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Constraint  

Filming in  public  

Clearances and   permissions  (Copyright   Law)  

Media Privacy  Law  

Describe the  details  of  constraint  

Explain how  the  constraint   will  directly  impact  on  your   documentary     If  you  want  to  film  in  certain  places  you   I  do  not  need  to  worry  too   need  to  seek  permission  as  some  areas   much  about  filming  in   are  not  public  but  private  property.     public  due  to  my   “If  you  want  to  film  on  public  land  you   documentary  not  being   will  need  permission  from  the   filmed  in  public.  If  I  do  film   appropriate  local  authority  or  council.   some  voxpos  then  I  will  do   They  are  responsible  for  public  land,   this  in  public  spaces  and   public  buildings,  and  roads  and  parking.   just  gain  the  views  of  the   The  UK  Screen  Agencies  can  help  you   normal  public  walking  by.  I   get  in  touch  with  the  appropriate  local   will  need  tog  ain  permission   authority  contact”   from  the  people  I  will  be     filming  also  allowing  them   http://industry.bfi.org.uk/publicspaces   to  give  their  permission  on     being  filmed.     Copyright  law  is  when  things  such  as   I  will  be  using  the  feature   music,  archive  footage  and  images  are   quite  a  lot  as  I  will  be  having   used.  We  cannot  directly  use  sources   archive  footage,  pictures   which  are  not  ours  and  which  are  not   and  also  music  from   copyright  free.  This  means  we  need  to   different  artists  I  will  seek   get  permission  if  we  wanted  to  use   permission  from  different   anything     contracts  making  sure  I     have  the  permission  to  use   http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools   these  sources  in  my     documentary.  I  will  also     clearly  point  out  that  I  will   http://www.copyrightservice.co.uk/   not  be  making  any  profit   protect/p07_music_copyright   from  the  project  that  I  will   be  carrying  out.     The  Committee  that  was  appointed   The  issue  I  will  be  facing   during  my  project  is  privacy   in  July  2011  to  consider  the   issues.  I  will  be  addressing  a   operation  of  the  law  concerning   privacy  and  injunctions  in  the  UK  has   lot  of  topics  and   interviewing  people,  which   published  its  report  and   means  at  some  cases  I  will   recommendations.  Those   need  to  keep  their  identity   recommendations  cover,  amongst   private.  This  means  that  I   other  things:   will  need  to  display  the   interview  without  showing   1. Maintaining  the  status  quo  in   their  faces  if  they  want  to   the  substantive  law  of   keep  their  identity  hidden  ,  I   privacy  (i.e.  based  on   may  also  need  to  change   common  law  and  the  Human   their  names  to  make  sure   Rights  Act)  but  enhancing  the   their  identity  is  not  also   been  given  away  by  their   2. “Privacy”  and  the  “public   name.   interest”  should  not  be  

defined in  statute.  It  would   be  more  flexible  and  less   complicated  to  continue  


allowing case-­‐by-­‐case   judgments  on  their  facts. http://www.taylorwessing.com/filead min/files/docs/UK-privacy-law-andpress-regulation-reform_April2012.pdf Libel  and  defamation  Law  

BBC editorial  guideline  1  

Defamation  of  character  occurs  when   someone  says  something  about  you   which  is  untrue  and  which  is   damaging  to  your  reputation  or   results  in  some  other  damage  to  you  A   new  and  developing  area  of   defamation  law  is  defamation  of   character  for  statements  published   online.  The  law  of  defamation  applies   equally  to  the  internet,  however  it  can   be  more  difficult  to  establish  libel  on   the  internet.         http://www.contactlaw.co.uk/intereste d-­‐in-­‐suing-­‐for-­‐defamation-­‐of-­‐ character.html   Avoiding  Misleading  Audiences   Misleading   the   audience   means   displaying   something   as   true   or   false   but   in   fact   this   subject   or   topic   has   not   yet   been   proof   on   either   side   of   the   story   or   what   you   are   displaying   is   bias   and  fabricated.      

“3.4.13

BBC editorial  guideline  2  

This means  that  I  should  not   present  things,  which  have   no  truth  towards  them,  I   should  also  not  give  a  bad   reputation  to  characters   and  products  which  are  not   true  and  show  them  in  a   bad  light.  During  my  project   I  will  be  presenting  case   study’s  which  will  have  to   be  backed  up  with   reference  as  I  need  to  make   sure  I  am  not  presenting   false  facts  and  statements    

This will  affect  me  when  it   comes  to  making  my   documentary  because  I  will   be  displaying  case  studies   and  also  talking  about   certain  news  stories.  I  have   to  make  sure  these  stories   are  correct  and  nothing  is   over  exaggerated  or  made   up.  This  affects  my  work  in   a  good  way  because  it   makes  sure  that  I  do  my   independent  research   before  display  anything   false  but  at  the  same  time  it   does  affect  my  work  when   it  comes  to  certain  stories   which  I  might  not  be  able  to   show  due  to  not  getting   confirmation  on  the  actual   event/topic  actually  taking   place  or  happening.    

