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AGROCHEM Vol 3. No. 8 - AUTUMN/HERFS 2013

Saam boer ons vooruit! V 200 erdien Agr GRAT iB IS pun onusBla te dsy 3

Insekdoders Kan ons eenvoudig hul waarde ontken?

WEN!

ISSN 2222-9663

5 000 AgriBonuspunte. Sien bladsy 17


012 940 4398


LAEVE LD

INHOUDSOPGAWE | CONTENTS 2. REDAKTEURSBRIEF 4. HOOP EN GELOOF: Waarom dien jy God die Vader? So God made a farmer 7. LAEVELD NUUS: Laeveld se nuwe tuiste

18. PESTS AND PARASITES: Cutworms, and other potato pests 22. PRODUK PROFIEL: Larvin 375 SC 24. CLIMATE: K2C Project

8. GEWASBESKERMING: Erkenning waar dit toekom 11. COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT 2 Million Steps 14. PRODUKPROFIEL: Verpilde, koolstof verrykte Rescue 16. FUN & GAMES: Games & activities for the family

26. PRODUKPROFIEL: Decis Forte: 'n snelwerkende-, veilige- en buigsame insekdoder 30. CONSERVATION: Conservation farming on communal land

34. RECIPES: SA's Best: cultural cuisine

17. KOMPETISIE: Wen 5000 AgriBonuspunte

EDITORIAL: Editor-in-Chief – Corné Liebenberg Managing Editor – Fiona Mosca Creative Director – Gwynedd Peters PUBLISHERS: Main Angel Publishing 462 Grysbok Street, Waterkloof Ridge Tel: 012 347 3630 Fax: 086 242 0031 e-mail: info@mainangel.co.za DESIGN & LAYOUT: Designlogik Art Director – Nick Hlozek e-mail: studio@designlogik.co.za

IMAGES: MediaClubSouthAfrica.com; Stock Xchange, Laeveld Agrochem, 2 Million Steps, iStock. PRINTED BY: Four Images Tel: 012 349 1113 Fax: 012 349 1090 www.4images.co.za CONTRIBUTORS: Gerhard Verdoorn, Garry Merkel, Henk Coetzee, Bill Kerr, South African Risk and Vulnerability Atlas, Lloyd Phillips: All editorial, business and production correspon-

dence should be addressed to Main Angel Publishing: PO Box 4708, Rietvalleirand, 0174. Unless otherwise agreed to, all contributions are the property of Laeveld Magazine, and its publishers. The editor and publisher reserve the right to alter copy and visual material as deemed necessary. The opinions expressed in Laeveld Magazine are not necessarily those of the publishers or Laeveld Agrochem, its suppliers, subsidiaries or affiliates. © Copyright by Main Angel Publishing. All rights reserved.

LAEVELD LAEVELD Autumn/Herfs Winter/Winter2013 2012 - - 11


REDAKTEURSBRIEF

AGROCHEM Beste Laeveld-kliënte en Agribonuslede, dit is regverdig om te sê dat almal van ons hier by die Laeveld-kantore nog steeds ly aan 'n mate van skok as gevolg van die ongelukkige en ontydige dood van die pragtige Reeva Steenkamp, wat net 'n paar maande gelede so warm en vriendelik in ons televisie-advertensie verskyn het. Deur al die pyn en hartseer glo ons die gebeure het almal net weer bewus gemaak van die feit dat niks vir ewig is nie en dat 'n mens moet waardeer wat jy het, terwyl jy dit het en dat 'n mens dit nooit genoeg vir die mense rondom jou kan vertel nie. Ons harte gaan uit na die familie van die sprankelende Reeva, wat ons webblad en TV-skerms so opgehelder het met haar vriendelike borrelende geaardheid en glo dat hulle binnekort vertroosting sal ontvang. Aan die besigheidskant klink dit of die meeste boere ‘n suksesvolle seisoen agter die rug het, met laat reën wat

darem betyds in die meeste areas geval het waar dinge op ‘n stadium baie sleg gelyk het. Met die konstante onsekerheid in die landbou rondom kwessies soos arbeidsonrus, hoër lone en die verwagte styging van 68 sent per liter vir diesel, raak die druk net al hoe groter op elke produsent om beter te presteer. Produsente moet elke inset onder die vergrootglas plaas, en seker maak dat dit optimaal aangewend word sodat hulle volhoubaar kan boer. Dit plaas egter ook weer die bydrae wat iemand soos Laeveld lewer, t.o.v. die verskaffing van korrekte insette en advies, in perspektief. Ons is baie dankbaar om die dienste van Phillip Venter, voorheen werksaam by Omnia en later by Zinchem, te bekom. As plantvoedingskundige, is sy bydrae t.o.v. die volhoubare aanwending van plantvoedingstowwe van onskatbare waarde vir elkeen van ons kliënte. Laeveld sal voortaan poog om die kliënt se een-stop dienspunt te wees vir

Inspiration for the day And on the 8th day God looked down on his planned paradise and said, "I need a caretaker!". So, God made a farmer - Paul Harvey 2 - Autumn/Herfs 2013 LAEVELD


die verskaffing van die totale mandjie plantvoedingstof benodigdhede. Soos julle sal lees op bl. 4 het Laeveld na 22 jaar uit sy nate gebars en het ons die huis waaruit ons sedert ons stigting in 1991 gewerk het moes groet om na mooi groot kantore te trek. Ons is nou gerieflik geleë direk langs die N1 in Pretoria, aan die anderkant van die snelweg oorkant Hoërskool Waterkloof en Krygkor. Daar staan altyd lekker koffie en koekies gereed vir enigeen van ons kliënte wat dalk in die omgewing is. Julle sal ook in die uitgawe, wat weereens propvol waardevolle inligting is, onder andere lees oor die belangrikheid van insekdoders en die waarde wat dit toevoeg tot die landbou-bedryf, ongeag die negatiewe publisiteit wat hulle so dikwels ontvang.

Soos belowe in die vorige uitgawe, bring ons jou ware getuienis vanaf 'n volbloedboer oor God se grootheid en verbintenis tot jou grond en gewasse. Ons hoop julle vind hierdie inligting wat ons gratis met julle deel handig en ons wil steeds graag van julle hoor en sal enige interessante- of suksesverhale plaas wat julle instuur. In ‘n poging om te bepaal hoeveel kliënte hierdie boekie lees het ons ook besluit om 200 AgriBonuspunte gratis te skenk aan elke Laeveld-kliënt wat sy Laeveld rekeningnommer aan corne@laeveld.co.za stuur. Dieselfde e-posadres kan gebruik word vir enige nuuswaardige artikels. Ons waardeer beslis elkeen van ons lesers en wil graag aanhou om ons passie vir die landboubedryf met elkeen van ons kliënte en belanghebbendes te deel.

eldeedsAvoglstroche v e oom v L2a1 jaar en st ore m nt oe

Vir ‘n e, oll suksesvle oes a im opt roter en ‘n g ngs re b op

Laeveld Agrochem het al vir die laaste 21 jaar die grootste reeks blaarvoedings, insek-, swam- en onkruiddoders beskikbaar. Laeveld Agrochem versprei die bekendste, navorsingsgedrewe maatskappye se produkte vir u absolute gemoedsrus.

