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Animal Fat IN

£5 NOTES

Campaigners have started a petition to urge the Bank of England to remove animal fat from the new £5 note. There was anger among vegans, vegetarians, Hindus, Sikhs, Jains and others in the UK, after the bank confirmed the fivers contain tallow, a suet derivative. Some people have said they are "disgusted" and would not be using the notes. "Why would a piece of money ever need to contain something from an animal? ridiculous. surely theres substitutes and materials that can do the exact same thing," said one supporter. "The use of animal products is completely unnecessary. "It's about time the bank dragged itself into the twenty first century and used a more environmentally friendly and ethical product to coat the notes," said another.

Its hoped the petition receives enough signatures on the Government site to try to force a debate on the issue in Parliament. The notes, which feature Winston Churchill and are designed to be more robust, began to enter circulation in September. The first print run was set to produce 440 million notes, with polymer £10 coming next year and £20 notes by 2020. A Bank of England spokeswoman confirmed animal fat is being used in the production process of the £5 note. She said: "We can confirm that the polymer pellet from which the base substrate is made contains a trace of a substance known as tallow. "Tallow is derived from animal fats (suet) and is a substance that is also widely used in the manufacture of candles and soap."

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Sheffield Secondary Schools Must Find Room For Hundreds More Pupils Sheffield secondary schools will come under ‘continued pressure’ over the next few years with places needed for hundreds of extra pupils. A council report has said while new secondary schools are being built in the city, demand for places will continue to grow. Currently, slightly over 5,500 children have to be found Year 7 places each school year, but this is projected to rise to over 6,100 by 2021. A report to the Children, Young People & Family Support Scrutiny & Policy Development Committee said: “The growth started to come through into Year 7 from 2014 and the most significant rises are expected in 2018 and 2019. In response, the city has commissioned new secondary schools for 2018 in the northeast at Pye Bank/Woodside, the south-west at Bannerdale, and Oasis Don Valley, a through primary-secondary school, will also open its Year 7 for the first time in September 2018.

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New Outpatients Department Opened In Sheffields Children Hospital Sheffields children hospital is delighted to announce that their new main entrance and Outpatients Department were opened to families last month. The bright and spacious new department has been designed with the help of patients and staff. The space looks fantastic and has been carefully planned to make visits less stressful and more fun. The new Outpatients Department is a part of a £40million development at Sheffield Children's Hospital. The second phase, including new wards, will be opening next year. The continuing work means there will be some minor disturbance and there are temporary access routes in place. they are asking families for their patience while these improvements are underway.

Sheffield Litter Louts Fined A total of 26 people in one day, have been ordered to pay out more than £400 each after being successfully prosecuted for littering by Sheffield City Council’s Environmental Protection Service. Each person was offered the opportunity to pay a £75 fixed penalty but refused, so were taken to Sheffield Magistrates Court. All of the offenders were fined £220, as well as being told to pay the council’s costs of £168.79 and a victim surcharge of £20. Environmental Enforcement Officers have issued 890 notices to litter louts across the city in the last 12 months. Most of these offenders admitted the offence and paid the fixed penalty. However, those that did not pay the initial fixed penalty, which has recently risen from £75 to £80, were then prosecuted. The authority has prosecuted 174 litter louts in the last 12 months. Councillor Bryan Lodge, Sheffield City Council’s Cabinet Member for the Environment, said: “The courts have once again supported our council’s efforts to keep Sheffield clean. “Everyone should do their bit to improve our environment and we will not tolerate those who spoil it.” In all, the fines, costs and surcharges total £10,629.

Sheffield Set To Become Fossil Fuel Free City Sheffield City Council voted last month not to invest in fossil fuels, putting Sheffield on target to become one of the world’s first fossil fuel free cities. Sheffield councillors passed an amended version of a Green Party motion calling for the council to help tackle climate change by not investing in fossil fuels – oil, gas, coal or fracking. Decisions to divest from fossil fuels have previously been made by both of Sheffield’s universities and other public bodies are being pressed by campaigners to make similar commitments. Sheffield is in good company, as it joins dozens of other cities worldwide in making this commitment. These cities include Oslo, Berlin, Melbourne and Seattle. But Sheffield City Council has gone even further by also declaring an ambition for Sheffield to “go fossil-free as a city” .

Volunteers Give Millions To City A report into the voluntary sector in Sheffield has shown benefits to the city worth hundreds of millions of pounds. Research shows how the city’s 3,300 voluntary and community groups benefit the city to the estimated value of £810 million each year. Most of this benefit comes through the time people invest, with more than 17,000 paid staff supported by 89,600 volunteers and 22,700 committee members. The volunteer time adds up to more than 261,600 hours each week, with people working in voluntary and community groups across the city. The research found that the groups deliver 7.2 million ‘interventions’ each year to help clients, users and people who benefit from their services. Councillor Jack Scott, Cabinet Member for Community Services and Libraries at Sheffield City Council, said: “We’re fortunate to have a strong voluntary sector in Sheffield which benefits the city massively. I’d like to thank the tens of thousands of people who can to help boost voluntary and community groups even further contribute to making a difference. and look forward to seeing their excellent work recognised at the “I am determined that the council continues to do everything it awards ceremony.”

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Britain Urges Pakistan, India To Resolve Kashmir Crisis

During his recent visit to Pakistan, Britain's top diplomat Boris Johnson has urged Pakistan and India to find a lasting solution for Kashmir a day after a deadly exchange of fire killed more than a dozen people in the disputed Himalayan region. But after meeting with Pakistani officials, Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson told reporters in Islamabad that it was up to the two South Asian countries to resolve the crisis and that Britain should not "prescribe a solution or act as a mediator." India meanwhile summoned a Pakistani diplomat to lodge a protest over what it said were continued violations of a 2003 cease-fire. Indian

Foreign Ministry spokesman Vikas Swarup said Pakistani troops had helped "terrorists" infiltrate Kashmir, where they killed three Indian soldiers and mutilated one of their bodies. India had vowed to retaliate after the body was found, and on Wednesday the two sides blasted away at each other across the Line of Control, the latest in a series of violent exchanges in recent weeks. Indian fire struck a bus on the Pakistani side, killing at least 10 people. Another two Pakistani civilians and three Pakistani soldiers were also killed. There was no immediate word of Indian casualties. The nuclear-armed rivals each claim Kashmir in its entirety and have fought two of their three wars over the dispute. Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif held a high-level security meeting to review the Kashmir situation recently and said "we will never abandon our Kashmiri brethren in their freedom struggle," according to a government statement. Pakistan's air force chief Sohail Aman meanwhile warned India against escalating the dispute over Kashmir into full-scale war, saying that Pakistani troops "know full well how to deal with them."

Top 12 Parking Fine Hotspots In Sheffield

Sheffield Council pocketed nearly £1.6 million from parking fines across the city in just one year. Ecclesall Road comes out on top with fines totalling more than £60,000, followed by Surrey Street in the city centre where motorist were fined to the tune of £31,512. Figures released by Sheffield Council reveal enforcement officers handed out a whopping 55,734 fines from September 15 to September 16. These include cars parked on double yellow lines, drivers with expired tickets in parking bays and motorists overstaying their welcome in council-run car parks. But council bosses are keen to stress all money that is gathered goes straight back into enforcing parking provisions. Residents and business owners have said they’re ‘not surprised’ by the number of parking fines Sheffield Council have handed out in twelve months – 55, 734, bringing in £1,590,565. Some questioned the need to come into the city centre at all and others said parking in Sheffield was ‘too expensive’. Many areas which raked in the most cash were situated in the city centre, near hospitals in Broomhill and streets around Ecclesall Road and Hunters Bar. Two city centre car parks also made the Top 12 hotspot list.

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A Sheffield Council spokesman said: “Parking charges in the city compare favourably with other large cities. “The city centre has competing demands for parking spaces, from residents, commuters, visitors and shoppers. “It creates more complex demands for spaces than out of town shopping malls, who need to encourage people to visit the site just to shop. “It encourages a turnover of spaces, ensuring people can find a space to park, rather than driving around for excessive periods and clogging up the road network. “If there wasn’t a turnover of spaces city centre retailers would suffer as people wouldn’t be able to just to come shopping.” THE STATS Total received by Sheffield Council from parking fines from September 2015 to September 2016 – £1,590,565.47 Tickets issued in this time – 55,734 Top 12 parking fine hotspots across Sheffield account for £284,786 Locations: 1) Ecclesall Road: £61,651 2) Surrey Street, city centre: £31,512 3) Severn Road, Broomhill: £24,460 4) Neill Road, Hunters Bar: £23,060 5) Mushroom Lane, next to Weston Park Museum: £21,412 6) Wellington Street Car Park, city centre: £20,749 7) Northumberland Road, Broomhill: £19,935 8) Thompson Road, Hunters Bar: £18,292 9) Fitzwilliam Street Car Park, city centre: £16,853.00 10) Norfolk Street, city centre: £16,789.00 11) Arundel Street, city centre: £16,533.00 12) Harcourt Road, Crookesmoor: £13,500.00

‘Terror Threat From The Extreme Right On The Rise’ There are signs that the terror threat from the extreme right could be growing, one of the UK's counter-terrorism police chiefs has warned. Senior National Co-ordinator for Counter Terrorism Policing Neil Basu said there have been indications in the past year that the risk is on the rise, and around one in 10 referrals to the Government's anti-extremism programme is now linked to the far right. In a statement following the conviction of Naziobsessed killer Thomas Mair for the murder of Labour MP Jo Cox, the Scotland Yard Deputy Assistant Commissioner said: "UK policing is committed to tackling extremism in all forms and this includes the threat from the extreme right-wing. "Cases are pursued by our officers with exactly the same level of resource and vigour as other forms of ideology. The vast majority of investigations are led by officers working in the national counter-terrorism network. "There have been a number of successful prosecutions over recent years and this is testament to the work of police teams up and down the country. "The overriding threat remains from Daesh-

inspired groups but our operations reflect a broader range of dangerous ideologies and we will work tirelessly with our partners to confront them. "Over the past 12 months there have been indications that the threat from the extreme rightwing could be increasing and we are alive to this. "Within Counter Terrorism Policing Headquarters, there is a national unit that receives intelligence from forces around the country relating to domestic extremist groups. This is assessed daily and the unit works with forces to mitigate the risk." Around one in 10 referrals to the Government's Prevent programme, which is designed to turn would-be extremists away from terrorism, are linked to the far right. Mr Basu added: "Currently just under 10% of all Prevent referrals relate to the extreme right-wing and we have put programmes in place to support those at risk of being radicalised. "We recognise that lives can be destroyed and community cohesion undermined in exactly the same way it can from other forms of extremism."

Buckingham Palace’s £369m Refurbishment The queen is being given £369 million of taxpayers' money to fund a 10 year refurbishment of Buckingham Palace. It will be a huge job, which will see electrical wiring, radiators and skirting boards replaced. Floorboards will be ripped up and new ones laid, while 78 bathrooms will be replaced. The palace, one of the most famous buildings in the world, will have miles of electrical cables replace along with hot and cold water pipes and thousands of plug sockets. An while the huge job is being carried out, our 90-year-old queen will remain in residence. Many of her staff will have to be relocated while the 775-room palace is completely refurbished. But what exactly will the refurbishment mean. Buckingham Palace is one of the most iconic buildings in the world, and this programme is designed to extend its working life by a further 50 years.

