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How to Start

Celebrating Local Businesses

A Small Business

Mainline Newspapers - Thursday, February 28, 2013





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As with the assortment of businesses highlighted in this issue, starting your own business is a dream for many men and women. Instead of reporting to a boss and following the particular hierarchy of a company, entrepreneurs can set their own rules and hours. But starting a business does not just involve putting an open-for-business sign in the window. It involves preparation to ensure the business succeeds and is in accordance with laws and guidelines set by the local government.

The first step in starting a business is to figure out what the business hopes to accomplish. It is a wise idea to draft a business plan that clearly states your goals and what you hope to accomplish on a daily basis. According to the U.S. Small Business Administration, a business plan should include a listing of how the business will be marketed, who your expected competition will be, the names of your expected personnel, and the amount of available start-up capital at your disposal. A business plan is a good document to have and one that is often necessary for prospective owners who hope to secure a small-business loan from a bank or private investors. Once the business plan has been developed, take advantage of any free training and counseling services that might be available. Such services offer strategies for a successful business, and established business owners might even participate by offering advice answering questions. Learn from their successes and failures and when establishing your own business.

It’s also imperative that prospective business owners decide which type of legal entity their business will be. These include sole proprietorship, partnership, limited liability company (LLC), corporation, S corporation, nonprofit, or cooperative. An attorney who specializes in business law can help you establish the legal structure that will be the most beneficial to you.

You also will have to find a business location. While there are brick-and-mortar businesses opening every day, a large number of new businesses begin on the Internet. It is very difficult to determine just how many online businesses there are since the reach of the Internet is so vast. However, the low overhead of an online business and the increasing propensity for individuals and shoppers to spend time online makes the Internet an attractive venue for a business start-up.

Small business owners also must register their businesses with their local governments. To do so, you will first need to apply for an identification number. This identification number is a 15-character identifier of your business. In the United States, the Internal Revenue Service will issue an employer identification number, or EIN, also known as a tax ID number. Much like a social security number identifies an individual, an EIN identifies a particular business. Once you have this number, you will be able to open up bank accounts in the business’ name as well as register with your local government to pay payroll taxes and any sales tax necessary. If permits or licenses are necessary for your business, you will have to apply for those as well. Prospective business owners within the United States can visit to determine which documents they will need.

Prospective small business owners can also apply for a business credit card and open up a business bank account. These accounts will help you keep your business funds separate from your personal funds. They are necessary to establish business credit as well as to purchase supplies and make payroll payments. Starting a business can be a rewarding venture and help individuals become their own boss. Not every business will become a success, but starting out on the right foot can help.

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Thursday, February 28, 2013 - Mainline Newspapers

Small businesses anchor local communities

Celebrating Local Businesses


By Jim Lauffer

of Mainline Newspapers

Politicians at every level — federal, state, and local — know the importance of small businesses to their legislative regions in general and to their constituents in particular. Regardless of whether they are in office or are seeking office, they dispense many words touting small businesses and discussing ways to create more such businesses and to nurture those already in existence. For politicians of every ilk, small businesses are job creators that must be fostered and protected. Members of local communities where small businesses live and thrive understand concretely what many politicos speak about abstractly. Locals know that their small businesses not only enrich the quality of life in their boroughs and townships, but also provide necessary services and goods to their neighbors and friends.

Statistics from the U.S. Small Business Administration confirm what both politicians and their constituents know to be true — most small businesses are “small� in name only. Collectively, small businesses are huge in terms of their impact to local and national economies. There are more than 23 million small businesses in the United States. These businesses account for 54 percent of all sales and 55 percent of all jobs in the US. In addition, small businesses have created 66 percent of all net new jobs in the country since the 1970s. Stop and consider the small businesses in your community — the locally owned auto parts store, the grocery store that’s been family-operated for three generations, the eatery owned and



W. R. Thompson, editor of The Mountaineer-Herald, seated at his desk in 1891. The Mountaineer-Herald, its roots dating back to 1853, was located on the ground floor in the old opera house building across South Center Street from the Cambria County Courthouse in Ebensburg.

operated by the young lady who sat across the aisle in study hall — and then expand these business’ impact in your community to every borough and township in the country. If anything, mere statistics minimize the importance of small businesses. In addition to the family-owned, mom-and-pop businesses, there are more than 600,000 franchised small businesses in the U.S., accounting for approximately 40 percent of all retail sales and providing jobs for 8 million or so individuals. Together, the country’s small business sector occupies between 30 and 50 percent of all commercial space — a space estimated at 20 to 34 billion square feet. Small businesses occupy a large, large chunk of real estate.

And what about the politicians’ characterization of small businesses as job creators? Based on numbers, their words ring true — the small business sector is growing. While American corporations have

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been busy “downsizing� and eliminating jobs, brave entrepreneurs have been busy creating business plans and starting businesses. Since 1982, the number of small businesses in the U.S. has increased by 40 percent — thus creating opportunities for those seeking employment. Conversely, since 1990, corporate America has eliminated four million jobs and has sent who knows how many to foreign shores. In addition, according to the U.S. Small Business Administration, as the rate of small business start-ups has grown, the rate for small business failures has declined. Good news for entrepreneurs, good news for residents of local communities, and even good news for politicians.

This special edition of Mainline Newspapers celebrates more than 100 local businesses and their years — often decades — of service to their communities. The importance of these businesses is clear to William Anderson, publisher of the six Mainline Newspapers: “Some of the businesses in this special edition anchor their communities, proving that the success of a town depends on those establishments that move them forward. Many businesses have been operated successfully for over a century. Its managers and employees following their predecessors, making a living, and then passing the business on to the next generation. They have become the caretakers of retail and service that the residents have supported for many, many decades. “In today’s economy, it is refreshing to know that local businesses continue to thrive. The pride of its owners, managers, and employees guaranteeing the success in the future.�



































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Celebrating Local Businesses

Mainline Newspapers - Thursday, February 28, 2013

what happened in the years our local businesses were established 1847

Saint Francis University is founded. Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the United States government on Jan. 4; Post Office Department authorized to issue postage stamps on March 3; Robert von Bunsen invents the Bunsen burner on June 14; first U.S. postage stamps go on sale on July 1; Sir James Young Simpson, a British physician, is the first to use chloroform as an anaesthetic on Nov. 12; Jefferson Davis is elected to the U.S. Senate, his first political post, on Dec. 5.


The Cambria County Fair began. A mine explosion kills 109 at Mount Pleasant, Pa., on Jan. 27; the first great train robbery by the Dalton Gang was on Feb. 6; the Great Blizzard of 1891 begins on Feb. 7; Congress creates the U. S. Courts of Appeals on March 3; the Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago on April 1; Carnegie Hall opens in New York on May 5; George A. Hormel & Company introduce Spam on May 16; work on the trans-Siberian railway begins on May 31; the National Forest Service is organized on June 29; John T. Smith patents cardboard on July 14; the first travelers checks are issued by American Express on Aug. 5; Thomas Edison patents the motion picture camera on Aug. 24; the first gasoline-powered car debuts in Springfield, Mass., on Sept. 20; James Naismith creates the game of basketball on Dec. 1; 18 students play the first basketball game at Springfield College on Dec. 21; Edison patents “trans-

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Charles O. Dimond Funeral Home, Inc. established The United States Census estimates the country’s population to be about 70 million people on Jan. 3; the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs is organized in Philadelphia with eight founding teams on Jan. 29; Dwight F. Davis creates the Davis Cup tennis tournament on Feb. 9; the Gold Standard Act is ratified, placing the United States currency on the gold standard on March 15; Hawaii becomes an official U.S. territory on April 30; the first zeppelin flight is carried out over Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany, on July 2; the first automobile show in the United States opens at New York City’s Madison Square Garden on Nov. 3; Max Planck announces his discovery of the law of black body emission, marking the birth of quantum physics, on Dec. 7.


