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Speaking of the Future

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Seven more years of 'pain, but tax cuts too

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Britain faces seven more years of austerity in public spending –but will reap the reward in the shape of tax cuts after the next election, George Osborne said yesterday. The Chancellor used a confident conference speech to announce that he aims to put the public finances back in the black by 2020.

Mr Osborne said a Tory government would aim to run a budget surplus by that stage – a strategy adopted by countries such as Canada and Sweden to prepare themselves better for financial shocks.

on new roads, rail and broadband, for example – would grow, meaning intense new pressure on day-to-day Whitehall spending. Economists said it would mean overall public spending effectively being frozen in real terms for a decade, between 2010 and 2020, and a significant retreat of the size of the state.

In a speech that borrowed rhetorical flourishes from Ronald Reagan and Tony Blair, the Chancellor drew a critical electoral dividing line with his pledge to go further than current government plans for paying off the structural deficit.

Following his pledge yesterday to make thousands of long-term unemployed work for their benefits, he said he would rewrite his This would allow him to start paying off iscal mandate so the Tories achieved an Britain’s national debt, which is on course to absolute surplus in the next Parliament, reach £1.4trillion by the next election – rather provided the recovery was sustained. than just the deficit, effectively the nation’s At the same time, capital spending – credit card.











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The Chancellor gave a strong signal that he favours tax cuts, however, telling the conference: ‘Together we are going to share in the rewards.’ George Osborne told the Tory party conference that the recovery was still at risk and it would be some time before incomes started rising Work scheme is ‘tough love’ ‘Never again should anyone doing my job be so foolish, so deluded, as to believe that they have abolished the age-old cycle of boom and bust.

‘When we’ve dealt with Labour’s deficit, we will have a surplus in good times as insurance against difficult times ahead. Provided the recovery is sustained, our goal is to achieve that surplus in the next Parliament.

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Local Liberal Democrats have backed Free School Meal plans announced by the Deputy Prime Minister and Sheffield Hallam MP, Nick Clegg, which will benefit thousands of local families. Under proposals, all infant pupils in England will be entitled to free school lunches from next September. The change for children in reception, year one and year two - will save parents about £400 a year per child. The Lib Dems also announced


that poorer college students will be entitled to free school meals - on the same basis as those studying at school sixth forms. Nick Clegg MP said "We will start with infant school pupils because teaching healthy habits young, and boosting attainment early, will bring the biggest benefits. Universal free school meals will help give every child the chance in life that they deserve, building a stronger economy and fairer society."

British College Revokes Rule Banning Veil A college in Britain has revoked its eight-year-old ban which had barred women students from wearing a veil. The revocation came in the wake of a planned mass demonstration against "Islamophobia" and an online petition signed by 9,000 people. The ban had been in place at Birmingham Metropolitan College for eight years without a protest. But an anonymous prospective student complained to her local paper, saying she was being discriminated against. When the story broke it sparked claims of racism and even rumours that the college was planning to ban prayer on its premises. The college has now "modi-

fied" its ruling against veils, hoodies and hats, which had been brought in to ensure students were always "easily identifiable". The college, the third largest in Britain, with 44,000 students, insisted the policy was designed to protect students. Tory MP Philip Hollobone, who is championing a law to ban face coverings in public, said he was sorry the college had "caved in". However, Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg admitted he was "uneasy" about the ban and believed the bar had to be set "very high" to justify any prohibition on wearing a veil.

Britain To Give $1.5 Bn Aid For Aids, TB, Malaria

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Britain will contribute one billion pounds ($1.5 billion) to the Global Fund to fight Aids, tuberculosis and Malaria over the next three years. The investment, shows Britain is leading the way in international aid and claimed the contribution would save a life every three minutes.

The aid will fund lifesaving antiretroviral therapy for 750,000 people living with HIV, 32 million more insecticide-treated nets to prevent the transmission of malaria and TB treatment for over a million people. The Global Fund was created in 2002 as a public private part-

nership to raise funds to significantly change the course of HIV/ AIDS, TB, and Malaria. Britain is the third largest donor, after the US and France. AIDS, TB and Malaria are among the world's biggest killers despite being entirely preventable and treatable.

SHEFFIELD CABBIES IN DISPUTE WITH STADIUM Black cab drivers in Sheffield were reported to police after staging a protest when told they could not pick up fares from Owlerton Stadium. Cabbies say they have been picking up passengers from the stadium’s car park for years. But now they say they have been told they must not enter the car park – even though they are allowed to drop race-goers off before events. However, the stadium’s owners say they have never allowed taxis to tout for business in the

car park and said drivers who became aggressive when told to move on had been reported to police. But one cabbie told The Star: “I have been picking up fares after races for 20 years without any problem whatsoever. “However, now I have been told I cannot enter the car park. “Instead they say I must park up on the road which is a considerable distance for passengers to walk, especially those who are elderly or disabled.” Stadium owners say the cabbies

were in the wrong. “We operate a private car park for the customers of Owlerton Stadium and Napoleons Casino. “Any taxi from any firm can go to the door to either drop off or collect passengers if they are prebooked. “Taxis have never been allowed to tout for fares at the stadium. The matter was reported to police after two cabbies reportedly became aggressive with security staff.

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Cheap Cure For BP A cheap, simple blood test could save thousands from life-threatening blood pressure problems each year, scientists claim. Research from Cambridge University suggests at least one in ten of Britain’s 16million patients with high blood pressure could be cured if diagnosed early. The study centres around a form of the condition caused by tiny, benign tumours of the adrenal gland, a hormone-producing organ on top of the kidney. Although it is particularly dangerous, it can be detected with a £15 test and wiped out by removing the tumours with keyhole surgery. This would remove the need for life-long blood pressure drugs and would also greatly reduce the odds of heart attacks, strokes and other potentially fatal conditions. The treatment works best for the under-forties, and up to 10,000 men and women in their twenties and thirties could benefit each year. The British Heart Foundation de-

scribed the research as ‘an exciting development’, but stressed that early diagnosis was essential. High blood pressure affects a third of adults and trebles the risk of heart attacks and strokes. Known as the silent killer, because the symptoms often go unnoticed until it is too late, it is the single biggest cause of death worldwide. The type caused by benign tumours of the adrenal gland is especially worrying. Patients are five times more likely to have a heart attack than those whose blood pressure has been increased by other factors, such as smoking or stress. Doctors have long known that the tumours increase blood pressure, but it was thought only a relatively small number of patients were affected. Adrenal tumours are responsible for one in ten cases of the condition. The operation works best in the under-forties, when removing the tumours should mean blood pressure returns to normal. As

the tumours do not grow back, the patient is cured and no longer needs medication. At the moment, this operation is done only about 300 times a year. THE SILENT KILLER THAT STALKS 16 MILLION OF US • 16m adults – or one in three – have high blood pressure • 1/3 of these do not know because there are no obvious symptoms • 200 per cent increase in the risk of a heart attack or a stroke • 6g the maximum amount of salt an adult can eat each day to keep blood pressure down • £1bn is spent on drugs for patients each year in Britain • 150 minutes of exercise a week is the minimum needed to keep blood pressure healthy • 10C temperature fall can raise reading as veins shrink to conserve heat • 1bn people worldwide have high blood pressure, which kills seven million every year

Britain May Issue Plastic Currency Notes The Bank of England may begin to issue plastic banknotes in order to ensure good quality genuine banknotes that the public can use with confidence. The British central bank announced it was soliciting public opinion for approval of such notes. According to the bank, a three-year research project was undertaken to examine different materials on which banknotes are printed. The bank reviewed the relative merits of printing banknotes on polymer rather than the cotton paper as it is at present. Understandably,

the plastic banknotes will be resistant to dirt and moisture, and are safe and more durable. These will initially be used for the new-style five-pound and 10-pound banknotes, with one denomination at a time.

The five-pound note will feature a picture of Sir Winston Churchill, and is expected to be issued in 2016 at the earliest, with the 10-pound note to follow. The central bank will announce the decision on whether to move to polymer in December. Polymer banknotes are manufactured from a transparent plastic film, specially coated with an ink layer that enables it to carry the printed design features of banknotes. The material allows the inclusion of "windows" or clear portions in the design, which enhance protection against counterfeits.


Sheffield Greens have responded to the newly published report from the Resolution Foundation into low pay in modern Britain. It has found that over one in five working people in Yorkshire and Humber are paid less than the living wage of £7.45 an hour. This at a time when British business announced it's most profitable quarter ever and business cash

reserves are at their highest ever level. As technology automates away middle-class jobs the only work left for many is low paid. Meanwhile, massive cuts to local government means that councils are looking to cut wage costs in the public sector too. This report shows that people, especially those who are lowpaid, have suffered loss of earn-

ings since the recession began. In fact, average pay was already falling before the recession because middle-class jobs are being lost. Now over five million people are classed as low-paid, many working in shops, hotels and social care, often part-time. Younger people under 30 and women are most at risk of low pay. Sheffield Green Party argue that we need to recognise the value of work. People need decent reward for work, that people deserve opportunities, and that jobs need to be secure. There is a need for an end to zero-hours contracts and a Living Wage instead of a poverty wage. Sheffield Green Party want to see the value of work recognised for everybody.

RETAILERS WARNED OF DANGERS OF SELLING TOXIC BOOZE Trading Standards experts are writing to retailers in Sheffield to warn them that the sale of illegal alcohol will not be tolerated. This comes on the back of the Licensing Review held in September, which saw the Spar store on Richmond Road permanently lose its licence after being caught selling this toxic booze. Illicit, or illegal alcohol, is either fake booze that has been produced in counterfeit bottles and has been labelled as a genuine product, or is genuine branded alcohol that has been stolen in bulk and sold on - avoiding paying any tax or duty. These products can con-

tain industrial alcohol and ingredients used to make antifreeze and nail polish remover. Over 2,000 bottles have been seized in Sheffield over the last five months alone, and action has been taken against 15 premises found selling it. . Retailers with a licence to sell alcohol will be targeted and receive an information leaflet letting them know how to spot this dodgy booze, and warning them of the dangers of selling it. The penalties for retailers caught include a fine of up to £5,000, a criminal record and the permanent loss of their alcohol licence. If consumed, this industrial

alcohol can cause severe illness, vomiting, nausea, coma and in some cases blindness. It is not produced to industry standards in many cases, so consumers have no idea of the strength of the alcohol they are consuming. This key information being delivered to retailers will be followed up by visits from Trading Standards to ensure that retailers are taking notice. Anyone with information about who may be producing or selling these illegal goods should contact Crimestoppers in confidence on 0800 555 111.

