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Leopold Square & Crystal Peaks RestaurantS

* IFTHARI WILL CONSIST OF FRESH FRUIT, DATES AND FRESH FRUIT JUICES SERVED TO THE TABLE

Early Bird Early Bird Buffet Buy any 2 starters and Mon-Thurs-5.30-6.30pm Sun 4.30-6.30pm

2 mains Get the least expensive Main dish free

Sun 4.30-6.30pm · Mon-5.30-6.30pm

£10.50 per person

Kids under 4 eat free when accompanied by an adult Kids 4-9 years £6.00 per person

After 6.30pm £12.95, Kids £7.95

Student offer Emergency Services Offer

10% discount on food

10% discount To Police, Fire & NHS staff

on production of student ID.

on Food on production of ID.

Aagrah Leopold Square, Unit 1 Leopold Square, Leopold Street, Sheffield, S1 2JG. Tel. 0114 2795577 Open: Mon-Thurs 5.30pm – 11.30pm · Fri- Sat 5.30-12 midnight · Sun 4.30-10.30pm Aagrah Crystal Peaks, 200 Waterthorpe Greenway, Crystal Peaks, Sheffield, S20 8LY, UK Tel: 0114 248 2049 Open: A LA CARTE & TAKEAWAY: Mon-Sat: 5:30pm - 11:30pm & Sun: 4:30pm - 10:30pm BUFFET: Mon-Sat: 5:30pm - 10:00pm & Sun: 4:30pm - 9:30pm Takeaway service available. *TERMS AND CONDITIONS Above promotions not valid on takeaways or throughout December. Not valid in conjunction with any other offer. Please contact the branch to check availability of these offers prior to coming to the restaurant.


Peace Between Pakistan And India: Difficult But Not Impossible

The vitriolic war of words between Pakistan and India continued with the same vigour as the Indian Minister for External Affairs speaking to the United Nations General Assembly alleged Pakistan’s involvement in cross-border terrorism and declared Kashmir to be “an integral part of India.” In response Pakistan’s permanent representative to the United Nations Maleeha Lodhi highlighted Indian atrocities in the Indian-occupied Jammu and Kashmir, its alleged involvement in destabilising Balochistan, and the status of Jammu and Kashmir as a disputed territory. It is unfortunate that Pakistan-India statements follow the same worn-out script each time without giving either any ground for meaningful engagement. Forsaking a potentially beneficial relationship through trade and economic cooperation, Pakistan and India have been locked in the same self-defeating cycle of accusations and counter accusations since their inception. For any one observing the South Asian crisis from a neutral standpoint, the churlish intransigence of the two states becomes clearly apparent. Unfortunately, years of

jingoistic conditioning has created a public sentiment in both countries that sees any change in position vis-à-vis each other in order to provide space for dialogue as capitulation, and this has greatly limited the two countries' capacity for any diplomatic manoeuvring that might change things for the better. Many see the animosity between Pakistan and India as one that cannot be resolved. A very stylised interpretation of history, which for the most part is based on gross anachronism, has been perpetuated and so deeply embedded in the public psyche that it has rendered the Pakistan-India ‘rivalry’ into a historic battle between Muslims and Hindus. This has, in turn, proved to be a major impediment towards peace building measures as sensationalist media on both sides of the border continues to pander to the public appetite towards meaningless point scoring. It is for this reason that leaders in both Pakistan and India have to repeatedly indulge in the same war of words lest they are accused by the public of not giving ‘a befitting reply’. However, it is imperative that state-level dialogue is started to resolve all bilateral issues. If dialogue is to be successful then it has to be in line with ground realities and achievable objectives, and must be on mutually agreed terms. Furthermore, if history is any indication then the ‘enmity’ between Pakistan and India is not something that is doomed to perpetual irresolution. If the European countries that fought for centuries can not only resolve their issues but also make a supranational block, then the 69-year-old rivalry between Pakistan and India is something that is far easily surmountable. It is time for Pakistanis to introspect and question where this jingoistic chestthumping has led them. While it is true that this time around the Pakistan vilification campaign that took the Indian media with unabated frenzy has to a great extent limited the space for voices that call for peace in Pakistan, nevertheless, the struggle for peace must be carried on. The people of the two countries have suffered a great deal from this fight, and it is Pakistanis who must take the initiative so that a message can be delivered to the world that Pakistan is ready for peace with India.

READ INSIDE An Nasiha Spread The Joy of Eid

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Cllr Khayum Praises Councils China Deal

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CUT PIECE Page 22-23

Land & Development Page 8

BREXIT PLANNING MAY COST £65M A YEAR The potential cost of negotiating Britain's departure from the European Union has been estimated at £65m a year, a report says. Planning For Brexit: Silence Is Not A Strategy, by the Institute for Government, said another 520 civil servants would be needed across the trade and Brexit departments to cope with demands. Responsibility for Brexit is being shared between the Foreign Office, the Department for Exiting the EU and the Department for International Trade. But the report warned the division between Boris Johnson, David David and Liam Fox was risking squabbles and infighting. It said "Ministers will be faced with a series of difficult choices over the shape of Brexit. "These are too important to be left to normal interdepartmental wrangling and horse-trading." The report warned that Prime Minister Theresa May needed to move quickly to set out a clear strategy, as her "silence about how she intends to reach an initial negotiating position is proving

problematic". It also said that, in the absence of a plan, offthe-cuff remarks were filling the void, leaving an environment that was "unsettling" for business and "perplexing" for countries the UK will need to negotiate with. Mrs May has not said when she will trigger Article 50 and begin the two-year formal negotiations on leaving the EU, although Foreign Secretary Mr Johnson has said it will likely be early next year. A Government spokesman said: "Our departure from the EU represents a new chapter for Britain and we're confident of getting a good deal for the whole country, which makes the most of the new freedoms Brexit will afford us. "Since the referendum, the Prime Minister has put the machinery of government behind getting the best deal, creating a dedicated Department for Exiting the EU and a Department for International Trade."


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Time To Get Your School Applications In Council leaders are urging families applying for their child’s school to make sure they fill in their application forms. With a tight squeeze on places due to a rising population it is more important than ever that parents and carers complete and submit their forms on time. Parents are being encouraged to make sure they fill in all three preferences in order to keep their options open. Parents are entitled to express up to three preferences but some parents choose not to. Putting down three preferences does not dilute the chance of parents getting their preferred option, but does provide alternatives should this school be over-subscribed. Families are also encouraged to name their catchment school as one of their preferences as places cannot be reserved for catchment pupils where a positive preference for this school has not been expressed. Sheffield City Council’s admissions team deals with thousands of applications for secondary and primary schools every year. The council is stressing families must make sure the forms are submitted before the closing date at the end of October so they can be processed and decisions announced on the national allocation date next year. The closing date for transfer to secondary is October 31st but the

online site is only open until October 21st. Parents will find out the outcomes of their secondary school application on March 1 2017. Families of primary school age children entering reception for the first time, or whose child is in Year Two at a separate infant school, have also begun to receive letters inviting them to apply for schools. Again, the same rules apply in order to secure a preferred place. For entrance into reception and junior schools, the online site is open until December 5th 2016 but paper applications and telephone applications will be accepted up to January 16th. The allocation date for this round is April 18th 2017. Councillor Jackie Drayton, Sheffield City Council’s Cabinet Member for Children, Young People and Families said: “All families deserve great schools close to where they live. With birth rates rising we are seeing an increase pressure on school places.” “I would encourage all parents and carers to fill in their application form for a school place as soon as possible and most importantly fill in all preferences. If families need help with the form they should contact 0114 273 5790.” To apply online visit www.sheffield.gov.uk/…/information-forpar…/pupil-admissions

SHEFFIELD IS THIRD WORST IN THE COUNTRY FOR ROAD RAGE Drivers in Sheffield suffer the third- worst road rage in the country, according to a new survey. A study into road rage in the UK's 14 biggest cities found Glasgow motorists topped the table and were on average the angriest, most impatient, anxious and stressed. 35% of drivers there said they regularly felt angry behind the

wheel, and Newcastle was second, followed by Sheffield. The YouGov poll, commissioned by Ikano Bank, surveyed 2,086 UK drivers and compared them with their counterparts across Europe. The study found Swedish drivers were the calmest and Italians the most prone to road rage, with UK drivers coming second

Illnesses associated with lifestyle cost the NHS £11bn Health problems related to poor diet, drinking and smoking are costing the NHS in England more than £11bn each year, officials say. Public Health England (PHE) says that unless they are tackled more effectively the NHS will become unaffordable. It warns conditions such as type 2 diabetes and smoking-related bronchitis are a new and untreatable epidemic. Around four out of 10 middle-aged people already have a longterm condition for which there is currently no cure. These conditions pose a real threat to the future sustainability of the health service. When you look back to Victorian times, we worried about things like diphtheria and polio, but we have managed to conquer those now. The new threats are things like diabetes and chronic bronchitis. They could overwhelm us. They are illnesses for which there is no cure, and they cost the NHS more than £11bn each year. That's a phenomenal amount of money and more than that, it is taking years off people's lives."

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Punishment For Texting Behind The Wheel To Be Doubled New drivers could lose their licences with their first offence if they are caught texting behind Ministers want to double the punishment for the illegal use of a mobile phone while driving, under new plans. Motorists caught using a handheld phone while driving are currently given three penalty points and a minimum fine of £100. But that could be increased to a six point penalty - meaning new drivers would lose their licence the first time they are caught using a handheld phone - and a minimum fine of £200. New drivers who are disqualified have to pay for a new provisional licence and have to pass theory and practical tests again to regain their full licence. More experienced drivers can lose their licence if they get 12 penalty points within a three-year period. Figures from the Department of Transport show that a driver distracted by their phone was a factor in 492 accidents in Britain in 2014 - including 21 that were fatal. Transport Secretary Chris Grayling said the tougher sentences would be introduced as soon as possible. He said: "As technology develops, mobile phones are common place, but we need to take responsibility for our actions and as drink or drug driving has become socially unacceptable, so must using mobile phones at the wheel. "It may seem harmless when you are replying to a text, answering a call or using an app, but the truth is your actions could kill and cause untold misery to others."

Research published by the RAC earlier this week found that almost one-third (31%) of motorists admitted using a handheld phone behind the wheel, compared to just 8% in 2014. The proportion of drivers who admitted sending a message or posting on social media rose from 7% to 19% over the same period. Penalties for driving offences - how punishments compare :: Careless and inconsiderate driving: Unlimited fine; Discretionary disqualification; 3 to 9 points :: Driving without insurance: Unlimited fine/Discretionary disqualification; 6 to 8 points :: Speeding: £1,000 fine (£2,500 for motorway offences)/Discretionary disqualification; 3 to 6 points, or 3 (fixed penalty) :: Traffic light offences: £1,000 fine/Discretionary disqualification; 3 points

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Moor Market Attracts More Than Ever People in Sheffield are realising exactly why there are more reasons to visit the Moor Market, as last week saw an increase of 13,000 visitors compared to previous weeks. The market, which has 90 independent traders offering a diverse mix of stalls from international cuisine to occasion wear, fresh fruit and veg to hair and beauty, florists to handmade gifts and many more, plus a large food court, also hosts regular events to keep attracting new customers and keep its regulars coming back for more. Councillor Mary Lea, cabinet member for culture parks and leisure at Sheffield City Council said: “It’s fantastic to see the Moor Market thriving, it’s a real haven for those who want value for money, quality products and that shop local experience. There is such a diverse range of products on offer, customers can not only get their weekly food shop, but also purchase unique gifts and clothing and get their shoes or

watch mended, the list goes on and on. “Complementing the shopping experience, the market has a fantastic events programme including the monthly Vintage Pop-Up Market that started last weekend, children’s activities throughout the school holidays, tea parties for the elderly and seasonal celebrations for all the family, which have all contributed to its increasing popularity. “These figures demonstrate the hard work that the markets team, traders and our partners have put in to make it a great place to shop, and with Christmas around the corner what better place to soak up the festive atmosphere and buy all your treats and gifts.” The Market is open 8am to 5:30pm Monday to Saturday. Discounted parking for Moor Market customers is available at the Eyre Street car park at £1.50 for 2 hours.