Marion Center Bank and Wojcik Jewelers established. World’s largest diamond, the 3,106 carat Cullinan, is found on Jan. 26; Rotary Club International formed by four men in Chicago on Feb. 23; Las Vegas, Nev., founded on May 15; Ty Cobb’s mother kills her husband after mistaking him for a burglar on Aug. 9; Intercollegiate Athletic Association of U.S. founded — becomes NCAA in 1910 — on Dec. 28.


Charlsons Furniture starts its business. The first Montessori school and daycare center for working class children opens in Rome on Jan. 6; the first taxicabs with taxi meters begin operating in London on March 22; the Second Hague Peace Conference is held on June 15; the Tiflis bank robbery — Bolsheviks attack a cash-filled bank coach in the center of Tiflis, Georgia, killing 40 people — on June 26; Korea becomes a protectorate of Japan on July 25; the partially completed superstructure of the Quebec bridge collapses entirely, claiming the lives of 76 workers, and Monongah








Mining Disaster — a coal mine explosion kills 362 workers in Monongah, W. Va. — on Dec. 6; in Chile soldiers fire at striking mine workers gathered in the Santa Maria School, killing over 2,000, in the Santa Maria School massacre on Dec. 21.


Long-Contres Funeral Homes, Inc. and Cresson Volunteer Fire Company begin serving our local communities. A long-distance radio message is sent from the Eiffel Tower for the first time on Jan. 12; start of the publication of Robert BadenPowell’s “Scouting for Boys� in London — the book will over time sell over 100 million copies and effectively begin the worldwide Boy Scout movement — on Jan. 24; Frederick Cook claims to have reached the North Pole on April 21; The Hoover Company of Canton, Ohio, acquires manufacturing rights to the upright portable vacuum cleaner just invented by James M. Spangler on Aug. 8; Emile Cohl makes the first fully animated film, “Fantasmagorie,� on Aug. 17; Henry Ford produces his first Model T automobile on Sept. 27; western bandits Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid are supposedly killed in Bolivia, after being surrounded by a large group of soldiers — there are many rumors to the contrary, however, and their grave sites are unmarked — on Nov. 6; The Christian Science Monitor newspaper is first published in the United States on Nov. 25.



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Cresson Feed Mill opens its doors. U.S. liner Housatonic sunk by German sub and diplomatic relations severed on Feb. 3; U.S. declares war on Germany and enters World War I on April 6; U.S. passes Selective Service act on May 18; American men begin registering for the draft on June 4; Germany bombs London on June 13; Raggedy Ann doll invented on June 28; British Royal family changes its name from Hanover to Windsor on July 17; first U.S. soldiers killed in combat in WWI on Nov. 2; Supreme Court decision — Buchanan vs. Warley — strikes down Lousiville, Ky., ordinance requiring blacks and whites to live in separate areas on Nov. 5; Boys Town founded by Fr. Edward Flanagan on Dec. 1.







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Thursday, February 28, 2013 - Mainline Newspapers


Cresson Community Bank is established. Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th President of the United States, dies in his sleep at the age of 60 on Jan. 6; the 18th Amendment to the United States Constitution, authorizing prohibition, is ratified on Jan. 16; Bentley Motors is founded in England on Jan. 18; an act of the United States Congress established most of the Grand Canyon as a United States National Park on Feb. 26; America’s first passenger flight departs from New York and lands in Atlantic City on May 4; the United States Congress approves the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which would guarantee suffrage to women, and sends it to the U.S. states for ratification on June 4; the Chicago Race Riot of 1919 begins when a white man throws stones at

of the FBI on Aug. 22; U.S. signs peace treaty with Germany on Aug. 25; in Atlantic City, N.J., the first Miss America Pageant, a two-day event, is held on Sept. 7; Green Bay Packers play first NFL game, a 7-6 win over Minneapolis, on Oct. 23.

Celebrating Local Businesses


Stager’s Chevy Buick and C & J Falchini open for business. Upon the death of Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin immediately begins to purge his rivals to clear the way for his leadership on Jan. 21; IBM is founded in New York State on Feb. 14; Calvin Coolidge becomes the first president of the United States to deliver a radio broadcast from the White House on Feb. 22; the American media company Metro Goldwyn Mayer is founded in Los Angeles, Calif., on April 16; J. Edgar Hoover is appointed head of

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In 1936, James Short (center) won the Irish Sweepstakes. He claimed his $50,000 prize in 1937 and bought this car for $700 at Stager’s Chevrolet Co., in Portage. He is pictured with Philip Stager, owner (left) and Leo McDonald, salesman (right).

a group of four black teens on a raft on July 27; the American Communist Party is established on Aug. 31; Felix the Cat appears in “Feline Follies,� marking the first cartoon character to become popular, on Nov. 9; the first national convention of the American Legion is held in Minneapolis, Minn., on Nov. 10-12.


Serenko-Claar Funeral Home is established. Yankees purchase 20 acres in Bronx for Yankee Stadium on Feb. 5; KDKA broadcasts first radio sporting event, a boxing match — Ray vs. Dundee — on April 11; Babe Ruth becomes all-time home run champ with number 120 on June 10; J. Edgar Hoover becomes assistant director


the Federal Bureau of Investigation on May 10; President Calvin Coolidge signs the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 into law, granting citizenship to all Native Americans born within the territorial limits of the United States on June 2; Nellie Tayloe Ross of Wyoming is elected as the first woman governor in the United States on Nov. 4; the first Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade is held in New York City on Nov. 27.


Bearer Appliance is established. John Logie Baird demonstrates a mechanical television system on Jan. 26; three men dance the Charleston for 22 hours on Feb. 2; Walt Disney Studios form on Feb. 8; in the NHL championship,


Celebrating Local Businesses

Montreal Canadiens outscore Pittsburgh Pirates 6-4 in two games on March 23; Satchel Paige makes pitching debut in Negro Southern League on May 1; “Five Foot Two, Eyes of Blue� by Gene Austin hits #1 on May 22; U. S. Customs Court is created by Congress on May 28; the College Board administers the first SAT exam on June 23; National Geographic takes first natural-color undersea photos on July 16; a convention of the Methodist Church votes to allow women to become priests on July 20; Houdini stays in a coffin underwater for 1 1/2 hours before escaping on Aug. 5; a weather map is televised for the first time on Aug. 18; John C. Garand patents semi-automatic rifle on Oct. 19; U.S. Route 66 is established on Nov. 11; the gas refrigerator is patented on Dec. 7; the Chicago Tribune reports the Tigers threw a four-game series to the White Sox in 1917 to help Chicago win the pennant — never substantiated — on Dec. 30.


Clark Powell’s Restaurant opens for business. The first U.S. air-conditioned building opens in San Antonio on Jan. 1; the first fully automatic photographic film developing machine is patented on Jan. 17; Scotch tape is first marketed by the 3M Company on Jan. 31; Paul Whiteman & Orchestra record “Ol’ Man River� for Victor Records on March 1; “Amos & Andy� debuts on radio on March 19; Mickey Mouse made his first appearance in “Plane Crazy� on May 15; Velveeta Cheese is created by Kraft on June 2; Ty Cobb, 41, steals home for the 50th and final time on June 15; Amelia Earhart becomes the first female to fly across the Atlantic Ocean on June 18; sliced bread is sold for the first time by the Chillicothe Baking Company of Chillicothe, Mo., on July 7; Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin on Sept. 15; Republican Herbert Hoover is elected president on Nov. 7; Boston Garden officially opens on Nov. 17; the first issue of “Time� magazine is published with Japanese Emperor Hirohito on the cover on Nov. 19.