Royal officials defended the huge cost to the public purse, which is likely to come under fire at a time when other institutions such as the NHS are also feeling the squeeze. Palace officials said they were told the repairs were necessary and that they had been advised that waiting any longer could jeopardise the iconic building and make the work even more expensive.

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Kashmir - The Hidden genocide Patrons and special guests gathered last month at the Jamia Masjid and Usmania Education Centre. This event was organised to highlight, the atrocities being committed by the occupying Indian military in the state of Jammu Kashmir. Molana Aslam Zahid hosted the event, with Chairperson Yaseen Khalid and organiser by Dr Shah Nawaz. Chief Guest was The Rt Hon MP Paul Blomfield. Other Guests Include, Local Councillors, Religious Scholars, Members of the Interfaith group, Community workers and members of the local community, total guests around 100 Dr Shah Nawaz opened the meeting and welcomed the guests and highlighted the plight of the Kashmir people, and the responsibility of the UK government to raise this issue to all relevant parties in particular to the Indian government. He said the UK government has a responsibility on 2 fronts: 1 Due to the historical involvement and the selling of Kashmir against the wishes of its people

2 Large communities of Kashmiris residing in the UK Different speakers detailed the atrocities being committed by the Indian military, violation of human rights, and failure of the Indian government to allow the media and human rights organisations access to Kashmir, to monitor the situation. India is hiding under its image as a large business economy, and the failure of countries including the UK to challenge India on its record in Kashmir, and putting money before people. The audience demanded action from the UK government, and its dismay at the performance of both the foreign minister, Boris Johnson and the Prime Minister Theresa May by its usual stance, that it will not get involved and leave it to Pakistan and India, and this strategy has failed for 70 years. Despite recent precedence such as East Timor, South Sudan, with similar issues to Kashmir. Paul Blomfield promised to raise this in the House of Commons, Local Councillors promised to highlight at local government level. The interfaith group promised to issue a statement on this matter. Molana Aslam Zahid thanked all the guests and the meeting concluded with some refreshments for the guests. Dr Shah Nawaz Jamia Masjid and Usmania Education Centre 27 11 2016

Government Crackdown On International Students Paul Blomfield MP attacked new Government plans to cut international students numbers, saying that it would cost thousands of Sheffield jobs. His comments came on the day that a new opinion poll, showing overwhelming public support for international students, was published by Universities UK. Mr Blomfield said: “Last week the Government announced a new

crackdown on international students. This poll shows that they’re completely out of touch with the public. International students contribute £8billion to the UK economy. Here in Sheffield they’re worth £120 million to the city, with over 6,000 jobs across all sectors depending on them. Many international students are already being discouraged by the Brexit vote. It is complete madness for the Government to launch a new crackdown that will cost thousands of local jobs.” His comments came after the new Home Secretary, Amber Rudd, announced her intention to prepare new rules that will make it harder to get student visas.

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Controversial Spying Laws Take Effect Britain's intelligence services have entered a new era as controversial new spying laws take effect. The landmark Investigatory Powers Bill - described by former prime minister David Cameron as one of the most important pieces of legislation of this parliament - is due to be given royal assent. First unveiled a year ago, the legislation aims to bring surveillance tactics used by police and spy agencies in the digital age under one legal umbrella. Powers covered by the new regime include: :: Internet connection records: Communications firms will be required to store data relating to what sites a device connects to - but not a user's full browsing history or the content of a communication - for up to a year. :: Bulk powers: The tactics used by MI5, MI6 and GCHQ to collect vast troves of data. :: Equipment Interference: The official phrase used for operations involving hacking into suspects' smartphones and PCs, which are seen as increasingly important as advanced encryption makes monitoring targets more difficult. The Bill has attracted intense scrutiny, with a string of parliamentary reports calling for revisions while it has come under attack repeatedly from civil liberties groups. But ministers say it will ensure law enforcement and the security and intelligence agencies have the powers they need in a digital age to disrupt terrorist attacks. The Home Office said the legislation brings together and updates existing powers while radically overhauling how they are authorised and overseen. It includes the introduction of a "double lock" regime for the most intrusive tech-

niques, so that warrants issued by a Secretary of State will require the approval of a senior judge. A new Investigatory Powers Commissioner will be created, while those misusing the powers could face sanctions including criminal charges. Some of the provisions in the Bill will require extensive testing and will not be in place for some time, the Home Office said. In the meantime, measures required to replace the Data Retention and Investigatory Powers Act 2014 (DRIPA), which expires on December 31, will take effect. More than 120,000 people have already asked Parliament to repeal the new spying laws, forcing MPs to consider debating them. But they are likely to block any further discussion of the hugely controversial bill. A petition focusing the Investigatory Powers Bill criticises the new surveillance laws, arguing that they allow authorities “unprecedented levels of power” and that they must be revoked. It also means that the petition is one of the most popular ever, despite only having been run for a number of days.

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Snowflakes fall gently to the ground Falling, floating, fluttering You can’t hear a sound 25th of December is the day The prophet Essa’s(JESUS) birthday He could resurrect people at Allah’s will Bestowed with this power Distinguished, successful like an ascending flower He was always polite to whoever he met Treating everyone with enormous respect He fulfilled his duty of being a messenger He guided people with his wisdom He healed people suffering from pain Even if they were old and lame He journeyed through life with people who believed It bought them happiness and they were relieved Those who were his disciples carried the message through This seraphic saviour was a living legend, that was true

Happy Christmas

Poet: Shaheryar A. Chishty

PACA Wins £130,000 Funding Award For Page Hall Youth Project The Pakistan Advice and Community Association (PACA), based in Page Hall has been awarded £130,000 from the BBC Children in Need fund. The three year funding award will be used to organise activities for communities in the area, engage local youth and to promote integration through English language improve-

ment. PACA provides advice and information services on welfare rights, immigration, debt, employment, consumer rights and housing. The group also offer translation and interpretation services and are recipients of a number of awards and recognised achievements.

World’s Most Multilingual Countries Papua New Guinea is the most multilingual country in the world, with over 839 living languages, according to Ethnologue, a catalogue of the world’s known languages. The ranking only looks at the number of languages used as a first language in each country. It doesn’t measure the number of people in a country who speak more than one language.

Govt U-Turns On 500% Increase Of Immigration Tribunal Fees The Government has bowed to pressure and annouced it will drop increases of up to 500% in court fees for asylum and immigration cases. The unexpected U-turn from the Ministry of Justice (MoJ) to “take stock” comes after overwhelming opposition to the hike in tribunal fees, which were introduced earlier this year to raise around £34m a year. The original policy – branded “reprehensible” by campaigners – meant that fees for such cases to the first-tier tribunal increased from £140 to £800 for a hearing and introduced, for the first time, fees for appeals, according to The Independent report. In April this year the Law Society warned there was a “seri-

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Papua New Guinea’s linguistic diversity can be largely explained by the topography of the country – deep valleys and difficult terrain have led to the separation of tribes and clans and thus several different tongues and dialects have evolved. The country has a relatively small population of 7 million, which means it is highly likely that two randomly selected people will have different mother tongues. Indonesia has the next highest number of languages, with 707, while North Korea is the least multilingual country. Unsurprisingly, smaller countries and islands make up the lower rankings: the British Indian Ocean Territory, for example, has only one language spoken within its borders. Research suggests that being bilingual has extensive cognitive benefits and may even reduce the effects of ageing. These studies propose that speaking more than one language not only improves linguistic and communication skills but also has a much broader positive impact on the brain. In addition to cognitive benefits, studies have found there are also social and cultural advantages to speaking multiple languages.

ous risk” the fees could prevent many people from challenging incorrect Home Office decisions. The decision means that until the review into the level of immigration tribunal fees by the MoJ is concluded it will apply fees at the previous levels and make refunds to those who have paid under the new scheme. A MoJ spokesperson added: “The cost of our courts and tribunals on the taxpayer is unsustainably high. Those using the system, and who can afford to, should pay more to relieve this burden - immigration and asylum cases are no different. “Our commitment to fee reform is unchanged, and we will bring forward new plans in due course.”

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Britain And Pakistan To Increase Trade, Security Ties Britain is in talks to boost trade and security cooperation with Pakistan as part of London's efforts to improve trade links with emerging market countries, Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson said Britain has been seeking to bolster global trade ties following its June referendum vote to leave the European Union, with the government seeking to broaden relations with fast-growing economies outside Europe. On a visit to Pakistan, Johnson said talks were progressing on plans to increase annual trade beyond ÂŁ2.5 billion ($3.11 billion) per year. "Consider the size of the Pakistan economy, how fast it's growing, look at the size of the UK economy, we could do so much better," Johnson said in Islamabad before meeting Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. The two countries have had strong cultural ties since Pakistan gained independence from Britain in 1947, with more than one million people of Pakistani origin currently residing in Britain. Pakistan's sputtering economy has rebounded in recent years, helped by improved security in the country, and growth is expected at just over 5 percent this fiscal year, the highest rate since 2008. Economic expansion is set to increase due to a $54 billion investment from China in a network of road, rail and energy projects that will form an economic corridor linking western China with Pakistan's Arabian Sea port at Gwadar. However, despite improved security Islamist mil-

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itant groups continue to pose a threat and have carried out several large-scale attacks in recent months. Sartaj Aziz, Pakistan's top foreign policy official, said the two nations were discussing how to improve security cooperation. Aziz said Prime Minister Sharif has invited his British counterpart Theresa May, who visited India last month, to travel to Pakistan next year to further boost ties. Johnson also said the United States' Presidentelect Donald Trump was right to urge members of NATO to pay more towards the military alliance, which is heavily reliant on the United States. Johnson urged other member nations to pay 2% of their budget towards defence spending. "We need a strong NATO alliance, and I think that the president-elect is quite right to draw attention to the need to finance that alliance properly," Johnson said.

100 Hate Attacks On Mosques Since Death Of Lee Rigby UK mosques have been targeted by 100 hate attacks since the death of Lee Rigby, new figures show. Tell MAMA, the national anti-Muslim hate monitoring group, said there was a spike in reported attacks in the months after the death of the fusilier in May 2013 - with 43 from then until the rest of the year. There were 21 the following year, followed by 24 in 2015 and 12 up until September this year. The three main categories of anti-Muslim incident involved criminal damage to mosques, vandalism and actions involving violent extremism. In the latter, the language of the perpetrator indicated rhetoric associated with far right-extremist groups or in some instances graffiti on mosques were also in line with support for such groups, according to anecdotal evidence. The attacks were mostly clustered in areas where there are high concentrations of Muslims and

mosques in the United Kingdom. However, there has also been a spate of incidents along the South West coast of England and in the South East along the Kent coast. Tell MAMA said: "This shows that anti-Muslim hatred is targeted at mosques as visible symbols of Muslim communities in the country and that far-right rhetoric and symbolism is a driver for some of the targeting taking place. "For years, the far right have been regarded simply as buffoons and not a threat with some commentators taking this position in national newspapers. They are a threat to all communities and to integration and cohesion." "Mosques need to remain vigilant and ensure that agencies such as Tell MAMA and the police are notified at the earliest opportunity. It is essential that we also send messages of reassurance as we do in Tell MAMA and interfaith organisations need to step up their game in doing so."