Stoptober:

Number Of Smokers In England Hits Record Low Campaigners say more needs to be done to cut the number of smokers in England despite record drops in those lighting up. The number of smokers in England has dropped to the lowest level since records began. Currently 16.9% of the population smoke, according to figures released by Public Health England. In England there are double the number of exsmokers (14.6 million people), compared to current smokers (7.2 million). And last year a fifth of the 2.5 million smokers who attempted to quit succeeded. The figures have been released as PHE launched its annual Stoptober campaign - and this year it is focusing its efforts online.

While it is amazing that there are over twice as many ex-smokers as current smokers in England, there are still over seven million people regularly lighting up. Alongside unhealthy diet, smoking is the biggest cause of preventable early death in England, accounting for over 78,000 deaths a year. Quitters will soon see they have reduced blood pressure, easier breathing and better circulation. :: PHE does not have figures for the biggest percentage of smokers in the UK, but anti-smoking group ASH said the highest recorded level of smoking among men in Britain was 82% in 1948. Smoking among women peaked at 45% of the population in the mid 1960s.

Passporting Rights ‘Will Cease’ If Britain Leaves EEA The president of Germany's central bank warns that Britain risks losing crucial rights if it leaves the single market. British-based financial institutions will lose passporting rights in the European Union unless Britain remains at least part of the European Economic Area, according to Germany's top banker. Passporting enables banks to trade seamlessly across the European single market without the need for licences in individual countries. EU leaders say Britain cannot stay in the single

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Amnesty International Says 60,000 Refugees Are Stranded In Greece Nearly 60,000 refugees remain stranded in “appalling and unsafe” conditions in Greece, according to Amnesty International. The human rights group said that despite an agreement among EU leaders for the continent to take in 120,000 refugees last year, many countries had taken less than 5% of the people they pledged to help, and in some instances nations had not taken in any. Amnesty said that at the current rate it will take European countries 18 years to fulfill their commitments - and is calling on them to take in more migrants and speed up the relocation process. The revelation comes as world leaders gather in New York for a UN summit on the global refugee crisis.

“The appalling conditions facing women, men and children trapped there in limbo is a result of the shameful collective failure on the part of European leaders” Amnesty International UK. According to an Amnesty report entitled “Our hope is broken”, Austria, Hungary and Poland have not taken in any refugees so far. Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Croatia, Germany, Slovakia and Spain have relocated less than 5% of those they promised to help, Amnesty said. Britain chose not to take part in the EU relocation scheme, with former prime minister David Cameron instead pledging to take 20,000 Syrian refugees from camps neighbouring the war-torn country.

Great Wall Of Calais:

Work Begins On Barrier To Stop Migrants The barrier is being built near the camp known as the 'Jungle', which is thought to house up to 10,000 migrants. Construction has begun on a fourmetre high concrete barrier aimed at stopping migrants targeting vehicles around Calais. The barrier - dubbed The Great Wall Of Calais - will run for nearly a mile along the main motorway to Calais and is being paid for by British taxpayers. The wall is being built within a few hundred metres of the so-called 'Jungle' migrant camp, which is now thought to house more than 10,000 people. It has been reported that it will cost £1.9m to build, and it is intended to add another layer of protection against attempts to stow away on vehicles as they approach the port heading for Britain. It is due to be completed by the end of the year, replacing the wire fences that are already there. Immigration Minister Robert Goodwill unveiled the plan to build a "big new wall" earlier this month. But the Road Haulage Association attacked the idea, saying it would be a poor use of taxpayers' money. Some migrants try to get vehicles to slow down on the motorway, by creating makeshift roadblocks, and climb aboard in an attempt to reach the UK by ferry or Eurotunnel services. "This wall is going to prevent migrants from getting onto the road every night. They put tree trunks, branches, gas cylinders" in the road, Calais port chief executives said.

Construction began as Britain's anti-slavery commissioner warned that children from the 'Jungle' were risking their lives every night in an attempt to reach the UK. In a letter to Home Secretary Amber Rudd, Kevin Hyland said not enough is being done to "address the vulnerabilities of migrants, in particular unaccompanied children". "Children are not waiting," he wrote. "Every night they go to their smugglers who have promised to get them across the Channel. Every night they think that this time they will be lucky. "However, every night each of these children are at risk of exploitation and sadly even dying as they take huge risks to reach the UK." Statistics from the camp suggested that there were 865 children living in August, 676 of them unaccompanied. A Home Office spokeswoman said: "Over 120 cases of unaccompanied children in Europe have been accepted for transfer to the UK under the Dublin Regulation since the start of the year and we want to build on this progress."

market without accepting free movement of people and the rules of the EEA also bind its member countries to free movement. But Prime Minister Theresa May sees full control over immigration as crucial to any Brexit deal. Before the referendum there were warnings that the loss of passporting rights would be a severe blow to the industry and could see major employers forced to relocate staff to markets within the post-Brexit EU.

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Local Faith Group Shares The Joy Of Eid With Patients & Staff At The Children’s Hospital In Sheffield Last month the Sheffield Children's Hospital was visited by An Nasiha who came bearing gifts for the children to commemorate the Islamic festival of Eid Ul Adha. The project was established in order to tackle negative stereotypes regarding Muslims throughout our communities and to allow the young children who were confined to the hospital to participate with Muslims on this joyous occasion. Islam is a religion for all and with that ethos in mind, toys were delivered for the children to enjoy. Adeeb Chaudry, one of the project coordinators, commented, 'Muslims receive negative publicity of

all forms from the press and media of today and are often accused of lacking integration, we hope this initiative will lead to a positive image of muslims and create a strong bond within the whole community. We hope to continue with this initiative annually as well as working on other projects which will also help improve our relationship with the community'. We hope that this small but effective step will assist in building bridges between communities in Sheffield. An Nasiah - Zia Khan 07717771630

Air Pollution Kills 16,000 Britons A Year

Many of the worst-polluted areas are in Africa and southeast Asia.

Poor-quality air is to blame for thousands of deaths from heart disease, lung disease and strokes, say health experts. More than 16,000 Britons are dying each year because of air pollution, the World Health Organisation has said. According to its figures, 16,355 deaths in 2012 were attributable to ambient pollution. The WHO says this breaks down as more than 7,300 from ischaemic heart disease, almost 5,000 from lung disease and 3,700 from strokes. In addition, pollution is said to have been responsible for more than 400 deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and 12 from acute lower respiratory disease.

The data was judged on emissions from a complex mixture of pollutants, including fine particulate matter - most of which comes from fuel combustion from vehicles, power plants, industry, households or biomass burning. Globally, the WHO says three million deaths a year are caused by air pollution. For people to be healthy, they must breathe clean air from their first breath to their last." British Lung Foundation said "urgent action" was needed to save lives, including new laws and "clean air zones" in badly polluted areas. The fact that so many deaths a year are recorded in the EU shows we need urgent action to improve pollution levels."

Middle Lane Hogging Warning For South Yorkshire Drivers Drivers in South Yorkshire being warned about the dangers of middle lane hogging, as figures show a third are still doing it despite it now being an offence. It's now been a year since it was made illegal - with a fine or points on your licence the penalty for getting caught. New research shows over 40% of motorists here are breaking speed limits to overtake a middle lane hogger. South Yorkshire's Road Policing Unit say it can have many dangers: Firstly it causes congestion - if you're sat in lane 2 with an HGV driving past you at 50-60mph - they can't get past you. They've either got to stay in lane 1 and undertake you or they sit behind you so there are some real dangers associated with

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that. Secondly, it encourages undertaking and potentially you've got a crash there. Thirdly it adds to driver anxiety." "We do have isolated occasions where drivers have hogged the lanes and it has caused a road traffic collision. More so though, it has actually led to road rage where drivers get extremely frustrated with each other and you get people pulling over on the hard shoulder and getting into confrontations." Over half of drivers surveyed think that middle lane hogging is 'selfish'. For other drivers, it tends to take their concentration levels off the road and focus on the offending vehicle. They're not looking and taking in what they're doing. So it not only contributes to assaults but also serious road traffic collisions."

Tel: 07459708158 Page 6


TRADITIONAL TASTES

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PROPERTY CORNER

THE RENAISSANCE OF

LAND AND DEVELOPMENT Mohammed Mahroof BSc (Hons) MRICS Consultant Mark Jenkinson & Son looking for on a development project, after all that is the main reason you are getting involved in development.

I have recently been asked by a number of people if buying land and developing is a good idea, and how to go about his. Firstly, I was quite excited by the question and secondly, it encourages me that people follow these articles.

Construction Costs These will influence developer profit and needs careful consideration. You will need to work with a good contractor. The chances of a development failing is high if this relationship breaks down.

Land development is a topic I have briefly covered before but have been professionally involved in for many years. It is a very exciting area to be involved in but here there is a note of caution – development is very much a professional vocation and anybody contemplating such a venture should seek professional advice before embarking on this, what can only be described as, adventure.

Surveyor's Advice You will need a development valuation carried out to give you a summary indication of what value you should pay for the land.

Land as a commodity is certainly not being reproduced and is a finite product. Demand is always going to be there. What price you pay and how you go about developing is dependent on a number of major considerations which I cannot begin to do justice to in a short article. Just to give you a flavour you must consider the following issues.

There are many other considerations to take into account which your professional advisers will be able to explain, patience, perseverance and an eye for development is very important. Development does require time and money.

Planning What status does the land have in planning terms with the local authority? This will clearly dictate field before they would commit. what you can do with the land. The planning process can be a major consideration in which a whole host of scenarios. It is also a Professional Advisers long winded process which may involve redesigning, amendment and re-submission. It certainly needs a developer who is commitYou will need to liaise with lawyers, architects, planning advisted to deal with a wide range of related issues. ers, surveyors, financiers and many more. It is sensible to put a project team together. The logistics of project management I will Finance talk about in another article. Needless to say project management There will be costs not only in buying the land but also professional is an important part of a successful development. fees which you will need to budget for, you will need to finance the development start-up costs, and finance costs. Finance is not easy Developer to secure for development with many finance houses, banks and You as a developer will need to know what sort of return you are building societies requiring a certain amount of experience in this

Study Finds Public ‘Biased Against Muslim Asylum Seekers’ An anti-Muslim "bias" is apparent in attitudes towards asylum seekers among Europeans, a new study suggests. Researchers found that people were more likely to "accept" Christian asylum seekers, while those with higher employability and severe vulnerabilities were also said to be favoured. The findings emerged after 18,000 citizens across 15 countries, including the UK, were asked to evaluate 180,000 hypothetical profiles of asylum seekers that randomly varied on attributes such as gender, age, occupational skills, religion and country of origin. Preferences appeared to be structured by three main factors - economic concerns, humanitarian concerns and an anti-Muslim bias, the report found. Muslim asylum seekers were around 11 percentage points less likely to be accepted when compared with Christians who were otherwise similar in background and history, according to the research. Christians are only slightly preferred over people who are agnostic- which the paper said suggests that the "penalty" mostly reflects a strong anti-Muslim bias, rather than a proChristian bias. The anti-Muslim bias was said to exist among both left and right-wing voters, but it was about twice as large in the latter group. The study also found those with higher-skilled occupations such as doctors, teachers and accountants were more likely to be accepted when compared to those who had previously been unemployed. People who apply for asylum because of fear of

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political, religious, or ethnic persecution were about 15 percentage points more likely to be accepted compared to those who migrate to seek better economic opportunities, according to the study carried out by researchers from the London School of Economics and Political Science, Stanford University and the University of Zurich. Those who have been the victims of torture were more likely to be accepted than are those with no special vulnerabilities. Respondents also attached high importance to language skills, with asylum seekers about 12 percentage points less likely to be accepted when they do not speak the host country language than when they speak it fluently. Meanwhile, country of origin was found to play only a minor role in generating support. The public's strong anti-Muslim bias and preference for highly skilled asylum seekers who can speak the language of the host country points to a mounting challenge for policymakers, given that most asylum seekers currently originate from Muslim-majority countries and may lack the desired professional and language skills. The fact that we have a shared humanitarian concern amongst the European public, however, suggests that a clear narrative would increase support for accepting refugees. Policymakers whose goal is to alleviate the social tensions of the current crisis and generate more public acceptance of asylum seekers should highlight refugees' deservingness and vulnerability as well as their economic contributions to their host societies.

