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Aagrah Leopold Square, Unit 1 Leopold Square, Leopold Street, Sheffield, S1 2JG. Tel. 0114 2795577 Open: Mon-Thurs 5.30pm – 11.30pm · Fri- Sat 5.30-12 midnight · Sun 4.30-10.30pm Aagrah Crystal Peaks, 200 Waterthorpe Greenway, Crystal Peaks, Sheffield, S20 8LY, UK Tel: 0114 248 2049 Open: A LA CARTE & TAKEAWAY: Mon-Sat: 5:30pm - 11:30pm & Sun: 4:30pm - 10:30pm BUFFET: Mon-Sat: 5:30pm - 10:00pm & Sun: 4:30pm - 9:30pm Takeaway service available. *TERMS AND CONDITIONS Above promotions not valid on takeaways or throughout December. Not valid in conjunction with any other offer. Please contact the branch to check availability of these offers prior to coming to the restaurant.


Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif is to undergo open heart surgery in London as we go to print. His second major cardiac medical procedure in five years - well wishers have been holding special prayers for the procedure to go well and for a quick recovery. The 66-year-old premier is expected to stay in hospital for around a week after the procedure to recover before travelling home. The details of the operation were not given, but in a series of tweets, Maryam Nawaz Sharif said her father had been experiencing unspecified symptoms. “Due to certain recent symptoms, doctors made further investigations… The team of cardiologists and cardiac surgeons after thorough examination scans and tests have decided to go for an open heart surgery,” she tweeted late Friday. “PM in 2011 had a cardiac procedure called ‘Atrial Fibrillation Ablation’, during which certain complications occurred resulting in perforation of heart which was in turn treated by open heart surgery,” she added. “The recovery period and hospital stay will be one week and he will travel Insha’Allah (God willing)


Remain or Leave Page 4

back to Pak as soon as the doctors allow. Prayers needed. ”The officials said Sharif was paying all expenses from his own pocket and “none of the state expenditures are involved”. “In London, the prime minister is overseeing the affairs of the state as he is duly assisted by his principal secretary, military secretary and other staff members,” a statement issued by his office in Islamabad said. “The prime minister is kept abreast on routine matters of the country and his directions are accordingly conveyed to the concerned quarters”. He is in constant contact with his ministers with no postponements or delays in the matters pertaining to the routine functioning of the state, the statement added. Nawaz Sharif has been under pressure since the so-called Panama Papers linked his family to a series of offshore companies. His last public statements were on Sunday, after the U.S. drone strike that killed Afghan Taliban leader Mullah Akhtar Mansour in the Pakistani province of Baluchistan, an attack Sharif condemned as a violation of Pakistan’s sovereignty

SHEFFIELD IS THE Ethnic Minorities LUCKIESTPLACETO Could Hold Key To Britain's EU Vote LIVE IN THE NORTH The Sheffield postcode has made it onto the National Lottery's rich list after 19 millionaires were created in the area in the last two years. Sheffield now ranks third out of the 121 postcodes across the country for creating the most National Lottery millionaires during this period. In addition to the millionaires, 51 people have also won major prizes worth £50,000 or more equating to more than two National Lottery winners being created every month

Britain's ethnic minorities could hold the key to deciding the outcome to the June 23 referendum on membership of the European Union, with non-white voters strongly in support of staying in the bloc, according to a survey. However, ethnic minority groups are far less likely to vote, according to the findings by the British Election Study which were reported by Channel 4 News. Channel 4 said the full results of the British Election Study survey would be published soon. The survey of more than 22,000 Britons between April 14 and May 4 found that white voters were divided evenly on the issue but opinion among ethnic minority groups was split by 2 to 1 in favour of staying in the 28-nation bloc, putting the "remain" camp ahead by 43 percent to 40.5 percent. However, once the results were filtered to only include those very likely to vote, the result changed to 45 percent backing an exit and 44.5 percent wanting to stay. That was because 80 percent of white voters were certain to vote compared with only 57 percent of Indian or Black Caribbean voters. Other opinion polls have given a very mixed picture, with telephone surveys giving a comfortable lead to the "remain" camp and online polls suggesting the result is too close to call. Last week Operation Black Vote, a campaign organisation which encourages BME people to register to vote, attracted attention for its provocative image of a woman wearing a sari facing a hostile white voter on a see-saw, accompanied by the message "a vote is a vote". OBV director Simon Wooley said: "Both camps, 'In and Out', have at times descended into gutter politics demonising people from the immigrant population and those who hold a different religion. "Our ad reflects the toxic nature of this anti-ethnic sentiment back onto the politicians that are creating it. "The BAME (Black, Asian and minority ethnic) community is completely alienated and disenfranchised," Mr Wooley added.

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Sheffield School Gains Top Ranking A Sheffield school has defied the odds by being ranked in the top 10 per cent nationally – despite most pupils speaking English as a foreign language. Staff and pupils at Lowfield Primary School on London Road say


4 Thorp Close Sheffield, S2 4SL


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Fly-Tippers Face £400 OnThe-Spot Fines As Councils Gain New Powers Councils have been given new powers to tackle Britain’s growing fly-tipping problem. Fixed penalty notices can be issued by enforcement officers for small-scale offences such as dumping pieces of broken furniture, old televisions or mattresses. Unsightly and anti-social, fly-tipping has become a menace to local councils and their budgets - and the Local Government Association is hopeful the new rules will help address the problem. Government figures suggest councils are dealing with around 900,000 fly-tipping incidents annually, an increase of almost 6% between 2013/14 and 2014/15. It is also expensive to clean up, costing nearly £50m in England alone. Not only does fly-tipping create an eyesore for residents, it is also a serious public health risk, creating pollution and attracting rats and other vermin. “That’s all taxpayers’ money,” says a councillor for Croydon in south London. “That could all be spent on more worthwhile things like schools and local services that people depend on. Our streets aren’t refuse sites, it’s all about people acting responsibly and if they acted responsibly we could use that money in a better way." Critics will ask whether the new powers go far enough, and may call for tougher penalties. But the LGA says it is a step in the right direction, as the fines are likely to discourage minor offences. To tackle big-scale dumping, often caused by an underground business of rubbish collection, a more aggressive cleanup may be needed.

they are ‘delighted’ at the accolade, which recognises their exceptional performance in 2015. Pupils’ progress in reading, writing and maths is among the top 10 per cent in the country. The exceptional performance comes despite the school having 88 per cent of pupils speaking English as a foreign language. Headteacher Mr Holder said the school has an ‘inspiring and dedicated’ staff team which gives extra attention to children a long way behind. The school also has many pioneering initiatives, including English lessons for parents. Mr Holder said: “There are 33 different languages spoken in our school and 88 per cent of pupils speak English as a foreign language. Many children speak two-or-three different languages. “It’s fantastic because the pupils here are so accepting and welcoming. Children don’t see skin colour or religion – just other children. “We are diverse, integrated and extremely proud to be recognised for the great school we are.” Data shows the school has enabled children to make progress in reading, writing and maths which is significantly higher than the national average at Key Stage Two.

Doctors Push For Promotion Of E-Cigarettes Electronic cigarettes should be widely promoted to help smokers quit, leading doctors have said. They pose substantially less harm than tobacco and could make “a major contribution” to cutting deaths and disease among smokers, the Royal College of Physicians claims. E-cigs might carry some longer-term risks, the RCP said, but it waved aside the “increasingly common misconception” they were just as dangerous as tobacco. The report also dismissed suggestions they were a gateway to smoking or normalised the habit. Smokers should be reassured that these products can help them quit all tobacco use forever. The findings come after the college looked into the science, public policy, regulation and ethics surrounding e-cigarettes. It concluded some regulation was needed but not so as to inhibit their development and promotion as a sensible alternative to smoking. With careful management and proportionate regulation, harm reduction provides an opportunity to improve the lives of millions of people. It is an opportunity that, with care, we should take. The report was backed by Cancer Research and Public Health England,

although some experts said more research was still needed into the effects of e-cigs. Tobacco kills more than 100,000 people in the UK every year, we should grasp every opportunity to encourage as many people as possible to stop smoking for good.

WHATS ON YOUR PLATE? FOOD ALLERGIES CAN BE FATAL Sheffield Trading Standards are reminding local food businesses that they must know and make clear what’s in the food they are serving. Sheffield Trading Standards Officers recently visited 29 premises to make sure they were complying with the regulations brought into force in December 2014 by the Food Standards Agency. 45% of these premises were found to be fully complying with the legislation, however 10% were not complying at all. In many cases the notice telling customers that they could ask about allergens was not displayed or was in the wrong place, and many did not have information about which allergens were in the foods they sold. Changes in December 2014 to food labelling legislation mean that food outlets need to inform customers, if asked, when any of 14 specific allergenic ingredients including peanuts, egg and milk, are in the food they make or serve. Food businesses have flexibility in how they provide allergy information. This can be communicated verbally through explanations by staff or signposted to where or how more information can be found on menus or in additional leaflets.

or death, businesses who continue to ignore the law could face legal action by Trading Standards and or the police. “We would like to hear from any members of the public who think that they have visited a business that isn’t compliant with the regulations. “There really is no excuse now as advice on how to comply is freely available”. Easy-to-understand information and downloadable resources are available on the FSA’s to help businesses with these rules. Businesses can also get in touch with Sheffield Trading Standards at trading.standards@ The top 14 allergens are peanuts, tree nuts, milk, and cereals containing gluten, eggs, crustaceans, molluscs, fish, soya, sesame, sulphur dioxide/sulphites, celery, mustard and lupin.

The primary cause of food allergy deaths in the UK is due to allergic reactions caused when food is prepared and consumed outside of the home where allergenic ingredients have been used and not declared. Around a third of those with a food allergy have suffered a reaction in the last year when eating out of the home. The vast majority of these took place in a restaurant or cafe, with 9% being a result of takeaway food. Bryan Lodge, Sheffield Cabinet Member for Environment said “Due to the risk of a serious allergic reaction

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ices should be welcome. The deadline for registration to vote is 7th June, and takes 5 minutes on register-to-vote.

Dear brothers and sisters, We are humbled to your support in recent elections and we are privileged to serve you as your councillors. We are writing to you in relation to the coming Referendum on the membership of the European Union on 23rd June is one of the most important decisions that we will be making as a country in a very long time. It is crucial that as many people as possible are registered to vote and DO vote, particularly in those communities that are going to be most effected by any decision to leave the European Union. Everyone who has UK Citizenship or is a Commonwealth Citizen living here, has a right to vote and should do so.

We look forward to taking this very important decision together and look forward to working with you on many issues and challenges we face. part of the European Union, we can make changes there that will suit the UK and other countries. We think that being part of the UK helps British small businesses, with over 200,000 UK small companies trading in goods with other countries in the European Union, and over 75% of UK small businesses thinking that leaving the European Union would be a bad thing, as would threaten all the economic benefits that they get from membership.

There has been a lot of exaggerations and false claims by politicians and others, on both sides of the argument whether to remain in European Union or not, and it is important that people look at the facts before making their vote. As supporters of Remaining in the European Union, we want to give our reasons, why it is best for Black and Minority Ethnic communities to stay.

Being part of the European Union also helps trade with other Commonwealth countries, who want access to exporting goods to consumers across Europe. The UK already has free trade agreements with Pakistan, Bangladesh and will soon with India. All these countries benefit from the access to 500 million people across Europe, that these agreements give them, rather than just the 65 million people in the UK. They do not want this We are arguing that the UK should remain, not to be put at risk, by the UK leaving the European because we think the European Union is perfect, Union. but that the risks of leaving are simply too great, and we will lose the benefits that we have got so We think that being in the European Union profar, with no guarantee of any improvements, if we motes equality by funding projects that help peocame out. We believe that by the UK remaining ple from across the world, new to this country ac-

If you have a question or need more incess jobs, training and learning English language. European Law is also fighting discrimination on formation please do not hesitate to contact us on grounds of race in employment, training, social the numbers below. security, healthcare and education. Yours truly We are concerned that some of the claims made by those wanting to leave the European Union Cllr Mohammad Maroof are just not true and mislead people. One of the and Cllr Nasima Akther, most misleading is that if we stop migration from the European Union, then there could be an in- Councillors for Nether Edge and Sharrow Ward crease in migration from Commonwealth countries. There is absolutely no proof of this, and Mobiles. 07790017298 and 07872476638 we believe that the current harsh immigration restrictions on Commonwealth Citizens wanting to come here, including those with family here, will continue. The Government is committed to reducing immigration numbers, and would simply not make it easier for anyone to come here. Finally, we think that leaving the European Union would increase anti immigrant feelings in the UK. We want fairness in our immigration system, not a free for all. People from other European countries should not be allowed to access benefits until they have paid into the system, but those that come here to work hard, pay their taxes, contribute to our economy and support our public serv-

Thousands Of Children Face Indoctrination Risk At ‘Hundreds Of Illegal Schools’ Thousands more children than previously thought are at risk of “harm and indoctrination” and face dangers from “unsafe” premises in illegal schools, Ofsted’s chief inspector warned. Inspectors have identified 100 suspected unregistered schools across the country since a new investigatory team was set up in January, and Sir Michael Wilshaw said “many more children” than previously thought are hidden from authorities in unregistered schools. Investigators were “deeply alarmed” by what they found, he said, and warned the “sub-standard education” in many unregistered schools undermined Government efforts to ensure schools promote “British values”. “The evidence that (inspectors) have gathered so far during this short period firmly reinforces my belief that there are many more children hidden away from the view of the authorities in unregistered schools across the country than previously thought” said Ofsted chief Sir Michael Wilshaw.

Inspections have uncovered serious fire hazards, including obstructed exits and inaccessible fire escapes, and schools with unsafe and unhygienic premises. One case involved the discovery of “chemicals and chemistry equipment in an unlocked food cupboard in a room where children ate their lunch”, Sir Michael said. Staff and volunteers were also found to have not been properly checked or cleared to work with children. The unregistered schools uncovered so far are only a small proportion of the illegal schools operating across the country, Sir Michael said, with suspected new cases every week. Shadow education secretary Lucy Powell said the Government had been “asleep at the wheel”. “We are taking steps to ensure the system is as robust as it can be when it comes to protecting young people, while at the same time safeguarding the rights of parents to determine how and where to educate their children” Department for Education spokesman.

