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READ INSIDE For Those Of You Blessed With Going For Hajj

MBE for Councillor Shaffaq Mohammed

Congratulations to Sheffield City Coucillor, Shaffaq Mohammed on gaining a national honour, the acclaimed Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE). For his political service and recognition for his significant contribution to the local community, he will recieve his award from Her Majesty The Queen at a later date. Shaffaq Mohammed has given outstanding service to the community and has stood out as an example to other people.

Your invitation by Allah confers honour on all of us. You take with you our duas and we have trust in Allah to ensure your safe passage and return When you ask Rasulullah (pbuh) for permission to enter his mosque and step through Bab-e-Jibrail, you will carry with you on your shoulders the responsibilities of all our collective hopes and aspirations. Pray for strength and wisdom to be our leaders and for your hearts to have the compassion to be our refuge. As you perform each round of your Tawaf and peel away the layers to expose your true self to your Rabb, we are confident that he will have accepted your duas before you have finished. It is here that we wish we were with you the most. When you follow Sayyida Hajra's footsteps in Sa'ee and craft your individual route maps for striving towards your full potential, say a little dua for us too to be granted the perseverance of this most awesome lady. In your journeys between 窶連rafat, Muzdalifa and Mina where you will find yourself, we pray that you become the closest of his Abd, both in this world and in the Aakhira. On behalf of all of those you leave behind Qabul Insha'Allah.

Youm-eDifa

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Parents Given Fever Warning Over New Meningitis Vaccine For Babies

Bid To Clampdown Mobile Phone Use At The Wheel The Yorkshire based road safety campaign group BRAKE is calling for a ban on all mobile phone use at the wheel, including hands-free. They say this poses just as much of a crash risk as handheld phone use. BRAKE is calling for higher fixed penalty fines than the current £100 - suggesting at at least £500 to £1,000 - and for enhanced traffic policing to provide a serious deterrent. They say that almost a quarter (23%) of drivers have talked to family on the phone while driv-

ing; one in seven (15%) have talked to friends on the phone while driving; and one in six drivers (17%) have had a workrelated call while driving. Young drivers, aged between 17 and 24, were most likely to engage in phone calls with friends, family, and employers. In the past year: 35% of young drivers have talked to family on the phone while driving; 21% have talked to friends on the phone while driving; 49% of young drivers have had a work-related call while driving.

Using Your Mobile Phone Abroad Can End Up Costing More Than Your Holiday Holidaymakers have been warned that using the internet on their mobile phones abroad could end up costing more than the trip itself. People travelling outside the European Union face bills of thousands of pounds because they do not realise how high the charges can be and how quickly costs can rise, according to Citizens Advice. Some holidaymakers are caught out because they do not realise they are using the data roaming function on their handsets. Within the EU roaming rate is capped at 17p per megabyte under changes brought in by the European Commission last year. However, there is no such limit outside the EU, and researchers found the charge can

be as high as £12.50. It could cost up to £212.50 to upload 10 photographs to Facebook in the U.S., which is 42 times more expensive than inside the EU. Plotting a two-mile journey on Google maps could cost £17 outside the EU, compared with the maximum 40p charge inside. Citizens Advice has helped military personnel who were billed for thousands of pounds after leaving their data roaming on while deployed abroad and a holidaymaker who was hit with a bill of £1,500 after turning on data roaming to download an album while in Egypt. The charity is calling on phone providers to give more warnings to customers and a voluntary price cap.

UK’s Biggest Killer Parents whose babies are to be given a new meningitis vaccine are being urged to buy paracetamol to stave off a fever linked to the jab. Their infants will be given the new meningitis B vaccine from September 1 and are likely to suffer a fever which can last a few days. Experts said the fever showed the body was responding to the new vaccine, called Bexsero. Tests suggest that the new meningitis B vaccine will protect against about 90% of the meningococcal group-B bacteria strains in Britain. Public health minister Jane Ellison has

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called its introduction “a landmark moment” and campaigners said it could prevent up to 4,000 cases of meningococcal disease in under-fives a year. It’s important that parents use paracetamol following vaccination to reduce the risk of fever. The fever peaks around six hours after vaccination but is nearly always mild and gone within two days. Men B can be truly devastating and we know the suffering it can cause to families. Now every new baby can get this free vaccine to protect them from this terrible disease.

Around 200 adults under the age of 65 die every week due to heart disease, sparking a new hard-hitting campaign. The British Heart Foundation is warning adults not to be complacent about the risk of heart disease. The charity is putting the family at the heart of a television advert in which they appeal for more funding to research the causes of coronary heart disease which remains the biggest killer in the UK. And it is not just regular smokers and eaters of fatty food who are at risk. Researchers say that anyone can be affected however healthily they eat and however much they exercise. The British Heart Foundation says that we understand remarkably little about the process that leads to narrowing of the coronary arteries. The British Heart Foundation says fatalities from heart attacks have been declining over the past 40 years but with one-in-three heart attacks ending in fatality, they say the only way to reduce that number is to understand more and the only way to understand more is to invest in research.

Students Leave University With £30,000 Debt Students expect to graduate with debts of up to £30,000 as the cost of university continues to soar. Data from Lloyds Bank suggests students’ overall estimated debt has jumped more than 15% in the last year alone. This means a typical student will graduate owing £22,131, but for first year undergraduates the figure rises to £30,002. The debt problem is so severe that almost one in five (19%) students now believe they will never pay it off, while a further 31% say it will take more than 20 years. Worryingly, the data

suggested students are becoming accustomed to mounting debts, with the number of student concerns over their borrowing actually falling. Just under half (44%) said they were concerned this year, compared to a similar number (47%) in 2014. Estimated levels of debt are continuing to rise for students. However, the number of students concerned about this debt has dropped this year and the majority are confident about their job prospects after graduating.

Sheffield Shopping Scheme One Step Closer Sheffield Retail Quarter is one step closer to reality after Sheffield City Council announced it has submitted an outline planning application for the scheme. Over 3,000 people visited a public exhibition and nearly 600 written comments were sent in during the public consultation on the development. Councillor Leigh Bramall, the Council’s Deputy Leader and Cabinet Member for Business, Skills and Development said, “The overriding message from the public consultation was to simply get on with it. Sheffield is crying out for a new city centre with new shops. We understand that there is scepticism after the previous Sevenstone scheme and this application shows that we are determined to make this happen, and happen fast. “The purchase of the land is well underway and we will shortly be shortlisting the last three potential development partners. We’re right on track to start work on site next year, with the majority of shops opening in 2019.” The plans, which can be viewed on the Council’s planning website, will see the area around Barkers Pool, Pinstone Street and Moorhead transformed with new shops, offices, restaurants and flats. Sheffield Retail Quarter could create around 2,500 jobs andbring in approximately an additional £300 million a year to the city centre that people currently spend elsewhere. As The Outdoor City, Sheffield is well known for its love of green spaces and the environment, and this will be reflected in the development. Its public spaces will be of the same high quality as other popular spots like the Peace Gardens and there will be plenty of space for both pedestrians and cyclists, as well as over 2,000 car parking spaces. Not only will the buildings have live, growing ‘green roofs’ with sustainable drainage systems, but some could have ‘brown roofs’ providing different habitats and some could have ‘blue roofs’ which will collect rainwater for use in the scheme. Solar panels and district heating are amongst the other options in the plans. The Council has submitted an outline planning application to allow flexibility as it works in partnership with potential occupants, retailers and development partners. A decision is expected on the application by the end of the year and, if it receives consent, a more detailed application can then be submitted.

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Children ‘Returning To School With Gadgets Worth £3.2bn’ Children will be sent through the school gates with billions of pounds worth of gadgets in their backpacks, despite parents fearing new technology is damaging their social skills. Across Britain parents are spending on average £270 on items such as smartphones and tablets for school bags, more than twice the amount on the previous year as more children rely on them for homework. But despite forking out on new technology, nearly half of parents believe it is having a negative impact on their children's ability to make friends, as well as fears over attention spans, handwriting skills and a reliance on spell check. In total, children will return to school with tech items worth £3.2 billion in their school bags, according to the research by independent price comparison website uSwitch.com The rise of expensive items being brought to school has also led to kids being bullied or robbed, with one in 10 parents saying their children have been bullied over technology and 13% have had gadgets lost or stolen. With the start of the new academic year just around the corner, parents should carefully consider what gadgets their child is taking to school.

Some children maybe bullied because of the gadgets they either carry or do not even possess. Schools need to do more to follow anti-bullying procedures when implementing new technology learning. There is a need for schools to raise more awareness around the issue of bullying when expanding IT devices to increase learning - anti-bullying procedures are often forgotten about. However the research also shows half of parents believe tablets and smartphones are giving their children an advantage in the classroom because they can access educational apps as schools implement more tech-based subjects such as computer coding.

Most Graduates ‘In Non-Graduate Jobs’ The majority of UK university graduates are working in jobs that do not require a degree, with overqualification at "saturation point", a report claims. Overall, 58.8% of graduates are in jobs deemed to be non-graduate roles, according to the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development. It said the number of graduates had now "significantly outstripped" the creation of high-skilled jobs. The report's findings should be a "a wake-up call". The report found the issue was leading to "negative consequences" including employers requesting degrees for traditionally non-graduate roles despite no change to the skills needed for the role. As a result, it found graduates were now replacing non-graduates in roles and taking jobs where the demand for graduate skills was either non-existent or falling.

The trend was particularly prominent in construction and manufacturing sectors where apprenticeships have previously been traditional routes into the industry, the report found. The report said government and organisations both needed to act to help graduates make better use of their skills, but said the report also highlighted that for young people choosing an apprenticeship instead of university could be a "much better choice". A Department for Business, Innovation and Skills spokesman said: "We are providing the right mix of university places and apprenticeships to ensure more people have the opportunity to advance their careers and businesses to get the skills they need to grow."

A Crime Was Reported Every 15 Minutes In Sheffield Last Year Figures obtained in a Freedom of Information Act show there were 103.8 crimes reported every day in Sheffield in 2014-15. The figure equates to an average of four offences every hour. Five murders, six kidnappings and 54 threats to kill are among almost 38,000 crimes reported in Sheffield between April 2014 and March 2015. Shoplifting, assault and public order offences are among the biggest increases, while burglary, theft from vehicles and theft from person all fell. Sheffield city centre, Burngreave and Darnall are the top three worst areas for reported crime – while Stannington, Beighton and Birley have the lowest crime rates in the city. Other areas in the top 10 for crime include Broomhill, Sharrow and Gleadless Valley. The overall crime rate has increased one per cent year-on-year – but is down 6.3 per cent over three years. A total of 2,855 crimes were reported in Darnall in 2014-15, including 148 burglaries, 414 shop-

Streets Ahead Celebrate 3 Years Of Making Sheffield Better Sheffield has seen upgrades to miles of its roads and pavements over the last three years, thanks to the Streets Ahead project. In the first three years of the project, Streets Ahead has resurfaced over 350 miles of road and over 600 miles of pavement – more than enough to stretch from Sheffield to Madrid – and replaced over 32,000 old street lights with new energy efficient LED lighting. In addition, the Streets Ahead team has also made improvements to 200 bridges and other structures and delivered on-going maintenance, which includes the emptying of over 3,000 bins each week, gritting during winter and keeping roadside drains clear. The project was launched on the 20th August

Police Launch New Campaign To Combat Arson Police have launched a hard-hitting campaign to target the number of young people deliberately starting fires. Dubbed ‘Connor’s story’, the campaign tells the fictional story of local teenager, Connor, who, alongside his friends, sets fire to the contents of a wheelie bin which explodes in his face leaving him with severe facial burns. The campaign, which is a joint initiative with South Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service, will run until the end of the year with a focus on reducing the amount of arson incidents involving young people. Last year, police in South Yorkshire dealt with 681 incidents of arson- a 17% reduction on the previous year (799 crimes in 2013). Analysis of arson related incidents over the last year (August 2014 - June 2015) showed that 80% of offenders were male with most aged between 11-16. Police and the fire service will also be using the hashtag #ConnorsStory to promote the campaign on Twitter and other social media channels. Hundreds of stickers will also be placed on wheelie bins across the county as a reminder for people to only take their bins out on the morning of a collection. This follows a large propor-

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tion of fires that have started after residents left their bins out overnight for a collection the following morning. Setting fire to someone’s bin may be seen by some as not much more than a prank but this type of anti-social behaviour can have fatal and life altering consequences. South Yorkshire Fire & Rescue head of community safety Kevin Ronan, said: “Three quarters of all the fires we attend are started deliberately, which is a massive drain on our resources. Starting fires is reckless and costs lives, as even small fires like bin and rubbish fires can quickly spread, take fire engines away from more serious incidents and put

lifting reports, two kidnappings and a murder. The area was the top of the crime league outside the city centre. Darnall councillor Mahzer Iqbal said the inclusion of Meadowhall and several retail parks in the area ‘skewed’ the statistics, but admitted the area has been battling issues with anti-social behaviour. He said: “Of course in Darnall ward we have Meadowhall and Centertainment which skews figures on things like car break-ins and shoplifting. Coun Iqbal added that police resources are a key issue. He said: “There was a shop owner in Tinsley recently who had his store burgled, but because the culprit was gone, police didn’t turn up for eight hours. “When resources are cut, it makes their job a lot more difficult.” Stannington was the area with the lowest crime rate – just 516 crimes were reported in the ward in 2014-15. Stannington councillor Vickie Priestley said the figures were due to the ‘hard work’ that has gone into the area.