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Fir Vale Mosque Holds Youth Conference

SSCAT Foundation (Sheffield Sickle Cell & Thalassaemia Foundation) is a unique organisation in Sheffield which aims to provide a culturally, appropriate and accessible service to individuals with Sickle Cell & Thalassaemia disorders, to their Carers, families and communities. The organisation has been in existence since June 1997 and is a voluntary organisation with charitable status. We are based on the Wicker at the SYAC (South Yorkshire African Caribbean) Business Centre. Sickle Cell & Thalassaemia are both genetic blood disorders and are passed on from parent to child when there is a defective gene present in either one or both parents. These disorders are found in all social groups, particularly in people of African Caribbean, Eastern Mediterranean, Indian, Middle Eastern or Pakistani origin or descent. Anyone could be a carrier of Sickle Cell or Thalassaemia without even knowing it exists in the family!!!!!! So Please Get tested… Throughout our work client support remains our top priority. We provide practical and emotional support to individuals living with Sickle Cell & Thalassaemia and their families. We believe taking a whole family approach to the individual’s problems/issues is the best way in dealing with people’s needs. These conditions impact on all the family not only those suffering from the conditions. This approach has proved very effective in supporting the families and enabling them to have a better quality of life.

Support given to Clients and carers includes:-

Building Confidence

Emotional support

Benefit entitlement support

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Advice & Information on the disorders We also deliver support groups where we engage clients with various group activities. We aim to offer sessions that are appropriate to their needs which will help improve their quality of life.

Information & Awareness presentations are available to groups & organisations, health and Non health professionals

If you would like to know more about Sickle Cell and Thalassaemia disorders, the work of SSCAT Foundation or to make a donation:- Please contact Community Development workers Nighat Khan/Coral Jarrett on 0114 2753209. SSCAT(Sheffield Sickle Cell & Thalassaemia Foundation) will be having their “Dorothy Dixon Barrow 9th Annual health Conferance on the Tuesday 22nd of October 2013. Booking is essential. For further information and booking please email or ring 0114 2753209.

The Rising Number Of People Who Sacrifice Sleep To Use Gadgets Burning the midnight oil is a phrase well used for working into the night. But today’s cyber surfers are more likely to be tapping buttons to stay in touch than topping up their livelihood – but it may come at a price. According to a new survey, nine out of ten people are sacrificing a good night’s sleep in order to stay in touch on the internet. More than half of 2,000 people polled said they went online while in bed trying to sleep, and one in five admitted they needed to check their Twitter, Facebook or email accounts because they have a ‘fear of missing out’. Just one in ten described their quality of sleep as ‘good.’ Research has shown the blue light emitted by devices such as mobile phones and tablets mimics daylight and suppresses production of a brain chemical called melatonin, which helps us sleep. As technology to keep us con-

nected improves, we face a new battle with trying to switch off at night. Sufferers should try and avoid using phones, laptops and other screen-based devices for at least an hour before bed. The survey, carried out by Nytol, also found almost half of people

went straight from the couch to bed, less than 15 minutes after switching off the TV, two in five checked e-mails or social media accounts straight before bed, and one in four thought they were addicted to checking emails and social media in bed. Some people say their insomnia

is made worse by not having their mobile phone in their bedroom. They believe our reliance on hand-held technology has grown as it has become more accessible and easier to stay in touch. Smart phones are particularly significant for maintaining constant communication. They give users greater mobility than a laptop and are more likely to be kept in the bedroom than a laptop. If you are finding you are not getting to sleep as you would wish and you are lying awake worrying about things and part of that is because of the things you have been doing through social media or online you need to take action and recognise it is happening to you and create a curfew for yourself for at least an hour winding down before bedtime. If that means switching off your phone or social media do it.

Over 500 members of the Sheffield Muslim community, mainly youth attended the conference entitled “keeping it Real after Ramadan” at Fir Vale’s Jamia Masjid Ghausia. The conference was successfully organised by Zia Khan and Adeeb Chaudry who are the founders of Fir Vale based voluntary group An Nasiha (sincere guidance), the aim of the event was to highlight key issues and to advice the

youth on how to stay focused after the spiritual month of Ramadan and how to keep away from a life of crime, drug abuse and illegal activities, as these are strongly prohibited by the Muslim faith. Inspirational and heart piercing Nasheed’s (songs of praise) were performed by local and Internationally acclaimed artist Ahmad Hussain and a very motivational and informative talk was de-

livered by Imam Asim Hussain, who is also renowned for being one of the youngest Imam’s in the United Kingdom, the event was brilliantly hosted by Hafiz Issarar. Layla Singleton attended the event and had this to say “Thank you for putting on such a wonderful event. The talks from both Ahmad and Imam Asim were refreshing and informative and the Nasheeds were simply beautiful”

British Peer Urges Greater Muslim Unity Britain’s first male Muslim Life Peer has called for strengthening Muslims’ unity based on dialogue during the seventh international meeting of the World Forum for Proximity of Islamic Schools of Thought held in London. Lord Nazir Ahmed, who entered the House of Lords in 1998, called on all Muslims to urge their political leaders to engage in talks and diplomacy to end divisions over such issues as Syria and Bahrain. Ahmed also hailed the role of Muslims in the British society calling on British Muslim leaders to play a more active part in problems facing the British Musdealing with social problems in lims. the country. According to official data reThe Muslim peer touched on in- leased in bits and pieces over creasing crime rates, addiction the past decade including analyand education failure as the key ses of the 2001 census, Muslims

have been one of the most deprived ethnic groups in Britain, in terms of employment level, poverty and social rights. Meanwhile, Ahmed called on the Muslim community in Britain to report to the government’s broadcasting watchdog, Ofcom, the satellite channels that preach anti-Muslim hate and violence. The meeting of the World Forum for Proximity of Islamic Schools of Thought brought together 20 religious and political Muslim figures who discussed the ways to counter sectarianism and supporting Muslim community.

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Sleep: Is About Body As Well As Mind Insomnia often comes down to nutrition. Here are some tips on getting a good night’s rest Stress is often seen as a culprit when you are unable to get a good night’s sleep. But your diet also plays a role in how soundly you sleep. Check your nutrient intake to sleep well.

tal health problems. To get your daily dose of magnesium, eat plenty of dark leafy vegetables, pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds and beans. Rich in magnesium, these foods can be easily incorporated into many dishes.

3. Vitamin D A 2012 study in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine found a strong correlation between excessive daytime sleepiness and vitamin D deficiency. To get a good quantity of vitamin D, step out a bit in early morning sunshine. Take a walk, soak in some sun. Vitamin D is also found in many foods, primarily swordfish, salmon and tuna.

The following vitamins and minerals are required to solve sleep problems.

SPICE AND ALL THINGS NICE Sheffield Bids To Be Curry King?

The heat is on... to have Sheffield named as the Curry Capital of Britain 2013. Chefs and owners from four Sheffield curry houses - who are representing the city in the national competition - gathered with Lord Mayor Coun Vickie Priestley on the Town Hall steps to urge the city’s lovers of good Indian food to vote. Viraaj on Chesterfield Road in Woodseats, Cut-

lers Spice on Leighton Road in Gleadless, Ashoka on Ecclesall Road, and Butlers Balti on the Broad Lane roundabout are all flying the flag for the city. although voting is now closed, the winner of this years Curry Capital of Britain will be announced on 15th October followed by the awards on 27th October.

2. Potassium A 1991 study in the journal Sleep revealed that supplements may be helpful to those who have trouble sleeping through the night. Beans, leafy vegetables and baked potatoes are rich in potassium. Make these foods a part of your regular diet.

1. Magnesium The mineral plays a role in the bodily function that regulates sleep. Insomnia is one of the symptoms of lack of magnesium. A 2006 analysis in the journal Medical Hypothesis suggests that magnesium deficiency might be cause of depression and men-

Leicestershire schools’ flu vaccine contains gelatine A flu vaccination programme at schools in Leicestershire has attracted criticism after it was discovered the vaccine contains pork gelatine. The programme is part of a pilot by NHS England to offer the nasal flu vaccine Fluenz to 70,000 pupils in the region, aged four to 10.

criticized for lack of transparency and openness so parents may make an informed choice in the matter. It follows a lack of confidence in the system following the recent claims of pork in halal

burgers in a Leicester school. NHS health administrators commented that it would be too awkward and time consuming to list all the ingredients in vaccines

Many pupils cannot consume or use animal products for religious reasons, or because they are vegetarian. Health officials have apologised for not informing parents at the outset. The system has been

Number of Smokers Declines in Britain Britain has seen a decline in the number of cigarette smokers with the adult smoking rate dropping in the past nine years, according to a survey report issued by the Office for National Statistics. Figures showed that one in five adults aged 16 or above in Britain were cigarette smokers last year.

smoking has remained largely unchanged. But smoking rates varied by whether people were in employment or not. Unemployed people were twice as likely to smoke as those either in employment or economically inactive such as students or retired people. Over half of unemployed young people aged between 25 and 34 were cigaThe proportion of adults smoking declined rette smokers. to 20 percent in 2012 from 45 percent in 1974 when the lifestyle survey first includ- Also, smoking rates differ by adults' socioed a question about smoking. The survey economic status, with the highest rate fallfound that most of the decline in smoking ing in the routine and manual occupations happened between 1974 and 1994, and such as bar staff and delivery drivers at 33 continued to fall between 1994 and 2007, percent in 2012, and the lowest in managebut at a much slower rate. rial and professional occupations such as acHowever, from 2007 to 2012 the rate of counting and teaching at 14 percent.