Chilcot Inquiry Into Iraq War To Be Published On July 6 The long-awaited Chilcot Inquiry into the UK’s involvement in Iraq will be published on 6 July - seven years after its launch. The date was confirmed in correspondence between Sir John Chilcot and Prime Minister David Cameron, following the completion of the report and the national security-checking process. Now that these are complete, the report will be prepared for publication. It is understood that arrangements are being made for families of those killed in the 2003 invasion and its aftermath to have early access to the 2.6 million-word report on the day of publication. The inquiry was set up in June 2009 by then Prime Minister Gordon Brown to examine the UK involvement in Iraq from the summer of 2001 to the end of June 2009. It is widely expected to criticise former Labour

Prime Minister Tony Blair and other senior ministers, plus various senior military commanders. Mr Blair has been accused of leading Britain into an illegal war – something he has always denied. The role of his former spin doctor, Alastair Campbell, the man behind the so-called “dodgy dossier”, might also expect to come under the spotlight. The £10.3million report received evidence from more than 150 witnesses, held more than 130 sessions of oral evidence and analysed more than 150,000 government documents.

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Halal soft drink Mecca cola re-launches in UK

Today’s Teenagers Will Earn £1m By 46th Birthday

The halal cola company where 20 per cent of all profits are donated to charity has been re-launched. Mecca Cola which was launched in the UK in 2003 is now available locally after the brand was re-designed. The brand was very popular between 2003 and 2007 but was then withdrawn from the UK market. Presently Mecca Cola offers Mecca Cola Classic and Mecca Cola diet, with a new Mecca Energy drink launching very soon along with sparkling fruit ranges of apple, orange, lemonade and Mecca Aqua. Mecca Coffee and Mecca Tea will also be hitting UK stores soon.

Many teenagers fantasise about making their first million - and according to new projections, that magic milestone could be sooner than some people think. Analysis of earnings data from the Office for National Statistics suggests the typical 18-year-old who enters the world of work this year will earn a total of £1m by 2044, when they will be 46. With many people now working until later in life, someone earning the projected average salary over their career can expect to earn a total of over £2m in their lifetime. Although they will earn an average of £10,361 in 2016, forecasts suggest they could look forward to an annual salary of £51,679 by middle age. But where you live could have an effect on how soon you achieve seven-figure lifetime earnings. According to Prudential, workers in London will have earned £1m by the time they are 39 - however, people in Wales are only predicted to reach this figure when they are 50.

How To Stop Nuisance Calls With One Simple Text Message Mobile phone users can send a text message to opt out of nuisance calls now. The 'text-to-register' service allows mobile users to add their number to the Telephone Preference Service (TPS) 'do not call' database. Those wanting to sign up need to text 'TPS' followed by their email address to the shortcode 78070. They will receive a text reply from the TPS confirming their number has been successfully added to its database. Registrants should notice a gradual reduction in unsolicited sales and marketing voice calls after a few days, although it can take up to 28 days for the service to become fully effective. It is illegal for organisations to make unsolicited sales and marketing calls to numbers registered with the TPS, unless they have a person's consent to do so. Only 48 per cent of people familiar with the TPS are aware that mobile numbers can be registered, compared to 88 per cent for landline phone numbers, according to Ofcom. The regulator said this helped to explain why only 2.9 million mobile numbers (around 3 per cent) were registered on the TPS database, compared with 18.5 million landline numbers (around 85 per cent).


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Lord Mayor Farewell Dinner Last month, Cllr Talib Hussain thanked ILM News at a spectacular event. The now ex-Lord Mayor said how ILM News and the Pakistani community made his farewell dinner one of the most memorable of his life and he recalled how a year ago, a grand celebration was held in the same way to end of his term as Deputy Lord Mayor. Councillor Mr.Talib Hussain said how he enjoyed his year as the lord mayor and thanked those who had supported him throughout this journey. He mentioned how it gave him an opportunity to really open his eyes more to how he perceived Sheffield. Cllr Talib Hussain presented members of the Pakistani, Kashmiri and Bangladeshi community with Sheffield City Council official certificates and plaques in recognition for their outstanding work for the community. May 17th 2016 was the final day of Councillor Talib Hussain being the Lord Mayor of Sheffield. ILM news with the Pakistani community of Sheffield and Rotherham organised a farewell function on May 17th at Orient Express Rotherham, in honour of the Lord Mayor and the newly elected and re-elected councillors of Sheffield and Rotherham. The event was supported by Ch Muhammad Zahur MBE, Misbah Hussain MBE, Asim Mehmood Darr, Muhammad Amin, Nadeem Khan, Barrister Azhar Iqbal, Aslam Bhutta, Nasir Mir, Haider J Chishty, Shafqat Mirza, and Abdul Qadir. This evening started off with the recitation from the QURAN by Mr.Asim, and explaining the predominant messages of the QURAN, and how we can solve all our daily problems if we understood three points; 1. ALLAH’S will 2. The will of our Prophet (PBUH) 3. Humanity The Chief Editor of ILM News Syed Fayyaz Hussain thanked everyone who attended the function and who helped to organise it, making this a memorable function for the lord mayor and congratulated the lord mayor for his outstanding work. Muhammad Amin and Muhammad Zahoor MBE congratulated Cllr Talib Hussain on his role as the lord mayor, as he showed the true quality of being a positive role model. Misbah Hussain MBE (UK) congratulated the Lord Mayor of Sheffield on his hard work throughout the year and said that we should have more people like the ex-Lord Mayor Cllr Qurban Hussain and Lord Mayor Cllr Talib Hussain or our Pakistani community to continue to grow. Yasir Kiyani, a police inspector from Pakistan, congratulated Cllr Talib Hussain on his outstanding achievement of completing his year as the Lord Mayor. Nadeem Khan congratulated the Lord Mayor on working hard throughout his role and wished him the best of luck for the future. Councillor Zahira Naz expressed her gratitude for having the opportunity of being a councillor, and gave her congratulations to Cllr Talib Hussain for successfully completing his year as the Lord Mayor of Sheffield. Cllr Maroof Hussain said thank you to ILM News for organising the event and certainly the reason for this was to congratulate Cllr Talib Hussain on successfully completing his one year as Lord Mayor. He also advised the Muslim councillors to tell their non-Muslim clients of the problems we face, and to change the perception of Islam and not the way the media portrays it. Councillor Nasima Akhtar mentioned her thanks for ILM News in organising the function, and she said it has been such a pleasure to be working with Lord Mayor as he has been working very hard for the community. Mohammed Ali Choudhry (chairman PMC) said that he would like to thank editor and chief of ILM News, for helping out Sheffield

and Rotherham and that we are all very thankful, also he congratulated the newly elected and reelected councillors. He told how everyone is very pleased with Cllr Talib Hussain for completing his role as the Lord Mayor. Mohammed Maroof Hussain congratulated Cllr Talib Hussain for completing his year as the Lord Mayor and praised his hard work and resilience throughout the year. Cllr Mazhar Iqbal told everyone how proud he was of Cllr Talib Hussain, it was a great achieve-

ment, and said how he hopes there are many more achievements to come. Councillor Tayibah Yassin told everyone how she met Cllr Talib Hussain last year as Lord Mayor, and living in Rotherham, she had only heard positive about him - which is great news which shows us the amount of effort he has put into his role. She also congratulated the women who are entering the field of politics. Arshad Rachyal congratulated Cllr Talib Hussain on completing his 12 months as the Lord Mayor,

by ilmnews

also mentioning how it’s really outstanding and helps to uplift the Asian community. Shabir Mughul congratulated the Lord Mayor for working hard throughout his role, and he was quite pleased to say that our younger generation will take inspiration from Cllr Talib Hussain. Councillor Shafaaq congratulated the lord mayor for his conscientious acts throughout this year and for supporting and boosting lot of charities across Sheffield. Abdul Khayum thanked the Lord Mayor for his hard work and helping the Pakistani community to grow. Friends and colleagues spoke of the honour and pride the Lord Mayor had given to all the community ‘‘In our lives there is one thing that we are never able to regain, not money not everyday items, I’m talking about time, time is the one thing the lord mayor took into mind, it is such a precious thing that once lost it cannot be regained, if utilized in the correct manner, we can use it to extract success, health, wealth, all the things we desire. But if it is used in the incorrect manner it can leave us with the very of minimal of desires , look it at this way every morning you wake up , you are living seconds you will never get back , you are sighting things you will never see again , you are hearing things you may never hear again , time gives you the one opportunity to embosom this precious gift and my point is that the lord mayor did not waste his time at the moment he thought he could be the lord mayor, he went for it ,he did not waste a second on thinking what about the past , because the past does not form your future , it is the present that forms the future, there is no moment more important , more valuable than right now , not in a 1hr , not in day , not in a week, no procrastination , right now is the time , the majority of us have this mentality , that the future is going to be more important than the present , but let’s face reality we do not get younger we cannot pause time , time will go at its own pace , and it’s your job to utilize that to make your life worthwhile , you need to show commitment , resilience , dedication , all these values , our lord mayor used to become the lord mayor , so today is the day , today is the day that you take that step forward to get the things you want , no one is here to stop you from that , only but yourself , there is no celling there are no limits , there are no exceptional requirements , there is only you , and what you allow yourself to achieve, if you want change , create a plan , move forward , go , take a step out of your head and put your foot in to the real world.’’ To have made this farewell dinner memorable for Cllr Talib Hussain, Mr. Shaheryar Chishty wrote an enthralling poem about the Lord Mayor; ‘‘Through the doors of the council house Up the spiral stairs Passing the statue of the monarch Lay a line of empty chairs He is sitting in a busy conference Assisting councillor’s decisions And enhances their visions A year of being lord mayor Dazzling in the spotlight Your time has come to step down May your success escalate on another flight Lord Mayor, your role will be missed You were phenomenal, continue to shine, May your efforts persist Let’s celebrate your last time being lord mayor It has been a tremendous journey we all care.’’ The evening was appreciated by all attending and Cllr Talib Hussain thanked everyone for the unforgettable memories and support he has had from friends and colleagues over the past year.

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ELDERLY CARE AND PROPERTY Mohammed Mahroof BSc (Hons) MRICS Consultant Mark Jenkinson & Son There has been a lot in the press recently about care. It is a fact that we have an ageing population who are living longer and leading more active lives. Inevitably this means the need for elderly care facilities will rise. How this care is provided will change, whether it is from home, in a care home or a retirement village will evolve over the next decade or so. It is predicted that the over 65 sector of the population could potentially rise substantially over the next decade, the BME percentage will also see significant rises. So not only is there going to be a need for more care facilities generally, the specialist market will also increase. A specific area that is likely to see a rise is specialist care homes specifically catering for the different minority needs, there are very few such facilities in this country at the present time. The demand for such facilities certainly does not exist. The specialist care market for minority needs is evolving because a lot of these communities are now the second or third generation and the need is not coming to light. It now provides a business opportunity for entrepreneurial developers/ operators. The main ingredient needed for a successful operation is location. It is accepted that elderly residents do not want to be too far away from the communities they have lived in and are familiar with. A comfortable environment is very important with facilities that they could relate to, close to places of worship, medical facilities, specialist food shops etc. As mentioned previously we have a very small number of specialist BME care homes, there are a few which cater for the Hindu community located in the south of the country. The need for care homes catering for south Asian communities is inevitably going to rise, whether we choose to accept this or not is arguably a matter of time. The opportunities to cater for this need provide major business opportunities, there are a number of possible concepts; let us look at a few of these:

their own bedroom with possibly an en-suite facility, with all other facilities shared. The important ingredient for this to be successful is to have the facility in the right location with staff who are sympathetic to the needs of the residents particularly for homes catering for the BME/ South Asian residents.

market. As local authorities grapple with difficult financial circumstances the private sector could potentially fulfil this role. The property need in setting up such a service is an office base with a mobile workforce. Clearly before you embark on such a venture you will need to work with and take the advice of experts in this field, as there will be many legal and legislative requirements that will need to be addressed and fulfilled. Care home A concept that we are more familiar with, these can range from small facilities with say twenty bed spaces to over a hundred bed, spaces, the average traditionally has been around sixty bed spaces. Generally speaking each resident has

In terms of property needs you could convert a large property in grounds, or more so now build a new home. There are many regulations that you need to follow so the need for expert advice is paramount before you embark on such a venture. Retirement homes There are a number of such facilities which have been built in the last decade or so, some with a limited amount of care provision aimed at the 55 plus resident. Generally these facilities provide a safe environment with resident from similar age groups. The popularity of these has been rising because there are models which support pur- are thinking of embarking on such a business chase, rental and equity share. The facility will venture.