2012 with the intention of bringing the city’s roads up to standard by the end of 2017 and includes busy main routes as well as quieter residential roads. Key achievements in the first three years of Streets Ahead include: Resurfaced roads: over 350 miles Resurfaced pavements: over 600 miles Number of reported potholes repaired: over 121,000 New LED street lights installed: over 32,000 200 structures repaired, strengthened and restored Street cleaning: Over 3,000 bins are emptied every week, 500-600 tonnes of litter is collected every month and street cleaning teams have responded to over 16,600 reports of fly tipping Grass cutting: More than 35 million square metres of grass verges have been cut Replaced over 1850 drains and completed over 79 new drainage improvement schemes. We annually clean between 60,000 and 70,000 gullies Replanted over 2,000 new trees

HOUSE SPIDERS TO INCREASE The number of giant house spiders creeping into South Yorkshire homes is set to rise after the hot wet summer weather, experts say. The spiders, which can grow up to 12cm in length, are heading indoors to find a dry place to mate. Despite the name, house spiders more commonly live in sheds and gardens but they are not harmful to humans. The males when they are mature will leave their webs in search of a female spider, so off they go on their little trek to find love. The spiders enter homes through open doors and windows. There are many people who are frightened of spiders.......but don't panic there are many ways to get rid of the eight-legged crawlers without killing them. Trap the spider under a glass or jar and slide a piece of cardboard underneath

before releasing it outside Stuck in the bath? Drape a towel over the edge so the spider can crawl out and then shake it off outside Gently sweep into a dustpan and lightly tap the pan to stop the spider from moving while you take it outside Coax the spider onto a long stick or ruler and take outside. Vacuum up old webs

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Parents Face £126,000 In Fines For Taking Children On Holiday During Term Time In Sheffield More than 2,000 fines totalling in excess of £126,000 were handed out in Sheffield for taking children on holiday in term time last year. Sheffield Council issued 2,103 penalty notices in 2014/15 for removing children from school for a vacation – with another 345 fines still being processed. Sheffield Council’s cabinet member for children’s services, Coun Jackie Drayton, said: “Parents tell us that, even after paying a fine, the cost of a holiday that starts in term time is still much cheaper than school holiday prices – and often means

they can go away which many couldn’t if they had to pay the inflated prices.” A DfE spokeswoman said: “It is a myth that children missing school is harmless to their education and life chances. “This is why we are encouraging more pupils back into class by toughening up on term-time holidays and attendance. “Heads and teachers are now firmly back in charge of their classrooms, and most recent figures show we have made real progress with 200,000 fewer pupils regularly missing school compared with five years ago.”

Nether Edge Councillors ‘We are here to help’ Nether Edge Councillors Monthly Surgery: 1st Saturday of the month Dalton Court Community Centre S8 0YU 11am - 12pm No need to book

Hefty Administration Fees For Car Insurance Car insurance customers are being hit with “eye-watering” administration fees, an investigation by Which? has found. The fees used by car insurance providers can vary widely, with some charging double the average for certain costs, according to the consumer group, which is running a “stop sneaky fees and charges” campaign. For example, among the 44 insurers looked at between May and August, five did not have any adjustment fees for changing details such as a name or address, while others charged up to £35. The average fee for this was £22.79. Which? found some insurers charging customers eye-watering admin fees that can be hard to avoid, and people often don’t know what they are actually paying for. Which? also found that two-thirds of insurers charged for cancelling during the 14-day cooling-

off period, with the cost being as high as £75. Some insurers charged set-up and renewal fees - to pay for the cost of arranging cover - with costs reaching up to £50. The average charge for sending out a replacement insurance certificate or a copy of the policy document was £14.18, but some firms charged £30, while 10 insurers did not charge. The Association of British Insurers said: “The motor insurance market is highly competitive and average premiums are lower than they were two years ago with insurers passing on savings of over £1bn to customers following the recent reforms to tackle whiplash.” Customers should always read their policy documents carefully and speak to their insurer or broker if they have any questions … the fees insurers charge must be clearly and fully set out and broadly reflect the costs they incur.

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Council Tenants Set To Save More Than £1.4 Million In Heating Bills Councillor Jayne Dunn, cabinet member for housing, said: “We are installing new heat meters to help our tenants save money and have more control over their heating bills. If this scheme can go some way to easing any financial burdens than it can only be a good thing.” The work is part of the council’s five year £300m investment plan into council homes, which will help residents save money by improving insulation, heating, roofs, windows and doors. The council’s ‘big switch’ programme this year provided residents with the cheapest energy tariff on the market, with more than 2,000 people switching suppliers. The new meters have been installed by metering and billing company, ENER-G Switch2. They provide residents with much more control over their energy usage and costs.

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Sheffield council tenants are set to save more than £1.4million on their annual heating bills through a new initiative being delivered to thousands of council homes across the city. Sheffield City Council is installing heat meters to 6,000 homes, which up to now have been served by a communal ‘district heating’ scheme. Figures from the first 227 homes on the new system for a full year show households are saving an average of £238 on their annual heating bill. The new meters allow people to control how much heating they use in the same way as a regular gas meter. They have been fitted in 2,800 homes so far, with all 6,000 set to be complete by March 2017. Homeowners living in properties bought under the right to buy scheme but have stayed on the council’s district heating scheme are also set to benefit.

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Prime Minister David Cameron is "punishing businesses" by trying to fulfil promises to cut immigration, the Institute of Directors says. Figures published last month show net migration is more than three times higher than the government's target. The Home Office says it remains committed to reducing the net total to the tens of thousands. The Institute of Directors and British Future say radical policies to prevent migrants coming to the UK will damage the economy. The two groups are calling for a "comprehensive immigration review" to establish what policies could be put in place to achieve the tens of thousands target, and what their impact would be on the UK's economy, culture and society. They say the prime minister and Home Secretary Theresa May should ask an expert body, the Migration Advisory Committee, to set out plans for dealing with immigration and their likely impact.

These should then be put to the general public through town hall meetings across the country and a "citizens' jury" to reflect public opinion, the groups say. The prime minister currently has no long-term plan to meet his net migration target. It is little wonder there is such low public trust on immigration and the government's ability to manage it. A comprehensive immigration review would set out what's possible and what isn't. It could also give the public more of a say in what happens - providing impartial facts about the impacts of different policies on the economy, society and public services. The prime minister vowed to get net migration down to "tens of thousands" each year "no ifs, no buts" in a speech in 2011. But the most recent figures in May showed net migration in the UK stood at 318,000 in 2014.

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Nadra Smart Cards NADRA has started issuing Smart Card instead of NICOP in the UK since 1st June 2015. The Smart Card carries more security features to avoid forgery. Moreover, it provides speedy immigration at the port of entries in Pakistan. Due to addition of these upgraded features, the government has increased the fee for Smart Card processing at surgeries by £10. The increased fee is being received by the Government of Pakistan and not the High Commission and its Consulates as suggested in some media reports. All NICOPs will become obsolete after expiry, and will be eventually replaced by the Smart Cards.

Diabetic Time-Bomb Ticks In Britain Up to five million people in England are at risk of developing type-2 diabetes. Type-2 diabetes is closely linked to diet and obesity and affects about 3.2 million people across the UK. The NHS says diabetes causes 22,000 early deaths and costs the health service more than £8bn each year. But health experts believe more than a quarter of people can reduce the risk of developing the condition. Diabetes arises when the body loses the ability to use or make insulin, a hormone that helps regulate the amount of sugar in blood. Public Health England (PHE) says its latest analysis shows about five million adults in England are now prediabetic, also known as non-diabetic

hyperglycaemia. That means they are at risk of developing type-2 diabetes. Public Health England says its calculations have produced the most accurate and robust estimate so far. Last year, research published in the British Medical Journal suggested a much higher figure – one third of all adults in England – and the charity Diabetes UK quotes a UK-wide figure of about 18 million people at risk of developing diabetes. But these calculations used a broader definition of pre-diabetes than that used in this latest analysis. Some doctors have questioned the value of the pre-diabetic diagnosis, arguing that only a small number – perhaps one in 10 – will go on to develop diabetes. But the NHS is preparing to roll out a diet, weight loss and exercise programme that has been shown to reduce the diabetes risk for a quarter of those who take it up.

Landlords Are Warned To Evict Illegal Immigrants New measures to enable private landlords to evict illegal immigrants without a court order have been announced, in the latest government effort to demonstrate a hard line amid concern about migrants breaching security at the Channel Tunnel. Landlords who fail to remove illegal immigrants who do not have the right to live in the UK - or who do not carry out checks on their status before renting out properties - could face up to five years in jail, said Communities Secretary Greg Clark. Mr Clark said: “We are determined to

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crack down on rogue landlords who make money out of illegal immigration - exploiting vulnerable people and undermining our immigration system.” The crackdown comes as new security measures are being introduced in France and the row over who is responsible for the crisis intensifies. “We will also require them to meet their basic responsibilities as landlords, cracking down on those who rent out dangerous, dirty and overcrowded properties” Communities Secretary Greg Clark.

LEXUS REVEALED WORKING HOVERBOARD Mr Shumile J. Chishty

Lexus just revealed what is by all appearances a working hoverboard. So how does the hoverboard even work? Hoverboards have been faked before, but what Lexus is doing isn’t exactly a lie or a hoax. They made a real, working hoverboard. It’s just an incomplete truth. Lexus also made a skate park with magnetic rails buried underneath, which makes the whole thing possible. The mechanism is based on the concept that when magnets have opposite poles, they repel each other and force a space between them. Previously, Lexus had explained that the hoverboard uses liquid nitrogen smoke to keep the board's superconductors cold enough to create the levitation.

In a detailed video, the company revealed that it took the team 403 days from concept to final build to create to a workable hoverboard, which now weighs 11.5kg. While it's still not a true hoverboard, in the sense that it really only works on the company's 'Hoverpark' (so no, you won't be able to just pick one up for your next trip to the skate park), the tech is still rather impressive. Lexus explains that the hoverboard has an insulated core that houses high temperature superconducting blocks in 'cryostats', or reservoirs of liquid nitrogen. There are 32 superconductor bulks and 50lbs of liquid nitrogen

within the board. The liquid nitrogen cools the superconductors to -197°C it's operating temperature. When the board is cooled and placed on Lexus' Hoverpark, which contains permanent magnets, the parks "magnetic flux lines are 'pinned' into place," allowing the magnetic force to push and maintain the board's hovering height.

Business Decline Due To Shortage Of Chefs While the UK’s taste for ethnic cuisine shows little sign of abating, curry restaurants have been found to be suffering from a shortage in staff that, for many businesses in the industry, is proving terminal. Evidence indicating that two curry restaurants per week are closing on average this year. Leaders of industry bodies have noted that an ageing generation of highly-skilled chefs is retiring, never to be replaced. Not enough young people are entering the profession, and UK visa requirements are discriminating against chefs who do not reach the right salary bracket to qualify as skilled personnel. This is adding strain to a challenging industry with huge time pressures and difficulty in sourcing high-quality ingredients, and where it takes up to seven years to train chefs to

industry standard. The staff in restaurants are ageing, they are retiring and new generations of chefs are not coming into the industry. The problem has been compounded

by the lack of immigration into this country, hence the shortage of staff. Slowly the staff shortage is affecting food, service, and affecting the business, hence we are seeing the level of closures we see now. On the other hand some Pakistani restaurant owners and chefs allege 'misuse' of the visa system. Many business owners spend huge money to bring chefs to the UK but they vanish after sometime in total disregard to owners’ investment on them. Some restaurants owners exploit chefs by paying low rates. British newspapers have also highlighted the declining businesses of sub-continental eateries due to shortage of chefs Prime Minister David Cameron had assured the restaurants' industry two years ago that he would help restaurants owners in bringing the chefs to UK.

Oxford Adds New Words The act of “manspreading”, or sitting with legs wide apart on public transport, is among 1,000 new words to enter the online Oxford dictionary. Oxford Dictionaries.com issues quarterly updates on current definitions of English words. Other new entries include Grexit, Brexit, hangry, beer and wine o’clock and NBD – meaning “no big deal,” reports BBC News. Oxford Dictionaries said the addition of multiple slang words showed “creative” use of language. New words and phrases are added to the website once editors have enough independent evidence to be confident of their widespread currency in English. However, they do not gain an entry into the Oxford English Dictionary unless there is a demonstration of continued historical use. According to Oxford Dictionary’s

language monitoring service, hangry has seen its usage increase since 2012, with a spike in April 2014 connected to an American study about low glucose levels making people cross. New online dictionary entries Manspreading – when a man sits with his legs wide apart on public transport encroaching on other seats Bants – short for banter NBD – abbreviation of no big deal Hangry – adjective used to show feelings of anger or irritability as a result of hunger

Grexit and Brexit – the potential departure of the UK and Greece from the EU Awesomesauce – to describe something as excellent Weak sauce – anything of a poor or disappointing standard Bruh – describing a male friend Pocket dial – to accidentally call someone while your phone is in a pocket Mkay – the informal pronunciation of OK Oxford Dictionaries said the addition of multiple slang words did not represent a dumbing down of English. ”There have always been new slang words. I just think we are more aware of them because of the ways in which we consume and live our lives now. We are bombarded with more and more avenues where those sort of words are used and we just think that there are more of them.”

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Britain ‘Wastes More Food Than Any Other European Country’ Britain wastes more food than any other country in Europe, new research suggests. For every one of the UK's 64 million citizens, the equivalent of a tin of baked beans is thrown away every day, according to the findings. Each year, 22 million tonnes of food is wasted in the European Union, say the scientists - and nearly 80% of this loss is avoidable. Even Romania, the most frugal country studied, wasted the equivalent of an apple per person per day. Most of the food waste consisted of vegetables, fruit, and cereals, partly due to their short shelf-life, the study found. But discarded meat represented the biggest loss of nitrogen and water resources. Meat production uses much more resources in the first place, so even a little bit of waste can have a big effect in terms of lost resources. The growth sectors in the food

market are those concerned with convenience, as we grab what we need in the shop and then gobble it up at work, in front of the telly, or, increasingly, on the street The study, published in the journal Environmental Research Letters, looked at data from six European countries the UK, the Netherlands, Denmark, Finland, Germany and Romania - to estimate levels of food waste in the EU. Conservative sell-by dates and household affluence both contributed to food waste. Education in schools would be valuable - and the food production industry is quite cautious. A lot of food is still 'good' but is thrown away when it passes its sell-by date. The study noted that there is less food waste as the population tends to have less money."