But first things first. You need to identify a piece of land which you should then get a valuation appraisal on, which should give you a value to negotiate with the vendor. Once you have bought your piece of land, whether for commercial, residential or mixed use development the adventure will begin. Once you have done one development you will either not do one again or you will enjoy the adrenalin flow that will make you want to do another one. The key ingredient for a successful development is to have a good team around you and a great deal of patience. As ever, if you want to contact me please call me on 07879 015 095 or through ILM.

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Councillor Khayum Praises Sheffield City Council China Deal At the full Council Meeting on 7th September, Councillor Abdul Khayum in his maiden speech, praised the deal struck by Sheffield City Council with the Chinese Sichuan Guodong Construction Group. Cllr Khayum began his speech by saying, “firstly can I take the opportunity to thank my labour party colleagues in Firth Park for showing confidence in me by selecting me as their candidate this year and their enormous help during the campaign, and of course, thanks to the residents for electing myself and my colleagues as their councillors in the ward. I hope that I will be able to deliver in this role and rise to the challenges that it presents over the coming years.” He went on to say…. “Secondly, can I just say I consider myself fortunate to have two very able & competent colleagues to be working alongside with, both of whom I’ve known for many years. Cllr Law, a very experienced Councillor and Cllr Mohamed, who like myself may be new to this role, but is certainly no stranger to working with local communities.” About the Chinese deal, he said, “In the current economic climate, this partnership between Shef-

field City Council and Sichuan Guodong Construction Group is not only welcome, it is a historic deal and a crucial life-line to the continuing economic development of our City. The potential £220 million of initial investment likely to be invested over the next 2 to 3 years will inevitably generate substantial benefits and attract further investment in Sheffield, helping to create a vibrant, dynamic City Centre. This is a long-term partnership, and I look forward to a diverse range of projects being developed that will create thousands of jobs, both directly and indirectly, by attracting companies looking to relocate and bring in jobs from outside the City. During their negotiations, our leaders have worked extremely hard to sell the City to ensure the Sichuan Guodong Construction Group appreciate the immense potential that Sheffield has to offer, and they now see Sheffield as a city that is located centrally in the UK, and one that is increasingly diversifying its economy. We have two successful universities and importantly, approximately 9000 Chinese students studying here every year. With Europe’s first Advanced Manufacturing Innovation District, the Olympic Legacy

NHS ‘Paying GPs For Up To 3 Million Ghost Patients’ The difference means GPs are being paid for potentially up to three million patients who they no longer serve. GPs are being paid for up to three million "ghost patients" who should be removed from their practice lists, figures suggest. The figure relates to patients who are still registered with a GP but who have died, moved, left the country or who no longer need GP services. Data from NHS Digital shows that the number of patients registered with GPs in England increased from 57.2 million in September 2015 to 57.3 million in March 2016. But population estimates for 2016 are just 54.3 million, based on data from the 2011 Census. The difference means GPs are being paid for potentially up to three million patients who they no longer serve. GPs are paid for every patient on their list - in 2013/14 they received funding of £136 per registered patient. NHS Digital's report said: "This discrepancy is known as 'list inflation' and may be due to patients being registered at a general practice who no longer exist due to death, emigration or moving home, or due to registered patients not completing the 2011 Census (for example, patients who are refugees or homeless)." In July, it emerged that NHS England has employed private firm Capita to carry out "list cleansing" - meaning patients who do not visit their GP for five years face being axed from the practice list. Under the initiative, those who have not seen their GP for five years will be sent two letters asking them to respond. If they cannot be contacted to say they still wish to be registered with their doctor, they will be removed from the practice list. But critics have warned that "ghost patients" are being removed inappropriately and patients are being penalised for not visiting their doctor. NHS Digital also found that 41,985 GPs - both full and part-time - are working in general practices. This is an increase of 108 (0.3%) since September 2015. Some 52.1% of GPs are women, up from 51.9% in September. From October 2015 to March 2016, there were 308 GP vacancies. The report - which NHS Digital stresses contains experimental figures - also found that the number of practices in England had decreased by 61 in those six months. In 2014, the Government pledged to increase the number of GPs in the workforce by 5,000 by 2020 - an aim which critics say will not be realised. Average practice list size varied between 6,103 patients in NHS England North (Greater Manchester) and 9,292 in NHS England South (Wessex) compared with the national average of 7,521. NHS Digital data for 2014/15 shows that GPs received on average £141 per registered patient.

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Park and our ability to offer an attractive lifestyle as the UK’s Outdoor City, they see the city as developing but still having scope to develop further, providing them with opportunities that will deliver returns on investments. The long term 60-year partnership also means we can potentially undertake some projects that are more ambitious and transformational, rather than just projects that deliver a quick return on investment. This is an extremely positive initiative for hundreds of millions of pounds to be invested in Sheffield. We already have companies from all over the world investing in Sheffield, and an example, right now, are the two developments worth upwards of £100 million on site in Sheffield, funded by other Chinese companies. We’ve heard time and again from the opposition that this Labour Administration is anti-business… I believe this deal shatters that myth once and for all, and clearly demonstrates that we can’t be more pro-business!! This partnership is a ground-breaking initiative and shows huge confidence in our City by a major international investor. It is an enormous boost for the City and its vibrancy, and a way of delivering hundreds, if not thousands of new jobs for the people of Sheffield. Mr Wang, the President of Sichuan Guodong Construction Group is based in the city of Chengdu which has been our sister city since 2009 under both Labour and the Lib-Dem administrations and I’m proud to say that it is this Labour Administration that has worked hard to successfully build on that relationship, take it to new heights and develop a new model that will bring tangible economic benefits for the city of Sheffield. This is in spite of the Prime Minister Theresa May going a bit cold on China, and I’m sure we will see this relationship going from strength to strength. I would like to congratulate all those involved in helping to forge this partnership deal with the po-

tential to bring about huge benefits to Sheffield for generations to come!” Councillor Abdul Khayum – was elected to the Council in this year’s Sheffield City Council May 2016 elections. Before being elected he was a well- known Sheffield community advocate/ activist, having worked in the voluntary/ community sector for over 25 years. He worked with many service providers to help improve services for BME communities in South Yorkshire. His work has included important areas of provision such as Education, Housing, Community Facilities as well as Probation and Police Services. In addition to serving as a Councillor, his other current roles include, a long-serving School Governor, sitting as a Magistrate on the Sheffield Bench and Chair of the South Yorkshire PCC Independent Advisory Panel for Ethnic Minorities.

Grammar Schools Plan ‘Will Widen Gap Between Rich And Poor Children’ Creating more grammar schools is likely to widen the gap between the achievements of rich and poor children, a study shows. The idea, which is being enthusiastically backed by Theresa May, is unlikely to raise overall educational standards, according to the Education Policy Institute report. Instead, opening more grammars in areas which already have selective schools is likely to lead to “small but growing attainment losses” for those who go to other schools. This would be greatest among poor children, who are already less likely to go to grammar schools, the EPI added. Creating additional grammar schools is unlikely to lead to either a significant improvement in overall education standards or an increase in social mobility. The report comes as Mrs May pushes for the creation of hundreds of new grammar schools, in what she

claims would help to create a more equal society. But the thinik-tank found that the gap between children on free school meals attaining five A*-C GCSEs, including English and maths, and other children is 6% wider in selective areas than in non-selective areas. Poorer children in selective areas who do not attend grammars perform worse than the national average, it said. David Laws, EPI chairman, said: “Our analysis shows that there is a risk that in those areas with large numbers of selective places, more grammar schools will, on average, reduce the results achieved by poorer children.” “Theresa May has embarked on a disastrous policy of re-introducing grammar schools without a shred of evidence that it will achieve her laudable aim to increase social mobility” Association of Teachers and Lecturers.

Women Being Denied 43p Breast Cancer Drug Which Can Save Lives Thousands of breast cancer sufferers are having their lives “needlessly being put at risk” by being denied access to inexpensive drugs which can stop the disease spreading. An estimated 27,000 women are missing out on bisphosphonates every year according to a charity’s research - a treatment which costs an estimated 43p a day per patient. A lack of clear guidance over who should fund the drugs is largely causing the delay, with Breast Cancer Now describing the hold-up as “bureaucratic inertia”. “These are cheap and widely-available drugs and the overwhelming evidence of their ability to save lives should have changed practice by now” Baroness Delyth Morgan, the charity’s chief executive. Some experts have claimed bisphosphonates could prevent about 10% of breast cancer deaths, as well as save the NHS millions of pounds every year. The treatment, which is already used for patients with advanced prostate cancer, make it harder for cancer cells to survive by altering bone tissue. Only a quarter of the 125 specialists polled by Breast Cancer Now have introduced bisphosphonates in treatment plans for their breast cancer patients - and while 17% have partially brought them in, 60% of those surveyed are yet to make the drugs available.

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Pay Gap Between Men And Women In The UK Won’t Close Until 2069 The gender pay gap will not close until 2069 unless more women are encouraged to take up careers in science and engineering, it has been warned. Research by Deloitte suggests the gender pay gap is partly down to men and women choosing different career paths. The accounting giant says women should take advantage of technology-driven changes in the labour market by studying and working in areas like science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM), where pay is more balanced. The study shows the hourly pay gap between the sexes is closing at a rate of just 2.5 pence per year, with pay parity not expected until 2069. If more women study STEM subjects and pursue related careers they will increase their earnings potential in the early years of their working lives and - should they remain in their careers - the later ones. This in turn should serve to reduce the gender pay gap. But the research says it is “too simplistic to explain the gender pay gap in terms of pay inequality”, and that it is partly due to difference in career paths, which are affected by academic choices and the subjects that each gender studies. Deloitte says women make up just 14.4% of the STEM workforce in the UK. Female graduates earn an average of 8% less than their male counterparts across all STEM subjects combined, the research found. This is compared to 9% across all other industries. Deloitte’s report shows there is no pay gap across medicine, dentistry, engineering and technology. A great deal of progress has been made in the past half century, but we should not wait another 53 years for full parity

The Big Conversation Celebrates Fifth Birthday Sheffield MP Paul Blomfield is holding the Big Conversation for a fifth year running to listen to people’s concerns and answer questions. Mr Blomfield’s three week long community consultation, 16th September to 8th October, of over 40 events, includes Q&A sessions, themed discussions, open meetings, café drop-ins and street surgeries across Sheffield Central constituency. There are also special events for small businesses, young people, women and social enterprises. Mr Blomfield’s work in Parliament is shaped by what people tell him at Big Conversation events. His successful campaign to regulate payday lenders followed concerns raised at previous events and last year he secured a change in the law to end delays in extra financial support for terminally ill people after the issue was raised in the Big Conversation. Mr Blomfield said: “I stood to be a MP because I wanted to challenge scepticism about politics and show how it can make a difference. The Big Conversation is a great way of doing it, because all the events happen in the heart of the community. People can drop by their local community centre, church, school or café and I’ll be there to listen to their concerns. “I talk with people all year round, but the Big Conversation gives me a chance to hear from lots of people at the start of the Parliamentary year. It helps to set my priorities. If you have a cause or a problem you want me to raise with the Government please come along to an event and let me know.” Last year more than 1500 people came to over 50 events and 900 people in The Big Conversation survey. To find out more about The Big Conversation visitwww.paulblomfield.co.uk/thebigconversation or www.facebook.com/paulblomfieldmp/events

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RAIN Poet: Shaheryar A. Chishty I looked at my garden window My flowers were slurping wine Crystal transparent drops Falling one at a time For places where there is a draught A busy life comes to a stop Once the clouds release their drops The seeds begin to sprout Rain is different for everybody Whoever it gets to meet I enjoy these pelting drops As they tap dance up my street The leaves are kissed by the rain As it falls gently to the ground Playing a melodious song Making a lovely sound I see them slide on my umbrella Sledging to the edge I watch them fall on my feet Or parachute from a hedge

Phase 2 Of Doncaster Sheffield Airport Approved Planning permission has been granted on the 20th September for the second phase of Great Yorkshire Way which will complete the link between the motorway network and Doncaster Sheffield Airport. Coordinated by Doncaster Council and funded by the Sheffield City Region Investment Fund, the second stage of this regeneration route will create a one mile connection from Bawtry Road to Hurst Lane. Great Yorkshire Way opened earlier this year and the three mile link from junction three of the M18 to Parrot’s Corner at the A638 Bawtry Road has significantly reduced congestion in the south of Doncaster, cut journey times to the airport and has seen major private sector developments flourish. People across the borough and beyond are benefiting from the new road. Doncaster Sheffield Airport continues to expand with Flybe flying people to numerous European holiday and business destinations. The airport has just announced August was their busiest month on record and over one million people have flown from Doncaster Sheffield Airport in the past 12 months. The new road, which opened earlier this year, aptly named ‘Great Yorkshire Way’, links Doncaster Sheffield Airport directly with the UK’s major motorway network from junction 3 of the M1. The enhanced access means quicker and easier journeys to the airport for passengers, but importantly it also transforms the airports catchment area. There are now an additional 1 million passengers within 60 minutes of the airport. The benefits of this scheme are already evident with Flybe opening a brand new base serving 10 destinations, including major European hubs, Paris, Amsterdam and Berlin, and incumbent airlines Thomson and WizzAir continue to go from strength to strength. Construction of the second phase could start towards the end of 2016 and be completed by late 2017.