Experts Urge Surgery To Cure Type-2 Diabetes Up to 100,000 people in the UK should be given weight-loss surgery in the hope of achieving remission from Type 2 diabetes, world experts have said. A coalition of organisations - including Diabetes UK and the American Diabetes Association - said surgery is a cost-effective option for people with the condition and should be recognised as a standard treatment. Publishing new guidelines, experts said the UK should be aiming to carry out up to 50,000 operations a year to bring it into line with other European countries, up from around 6,000 at the moment. Evidence from 11 clinical trials shows about half of patients go into remission from diabetes that lasts at least five years following weight-loss surgery. This shows it is a "very powerful treatment", said one of the experts behind the guidelines. Those who have the operation also experience far better blood sugar control than those who try to lose weight as a means of controlling their diabetes, he said. Under the new guidelines, backed by organisations including the International Diabetes Federation and Diabetes India, anyone with Type 2 diabetes who has a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or more should be offered surgery regardless of their blood sugar levels. Those with a BMI of 30 or over - the threshold for being clinically

include a secure environment and your own front door key to a one or two bed roomed apartment. Property wise you need a good site in a popular location, with good facilities. Retirement villages There are different names for such facilities sometimes referred to as Extra Care Schemes. There provide either one or two bed roomed apartments, with one of the main differences being that you can access a sliding scale of care provision. Also they will have a lot of facilities on site such as a restaurant, gymnasium, recreational facilities, and access to medical care whether on site or regular visits from health professionals. The villages tend to be in large in grounds, there will be purchase and rental options, and the option to access care as and when needed. In property terms you are looking at sites of over one hectare. Once you have a suitable site you will need a good professional team that can advise on how to procure a successful scheme. The concept of an elderly care village appeals to many elderly people, but even more so with the BME community, where the need for their own front door key is very important. The environment of independent living where relatives can come and stay and security that care will be provided if needed. In conclusion it is without a doubt that the need for elderly care across the board is likely to rise, how we face this challenge is where evolutionary service delivery changes will develop. Within the BME/south Asian community there is arguably a silent demand, this needs to be pro actively embraces and sensitively catered for. In south Asian countries themselves there is evidence that such facilities/ services are being provided. In terms of business there is an opportunity developing. As ever this is an overview, and it is important that you take professional advice if you

Care at home Clearly this is not an area that I am a expert in, but there have been an increasing number of companies being set up to provide care to the general public. Such a concept could be put together which would provide a good business and service opportunity aimed at the specialist BME

obese - should also have surgery as an option if their blood glucose levels are not well-controlled despite taking tablets, insulin or following weight-loss programmes. Type 2 diabetes is strongly linked to unhealthy lifestyles, with obesity one of the main risk factors. Experts put the cost of each operation to the NHS at between £5,000 and £6,000. Diabetes has been referred to as a pandemic with now at least 422 million people with diabetes across the globe. In the UK, around 3.5 million have diabetes, of whom around 500,000 do not know they have it, he said. This can lead to eye and nerve damage, kidney failure, amputations and heart attacks and strokes. Figures published last month show there are now more hospital admissions than ever before due to obesity. There were 440,288 admissions to England's hospitals in 2014/15 where obesity was the main reason for a person being admitted or was a secondary factor. The figure is the highest on record and is more than 10 times higher than the 40,741 recorded in 2004/5. Some 58% of women and 65% of men are overweight or obese and, in 2014/15, more than one in five children in their first year at school, and one in three in Year 6, were obese or overweight.

Average Home Costs £2,200 sqm The average home in Britain now costs £2,216 per square metre - but in some parts of London buyers face paying more than £11,000. Kensington and Chelsea remains Britain’s most expensive neighbourhood, with an average property there setting home buyers back £11,321 for each sq m of floor space they purchase. Home buyers looking to get maximum space for their money may want to head for Airdrie in Scotland, which has the lowest typical property price per square metre at £1,019, according to the research from Halifax. There has been a marked widening in the north/south property divide over the past two decades as prices per square metre have risen by 432% over this period in Greater London - more than twice the increase in areas outside of southern England The calculations were made by dividing average house prices across towns and London boroughs by average property sizes, excluding outside space. While London dominates the list of the most expensive property locations, five areas outside southern England – Solihull, Leamington Spa, Altrincham, Edinburgh and Harrogate – fetch a higher price than the national average of £2,216. At the less expensive end of the property market, Lanark in Scotland, Llanelli and Neath in Wales and Accrington and Hartlepool in northern England also have average house prices hovering around the £1,000 mark.

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Health Fears As Gp Surgeries ‘Refuse’ To Register Asylum Seekers Some GP surgeries are refusing to register asylum seekers and refugees - even though they are eligible for treatment under NHS guidelines, according to a charity. Two-fifths of patients that Doctors of the World attempted to register were refused at GP surgeries in England. The vast majority of asylum seekers and refugees were rejected because they did not have ID or a proof of address, but these documents are not legally required to sign up for primary healthcare. Meanwhile, 13% were turned away specifically

because of their immigration status. Primary care in England is free to almost everyone, and GP surgeries are crucial to ease pressure on A&E departments and prevent the spread of disease. Tuberculosis expert Dr Al Story thinks the situation poses a real risk to public health. He said: “If people get turned away from primary care and they are symptomatic and they could have tuberculosis, the consequences of that is transmission in the community, so it’s in all our interests to diagnose TB early.”

Microsoft And Facebook Team Up To Lay Internet Cable Across The Atlantic Microsoft and Facebook on Thursday announced they will work together to lay a high-speed Internet cable across the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean. A new, sub-sea “MAREA” cable was expected to be completed by late 2017, with the aim of meeting growing demand by the tech companies’ customers for fast, reliable data connections. MAREA will be the highest-capacity sub-sea cable crossing the Atlantic, with an expected capacity of some 160 terabytes of data per second of data, according to the companies. Microsoft aims for the cable — dubbed MAREA

(Spanish for “tide”) — to help maintain and expand services for its cloud products, such as Bing, Office 365, Skype, Xbox Live and Microsoft Azure. Facebook, with 1.6 billion people on its social network, will use the cable to push vast amounts of information between its expanding network of data centres. It’ll also deal with data linked to Instagram and WhatsApp, two hugely popular apps that Facebook now owns. The 6,600 kilometre cable system will be the first connecting the US and southern Europe, funning from Virginia to Bilbao, Spain.

Action To Stop Smoking The UK has become the second country in the world to implement standardised tobacco packaging. It welcomes this new legislation which is a landmark policy for tobacco control and calls on countries across the world to follow the UK in implementing standardised packaging. Smoking remains the single biggest cause of

preventable deaths in the district and is a threat to young people in particular. Two thirds of smokers start before the age of 18 and in 2013. Standardised packaging will protect our young people from taking up this lethal habit by making packs less appealing and health warnings more effective.

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Google Designs New Female Emojis Workers at Google have proposed a set of new emojis - including female engineers, farmers, plumbers and chemists - aimed at promoting workplace gender equality. The tech giant submitted 13 new emoji designs to the Unicode Consortium, which oversees the creation of new emojis. The four-strong team said the emojis depict “a wide range of professions for women and men, with a goal of highlighting the diversity of women’s careers and empowering girls everywhere”. The proposed emojis are: doctor, nurse, scientist, graduate, office worker, IT worker, factory worker, assembly line staff, mechanic, farmer, chef, teacher and singer. We believe this will empower young women (the

heaviest emoji users), and better reflect the pivotal roles women play in the world. The emoji submission There is currently a gulf between the reality of women’s professional life and emoji representations; while the male images are of policemen, detectives, construction workers and, for some reason, beefeaters, the women are reduced to dancers, princesses and brides. The Google team said it would like to get the emojis approved by the end of the year. The Unicode Consortium decides which emoji ideas are implemented, and is made up of 11 voting members including Google, Microsoft, Apple, Yahoo! and Facebook.

Sadiq Khan Is ‘Sixth Most Intelligent Politician’ London mayor Sadiq Khan has been voted the sixth most intelligent politician in history according to a poll. Khan ranks behind the likes of American President Barack Obama, Margaret Thatcher and his predecessor Boris Johnson, according to a YouGov poll. From the list of 30 politicians the presumptive Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump ranked 29th, slightly ahead of former president George W. Bush. In a recent interview with Good Morning BritHowever the former MP for Tooting didn't fair ain's Piers Morgan, Donald Trump's well-documented spats were in the headlines when Mr better than former mayor Boris Johnson who was ranked above him in 5th. Trump challenged Sadiq Khan to an IQ test.

100S Of Deadly Animals Kept As Pets

Get An e-Passport Or Risk Being Barred Millions of Britons with old-style passports are Travel to America is covered under the internabeing warned they will be turned away from tional Visa Waiver Programme, which allows visits of up to 90 days. Howevthe U.S. following a security er, a new law tightening the clampdown over terrorism restrictions was passed in fears. They are now required the US last year. E-passports to have an electronic passport were introduced in October - one which has an embed2006 and, as passports last ded electronic chip - to get for ten years, the change is into the country. The change thought to affect only those came into force on April 1 but issued between April and some Britons have already reOctober 2006. Nonetheportedly been caught out and less, with 6 million of the refused entry. US Customs travel documents handed and Border Protection said it out each year, it is thought had posted information about up to 3 million Britons could the rule change and had sent be caught out. e-mails to people holding oldstyle passports.

Christians In Britain Now Outnumbered By Atheists Almost half of people in England and Wales say they are of no religion, outnumbering those who identify as Christian for the first time. According to new research, about 48.5% of those surveyed in 2015 said they had no religion, compared to the 25% that said the same in the 2011 census. Those who identified themselves as Christians, including Anglicans, Catholics and other denominations, made up 43.8%. The data is from 30 years of the British Social Attitudes survey, although the report - Contemporary Catholicism in England and Wales - did not include Scotland or Northern Ireland. What we’re seeing is an acceleration in the numbers of people not only not practising their faith on a regular basis, but not even ticking the box. The percentage describing themselves as Anglican slid from 44.5% in 1983 to just 19% in 2014. In the same year, Catholics made up 8.3%, other Christians were 15.7% and those of non-Christian religions were 7.7%.

There is a clear sense of the growth of ‘no religion’ as a proportion of the population. A major reason for the change in numbers was that the Anglican and Catholic churches are struggling to retain those who were brought up as Christians.

Animal welfare groups have raised concerns over the increasing number of people keeping dangerous animals as pets. More than 100 councils have given people licences to keep deadly predators on their properties, including more than 300 killer cobras, vipers and rattlesnakes. Big cats being kept as pets include 13 tigers, two lions, eight leopards, seven cheetahs and nine pumas; while there are also 10 alligators, nine crocodiles and 17 caimans (a smaller member of the crocodile family). The RSPCA said it was worried that licences focused more on protecting the public from harm, rather than on the animals’ well-being. The data was obtained using freedom of information requests to every council in the UK, to which 363

local authorities replied. In Northern Ireland, the Environment Agency gave figures for the whole country. The responses showed that the strange pets could be found in cities including London, Sheffield, Hull, Swansea and Portsmouth. In Cornwall alone, the council has given permission for the keeping of pumas, lynxes, ocelots, lemurs, vipers, ostriches and wild cats; while in Central Bedfordshire, there are wolves, alligators, caimans, black widow spiders and venomous snakes kept. “People may buy them with little idea of how difficult they can be to keep and the animals are sometimes neglected when the novelty wears off and the commitment hits home.” Said an RSPCA spokesman.

Blue Diamond Sets New Record Selling For £34.9m A 14.62 carat blue diamond has been sold at auction for a record $51m (£34.9m) at the Magnificent Jewels auction in Geneva. The rectangularcut diamond was the largest of its kind ever to be offered at auction and was graded as “fancy vivid blue”, meaning its blue colour varies from medium to dark in tone, and from strong to very strong in saturation. It was expected to fetch between $38m and $45m at the auction, but attracted an owner willing to pay $6m more than the anticipated price. It previously belonged to the late Sir Philip Oppenheimer, who began work in the family business at De Beers in 1934 and went on to control the Diamond Syndicate in London. There’s been several other blue diamonds which have been sold in the past, but nothing really quite of this quality. As chairman for the Diamond Trading Organisation, Oppenheimer, who died in 1995, tightly controlled the international diamond trade and helped make it extremely lucrative. Christie’s only gave the stone an outside shot at breaking a record set by rival auction house

Sotheby’s in November. The 12.03 carat Southeby’s diamond, named The Blue Moon of Josephine, was bought for $48.4m by Hong Kong billionaire Joseph Lau, who a day earlier scooped up a 16.08 carat pink diamond for $28.5m. According to Christie’s, the Oppenheimer is the largest ever sold at auction in the exclusive Fancy Vivid Blue category, which groups rare gems of exceptional colour and clarity.

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Human Embryos Grown In Laboratory ILM NEWS POEM Poet: Shaheryar A. Chishty For Nearly Two Weeks Scientists have succeeded in growing human embryos in a laboratory for nearly two weeks, in a breakthrough likely to bring advances in stem-cell therapies and assisted reproduction. It was previously thought human embryos could not mature beyond a few days outside a mother’s womb. But the findings of the study - published in the jour-

nal Nature - may help explain early miscarriages and the high failure rate of in vitro fertilisation. Experts believe it could also open a window onto the first steps in the creation of a human, since little was known about how the bundle of cells called a blastocyst attaches to the uterus, allowing an embryo to take shape. The scientists saw the blastocyst grow in the laboratory, then begin to divide into the different types of cells that eventually give rise to a foetus and its placenta. But unlike in earlier experiments, in which growth has rarely continued beyond seven days, the embryos showed an unexpected ability to self-organise. The scientists destroyed the embryos to avoid breaching the so-called “14-day rule” - which says that human embryos cannot be cultured in the lab for more than two weeks. Aside from the potential scientific and medical implications, the breakthrough also opens up difficult ethical questions, according to experts. Regulators may be faced with a decision on whether to lift or extend the 14-day rule, which is law across a dozen countries, and accepted practice in five others, including the United States and China.

40,000 Families In Dark Over Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders On Sick Patients Tens of thousands of patients are having do not resuscitate orders imposed without their families’ consent, an audit has shown. Hospitals are failing to tell relations that they do not intend to attempt potentially lifesaving techniques to save their loved ones, according to the Royal College of Physicians. Its audit of 9,000 dying patients showed that one in five families were not informed of the plans - equivalent to 40,000 patients a year, the Daily Telegraph reported. When a decision has been taken, it is unforgivable not to have a conversation with the patient - if they are conscious and able - or with the family. The college estimated that 200,000 patients each year are issued with the order for health workers not to attempt cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). In 16% of cases the study found there was no record of a conversation with the patient about the order. The audit says doctors needed to be more open with dying pa-

Election Victory For Muslim Councillors

tients, as half of patients identified as likely to be dying were dead within a day. An NHS England spokeswoman said: “We welcome the results of this audit, which we commissioned, and which shows there has been some improvement in the care provided.”