Prenatal Diet Linked With Baby Heart Risk Pregnant women in their prenatal stage who have a healthily diet before and during pregnancy may cut the risk of their baby developing a heart problem, researchers believe. The link is suggested by a study of 19,000 women in the US who were asked about their diet in the year leading up to pregnancy. A healthy diet was one with plenty of fresh fish, fruit, nuts and vegetables. Pregnant women and women trying to conceive are already advised to take certain supplements. Experts recommend folic acid to reduce the risk of other birth defects like spina bifida, and vitamin D for healthy bones and teeth. In England, the government’s Healthy Start scheme provides vouchers for pregnant women that can be used to buy milk and vegetables. Pregnant women in the top 25% (quartile) of diet quality, had a lower risk of having a baby with certain heart defects – atrial septal defects and Tetralogy of Fallot – than those in the bottom 25%, even after accounting for other factors such as whether the mother took folic acid or was a smoker. Congenital heart disease is one of the most common types of birth defect, affecting up to nine

in every 1,000 babies born in the UK, BBC News adds. Mild defects, such as holes in the heart, often don’t need to be treated, as they may improve on their own and may not cause any further problems. But others can be more serious and some, lethal.

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Juice Is Costlier Than Alcohol Finest fresh squeezed juice and ciders are cost- measures, orange juice comes out pricier than lier on an average than Guinness which is just beer. Even the stores’ own-brand juice is pricier 20.5p. This discrepancy in price between fruit than alcohol. juice and beer has led experts to ask several questions to supermarkets. Booze price wars among supermarkets have made beer cheaper than fruit juice. It is reported that soft drinks can be twice the price of beer and cider in shop aisles, even though they do not incur alcohol duty. It has led to the bizarre situation where apple juice is more expensive than cider. And it is more surprising because many alcoholic drinks are more complicated to make. When the average price of booze across popular supermarkets is compared in 100-millilitre

Illegal Workers In The UK Face Jail Term People who work illegally in England and Wales will face up to six months in prison, under proposals to be included in the forthcoming Immigration Bill. The bill, to be introduced in the autumn, will also contain measures against takeaway restaurants and off-licences which employ illegal migrants. Penalties will also include an unlimited fine and wages being seized. Immigration Minister James Brokenshire said the government “would continue to crack down on abuse” of the system. The government has made a series of immigration announcements over the summer of which this is the latest. Take-

aways and off-licences could lose their licences if they were found to be employing illegal workers. Officials are also considering whether this provision should be extended to cover minicab drivers and operators. The legal defence for other kinds of business discovered using illegal workers will also change. They will no longer be able to claim they did not know a particular employee was not allowed to work – they will have to show that they carried out proper checks before taking them on. The maximum sentence for employers found guilty will be raised from two to five years, in addition to the fines already in force.

Hookah, E-Cigarettes Deceive Teenagers Teenagers think hookah safer than cigarettes. Teenagers and youngsters in their early 20s are more likely to rate hookah and e-cigarettes as safer than cigarettes, though the trend is not seen among 25 to 34 year-olds. Researchers found that 62.1 percent of young adults aged 18 to 24 believed e-cigarettes were less risky than cigarettes, while 54.6 percent of 25 to 34 year-olds believed e-cigarettes to be less risky. Additionally, 32.7 percent of 18 to 24-year-olds believed hookah to be less risky than cigarettes, while 18.5 percent of 25 to 34 year-olds believed hookah to be less risky. 57.8 percent of respondents believed e-cigarettes to be less risky than cigarettes and 11.4 percent said they were unsure. Nevertheless, 50 percent of respondents said

methanol cigarettes, hookah, cigars, smokeless tobacco and snus were as risky as cigarettes. Also, 30 percent of all respondents said smokeless tobacco, menthol cigarettes, and cigars were more risky than cigarettes. Around 24 percent said hookah was less risky than cigarettes, which was equally prevalent for both cigarette smokers and non-smokers. “This might be associated with differences in advertising messages these groups are exposed to, the variety of flavours these different products are offered in, and in the case of e-cigarettes, possibly an inclination for younger people to attribute more positive feelings toward newer products that are seen as new and ‘techy’,” researchers said. The study was published in the SAGE journal Health Education & Behaviour.

Osborne To Sell More Public Assets In 12 Months Than In Past 20 Years George Osborne is set to raise more money this year through the sale of public assets than every privatisation of the past two decades combined. The selling of stakes in Royal Mail, RBS and other organisations is likely to generate around £31.8 billion for the chancellor in 2015/16. This is more than the total of £31.7 billion raised by all privatisations since 1993. It would also be the largest amount of money raised through the disposal of public assets in any 12-month period in modern history. Mr Osborne began his programme of sell-offs last month when he authorised the disposal of £2.1 billion of shares in RBS. Fur-

ther sales are planned for the next few months, including the government’s remaining 30% stake in Royal Mail, estimated to raise £1.5 billion, and shares in Lloyds totalling around £12.9 billion. The privatisation of £2.3 billion of student loans, along with assets from the former bank Northern Rock and other sales, would bring the total for 2015/16 to £31.8 billion. On the one hand he announces £12 billion of cuts, the pain of which will be felt by the most vulnerable, on the other he rushes through the RBS sale and in the process loses out on a £14 billion return to taxpayers.

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YOUM E DIFA

The Spirit of 6th September 6th of September is celebrated each year as the Defence of Pakistan Day. It was on this day in 1965, that India launched her forces and attacked Pakistan across the international border without a warning or a declaration of war. this action of India, which claims to be the largest democracy in the World, was in utter violation of International law, charter of the United Nations and norms of civilized behaviour among states. India arrogantly swept aside her international commitments in her desire to subjugate the region. Even after a lapse of 34 years when a new generation in Pakistan are the decision makers, the memory of India’s treachery is vivid and uncompromising. At dawn on 6th September Indian forces crossed the border, pushed back the Pakistan Rangers and advanced towards Lahore on two axis. The Indian Army Chief, Gen. J. N. Chaudhry was so confident of defeating the Pakistani troops guarding the area and capturing Lahore that he announced to all and sundry that he would have a large peg of whisky at the Lahore Gymkhana Club in the evening of the 6th. He had reason to be confident as he was known in India as the conqueror of Hyderabad in Deccan. It was 17 years earlier that Gen Chaudhry had attacked the princely state of Hyderabad in Deccan, at the head of an armoured division. This was part of India’s multi-pronged attack by three divisions, inspite of a stand-still agreement that India had signed with the state. But Nehrus (First Prime Minister of India) new-India had started to proclaim that her agreements and commitments national and international could be violated at will to suit her purpose. India’s attack against Lahore was held and beaten back with heavy losses to the attackers. The Pakistan Army units defending on the ground,

supported by the Pakistan Air Force were able to blunt the Indian offensive and roll it back. Two days later on 8th September India launched its main attack against Sialkot using its armoured division and other strike formations. What ensued has been described as the largest tank battle since the second World War. It was a hard and bitter struggle fought over many days and nights resulting in casualties on both sides. In the end the Indian main attack was held and severely mauled. Its armoured division was force to withdraw owing to very high losses in men and material. South of Lahore, Pakistan launched its own counter at-

Yom-e-Wafat-e-Quaid-e-Azam Death Anniversary of Mohammed Ali Jinnah

Through the 1940s, Jinnah suffered from tuberculosis; only his sister and a few others close to him were aware of his condition. In 1948, Jinnah's health began to falter, hindered further by the heavy workload that had fallen upon him following Pakistan's independence from British Rule. Attempting to recuperate, he spent many months at his official retreat in Ziarat. According to his sister Fatima Jinnah, he suffered a haemorrhage on September 1, 1948; doctors said the altitude was not good for him and that he should be taken to Karachi. Jinnah was flown back to Karachi from Quetta.

by a few months as he was being inflexible on Pakistan'. Jinnah was buried in Karachi. His funeral was followed by the construction of a massive mausoleum, Mazar-e-Quaid, in Karachi to honour him; official and military ceremonies are hosted there on special occasions.

The funeral of Jinnah in 1948 Jinnah died at 10:20 p.m. at the Governor-General's House in Karachi on September 11, 1948, just He had two separate Funeral prayers: one was held privately at Mohatta Palace in a room of over a year after Pakistan's independence. the Governor-General's House at which Yusuf It is said that when the then Viceroy of India, Lord Haroon, Hashim Raza and Aftab Hatim Alvi were Louis Mountbatten, learned of Jinnah's ailment present at the Namaz-e-Janaza held according he said 'had they known that Jinnah was about to to Shia Muslim rituals and was led by Syed Anidie, they'd have postponed India's independence sul Husnain, while Liaquat Ali Khan waited outside. After the Shia prayers, the major public Funeral prayers were led by Allamah Shabbir Ahmad Usmani a renowned Deobandi Muslim scholar and attended by masses from all over Pakistan. Dina Wadia, his daughter, remained in India after independence, before ultimately settling in New York City. Jinnah's grandson, Nusli Wadia, is a prominent industrialist residing in Mumbai. In the 1963–1964 elections, Jinnah's sister Fatima Jinnah, known as Madar-e-Millat ("Mother of the Nation"), became the presidential candidate of a coalition of political parties that opposed the rule of President Ayub Khan, but lost the election.

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tack and captured India’s Khem Karan and beyond. This posed a serious threat to the rear of Indian troops facing Lahore. In the South Pakistan took the initiative to push back Indian troops and enter Indian territory. During the operations India captured about 400 square miles of Pakistan territory but lost around 1600 square miles of its own to Pakistan. The war ended with the mediation effort of the USSR and a peace agreement was signed at Tashkent. During the 1965 war every citizen of the country was solidly united behind the government, although it was a military one, of Field Marshal Ayub Khan. The national priorities were clear and unambiguous in those days, any danger to the country called for unity and unstinted support to the government and the armed forces. There was no question of any political party or leader taking advantage of the war to berate the government for political or personal gain. This came much later when President Ayubs health suffered a set back and personal ambitions of those he had brought into prominence came to the fore. Pakistan emerged from the September 1965 war with India, a strong and self-confident nation, proud of itself and its armed forces. It was a nation that was united in facing the danger from India. National unity and full support for the armed forces in the field is essential for success in war. With the nation’s support the Armed Forces of Pakistan repulsed India’s naked aggression across the international border and made her pay a

price for it by capturing four times more territory than India and forcing her to accept a ceasefire, return to the negotiating table and to vacate each others territory. It was certainly their finest hour of glory and a day to be remembered by future generations of soldiers and civilians. After the September 1965 Indo-Pakistan war and the Tashkent Agreement Pakistan relaxed, as peace had been restored. But India prepared anew and six years later in 1971 again attacked across the international border, this time in the Eastern Wing of the country and succeeded in dismembering Pakistan while the World and the United Nations stood by and watched. India has consistently used force as an instrument of her foreign and domestic policy against all her neighbours including China, and internally against her own small states and occupied Kashmir to the detriment of her religious and ethnic minorities. This has been reflected by all the main Human Rights organizations of the World. Some writings have appeared, particularly in the English press who fail to understand the Kashmir issue in its proper perspective and there are others who may well be inspired from within or without for reasons better known to them. The officers and men of the Pakistan Army and para-military forces fought with the spirit of the September 1965 Indo-Pakistan war, and should be included in our prayers on the 6th of September alongwith all those officers and men of the Forces killed in action since 1948. The 6th of September should also be a day of thanksgiving. We should all pray for the safety and solidarity of Pakistan and also that God gives us the strength, courage and determination, to protect and safeguard at all costs, the freedom and honour of our homeland.

Parents Feel The Heat Over Kids Skipping School The rise in cases against British parents follows a crackdown on children missing school, including new rules on term time holidays which were introduced two years ago. In 2014, 16,430 people were prosecuted for failing to ensure their children went to school, an increase of more than 3,000 – or 25% – on 2013. Ministry of Justice figures, revealed more than three-quarters were found guilty. Head teachers’ leaders said good attendance was “absolutely critical”. The rise follows a crackdown on children missing school, including new rules on term time holidays which were introduced two years ago. Parents can be issued with on-the-spot penalty notices of £60 per child by schools, rising to £120 if unpaid after three weeks, if their child has an unauthorised absence. Failure to pay, or incurring two or more fines, can lead to parents being referred to the local authority’s education welfare service, which has the power to take them to court. Courts can issue maximum fines of £2,500 or jail sentences of up to three months.

The Department for Education said it was a myth that missing school, even for a short time, was harmless to a child’s education. “Our evidence shows missing the equivalent of just one week a year from school can mean a child is a quarter less likely to achieve good GCSE grades, having a lasting effect on their life chances. “Heads and teachers are now firmly back in charge of their classrooms, and most recent figures show we have made real progress – with 200,000 fewer pupils regularly missing school compared with five years ago.” Some suggest the increase in fines reflected “tighter enforcement by schools that are under pressure from Ofsted to meet attendance targets”, as well as a rising school population. Parents want more flexibility in the rules to allow heads to take account of family circumstances where absence was unavoidable. Headteachers should be trusted to make decisions about a child’s absence from school without being forced to issue fines and start prosecutions in situations where they believe the absence is reasonable.