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Earthquakes and Islands

We have all heard about the powerful earthquake which has killed at least 328 people and wounded hundreds more in Pakistan’s remote south-west province of Balochistan. The 7.7-magnitude quake struck at a depth of 20km (13 miles) north-east of Awaran. Many houses were flattened and thousands of people have spent the night in the open. After the quake, an island appeared off the coast near the port of Gwadar. People gathered on the beach to see the new island, which is reported to be about 200m (656ft) long, 100m wide and 20m high, and scientists have been sent to survey it. Officials say such land masses have appeared before in the area, and usually disappear again over time. The quake was so powerful it was felt as far away as India’s capital, Delhi, and Dubai. Workers in Karachi had to evacuate their offices because of the strong tremors. Balochistan is Pakistan’s largest but least populated province. The military has a heavy presence in the area because it is fighting a long-running separatist Baloch insurgency, and so its troops were

The region is prone to earthquakes, with at least 35 people killed in a 7.8-magnitude tremor that was centred in south-eastern Iran in April. The sudden appearance of small islands or the rise of previously submerged ocean features is a recognisable occurrence after very big earthquakes. Scientists among the first to respond to the say it appears to be a case of “liqcrisis. uefaction”, where large volumes More than 300,000 people have of previously stable sands and been affected over a total of six muds have been shaken by the districts - Awaran, Kech, Gwadar, quake and oozed up through the Panjgur, Chaghi and Khuzdar. rock. The death toll currently stood at The island that popped up near 328 but it could rise once other Gwadar is the fourth in this reareas are reached. The number gion since 1945, and the third of wounded is reportedly more during the last 15 years. The than 440. The army says it has mounds produced like the one sent more than 200 soldiers, seen at Gwadar do not usually medical teams and tents from stick around long, being eroded the regional capital Quetta. But rapidly. More permanent is the the mountainous terrain and loss wholesale uplift of sea-floor of communications is hampering along coasts that have experithe rescue operation. enced major tremors such as the The affected area is vast, impov- 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake erished and sparsely-populated. and tsunami. Awaran district reportedly has On that occasion, the foreshore around 300,000 residents. Most that had been pulled downwards people live in easily-collapsible in the long build-up to the quake mud homes, and many are feared suddenly thrust back up, lifting to be trapped under the rubble. corals clear of the water. PAKISTAN’S RECENT QUAKES •April 2013: 7.8-magnitude quake in neighbouring Iran causes 35 deaths and widespread damage in Balochistan •Jan 2011: 7.2-magnitude quake in south-west, but struck deep underground so damage was minimal •Oct 2008: 6.4-magnitude quake in Balochistan kills 300 •Oct 2005: Some 73,000 people killed in 7.6-magnitude quake in northern Pakistan and disputed Kashmir region

“State of UK Immigration Law: October 2013” Shabab Hamid LLB (Hons)

Whilst recently circulated news reports indicate that the current UK immigration policies are getting tough on people, we need to ask the following questions: is it really getting tough to enter the United Kingdom? There has been a raft of changes in immigration law, namely, the biggest changes you could say came about in July 2012. For example, the biggest change in law that affected foreign national partners entering the UK to join their British Citizen partners was the introduction of a minimum ‘income’ requirement, i.e. the British Citizen partner needed to earn £18,600 per year in order to satisfy this requirement to ensure the foreign national partner entering the UK would not proceed to claim social benefits. But, what if the British Citizen is a wife and is a full time mother to 3 children & is unable to be gainfully employed with no real money savings, essentially, is unable to be united with her foreign husband as she does not meet the Home Office income requirement. This particular aspect was recent challenged and the High Court ruled that the UK family immigration rules are "onerous... and unjustified" but not ‘unlawful’ and recommended that a minimum salary of £13,000 may

be more appropriate. The implication of this recent guidance case from the High Court resulted in the Home Office lodging an application against this judgement stating that “... The Home Office will continue to put on hold decisions in some spouse/partner and child settlement visa and leave to remain applications until the case is finally determined by the Courts…”. Whether or not a

ity under UK immigration law. My further articles will focus on other avenues to enter into the UK lawfully. Shabab Hamid LLB (Hons) is a Solicitor of the Supreme Court of England & Wales at Freemans Solicitors (London). Rotherham born & bred, he studied at Sheffield Hallam University and completed his Solicitor training course

…..The greatest month of the year!!

ABDUL KHAYUM- Social Commentator Portrayal and Perception! Last week, we saw the results of a poll carried out by BBC Radio1 Newsbeat when 1000 young people (18 – 24 years old) were asked a number of questions. Much was made of the findings that more than a quarter of them do not trust Muslims. 28% said Britain would be better off with fewer Muslims, while 44% said Muslims did not share the same values as the rest of the population. Some 60% thought the British public had a negative image of Muslims. Well surprise, surprise! Of the years of constant negative media coverage on Islam, which has a massive impact on how Islam is perceived by the general public, is it any wonder at all that the BBC Radio 1 poll should come up with these findings? Incidentally, let me pull out another little statistic out of the findings that doesn’t seem to be getting the same level of attention. The poll also suggests that nearly a quarter (23%), almost the same number, blame the media for Islamaphobia in Britain. The British media is fiercely independent (not that anybody is saying it shouldn’t be), it is very powerful, and has a great deal of influence on shaping peoples’ views of Islam. But surely, with this ‘power’ and ‘influence’, there comes a level of responsibility! Many people, of all ages, and in all categories, acquire much of their information from many different media sources, and the internet has


made that information far more accessible, and much more widely available to all, than at any other time in history. Does that then, not put a greater responsibility on all sections of the media to be more impartial and unbiased when reporting on sensitive issues particularly in relation to Islam. Yet, if we were to count the number of times, the words ‘Muslim’ or ‘Islamist’ and ‘Terrorist’ have appeared together side by side in the media, I would be very surprised if it didn’t run into hundreds of thousands, if not millions. No wonder the word ‘Muslim’ has now become almost synonymous with the word ‘Terrorist’. And what of the report submitted to the Leveson inquiry into press standards last year, which concluded there was "a serious and systemic problem of racist, anti-Muslim reporting within sections of the British media". How has the British media been made accountable for such a damning report, and who has taken the responsibility for making the media accountable? The demonisation and negative portrayal of Islam has gone on for too long and its high time that those who have sought to create a perception (having succeeded to a degree), which is totally wrong and wholly unjustified, are made accountable for their actions. One would strongly suggest that this negative portrayal is the one single factor that creates more misconceptions and misunderstandings that lead to greater divisions and tensions within local communities than any other. One only needs to look at the figures from the Metropolitan

Police released in August which suggest that there has been a 61% rise in anti-Muslim crime in London over the past year. No one is telling me that media portrayal has not been a contributory factor to this rise in crime! Yet, in spite of all this almost half the young people are more likely to agree (48%) than disagree (27%) that Islam is a peaceful religion. There are now 2.7 million Muslims in the UK, 4.8% of the total population. A little bit of education would go a long way, to eradicating misconceptions and creating a better understanding of this so misunderstood religion. Our education system can play a vital role in this regard and the National Curriculum should be re-vamped to educate our young people about Islam which is now the second largest religion in the UK, and growing. It is growing not only because of the birth rate amongst Muslims, or new Muslim arrivals, but also because many people are converting to Islam. In 2011 it was reported that the UK had around 100,000 converts to Islam, 40,000 more than in 2001, 66% of them women. In 2011 alone, there were an estimated 5,200 conversions to Islam. There is now a greater need than ever to do all we can as a nation, to create a better understanding of one of the greatest and most peaceful religions of the world. There is a need a make a clear distinction between those who carry out atrocities and barbaric acts of terrorisms in the name of Islam, and true Islam that promotes peace and harmony amongst the whole of humanity, not just amongst Muslims.

Rotherham Council Renews Calls for Standard Cigarette Packaging Rotherham councillors are expressing their concern that the Government is not doing enough to protect children from the harmful influence of glitzy tobacco packaging. In this school term, 288 children in Rotherham will start smoking. By this time next year Rotherham will have 952 new young smokers. Latest research from Australia shows that such a policy works, and that smokers are finding their cigarettes less appealing and are more motivated to quit now they have to buy tobacco that comes in standardised

packaging. Every day 500 children in the UK become smokers, entering into an addiction that will ultimately prove fatal for half of those that continue it long term. Protecting the health of our children is the most important thing we can do, and that is why Rotherham is urging the government to press ahead with this vital piece of legislation. The longer we wait, the more harm tobacco will case to the next generation. Smoking is an addiction that begins in childhood, with twothirds of smokers reporting

that they began to smoke before the age of 18, and almost two fifths before the age of 16. The tobacco industry needs these new smokers as its previous customers quit, become ill or die prematurely. Smoking is the biggest cause of preventable mortality in the UK, resulting in more deaths than the next 6 causes combined. Half of all lifetime smokers will die from a smoking related disease, amounting to more than 100,000 people across the UK every year.


favourable decision will be concluded has yet to be seen. The above information is a general discussion & analysis about recent changes in immigration law. You are advised to seek specific legal advice from an immigration solicitor who can advise you on your specific case and eligibil-

in London, and then worked in a national law firm in Doncaster for 7 years. He is now employed at a leading law firm in central London. Shabab is also the Assistant Treasurer of the Society for Asian Lawyers (London, UK) fighting for the rights of Pakistani/Asian Lawyers in the United Kingdom.

Naz Ali, who works for Bradford Council’s Youth Service, has won the British Cycling Yorkshire and North East region Local Cycling Hero award. The announcement was made on 4 September 2013 by British Cycling. Naz is based at Toller Youth Café, and works both in his own time and as part of his job to promote cycling amongst young people and local communities. Through this work the Youth Service has managed to build up a hub of over 50 bikes – including tandems and adapted cycles

– to persuade people who don’t have wheels of their own to have a go at riding. Naz organises trips in the UK and abroad for young people new to cycling, encouraging them to use it as a way to broaden their horizons. He has also organised numerous events for young people who are not traditionally drawn to cycling including community groups, women and girls, young people with disabilities or behavioural issues, and young people from less privileged backgrounds.

Naz has also worked with these groups to use cycling to change the way people perceive them. Naz said: "I’m delighted to win this award and would like to say a big thank you to every one who has taken the time to vote for me. "I’m passionate about helping under-represented groups get involved in cycling. It’s about fun, freedom and making a difference to your life.