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Raheel Sharif: The Army Chief Who Ruled Without A Coup Days before he hung up his spurs and retired on 29 November, Pakistan's army chief General Raheel Sharif stood at the height of his popularity. His massive portraits adorn the backs of lorries, posters depict him as saviour of the nation and he continues to inspire devotional social media hashtags. Indeed when it was announced on Monday that the general was kicking off "farewell visits", many media reports hailed him as "Pakistan's beloved army chief", while the reaction on Twitter was similarly effusive. The announcement apparently put an end to fears of an 11th hour surprise, and many people praised the fact that he was sticking to the retirement plan, instead of finding a way to stay in power. Pakistan's military has long played a prominent role in the country's politics, having staged three coups since independence in 1947. The army chief is widely seen as the most powerful person in the country - above the prime minister. Gen Sharif stepped into the top job in the winter of 2013, just after a historic transfer of power between two civilian administrations. But the military has done anything but cede power and influence to the government during his reign. Instead, it has grown even more powerful. Gen Sharif has a distinguished pedigree. His father was an army major, and his late brother, Major Shabbir Sharif, was awarded Pakistan's highest gallantry award. Months after taking charge, the general took the bold step of launching a ground offensive to clear the Waziristan region of militant sanctuaries - a move Pakistan had been dragging its feet on despite repeated demands from its Western allies. It led to a dramatic decline in militant attacks in northern Pakistan, instantly boosting his popularity ratings. In the south, the paramilitary Sindh Rangers under his watch took on the task of clearing Karachi, Pakistan's largest city, of a confusing array of armed militants, organised criminal groups and festering political corruption. The results were equally impressive. The extortion rackets, targeted killings and kidnappings for ransom that had become a permanent feature of life in Karachi diminished visibly. Gen Sharif has been determined to make operational a $46bn Chinese funded economic corridor that links up the southern port of Gwadar to China's western Xinjiang province - a key part of China's bid to shore up its influence and strategic links in the region. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif (no relation) won a landslide victory in 2013 and embarked on projects considered the exclusive domain of the military. He instituted peace talks with the Pakistani Taliban, opened dialogue with separatists in Balochistan and made peace overtures to India. He even tried to set a precedent by arraigning former army coup leader and later president, Pervez Musharraf, on charges of treason. It was amid this civilian resurgence that he chose Gen Sharif as army chief, elevating him over two more senior officers. But if he made the choice thinking Gen Sharif would behave like a professional soldier and accept civilian supremacy, it was not to be.

Most Popular Celebrities On Facebook The most popular person on Facebook is Real Madrid star Cristiano Ronaldo followed closely by Shakira. The 30-year-old football star now has 109,243,536 likes, compared to 104,415,432 likes for the Colombian singer. Ronaldo became the first sportsman to cross 100 million likes last year after joining the site in 2009.

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NAAT Allah kept his promise By sending the last prophet for all humanity The arrival of the orator for the worlds He prostrated down to the almighty at birth Being reverent to the most merciful The beginning of the final prophet The angels bowed in a multitude of lights Spreading across the world like embers burning bright A loyal cloud white and splendour Protecting the prophet its noble and tender The words of joy and happiness arose Melancholy diminished so did the woes He comprised of a lustrous and shining gleam His knowledge is an immortal flowing stream He is NOOR-UN -MIN -NOOR -ALLAH The greatest light Wherever he traveled miracles showered The prophet rejuvenated shrivelled up flowers He attributed a sophisticated but a humble demeanour Abundant in knowledge An exemplary teacher He fulfilled his duties for every relation An impeccable messenger for all civilisation He remained immersed in meditation Praying to Allah Sending him love and approbation. Written By : Shaheryar A. Chishty

Extra Funding To Encourage New Homes Sheffield City Council has won an extra £675,000 Government funding to encourage more house building and regeneration. The council is topping up funding to create a £1.3 million scheme which will make brownfield land, previously used for industry or commerce, more attractive to developers. It aims to attract more private investment and public funds to encourage more than 4,300 new homes over the next ten years. The council has been awarded ‘Housing Zone’ status with the funding. This means it will be able to work more closely with Government to bid for public funds to help regenerate inner city neighbourhoods. The exact location of the Housing Zone will be announced over the coming months. Councillor Mazher Iqbal, Cabinet Member for Infrastructure and Transport at Sheffield City Council,

said: “I’m delighted that we’ve won this extra funding which will help us encourage thousands of new homes in Sheffield. “The announcement today is excellent news and means we can start working closely with businesses, land-owners and the community to carry out the detailed work to revitalise parts of the city and bring brownfield sites back into use. “We want to encourage more investment in Sheffield and help the thousands of people who want to get onto the property ladder but can’t due to a lack of housing. “We will be consulting with local people and business about what they want, to make sure that development is carried out sensitively and sustainably.” Housing delivery has risen in Sheffield in recently years and last year around 1,800 new homes were built.

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Spanish Is The Happiest Language In The World Paris may be considered the romance capital of the world, but it turns out that Spain is the most amorous nation. Spanish people sent more love-related messages on Viber than any other region last year, ahead of France, Italy and Japan. And this may be linked to the fact the language was recently found to be the happiest and most positive by mathematicians. Viber said its Spanish users sent the most love-related stickers on its messaging app during 2014 In a separate study, a team of researchers built a database of billions of individual words from 10 of the most popular languages using online sources. This included Google Books, Twitter, subtitles on films and TV shows, song lyrics and the New York Times in Spanish, Chinese, English, French, Portuguese, Arabic, Indonesian, Korean, Russian and German. From this, the scientists compiled a list of 10,000 most commonly used words in each language and labelled each as either positive and negative. For example, the words 'lying' and 'cried' were plotted on the negative side, while 'love' and 'laughter' were positive words. Once all of these words were plotted, the researchers found that every language studied was inherently positive,

and more words fell on the right of centre than the left. "Using human evaluation of 100,000 words spread across 10 languages diverse in origin and culture, we present evidence of a deep imprint of human sociality in language," said the study. "The words of natural human language possess a universal positivity bias, the estimated emotional content of words is consistent between languages under translation, and this positivity bias is strongly independent of frequency of word use." And at the top of this list was Spanish, which had the highest skew towards positive sentiment. Chinese was at the opposite end of the scale. English was in third place. Separate research from Twitter found that Sweden is the country most likely to Tweet 'I love you.' The site has created an interactive 'World of Love' map that reflects the volume of tweets mentioning this phrase in 100 different languages. This volume was then related to the total population of each country to establish the ranking. The UK came in at 51 out of the 173 countries that Twitter operates in, and the top five countries were Sweden, Slovenia, Israel, United Arab of Emirates and Norway.

Plight Of Kashmir In Town Hall Protest A demonstration outside Sheffield Town Hall has sought to raise awareness of the unresolved conflict over Kashmir and related human rights abuses. The conflict, which dates back to the partition of India in 1947, has its roots in the contest for territorial control of the Kashmir region primarily between India and Pakistan, but also involves China and a number of local insurgent groups, including independence supporters. The conflict has led to many civilian deaths and widespread human rights violations. The protest was a way of spreading the word to the Council and a call upon the United Nations to do more for the victims of Kashmir who are currently being killed or blinded by Pallet guns. The rally came after concerns were raised about the welfare and safety of the family and friends of Sheffield residents that reside in Kashmir. Councillor Mohammad Maroof said: “Because we don’t have that sort of power to intervene, however, the resolution has been passed on by the council and this will now go to both India and Pakistan’s High Commissioners. “We hope to raise the issue and ask them to start some sort of negotiation in the hope of bringing the peace in Kashmir and stop killings.” Mr Maroof stresses that 70% of the budget in India and Kashmir is being spent on the armed forces and their weapons. He continued: “If the Kashmir issue is resolved, that 70% budget can be spent on education, health and poverty in both countries as well as change the current unemployment rate. We are standing with the people of Kashmir.” As part of the ‘Stop killing in Kashmir’ protest, heaps of campaigners came prepared with banners which read ‘Stop Human Rights Violations in

Jammu and Kashmir’ in the hope of ending the military abuse. The conflict has been ongoing for 69 years; however, this movement was ignited following the death of a 12-year-old Kashmiri protester, Junaid Ahmad, who was killed this year by Indian government forces. Ahmad’s death sparked fury and more protests in the last 116 days, where demonstrators have been marching worldwide to demand their voices be heard. Over 700 people have been blinded by Pallet guns, which Councillor Maroof describes as a “dangerous” weapon. He said: “These forces have immunity under the 1990 Special Power Acts and can arrest anyone without warrant. There is no proper scrutiny by the court or Magistrate or anyone who can go and see their activities. Therefore, those powers are enjoyed by the armed forces.” Despite the ongoing violence in Jammu and Kashmir, more fuel has since been added to the fire. In October, the government in Kashmir suspended the Internet services and mobile devices, as well as the media, in Kashmir, leaving the on the ground protesters helpless without connection with the rest of the world. Councillor Mohammad Maroof said this is the third time he has brought this motion to the Council’s attention. The matter was first raised in the 80s, and then in 2012, and Mr Maroof hopes that this time: “Sheffielders will be concerned and stand by the Kashmir citizens who are victims and are prosecuted by the military forces. victims and are prosecuted by the military forces.

Stay Well This Winter Warm safe home If you haven’t already had your boiler serviced make sure you do so before the cold weather starts. If you’re a council housing tenant you are entitled to an annual service so please make sure we have access to your property to allow us to do this. In winter we all start to dry our clothes inside as the weather turns for the worse. Blocking up radiators with wet clothes can stop the flow of warm air and create condensation which causes damp. Damp can be harmful, especially for those with respiratory problems, long term health conditions and asthma. If drying inside try to use the bathroom or kitchen with the door closed and window open. Be prepared! It’s also worth being prepared for all situations, especially during winter. How long could you last without power, heat or a trip to the shops? An emergency kit is handy to have, along with three days’ supply of bottled water and ready-to-eat food that won’t spoil. There’s lots more useful advice at www.redcross.org.uk. Check out www.energysavingtrust.org.uk for tips on how to reduce bills and make your home more energy efficient. Keep yourself and others warm and healthy by staying active, eating well, wearing lots of thin layers and heating your home to at least 18°C if you can afford to. It’s also important to make sure you are claiming whatever benefits you are entitled to including cold weather payments and, for older people, winter fuel payments. Find out more about this atwww. gov.uk

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PROPERTY CORNER

HOUSING - A MAJOR STORM BREWING

Mohammed Mahroof BSc (Hons) MRICS Consultant Mark Jenkinson & Son This columnist has talked about the impending Housing crises for a number of years. I am not saying “I told you so”, but it was inevitable it would rise to the highest level on the political agenda. Little did I know when penning those articles how important an issue this would become in the General Election and furthermore the debate it would create not just locally but nationally. Look at any newspaper or listen to any talk show and you will clearly see that it has become a major issue.