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MEADOWHALL EXTENSION PLANS Plans for a major expansion of Sheffield's Meadowhall shopping centre are to go on public display next month. The three hundred million pound development includes a new cinema, bowling alley and a number of restaurants along with an open-air roof terrace. The centre says the expansion will create more than a thousand jobs if approved by Sheffield Council.

Tiffin Cup Award For Aagrah Restaurant Aagrah Shipley Wins Runners Up in the final of the prestigious House of Commons, The Palace of Westminster, London Tiffin Cup award 2016. Aagrah Shipley wins Runners Up in the final of the prestigious House of Commons, The Palace of Westminster, London Tiffin Cup Award 2016, nominated by local MP, Philip Davies. Aagrah’s Managing Director, Mohammed Aslam MBE,DL, said “we are privileged to receive the award and delighted that our food is so popular outside Yorkshire. I look forward to welcoming MP’s coming up to from London and dine at The Aagrah.” Following the success of the Tiffin Cup 2015, MPs have, for the 11th year running, were asked to nominate a restaurant in their constituency as the best South Asian restaurant in the UK in country. this mouth watering competition. Last year 121 The Tiffin Cup is awarded every year by the Tiffin restaurants were nominated from around the Club of MPs, formed in 2006 by former MP John Barrett, Michael Fabricant MP and Keith Vaz MP. The aim is not only to applaud the quality of South Asian food in Britain but also to raise much needed money for charity. This year the competition is in aid of the charities ‘World Vision’ and ‘Water Aid’. The Grand Final of the Tiffin Cup 2016 was held in the House of Commons. Chair of the Tiffin Club, Keith Vaz. Nearly 4 decades ago Kashmiri Cuisine was virtually unheard of in the UK. Thanks to Aagrah it has now become one of the most popular Asian food types in the country, rapidly picking up new and dedicated fans all over the nation. It is increasingly being seen as a distinct area of cuisine, and Aslam is credited by many for introducing and spreading that crucial awareness. From humble beginnings, this family owned business of 14 restaurants including The Midpoint Suite (Conference/Banqueting) is UK and Europe’s largest Kashmiri chain providing employment for 350 people in the Yorkshire region..

Sheffield Set To Continue Refugee Help Sheffield is set to carry on helping refugees fleeing war-torn countries with the continuation of a Government-funded refugee resettlement programme. The city, the UK’s first City of Sanctuary, has helped to resettle refugees since 2004 through the Government’s ‘Gateway Protection Programme’. The City Council was the first local authority to do this and has helped approximately 90 people each year from countries including Ethiopia, Sudan and Somalia. Sheffield City Council is now set to continue the programme until March 2020, to help a further 75 people each year. This is in addition to the authority’s existing agreement to help 75 Syrian refugees each year for the next three years. Rose Bazzie, a Liberian refugee, was one of the first people to be resettled in Sheffield through the Gateway Protection Programme. She arrived in the city in March 2004 and is now a qualified nurse, working at the Northern General Hospital. Rose said: “I fled my country, Liberia, in 1990 to escape the war. I had to leave Liberia after my grandfather’s village was attacked; most of my relatives were killed. “I lived in a refugee camp in Guinea for over a decade: it was depressing there. Then my husband, son and I heard we were going to be resettled to the UK. “I remember the day we arrived – I was shocked at how cold it was. I was only wearing slippers and a

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dress! Adapting to life in Sheffield has been challenging but it’s now my home. “I’ve been very grateful to be able to come to the UK: I can’t even compare it to my life in the refugee camp. Not only have I survived, but I’ve made the most of every opportunity I’ve had.” Councillor Jayne Dunn, cabinet member for housing at Sheffield City Council, said: “Sheffield is a welcoming and inclusive city. We’re the fourth largest in England and it’s important that we do our bit to respond to the refugee crisis, and help people fleeing war and persecution. “We were the first local authority to welcome refugees when the Gateway programme started and we’re pleased we’ve been able to help people build new lives in Sheffield and escape desperate situations. “We’re being careful in our response and offering to support the number of people we know we can effectively help.” The council works with the Refugee Council to help people settle into a new life in the city. The Refugee Council’s Head of Advocacy, said: “Sheffield has a long tradition of protecting and welcoming refugees and the people of Sheffield should feel proud that for over a decade they have helped give hope and a brighter, safer future to so many refugee families.” Sheffield is a city of more than 563,000 people. It has helped to resettle 1,162 refugees since 2004. Of these, 70 are from Syria.

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The UK Is The Seventh Most Competitive Economy In The World The Global Competitiveness Report 20162017 assesses the competitiveness landscape of 138 economies, providing insight into the drivers of their productivity and prosperity. This year’s edition highlights that declining openness is threatening growth and prosperity. It also highlights that monetary stimulus measures such as quantitative easing are not enough to sustain growth and must be accompanied by competitiveness reforms. Final key finding points to the fact that updated business practices and investment in innovation are now as important as infrastructure, skills and efficient markets. The World Economic Forum (WEF) said the UK had overtaken Hong Kong, Japan and Finland to climb three places in this year’s global competitiveness index, more than reversing last year’s embarrassing fall to 10th place. The WEF hailed the UK’s strong digital landscape, world-leading institutions and infrastructure, along with its business-friendly regulation and strong connections to the international economy as powering the UK’s climb up the rankings. The scores are an amalgam of 114 individual measures the WEF believes contributes to the competitiveness of an economy. These range from the macroeconomic environment, education systems and healthcare to business regulation, employment systems and technological penetration. Switzerland maintained its place at the top of the rankings, with Singapore and the United States completing the top three. The Netherlands, Germany and Sweden were the only other European economies to rank as more competitive than the UK. The WEF found the UK had the third most “technologically ready” economy in the world, with new technologies widely available, and some of the best internet coverage on the planet. The UK also has the second best management schools in the world, the secondmost advanced advertising industry, strong intellectual property rights and scored top for foreign ownership of companies. Chancellor Philip Hammond said the results “demonstrate our abil-

Homelessness At 10-Year-High Homelessness in England has risen to its highest level for nearly 10 years, with a 15 per cent spike in the most urgent cases in Yorkshire in the last year alone. The “heartbreaking” new figures show 924 pleas for help were made to local councils in Yorkshire by the highest priority households in the three months to June 2016. The rise in the number of these applications, from vulnerable people or families with young children, has largely been put down to an inability to keep up with drastically rising rents. These figures are a heartbreaking reminder of the devastating impact the drastic shortage of affordable homes is having. Families are increasingly facing welfare cuts, expensive unstable housing rents, and councils overburdened with finding these families somewhere to live amid stripped budgets and a gap in affordable housing. The figures, released by the Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG), show that nationwide, a total of 15,170 households were classed as homeless in the three months to June 2016 - a jump of 10 per cent on the same period last year. The last time a higher level was recorded in England was in 2008. In Yorkshire, 924 applications for help were accepted by Yorkshire authorities, a rise of 15 per cent. The highest number was in Hull, with 129 households found to be priority homeless, compared to Kirklees with 109 and Bradford with 101. Leeds is the only authority to see a fall in the number of people found to be priority homeless - with a drop from 150 to 98 for the same quarter in 2015.

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ity to sharpen our edge and improve our competitiveness.” He added: “This government will build on that progress, as we demonstrate to the world that Britain continues to be highly competitive and open for business.” However, the heavy exposure of the UK to the rest of the world poses both opportunities and risks. High government indebtedness and our heavy reliance on imports - the so-called twin current and budget deficits - for instance, were a drag on the UK’s overall score. Addressing the result of the EU referendum, the WEF said: “Although the process and the conditions of Brexit are still unknown, it is likely to have a negative impact on the UK’s competitiveness.” The group raised particular concerns about a potential loss of access - or attractiveness - to international talent. Should the UK be able to navigate the Brexit uncertainty, the WEF said the government could offset any negative fallout by implementing “regulatory changes” in order to make the UK even more competitive on the world stage. Pakistan has come last among South Asian countries in theWorld Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Index (GCI) 2016.

Pakistan which advanced four ranks to the 122 position compared to the previous year was still behind its regional neighbours India (39), Sri Lanka (71), Bhutan (97) and Nepal (98). "Pakistan is also the only economy that fails to improve its macroeconomic environment and health and primary education levels, falling behind other South Asian economies," the report said. The WEF cited "the climate of instability" which has "weighed down the country's economic development" as the main reason for Pakistan's poor performance. The GCI report also pointed out the "deteriorating situation" in Pakistan as the primary cause for the growing gap between the "best- and worst performing economies in the region (South Asia)". × The report said that Pakistan is the only country in South Asia that failed to improve on "its macroeconomic environment and health and primary education levels". Comparatively, "the quality of infrastructure has improved significantly (although from low levels) in India, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka, while it stalls in Nepal," the report said. "Financial market development remains poor across the entire region, as does technological readiness; this last area improves significantly only in Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, which overtook India to become the best performer in this pillar in the region," the report added. India, meanwhile, climbed 16 spots to reach 39the position in the list. "Thanks to improved monetary and fiscal policies as well as lower oil prices, the Indian economy has stabilised and now boasts of the highest growth among G20 countries," according to WEF's Global Competitiveness Report 2016-17. “Declining openness in the global economy is harming competitiveness and making it harder for leaders to drive sustainable, inclusive growth,” said Klaus Schwab, Founder and Executive Chairman, World Economic Forum. The Report series remains the most comprehensive assessment of national competitiveness worldwide

More Than Eight Fillings Could Raise Your Risk Of Brain, Heart And Kidney Disease Having more than eight fillings could raise blood mercury levels twoand-a-half times - increasing the risk of brain, heart and kidney disease, a study shows. They are made of a mixture of metals which also include silver and tin. Now for the first time scientists have found a link between tooth fillings and mercury exposure - which can lead to severe illnesses. In Britain more than one million children under the age of five already has at least two fillings. Brits have a reputation for bad teeth with the average adult having seven fillings - compared to three in the US. Researchers at Georgia University, said: "Tooth decay is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases. I think a majority of people have experienced dental fillings but the kind of materials the dentist uses is not something that is really discussed." Fillings are put together using mercury, silver, tin and copper to form a

liquid called dental amalgam which then hardens. Mercury makes up about 50 percent of the compound and is used to bind the metals and provide a strong, hard, durable product. But it contributes significantly to prolonged mercury levels in the body, according to the findings published in Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. Mercury exposure from fillings is not a new concern but previous studies were inconsistent and limited, say the researchers. Professor John Yu said: "This study is trying to provide the most accurate levels of exposure which will form the scientific basis to make future risk assessment." He said the study was the first to also control for age, education, ethnicity, race, gender, smoking and seafood consumption - a known contributor to mercury levels in the body. Further analysis of exposure to specific forms found a significant increase in methyl mercury - the most toxic form - related to dental fillings. Prof Yu said this suggests the human gut bacteria living in the intestines may transform different types. Dental amalgam has been the go-to dental filling material from over 150 years because it's affordable and long-lasting. But the heavy metal is known to be toxic at high levels causing brain, heart, kidney, lung and immune system damage. Latest research suggests methyl mercury could cause damage even at low levels. Prof Yu said: "As toxicologists we know mercury is poison but it all depends on the dose. So if you have one dental filling maybe it's OK. "But if you have more than eight dental filings the potential risk for adverse effect is higher." People with numerous dental fillings who are also exposed to mercury from other sources - such as seafood or work environments - are most at risk. Individuals with more than eight fillings had about 150 percent more mercury in their blood than those with none. According to its website the US Food and Drug Administration considers dental amalgam fillings safe for adults.