Eat A Curry Every Day Of The Week Eating spicy food has been linked to living a longer life. A study analysed the food habits and health details of nearly half a million Chinese people. It found those who ate spicy food six or seven days a week had a 14% reduced risk of dying compared with people who ate it less than once a week. Eating spicy food was also associated with a lower risk of death from cancer, heart diseases and respiratory illnesses. In women, it also corresponded with a reduced risk of death from infections. The links were stronger in those who did not drink alcohol. Spices have a long history of being used for flavouring, colouring and preserving food. They have also been used for medicinal purposes. Capsaicin is the main active component of chilli pepper. Its qualities have been extensively re-

ported in relation to anti-obesity, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, and anti-hypertensive effects. Additionally, the antimicrobial function of spices, including chilli pepper, has long been recognised, they said. In Chinese cuisine the cooking of chilli pepper and the production of chilli sauce and oil usually requires more oil, and intake of pungent foods may be accompanied by an increased intake of carbohydrate-rich foods such as rice to relieve the burning sensation. Chillies are graded according to the 'Scoville scale' (SHU). A sweet bell pepper has a Scoville rating of zero, Tabasco sauce scores 5,000 SHU but the exceptionally hot Trinidad Moruga Scorpion chilli is rated as 2 million SHU.

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Fish oil tablets taken by millions ‘do nothing to slow mental decline’

Independence Day Celebrate! Celebrate! Celebrate! this day The Pakistanis are chanting hip hip hooray

Fish oil supplements taken by millions to protect their brains from the ravages of age do nothing to slow natural mental decline, research suggests. Scientists who monitored the progress of 4,000 study participants over five years found no evidence that omega-3 capsules kept them any sharper witted as they aged. Other studies have associated regular fish consumption with lower rates of the eye condition age-related macular degeneration (AMD), heart disease, and dementia, as well as larger brain volumes. “Contrary to popular belief, we didn’t see any benefit of omega-3 supplements for stopping cognitive decline” US National Eye.

It has been widely assumed that omega-3 made no difference. fatty acids are behind the dietary benefits of fish. They are highly concentrated in the brain and appear to be important for the growth and repair of nerves. But the new research indicates that fish oil supplements on their own are not enough to keep the brain young. Earlier findings from the same study found that high doses of certain antioxidants and minerals could slow the progression of AMD, a leading cause of vision loss that results in damage to the retina of the eye with advancing age. However, the scientists found that when additional omega-3 supplements were given to the participants, whose average age was around 73, it

Europe’s Refugee Crisis Has UK Forgotten the Past? In recent days, Prime Minister David Cameron has referred to asylum seekers and migrants crossing the Mediterranean as “a swarm.” Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond has warned of “marauding migrants” in Calais and of “millions” from Africa threatening Europe’s standard of living. Faced with the deaths of at least nine people trying to reach the UK from Calais since early June, the UK government has responded with more fences, sniffer dogs, and measures to make it easier for landlords to evict people without a right to stay in the UK. Home Secretary Theresa May had announced in 2012 that the government’s plan was to create “a really hostile environment for illegal migration,” and we’re seeing the results in policies and nasty headlines. Almost 200,000 men, women, and children have arrived in Europe this year, most from war-

torn Syria, Afghanistan, Somalia, and rights-abusing Eritrea. Almost 2,000 have lost their lives trying to reach Europe. In an effort to help overwhelmed Greece and Italy, the European Commission urged other EU countries to relocate 40,000 asylum seekers over two years. The UK turned down this plan. Although it upped its refugee resettlement pledge to 2,200, it could do far more. Germany has resettled more than 30,000 Syrians. Instead of demonizing people seeking protection, UK leaders should listen to the voices of those who also were taken in not so long ago and are now an established part of British identity and diversity. Starting with the prime minister, the UK government should refer to people seeking protection respectfully and accurately, and take a leading role in a humane European response to this crisis.

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Children playing, painting their faces People rejoice from all kinds of places Everyone dancing in the street skipping and hopping to the beat thousands of flags are hoisted in the air. Pakistanis are proud not in despair. Traders are selling in the bazaar Colourful sweets encrusted with stars

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Smoking In Cars To Become Illegal South Yorkshire Tobacco Control Collaborative is urging motorists in the region to keep their vehicles smokefree, ahead of the introduction of the new Smokefree Cars law. The legislation, which will make it illegal for anyone to smoke in a vehicle while carrying passengers under the age of 18, will come into force nationally from October 1. Drivers could face fines of £50 if they fail to observe the new law that is being introduced to help protect children and young people from the dangers of second-hand smoke. Drivers who smoke and who fail to stop a passenger from smoking in the presence of passengers under 18 risk being fined twice. Given we’re just weeks away from the introduction of the Smokefree Cars law, it is important that drivers

in the region are aware of the changes. It’s also vital that parents and carers understand why smoking in cars carrying children can be so dangerous. The new legislation really is a positive move towards helping to protect children and young people from the harmful effects of tobacco. Second-hand smoke is dangerous for anyone exposed to it but children are especially vulnerable as they breathe faster

60% Increase In Diabetes Cases ‘Will Push NHS To The Brink’ Diabetes has risen by nearly 60 per cent in the past decade and the problem “threatens to bring down the NHS”, a charity has warned. There are 1.2 million more adults living with the condition compared with ten years ago, according to Diabetes UK. Its figures, extracted from NHS data, show that 3,333,069 people in England and Wales have been diagnosed with the disease. Diabetes UK says the government must act now to improve treatment and prevent the strain on the NHS becoming unbearable.

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Barbara Young, chief executive, said: “Over the past decade, the number of people living with diabetes in the UK has increased by over 1 million people, which is the equivalent of the population of a small country such as Cyprus.” “It’s critical that the government takes urgent action to ensure that everyone with diabetes receives the eight care processes, reducing their risk of further health complications and the costs these incur for the already strained NHS budget” Diabetes UK. The charity said six in ten people receive the eight care processes recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence and added that poorly managed diabetes could lead to “devastating and expensive health complications” including amputation and stroke. With a record number of people now living with diabetes in the UK, there is no time to waste - the government must act now. Diabetes already costs the NHS nearly £10bn a year, and 80% of this is spent on managing avoidable complications. So there is huge potential to save money and reduce pressure on NHS hospitals and services through providing better care. Data published last month showed that diabetes medication costs £869million a year and now accounts for 10% of the NHS drugs bill.

than adults and have less developed airways, lungs and immune systems. More than 80 percent of cigarette smoke is invisible and opening car windows does not remove its harmful effect. Every time children breathe in secondhand smoke, they breathe in thousands of toxic chemicals, putting them at risk of serious conditions including meningitis, cancer and respiratory infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia. Smokers in South Yorkshire who want to quit can access lots of free help and advice at www.yorkshiresmokefree.nhs. uk. South Yorkshire Tobacco Control Collaborative is a joint venture by Doncaster and Rotherham Metropolitan Borough Councils and Sheffield City Council to tackle the harmful effects of tobacco use across the three authorities.

‘Borderless Britain’ Sees Net Migration Soar To Highest Level On Record Net migration to Britain was an estimated 330,000 in the year to March - the highest number on record, official figures have revealed. The net figure - the difference between the number of people entering and leaving - is 10,000 above the previous highest figure, recorded in June 2005. It is an increase of more than a third compared with the same period last year. Immigration minister James Brokenshire said the figures, from the Office for National Statistics, were “deeply disappointing”. “This is not sustainable and risks the future economic development of other EU member states.” It is the fifth consecutive quarterly rise in the index – raising new questions about the Conservatives’ aim to bring the number below 100,000. Statistics also showed that Britain’s foreign-born population has surpassed 8 million for the first time. Mr Brokenshire said: “While these figures underline the challenges we need to meet to reduce net migration, they should also act as a further wake-up call for the EU. Current flows of people across Europe are on a scale we haven’t seen since the end of the Second World War.” But UKIP leader Nigel Farage said it showed that Britain was now a "borderless country”. “Given 192,000 from Romania and Bulgaria registered for National Insurance in the year period, how can we believe the ONS figure of 53,000 from the same two countries in the same year?”

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PROPERTY CORNER

The Inequalities Of The Property Market Mohammed Mahroof BSc (Hons) MRICS Consultant Mark Jenkinson & Son Milton Keynes which was built as an overspill from London many years ago. There have been a r e a s which h a v e b e e n identified although suitable will inevitably attract opposition and a rough ride through planning. People working in the NHS, schools, Local Authorities and many other public services are struggling to find affordable homes which in turn becomes a serious challenge for Local and Central Government in London and the suburbs. A challenge which is being seriously debated otherwise there is and will be a shortage of key workers in public and private sector business and services.

Page Hall for around £30K and in some areas even less than that.

Lets now contrast this with prices in the North concentrating on the fourth/fifth largest city in the country – Sheffield. So what are prices like in Sheffield. The most expensive properties tend to be in the south west. There is a seven bedroomed mansion in Ecclesall on the market at So what is the answer?. There has been talk £3M at the other end of the spectrum you can All these examples pale into insignificance be- about building new towns and villages such as still buy a two/three bedroomed house around

There are many reasons for this inequality in prices, with many debates and discussions on the North South divide. The reality is the gap still keeps widening without any sign of easing.

There have been many articles and commentaries in the media highlighting the difference in price between London and the rest of the country. Having just spent a few days in the heart of the capital it is clear it is not a gap but a sea between the North and London. The average house price in London is around £480K but even this figure needs to be clarified. The wider London market, the centre and up to underground Zone 3 the figure is much higher if Estate Agents windows are anything to go by. I was travelling through Hammersmith which is in Zone 2 and a development of new build flats which were around sixty six square metres were advertised at £750K. In the more established part of Hammersmith a three bedroomed terraced house without parking and in need of modernisation was on the market at £1.7m and believe it or not that was considered cheap. The reason it was considered cheap was in the city a two bedroomed flat around Moorgate is selling for for £4.5M. Around Tower Bridge a three bedroomed penthouse is on the market at £8.5M. A boathouse was about the cheapest at around £200K or a parking space at £40K which is one of the cheaper spaces. If you would like to live in Belgravia then a six bedroomed mews house is on the market at £42.5M, if you are not keen on that a five bedroomed flat in Mayfair is on the market at £26M.

cause a mansion in Hyde Park has recently been on the market at offers around £300M and an apartment in One Hyde Park at £75M. In fact an ex council flat has recently sold for £1M. Clearly these prices are effecting the rental market which is equally buoyant, a flat in One Hyde Park at £45K per week or a house in Mayfair is offered at around £40K per week. The more affordable rentals in areas well outside the centre are easily in the region of £1K per week, the cheapest you could hope to find is a single room around £150 per week in an area where the commuting distance may well be in excess of an hour. It is clear to see the average Londoner will be hard pressed to find accommodation. The social sector is almost at bursting point with thousands of people on the waiting list without any hope of obtaining Council or Housing Association homes.

Sustain A Gluten-Free Diet With Asian Cuisine Food allergies have become so common that, not only have they become the norm, but people wear the ubiquitous ‘intolerant’ label with pride. With the increase in ‘free from’ variety available in almost every supermarket, choices are in surplus. Once upon a time, not that long ago, gluten-free food was only available on prescription. However, the gluten-free market in Britain is expected to grow to £561m by 2017. This figure suggests an increase in interest in gluten-free food from those who simply wish to eat healthily. A recent survey found that 28 per cent of people questioned ate gluten-free food to boost their energy levels, whilst 24 per cent ate it to lose weight. In fact, approximately 13 per cent of British adults say they react adversely when they eat gluten foods.

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Yet only 0.8 per cent have been diagnosed with coeliac disease. Whatever the degree of intolerance to gluten, the gluten-free genre is undoubtedly a viable market. But how does one sustain a glutenfree diet with Asian cuisine? Growing up in an Asian household, all meals revolve around the chappati, which is made from flour. It’s only when we take an allergy test or show adverse symptoms, do we realise intolerance to gluten. We may find that we start to react to naan and chappati, and gradually the reaction becomes strong enough for us to avoid gluten altogether. The revelation may cause a huge shock to our parents and family who may think the person is just being fanciful and that it is a fad! Introducing family to gluten free foods such as naan may prove them to agree they have far less digestive issues than before. Dining out can now be enjoyable for those on a gluten free diet. The majority of restaurants now have several dishes on the menu that are gluten free. This is down to more awareness about food intolerances and clearer labelling of foods. A lot of Indian and Pakistani food is naturally gluten-free so the taste remains authentic.

As in London there are areas in Sheffield where prices are rising above the average, in particular around the south west. This is driven by the lack of properties on the market. So in comparison for the price of a parking space in London you could buy a house in Sheffield, especially if you consider people are paying upwards of £150K for a space. At around £1M you could secure yourself a nice detached property in a sought after area. In London there are even people who commute in from France and other parts of Europe because it is economically beneficial to do that then live in the city. It may sound absurd but a return flight on budget airlines allows you to do that. On the other hand there are people who commute to London from the North considering the journey time in some cases is less than two hours. It is worthwhile especially with technology as advanced as it is now.

In this article I will leave the reader to ponder and reach their own conclusion as to how this gap could be shortened.

Amir, Asif, Butt Free To Play All Cricket From September 2 Pakistani cricketers Mohammad Asif and Salman Butt will be free to return to competitive action on Sept. 2 after serving bans for involvement in match-fixing, the International Cricket Council (ICC) said. The pair, suspended in 2011 for their part in attempting to fix the 2010 Lord's test against England, have fulfilled the conditions laid down by the ICC's independent Anti-Corruption Tribunal. Fast bowler Mohammad Amir will also be eligible to return to international cricket at the same time. He started playing domestic cricket again in Pakistan earlier this year. The three players were found guilty in 2011 of various offences of corrupt behaviour and their punishments were backdated to start in September 2010. Amir, 23, was banned for five years, 32-year-old Asif for seven with the final two years suspended on specified conditions and 30-year-old Butt, who was Pakistan captain, for 10 years with the last five suspended. They all served jail sentences in Britain.