Saam boer ons vooruit - www.laeveld.co.za


HOOP EN GELOOF

Waarom dien jy God die Vader? Waarom dien jy God die Vader? Wat is die rede waarom jy Hom dien? Is dit omdat Hy jou finansieël versorg, daar is wanneer jy Hom nodig het, of beskikbaar is wanneer jy op Sy knoppie wil druk, of dien jy Hom omdat jy besef het, God is jou Vader? Prys jy Sy naam wanneer dit goed reën op jou lande en jou oes is oorvol, of vergeet jy dan gou van Hom omdat die “I”, “Myself”, die ekke ook oorvol is? Ken jy Hom net wanneer dit droog is en alles besig is om te vrek, is jy dan op jou knieë met ‘n benoude hart? Vader smag daarna om 'n verhouding met jou te hê, in alle situasies en ten alle tye. Vertrou jy Hom genoeg om ook met Hom 'n verhouding te hê? Wel, Hy vertrou jou genoeg! Hy het met Sy Seun betaal om jou te kan hê, met al jou "tantrums”, jou giere en jou geite en dinge. 4 - Autumn/Herfs 2013 LAEVELD

Jy sien, Vader het jou ongelooflik lief. Hy het jou eerste lief gehad. 'n Verhouding word gebou uit liefde en vertroue. Spandeer tyd saam met Hom in die oggend alleen waar julle lekker kan gesels, of in jou bakkie, ook op jou trekker, in die natuur, waar jy wil, gesels met Hom. Hy smag na die geselsies, Hy wil jou vertel wie jy is en hoe gelooflik Hy jou geskape het. Hy wil hê jy moet weet hoe “awesome”, “amazing” en sonder gebrek jy is. Hy wil jou vertel dat Sy drome vir jou, nie groter is as jou eie drome oor jou nie. Jy is Sy alles. Hy soek jou! Hy wil jou vertel dat jy die allerheiligste is omdat Hy in jou woon. Hy kan slegs in jou woon, as jy Hom sal toelaat. Hy wil jou vertel van Gees en Waarheid en dat dit vir jou beskore is. Joh 4:23 sê dat God, Gees is, en die wat Hom soek en aanbid, moet dit in Gees en Waarheid doen. Om Vader te ken vir wie Hy is sal ons


denke moet vernuwe volgens Romeine 12:1 en 2. Gaan lees dit asseblief.

doen nie, maar net Hom... Ek het dit gedoen.

Hy het jou ongelooflik lief en wil daardie verhouding met jou hê, sodat Hy meer in jou lewe kan word, en jy minder. Vader sê wiskunde is nie ons wiskunde nie; 1+1 is nie meer 2 nie. Dit is wel 5, of 10 of meer. Jy is Sy lig in die wêreld, en Hy is jou bron.

Daar was ‘n rekord oes op my plaas, en dit was duidelik in my finansies sigbaar. Ek boer saam met Hom as Vennoot. Daar is niks wat ek doen, voor ons nie saam ‘n besluit geneem het nie. Hy, as Persoon, as Pa, ek ken Hom, want ek weet wie Hy is. Hy is my lewe, my plaas, my lande en my oeste. Ek het Hom lief vir wie Hy is!

Wanneer jy die Vlam, wat in jou brand, gebruik om ook die vlam in ‘n volgende persoon aan te steek, gaan jou Vlam nie swakker brand nie, inteendeel, daar sal net meer Lig wees wat skyn. Die vorige seisoen het ek NET 320mm reën op my plaas gehad. Ek boer in die Hoëveld. Dit is min reën, julle sal weet. Maar die Here! Daar was oorvloed. Die resultaat was die beste grootste Gees jaar in my lewe. Ek het die Here bly soek en nooit getwyfel in wie Hy is nie, en Hom nie gesoek vir wat Hy kan doen nie. Hebreers 11:6 sê ons kan na Hom nader, en ons moet glo wanneer ons dit doen, dat Hy ‘n beloner is, wanneer ons Hom soek. Nie wat Hy kan

Vir die jaar 2013: Die volgende kan vir jou baie beteken: “Be still, and obtain.” Wees stil, en neem in besit. Hierdie is die jaar waar jy op ‘n plek moet kom waar jy stil raak voor Hom. Waar jy weet wie Hy is, en omdat jy Hom soek en dien vir wie Hy is, sal die gevolg wees wat Hy ook vir jou kan doen! Vader sê self,”: Ek is…..jou liefde Ek is….jou voorsiening Ek is….vreugde Ek is….jou alles! Waarom dien ek my Vader? Want Hy is my groot, “EK IS”. Carel Kriek. 0836271354 LAEVELD Autumn/Herfs 2013 - 5


HOOP EN GELOOF

SO GOD MADE A FARMER And on the 8th day, God looked down on his planned paradise and said, "I need a caretaker." So God made a farmer.

God said, "I need somebody willing to get up before dawn, milk cows, work all day in the fields, milk cows again, eat supper and then go to town and stay past midnight at a meeting of the school board." So God made a farmer. "I need somebody with arms strong enough to rustle a calf and yet gentle enough to deliver his own grandchild. Somebody to call hogs, tame cantankerous machinery, come home hungry, have to wait for lunch until his wife's done feeding visiting ladies and tell the ladies to be sure and come back real soon and mean it." So God made a farmer. God said, "I need somebody willing to sit up all night with a newborn colt. And watch it die. Then dry his eyes and say, 'Maybe next year.' I need somebody who can shape an axe handle from a persimmon sprout, shoe a horse with a hunk of car tyre, who can make harnesses out of haywire, feed sacks and shoe scraps. And who, planting time and harvest season, will finish his forty-hour week by Tuesday noon, then, pain'n from 'tractor back,' put in another seventy-two hours." So God made a farmer. 6 - Autumn/Herfs 2013 LAEVELD

God had to have somebody willing to ride the ruts at double speed to get the hay in ahead of the rain clouds and yet stop in mid-field and race to help when he sees the first smoke from a neighbour’s place. So God made a farmer. God said, "I need somebody strong enough to clear trees and heave bails, yet gentle enough to tame lambs and wean pigs and tend the pink-combed pullets, who will stop his mower for an hour to splint the broken leg of a meadow lark. It had to be somebody who'd plow deep and straight and not cut corners. Somebody to seed, weed, feed, breed and rake and disc and plow and plant and tie the fleece and strain the milk and replenish the self-feeder and finish a hard week's work with a five-mile drive to church. "Somebody who'd bale a family together with the soft strong bonds of sharing, who would laugh and then sigh, and then reply, with smiling eyes, when his son says he wants to spend his life 'doing what dad does.'" So God made a farmer.

Harvey, P. (1978, October). So God Made a Farmer. Speech presented at the Future Farmers of America Convention, Louisville, Kentucky..


LAEVELD NUUS 'n Nuwe depot vir Laeveld Lichtenburg By Laeveld Agrochem streef ons voortdurend daarna om ons kliënte in 'n manier wat hulle gewoond geraak het te diens. Om die te bereik, kry die depot op Lichtenburg 'n nuwe wêreldklas gebou.