When quoting   an   anonymous   source,   especially   a   source   making   serious   allegations,   we   must   take   all   appropriate   steps   to   protect   their   identity.     However,   we   should   give   the   audience   what   information   we   can   about  them  and  in  a  way  that  does  not   materially   mislead   about   the   source's   status.”         http://www.bbc.co.uk/editorialguidelin es/guidelines   Audience  Expectations   This  will  not  really  affect  me  


BBC editorial  guideline  3  

We should  take  into  consideration  the   viewing  audience  judging  on  the  time   and  day,  which  the  program  is  shown.   First  we  must  judge  by  the  content  and   the  scenes,  which  are  going  to  be   shown  and  then  consider  if  they  are   suitable  for  every  viewer.  Here  are   some  of  the  things  we  need  to  consider:     -­‐  The  likely  number  of  children  watching   also  taking  into  account  the  weekends   and  the  holidays  in  which  they  will  most   likely  still  be  awake  later  on  in  the  night.         Privacy    

7.4.3 When  filming  openly  in  public  and   semi-­‐public  places,  we  do  not   normally  obtain  express  consent   from  individuals  who  are   incidentally  caught  on  camera  as   part  of  the  general  scene,  unless   they  are  engaged  in  an  activity   where  they  have  a  legitimate   expectation  of  privacy  that  is  not   outweighed  by  a  public  interest  in   showing  them.    

Ofcom Guideline  1      

  This  tells  me  that  when  I  am  filming  in   public  I  need  to  make  sure  I  have   people’s  permission  so  that  I  can  film   them.  I  also  need  to  make  sure  I  have   permission  to  film  on  private  property   and  I  also  need  to  make  sure  I  have   clear  evidence  as  permission.  I  also   need  to  make  sire  that  I  keep  to  all  the   privacy  policy.   Harm  and  offence     “In  relation  to  issues  of  ‘harm  and   offence',  regulation  has  moved  away   from  the  more  prescriptive  approach   of  old.  Rather  than  attempting  to   dictate  to  broadcasters  what  is  and   what  is  not  acceptable,  broadcasters   are  now  encouraged  to  think  more   carefully  about  the  expectations  of   their  audiences  and  providing  viewers   with  more  information,  so  they  are   able  to  make  their  own  informed  

as my  documentary  will  not   include  bad  language  or   include  any  violence  and   scenes  which  people  may   find  disturbing.  This  will  be   a  positive  for  me  as  I  do  not   need  to  take  this  into   consideration  due  to  the   fact  that  the  scenes  and  the   content  are  very  suitable   for  all  ages  and  do  not  need   to  be  put  on  after  child   viewing  time  ends.  

This is  a  positive  and   negative  when  it  comes  to   my  project.  The  positive   thing  is  that  I  will  not  be   filming  in  any  private   property,  which  means  I  do   not  need  any  permission.  I   will  also  be  doing  vox  pox   which  I  will  just  gain  the   person  I  am  interviewing’s   permission  and  it  will  be   filmed  on  private  property   which  means  I  will  not  need   any  permission  for  that.    

This means  that  I  would   need  to  tell  the  viewers   what  they  are  watching   before  hand  so  I  do  not   offend  anyone  with  the   material  I  am  about  to   show.  I  will  not  be  having   anything  offensive  in  the   documentary  so  this  will  not   affect  me  a  great  deal.  


Ofcom Guideline  2      

Ofcom Guideline  3    

choices about  what  they  watch.”     This  shows  that  I  have  to  make  sure  I   know  what  I  am  talking  about.             http://www.independentproducerhand book.co.uk/232/4f-­‐due-­‐ impartiality/key-­‐points.html     Simulated  news   Sometimes  entertainment  shows  and   dramas,  even  documentaries,  include   fake  news  items  within  them,  which   can  seem  authentic.  The  Code  states   that  broadcasters  must  ensure  that   there  is  no  reasonable  possibility  of   viewers  being  misled  into  believing   they  are  watching  real  news  items  in   such  circumstances.       Fake  elements  added  to  the  show  must   be  pointed  out  and  labelled.  The  code   states  that  broadcaster’s  have  to  make   sure  that  the  things,  which  are   presented  in  screen,  are  not  fabricated   to  mislead  the  audience.       http://www.independentproducerhand book.co.uk/232/4f-­‐due-­‐ impartiality/key-­‐points.html      

1. News, in  whatever  form,  must  be   reported  with  due  accuracy   and  presented  with  due   impartiality.  Presenting  a   story  or  item  with  "due   impartiality"  means   presenting  it  in  an   appropriately  balanced  and   fair  way.       2.  

Significant mistakes  in  news   should  normally  be   acknowledged  and  corrected   on  air  quickly.  Corrections   should  be  appropriately   scheduled.        

This means  that  I  cannot   mislead  the  audience  by   making  up  false  facts  and   figures  or  presenting  things   which  are  fabricated  in  a   news  form  which  may   mislead  people  to  think  it  is   actual  news.  This  will  effect   me  as  I  will  be  showing   some  case  study’s,  I  will   make  sure  that  I  do  not   present  it  in  a  news  form   and  also  make  sure  I  give   reference  and  if  there  is  not   reference  I  will  mention   this.    

This means  that  I  must   present  all  my  evidence  and   my  findings  in  a  fair  and  just   way.  I  should  neither  over   use  nor  over  dramatize   things  and  should  keep  my   information  direct  and  very   clear.  This  will  affect  me   when  it  comes  to  the  case   study,  as  I  need  to  make   sure  I  am  not  adding  things   to  the  truth  and  also   keeping  all  my  points  clear.  


Politicians must  not  be  used  as   newsreaders,  interviewers  or   reporters  in  news  programmed   unless,  exceptionally,  it  is  editorially   justified,  in  which  case  that  person's   political  allegiance  must  be  made   clear  to  viewers.   http://www.independentproducerhand book.co.uk/232/4f-­‐due-­‐ impartiality/key-­‐points.html  

                         


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