Vale Wood Farms launches its business. Work on the Golden Gate Bridge begins on Jan. 5; the “Lone Ranger� begins a 21year run on ABC radio on Jan. 29; the first issue of “Newsweek� magazine is published on Feb. 17; Mount Rushmore is dedicated on March 3; the game of “Monopoly� is invented on March 7; the Loch Ness monster reportedly first sighted by John Mackay on May 22; the first drivein theater opens in Camden, N.J., on June 6; Congress passes the first minimum wage law — 33 cents per hour — on July 12; the

Mainline Newspapers - Thursday, February 28, 2013

Pittsburgh Steelers — as the Pirates — play first NFL game and lose 23-2 on Sept. 20; Fox signs Shirley Temple, age 5, to a studio contract on Dec. 21; FM radio is patented on Dec. 26.


Scanlan Chiropractic Clinic opens its doors. The first Sugar Bowl and first Orange Bowl are on Jan. 1; the Bruno R. Hauptmann trial begins for the kidnapmurder of the Lindbergh baby on Jan. 2; Coopers, Inc. sells the world’s first briefs on Jan. 19; “Monopoly� board game goes on sale for the first time on Feb. 6; the New York Yankees release Babe Ruth, and he signs with Boston Braves, on Feb. 26; Persia is officially renamed Iran on March 21; Boulder Dam is completed on May 1; Babe Ruth, 40, announces his retirement as a player on June 2; U.S. Congress accepts FDR’s “New Deal� on June 16; first automatic parking meter in the United States is installed in Oklahoma City on July 16; the first Penguin book is published, starting the paperback revolution, on July 30; Social Security Act becomes law on Aug. 14; millionaire Howard Hughes flies his own designed plane at 352.45 mph on Sept. 12; Detroit Lions win NFL championship on Dec. 15.


Watters Drug Store and Algas are established. First Inauguration day on Jan. 20 — held every four years thereafter — on Jan. 20; first Charlie Chaplin talkie, “Modern Times,� released on Feb. 5; DuPont Corp. patents nylon, developed by employee Wallace H. Carothers, on Feb. 16; first blood bank forms in Chicago, Ill., on March 15; first U.S. Social Security payment made on April 27; FDR signs Act of Neutrality on May 1; Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan disappear over Pacific Ocean on July 2; the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, essentially rendering marijuana and its by-products illegal, on Aug. 2; first feature-length color and sound cartoon, “Snow White,� premieres on Dec. 21.















The 122nd Annual


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Skippy’s Apples opens. Hitler declares “Total War� on Jan. 13; world’s largest office building, the Pentagon, completed on Jan. 15; shoe rationing (may purchase up to three more pairs than in 1942) begins in U.S. on Feb. 7; Dr. Albert Hofmann discovers the psychedelic effects of LSD on April 16; first jet fighter is tested on May 22; FDR, Churchill, and Stalin agree to Operation Overlord (D-Day) on Dec. 1; FDR appoints Gen. Eisenhower supreme commander of Allied Forces on Dec. 24.


• Phillip D. Rice, President • William Harker, Vice President • Chris Steberger, Secretary • Tom Sutton, Treasurer • Jack Bodenschatz, Director • R. Raymond Lenz, Director • John Dorsch, Director

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Celebrating Local Businesses

Thursday, February 28, 2013 - Mainline Newspapers


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The new Mountain House, in Cresson, had accommodations for 900 guests. In addition to the hotel, there were five cottages delightfully situated in an adjoining grove.


Patton Beverage, Inc. established. ENIAC, U.S. first computer, finished by Mauchly / Eckert on Jan. 1; U.S. President sets up the Central Intelligence Agency on Jan. 22; first issue of Franklin Roosevelt dime on Jan. 30; Ho Chi Minh elected president of North Vietnam on March 2; Weight Watchers forms on April 1; President Harry Truman seizes control of nation’s railroads to delay a strike on May 17; patent filed in U.S. for H-Bomb on May 26; Dr. Ben Spock’s “Common Sense Book of Baby & Child Care� published on July 14; first bikini is shown at a Paris fashion show on July 25; first electric blanket manufactured, selling for $39.50, on Oct. 9; Tide detergent introduced on Dec. 12; President Harry Truman officially proclaims end of WWII on Dec. 31.


Kupetz Plumbing & Heating opens for business. Sen. Joseph McCarthy chargesthat the State Department infested with 205 communists on Feb. 9; longest-running primetime game show, “What’s My Line,� begins on CBS on Feb. 16; Silly Putty invented on March 6; FBI’s “10 Most Wanted Fugitives� program begins on March 14; Bob Hope’s first TV appearance on April 9; first kidney transplant, in Chicago, on June 17; Korean conflict begins when North Korea invades South Korea on June 25; “Beetle Bailey� comic strip debuts on Sept. 11; Telephone Answering Machine created by Bell Laboratories on Sept. 29; “Peanuts� by Charles M. Schulz

first published on Oct. 2; U.S. forces invade Korea by crossing 38th parallel on Oct. 7; Paul Harvey begins his national radio broadcast on Dec. 3.


Ebensburg Bedding Shoppe and West End Market open. Rose and Cotton Bowls are first sports colorcasts on Jan. 1; soap opera “The Brighter Day� premieres on Jan. 4; groundbreakingfor Disneyland begins on Jan. 26; first mass inoculation with Salk vaccine occurs in Pittsburgh on Feb. 23; “CBS Morning Show� premieres with Walter Cronkite and Jack Paar on March 15; first shopping mall opened in Southfield, Mich., on March 22; WQED TV channel 13 (PBS) in Pittsburgh begins broadcasting on April 1; the TV Dinner was first put on sale by Swanson & Sons on April 6; NBA adopts 24-second shot clock and six-team-foul rule on April 22; Stan Musial hits five home runs in a doubleheader on May 2; “Sports Illustrated� magazine begins publishing on Aug. 16; Census Bureau forms on Aug. 31; first Miss America TV broadcast on Sept. 11; school integration begins in Washington, DC, and Baltimore, Md., public schools on Sept. 27; “Father Knows Best� premieres on Oct. 3; Humane Society forms on Nov. 2; Air Force One, first U.S. presidential airplane, is christened on Nov. 24; the first Burger King is opened in Miami, Fla., on Dec. 4.


Martin Marine Sales, Inc. and Hoover’s Garage established. First electric watch introduced in, Lancaster, Pa., on Jan. 3;

Wham-O Company produces the first Frisbee on Jan. 13; due to lack of funds, Saturday mail delivery in U.S. is temporary halted on April 13; Larry King’s first radio broadcast on May 1; U.S. Surgeon General Leroy Burney connects smoking with lung cancer on July 12; Jack Paar’s “Tonight Show� premieres on July 29; Ford Motor Company introduces Edsel on Sept. 4; “Perry Mason� with Raymond Burr premieres on CBS on Sept. 21; “American Bandstand� premieres on Oct. 7.


Leyo’s Grocery Store starts serving the local community. James van Allen discovers radiation belt on Jan. 31; “Andy William Show� premieres on ABC (later airs on CBS and NBC) on July 3; Alaska becomes 49th state on July 6; the Billboard Hot 100 is founded on Aug. 3; NASA created to replace NACA on Oct. 1; University of Pittsburgh agrees to buy Forbes Field from the Pirates on Dec. 10.