Laeveld se nuwe tuiste Sedert stigting in 1991, het Laeveld Agrochem sy oorspronklike perseel bewoon - 'n beskeie private eiendom in Waterkloof-Glen, Pretoria. Dit was hier dat Laeveld Agrochem van krag tot krag gegaan het, en tot een van die voorste spelers in die landbousektor gegroei het. Na 20 jaar het dit duidelik geword dat ons ons plek van geboorte ontgroei het en dat ons dit sou moes oorweeg om na 'n groter perseel te trek. Dit was na ondersoek van ‘n aantal eiendomme dat ons uiteindelik ‘n gebou gevind het wat ons bly sou wees om ons nuwe tuiste te noem. Ons is nou gerieflik geleë, direk langs die N1 in Pretoria (aan die anderkant van die snelweg oorkant Hoërskool Waterkloof en Krygkor). Daar staan altyd lekker koffie en koekies gereed vir enigeen van ons kliënte wat dalk in die omgewing is. 410 Rigellaan, Erasmusrand (+/- 600m van Rigellaan afrit); Tel: 012 940 4398 LAEVELD Autumn/Herfs 2013 - 7


GEWASBESKERMING

Erkenning waar dit toekom:

Die voordele van plaagdoders en gewasbeskermingsmiddels Gewasbeskermings-tegnologie (wat alle plaagdoders, onkruiddoders, insekdoders, swamdoders en biotegnologieseprodukte insluit) help om die duisende onkruidspesies, skadelike insekte en talle plantsiektes wat gewasse verdruk te beheer. Sonder hierdie belangrike gewasbeskerming- en plaagbeheer-tegnologie, sou voedselproduksie sekerlik daal, baie vrugte en groente tekorte voorkom en voedselpryse sou styg. Boonop sou die produksie van belangrike vesels vir klere - soos katoen - afneem wanneer boere hulle oeste en dus lewensbestaan sou verloor as gevolg van plae en siektes wat hulle oeste aanval. Verhoogde voedselproduksie Gewasbeskermings-tegnologie laat toe dat produsente oesopbrengste en die doeltreffendheid van voedselproduksie kan verhoog. Die wêreld verloor juis byna 40% van jaarlikse potensiële 8 - Autumn/Herfs 2013 LAEVELD

gewasproduksie as gevolg van onkruide, plae en siektes. Hierdie oesverliese sal sekerlik verdubbel indien bestaande plaagdoder gebruike gestaak word. Verminder die koste van voedsel Omdat die gebruik van plaagdoders die gewasopbrengste verbeter het, het gewasbeskermings-tegnologie ook ‘n invloed op die koste van voedsel. Verbruikersvoordele Gewasbeskermingsmiddels wat insekskade verminder en, in sommige gevalle, uitskakel, laat toe dat verbruikers hoë gehalte produkte bekom wat vry is van insekletsels en insekkontaminasie. Daar is ander positiewe aspekte van gewasbeskermingsmiddels, wat ons dikwels as vanselfsprekend aanvaar;Produksie en Infrastruktuur Onkruiddoders word gebruik om plantegroei te beheer wat bevaarbare


Voordele van grondbeskerming

- en ander waterweë verstop of die benutting van snelweë en/of spoorweë bedreig of belemmer. Ontspanningsgebiede Plaagdoders word gebruik om grasperke, tuine, openbare parke, sportvelde, mere en damme vir openbare genot te beskerm en te verbeter. Menslike gesondheid Baie landboukommoditeite is kwesbaar vir aanvalle deur aflatoksiene en insekbeheer is nodig om dit te verhoed. Aflatoksien, 'n karsinogeen wat lewer en ander tipe kankers in die mens kan veroorsaak, verlaag die liggaam se normale immuunrespons en kan die groei van kinders belemmer. Gewasbeskermingsmiddels word gebruik om insekbeskadiging wat lei tot aflatoksienkontaminasie te beheer.

Will the real “organic” pesticide please stand up? "Since when are organic pesticides not chemicals?" asks Prof Gerhard Verdoorn, Director of BirdLife SA. The word 'organic' is probably one of the most abused in the English language as far as a chemist is concerned. "Organic" pesticides “Organic” in scientific terms means a molecule that consists mainly of a carbon skeleton with other elements such as hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and a few others as contributing building blocks. The majority of modern pesticide molecules are organic and fit in 100% with the scientific classification. The ‘organic’ pesticides should thus definitely be called natural as they are also

LAEVELD Autumn/Herfsr 2013 - 9


GEWASBESKERMING

mostly organic (in scientific terms) but are strictly of natural origin. The classic pesticides that are often referred to as chemical pesticides are in fact all chemicals but they are synthetic (such as organophosphates) or semi-synthetic (such as pyrethroids) whereas the natural pesticides are chemicals of a natural origin such as salts of fatty acids and plant oils. Some of these ‘organic’ pesticides contain active ingredients such as copper octanoate. Any environmentalist that is worth his or her salt will know that copper is extremely damaging to the environment, yet they are often branded as being environmentally friendly. “There is no such thing as an environmentally friendly pesticide; they are designed to kill and that is what they will do in varying degrees of efficacy,” says Verdoorn. Synthetic pesticides Synthetic pesticides are in most cases highly effective against the pests that they are registered for, have a good residual activity (which means they are active for a certain length of time) and are fairly affordable. The dangers of synthetic pesticides lie in their toxicity to life forms and their persistence in the environment. Note that different classes of synthetic pesticides have different toxicities towards different organisms and have a highly variable range of 10 - Autumn/Herfsr 2013 LAEVELD

persistence in the environment. As conservationists we should be concerned with biodiversity and that means all life forms and not just the birds and mammals. Pyrethroids for example may be quite gentle on mammals and birds but this particular group of semi-synthetic pesticides is extremely toxic to insects, fish and amphibians. Some products within the organophosphate and carbamate groups of synthetic pesticides are extremely toxic to basically all forms of life, including human beings. Such products should never be used by the general consumer. Comparing the application rates of natural insecticides with that of synthetic insecticides paints a somewhat ridiculous picture in certain cases. As much as ten times more natural insecticide is required per litre of spray mixture compared to the dosage required for a synthetic pesticide. In most cases the application of natural pesticides is required more frequently than with synthetic pesticides. In many cases the lifespan of natural insecticides has not been assessed properly, so we don't know how long they remain active in the environment and what their effects may be, yet producers claim rapid breakdown of the products. Written by Gerhard Verdoorn