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By: Amar Saleem

ARE YOU LOOKING TO SET UP YOUR OWN BUSINESS Business Development Manager Sheffield Chamber of Commerce Email:

Are You Looking to Set Up Your Own Business? People often ask me the question I am looking to set up my own business what do you recommend should I do? Well quite frankly the answer should lie with you, ask yourself – what do you have a passion for? What do you have experience in? Do you feel there is a market for something? We can then help you set up and develop your ideas in to a viable business model with the help and support that is available for anyone wishing to start a business. Our programme is designed to help you and all our support is free. We deliver three core training sessions - the first one gives you the tools to analyse the viability of your business using market research techniques; examples of the topics covered during the

are -looking at your marketing avenues, identifying who your customers & competitors are through market research, explaining the purpose of writing a business plan and legal structures. The second session teaches you the principles of basic business financial planning for the year ahead including personal survival budget, start-up costs, cash flow forecasts, pricing and financial options. Finally the third session advises you on your legal obligations, registration, Tax and NI Contributions, expenses, allowances and record keeping. This is a must for every new start up business. In addition to these Sheffield Enterprise Programme holds a number information sessions Accountancy This information session will help you understand the role and the services an accountant can provide and top tips for starting up in business - A group discussion session with a local Accountant which explores business structure and finan-

cial planning in detail. The session will cover what to consider when choosing an accountant, services provided and answer questions on financial planning, legal structures and tax. My Story A range of local business people will share their experience of business passing on their expertise and their journey to how they got to where they are today. Some excellent inspirational stories and tips on how you yourself can become a successful business person. Marketing Top tips for marketing your business - The session covers how to put together a winning marketing strategy for your business. The session covers tips and techniques that you can use to grow your business, market to the right target audience and effective marketing tools. Basic Bookkeeping This workshop will cover the basic principles of bookkeeping and explore how having a good system in place can benefit your business. The session will review terminology and show examples

using excel of how to set up your own spread sheet system and keeping on top of everything. Terms and Conditions The session is delivered in conjunction with a local law practice. The session will give a general overview of terms and conditions & contract for a new business but also cover selling goods or products on the internet, protecting your business ideas, brand recognition Using Social Media to promote and market your Business Albion House This session will explore how having a social media strategy can help promote and market your business. We will look at fears and misconceptions, etiquette, how the platforms differ, quick cheats and also look some live feeds of good people and businesses to ‘Follow’ and ‘like’. For more information please call 0800 0435522 or visit http:// business/starting-and-growinga-business/starting-a-business/ taking-the-first-steps

BLITZ ON LITTER LOUTS and Environment Act 2005. •Litter includes (but is not restricted to) smoking waste (cigarette ends) and chewing gum. •Where an offence has been committed, authorised officers can require a person to give their name and address, and it is an offence to fail to give these details or to give false details. •Where an offence is seen, Officers issue a Fixed Penalty Notice giving the offender an opportunity to pay the penalty and close the matter •The Fixed Penalty for Iittering is £75, although Sheffield City Council discounts this to £50 if the penalty is paid within 10 days. •Any Fixed Penalty Notices that are not paid are referred to the Council’s litigation solicitor for prosecution in court. •Businesses must obtain and keep documents relating to the disposal of their waste. •Officers can require the production of these documents, and a failure to do so is an offence •Fly tipping (leaving waste on land without an environmental permit) is an offence which carLittering •Littering is an offence under ries a maximum sentence of 5 Section 87 of the Environmental years imprisonment and £50,00 Protection Act 1990 as amended fine. by the Clean Neighbourhoods Over 50 litter louts found themselves in court after failing to pay their fines. Sheffield City Council’s Environmental Protection Service has prosecuted a record number of litter louts after they were caught dropping litter. In August, 52 cases were heard by Magistrates and each person was convicted. The Council’s Environmental Enforcement Officers working across the city witnessed the offences between February and May this year. Each offender was offered the opportunity to pay a Fixed Penalty, but those that failed to pay were prosecuted in court. The fines and costs awarded in the cases totalled over £8,000. Cllr Jack Scott, Cabinet Member for Environment, Recycling and Streetscene said: “We are pleased that the Court has recognised the damage that littering does in our city, and that those who spoil it should be punished. We will continue to take firm action against offenders.”

108 Fitzwilliam Road Rotherham S65 1PX T: 01709 85 33 55

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MORE PRIMARY SCHOOL PLACES ON CARDS A continued population growth in Sheffield has prompted council leaders to consult on proposals to provide further primary school places so that all children can go to school in their local area. Sheffield City Council leaders are set to discuss consulting on proposals to increase places in five areas of the city – Wybourn, Greystones, Crosspool, Firth Park and Tinsley. A steady growth in the birth rate over the past decade as well as an increase in the number of families moving to live in Sheffield has meant more children coming through into primary schools. Already nearly 2,500 extra places have been created in primary schools across the city and more are needed. Two brand new primary schools are also to be built in Shirecliffe and Fir Vale, opening in 2014, and a new through 2-16 school in Darnall will be operational from September 2015. Each will ultimately provide 60 additional places per year group for primary school pupils, with a total

of 420 additional primary school places at each school. Now the council is proposing to increase places at Wybourn Primary from 45 to 60 per year; make the temporary arrangements at Greystones Primary permanent – with an increase of pupils to 90 per year and increase intake at Hallam Primary for up to 90 pupils per year. These are some areas of the city where growth in the birth rate has been strongest. Other proposals include a possible new primary school for

Firth Park and a replacement school in Tinsley. Tinsley has seen a temporary increase of 15 places per year in previous round of expansions but as the population has remained high the preferred option is to rebuild and expand the current junior and infant school to accommodate the growing population with a permanent addition of 30 places in each group. This would also mean the new school could be sited away from the nearby motorway.

GROW AND LEARN the child can help herself to appropriate books. Make sure your little one is a library member. Let In the last three articles we have her see you reading. Value books thought about how we can nurand stories. ture our infants. Success in raising children is not measured by how much money they earn when they graduate. Surely the big question is, are we helping them to reach their individual potential? I want to add one more big idea to the mix: Good parenting will make sure that we give our children lots of opportunities to learn and grow. Here is the key idea: we feel happy when we are learning and achieving and making new relationships. Mastering new skills, managing new experiences gives confidence. What can you and your spouse do to make sure your children are surrounded by lots of chances to grow and learn. Look around your child’s room, your lounge, your garden. What could you introduce into those environments that will help your child to explore new ideas and experiences?

RISE IN MATHS AND WRITING LEVELS IN ENGLAND More 11-year-olds are reaching the levels expected in maths and writing, but one in four still do not make the grade for each of England's Sats tests. National results show a slight improvement overall, but a small fall in the top grades awarded for reading. Overall, 76% of pupils reached the expected level in each of

the reading, writing and maths tests taken at 11 - up from 75% last year. . In the reading test, 86% made the grade, down one percentage point from last year. And in writing - which is marked by teachers - there was a two percentage point rise to 83%. In maths, there was a one percentage point rise to 85%.

There was a new test this year. This was in spelling, punctuation and grammar and 74% reached the expected level (Level 4). In total, 139,000 pupils failed to reach Level 4 in the new test, the Department for Education said. Girls did better than boys, with 79% reaching the expected Level 4, compared with 69% of boys.

‘Online Tests To Replace Paper Exams Within A Decade’ Traditional exams will die out within a decade in favour of online assessment, predicts a private schools' leader. Pen and paper exams will be a thing of the past by 2023 as technology will have been completely embraced by a generation of teachers who grew up with it. It is predicted that there will be slow migration to e-assessment in high stake exams however the process will be evolutionary in that different subjects are likely to migrate at different times. By 2023, maths, English and science will remain core subjects but technology will permeate education. Instead of written exams, assessment will be carried out in adaptive online

tests where pupils sit exams on computers which analyse their ability and adjust the difficulty of the questions accordingly.

A similar system is already being piloted by the Independent Schools Examination Board for the common entrance tests taken by prep school pupils aged 13

applying to senior school. However the boards warn of substantial technical and financial hurdles before online assess-

ment can become universal - for example ensuring every school has hardware for every candidate and sufficient broadband.

Immediately we think of toys perhaps. It is important to note that some toys are better than others. Noisy, plastic toys with lots of flashing lights satisfy only for a short while so invest in toys and games that are durable and encourage creativity and exploration: Lego, Duplo, Play Mobil characters, Brio trains and tracks, jigsaws and building blocks etc. It is worth spending that bit more on such toys. These will bring a lot of happiness for many years and are a great way for your little one to learn and grow. Try charity shops and car boot sales. Sometimes you can a find a real bargain there. She will explore and learn, shape and colour and number and problem solving as she plays.

“Mummy has some cleaning to do now so I want you to build me a lovely Lego house and I will come in 20 minutes and see what an amazing house you have made.”

Make full use of Parent and Toddler groups and your local Surestart activities. Check out www. There’s lots out there A great way to encourage matur- in Sheffield to help you provide ing is to give your child choices. the best possible start for your From a very early age, you can little ones. help independence and confidence grow as you offer them the chance to choose their socks, or which piece of fruit, or which story or DVD, etc. Where can you take your child to open their eyes to new experiences and new people? Make a list now of free places to take them. Don’t choose play gyms too often! Sheffield has great parks and public spaces that are free and fun. Arrange to meet other families there, then your child will be socializing as well as playing and learning. Nature has so much to offer the curious and active child. So much learning is done when we take our children outside and away from the screen. I saw a poster recently saying “get your child ready for school…help them climb a tree!” it’s true. Allow some risk into their lives. Of course appropriate risk. But how will they ever learn the big lessons of life if we never allow them to learn in the relative safety of our local woods?

Some psychologists have said that children are born with half a brain. In other words, they have natural potential but more is needed. It is our job from birth to give them all the love and nurturing we possibly can. It is so rewarding as you guide them to grow and learn and develop through the stages of maturity to become what they were meant to be. Share your experiences with other parents. Learn from one another. Don’t be ashamed if you cannot provide expensive holidays or toys or clothes. Your child needs your love and attention so much more than those. All the very best and let us know how you get on!