Pint Of Water Before Meal To Stem Obesity Forget salads and personal trainers – drinking water could be the key to slimming down. Drinking 500ml of water – around a pint – before eating may help obese adults to lose weight, a study published in the journal Obesity found. The UK researchers say the simple intervention could be ‘hugely beneficial’, and could easily be promoted by doctors and other health professionals. As part of the study, the researchers recruited 84 obese adults from general practices and monitored them for 12 weeks. Each adult was given a weight management consultation, where they were advised on how to adapt their lifestyle and diet and improve their levels of physical activity. They were then split into two groups, with 41 of the men recruited told to drink water half an hour before a meal, and 43 asked to imagine that they had a full stomach before eat-

ing. Only tap water was permitted, with sparkling water, fizzy drinks or sweetened drinks banned in the study. Those in the group who were instructed to ‘preload’ with water lost, on average, 2.87lbs (1.3kg) more than those told to imagine they were full. And those who drank half a litre of water before every meal, lost more weight than those who preloaded with water less often. They lost 9.48lbs (4.3kg) over the 12 weeks, whereas those who only preloaded once, or not at all, only lost an Just drinking a pint of water, three times a day, before your main meals may help reduce your weight. When combined with brief instructions on how to increase your amount of physical activity and on a healthy diet, this seems to help people to achieve some extra weight loss – at a moderate and healthy rate. It’s something that doesn’t take much work to integrate into our busy everyday lives.

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Amir Khan Hoping To Build Boxing Legacy In Pakistan It's 27 years since Pakistan last enjoyed any kind of boxing success, a bronze medal in the Seoul Olympics in 1988 but now British boxer Amir Khan has vowed to help Pakistan produce champion pugilists with a network of academies in his family's country of origin. Khan, whose parents are from Pakistan, hopes to unlock some of the talent in the country with a number of boxing academies, believing there there is "huge boxing ability" among the population. The former two-time world champion was touring the country of 200 million people better known for its prowess in cricket, and plans to set up boxing schools in the western Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, eastern Punjab, and the southern city of Karachi. "I think we have the talent to produce boxing champions," the 28-year-old told media during a visit to Karachi's troubled Lyari area, which is frequently hit by gang violence but also known for producing talented footballers and boxers. "I have made a promise to the nation that I will pay back what I have achieved in boxing," added the highly rated fighter from Bolton, England, who has a record of 31 wins including 19 knockouts, and three losses. Khan was accompanied by a heavy security contingent to the neighbourhood, which has long been a hub of political, ethnic and criminal violence. "I am here to meet potential champions and I am not afraid of anything,

we will... beat terror and produce boxers of top quality," he said. Pakistan's sole Olympic boxing medallist is Hussain Shah, who won a middleweight bronze in the Seoul Games in 1988. The country has also produced an Asian Games gold-medallist in Mehrullah Lassi, who won the featherweight division at Busan, South Korea in 2002. Khan, who became Britain's youngest Olympic boxing medallist when he won silver at the 2004 Athens Olympics, said he was keen to train Pakistani boxers. "I will pass my tricks to them and will do my best to help them qualify for the Olympics, if not the 2016 in Brazil then the next one in Japan in 2020," he said. Known for his speed and aggressive style, Khan won the last of his fights against US boxer Chris Algieri in New York in May before once again challenging the welterweight world champion Floyd Mayweather. But Mayweather announced earlier this month he would aim to match the 49-0 career record of the legendary Rocky Marciano in his final bout against fellow American Andre Berto on September 12, effectively ruling out a highly anticipated clash with Khan. Five-division world champion Mayweather beat Manny Pacquiao of the Philippines in May of this year in what was described as the "fight of the century".

Guinness World Records turns 60 On the 27 August 1955, the first ever Guinness Book of World Records was bound and printed in Fleet Street. Sixty years later, the book has sold more than 100 million copies in 37 different languages – and broken its own record for the world's best-selling copyright book in the process. The huge success of the book has spawned a TV series, a film and even a video game, while the franchise has quickly become the "world's unrivalled authority on record-breaking achievement". To celebrate 60 years since the first book was published, here are some of the most weird and wonderful records in existence today: World's highest shallow dive Tallest Dog At 44 inches high, Zeus was the tallest dog ever recorded. The Great Dane lived with his owners in Michigan before his death in September 2014. Tallest Man The tallest man alive is Sultan Kosen from Turkey. Sultan

measures 8ft 3in, but is dwarfed by the tallest man ever, Robert Wadlow, who stood at an incredible 8ft 11in before his death in 1940. Oldest Man The world's oldest man is currently Yasutaro Koide from Japan who is 112 years old. Longest Pizza The world's longest pizza was 1,600 metres long and was baked in Milan in June 2015, before being eaten by a lot of hungry Italians.

Are Kids Unhappy? Children in England are unhappier with their school life than those in almost every country featured in a major new international survey by The Children’s Society. With more than half a million 10 and 12-year-olds having been physically bullied each month, causing huge damage to their happiness, and with many more feeling left out, children in England schools are unhappy. The Good Childhood Report 2015, which closely examined how happy 10 and 12-year-old children are in 15 diverse countries, found that children in England are unhappier with their school experience than those in 11 other countries including Ethiopia and Algeria — only faring better than children in Germany, South Korea and Estonia. The report found that more than a third (38%) of 10 and 12 year olds in England had been physically bullied in the last month, and half (50%) had felt excluded. The research showed the profound impact bullying can have on children’s lives, with children in England who were bullied frequently being six times more likely to have low well-being than children who have not been bullied. On average, two children in each classroom are dissatisfied with aspects of their school life, with their main concerns being their relationship with their teachers, the things they learn and the other children. The study also showed that children became un-

happier as they hit their teens, around the age of 13 or 14. Children in year six were much more likely to say they liked going to school compared to those in year eight (61% vs 43%). In a bid to clamp down on the negative impact of bullying and other major issues affecting children in schools, The Children’s Society is urging the Government make it a legal requirement for schools in England to provide counselling to pupils to bring it in line with Wales and Northern Ireland. It is also calling on schools to help children’s wellbeing by reducing bullying and promoting physical exercise. As well as being unhappy with their school life, the study showed that children in England were particularly dissatisfied with their appearance and body confidence – with girls being most affected. Girls in England ranked bottom in terms of happiness with their body confidence, appearance and self-confidence compared to girls in every other country surveyed, with the exception of South Korea. Girls in Colombia topped the league table as being happiest with their bodies. Overall, children in England are unhappier with their lives than those in 13 other countries including Israel and South Africa – only faring better than those in South Korea. The research shows that how children feel about their own happiness is related to their mental health, with those scoring low on both areas being less likely to flourish.

Politicians Dominate Peerage List Several prominent names from the business and social sectors were missing in the new peerages list announced by the government. The list was dominated by politicians and political strategists. The government has announced the list of new 40 peerages. The list contains 26 Tories, 11 Liberal

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Democrats and eight Labour Lords. The list ignores several prominent members from the business sector who helped the country to survive the worst recession in the recent history. Of the 45 new peers, over 90 per cent were previously MPs, MEPs, councillors, former political staff or party figures. The new lot will be added to the already swollen 800-plus Upper House of British Parliament – making it the second-largest legislative assembly in the world after the National People’s Congress of China. In the past five years Prime Minister David Cameron has appointed 236 new peers. The new addition included disgraced MPs who cheated on their expenses, a multimillionaire Tory donor, a group of back-room political fixers, The Independent reported. The new members will cost the taxpayer up to £13,500 a day in expenses when the Lords is sitting.

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Energy Prices: Why You Should Shop Around To Save Money Nine fixed price tariffs all came to an end in August – and now many of us could end up paying more. The UK's 'Big Six' gas and electricity firms have continued to face criticism for failing to cut energy bills in line with falls in wholesale prices. Customers' getting a raw deal on energy is also a result of customers not shopping around or taking other measures to ensure they are getting the most for their money. Ofgem, which believed the companies might be making excess profits and ripping off customers, referred the Big Six to the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) last year. The CMA's full-scale competition investigation reported back this month and suggested an array of remedies to reduce bills and persuade customers to consider switching supplier. How have prices changed? The six major suppliers reduced their gas prices by between 1.3 per cent and 5.1 per cent during the first four months of the year. But Labour's pledge for an 18-month energy bill freeze meant the Big Six boosted their profits by keeping their prices artificially high, says the Daily Telegraph. Energy companies refused to reduce tariffs by too much in case they were forced to freeze prices under a Labour government. How can you keep costs down? Fixed-term energy deals are becoming an increasingly attractive option as prices soar. Most suppliers offer a fixed-price deal, in which they freeze the cost of electricity and gas units for a set period. However, some tariffs do incur cancellation penalties if you pull out early. One of the cheapest fixed tariffs at the moment comes from Sainsbury's Energy, which is fixed until August 2016 and costs an average £903 a year, according to Uswitch. Are there any other discounts or deals? Experts recommend shopping around for the best deal in order to save cash, a process made easier in recent years with the introduction of price-comparison websites. Paying bills by direct debit and sending off regular meter readings to ensure you are paying for actual usage can also help to save money, as can signing up for both

gas and electricity from one supplier and changing to online-only bills. According to CMA, more than 95 per cent of dual-fuel Big Six customers would have saved money by switching tariffs or suppliers between 2012 and 2014. Customers could have made savings of up to £234 a year, it said. It is particularly important to consider switching when a fixed-term tariff comes to an end. The Guardian notes nine fixed-rate deals from British Gas, EDF Energy, npower, Sainsbury's Energy, First Utility and Flow Energy all end in August, with many customers that just allow themselves to be switched back to their suppliers standard offer facing higher costs. Where bills are higher, "households will see an average 8.14 per cent or £90 increase to their annual bills". Some, though, will see costs fall: those on British Gas Fix & Control August 2015 and Fix & Reward August 2015, as well as those on the Sainsbury's Energy Fix & Reward August 2015, will see their bills drop by an average £58 (4.8 per cent). That is not to say they still could not pay less elsewhere, however. What other steps can you take? Draught-proofing your house and insulating hot water cylinders and exposed pipes can help save cash by keeping heat in. Campaigners say investment in house insulation is the only way to control high energy bills and have called on the government to help home-owners tackle the problem. Installing a room thermostat can also help regulate where and when you heat your home, while ensuring lights and appliances are turned off when you don't need them can also contribute to lower energy bills.

Queen Elizabeth Set To Become Longest-Serving Monarch

Queen Elizabeth II with the royal sceptre, after her coronation at Westminster Abbey on 2 June 1952. She had become Queen the year before, on the death of her father, George VI. The Queen will officially become the longestserving British monarch in history next month, dethroning the previous holder of the title, her great-great-grandmother, Queen Victoria. Queen Elizabeth II, who came to the throne in 1952, is currently the second longest-serving living monarch in the world, after Rama IX of Thailand, who has put in 69 years on the throne to Her Majesty's 63. Sobhuza II of Swaziland, who died in 1982, holds the title of longest-serving monarch in history, beginning his 82-year reign in 1899 aged four months. Recent years have seen other long-serving monarchs cutting their reigns short to allow their heirs to come to the throne. Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands announced in January 2013 that she would abdicate in favour of her son, Willem-Alexander. However, the Netherlands has an accepted tradition of abdication – Queen Beatrix was following in the footsteps of her grandmother, Queen Wilhelmina, and her mother, Queen Juliana.

As the Queen becomes the country's longestreigning monarch this month, debate is likely to reignite about whether it is time for her to abdicate and let Charles become king. The Prince of Wales, who has been waiting first in line since February 1952, became the longestserving heir to the throne in April 2011. When he turned 65 two years ago, there was an open acknowledgement that he would increasingly take on more of his mother's duties, with some constitutional foreseeing an "unofficial coregency". In terms of precedent, there is nothing stopping Charles ascending the throne. But he would be the oldest person to do so. The record was previously held by William IV who was 64 years, ten months and five days old when he became king in June 1830 following the death of his father George III. Surveys have consistently suggested the British public are not keen on the idea of Charles as king and even less keen on the idea of Camilla, the Duchess of Cornwall, as Queen. A poll in April found that only 53 per cent of people liked Prince Charles, compared to 77 per cent who liked Queen Elizabeth. The problem is that the Queen has done her job too well. Royal insiders say the Queen regards her position as a job for life and is not for budging. Some say she is not staying on because of any concern about Charles's abilities as a king. The Queen simply feels she must do her duty, and she's never even contemplated abdication.

North Korea Has Established Its Own Time Zone North Korea has announced that it is winding its clocks back by 30 minutes to create a new “Pyongyang Time” — breaking from a time standard imposed by what it called “wicked Japanese imperialists” more than a century ago. The change will put the standard time in North Korea 30 minutes behind South Korea. North Korea said the time change, approved by parliament came into effect on Aug. 15, which this year marked the 70th anniversary of the Korean peninsula’s liberation from Japan’s 1910-45 colonial rule. Standard time in precolonial Korea was changed to Japan standard time in 1912. State news agency KCNA said the parliamentary decree reflected “the unshakable faith and will of the service personnel and people on the 70th anniversary of Korea’s liberation.” Analysts said Pyongyang’s time shift was aimed at shoring up the official narrative that paints North Korea as the pure, “authentic” Korea and South Korea as a land polluted by foreign domination.

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CONVEYANCING Q & A

Mohammed Nazir Partner , Head of Property & Immigration Wosskow Brown Solicitors LLP Email: nazir@wosskowbrown.co.uk

1. What do I need to do if I want an extension to my house? What documents will I receive from the council on completion?

lack of evidence may be as a result of lost or destroyed deeds or because the person wished to claim ownership of land that was never actually given to him. Adverse possession is possession by someone You can extend without an application for plan- other than the land owner (i.e. a squatter). In orning permission as long as you don't cover more der to obtain possessory title it will be necessary than half the area of land around the original to demonstrate that you have occupied the land house. If you do require planning permission, you will need to make the application to your Local Planning Authority. If approved, you may then begin your extension.

with an intention to possess without payment or consent. In the case of unregistered land the application can be made after 12 years’ occupation. In the case of registered land it can be made after 10 years

3. What are the changes in the conveyancing pro- 4. What is an overriding interest form? Why do I cedures? need to sign it? You must complete an overriding interest form when selling your home to confirm whether there are any interests in the property which are not registered but will bind the new owner. An example of this is where tenants in your property have leases of less than 7 years. You must sign the document to make the buyer aware of any unregistered interests in the property.