Tourism Enjoys £22bn Boom As Visitors Head To Britain In Record Numbers Tourism in Britain is booming after the number of overseas visitors grew by more than 5% last year, according to official figures. Foreigners made 36.1 million visits in 2015, the highest number since the international passenger survey began in 1961, the Office for National Statistics said. Earnings from the visits also reached a record

The Holy Month of Ramadan Vivid silver, extraordinary moon A silver coin tossed in to a black pocket of the sky The holy air is countless rooms perfumed The blessed month of Ramadan is here We purify our body, we purify our soul We endure temptation to eat until nightfall We invest time with gifts of ‘Salaat’ everyday May ALLAH deliver us blessings in every way The fast ends in a delectable feast Mouth-watering dishes that you want to eat The glorious gates open at the almighty’s command A heavenly breeze from the gardens of heaven Trials and tribulations which you have to withstand For the steadfast, it will result in a satisficing confession Seek to find the night of power Who knows you may be blessed, in the unexpected hour Dedicate your every breath because now it is your chance To build your steps of deeds, hoping you will advance.

high of £22.1bn, up slightly on the year before. VisitBritain director Patricia Yates described the figures as “ a tangible demonstration of the growing importance of inbound tourism to the UK economy”. Our tourism industry is booming as our worldclass attractions, heritage and culture make Britain the first choice destination for many, with visit numbers at an all-time high. The figures showed that visits to London grew by 6.8% to 18.6 million last year, with trips to the rest of England up by 6.9% to 15.2 million. The capital’s newly elected mayor Sadiq Khan said: “It is fantastic that more people than ever before are opting to visit London, to sample the best of our capital and the best of Britain." The ONS data also shows Britons made 65.7 million trips abroad last year - a 9.4% rise on the previous 12 months. Spending on these visits was up 9.8% to £3.5 billion, with Spain the most popular destination.

121 Muslim councillors were elected (out of 353 Muslim candidates )in the local elections in England on May 6. According to data compiled, 98 (81%) Labour councillors, 12 Conservatives, 6 Liberal Democrats, and 5 others were elected across 35 English councils. 58 of the 124 councils up for election did not have a Muslim candidate. Twenty eight of 68 Muslim female candidates who contested seats were elected. Half of the 12 councils in the Yorkshire and the Humber region up for elections had Muslim candidates. 29 of the 93 Muslim candidates were elected – 21 Labour, 1 Conservative, 3 Liberal Democrat and 4 other. Rotherham Boston Castle – Saghir Alam (Labour) Taiba Yaseen (Labour) Rotherham East – Tajamal Khan (Labour) Sheffield Broomnhill and Sharrow Vale – Magid Mah (Other) Brungreave – Talib Husssain (Labour) Darnall – Zahira Naz (Labour) Mazher Iqbal (Labour) Ecclesall – Shaffaq Mohamed (Lib-Dem) Firth Park – Abdul Khayum (Labour) Abtisam Mohamed (Labour) Netherdge and Sharrow – Mohammad Maroof (Labour) Nasima Akhter (Labour)

Earth Breaks 12th Straight Monthly Heat Record Earth’s heat is stuck on high. Thanks to a combination of global warming and El Nino, the planet shattered monthly heat records for an unprecedented 12th straight month as April smashed the old record by half a degree, according to federal scientists. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s monthly climate calculation said Earth’s average temperature in April was 56.7 degrees Fahrenheit. That’s two degrees warmer than the 20th-century average and well above the old record set in 2010. These kinds of records may not be that interesting, but so many in a row that break the previous

records by so much indicates that we’re entering uncharted climatic territory (for modern human society). Experts say global warming is at least partially to blame for a number of environmental disasters around the world, from the bleaching of the Great Barrier Reef to the wildfires raging across Canada. The World Bank said this week that the global community is not prepared for a swift increase in climate change related natural disasters — such as floods and droughts — which will put 1.3 billion people at risk by 2050.

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Theresa May Launches Sharia Law Review Forced marriages and anti-women divorce settlements will be among issues examined by an independent review into the way Sharia Law is apparently being misused or exploited. The review, commissioned by Home Secretary Theresa May as part of a counter-extremism strategy, will recommend ways in which the Government can combat any discrimination in Eng-

land and Wales, particularly among women. The Home Office said there is "evidence some Sharia councils may be working in a discriminatory and unacceptable way, seeking to legitimise forced marriage and issuing divorces that are unfair to women, contrary to the teachings of Islam". The panel will also seek out examples of best practice among Sharia councils before completing its review in 2017. In a written statement to MPs, Mrs May said: "

This review will be a full, independent review to explore whether, and to what extent, the application of Sharia law may be incompatible with the law in England and Wales, such as legislation around equality. "The review will also examine the ways in which Sharia may be being misused, or exploited, in a way that may discriminate against certain groups, undermine shared values or cause social harms. "It will not be a review of the totality of Sharia law, which is a source of guidance for many Muslims in the UK." Mrs May told MPs the review will focus on several issues, including the treatment of women in divorce, domestic violence and custody cases. In a statement outside the Commons, she said: "A number of women have reportedly been victims of what appear to be discriminatory decisions taken by Sharia councils and that is a significant concern. "There is only one rule of law in our country, which provides rights and security for every citizen." Mrs May added the review will also look for best practice in relation to governance, transparency and assuring compliance and compatibility with UK law. The Home Office initially announced an independent investigation of Sharia councils as part of the Government's counter-extremism strategy last September.

Net Migration To UK Rises Net migration to the UK rose to 333,000 in 2015, according to Office for National Statistics estimates - the second highest figure on record. Net migration is the difference between the number of people coming to the UK for at least a year and those leaving. The figure for EU-only net migration was 184,000, equalling its record high. According to the Office for National Statistics, there was a 20,000 rise in net migration to the UK from the 313,000 for the year to December 2014. The figure is well above the government's aim of getting it to the "tens of thousands" and is the highest recorded for a calendar year. Last months figures show estimated levels of long-term migration into the UK from within the EU and outside in the year to December 2015. They show that 270,000 EU citizens moved to the UK for at least a year in 2015, up from 264,000 in 2014. The number of non-EU citizens moving to the UK was 277,000, down from 287,000 in 2014. The rise in the net figure was the result of a fall in the numbers of people emigrating. The net migration figure is just short of the record but that statistic alone doesn't do justice to the global picture and the UK's place in it. Everywhere you look, people are on the move coming and going depending on economic and political circumstances.

Rising Number Of Carers Over 80 Save Govt Nearly £6bn A Year The number of people aged 80 or over who are acting as carers has jumped, a charity has said. Age UK said the number of carers in the “oldest” age bracket has increased from 310,000 to 417,000 over the past seven years. The charity estimated that one in seven people aged 80 or over provide some sort of care for a loved one. Most are looking after a partner as they try to ensure they can stay at home for as long as possible. “We owe a huge debt of gratitude to the hundreds of thousands of over-80s who are caring, many of them virtually full-time, saving the country nearly £6bn a year in the process” said Age UK.

They look after - usually their partner, but sometimes a friend or disabled adult child. Most of these wonderful older people say they care because they want to and are committed to, but they also often say they see no alternative. Many admit to being exhausted and worried about how long they can carry on, and the consequences if they become seriously ill themselves." More than 140,000 people are providing more than 35 hours of care every week, according to Age UK’s estimates. Overall, carers over the age of 80 are saving the health and care system £5.9bn a year by providing unpaid care, the charity added.

33,000 Heart Attack Victims Die Owing To Failings In Care Around 33,000 deaths may have been prevented over a decade if doctors followed appropriate heart attack aftercare guidelines, according to a study. The study, funded by the British Heart Foundation, looked at 13 treatments recommended for patients who suffered a NSTEMI, the most common type of heart attack where the blood flow to the heart is partially blocked. They found that for patients treated across 247 hospitals in England and Wales between 2003 and 2013, nearly 90% did not receive at least one of the interventions they should have been given. Roughly one patient per month per hospital in England and Wales is losing their life as a direct

consequence of this deficit. Advice to stop smoking, a rehabilitation programme to improve patients’ diet, and the prescription of statin drugs to reduce cholesterol were among missed treatments that would have given patients the best chance of survival. Other frequently missed interventions included the prescription of an anti-blood clotting drug known as a P2Y12 inhibitor. "If all eligible patients in the study had received optimal care at the time of guideline publication, then 32,765 deaths may have been prevented,“ said researchers from the University of Leeds and University College London.

EU immigration is relatively stable - although there are more southern Europeans than before thanks to the Eurozone's economic doldrums. One really interesting figure, that doesn't affect the population headcount - officially at least - is the 110,000 rise in short-term immigration to about 1.2m. More people are coming for less than a year such as short contract workers selected by employers who are looking internationally for the best people at the most competitive price. But it will also include some Brits who spend part of the year here - and the rest living in the sun. Other ONS figures on employment show: The estimated employment level of EU nationals (excluding British) living in the UK was 2.1 million in January to March 2016 - 224,000 higher than the same quarter last year, according to the Labour Force Survey British nationals in employment increased by 185,000 to 28.2 million and non-EU nationals in employment increased by 5,000 to 1.2 million Over half of the growth in employment over the last year was accounted for by foreign nationals There were 630,000 National Insurance number registrations by EU nationals in the year to March 2016, an increase of 1,000 on the previous year. For non-EU nationals, there were 195,000 registrations, an increase of 2,000 on the previous year.

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India, Pakistan Duel At UN Over Kashmir Bemoaning lack of international support for its cause, Pakistan has tried to rake up the Kashmir issue at the UN by protesting against a draft Indian maps bill that seeks to punish “wrong or false” depictions of India’s boundaries. In a letter to UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and Security Council President Abdellatif Aboulatta of Egypt, Pakistan’s Permanent Representative Maleeha Lodhi wrote that India’s draft Geospatial Information Regulation Bill was “contrary to Security Council resolutions” and asked for UN intervention. “Sadly, the international community and the United Nations have failed to take notice of this action of India” in depicting all of Kashmir as Indian territory, she said in the letter released to the media by the UN on Tuesday. Earlier reacting to a Pakistani Foreign Office press release on the maps bill, Indian external affairs ministry said the matter “is an entirely internal legislative matter of India, since the whole of the state of J&K is an integral part of India. Pakistan or any other party has no locus standi in the matter.” India “firmly rejects Pakistan’s repeated and increasing attempts to impose on the international community matters that India has always been open to address bilaterally with Pakistan,” said the statement issued last week.

The draft of Geospatial Information Regulation Bill, which has not been introduced in Parliament but only circulated for feedback, proposes fines and imprisonment for “any wrong or false topographic information of India including international boundaries”. While Lodhi asserted that Pakistan’s position of showing Kashmir as disputed territory “is also reflected in the official maps of the United Nations”, a random check by IANS showed that maps by the UN and international agencies are inconsistent in how the state is displayed. A UN map of the physical features of India tried to skirt controversy by framing it without the top portion where Kashmir would appear. The United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) shows Jammu and Kashmir with the “Line of Control as promulgated in the 1972 Simla Agreement”. One UNICEF map showed all of Kashmir as a part of India, another displayed Kashmir separately, and yet another had the Pakistan-occupied portion outside India. UN Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) left out the Pakistan-controlled Kashmir from India, while UN Development Programme’s (UNDP) India page shows all of Kashmir as a part of India on the page logo.

Shahid Afridi Foundation Wins Global Award The Shahid Afridi Foundation (SAF), a charity organization set up by Star cricketer Shahid Afrid has won the Best Upcoming Charity of the Year 2016 award at the Global Good Governance Awards in Istanbul. “It is with great pleasure that we would like to take this opportunity to inform all our partners, donors and fans that The Shahid Afridi Foundation won the Best Upcoming Charity of the Year 2016 at the Global Good Governance awards in Istanbul,” the charity’s spokesperson said. Shahid Afridi Foundation was awarded with 3G Critics’ Choice Best Upcoming Charity of the Year 2016. The award was collected by SAF Global team’s Shahid Sheikh, Chairman SAF UK, and Mr. Arshad Khan CEO SAF, UK.” The 3G Award winners are chosen based on the

five pillars, Transparency, Social Responsibility, Sustainability, Impact and Innovationas per the 3G card after extensive research done by the Awards Nominations Committee in 3G Critics Choice Categories.

Taxila There are a number of world heritage sites present in Pakistan and Taxila is one of them. It is a city situated 31 km to the west of Islamabad and to the 36.40 km to the northwest of Rawalpindi off the Grand Trunk Road. Its other close neighbouring cities include Hassanabdal, khanpur and Wah. Wah Cantt and Taxila are twin cities. It is a city with a population of 151000 people according to the 1998 census. Taxila is among the seven tehsils of Rawalpindi district. It is a city spread in the periphery of the Potohar plateau of Punjab. Taxila was historically known as Takshashila and is a city that dates back to 5 century BCE. The recorded history of Taxila starts from 6th century BC, when this Gandharan kingdom became part of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia. An overall Punjabi culture prevails in the city with people understanding both English and Urdu languages but speak Punjabi language with a different dialect native to the region. The dressing and food in the city are heavily influenced by those in the Punjab province as a whole and the one factor that helps in distinguishing this city from the rest of the cities in Pakistan is not its food, it’s not its native clothing nor its language but its history. The culture of Taxila as a city is heavily influenced by the cities strong historical background. Taxila is one of the most important archeological sites in the world. It is a city that is very well known for having strong ties and being the centre of Buddhism in the country. Many statues of Buddha depicting the various stages of his life have been excavated and are currently present both at the Taxila museum as well as various stupas in the city however the best of these statues have been taken abroad and are displayed in museums there. There are 5 small stupas in the city. The first one being the Dharmarajika stupa, which is locate two miles from Taxila museum. Then is the Glen of Giri, which is about three-and-half miles from Dharmarajika stupa, this is atop the highest peak of the range of hills are two stupas and a fortress built in a cleft near a spring of pure, sweet water. Jaulian is another marvelous complex of chap-

els, stupas and a monastery with assembly hall, store rooms, refectory, kitchen and bathrooms still very well preserved. Two miles west of Jaulian is another wellpreserved monastery at Mohra Moradu. In one of the monk’s cells here there was found a stupa with almost all the details intact. At Jandial, a mile-and-ahalf from Sirsukh, is an imageless temple in the classic Greek style, with sandstone columns and cornices. Statues of other famous people in history such as Alexander the Great and the eminent ruler Asoka are also be found in the city of Taxila. All these statues show great skill and craftsmanship because of the detail and intricacy that went into the making of these statues. Taxila was taken over by Alexander the Great in 327 BC after which it was ruled by the Mauryans. Towards the end, it came under Asoka’s rule during which time it reached the zenith of its development and culture. Eventually, Taxila was taken over and destroyed. The last significant historical period for Taxila was the Gandhara period. It was during this time that Taxila became a world known centre for philosophy and art. The city has a strong tourist base and also attracts many tourists from the region of China and Greece, primarily because of it being a centre for Buddhism and Buddhists from all over the world come and visit the stupas in the city because of their religious significance to them. One of the oldest recognized universities of the world is also present in Taxila. This university came into being in the Gandhara period. At one stage, it had 10,500 students including those from Babylon, Greece, Syria, and China. Experienced teachers taught languages, Vedas, philosophy, medicine, politics, warfare, accounts, commerce, documentation, music, dance and other performing arts, futurology, the occult and mystical sciences and complex mathematical calculations. Like the historical cities Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa, Taxila was also a well-planned city with wide streets and well-built houses as well as stupas for the priests. The royalty of the time lived in splendid palaces in the city. Gold, silver coins and other jewellery items have also been excavated from Taxila. The present day Taxila is not as well maintained as it was in the past with the shops encroaching on the main city roads and the town planning over all has been very poor since after the fall of the Gandhara civilization.

