ]cn-k-csØ ac-ß-fn¬ shSn-bp≠ Xo¿Ø apdn-hp-Iƒ. hc≠ Ihn-X-bpsS tXmsf√v. Bflm-hns‚ aßnb t\m´w. ^lZv bphm-hns‚ tXmfn¬ ssIh®p. Ah≥ ]I-®p. i{Xp ASp-sØ-Øn F∂ t_m[-amhmw. Bscbpw hniz-kn°m≥ sIm≈mØ Np‰p-]m-Sns‚ k¥-Xn. "£an-°W - w....' ^lZv ]d-™p. XpS¿∂p tIƒ°m≥ £a-bn-√m-™nt´m, ssI X´n-am‰n Ah≥ thKw \S-∂p. Xe-Ip-ºn´v CSw-hew t\m°msX Cc...-an\n-k{v Io-\n\p t_m[n-°mØ {]I-S\ - w.... Xpd- p-`q-an-bn¬ k¥q-dns‚ kwKoXw Hgp-In-∏-c-∂p. AXns‚ Dd-hnSw tXSn FØn-bXv ]mXn-tbmfw \new s]mØnb hoSn\p ap∂n¬... ap‰-Øn-cp∂p Xo Im-™p k¥q¿ hmbn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p Ing-h≥. Xobn¬ Np≈n-Iƒ s]dp-°n-bn´p AcnsI bph-Xn.

41


kwKo-XØ - n¬ GtXm KX-Im-ek - av c- W-bpsS G‰n-d-°-߃. ]cn-k-cØp XI¿∂ hoSp-I-fpsS Ah-in-jvS-ß-fn¬ a™p-ta-bp-∂p. ^l-Zns‚ km∂n≤yw bph-Xnsb `bs∏-Sp-Øn. Ahƒ Ing-h\p ]n∂n¬ HXpßn. £W-Øn¬ Abm-fpsS ssI hncn∏n-\-Sn-bn¬ \o≠p. AhnsS \n∂pw tXms°-SpØp \o´n. ^lZv ]I-®p. "Rm≥ i{Xp-h√ - ...' "]v^q....' Abmƒ \o´n-Xp-∏n. "NØp Ign-™mhpw apJw-aqSn Agn-bp-I. a\pjy≥...-hn-iz-kn-°m≥ sIm≈mØ Ccp-Imen.....' "kwKoXw tI´m h∂-Xv. Zpcp-t±-isam∂pw C√. _p≤n-ap-s´-¶n¬ Rm≥ t]mtb-°mw...' Abmƒ Nn¥m-a· - \ - m-bn. A{X°p Dd∏p-t]m-cm. A{Ian GsXms° thjam AWn-bp-I. ChnsS kwKo-Xm-kz-ZI - \ - mb i{Xp....-A-bmƒ B s]¨Ip-´n-bpsS apJØp t\m°n. Ahƒ ]d-™p: "]mthm∂m tXm∂-W.v ..' Abmƒ°-sXmcp Dd-∏m-Wv. Abmƒ tXm°p Xmsg-sh-®p, hncn-∏p-sIm≠p aqSn. Fs∂-¶nepw {]Xy-£s - ∏-Sp∂ i{Xpsh IcpXn Hcp shSn-bp-≠. Nne-t∏mƒ Hm¿°msX-b-√. B D≠-°-∏pdw hf-cp∂ i{Xp\n-c. At∏mƒ {]Xn-tcm-[-an-√m-sØmcp Iogvs∏-S¬... "apwXmkv Fs‚ t]c-aI - f - m....-Hcp IpSpw_-Øn¬ Ahtf _m°n-bp-≈q...'-In-gh - ≥ XmSn-bp-gn-™p: "bm A√m-lv...' Ah-fpsS ssIØ-≠b - nse \oe Rcºv. Ahƒ \\™ \nem-hp-t]m-se... Ahsft∏mse Hcp Ip™p-s]-߃ X\n°v C√msX t]mb-t√m... "Imivao-cn\p ]pdØv AΩ-am¿ {]khn-°p-∂Xv kz]v\ß - f - n-te-°v....' Ing-h≥ ]d™p: "Chn-sStbm BcpsS im]am R߃....?' kz¥w aÆnse A`-bm¿∞n. Ahs‚ IÆp-\o-cn\p sSen-kv{Io-\n¬ CS-an-√. "]s≠mcp a{¥n-]p-{Xnsb `oI-c¿ dm©n-b-t∏mƒ F¥p ]pIn-em-bn-cp∂p. temIw Ic™p {]m¿∞n-®p. Ahsf c£n-°m≥ cmPysØ sajn-\-dn-bpsS ]¶∏m-S.v ..' A∂v sSen-k{v Io-\p-Iƒ \ne-hn-fn-°pI-bm-bn-cp-∂t√m! ho¿∏-S° - nb P\-X.... "Ipt™, a{¥n ]p{Xnbpw km[m-cW - °m-cnbpw XΩn-se¥v hyXymkw? \ap-°Xnse ÿnXn-ka- Xzw ]nSn-In-´p-∂n-√...' Ing-h≥ \ni-_vZ\ - m-bn. B \ni-_vZX-bn¬ aJ≥knw-Kns‚ ihw Xpdn-®p-t\m°n..

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

sXcp-hn¬ F{Xtbm knJp-Im¿ sIm√s∏´p! F{Xtbm t]¿ _em-’w-KØ - n\p Cc-bm-bn.... Cμn-c-bpsS Poh\p ]I-c-ambn ]c»Xw Ipcp-Xn-Iƒ... "h≥acw hogp-tºmƒ `qIºw D≠m-Ip∂Xpw sNdp-sN-SnIfpw IoS-ßfpw NX-™c-bp-∂Xpw kzm`m-hn-Iw....' tdUn-tbm-bn-eqsS ]pd-Øp-h∂ B hN- \ - ß ƒs°- ¥ p Icp- Ø v . AXn\p ap∂n¬ Zo£- [ - c n® _p≤n-Po-hn-Iƒ. ]s£ _mdnse aßnb sh´-Øn-en-cp∂v shdpsamcp SmIvkn ss{Uh¿ {]Jym]n-®p: "P\-Øns‚ Nne-hn¬ thm´p-hmßn A[n-Im-cØn¬ FØp∂ h≥h≥a-cw. thm´p-sNbvXh - ≥ IoS-hpw.....-ae - a- q{X-hn-k¿÷ytI-{μ-w F∂p ]d-bm-™Xp `mKyw...' as‰m-cmƒ _nb¿Ip∏n DS®p Abmƒ°p ap∂n¬ NmSn hoWp: "AXp-am{Xw ]db-cp-X.v ...' "t]mSm ]pt√....i- h - Ø ns‚ sNehnem sSen-hn-j≥ It®mSw sImgp-°tW....' BZysØ IpØv Igp- Ø n- t \- ‰ p. Hcp ]p©n-cn-tbmsS BSn\n-∂b - mƒ ]pd-tIm´p adn-™p-ho-Wp. Ccp-´n-s‚bpw a™n-s‚bpw ZrV-X. s\cn-t∏m-Sn-\c - nsI Inghs‚ IÆp-Xn-fß - n. Abmsfmcp {KŸ-ambn amdp-Ib - m-bncp- ∂ p. Abm- f n- e qsS temIsØ ]Tn-°p-I.... Acn- { ]m- h ns‚ Ne- \ tØmsS Hcp I∏p Nmb \o´n apwXmkv \n∂p. ]mhw, Zpc-¥Øn- t e°p Im¬ \o´nb IYm-]m-{Xw. Ing-h≥ \o´nb Npcp-´n¬ ]pI™ Bflm-h.v AhnsS \n∂pw aS-ßm≥ a\- \ - p-hZn-®n-√. Ah-cn¬ Hcm-fmbn IqSm-\p≈ B{K-lw.

"C\ow ImWmw _m_m....' "F¥m-Wp-d∏v! a™n¬ ]Xn-bn-cn°p∂ acWw \ns∂tbm Fs∂tbm dm©pw....' D≈n-semcp shSn-bp≠ Xd™ {]XoXn. Xs‚ acWw. Hm¿°p-tºmƒ ssIIm¬ hnd-®p-t]m-bn. ImXn¬ X´nb Ing-hs‚ s\Sp-\n-izm-kh - pw.... (Xp-Sc- pw)

42


kmt¶-XnI imkv{Xw

hnhc hn\n-a-b-Øns‚ {]Imi irwJ-e-Iƒ A≥k¿ XmPv

C

¥ym D]- ` q- J - fi - Ø nse C‚¿s\‰v _‘w XS-ks - ∏-´Xv Ign™ hmcw hm¿Ø-bnse kw`-h-sa∂Xn\∏pdw hyh-km-bnI ˛ am[ya taJ-eb - nse \m\m-hn[ {]h¿Ø-\ß - sf ]tcm-£a- msb-¶nepw _m[n® kw`-ha- m-bn-cp-∂t- √m. IS-en-\-Sn-Ø-´n-eqsS hnhn[ cmPy-߃ XΩn¬ _‘n-∏n-®n-´p≈ tI_n-ƒ irwJe-bn¬ Hcp I∏¬ \¶q-ca- n-´X - p-ambn _‘s∏´v krjvSn-°-s∏´ XS-k-amWv C¥y, ]mIn- ÿ m≥, Kƒ^v cmPy- ß - f nse hm¿Øm ˛ hnhc hn\n-ab irwJ-esb Xmdp-am-dm-°n-bX - .v CXv ]cn-lc- n-°m≥ GItZiw c≠mgvN kabw FSp-tØ-°pw. H∏w a‰v Nm\-ep-Iƒ hgn XS-k-s∏´ _‘w ]p\xÿm-]n-°m-\p-≈ XzcnX {]h¿Ø-\ß - f - n-emWv Cu cmPy-ßf - nse sSetImw hnZ-K≤ v ¿. \K-cØ - n-te°v ip≤Pew sIm≠p-h-cp∂ ss]∏v sse\n¬ s]m´-ep-≠m-bm¬ \K-ch - m-kn-Iƒ Zpcn-X°-bØ - n-em-Ip-at- √m. CXn\v kam-\a- mb Ah-ÿ-bmWv sSetImw D]-t`m-‡m°ƒ°n-S-bn¬ kw`-hn-®-Xv. a‰v hnh-c-hn\n-ab ss]∏v sse\n-eqsS sSetImw _‘w ]p\:ÿm]n-°m≥ km[n-®t- ∏mƒ, ^e-Øn¬ irwJe samØ-Øn¬ Xs∂ "{Sm^nIvPmw' Bhp-Ibpw sNbvXp. BZy- I m- e Øv teml Iºn- I - f neqsSbmWv hm¿Øm-hn\n-ab irwJe D≠m-°n-bX - .v F∂m¬ Ime-tasd ]ptcmK-an-®t- XmsS Ht´sd D]-t`m-‡m-°f - psS Bhiyw \nd-th-‰m≥ H]vSn-°¬ IW-ISv nhn-‰n-bpsS \h-km-[y-X-Iƒ hm¿Øm ˛ hnhc hn\n-ab irwJ-e-Iƒ°mbn D]tbm-Kn®v XpS-ßn. ]c-ºc- m-KX k{º-Zm-bØn¬ \ΩpsS i_vZw / hoUntbmsb 2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

Ce-Iv{SnIv kn·-ep-I-fm°n tI_nƒ irwJ-eI - f - n-eqsS IS-Øn-hn´v Atß-Øe-°¬ Cu Ce-I{v SnIv kn·-ep-Isf tiJcn®v AtX \ne-hm-c-ap≈ i_vZw / hoUntbm Bbn ]p\x-kr-jvSn-°p∂ G¿∏mSv BWv kzoI-cn®v h∂-Xv. CXn\v kmt¶-Xn-I-ambn Gsd XS-k-ß-fp-≠v. F¥n\v hfsc ]cn-an-Xa- mb IW-£\ - p-Iƒ am{X-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂ F¨]-Xp-If - n¬ Hcp Fkv Sn Un tImƒ IWIvSv sNøm≥ {S¶v Imƒ _p°v sNbvXv aWn-°q-dp-Itfmfw ImØn- c n- ° - W - a m- b n- c p- ∂ p. A∂v samss_¬ t^m¨ tI´ptIƒhn-bn-√. {S¶v Imƒ kzoI-cn-°m≥ sSe-t^m-Wn\v kao]w ImØn- c n- t °≠ A- h - ÿ . F∂m¬ Ct∂m knKv\¬ Ih-td-Pp≈ GXv ÿe-Øp-\n∂pw temIsØ GXpcm- P ysØ P\- ß - f p- a mbn sk°‚pIƒ°p-≈n¬ _‘-s∏-Sm≥ km-[n-°p-∂p. \μn-]d- t- b-≠Xv H]vSn-°¬ ss^_¿ irwJ-eI - t- fmSpw A\p-_‘ kmt¶-XnI hnZy-tbm-Sp-am-W.v ChnsS i_vZsØ CeIv{SnIv Xcw-Kß - f - m-°nb tijw {]Imi cq]-Øn-te°v am‰n-bt- ijamWv Zo¿L-Zqc hn\n-abw \S-Øp-∂X - v. AXm-bXv temlI-ºn-Iƒ°v ]I-cw, •mkv / πmÃnIv / Izm¿Svkv F∂nh sIm≠p-≠m-°nb apSn\m-cn-g-tbmSv am{Xw I\-ap≈ Iºn-Iƒ sIm≠mWv sSetImw irwJe D≠m-°nbn- c n- ° p- ∂ - X v . s]mXp- t a- J - e - b nse sSetImw ÿm]-\-߃s°m∏w Xs∂ kzImcy sSetImw tkh\ ZmXm-°fpw cmPy-Øp-S\ - ofw kpi-‡a- mb H]vSn-°¬ s\‰vh¿°v krjvSn-s®-Sp-Øn-´p-≠.v teml Iºn-I-fp-ambn Xmc-Xayw sNøp-tºmƒ AXn-tem-ea- mWo {]Im-i\ - m-cp-Iƒ. Cu