You will receive a completion certificate from your Local Planning Authority once the extension is complete. 2. What is possessory title? How do I claim it and how does it work?

Disclaimer: This is information only and do not act on this information as legal advice and always seek advice from your solicitor according to the circumstances of your case.

Possessory title will be granted where there is no evidence that a person owns the land. The

European Health Card Leaves NHS Open To Fraud The NHS could be vulnerable to fraud from millions of European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) holders, it has been claimed. The cards can be used by British people travelling to many European countries to claim back to cost of some or all of their treatment. But an investigation by the Daily Mail found people who had never lived or worked in the UK could get a free card. They can then use the EHIC to charge the UK for medical treatment they receive in their home countries, the newspaper said. The cards were intended for Britons to use in cases of emergency while on holiday, offering access to state-funded care in European Economic Area (EEA) countries, including Switzerland, at a reduced cost or sometimes for free. But the NHS is handing out more than five million EHIC annually, the Mail claims, with EU citizens who falsely claim to be living in the UK getting

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Air Passengers Missing Out On Compensation Delayed airline passengers are potentially missing out on millions of pounds of compensation. In the space of a year, between June 2014 and May 2015, 37 million passenger journeys to or from the UK were delayed by 15 minutes or more. With more than 9,000 flights delayed for three hours or more, around 900,000 passengers are potentially eligible to receive compensation, it said, based on an average of 97 passengers being on a flight. Passengers travelling within the EU who are delayed for more than three hours could be enti-

tled to up to 400 euro (£282) in compensation, which rises up to 600 euro (£422) if the journey is over 2,170 miles. The consumer group Which?’s calculations are based on Civil Aviation Authority data. Some delays for three hours or more would have been caused by “extraordinary circumstances” and would not be eligible for compensation under EU regulations. While people can use a claims management company to claim for compensation, these firms can take up to one third of a consumer’s payout.

the cards. A Hungarian journalist working for the Mail - who had never lived or worked in Britain took her EHIC to hospitals in Hungary and found she could get maternity care and skin treatments on the card.

Illegal Hajis Stand No Chance Illegal pilgrims will not only be sent back, but also fingerprinted and subjected to penal action, including deportation. (AN photo by There was a time when the doors to Makkah were open by any means. But since the strict visa permit system was introduced anyone trying to perform Hajj without a valid permit meant a few still tried to fulfil the pilgrimage by all means. We don’t often hear stories of such pilgrims but it is a big problem for the authorities. Hoodwinking the authorities by pilgrims not carrying Haj permits won’t be easy this time around, even if one tries to enter the Haram area in civilian clothing. High-tech electronic devices at all the entrances of Makkah, sustained aerial survey and alert officials in every nook and corner of the holy city and on highways will thwart such attempts. Illegal pilgrims will not only be sent back, but also fingerprinted and subjected to penal action, including deportation. Work is under way to turn Makkah entrances into

Recently, the Property Information Form and Fixtures and Fittings Form have been amended to include further information. The information which sellers now need to provide include the energy performance of the property and the availability of solar panels on the property.

an electronic area with inspection points and telecom and fingerprinting devises. The entrances will be linked to the National Information Center at the Ministry of Interior, where a barcode system will verify scrutinize pilgrims. The National Information Center has provided all mobile and fixed devices that will reveal the identity of pilgrims in seconds. Makeshift prisons have been set up at the entry points to detain law violators. The Saudi Telecom Co. has modernized some of the telecom towers near the separation points and linked them with the Net. Aerial monitoring will help the security personnel on the ground stop illegal Hajis. Meanwhile, the security authorities have already started monitoring long-distance roads that can be used to smuggle illegal Hajis into Makkah. The Al-Bahieta Security Center, through which 50 percent of pilgrims enter Makkah, will be monitored by 3,000 personnel from 21 departments.

UK Net Migration Hits All Time High The difference between the number entering the country and those leaving – is more than three times higher than the government’s target. In 2014, 13% of people in the UK were born abroad, taking the foreign-born population to 8.3m. It is the fifth consecutive quarterly rise in the net migration figure, which the ONS says is caused by an increase in the number of EU citizens migrating to the UK. Net migration of EU citizens was 183,000, up 53,000 from the year end to March 2014. The number of those arriving from countries outside the EU was still larger, with net migration measured at 196,000. But the year-on-year increase was smaller at 39,000. In 2011, Prime Minister David Cameron said in a speech that he was giving a “no ifs, no buts” promise that he would bring immigration num-

bers down to “levels our country can manage.” After this latest set of figures, the government insisted it was acting to control immigration but said the EU needed to do more to help ease the current migrant crisis across Europe. Among the other ONS findings based on the latest figures were: India is the most common non-UK country of birth in the UK population – 793,000 UK residents were born in India Polish is the most common non-British nationality, with 853,000 residents (including those born in the UK) describing their nationality as Polish. There were 25,771 asylum applications in the year to June 2015, an increase of 10% compared with the previous 12 months. A total of 11,600 people were granted asylum or an alternative form of protection.

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TERRORIST ATTACK ON DISTRICT ATTOCK The Killing of Col (Rtd) Shuja Khanzada Pakistans Home Minister

The 16th of August 2015, unfolded like many other days, in the Attock region of Pakistan some 50 miles north west of the capital Islamabad, with the blistering sun burning down and temperatures exceeding 40 degrees. But in all other respects this would be a day unlike any other in the history of the small village of Shadi-Khan and Pakistan, because a merciless evil was descending and its soldiers of death were rushing to the sleepy village.

multitude of accounts were to be heard. One report stated that the Home Minister was communicating with rescuers via his mobile from underneath the ruins of the building. In all actuality Shuja Khanzada probably died quite instantly due to injuries sustained from the proximity of the explosion. One family member said he had

Colonel (Rtd) Shuja Khanzada, Pakistan’s Home Minister had returned to his ancestral village as a matter of routine. Whilst attending to the concerns and requests raised to him in a constituency capacity, people were also giving their condolences Col (Rtd) Shuja Khanzada’s ancestral home in Shadiand sympathies (dawas) regarding another relaKhan, District Attock, after the suicide bombing tive who had died but a day before in Bradford, England. The Shadi-Khan diaspora although rang Pakistan in the aftermath and was speaking small would extend to many countries around the to his brother, when he could hear the television reports in the background. His brother informed world, especially the UK. him that they were saying Shuja Khanzada was The Minister had requested that the gathering be critically injured but was in a helicopter on his moved from the Mosque to the traditional gath- way to hospital. How could this be the brother ering place for the men the (Baitock). The build- protested, when we have just recovered his body ing which had been refurbished and extended and he was pronounced dead at the scene. The would provide better shelter from the heat and Ministers body was recovered intact excluding his a more informal atmosphere for mourners and arm and hand which were detached. constituents alike, unbeknown to him that this As emergency teams came and the rescue operation was underway, a crane was deployed to would seal his and many others fate. remove the large concrete rubble in a desperate The Minister was a retired army Colonel, a vet- bid to find survivors. Reports had emerged of eran of the 1971 Indo-Pakistani war, who had voices being heard. Initially the crane could not been honoured with medals for bravery and had reach the affected area, then it was empty of fuel, gone on to command the 13 lancers and was and then whilst raising large pieces of debris, the no stranger to the potential dangers which sur- hook of the crane gave way, thereby dropping the rounded him in his role as a Minister and archi- damaged remnants of the building back on the tect of the Counter Terrorism Measures (CTM), very area where victims were potentially buried. which had resulted in the destruction of many No more voices were heard only silence followed. of the various terrorist groups infrastructures and camps, along with the killing of the banned The devastation to life was such that a call went Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (so called army of the right- out to neighbouring villages to send men to help bury the dead as the men folk of Shad-Khan were eous) groups leader Malik Ishak. Although having initially left the gathering, fate was to call Shuja Khanzada back. As the Minister interacted with the people, the suicide bomber already inside the building gravitated towards him, detonating his bomb. As the deafening sound of the explosion rang out, the full building gave way with falling concrete and steel debris crushing any that may have survived the blast. One survivor a British Citizen described how he had left the building moments before to get some water and had been thrown some 20 yards by the force of the blast. With the noise still ringing in his ears from the blasts, he surveyed the horror unfolding, with limbs and body parts scattered. The villager who had sat beside him had been decapitated and his severed head lay a few feet from him.

Prayers being said for the martyred Col (Rtd) Shujah Khanzada

all but dead and wounded. As remnants of bodies were gathered and the fortunate ones were found intact, some thirteen funerals were held by the evening. More would follow as the injured who were being sent to a variety of hospitals for The panic which set in the aftermath of the attack treatment would succumb to their injuries. must have been laced with the possibility of further explosions, or even manual fire arm attacks. The terrorists had apparently set off dirty bombs The chocking dust filled atmosphere of blood, laced with chemicals, so that in the eventuality of death and burnt human flesh intoxicated the air the Ministers survival, the poisons having entered as survivors scrambled for assistance. Of the thir- the blood stream through cuts would eventually teen or so security officers who should have been kill him. Stories of survivors bodies swelling with guarding the Minister, only three were present. the poisons and the lack of adequate blood transThe local DSP who was inside was dead. So too fusions made sure that the the death toll would were many others but what of Shuja Khanzada, yet increase further. It was as if every house had a widow in and every phone conversation was was he still alive? held in tears. In this regard we may never know the truth. Initially reports emerged that the minister was in- The relatives who did leave Britain to fly over deed alive and his voice had been heard shouting were confronted with a scene from the pages of for assistance from the rubble. Further reports a horror film, with large blood stained areas, raw said that he was in a critical condition but still as if they had just happened and body parts still alive. As the media descended on the village a being found and retrieved. A nearby wall was

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splattered with blood and the mincemeat of human flesh. The impressions of that moment forever printed on their minds, they would not eat or sleep for days and regret the day they boarded the plane.

Jaan. M. Khan E: Mail : virtueous@hushmail.com which had been identified as breeding places for extremist ideology.

At the time of his death, the Minister had made great in roads into the implementation of the NAP and some 2,000 madrassas had been docuCondemnation of the attack was unanimous by mented, restrictions on the use of loudspeakers to spread extremist propaganda outlawed, together with their literature and notably the eradication of many of their camps and networks of operation.

Funeral of murdered Col (Rtd) Shuja Khanzad, Pakistan’s Home Minister

the Prime Minister and Chief of the army staff Raheel Sharif, who said Shuja Khanzada had been martyred for his country and retaliation would be forthcoming. The United Nations Secretary General Ban-Ki-Moon called for justice and action against the perpetrators of the attack. The United States embassy in Pakistan issued a statement “We support Pakistan’s determination to bring to justice those behind the attack and are prepared to provide assistance, if required to government authorities investigating this reprehensible act”. PTI Chairman Imran Khan was a long-time friend of Shuja Khanzada and visited the scene of the crime, surveying the devastation for him-self. This was a personal loss to him as Shuja Khanzada, a fellow Pathan was one of the founding fathers of the PTI party in 2002 along with Imran and although Shuja had offered his services to the nation serving as Punjab’s Home Minister under a Pakistan Muslim League government, he was universally acknowledged by critics and political opponents alike as the most suitable candidate for the job who had put the interests of the nation first.

As a former army man Khanzada must have developed a renewed vigour to combat the extremists in the wake of the Peshawar School massacre, where some one hundred and twenty plus children were killed in cold blood, purely because they were the off spring of military personnel. This disregard for the sanctity of human life especially that of the most cherished innocent children, prompted the Federal government, in a coalition government of unity to draw up what came to be known as the national action plan (NAP). Within these amendments were made to the constitution of Pakistan enabling a re-introduction of capital punishment, the setting up of speedy military trials for terrorists, greater counter intelligence measures against extremist groups and the ability to liaise with friendly Muslim countries to freeze the international assets of extremist groups hostile to or active in terrorism within Pakistan. These and many more measures were being implemented by Shuja Khanzada as Home Minister, including the documenting of unregulated madrassa numbering some 12,000 in Punjab,

Although the Prime Minister had labelled the banned extremist group (LeJ) as the perpetrators of this attack, initially another outlawed group Tehreef-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), who were responsible for the Peshawar School Massacre laid, claim to the bombings. Both are splinter groups regarded as the military wings of Sipa-a-Sehaba (Companions of the Companions) who have newly renamed themselves as (Ahl-e-Sunnat Wal Jamaat) an extremist Sunni terrorist group, who through (LeJ) are essentially responsible for some of the most violent and horrific attacks on the Shia Muslim community, targeting Mosques and civilians alike. Shuja Khanzada as a former military intelligence man, who had served as military attaché to the Pakistan Embassy in Washington, was well briefed on the threats posed by the insurgents, to destabilise Pakistan and had gone on the record to state that the government was in possession of evidence showing that one of India’s covert intelligence agencies, the so called Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW) had provided funding to banned groups like the (LeJ), to fund their terrorist activities within Pakistan. He had also stated that some of the NGO’s operating within Pakistan was essentially cover for a variety of illegal activities, with international paymasters. All these areas combined with the madrassa issue were contributing to subversive activity, designed to destabilise Pakistan. In attendance at the funeral were Punjabs Chief Minister Shebaz Sharif, Inspector General of Punjab Mushtaq Ahmed Sukera, Chief Minister of Khyber Pakhtunwala Pervaz Khattock and many more dignitaries. They were all paying their last respects to a colleague friend and war hero who had paid the ultimate price in his efforts to make Pakistan a safer place, free from the disease of extremism, responsible for the loss of so many an innocent life. In the aftermath of the attack, details of a strange and nervous awkward young man entering the building would emerge, with people commenting on his demeanour and presence. What remained was an outstanding and loyal servant of Pakistan and a Minister of the government now killed, numerous widows and orphans made, an old and ancestral village destroyed, with further death threats hanging over surviving family members and an uncertain future. This is the legacy that extremist groups bring to the people of Pakistan. Just as in seventh century Arabia, shortly after the death of the Prophet (PBUH), a deviant sect emerged the Khawarij who displayed extremist ideology and actions, rejected the leadership and authority of Ali, the prophet’s son-in-law and eventually assassinated him, with a sword whose tip was laced with poison. So too must all Muslims and god fearing people of faith reject the extremist ideology of today’s age and renounce and condemn the perpetrators of these terrorist acts as that of the Khawarij , who that most noblest of warriors and fourth Caliph Ali fought with all his might. Surely that is a sign from the history of Islam to take note of.