Lakeview Lanes and Portage NAPA open for business. Sen. John F. Kennedy announces his candidacy for the U.S. presidency on Jan. 2; building of Aswan Dam in Egypt begins on Jan. 9; first Playboy Club, featuring Bunnies, opens in Chicago on Feb. 29; Senate passes landmark Civil Rights Bill on April 10; baseball uniforms begin displaying players’ names on their backs on April 19; U.S. is first country to allow use of the birth control pill legally on May 9; USSR launch first unmanned space capsule on May 14; Chubby



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Checker releases “The Twist� on Aug. 1; “The Flintstones� premieres — the first prime time animation show — on Sept. 30; JFK (Sen-D-Mass) beats VP Richard Nixon (R) to become the 35th U.S. president on Nov. 8; airplanes WA 266 and United 826 collide over Staten Island, killing 134 on Dec. 16.


Bishop Carroll Catholic High School opens. United States Navy SEALS established on Jan. 1; Jackie Robinson is the first black man elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame on Jan. 24; eight of nine planets align for first time in 400 years on Feb. 2; President

U.S. national debt about $300,000,000,000 on April 15; Walter Cronkite begins anchoring “CBS Evening News� on April 16; three convicts use spoons to dig their way out of Alcatraz on June 12; Cosmonaut Michlaev set the record longest space flight (four days) on July 11; Ringo Starr replaces Pete Best as Beatles drummer on Aug. 16; TV comedy series “The Beverly Hillbillies� premieres on CBS on Sept. 26; “The Roy Rogers & Dale Evans Show� debuts on ABC on Sept. 29; JFK imposes naval blockade on Cuba, beginning the missile crisis on Oct. 22; Osmond Brothers debut on the “Andy Williams Show� on Dec. 20; Cuba starts returning U.S. prisoners from Bay of Pigs Invasion on Dec. 23.

Mainline Newspapers - Thursday, February 28, 2013

der on TV occurs when Jack Ruby shoots Lee Harvey Oswald on Nov. 24; President LBJ sets up Warren Commission to investigate assassination of JFK on Nov. 29; Congress authorizes Kennedy half-dollar on Dec. 30.


Tri County Transportation established. President Lyndon B. Johnson declares “War on Poverty� on Jan. 8; 24th Amendment to U.S. Constitution goes into effect — states voting rights could not be denied due to failure to pay taxes — on Jan. 24; GI Joe debuts as a popular American boy’s toy on Feb. 2; first Ford Mustang is produced on March 9; Chesapeake


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Kennedy begins blockade of Cuba on Feb. 7; K-Mart opens on March 1; Wilt Chamberlain scores incredible 100 points in an NBA game on March 2; the Beatles make their broadcasting debut on BBC radio on March 7;













Charlene’s School of Dance and Pat Dumm Construction Company open. First-class postage raised from four cents to five cents on Jan. 7; Alcatraz federal penitentiary in San Franciso Bay closed on March 21; soap operas “General Hospital� and “The Doctors� premiere on TV on April 1; Jack Nicklaus wins the 27th Golf Masters Championship, shooting 286 on April 7; the Coca-Cola Company introduces its first diet drink “Tab,� on May 1; “Dr. No,� the first James Bond film, is shown in U.S. theaters on May 8; ZIP codes are introduced in the U.S. on July 1; car manufacturing firm Lamborghini is founded on Oct. 30; touch-tone telephone introduced on Nov. 16; President John F. Kennedy assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald in Dallas, Texas, on Nov. 22; first live mur-








Bay Bridge (the world’s longest) opens on April 15; U.S. begins bombing North Vietnam on Aug. 5; Warren Commission released findings on Lee Harvey Oswald — believes he acted alone — on Sept. 7; Roman Catholic Church in U.S. replaces Latin with English on Nov. 29; “Rudolph The Red-Nosed Reindeer� first airs on TV on Dec. 6.


Home Nursing Agency and Ebensburg EMS established. Apollo 5, an unmanned lunar module, launched to moon on Jan. 22; Vietcong launch Tetoffensive on U.S. embassy in Saigon on Jan. 30; baseball announces a minimum annual salary of $10,000 on Feb. 21; Robert Kennedy announces presidential campaign on March 16; Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated in Memphis, Tenn., on April 4; President Johnson signs 1968 Civil Rights Act on April 11;


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Thursday, February 28, 2013 - Mainline Newspapers United Methodist Church forms on April 23; students seize administration building at Ohio State on April 26; Pittsburgh Pirate Willie Stargell hits three home runs, a double, and a single on May 22; Truth in Lending Act signed into law on May 29; Sirhan Sirhan shoots Bobby Kennedy (who dies the next day) on June 5; formal separation of the United Auto Workers from the AFL-CIO on July 1; Arthur Ashe becomes first black man to win U.S. singles championship on Aug. 25; Mickey Mantle hits final career homer, No. 536, on Sept. 20; first Boeing 747 rolls out on Sept. 30; the Motion Picture Association of America adopts film rating system on Oct. 7; President Johnson orders a halt to all bombing of North Vietnam on Oct. 31; Borman, Lovell, and Anders become first men to orbit the Moon on Dec. 23; Israeli assault on Beirut Airport on Dec. 28.


Home Appliance Service established. NASA announces development of space shuttle on Jan. 5; first scientific handheld calculator, the HP-35, introduced at the price of $395 on Feb. 1; U.S. airlines begin mandatory inspection of passengers and baggage on Feb. 5; first flight of the Goodyear blimp on March 8; first electric power plant fueled by garbage begins operating on April 4; Hurricane Agnes kills 117 on June 14; U.S. swimmer Mark Spitz becomes first athlete to win seven Olympic gold medals on Sept. 4; “M*A*S*H� premieres on NBC on Sept. 17; Franco Harris’ “Immaculate Reception� turns a 7-6 Steelers’ defeat into a miraculous last-second 13-7 victory over the Raiders on Dec. 23.

Celebrating Local Businesses 














Ernest Aroney repairs a radio — cash only, thank you — at Zeno Buffoni’s Radio Shop in the 1930s, on High Street in Ebensburg. (Photo courtesy of Dorothy Leary, Ebensburg)


Jacobs Oil Company, Inc. opens for business. Soap Opera “All My Children� premieres on ABC on Jan. 5; Boeing 747 makes its maiden voyage on Jan. 12; Supreme Court rules draft evaders can not be penalized after five years on March 2; U.S. lowers voting age from 21 to 18 on March 12; mail service paralyzed by first major postal strike on March 18; National Guard mobilizes to quell disturbances at Ohio State University on May 21; the Ford Pinto is introduced on Sept. 11; “Monday Night Football� premieres on ABC on Sept. 21; Genie, a 13-year-old feral child, was found in Los Angeles, Calif., having been locked in her bedroom for most of her life, on Nov. 4; Paul McCartney files a lawsuit to dissolve the Beatles on Dec. 31.


1973 Paul Felix Jr. Construction Company and Smith’s Furniture start serving the community. The U.S. Supreme Court’s Roe v. Wade decision legalizes some abortions on Jan. 22; Eisenhower Tunnel, the world’s highest and the United States’ longest, opens on March 8; Roberto Clemente elected to the Hall of Fame 11 weeks after his death on March 20; Secretariat becomes first Triple Crown winner in 25 years by winning horse racing’s Belmont Stakes on June 9; Billy Jean King beats Bobby Riggs in battle-of-sexes tennis match on Sept. 20; Vice President Spiro T. Agnew pleads no contest to tax evasion and resigns on Oct. 10; U.S. kidnap victim Paul Getty III freed on Dec. 16.