\mcns‚ Hc-{KØv e`n-°p∂ {]Imi civansb tSm´¬ Ct‚-W¬ dn^vfI - j v ≥ (]q¿W B¥-cnI {]Xn-^e - \ - w) hnZy D]tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øn-bmWv adpXe-bvs°-Øn°p-∂-Xv. C∂v Ce-Ivt{Sm-Wn-Ivkns‚ {]_e taJ-eb - mbn H]vSn-°¬ Ce-Itv SmWnIvkv hnI-kn®p Ign-™p. Cu Ip™p \mcp-Iƒ hnhc hn\n-ab - Ø - n\v AXn-i‡ - cm-W.v Ht´sd sSe-t^m¨ kw`m-jW - hpw Db¿∂ tXmXn-ep≈ hnhc ssIam-‰hpw hfsc thK-Øn¬ XS-ks - am-∂p-an-√msX H]v S n- ° ¬ irwJe hgn hym]- I ambns°m≠n-cn-°p-Ib - m-W.v AXp-sIm≠v Xs∂ Db¿∂ hnhc ssIam‰ thKX (_m≥Uv hnUvØv) Dd∏p hcpØp∂Xn\mbn D]-t`m-‡m-°f - psS ho´p]- S n- ° ¬hsc H]v S n- ° ¬ ss^_¿ irwJe FØn- ° m≥ sSetImw ˛ C‚¿s\‰v tkh\ ZmXm-°ƒ ]≤-Xn-bnSp-∂p. ss^_¿ Sp tlmw F∂mWv CXdn-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. CXv hnt\mZ hyh-km-bØn\v ]pXnb KXn-thKw ]I-cpw. cmPy-߃ XΩn¬ _‘n-∏n-°m≥ kap-{Zm-¥¿ `mKØpIqSn Ht´sd tI_nƒ irwJ-eI - ƒ ÿm]n-®n-´p-≠v, ÿm]n®pw sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂p. teml tI_n-fp-Iƒ°v CS-hn´v knKv\¬ i‡n GIo-I-cn-°m\mbn dn∏o-‰¿ F∂ D]-I-cWw LSn-∏nt°-≠X - p-≠mbn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ ss^_¿ irwJ-e°v Cu XS-k-an-s√∂v am{X√ hnhc \jvSw (dataloss/Noise ) D≠m-hp-Ib - pan-√. hm¿Øm hnhc hn\n-a-b-Øn-\p-]-cnbmbn saUn-°¬ cwKØpw, ssk\nI cwKØpw sshZypX Zo]m-e¶ - m-cß - ƒ°pw H]vSn-°¬ ss^_¿ h≥tXm-Xn¬ {]tbmP-\s - ∏-Sp-Øn-hc- p-∂p-≠.v kap-{Zm-¥¿`m-KØv CSp∂ H]vSn-°¬ ss^_¿ irwJe Gsd°psd kpc-£nX-am-sW-¶nepw Nne XS-kß - ƒ C√m-Xn√. a’y-_-‘\ D]-I-c-W-߃, I∏¬ \¶qcw, kap-{Zm-¥¿ {]I-º\ - ß - ƒ, XnanwKew t]mep≈ h≥ IS¬ Pohn-I-fpsS B{I-aWw F∂nh irwJ-esb `uXn-Iambn XS- k - s ∏- S p- Ø n- t b- ° mw. CXp IqSmsX bp≤ ka-bØv i{Xp-tk\ ss^_¿ irwJe XI¿Øv cmPysØ hm¿Øm hn\n-ab irwJe A∏msS \n¿ho-cy-am-°n-sb∂pw hcmw. C≥t^m-Sn]vkv: CØ-c-Øn¬ `uXnI-ambn tI_nƒ irwJe XI¿Ømepw ]q¿W-ambn \ncm-is - ∏-tS-≠. VSATC (Very small Aperture Terminal) D]-tbm-Kn®v D]{Klw hgn _‘-s∏´v GXv hnZqc ÿehp-ambn _‘w ]p\:ÿm]n-°mw. sh≈s∏m-°w, kp\m-an, Dcpƒs]m-´¬ Hs° D≠m-Ip-tºmƒ CXv D]-tbm-Kn-°m-dp-≠.v

43


]w‡n

amXr-{Xbw: Iukeym ssItIbn kpan{X kn B¿ Hma-\-°p-´≥

\mSIw Xo¿∂n´pw tImtfPv hn´p-t]m-Im≥ aSn®v Rm≥ \n∂p. Chn-sS, Cu Xd-hm-´n¬ h∂p-]n-d-°m≥ Ign-™Xt√ Pohn-X-Øn¬ In´nb GI-a-lm-`mKyw! AtΩ, \μn \μn \μn˛

aq

∂v AΩ-am-cpsS ape-bp≠p hf¿∂ A∏p-°n-fn-bmWv Rm≥. tIm´bw kn Fw Fkv tImtf-Pv, sIm√w Fkv F≥ tImtf-Pv, Nß-\m-t»cn Fkv _n tImtfPv ˛ Fs‚ Iukeym ssItIbn kpan-{X-Iƒ. (F-dW - m-Ipfw alm-cm-Pmkv tImtfPv Fs‚ koX-bpw) Iukey s]‰Ω ssItIbn Nn‰Ω kpan{X t]m‰Ω ]Xn-t\gp apX¬ Ccp-]Xp hb- p-hsc \mem≠v s]‰-Ω-bpsS aSn-Ø-´n¬ a[p-cap≠v Ign-™p. kosb-Ω-kns‚ AΩ `mh-Øn\v A∂p-an∂pw am‰-an-√. A`n-PmX-amb A¥ v B Imw]-kn\p Ag-tI‰p-∂p. F{X at\m-lcw B ]gb sI´n-S°q-´hpw Ip∂p-ºp-d-hpw. AÆm≥Ip∂v F∂ t]cv hnfn-t®m-Xp-∂p≠v Nqf-ac- ® - n-√I-fn¬ hmep-I-fn-f°n HmSn-°-fn-°p∂ Bbncw AÆm-d-°-Æ≥am¿. Ah-cpsS Nne-bv°e - p-If - n¬ IsÆ-dn™v ]p¬ØIn-Sn-bn¬ \rØw-h-®p-\oßpw \qdp-\qdv Imhfw Infn-Iƒ; ]®-∏´v Np‰nb Np≠pNp-h∂ ]\-¥Ø - I - ƒ FÆ-an-√m-sX-bpw.

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

\mev]-sØ-´m≠pIƒ°n-∏pdw Cubm≠p ]nd-∏n\v AΩ-bpsS sI´n-∏pW-ce - n\v `mKyw In´n F\n-°v. a\ v \nd™p-Xqhn B k‘y-bn¬. IS-∂p-t]mb Ac-\q-‰m≠v s]s´∂v t]mbn ad-™p. ]Xn-t\-gp-Im-c-\m-bmWv t{K‰v lmfnse thZn-bn¬ sRfn-™n-cp-∂X - v. alm-flm-Km‘n k¿h-Ie - m-imebpsS kvIqƒ Hm^v et‰gvkv kwL-Sn-∏n® Pn i¶-c∏ - n≈ Zn\m-tLmjw Bbncp∂p P\phcn H∂n-\.v i¶-c∏ - n-≈k - m-dn-s\-∏‰n Rm≥ {]kw-Kn-®p. ]d-™-sXms° Fs∂∏‰nØs∂ Bbn-t∏mtbm? i¶-c-∏n-≈bpsS "k_¿aXn Zqsc-bmWv' "t] ]nSn® temIw' F∂o \mS-Iß - ƒ A`n-\b - n-®Xv Hm¿°m-Xn-c° n-- m-\m-bn-√. \mep h¿j-Øn¬ A©mdp \mSIw Ifn® tÃPn-e-t√ \n¬°p-∂Xv! \mSIw Ifn-s°m∂pw kosb-Ωk - n¬ CS-an-√. \mS-Io-bX sXm´p-Xo-≠n-bn-cp-∂n√ Ahn-sS. {]IrXn I\n-™c - p-fnb \njvIf-¶k - u-μcyw \nd-™p-\n-∂p. kvt\l-ambn-cp∂p AXns‚ apgp-`w-Kn-tbmsS ]q¿Æam-bn-Øo¿∂-X.v

tIc-fØ - nse {]Y-aI - e - m-im-e. Ir{XnaXzw B aWn-ap-‰Øv IWn-Im-Wn-√. hm’eyw hmcn-t°m-cn-In-´n. kosb-Ωkv k¥-Xn-bmb sI B¿ \mcm-bW - ≥ cmjv{S-]X - n-bmbn tImtf-P¶ - W-Øn¬ Hcp-Zn\w aS-ßn-h∂ - p. Krlm-Xpc-Xb - n¬ aXn-ad- ∂v At±lw ho´p-`mj ad°msX ]d™p: temIsØ GtXXv cmPy-ß-fn-sems° t]mbn; Fs¥¥v hnin-jvSt- `m-Py-߃ Bkz-Zn®p! ]t£, C‚¿an-Un-b‰v Pbn-®t- ∏mƒ {]n≥kn-∏¬ tPmk^v km¿ \¬Inb Nmb-bp-sSbpw tI°n≥I-jW - Ø - n-s‚bpw a[pcw C∂pw \mhn-ep-≠.v lrZ-bØ - n-ep-ap-≠.v .... F\n°v Bcpw tI°v a[pcw hnf-ºnbn-´n-√. ]t£, Iq´p-Im¿ hmßn-Ø∂ hSbp-sSbpw ]gw-s]m-cn-bp-sSbpw cpNn....- ]ns∂-ßp-a\ - p-`h - n-®n-´n-√. P\p-hcn H∂n\v, ]n _me-N{- μ≥ FgpXnb \mSIw hn kn lmcokpw Ip´n-Ifpw tN¿∂-hX - c - n-∏n-°p-Ib - p-≠m-bn. \mS-Ia- n√mØ h¿Ø-am-\-Im-eØv _me-N-{μ≥ \ap-s°mcp `mKy-am-W,v Pn i¶-c∏ - n-≈b - psS \√ injy≥. lmcokv sIm≈m-hp∂ Hcp \S-\p-amW-t√m F∂v Xncn-®d- n-™p. \mSIw Xo¿∂n´pw tImtfPv hn´p-t]mIm≥ aSn®v Rm≥ \n∂p. Chn-sS, Cu Xdhm-´n¬ h∂p-]n-d° - m≥ Ign-™X - t√ PohnX-Øn¬ In´nb GI-al - m-`mKyw! AtΩ, \μn \μn \μn˛ sIm√w Fkv F≥ tImtfPv Fs∂ ]¥o-cm-≠p-amkw h\-hm-k-Øn-\-bn-®p. Nn‰-Ω-t∏mcv H∂pw Bbn-cp-∂n-√. Fs‚ ssIøn-en-cp-∏p-sIm≠v Rm≥ ]pd-Øm-IpI Bbn-cp-∂p. F∂mepw Fkv F≥ F\n°v X∂ hodv hep-Xv, F{Xtbm hep-Xv. ssItI-bn-bΩ - t- bmSv F∂p-sa-\n°v aq¿®bp≈ CjvSw. C°-gn™ \mfn¬ Fkv F≥ tImtfPns‚ ap∂n-eqsS t]mbn. Hcpƒhn-fn-bn¬ tImtfPv ap‰Øv {]th-in-®p. ]≠v, ]mXn]-Wn-bmb sI´n-Shpw ]®-∏n-√mØ ]d-ºpam-bn-cp-∂t- √m. Ct∏mƒ \nd™p \nh¿∂ D{K≥ ÿm]-\w. Rm≥ aq∂p \ne-bn-tebpw hcm-¥-I-fn-eqsS NpΩm \S-∂p. {]n≥kn-∏e - ns‚ apdn-bn¬ tI-dn. \mev]-Xm≠v ap≥]v, Cu apdn-bn¬ h®mWv {]n≥kn-∏¬ tUm {io\n-hm-k≥ Ft∂mSv "K‰u´v ' ]d-™X - v. F\n-°n∂v ]cm-Xn-bn-√. Rm≥ At±-lt- ØmSv ]d-bcp-Xm-ØXv ]d-™p. Cw•ojv Fw F bv°v ]Tn-°m-s\Ønb F\n°v lmP¿ XnI-b° v m-\m-bn-√. amk-t¥mdpw IrXy-ambn ^okv sImSp-°m\m-bn-√; tImtf-Pn\p th≠n Item-’h - -

44


Øn¬ \mS-Ih - p-ambn t]mbn. Aß-\mWv lmPcv t]mb-X.v Rm≥ {]n≥kn-∏e - n-t\mSv kXyw t_m[n-∏n-®p. Icp-Wbv°v tIWp. ]co-£bv°v hn´m¬ c≠mw ¢mkn¬ Pbnt®m-fm-sa∂v Adn-bn-®p. At±lw I\n™n-√.lmP-cn-√mØ Hcp-Ø\v lmP-cp-s≠∂v I≈-sbm-∏n-Sn-s√∂p I´mbw ]d-™p. sNdp-∏Ø - ns‚ tNmc-Øn-f∏ - n¬ Rm≥ s]m´n-t∏m-bn: taml≥i-¶d- n\p th≠n-bmtW¬ km¿ cs≠m-∏n-Sp-sa∂v F\n-°d- nbmw. "K‰u´v ' {]n≥kn∏¬ DØ-ch - m-bn. Rm≥ t]m∂p. {io\n-hm-k≥ kmdns‚ Nn{X-Øns‚ ap∂n¬ \an-®n´v Ign-™-Zn-hkw Rm≥ Fkv F≥ tImtfPv hn´n-dß - n-. Fkv F≥ X∂Xv kwL-t_m-[hpw kaq-l-Nn-¥-bpw. "PohnXw buΔ-\-XojvWhpw lrZ-bw t{]a-kp-c-`n-e-hp-amb Akp-e`- I - m-eL - ´w!' Fkv _n tImtfPv icn°pw t]m‰-Ωbmbn F\n-°v. h\-hmkw Hcm≠v Ign™p. \m´n-en-dß - msX \nhr-Øn-bn-√. aebmfw Fw F bv°v ]Tn-®p-I-fm-b-sa∂v Xocp-am-\s- a-Sp-Øp. t\sc Fkv _n bnte°v hn\o-X-hnt[-b-\mbn {]th-in-®p. {]n≥kn-∏¬ tam¨kn-t™m¿ {^m≥knkv Imfm-t»-cn. At±lw IpS \nh¿Øn-∏n-Sn®v tImtf-P¶-WØ - n-eqsS \S-∂p-hc- p-∂p. Rm≥ AcnIn- s eØn sXmgp- X p. A®≥ Fs∂ tXmfn¬ ]nSn®v IpS-°o-gn-em-°n. Rm≥ Fs‚ IY hnh-cn-®p. A®≥ tNmZn-®p: Cw•ojv _n Fbpw ]mXn Cw•ojv Fw Fbpw? C\n ae-bmfw? A®≥ {]n≥kn-∏¬ apdn-bn-te°v \bn®p. `mKy-Øn\v ae-bmfw s{]m^-kdpw D≠-hn-sS. Gsd t\cw If-bmsX Imfm-t»cn A®≥ Fs∂ Gs‰-Sp-Øp: Syqj≥ ^okv Xc-≠! a‰p ^osk√mw AS-b° v W - w˛ AS-ßn-sbm-Xpßn acym-Z-°p-´-\mbn c≠p-h¿jw Fkv _n bn¬ Ign-™p. H∂mw ¢m n¬ ]co£ Pbn-®p. c≠p-sIm√w apºv s{]m^-k¿ CkvXm°ns‚ bm{X-bb - ∏ - n\v Rm≥ tImtf-Pn-seØn. Rm≥ {]kw-Kn-®p. Rm≥ ]d™p: ChnsS Rm≥ {InkvXp-hns\ I≠p. sI´nSØns‚ apI- f n¬ Ipcn- t i- ¥ n\nev°p∂ {]Xn-a-b-√, sshkv {]n¬kn∏¬ F∂ t_m¿Uv h® apdn-bn¬ NmcpI-tk-c-bn¬ ]q®-°p-™p-߃°v ]m¬ ]I-cp∂ ^mZ¿ F kn Cu∏-\n¬ Rm≥ {InkvXp-hns\ I≠p. kvt\l-Øns‚ ]cnthjw NqSnb a\pjy]p-{X-s\.-......