Private Rented Sector

then why the developing crisis?. Demand and Supply is one part of the equation the other is finance. If you are on the front line of development you will know that to secure finance for housing development on a small to medium scale is very difficult. There are many sites in some areas lying undeveloped because developers cannot secure finance. Clearly this scenario is more evident in the north than the south.

It is a sector I have talked about before, very popular in many parts of Europe and the world, not so in this country. It is a changing sector with many commentators predicting that it will become a much more acceptable choice for many people. As demand for such accommodation increases so will the quality and volume. Political parties are starting to come forward with ideas of how this sector could work, such as longer tenancies giving people security In some areas where house prices are not so high developers are not keen on even talking about building new homes because of It was an issue that was addressed in Philip Hammond's first budg- to lay down roots. financial issues. If this situation is not fully addressed we could poet statement last week with billions of pounds allocated to providing affordable housing. How this works out will be a test of time. Rent controls, these have been tried previously. They could result tentially see house price differential growing rather than reducing. in fewer landlords entering the market although the climate and There are many planning applications across the country for new It is without contradiction a fact we need to build more homes. market thinking is different from the past. homes which have not been actioned because of financial issues. Why this has come about is also quite simple, demand outstrips If these sites were developed we would see supply insupply, an issue this columnist has talked about in precreasing in a more equitable way. vious ILM articles. The reason demand is higher than supply is also quite simple, we have been through In the market generally demand for good quality recessionary times resulting in very few homes being homes in the right areas are seeing prices rising and built thereby creating huge demand and rising prices. sales being agreed within a few days. A phenomenon I have not seen for over eight years. The demand for It is also good to hear all political parties agreeing. houses is going to continue to rise as we see more They will encourage building of new homes, ranging overseas investors coming into the market, coupled from 200,000 to over a million. Although these numwith many older people having their pensions unfrobers look high they do not go far enough in covering zen wanting to buy homes to rent, money in the bank the demand, why?, because we already have a high not yielding a great return, prices are inevitably going backlog to cover before inroads can be made into futo rise. ture need. Let's be positive, at least there is action and recognition, it is a subject that needs serious In London a one bedroom ex council flat can cost thought with supporting policies. £950K, the monthly rent could be £1200. It is easy to see why housing is very high on peoples agendas. By So how should this demand be met?, the thoughts no means is this scenario isolated to the south, it is coming forward are as follows. evident in the affluent suburbs of the north. Social House Building Building In The Green Belt. It was a very successful policy following the second It is an extremely unpopular solution which is unpalatWorld War. A huge number of houses were built able for many but it is one that will need to be considacross the country which provided much needed family homes. These numbers were further helped by Housing Asso- There are already major investors looking at investing in this sector ered. There have already been sites identified across the country making it clear this sector of the housing market is going to grow. which inevitably have been resisted. ciations and a steady stream of house building.

The real issue is that as a country our population is rising and we will need to look at the greenbelt however controversial this may It is the most popular choice for people in this country. Each party be. is laying out their policies aimed at this major army of would be home owners. They are considering building new towns, building Therefore whatever your political persuasion it is clear that housin the greenbelt, building on major brownfield sites. The enthu- ing has quite rightly become a national issue which hopefully will siasm to come up with ideas for new build are endless. In terms not get swept under the carpet. It is incumbent on Local and Cenof affording a new home the scenarios are many. Equity share, tral Government to address this issue as a long term policy. shared ownership, rent to buy, first time buyer incentives, lower In conclusion housing is a basic human need along with health, Will there be a widespread house building by Local Authorities? deposits, help to buy, one could go on. education and employment and is quite rightly being discussed at The answer lies in your town or city. How many have been built in If there are so many potential ways of owning your own home the top table. the last few decades or so?. There is a strong lobby developing, encouraging further social house building programmes. Predicated on the back of many of these properties having been sold on the Right to Buy policies of previous governments. Whatever your thoughts on this policy nobody can deny it was extremely popular. In fact there is talk about this policy being extended to people living in Housing Association homes which I would imagine will be just as popular. After all we are a nation passionate about home ownership.

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Stay Well This Winter Make sure you are prepared for winter, especially if you have long-term health conditions and are over 65. • It is important to keep warm in winter, so wrap up and heat your home to at least 18°C (65°F), and if you can, you might prefer your living room to be slightly warmer. • If you are entitled, make sure you get your flu jab before the 31 December. • At the first sign of a cough or cold, get immediate advice from your pharmacist before it gets more serious. • Speak to your pharmacist about medicines you should have in stock over winter. • Pick up prescription medications before the Christmas holidays start as many GPs and pharmacies will close over the holidays. • Visit a walk-in centre. They’re mainly run by nurses who can treat minor illnesses and injuries on the spot. • If you need help over the holiday period when your GP surgery or pharmacy is closed, call NHS 111 or visit www.nhs.uk. The Stay Well This Winter campaign can help you and your family prepare for winter. Visit www.nhs.uk/staywell for more information.

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Stick-on Sweat Patches Monitors Your Hydration Mr Shumile J. Chishty Levels Today we have fitness trackers that track the number of steps you take or monitor your heart rate. However, do any of these fitness trackers monitor whether you need to hydrate and replenish your electrolytes. The new flexible stick-on patch, whose creation was followed on by researchers at the University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign, attaches on to your forearm or lower back to measure your electrolyte and glucose levels, rate of sweating, and more. It's essentially a laboratory test that you can wear on your skin. It works by assimilating the sweat and channelling it through tiny capillaries to four circles at the centre of the device. Each circle contains enzymes that react to your sweat's glucose, lactate, chloride, and pH levels, which can all indicate whether you are overloading your body. The circles change colour as they sample your sweat. A smartphone app would use your camera to analyse the colours, determining the contents of your sweat. Researchers tested the sweat monitors on a group of indoor cyclists as well as 12 volunteers riding outdoors in the El Tour de Tucson in Arizona. The tests confirmed that the patches stay attached and can do their job in real-life exercise situations. The patches are designed to be inexpensive and disposable after a single use. Each one monitors sweat for up to 6 hours at a time, depending on how much the user is sweating. John Rogers a materials scientist at Urbana-Champaign and senior author of a new study on the patches says that the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base and a “leading supplier of sports beverages” are currently running field trials with the device. So, in other words, the patches might be able to warn an athlete or soldier that he/she is getting close to overexerting themselves before it's too late to do something about it. The sweat trackers are likely that they won't be ready for prime time for a few years, but they could find a niche market. While other groups have conceived of sweat trackers worn on a wrist band. Compared to the fitness trackers we have in the market these patches are more beneficial as they are smaller in size and they are disposable, so there is no worry of having to pay £150 to replace them. These stick-on sensors could provide more usages in sports where the wrists need to be kept free, such as in martial arts, volleyball, and kickboxing.

Archaeologists Discover 7,000-Year-Old City Archaeologists in Egypt have discovered a city and cemetery dating back more than 7,000 years to its First Dynasty in the southern province of Sohag. The discovery was made by a mission associated with the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities just 400 meters away from the temple of Seti I, an Egyptian pharaoh who reigned in the 13th century BCE, across the River Nile from the southern city of Luxor. The ministry said in a statement, that the unearthed city could provide more information about Abydos, one of ancient Egypt’s oldest cities. Abydos is thought to have served as the country’s capital towards the end of the predynastic period, which concluded around 3100 BCE, and during the first four dynasties, a period that ended around 2500 BCE. The archaeological team discovered huts, pottery remains and iron tools, as well as 15 large graves. The city is thought to have been home to

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tomb builders and high-ranking officials. The ministry said that the graves were larger than some royal graves in Abydos that date back to the First Dynasty, “which proves the importance of the people buried there and their high social standing.” The discovery could help Egypt’s ailing tourism industry, which has plummeted since the revolution in 2011 that toppled former leader Hosni Mubarak. Foreign tourists have been scared off by instability and militant attacks in Egypt, including the bombing of a Russian plane traveling from the Red Sea resort of Sharm El-Sheikh in October 2015. All 224 people on board the plane were killed in the attack, which was claimed by the Islamic State militant group (ISIS). The number of tourists visiting Egypt dropped from 14.7 million in 2010 to 9.8 million in 2011. A million fewer tourists travelled to the North African country in the first quarter of 2016 compared with the same period in 2015.

Happy Birthday, Internet! Happy 47th birthday, Internet! The Internet was born on November 21, 1969, almost 150 years after the industrial revolution that ended somewhere between 1920 and 1940. The Internet is the all-pervasive network of networks of computing devices in the world. Also known as the World Wide Web, the Net, and the Web, it has changed the way people live, just like the industrial revolution. It all started when at 10:30 pm on October 29, 1969 a University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) student programmer, Charles S. Kline, sent the first message from an SDS Sigma 8 computer at university’s Boelter Hall to an SDS 940 computer in the Stanford Research Institute (SRI) using the U.S. Defense Department's Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET). The message text was “login,” but only the ‘l’ and ‘o’ characters were transmitted before the system crashed. The first permanent link between these two computers was established on November 21, 1969. By December 5, 1969 two more computers had been added to it, one each at the University of California Santa Barbra and the University of Utah. Tim Berners-Lee at the European Organization for Nuclear Research, CERN, created the first website on August 6, 1991 using his newly proposed set of rules for creating and using clientserver software. Today, the Internet has around 3.68 billion users. In other words, more than 50% of world population has access to the Internet: 89% in North America, 73.9% in Europe, and 45.6% in Asia. The number of Internet users worldwide has been increasing by one billion every five years since

2005. Among the countries with population of 35 million or more, Canada has the highest Internet penetration of 93.3%. More than 88.6% of 323 million people in the US have access to the Internet and the whole of Antarctica’s 2700 population has access to the Internet. Over 52.3% of China’s 1.37 billion and over 36.5% of India’s 1.26 billion population can access the Internet. Among the 35 countries in Asia, Pakistan has the third lowest Internet penetration with only 17.8% of its people having access to the Internet. Only Turkmenistan (15%) and Afghanistan (12%) have lower Internet penetration than Pakistan. Our lifestyle and the world economy have become critically dependent on the Internet. Here are some daily statistics indicating our dependence on the Internet: over 1.77 billion Facebook active users, over 215 billion email messages, around half a billion Google+ active users, over 300 million Twitter active users and over a quarter billion tweets, around 5 billion videos viewed on Youtube, around 100 million Skype calls, over 25 million photos uploaded on Instagram, over 40 million posts on Tumblr, and around 2 billion Google searches. Online shopping and online banking have already gripped our lives. The number of online shoppers is about 70% of the Internet users, mostly using smartphones. Combine that with the fact that the sale of smart phones has become over 13 times the sale of computers and about 7 times the sale of tablets, and one can imagine the impact of the Internet on the future world economy. The impact of the Internet on our lives will become even more profound with the growth of “Internet of Things.”

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Britain’s Global Drive To Tackle Violence Against Girls And Women Britain is stepping up its efforts as a global leader in the fight to eradicate violence against women and girls, announced Priti Patel.

