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A Seasoned Choice Seasoning is an important aspect of any dish, and the choice between fancy herbs and traditional masala can make all the difference. Herbs We love that…Herbs add nutritional value to any dish in the form of calcium, magnesium and manganese, without adding calories. They have strong flavours, which means that you can add that much less salt and fat without being worried about the taste. They have antimicrobial properties as well as antiviral effect. Herbs like thyme have antiseptic properties and are used to treat bowel disturbances and even anaemia. Sage helps dispel excess mucus from the body and finds its way into many herbal cold remedies. The downside. The use of some herbs can result in side effects like nausea, dizziness, headaches, irritability and insomnia. Certain herbs are also best avoided during Continued from previous month THE OVERTHROW of the regime can never happen in peripheral areas like Waziristan, Baluchistan or even Karachi. It would have to happen in Punjab. A main reason for this: if mass Islamist unrest were to take place in the northern part of the province, the military high command would have to be very worried about its troops refusing to fight against the rebellion. A revolution from below in Punjab, however, would have to take place not just against the national government in Islamabad but against the provincial government in Lahore. While the national government is led by the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP), headed by the Bhutto-Zardaris, and is now widely loathed across much of Punjab, the provincial government is made up of the Pakistan Muslim League–N (PLMN) run by the Sharif brothers—now in opposition at the national level. And while within Pakistan the national government is generally seen (however unfairly) as having become highly subservient to America, the Sharifs have sought with some success to portray themselves as moderate Islamists who would take a more independent line when in national power. Whether when actually in control— which they are certain to be sooner or later—the Sharifs would do anything very different vis-à-vis America is rather unlikely. In the countryside, the PML-N depends on the same networks of “feudal” power, kinship and patronage as the PPP. These “feudals” are tightly bound to the state by the webs of political patronage (or, if you prefer, corruption) which have long formed the most important part of their income. Examining the history of powerful local families in Pakistan, again and again you discover that while kinship links and local property are important, the breakthrough to real

pregnancy. Spices We love that…Spice contain proteins, vitamins and other essential minerals. Not only do they add colour, fragrance and flavour to meals, spices, are also metabolism boosters. Turmeric, known as the ‘king of spices’, is antiseptic and a known cure for everything from a cold and sore throat to swelling and inflammation. Antioxidants present in chilli help to cope with cholesterol, while cumin is a good source of iron. A dash of paprika in tomato ketchup will make you feel full faster. Making sure you don’t binge on the fries! The downside. Spices (like pepper) when used in excess can increase the risk of gastritis, as they irritate the stomach lining. Star anise has natural diuretic properties and leads to frequent trips to the bathroom. Trivia. Herbs have been used since centuries to treat a range prominence came when they were able to be elected to Parliament (or selected by a military government) and thereby gained the ability to milk the state for benefits. The collapse of Pakistan would destroy all that and throw them back on the exiguous and fragile profits of their estates and urban rents. In the cities of northern Punjab, the PML-N is much more closely linked to the industrialist class from which the Sharifs themselves were drawn into politics by then–President of Pakistan and Chief of Army Staff General Mohammad Zia ulHaq in the 1980s. This class, which depends overwhelmingly on its ability to export textiles to the outside world, is also acutely aware of the shattering damage to the Pakistani economy and its own interests that would result from a collapse in relations with the United States and the imposition of trade sanctions on Pakistan. Equally important, the industrialists, like the “feudals,” are by their very nature an antirevolutionary force, fearful of the threat to their wealth and power from Islamist revolution. Both classes are also attached to Pakistan as a state by strong motives of collective interest. The industrialists depend on the existence of Pakistan for their very well-being. If the country were to fall apart, their industries would be ruined. Indeed, an Islamist revolution and the collapse of Pakistan are synonymous. This is a crucially important point, both because it is true and because enough Pakistanis know that it is true. This means an Islamist revolt that overthrows the existing state is not impossible, but it is highly unlikely—and only feasible if accompanied by a mutiny within the military. And it is simply impossible that such an uprising could lead to the establishment of an effective and united Islamist radical government, whether of the Iranian or the Taliban variety. Pakistan is

of ailments – from the simple cold and cough to arthritis. Some spices and herbs were thought to ward off evil spirits and bad luck. Others were regarded as symbols of love, bravery and fertility. In Hamlet, Shakespeare mentions that rosemary helps boost memory. In 13th century Europe the demand for spices was so high that a bag of peppercorns could pay a king’s ransom. Though basil originated in India, it is associated more with Thai and Malaysian cooking.

ALAMA IQBAL SUNDAY CRICKET LEAGUE PMC SHEFFIELD HEADQUATERS:Pakistan Muslim Centre, Sheffield Woodburn Road, Sheffield, S9 3LQ

PMC PMC PRESIDENT SECRETARY : CHAIRMAN TREASURER: AISCL PMC Syed Zeeshan REPRESENTATIVE Afraz Khan REPRESENTATIVE ALISCL PMC Ibrar Khan Syed F H Shah Muhammad Ali Haider Naqvi Zahid Saleem

INDEPENDENCE DAY TOURNAMENT

The Allama Iqbal Sunday Cricket League PMC Sheffield holds a cricket festival every year marking Pakistan Independence day. The Independence Day tournament also named the cricket mela will again be held this year but as the 14th of August fell in Ramadan this year, it will take