GEMEENSKAP COMMUNITY

2 Million Steps

Laeveld gee terug aan die gemeenskap Laeveld Agrochem neem die welvaart van die gemeenskappe in die areas waar hul besigheid doen baie ernstig op, en daarom was ons verheug toe ons van die 2 Million Steps geleentheid hoor, want buiten al die ‘BEE’ voordele wat ons ontvang as ons so 'n maatskappy ondersteun, kan ons vir die eerste keer ‘n werklike en volhoubare verskil in ander se lewens maak. Ons glo in die projek, en ons is baie tevrede met die suksesse wat hulle reeds bereik het. Ons het ook op 15 Februarie ‘n baie suksesvolle golfdag saam met 2 Million Steps in Nelspruit aangebied, en almal betrokke kon nie uigepraat raak oor die goeie werk wat hierdie ongelooflike

organisasie in die gemeenskap doen nie. Buiten die feit dat alle boere en plase ook aan hierdie projek kan deelneem, dat bydraes aftrekbaar is omdat hulle ‘n Art 18 maatskappy is en dat dit hulle B-BBEE status onder die Vaardigheidsen Sosio- ekonomiese ontwikkeling afdelings kan verhoog, is die grootste voordeel waarskynlik die feit dat mens hiermee werklik ‘n verskil kan maak. As elkeen van julle betrokke raak met hierdie briljante inisiatief, wat baie sterk in alle areas deur Laeveld ondersteun gaan word, gaan ons ‘n dramatiese groot positiewe invloed op werkloosheid en die gepaardgaande probleme daarvan hê. Laeveld & Swart Ekonomiese Bemagtiging Laeveld Agrochem neem B-BBEE baie ernstig op en is in proses om sy status te hersien en te verhoog, wat al sy kliënte dan ook sal bevoordeel. LAEVELD Autumn/Herfs 2013 - 11


I love South Africa Henk Coetzee - 2 Millionsteps

I

am proud to be from SA and I am proud to be African. I took a decision to stand up and make a difference and I am challenging each one of you to stand up and do the same. TOGETHER WE CAN MAKE A DIFFERANCE. In 2006 I had a vision and that vision was to feed Africa! I know, it is a noble one, and I believe that I am not the only one with it or at least a similar one. For me I believe the difference will come about by taking the ability to manufacture to the communities. The founder and CEO of The Hunger and Thirst Foundation, Neil Pretorius, once reminded me that feeding hungry children and people alone is not enough, we need to “feed and equip” them! That made me realise that to feed, equip, mentor, teach, coach and build relationships with a young, hungry and unequipped child successfully, and in the process create jobs and create hope, we need to combine the socio and economic worlds. The solution lies inside the problem, that being hunger, unemployment, crime etc and the solution will come by firstly utilising CSI and SED funds - for a start, to enrol children into the Hunger and Thirst Foundation’s Leadership and Sports Academies, (see detail at: www.hungerandthirst.net) the start

is by creating hope and realising dreams. Where a child will be fed three meals a day, helped with homework, study for tests and exams and play sports while in a relationship with a mentor. Through this we will create critical mass that will justify a factory in the community that will, for one, manufacture the food parcels utilised by The Hunger and Thirst Foundation. This will lead to a demand for raw-materials that will be supplied by the local farming community. Currently we have created more than 130 jobs per 1000 children enrolled into the H&T program. 2MS is the official sales and marketing vehicle for the Hunger and Thirst Foundation. We need you to help us to network so that we can direct funds that is already earmarked into a vehicle that can “Feed and Equip”, create jobs, create hope and combine socio and economic worlds with each other.

I challenge you, to stand up and make a difference.

hunger and thirst foundation


Gemeenskapsopheffing

2 Million Steps Satellite factory model 2 Million Steps (2MS) has developed the 2MS Satellite Factory Model – a unique and revolutionary business model with limitless potential. The model is based on an operational plan that takes a holistic approach in meeting both the socio-economic needs of communities and investing in the private sector to empower individuals to become entrepreneurs. The model works as follows: Satellite factories will be constructed in areas determined by the local community’s needs, in conjunction with a leading industrial design agency. 2MS developed special “lean” factories, rolled out over 7 different modules that can be constructed and fully functional in a matter of weeks. How will 2MS satellite factory models be financed? • Realising the dream of 10 000 children. • Investors or entrepreneurs with commercial interests. • Receiving orders large

enough to justify a new satellite factory. • Charity donations large enough to justify the costs. • Grants.

factories with all the relevant raw materials and equipment on the condition that it is a “win-win” situation for both parties.

Each satellite factory will be managed with all-time access to 2MS and Making of Champions’ (MOC) wealth of skills, experience, resources and expertise. MOC specializes in developing and manufacturing high quality, nutritionally balanced and affordable food products, as well as developing and manufacturing flavours. MOC will supply each satellite factory with pre-mixed ingredients and materials, enabling it to process and produce products to market and sell to its customer base. In return, 2MS will supply the partners/new

In accordance with its desire to feed and equip the needy, 2MS will donate 10% of all the proceeds from satellite factories to The Hunger and Thirst Foundation. One hundred percent of all donations will be used for realising the dreams of the children. The satellite factory model will then succeed in re-investment, guaranteeing returns for investors and affordable products for the needy, completing the cycle (“Supply and demand”), its goal and purpose.

H&T LEADERSHIP AND SPORTS ACADEMY

FARMING COMMUNITY

10 000 food packs for the children in the LSA’s

Over-flow of food packs can be sold to the community, also eliminating large premiums charged at Spaza shops.

FOOD PACKS

Over-flow produce can be warehoused and sold to the community thereby eliminating the middleman - more affordable product to the community

FACTORY SHOP DETERGENTS TEXTILES FARMING PRODUCE

Potential subdivision of factory

COMMUNITY

COMMUNITY

Combining Socio & Economic worlds www.2millionsteps.net LAEVELD Autumn/Herfs 2013 - 13


PRODUCT PROFILE

n die Ver onus e iB ig Agr op en r eu te pun oduk dld pr aeve L oop gek

Verpilde, Koolstof verrykte

RESCUE:

Perfek vir tuinbou, wingerdbou, gras- en setperke, vrugteen neutboorde, graan- en rygewasse, inheemse plante en die blombedryf. Bewerkbare landbougrond is wêreldwyd ’n skaars kommoditeit. Van ons vrugbaarste landbougrond word toenemend onbeskikbaar om aan die wêreld se groeiende voedselsekuriteitskrisis te voldoen. Die belangrikste aspek wat aangespreek moet word is rooflandbou wat ’n diepgewortelde kultuur wêreldwyd is. Rooflandbou is die situasie waar boere elke jaar deeglike en goeie bewerkkingspraktyke toepas, altyd volgens aanbeveling bemes, goeie onkruidbeheer toepas, en waar die gewasse netjies in rye of boorde, hektare vol staan. Tog word daar telkens op grondontledings uitgewys dat grondstruktuur swak is en die katioon uitruilvermoë van die grond laag is. Grondsterilisasiemetodes wat gebruik word om skadelike grond-

siektes uit te skakel, elimineer egter ook voordelige organismes. Die somtotaal van die jarelange praktyke is grond wat as dooie, koolstofvrye medium met min mikrobe-aksie sonder struktuur of waterretensievermoë beskryf kan word. Vinnige oplossings is nie meer volhoubaar vir die toestand waarin ons grond huidiglik verkeer nie. Vandag se boerderypraktyke moet daarop gefokus wees om dit waaroor ons beskik, in stand te hou. Grond moet optimaal bestuur word en lewe, koolstof en humus moet teruggeplaas word om aspekte rondom grondvrugbaarheid aan te spreek. Die antwoord is om ’n strategie van 'natuurlike grondoplossings' in plek te stel. In boeretaal beteken dit: Voed die grond sodat die grond die plant kan voed. Galltec se reeks van verpilde hoendermisprodukte met lewen-

Laeveld Agrochem - Saam boer ons vooruit

16 - Spring/Summer 2012 LAEVELD


Produk Profiel Voordele: • Versterk wortelontwikkeling by plante • Verhoog die katioonuitruilvermoë van grond • Wakker natuurlike mikrobe-aksie in grond aan • Verminder uitloging van voedingstowwe • Verbeter die grondstruktuur • Verhoog die waterretensievermoë van grond

Eienskappe: • Grondopknapper • Organiese basis • Ten volle gekomposteer • Verpilde vorm • Geen patogene

dige mikrobes is ideaal hiervoor. Met Galltec se tegnologie, tegniese ondersteuning en produkte word gepoog om grondpotensiaal weer te ontsluit. Galltec se tegnologie is daarop gefokus om te verseker dat produkte aan die hoogste kwaliteitsvereistes voldoen en oor eienskappe beskik wat grondpotensiaal in die breë aanspreek. Galltec se tegniese ondersteuning verseker dat probleemoplossings korrek en aanbevelings akkuraat gedoen word.