To mark International Day to Eliminate Violence Against Women International Development Secretary Priti Patel has set out a new package of UK support to protect women and girls in some of the world’s poorest countries from harmful practices such as Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), child marriage, and domestic abuse. The Department for International Development (DFID) will team up with a range of innovative grassroots organisations with the local knowledge and expertise to drive forward action and achieve results. International Development Secretary Priti Patel said: “We cannot and will not tolerate any form of violence against women and girls. “Britain is leading international efforts across 30 countries to tackle violence against women and girls in all its forms; from ending Female Genital Mutilation and child marriage to preventing domestic abuse. “UK aid already helps survivors in some of the world’s poorest countries get the care they need - now we are stepping up our global leadership and support to protect even more women and girls and address the root causes of violence.” The UK is already leading efforts to end this violence through our work in over 30 countries, and the support announced today (27

November) will build on this momentum. The new support includes: An additional £2.75 million to the UN Trust Fund to End Violence Against Women to support organisations across the world to tackle gender-based violence, improve access to services such as legal assistance and healthcare, and strengthen laws and policies that protect women and girls. This will benefit over 500,000 women and takes total UK contribution to the UN Trust Fund to £8 million. A further £3 million to AmplifyChange, a multi-donor fund working for universal sexual and reproductive health and rights. This UK contribution will include supporting the work of 40 grassroots organisations with the local knowledge and expertise to address FGM and child, early and forced marriage, taking UK total contribution to the fund to £11million. The announcement came as the world marked International Day to Eliminate Violence Against Women and the 16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence (25 Nov – 10 Dec), which aims to raise public awareness and mobilise people around the world to bring about change. Gender-based violence is a systematic and widespread human rights violation, harming 1 in 3 women and girls worldwide. It stops girls getting an education, prevents women from earning a wage and causes physical and mental harm. Sexual offences and violence against women and girls are heinous crimes that this Government is determined to tackle. In the UK the government has taken a range of action; including pledging to increase funding to £80 million to ensure victims get the help they need, when they need it; significantly strengthening the law around FGM and forced marriage, and introducing a new domestic abuse offence to capture coercive and controlling behaviour, as well as new stalking offences. In addition, the government’s new Violence Against Women and Girls Strategy sets out the ambition that by the end of this Parliament no victim of abuse in the UK is turned away from the support they need.

Alison Law PMC Allama Iqbal Sunday Cricket League Season 2017 It's back! Well almost. Alison Law Allama Iqbal Sunday cricket League will be upon us before we know it. We have a fun packed and exciting season ahead of us. We have loads of new plans and ideas for season 2017, but first let's start with the AGM, which will be held at PMC Sheffield on Tuesday 17th January 2017 at 6:30pm. We've moved it this year due to diary issues. Now that's out of the way, here is a little taster for season 2017; Pink Balls, Power Play, and two cups are back. 8 a side (Eid tournament) and Yaum-e-Azadi. You guys wanted these back and we've listened, hence why we've stuck to 10 teams. Cricket overdose, however I will update you guys at the AGM with rule changes and give more information regarding ID cards for players. So please make sure you attend as we will complete the registration process and hand out some cricket balls for testing. On a side note we will be holding kids football coaching on Friday's at 6pm Umix Centre, Lowfield Road. One hour for 6 to 12 year olds. Age groups will be split between 6-9 and 10 plus. So hopefully see you guys at the AGM. League secretary Afraz Khan

World’s Oldest Person Celebrates 117th Birthday

Emma Morano, the oldest of eight siblings, all of whom she has outlived, was born on 29 November, 1899, in the Piedmont region of Italy. This year, she officially became the world's oldest living woman, after American Susannah Mushatt Jones died in May, and the last person still living born in the 1800s. Morano's longevity, she admits, is partly down to genetics - her mother reached 91, and several sisters reached their centenary - and partly, she claims, down to a rather unusual diet of three eggs - two raw - each day for more than 90 years. It was a regime she took up as a young woman, after the doctor diagnosed her with anaemia shortly after the World War One. These days, she has cut down to just two eggs a day, and a few biscuits. Emma has always eaten very few vegetables, very little fruit. When I met her, she ate

three eggs per day, two raw in the morning and then an omelette at noon, and chicken at dinner. Despite this she seems to be "eternal". There is one other thing Morano credits with her longevity: kicking her husband out in 1938, the year after her baby boy died, aged just six months. The marriage had never been healthy, according to Ms Morano. She had been in love with a boy killed during World War One, and was uninterested in marrying someone else. But she was left with little choice. "He told me: 'If you're lucky you marry me, or I'll kill you'. I was 26 years old. I got married. " Eventually, it became too much. She kicked him out, although they remained married until he died in 1978. Ms Morano, who worked until she was 75, chose never to marry again. "I didn't want to be dominated by anyone."

World’s Most Expensive Sport Shoes On Sale For $20,000 The world’s most expensive sports shoes are being sold in Dubai for a whopping $20,000. The luxury shoes made by Athletic Propulsion Labs (APL) are entirely handmade in Italy from Nile crocodile skin including the crocodile tongue and are painted in 24 carat gold. The shoes will be sold exclusively in Dubai.

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Lt Gen Qamar Javed Bajwa Appointed New Army Chief An intense guessing game on the replacement of army chief General Raheel Sharif came to an end recently when Lieutenant General Qamar Javed Bajwa was appointed as the new Chief of Army Staff. Bajwa has replaces Gen Raheel, who retired on November 29. General Zubair Hayat was appointed as the new Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (CJCSC) and took charge from Monday, just a day before the formal ceremony scheduled for the handover of the command of the army to its new chief. Traditionally, the prime minister welcomes the new army chief and CJCSC soon after their appointment. The premier called on President Mamnoon Hussain at the Aiwan–e–Sadr on Saturday where the two discussed matters of national importance. Both the newly-appointed generals also met the prime minister at the PM House in Islamabad.

Qamar Bajwa in focus Lt Gen Bajwa attended the Pakistan Military Academy’s 62nd long course, and was commissioned in the 16 Baloch Regiment in October 1980. A graduate of the Canadian Forces Command and Staff College, Toronto, Canada; the Naval Post Graduate University, California and the National Defence Univesity, Islamabad; Bajwa has been posted at several operational and staff positions in the army. -Commanded Pakistan Contingent in Congo -Served as chief of the army’s training and evaluation branch -Instructed at the School of Infantry and Tactics as well as at the Command and Staff College in Quetta -Served as a Brigade Major of an Infantry Brigade and Chief of Staff of Rawalpindi Corps -Commanded the army’s 10th Corps – Rawalpindi as Corps Commander, which is responsible for defending the country’s frontiers at the Line of Control He was as the IG Training and Evaluation — the same position General Raheel – before being appointed as the COAS. Zubair Hayat in focus

End Of An Era As Revolutionary Castro Dies Cuba’s historic revolutionary leader Fidel Castro died on Friday aged 90, after defying the United States during a half century of rule and surviving the eclipse of global communism. One of the world’s longest-serving rulers and modern history’s most singular characters, Castro defied 11 US administrations and hundreds of assassination attempts. Fidel Castro is accused of crushing opposition at home from the moment he took power in 1959 to lead the communist Caribbean island through the Cold War. He stepped aside only in 2006 after intestinal surgery. For defenders of the revolution, Castro was

a hero who protected the ordinary people against capitalist domination. For his opponents, including thousands of Cuban exiles living in the US, he was a tyrant. Castro eventually lived to see the restoration of diplomatic ties with Washington last year. President Raul Castro, who took power after his elder brother Fidel was hospitalised in 2006, announced the news on national television. The government decreed nine days of mourning. In unsavoury remarks, US President-elect Donald Trump called Castro a “brutal dictator who oppressed his people for six decades”.

Dubai Opens World’s First Bollywood Theme Park It might sound strange, but Dubai has just opened the doors for the world’s first Bollywood theme park. Featuring movie themed rides, attractions and games, the theme park promises to impress both the B-town obsessed and otherwise. The park spans a vast 25 million square feet and features rides, theme parks and water parks. Some of the highlights of the park include its theatre, cinema and 3D and 4D movie experiences. There are 16 themed cinematic rides and six themed restaurants. Some of the film attractions include Sholay, Dabangg, Don, Rock On, Lagaan and Krrish. There are five zones in total; Bollywood Boulevard, Bollywood Film Studio featuring Hall of Heroes (perhaps 75% Shah Rukh Khan?), Royal Plaza, Rustic Ravine and the Mumbai Chowk. Upon entering, visitors are greeted with Bollywood music and dancing. There are also live performances and musicals held at the Rajmahal Theatre, a venue with a capacity of 856 people. The theatre merges ancient Indian cinema with new-age technology for a spell-binding experience.

The newly-appointed CJCSC Lt-Gen Hayat was previously responsible for the safety and security of the country’s nuclear programme. He is a graduate of Fort Sill Oklohoma, USA, Command and Staff College Camberlay, United Kingdom and National Defence University, Islamabad. Hayat was commissioned in the Pakistan Army’s Sindh Regiment in 1982, and attended the Pakistan Military Academy’s 62nd long course. He has been posted at several important operational and staff positions in the army where he attained extensive experience of command, staff and instructional appointments, and is considered an excellent military officer. -Served as adjutant at PMA, Brigade Major of an Infantry Brigade -Army and Air adviser at Pakistan Embassy in UK -Served as Chief of Staff of a Strike Corps -Private Secretary to COAS -DG Staff Studies Directorate at GHQ -DG Strategic Plan Division (SPD), which ensures the safety of nuclear institutions -Commanded 31 Corps Bahawalpur

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#BeatMe: Pakistani Celebrities Speak on Women Rights An all-female video, #BeatMe, speaks against gender-based violence. Delivering a powerful message, with a unique twist to publicly speak on Pakistani women’s rights, #BeatMe is strongly portrayed through concise messages. Remarkably created by United Nations for Women in Pakistan, the video gracefully features Pakistani personalities, strongly exhibiting their respective achievements. To demonstrate, that they are unbeatable. In particular, inviting men to beat them. However, not to physically abuse them. Rather, to beat women at the things they shine in, outstandingly wearing the crown. The word ‘beat’ stands for itself, meaning to defeat and conquer. Alternatively, it also means to strike someone violently and repeatedly. The 1-minute black and white clip features some of the classically exemplary ladies of Pakistan. We witness Pakistani actresses and singers, declaring their abilities in their respective fields. These include the renowned personalities, Sarwat Gillani, Momina Mustehsan and Amina Sheikh. Along with other numerous prominent faces, we see leading athletes, a mountaineer, boxer and footballer. All inspirationally addressing both physical and verbal abuse, faced by the opposite gender. They challenge men to beat them, with their voice, words, and physical strength. Naseem Hameed, the fastest woman in the South Asia games, declaring: “Beat me with your feet.” Singer Meesha Shafi expresses: “Beat me with your voice.” Meanwhile, Sana Bucha adds: “Beat me with your words.” The striking Mountaineer, Samina Baig, challenges the men to: “Beat me to the top of the mountains.” While, an exceptional footballer adds: “Beat me on the ground.” Most captivatingly, a pregnant woman emotionally says: “Beat me at life.” In the final, #BeatMe finishes with the most powerful words: “Because I’ve been waiting to show you, I’m unbeatable.” All in all, it is inspirational seeing the ladies stand up to make their voices heard. According to the United Nations Women Pakistan, this campaign video aims to: “Inspire women to reaffirm that they are stronger than they are made to believe, and aims to shatter the perception

that a woman is weak, taking her from someone who is ‘beatable’ to being ‘unbeatable’.” Furthermore, Jamshed Kazi, the representative for UN Women Pakistan states: “The #BeatMe campaign poignantly drives home a universal message that verbal and physical violence against women in Pakistan and beyond is unacceptable.” “If men treat women as badly as they choose to – beating, burning, abusing or killing her – with little or no consequence, it negates all efforts to build a safe world in which women and girls can flourish. “This campaign celebrates their strengths and achievements as being ‘unbeatable’, and acknowledges women’s equality as a driving

force for successful societies and nations.” Given this, the video aims to express that women are just as strong as men. Yet, made to believe and live with the perception that they are fragile and weak. #BeatMe raises awareness about the constant violence against women. Not only in Pakistan. But, also around the world. It emphasises the women empowerment principles, challenging men to win against women in things they master. Therefore, #BeatMe demands to end the patriarchal mentality, that affects women globally. A widespread disease that must be stopped.