Andy & Judith Stovell are parents of 6 children and work in the community supporting families with pre-school children. They are developing an educaDad: “How can I stop my child tional project –Parwarish- in scribbling on the walls with a Azad Kashmir promoting awareness of the needs of infants and pen?” Teacher: “Have they got paper to how parents can meet those draw on?” Dad: “No!” If we don’t give our children appropriate equipment and tools for learning and exploring, they will find other ways! So make sure you have a box stocked with scrap paper, scissors, glue, pencil crayons, felt tips, old magazines to cut up and stick for your little one to access. Help them learn the appropriate use of equipment and how to tidy away. Teach them to be responsible for the equipment and it will last longer and also instill valuable lessons for life.

At Parwarish, we love to encourage loving books. We cannot stress enough how important it is to surround children with books of all kinds. Reading books to your baby is the perfect way to spend quality time together and your baby will grow up associating reading with the happy, soothing tones of your voice. Don’t feel you always have to enHave a shelf at her level so that tertain your child. Work hard to encourage independent play.

needs. In this series of articles, Andy talks about four big ideas that help our little ones to grow and learn and become happy and confident. Andy & Judith are happy to try and answer any questions you might have. Email questions to: fuzl@

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Could You Help?

When we become affected by life threatening situations, a positive outcome becomes a goal we must often strive to achieve at any cost. This is extremely heartbreaking when tragedy in the form of a life threatening illness hits someone very close to us. One family in particular have a race against time calling for nationwide support to help their own son and maybe help other families in similar situations. The family has a very poorly son with a rare condition called Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). He urgently requires a bone marrow transplant in order to survive. However, no one in the family is a match and therefore the family are searching for a donor. This is proving to be a real challenge as there are very few people of Asian background on the register. The family are urging people of Asian background (Pakistani, Bengali, Indian, Sri Lankan, Mauritian, etc) to register in a bid to find a match for their son.

This is a direct appeal from the family: Assalamu Alaykum brothers and sisters. I wanted to take a few minutes of your time to appeal on behalf of my sick son Rayaan. Up until 8 weeks ago Rayaan was a fit and healthy 6 year old boy, doing all of the fun things that kids of his age do. At the beginning of May he started getting fevers which were constant and continued unabated for two weeks. Over that period, the GP’s kept telling us that everything appeared fine with him, and that he should bounce back. After two full weeks of fevers we took him to A&E where we got the same message of nothing being obviously wrong with him. They took a blood test and immediately realised that Rayaan was very ill as all his blood counts were very low. Initially we suspected leukaemia, but further testing of his bone marrow revealed that it wasn’t. At the end of 3 weeks he was diagnosed with a rare immunodeficiency disease called HLH, which only affects about half a dozen children each year in the UK. By this time he was so ill that he had to be transferred under emergency ambulance to Great Ormond Street ICU, where he remained on a ventilator for a few days. Alhamdulillah he has improved considerably since that time; he is being treated with chemotherapy and steroids but ulti-

mately his disease can only be cured through a bone marrow transplant. None of his immediate family are a donor match and we are therefore searching for an unrelated donor on the British bone marrow registry. This is what this appeal is about today. Only 6% of donors on the registry are from an Asian background, which means that children like Rayaan have a much lower probability of finding a matching donor. Please register as soon as possible to potentially help save my little boy’s life. The 3 websites for registration areas follows; the first one has the simplest process of sending cheek swabs to your home,, http://www.anthonynolan. org/ Registration is simple, and only involves completing a form and having a cheek swab test. If you are a match for a patient, the donation process is relatively simple and pain free; in 90% of cases it is done through a process similar to a blood transfusion. Remember the Quran says that if you save one life it is as if you have saved the whole of humanity. Jazakallah Khair Ghazali & Navida

Legal Corner

Q&A PROPERTY Mohammed Nazir Partner , Head of Property & Immigration Wosskow Brown Solicitors LLP Email: Q : What are English Language requirements for the British Citizenship and Indefinite leave to remain? A. Please note the new requirements will be in place from 28th October 2013. The applicant must have the following qualifications: • passing the life in the UK test; and • having a speaking and listening qualification in English at B1 CEFR or higher, or its equivalent Meaning thereby if you have all other requirements then you can apply before 28th October 2013 and use only one qualification but if you are applying on or after 28th October 2013 then you need to comply with the above qualifications.

A. It is compulsory for applicants who want to enter or remain in the UK as a partner of a British citizen or a person settled in the UK to show they can speak and understand English by taking part in this English Language Test. The person who is taking this test has to demonstrate that he or she can understand the expression of everyday use. They must be able to demonstrate that they have the ability to speak and understand the English language.

Q Can I appeal an immigration code for a refusal of visa? A Yes. You can appear as a sponsor at the Immigration Tribunal and if you are unable to speak English you can ask for an interpreter. The Immigration Tribunal can arrange this for you Q I am applying for my but you would have to contact wife’s visa from Pakistan. Could them before the hearing date so you please advise as to when the same can be arranged. the new English Language Test is Q. Could you please adcompulsory for migrants?

vise as to what the main reasons are for the refusal of visas? A. According to our experience, most visa applications are completed incorrectly and due to this incorrect information provided to the Visa Officers the visas are refused. It is very important that the application should be filled in correctly and that all the information about the applicant and sponsor be provided. Along with this information there should be documentary evidence produced as the Visa Officer has to rely on the application and the documents provided at the time of checking. Therefore we recommend that when you submit your application you make sure that the applicant and the sponsor provides all the documentary evidence about the sponsors, job, family life and all the finance and property details as this will make it easier for the Visa Officer to assess the application.

Concern Over Premature Deaths As Millions Die Early Every person in England loses a week of their life to illnesses which could otherwise be treated successfully – with those living in the north even more likely to die prematurely, new figures have revealed. Conditions such as heart disease, breast cancer, hepatitis C, tuberculosis and asthma claim thousands of lives prematurely across the whole of England, but more often in the north. The data, compiled by the Health and Social Care Information Centre (HSCIC), shows that more than a million years of life are lost unnecessarily every year in cases where effective treatment is available. The mortality figures show a striking north-south divide, with people in southern counties enjoying

far lower rates of premature death than people living in areas such as West Yorkshire or Lancashire. Residents of Surrey and Sussex lose a combined 1,738 years of life per 100,000 people to otherwise treatable conditions, compared to 3,215 years of life lost in the northern city of Bradford, which has the highest rate of premature death. The area with the lowest rate of premature death is Surrey Downs, which covers affluent commuter towns such as Dorking, Leatherhead and Cobham. Here there are 1,414 years of life lost per 100,000 people. The average across England is 2,061 years lost per 100,000. In March this year Mr Hunt announced plans to cut premature deaths from cancer, heart attacks,

strokes, respiratory and liver diseases which the Department of Health say kill more than 150,000 people under the age of 75 every year. The HSCIC figures also showed a marked difference between the premature mortality rates of men and women, with men more likely to die young of a number of treatable conditions, including heart disease and gastric ulcers. Overall, men lose a combined 2,232 years of life per 100,000 compared to 1,891 years for per 100,000 women. The two biggest causes of early death across England are heart disease and cancer, making up around a third of all premature deaths.

Improvement In Baby Survival Rates In Bradford Bradford District’s infant mortality figures show an improvement in survival rates of babies for the fifth year in a row. A new report by Bradford Council’s Director of Public Health show the rate at which babies die before their first birthday is on a downward trend. The figures demonstrate this has been achieved despite an increase in the number of pregnant women with risk factors which may cause poor infant health or, in some cases, death in the first year of life. The meeting will also assess the impact of the Every Baby Matters

Action Plan which has already seen: • Improved access to midwife before 13 weeks of pregnancy • Reduction in the teenage conception rate to below the national average • High vaccination rates for infants • Ongoing specialist genetic inheritance training available for health and social care staff • Investment in increased numbers of Health visitors • Increase take up of healthy start vitamins with over 40 trained Community Champions 60 to 70 babies die each year

across the district and every one is a personal tragedy for that family. Risks associated with child poverty, and a lack of education and good housing have been identified as a risk. In 2004-2006 the Bradford District Infant Mortality Commission reviewed the evidence for and reasons behind why Bradford District experienced one of the highest infant mortality rates in England and Wales . The report provided 10 recommendations that have provided the foundation for subsequent Action Plans, commissioning priorities and health developments.

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UK OFFERS SUPPORT TO PAKISTAN British Home Secretary Theresa May, met the Governor of Punjab, Chaudhry Muhammad Sarwar and the Chief Minister of Punjab, Mian Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif and full support of Britain in addressing bilateral issues including extremism. May said: “This is my third visit to Pakistan as Home Secretary and the ties between our countries feel stronger than ever. I also know that our close cooperation has never been more important. The lives of our citizens are connected through travel and trade, family and culture. There is constant and meaningful contact between our governments, institutions and civil society organisations as well. This is the bedrock of our partnership. “We also share a powerful interest in fighting the extremism and terrorism that

threatens people in both countries. The UK is committed to working jointly with Pakistan to combat the shared threat of terrorism and violent extremism. Increasing the rate of successful terrorist prosecutions forms a central element of UK-Pakistan cooperation. “I want to take this opportunity to reaffirm the UK's commitment to Pakistan’s fight against extremism. Just as our histories are woven together so too will be our future.” The British Home Secretary, accompanied by Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif, also visited the Punjab Forensic Science Agency (PFSA) in Lahore. The PSFA services all of the Punjab’s forensic needs, from crime scene investigation to testing forged cheques for banks.