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Birds And Their Droppings Can Carry Over 60 Diseases When it comes to birds, there may be more than just avian flu to be worried about. It has been suggested that there are over 60 other diseases that birds and their droppings can carry. The problem is especially worrisome in residential areas, as many of them are airborne and can be transferred to humans just by being around droppings. Chicken farms can be fairly easily secured. With a combination of visual scare devices, sonic distress call emitters, ultrasonic disrupters and roost inhibitors other birds shouldn’t be a problem. If farmers just took this preventative action it could help contain the bird flu outbreak a good deal. Histoplasmosis is a respiratory disease that may be fatal. It results from a fungus growing in dried bird droppings. Candidiasis is a yeast or fungus infection spread by pigeons. The disease affects the skin, the mouth, the respiratory system, the intestines and the urogenital tract, especially the vagina. It is a growing problem for women, causing itching, pain and discharge. Cryptococcosis is caused by yeast found in the intestinal tract of pigeons and starlings. The illness often begins as a pulmonary disease and may later affect the central nervous system. Since attics, cupolas, ledges, schools, offices, warehouses, mills, barns, park buildings, signs, etc. are typical roosting and nesting sites, the fungus is apt to found in these areas. St. Louis Encephalitis, an inflammation of the nervous system, usually causes drowsiness, headache and fever. It may even result in paralysis, coma or death. St. Louis encephalitis occurs in all age groups, but is especially fatal to persons over age 60. The disease is spread by mosquitoes which have fed on infected house sparrow, pigeons and house finches carrying the Group B virus responsible for St. Louis encephalitis. Salmonellosis often occurs as “food poisoning� and can be traced to pigeons, starlings and sparrows. The disease bacteria are found in bird droppings; dust from droppings can be sucked through ventilators and air conditioners, contaminating food and cooking surfaces in restaurants, homes and food processing plants. E.coli. Cattle carry E. coli 0157:H7. When birds peck on cow manure, the E. coli go right through the birds and the bird droppings can land on or in a food or water supply. Besides being direct carriers of disease, nuisance birds are frequently associated with over 50 kinds of ectoparasites, which can work their way throughout structures to infest and bite humans.

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Escalating Tensions Indian officials said elite troops crossed into Pakistan-ruled Kashmir on Thursday and killed suspected militants preparing to infiltrate and carry out attacks on major cities, in a surprise raid that raised tensions between the nuclear-armed rivals. Pakistan said two of its soldiers had been killed in exchanges of fire, but denied India had made any targeted strikes across the de facto frontier that runs through the disputed Himalayan territory. Indian special forces crossed the heavily militarized border by foot just after midnight and hit about half a dozen "launching pads", where the suspected militants were preparing to sneak across, an Indian military source and a government official said. The official said troops killed militants numbering in the double digits, and that no Indian soldier was killed. An army official based in Indian-controlled Kashmir said two Indian soldiers were wounded while returning from the raid one stepped on a landmine and another was shot. The strikes mark a rare public announcement by India that it had launched a military operation across its de factor border with Pakistan. They followed Prime Minister Narendra Modi's warning that those India held responsible "would not go unpunished" for a Sept. 18 attack on an army base in Uri, near the Line of Control, that killed 18 soldiers. The strikes also raised the possibility of military escalation between the neighbours that could wreck a 2003 Kashmir ceasefire. India evacuated people from villages within 10 km of the de facto border in the Jammu area as a precautionary measure. Share markets in India and Pakistan fell after India announced the strike at a hastily called press conference. Pakistan's military spokesman dismissed the Indian account as "totally baseless and completely a lie", saying the contact between DGMOs only included communication regarding crossborder firing, which was within existing rules of engagement. "We deny it. There is no such thing on the ground. There is just the incident of the firing last night, which we responded to," Lieutenant General Asim Bajwa told news channel Geo TV.

The border clash comes at a delicate time for Pakistan, with powerful Chief of Army Staff General Raheel Sharif to retire soon and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif still to decide on a successor. The Pakistani premier condemned India's "unprovoked and naked aggression" and called a cabinet meeting on Friday to discuss further steps. Neither side's accounts could be independently verified. The Indian government official briefed on the operation declined to offer more evidence about how the strikes were carried out or what the militants were planning to do. Both India and Pakistan claim Kashmir in full, but govern separate parts, and have fought three wars since independence from Britain in 1947, two of them over Kashmir. Tension between the South Asian rivals has been high since an Indian crackdown on dissent in Kashmir following the killing by security forces of Burhan Wani, a young separatist leader, in July. They rose further when New Delhi blamed Pakistan for the Uri base attack, which inflicted the heaviest toll on the Indian army in a single incident in 14 years. India, which had already launched a diplomatic drive to isolate Pakistan, said on Wednesday it would boycott a regional summit hosted by Pakistan in November.

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Millions Have Less Than £100 In Savings More than 16million people in the UK have savings of less than £100, a study by the Money Advice Service (MAS) has found. In five areas of the country, more than half the adult population has savings below that level. Those areas are Northern Ireland, the West Midlands, Yorkshire and Humber, North East England and Wales. The MAS said the findings were worrying and presented a particular challenge for low earners. "These figures show the millions put at risk by the saving gaps in the UK," said Nick Hill, money expert at the service. "For some on low incomes, saving is a real challenge as they may simply lack the income needed to save at all." The research was carried out for MAS by the consumer data company CACI which has a database of 48m UK adults. However, the research also showed that some people on low incomes do save money. Roughly a quarter of adults with household incomes below £13,500 have more than £1,000 in savings. And 40% of people in that income bracket manage to save something every month. The MAS says saving small amounts on a regular basis is achievable for most people. "Regular saving is key to building up that buffer against those life surprises," said Mr Hill. "If you earn enough to set even a little aside each month that's great - a direct debit into a savings account might be an easy way to do this, even if you start small and increase the amount with time." Since April, basic-rate taxpayers have been allowed to earn up to £1,000 a year in a savings account, and pay no income tax. The Personal Savings Allowance, as it is known, is worth £500 a year to higher-rate taxpayers.

Record number of centenarians in UK A record number of people in the UK, some 14,570, are surviving to the age of 100, the latest official data shows. The number of people aged 100, or over, has quadrupled over the last two decades, according to Office for National Statistics figures for 2015. In the last decade alone, the number of centenarians has risen by 65% or 5,720. There has also been a dramatic increase in the number of people aged over 105. Last year there were 850 reaching the age of 105, up from 130 in 1985. The figures come as statisticians publish information on the life expectancy of the UK population. Those born between 2013 and 2015 can expect to live to the age of 79 if they are a boy and 82 if they are a girl. The ONS said life expectancy had increased by 13 weeks a year since the 1980 to 1982 period for males and by 9.5 weeks a year on average for females. There are half a million people aged 90 or over in the UK. The size of this age group has increased over time, and seven out of 10 of them are women.

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Saif Ul Maluk Festival and India sing and perform to the poetry of Saif ul Maluk. A number of renowned South Asian scholars have spoken about the merits of Saif ul Maluk and it's status in the Sufi tradition of poetry followed by millions around the world. The previous festivals have also featured local talent singing the poetry with children as young as 12 taking part. Speaking about the preparations Zaff Tanweer of PM Promters said "We are really excited about the response we have had to this cultural tradition being played out in Bradford highlighting the rich heritage of people of Kashmir about a million of whom have made Britain there home. A large number of the enthusiasts flcoking to the festival are the third generation Kashmiri and Pakistani immigrant families who first started settling in Britain in the 1950s". Two days festival this year will be attended by a number of Sufi and folk singers from India, Pakistan and Kashmir including Hans Raj Hans, Ustad Rfaqat Ali Khan , Akram Rahi ,Hamid Ali as well as local singers and performer. A number of scholars will speak about Mian Muhammad Bakhsh, his poetry and the message of peace and harmony Sufi poetry represents. The festival will be held in city hall chambers and at Alhambra theatre on the 20th /21st of October . The grand musical event on the 21st October shall be staged at the prestigious The Alhambra Theatre . The event will be of tremendous interest to the literary and art circles as well general public. Tickets are available from Bradford theatres box office online.

Preparations are on course for the third Saif ul Maluk festival in Bradford to be held on 20/21st October .The organiser of the event Zaff Tanweer of PM Promoters has spoken of the sense of pride this festival has brought to the Asian community of Bradford particularly those hailing from the land of Saif ul Maluk's creator Mian Mohammad Bakhsh. Saif ul Maluk also known as "Safar ul Ishq" (the journey of love) is an epic telling the story of a prince's journey across the world looking for his love. The long poem was written in early 20th century and is considered one of the masterpieces of Sufi inspired poetry of South East Asia. The festival to comemmorate the creation of Saif ul Maluk was first launched in the city in 2014 by a local organisation PM Promoters. The two festivals held so far have seen a number of For further information please ring Zaff Tanweer on glittering stars of showbiz from Kashmir, Pakistan 07984 470 796

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Pakistani Movie Janaan Hits Top Ten Spot In UK Janaan became the first Pakistani film to gross one-day collections of over £56,000 in the UK. The film reached number 8 in the UK Box Office Top 10 after its opening weekend – the first time ever that a Pakistani film has reached the UK Box Office Top 10. Released on 9 September, Janaan took £56,605 on Monday 12 September – the festive day of Eid ul Adha – alone. The film has been distributed in the UK and internationally by B4U Motion Pictures, whose distribution strategy secured the biggest release of a Pakistani film to date across 18 territories, paving the way for a bright future for Pakistani cinema on a global platform. Janaan marks the second consecutive Pakistani smash hit for the distribution company following their 2015 release, Bin Roye. Honouring Pakistan’s rich heritage in film, the arts and storytelling, Janaan (‘Beloved’ in Pashto) presents an observation of contemporary Pakistan. Rising stars of Pakistani cinema, Bilal Ashraf, Armeena Rana Khan and Ali Rehman Khan, feature in the lead roles in a film that is emblematic of a burgeoning Pakistani film industry, consistently making waves internationally.

Arrested Tree By British Is Still In Chains

Tied within the Khyber roots of Landi Kotal, Pakistan, with branches spreading across the grounds of Rifles Mess, supposedly appears an episode of the British Raj. In the form of a chained-up tree. A banyan tree, to be precise, arrested to prevent it from escaping. During the high noon of the British Empire, a drunk British Army Officer, James Squid, allegedly claimed that he saw the tree approaching towards him. In his heavy state of drunkenness, he ordered a Sergeant to put it under arrest. This lockdown has been in effect since 1898. Unlike the mysterious chained oak tree in Staffordshire, the Pakistani accused tree carries a plaque slate on its branches, which reads: “One evening British officer, heavily drunk, thought that I was moving from my original location and ordered Mess Sergeant to arrest me. Since then I am under arrest.” Landi Kotal is a Federally Administered Tribal town, situated in the north of Pakistan. The

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Frontier Crimes Regulation (FCR), introduced by the British crown, apply to cases dealt within this town. One local resident said that although James Squid was in an inebriated state at the time, there was some symbolic resonance to a tree placed under arrest: “Through this act, the British basically implied to the tribesmen that if they dared act against the Raj, they too would be punished in a similar fashion.” “The tree setting is simply to attract tourists. To illustrate how the locals were treated. It would have grown around the chains in the past years.” The arrested tree is an amusing piece of colonial art in Pakistan. But, it is considered sacred, and one of the most respected trees across the border, in India. Author Leela Prasad, in Live Like the Banyan Tree, describes the features of the banyan tree. She states that Indian traders have built a temple for religious discourses under the tree. She further adds: “For many Indian communities, it is a symbol of never-ending life. “The capacious spread, the close knit-foliage, the strong hanging roots, have all contributed to the banyan’s vibrant social presence.” Perhaps these long-lasting features of the tree indicate its up to date existence in Pakistan? Whether the tree is considered a living reflection of colonialism, a symbol of worship, a funny story, or simply a piece of artistic expression, it will continue to let the world discover its innocence with the signboard hung on its neck, reading: “I am under arrest.”