Vog1 Stikstof FosfaatP KaliumK SwaelS KalsiumC MagnesiumM Sink Koper Molibdeen YsterF BoronB MangaanM Humien-Fulviensuu r<

% Gew./Gew. N3

20 5g 22 35 8g 6g

a2 g9 Zn 800m Cu 130m Mo 10 e 2300m 80 n 1100m 10

Gewas / Toepassing

Aanbevole Toedieningsdosis

Grasperke en setperke

100 – 500 g/m²

Graan- en rygewasse

200 – 500 kg/ha

Wingerdbou5

7 : 5 : 7 (9) Produkontleding (benaderd) Droëgewigbasis

Die voordele vir die boer en vir sy bewerkbare grond is merkwaardig en daar kan gerus van Galltec se dienste en produkte gebruik gemaak word om ’n meer winsgewende en volhoubare vennootskap te vestig.

g/kg /kg g/kg g/kg /kg /kg g/kg g/kg g/kg mg/kg g/kg mg/kg g/kg %

Vrugte- en neutboorde Tuinbou5

00 – 1000 kg/ha 500 – 1000 kg/ha 00 – 1000 kg/ha

Blombedryf

500 – 1000 kg/ha

Inheemse plante/fynbos

100 – 500 kg/ha

Raadpleeg die verskaffer of die vervaardiger indien spesifieke programme of enige ander inligting benodig word rondom die gebruik van die Galltec produkreeks.

Gekomposteerde pluimveemis (verpil) Misstof Groep 2 Reg. Nr. B3891 Wet Nr. 36 van 1947

Vind jou naaste agent by www.laeveld.co.za of Lente/Somer 012 9402012 4398 LAEVELD - 17


GAMES & ACTIVITIES SUDOKU EASY

PUZZLE time

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Games & Activities for the Family

Raai Wie? Hierdie bekende aktrise vertolk die hoofrol teenoor nuweling Eugene Jensen en Marno van der Merwe (Longshot), in die kleurvolle nuwe rolprent, Pretville. Sy is ook bekend vir haar rol as Melanie von Staden in die 2010 treffer, Liefling die Movie.

'

WEN 5000 Agribonus Punte

Identifiseer diĂŠ bekende TV-stĂŞr korrek en staan die kans om 5000 AgriBonuspunte te wen!* Hoe om te wen? Dit is eenvoudig: e-pos die antwoord, jou selnommer, Laeveld rekening nommer, en plaasnaam, na bemarking@laeveld.co.za * Terme en voorwaardes van toepassing. Kompetisie sluit einde April 2013.

LAEVELD Autumn/Herfs 2013 - 17


PESTS & PARASITES

Cutworms and other pests that plague potatoes

When crops are planted in spring, after the land has been left unplanted throughout winter, farmers generally believe that their land should be free of cutworm. But these hardy creatures – which aren’t worms, but in fact, caterpillars – can survive on rotting vegetation while waiting for those potatoes to be planted.

18 - Autumn/Herfs 2013 LAEVELD


Pests that plague potatoes

LAEVELD Autumn/Herfs 2013 - 19


PESTS & PARASITES

Above: Potato Ladybird eggs

While inspecting a fallow land for weeds, one should also look out for signs of cutworm activity. Although they can survive on debris, they prefer anything green. If there are no signs of activity among the weeds, cutworm won’t be a problem at this stage. If there’s any doubt (if, for example, there aren’t enough weeds to determine cutworm presence) apply a pyrethroid spray over the land after planting. This can be done at the same time as spraying herbicide, if one is to be used. The hazard isn’t over, however. When the crop is growing and weeds germinate, cutworm moths often lay their eggs on these weeds. The weeds are then destroyed by ridging or by herbicides, but the tough little critters will survive on the debris and then start tackling the lower leaves of the crop which touch the soil. Unless you specifically look for this, it will carry on unno20 - Autumn/Herfs 2013 LAEVELD

ticed. The caterpillars then start chewing through the stems. This activity is also not readily seen, unless you walk through the land, checking the stems. Cutworms may also develop later and attack the tubers, and this is only noticed at lifting. The rule then is regular inspections for cutworms. OTHER POTATO PESTS Potato Ladybird - Rapid damage The potato ladybird can do a lot of damage very quickly, and is always a threat in some areas. This species has turned vegetarian and lives off a number of crops and weeds. In winter, the mature ladybirds migrate to sheltered spots, such as the crevices in rough bark trees. After the first summer rains they take to the air and look for host crops. They invade in large numbers and, as noted, do substantial damage in a


Pests that plague potatoes

Above: Potato Ladybird

very short time. They lay clusters of yellow eggs on the underside of leaves and their scary-looking spiny larvae continue where their parents left off. Many products easily control this pest, but many also kill off the beneficial insects which keep other potato pests under control. The insecticide Larvin is very effective without doing too much damage to beneficial species. Leaf Miner Another major pest is the leaf miner. This small fly lays its eggs into leaves. The larvae then make serpentine tunnels through the leaves. The flies also puncture the leaves with their ovipositors to make wounds and feed on the sap. These feeding lesions are more widespread than the punctures made for egg laying. Apart from the physical damage, all this activity makes it easier for leaf diseas-

Above: Evidence of a Leaf Miner

es to take hold. Many minute parasitic wasps control the leaf miner. If you’re mindful of this and take care to use the appropriate ‘soft’ insecticides on this crop, you will protect these wasps. This means you need to be able to identify these parasitic wasps when you find leaf miner tunnels. If there are none to be seen and plenty of leaf miner flies, which are recognised by a yellow dot on the thorax, then you may have to use an insecticide. Be careful when selecting such a product as you need to suppress the flies and preserve the wasps. In fact, it’s very difficult to effectively control the flies chemically without help from the wasps. Contact your nearest Laeveld Agrochem agent to discuss the correct strategy. Written by Bill Kerr: Originally printed in Farmer’s Weekly, Aug 2012

LAEVELD Autumn/Herfs 2013 - 21


ien Verd nus bo Agri p enige te o eur pun k wat d u prod aeveld L . op is geko

Larvin 375 SC

Die stryd teen plae op mielies en katoen

Laeveld Agrochem - Saam boer ons vooruit


Beskerming van jou gewasse Larvin 375 SC is 'n insekdodende suspensiekonsentraat met ‘n nablywende kontak- en maaggifwerking vir die beheer van Mieliestronkboorder in mielies en Amerikaanse-, Rooi- en Stekelrigebolwurm op katoen.