Understanding The Bradford District A searching report revealing the challenges and opportunities the Bradford district faces was published last month. Entitled Understanding the Bradford District, the in-depth study will help Bradford Council work with partners to identify key issues and help build a collective understanding of the District. It provides an analysis of the population, how the district's education standards measure up nationally, what the skills base is, how the economy is faring and what are the prospects for the future. It also looks at other factors which affect the quality of people's lives such as health outcomes and levels of crime in the district. Key findings for the Bradford district include:

• With a population of 524,600, Bradford is the fourth largest district in England after Birmingham, Leeds and Sheffield. • Bradford's economy is £8.3 billion. Between 2008 and 2011, Bradford's growth was more than twice the regional average and also higher than the UK growth. • Educational attainment is improving year on year with the rate of improvement for achieving five or more good GCSEs at grades A*-C including Maths and English accelerating faster than the national average. • Qualification levels are however still lower than the regional and national averages. • Social work interventions regarding children in need of care and protection has fallen with 345 referrals per 10,000 population

compared to the English average of 533 referrals per 10,000 population. • We have a low proportion of social housing compared to regionally and nationally but 99.9% of the stock meets the Decent Homes standard. • We have maintained consistent levels of resident satisfaction over the last three years the percentage of people who said they were satisfied with their local area has been between 70% and 71%. • Regular volunteering and civic participation are above the national averages demonstrating high levels of active citizenship. • Overall crime levels continue to reduce, particularly burglaries and violent crime.

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15 Page 17

Speaking of the ‘Future’

Billal Jamil is a Speaker, Lead Coach and Director at the Public Speaking Academy. First the mobile telephone, then the internet, then the smart phone….our fast moving world keeps changing. And in this new world there is no longer a future for people who are unable to promote themselves and sell their services and skills. The new economy has transformed and whilst the recession will eventually be shaken off what will not are the number of jobs that went with it (they will not return). New systems, new efficiencies and ways of doing things mean that a significant percentage of the work force is simply not needed. What does that mean to the

man in the street? It means that no longer will you be able to send in a CV, twiddle your thumbs through an interview and start work the next week. What will you need to do? If you hope to find a job, you will need to be dynamic in your presentation of yourself and your skills. You will be competing with many applicants and you have to stand out. If you can’t find a job because there are none, then you will need to offer your skills as a freelancer or consultant and your success will depend on how you can present yourself. One thing is for sure. Shy and retiring isn’t going to do it for you. And it needn’t be so. Presenting yourself in public, or also known as public speaking, can be learnt. This is not a skill that you are born with and that only a rare number of people have. Nobody is born cowering in the corner too shy to speak up. Would you feel comfortable about presenting yourself in a job interview situation or talking to a group of people, where you wanted them to sit up and listen to you and take you seriously? Fortunately Public speaking is a skill that you can acquire. This will be of huge importance to you. You need these skills applying for a job. You need them

when trying to grow your business if there are no jobs available. If you are thinking of starting an internet marketing business, you should include video presentations and podcasts as part of your marketing mix. In fact, there is really no situation in your life where you don’t present yourself and where you don’t need some strong public speaking skills. It’s a misunderstood discipline mostly, as people tend to think of public speaking involving a microphone, huge auditorium and loads of people. Not so. Your public speaking skills are of great use in countless situations. And as formal employment goes out of the window, more and more people will have to rely on their public speaking skills to further their careers and businesses. ABOUT THE AUTHOR Billal Jamil is a professional speaker, Executive coach and lead trainer at The Public Speaking Academy providing tailored public speaking consultancy and Director in the UK Civil Service. E. www.publicspeakingacademy.

Welcome To Our Home People around us and our other relatives refer to our house as a “guest house” because it’s very rare that guests drop in on us sometimes for an indefinite period of time. We don’t have a much space, but we do our best to accommodate anyone who comes esp. from out-of-town. We take seriously our mission statement, “Honour Relationships and share everything you have”. I’m sure we can speak for most, that we face a mixture of feelings when dealing with guests. We try to leave no stone unturned to make guests feel special and welcome. Some of us may be born hosts who like to have people over at home more than usual and some of us may not. But if we remember these words of wisdom we would never grumble at the prospect. If it were not for guests all houses would be graves. ~Kahlil Gibran Here are a few strategies we can share and pass on to our children to encourage them to also be welcoming and courteous Guests can bring guests too. Sometimes your guests bring along a friend or relative. It does provide more work but don’t show discomfort. Intro-

duce yourself and ask for their introduction. This will make your guest feel good as you have behaved well with your guest’s guest. There are no Casual guests. Treat everyone as an invited guest even if they are not. Stand up and greet them with a smile and

most importantly, never send anyone away on an empty stomach. Never let them see you sweat. Don’t make guest feel bad by fretting over how much work you have to do. It would embarrass them when they see you working so hard in the kitchen but they would give you praise nevertheless. Be gentle with their kids. No matter how good you host your

guests but once they get the instinct that you have an aversion to their little brats they would create a bad impression no matter how best you served them. Try to be a bit gentle with their kids even if the reasons for your contempt are sometimes unbearable. Be a listener. People come to your house to meet you not to listen to your activities and accomplishments. In spite of just talking about yourself also give your guest the chance to speak. It’s human nature to listen to others less and wanting others to listen to you more. People will avoid coming to your home if you speak about your daily activities and how best your life is. Although it gets quite tiring to have extra people at home for more than a few hours, but really, we actually love having guests. If we see the positive side of it we will know that it gives us a break from the mundane daily life. So hosting shouldn’t be a pain but something one should enjoy and look forward to. When you are irritated with a lot of guests just remember this one line and feel better, “If it were not for guests all houses would be graves.”

A Rising Star Of Global Health An ingenious wristband has been launched to monitor vital sign in pregnant women in Pakistan. Unheard of here in the UK the wristband monitors the women’s current conditions on a daily basis. The wristband would help women to regularly monitor their vital signs during pregnancy, such as blood pressure, haemoglobin and blood glucose measurement, which is essential to ensure a healthy pregnancy. Women in Pakistan are at risk of maternal mortality and have

to deal with newborn deaths and morbidity, caused by lack of early diagnosis and treatment of high blood pressure, blood glucose, and low haemoglobin during pregnancy. The doctors who developed the idea say the wristbands will revolutionise the time-consuming procedure of testing vital signs. The users can benefit from this innovation by mid-2014. Instead of travelling to health providers or laboratories, the women have to wear wristbands to monitor all the data, but will automati-

cally send the information using information communication technology to health providers. The devices can also be used for monitoring non-communicable diseases, such as diabetes and hypertension and anaemia in the general population. Grand Challenges Canada awarded the team of doctors and engineers who innovated the idea, the “Rising Star in Global Health” for developing the non-invasive and cost-effective wristbands with GSM connectivity.

CHANGES IN UK CITIZENSHIP EXAM Beginning from October 28th this year, there will be two parts to the Knowledge of Language and Life in the UK requirements, both of which must be met by the applicants for settlement and naturalisation unless the individual is exempt, states the Home Office. Applicants will be required to pass the Life in the UK test and have a speaking and listening qualification in English at B1 CEFR or higher, or an equivalent level qualification. The knowledge of language and Life (KOLL) requirement was introduced as a statutory requirement for citizenship applications in 2005. In 2007, the requirement was also introduced for those applying for settlement in the UK, known as Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR). If a per-

son wishes to make the UK their permanent home and to become a British Citizen, it is reasonable to expect them to show amongst other things, that they are committed to learning English and have an understanding of British history, culture and traditions. The KOLL requirement can currently be demonstrated either by taking a test or obtain-

ing and English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) qualification. As per the new KOLL requirement, the normal expectation will be that adults aged 18 or over and applying for settlement, whether as a main applicant or a dependent, will be expected to meet the new KOLL requirement.

DESI BYTES they bring “homemade food fresh daily” to their customers. They deliberately don’t have a big menu. They instead create “a different curry every day” that is carefully selected and freshly prepared. “It takes a few hours to make a good curry”, explained Ash. “You can’t just throw a few spices in a pan”. And as I sampled Gulshan’s Arshad (Ash) and his wife mutton curry I tasted the truth Gulshan make a great team as that he was talking about. This was the most tender mutton curry I have probably ever had. I asked Gulshan what her speciality was. Chapli kebabs, came the answer. So of course I had to try one. Amazing. The spices were bright and fresh and powerful but not overpowerAt first glance, you might think a small curry shop on Abbeydale Rd and the large Arooj Restaurant (which I reviewed in this edition of ILM) have little in common. The common factor is a commitment to desi food. Both establishments believe in home cooked style Asian food and refuse to accept the standard bulk-buy-low-quality stuff that we are getting too used to. That’s why I wanted to draw your attention to the new Desi Bytes curry house at 150 Abbeydale Road, Sharrow.

ing. The meat was superb quality. Excellent. “I’m a fussy man when it comes to food,” confessed Ash. “If something’s not right, then I won’t eat it. I’ll throw it away. Even if it’s my wife’s food!” With that, I was confident that Desi Bytes had high standards. Call Ash and book in a party: 0752394550. Name your favourite curries and they will prepare them just for you. Or just drop by and enjoy a lunchtime bite. I’ll see you in there one day. I live locally! Review by Andy Stovell

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100 Days Of Nawaz Government Mr Khan, local businessman, the owner partner of Mangla Restaurant in Sheffield meets senior member of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf on her visit to Sheffield UK at Arooj Restaurant

Hajj Pilgrims warned to Get Meningitis Jab Muslim pilgrims heading to Hajj this month are being urged to check they have had their meningitis jab. Vaccination is a visa requirement for all travellers, who must have a certificate showing that they have been vaccinated at least 10 days before leaving for Saudi Arabia, but no more than three years before arrival. Meningitis and septicaemia can kill in hours so it’s vital that pilgrims protect themselves by getting vaccinated and check that they are up to date. Many people aren’t aware that vaccines only protect against some kinds of meningitis so it is also important to know the symptoms and get medical help as soon as possible if they suspect someone is ill as swift action saves lives.

How to change the world? By Mehek Fatima Syed 9 year old girl The world today is definitely not perfect. Hunger, abuse, poverty, pollution and other dangers are all too common. but that is no excuse to not try to make it as good a place as you can. You can help to create a better world for the future. If we work together we can become a better place. This being are world we should respect and take care of it no matter what.

