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Monthly newsletter for and by English learners and teachers Editors: Maja Ivanović, prof.

February 2015

Komercijalna i trgovačka škola Bjelovar

Irena Pavlović, prof. mentor Srednja škola Čazma


W h e n

Inside this issue: The invention of romantic love


On the other side of love


Love Quiz


25 Signs You’re Teaching In 2015


English language competition


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h t t p : / / y o u t u . b e / z u d b z 4 h O c b c

Ivan Lukovečki Cartoon artist

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side of love...

And here it is again - the month of love. It is said that the middle of February is the beginning of the birds’ mating season, and we all know what happens to cats and dogs... So, who are we to argue when love takes over? This issue of Sparkles© brings you a variety of lovely (punny, right? ) articles. Right under this find out something about Charles Dickens. He is, after all, one of the most prominent English writers of all time. In the Students’ corner, the theme is, of course, romance. But if you prefer something different... Take a look at how it is on the other

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Try solving the love quiz and the crossword puzzle - no cheating, please!  - and send us your answers. Teachers’ corner shows you what it’s like to be in the here and now, and last but not least, we bring you the list of the best students from all the students in our county who get to show what they’re worth on February 26th in Čazma. We wish them all good luck. Enjoy reading...


English Victorian era author, Charles Dickens was born on February 7, 1812, in Portsmouth, England. As a prolific 19th century author of short stories, plays, novellas, novels, fiction and non, during his lifetime he became known for his remarkable characters, his mastery of prose in the telling of their lives, and his depictions of the social classes, mores and values of his times. Some considered him the spokesman for the poor, for he definitely brought much awareness to their plight, the downtrodden and the have-nots. Over the course of his writing career, he wrote the beloved classic novels Oliver Twist, A Christmas Carol, Nicholas Nickleby, David Copperfield, A Tale of Two Cities and Great Expectations. He also wrote The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club, a series of sketches which took the form of monthly serial instalments. This literary colossus of his age died of a stroke in 1870 in Kent, England, leaving his final novel, The Mystery of Edwin Drood, unfinished. Perhaps the best way to show his literary influence is to say today the term Dickensian is used to describe something that is reminiscent of him and his writings, such as poor social conditions or comically repulsive characters. ▪ I.P.

Once upon a time in FEBRUARY 06/02/1952 - King George VI of England died. Upon his death, his daughter Princess Elizabeth became Queen Elizabeth II. Her coronation took place on June 2, 1953. 11/02 - Celebrated in Japan as the founding date of the Japanese nation. 11/02/1990 - Nelson Mandela, at age 71, was released from prison after serving 27 years of a life sentence on charges of attempting to overthrow the apartheid government. 15/02/1989 - Soviet Russia completed its military withdrawal from Afghanistan after nine years of unsuccessful involvement in the civil war between Muslim rebel groups and Afghan government. 17/02/1909 - Apache Chief Geronimo (1829-1909) died while in captivity at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. He had led a small group of warriors on raids throughout Arizona and New Mexico. 24/02/1582 - Pope Gregory XIII corrected mistakes on the Julian calendar by dropping 10 days and directing that the day after October 4, 1582 would be October 15th. 26/02/1848 - The Communist Manifesto pamphlet was published by two young socialists, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. It advocated the abolition of all private property and a system in which workers own all means of production, land, factories and machinery. 29/02 - the leap day of the Gregorian calendar, is a date that occurs in most years that are divisible by 4. Years that are divisible by 100, but not by 400, do not contain a leap day. Although most modern calendar years have 365 days, a complete revolution around the sun (one Solar year) takes approximately 365 days and 6 hours. An extra 24 hours thus accumulates every four years, requiring that an extra calendar day be added to align the calendar with the sun's apparent position.

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The idea of romantic love that we have in mind today is largely different than the concept of love in ancient and early mediaeval times. The history of the concept can be followed continuously, revealing numerous changes throughout the time. Ancient Greeks were among the first to describe love. They separated its carnal version, i.e. physical love, from its spiritual or emotional aspect. Love was then described in the Bible and, later on, examined by medieval philosophers and theologists. Modern idea of romantic love started in the 13th or 14th century, in so-called High Middle Ages, and is closely connected to troubadours.

But the modern ideal of love is not the only thing coming from mediaeval age. Many of today’s courting rituals have their roots in those times, especially in mediaeval chivalry. The best known examples are buying woman a dinner or opening a door for her. Buying gifts, especially flowers, was supposed to send a specific message while giving away some other presents could even mean proposing one’s hand in marriage. To sum up, most of us would surely agree that contemporary idea of love is much better than the traditional one. We cannot imagine our parents choosing our partners or basing relationships on anything else than emotions. However, we should ask ourselves if we would be thinking the same if we had been born ten centuries ago. And we cannot but wonder what love will look like in the distant future. ▪ I.P.