A Mutiny Grows in Punjab Anatol Lieven Author, Journalist and policy Analyst

too weak for the first and too strong for the second. In Iran, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini’s movement was able to seize control of a relatively powerful state apparatus and, equally important, to fuse religious ideology with extremely strong and popular traditions of Iranian nationalism. Pakistan as a whole possesses no such nationalism, and while Punjab and the military have held the country together, they have never been remotely powerful enough to impose Pakistani nationalism on the very different traditions of the other provinces. On the other hand, Pakistan is a much more developed and complicated country than Afghanistan, which the Taliban were able to conquer in the years after 1994, albeit in the teeth of strong resistance from the non-Pashtun ethnicities. If the Pakistani state collapsed, the result would be not successful national revolution but a whole set of horrible local ethnic wars, in which much of the country would quickly be reduced from its present justabout-bearable level of existence to that of Somalia or the Congo. Once the current regime fell, it would be impossible to put it back together again because India would almost certainly make it its business to prevent Pakistan’s reconstitution by supporting local ethnic groups in their struggle for continued independence. Deeply unpleasant though the choice is, the United States may have to accept a tactical setback in

Afghanistan rather than risk strategic defeat in Pakistan. For if the picture drawn here is correct, then U.S. and British soldiers are in effect dying in Afghanistan in order to make the world more dangerous for American and British peoples. AMERICAN AND British soldiers are dying in order to avoid the costs of failure: the negative effect this would have on America’s prestige in the world, on the reputation and morale of the U.S. and UK armed forces, and on the confidence of our extremist enemies. So, a humiliating scuttle from Afghanistan is not at all desirable. How to square this miserable and tragic circle? A new U.S. strategy must recognize that it is essential to ease the pressure on Pakistan, above all by reducing those factors which are increasing radicalization in the country and weakening the status and strength of the Pakistani state and army. This should lead to a complete withdrawal of American forces from Afghanistan—as soon as possible. At present, Washington’s intention is to pull most ground troops out once the Afghan security forces are capable of fighting on their own, but to leave major U.S. air bases and Special Forces in country to support them. This is badly mistaken, from three points of view. First, as long as U.S. troops remain in Afghanistan, the Taliban leadership will continue to fight. They have stated that again and again, and the view of both sympathizers and experts is that

place on the 4th of September. Teams are invited to participate in 6 aside matches with 5 overs each, with 5 out of the 6 players batting. All matches will be played on the day, and the results announced. Trophies will be awarded to the best teams and best players from the tourna-

they could not abandon that stance without absolutely unacceptable disgrace. And as long as they continue to fight, Afghans and Pakistanis will be willing to join them. It should be remembered that the Soviets withdrew completely from Afghanistan in 1989—and by reducing the nationalist element of support for the mujahideen, they actually strengthened the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul. If American forces remain, then the government in Kabul will inevitably go on being seen as a U.S. puppet. The war in Afghanistan might be diminished, but it will continue indefinitely, and so—much more importantly—will the destabilization of Pakistan. To reduce Pakistani mass fear and hatred of the United States, it is essential that America be seen clearly to take a step back from its presence on the ground in a Muslim country and region. Second, the continued presence of U.S. bases will make it far more difficult for Washington to develop what should be its core strategy in the region: handing responsibility for guaranteeing Afghanistan’s security to the major regional states. In particular, China, which on the one hand fears the Taliban but on the other is very close to Pakistan, may prove crucial in the long term to forging a regional consensus on this issue. Nothing of the sort can emerge, however, as long as these states can leave Afghan security to America, while fearing that Washington’s real motive for keeping bases is not to fight the Taliban but to build up U.S. regional power. Finally, to retain a military presence in Afghanistan will mean continual embroilment in Afghan politics— and the general future outline of this seems rather clear. If the United States continues its present strategy of building up the Afghan National Army while the state and the political systems remain weak and dysfunctional, then sooner or later the military will seize power.

ment. Entry fee is £20 per team and each team must submit 2 used balls which will be mixed up and drawn for matches. Last year 16 teams participated and any teams wishing to play this year can get more information from Syed Fayyaz Hussain 07894010808. Yet, Afghanistan’s deep ethnic, political and regional differences would likely lead not to more effective government but to new clashes and further coups and countercoups. If U.S. troops are present in Afghanistan, then Washington will be drawn into these new conflicts as referee, participant or both—and will thereby confirm every belief in Muslim minds about America’s desire to dominate and weaken the Muslim world. The U.S. strategy should therefore be to continue the present offensive and efforts to buy up local Taliban commanders, while at the same time seeking initial contacts with the Taliban leadership using Pakistan as an intermediary. In other words, the purpose of the offensive should not be victory but a more advantageous deal with the insurgents. The basic terms of this should be Taliban control of the south of the country, continued development aid to this region and some participation in central government in return for the exclusion of al-Qaeda, a crackdown on the heroin trade and recognition of the Afghan national government. If successful, such a deal would surely involve a measure of humiliation for the United States, but would also have certain real advantages. Above all, however, the removal of the hated American presence, and the end of U.S. attacks inside Pakistan, would greatly diminish impulses to radicalize in that country, especially if the United States can help develop that state economically (admittedly a horribly difficult process, especially under the present Pakistani government). It is the possible collapse of Pakistan, not the outcome of the present war in Afghanistan, which is the really terrible threat to America and its allies from this part of the Muslim world.

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September Edition 2011  

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September Edition 2011  

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