Pakistan Will Support Kashmiris Till Issue Gets Resolved: Nawaz Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said that the Indus Water Treaty (IWT) was a mutually agreed arrangement between India and Pakistan brokered by the World Bank in 1960 and neither country could unilaterally separate itself from the treaty. The prime minister was chairing a meeting attended by Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali, Finance Minister Ishaq Dar, Chief of Army Staff General Raheel Sharif, National Security Advisor General (r) Nasir Janjua, foreign secretary, Military Operations director general and other senior civil and military officials. The meeting expressed deep concerns on the increase in systematic human rights violations in Indian-Held Kashmir (IHK) and condemned brutal use of force by Indian security forces. Nawaz said that the world was witness that Pakistan had given tremendous sacrifices for global peace. The country had shown unequalled and unprecedented restraint despite great provocation, he added. The meeting agreed that Pakistan would continue to strive for the region’s peace with a view to enable its people the progress and prosperity of the 21st century. At the same time, the meeting also agreed that Pakistan was fully capable of meeting any internal or external security threat with the complete resolve of its people and valiant armed forces. The prime minister reiterated that violence on Kashmiris – fighting for their right to self-determination as promised by UNSC resolutions – would never be tolerated and the oppressed Kashmiris deserve not only Pakistan’s support but also the support of the entire world. Pakistan would continue to extend its moral and diplomatic support to Kashmiris until the issue of Kashmir was resolved as per aspirations of Kashmiri people, Nawaz said. The meeting reviewed other matters pertaining to national and regional security. The participants expressed satisfaction over the preparedness of the armed forces to defend the territorial integrity of Pakistan.

3D-Printed Material Could Repair Facial Deformities, Broken Limbs And Spinal Injuries Bone may be one of the toughest materials in the human body, but a hefty collision or sickness can lead it to crack, snap and even waste away. Now researchers in the US are hoping to mend broken and damaged bones using 3D-printed implants which encourage the bones to heal themselves. In a breakthrough study, the team has revealed a man-made material which acts as scaffold for the patient’s own bone. This has been shown to repair injuries in mice and monkeys. Developed by a team in Chicago, the researchers say it could lead to low-cost implants for patients with bone cancers, spinal injuries, and even for reconstructive facial surgeries. The synthetic wonder material, called hyper-elastic bone (HB), is created from an ‘ink’ containing particles of the hard calcium mineral which makes up bone, along with a biodegradable polymer. By using a 3D-printer, surgeons can potentially print any shape and size of the material they need, such as a vertebrae for a spinal injury or a patch of skull.

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A New Gadget Helps Turn Deceased Loved Ones Into Trees A New Gadget Helps Turn Deceased Loved Ones into Trees To of some, this will not apply too, however this new device may change the perspective of death. Instead of keeping a departed loved one's ashes in an urn resting on a fireplace or in your cupboard, why not breathe new life into them, in the form of a tree that can sit in your garden or living room. this new gadget helps you nurture life from ashes, and regardless of how green your thumbs are, it offers a way to keep loved ones close after they die, to some it may seem strange, or scary but it sure does bring them back to life. The Bios Incube, created by the company Bios Urn, is an incubator that monitors and nurtures trees from human ashes in people's homes. The company says the invention allows people to return the deceased to life through nature, creating a living reminder of that person. "When someone dies, they physically die, but the people who are around the deceased person still remember," said Roger Moliné, co-founder of Bios Urn. The Bio Incube is a sleek, white plant pot that measures 2.5 feet (76 centimetres) tall and about 1 foot (33 cm) in diameter. The Bios Incube works with the Bios Urn, a biodegradable urn, and an accompanying mobile application, allowing you to control water levels, soil moisture and much more. Although the Bios Urn has been available for more than a year, the Bios Incube is a new product designed for people who want to keep their trees close instead of planting them in a forest. The Bios Urn is a relatively small cylindrical package with the seed

and soil sitting on top of the ashes. The Bios Urn is made of paper, carbon and cellulose. Once it decomposes, the ashes mix with the soil and roots of the tree, said Moliné, co-founder of Bios Urn. The outer circumference of the Bios Incube, separated from the soil by a barrier, is a water tank that holds up to 3 gallons of water, which is near to 11 litres. There is a water pump on the bottom of the Bios Incube and a sensor and sprinkler at the top. Water enters through a slot toward the rim of the Bios Incube. The sensor and sprinkler sit on top of the soil. The sensor monitors soil moisture, to make sure the tree gets the right amount of water; soil conductivity, to make sure the tree has enough fertilizer; and soil temperature, to make sure the soil maintains a consistent temperature. The sensor also monitors environmental conditions, such as sunlight exposure, temperature and humidity. The sensor is preprogramed to know what type of tree is being monitored — for instance, whether it's a pine or maple. This means the device knows the exact moment the tree needs to be watered. Overand under-watering are typically the main issues that affect tree growth. So the Bios Incube combines collected data from its sensors to determine when to water the tree. When the device detects dryness, the water pump automatically works to hydrate the soil. The Bios Incube's storage capacity of 3 gallons of water lasts 20 days on average.

Fruit Juices And Smoothies Have High Sugar Content The next time you offer your children a healthy smoothie instead of a soda, you may want to remember that it could contain as much as 13 g/100 ml, equivalent to around 2.5 tsps in a 3.5-oz serving, or approximately two thirds to a half of a child’s recommended daily sugar intake. Smoothies can have a surprisingly high sugar content. New research describes the sugar content of fruit drinks, natural juices and smoothies, in particular, as “unacceptably high.” According to Yale Health, the average American consumes around 22 tsps of added sugar every day; for teens, the figure is closer to 34. One 12-oz can of soda contains 10 tsps of sugar. The American Heart Association (AHA) recommend no more than 3-4 tsps of sugar a day for children, and 5 tsps for teens. In the UK, guidelines recommend a maximum of 19 g, or just under 4 tsps for children aged 4-6 years, and 24 g at age 7-10 years, or just under 5 tsps, according to the UK’s National Health Service (NHS). As awareness spreads about the impact of sweetened drinks on weight gain and tooth decay, many people are turning to fruit juices and smoothies as healthy alternatives to sodas, iced tea and other favorites. However, even 100% fruit juice is not as innocent as it seems. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommend not giving juice to infants under 6 months, and children aged 1-6 should have no more than 4-6 oz, or one half to three quarters of a cup. The recommended amount for 7-18 year-olds is 8-12 oz, or 1-2 cups. Researchers from the University of Liverpool and the University of London in the UK assessed the sugar content per 100 ml (approximately 3.5 oz) of fruit juice drinks, 100% natural juices, and smoothies aimed at children, using information from the pack label. They checked the amount of “free” sugars in 203 standard portion sizes (200 ml, or around 7 oz) of UK-branded and store-brand products. Free sugars include glucose, fructose, sucrose and table sugar, which are added by the producer, as well as naturally occurring sugars in honey, syrups, fruit juices and fruit juice concentrates. Although fructose occurs naturally in fruit, when consumed as a drink, it can cause dental caries – as can any other sugar. There are other naturally occurring sugars in whole fruits and vegetables, which the body metabolizes differently, and they act to curb energy intake. These were not included. Over 40% of drinks contain 4 tsps of sugar

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Mr Shumile J. Chishty

The sensor wirelessly transmits all its collected data through Wi-Fi to an application that can be accessed on a smartphone. The sensor can also use the internet to retrieve weather data to determine whether the plant should or should not be left outside, or whether a plant should be moved from one room to another. The tree can stay in its pot or be planted in a forest. If the tree is removed from the Bios Incubator and planted in the forest, the Bios Incube can be reused to plant another tree, even if the seed and soil don't come from the Bios Urn. The Bios Incube uses an ordinary soil mixture of coco peat, made from coconut husks, and vermiculite, a mineral used to retain water.

Daily Chocolate Intake Linked To Lower Risk Of Diabetes, Heart Disease Could a doctor’s visit one day result in a prescription for chocolate? According to a new study, it is possible. Researchers suggest that consuming a small amount of chocolate every day may lower the risk of diabetes and heart disease. Eating chocolate every day could lower the risk of diabetes and heart disease, say researchers. Chocolate is often perceived as a treat that should only be enjoyed from time to time. Given its high fat and sugar content, this is no surprise; overconsumption can lead to health problems, such as tooth decay and obesity. However, studies are increasingly suggesting regular, moderate chocolate consumption may yield significant health benefits, particularly when it comes to dark chocolate. Dark chocolate has the highest cocoa content, which means it has the highest levels of antioxidants – specifically, flavonoids – which are molecules that can prevent some forms of cell damage. The team set out to investigate whether chocolate intake is associated with insulin resistance – where the body’s cells do not effectively respond to insulin, raising the risk for type 2 diabetes and heart disease. They also assessed how chocolate consumption affected liver enzyme levels, which is a measure of liver function. Reduced insulin resistance with daily chocolate consumption The researchers found that 81.8 percent of the study participants consumed chocolate, with an average consumption of 24.8 grams daily. Compared with participants who did not eat chocolate every day, those who did were found to have reduced insulin resistance and improved liver enzyme levels. The effect was stronger the higher the chocolate consumption, the team reports. The findings remained after accounting for participants’ age, sex, education, lifestyle, and dietary factors that could affect the results. Dietary factors included intake of tea and coffee rich in the antioxidants polyphenols, which the researchers say have the potential to spur chocolate’s benefits for cardiometabolic risk. Cardiometabolic risk refers to a person’s likelihood of developing diabetes, heart disease, or stroke.

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Why Do governments fail Dr A Q Khan World history contains many stories and facts about failed governments and empires. We all know about the fates of the Roman, Greek, Spanish, Dutch, British, Russian and Islamic empires; about their rise to fame and grandeur and then their failure and downfall. Today I would like to discuss an excellent book on this topic, written by two eminent economists from MIT and Harvard. The book is ‘Why Nations Fail – The Origins of Power, Prosperity and Poverty’, written by Prof Daron Acemoglu of MIT and Prof James A Robinson of Harvard and published by Profile Books Ltd, USA. Both of them are renowned and holders of many distinguished awards. They are also the authors of another well-known book, ‘Economic Origin of Dictatorship and Democracy’. In the preface, the authors ask: why is North Korea ten times poorer than South Korea? Why are people on the American side of the border so much richer than the poverty-ridden Mexicans on the other side? They have proved, with cogent arguments, that poverty or richness is not due to climate, location or culture, but is due to the functioning of institutions. They have given convincing arguments and examples in support of their theory. They have discussed the ancient Roman Empire, the British Empire and recent developments in China, and

have pointed out and emphasised that to become rich one has to work hard. That is the only way to earn money and to be able to save it. This means that good, well-administered and smoothly run institutions lead to good management, the creation of jobs and wealth, economic growth, equal distribution of wealth and, consequently, peace and prosperity. The authors have spent 15 years in deep research and considered the points of view of other experts before writing this book. They have considered economics, politics and history in order to understand the causes of prosperity and poverty. This research, though purely theoretical, gives the impression that, with time, even poor countries will become reasonably rich. They have very emphatically stated that a country is not poor because of its location or that their leaders are ignorant of good policies, but because these leaders are selfish and adopt policies to enrich themselves and their near and dear ones, thereby letting the public suffer. Unfortunately, this is exactly what is happening in our poor country. Rulers are cunning and calculating. They hardly ever adopt people-friendly policies and their actions are usually governed by selfinterest. Our finance minister boasts about our good economic situation on the basis of loans obtained. The prime minister too boasts about our stock exchange, which is, in practice, nothing more than

Language Learning Boosts Brain Plasticity And Ability To Code New Information

BY studying brain electrical activity of volunteers, researchers found that language acquisition enhances brain plasticity and capacity for learning. In particular, they note that early language learning plays a significant role in the rapid formation of memory circuits for coding new information. The researchers found that the more languages a volunteer had mastered, the faster the brain circuits coding new information reacted. In a paper published in the journal Scientific Reports, researchers from the Higher School of Economics (HSE), in Moscow, Russia, and the University of Helsinki, in Finland, describe how they used EEG (electroencephalography) to probe the brain mechanisms involved in language learning in human volunteers. Previous research has established that understanding the brain mechanisms involved in acquiring language helps enormously in the diagnosis and treatment of people with impaired speech following accidents, strokes, and other related conditions. In particular, knowing more of how the brain makes and strengthens new circuits or neural networks increases the scope for harnessing or speeding up these processes to improve learning. However, research in this area progresses slowly compared with studies of other brain functions because we cannot investigate verbal ability in animals, explain the authors. The new study finds that the more foreign languages we learn, the faster the brain responds and processes the data it absorbs during learning. In other words, the study suggests loading the mind with more knowledge boosts its ability to acquire more.

