МАКЕДПНСКА РИЗНИЦА only after the Balkan Wars and the Treaty of Bucharest. This situation prevails to this day despite the short occupations by Bulgaria in the time of the First and the Second World War. All these historical events in and around this region generated great activity and involvement of the population in the Macedonian revolutionary movements. The population from this region took part in the Kresna Uprising, where one of its leaders was Stojan Karastoilov, a native of the Zrnovo region. In addition to that Zrnovo also gave many fighters in the Uprising in Razlovci. After the foundation of IMRO (Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization), Zrnovo was organised as part of the revolutionary district with its center in Ser, which was considered as one of the more active ones. It has been recorded that one of the famous revolutionary leaders who acted in this region was Atanas Teshovski. It is interesting to note that during the Drama Uprising in 1941 organized by the communist party of Greece in which Macedonians participated, upon the liberation of the city Prosechen, a public speech in the Macedonian language was held. The Macedonians from this region also took part in the Greek Civil War. For example a participant in the armed forces of DAG (Democratic Army of Greece) from Zrnovo was Gjorgji Hadzipetrov. From everything said before the land in and around Zrnovo gave significant figures and contributed to the historical events in Macedonia, despite the relatively small number of its population. According to the Ottoman census from
the XV-th century Zrnovo had 171 ‘infidel families’ and only one Muslim family.
As a result of the process of converting to Islam in the first half of the XIX-th century, in Zrnovo there were 240 Christian and 40 Muslim families. According to the first censuses of the new Greek government established in 1913, Zrnovo had about 2000 residents. Already in 1940 the population increased to around 3300, but this is not due to natural population growth but as a result of massive colonization by Greek refugees from various coastal parts of Turkey. However after World War II the number of people slides down to about 2700. This reduction was directly damaging the Macedonian element of the population, which due to historical events and unbearable life, left its homeland and sought refuge across the border
Published on Jan 1, 2013