New Frontiers: To the Moon The first private company in the world is going to the Moon. And here’s what we need to know Forty-seven years ago, Man made the giant leap. The three return tickets for astronauts Lt Col Michael Collins, Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin cost the American taxpayer a reported $25 billion. In today’s money, that would be roughly around $100 billion — a budget today that’s reserved for war machines. But fortunately for our species, inter-planetary travel has become cheaper, faster and more purposeful. Which is why, in 2017, a private company has secured permission to become the first-ever such firm to travel to the Moon. Moon Express, manned by a few engineers and over 20 entrepreneurs, will take off towards the Earth’s satellite sometime in the middle of next year. In every sense of the word, this privately-funded corporation will become the fourth superpower on the planet to deploy a mission of this magnitude... following in the footsteps of the United States, the former Soviet Union and China. Moon Express will ride a purchased rocket, land on lunar soil and thanks to recent regulations, will be able to keep what they mine. And the lunar

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surface is primed for drilling. Naveen Jain, co-founder of Moon Express, says that this is “just the start”. “There are so many applications to this mission. When Steve Jobs and Apple created the iPhone, they didn’t really predict the device would be responsible for so many of these apps we see today. We just don’t know, what the Angry Birds of the space industry is yet.” According to Jain, the Moon business will create several hundred streams of business — from creating new energy resources to disrupting the diamond industry back on terra. We’re talking quadrillions here. “On the Moon is enough Helium-3 to solve Earth’s energy crisis. Bringing back Moon rock will make it even rarer than diamonds and that means it will have the potential to disrupt the gems industry here. Lovers once asked for the Moon and well, you’ll have it soon. Like I said, this is just the start. On Earth we’re running out of space but when you look up, all you see is real estate. We were always meant to be a multi-planetary society and these are the early days of something phenomenal.” Top on the list for Moon Express is the setting up of a permanent Moon outpose — a giant lunar port that’ll allow us to refuel spacecrafts, and continue. “Ninety-three per cent of a rocket’s weight is fuel. Now if you were to set up a refuelling station on the Moon, we could have an increased payload and an ability to prepare for a longer trip into Deep Space.” However, the best part is how the distance between the Earth and the Moon has shrunk. Key to this is the EM Drive propulsion tech that’s being prepared by Nasa. It’s an engine that can provide thrust in the vacuum of Space and once operational, it will cover the 3,84,400 kilometres separating us from a lunar landing spot in four hours. It will reach Mars in 70 days and Pluto will be just 18 months away. The cost of going to the Moon has already come down to singledigit millions and will continue to come down very significantly over the years to thousands of dollars which will be same as airfare from Los Angeles to Sydney. The EM drive will make the journey faster than a trip from San Francisco to New York City. The future galactic net will provide seamless communication between Earth and the moon which will be no different than communicating from New Delhi to Washington D.C.

Stay Well This Winter Waste collection Sheffield City Council aim to collect bins as normal, but in bad weather keep an eye on alerts at www.veolia.co.uk/sheffield and @recycle4Shef Help your community this winter This could be anything from visiting an elderly or vulnerable neighbour, to making sure they have the food and drink they need or helping to clear local pavements so others can use them safely. Schools opening during adverse weather Sheffield schools always do their utmost to stay open, but sometimes changes to opening times may need to occur due to adverse weather. If bad weather does occur and you’re not sure whether your child’s school is opening as usual, you should hear first from your child’s school via their usual communications method (text, email or school website). Unless you hear otherwise, you should assume it is open as usual. You can also find further information atwww. sheffield.gov.uk/schoolclosures where you can sign for email alerts to notify you of any school opening changes. You can also search for #sheffschools or follow @sheffcouncil on Twitter for up to date information

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Education: Needs And Benefits Dr A Q Khan Excellent institutions Today no discussions on the prevailing dirty politics, corruption, terrorism, target killings, etc which have become such an integral part of our daily lives. Instead of that, I would like to give some information about two excellent educational institutions which my colleagues, late Mian M Farooq and late Saeed Ahmad Kushtiwala and I, set up in Karachi for the benefit of the residents of Karachi. The first is the Dr A Q Khan Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering within the University of Karachi. When Gen Moinuddin Haider was governor of Sindh, Mian Farooq once invited him for dinner. He, Saeed Kushtiwala (Saeed Bhai to us) and some other friends asked me to do something for Karachi as I was a Karachiite myself. I had already done some work for my alma mater, D J Sindh Government College. After some thought, I decided that an institute for a technology of the 21st century would be a good investment and so I started searching for a suitable location. Late Hakim Saeed offered me space at Madinatul Hikma (Hamdard University) near Hub Dam. Since it was quite far out, I thought it would be difficult and inconvenient for scientists and engineers to commute on a daily basis. Then Prof Dr Saify, VC of Karachi University, offered me a piece of land at a very suitable place – near the H E J Institute of Chemistry – which we gratefully accepted. The design was prepared by the ever-competent engineers, Qamar Alvi and Khizar Hayat of Naqvi & Siddiqui Architects in Islamabad and the building is a beauty to behold. Furniture and equipment are all of excellent design and quality. Much of the beautiful, red wood furniture was supplied by Nizam Sons of Gujrat. Initially, the institute was run by Prof Dr Mujtaba Naqvi, a very knowledgeable and competent scientist. After he left, it was run by the late Dr Qasim Mehdi. Then the former VC of Karachi University, Prof Dr Irtifaq Ali, was appointed as DG and he did some very good work. The institute needed new life, which was provided by the

next DG, Prof Dr Abid Azhar, a very competent and fine gentleman. He is currently still in charge and runs the institute on professional lines. He has a very pleasing personality and is also (as I am), an ardent lover of Urdu poetry. He is a meritorious professor and has a PhD degree from the famous Australian National University. At the moment there are 12 research fellows and 43 MPhil and PhD students and so far 47 students have received PhD degrees from there. They have published 235 research papers in reputed international journals and 310 papers in local scientific journals. The institute has organised 33 national conferences; 71 scientists have participated in international conferences and 205 have participated in local conferences. Thirty-two scientists from other institutions have received training there. Seventeen projects have been approved and so far the Institute has received Rs460 million in grants. Students from there have been to various famous universities for education/training. In order to turn it into a proper degree-awarding institute, it was decided to make it part of Karachi University. The VC of the University, Prof Dr M Qaisar, has been of great help and support. I personally attend all the board meetings. I am very glad that our efforts have been successful and the Institute is internationally recognised as being a fine one. This year’s budget is about Rs100 million and is complemented by private donations. The institute is doing excellent work in genetics and agriculture. The second state-of-the-art institute is the Institute of Behavioral Sciences – Dr A Q Centre. It is located near Suparco Chowk and adjacent to Dow University of Health Sciences. The land was also arranged through the good offices of the then governor of Sindh, Gen Moinuddin Haider. Realising how many cases of stress, depression, drug addiction, etc there were in Karachi, I felt that an excellent facility was required for the poor and needy citizens of the city. Mian M. Farooq and Saeed Ahmad Kustiwala were, as usual, my trusted right-hand

men. The drawings were once again made by Engineers Qamar Alvi and Khizar Hayat. Prof Dr Haroon Ahmed, formerly head of the Department of Psychiatry at Jinnah Hospital, was appointed DG. The institute started off by providing free medical care to the needy. An OPD was set up with the financial help of the late Haji Abdul Razzaq of ARY Gold, Dubai. After about two years Prof Haroon left for personal reasons and, due to Gen Musharraf’s mischief, I was unable to look after the affairs of the institute. After the court order in 2008 by which all restrictions placed on me were lifted, I appointed Senator A Haseeb Khan (a dear friend and class fellow from Bhopal) as the focal person. He provided what was necessary and the institute has become a top-class facility for needy people. Haseeb Bhai provided many facilities and obtained substantial donations from our mutual friends, Sardar Yasin Malik and Mehtabuddin Chawla. The institute now gets competent professionals from Dow University of Health Sciences and from outside. When we managed to get Prof Dr Masood Haneed Khan, VC of Dow University on the board, he brought with him the head of the Psychiatric Division to work with us. The time had come to put it on a permanent basis and so the institute was joined with Dow University, thus obtaining financial assistance and professional support. Prof Razaur Rahman, an eminent psychiatrist, was appointed DG and other professional, experienced scientists like Prof Dr Abdul Ghaffar Billoo have joined the board. The institute now offers MPhil to doctors, students and professionals. The induction of Haseeb Bhai has given me great peace of mind. I regularly attend board meetings and it is very satisfying to see all our efforts paying off. We are a non-profit organisation catering to those with psychological disorders, mental health issues, depression or drug addiction. We do this through an in-patient department, drug rehabilitation centre, out-patient department/clinics and day care services. Email: dr.a.quadeer.khan@gmail.com

Breakfast Around The World Breakfast has long been called the most important meal of the day, as it gives us energy to make it through the morning. But not all countries start their day with the same kind of food. Whether it's beef stew in Pakistan or baked cheese pancakes in Russia, each country does their first meal of the day a little differently. Australia - the typical Australian breakfast consists of cold cereal and toast with vegemite, a dark brown spread made from leftover brewer's yeast. Brazil - expect to find ham, cheese, and bread served alongside coffee and milk in Brazil. China - traditional breakfasts vary based on the region, but dim sum, small plates of food prepared in a variety of ways, is popular throughout China. Switzerland - the Swiss like to start their day with Birchermüesli: raw oats and grains topped with dried and/or fresh fruit, served in either milk or yogurt. Pakistan - Pakistanis enjoy heartier breakfasts, like Nihari, a stew made with beef sirloin and/or shank pieces. Colombia - a traditional breakfast in Bogota is changua, a milk, scallion, and egg soup. Indonesia - Nasi goreng is commonly eaten in Indonesia for breakfast. The meal consists of a fried egg and fried rice, and some-

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Poland - similar to a German breakfast, a traditional breakfast in times meat or seafood as well. Germany - Germans have quite the spread for breakfast. There's Poland consists of bread rolls served with an array of savoury and a little bit of everything: cold cuts, cheese, fresh rolls, butter and sweet toppings such as meat, sausage, cheese, butter, jam, and chocolate spread. India - Idli wada is a traditional breakfast in southern India. Idli is a cake made with fermented black lentils and rice, and served with chutney and sambar. Italy - many Italians begin their day with a cappuccino and hard roll or biscotti. Japan - Japanese breakfast isn't all that different from other meals eaten throughout the day. Usually there's miso soup, steamed white rice, Japanese pickles, and fish.Morocco - Moroccan breakfasts are simple: breads with jam, and cheese or butter. Scotland - simple but hearty, a good Scottish breakfast is often a bowl of porridge.Korea - best described as a rolled up omelette, Korean egg rolls can be made a variety of ways: sometimes with vegetables and sometimes with meat.Portugal - the Portugese like stuffed croissants in the morning, or bread with jam and cheese, enjoyed with coffee. Russia - Sirniki, or baked farmers cheese pancakes, are a traditional Russian breakfast. jam, and sometimes Nutella. Cuba - Cubans like a lighter breakfast: cafe con leche - coffee with milk - served with a tostada, which is sliced bread that is buttered and grilled. The bread is often dunked into the coffee. England - a typical English breakfast includes fried eggs, sausage, bacon, and beans. Israel - Isrealis love their shakshuka. The dish consists of sunnyside-up eggs cooked in a spicy tomato sauce, served with pita on the side for dipping. France - the French love their pastries, especially in the morning. They start their day with either a pain au chocolat or just a plain croissant and coffee. The Philippines - Pandesal - a bread roll made of flour, eggs, yeast, sugar, and salt - is a common breakfast food in the Philippines. The rolls are often dipped in coffee with milk.