Verseker deeglike bedekking deur gebruik te maak van vertikale valarms. Dit is belangrik dat die spuitstof ook direk in die kelke van die plante gespuit word.

Mieliestronkrusper Die stronkrusper, Busseola Fusca, is die ernstigste insekplaag by mielies in Suid-Afrika, en veroorsaak enorme oesverliese (geskat op meer as 10% van die nasionale oes).

Bolwurm Bolwurm is 'n plaag wat op sitrus, tamaties, sorghum, koring, mielies, katoen, rissies en verskeie ander gewasse voorkom. Dit word gereken as een van die belangrikste plae van sy soort in Afrika. Die larwes voed op bloeisels en klein vruggies van sitrus en kan meer as 80% van 'n vrug vernietig.

Toediening op mielies Plaag: Mieliestronkboorder Vanaf twee weke na opkom tot en met pluimvorming moet mielies elke week ondersoek word om vroeë eier- en larwe besmettings betyds op te merk. Behandel vyf tot sewe dae nadat 5% of meer plante besmet is met eiers of sodra 5% of meer plante ‘haelskade’ toon, d.i. klein deursigtige kolle ‘vensters’ op die jongste blare. Vir die beste resultate is dit wenslik om vroeg in die oggend te spuit terwyl die plante nog nat van die dou is.

Toediening op katoen Plaag: Amerikaanse-, Rooi- en Stekelrige-bolwurm Larvin 375 SC moet weekliks as ’n voorkomende beheermaatreël teen bolwurmlarwes aangewend word, vanaf spits-blomtyd tot bolbars of anders moet bespuiting gebaseer word op gereelde weeklikse ondersoek. Eierondersoek word uitgevoer op 24 plante wat na willekeur gekies is op lande tot 15ha groot. Bespuit wanneer die volgende tellings van die afsonderlike bolwurmspesies per 24 plante verkry word.

Winderige toestande het ’n nadelige uitwerking op bedekking en plaagbeheer. Moenie verwelkte plante bespuit nie. Herhaal bespuiting wanneer ondersoek later in die groeiseisoen daarop dui, veral by vroeë aanplantings. Larwes langer as 10 mm of larwes wat alreeds die stam of pluim binnegedring het, sal nie gedood word nie.

Larvin 375 SC behoort slegs gebruik te word gedurende die tydperk van vrugvorming vanaf spitsblomtyd tot bolbars, d.w.s. gedurende die periode 10 - 22 weke na plantopkom. Larvin 375 SC: Reg Nr. L2997 (Wet Nr. 36 van 1947). Aktiewe bestanddeel: Tiodikarb (karbamaat) 375 g/l. Bayer Cropscience, Wrench weg 27, Isando. Tel 011 921 5911.

Vind jou naaste agent by www.laeveld.co.za of 012 940 4398


CLIMATE KLIMAAT

Understanding

Climate Change The K2C Project The Kruger to Canyons (K2C) Biosphere is a biosphere reserve. There are currently six Biosphere Regions established within South Africa, of which K2C is the largest (and currently the 3rd largest in the world), encompassing savannahs, grasslands and forests that roughly cover over 4.8 million hectares of land bordering South Africa and Mozambique. After a lengthy five-year period in which the application form was completed, the K2C Biosphere received UNESCO registration in October 2001. Biosphere Reserves are designated regions throughout the world where internationally important ecosystems and protected areas lie adjacent to human settlements; established to promote solutions to reconcile the conservation of 24 - Autumn/Herfs 2013 LAEVELD

biodiversity and its sustainable use. It is situated in the North Eastern section of South Africa and includes two of South Africaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s key tourism sites â&#x20AC;&#x201C; the Kruger National Park and the Blyde River Canyon, as well as one of the leading international floral hot spots, the Wolkberg Region. The current boundaries of the registered Biosphere extend from the Letaba River in the North to the Sabie River in the South and the Blyde Escarpment in the West to the Mozambique border in the East. One of the biosphere's objectives is to engage communities in the concept of sustainable utilisation of resources, and to guide development along sustainable lines. This is in line with the UNESCO


K2C Project

'Man and the Biosphere' programme launched in 1968. The K2C Project The Kruger to Canyons (K2C) project aims to improve the accessibility of the latest scientific information to key stakeholders in the area in order to help improve the chances of adaptation to future changes in climate. It is hoped that the outputs of this project will include diverse stakeholder planning and decision-making for the K2C area, which is more directly informed by climate change predictions, and improved resilience of such sectors under climate change. K2C and Agriculture Agriculture in South Africa plays a critical

role in the formal economy, in sustaining rural livelihoods and in food security. Climate change has clear implications for both the large and small-scale agricultural sector, and is the subject of sectoral strategies currently in draft. As the science evolves, the sciencepolicy community is actively working to translate the science of agriculture and climate into response and action, in partnership with farmers. The agricultural sector is likely to feel the direct and indirect impacts of projected climatic changes in a number of ways. Firstly, predicted higher temperatures are likely to negatively impact organic matter; in an environment where retention of organic matter in soils is already affected by other stressors, such LAEVELD Autumn/Herfs 2013 - 25


CLIMATE KLIMAAT

as grazing, addition of fertiliser and manure, burning, and soil cultivation. Secondly, the predicted increase in evaporation has critical implications for irrigated and dry-land agriculture, as well as the full range of livestock farming systems. For example, increased temperatures and resulting evaporation are likely to increase irrigation demands, in a country where existing water supply and quality difficulties provide stress already to the irrigated agriculture sector (again, affecting both large-scale and emerging agriculture). Livestock farming systems are affected by higher temperatures and evaporation rates by, for example increasingly exceeding the temperature thresholds above the thermal comfort zone which could induce behavioural and metabolic changes including altering growth rate, reproduction and ultimately mortality. Lawless (2007) shows for South Africa's summer rainfall semiarid savannah rangelands that increases in the Temperature-Humidity Index (THI) under climate change (using version 1 down scaled climate change projections) will more frequently exceed the thresholds of comfort for commercial stock identified in the literature. Such a finding is particularly concerning since even no change, or an increase in rainfall and accordant possible improvement in forage availability may be offset by 26 - Autumn/Herfs 2013 LAEVELD

THI increases and consequent negative effects on stock condition and morbidity/ mortality rates. Conversely, increases in temperature during the winter months can reduce the cold stress experienced by livestock and warmer weather could reduce the energy requirements of feeding and the housing of animals in heated facilities. In addition, certain breeding trends in livestock production may have increased vulnerability to heat stress (and pests and pathogens), as certain breeds have been produced for high production, often compromising hardiness and thermoregulation. Higher temperatures and evaporation rates also affect stock water requirements. As in the irrigated sector, this is particularly concerning in an environment where water requirements for agriculture are already under threat. The projected increase in rainfall intensity, as mentioned earlier, indicates a likely increase in drought potential. All agricultural systems in South Africa are likely to be affected by such an increase. In staple crop farming, for example, drought at particular points in the growth cycle affects yield and quality. In high value vegetable farming, increased drought potential affects quality, yield and sustainability of supply. In fruit farming, quality, supply and sustainability of supply would also