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

epZvhnKv _otYm-h≥ (Poh-Nc- n{Xw) B{imaw hnP-b≥ t]Pv : 32 hne : 28 cq. ssk‘h _pIvk,v sIm√w kwKo-XØ - ns‚ A`u-ae - m-hWy {]hm-lß - f - mbn amdnb Xs‚ knw^-Wn-If - neqsS temI-sa-ºm-Sp-ap≈ kwKo-X{- ]-Wb - n-Isf amkvac- n-Im-\p-`q-Xn-bn-te°v Db¿Ønb epZvhnKv _otYm-hs‚ Pohn-XI - Y - . hm°p-Iƒ hm°p-Iƒ hm°p-Iƒ (A`n-ap-Jß - ƒ) hnPp hn \mb¿ t]Pv : 135 hne : 80 cq. ]pe-cn, Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - pcw Fgp-Øns‚ ck-X{- ¥-ßfpw Pohn-Xm-\p-`h - ß - f - psS hmMvab Nn{X-ßfpw tcJ-s∏Sp-Øp∂ A`n-ap-Jß - ƒ. _me-N{- μ≥ Np≈n-°mSv, IS-Ω\ - n-´, Sn ]fl-\m-`≥, Fw Sn, Im°-\m-S≥, Fw IrjvW≥\m-b¿ F∂n-hc- p-ambn \S-Øn-bX - .v tIcf ]©m-bØvcmPv BIvSv (\nbaw) AUz. ]n Pn ]fl-\m-`≥ t]Pv : 393 hne : 160 cq. tetWgvkv _pIvlukv, tIm´bw 2006 P\p-hcn hsc-bp≈ t`ZKXn \nba߃ tN¿Øv ]cn-jI v c- n-®X - .v `c-WL - S- \m hyh-ÿI - ƒ, ap\n-kn-∏m-en‰n \nb-aØ - nse {]k-‡`m-Kß - ƒ, tImS-Xn-hn-[n-If - psS ASn-ÿm-\Ø - n-ep≈ hni-Zo-Ic- W - I - p-dn-∏p-Iƒ, hniZ-amb hnj-bk - q-Nn-I F∂n-hb - m¬ kº-∂w. ]pXnb ]©m-bØvcmPv \nb-aØn¬ GsXmcp km[m-cW - ° - m-c\pw Ah-Kmlw t\Sm≥ klm-bn-°p∂ {KŸw. Bdmw temIw ˛ c≠mw `mKw (Ihn-XI - ƒ) hnP-b≥ h≈n-°mhv t]Pv : 76 hne : 48 cq. _p≤w _pIvk,v Xriq¿ Bdmw temIw H∂mw `mK-Øn\p tij-sa-gp-Xnb 32 Ihn-XI - ƒ. sI Pn i¶-c∏ - n-≈b - psS Ah-Xm-cn-I. tUm. Iev]‰ _me-Ir-jW v s‚ ]T-\w. seaq-dnb (IY-Iƒ) km_p i¶¿ t]Pv : 119 hne : 75 cq. kv]μ\w ]pkvXI - i - m-e, t\aw. am\-hnI Zm¿i-\nI {]iv\ß - sf {]k-∂X - t- bmsS A`n-ap-Jo-Ic- n-°p∂ H≥]-Xp-IY-Iƒ. Un _m_p-t]m-fns‚ Bap-Jw. F≥ IrjvW{- ]-km-Zns‚ ]T-\w. HºXp ]pc-kI v m-cI - Y - I - ƒ (IY-Iƒ) N{μ-ti-J¿ \mcm-bW - ≥ t]Pv : 80 hne : 50 cq. Xn¶ƒ _pIvk,v Xriq¿ {]Ya s]m≥Ip∂w h¿°n kvamcI \h-temIw Ahm¿Up e`n® "ihwXo\nIfpsS Iim∏v' XpSßn ]pc-kI v m-cm¿l-amb Hº-Xp-IY - I - f - psS kam-lmcw. AUz. t{]w {]km-Zns‚ Ah-Xm-cn-I.

45


hnhmZw

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

46


2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

47


Ibpw ]I¬ hnπhw ]d-bp-Ibpw sNøp∂-h-cmWv CS-Xp-]£°mcn¬ ]e-cpw. Xm≥ AØ- c - ° m- c - \ - √ . tZhkzw t_m¿Un¬ ssZh-\m-a-Øn¬ kXy-{]Xn⁄ sNbvXn´p IΩyq-Wn-Ãm-sW∂p ]d-bp-∂Xp ]m∏-cØ - a- m-W.v 2007 \hw-_¿ 22 sNß-∂q¿: tZhkzw sk{I-´dn H∂mwXcw Agn- a - X n- ° m- c - \ m- W v . Cbmsf kkvs]≥Uv sNø-Ws- a∂v ]d-™t- ∏mƒ a{¥n Cd-ßn-t∏m-IW - s - a∂mWp-t_m¿Uv AwK-߃ ]d-™-Xv. Xm≥ `c-W-Øn¬ \n∂n-dßpw ap≥]v tZhkzw sk{I-´d- nsb kkvs]≥Uv sNøpw. Ign™ t_m¿Un¬ {]iv\-ß-fm-b-Xn-\m-emWp ]ncn- ® p- h n´v ]pXn- b Xv FSp- Ø - X v . ]pXnbXmIs´ ]g-bX - n-s\-°mfpw tamiambncn°p-I-bm-Wv. CS-Xp-]-£-°m-c-\msW∂p IcpXn {]iv\a- p-≠m-°n-bm¬ apJw t\m°msX I¿i\ \S-]-Sn-sb-Sp-°pw. `‡-P-\-Xm¬]-cy-Øn\p hn]-co-X-ambn {]h¿Øn-°p∂ t_m¿Uv AwK-߃°v B ÿm-\Ø - n-cn-°m≥ A¿l-Xb - n-√. i_-cn-ae - b - n¬ h≥ {]iv\ß - ƒ \S°p-∂-Xm-bmWv 55 Ign™ Hcmƒ (shfnbw `m¿K-h≥) ]d™p _lfw sh°p∂-X.v Ac-hW F¥m-sW-t∂m, t£{X-sa¥m-sWt∂m Abmƒ°-dn-bn-√. I£n HcpX-hW - s- b-¶nepw i_-cn-ae - b - n¬ t]mbn-´pt≠m?. 2007 \hw-_¿ 27 Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - pcw: DtZym-Kÿ - sc \bn°p∂ a{¥n-∏Wn F\n°p aXn-bm-bn. ho≠pw a{¥n-bmbn Ccn-°m≥ Xm¬]-cyan-√. hy‡n-]-c-amb A`n-{]m-b-am-Wn-Xv. _m°n Xocp-am\w ]m¿´n-bp-tS-Xm-Wv. k¿°m-cp-Isf F{Xbpw thKw ]d™p hnSm-\mWv DtZym-K-ÿ-cpsS {iaw. AhcpsS ]nSn-∏p-tISv k¿°m-cn\v Xe-th-Z\ - bm-hp-Ib - m-Wv. DtZym-Kÿ `oI-c≥amsc t\cn-Sm≥ C\n A©p-h¿jw IqSn A[nIm-cØ - n-en-cn-°W - s - a∂pw B{K-la- n-√. Xß-fpsS Xe-bn¬ am{Xta _p≤-nb - p≈q-sh-∂mWv Bkq-{XW t_m¿Unse Nne AwK-߃ [cn-°p-∂X - .v _p≤n RßfpsS Xe-bn-ep-ap-≠.v 20 ss]k°p sXm≠v FSp-°W - s- a-∂mWv F\n°p In´nb Ipdn∏v. 20 ss]k°v Fhn-sS-°n´pw sXm≠v? Be-∏p-g-bn¬ 50 ss]k sImSp-°-Ww. sXm≠p I≠n- ´ n- √ m- Ø - h - c mWv CØcØn¬ FgpXn hnSp-∂X - .v sNe-hg- nt°-≠Xv F{X-]W - s- a∂p ]d-™m¬ aXn. A√msX Fßs\ sNe-hg- n-°W - s - a-∂pIqSn ]d-bp-∂Xv A\m-hi - y-am-W.v 2007 \hw-_¿ 30 aqhm-‰p-]pg: alm-flm-Km-‘n-bpsS

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

t]cn-ep≈ bqWn-th-gvkn-‰n-bn¬ B t]cn\p \nc-°m-ØXv ]eXpw \S-°p∂p≠v. as‰√m bqWn-th-gvkn-‰n-I-fnepw {]iv\ß - f - p-s≠-¶nepw ChnsS AXn-cp-IS-°p-Ib - m-Wv. A[ym-]I - ¿°v ssI°qen e`n-°p-∂n-s√∂v s]mXpsh ]d-bp-∂p-s≠¶nepw DØ-c-°-S-emkv ]cn-tim-[\ \SØp∂ tItf-P-[ym-]-I¿ ssI°qen hmßp-∂p≠v. ]Tn-∏n-°mØ A[ym-]-IcpsS FÆw h¿[n®p hcn-Ib - m-Wv. Xm≥ Ggv e£w cq] sImSpØv ko‰v hmßn ]Tn-®-Xm-sW∂ at\m-`m-h-Øn¬ ]Tn-∏n°p∂ A[ym-]I - ¿ im]-am-W.v a{¥n-am-cpsS ]gvk\ - ¬ Ãm^n¬ Ibdm≥ {]^-k¿am¿ \S-°p-∂Xv IjvSa- m-W.v hnZym¿Yn-Isf ]Tn-∏n-t°-≠ Ah¿ a{¥nam-cpsS B´pw Xp∏pw sIm≈m≥ t]mIm≥ ]mSn-√. 2007 HmKÃv 3 Be-∏pg: `£Ww hmßn \¬Im≥ ]Wan√m-Ø-Xp-sIm≠v Ime-h¿j-s°SpXn hne- b n- c p- Ø m- s \∂ t]cn¬ FØp∂ tI{μ kwL-tØmSv C°pdn htc-s≠∂p apJy-a{¥n ]d-™-Xm-Wv. F∂n´pw R߃ Ctßm´p ht∂m-s´sb∂v At]-£n®v Hcp kwLw FØp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. Ign™ Xh-Wbpw ag-s°-SpXn ]Tn°m-s\∂ t]cn¬ Hcp kwLw h∂p. Xhfbpw Xmdmhpw A≠n-∏c- n∏pw ac-®o-\nbpw Xn∂v, dntkm¿´p-If - nepw Ib-dn, slen-tIm]v‰-dn¬ ]d∂p \S∂v Adp-]-Xp-e£w s]mSn-s]m-Sn-®p. klm-b-ambn A©pss]k \¬In-bn-√. ChnsS FØn-bm¬ kwL- Ø n\p t£{X- ß - f n¬ \n∂p {]kmZw t]mepw hmßn-\¬I-Ww. AXpsIm-≠mWv CØ-hW kwL-tØm-sSm∏w Rm≥ t]mIm-Xn-cp-∂X - .v 2007 HmKÃv 5 sIm®n: ^mcn-kn-s\-t∏mse Hcp hyh-

km-bnsb t]sc-SpØp hna¿in-t°≠ Imcyw hn Fkv ANyp-Xm-\μ - \ - p-≠m-bn-cp∂n-√. ^mcn-kp-ambn _‘-s∏´ Imcy-߃ \n m-ca- mbn hn´p-If - ™ m¬ aXn-bm-bn-cp∂p. ^mcn-kns\ apJy-a{¥n shdp-°s - ∏-´h≥ F∂p hnti-jn-∏n-®p. apJy-a{- ¥n-s°Xnsc Akm-[m-c-W-amb hn[-Øn¬ Zo]nI ]{Xw hna¿i\w \S-Øn. tIc-fØns‚ apJy-a{¥n alm-\m-Wv. AXp-a\ -  n-em°n thWw hna¿i-\w. apJy-a{¥n ˛ ^mcnkv kw`-hØ - n¬ c≠p t]tcmSpw tbmPn-°p-∂n-√. CXp-hy-‡n-]c- a- mb A`n{]m-ba- m-W.v ]{X dnt∏m¿´¿am¿°n-Sb - n¬ am^n-bI - ƒ IS-∂p-h∂ - n-´p-≠.v Ah¿ a‰p ]{X-ß-fnse kam\ Nn¥m-K-Xn-°m-cpambn Iq´p-Iq-Sp-Ibpw Nne hy‡n-Isf D∂w hbv°p-Ibpw sNøp--∂p. CXns\ am[ya kn≥Un-°‰v F∂-√, am[ya am^nb F∂mWp hnti-jn-∏n-t°-≠X - v. ]{X-߃ ae-bm-fn-Isf kw_-‘n-®n-StØmfw t^m¿Øv FtÃ-‰-√, AXn-t\°mfpw {]nb-s∏-´-Xm-Wv. ]{X-ß-tfmSv AXn-bmb BZ-c-hp≈ hy‡n-bmWp Rm≥. F√m ]{X-ßfpw hmbn-°m-dp-≠v. B hmb-\°v Hcp {Ia-ap-≠v. Ah-km\w hmbn-°p∂ ]{Xw tZim-`n-am-\n-bm-Wv. cmjv{Sob {]h¿Ø-I¿°pw ]{X-{]-h¿ØI¿°pw hy‡n sshcmKyw ]mSn-√. 2007 HmKÃv 6