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Pakistan Cricket Team Return To England For First Time Since 2010 Your Burngreave Ward Councillors

Cllr Jackie Drayton 0114 2435388

Cllr Ibrar Hussain 0786 657 1750

Team to make first visit to English shores since spot-fixing scandal of 2010 Pakistan will tour England next year, their first visit since their spot-fixing marred 2010 tour, the English Cricket Board (ECB) announced recently. Pakistan are scheduled to face the recently-crowned Ashes winners in four Test matches, five One Day Internationals and a T20 in 2016, the ECB confirmed. Pakistan’s 2010 trip was overshadowed by a match-fixing affair that rocked the world of cricket. Pakistan’s Mohammad Asif, Salman

Butt and Mohammad Amir and their agent Mazhar Majeed arranged deliberate no-balls during the Lord’s Test against England five years ago in return for money in a deal with an undercover reporter of a now defunct British tabloid. The lengthy sanctions against the three players have now expired. But the Pakistan Cricket Board’s chief selector Haroon Rasheed last month effectively ruled out any early return for the trio when England face Pakistan in the UAE in October. Before Pakistan’s visit England will face Sri Lanka in a three-match Test series.

Lord Mayor of Sheffield Cllr Talib Hussain 0114 2735588

COUNCILLOR’S SURGERIES

Burngreave surgeries are shared between Councillors Jackie Drayton, Ibrar Hussain and Talib Hussain and are held at:• Burngreave Library, Spital Hill 2nd Saturday of the month from 11.00 a.m. -12.00 noon • Pakistan Advice Centre, 127 Page Hall Road 3rd Thursday of the month 2.00-3.00 p.m. There are no surgeries during August. A surgery is also held on 1st and 3rd Thursdays of the month (except August) from 10.00 to 11.00 a.m. at Firth Park Advice Centre, 9 Stubbin Lane. (These surgeries are shared on a rota basis with Cllrs, Peter Price, Peter Rippon, Sioned-Mair Richards and Jackie Drayton. Councillors Alan Law and Chris Weldon also share the surgery on the 1st Thursday).

People Are Now Living Longer But Sicker Lives People now live longer with global life expectancy increasing by over six years since 1990 but there's a catch to this seemingly good news: many live sicker lives for longer. A new study that looked at major diseases and injuries in 188 countries covering the period between 1990 and 2013 has revealed that general health has improved globally. The improvement could be attributed to significant improvements in the fight against infectious diseases such as malaria and HIV/AIDS in the past 10 years as well as advances made in the fight against maternal, neonatal and nutritional illnesses. The global life expectancy at birth for both men and women has increased by 6.2 years. Health life expectancy, or HALE, rose by 5.4 years.

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With healthy life expectancy not increasing as much, the study said that people live more years with disability and illness. The analysis likewise identified heart disease, respiratory infections affecting the lungs and the airways, stroke, low back and neck pain and road injuries as the cause of the most health loss worldwide. The researchers found that for most of the countries studied, the changes in healthy life expectancy were significant and positive. Cambodia and Nicaragua experienced dramatic rise in healthy life expectancy at 13.9 and 14.7 years respectively. Many countries including Belize, Syria and Botswana, however, did not see significant improvements in over two decades. Some countries including Paraguay, South Africa and Belarus saw a decline in healthy life expectancy. Individuals born in Lesotho and Swaziland in 2013 are expected to live about 10 fewer healthy years than those who were born two decades earlier. The Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 likewise revealed that people in Lesotho have the lowest healthy life expectancy at 42 years while people in Japan have the highest at 73.4 years.

The Deadliest Animal In The World The most deadly ¬animal in the world is the mosquito. It might seem impossible that something so miniscule can kill so many people, but it's true. Mosquito bites result in the deaths of more than 1 million people every year [source:WHO]. The majority of these deaths are due to malaria. The World Health Organization estimates that between 300 and 500 million cases of malaria occur each year -- and a child dies from malaria every 30 seconds [source:WHO]. It's not the mosquito itself that kills, but rather a parasite the mosquito carries. Not all mosquitoes carry the malaria parasite -only females of the Anopheles genus. You'll find the Anopheles all over the world, with the exception of Antarctica. The mosquito transmits malaria after biting an infected person and then passes along the parasite to the next person it nibbles on. Malaria is a blood-transmitted disease, which means you can't contract it from casual contact with another person. Because it's transmitted through the blood, you can contract it from a contaminated transfusion or needle. But mosquitoes are primarily to blame for the spread of malaria infection.

Today, the majority of malaria deaths occur in Africa, south of the Sahara, where the malaria parasite is very common. Anyone can contract malaria, but the people most likely to get seriously or fatally ill are those with little or no iammunity -- young children, pregnant women or travelers who live in an area that has no malaria. People from poor communities with little access to health care and clean water sources -- standing water is a prime mosquito breeding ground -- are also at risk. Anti-malarial drugs exist, but there's currently no malaria vaccine. In addition to malaria, mosquitoes carry the West Nile virus and dengue fever. West Nile is a disease the insects pick up from infected birds. It affects the nervous system and, like malaria, can be very serious in people with lowered immune systems. As with malaria, the best way to avoid West Nile is to protect yourself from mosquitoes. Mosquitoes also carry dengue fever, which causes a rash and extreme muscle and joint pain. It can be fatal if not treated properly. So, forget lions, tigers and bears -- turn your paranoia to the teeny mosquito buzzing near your ear. It's one scary little beast.

Contraceptive Pill Prevents Hundreds Of Thousands Of Womb Cancer Cases The contraceptive pill has helped to prevent 200,000 cases of womb cancer over the past decade alone, according to Oxford University researchers. For every five years that a woman takes the oral contraceptive, the risk of developing endometrial cancer decreases by 25%. In females who have taken the Pill for 10 years, rates of womb cancer diagnosis in under-75s also fall from 2.3 per 100 to just 1.3. Professors believe the protective effects of the Pill, which includes a dose of oestrogen, last for decades after some-

one stops taking the contraceptive – with women in their 20s continuing to benefit when they are in their 50s. People used to worry that the Pill might cause cancer, but in the long-term, the Pill reduces the risk of getting cancer. Women are still being advised to weigh up the risks before taking the Pill – especially if they have a family history of breast cancer – as some research suggests it can slightly increase the risk of this particular disease.

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Pakistan’s Economic Growth Hampered By Low Tax Collection Despite recent optimism surrounding Pakistan’s economy, the country is facing an “existential crisis” stemming from its woeful tax collection rates and inability to finance itself. Pakistan’s economy grew at 4.24 percent during the 2014-2015 fiscal year with per capita income rising a significant 9.25 percent, markers that come as investor confidence in the long-underperfoming South Asian giant have also increased. But according to a report by non-profit organisation Raftar, funded by Britain’s Department for International Development (DFID), Pakistan’s economy continues to rely heavily on “commercial loans, concessionary donor loans and aid”. The country’s tax-to-GDP ratio of 9.4 percent is among the lowest in the world, leading to a public debt of 17 trillion rupees (£106 billion). This an almost three-fold increase since 2008 for the £151 billion economy, with 44 percent of tax revenue going toward interest payments. The report blamed the lack of a “tax culture” on non-revenue sources of funds the country has historically enjoyed in the form of foreign aid and loans. It said 68 percent of tax revenue was being generated through indirect taxes on fuel, food and electricity, which unfairly penalizes the poor. The lack of revenue collection also negatively affects infrastructure development including power generation, with the country facing a massive shortfall of up to 4000 MW in the summer that shaves about £9.75 billion off the country’s GDP. Pakistan is currently in a £4.3 billion loan programme with the International Monetary Fund, which was granted on condition that Islamabad carried out extensive economic reforms, particularly in the energy and taxation sectors.

Iron Man Downey Jr And Bollywood Stars Dominate Best-Paid List Robert Downey Jr has been revealed as the world’s top-earning actor by Forbes, in a list that also features some of Bollywood’s top names for the first time. The Iron Man star, 50, earned an estimated $80m (£51m) in the past year, helped by the success of his superhero film Avengers: Age Of Ultron, which saw box office success to the tune of more than $1.3bn worldwide. Chinese actor and martial arts veteran Jackie Chan grabbed second place, earning around $50m from films including Dragon Blade and its associated merchandise. Daniel Craig is the highest paid British actor according to Forbes. The list has Craig in joint 15th place alongside Australian actor Chris Hemsworth. He is the only British actor

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on the list and his earnings are estimated to be about £17.3m ($27m). But the new names on the list came from the growing cinematic powerhouse of Bollywood, with Amitabh Bachchan and Salman Khan both tying for seventh place. Bachchan, 72, and Khan, 49, earned $33.5m each. The top earning women will be revealed later in the year.

Quarter Of Parents Leaving Child In Car Around a quarter of parents admit to leaving their children alone in a car while they nip out on an errand. Even those as young as five are sometimes left unattended, with the average parent not returning for 22 minutes. Research found younger couples are more likely to leave their child in the car with 42 per cent of 18 to 34-year-olds admitting to it. One in four have even admitted to leaving their child because they forgot they were there and one in six admit to locking them in as a punishment. Around 2,000 parents of all ages were questioned in the research with a quarter saying they left their children unattended in a vehicle. If this trend is used nationally, eight million adults may have done so nationwide. However parents are being warned about the dangers, including the chance they release the handbrake. Many parents also return to find their car interiors damaged,

alarms going off and their children having 'fist fights'. The research found fathers are the most relaxed leaving youngsters unattended for as long as 27 minutes while mothers appeared slightly more 'responsible', nipping out for a maximum of 17 minutes. Parenting experts called the survey results 'shocking'. There are a number of hazards that could pose a risk to children in an unattended vehicle, plus, as this report shows, siblings will often bicker or fight. The research found 'doing a quick task' was the most common reason for leaving children unattended, followed by letting a sleeping child stay in the car and doze. But lawyers say it is an offence to 'neglect or abandon a child under the age of 16 for whom a parent or carer has responsibility'. But the law is unclear on what exactly amounts to abandonment.

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THE ARMY’S ROLE Dr A Q Khan in India. They seemed hell bent on repeating the history of Spain in wiping out all traces of Muslims. Indira Gandhi had already boasted of having taken revenge for 1,000 years of Muslim rule and that she had every intention to “sort us out” once and for all. It was under these very real and serious threats that I offered my services to Bhutto to turn the country into a nuclear power. While giving up an excellent career with bright prospects and an offer of a professorship, we did not ask for any favours in coming here. Our project had to face many intrigues, but thanks to Z A Bhutto, Ghulam Ishaq Khan, Agha Shahi and Gen Ziaul Haq, When out of control, fire and water possess the we managed to overcome them all. Our nuclear most devastating power. We have seen how bil- success was achieved through the hard work of lions of acre foot of water – sweet water at that patriotic colleagues – both civil and in uniform. – flows out to sea. What a waste in a country with severe water shortages! People and cattle When setting up the project, I had been exhave been lost and huge areas of standing crops tremely impressed with the loyalty and love of washed away. The photo shoots of political big- the armed forces personnel for Pakistan. Furwigs could, of course, not be missed. Those in au- thermore, they looked smart and were very discithority flew in by helicopter, surveyed the area, plined. For these reasons I acquired the services were sumptuously received, gave a statement of a large number of army personnel – Gen Zahid, Gen Anis, Gen Chowhan, Gen Ashfaq, Gen Kamal and returned to their cushy lives. Shah, Gen Butt, Brig Sikander Hayat etc, to name The only people seen actively helping the flood but a few. They all made invaluable contribuaffectees were army jawans. We saw them tions to our programme, as did too all those civilevacuating people, providing emergency sup- ian scientists and engineers under the very able plies, medicines, tents, etc. They were on their guidance of Dr F H Hashmi. Our work shook the feet 24/7 while those at the top continued on as western world and took them by surprise. usual – elaborate dinners, air conditioned villas, etc. Gen Raheel Sharif, COAS, was himself con- We worked 24/7, often sacrificing our famstantly on the move to take action on two fronts ily lives. We managed to turn our country into – one against terrorists and the other against the a nuclear power in just seven years – something forces of nature. We had seen similar activities unimaginable to the whole world. After having of the jawans during the earthquake and earlier given our blood and sweat for the project, many of my colleagues and I were subjected to a despifloods too. cable treatment that we did not deserve. I had previously requested the army chief to involve the army more effectively and productively Coming back to the present, I am sure our army in the development of the country along the lines chief is aware of the history of the South Koreans. of that implemented by the PLA of China. The Their military chief, Park Chung-hue, ruled for 16 other day I received an email from a Pakistani wa- years and brought their backward, poor country ter expert in Canada who found my idea of form- into the 21st century. They have now become an ing lakes along flood routes to be pragmatic and industrial giant. Some outsiders did not like this invaluable. He felt that the government should and had him killed by his own intelligence chief, give it serious consideration and take necessary Kim Jae-Kyu. However, the foundation was laid to action. I personally believe that, under the able ensure South Korea’s bright future. guidance of the present COAS, army engineers If COAS Gen Raheel Sharif can help put this counand jawans could do wonders for the country. try onto the road of progress, we could become After the 1971 debacle due to selfish, corrupt a Malaysia or Turkey, or even better, in five to and incompetent rulers, the nation had not even seven years. Our former military dictators merely had the time to recover from that shock when acted to perpetuate their own self-interests and they received yet another in the detonation of power. an Indian nuclear device on May 18, 1974. I had witnessed the hatred of Hindus against Muslims Email: dr.a.quadeer.khan@gmail.com In one of my previous columns I had suggested that the army should take concrete steps to help the poor who lost almost everything in the recent floods. We have been seeing and hearing how frightening the ferocity of flowing waters in low, medium or high floods is.