K2C Project

be affected; potentially compounded by projected challenges in water availability and supply mentioned elsewhere. Lastly, higher temperatures may favour the spread of pests and pathogens of significance to a range of agricultural systems. For example, a number of pathogens of concern to the high value vegetable and fruit industries prefer higher temperatures. A number of research institutions are currently partnering to understand precisely how this may cause a challenge to the affected industries. Given the projected areas of concern described here, the response of the agricultural sector is vital. It is possible that the sector may have to think very differently about production, incorporating soil, water and nutrient conservation practices that produce a range of benefits simultaneously, as well

as improving response to climate change. It is likely that such an approach may include a move to more sustainable and resilient livestock and crop and high value product systems. What constitutes a resilient system must be the focus of on-going and urgent investigation, to better inform recommendations and support provided by the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries in this regard. Such an approach might also include the inclusion of carbon sequestration and diminished greenhouse gas emissions as one of the multiple benefits management objectives of the agricultural sector. Incentives available to the sector will be of particular interest in this regard. The K2C project is funded by a parliamentary grant as a component of the South African Risk and Vulnerability Atlas (SARVA). For more information: http://www.sarva.org.za/k2c/

LAEVELD Autumn/Herfs 2013 - 27


DECIS FORTE DECIS FORTE IS 'N SNELWERKENDE-, ien Verd nus VEILIGE- EN BUIGSAME INSEKDODER EN bo Agri p enige BLY 'N STANDAARDVERWYSING IN DIE te o eur pun k wat d PIRETROÏED MARK. u prod aeveld L op is geko

Laeveld Agrochem - Saam boer ons vooruit


Decis geniet wêreldwye erkenning as gevolg van : • Beheer 'n breë spektrum van insekte op verskeie gewasse • Snelwerkende aksie • Langdurende beheer • Lae gebruikersrisiko • Lae omgewingsrisiko • Kort voor-oes intervalle • Ekonomies en bekostigbaar Tipiese neerslag op graanplantluis Rol van plaaglewering vir plantbeskerming • Stewige-, wye- en nabye aktiewe vasklewing aan die insekoppervlak is krities vir vinnige insekpenetrasie en weerstand teen afspoeling en reiniging deur die insekte self. • Vinnige plaagpenetrasie verseker dat insekvoeding en -reproduksie onmiddellik gestaak word. • Vektoroordrag aan die plant word voorkom. Resultate van aflewering na plaag Studie • Die superieure plaagleweringskenmerke van Decis Forte word duidelik in 'n verwysyngsstudie getoon. • Die Decis Forte formulering kleef styf en eweredig aan insekte vas, en word in 'n hoogs beskikbare amourphous neerslaf behou. • Sekere ander produkte kleef swak aan die insekoppervlak vas en word in soliede vorm gehou, wat die vermindering van insekbeskikbaarheid tot gevolg het. • Die uitstaande leweringsfunksies en 'n hoë beskikbaarheid van die Decis Forte formulasie verseker superieure uitklopaksie en doeltreffendheid. Voordele van Decis Forte Suiwerheid • die enigste enkel-isomeer piretroïed • 'n hoë-gehalte uniforme en stabiele produk

Doeltreffendheid • kragtige piretroïed teen baie lae tariewe aangewend • breë spektrum doeltreffendheid • vinnige waarnemende uitklopaksie • langdurende werking • insekte gedood deur direkte kontak, maag- en oorgeblewe werking • reënvas te danke aan stewige plantoppervlakbinding Betroubaarheid • suksesvolle wêreldwye ondervinding • geregistreer in meer as 140 lande ten opsigte van meer as 50 gewasse • lae sensitiwiteit teen klimaatsomstandighede (bv temperatuur en reën) Veiligheid en Omgewing • beskerm baie gewasse, en word goed verdra deur selfs die mees sensitiewe onder hulle • lae risiko vir die natuur, toedieners en verbruikers solank as wat Goeie Landboukundige Praktyke (GAP) toegepas word • baie lae soogdier-toksisiteit • hoë veiligheid van koeffisient • 'n baie lae vlak van residu in gewasse met kort weerhoudingsperiodes • Decis word geklassifiseer as 'n World Health Organisation [WHO II]-kategorie produk • lae giftigheid vir bestuiwers • lae risiko vir voëls • lae vis-toksisiteit onder normale omstandighede • geen akkumulasie in die grond en dus geen effek op dierelewe nie • versoenbaar met Geïntegreerde Plaagbestuur (IPM) en Geïntegreerde Gewasbestuur (ICM). Decis Forte: Reg. Nr. L6563 (Wet Nr. 36 van 1947). Aktiewe bestanddeel: Deltametrien (piretroïed) 100 g/l. Bayer Cropscience, Wrench weg 27, Isando. Tel 011 921 5911.

Vind jou naaste agent by www.laeveld.co.za of 012 940 4398


CONSERVATION BEWARING

Conservation

FARMING on communal land

C

rop farming on communal land is suffering from the effects of soil erosion and climate change. But KZN communal crop farmer Nicholas Madondo is using conservation farming methods to fight back. Nicholas Madondo is passionate about three things: his family, his work as evangelist, and following conservation agriculture methods on his homestead at Potshini, on amaNgwane Traditional Authority land near Bergville. For him, the rewards come not only from his personal progress as a farmer, but his efforts to promote conservation agriculture by training other farmers in KZN for the Msizi Consulting non-government organisation. Born and raised in Potshini, as a youngster Nicholas helped his parents tend their crops and livestock on a small piece of tribal land. From 1990 he had a full-time job in Durban, but in 1997 he finally came home as a full-time father and farmer.

30 - Autumn/Herfs 2013 LAEVELD

“Since then I’ve run cattle and goats on communal grazing land, grown white and yellow maize, and more recently tried sugar beans,” he says. “Until 2002, I only used conventional tillage methods, as my parents and their parents and other communal crop farmers have done for many years.” Though commercial farmers in the area have long used conservation tillage methods, Nicholas saw first-hand how he could farm more sustainably, when in 2002 Agricultural Research Council (ARC) representatives visited the Potshini area looking for communal farmers to train in conservation agriculture principles. Intrigued by what he heard, he immediately volunteered. Over five years, the ARC presented monthly leadership and conservation agriculture courses to the Emmaus Land care Farmers’ Forum, of which Nicholas and other interested communal farmers are members. It also had a local training site where


Conservation farming

it hosted practical learning days for Nicholas and his colleagues, and visited the forum’s members individually to give them personalised advice on implementing and maintaining conservation agriculture practices. “What first appealed to me about minimum tillage and no-till is that they save time, conserve soil and water, and can increase yield,” Nicholas explains. Better results when ploughing with oxen To prepare their 1,8 ha land for maize, he and his family have always used oxdrawn implements. Conventional tillage needed three passes for ploughing, disking and planting, and ploughing alone could take a week because of the heavy work for the oxen, which needed regular rest breaks. Then Nicholas started using minimum tillage methods – shallow ripping to 15cm depth. Now he needed only one pass followed by a hand-hoe to dig and cover holes for planting the seed. When he started using no-till methods, he only needed the oxen to make one pass for planting. This only took a day, saving time and reducing strain on the animals. “With an ox-drawn no-till planter, the time saved allows me to focus on other work,” Nicholas explains. “Planting all the seed in one day also makes the maize germinate evenly.”