48


sIm®n: Fs∂-°p-dn®v F¥pw ]d-bm\p≈ kzmX{¥yw apJy-a-{¥n-°p-≠v. F∂m¬ AXv tI´v Xs‚ hm°p-Iƒ°v GsX-¶nepw DtZym-Kÿ - ≥ hne-I¬∏n-°mXn-cp-∂m¬ Abm-fpsS Itkc sXdn-∏n°pw. 2007 HmK-Ãv 10 Xncp- h - \ - ¥ - ] pcw: IS¬°n- g - h ≥, cmjv{Sob ]nimNv, ]pkvXIw hmbn-°m-Øh≥.... (bp Un F^v I¨ho-\¿ ]n ]n X¶-®s- \∏‰n) kmlnXy {]h¿ØI klI-cW kwL-Øn¬ \n∂v ]pkvXIw hmßm≥ kl-Ic- W kwL-߃°v A\paXn \¬In-b-Xn-s\- X¶-®≥ F¥n\v hna¿in°-Ww. "X¶-®≥ Hcp ]pkvXIw t]mepw hmbn-®n´n-√. s\lvdp-hns‚ "C¥ysb Is≠-ج' \√ ]pkvXI - a- msW∂p Rm≥ ]d-™m¬ X¶-®≥ ]dbpw As√-∂v. Imc-Ww, hmbn-®n-´n-s√-∂Xp Xs∂. Fd-Wm-Ipfw Pn√m _m¶ns\ hna¿in-°p-∂Xp Imcy-a-dn-bm-sX-bm-Wv. At±- l - Ø ns‚ hoSn\- S p- Ø m- W t√m _m¶v sse{_-dn. AhnsS Ibdn t\m°Ww. 75,000 ]pkvX-I-ß-fp-≠v. F∂m¬, X¶-®≥ Ib-dn-√. hmbn-°n√ F∂-XmWp Imc-Ww. F sI Pn sk‚-dn¬ ]Xn-\mbncw ]pkvXI - ß - f - p-≠.v Ahn-sSbpw Ibdn-√. Bcym-S≥ apl-ΩZv t]mepw Ahn-sS \n∂p ]pkvXI - s- a-Sp-°m-dp-≠.v '' Da¿Jbmw F∂p ]d-™m¬ X¶-®≥ hnNm-cn-°pI I°bw t]mesØ GtXm Ib-am-sW-∂m-W.v Fgp-Ø—s‚bpw ImfnZm-k-s‚-bp-sa√mw IrXn-Iƒ F≥ _n Fkn¬ sI´n-°n-S-°p-∂p-≠v. A°q-´Øn¬ "ho£Ww' ap≥ ]{Xm-[n-]¿ kn ]n {io[-cs- ‚bpw Ct∏m-gsØ ]{Xm-[n-]¿ sI F¬ taml-\h - ¿Ω-bp-sSbpw ]pkvXI-ßf - p-≠.v Ch-sc√mw CS-Xp-]£ - ° - mcpw ]p I k°m-cp-sa-∂mWv X¶-®s‚ [mc-W. taml\h¿a -\√ kmln-Xy-Im-c-\mWv; "X¶-®≥tamU¬' tIm¨{K-kp-a√ - . hnh-cap-≠v. a{¥n-sb∂ \ne-bn¬ Xm≥ kzoIcn® \S-]S- n-Isf A`n\-μn®v At±lw 12 IØp-Iƒ Fgp-Xn-bn-´p-≠v. AXns‚ t]cn¬ ]{Xm-[n-]ÿ - m-\Øp \n∂v \o°cp-X.v tIm¨{K-kn\p tZmj-ap-≈s- Xm∂pw IØn-en-√. X¶- ® ≥ kv]o°dpw a{¥n- b psams°bmbn-´p-≠.v tIc-fØ - ns‚ Zpc-¥w Bh¿Øn-®m¬, he-Xp-]£ Dcpƒs]m´¬ D≠m-bm¬ Cbmƒ AXpw AXn-e∏ - pdhpw Btb-°pw. F∂m¬, Hcn-°epw AXp kw`-hn-°n-√. 2007 HmKÃv 19 Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - pcw: I]S CSXp _p≤n-

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

Po-hn-I-fpsSbpw heXp- ] - £ - Ø n- s ‚bpw B{I-a-W-Øn¬ \n∂p ]m¿´n sk{I´dn ]nW-dmbn hnPbs\ {]h¿Ø- I ¿ tNmc-Nn-¥nbpw kwc£n-°pw. kap-∂-X\mb hn Fkn\p tijhpw tIc-fØ - n¬ ]m¿´n t\XrXzw thWw. Xs∂-°mƒ \√ t\Xm- ° ƒ Db¿∂p-h-cWw F∂mWp t\Xm°≥am¿ Nn¥n-t°-≠Xv. X\n°p tijw {]fbw F∂ Nn¥ B¿°pw \√- X - √ . ]m¿´n-bpsS kzØmWp ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥. ]I¬ H∂pw cm{Xn as‰m∂pw ]d-bp∂ cmjv{So-b° - m-c\ - √ ]nW-dmbn. 2007 HmKÃv 21 Be-∏pg: hn Fkn-s\-t∏mse kap∂-X\ - mb t\Xm-hn\p ap∂n¬ Rm\m-cp-a√. 37 h¿j-ambn ]cn-Nb - a- p≈ hn Fkn\v Hcp t\Xm-hn-\p-sIm-Sp-°p-∂X - n-t\-°mƒ sshIm-cn-Ia- mb _lp-am\w \¬Ip-∂p-≠.v i_-cn-ae - b - n¬ kv{XoIƒ°p {]th-i\w \¬Ip-∂X - n¬ sX‰n-s√∂ amXm Aar-Xm\-μ-abn tZhn-bpsS A`n-{]mbw k¿°mcns‚ \ne-]m-Sn\p e`n® A{]-Xo-£nX ]n¥p-Wb - m-W.v 2007 HmKÃv 27 Be-∏pg: ImSp-It- ø-dp∂ Im´m-f≥am-

sc-t∏mse Kpcp-hm-bq¿ X{¥n tN∂mkv \ºq-Xncn \nbaw Itø-dp-Ib - m-W.v sIm®pa- I \p tNmdqWp \SØnbXn\p ]pWymlw \S-Øn-bX - n-s\-Xnsc hb-em¿ chnbpsStbm aI-s‚tbm ]cmXn In´nbm¬ X{¥n-sbbpw ]pWymlw \S-Ønh-scbpw t{]mkn-Iyq´v sNøpw. lnμphmbn P\n-®-h-cmWp chnbpw aI-\pw. Ah¿°p t£{X-Øn¬ {]th-in-°m\p≈ \nb-a] - c - a- mb Ah-Im-ia- p-≠v. chnbpsS aI\pw sIm®p-aI - \pw tcJ-If - n¬ lnμp-hm-sW-¶n¬ 1936se t£{X {]thi\ \nb- a - Ø ns‚ ewL- \ - a mWp X{¥nbpw ]pWymlw \S-Øn-b-hcpw sNbvX-Xv. PmXn-hy-hÿ ]p\:ÿm]ns®∂ Ip‰-amWv Ch¿ sNbvX-Xv. CXv C¥y≥ in£m-\n-ba- {- ]-Imcw Ip‰-Ic- a- m-W.v X{¥n-am¿ lnμp-hm-sW∂v Bcp-]d- ™ p. AXv `c-WL - S- \ - b - n¬ Fgp-Xn-h® - n-´pt≠m. sF F Fkp-Im-cmb A©p-t]¿ Dƒs∏sS Agn-a-Xn-°m-cmb 647 DtZym-Kÿ-cpsS ]´nI k¿°m¿ Xøm-dm-°n-bn-´p≠v. aq∂m-dn¬ Itø‰w Is≠-Øm≥ BWp-ß-fmb sF F Fkp-Im-cn¬ Hcmsf In´n-bn-√. Hcp s]Æp-ºn-≈-sbbmWp In´n-b-Xv. k¿°m-cns‚ c≠mw h¿jw DtZym-Kÿ - sc IqSp-X¬ {i≤n-°pw. sIm≈m-hp-∂h - ¿, sIm≈m-hp-∂h - c- m-Im≥ Ign-bp-∂h - ¿, sIm≈-cp-Xm-Øh - ¿, ]pd-ØpI-ft- b-≠h - ¿ F∂n-ßs\ \membn DtZymK-ÿsc Xcw-Xn-cn-®n-´p-≠.v sIm≈-cp-Xm-Øh¿°v C\nbpw \∂m-Im≥ ka-b-ap-≠v. tZhkzw t_m¿Uv AwK-ß-fpsS hoSpIƒ°p ap∂n¬ cl-ky-t∏m-eo-kp-Im-cpsS Imh-ep-≠.v Bdp-amkw Imh¬ XpS-cpw. 2007 Pq¨ 2 Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw: tIcf k¿Δ-I-em-

49


ime ap≥ sshkv Nm≥k-e¿ sP hn hnf\n-eØ - n-s\-Xnsc \S-Ønb kacw sX‰mbn-t∏m-bn. hnf-\n-e-Øn\p _\m-dkv lnμp k¿Δ-Ie - m-im-eb - n¬ \n∂v Cw•ojv Fw Fbn¬ ^Ãv dm¶p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. B ÿn-Xn°p ]q® Un{Kn-bpsS Bh-iy-an-√mbn-cp-∂p. tPmen ÿesØ hIp-∏nse Nne- c p- a m- b p- ≠ mb A`n- { ]mbhyXymksØ XpS¿∂p-≠mb {]iv\ß - f - m-bn-cp∂p. hkvXp-XI - ƒ H‰-s°-´mbn \n∂p-]d- bm≥ ]{X-߃ D≠m-bn-√. tbmK-t£-ak - ` X\n-°p-th≠n bmKw \S-Øn-bXp ]uc-kzm-X{- ¥y-ew-L\ - a- m-W.v X∂n¬ Hcp cm£-k≥ IqSn-bn-cn-°ps∂∂pw AXv Hgn-∏n-°W - s- a∂pw ]d™v Bt£-]n-°m-\mWp bmKw \S-Øn-bX - .v 2007 Pq¨ 9 i\n Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw: hntZi ]Ww ]‰p∂ am^n-b-I-fpsS `mKamWv Nne-X-{¥n-am¿. lnμp Bsc∂pw Bcv Aº-eØ - n¬ Ib-dW - sa∂pw `c- W - L S\bpw k¿°mcpw Xocpam-\n-°pw. 2007 Pq¨ 14 Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw: F\n-s°-Xn-sc-bp≈ Nne kwLS\-If - psS Icn-s¶mSn {]I-S\ - hpw tImew IØn-°epw ap≥Iq´n Adn-bn-°p-∂Xn¬ C‚- e n- P ≥kv hn`mKw ]cm-Pb - s- ∏-´p. aXn-bmb kwc-£Ww t]meokv \¬In-bn-√. kwÿm\ k¿°mcns\ XI¿°m≥ t]meo- k n¬ Nne¿ KqVm-tem-N\ \S-ØpI-bm-W.v X\n-s°-Xnsc bmKw \S-Øn-bX - n-s\∏‰n t]meokv At\z-jWw \S-Øm-ØXp KqVm-tem-N-\-bpsS `mK-am-Wv. Hmtcm Znhkw X\n-s°-Xnsc aq∂p Icn-s¶mSn {]I-S\w \S-∂n´pw AXpap≥Iq´n Adn-bn°mt\m kwc-£Ww \¬Imt\m t]meokn\p Ign-bm-ØXp Kpcp-Xc hogvNb - m-W.v C{Xbpw kw`-hß - ƒ D≠m-bn´pw Pn√m `cWm-[n-Im-cn-Iƒ Xm\p-ambn _‘-s∏-SpItbm Imcy-߃ At\z-jn-°p-Itbm sNøm-ØXpw At\z-jn-°W - w. 2007 Pq¨ 16 Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - pcw: sk{I-´d- n-am¿ Xs∂ thWw F√m Imcy-ß-fp-sSbpw NpXe

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

hln-°m≥ Fs∂m∂pw `c-WL - S- \ - b - n¬ ]d-™n-´n-√. sk{I-t´-dn-b‰- n¬ A[n-Im-cap≈ DtZym-K-ÿsc ]©m-b-Øp-I-fnte°p \ntbm-Kn-°W - w. Bip-{]-Xn-bn¬ inip-°ƒ acn-®-Xn\p a{¥n-s°-Xnsc sIme-°p-‰Ø - n\v tIkv FSp-°m≥ \n¿t±in® aPn-kvt{S-‰n\p kmaq-lnI t_m[-an√. Ip‰-hm-fn-I-fpsS FÆw Ipd-bm-ØXns‚ t]cn¬ tImSXn ths≠∂v Bsc¶nepw ]d-™m¬ F¥p-sNøpw? aPnkvt{S-‰p-am¿ sIm⁄m-W≥am-cm-h-cp-Xv. X{¥n-amsct∏mse As√-¶nepw X{¥n-amsc-°p-dn- ®p ]d-bm-\p≈ Ignhv F\n-°p-≠.v a{¥n-∏-Wn-tb-°mƒ sa®-amWv X{¥n-∏Wn. tImSn-Iƒ tamjvSn-°m≥ X{¥n-am¿°pI-gn-bpw. a{¥n-am¿ tamjWw \S-Øn-bm¬ Pbn-en¬ t]mtI-≠-nh-cpw. GsX-¶nepw X{¥n°p Pbn-en¬ t]mtI-≠n-h-∂n´pt≠m? i_-cn-ae X{¥n-bpsS tIkns‚ bYm¿Y Ncn{Xw sImSn- t b- c n°pw F\n°pw Adn-bmw. Im\-\-—m-b-bv°p-