Taxila is famous for its handicrafts which not only reflect the city’s culture but the history of the place as well. Apart from the handicrafts the city’s stone work is also very famous and a small cottage industry for stone works has emerged in the city. Taxila museum is one of the most famous museums in Pakistan. The artefacts displayed at the museum depict the ancient cultural as well as the history of the area and displays countless artefacts from the Gandhara civilization. The major jewels and statues found in the stupas around the museum are not present in the museum. The city has its own railway station but no airport and the nearest airport lies in Islamabad. The city of Taxila also has an industrial significance. Pakistan ordinance factory, heavy industry Taxila, cement factories as well as small cottage industry for stoneware, pottery and footwear add to the significance of the city. The industry found in Taxila is important both from the military as well as other commercial reasons. Taxila is a fairly educated city over all and it was also known as the centre of learning and culture in the past. Taxila was the prime seat of learning in the subcontinent as well. The city has two prominent universities namely HITEC university and university of engineering and technology Taxila. Apart from this several small local school systems are also present. Heavy industries Taxila Education City was a monumental addition to the cities educational institutes. The politics of the city is dominated by the two prominent families in the city namely the Syed family and the Chaudary family. The historical significance of the city overall has no impact on the lives of the people of the area, there are no ruminants of the Buddhist culture in the lives of the natives of Taxila and they lives are dictated primarily by the Punjabi culture, whether these are their own personal individual lives or their lives in a social capacity.

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Coeliac Disease Coeliac disease is a common digestive condition where a person has an adverse reaction to gluten. Coeliac disease is an autoimmune condition. This is where the immune system – the body's defence against infection – mistakenly attacks healthy tissue. Coeliac disease isn't an allergy or an intolerance to gluten. In cases of coeliac disease, the immune system mistakes substances found inside gluten as a threat to the body and attacks them. This damages the surface of the small bowel (intestines), disrupting the body's ability to absorb nutrients from food. Exactly what causes the immune system to act in this way is still not entirely clear, although a combination of a person's genetic make-up and the environment appear to play a part.

tial coeliac disease symptoms can be caused by other medical conditions, possibly including non-coeliac gluten sensitivity, which is thought to be a separate condition. That's another major reason this diagnosis is so difficult to make. The only way you can tell for certain that you have coeliac disease is to have an intestinal biopsy that shows villous atrophy. Once you're diagnosed with coeliac, it's for life. Gluten Gluten is a protein found in three types of cereal: To avert long-term complications, which can include certain cancers, you must follow a strict wheat gluten-free diet. However, the good news is that barley following a strict gluten-free diet generally rerye Gluten is found in any food that contains the solves most or all of your symptoms. above cereals, including: In fact, while you'd expect the diet to resolve pasta your gastrointestinal symptoms -- and in most cakes cases it will -- it's actually very common for you breakfast cereals to experience marked improvement in other, most types of bread minor ailments you never would have imagined certain types of sauces were related to coeliac disease. some types of ready meals Here's a breakdown of coeliac disease sympAlthough the best-known (but not necessarily toms and related conditions, categorized by the most common) symptoms of coeliac disease in- body system they affect. clude smelly diarrhoea, abdominal pain, weight loss and fatigue, coeliac can affect just about every system in your body, including your skin, your hormones and your bones and joints. People with coeliac disease might suffer from constipation instead of diarrhoea, experience weight gain instead of weight loss and endure heartburn instead of stomach pain. They might also have absolutely no symptoms at all, or they might appear at their doctor's office with one seemingly unrelated symptom, such as unex-

plained anaemia. In fact, it's doubtful that there's a truly "typical" case of coeliac disease; the condition affects too many body systems in too many different ways. It also affects women, men and children in different ways. Because every person exhibits coeliac disease symptoms differently, it's also a very difficult condition for doctors to diagnose correctly. In fact, although coeliac disease awareness and diagnosis rates appear to be improving, in years past the typical coeliac patient could go for up to ten years without a diagnosis, in some cases despite debilitating symptoms. Of course, keep in mind that all of these poten-

Gastrointestinal Symptoms of Coeliac Disease Not everyone who's diagnosed with coeliac disease experiences gastrointestinal symptoms, but many do. For example, one study found such symptoms in about three-quarters of people with new diagnoses. Chronic diarrhoea is one hallmark symptom of coeliac disease, and appears to affect half or more of those newly diagnosed. Frequently, the diarrhoea is watery, smelly and voluminous, and floats rather than sinking. However, a significant minority of people with coeliac disease tend to have constipation rather than diarrhoea, and some alternate between the two. In addition, other gastrointestinal symptoms can appear. For example, flatulence and excessive gas is common, as is abdominal bloating (many people describe themselves as looking "six months pregnant"). It's also common to have abdominal pain, which can be severe at times. Additional gastrointestinal symptoms of coeliac disease include heartburn and reflux (potentially with a diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease), nausea and vomiting, and lactose intolerance. Undiagnosed coeliacs sometimes develop pancreatitis or gallbladder disease. In addition, not everyone loses weight as an undiagnosed coeliac. In fact, many people find they gain weight prior to diagnosis. Some people report being absolutely unable to shed excess pounds, no matter how much they diet and exercise. Coeliac disease is a common condition that affects approximately 1 in every 100 people in the UK. However, some experts think this may be an underestimate because milder cases may go undiagnosed or be misdiagnosed as other digestive conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Reported cases of coeliac disease are two to three times higher in women than men and can develop at any age, although symptoms are most likely to develop: during early childhood – at between 8 and 12 months old (though it may take several years before a correct diagnosis is made) in later adulthood – between the ages of 40 and 60 years

Tooth Decay Among 5 Year Olds Continues Significant Decline The number of 5 year olds with tooth decay has dropped to its lowest level in almost a decade, according to a PHE oral health survey. The oral health survey published in May by Public Health England (PHE) reveals that less than 25% of the cohort suffers from tooth decay, a 20% drop since 2008. This continues the downward trend seen since 2008, in the first oral health survey of 5 year olds asking parents to opt-in. In 2008, 31% of 5 year olds suffered tooth decay; in 2012 it was 27%. The pattern of dental health improvement among the age group shows the impact parents and carers can have in establishing good dental care habits from an early age. This is great news. However, one child with tooth decay is one too many and there is still much inequality in dental health around the country. Tooth decay is painful and too often results in teeth extraction, some under general anaesthetic. This is further evidence that we can stop tooth decay in its tracks. Limiting sugary food and drink, supporting children to brush their teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and regular trips to the dentist, will help prevent a great many more children suffering at the hands of tooth decay. According to the survey an estimated 166,467 5 year olds suffer from tooth decay, compared with 177,423 in 2008. While there has been a significant decline in tooth decay at a national level, there is still a great deal of regional variation. As with the 2 previous surveys, areas with higher levels of deprivation tend to have higher levels of tooth decay. The proportion of 5 year olds who have had teeth removed due to decay was 2.5%, compared to 3.5% in 2008 – about 2,000 fewer children. Regional variation shows that only 1.9% of 5 year olds in the East Midlands have had tooth extractions due to decay, compared with 3.9% of children in Yorkshire and the Humber.

The last 3 surveys have shown the dental health of 5 year olds is improving. There has been a 9% increase in the proportion of children with no obvious decay since 2008. Further analysis is needed to understand the factors that have contributed to this welcome trend. This will help local authorities identify the steps they can take to extend the improvement in decay levels to all sectors of their populations. Oral Health tips: To make sure you are doing all you can to prevent tooth decay always: use family fluoride toothpaste brush your teeth twice a day at bedtime and one other occasion as soon as teeth first erupt try to reduce the amount and number of times you eat sugary foods and drink visit a dentist regularly Top tips for a brighter smile: • For children, brushing with family fluoride toothpaste should start as soon as the first teeth erupt at about 6 months old. • Brush at least twice a day - at bedtime and at least one other occasion • Parents should supervise children under the age of 7-years when they brush their teeth • Children must not eat or lick toothpaste from the tube • Children under 3-years should use a smear of family toothpaste Children 3-6 years a pea sized amount of family toothpaste • Children aged 7 years and over should continue to use family fluoride toothpaste • Spit out excess toothpaste after brushing but do not rinse as this washes away the fluoride • Adopt healthier eating practices including reducing sugary food and drink • Do not add any sugar to bottles or weaning foods • From 6 months of age infants should drink from a cup and from one year, feeding from a bottle discouraged

Canada is the second largest country in the world with a total area of 9.985 million sq km. Russia is the largest at 17.1 million sq km. London was the first city in the world to reach a population of one million, doing so in 1811. It remained the largest city in the world until 1957, when it was overtaken by Tokyo. There are 600,000 hacking attempts made on Facebook accounts every day, while smartphone users check their updates an average of 14 times a day. Page 14

Five Islands Disappear In The Pacific As Sea Levels Rise Rising sea levels and coastal erosion have seen the disappearance of five islands in the Pacific, say researchers. The islands, which were part of the Solomon Islands, were all vegetated reefs and up to five hectares in size. They were occasionally used by fishermen but had no permanent human population. A further six reef islands in the same region have been so badly eroded that 10 houses were swept into the sea between 2011 and 2014. Researchers looked at 33 islands using aerial and satellite images from 1947 to 2014 and found that the rates of shoreline recession were much higher in places exposed to high wave energy. Shoreline recession at two sites has destroyed villages that have existed since at

least 1935, leading to community relocations. At least 11 islands across the northern Solomon Islands have either totally disappeared over recent decades or are currently experiencing severe erosion. Researchers looked at 33 islands using aerial and satellite images from 1947 to 2014 and found that the rates of shoreline recession were much higher in places exposed to high wave energy. Those islands that experienced higher wave energy and sea-level rises were lost more quickly than sheltered islands. This showed a connection between sea-level rises and waves due to the rise in sea levels around the Solomons is almost three times higher than the global average.

Magical Urdu Words That You Should Use More Often Using Urdu words in our day-to-day conversations might look like a fad. But if you dig the meaning of these words, you will definitely fall in love with the language. Each word is laced with such poetry that it would put a smile on your face. Eloquent, yet ineffable, these 33 words ooze magic every time you use them.

Noor – radiance Rafter – pace, speed Ruhaniyat – soulfulness Taabir- interpretation (of dreams) Lihaaz – respect Lehja-pronunciation, way of speaking Nawaazish –kindness, generosity Mayassar – available Ba-dastoor – unaltered Inaayat – blessing Justajoo – longing Sukoon – peace Harf – a letter of the alphabet Khwabeeda – dreamy Paasbaan – protector Muntazir – awaiting Aabshaar – waterfall

Iztiraar – restlessness Riwaayat – tradition Raqs – dance Waabasta – related to Mukhtalif – different Sifar – nothingness Musalsal – constant Vasl – passion Seher – morning Aafreen – alluring Shiddat –intensity Qurbat – closeness, nearness Moutjza –miracle Nazakat – delicateness, finesse Uns- love Aaftaab - sun

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AALIM / AAMIL JANAB QAARI NOOR SAHAB Brings Hope And Success To The Helpless ISTEKHARA... ( Allaahumma inni Istakhiruka Bi ilmika ) O Allah, I ask you to show me what is best through your knowledge.. Aalim Aamil Janab Qaari noor sahab as a teenager growing up in his roohani family ( mother & father are HAFIZ E QURAN ) was getting education in ILM E JAFAR, ILM E NOORANI , ILM E REHMANI with his ustaad Janab Qaari Nizamuddin and Hafiz Janab MOHAMMED ILYAS SAHAB. Qaari Noor sahab says that NAMAZ is the best way to get peace and success in life so he did lots of VAZIFAS to get power of ROOHANI ILM. he believes in his own humble way to help others with his abilities as a AALIM / AAMIL uses necessary tools to the right path to happy, fulfilled lives. He says When people have difficulties and come to me to get ADVICE i use the knowledge of ILM E ROOHANI to find the solution of problems. If i am able to help so it is only through the grace of ALLAH and ALLAHs Qalaam with ISTEKHARA and ROOHANI VAZIFAS. He likes to give the advice with the DOOVAS on a diverse range of issues, such as to get success in business and life, dispute between husband and wife, delay in children marriage and they not obey you, poor health problem, and facing any blockages in life.. He is here to help and expect nothing in return, he will do his best with the GOD'S grace for the humanity and believes in the power of QURAAN and power of NAMAZ. He always keeps a positive mind.