Nicotine ‘No Worse For Your Health Than Caffeine In A Coffee’ A new report from the Royal Society for Public Health has found one myth about the dangers of smoking has endured for decades. The research suggests nine out of 10 people falsely believe nicotine is very harmful to their heath, when in fact it is no more dangerous than the caffeine in a cup of coffee. Getting people on to nicotine rather than using tobacco would make a big difference to the public’s health. Being addicted to nicotine obviously isn’t ideal. There is some evidence that shows that it may increase the risk of heart disease and also potentially increases your blood pressure. The worst damage to health is caused

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by the tobacco in cigarettes, which - when burning - exposes users to chemicals such as tar and arsenic. Tobacco also contains some nicotine, but according to the new report, nicotine itself isn’t harmful. Nicotine replacement products, like gum, patches and e-cigarettes, are therefore significantly less harmful than cigarettes themselves, according to the research. The RSPH is calling for these products to be mandatory in shops that also sell regular cigarettes - offering what they call a safer option to tobacco. “Getting people on to nicotine rather than using tobacco would make a big difference to the public’s health” chief executive of the RSPH

Homes In Lanes ‘Worth 22% More Than Average House’ Homes in Lanes tend to be worth a fifth more than the average house price, research has shown. A property with the word Lane in its address has an average value of £245,906, which is 22% or £44,660 more than the typical UK house price, at £201,246, according to research for Barclays Mortgages. A home at an address containing the word Way was shown to be the next most valuable, with a price tag of £218,742 on average, followed by a property with the word Road in its address, which is worth £212,717, typically. There were exceptions to the general findings, depending on where in the country the property is. For example, in London, a home in a Lane is worth £414,122 on average, while a home in a Street is worth significantly more, at £566,406 typically. In Scotland, homes in a Close were found to be the most valuable on average, at £161,869. In Wales, homes in a Lane were worth more than properties in other locations, at

£190,039 on average. In Northern Ireland, properties in a Road were the priciest, at £148,519 on average. The average price for a home in a Lane has doubled from around £123,000 in 2001, but properties in all of the street names looked at have significantly increased in value over the last 15 years, Barclays Mortgages said.

Dramatic Increase In The Number Of Parents Prosecuted Over Truancy Thousands of parents have been prosecuted for their children missing school and the number is rising, according to newly released figures. Growing numbers are being convicted of truancy offences, facing fines, and in some cases even being sent to jail. In total, 16,430 people in England were prosecuted for failing to ensure that a child went to school in 2014 - equivalent to around 86 cases for each day of the school year. That is up a quarter on 2013 when 13,128 people were taken to court. “It is a myth that missing school even for a short time is harmless to a child’s education” Depart-

ment for Education (DfE) spokesman. Last year 9,214 parents were issued with fines. On average, they were ordered to pay £172. The figures - obtained by the Press Association following a Freedom of Information request - also show the number of people sent to prison more than doubled, with 18 given custodial sentences in 2014, up from seven the year before. Parents who take children out of school without permission can face a £60 fine per child, rising to £120 if it is not paid within 21 days. Those who fail to pay altogether may be prosecuted, with a maximum fine of £2,500 or a jail sentence of up to three months if they are found guilty.

New Non-Invasive 3D Image Tool For Heart Disease Patients Doctors are using a new tool to create a 3D image of a patient’s coronary arteries in a “pioneering” technique to diagnose and manage heart disease. The technology, known as fractional flow reserve computed tomography (FFRCT), developed by US company HeartFlow, creates a detailed 3D model of a patient’s coronary arteries from a standard CT scan image. It then uses complex calculations to work out the extent of blockages in the coronary arteries and if they are restricting the flow of blood - all without the need for invasive intervention. This study demonstrates that the non-invasive

FFRCT analysis from a standard coronary CT scan has the potential to become the default method for the initial assessment of many patients. The system could become the default method for the initial assessment of patients with chest pain after the study showed it changed treatment plans in more than a third of cases. Coronary heart disease, also known as coronary artery disease, develops when a build up of fatty substances silts up or blocks the blood supply to the heart. It is the most common cause of angina - chest pain - and heart attacks and is responsible for 73,000 deaths in the UK every year.

Smartphones Overtake Laptops Smartphones have overtaken laptops as the most popular device for getting online, in what is described as a “landmark moment” by Ofcom. Britons are spending an hour and 54 minutes accessing the Internet on their mobiles every day – compared to just an hour and nine minutes on PCs. This has been attributed to the rising popularity of high-speed 4G. Devices are becoming more and more an important vital hub of information and communication throughout the day. Subscriptions to the data net-

work increased eightfold in the space of just 12 months, from 2.7 million at the end of 2013 to 23.6 million in 2014. Two-thirds of the UK now owns a smartphone, and young people have the highest rate of ownership, with 90% of 16 to 24-year-olds owning a device. Half of 55 to 64-year-olds have also made the switch, compared to just 19% of this age group in 2012. According to the media regulator’s research, one in three people now check their smartphones within five minutes of waking up

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Back To School Road Safety Advice September is back to school month, which means that roads will be busy with children travelling to and from school. South Yorkshire Safer Roads Partnership is asking parents to make sure children are safe and asking drivers to look out for children on the roads. The road safety message is particularly important for children making new journeys having moved from primary to secondary school. For those children starting secondary school, they can find themselves travelling on their own for the first time on unfamiliar roads, either by foot or on the bus. South Yorkshire Safer Roads Partnership is asking families to prepare their children for the return to school by discussing the road safety issues that could be faced by their children on the school journey. Younger children often lack the skills to negotiate traffic safely. Remember that you are your child’s best teacher so set a good example by always finding the safest place to cross and stop, look, listen and think each time before you cross. Talk about road safety issues relevant to your child’s age group from holding hands with a grown up to how to cross between parked cars if there is

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nowhere else to cross. If your child is starting a new school, walk with them beforehand or for the first few days to make sure they know the route and can do it safely. It is important that motorists drive safely at any time of year but, after the six week break drivers have become used to the quieter roads. Drivers are urged to be extra vigilant, especially when driving outside school. Drivers should not to obstruct or park in the zig zag areas outside schools, especially at school start and finish times. These provide a clear space directly outside school for children to see to cross the road and for drivers to see children. Always remember to stop for school crossing patrol wardens, they are working to make the roads safer for pedestrians. The South Yorkshire Safer Road Partnership Team is available to provide advice, training, support and information on a variety of topics including safety for pedestrians, cyclists, powered two wheeled riders and drivers. If you would like further road safety advice, please visit www.lifewise999.co.uk/road-safety or email saferroads@southyorks.pnn.police.uk

Pakistan’s Population Expected To Exceed 300 Million By 2050 Pakistan’s population is expected to exceed 300 million by 2050, a major contributor to world’s expected population of 9.7 billion by the same year, according to a United Nations report. Pakistan’s current population stands at 188 million, whereas in July 2015, the world population reached 7.3 billion. The findings were revealed in a report released by Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations. The report states that between 2015 and 2050, half of the world’s population growth is expected to be concentrated in nine countries, including Pakistan, India, Nigeria, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, United Republic of Tanzania, United States of America, Indonesia and Uganda. The 2015 revision forecasts population trends on

global, regional and national levels indicating that populations of six of the 10 largest countries in the world are expected to surpass 300 million, which include China, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Pakistan, and United States of America. On the other hand, a decline in population is predicted for 48 countries in the same time period (2015-2050). Among them the countries expecting to experience a more than 15% decline include: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Serbia, and Ukraine. The UN predictions suggest that the world population is growing at a slower rate than a decade ago but we’re adding 83 million people annually nonetheless. While the growth predictions indicate the progress made in reducing child mortality rates and swelling life expectancy rates, concerns remain rife as many challenges are yet to be overcome. If these countries are to meet the needs of their rapidly growing populations, they have to be able to deliver both sustainable economic growth and social inclusion. But while almost everyone agrees with that, we’re still struggling to establish the best way of achieving it. It is something political, business and civil society leaders will need to work together on.

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Faheem Ali - MD Alison Law Sponsor AISCL PMC Sheffield

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Aurangzaib Captain Earl Marshall A I S C L winning Team 2015

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Public WiFi not Secure as you think The increase of broadband rollout and the growth of WiFi in public spaces is providing society with the huge benefit of access to the Internet quickly and easily. But not all WiFi is as secure as we might think it is. Europol’s Cybercrime Division warns that attacks are rising on public WiFi and are a major security risk. In the UK, key cities like London, Manchester and Birmingham are increasing public WiFi access, whilst restaurants, cafes and bars are also keen provide free WiFi to attract customers. For most smartphone users public WiFi is always seen as a great way of saving data usage included in their phone tariffs but if you are going to use public WiFi for personal transactions, sensitive data and banking, this may not be the best method. We are now seeing an increase in the misuse of wi-fi, in order

public WiFi and only use it for non-sensitive data activity if you are unsure about it’s security. Here are some tips to keep yourself safe when using public WiFi: Always use reputable internet security software on all your devices including your laptop, PC, MAC, tablets and smartphone. If a WiFi connection does not require a password, it is insecure. So, don’t send any confidential information over this network e.g. username, passwords, private data etc. Look for public places that do offer free WiFi but require a password which you obtain from them. Look out for the https in the web address in your browser and the padlock symbol when using websites for personal transactions. Always check your credit card or Therefore, it is important to be debit bills for any odd transacextremely vigilant when using tions, especially if you use public WiFi a lot. Always keep your device software up-to-date especially if security updates are available. Security using the Internet has been and always will be an issue as hackers find new ways of executing attacks but as long as you stick to the rules of keeping your confidential data secure, you can lower he chances of experiencing theft of your data. to steal information, identity or passwords and money from the users who use public or insecure wi-fi connections. The important thing is to distinguish if the public WiFi you are using is secure and not public. When you connect to it, if it requires a security access password, it means it is secure but if you can just connect to it with no password, it is insecure. Something known as ‘man-inthe-middle’ is being applied to commit these attacks on public networks. Where, the hackers capture data being passed between a user of the public WiFi and the Internet. Attacks of these kind are targeting people when they communicate with a bank, do online shopping or log in to social media sites.

If a WiFi connection does not require a password, it is insecure. So, don’t send any confidential information over this network e.g. username, passwords, private data etc. Look for public places that do offer free WiFi but require a password which you obtain from them. Look out for the https in the web address in your browser and the padlock symbol when using websites for personal transactions. Always check your credit card or Therefore, it is important to be debit bills for any odd transacextremely vigilant when using tions, especially if you use public WiFi a lot. Always keep your device software up-to-date especially if security updates are available. Security using the Internet has been and always will be an issue as hackers find new ways of executing attacks but as long as you stick to the rules of keeping your confidential data secure, Olympic Games, where you can lower he chances he won a silver medal, of experiencing theft of Bolton's Amir "King" Khan your data. (28-3, 19 KOs) went from local hero to international star when he won his first world title at 140 pounds in 2009.After five successful defences that included wins over Marcos Maidana, Paulie Malignaggi and Zab Judah, Khan lost his title by way of a controversial decision to Lamont Peterson in 2011. Winner of two straight over Carlos Molina and Julio Diaz since, the flashy, flamboyant 27-year-old boxer-puncher is now campaigning at welterweight, where he seeks championship gold once again. word, it means it is secure but if you can just connect to it with no password, it is insecure. Something known as ‘man-inthe-middle’ is being applied to commit these attacks on public networks. Where, the hackers capture data being passed between a user of the public WiFi and the Internet. Attacks of these kind are targeting people when they communicate with a bank, do online shopping or log in to social media sites.

a major security risk. In the UK, key cities like London, Manchester and Birmingham are increasing public WiFi access, whilst restaurants, cafes and bars are also keen provide free WiFi to attract customers. For most smartphone users public WiFi is always seen as a great way of saving data usage included in their phone tariffs but if you are going to use public WiFi for personal transactions, sensitive data and banking, this may not be the best method. We are now seeing an increase in the misuse of wi-fi, in order

AMIR KHAN TO FACE LUIS COLLAZO

An explosive matchup of our very own world-class fighter, Amir Khan is happening in May. The British superstar and former Unified Super Lightweight World Champion Amir “King” Khan will face current WBA International Welterweight champion Luis Collazo in the 12 round event. "I'm looking forward to fighting in Las Vegas once again, and my intention on May 3 is to make a statement that I belong on this big stage," said Khan. "Luis Collazo might be coming off of a big win, but I am in incredible shape and am ready for this challenge. A win on May 3 is what I need to prove that I truly am one of the best welterweights in the sport." A British standout who represented his nation in the 2004

An explosive m very own worl Amir Khan is hap The British super Unified Super Lig Champion Amir “ face current WB Welterweight c Collazo in the 12 "I'm looking forw in Las Vegas once intention on May statement that I big stage," said Kh "Luis Collazo migh of a big win, but I shape and am rea lenge. A win on M need to prove tha of the best welte sport." A British stand sented his natio

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