]Icw D∂- X - a mb ^v f m‰n¬ t]mb X{¥nsb ]pd-Øm-°m≥ Bcpw CXp-hsc Xøm-dm-Im-ØXv F¥p-sIm-≠mWv? Imcy߃ Xpd∂p ]d-bc- p-sX-∂mWp Nne¿ ]dbp-∂X - .v Xpd∂p ]d-bm-Øh - ¿ Xpd-°m\pw ]d-bm\pw Adn-bm-Øh - c- m-W.v 2007 sabv 8 ]md-ime: sk{I-t´-dn-b‰- n¬ DtZym-Kÿ-cpsS Iq´p-I-®-h-S-amWp \S-°p-∂-Xv. tIcf∏nd-hn°p tij-ap≈ 50 h¿j-ambn Hcp hn`mKw DtZym-Kÿ - c- psS X≥{]-am-WnØ-amWp \S-°p-∂X - .v X߃°p sskzchn-lmcw \S-Øm-\m-ImsX hcp-tºm-ƒ

hnh-c-߃ tNm¿Øn-s°m-SpØpw a‰pw a{¥n-amsc sh´n-em-°m-\mWv Ch-cpsS {iaw. sk{I-t´-dn-b‰- nse Hcp hn`mKw Poh\-°m-cpsS kwL-S\ Ign™ Znhkw F\n-s°-Xnsc \S-Ønb ]cm-a¿i-Øns‚ ]n∂n-en-Xm-Wv. Ch-scms° sIm≠mte ]Tn-°q. 2007 sabv 11 s]cn-¥¬aÆ: Kpcp-hm-bq¿ t£{XØn¬ BZyw ]pWymlw Xfn-t°-≠Xp X{¥n-bpsS lrZ-b-Øn-em-Wv. ]q¥m-\w kmln-tXym-’h kam-]\ ktΩ-f\w DZvLm- S\w sNøp-Ib - m-bn-cp∂p At±-lw. {_mlvaWyw sIm≠v Ip¥n-®p-Ip-¥n®v {_lvam-hn-s\-°mƒ aosX-bm-sW∂p IcpXp∂ X{¥n-am¿ kaq-lØ - ns‚ im]-am-W.v 2007 sabv 22 Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - pcw: ap≥ tZhkzw sk{I´dn C sI `c-X`v q-j¨ sk{I-t´-dn-b‰- nse \º¿h¨ {Inan-\-em-bn-cp-∂p. kz¥w Imcyw t\Sm≥ F¥pw sNøp∂ Abmƒ apJy-a{- ¥n-sbbpw a{¥n-am-scbpw XΩne-Sn-∏n-°m≥ {ian-°p-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p. Xm≥ I≠ G‰hpw \oN-\mb DtZym-Kÿ - \pw k¿°m-cp-Isf Ipgn-bn-en-d° - m≥ sk{It´-dn-b-‰n¬ ]Xn-bn-cn-°p∂ Ht∂m ct≠m thXm-fß - f - n-sem-cm-fp-amWv `cXv`q-j¨. Abmsf IpSn-bn-d°n°gn™p. 2007 s^{_p-hcn 1 Xriq¿: sF F Fkv DtZym-Kÿ - ≥ `cXv `qj-sW-∏‰n ]d™ ISpØ hm°pƒ ]n≥h-en-°p-I-bm-Wv. ""icnbmb Imcy-߃ sX‰m-sW∂p Nne¿ ]d-bp-tºm-gmWp cq£-ambn {]Xn-Ic - nt°-≠n-hc- p-∂X - v. IqSn-t∏m-sb∂v F\n°p-Xs∂ tXm∂m-dp-≠.v \qdp It√-dp-In´p-tºmƒ Rm≥ cs≠Æw Xncn-s®-dnbpw. Gdp-sIm≠p Nne¿ tamßpw.'' tZhkzw t_m¿Unse hnPne≥kv At\z- j Ww kw_- ‘ n® ^b¬ X\n°p In´n 45 an\n-‰n-\Iw H∏n´v Xncn®-b-®n-cp-∂p. aq∂mgvN Ign-™mWp ^b¬ At\z-jn®p `cXv `qj-Wns‚ IØp-In-´n-b-Xv. IÆq-cn¬ sF F Fkv DtZym-Kÿ - ¿- s°-Xnsc ]d-™Xp ]n≥hen-°p-∂n-√. AXv sF F Fkp-Im-c∏ - ‰- nb√ ]d-™-Xv. sF F Fkv F∂ alØmb ÿm\w "a‰-hs‚' Igp-Øn¬ sI´m≥ ]mSn-s√-∂mWv ]d-™X - .v 2007 s^{_p-hcn 4 Be-∏pg: Rm≥ cmPn-hb - ° v W - s- a-∂mh-iy-s∏´p cwK-Øp-h-∂n-cn-°p∂ sI hn tXmakv ss{IkvXh h¿Kob hmZn-bmb, Xcw In´p-tºm-sg√mw a‰p kap-Zm-bß - sf IpØn-t\m-hn-°p∂ Bfm-Wv. sI hn

50


tXma-kn\p h√ hnh-chpw Dt≠m, Bbmsf-¥n-\mWp tZhkzw Imcy-Øn¬ CS-s]Sp-∂-Xv. [\-h-Ip-∏nse Nne DtZym-Kÿ¿°p [\-Im-cy-ad- n-bn-s√∂ A`n-{]m-bØn¬ Dd®p \n¬°p-∂p. Nn°p≥Kp-\nb _m[n® sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ°v Ib¿t£-a\ - n[n-t_m¿Un¬ \n∂p 25 e£w hnX-cWw sNøm≥ AwKo-Imcw tNmZn®p [\-h-Ip∏n\p ^b¬ Ab-®p. a‰p t£a-\n-[n-Iƒ Imip-tNm-Zn-°m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ Xcm-\m-hns√∂p Ipdn-s∏-gpXn sk{I-´dn ^b¬ Xncn-®b - ® - p. "\n߃ bp Un F^ns‚ \bamWp ]n¥p-S-cp-∂-Xv, \n߃ A]-am-\amWv' F∂v B ^-b-en¬ Rms\-gp-Xn h®n-´p-≠.v AXp ]{X-°m¿ CXp-hsc Adn™n-´n-√. 2007 s^{_p-hcn 9 Im™-ßmSv: ]nW-dm-bnsb sXm´p-Ifn-°m≥ Bcpw hf¿∂n-´n-√. ]nW-dmbn Xs∂-bmWv \º¿h¨. a™-fmw-Ipgn Aen-bpsS {]kvXm-h\ Zpcp-t±-iy-]c- a- m-W.v apJy-a-{¥nsb {]oXn-s∏-Sp-Øm-\mWv Aen CXp- sN-bvXs - X-¶n¬ AXv apJy-a{¥n°p tZmjw sNøpw. CS-Xp-]£ Fw F¬ Fam-cpsS A`n-{]m-b-a√ Aen ]d™-X.v cmjv{So-bI - m-cy-߃ am[y-aß - f - n¬ hcp-∂Xv ]m¿´n°p apdn-th¬]n-®p-sIm≠v BI-cp-Xv. Aen sX‰p Xncp-Øp-Ib - mWp th≠-X.v ]nW-dm-bn°p ]Icw ]nW-dm-bnam-{Xw. C Fw Fkn-s\-t∏mse ]m¿´nsb Zo¿L-Im-et- Ø°v \bn-°m≥ ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ {]m]vX-\m-Wv. anI® kwLm-SI≥, t\Xm-h,v a{¥n XpS-ßnb \ne-If - n¬ Ign-hp-sX-fn-bn® BfmWv ]nW-dm-bn. kp¿PnØpw tPymXn-_k - phpw Ign-™m¬ 2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

C¥y-bn¬ aq∂mw ÿm\-°m-c-\mWv hn Fkv. ]nW-dmbn- b psS tPmen ]m¿´nsb kwc-£n°p-Ib - m-Wv. ]m¿´nbmWv hep-sX∂v Bcpw ad-°-cp-Xv. Rm≥ CXp- h sc ]m¿´n- s °- X nsc kwkm-cn-®n-´n-√. C Fw Fkv, _mkh ]p∂-ø, cma-aq¿Øn, kpμ-cø XpS-ßn-bh-cpsS ÃUn-¢m- pI-fn¬ ]s¶-Sp-ØmWv Xm≥ ]m¿´n-bnse-Øn-b-Xv. A√msX hmbt\m°n Ib-dn-h∂ - X-√. 2007 s^{_phcn 13 Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - pcw: ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ ]m¿´n-bn¬ H∂m-a-\m-sW-¶nepw ]nWdmbnbpsS IqSn t\Xm-hmb hn Fkv ANyp-Xm-\μ - \ - mWv tIc-fØ - n¬ H∂m-a≥. hn Fkv tZiob t\Xm-hm-W.v ]nW-dm-bnbpsS Kpcp-hm-W.v Fs‚ cmjv{Sob Kpcp-hmWv. G‰hpw i‡-\mb apJy-a{- ¥n-bm-Wv. At±-l-Øns‚ ImeØp \√Xp \S∂p F∂p- h ∂mse Ncn-{X-Øn¬ ÿm\w ]nSn- ° q. IqSp-X¬ i‡-\mb apJy- a - { ¥n- b m- I m\mWv R߃ ]m¿´n-°m-scms° CXp- ] - d - b p- ∂ - X v . At±-lsØ ]m¿´n {]h¿Øn-°m≥ A\p- h - Z n- ° p- ∂ n√ F∂p h∂m¬ At±lw ]cm-P-bsa- ∂ t√ hcq. a™fmwIpgn Aen AXn\p klm-bI - c- amb \ne-]m-SmWv FSp-Ø-Xv. apJy-a{¥nsb ]pI- g v Ø n- b m¬ tZmj- a n- √ . CIgvØn ]d-bp-∂-XmWp {]iv\w. \μmkvXp-Xn F∂p ]d-bpw. 2007 s^{_p-hcn 14 Im™n-cw-Ipfw: ]d-bp-∂s - X-s¥∂p a\- n-em°n Fgp-Xm-\p≈ kmam\y _p≤n-t]m-ep-an-√msX hnh-c-t°-Sp-Iƒ

Fgp-Xp-∂h - c- mWp ]{X-°m¿. ""]{X-°mtc R߃ ]m¿´n-°m-tcmSpw ]m¿´n-tbmSpw Ifn-th≠''. \√ ]{X-°m¿ Ct∏m-gp-ap-≠.v ]{X-ßt- fmSv F\n°v F∂pw _lp-am-\am-W.v kmam\y t_m[hpw _p≤-nbp-an-√mØ-h¿ Cßs\ t]\-bp-¥m≥ \S-°c- p-X.v cmhnse Fgp-t∂-‰m¬ sSen-hn-j≥ N¿®Iƒ°p hnfn-°p-∂Xpw ImØn-cn-∏m-Wv Nne {]ap-J¿. NpΩmsX Ip™m-Ip™m Fs∂-gp-Xc - p-Xv. sX‰mb ]{X-{]-h¿Ø-\Øn-s\-Xnsc th≠n-h∂ - m¬ Imws]bv≥ \S-Øpw. 2007 s^{_p-hcn 20 Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw: ]pXnb tZhkzw Hm¿Un≥kv {]Imcw tZhkzw t_m¿Uv {]kn-U‚n\p am{Xta apgp-h≥ kab D]tbm-KØ - n-\mbn Im¿ \¬Ip-Ib - p-≈p. a‰v AwK-߃°v apgp-h≥ ka-bhpw Imdp-≠mhn-√. Bh-iy-ap-≈t- ∏mƒ tZhkzw sk{I´-dn-tbmSp tNmZn-°mw. Hmtcm AwKØn\pw ssZh-ambn k©-cn-°m≥ ]‰n-√. AwK-߃ IΩn-‰n°p h∂n´v ho´n¬ t]mI-Ww. Imdns‚ t_m¿Uv ImWn®v \m´p-Imsc t]Sn-∏n-°p-∂Xv C\n-\S- ° - n-√. ]pXnb \nb-a-{]-Imcw tZhm-e-b-Ønse ]W-sa-SpØv {Ia-t°Sv Im´n-bm¬ in£bp-≠m-Ipw. CXn¬ Aº-ew-hn-gp-ßnIƒ°p-am-{Xta {]bm-k-ap-≠m-Iq. Nne kap-Zmb kwL-S-\-Iƒ t_m[--]q¿Δw \nbaw sshIn°m≥ {ian-®n-´p≠v. 2007 s^{_p-hcn 18 ]me-°mSv: kl-I-cW taJ-e-bnse Agn-aXn Ahkm- \ n- ∏ n- ° m\p≈ {iaß ƒ ° p t\XrXzw sImSp-°p∂ henb cm£-k\mWp Rm≥. Agn-aXn Ahkm-\n-∏n-°m\pw kl-I-cW taJ-esb P\m-[n-]-Xy-{]ÿm-\-am°n am‰m-\p-ap≈ {ia-Øn-\nsS cm£-k-s\t∂m b£n-sbt∂m hnfn®m¬ A`n-am-\n-°pw. 2007 P\p-hcn 29 (kºm-ZI - ≥ : Pn {]im-¥v)