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The Best of Healthy Cooking Oils With the diverse range of cooking oils available in the market today, which oils are the healthiest? We look at the nutritious benefits of healthy oils for your cooking. There is a diverse range of cooking oils available in the market today, and the subject of healthy fats is always prominent. It is generally a concern that many people hold; which oils are best for cooking? And which oils taste good and still hold the most nutritious value after cooking? Olive, sunflower, and vegetable are the most commonly used oils for cooking. However there is no right or wrong when it comes to choosing which oils to cook with. Every cooking oil has a unique taste and its own nutritious value. Rapeseed Oil Rapeseed oil is remarkably the healthiest oil used in a variety of general culinary such as frying or baking. It’s predominantly low in saturated fat so it is perceived as a healthy option. Suitable for baking, roasting, salad dressing and stir-frying. Rapeseed oil has complimentary balances of saturated and unsaturated fats. Rapeseed oil contains less unhealthy saturated fat in comparison with other cooking fats and oils. Well balanced quantities of mono and polyunsaturated fats such as omega 3, 6 and 9 also keep the heart healthy. As well as preserving some great beauty benefits such as fresher skin, rapeseed oil is also highly appreciated for supporting the immune system. A natural antioxidant source of vitamin E, which helps to contribute to balanced cholesterol level. Vegetable Oil

Believably the most common cooking oil is vegetable oil. It consists of a blend of several oils, such as corn, soya bean, palm and sunflower. Vegetable oil is a great component of common cooking recipes and usually used for frying. Vegetable oil is virtually tasteless, making it a first class choice for baking, cooking or frying. Vegetable oil has outstanding well-being benefits. Vegetable oil boosts metabolism benefiting many obese people. According to a study conducted at São Paulo State University in Brazil, vegetable oils contain antioxidant substances, as well as anti-inflammatory and anti-blood clotting properties that potentially increases the body’s metabolic rate. Vegetable oil may decrease the risk for developing heart diseases as well as lowering the fatal risk of breast cancer. It is also an alternative for achieving normalised blood pressure, cholesterol and sugar levels. Vegetable oils also help provide essential omega-3 fatty acids which are best known to keep the heart lively. Sunflower Oil Food manufacturers are acknowledging the fantastic benefits of sunflower oil. It is a preferred choice for lower saturated fat cooking and loved for cooking snacks such as potato chips. Sunflower oil is great for frying and can occasionally be found in salad dressings. A rich source of antioxidant vitamin E, sunflower oil carries our daily requirement in just one and half tablespoons. Sunflower oil is not highly loaded with omega 6, however the polyunsaturates in sunflower oil help maintain a lower cholesterol level and keeps the heart flourishing. It is full of essential vitamin B that helps support digestion and converts fat into energy, thus promoting a healthy nervous system. It also contains folic acid that boosts the process of new cell growth in the body, helping to build and improve tissue production. Olive Oil Olive oil is available in many varieties such as ‘extra virgin’, ‘virgin’, ‘extra light’, and ‘refined’ oils. Extra virgin olive oil is considered to be the healthiest of all types. Consumed often as an oil to encourage a well balanced diet, olive oil is ideal for a drizzle over salads and can be

Tel: 07459708158 utilised in cooking. Highly rich in nutrition value, the mono-unsaturated fats found in olive oil can prevent the risk of serious heart diseases. Olive oil has been linked to lower potential of breast cancer and maintains average cholesterol levels. Extra virgin olive oil is high in natural plant antioxidants that can defend against harmful free radicals. Studies also reveal that regular consumption of olive oil improves the bone mineralisation and calcification, as calcium absorption quantity in the bones is much finer. The health benefits of olive oil are immense, but as well as all of the benefits mentioned above it can also help to prevent skin cancer, type II diabetes and oxidative stress. Coconut Oil Coconut oil is known for its sweet refreshing taste. It contains the most saturated fat of all edible oils; therefore it is not ideal for a low-fat diet or a healthy lifestyle. Coconut oil can be used in a variety of ways in Asian cuisines and can be used to replace butter or margarine. The best coconut oil is extra virgin coconut oil. Coconut oil possess a high natural nutrition which benefits your health. It’s a great source for stress relief, cholesterol, improved immune system, a healthier digestion and regulated metabolism. Coconut oil contains properties, such as antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-fungal, antibacterial and soothing qualities while helping to improve dental quality and bone strength. It also provides comfort from kidney complications, heart diseases, high blood pressure, diabetes, HIV, and cancer. Not only are the nutritional benefits vast for coconut oil, but it is most commonly used as a beauty product. It can be used to help care for your hair and skin as it effectively encourages fresh cell growth in the body. Hemp Seed Oil Hemp seed oil is loved for its delightful nutty flavours. Hemp seed oil is mostly considered for casual grilling, salad dressings, mayonnaise, and dips. It is not considered to be suitable for frying as this condenses the nutritious value. A wealth of health for everyone hemp seed oil is nutritionally a superb source of omega 3. Reliving premenstrual anxiety and stress, hemp seed oil has matchless anti-inflammatory properties uncommon in other oils. Refined hemp seed oil is also an ingredient used in beauty care products to nourish skin and hair on a cellular level.

Avocado Oil Ultra variable avocado oil is loved for its delicious burst of flavours. It is often used as an ingredient in some cooking and can be consumed as tasty healthy cooking oil. Highly pleasing in some everyday cooking needs such as grilling, frying and even pan-roasting. Its thick nutty texture makes it perfect for drizzling, dipping and salad dressings. Nutritionally a strong competitor of the healthiest oils, avocado oil ranks equally nutritious as olive oil. A rich amount of mono-unsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids, it provides a good source of nutrition such as proteins, lecithin, beta-carotene and vitamins A, D and E.

Avocado oil’s best ability is to repair and protect your cardiovascular system, it promotes faster healing, and prevents from fatal cancers. Along with coconut oil, it is a natural youthful beauty formula for skin and hair care. Fats are generally considered a nightmare; however it is vital to understand that fats are part of a healthy balanced diet. In fact, oils and fats are believed to be one of the three primary nutrients of a healthy-eating regime. So a low fat diet may not necessarily be better than a hearty healthy balanced diet with fats.

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Abdul Khayum JP has been elected as the Labour Party Councillor for the Firth Park Ward in Sheffield. A well-known public figure in South Yorkshire, he has worked in the Voluntary/ Public Sector for over 25 years, working predominantly on behalf of the Ethnic Minority Communities across the County. His work with Sheffield’s Communities has already been recognised by the Pakistan Muslim Centre and South Asian Project having been twice- awarded the prestigious ‘Life-time Achievement Award’. Abdul Khayum was born in a village near Attock in Pakistan. He came to the UK in 1970 and after


only a year in primary school, where he managed to pick up basic English language, went to Hinde House Comprehensive School. Having managed to achieve 7 O levels, in 1977 he went on to Granville College and studied for a Diploma in Engineering Technology. In 1979, having passed his Diploma Course, he stopped pursuing academic qualifications and instead of going to higher education, he started looking for a job, much to the annoyance of his father who wanted him to go on to University. After failing to secure a job in engineering he went for a temporary job and started working with S Y Transport as a bus driver. The ‘temporary’ job lasted 8 years, and he realised the importance and value of education. In 1987 he left his job to go back to education and joined ‘night school’ in Rother Valley College to study for a teaching qualification and in 1988 he secured a teaching job at Park House school.

With 25 years’ service, he is one of the longest serving school governors in the city having chaired the Firs Hill school Governors for 10 years. He is currently a Governor of Handsworth Community Sports College. He has served as a non-Executive Director on the Boards of South Yorkshire Probation Service and South Yorkshire Housing Association as well as a founder Director of the Asian Business Development Network, a first platform for Asian businesses in South Yorkshire. He currently serves on the Board of Alliance Housing Association. In 2004, he was appointed as a Magistrate on the Sheffield Bench and currently chairs the Family Bench in Sheffield Magistrates’ Court. This long list of voluntary organisations goes on to include, the Asian Housing Association, Sheffield Literacy Campaign, Racial Harassment project, Tinsley Advice Centre, and Open Forum for Economic Regeneration…..

After a year in teaching, in 1989, he was successful in his bid to play an instrumental role in helping Sheffield’s Pakistani community realise a longheld dream to develop and manage their own Centre, as the first Development Manager of the largest community centre of its kind in the City, the Pakistan Muslim Centre. He continued with his part time study at Sheffield Hallam University and gained the IPM qualification in Personnel Management. It was during this period that he got involved with the Voluntary sector and went on to work with many Voluntary organisations. After a spell working in Doncaster, in 1997 he joined Rotherham Council to help develop a similar community Centre in Rotherham, the Unity Centre, for the BME Communities. Twenty years on, both Centres continue to provide community facilities for all. In 2004, He went on to become Manager of the Alliance Housing Association which worked very closely with South Yorkshire Housing Association to help enhance and improve the provision of social housing for BME communities in Sheffield. In 2007 he took up the full management of the ‘family business’ as Managing Director of the Redlands Business Centre, based in Broomhill, providing office space and business services to all types of businesses.

Through his voluntary work, Abdul Khayum has amassed substantial wide ranging experience in the areas of Housing, Community Development, Regeneration, Education, Community Resources and the Judicial System as well as organisational representation and advocacy. He is very committed to working for local communities, always striving for better local services and a better quality of life for local people. He has a strong belief in social justice and he is very passionate about creating a just and fair society. It’s no wonder stituency and more recently, Co-Vice Chair of the then, that he is so well networked and well known Sheffield District Labour Party. across the city.

In a voluntary capacity, there is a long list of organisations he has worked with across South Yorkshire, in his endeavours to ensure that statutory service providers are held to account when delivering services to Ethnic Minority Communities. He was a founder member and first Chair of the City-wide Black Community Forum, an umbrella organisation of 70 BME groups. He worked with S Y Police as Chair of the BME Independent Advisory Group, helping to develop better strategies for policing in the County, and currently chairs the S Y Police & Crime Commissioner’s Advisory Panel for Ethnic Minority Communities. He was also Chair of the Sheffield Unified Multi-Cultural Education Service, which was set up to help the local Education Authority to develop more appropriate services for BME communities.

He says one of his key priorities is to ensure we do all we can to get young people into education, training or employment. He says there is a great deal of talent, skills and abilities amongst young people that goes to waste because there just are not the facilities, mechanisms or structures to help nurture and develop these talents in young people. Particularly, within the BME communities and more specifically the Pakistani community, under-achievement in schools, unemployment and involvement in drugs and crime is at an unprecedented and unacceptable level, and as parents, as responsible citizens and as community leaders, we cannot just sit back and allow these trends to continue. We all have a moral responsibility to face these challenges and tackle these issues head on. That’s the least we can do for the sake of our future generations!

In an interview with ILM, he says he is delighted to have been elected as the Labour Party Councillor for Firth Park ward. As a Pakistani, Abdul Khayum is keen to demonstrate that as citizens of UK, all members of the community should endeavour to participate in every walk of life including the public life of the country. This includes politics which, he says, is an important and integral part of any modern democratic society. He says we are not just British citizens in name, but part of the fabric of British society. He says, as a community, we are very fortunate to have made this country our home for the last 60 years or so. Britain has given us a great deal for which we should always be grateful, but we have also made a vast contribution to the socio-economic and political life of the country. In Sheffield, our community contributes to business & commerce, to transport, to charitable organisations, to the professions, and to politics. However, in order to ensure that we become fully integrated, that we continue to develop, grow and prosper and that we enable our young people to take pride in who they are, and retain their cultural identity, we must be more not less involved in all aspects of the life of this great city that we have made our home. This is one reason why he decided to get involved in politics and joined the Labour Party in 1997, where he held a number of posts as former Chair and then Secretary of the Burngreave Branch, Secretary of the Brightside and Hillsborough Con-

He says, having been elected as Councillor, his primary role is to represent the interests of all residents of Firth Park ward within the Council. However, in a wider context, being of Pakistani origin, and with his background in working for BME communities, he would be well placed to help ensure that the Council fully takes into account the needs of these communities in the development and delivery of local services. He says given his long-term work advocating on behalf of local communities, he sees his election as natural progression, and he will now hopefully be in a better position to influence political decisions which ultimately impact on the lives of local people.

More Parents Taking Kids Out Of School For Holidays It is claimed more South Yorkshire parents are going to take their kids out of school to go on holiday, after a high court ruling on the issue. Last month a court ruled in favour of a parent who took his daughter to Florida during school time and refused to pay a fine. There are now claims it'll lead to more parents booking holidays with their kids during term-time. There will be an element of parents deciding to take children out of term time to go on holiday because there is no consequence or if there is a consequence they can just ignore it because of the court verdict. Currently parents can be fined £60 per child for unauthorised absence - which rises to £120 if it's not paid within 21 days but it is not enforced consistently.

More and more parents are taking the chance: they may get fined, they may not. Parents that are normally very strict and say no time out of school - they might decide 'one or two days is not going to hurt and if I'm not going to be fined then I'll take that chance'. They may be a bit more flexible where they can afford one or two days out of school definitely. One of the main reasons many parents decide to take their kids out of school during term-time is to save money. Sometimes the cost of holidays out of school holiday time can be £500 or £600 difference for a family of four - even more in some cases. The Department for Education are warning that school attendance is 'non-negotiable'. They are trying to get the law changed so it's tighter on parents taking their kids out of school.

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Nominations for the IIFA Awards 2016 The nominations for the 2016 International Indian Film Academy (IIFA) Awards have officially been unveiled. Bajirao Mastani and Bajrangi Bhaijaan lead the way with the most nominations. Recognising the best films of the previous year (2015) the IIFA Awards are a great celebration of the best of Indian cinema and Bollywood entertainment. Following some incredible films and extraordinary acting talent, the IIFA weekend in Madrid will be the place to be. Aside from the worthy winners, guests will enjoy the best of Indian music, fashion and Bollywood glamour. Leading the nominations for 2016 is the epic period blockbuster,Bajirao Mastani directed by Sanjay Leela Bhansali and starring Ranveer Singh, Deepika Padukone and Priyanka

Chopra. Following closely behind is Salman Khan’s Bajrangi Bhaijaan with an impressive 7 nominations. Salman will be looking to take another glamourous statuette for his growing awards cabinet. Nominated for Best Performance in a Leading Role, Salman faces some stiff competition from the likes of Varun Dhawan (Badlapur – Don’t Miss the Beginning), Amitabh Bachchan (Piku), Ranbir Kapoor (Tamasha) and Ranveer Singh (Bajirao Mastani). In the Female category, Deepika is nominated for two films, including Piku and Bajirao Mastani. The talented actress is up against Priyanka who is nominated for her great role in Dil Dhadakne Do and Kangana Ranaut for Tanu Weds Manu Returns. The IIFA buzz will certainly build as some of the biggest films are contending for the NEXA IIFA Awards and the nominations reflect a rich spectrum of the kind of cinematic aptitude Bollywood has seen this year. With the number of talented nominees in the popular categories, fans are urged to see their favourite stars and films win awards by voting soon! The 2016 IIFA’s promises the best of Bollywood glamour and entertainment. Taking place in Madrid this year, hosts will be Farhan Akhtar and Shahid Kapoor, and will see a full weekend of music, fashion and glitz. The 2016 IIFA Awards will take place between June 23 and 26, 2016.