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Troubadours were both composers and performers of special kind of poetry dedicated to chivalry and courtly love. Their descriptions of love that takes you over the moon or gives you butterflies in the stomach shaped the idea of romantic love we have nowadays. For the first time in history, the future couples’ feelings played an important role in forming a relationship. Before the troubadour times, love was not so closely connected to emotions. The norm was arranged marriages that were based on various business relationships or political alliances. Nobody asked about the feelings the couple has or doesn’t have. The parents or their representatives agreed on all the details and sealed the deal. It wasn’t unusual for a couple to get to know each other only once they were married. Although there are still similar practices in some parts of the world, for most of us it is romantic love that shapes our world and directs our future.


O n t h e o t h e r s i d e o f l o v e , r o m a n t i c g e s t u r e s g o n e t e r r i b l y

Putting a ring inside your girlfriend’s milkshake may seem romantic, but when you and your friends encourage her to chug it, you might just ruin the surprise. It’s not so romantic and not at all fun when she drinks her engagement ring and has to go to hospital...

Hiding a diamon engagement ring in a helium balloon is pretty romantic, right? You give your love the balloon, she pops it, finds the ring and says “Yes!”, and you live happily ever after. But it’s not so romantic when you accidentally let go of the balloon the minute you step outside the florist.

A man decided that pretending to have an exorbitant amount of money would be the best possible way to impress his woman. Rather than just buying some expensivelooking clothes or renting an expensive car, the man chose to buy a fake check to attempt to deposit into his account. The amount of the check was $36.5 million, so it was no surprise that the bank clerks were suspicious when it was presented to them. After the police were called, the man admitted to purchasing the fake check for $70, but said he only did it because he really wanted to impress his lady love. So, is that really the way to go?

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They say love is blind, but sometimes it can cause deafness. One Chinese woman became partially deaf for two months after her partner blew her right ear drum out after a rather passionate kiss. A doctor told a Chinese newspaper: “While kissing is normally very safe, doctors advise people to proceed with caution.

It used to be ok to walk your sweetie all the way down the tarmac just to spend the most possible time together before kissing each other goodbye, but these days it’s not so simple. One man actually shut down a whole airport for five hours just to kiss his girlfriend goodbye. He slipped through security so every single passenger had to go through the whole check-in process a second time, delaying flights for hours.



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Q u i z

You can find this quiz and the crossword puzzle on our Facebook page. Please send us your answers, and we’ll publish the names of the winners with the most correct answers in our next issue.

V a l e n t i n e ’ s

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Have you read this? Daniel Stone, once the only white boy in a native Eskimo village, is a comic book artist. His wife teaches Dante’s Inferno at a local college; his daughter, Trixie, is the light of his life – and a girl who only knows her father as the even-tempered, mild-mannered man he has been her whole life. Until, that is, she is date raped and Daniel finds himself struggling with powerlessness and rage that may not just swallow him whole, but destroy his family and his future. Still, when it comes to family, one is ready to go to hell just to save them. But, is there a way back? ▪ I.P.


O U T !

Have you seen this? The Hunters is an adventure film about a family of archaeologists who travel around the world looking for and protecting magical objects for which we all believe don’t exist, like Cinderella’s glass slipper. After their parents go missing, Paxton and Tripp Flynn find out about their secret heritage from a close family friend. They immediately set out on a mission to save both the world and their parents from the man who had betrayed them all. A great way to spend your Sunday afternoon. ▪ M.I.

Have you heard this? No Sound Without Silence is the fourth studio album by Irish pop rock band The Script. The album was released in September 2014 and has been described as a "prequel" to the band's eponymous debut album, recorded with the ideology of creating an album better than what they had previously recorded. "Superheroes", released as the lead single promoting the album on 22 July 2014, became an instant hit all over the world. The other songs are not far behind. You shouldn’t miss it... ▪ M.I.

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You think of clouds as good things. You believe tagging is the new email. You google before you even try to remember. Students blame passwords and log-in issues rather than the dog for eating their homework.  You’re in bad shape if the Internet goes down during a lesson.

 You’re sure Vine is rotting your middle schooler’s brain.  You have a more transparent Facebook policy than you do on assessment.  You’re scared to explain your blended, studentcentered, mobile-centric classroom to parents, so you don’t mention any of it on the syllabus.  You’ve “crowdsourced” something–school supplies, for example.  You're thinking about grading students' homework based on the number of 'likes' they get.

 YouTube makes more sense than television.  You forgot what chalk does to your skin.  You trade rooms with another teacher for a better Wi -Fi signal—and don’t tell them why.  You’ve texted during class, but have taken a student’s phone for doing the same.  You plan lessons assuming that every student has Wi -Fi broadband access 24/7.