Celebrating Local Businesses 1974

Westin Real Estate & Tax Service and Kaza Fire Equipment Company established. Nixon refuses to hand over tapes subpoenaed by Watergate Committee on Jan. 4; Loch Ness Monster photographed on Jan. 8; chimpanzee Nim Chimsky signs his first word at two and a half months on Feb. 4; Patricia Hearst, 19, is kidnapped by Symbionese Liberation Army on Feb. 4; John Murtha becomes the first Vietnam War veteran elected to the Congress of the United States on Feb. 5; former Vice President Spiro Agnew is disbarred on May 2; the Heimlich maneuver for rescuing choking victims is published in the “Journal of Emergency Medicine� on June 1; Soviet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov defects to West on June 30; President Richard M. Nixon announces he’ll resign his office 12 p.m. the next day on Aug. 8.


Mike Springer, State Farm Insurance starts serving the local community. “Wheel Of Fortune� debuts on NBC on Jan. 6; Chrysler Corp. offers first car rebates on Jan. 12; Margaret Thatcher elected leader of British Conservative Party on Feb. 20; Microsoft is founded as a partnership between Bill Gates and Paul Allen on April 4; Junko Tabei is first woman to climb to the top of Mount Everest on May 19; Teamsters President Jimmy Hoffa disappears in suburban Detroit on July 30; David Frost purchases exclusive rights to interview Nixon on Aug. 10; assassination attempt on president Gerald Ford on Aug. 22; “Gunsmoke� resigns the air on Sept. 1; Czech tennis star Martina Navratilova asks for U.S. political asylum in New York City during the U.S. Open on Sept. 6; rollout of first space shuttle orbiter Enterprise on Sept. 17; “Saturday Night Live� premieres with guest host George Carlin on Oct. 11; Supreme Court rules teachers could spank their pupils after warning on Oct. 19; Coast Guard Academy first allows women to enroll on Oct. 21; Congress passes Metric Conversion Act on Dec. 23.


Country Garden 6 Pack and Marcie’s Salon, Ltd. are established. Liberty Bell moves to new home behind Independence Hall on Jan. 1; Stephen Wozniak and Steven Jobs founded Apple Computers on April 1; first outbreak of “Legionnaire’s Disease� kills 29 in Philadelphia on July 21; Tom Brokaw becomes news anchor of “Today� on Aug. 30; Jimmy Carter (D) defeats Gerald Ford (R) for president on Nov. 2; “Wonder Woman� debuts on ABC on Dec. 18.


Stevens Carpet One opens for business. Snow falls in Miami, Fla. — the only time in the history of the city that snowfall has occurred— and in the Bahamas on Jan. 19; President Carter pardons most Vietnam War draft evaders (10,000) on Jan. 27; Bank of America adopts the name VISA for their credit cards on March 1; Patty Hearst let out of jail on May 9; original “Star Wars� movie released on May 25; Janet Guthrie becomes first woman to drive in Indy 500 on May 29; Trans Alaska oil pipeline completed on May 31; 5-4 Supreme Court decision allows lawyers to advertise on June 27; flash flood hits Johnstown, killing 80 and causing $350 million damage, on July 20; President Carter establishes Department of Energy on Aug. 4; space shuttle Enterprise makes first atmospheric flight on Aug. 12; General Motors introduces first U.S. diesel auto (Oldsmobile 88) on Sept. 13; Supersonic Concorde jet’s first landing in New York City on Oct. 19; Ted Bundy escapes from jail in Colorado on Dec. 31.


Shear Perfection is established. Sweden becomes the first nation in the

Mainline Newspapers - Thursday, February 28, 2013

world to ban aerosol sprays, believed to be damaging to earth’s ozone layer, on Jan. 23; first broadcast of “Dallas� on CBS TV on March 2; Karl Wallenda of The Flying Wallendas dies after falling off a tight-rope between two hotels in San Juan, Puerto Rico, on March 22; Velcro was first put on the market on April 2; Susan B. Anthony dollar, first U.S. coin to honor a woman, is designed on Dec. 13.


Hoover Heating Service established. President Carter proposes Martin Luther King’s birthday be a holiday on Jan. 14; China invades Vietnam on Feb. 17; major nuclear accident at Three Mile Island, in Middletown, Pa., on March 28; Margaret Thatcher becomes the first woman prime minister of Great Britain on May 3; John Paul II becomes first pope to visit a communist country (Poland) on June 2; world’s worst oil spill occurred in the Gulf of Mexico on June 3; Sony introduces the Walkman on July 1; Susan B. Anthony dollar is issued on July 2; LA Court orders Clayton Moore to stop wearing Lone Ranger mask on Sept. 1; federal government made $1.5 billion loan to Chrysler on Nov. 1; 63 Americans taken hostage at U.S. Embassy in Teheran, Iran on Nov. 4; Soviet troops invade Afghanistan, and President Hafizullah Amin is overthrown on Dec. 27.


Mainline Pharmacy opens for business. President Jimmy Carter announces U.S. boycott of Olympics in Moscow on Jan. 20; Superbowl XIV — Pittsburgh Steelers beat LA Rams, 31-19 — played in Pasadena on Jan. 20; “Post It Notes� introduced on April 6; U.S. military operation to save 52 hostages in Iran fails, and eight die on April 24; Dallas’ “Who Shot JR?� episode gets a 53.3 rating on Nov. 21; Iran requests $24 billion in U.S. guarantees to free hostages on Dec. 19.




Espe Chiropractic Health Center and DJ Rockin’ Robbie start serving the local community. Final episode of “The Lawrence Welk Show� airs on Feb. 25; the United States places an embargo on Libyan petroleum imports because of its support of terrorist groups on March 10; actress Theresa Saladana is stabbed repeatedly by an obsessed fan on March 15; ground-breaking in Washington, DC, for Vietnam Veterans Memorial on March 26; U.S. formally transfers Canal Zone to Panama on April 1; Sally Ride announced as first woman astronaut on April 19; John Hinckley found not guilty of 1981 attempted assassination of President Reagan by reason of insanity on June 21; the first Compact Discs (CDs) were released to the public in Germany on Aug. 17; EPCOT Center opens in Orlando, Fla., on Oct. 1.


Le Dance Academie and Marlene’s Pizza open. Reagan ends U.S. arms embargo against Guatemala on Jan. 7; Bjorn Borg announces his retirement from tennis on Jan. 23; first female secretary of transportation — Elizabeth Dole — sworn-in on Feb. 7, Michael Jackson’s “Thriller� album goes to #1 and stays there for 37 weeks on Feb. 26; final TV episode of “M*A*S*H� airs on CBS as a record 125 million watch on Feb. 28; compact disc recordings developed by Phillips and Sony introduced on March 2; President Reagan signs $165 billion Social Security rescue on April 14; Arnold Schwarzenegger becomes a U.S. citizen on Sept. 16; Vanessa Williams, 20, of New York, is the 56th Miss America, and the first black Miss America, on Sept. 17; last handcranked telephones in the U.S. went out of service as 440 telephone customers in Bryant Pond, Maine, were switched over to direct-dial on Oct. 11; U.S. invades Grenada on Oct. 25; federal government shut down on Nov. 10; world’s greatest robbery — 25,000,000 pounds of gold — occurs in Heathrow, England, on Nov. 25.

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Ruth Van Guilder Salon and High Street Emporium are established. AT&T’s 22 Bell system companies divest into eight companies on Jan. 1; Supreme Court rules (5-4) that private use of home VCRs to tape TV programs for later viewing does not violate federal copyright laws on Jan. 17; Apple Computer Inc. unveils its revolutionary Macintosh personal computer on Jan. 24; NFL owners pass the anti-celebrating rule on March 21; AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) virus identified on April 23; Donald Duck’s 50th birthday celebrated at Disneyland on June 9; Geraldine A. Ferraro, (Rep-DNY), wins Democratic VP nomination on July 19; first documented case of a robot killing a human in U.S. on July 21; last Volkswagen Rabbit produced on

French expedition using side-scan sonar on Sept. 1; Pete Rose ties Ty Cobb with 4,191 hits on Sept. 8; the first flight of space shuttle Atlantis on Oct. 3.