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Urdu Novels Of Distinction Literature or movies, romance is the favourite genre for the people of Pakistan and subcontinent. Pakistan has produced many great writers who have accomplished their work in the same genre with great versatility and depth. We take a look at a few unforgettable Urdu masterpieces that have enthralled us for decades. Pyar ka Pehla Sheher by Mustansar Hussain Tarar Mustansir Hussain Tarar the author of the novel; he not only did a wonderful job in expressing the feelings of its characters with his magical words, but while reading this novel one can also enjoy the history and description of some famous places in Paris. Pyar ka pehla shehar is one of the most romantic novels of all time. It is a story of a handicap person falling in love, beautifully portraying that love is not only for beautiful or physically fit people rather everyone can fall in love. Ishq ka Ayn by Aleem-ul-Haq Haqqi Aleem Ul Haq Haqqi is a big name of Urdu Adab. He is a writer of many novels, but his most famous and successful novel is Ishq Ka Ayn. The novel is a story about Ilahi Bakhsh, a poor person from Abbottabad, the beautiful valley of Pakistan, and Sadi (Sadia) a rich girl from Karachi. Ilahi Bakhsh goes from Abbotabad to Karachi to earn money and be close to her. His Ishq (Love) with Sadi was Ishq Majazi (the love with human) but turn into Ishq Haqeeqi (the love with Allah) and he becomes a saint and his dua (pray) is approved by Allah Almighty. Khudda aur Mohabaat by Hashim Nadeem Khuda aur Mohabbat a fascinating novel written by Hashim Nadeem is a delightful read. It consists of two parts: One that deals with Emotional conflict, and the other deals in religious conflict. Both routes progress gradually, keeping the readers engaged and entertained. A mind griping story for sure! Jannat Ki Talash by Raheem Gul Jannat Ki Talaash is a prominent Urdu novel by prominent Pakistani writer Rahim Gul. This is a sort of itinerary than a novel, as the four characters including the main character (Imtal, a girl) travelling in northern areas(Pakistan) and Baluchistan (Pakistan), and discussing with each other and with other people (travellers, Drivers, officers, servants, and hippies)the true purpose of life and human being. During their journeys they came upon various types of people e.g. gypsies, people living in mountains, people with small means, and

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compared their status of happiness and satisfaction with their own happiness and satisfaction. The story and most of the dialogues is mainly narrated by & between two characters (Imtal and Waseem). Raja Gidh by Bano Qudsia Raja Gidh is one of the most widely read and acclaimed Urdu novels. Gidh is the Urdu word for a vulture and Raja is a Hindi synonym for king. The name anticipates the kingdom of vultures. In fact, parallel to the main plot of the novel, an allegorical story of such a kingdom is narrated. The metaphor of the vulture as an animal feeding mostly on the carcasses of dead animals is employed to portray the trespassing of ethical limits imposed by the society or by the religion. Bano Qudsia has written this novel drawing on the religious concept of Haram and Halal. Apart from the above implication the novel has many social, emotional and psychological aspects. Humsafar by Farhat Ishtiaq Humsafar is a beautifully written romantic novel on the strong relationship of husband-wife, which further gets strong by the bond of their children. The story of the novel reinforce that the life partners not only need love to live a happy married life but trust and confidence in each other. Umrao Jan Ada by Mirza Haadi Ruswa This is Ruswa’s masterful retelling of the life of a courtesan of Lucknow, a woman of culture, charm and wit, as well as a poet, dancer and singer. Rich in historical detail, the novel captures the spirit of old Lucknow and its elegant decadence. Umrao Jaan Ada is an integral part of Urdu adab. The story is based on the Lucknow Nawab culture of 19th century. An interesting story of a courtesan named Umrao , kidnapped at a young age and sold into a life of moral hypocrisy. The novel is written in the third person as a memoir. Bano by Razia Butt This book has a powerful message about the creation of Pakistan. It is set in the days before and after the independence in Ludhiana, Punjab Province and subsequently, Pakistan. The events of independence play a central role in the story. It is named for its female, protagonist, Bano. The novel has been dramatised both for films and television.

North Pole At Melting Point Now, When It’s Normally -20°C At This Time Of Year Warmer oceans and winds plus higher temperatures combine to begin a 'vicious circle' of warming in the Arctic. Arctic sea ice may have reached tipping point, scientists say, as warm-weather events against a background of climate change amplify temperature rises. Warm oceans, northward winds and "freakishly high" temperatures in the Arctic are coming together to warm up the Arctic even more, climate scientists have said. Air temperatures over the Arctic sea ice are 9-12°C higher than normal, according to data released by the Danish Meteorological Institute (DMI). For several days last week the temperatures above the North Pole reached melting point at 0°C. At this time of year temperatures above the Pole are usually -20°C, say researchers. Warmth is brought to the Pole by winds from western Europe and from the west of Africa – while a strong El Niño effect earlier in the year compounded the problem. Less ice now means even less ice in the future These weather events are worsened by a background of rising temperatures. "The long-term decline in sea ice in the Arctic can be attributed to climate change," says the Met Office's Polar Climate Group. The lack of ice formation in the Arctic is leading to further warming temperatures, as the majority of the Sun's rays are not reflected back into the atmosphere by the bright white snow and ice. Instead they're absorbed by the ocean, warming it up. As sea ice cover in the Arctic decreases, fewer of the Sun's rays are reflected back into space, leading to further warming. The loss of ice "amplifies global warming in general, and increases warming especially in nearby continents. At this time of year the Arctic is usually beginning to freeze over for the winter, with thousands of square kilometres of ice forming every day. This is not happening anywhere near as quickly this year. The US National Snow and Ice Data Center reported that sea ice extent in October was the lowest on record, some 6.4 million square kilometres (2.5 million square miles).

Amrit Kaur by Amjad Javed Amrit Kaur is a very famous social romantic novel based on love across borders and religion. The partition of British India in 1947 created many stories full of grief, sorrow and loss. However, in the storms of hate, crime and violence some stories of love passion and trust were also written. Amrit Kaur is one of those stories that began in the conflict of 1947 and ended in modern day London after 60 years.

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Cathedral Church of the Resurrection Just opposite the Lahore High Court on the bustling and lively Mall Road, stands the magnificent and elegant Cathedral Church of the Resurrection, popularly known as the "Kukar Girja" (Rooster Cathedral), by the locals, because once a weather cock adorned its towers. Built in 1887, the Anglican Cathedral is the seat of the Diocese of Lahore, Church of Pakistan. The Cathedral Close, is spread over an area of eight acres and houses the Cathedral, the Bishopsbourne, the residences of the Cathedral Clergy, the St. Hilda's House and the prestigious Cathedral School. The cover of trees and lawns of the close not only add to the aesthetic beauty but also aid in maintaining the peace and serenity of the area. Famous for housing the ancient Saint Thomas Cross of the Saint Thomas Christians, the history of establishment of the Anglican Church in the Punjab can be traced to 1595, when Emperor Akbar granted the permission for the construction of a church near the Lahore Fort. However, in 1614 Emperor Jahangir, ordered it to be shut down, but ten years later, it was re-opened. In 1632, Emperor Shah Jehan ordered it to be demolished, nevertheless twenty years later the church was reinstated by the British in the vacant mansion of the late Dogra Dhian Singh. The present day Cathedral Church of the Resurrection, was established out of the Diocese of Calcutta, the largest Anglican diocese in South Asia, in 1877, which included area up to Delhi, East Punjab, Kashmir, Afghanistan, with some responsibility for the southern states of the Persian Gulf. The cathedral is in the Neo-Gothic style of architecture and was designed by J. Oldrid Scott, a leading English church architect of his times. The building is designed like a cruciform and is considered as one of the finest architectural achievements in South East Asia. The building is decorated in red brick, with grey stones, from the quarries of Tarraki, beyond Jhelum. The brickwork is subdued in colour, blending well with the stone-work. The marble floor, with beautiful grey tones, was the gift of the Freemasons in the Punjab. On the pillars and arches in the Sanctuary and the Choir, are some finely executed carvings. The length of the Cathedral is 226 feet, includ-