Pakistan Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif received 62 percent approval of the masses across the country for his performance during his first 100 days in office. The poll, conducted by the Pakistan Institute of Legislative Development and Transparency (PILDAT), is a performance-tracker of the new federal government led by the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N). Sharif's policy of seeking harmony with state institutions and provincial governments was given the highest rating, according to the survey report released

Sep 15, observed as International Day of Democracy. With the change of government on June 5, after the May 11 elections, more people (44 percent) are optimistic about the government's ability to address current issues, the survey said. The Punjab government got the best rating out of the four provincial governments while the Sindh government was given the poorest rating. According to the survey, 46 percent of the people gave a "good" rating to the Sharif government in dealing with terrorism, while 52 percent gave it a "positive" rating for coping with

the electricity shortage. On key foreign policy issues, including relations with the US, China and India, the government was given a 57 percent positive rating. It also got a 59 percent positive rating on harmonious relations with opposition parties in parliament. For maintaining harmony with the armed forces, the government received a 58 percent positive rating. Likewise, 54 percent of the people gave positive performance rating to the government in dealing with corruption.

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THE GREAT BRITISH HIGH STREET DEBATE Mohammed Mahroof BSc (Hons) MRICS Consultant Mark Jenkinson & Son

In the last few years there has been a debate raging in the property world about High Streets and principal shopping areas. The questions being asked are – will it survive, do we need it? And many more. Before we go any further, we need to define what constitutes a High Street. A High Street is traditionally the main street in an area or city, synonymous with retail and commerce. In fact, in the USA it is referred to as the Main Street, in India and Pakistan and the Middle East it is referred to as the bazaar. Generally throughout history such an area or street has existed where traders and markets were established.

able with this mode of trading. 2 Out of Town Shopping Centres Most towns and cities are now within easy commuting distances of major shopping centres. A trend which is worldwide, they are clean, attractive, dry and have large parking areas. Generally speaking, they have become social hubs as shopping has become more a leisure activity than a chore.

As you walk along your High Street, whether it is local or central, what do you see? The answer is generally empty shops. The occupiers that are left are charity shops, betting shops, small sole traders (although becoming small in number) and sometimes popup shops. What do we need to do to keep the hundreds of years of history of the High Street alive? There have been many

3 Choice

The internet has given the consumer a wide range of choices and traders. One is now able to buy goods and services from suppliers throughout the A local High Street can have world which are delivered to a small shopping area with a your door within a few days. Post Office or other essential services. Whilst larger centres are often referred to as the city centre. Whichever way you look at it, we have grown up with such areas for hundreds of years, and I am sure their survival has been debated in the past and will be so in 4 Consumers the future. Let's now talk about why we believe the High Street will not survive. The following are generally given as the reasons. 1 Internet Shopping Many consumers are now shopping, banking and trading on-line. Clearly this has had an impact on the High Street and will continue to do so as people become more comfort-

an area. It is in the mutual business interest to develop and define an area thereby attracting people from all over the country and the world.

I do not have a panacea for the demise of the High Street but what is for sure is that our High Streets still have a role to play in society. The new High Street needs the following ingredients. This is not exhaustive list but the beginning of a debate which we all have an opinion on.

4 Statutory Bodies

2 Cafe Culture Eating out is another service which has been popular on the High Street for generations. Look at the street cafe culture in Paris, Rome, Marrakesh, London, Bradford, Ecclesall Road in Sheffield , the Curry Mile and Chinatown in Manchester. The list is endless. People enjoy such areas and return time and time again. You will all have memories and experiences of such areas. The High Street is a natural area for the growth of such attractions. Consumers have more flexibility in terms of access to transport, which means they are able to travel far and wide. So let the High Street, the bazaar and traditional market place become havens of culinary delight and attraction.

attempts and interventions by Specialist Independent central and local government. 1 I will let you be the judge of Traders their success. There is a re-emergence of the People generally talk about traditional butcher, fishmonthe buzz of the historical High ger, baker, ironmonger and Street as a place of gathering, many more traditional conNewer generations are be- socialising, general human in- sumer needs products which coming much more used teraction as an identity of an are making a comeback on our streets. to conducting their affairs area. through the internet. Young people are much more like to I believe this is a phase and Then there are specialist shop on-line than the over- the High Street will re-emerge shops selling niche goods such 50s. Consumers want more stronger. Why? People still en- as high-end clothing, shoes, choice, cheaper products, all joy the attraction of the bazaar, perfumeries and other such the market, the banter of trad- products. Traders are returnwhich are offered on-line. ing. Look at Asian and Middle ing slowly to the High Street. 3 Promoting the High Street The one over-riding considera- Eastern bazaars, people go on An example of this can be tion of shopping on-line is, it is holiday to enjoy the tradition found in most cities. In Shef- It is incumbant on traders to of bustling centers which have field, take a look at Ecclesall work together and promote open whenever you want it.

ST MARY’S HAND CAR WASH 120 St Mary’s Road Sheffield, S2 4AW (Near Train Station)

existed for thousands of years. Road and Sharrowvale Road. For example, Djemma al Fanaa Square in Morocco. There are many other such examples throughout the world.

Statutory bodies are a very important body of people who can give leadership to areas through re-invention and promotion. They need to be relaxed and allow a market-led re-emergence of an area and it will happen. Look at Spital Hill in Sheffield where new businesses and eating houses are developing. It is developing a unique atmosphere. Look at Great Horton Road in Bradford. Many people visit the area for specialist fabric shopping and eating experiences. Wilmslow Road in Manchester where people visit from inside and outside of Manchester for food and specialist shopping. London has many such areas – Green Lane, Southall, Wembley. Birmingham has Stafford Road, Ladypool Road, Handsworth. Again shopping experiences. The list is endless. In conclusion, the High Street is changing not dying. From a professional point of view we have seen a significant increase in demand for units where traders are seeing potential for new businesses. Let us say long live the High Street, bazaar, market or whatever other name is used to describe such areas.


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THE PLACE TO BE... As a lover of good curries and especially authentic apna style Asian food, I was delighted to have the chance to eat at the Arooj Restaurant on Attercliffe Rd, Sheffield this week. Newly opened, the Arooj Restaurant next to the Arooj Wedding Hall is a feast for the eyes. On entering, one is immediately struck by the modern lavish décor and grandiose lighting. But if you are someone that appreciates the more humble curry house with its simplicity and good honest food and, like me, are a bit dubious maybe when faced with luxury, fearing that the food will not match the surroundings, then I have to say, do not be in any doubt whatsoever. Arooj serves the most excellent, high quality food. The service was personal, pro-


cover almost any request you might have. There is a halal Chinese section too (the fullest range of halal Chinese in South Yorkshire), but we went for Asian. We ordered four dishes which were generous in size and presented quickly. The Lahori fish (starter) was excellent. I would definitely order this again. The level of spices was perfect. The quality of the fish – outstanding. The Lahori Chenna was not quite what I expected. The chenna was cooked perfectly, but the sauce was a little too peppery for my taste. The Achar Ghosht was again outstanding. Tender meat, aromatic flavours with a zing that more than satisfied my taste buds. A great choice. Onto the food! The menu is extensive and can My favourite though would have fessional but not pushy. Mr Sajid Hussain, personally ensures that his guests are made to feel very welcome. There were a few touches that I particularly liked: The family booths with high backed seats (8 feet high!) seating up to 8 people were nicely done. Especially good were the two ‘floor booths’ seating about 10 people which were private, fun and stylish. The toilets were pristine (always a good sign I feel). The kitchen is on display as you eat and is clean and well ordered. Chefs are friendly and willing to chat about their food. Asian background music is pleasant and not obtrusive.

to be the daal chicken. Succulent chicken marinated perfectly in a sweet and not too spicy sauce. I was sad to see that dish empty! We arrived early so parking was not a problem, but I can imagine that there might be shortage of space later in the evening. A helpful car park attendant helped us manoeuvre out as we left.

makes Arooj Restaurant a place you will want to visit again and again. As the evening went on, we felt that Sheffield has begun to arrive as far as high quality Asian restaurants are concerned. I am already planning my next trip. Definitely in one of their floor booths!

Review by Andy Stovell Arooj Restaurant 286 Attercliffe Rd S4 7WZ 0114 27577786 WWW.AROOJRESTAURANTANDSWEETS.CO.UK

Does Arooj have a buffet evening? Interestingly Sajid the owner is opting to keep the food at a very high standard so is resisting the call to offer a buffet. A good choice we feel. Soon, the sweets side of the business will be open and a pleasant café area in the extensive foyer serving snacks and drinks for lunch times. The food, the ambience, the service, the whole experience

10 Controversial Ingredients Found In Coca-Cola Coca-Cola has been at the centre of controversy ever since the fizzy drink first graced the shelves. Myths and rumours are abound about the ingredients used to make Coke. While some of this is either unproven, or blown out of proportion, many of these stories are quite true, and quite disturbing. Let’s take a look at 10 of the most controversial ingredients/ contaminants found in Coca-Cola and analyze what scientific studies reveal. This is not so much to scare you into pouring all of your Coke down the toilet, but more to encourage you to inform yourself about what you are drinking. 10. Alcohol According to research carried out by the French National Institute for Consumer Affairs, more than half of well-known colas contain tiny traces of booze. Don’t worry though; you would have to drink something like 13,000 cans of the stuff to even come close to being legally drunk. Scientists tested 19 different brands and discovered levels of alcohol as low as 10 mg/litre. As expected, the French study sparked quite a controversy, and divided the Muslim community into pro- and anti-Coca-Cola campaigners. While some Muslims believe that it is irrelevant if the product contains 0.001% alcohol or 100% – it is haram either way – others find it acceptable, since small traces of alcohol can be found in a lot of things, including many fruit-based products. 9. Citric Acid Manufacturers commonly use citric acid as a preservative and flavour enhancer. However, contrary to what you might expect, 99% of the citric acid added to drinks and foods does not come from citrus fruits. Extracting citric acid from lemons, limes, oranges, and grapefruits is far too expensive for the corporations. And so we get the artificial stuff that you consume every time you sip your Coke. However, any concerns that the citric acid in Coke is bad for you is both erroneous and the result of an undeserved bad reputation. Basically, a study in the British Dental Journal claimed to find a strong link between carbonated beverages and tooth erosion. Consuming at least four glasses of carbonated soft drinks a day was associated with a 252% higher risk of tooth problems in 12-year-olds, and a 513% higher risk in 14-year-old children. This is almost certainly not tak-

ing other factors into account, as Coca Cola has a pH of 2.525 (Diet Coke has 3.289,) and while battery acid (an actual corrosive) has a pH very close to 1. In short, citric acid is a very weak acid, and comparing it to something truly destructive has nothing to do with reality. And now we get into more harmful territory …

dated mercury cell technology are used in the production of HFCS. The good news is that mercury-contaminated HFCS is a completely avoidable problem, since mercury-free versions of the two reagents are available.