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gambling and has little to do with the welfare of the public. Roads, bridges, etc (requiring steel and cement, mostly monopoly industries) are given priority, creating only temporary job opportunities and filling the pockets of the concerned authorities. Some have even promised that all our woes, both economic and educational, will be over by 2025. In our country of 190 million people, not a single one of our universities ranks in the top 500 universities of the world. In poverty rankings, we are almost the worst off; in corruption we outshine most others. Look at Singapore; smaller than Rawalpindi and Lahore, it has two universities ranked at numbers 12 and 13. China, which only became independent in 1949, has Tsinghua University, Beijing ranked at number 24. I delivered a lecture there in 1978 or 1979. It was way behind us at that time. Seeing the dismal state of our education system, I prepared a detailed, thorough proposal (campus, buildings, facilities, courses, estimates, etc.) for a first-class federal institute. However, my plans remained unacknowledged. If we combine incompetent rulers with ignorant and incompetent administrators, then this country’s future looks extremely bleak. We are buried under the burden of foreign loans. When the last straw has finally been added to the camel’s back, the selfish will pack up their suitcases and live a luxurious life abroad on ill-gotten gains from our

poor country. What has been done to promote agriculture, control floods, and provide adequate medical care? Look at the pathetic and dirty conditions of our most of our state-run hospitals and the facilities they offer. Together with many colleagues we had set up the state-of-the-art GIK Institute in Topi in three years. It can be done again. Unfortunately, no one seems to have the foresight or the ability to establish a top-class university. Our history is witness to this. The 15 years I spent in European educational institutes and professional experience and the 25 years I spent running Kahuta gave me a deeper understanding of these needs. The book under discussion has been highly praised by four Nobel Laureates – viz Gary S Baker (Economics 1992), Peter Diamond (Economics 2010), Michael Spence (Economics 2001) and Robert Slow (Economics 1987). Note: Expatriates have been scared away from investing in real estate in Pakistan due to our taxation policies. Many expatriates had invested in property here in order to create a permanent source of income, but with new taxation laws in force, this has slowed down. They are now more likely to invest in the UAE and neighbouring countries – the boat has been rowed aground. To be continued Email: dr.a.quadeer.khan@gmail.com

World’s Largest Radio Telescope Begins Hunt For Extraterrestrial Life

The world’s largest radio telescope began searching for signals from stars and galaxies in a hunt for extraterrestrial life last month. The 500m wide installation, nestled within a stunning landscape of lush green karst formations in the Guizhou province of China, was opened in front of hundreds of astronomers and space enthusiasts. Known as the Five-hundred-metre Aperture Spherical Telescope, or FAST, it will scan the heavens for gravitational waves. The ultimate goal of FAST is to discover the laws of the development of the universe. Researchers said “In theory, if there is civilization in outer space, the radio signal it sends will be similar to the signal we can receive when a pulsar (spinning neutron star) is approaching us.”

It took five years and $180 million to complete and surpasses that of the 300m Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico, a dish used in research on stars that led to a Nobel Prize. Installation of the 4,450-panel structure, nicknamed Tianyan, or the Eye of Heaven, started in 2011 and was completed in July. It has double the sensitivity of the Arecibo Observatory and five to 10 times the surveying speed. The telescope requires a radio silence within a 5km (three-mile) radius, resulting in more than 8,000 people being moved from their homes in eight villages to make way for the facility. China’s latest telescope will be able to look faster and further than past searches for extraterrestrial intelligence

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Salman Khan To Marry? It finally seems like wedding bells are ringing for the ‘Bhai’ Salman Khan. Bollywood superstar Salman Khan will reportedly shift to a new house and mentions a potential date for marriage. Salman Khan has lived at Galaxy Apartments, the time has now come for the Dabanng Khan to move into a new building named ‘Little Star’, on Carter Road in Mumbai, which he has purchased. Salman’s parents will stay at a house in the building and it is believed that his ‘friend’ Lulia Vantur will be moving in with him. Therefore, making the marriage speculation more of a confirmation. Lulia Vantur who is Romanian, is a fitness model and reality show host from Spain, which is where Salman first met her. The news is that November is going to be the special month for Salman Khan and Lulia Vantur and the date is 18th of November 2016. At the launch of Sania Mriza’s autobiography, the 50-year-old actor was quizzed about his marriage, to which he replied, “18th November.” Salman mentions: “Yes. 18th November. Yeh 18th November, yeh kuch bees pachees November se chal raha hai. Lekin pata nahi kaunse saal main hoga. Lekin hoga. (This 18th November has been going on for the last 20-25 Novembers. I don’t know which year it will happen but it will happen).” Interestingly, this is the same date as the wedding of Salman’s parents – Salim and Salma Khan – and his sister Arpita. However, Salman Khan’s younger brother is still applying diplomacy to his answers about the marriage and says: “This has always been the case. Inshallah, he will marry when he wants to. He has had ex-girlfriends and has one now, but he feels that whenever he decides the day, he wouldn’t want such pomp, show and noise around it. He will do it quietly and will be careful about it.” Whilst Salman has been shooting for Kabir Khan’s Tubelight, Lulia has rushed back home to Romania, to complete visa renewals which runs out in November. A close source reveals: “Since there are no set rules for foreigners to ask for Indian citizenship, Iulia will have to obtain residency that will be renewed from time to time. Citizenship is granted as an exception and the authorities need strong recommendations, so Salman is trying his best. He will be back in town tonight and look into the matter.” Well, we look forward to more confirmation on Bhai Ki Shaadi!

More Than 100,000 Elephants Killed For Ivory Over Decade An increase in ivory poaching has seen the number of African elephants plummet by more than 100,000 in a decade, conservationists have warned. The rise in the illegal trade is seen as the main cause of the most serious decline in elephant populations in 25 years. Estimates, based on a number of sources including aerial surveys and dung counts, indicate numbers are 93,000 lower than in 2006, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). But because the figures include elephants from previously uncounted populations, experts believe the actual drop is nearer to 111,000. The findings come after Sky News highlighted the plight of the African elephant, which in some parts of the continent face extinction. The Duke of Cambridge has also spoken of his fears the animal will disappear from the wild due to poaching by the time his daughter Princess Charlotte turns 25. The latest data comes as experts warn the illegal ivory trade shows no signs of abating. A study by wildlife trade monitoring network Traffic found a continued upward trend in large raw ivory shipments of 100kg or more.

British Ambassador Embraces Islam, Performs Hajj Among the 19,000 British pilgrims performing Haj this year was British Ambassador to Saudi Arabia Simon Paul Collis and his wife Huda Mujarkech. It was known to some diplomats and journalists that he had embraced Islam, but there had been no official word. Though Collis refused media requests for interviews he said: “I have converted to Islam after being in Muslim societies for 30 years, and right before getting married to Huda.”

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Volunteering May Boost Mental Wellbeing In Older Adults There are a wide range of volunteering opportunities "Giving up time for charity work found to boost mental wellbeing as people get older." A new UK-based study found that volunteering was associated with increased mental wellbeing; but mainly in adults aged between 40 and 70. Researchers found that, generally, people's health and mental wellbeing score got worse as they got older. However, when people got over the age of 40-45, while scores generally continued to get worse for those who never volunteered, they got better for those who did any volunteering. The study's main limitation is that this can't prove cause and effect, or tell the direction of the relationship. People who volunteer may have better health scores because those who feel healthy, active and in a good state of wellbeing are more likely to go out and volunteer to help others than those who feel in poor health. It's not necessarily the case that the reverse is true; that volunteering has caused the good health state. It could be that the association works both ways – better wellbeing probably makes you more inclined to help others, and helping others probably boosts your sense of wellbeing. The demand for volunteers remains high and there is always somebody you can help or something you can do to make the world a better place.

Could Riding Roller Coasters Help You Pass Kidney Stones? The researchers rode the roller coaster 60 times "Got kidney stones? Ride a roller coaster! Study shows it is the most pain-free cost-efficient way to pass them," says a study carried out in the US which tested riding roller coasters as a way of passing kidney stones. The study came about after a number of people with kidney stones claimed riding on Walt Disney World's Big Thunder Mountain Railroad ride had helped them pass their stones. In particular, one person with kidney stones reported passing a stone after each of three consecutive rides. The researchers rode the Big Thunder Mountain Railroad ride a total of 60 times carrying a 3D printed model kidney made from silicone. The kidney contained urine and kidney stones of three different sizes. They found that the rides caused the kidney stones to be passed from the kidney, and that the position on the ride made a big difference to the number of stones passed. Sitting at the back of the ride produced the best results. A key limitation of the study is that the research was carried out on a model kidney rather than on the kidneys of real people. This method can never truly replicate the behaviour of the stones in a

real kidney. However, the findings may support the case for further research into what it is about the ride that might cause stones to pass. Kidney stones are formed when certain chemicals, usually calcium, or uric acid, build up in the body. Some medical conditions can contribute to high levels of these substances being in the body. They are more likely if you don't drink enough fluids. Some symptoms of kidney stones to be aware of are: a persistent ache in the lower back periods of intense pain in the back or side of your abdomen feeling sick needing to urinate more often than normal pain when you urinate blood in your urine To prevent kidney stones make sure you avoid becoming dehydrated. Drinks such as tea, coffee and fruit juice can count towards your fluid intake, but water is the healthiest option and is best for preventing kidney stones developing. Make sure you drink more when it is hot or when you are exercising, to replenish fluids lost through sweating.

Amitabh Bachchan Still The Big Boss Of Bollywood At 74 Bollywood megastar Amitabh Bachchan turns 74 this month but he says he's still hungry for new challenges after his latest movie about sexual violence against women left him deeply moved. The Hindi film legend of almost half a century said courtroom drama "Pink", would challenge attitudes in conservative India. "During the course of the film there will be substance that will talk about women, society and how morality views them," Bachchan said of the thriller set in India's capital. "Delhi has been chosen deliberately as many of these cases have been occurring in Delhi," he added, a reference to several highprofile attacks that have shone a global spotlight on frightening levels of violence against women in India. Rape and sexual assault occur regularly, with incidents hitting the headlines on an almost daily basis, despite tough new laws following the fatal gang-rape of a Delhi student in December 2012. "Pink", which sees Bachchan play an ageing lawyer with bipolar disorder, centres on three women in their 20s who are molested one night by a group of drunk, socially influential men. However, it's the women who end up on trial. A short trailer released by the production company shows one of them being accused of defamation and another of soliciting while a policeman appears unsympathetic to their plight. "It was a very emotional experience having to enact the circumstances that women go through, what they feel or how society should look at them," said Bachchan, wearing a lime green Nehru jacket. The actor affectionately known as "Big B", a reference to his decades-long command over Bollywood as well as his six foot one inch frame, was so moved that he penned an open letter to his two granddaughters this week. - India's 'angry young man' In it he urged them and all of India's granddaughters to make their own choices and "don't let anyone make you believe the length of your skirt is a measure of your character".

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His experiences shooting "Pink", which is directed by Aniruddha Roy Chowdhury, "became a source of inspiration to write that letter", Bachchan explained to AFP in his famous, deep baritone voice. The 73-year-old, whose birthday on October 11 will see hoards of fans gather outside his home, shot to stardom in the early 1970s on the back of powerful roles in hits "Zanjeer" and "Sholay". He was dubbed India's "angry young man" due to his portrayal of violent heroes fighting against an unjust system as Bollywood movies, which had previously been polite romances, added a new aggressive element.