51


{]Xn-Ic- Ww

a{¥n Fw F t__n°v \μn]q¿Δw A∏p°p´≥ hffn°p∂v

"]{Xhm¿ØIfneqsS' F∂ hm¿Øm ]cn]mSn Hcp A]hmZ {]NmcW ]cn]mSn A√. AXn\p apXn¿∂m¬ Ccp∂p Xcp∂ t{]£IcmtWm tIcfØnteXv. t{]£Itcbpw ]{Xkw_‘nbmb Cu ]cn]mSn {]tXyIw {i≤n°m\nSbpff ]{X{]h¿ØItcbpw hnhn[ {]`mX]{Xßfn¬ h∂ hm¿ØIƒ Adnbn°pI. AXv ssIImcyw sNbvXXnse anIhpw t]mcmbvabpw Ignhns\mØv Nq≠n°mWn°pI. CXmWv sNbvXp t]mcp∂Xv. kn]nFw ktΩf\߃ Bcw`n® tXmsS a{¥nam¿ `cWImcy߃°v ]Icw ktΩf\ßfn¬ tI{μoIcn°pI bmsW∂ hna¿iw Dbcp∂p≠v. kn]nFw kwÿm\ktΩf\w XpSßp∂ Znhkw Hcp ]{XØns‚ eoUv Xes°´pXs∂ `cW kvXw`\w F∂mbncp∂p. B hnjbw N¿® sNøpIb√ ChnsS. kwÿm\ ktΩf\Ønc°n\p\Sphn¬, AXpw ktΩf\ \S]SnIƒ°v t\XrXzw \¬Ip∂ ÃnbdnMv IΩ‰nbn¬ Bk\ÿ\mb hnZym`ymka{¥n Fw F t__nsb t]mepff Hcmƒ Cu teJ Is‚ hnizmkyXsb°pdn®pff Nn¥I fn¬ apgpIp∂p. am{Xa√ AsX°pdn®v Hcp teJ\w Xs∂ hncNn®v ]m¿´n apJ]{XØn¬ A®Sn∏n°p∂p. Cubp ffh≥ acn®m¬ t]mepw sImSp°m≥ CSbn√mØ sh≠° A£cXe s°´n¬ ˛"A∏p°p´≥ hffn°p∂n\v tJZ]q¿Δw' F∂v. kmwkv°mcnI a{¥nbpsS Cu henb a\ n\v \μn {]Imin∏n°m\mWv Cu Ipdn∏v. km[mc

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

WKXnbn¬ hy‡n]camb Imcyßfn¬ ]camh[n {]XnIcn°mXncn°pI F∂XmWv kao]\sa¶nepw. I√psh® \pWbmsW∂v s]s´∂v Xncn®dnbm≥ Ignbp∂ Ip{]NmcWw \SØn F∂ hna¿ihpw CtX°pdn®v Bfl]cntim[\ \SØWsa∂ Bhiyhpw kmwkv ° mcnI a{¥n teJ\Øn¬ apt∂m´v sh®n´p≠v . Xn¶fmgvN (11.2.2008) cmhnse C¥ymhnj\nse "]{Xhm¿ØIfneqsS' F∂ X’ab {]`mX hm¿Øm hniIe \Øn¬ \SØnb Hcp ]cma¿iamWv a{¥nbpsS {]XnIcWØn\v ImcWw. P\d¬ sk{I´dn {]Imiv Imcm´v ktΩf\w DZvLmS\w sNøp∂ hm¿Ø tZim`nam\n ]{XØn¬ h∂n´ns√∂pw AJnte¥ym t\Xmhnt\mSv sIme®Xn sNbvsX∂pw a‰pw Rm≥ {]kvXpX ]cn]mSbn¬ ]d™Xmbn At±lw Btcm]n°p∂p. Aßs\ Rm≥ ]d™Xmbn a{¥n t__n tI´n´p≠mhn√. adn®v eoUv hm¿Øbn¬

{]Xn\n[n ktΩf\w Bcw`n°p∂Xv kw_‘n®pff hnhcWØn¬ {]Imiv Imcm´ns‚ DZvLmS\ IrXyw hn´pIf™p F∂v Nq≠n°mWn°pIbmWv sNbvXXv. AXn{]ImcamWv F∂v hy‡am°m≥ hm¿ØbpsS {]kvXpX `mKw D≤cnt°≠n h∂Xn¬ hmb\°m¿ £an°Wsa∂v ]dbs´. hm¿Øm`mKw Cßs\. {]Xn\n[n ktΩf\w Xn¶fmgvN cmhnse 9.30˛\v Bcw`n°pw. kwÿm\ IΩ‰n AwKßfpw ]Øv \nco£Icpw Dƒs∏sS 561 {]Xn\n[nIƒ ]s¶Sp°pw. {]Xn\n[n ktΩf\ \Kdn¬ XeapXn¿∂ t\Xmhv sI sI ama°p´n ]XmI Db¿Øpw. c‡km£nkvarXnaWvU] Øn¬ t\Xm°fpw {]Xn\n[nIfpw ]pjv]m¿®\ \SØpw.D®°v tijw kwÿm\ sk{I´dn ]nWdmbn hnPb≥ {]h¿Ø\ dnt∏m¿´v AhXcn∏n°pw. sshIn´v 5.30 apX¬ {]Xn\n[nIƒ dnt∏m¿´nt∑¬ {Kq∏v N¿®\SØpw. sNmΔmgvN cmhnse s]mXpN¿® Bcw`n°pw.P\d¬ sk{I´dn {]Imiv Imcm´n\p ]pdsa s]mfn‰v _yqtdm AwKßfmb apJya{¥n hn Fkv ANypXm\μ≥, Fkv cmaN{μ≥ ]nff koXmdmw sb®qcn, B¿ Dam\mYv F∂nhcpw ktΩf\Øn¬ kw_‘n °pw........... ]pjv]m¿®\°v tijw kn]nFw P\d¬ sk{I´dn {]Imiv Imcm´v {]Xn\n[n ktΩf\w DZvLmS\w sNøpw F∂v \n›bambpw FgptX≠Xmbncp∂p. a‰v F√m am[yaßfpw ]{X{]h¿Ø\ Ønse _me]mTw A\pimkn°p∂ Cu Imcyw \n¿hln®Xmbpw Nq≠n°mWn®p. I√ymWØnc°n¬ XmensI´m≥ ad∂p F∂v ]d™Xpt]msebmsb∂pw. ']{Xhm¿ØIfneqsS' F∂ hm¿Øm ]cn]mSn Hcp A]hmZ {]NmcW ]cn]mSn A√. AXn\p apXn¿∂m¬ Ccp∂p Xcp∂ t{]£IcmtWm tIcfØn teXv. t{]£Itcbpw ]{Xkw_‘n bmb Cu ]cn]mSn {]tXyIw {i≤n°m\n Sbpff ]{X{]h¿ØItcbpw hnhn[ {]`mX]{Xßfn¬ h∂ hm¿ØIƒ Adnbn°pI. AXv ssIImcyw sNbvXXnse anIhpw t]mcmbvabpw Ignhns\mØv Nq≠n°mWn°pI. CXmWv sNbvXp t]mcp∂Xv. tIm´bØv ktΩf\w Bcw`n°p∂Xn\v \nanjß ƒ°v apºv \S∂ ]cn]mSn kq£vaambn {i≤n°pIbpw ktΩf\ Xnc°nencp∂v {]XnIcWw FgpXpIbpw sNbv X t__ntbmSv ISs∏SmsX hø.

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Iq´Øn¬ a{¥n as‰mcp Imcyw ]d™Xv IqSn tI´n´p≠mIpsa∂v Dd∏mWv . kn]nsF apJ]{Xamb 'P\bpKw' A∂v hfsc ipjv°ambmWv kn]nFw ktΩf\hm¿Ø sImSpØXv. H∂mw t]Pn¬ Hcp tImfØn¬ HXp°n. ItØmen°m aXm[y£∑m¿ Xncn®p hmßnb "Zo]nI' am{XamWv Aßs\ sNbvX as‰mcp ]{Xw. P\bpKØns‚ AIhpw ]pdhpw kn]nsFbpsS Pn√m ktΩf\ hm¿ØIfpw Nn{XßfpamWv \nd™p\n∂Xv. X≥ Ip™v s]m≥Ip™v Xs∂. Ccp]m¿´nIfpsSbpw eb\Øn\v th≠n shfnbw AS°apff kn]nsF t\Xm°ƒ \n¿_‘w ]nSn°ptºmƒ a‰v _q¿jzm ]{X߃ \¬Inb ]cnKW\ F¶nepw P\bpKw kn]nFw ktΩf\ Øn\v \¬tI≠Xmbncp∂p. Cu A`n{]mb {]IS\w kn]nsF s°Xncmb sshcmKy {]IS\tam Ip{]NmcWtam Nmth¿ B{IaWtam Bbn Ahcmcpw hymJym\n°psa∂v IcpXp∂n√. ]s£ CXv t__n ]cma¿in°mXncp∂Xv F¥psIm≠v F∂v teJ\w hy‡am°p∂p. "kn]nFw kwÿm\ IΩ‰n AwKhpw tZim`nam\n ]{XØns‚ NpaXe°mc\pambn {]h¿Øn® Hcp hy‡n CØcØn¬ hmSINmthdmtI≠nbncp∂ns√'∂v ]ns∂ At±lw Fßs\ FgpXn ]nSn∏n°pw. a{¥n t__nbpsS teJ\Øn¬ ]dbp∂Xpt]mse Xs∂ CsXmcp X’ab kwt{]jW ]cn]mSnbmWv. ]{Xw apgps° ap≥Iq´n hmbn®p h∂v A`n{]mb {]IS\w \SØe√. {]`mXØnendßp∂ Ccp]tXmfw ]{XßfneqsS ]Xn\t©m Ccp]tXm an\n´pff Hm´ {]Z£nWw. AXn¬ Nnet∏mƒ t\m´]niIpIƒ t]mepw kw`hns®∂ncn°pw. ]s£ CXv t\m´ ]niIns‚ Imcya√. ktΩf\ \S]Sn {Ia߃ sImSp°ptºmƒ AXns‚ a¿Ωamb DZv L mS\w hn´pt]mbXv teJIt‚bpw B hm¿Ø°v ta¬t\m´w hln® FUn‰¿amcptSbpw hogvNbmWv. 180˛Hmfw hcnIfpff Hcp hm¿ØbpsS ]mcmhmcØn¬ 35˛mw hcnbn¬ Imcyw R߃ s]mXn™v sh®n´ps≠∂pw hmb\°m¿ apßnØ∏n FSpØp sImffWsa∂pw ]dbp∂Xv \√ ]{X{]h¿Ø\hpa√. G‰hpw Ffp∏Øn¬ hm¿ØbpsS {][m\ hi߃ hmb\°mcs‚ {i≤bn¬ s]SWw. AXn\v ]‰nb hm¿Øm LS\, ÿm\ \n¿Æbw, ap≥KW\mk∂nthiw XpSßn

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

]{X{]h¿Ø\Øn¬ s { ] m ^ j W e m b ]eLSIßfpap≠v. As√ ¶n¬ km¥nbmtKm am¿´ns‚ tem´dn \dps°Sp∏v b{¥ Øn¬ hm¿ØIƒ tImcn \nd®v Id°n t]PpIfn¬ \ncØn A®Sn®v hn´m¬ aXnbt√m. At∏mƒ hmb\ °mc\v hm¿ØIƒ Is≠ Øm\mIn√. hm¿Øm AhtemI\ ]cn]mSnbn¬ AØcw Nne LSIßsf °pdn®pff A`n{]mb {]IS\߃ kzm`mhn Fw F t__n IamWv. GXv ]{Xambmepw. ]m¿´n ]{Xw CubnsS Blzm\w kn]nFw kwÿm\ IΩ‰n AwKhpw sNbv X ncp∂p. a{¥n t__nbpsS tZim`nam\n ]{XØns‚ NpaXe°mc\p \nehmcapff Hcp am¿IvknÃv t\Xmhv ambn {]h¿Øn®p F∂ t__nbpsS F∂n´pw C¥ymhnj\nse Fs‚ A\pkvacWw {]k‡amIp∂Xv Cu "]{XßfneqsS' F∂ ]cn]mSn kao]\Øns‚ ImcyØnemWv. {i≤n°p∂p. \μn]dbmsX hø. s{]m^jWembpw cmjv{Sobambpw Dff F¶nepw teJ\w hmbn®t∏mƒ \ne]mSpIfn¬ \n∂v ]m¿´n ]{XØn\v Db¿∂ Hcp tNmZyap≠v. Cu ktΩf\ A]{`wiw hcptºmƒ Aßs\bpff Ønc°n\nSbn¬ CXn\v kabw Hcmƒ°v AsXfp∏Øn¬ Nq≠n°m´m Is≠ØnbXv F¥psIm≠v. B∏p°p \mIpw. Aßs\ sNøp∂Xv ]m¿´nsb ´s\Xnsc Bbp[hpw Iq¿∏n®v Ccn°p XI¿°e√. B hymJym\w Xncpج ∂h¿ ]m¿´n ]{XØn¬ Xs∂bp≠t√m. at\m`mhØnt‚Xpa√. a{¥n t__n a{¥n Xs∂ {]XnIcnt°≠n ht∂m. hntijn∏n°p∂ ]m¿´n ]mcºcyapff sshcmKyw B¿°msW∂pw F¥p AØcw HcmfpsS AwKoIrX t]cp sIm≠msW∂pw t_m[yambn. kwÿm t]mepw A®Sn°msX B∏p°p´s\∂pw \ ktΩf\wkw_‘n® ]m¿´n ]{X a‰pw FgpXn BtLmjn°p∂h¿°v kπnsa‚n¬ Hcp Nm°v cmjv{Sob°mcs‚ t{]m’ml\w \¬Ip∂ ]m¿´n]{X ]Sw sh®pff Biwkm]ckyw h∂Xv t\XrXzØn¬ Dƒs∏´ BfmWt√m kqNn∏n®Xpw teJ\Øn¬ ]cma¿in _lpam\s∏´ kmwkv°mcnI a{¥n. °p∂p≠v. CjvSs∏´pImWn√. Atacn°˛ C¥y˛ssN\ {XntImWw hfs®mSn®v hnIrXs∏SpØn kzbw F∂ cmjv{Sob k¶ev]hpambn kp{_ A]lmky\mImsX A∏p°p´≥ hffn°p∂v F∂v icnbmw hn[w “WykzmanbptSbpw a‰pw t\XrXzØn¬ tcJs∏SpØnbXn\v At±lØns‚ sIm®nbn¬ kwLSn∏n® ktΩf\w kmwkv ° mcnI a\ nt\mSv \μn DZvLmS\w sNbvXXv a{¥n Fw F t__nbmbncp∂p. Atacn°≥ ]dtb≠Xp≠v. CubnsS ]{XØns‚ P\d¬ km{amPyXzw hn`mh\w sNøp∂ GI {[phtemIØns\Xnsc C¥ybpw amt\Pcm°n \ntbmKn®n´pff ssN\bpw djybpw Hs° Dƒs°mffp∂ amt\Pvsa‚ v hnZKv≤≥ Cu ap≥Ime kmºØnI˛cmjv{Sob kpc£m kl ]{XNpaXe°mc\v \¬Inb hntijWw IcWw thWsa∂XmWv kn]nFw H‰pImcs\∂mWv . ]Tn®tX ]mSq \ne]mSv . _lp{[ph temIkrjv S n Fs∂mcp sNm√p≠v. thhemXnbpw kw_‘n® kao]\w. a{¥n t__n hnjahpap≠mbn´v ]dbpIb√. IdpØ bpsS DZvLmS\ {]kwKØn¬ CXv ap{Z ASn°m≥ F{Xsbms° B™p {]Xn^en®v I≠n√. C°mcyw {ian®mepw ]m¿´n AWnIfpw P\ßfpw t]mbhmcw amXr`qanbnse Fs‚ I√pw s\√pw Xncn®dnbpw. AXv CXn\Iw ]w‡nbn¬ Nq≠n°mWn®ncp∂p. sXfn™n´pffXmWv. As√¶n¬ A°mcyØn¬ \ne]mSv hy‡am°m≥ H‰pImc≥ Nmthdmbn Xpebp∂Xn¬ a{¥n t__n Xp\n™v I≠n√. ]Icw Cu teJIs\ hmSI Nmth a{¥n t__nsb t]mepff Hcmƒ°v tJZnt°≠ Bhiyan√t√m. A∏p dm°n Nm∏ IpØm≥ {ian°pIbmWv. °p´≥ F∂ £p{ZPohn ]s¶Sp°p∂ GXmbmepw \μn. Nm\epIƒ _lnjv ° cn°Wsa∂v