Healthsouth Altoona and The Noon-Collins Inn are established. After losing a patent battle with Polaroid, Kodak must give up its instant camera business on Jan. 9; Johnson & Johnson announces it will no longer sell capsule drugs on Feb. 17; Martina Navratilova is first tennis player to earn $10 million on March 8; world’s worst nuclear disaster as fourth reactor at Chernobyl, USSR, explodes and 31 die on April 26; Bobby Ewing (Patrick Duffy) comes back from dead on “Dallas� on May 16; Richard W. Miller becomes first FBI agent convicted of espionage on July

Donna Rice affair on May 8; Supreme Court rules schools teaching evolution need not teach creation on June 19; first military use of trained dolphins by U.S. Navy in Persian Gulf observed on Oct. 13; Lynette “Squeaky� Fromme, serving a life sentence for attempted assassination of President Gerald R. Ford, escapes from Alderson Prison on Dec. 23.

Celebrating Local Businesses



Mid’s Candy & Gifts, BCI Floor Specialists, and Denise Viscusi Salon open. Televangelist Jimmy Swaggert confesses his sins to his congregation on Feb. 21; Supreme Court upholds a law that made it illegal for private clubs to discriminate against women and minorities on June 20; U.S. Navy shoots down Iranian civilian jetliner over Gulf, killing 290, on July 4; Radio Shack announces Tandy 1000 SL


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Aug. 22; baboon heart transplanted into a 15-day-old baby girl on Oct. 16; first planet outside our solar system discovered on Dec. 10; sportscaster Howard Cosell retires from “Monday Night Football� on Dec. 14.


Grooming Tails, Off The Rak, and Rick’s Handyman open for business. VH-1 made its broadcasting debut on Jan. 1; canned and bottled Cherry Coke introduced by Coca-Cola on Feb. 19; U.S. approves screening test for AIDS on March 2; virtual ban on leaded gas ordered by EPA on March 4; establishment of a Rock & Roll Hall of Fame is announced on Aug. 5; the wreck of the RMS Titanic in the North Atlantic is located by a joint American-

14; mail carrier Patrick Sherrill of Edmond, Okla., shot 14 fellow workers dead on Aug. 20; “Phantom of the Opera� premieres in London on Oct. 9; experimental airplane Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, completes first nonstop, round-the-world flight without refueling on Dec. 23.


Shadow Box Garden Center and His & Hers Hair Shop open for business. Pennsylvania politician R. Budd Dwyer shoots and kills himself at a press conference on live national television, leading to debates on boundaries in journalism, on Jan. 22; no-smoking rules take effect in federal buildings on Feb. 6, Gary Hart quits democratic presidential race because of


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computer on July 27; Willie Stargell became 200th man inducted in Baseball’s Hall of Fame on July 31; Rush Limbaugh begins his national radio show on Aug. 1; AlQaeda formed on Aug. 11; Larry Flynt paid hitman $1 million to kill Hugh Hefner, Bob Guccione, and Frank Sinatra on Oct. 27; Lockerbie bombing —Pan Am Flight 103 — was destroyed by a bomb, killing 243 passengers and 16 crew, on Dec. 21.


Gittings Private Investigations & Security and Kollar Plumbing, Heating & AC open. George H.W. Bush inaugurated as 41st president and Dan Quayle becomes 44th vice president on Jan. 20; Pete Rozelle announces












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retirement as NFL commissioner after 29 years on March 22; worst U.S. oil spill, Exxon’s Valdez, spills 11.3 million gallons off Alaska on March 24; Pete Rose is suspended from baseball for life for gambling on Aug. 24; the Rev. Jim Bakker is sentenced to 50 years for fraud on Oct. 24; the longest-running American sitcom, “The Simpsons,� had its debut on Dec. 17; U.S. troops invade Panama and oust Manuel Noriega (but don’t catch him) on Dec. 20.


Western Auto is established. Washington, DC, Mayor Marion Barry arrested in drug enforcement sting on Jan. 18; Supreme Court rules states could make it a crime to possess or look at child pornography, even in one’s home, on April 18; Boris Yeltsin is elected president of the Russian republic on May 29; Supreme Court rules family members cannot end lives of comatose relatives unless those relatives previously made their wishes known on June 25; the first Saturn automobile rolls off the assembly line on July 30; Iraqi troops surround U.S. and other embassies in Kuwait City on Aug. 24; U.S., England, France, USSR, East and West Germanys sign agreements allowing two Germanys to merge on Sept. 12; Right to Die case permits Nancy Cruzan to have her feeding tube removed and she dies 12 days later on Dec. 14.


Moriconi Funeral Home, Inc. and Andrea’s Family Hair Care open to serve the local communities. Operation Desert Storm begins with U.S.-led allies vs. Iraq on Jan. 17; “Seinfeld� debuts on NBC-TV on Jan. 23; Exxon pays $1 billion in fines and cleanup of Valdez oil spill on March 13; four LA police are charged with beating Rodney King on March 15; Sen. John Heinz of Pennsylvania and six others are killed when a helicopter collides with their plane over an elementary school in Merion, Pa., on April 4; Robert M. Gates becomes head of CIA on May 14; NBC announces Jay Leno will replace Johnny Carson on May 25, 1992, on June 6; USSR declares last day of existence on Dec. 31.


My Daycare, Inc., McNeal Family Chiropractic Center, and Heather’s Hair Gallery are established. Americans with Disabilities Act went into effect on Jan. 26, Jeffrey Dahmer found sane and guilty of killing 15 boys on Feb. 15, the nation of Bosnia was established on March 3; McDonald’s opens its first fastfood restaurant in China on April 23; jury acquits LA police officers of beating Rodney King, and riots begin on April 29; Johnny Carson’s final appearance as host of “Tonight Show� on May 22; first pay bathrooms in U.S. open in New York City on June 30; Gregory Kingsley, 12, wins right to divorce his parents and live with his foster parents — he takes name Shawn Russ on Sept. 25; Greater Pittsburgh International Airport opens on Oct. 1; President George H.W. Bush orders 28,000 U.S. troops to Somalia in Northeast Africa on Dec. 4.


Cresson House Bed & Breakfast, Otto Mart Sales & Service, Cuts & Curls Galore, and C’s Flowers & Gift Shop open. Sears announces it is closing its catalog sales department after 97 years on Jan. 25; the U.S. launches a missile attack targeting Baghdad intelligence headquarters in retaliation for a thwarted assassination attempt against former President George H.W. Bush in April in Kuwait on June 26; Rudolph Guliani (R) elected 107th mayor of NYC on Nov. 2; Brady Bill passes establishing five-day waiting period for handgun sales on Nov. 24.


Country Sisters opens. Brady Law, imposing a wait-period to buy a hand-gun, went into effect on Feb.

28; Former President Nixon suffered a stroke and dies four days later on April 18; in Denmark the largest lollipop, weighing 3,011 pounds, is made on April 22; Larry King ended his radio show on May 27; OJ Simpson doesn’t turn himself in on murder charges, and LA cops chase his Ford Bronco for 1 1/2 hours, before he eventually gives up (seen live on TV) on June 17; Crayola announces introduction of scented crayons on July 18; USAir Boeing 737 crashes at Pittsburgh Airport, killing all 132, on board on Sept. 8; in Portage, Wis., convicted serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer is clubbed to death by an inmate in the Columbia Correctional Institution gymnasium on Nov. 28; Maltese Falcon auctioned for $398,590 on Dec. 6.