Minimum tillage and no-till also improve soil condition. With traditional tillage, Nicholas found that crops planted into land where heavy rain had washed away the topsoil remained stunted and yielded poorly. Now he prevents the problem by conserving topsoil and incorporating as much organic matter into the soil as possible. Nicholas shares the R 17 100 planter with around 29 other local no-till maize farmers. Crop residue on the soil surface reduces weed growth. Organic material in the soil improves the soil structure and encourages soil microbes and earthworms. Earthworms are especially good because they eat the decomposing crop residue and carry the nutrients down to the crop root zone. With traditional tillage Nicholas never saw earthworms in the soil, but now he sees them regularly on the soil surface, especially when it rains. Their tunnels help rainwater penetrate deeper into the soil. Soon after he started leaving crop residue on the soil surface in winter, Nicholas noticed an improvement in the performance of summer crops. Livestock graze only a portion of the maize and sugar bean residue before they’re removed from the land. To reduce soil compaction, he never lets them onto the LAEVELD Autumn/Herfs 2013 - 31


CONSERVATION BEWARING residue if the soil is wet. In winter he lets weeds grow in the land as soil cover, only spraying herbicide before planting the next crop. The pay-off Since adopting conservation tillage, Nicholas has seen a gradual yearly improvement in yield, and maize diseases are virtually nonexistent. He also plants only non-GM maize and sugar bean seed and uses seed developed over many years by farmers in the area, which he believes has helped boost his yields. This seed might have evolved good tolerance to local diseases, he says. In a good year, Nicholas harvests 4t/ha to 5t/ha of maize grain. He keeps some of the white maize grain for his family’s use and sells the rest, along with all yellow maize grain, in 50kg bags to community members. He sells sugar beans via an agent in Ladysmith. He doesn’t keep records of his bean yields, but recalls harvesting 750kg on 0,4ha leased from a neighbour in 2009.

32 - Autumn/Herfs 2013 LAEVELD

Pest control Crop pests, mainly maize stalk borer and cutworm, are seldom a problem. “I haven’t seen any change in pest levels between conventional and conservation tillage. But the pesticides I use are very effective,” he says. Beyond the farm gate Nicholas knows there’s little unused arable land at Potshini, but still prays for access to 50ha or more to manage under no-till to produce food and income for his church and congregation. “I’d also use it as a no-till training facility for my congregation and other interested people from around the country,” he says. “But until then I’ll keep training small groups of people on my land.” He’d also like to see communal farmers everywhere converting to no-till and sustainable farming to improve yields. “Too many communal farmers have given up after watching their yields drop year by year under conventional tillage.” Written by Lloyd Phillips: Originally published in Farmer’s Weekly, Aug 2012


Wenner-onkruiddoder e p di Koo k by u prod Verdien us eld: Laev Agribon 300 te (per pun m). dro

LAEVELD Winter/Winter 2012 - 11


RECIPES RESEPTE

Cultural

Cuisine

Fish bobotie Ingredients • 3 thin slices white bread (crusts removed) • 325 ml milk • 30 ml margarine • 1 onion finely chopped • 600 g hake fillets steamed and flaked • 65 ml raisins • 10 ml curry powder • 2.5 ml turmeric • 2.5 ml cumin • Juice of 1 lemon • 45 ml chutney • 2 eggs beaten • Salt and black pepper to taste • 3-4 Whole bay leaves 34 - Autumn/Herfs 2013 LAEVELD

Method: 1. Soak the bread in milk. Fry the onions in margarine. 2. Mix the onion, fish, raisins, curry powder, spices, lemon juice and chutney. 3. Squeeze the bread and reserve the milk. Add the bread to the fish mixture. 4. Add salt and pepper to taste. 5. Place the mixture into a greased ovenproof dish. 6. Mix the egg and reserved milk together, and pour over the fish. 7. Decorate with the bay leaves. 8. Bake at 190ºC for 45-50 minutes or until the milk custard has set.


SA's Best Brilliant Bunny Chow Ingredients: • 1 medium onion, diced • 3 cloves garlic, chopped • 3 cm knob fresh ginger, chopped • 1 medium chilli, chopped • 1 star anise • 1 cinnamon stick • 4 cardamom pods • 500g lamb cubed • 3 tbsp curry paste • 1 tbsp garam masala • 8 curry leaves • 3 tbsp tomato paste • 2 tsp sugar • 2 cups water • 2 medium carrots, peeled & sliced • 1 pinch salt and milled pepper • 1 can butter beans, drained • 1 loaf bread, quartered Method: 1. Heat a glug of oil in a large pan and fry onions until soft. Add garlic, ginger, chilli, star anise, cinnamon, cardamom and fry for 1 minute. 2. Add lamb and fry until well browned. Add remaining ingredients, except butter beans. Simmer for 1.5 hours, adding more water if needed. 3. Add butter beans and cook for a further 20-30 minutes. Make a hollow in each quarter chunk of bread by removing some of the soft dough. Fill each hollow with plenty of curry and top with, yoghurt and fresh coriander. LAEVELD Autumn/Herfs 2013 - 35


RECIPES RESEPTE

Koeksisters Ingredients: • 500 ml (2 cups) cake flour • 20 ml (4 tsp) baking powder • 3 ml ( ½ tsp) salt • 25 ml (5 tsp) butter • 125 ml (½ cup) sour milk or buttermilk or water and lemon juice • Oil, for frying Syrup 1 kg White Sugar 500 ml (2 cups) Water 2 pieces of Ginger, bruised 2 ml Cream of Tartar Pinch of Salt Grated rind and juice of ½ a Lemon Method: 1. Sift together the dry ingredients and rub in the butter using your fingertips, or cut it in with a pastry blender. 2. Mix with the liquid to a soft dough, which can easily be kneaded. Use more liquid if necessary. 3. Knead thoroughly until small 36 - Autumn/Herfs 2013 LAEVELD

bubbles form under the surface of the dough, cover with a damp cloth and allow to stand for 15 minutes. 4. Roll to a thickness of 5mm and cut into 5mm strips 7cm long. Place the ends of three strips on top of the other, press together and plait. When plaited, press the ends together again. 5. Fry in hot, deep fat (170ºC) until golden brown. Drain on absorbent paper for a moment and then immerse in ice cold syrup. 6. Remove, allow excess syrup to drip off, and leave to dry on a wire rack. Syrup 1. Put all the ingredients into a saucepan. Heat, while stirring, until the sugar has completely dissolved. Cover and boil for one minute. 2. Remove the lid and boil for a further 5 minutes. Do not stir. 3. Remove from the heat and allow to cool thoroughly in a refrigerator if possible.


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Laeveld Vol. 3 Issue 8