53


]w‡n

bmsXm∂p Im¨a-XXv \mcm-bW {]Xna A`n-\bw ]Tn-t°-≠-h¿°v ss[cy-]q¿Δw IS-∂p-sN-√m≥ ]‰nb Hcp ]mT-imebmWv iyma-{]-km-Zv. F√m-Im-cy-Ønepw I≠p-]-Tn-°m-hp∂ Hcm-fm-Wv. A`n-\-b-Øn-epw, ASn-®p-am-‰-enepw C{X-tbsd {]mK¤yw ]pe¿Øm-dp≈ as‰m-cm-fn-√. "Htc IS-en¬' NXn-bpsS he-sb-dn™v Hcp-]mSp t]cpsS im]w G‰p-hm-ßn. At±-lsØ I≠p-]-Tn-°p-∂Xv ]pXnb Xe-ap-d°v Gsd KpWw sNøpw. "Htc IS-ens‚' ]pkvXI {]Im-i-\-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´v sI B¿ aoc°v tImSXn Ib-td-≠n-h-∂Xv HSp-hn-esØ DZm-l-c-W-am-Wv.

s\-‰n¬ {]Xy-£-s∏´ apJØv A¬∏w ¢mcn-‰n IqSp-Xe - p-≠m-bn-cp∂p F∂p-am-{Xw. C¥y≥ kabw cm{Xn 9.16-\m-bn-cp∂p Cu A¤pXw Ac-tß-dn-bX - .v Ifn-®Xv Gjyms\-‰m-tWm, C¥ym-hn-j\ - mtWm F∂v \ap°-dn-bn-√. \mcm-bW - ≥ shdp-samcp \mcmb-W\ - s - √∂pw Hscms∂m-∂c \mcm-bW - \m-sW∂pw Hcn-°¬°qSn t_m[y-s∏-´ncn-°p-∂p. Cu ssehnse sse F¥m-sW∂-dn-b-W-sa-¶n¬ km£m¬ \mcm-b-Wt\mSp Xs∂ tNmZn-t°-≠n-hc- pw. Xo≠m-∏mSv tPm¨ta-cn°v F¥mWp Ipg∏w F∂- d n- b n- √ . H∏w \S- t °- ≠ - b mƒ Nnet∏mƒ ap≥t] \S-°pw, a‰p Nne-t∏mƒ j¿´ns‚ ssI sXdp-Øp-I-b‰n AXn-Ynsb X - √ - pw-t]mse ASp-Øp-sN-√pw. F\n°n-Xp-I-gn™v thsd ]Wn-°p-t]mWw F∂ a´n-emWv \S-∏v. AXnYn thW-sa¶n¬ H∏w \S-s∂-Ø-Ww. kv{S-IvN-dn¬ tcmKnsb sIm≠p-t]m-Ip-tºmƒ bqdn-\dn ªmU¿ Iøn-se-SpØp ]nSn°pw t]mse tPm¨ tacn-bpsS Acbv°p ]n∂n¬ "dn°m¿U¿' Xqßn-°n-S-°p-∂p. (H∏w \S∂v ˛ C¥ym-hn-j≥) tPm¨ tacn Ipsd tNmZy-߃ Aßp tNmZn-°pw. ]d™p hni-Zo-Ic- n®p sIm≠v ]n \mcm-b-W≥ ]pdsI hcpw. \mcm-bWs\ apJy-a{¥n "Hcp sjUyqƒUv ImÃv saº¿ F∂p hnfn-®X - ns\' tPm¨ Hm¿Ω-

]

√-h≥am-sc-t∏mse kz¥w {]Xn-a-Iƒ D≠m°n t£{X apJØp {]Xn-jvTn-®-h-cmWv C∂sØbpw C∂-e-sØbpw tZhkzw t_m¿Up-Im¿. AXn-semcp \mcm-bW - \ - p-ap-≠.v tZh-]Zw Ae-¶c- n-t°≠-bmƒ tZhkzw t_m¿Un¬ FØn F∂Xv Hcp AXn-ib - a- m-W.v "bmsXm∂p Im¨a-XXp \mcm-bW {]Xn-abm-sXm∂p tIƒ∏-XXp \mcm-bW kvXpXn-Iƒ' Aßs\ F√m sSen-hn-j≥ sk‰p-I-fnepw F√m hm¿Øm-ap-dn-If - nepw kIe XqWp-If - nepw \mcm-bW - ≥ h∂p \nd-bp-Ib - m-W.v ssehv F∂ km[-\Ø - ns‚ ]cnjvI-cn® Hcp ]Xn∏v Ign™ H≥]-Xn\v t{]£-I¿ I≠p- sR-´n. C¥ym-hn-j-\nse ssehv N¿®-bn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°p∂ \mcm-bW - ≥, AtX hmb Xpd∂v Gjyms\‰v \yqkn-t\mSpw X’-abw {]Xn-Ic- n-°p-∂p. Gjym-

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

]n. \mcm-bW - ≥ s∏-Sp-Øn-sb-¶nepw \mcm-bW - ≥ XnI®pw kwb- a \tØmsS- b m- W v t\cn- ´ - X v . "Rms\mcp ]´nI PmXn-°m-c\ - m-bXv Fs‚ Ipg∏w sIm≠mtWm? hni-Zo-Ic- W - h - pw, hna¿i-\h - pw, Bfltcm-j-hp-sam-s°-bmbn s]m´n-sØ-dnt°≠ Ah-k-c-Ønepw \mcm-b-Ws‚ kaNnØ-X-tbm-sS-bp≈ Cu s]cp-am‰sØ A\p-tam-Zn-°m-Xn-cn-°m-\m-In-√. \mcm-bW - s‚ ÿm\Øv Sn ]fl-\m-`\ - mbn-cp-s∂-¶n-tem. Cuiz-c≥ Hcp `oI-c≥ Xs∂. Bfpw Xchpw t\m°n-bmWv PmXn-

54


"kv{Xoth-j-Ønse AS-bm-f-߃' F∂ hnj-b-Øn-ep≈ N¿®-bn¬ Cu X{¥n-°p-™ns\ sXc-s™-Sp-ØXv _p≤n-]q¿Δ-am-bn. Xs‚ IpSpw-_-Øn-ep≈ Hcp s]Æpw AΩ-bm-bm-epw, s]ß-fm-bmepw `mcy-bm-bmepw ]mc-ºcy thj-Øn-e-√msX ]pd-Øn-d-ßm≥ A\p-h-Zn-°n√ F∂ {]Xn- ⁄ bpw cmlp¬ ]pXp- ° n. ]mc- º - c y- t hjw sIm≠v \m´n¬ kZm- N mcw ]pecpw F∂p-hm-Zn-°p∂ Cu sNdp-∏-°m-c≥ Ipd®p apºp-≈, ^vfm‰nse cXn-tlmaw IqSn Ht∂m¿°p-∂Xv \∂v. Im¿Uv \¬In-bX - v. hnZym-`ym-khpw hnhc-hp-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂ tUmIvS¿ Fw F Ip´∏s\ ]s≠m-cn-°¬ \mb-\m¿ lcn-P≥ a{¥n F∂p hnfn-®X - ns\ XpS¿∂p-≠mb ]pIn-ep-Iƒ Fs¥m-s°-bm-bn-cp-∂p. h°o¬ t\m´o-k,v tImS-Xn, tIkv. tIm¨{K-kpw, IΩyq-Wn-Ãpw XΩnep≈ {][m\ hyXym-ks - a-s¥-∂d- n-bm≥ CsXm- s °- Ø s∂ [mcm- f w. ]t£ AXnYn Bcm-bmepw Xo≠m-∏m-Sns‚ kvsIbn-ep-ambn \S-°p∂ tPm¨tacn ssÃsem-∂p-am-‰W - w. As√-¶n¬ sN∂p hnfn-°p-tºmƒ Cßs\ ]d-s™-∂ncn°pw "Xm≥ hnt´m, Rm≥ ]pdsI ht∂°mw.' Nne-t∏m-ƒ hcm-Xn-cn-°m\pw aXn. ]mT-ime A`n-\bw ]Tn-t°-≠-h¿°v ss[cy]q¿Δw IS-∂p-sN-√m≥ ]‰nb Hcp ]mTimebmWv iyma-{]-km-Z.v (s_Ãv BIvS¿ Aar-X). F√m-Im-cy-Ønepw I≠p-]T- n-°mhp∂ Hcm-fm-W.v A`n-\b - Ø - n-epw, ASn-®pam- ‰ - e nepw C{X- t bsd {]mK¤yw ]pe¿Øm-dp≈ as‰m-cm-fn-√. "Htc IS-en¬' NXn-bpsS he-sb-dn™v Hcp-]mSp t]cpsS im]w G‰p-hm-ßn. At±-lsØ I≠p-]Tn-°p-∂Xv ]pXnb Xe-ap-d°v Gsd KpWw sNøpw. "Htc IS-ens‚' ]pkvXI {]Imi-\-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´v sI B¿ aoc°v tImSXn Ib-td-≠n-h-∂Xv HSp-hn-esØ DZm-lc- W - a- m-W.v s]s´-∂p-Xs∂ DØ-chpw h∂p. aoc-bpsS t]cp-IqSn H´n®p tN¿ØpaXn {]Im-i\w. IS-en¬ Imbw Ie-°mw. Adn-bn-√. F∂p-Ic- pXn I≈w Ie-°c- pXv, IS-en-em-bmepw Ie-bn-em-bm-epw. A`n-\bw ]Tn-∏n-°p∂ iyma-{]-kmZv ]nt≈¿°p ImWn®p sImSp-°p-∂Xv kz¥w kn\n-ab - mWv F∂Xv as‰mcp Xami. Fs∂-°mƒ \s√mcp amXrI thsd FhnsS In´pw. CXn-s\-bmWv \mS≥ hmsam-gn-bn¬ ]p¶-Øcw F∂p-]d- b - p-∂X - .v Cu KW-Øn¬ Iq´m-hp∂ as‰mcp am[yahn-Nm-cn-∏p-Im-c≥ (ssI-cf - n) sk_m-Ãy≥ t]mfm-Wv. A{X-tim-`\a√mØ Nne am[ya Nn¥-Iƒ AS-ßnb Hcp ]pkvXIw sk_m- à y≥t]mƒ Fgp- X n- b n- ´ p- ≠ v .