Homestyle Kitchens & Baths and Health Ride Plus open to serve the local communities. At age 25, Jeff Gordon is youngest winner in Daytona 500 history on Feb. 16; scientists in Scotland announced they succeeded in cloning an adult mammal, producing a lamb named “Dolly,� on Feb. 23; smokers must prove they are over 18 to purchase cigarettes in U.S. on Feb. 28; Timothy McVeigh found guilty of 1995 Oklahoma City bombing, killing 168, on June 2; Mike Tyson is banned from boxing for biting Holyfield’s ear on July 9; Princess Diana’s funeral on Sept. 6; in Des Moines, Iowa, Bobbi McCaughey gives birth to septuplets in the second known case where all seven babies were born alive on Nov. 19.

Mainline Newspapers - Thursday, February 28, 2013


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Children’s Express, Inc., Noll & Associates, and Cavalier Orthodontics are established. President Clinton says, “I want to say one thing to the American people: I did not have sexual relations with that woman, Miss Lewinsky� on Jan. 26; Mary Kay LeTourneau, 36, former teacher, who violated probation by seeing 14-year-old father of her baby, sentenced to seven years on Feb. 6; Terry Nichols is sentenced to life in prison for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing on June 4; Google is launched Sept. 27; the Lewinsky scandal leads to the United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee beginning impeachment hearings against President Bill Clinton on Nov. 19.


Quality Auto Glass, Pillar to Post, Worklink Staffing, Party Time Express, and Dave Getty, Allstate Insurance open for business. The Mars Polar Lander was launched on Jan. 3; a jury in Michigan finds Dr. Jack Kevorkian guilty of second-degree murder for administering a lethal injection to a terminally ill man on March 26; Columbine High School massacre: Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold kill 13 people and injure 24 others before committing suicide at Columbine High School located in Jefferson County, Colo., on April 20; “All My Children� star Susan Lucci finally wins a Daytime Emmy after being nominated 19 times, the longest period of unsuccessful nominations in television history on May 21; John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife, Carolyn Bessette Kennedy, and sister-in-law Lauren Bessette are killed in a plane crash off the coast of Martha’s Vineyard. The Piper Saratoga aircraft was piloted by Kennedy on July 16; last upside down date until Jan. 1, 6000 on Nov. 11.


Festival Beverage and All Star Auto open their doors for business. The last original “Peanutsâ€? comic strip appears in newspapers one day after Charles M. Schulz dies on Feb. 13; in a pre-dawn raid, federal agents seize sixyear-old EliĂĄn GonzĂĄlez from his relatives’ home in Miami, Fla., on April 22; Tiger Woods wins golf’s U.S. Open by 15 shots, a record for all majors, with a U.S. Open to-par record score of -12 on June 19; the 100th Space Shuttle mission (STS-92) is flown on Oct. 11; controversial U.S. presi-

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Thursday, February 28, 2013 - Mainline Newspapers dential election that was later resolved in the Bush vs. Gore Supreme Court Case on Nov. 7; U.S. retail giant Montgomery Ward announces it is going out of business after 128 years on Dec. 28.


Wolf’s Performing Arts opens. Wikipedia, a free content encyclopedia, goes online on Jan. 15; FBI agent Robert Hanssen is arrested for spying for the Soviet Union, and he was ultimately convicted and sentenced to life in prison on Feb. 18; millionaire Dennis Tito becomes the world’s first space tourist on April 28; in Ghana, a stampede at a football game kills over 120 spectators on May 10; Timothy McVeigh is executed for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing on June

resigns as Governor of Pennsylvania to become President Bush’s Homeland Security Advisor on Oct. 5; Apple releases the iPod on Oct. 23; the Leaning Tower of Pisa reopens after 11 years and $27 million to fortify it, without fixing its famous lean on Dec. 15.


Pro Disposal and Sandy Brown Daycare are established. President George W. Bush signs into law the No Child Left Behind Act on Jan. 8; K-Mart Corp. becomes the largest retailer in United States history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection on Jan. 22; Russia and the United States sign the Moscow Treaty on May 24; Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly solo around

Smart was found after having been missing for nine months on March 12; U.S. troops capture Baghdad, and Saddam Hussein’s regime falls two days later on April 7; the United States National Do Not Call Registry, enrolls almost three-quarters of a million phone numbers on its first day on June 27; Mother Teresa is beatified by Pope John Paul II on Oct. 19; former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein is captured near his home town of Tikrit on Dec. 13.


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Lakeview Sheds, Carrolltown Family Vision, and R Beer House open. Condoleezza Rice is sworn in as U.S. Secretary of State, becoming the first African American woman to hold the post on Jan. 26;


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the world nonstop in a balloon on July 2; nine coal miners trapped in the flooded Quecreek Mine in Somerset County, Pa., are rescued after 77 hours underground on July 28; police arrest spree killers John Allen Muhammad and Lee Boyd Malvo, ending the Beltway sniper attacks, in the area around Washington, DC, on Oct. 24.


It’s Worth Repeating and Elias Chiropractic Clinic are established. The Space Shuttle Columbia takes off for mission STS-107, which would be its final one. Columbia disintegrated 16 days later on re-entry on Jan. 16; the United States Department of Homeland Security officially begins operation on Jan. 24; Fred Rogers, host of TV’s “Mr. Rogers’ Neighborhood� dies at age 74 on Feb. 27; Elizabeth


YouTube, the popular Internet site on which videos may be shared and viewed by others, is launched in the United States on Feb. 15; the 2004-05 NHL season is canceled by league commissioner Gary Bettman, the first time that a North American professional sports league had to cancel a season due to a labor dispute, on Feb. 16; Hurricane Katrina devastates much of the U.S. Gulf Coast from Louisiana to the Florida Panhandle, killing more than 1,836 and causing over $115 billion in damage, on Aug. 29; Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity on Oct. 19.


Adam’s Country Market opens for business. Apple Inc. CEO Steve Jobs announces the iPhone on Jan. 9; former White House aide I. Lewis

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Mainline Newspapers - Thursday, February 28, 2013


Built in 1893 by Mr. S.M. Wilson, the Commercial Hotel, a Patton landmark, was one of the first buildings constructed in Patton. Throughout the years, its dining room has served as the banquet hall for numerous community activities and meetings.

Libby Jr. is found guilty on four of five counts of perjury and obstruction of justice trial on March 6; the Virginia Tech massacre — the deadliest mass shooting in modern American history — occurs when the gunman, Seung-Hui Cho, shoots 32 people to death and injures 23 others before committing suicide on April 16; the tomb of Herod the Great is discovered on May 7; “Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows,” the final book in the best-selling Harry Potter series, is released on July 21; the Mitchell Report is publicly released, listing the names of 89 Major League Baseball players that have presumably used anabolic steroids and human growth hormones, including notable players Roger Clemens and Miguel Tejada on Dec. 13.


Start Smart Learning Center and B & S Beverage are established. Fidel Castro retires as the president of Cuba after nearly 50 years on Feb. 24; Danica Patrick wins the Indy Japan 300, becoming the first female driver in history to win an Indy car race, on April 20; Thomas Beatie, the world’s first pregnant man, gives birth to a daughter on June 29; Barack Obama becomes the first AfricanAmerican to be elected President of the United States on Nov. 4; Bernard Madoff arrested and charged with securities fraud in $50 billion Ponzi scheme on Dec. 11.