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ing the 70 feet Choir, Nave to Choir-steps is 110 feet, while the Ambulatory is 15 feet. Width across the Transepts, including the Porches, is 152 feet. The Porch by itself is 31 feet. The height to the centre-line of the Vaulting is 65 feet, while that of the twin towers is 120 feet. The Cathedral contains the Cathedra (Throne of the Bishop) and is the centre of the ecclesiastical province. Appeal of six Bells as a memorial to Archdeacon Spence Gray, were hung and first used in 1904, in the South West Tower. Originally the frame for the bells was made to accommodate eight, but only six of them arrived from England. The largest bell is about 1 ton in weight and when in use, it makes the foundations vibrate. On the occasion of the Centenary, a Commemorative Monument was designed by a young architect; Shiuli Phailbus. The monument is built around the concept of symbols. It represents an open Altar, in the midst of the busy world around. The Tower, Arch, and the Motif, are prominent elements of the Cathedral. The cross is highlighted in a stained-glass panel which is a modernized representation of the 17th Century stained-glass windows installed inside the Church. The chalice pattern, signifies celebration of the Holy Communion. The Fountain represents "The Fountain of life; and the PooI-symbolises the Baptismal Font, signifying forgiveness of sins". The entrance of the pool is open, interpreting the 23rd Psalm - "My cup floweth over". The Altar is built to ap-

pear like "open-arms", welcoming all people, to its sanctuary of peace and everlasting life. The monument was unveiled by General Mohammad Zia ul Haq, President of Pakistan, on 1st November, 1987. The Cathedral is well furnished with marble memorials, and many brass wall-tablets. The stained glass at the eastern end in the seven trefoil Windows, Vaulting of the ceiling of the Nave, Choir and-Transepts, and the carving on the pillars and arches in the Sanctuary of the Choir, were donated by Bishop Mathew, the second Bishop of Lahore, in memory of his wife. The two Screens in the North East and South East Bays, are memorials, Commemorating Officers and Men of the Supply and Transport Corps and the Punjab Light Horse, then headquartered at Lahore. Behind the Altar, stands a Reredos, of elaborately carved teak wood, richly gilded with blue arid gold tapestry panels, a memorial to Bishop Durrant, the fourth Bishop of Lahore. Another memorial, which occupies the whole width of the north wall, to a height of 13 feet, made of teak-wood paneling, has fourteen bronzes, bearing the Regimental Crests and the names of the officers. The Northern Transepts are to the memory of those, who had laboured in the field, viz. Rev. Robert Clerk, Rev. Moulvi Imad-ud-Din Lahiz, Rev. Thomas Russel Wade and Miss Charlotte Maria Tucker, who had served the Church of England and the Zenana Missionary Society, dedicatedly for eighteen years. In the North Aisle of the Nave, is a tablet to the memory of

the eldest son of Sir Henry Lawrence, who had founded the Lawrence College at Murree, and the Bagh-i-Jinnah, which was previously known as the "Lawrence Gardens". Among the many noteworthy and priceless stained glass window pieces, within the Cathedral, contain allegorical figures. These are on the South Aisle of the Nave. These recall the colour of the medieval glass, found in pre-Reformation Cathedrals. On the west end of the Nave, is a window consisting of three lights, to the memory of Bishop Mathew, on the subject; "The Resurrection of Christ." In the Northern Transept, is the Bishop French Chapel, to the memory of the first Bishop, who built the Cathedral. The Reredos, contains scenes from the "Childhood and Ministry of Jesus Christ", while on the South East side, is the Lady's Chapel. Bishop Valphy French was the first Bishop of the Diocese, followed by five other British Bishops. The Late, Rt. Rev. lnayat Masih, was the seventh and the first Pakistani Bishop, succeeded by Rt. Rev. Alexander John Malik who served as the Bishop of Lahore for 32 years. Currently, Rt. Rev. Irfan Jamil is serving the Diocese as the ninth bishop of Lahore. The Church of the Resurrection has services held in both English and Urdu Languages for the Christians on Sundays. On December 20, 1987, Pakistan Post Office issued a postage stamp of denomination of Rs. 3/- to commemorate the prestigious Cathedral on its hundredth anniversary.

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Indian Move To Abolish 500 And 1,000 Rupee Notes Continues To Cause Chaos Millions are still facing serpentine queues outside banks and ATM’s following India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s dramatic announcement about pulling 500 and 1000 rupee notes from circulation. On 8th November, Modi outlawed 500 and 1,000 rupee notes in a drive to rein in corruption and a shadow economy that accounts for a fifth of India's $2.1 trillion gross domestic product. Some 1.23 billion Indians were told they had 50 days to switch roughly 23.2 billion high-denomination notes in circulation (figures according to central bank Deputy Governor R. Gandhi), amounting to 15 trillion rupees or $224 billion. This move, says Prime Minister Narendra Modi, is to crack down on corruption, tax evasion, unaccounted money and counterfeit currency. But the result of his overnight demonisation of the 500 and 1000 rupee note has resulted in magnanimous chaos, which has no sign of ending. Huge pitfalls of Modi’s “grand plan” have been worsened by implementation incompetence. Not enough new currency has been made available, so cash machines are empty and banks are stretched beyond capacity. People have been wasting hours in queues to collect small amounts of cash that are insufficient for normal activity. The new notes have come in the form of an even higher denomination (2,000 rupees) that

is unhelpful for daily transactions, since no one has enough change for this amount. The two cancelled notes account for 86 per cent of all the currency in circulation; over 90 per cent of all transactions are conducted in cash, and over 85 per cent of workers get their incomes in cash. Largely it’s the poor and the middle classes, hugely reliant on currency for daily activities, who are being crippled. Ironically, large players who tend to buy real estate and other property, hold gold and stocks and shares and move the money abroad are generally unscathed. This move touches only a tiny fraction of the assets accumulated through illegal activities. At the same time its also hit Indian rivals' election campaign funds ahead of next year’s polls – a strategic move by Modi to wipe out his opponents. Illicit cash is the lifeblood for political parties that collect money from candidates and businessmen, and then spend it to stage rallies, hire helicopters and hand out "gifts" to win votes. Regional rivals use cash to cover approximately 80 to 95 per cent of campaign spending. In the 2014 election, when Modi swept to power with an electrifying campaign that included 3D holograms of him giving speeches in villages across India, it’s estimated that parties spent a record 370 billion rupees ($5.4 billion).

1 In 10 Would Refuse A Lift From A Phone-Using Driver Fewer than one in 10 people would refuse to get in a vehicle with a driver who used their mobile phone behind the wheel, according to a new study. Some 8% of those surveyed said they would not sit in the passenger’s seat, while 12% would take the phone away. Meanwhile, 59% said they would ask a driver to stop using a mobile phone. The poll of 23,141 motorists was commissioned by the AA Charitable Trust to mark the launch of a campaign aimed at changing attitudes towards driver distraction. Between April and June there were 200 fatal accidents on built-up roads in Britain, a year-

on-year increase of 35%. The spike may be due to driver inattention from excessive use of mobile phones at the wheel. Despite horrific and tragic deaths caused by drivers distracted by phones, the problem is still rife. Some 16,900 drivers in England and Wales were handed fixed penalty notices for using mobile phones behind the wheel last year, compared with 123,100 in 2011. Motoring groups believe the decline is due to a 27% fall in the number of full-time dedicated road policing officers in England (excluding London) and Wales between 2010 and 2015.

ADHD And Attitudes Towards Mental Illness Mental Illness is becoming less of a taboo in British society, but it is still hidden and ignored in South Asian families ADHD is one of the biggest and most common mental disorders in children, yet it is the least understood. Many parents, especially South Asians, may just brush it off and believe their child is just going through a ‘phase’. What is ADHD? ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and is a mental health disorder which affects children. The disorder is very complex and the causes are not yet clearly understood. No single cause for ADHD has been identified although it is known that there are biological origins for the disorder. Studies have shown that many children with ADHD have a close relative that also has the disorder. There are however links to smoking during pregnancy and premature delivery, low birth rate and injuries to the brain at birth are all thought to be risk factors. Symptoms There are two different types of ADHD, an inattentive type and a hyperactive-impulse type, however, it is most common for a sufferer of ADHD to have a combination of the two. Symptoms of the inattentive type include having trouble paying attention to details, difficulty staying focused on tasks and having difficulty following instructions. The hyperactive-impulsive type includes symptoms such as difficulty remaining seated, excessive running and climbing and problems with interrupting or intruding. ADHD cannot be cured but can be successfully managed. In most cases, the best treatment is a mixture of both medication and behavioural therapy. In some cases, the symptoms of ADHD become less severe as the person grows older. Diagnosis of ADHD depends on an evaluation from a specialist such as a doctor or paediatricians as there is no test for the disorder. To be considered for a diagnosis of ADHD a child must show signs of either inattentive or hyperactive-impulsive type ADHD. The stigma in the South Asian community has always been bigger than the stigma in British culture and just does not seem to be getting any smaller. Many families with children with a mental disorder tend to hide the fact their child has the disorder from others and even themselves. This leads to them not taking their child to the doctors to get help which only makes the disorder worse in the long run. Research has been carried out on the stigma of mental illness in the South Asian community to try and understand why these attitudes exist. The study included South Asians with a mental illness and who had a relative with a disorder. The key findings into why South Asians have these attitudes were: Shame. A fear and secrecy surround mental illness in the community because of the ‘family reputation.’ People with a mental illness agreed that their illness was not to be discussed and kept private.

family, however, this may not be possible for people with a mental illness. People with mental health problems are not valued. In the study it was found that those in the South Asian community saw people with mental disorders as being ‘stupid’ and therefore others within the community do not listen to their opinions or value their point of view. Marriage prospects can be damaged. Not only do the family worry about the child with the illness not being able to get married, they also worry about the other children in the family, especially where arranged marriages are concerned. They may feel as if other families may not want to marry into their family as they may not be seen as a ‘good’ family and may worry the disorder is genetic: The taboo of mental illness in British society started getting smaller when it started to get acknowledged more and spoken about in the media, hopefully, this can also soon become the case in the South Asian community especially when the stigma may be causing harm to children with these disorders. Advice for Parents If you feel as if your child is displaying any of the symptoms of ADHD do not hesitate to contact your doctor, even if you have a slight worry, it’s better to be safe than sorry. To be diagnosed with ADHD, your child must also have: Been displaying symptoms continuously for at least six months. Started to show symptoms before the age of 12. Been showing symptoms in at least two different settings – for example, at home and at school, to rule out the possibility that the behaviour is just a reaction to certain teachers or parental control. Symptoms that make their lives considerably more difficult on a social, academic or occupational level. Symptoms that aren’t just part of a developmental disorder or difficult phase, and aren’t better accounted for by another condition such as parents divorcing. Where to Get Help Include Me TOO is a national charity which supports disabled children, young people and their families from a diverse range of backgrounds. Young Minds is a national charity which offers help and support to parents who think their child may have ADHD or has been diagnosed. Telephone: 0808 802 554 Like any mental or behavioural disorder, ADHD should not be something to be ashamed of. Parents should not feel like they need to keep their children in isolation and away from society. Seeking support can ensure every child gets the necessary help they need, and that they can have fulfilling lives.

Causes of mental health problems are usually misunderstood. Many Asians, especially the older generation believe that someone may have put black magic on their family or they feel as if other families may think their children’s illness is down to bad parenting. Social pressure to conform. There is pressure for South Asians to get a good education, get married and start a

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(Reg Charity No: 1139948) Molana M Aslam Zahid donating sawing machines during his recent visit to Bagh, Azad Kashmir...

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Join with us and become closer to Allah in this blessed month to increase your blessings ÂŁ250 supports an orphan and brings you closer to the Holy Prophet (pbuh) in Jannah ÂŁ600 supports a family with no income and is equivalent to increased blessings from prayers ÂŁ50 buys a sewing machine - an essential source of income for a widow or young orphan girl ÂŁ700 helps a derelict mosque prosper again and reinforces your iman for the here and after ÂŁ2000 helps finance the marriage of an orphan girl and you gain blessings for yourself and our family By making provision for Sehri and Iftar for the needy in the Holy month of Ramadan you can gain forgiveness and sawaab from those fasts and work towards a place in

Yorkshire Bank, Account Number: 19842710 Sort Code: 05 08 58 Alhabib Welfare Foundation is a UK registered international relief and development charity. It was founded by Molana Aslam Zahid who is the imam of Usmania Education Centre and the Vice Chairm an of Jamiat Ulma-e-Bri tain. With your support Alhabib Welfare Foundation aims to help poor families, orphans, and widows across Pakistan and other countries around the world. We ensure 100% of your donation reaches the poor. Please donate generously on the above account number or online by visiting our website...

Molana M Aslam Zahid visited local Madressa during his recent visit to Bagh, Azad Kashmir...

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