Digital Design - Module 01 Semester 1, 2019 Maisie Matthews 994543 Junhan Foong Studio 6
Reading: Zeara Polo, A. 2010. Between Ideas and Matters.
According to Zeara-Polo, the diagram does not play a representational role in the design process but provides an organisational and can have a performative quality depending on how it is deployed. Explain how Diagram is different from Signs and Symbols? (100 words Maximum)
According to Zeara- Polo, diagrams are different to signs and symbols because they are not soley used to represent a dynamic object. a sign expresses the components of an object, and a symbol is essentially a sign which refers to its object through formal exression.A diagram is different to this because it is more of a tool that â€œdescribes relationships and prescribes performances in soaceâ€? and which always has a spatial correlation. A diagram tends to have many objects, signs or symbols which relate to eachother in a space in order to convey and idea or information in its most reduced form.
Image 1: photo of Zumthor Pavillion https://www.wemadethis.co.uk/ blog/2011/10/serpentine-pavilion-2011/. Accessed 15/03/19 1mage 2,3&4: Viewcapturetofile direct from Rhino.
In order to create the Zumthor Pavillion on Rhino, I used the cross secton image, and outlined its cross section to give me all the important elements. notably, the exterior shell, the interior corridor shell, the wooden framework, and the interior garden cladding. After making this 2d outline, I used the sweep1 command, and extruded the outlines to follow the plan drawing of the zumthor pavillion. To create the entrance opennings, I used the boolean difference command, and subtracted the rectangualr doorway. to complete the structure, I mirrored what I had swept in the original design.
Reading: Hertzberger H. 2005. The in-between and The Habitable Space Between Things, from Lessons for Students in Architecture. Herzberger discusses how design should not be extreme in its functionality. Use your precedent study to explain how the pavilion allows for an appropriation of use. (100 words Maximum)
The Zumthor Paviliion has many functional qualities which are appropriate for its use. Zumthor intended to create a pavillion which showcased an interior, semi-private garden. He wished for people to disconnect from the chaotic outside world, and be relaxed and reflective in the garden. He achieved this through the implementation of a threshold transitioning from light to dark. This threshold takes place in the corridors of the pavillion and allows the public to visually feel the transition from public to semi-private space, the darkness of the space also encourages people to stop and reflect on themselves in that space as they enter the garden.
Zumthor Pavillion 2011 This is my version of the Zumthor Pavillion, constructed in Rhino3d and Illustrator. I began the process in Rhino3d, modelling from a to-scale cross section of the building that I found online. From the cross section, the majority of the building could be formed by using the sweep command, wrapping around the exterior of the builing. I decided to show parts of the building open, because most of the buildings uniqueness and experience come from within, so it is important to show the interior structure, the corridors, the doors, the seats, the garden, the timber structure and the shadowing. I coloured the building using monochromes of pink, because personally the building gives me deep and rich emotions that remind me of something sweet, simple, romantic and reflective. The timber structural elements have been shown in detail in order to allow one to make sense of how the structure is formed and how one can move around within it. From disecting the structure, and understanding itâ€™s interior, i learnt that the curculation is more or less controlled by the corridors. people can take quick, efficient routes into the garden, or longer, slower and more reflective routes (which I believe was an intention of the architect) Once in the centre of the pavillion, people have to move in a circular fashion around the garden. The placement of the garden here directs circulation, makes the garden the focal point and allows people to remain reflective if they wish.The thresholds have been created in this corridor aswell, with the transition from the outside world to the private garden being facilitated by a light to dark transformation. This threshold succesully links the chaotic outside world with the relaxed interior garden because the process of moving through a darkened interior can cause poeple to take a moment to slow down and be more reflective. The key concept of the pavillion was to bring nature back into human surroundings and for people to reflect and relax in a garden away from
Week Two Diagrams
Circulation (efficiency and speed)
Threshold (light to dark)
Circulation is more or less controlled by the corridors. people can take quick, efficient routes into the garden, or longer, slower and more reflective routes. By having a circular and indirect route, with no vista, people are encouraged to slow down. While there is a set path within the corridors, multiple options of routes can be used, which may make for a more immersive experience. Furhtermore, the rising path up to the pavillion encourages people to slow down as they enter.
The transition from the public garden to the private interior garden is aided by the threshold of light to dark. by visually altering oneâ€™s environment, they are preparing themselves for a change in setting or mood. The process of moving through a darkened interior can cause and prepare poeple to take a moment to slow down and be more reflective.
After making my model on Rhino3d (pictured on page3) I used the Make2d command to copy the lineweights in an isometric viewpoint (S.E). Then I exported these lines into illustrator and began changing lineweights. the thickest lines being cut lines, and the thinest lines being futher away.
After completing the lineweights and colours, I used the Livepaint tool to fill in the surfaces of my design, attempting to render it and make it feel more realistic. The bottom screenshot is showing my process in adding a gradient to show shadows in the corridors, to emphasise the threshold and allow people to understand how you circulate through the pavillion.
I then changed the colour scheme, using the AdobeColour Wheel website, to find monochrome pinks. After this, I added opaque isometric circles to represent the garden, and give the pavillion more context.
To create the threshold diagram, I created my cross section from Rhino and used Make2d to transfer the lines to illustrator. I used dark and thick lines for the cut lines and corridor floor for context. I added multiple gradient, opaque rectangles to identify the threshold. I used this misty/foggy teqnique because it accurately represents the transition of darkness as well as the emotions involved with slowing down and relaxing.
To create my circulation diagram, i used the same base as the threshold diagream. Then to create the arrows to identify specific types of circualtion, I drew and extruded the arrows on a picture of the Zumthor pavilion plan. Thicker arrows reresenting a faster pace, while the thinner arrows represent a slower pace. After this, I make2dâ€™d the lines and exported to illustrator, making the lines thicker and more clear. From here, I overlayed the arrows onto the cross section of the pavillion. Later I added colour to aid with the clarity of the diagram.