Admiral Peary Doggie Lodge opens for business. US Airways Flight 1549 makes an emergency landing into the Hudson River shortly after takeoff from LaGuardia Airport in New York City, and all passengers and crew members survive, on Jan. 15; Chrysler automobile company files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on April 30; all television broadcasts in the United States switch from analog NTSC to digital ATSC transmission on June 12; the 72-year run of the soap opera “Guiding Light” ends as its final episode is broadcast on Sept. 18; Tiger Woods announces an indefinite leave from professional golf to focus on his marriage on Dec. 11.


SeniorLIFE and Pinnacle Rehabilitation Systems, Inc. are established. A 7.0 magnitude earthquake devastates Haiti, killing more than 230,000 and destroying the nation’s infrastructure, on Jan. 12; Apple Computer unveils the iPad tablet computer on Jan. 27; Deepwater Horizon drilling rig explosion kills 11 and causes rig to sink, initiating a massive oil discharge in the Gulf of Mexico, on April 20; Operation Iraqi Freedom ends with the last of the United States brigade combat teams crossing the border to Kuwait on Aug. 19; the 54-year run of the soap opera “As the World Turns”

ends as its final episode is broadcast on Sept. 17; the repeal of the Don’t Ask Don’t Tell policy, the 17-year-old policy banning homosexuals from openly serving in the United States military, was signed into law by President Barack Obama on Dec. 22.

Bilmar Variety Resale opens its doors for business. The attempted assassination of Arizona congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords and the subsequent shooting in Casas Adobes, Ariz., at a Safeway grocery store kills six and wounds 13, including Giffords, on Jan. 8; space shuttle Discovery makes its final landing after 39 flights on March 9; an earthquake measuring 9.0 in magnitude strikes 80 miles east of Sendai, Japan, triggering a tsunami, and killing thousands of people — this event also triggered the second largest nuclear accident in history, and one of only two events to be classified as a Level 7 on the International Nuclear Event Scale — on March 11; Fidel Castro resigns from the Communist Party of Cuba’s central committee after 45 years of holding the title on April 19; Osama bin Laden, the suspected mastermind behind the Sept. 11 attacks and the FBI’s most wanted man, is killed by the United States special forces in Abbottabad, Pakistan, on May 2; Oprah Winfrey airs her last show, ending her 25year run of “The Oprah Winfrey Show” on May 25.

The many Benefits of Buying locally

Thursday, February 28, 2013 - Mainline Newspapers

$68 of every $100 remains in the community

Buying locally is a great way for consumers to find the products and services they’re looking for and help their local economy along the way. The small businesses highlighted in this section may be owned by your next door neighbor, who relies on his or her fellow townspeople to keep the business going strong. Shopping the local businesses in this issue is not only beneficial for local business owners, but buying locally benefits consumers and members of the community in a number of ways. • Buying locally creates jobs. The number of unemployed men and women has gradually declined in recent years, but those figures are still high in many communities. Buying locally creates jobs in your community, potentially creating a job for you or a friend or family member.

• Buying locally helps the environment. Buying within your community reduces the amount of fuel you’re likely to use for a weekend shopping trip while also reducing pollution. In addition, many local store owners use local materials and

ingredients, reducing the amount of fuel consumed to get products into the store.

• Buying locally creates a more closely knit community. Juggling a career and a family can make it hard for men and women to get to know their neighbors and other members of their community. Buying locally is an opportunity to strengthen that bond with your neighbors, creating a close knit community in which residents may feel safer and more comfortable.

• Buying locally is more convenient. Convenience is paramount to many consumers, and buying locally saves both time and money. Driving to a faraway mall or shopping center or paying costly online shipping fees is not nearly as quick or convenient as shopping within your community, where you can purchase and take home items on the same day without using a full tank of gas or paying for shipping. • Buying locally benefits your local economy. In 2004, the consultancy Civic Economics was commissioned by Chicago’s Andersonville Chamber of

Commerce to examine the economic impact of 10 local businesses against that of chain businesses. The study found that of every $100 spent at local businesses, $68 remained in the local economy, while only $43 of every $100 spent at chain stores remained in the local economy. That’s a significant boost to your local economy, and all it requires is shopping at local retailers.

• Buying locally can increase your property value. Homeowners might be able to increase the value of their homes by buying locally. A joint study from Independent We Stand and Civic Economics found that cities with a strong centralized small business district had a 54 percent greater increase in property values than communities that did not have such a district. A more thriving local community, including a thriving shopping district, is no doubt attractive to prospective home buyers. The reasons for shopping locally are many. In addition to helping local business owners, consumers who shop locally are also helping themselves. ———

How to Maximize Flexibility

For small businesses, it’s a thin line between success and failure. Flexibility is key.

This ability to respond swiftly often gives small businesses a desirable advantage over their muchlarger competitors because they can adapt to take advantage of growing opportunities and changes in their

particular industries.

“The reality is, owners must constantly look to evolve,� says Steven Rogers, professor of entrepreneurship at Northwestern University’s Kellogg School of Management. “The business they’re in today may not be the business they’re in tomorrow.�



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Look for a niche.

Small businesses often can spot and react more quickly to market trends. If you don’t already have something in mind, the U.S. Small Business Administration suggests conducting a market survey with current and/or potential customers to uncover untapped needs. Look for areas that are being ignored by your competitors. Maybe it’s a certain feature in a product or a tool aimed at a small but passionate audience.7


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Looking ahead and adapting also includes costs and competition. So, how can small businesses stay nimble in the face of these challenges? Here are three can-do items to add to your small-business flexibility list:

Celebrating Local Businesses

Larger businesses may have receptionists, IT departments and contractors, but for small businesses, implementing technology that has a bigbusiness look and functionality See Flexibility page 16

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Small Steps Towards Securing A Small Business Loan

Mainline Newspapers - Thursday, February 28, 2013

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Small business loans require a solid business plan.

Securing a loan in today’s economy is not as easy as it might have been as recently as four years ago. Loans are still available, but men and women should know that the process of getting a small business loan is time-consuming and often tedious. However, there are steps prospective loan applicants can take to make the process go more smoothly.

• Contact the Small Business Administration. The Small Business Administration does not directly loan money, but it is an invaluable resource to men and women seeking a small business loan. Financial assistance programs that address debt financing, surety bonds and equity financing are some of the programs the SBA offers to help borrowers. The SBA can help prospective borrowers determine which loan best suits their needs, and understanding how the SBA operates is a great first step toward securing a small business loan.

• Know your credit rating and address any issues or concerns. Personal credit rating carries significant weight with lenders. Lenders want to work with borrowers they know can manage their money responsibly, and personal credit rating is perhaps the best indicator of a person’s ability to manage money. In general, prospective borrowers with a credit score below 650 struggle to secure loans. Before beginning the application process, men and women should improve their scores as much as possible while addressing any discrepancies. • Have a solid business plan ready to go. The lender will want to see a business plan before even considering giving a loan. The business plan, which should include a definition of the product, its market and potential revenue, among other things, should be airtight and ready at the onset of the application process.

flexibility Continued from page 15

without the cost is a must. For instance, changing the phone systems can trim expenses because some are designed for start-ups and small-sized businesses. It involves a quick and simple set-up and is compatible with existing networks. The system is also convenient to manage and has all the functionality busy offices need, such as built-in voicemail, contact storage, do-not-disturb, paging, conferencing and call forwarding. Expandability is a cinch for growing small businesses -- just add phones as needed.

Cultivate communication within.

You can often find the best strategies by asking around the office. Talk to your employees daily about their ideas for growth and hopes for the future. Keeping that channel of communication alive will help you identify inefficiencies and new opportunities. This way, you’re not only finding ways to increase production and profitability, you’re also making your employees feel more invested in your small business. (NewsUSA)

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Business Showcase 2-28-13