2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

am[ya {]h¿Ø-Isc \∂m-°m-\p≈ {iaØns‚ `mK-am-sW∂p ]d-bmw. ]pkvXIw AIhpw ]pdhpw Xpd-∂p-Im´n t]mƒ Xs‚ ]w‡n-bn-eqsS {]N-cWw \S-Øp-∂p. am[ya {]h¿Ø-I¿ ]oem-tØm-kn-s\t∏msebmI-cp-Xv, AXn-\m-emWv Rm≥ Cß-s\-sbmcp ]pkvXIw Fgp-Xn-bXv Fs∂ms° kzbw dnhyq sNøp-∂p. \mhv hmS-I°p sImSp-°c- pXv, \mhv hn¬°-cpXv Fs∂ms° Nne D]-tZ-i-߃ ASpØnsS Nne Xncp-hmbv samgn-I-fn-eqsS \Ωƒ tI´-XmWv. sk_mÃy≥t]mƒ hmS-I°p sImSp°p-∂Xv F¥mWv. DØcw ]d™m¬ ¢q Xcmw. kv{Xothjw Cuiz-c-km∂n[yw GXp X{¥n- I p- S pw- _ Øn\pw thWw. A°m-cy-Øn¬ iyma-{]-kmZv Xmg-a¨aTw `mKyw sNbvXn-cn°p-∂p. Hcp k¬∏p-{X-\p-≈Xv Cuiz-ct- \°mƒ henb ]mc-ºc - y-hm-Zn-bmbn amdn-bXn¬ kam-[m-\n-°mw. Cu Xn-cp-∏n-d∏ - ns‚ t]cv cmlp¬ Cuiz-¿ F∂m-W.v ASp-apSn Idp-∏-Wn™v {]Xy-£-s∏-´Xv Ign™ Znhkw at\m-ca \yqkn-em-W.v sI C B¿ ]cn-jvI-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc i‡-ambn Bt£]w Dcp-hn-Sp-Ib - m-bn-cp∂p e£yw. s]Æp-߃ kmcn DSp-Ømse ]mcºcyw ]pecq F∂m-W-`n-{]m-bw. F∂p IcpXn kn{am≥ DSp-°p∂ coXn-bn¬ BIcp-Xv. sF Pn B¿ {iote-J, A[ym-]n-Ibmb KoX F∂n-hc- m-bn-cp∂p Cuiz-cs‚ CShpw hepw N¿®-b° v n-cp-∂X - .v "kv{Xothj-Ønse AS-bm-fß - ƒ' F∂ hnj-bØ - nep≈ N¿®-bn¬ Cu X{¥n-°p-™ns\ sXc-s™-Sp-ØXv _p≤n-]q¿Δ-am-bn. Xs‚ IpSpw-_Ø - n-ep≈ Hcp s]Æpw˛ AΩ-bmbm-epw, s]ß-fm-bmepw `mcy-bm-bmepw˛

]mc-ºcy thj-Øn-e-√msX ]pd-Øn-dßm≥ A\p-hZ- n-°n√ F∂ {]Xn-⁄bpw cmlp¬ ]pXp-°n. ]mc-ºc- y-thjw sIm≠v \m´n¬ kZm-Nmcw ]pecpw F∂p-hm-Zn°p∂ Cu sNdp-∏° - m-c≥ Ipd®p apºp-≈, ^vfm‰nse cXn-tlmaw IqSn Ht∂m¿°p∂Xv \∂v. "im¥m-Imcw `pP-K-i-b\w' F∂p t]cn´ B F∏n- t km- U nse \mbIthjw ssIImcyw sNbvXXv AßbpsS hI-bn¬ Bcm-Wm-thm. ]‰p-sa-¶n¬ {iotIm-hn-en-\p-≈n¬ tImW-I-hmepw Xq°n- \ n∂v kwkv I m- c sØ Bt£-]n-°p∂ Ipsd X{¥n-amsc Po≥kv [cn-∏n-°m-\p≈ {ia-amWv XpS-tß-≠X - .v AΩ-s]-ß≥am¿°v am\w acym- Z - t bmsS \n∂v {]m¿∞n-°m-\p≈ Ah-kc- s- am-cp°-Ww. kz¥w icocw a‰p-≈h - sc ImWn-°msX thjw [cn-°m\p≈ Ah- I miw C\n kv{XoIƒ°v Nm\¬N¿®-bn-eqsS thtWm t\Sn-sb-Sp-°m≥. hfn-®h - ¿Ø-am\w \ºymcpw, \ºq-Xn-cnbpw IqSn N¿®-bv°ncp∂m¬ t{]£-I¿°v F¥p-In-´m-\m-Wv. (h¿Ø-am\w ˛ kqcy) ]c-kv]c - k - l - mb kl-IcW kwL- a mbn c≠p- t ]cpw IqSn shdpsX Hcp h¿Ø-am\w. X\n-s°-Xnsc bmsXmcp Btcm-]W - hpw Ct∂-hsc D∂bn-°m-Xn-cp-∂Xv kqcym Sn hnbm-sW∂v tZhkzw t_m¿Uv {]kn-U‚ v kn sI Kp]vX≥ \μn-]-d-bp-∂p. Bcp-an-√mØ t\cØv Rm≥ Aø-∏-t\mSp ]d-™p. "\Ωƒ c≠p-t]-ct√ ChnsS tam´n-°m-sXbp≈q.' At∏mƒ tZhkzw AwK-߃ tamjvSns®-∂mtWm? "F¥m \ºymtc CXv' shdpsX IpSp°n¬ NmSn- ° p- t ∂. Ds≠t∂m Cs√t∂m Rm≥ ]d-t™m. C\n t{]£I¿°v Hcp Xocp-am-\-sa-Sp-°mw. kabw cm{Xn ]Xn-s\m-∂m-bn. D≠n-√. shdpsX hfn® "h¿Ø-am\w' tI´n-cn-°m≥ t\c-an√.

55


]w‡n

ae-_m¿ sabn¬

am^n-b-Ifpw {Inan-\-ep-Ifpw D≠m-Ip-∂Xv hn\oXv t_m_≥

B

kq-{X-WØ - n¬ Fhn-sStbm ]ng-®n-cn-°W - w. As√-¶n¬ B s]meokv k¿°nƒ C≥kvs]-IvS¿°v Hm¿°m-∏pdØv Hcp tcmKn-bm-th-≠n-hc- p-am-bn-cp-∂n√! saUn-°¬ eohv Hcp-am-kt- Ø-°m-Wt- {X. B¿°-dnbmw Hcp amkw sIm≠v Xncq¿ kn sF dkvX-Øns‚ AkpJw t`Z-amhptam! P\m-[n-]Xy alnfm Atkm-kn-tbj≥ ae-∏pdw Pn√m {]h¿ØI tbmKØns‚ Is≠-ج hniz-kn-°m-sa-¶n¬ dkvXw Ah¿I-fpsS tcmK-Øn\v sX√p-]g-°a- p-≠.v Gam-s\-°p-dn®v kn ]n FΩns‚ apJ-]{- X-Øn¬ Cßs\ hnkvXc- n-s®-gp-Xnbn-cn-°p∂p: Pn√-bn¬ hfm-t©cn tÃj\n¬ Fkv sFbmbn Npa-Xe Bcw-`n-®Xp apX¬ IrXy \n¿h-l-W-Øn¬ Pm{KX ]pe¿Øm-Xn-cn-°p-Ibpw {Inan-\-ep-Isfbpw am^n-b-I-sfbpw klm-bn-°pIbpw sNøp∂ kao-]\ - a- mWv Cu DtZymK-ÿs‚ `mK-Øp-\n-∂p-≠m-bX - v. aW¬ am^n-b, skIvkv dm°‰v F∂n-h-bpsS \nc-¥c {]hr-Øn-Iƒ \S-°p∂ Pn√-bn¬ CØcw DtZym- K - ÿ ¿ XpS- c p- ∂ Xv B]¬°-c-am-Wv. CXv {Inan-\-ep-Iƒ°v t{]m’m-l\ - a- m-Ipw.... (tZ-im-`n-am-\n, 2008 P\p-hcn 28) kwKXn Cßs\sbms°-bmbn-cn-s°-Øs∂ dkvXw Ah¿Iƒ kn sFbmbn Xncq- c n- s e- Ø n- b - t √m. km£m¬ Xp©s‚ tZiØv! {Inan-\¬ am^nb kn≠n-t°-‰p-Iƒ°pth≠n ({]-tbm-KØ - n\v IS-∏mSv hy‡-amt°-≠-Xn-√t√m!) IYbpw Xnc-°-Ybpw Xbm-dm-°n-b-t∏mƒ Hcp tcmKn-bpsS thjw sIt´-≠n-h-cp-sa∂v km£m¬ Im°n thjw Hm¿Øn-´p-≠m-hn-√. P\-Pm{K-Xbpw am[ya kn≠n-t°-‰p-I-fpsS {]h¿Ø-\h - p-amWv dkvXa- ns\ saUn-°¬ eosh-Sp-°Ø - ° - h - n-[Ø - n¬ tcmKm-Xp-c\ - m°n-bXv F∂p-thWw Icp-Xm≥! ae-∏pdw Pn√-bnse sshe-Øq¿ {KmaØn-se, Zcn{Z IpSpw-_mw-K-amb Hcp s]¨Ip-´n-sb, s]¨hm-Wn` am^nb kwLw {Iqc-amb ]oU-\Ø - n-\n-cb - m-°nb kw`hw \S-∂n´v c≠p-h¿jw XnI-bm-\n2008 s^{_p-hcn 22

cn- s °- b m- W v , B \nkz- P o- h n- X sØ ]ns∂bpw th´-bm-Sm≥ dkvXw F∂ \oXn ]me-I≥ ss[cyw Im´n-bXv! B ]mhw s]¨In-Sm-hns\ Xntb-‰¿ ]cn-kc-Øp-sh-®,v Hmt´m-dn-£b - n¬ A\m-im-kyhr-Øn-bn-te¿s∏-´-Xn\v ]nSn-Iq-Sn-sb∂v ASn-b¥ - c hm¿Øm-kt- Ω-f\w \SØnb \oXn]me-Is‚ \oXn-\njvT B¿°mWv t_m[y-s∏-Sp-I; sshe-Øq¿ s]¨hmWn` kwL-Øn\p ]n∂nse IdpØ i‡n-Iƒ°-√msX! 2006 BKÃv 10-\mWv sshe-Øq-cnse s]¨Ip- ´ nsb ImWm- X m- h p- ∂ - X v . Ggmw\mƒ Btcm Hcp hml-\-Øn¬ s]¨Ip-´nsb ae-∏p-d-Øp-sIm-≠p-hn-´p. sXcp-hn-en-dßn \n∂v Ip´n, IS-∂p-t]mhp∂ hml-\ß - ƒs°ms° ssIIm-Wn®Xp {i≤n® \m´p-Im¿ ]¥n-tISp tXm∂n t]meo-kn¬ hnh-c-a-dn-bn-®-tXm-sS-bmWv sshe-Øq¿ skIvkv dm°-‰ns‚ Npcp-fg- nbp-∂X - v. skIvkv dm°-‰ns‚ ]n∂n-ep-≈h¿ i‡cpw apjv°c- p-am-W.v Ai-cW - b - mb s]¨Ip-´n°v Xß-fpsS ho´n¬ A`-bs- amcp-°n-b, Ip´n-bpsS ]nXm-hn-s‚, ktlm-Zc-∑m-cmb c≠p-kl - r-Øp-°sf \´-∏m-Xnc°v ho´n¬ Ibdn amc-I-ambn sh´n-∏-cnt°¬ev]n-®p. Ip´n-bpsS IpSpw-_-Øn\v

Bizm-k-ta-Inb as‰mcp kplr-Øns‚ sshe-Øq-cnse XpWn-°S AKv\n-°n-cbm-°n. Ip´n-sbbpw ]nXm-hn-s\bpw Ct∏mgpw `oXn-bpsS IØn-ap-\-bn¬ \ndpØp-Ib - mWv am^nbm `oI-c∑ - m¿. ]oU-\s- Ø-Øp-S¿∂v a\- ns‚ Xmfw sX‰nb s]¨Ip-´n°v Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cØpw Xncq-cnepw NnIn’ \S-Øn-bn-cp-∂p. aq∂ph´w Bfl-lX - y°p Xp\n™ Ip´n-bpsS at\m-\n-es- b-°p-dn®v B¿°pw Duln-°m\m-hpw. XI¿∂ a\ pw ico-c-hp-ambn s]¨Ip´n Fd-Wm-Ip-fØv Hcp XpWn-°S-bn¬ tPmen sNøp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. CXn\n-Sb - n-em-Wv, s]¨Ip-´nsb A\m-imky {]h¿Ø\w \S-Øn-sb∂v Btcm-]n®v Xncq¿ kn sF IÃ-Un-bn-se-Sp-Ø-Xv. XpS¿∂v s]cn-¥¬aÆ tImS-Xn-bn¬ lmP-cm-°nb s]¨Ip-´nsb at©cn k_v Pbn-en¬ dnam≥Uv sNøp-Ib - p-ap-≠mbn. s]¨Ip-´n-bpsS Ad-Ãn\p ]n∂n¬ sshe- Ø q¿ tIknse {]Xn- I - f psS kzm[o- \ - a p- s ≠∂p sXfn- ™ Xns\ØpS¿∂v kw`-hØ - n¬ h\n-Xm°Ωo-j≥ CS-s]-Sp-Ibpw s]¨Ip-´n-bpsS samgn tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ib - p-ap-≠m-bn. ]oU\-Øn-\n-c-bmb s]¨Ip-´nsb Gs‰-Sp°m≥ h\nXm°Ωo-j≥ Xocp-am-\h - p-sa-SpØp. DNn-Xhpw [oc-hp-amb \S-]Sn F∂v \ap°v Dds° ]d-bmw. C{Xbpw sImSnb Ip‰-IrXyw sNøm≥ Hcp a\:km£n-°pØpw C√m-Ø-h¿ \ΩpsS s]meokv tk\-bn¬ C\nbpw thWtam F∂v Btem-Nn-°p-tºmƒ Xs∂, Xncq¿ kn sF tIhew Hcp saUn°¬ eohns‚ Xmcm-´p-tI-´v, DuXn-_m-[tb- X p- a n- √ msX kkpJw Ign- b p∂p F∂mWv tIƒ°p-∂Xv! BcmWv \ΩpsS t]meokv tk\-bnse \msf-sØbpw \mW-am-Ip∂ kn sF dkvXsØt∏msebp-≈-hsc kwc-£-n®p \nd-pØp-∂Xv! B`y-¥c a{¥n-bpsS ]m¿´n-bnse Bsc√mtam Ds≠-∂p-{ip-Xn. Pn√m sk{I-´-dnbpsS \ntj-[-°p-dn∏v ]m¿´n apJ-]-{XØn¬ Hcp aqe-bn¬ ImWm-sX-bp-an-√. as‰mcp Inkbpw Pn√-bn-seßpw ]m´m-W.v kn\n-a-°m-c-\mb a{¥n-Ip-am-cs‚ Hcp Xmßv Xncq¿ kn sF°v D≠-t{X. sh≈nØnc kw_-‘n-bmb kulrZw! P\m-[n-]Xy alnfm Atkm-kn-tbj≥ `mc-hm-ln-Iƒ Is≠-Ønb, Xncq¿ kn sFbpsS BZy-Imew apX¬t°-bp≈ tcmK-߃s°m∂pw Hcp {]Xn-hn-[nbpw Bcpw {]Xo-£n-t°-≠-Xn√ Iq´-tc.... F¥p sshe-Øq¿? GXps]¨Ip´n...? h\n-Xm-°Ω - o-j≥ Cu {]iv\Ø - n¬ FSpØ kap-Nn-Xa- mb CS-s]-Se - p-Is- fbpw \S-]S- n-Is- fbpw \ap°v Hcn-°¬ IqSn A`n\-μn-°mw.

56

Writings of Hameed Chennamangallur  

Column, Janashakthi Weekly