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 The blogosphere is more relevant a term than the stratosphere.  You spent more this year on tablet peripherals than you have on pencils and pens.  You giggle when you recall how you used to simply give tests at the end of a unit.  Have actually used the phrase “digital citizenship” in a sentence with a straight face.  Flipping the classroom is an instructional strategy rather than a response to misbehavior.

 Your students have to explain certain technologies to you, but you pretend you already knew.  You seriously consider that if it’s not being talked about on Twitter, it may not have happened.  You’ve spoken more recently with the tech leader in Mumbai than the new Math teacher down the hall.  You’d never admit it, but you judge other people by the tech they carry.  You’re energized–and absolutely fatigued–by the rate of change in your craft as an educator early in the 21st century.

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H AV E YO U T R I E D . . . ? Have you considered using Twitter as a teaching tool? Why not contact well-known personalities or create hashtags about a relevant classroom topic and see if you can spawn participation from external parties? You may be surprised at just how much support and interest your students can garner from the community at large or who's happy to hear from them - all of which reveal how the power to make valuable new contacts and influence the world is often waiting just one click away. ▪ I.P.

CPD in ten minutes or less Searching may be considered synonymous with Google but for some more demanding work, such as academic research, it won't get you far. If you need to get started with a broader search check out some of these academic search engines they are great resources. -for-academic-research/ ▪ I.P.


MISCELLANEOUS Our regular contributor, dear colleague and friend, professor Romana Gašpar from School or Economics and Tourism in Daruvar, was promoted to professor mentor on January 30. This is the official recognition of her hard work in and out of classroom, both with students and fellow teachers. The editors of Sparkles© wish to congratulate Romana and hope this is just the first step of a new journey. Congrats, Romana. Keep up the good work!

E n g l i s h January 22nd was a big day for 166 students from 12 schools in our county who wanted to see how good their English is. Second- and fourth-year students took the test and were listed in four different categories: second year grammar schools students (2A), second year other schools students (2B), fourth year grammar schools students (4A) and fourth year other schools students (4B). The best of them have been invited to county competition which will take place in Čazma, on February 26th. The county commission decided on the following criteria: 75% for category 2A, 70% for category 2B, 75% for category 4A and 65% for category 4B. Here are the names of the students who made it, together with their mentors. Congratulations!▪ I.P.

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2A Domagoj Škalec Sara Kovačević Valerija Ambrož Dorian Pažin Iva Panić Ivan Gužvinac Leon Kuserbanj Jan Pilipović Borna Rajković 2B

Martina Cug Inga Mušeta Bajić Nina Tuček Inga Mušeta Bajić Inga Mušeta Bajić Inga Mušeta Bajić Martina Terranova Inga Mušeta Bajić Maja Krpan

Grubišno Polje Bjelovar Daruvar Bjelovar Bjelovar Bjelovar Garešnica Bjelovar Bjelovar

Mario Bandur Maja Pečar Dominik Tunić Patrik Noah Šikač Domagoj Petrović Ana Pleško Paolo Toth Josip Rietković Andrej Ontl Luka Markovinović Matija Margotić Leon Krajačić Mario Jozić 4A

Maja Ivanović Ljiljana Srebrenović Romana Gašpar Martina Čukman Antonia Varat Jasmina Kostelac Sonja Ognjačević Martina Čukman Anita Ružić Martina Čukman Ljiljana Srebrenović Romana Gašpar Maja Zalović

Bjelovar Bjelovar Daruvar Bjelovar Daruvar Bjelovar Bjelovar Bjelovar Daruvar Bjelovar Bjelovar Daruvar Daruvar

Lucija Vlatković Dorijan Ivan Čmrlec Tomislav Piršljin Marko Šplichal Iva Družin Hrvoje Bohnec Juraj Kamber Grahovac Laura Barbir Doris Štimac Barbara Palijan 4B Bruno Pintarić Antonio Jošćak Goran Mitrović Josipa Šurkalović Nikola Cepanec Tomislav Golik Antonio Delač Grubić Mislav Faletar Luka Pavičić

Inga Mušeta Bajić Vedrana Dujnić Petrač Maja Krpan Martina Terranova Jasmina Šimek Maja Krpan Maja Krpan Maja Krpan Nina Tuček Nina Tuček

Bjelovar Čazma Bjelovar Garešnica Daruvar Bjelovar Bjelovar Bjelovar Daruvar Daruvar

Martina Čukman Antonia Varat Irena Pavl ović Romana Gašpar Martina Čukman Marija Šedlbauer Martina Čukman Ivana Plh Antonia Varat

Bjelovar Daruvar Čazma Daruvar Bjelovar Garešnica Bjelovar Bjelovar Daruvar

Sparkles #20  
Sparkles #20