Bachchan quickly became Bollywood's most internationally-recognised star due to a string of starring roles. He is married to former leading heroine of Hindi cinema Jaya Bhaduri and hosts the Indian version of TV quiz show "Who Wants To Be a Millionaire". His son Abhishek is also an actor while his daughter-in-law Aish-

warya Rai Bachchan is a former Miss World and leading Hindi film actress. Bachchan, whose father was a renowned poet, said dealing with the adoration of millions throughout his career had been easy because it was the only life he had ever known. "I was born in fame. I was always recognised and known. Personally I feel normal about it," he insisted. "I don't know how others think about me, but if I have to walk the streets, I will, and if I need to stand in a queue at the airport, that's ok. "I am not conscious of the fact that something special should be done for me," Bachchan added. He said one of the biggest changes to India's century-old Hindi film industry that he had seen over his career was the number of women now working on Bollywood film sets. "There are a lot of women on set in every department... taking charge of production, camera and administration. These were all jobs that were done by men. "The only ladies you saw on set were the leading lady and maybe, as her chaperone, her mother," he said, wearing his trademark round black spectacles, his white goatee contrasting with his brown hair. "Pink" will be Bachchan's third release of the year following crime thrillers "Wazir" and "Te3n" and he is clearly revelling in being cast as a troubled elderly male in recent roles. Bachchan said it was "wonderful" to work on films where the average age is 25-30 and insisted he has no plans to slow down. "At 74, beggars are not choosers. I get whatever comes to me. Fortunately they are stories that are commensurate with my age so I accept them. I need to work and I am happy to be working," he said. "As an actor I love to be challenged. I love to be put in a different sphere and hope I can tackle it. I hope there are still new things out there for me to try."

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Long Daytime Nap ‘Associated With Increased Diabetes Risk’ People who take long afternoon naps are more likely to have diabetes, a new study suggests. Those who nap for more than an hour a day have a 45% increased risk of having type 2 diabetes, researchers found. But shorter naps did not show an increased risk, according to the study which is to be presented to the European Association for the Study of Diabetes. Experts from Japan looked at data from 21 studies concerning more than 300,000 people and found the association between daytime snoozes and type 2 diabetes. After adjusting for potential factors, they found that a long nap of more than 60 minutes a day "significantly increased the risk of type 2 diabetes". But naps of less than an hour did not. Longer naps was associated with increased risk of diabetes and metabolic syndrome. They said that short naps might have beneficial effects on diabetes, but added: "Further studies are needed to confirm the efficacy of a short nap." They point out that sleep is an important part of a healthy life alongside a good diet and exercise. Some people cannot get enough sleep at night due to social life and work life related factors. Taking naps is widely prevalent around the world. Daytime naps are usually brief, but can range from a few minutes to a few hours. The frequency varies from taking an occasional nap to planned rest periods even several times daily for habitual nappers. Some individuals take a nap because they are excessively sleepy during the daytime as a result of a sleep disorder. Figures released earlier show that 3.8 million adults in England now have diabetes - including almost a million (940,000) undiagnosed cases. The proportion of the adult population with diabetes is expected to rise to one in 10 by 2035 (4.9 million people). About 90% of cases are Type 2 diabetes - which is linked to being overweight and obese - and are therefore largely preventable, Public Health England said as it released the new data.

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Hair Growth Can Be Restored With New Drug

Ofcom Launches Crowdsourced Project For Better Mobile Phone Services

According to a recent study, researchers have identified a promising therapy for the disease that regrowth of stimulated hair by 92 percent. Alopecia areata is the second most common form of hair loss that occurs at any age and affects both men and women equally. Currently, there is no treatment capable of completely restoring hair. Topical and oral drugs that inhibit the Janus kinase (JAK) family of enzymes, known as JAK inhibitors, could potentially fill the role of stimulating hair regrowth. Although the study was small, it provides crucial evidence that JAK inhibitors can constitute the first effective treatment for people with alopecia areata. This is encouraging news for patients who are coping with the physical and emotional effects of this disfiguring autoimmune disease. In the follow-up period, one third of people who had responded to the treatment proceeded to experience significant hair loss, although not to the degree of before treatment.

Ofcom is calling on Android smartphone users in the UK to join its first crowdsourced research project for better mobile phone services. By downloading the Ofcom Mobile Research app, users can join a nationwide panel of volunteers who will help gather valuable information about mobile coverage, the reliability of voice calls, mobile broadband performance and users’ experiences and habits. The app automatically measures the performance of mobile and Wi-Fi networks; users don’t need to manually run any tests. The highlights of its findings will be displayed on the app’s home screen. From time-totime, the user will be asked to briefly rate how well they feel their service is performing. Ofcom’s research aims to build an independent benchmark for both consumers and industry. It will help mobile customers make purchasing and switching decisions, and will be used to enhance Ofcom’s mobile coverage maps and consumer research. This will then feed into various Ofcom research projects, including a new study comparing telecoms operators’ quality of service in spring 2017. All users’ data will be completely anonymised.

TRIP TO MARS SIX YEARS AWAY Elon Musk Outlines Plan To Make Humans ‘Multiplanetary Species’ South African-born entrepreneur Musk outlined his vision to begin manned missions to Mars as soon as 2022. The founder of SpaceX explained that his plan to colonize the red planet could begin three years earlier than previous calculations, estimating that the first tickets to Mars could cost $200,000 a person. “What I really want to try to achieve here is to make Mars seem possible–like it’s something we can achieve in our lifetimes,” Musk explained. He said there were “two fundamental paths” that humanity could choose from today. “One is that we stay on Earth forever and then there will be an inevitable extinction event. The alternative is to become a spacefaring civilization, and a multi-planetary species.” Musk did not disclose how the ambitious project to colonize Mars would be funded.

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Public WiFi not Secure as you think to steal information, The increase of broadband rollAn explosive matchup of identity ouror out and the growth of WiFi in passwords and money from the or insecure public spacesown is providingworld-class society users who use public very fighter, with the huge benefit of access wi-fi connections. Amir Khan is easily. happening in May. The important thing is to distinto the Internet quickly and But not all WiFi is as secure as we guish if the public WiFi you are The British superstar former secure and not public. might think it is. Europol’s Cyber- using isand When you connect to it, if it crime Division warns that attacks Unified Super Lightweight World are rising on public WiFi and are requires a security access password, it means it is secure but if a major security risk. Amir “King” Champion Khan will In the UK, key cities like London, you can just connect to it with no face current WBA International it is insecure. Manchester and Birmingham are password, increasing public WiFi access, Something known as ‘man-inWelterweight Luisto the-middle’ is being applied whilst restaurants, cafes andchampion bars are also keen provide free commit these attacks on public Collazo in the 12 round event. networks. Where, the hackers WiFi to attract customers. passed beFor mostlooking smartphone forward users capture data "I'm to being fighting public WiFi is always seen as a tween a user of the public WiFi the Internet. greatLas way ofVegas saving dataonce usage and in again, andAttacks myof included in their phone tariffs these kind are targeting people intention 3 istheyto makewitha a communicate but if you are goingon to useMay public when WiFi for personal transactions, bank, do online shopping or log statement thatthisI inbelong to social mediaon sites. this sensitive data and banking, may not be the best method. big stage," said Khan. We are now seeing an increase Therefore, it is important to be vigilant whenoff using in the misuse of wi-fi, inmight order extremely "Luis Collazo be coming of a big win, but I am in incredible shape and am ready for this challenge. A win on May 3 is what I need to prove that I truly am one of the best welterweights in the sport." A British standout who represented his nation in the 2004

AMIR KHAN TO FACE LUIS COLLAZO

Olympic Games, where he won a silver medal, Bolton's Amir "King" Khan (28-3, 19 KOs) went from local hero to international star when he won his first world title at 140 pounds in 2009.After five successful defences that included wins over Marcos Maidana, Paulie Malignaggi and Zab Judah, Khan lost An explosive matchup of our own world-class fighter, his title by way of avery controAmir Khan is happening in May. British superstar and former versial decision to The Lamont Unified Super Lightweight World Amir “King” Khan will Peterson in 2011. Champion Winner face current WBA International Welterweight of two straight over Car- champion Luis Collazo in the 12 round event. "I'm looking los Molina and Julio Diazforward to fighting in Las Vegas once again, and my since, the flashy,intention flamon May 3 is to make a statement that I belong on this boyant 27-year-old boxbig stage," said Khan. "Luis Collazo might be coming off er-puncher is nowof a bigcamwin, but I am in incredible shape and am ready for this chalpaigning at welterweight, lenge. A win on May 3 is what I need to prove that I truly am one where he seeks championof the best welterweights in the sport." ship gold once again. A British standout who repre-

public WiFi and only use it for non-sensitive data activity if you are unsure about it’s security. Here are some tips to keep yourself safe when using public WiFi: Always use reputable internet security software on all your devices including your laptop, PC, MAC, tablets and smartphone. If a WiFi connection does not require a password, it is insecure. So, don’t send any confidential information over this network e.g. username, passwords, private data etc. Look for public places that do offer free WiFi but require a password which you obtain from them. Look out for the https in the web address in your browser and the padlock symbol when using websites for personal transactions. Always check your credit card or debit bills for any odd transactions, especially if you use public WiFi a lot. Always keep your device software up-to-date especially if security updates are available. Security using the Internet has been and always will be an issue as hackers find new ways of executing attacks but as long as you stick to the rules of keeping your confidential data secure, you can lower he chances of experiencing theft of your data.

Olympic Games, where he won a silver medal, Bolton's Amir "King" Khan (28-3, 19 KOs) went from local hero to international star when he won his first world title at 140 pounds in 2009.After five successful defences that included wins over Marcos Maidana, Paulie Malignaggi and Zab Judah, Khan lost his title by way of a controversial decision to Lamont Peterson in 2011. Winner of two straight over Carlos Molina and Julio Diaz since, the flashy, flamboyant 27-year-old boxer-puncher is now campaigning at welterweight, where he seeks championsented his nation in the 2004 ship gold once again.

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ALHABIB WELFARE FOUNDATION

(Reg Charity No: 1139948) Molana M Aslam Zahid donating sawing machines during his recent visit to Bagh, Azad Kashmir...

                                                      250                                               1       600                                                               2       50                                                   3       700                                                           4                      

                                5                             

                        6

                

     

                    RAMADAN                           

6 APPEAL 2014

Join with us and become closer to Allah in this blessed month to increase your blessings ÂŁ250 supports an orphan and brings you closer to the Holy Prophet (pbuh) in Jannah ÂŁ600 supports a family with no income and is equivalent to increased blessings from prayers ÂŁ50 buys a sewing machine - an essential source of income for a widow or young orphan girl ÂŁ700 helps a derelict mosque prosper again and reinforces your iman for the here and after ÂŁ2000 helps finance the marriage of an orphan girl and you gain blessings for yourself and our family By making provision for Sehri and Iftar for the needy in the Holy month of Ramadan you can gain forgiveness and sawaab from those fasts and work towards a place in

Yorkshire Bank, Account Number: 19842710 Sort Code: 05 08 58 Alhabib Welfare Foundation is a UK registered international relief and development charity. It was founded by Molana Aslam Zahid who is the imam of Usmania Education Centre and the Vice Chairm an of Jamiat Ulma-e-Bri tain. With your support Alhabib Welfare Foundation aims to help poor families, orphans, and widows across Pakistan and other countries around the world. We ensure 100% of your donation reaches the poor. Please donate generously on the above account number or online by visiting our website...

Molana M Aslam Zahid visited local Madressa during his recent visit to Bagh, Azad Kashmir...

Alhabib Welfare Foundation is relying on your support this Ramadan to help survivors of the Pakistan floods. Donate your Zakat and Sadaqa to us this Ramadan and we will use it to help orphans, widows and those who are in need.

The prophet saw said “Whoever helps any muslim and makes them happy in the process, they have made me happy. Whosoever makes me happy has made Allah happy. And whosoever makes Allah happy, Allah will provide a place in Jannah for him�. Come let us all help the poor, disabled, widows and orphans who desperately need our help,and gain the approval of Allah the Almighty You can give your Zakaat, Sadaqatul Fitra to help towards our ongoing support of these needy families. We invite you to come and be a part of a good and worth cause and gain nearness to Allah and the blessed Messenger (peace be upon him). We are offering you the opportunity to extend your good practice in the month of Ramadan by gaining sawaab for helping our fellow Muslims who need your help.

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MAIN PROJECTS

Molana M Aslam Zahid donated computers during his recent visit to Bagh, Azad Kashmir...

Orphans Widows Tel: 01142811927, Mob: 07894540303 E-mail:enquiries@alhabibwelfarefoundation.co.uk Web: www.alhabibwelfarefoundation.co.uk

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Zakat

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