6. Sodium Benzoate Manufacturers commonly use sodium benzoate as a preservative, and 8. Phosphoric Acid you can find it in carbonated drinks, Phosphoric acid – also known as or- pickles, soy sauce, dressings, jams and thophosphoric acid – is used as an fruit juices, cosmetics, medicines, and acidifying agent to add tartness to so on. The International Programme cola. This, comon Chemical Safety, bined with the and other regulahuge amounts tory bodies, found of high frucno adverse effects in tose corn syrup humans at doses of mixed in, both 650 to 830 mg. per mask and balday. The effects of ance the acidity higher amounts are of carbonated drinks. A study was published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, unknown, which provides reasonable evidence but alto support the association between m o s t consumption of cola and lower bone certainly density. Some studies claim that bad, judgphosphoric acid lowers the levels of ing by the calcium. Moreover, a team of scien- increased tists from the US National Institutes o b e s i t y of Health has found that drinking rates all two or more colas a day doubles the over the risk of kidney stones. Now, Coca- w o r l d . Cola contains various acids but as we Sodium benzoate does not occur discussed earlier, none are potent naturally in foods and drinks. Manuenough to dissolve a nail, tooth or facturers try to confuse consumers penny in four days. by masking these preservatives with labels that say antimicrobial nutri7. Mercury ents. If processed foods are not part The Institute for Agriculture and of your daily diet, there are no risks, Trade Policy has discovered that 9 but let’s be honest, it is. We all know of 20 tested samples of commercial what an integral part of the modern high-fructose corn syrup were con- lifestyle processed, convenient foods taminated with mercury. The Institute are. Coca-Cola is in the process of also found that 55 kid-friendly foods phasing out the controversial additive and soft drinks contained total mer- in the UK, due to consumer pressure, cury, which is any combination of in- but fruit-juice based products will still organic, organic or metallic mercury. contain it. As you can see, there are plenty of products with higher mercury levels 5. Benzene than Coke, but the level is still fairly Benzene is a natural constituent high: of crude oil, gasoline, and tobacco If you are asking yourself how the smoke, and has been classified as a heck mercury would have gotten class A human carcinogen. Does that into high-fructose corn syrup, here’s sound like something you want in a possible answer: mercury-grade your soft drink? Probably not. caustic soda and hydrochloric acid Research scientists described the are primarily used to separate corn exact chemical reaction that takes starch from the corn kernel, and to place between ascorbic acid (Vitaadjust the pH level of the process. The min C) and sodium benzene to form contamination seems to occur when benzene. The groundbreaking remercury-grade caustic soda and out- search appeared in the early ‘90s in

the Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry. In 2005, the FDA found that 10 samples of soft drinks out of 200 contained benzene levels over 5 parts per billion, which is above the legal limit. All 10 soft drinks have either been reformulated to meet standards, or just plain taken off the market. The next year, the FDA released preliminary results for 100 soft drinks. Most of them contained legal levels of benzene, but four products exceeded 5 ppb. Two of the drinks contained benzene 18 times higher than permissible. According to studies conducted by the Environmental Working Group, there are about 5 and 138 PPB of benzene in Coca-Cola. And, as the American Petroleum Institute stated, “It is generally considered that the only abs o l u te l y safe concentration for benzene is zero.” Drink up! 4 . 4-methylimidazole

(4-MEI) 4-methylimidazole is a by-product that occurs in caramel colouring, and may also be formed in the cooking, roasting, broiling, grilling or other processing of some foods and beverages. The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences has identified the carcinogenic 2-and 4-methylimidazole as undesirable byproducts in many foods, and no limits are currently set on the quantities of caramel colouring used in foods and beverages. The roughly 130 mg of 4-methylimidazole in a 12-ounce cola is four times higher than the NSRL-recommended limits. Coca-Cola has agreed to change, in some states anyway, the manufacturing process. Mainly because not doing so would have forced them to put a cancer warning on the label, and nobody needs that kind of publicity. It is, quite frankly, disturbing how companies get away with marketing

caramel-colored products as natural. From the legal point of view, the International Food and Agriculture Organization’s Codex Alimentarius does not have a standard for natural foods because it does not recognize the term natural (probably because literally anything can be deemed something as vague as “natural.”) Perhaps it’s time to crack down on this. 3. Aspartame Aspartame is a low-calorie artificial sweetener, about 200 times sweeter than sugar. It is added to weight control products, soft drinks, yogurt, cereal, chewing gum, cooking sauces, desserts, sweets, etc. Of course, just because its popular, doesn’t mean it’s good for you. Diet Coke contains about 180 milligrams of aspartame per 8.3-ounce serving. The bitter truth is that weight control products ruin the body’s ability to count calories. Artificial sweeteners like aspartame, when combined with said diet product, mess up the brain’s chemistry and stimulate appetite. Result: more eating, and more weight gain. In addition, the Ramazzini Foundation released a three-year study confirming the link between aspartame and leukemia. The researchers have concluded that even a low dose (20 milligrams of aspartame per kilogram of body weight) increases the development of lymphomas, leukemia, and uritogenital tumors in rats. By the way, 50 milligrams per kilo represents the current daily acceptable dose of aspartame. Board-certified neurologists, prominent geneticists, cardiologists, biochemists, histologists and toxicologists from different corners of the world have all drawn the same conclusion: aspartame is an addictive carcinogenic neurotoxin and teratogen, and while it may be a great biochemical warfare agent, as previously classified by the Pentagon, it should certainly be kept out of our Coke. And anything else we consume, really.

mimics estrogen, binding to the same receptors in a body as natural female hormones do. Bisphenol A is also used to make polycarbonate plastics and line tin cans. And yes, it’s in Coke. Canada became the first jurisdiction in the world to declare BPA a toxic substance and the French Senate unanimously decided to suspend from January 2015 the manufacture, import and export of all food and beverage containers which include the synthetic hormone. The World Health Organization said there was “very strong evidence” in animals that endocrine-disrupting chemicals like BPA can interfere with thyroid hormones. This dangerous interaction could cause brain damage, autism, decrease intelligence and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. In addition, various studies have linked BPA exposure to obesity, neurological issues, breast cancer, prostate cancer, DNA methylation, reproductive system malfunctions, and birth defects. Coca-Cola is under a lot of pressure to do something about this, after 26% of its shareholders demanded more information on how the company is addressing the risk of BPA. Thus far, they’ve rejected the call.

1. High Fructose Corn Syrup High fructose corn syrup was introduced to the American market in 1967, and its consumption has exploded ever since. It is the main ingredient in Coca Cola, with over 18 cubes of the stuff per litre. This is … not a good thing. Food safety agencies from all over the world classified high fructose corn syrup as safe, and no different from regular old cane sugar. Problem is, both HFCS and cane sugar can be dangerous, especially when consumed in high doses (which Coca-Cola’s marketing team obviously wants to be the case.) A research team from Princeton University has demonstrated that the long-term consumption of HFCS leads to weight gain, abnormal increases in body fat, and a rise in triglycerides. These are well-known risk factors for diabetes, cancer, high blood pressure, and coronary artery disease. To preserve the health of its people, Venezuela banned Coca-Cola because the so-called “liquid candy” was simply too unhealthy. As delicious and refreshing as Coke can be, perhaps 2. Bisphenol A Bisphenol A (BPA) is described as a it’s time other nations considered the gender-bending chemical because it same.

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Personal Injury No Charges Win or Lose 100 % Compensation Speedy Settlements

Rotherham Branch 11 Mansfield Road Rotherham S60 2DR

01709368603 Greater Manchester Branch 298 Lees Road Oldham OL4 1NZ ADVOCATING YOUR RIGHTS

This firm is authorised and regulated by the solicitors re g u l a t i o n a u t h o r i t y

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For A Reliable, Professional & Dedicated Quality Legal Service

Our professional legal team provides solutions for your legal issues:

• • • • • • • • •

Conveyancing - Residential & Commercial (Sale, Purchase, Mortgage & Re-mortgage) Civil & Commercial Litigation Wills, Trusts & Probate Insolvency Employment Law Immigration Law Family Law Personal Injury Power of Attorney & Administration of Oaths

Benefits of using Wosskow Brown Solicitors

• • • • •

Shariah Compliant Islamic Wills Competitive Rates Personal Injury - You Keep Maximum Compensation Multilingual Staff (Urdu, Punjabi & Kashmiri Spoken) Free Parking


0114 256 1560 or email

visit us online

Head Office

620 Attercliffe Road, Sheffield S9 3QS

Gleadless Office

859 Gleadless Road, Sheffield S12 2LG

Abbeydale Office

294 Abbeydale Road, Sheffield S7 1FL

Barnsley Office

31 Regent Street, Barnsley S70 2HJ

Our firms is authorised and regulated by the Solicitors Regulation Authority

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For A Reliable, Professional & Dedicated Quality Legal Service

0114 256 1560


visit us online or email Page 46



ATI0114TYRES 2618 979 0797 140 6145 0796 623 4907 Opening Times: Monday - Friday 9:30am - 5:00pm Saturday 9:30am - 4.00pm SUNDAY CLOSED

0786 0624 786 / 0753 8833 786 0114 327 0504



AAgrAh LeopoLd SquAre

A la carte restaurant

Sophisticated Fine Dining, Effortlessly Charming Serving Award Winning Kashmiri Cuisine Opening times: Mon-Thu 5:30pm-11:30pm, Fri & Sat 5:30pm - 12 midnight, Sun 4:30pm - 10:30pm

UK’s largest chain of Kashmiri Restaurants with 16 branches

Leopold Square, Leopold Street, Sheffield, S1 2JG

Tel. 0114 2795577 ·

October edition 2013  


October edition 2013