Average-Speed Camera Coverage Doubles In Three Years The length of the UK road network covered by permanent average speed cameras has more than doubled since 2013, new figures have revealed. Research found permanent cameras were now positioned in 80 UK sites, covering 263 miles - a distance longer than the M6. Unlike traditional speed cameras, average speed cameras work by recording the time it takes a vehicle to travel between two positions on the road. The research, conducted for the RAC Foundation, found the distance covered by the cameras in 2013 was 127 miles. More than 130 miles of road have been installed since then, it showed. The new data excludes sites where average speed cameras are deployed temporarily, such as to monitor speed limits through motorway roadworks. The cost of introducing the cameras had fallen in recent years, making

Scientists And The Creator Since time immemorial, intellectuals and scientists have wondered about, and discussed, the existence of the Almighty. Many of them accepted and acknowledged the existence of a superpower after seeing and learning about the complex structure of nature, but some of them – known as atheists – were convinced that the whole world (skies, stars, nature, human beings, animals, etc_ was born of a natural phenomenon. Of the many intellectuals who were convinced of a Creator, some embraced Islam after reading the Holy Quran; and they accepted the words of the Almighty. Those Muslims and non-Muslims who read the Quran in a language they understood and with explanations, found that the Almighty had, in numerous places, given very simple, unambiguous, highly convincing examples and explanations of the creation of the whole universe. (16:10-14); (67:1-5); (78:6-16); (80:23-32). Latest advanced technologies proved, without doubt, the veracity of those secrets given in the Holy Quran more than 14 centuries ago through an unlettered Prophet (pbuh). The Almighty challenged anyone to reproduce a trifle of what He had created and advised all to see, understand and learn from the examples so clearly given. Of the Western intellectuals who studied the Quran and embraced Islam, Dr Maurice Bucaille and Leopold Weiss (Muhammad Asad) are two outstanding examples. Both of them went on to write excellent books on Islam, which in turn became instrumental in convincing many others. In Surah Rahman, the Almighty asks the people to mention anything and deny that it was not made by Him. Below I quote statements made by a few Western intellectuals.

“The association between the Quran and science is a preference, not a surprise, especially since it is going to be one of harmony and not of discord”, Dr Maurice Bucaille in ‘The Bible, the Quran and Science’. “Science without religion is lame and religion without science is blind”, Albert Einstein in ‘The World As I See It’. “Science and Faith are in commensurable and there is no antithesis between them”, Arthur Thomas in ‘Introduction to Science’. Dr A Rasheed Seyal has affirmed the statements of Dr Maurice Bucaille, Albert Einstein, George Sine and Arthur Thomas in his book ‘Faith in

alien, who is no longer capable of wonderment and lives in a state of (crude) fear, is a dead man. “To know that what is impenetrable for us really exists and manifests itself as the highest wisdom and the most radiant beauty, whose gross forms alone are intelligible to our poor faculties – this knowledge, this feeling … that is the core of the true religious sentiment. “In this sense, and in this sense alone, I rank myself among profoundly religious men…. My religion consists of a humble admiration of the illimitable superior spirit who reveals himself in the slight details we are able to perceive with our frail and feeble mind….

the Unseen’, giving several examples from the Holy Quran in the light of modern day scientific achievements. From the book, ‘The World As I See It’, written by one of the greatest scientists of all times – Prof Dr Albert Einstein – is reproduced below his statement affirming his belief in the presence of the Almighty, the Superpower, the Creator. “The finest emotion of which we are capable is the mystic emotion. Herein lies the germ of all art and all true science. Anyone to whom this feeling is

“Everyone who is seriously involved in the pursuit of science becomes convinced that a spirit is manifest in the laws of the Universe – a spirit vastly superior to that of man, and one in the face of which we, with our modest powers, must feel humble…. “The scientists’ religious feeling takes the form of a rapturous amazement at the harmony of natural law, which reveals an intelligence of such superiority that, compared with it, all the systematic thinking and acting of human beings is an ut-

the devices more appealing for authorities. The cost was now typically about £100,000 per mile, compared with about £1.5m per mile in the early 2000s. Some of the old fixed speed cameras have been around for 25 years and are coming to the end of their life so as they are replaced, they are mostly getting replaced with average speed camera systems. Average speed cameras were first introduced in the UK in 2000, on a single four-mile stretch of the A6514, near Nottingham. Almost all the permanent sites deployed since then are in England, with two in Scotland, two in Wales and one in Northern Ireland. In March, the House of Commons' Transport Committee recommended further use of average speed cameras on British roads, as they "are generally better received by motorists than traditional fixed speed cameras". It said they had "reduce the impression that motorists are unfairly caught out by speed cameras".

Dr A Q Khan terly insignificant reflection…. “There is no logical way to the discovery of elemental laws. There is only the way of intuition, which is helped by a feeling for the order lying behind the appearance…. The intuitive mind is a sacred gift and the rational mind is a faithful servant. We have created a society that honours the servant and has forgotten the gift… One cannot help but be in awe when he contemplates the mysteries of eternity, of life, of the marvellous structure of reality. It is enough if one tries merely to comprehend a little of this mystery every day. Never lose a holy curiosity…. “What I see in Nature is a magnificent structure that we can comprehend only very imperfectly, and that must fill a thinking person with a feeling of humility. This is a genuinely religious feeling.” Many people think that knowledge of science leads us away from God, whereas the truth is that more knowledge of science deepens our love of God and strengthens belief in Him. In fact, a stage comes in the scientific quest of the cosmos when there is no longer any possibility of denying the all-pervasive act of God in designing and sustaining this wonderful world of creation. In the case of the great Muslim scientists of the past, their inspiration was the Quran, which convinced them that it was Divine Will and Purpose that explained the wonderful order, harmony and unity permeating all apparent diversity in the phenomena of nature. Their research confirmed Quranic contentions. For Muslims, the Quran has always been a source of knowledge. It was this belief that made those earliest Muslim scientists great torchbearers. They believed in the edicts of the Almighty and started their research based on the belief that whatever was mentioned in the Holy Quran was the word of Allah. It enabled them to pursue their work single-mindedly and ultimate in their success in the pursuit of unlocking the mysteries of this marvellous world. Email:

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Manners and Etiquette for Children Manners and etiquette for children is ranked as the most important quality to nurture in the family home. Instilling good manners in some teens will feel like an almost impossible task. But don't despair, just keep at it. You will be surprised how much of your pushing and nagging about being well mannered stays with them. Good Manners are essential for every child's self confidence and success in life. Manners and etiquette for children in the Family Home In the family home - this is where it starts, where the 'manners seed' is planted and nurtured. This is where your children learn not only good manners, but also core values and ethics. This is the haven where your children learn to be considerate, tolerant and respectful. They learn to share and to respect the space of all other family members. This is the place where your children put into practice the foundation of all the social etiquette they will need to carry them through life. Let's start with respect. Respecting a person's privacy is very important. In the family home this is one of the most important rules. Parents, teenagers and even the little ones - all deserve a degree of privacy. All deserve utmost respect. For example, if the door is closed, it is respectful and good manners to knock and wait for permission to enter. Or if you want to borrow something, don't just help yourself, always ask permission and make sure you return whatever it is you borrow. Make sure you return it in the same or better condition. Another one is to never go looking through another person's private possessions without their permission, that is extremely bad mannered. Another important lesson in manners and etiquette for children is meeting and greeting guests Children are never too young to learn the art of welcoming family and guests. Your child is never

too young to learn this valuable rule of etiquette and good manners, a warm and friendly greeting is essential. Such as opening the door and invite the guests in, smile and be welcoming. If the child is a boy, it is good manners and masculine to shake hands with the adult males. Being a Guest It is equally important to have good manners and know what the proper etiquette is when you are a guest in someone's home. By explaining to children such things as; don’t go visiting unless you are invited or you have phoned to see if it is convenient. Always get stuck in and help, don't wait to be asked and don't expect to be waited on. Be sure to say, "Thank you" when you leave. Reciprocate by inviting your friends to your house sometime in the future. Remember your good manners and etiquette will not go unnoticed and will be a reflection of the quality and standards of your upbringing and your parents. General Rules of Good Manners and Etiquette in Public Places Give up your seat for an adult, especially for an old person, a handicapped person or pregnant women. Not only is it good manners and etiquette but bear in mind that one day you too will be old and frail. Place your rubbish in a bin, imagine if everybody just scattered their rubbish throughout the streets. Some other things to think about when teaching children: Old people are easily intimidated, be kind, polite, respectful and helpful. Open the door for others. Allow adults to go through first while you hold the door open for them. If you do enter first, don't let the door slam in the face of those behind you. Before you enter a lift (elevator), allow the people inside the lift (elevator) to exit first. This rule of etiquette also applies to buildings or even a room; let the person inside exit first. It is well known that when this rule is abused or ignored it even creates wars between countries.

This is the rule of respecting differences. The world has become a multicultural society. A society where there is a huge diversity of beliefs, cultures, races, colours, rituals, protocols, etiquettes and traditions. Different nationalities of people are living together in many different countries. Your set of rules for good manners and etiquette for children and adults are based on good values and work well for your culture and your country and so too are the rules of good manners and etiquette for children and adults that have evolved for other cultures. They are just different but still hold good values The simple idea behind manners and etiquette for children and adults boils down to having customs that are common to your country and genetics, being considerate and having common sense. An example of customs: Simply observe how Japanese people greet each other; they nod their head. In America, Australia and many other countries, men shake hands - both a mannerly way to greet people An example of being inconsiderate: Being rude to someone is unnecessary, all it does is make you feel bad and hurt the other person's feelings. What is the point of being rude? International Etiquette - the Webster dictionary defines Etiquette as "the forms, manners, and ceremonies established by convention as acceptable or required in social relations, in a profession, or in official life" - etiquette really is about respect, good manners and good behaviour. It is not just each of these things, but it is ALL of these things rolled into one. It is also about leadership, taking the time to put others at ease and thinking before you act. Of course what is considered good etiquette in one country could be considered extremely bad manners in another country. You know the old saying 'when in Rome, do as the Romans do'? Well to some degree that applies here. For example: Cleaning your plate at the dinner table in China is not good dinner table etiquette - it may even be

considered bad manners. It could be construed that you did not have enough food on your plate and you are still hungry. In a Greek family home, leaving food on your plate could be taken as an insult; the hostess may think you do not like the food. Not a good idea if she is a typical Greek Mamma! In Islamic countries, it is best to never eat with your left hand, it could be considered gross indecency as that hand is kept for toilet purposes only. Some cultures practice a very formal etiquette in business and social situations. Many stick to their traditional customs. In some countries people are more tolerant and accepting of foreign visitors, but it is always good manners and good social etiquette for you to make the effort to fit in and not offend. It may sound a little difficult and one sided, but as we said before, there is no one rule book that covers every aspect of good manners and etiquette as it differs from culture to culture and country to county and even person to person. Generally speaking, if you are well mannered, tolerant, and respectful you will feel comfortable

in any company or situation. Most people will accept you into their circle. When visiting a country for the first time, whether it is for business or on holiday, it is always advisable to go to the library or search the internet and read as much as you imagine would be necessary for the purpose of your visit.


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More Than 45 Million Are In Slavery Worldwide The Global Slavery Index finds the number of modern slaves is a third higher than in 2014, with North Korea the worst offender. More than 45 million people around the world are trapped in modern slavery, an annual study by an Australian pressure group has found. The Global Slavery Index for 2016, published by Perth-based Walk Free Foundation, discovered that up to 4% of the population in some countries are in bondage of some kind. Modern slavery includes people who are forced to work as prostitutes or domestic servants, or who are enslaved in debt bondage and compelled to work in factories or on farms. Asia is the worst offender, the study found, with up to 4.37% of people in North Korea and 3.97% of the population in Uzbekistan enslaved. The highest number of slaves in any one country is in India, which has 18.35 million, followed by China with 3.39 million and Pakistan with 2.13 million. The Walk Free Foundation's founders say more countries should follow the lead set by the UK, which last year brought in the 2015 Modern Slavery Act. Walk Free chairman Andrew Forrest said: "One of the reasons why we chose to launch the Glo-

bal Slavery Index 2016 in London was because of the leadership which Britain has made on the modern slavery issue. "The Modern Slavery Act 2015 led the world and we are seeing this having a real impact in how companies and countries behave. "We feel very strongly that if this leadership is adopted by the nine other major economies of the world then the world would be a much safer place." A total of 45.8 million men, women and children are modern slaves, according to the study - 10 million more than the last survey in 2014. Mr Forrest said the rise was down to better access to data, although he added that he believes the number of slaves is rising. The Home Office says it estimates there are 13,000 modern slaves in Britain. Out of those, the largest group is from Albania, then Nigeria and Vietnam. But many are British nationals, the Home Office adds - most often teenage girls who have been groomed and then forced into sex work. While the report singled Britain out for praise, it said that rates of conviction in the UK are low and immigration rules leave migrants vulnerable to exploitation.

CHILDREN NOT GETTING RECOMMENDED DIABETES CHECKS Almost 75% of older children in England and Wales with diabetes are not getting key health checks, a study suggests. Data from 27,682 children and young people showed 25.4% of 12-year-olds have the seven recommended annual health checks, such as eye screenings. However, the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, which carried out the audit, says the overall picture is one of improving care. Charity Diabetes UK said young people must be supported in early life. The report looked at data from children and young people with diabetes up to the age of 24 who attended paediatric diabetes units in England and Wales between April 2014 and the end of March 2015. Nearly all had type 1 diabetes requiring daily injections of insulin. The 2014/15 National Paediatric Diabetes Audit of youngsters in England and Wales found that those achieving "excellent diabetes control" - equivalent to a blood glucose level of less than 7.5% - rose from 15.8% in 2012-13 to 23.5% in 2014-15. It showed that 23% were now reducing their risk of future complications from the disease. Guidelines from NICE (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence) state that all children with diabetes should have their blood sugar levels checked every year and those over the age of 12 should have six other annual health checks.

These include measures of growth, blood pressure, kidney function, cholesterol, as well as an eye screening and a foot examination. Because young people with type 1 diabetes are at increased risk of kidney disease and blindness, the health checks are important, but too many children are not getting them. They form part of a lifetime of screening for complications which, if recognised early, are amenable to interventions that reduce progression. The rate of improvement of those achieving "excellent diabetes control" had exceeded that seen in some other European countries. The report also noted that worryingly high numbers of children over the age of 12 were already showing signs of early complications. And children and young people living in the most deprived areas were found to have worse blood glucose test results than those living in more affluent areas. There remains considerable variation in the level of care provided. This is very worrying because if children and young people are not supported to manage their diabetes well in early life, they are more likely to be at risk of debilitating and life-threatening complications in adult life such as amputations, blindness and stroke. It is also essential that the parents of children and young people with diabetes are supported to help them deal with the illness.

The Desi Diet Nothing spells satisfaction more than that first crunch into a freshly fried samosa, or the ooze from a syrup-drenched Jalebi. The Desi diet is truly rich and full of taste. But let’s also consider how unhealthy this can be for us. If you are of a South Asian background, you may be at an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. You may also be more likely to have high blood pressure and at greater risk of having a heart attack. Your ethnic background can increase your risk of getting cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an umbrella term for all diseases of the heart and circulation, including heart disease, stroke, heart failure, cardiomyopathy, and atrial fibrillation. For Bangladeshis, Indians and Pakistanis, and people with an African Caribbean background, cardiovascular risk can be higher than for the rest of the UK population. How ethnicity affects your risk of heart disease Statistics show that in the UK: • if you are of a South Asian background, you may be at an increased risk of developing coronary heart disease, which could lead to a heart attack • if you are over 65 and of a South Asian background, you are at a greater risk of having a stroke • if you are of an African Caribbean background, you may be more likely to have high blood pressure • the prevalence of type 2 diabetes for people of African Caribbean and South Asian ethnicity is much higher than in the rest of the population.

white-flour roti form as much as 70% of the Desi diet. This offers little fibre and nutritional value, hence reduced satiety. Therefore, binges on fried snacks, or sugar-loaded mithai become all the more tempting for those much needed short bursts of energy. It seems ironic that despite a large proportion of Indians being strict vegetarians, you may be hardpressed to find a single vegetable in the meal. Or at least one that has not been so overcooked with their skins peeled, that it is unrecognisable and stripped of its vitamins.

With NHS ‘Eatwell’ guidance recommending fruit and vegetables forming the bulk of our daily intake, some obvious pitfalls become apparent in a traditional Desi diet. Though we cannot deny generous quantities of salt, oil, and cream may enhance the notoriously rich flavour of our food is known for, these are artery-clogging additives. Habit Our pattern of eating is far removed from the recommended concept of ‘little and often’. You only have to see the size of the saucepans in your average Desi household to know that portion control is a fairly alien concept. Cultural tendencies of fasting, or late dinners, and speedily eating with our hands to fit the largest of mouthfuls, is not in favour of healthy digestion. It can in fact trigger a sluggish metabolism, resulting in weight gain and associated health complications. Lifestyle and Socio-cultural Trends The cultural shift from the ancient civilisations of 1700 BC making the earliest known gravy-based curries through to the effects of urbanisation and globalisation has meant that a greasy Vindaloo, Consider the human body a finely-tuned machine washed downed with a fizzy drink is available at – input affects output. This means physical and the click of a button. academic performance, as well as disease-fight- Our tastebuds have been impaired to crave sugar and salt-laden calorific foods. ing ability and ultimately, lifespan. So just how is it that the average life expectancy Stresses of fast-pace modern living, sedentary in India is 66 years verses 83 years in Japan? The most remarkable contrast is that Japan is a lifestyles and social factors such as smoking and country with one of the world’s healthiest diets alcohol are proving detrimental to our wellbeing. For Desis, food is not merely sustenance; we celbut a typical Desi diet ranks far below. ebrate and mourn, socialise and reminisce, and So where do we fall short? pass on traditions with food. It is our identity. Ingredients Simple carbohydrates, such as white rice or Intergenerational Disparity

It is not uncommon for generations of Desi families to live under one roof. Whilst the young, educated generation may provide healthier introductions, they may be losing value and skills in traditional home-cooking. So when it is time to fly the nest, readily available shortcuts in the form of packet-parathas or readychopped garlic may become household staples. The older generations however may care to impart their folk wisdom in the form of home remedies recommended after every meal to aid digestion. The Positives It is not all doom and gloom. Desi cuisine is aromatic, pungent and fiery, making it one of the world’s best-loved cuisines. Spices provide a plethora of medicinal benefits, from Turmeric as a natural antibiotic, to research from the Mayo Clinic suggesting a correlation between cinnamon and the treatment of Diabetes. Not forgetting the anti-oxidant rich chilli, a staple of most dishes. So taste need not be sacrificed for health gains. Some Solutions Here is a simple breakdown that may be an eyeopener and get us noticing food labels. Fats: should make up 20% of diet. Cut down saturated and stick to unsaturated and omega 3 fatty acids, swap refined oils to coconut or olive oils (for low heat cooking)

Sugars: more than 22.5g per 100g is high Salt: no more than 6g per day, 1.5g per 100g or more is high Carbohydrates: approx. 50% proportion. Swap refined carbs to wholegrains Proteins: approx. 30%. 55g per day e.g. milk, pulses, dals leafy greens Vitamins and Minerals, Vitamin D, calcium and Iron – 50% of Indians are estimated to be anaemic, this is most prevalent among women and the highest cause for maternal mortality. So why not consider some swaps – bake your pakora, roll wholemeal rotis, and for those more daring, accompany curry with quinoa. Let us conclude with some food for thought. In the UK, 2 in 3 adults are overweight or obese. National statistics suggest South Asians in the UK are 4 times more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes than the Caucasian population. Type-2 diabetics have an increased risk of stroke within the first few years of diagnosis by two-fold, along with eye and kidney disease, a doubled risk of dementia and neuropathy affecting limb sensation. Though perhaps finding comfort over a cup of tooth-achingly sweet Masala Chai is a tradition that should not be abandoned, might we think twice before accepting the extra helpings of an Aunty’s offerings out of politeness?

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Public WiFi not Secure as you think to steal information, The increase of broadband rollAn explosive matchup of identity ouror out and the growth of WiFi in passwords and money from the or insecure public spacesown is providingworld-class society users who use public very fighter, with the huge benefit of access wi-fi connections. Amir Khan is easily. happening in May. The important thing is to distinto the Internet quickly and guish if the public WiFi you are But not all WiFi is as secure as we The British superstar former secure and not public. might think it is. Europol’s Cyber- using isand When you connect to it, if it crime Division warns that attacks Unified Super Lightweight World are rising on public WiFi and are requires a security access password, it means it is secure but if a major security risk. Amir “King” Champion Khan will In the UK, key cities like London, you can just connect to it with no face current WBA International it is insecure. Manchester and Birmingham are password, increasing public WiFi access, Something known as ‘man-inWelterweight Luisto the-middle’ is being applied whilst restaurants, cafes andchampion bars are also keen provide free commit these attacks on public Collazo in the 12 round event. networks. Where, the hackers WiFi to attract customers. passed beFor mostlooking smartphone forward users capture data "I'm to being fighting public WiFi is always seen as a tween a user of the public WiFi the Internet. greatLas way ofVegas saving dataonce usage and in again, andAttacks myof included in their phone tariffs these kind are targeting people intention 3 istheyto makewitha a communicate but if you are goingon to useMay public when WiFi for personal transactions, bank, do online shopping or log statement thatthisI inbelong to social mediaon sites. this sensitive data and banking, may not be the best method. big stage," said Khan. We are now seeing an increase Therefore, it is important to be vigilant whenoff using in the misuse of wi-fi, inmight order extremely "Luis Collazo be coming of a big win, but I am in incredible shape and am ready for this challenge. A win on May 3 is what I need to prove that I truly am one of the best welterweights in the sport." A British standout who represented his nation in the 2004


Olympic Games, where he won a silver medal, Bolton's Amir "King" Khan (28-3, 19 KOs) went from local hero to international star when he won his first world title at 140 pounds in 2009.After five successful defences that included wins over Marcos Maidana, Paulie Malignaggi and Zab Judah, Khan lost An explosive matchup of our own world-class fighter, his title by way of avery controAmir Khan is happening in May. British superstar and former versial decision to The Lamont Unified Super Lightweight World Amir “King” Khan will Peterson in 2011. Champion Winner face current WBA International Welterweight of two straight over Car- champion Luis Collazo in the 12 round event. "I'm looking los Molina and Julio Diazforward to fighting in Las Vegas once again, and my since, the flashy,intention flamon May 3 is to make a statement that I belong on this boyant 27-year-old boxbig stage," said Khan. "Luis Collazo might be coming off er-puncher is nowof a bigcamwin, but I am in incredible shape and am ready for this chalpaigning at welterweight, lenge. A win on May 3 is what I need to prove that I truly am one where he seeks championof the best welterweights in the sport." ship gold once again. A British standout who repre-

public WiFi and only use it for non-sensitive data activity if you are unsure about it’s security. Here are some tips to keep yourself safe when using public WiFi: Always use reputable internet security software on all your devices including your laptop, PC, MAC, tablets and smartphone. If a WiFi connection does not require a password, it is insecure. So, don’t send any confidential information over this network e.g. username, passwords, private data etc. Look for public places that do offer free WiFi but require a password which you obtain from them. Look out for the https in the web address in your browser and the padlock symbol when using websites for personal transactions. Always check your credit card or debit bills for any odd transactions, especially if you use public WiFi a lot. Always keep your device software up-to-date especially if security updates are available. Security using the Internet has been and always will be an issue as hackers find new ways of executing attacks but as long as you stick to the rules of keeping your confidential data secure, you can lower he chances of experiencing theft of your data.

Olympic Games, where he won a silver medal, Bolton's Amir "King" Khan (28-3, 19 KOs) went from local hero to international star when he won his first world title at 140 pounds in 2009.After five successful defences that included wins over Marcos Maidana, Paulie Malignaggi and Zab Judah, Khan lost his title by way of a controversial decision to Lamont Peterson in 2011. Winner of two straight over Carlos Molina and Julio Diaz since, the flashy, flamboyant 27-year-old boxer-puncher is now campaigning at welterweight, where he seeks championsented his nation in the 2004 ship gold once again.

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(Reg Charity No: 1139948) ALHABIB WELFARE FOUNDATION                                                

Molana M Aslam Zahid donating sawing machines during his recent visit to Bagh, Azad Kashmir...

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Join with us and become closer to Madressa during his recent all help the poor, disabled, 19842710local 05 08 58Cwoidomewsleat nusd orphan visitSort to Bagh,Code: Azad Kashmir... s who desperately Allah in this blessed month to need our help,and gain the approval of Allah the Almighty increase your blessings Alhabib Welfare Foundation is a UK ÂŁ250 supports an orphan and brings You can give your Zakaat, Sadaqatul registered international relief and Fitra to help towards our ongoing you closer to the Holy Prophet development charity. It was founded su bypport of these needy families. (pbuh) in Jannah Molana Aslam Zahid who is the imam of invite you to come and be a part of We Alhabib a good and worth cause and gain ÂŁ600 supports a family withWelfare no Foundation Usmania Education Centre and the Vice ssed bleAslam Allah and theM nearness to Molana Zahid visited is relying this Messenger (peace be upon him). income and is equivalent to on your support Chairm Ramadan to help survivors of the an of Jamiat Ulma-e-Bri tain. during his recent the opportunity ering you Madressa We are offlocal Pakistan floods. Donate your Zakat increased blessings from prayers to extend your good practice in the Withandyour support Alhabib Welfare visit to Bagh, Azad Kashmir... and Sadaqa to us this Ramadan month of Ramadan by gaining it to help orphans, widows we will use ÂŁ50 buys a sewing machine an Foundation aims to help poor families, sawaab for helping our fellow and those who are in need. Muslims who need your help. essential source of income for a orphans, and widows across Pakistan PROJECTS and MAIN other countries around the world. widow or young orphan girl We ensure 100% of your donation ÂŁ700 helps a derelict mosque reaches the poor. Please donate generously prosper again and reinforces your on the above account number or online iman for the here and after by visiting our website... ÂŁ2000 helps finance Molana M Aslam Zahid donatedthe marriage of computers during his recent an orphan girl and you gain visit to Bagh, Azad Kashmir... Alhabib Widows Zakat Education blessings for yourself and ourOrphans family Welfare Foundation By making provision for Sehri and Tel: 01142811927, 07894540303 is relying on your support this Iftar for the needy in theMob: Holy month Ramadan to help survivors of the of Ramadan you can gain Pakistan floods. Donate your Zakat forgiveness and sawaab from those Web: and Sadaqa to us this Ramadan and fasts and work towards a place in we will use it to help orphans, widows 250 and those who are in need. 250

The prophet saw said “Whoever helps any muslim and makes them happy in the process, they have made me happy. Whosoever makes me happy has made Allah happy. And whosoever makes Allah happy, Allah will provide a place in Jannah for him�. Come let us all help the poor, disabled, widows and orphans who desperately need our help,and gain the approval of Allah the Almighty You can give your Zakaat, Sadaqatul Fitra to help towards our ongoing support of these needy families. We invite you to come and be a part of a good and worth cause and gain nearness to Allah and the blessed Messenger (peace be upon him). We are offering you the opportunity to extend your good practice in the month of Ramadan by gaining sawaab for helping our fellow Muslims who need your help.


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