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Leopold Square & Crystal Peaks RestaurantS


Early Bird Early Bird Buffet Buy any 2 starters and Mon-Thurs-5.30-6.30pm Sun 4.30-6.30pm

2 mains Get the least expensive Main dish free

Sun 4.30-6.30pm · Mon-5.30-6.30pm

£10.50 per person

Kids under 4 eat free when accompanied by an adult Kids 4-9 years £6.00 per person

After 6.30pm £12.95, Kids £7.95

Student offer Emergency Services Offer

10% discount on food

10% discount To Police, Fire & NHS staff

on production of student ID.

on Food on production of ID.

Aagrah Leopold Square, Unit 1 Leopold Square, Leopold Street, Sheffield, S1 2JG. Tel. 0114 2795577 Open: Mon-Thurs 5.30pm – 11.30pm · Fri- Sat 5.30-12 midnight · Sun 4.30-10.30pm Aagrah Crystal Peaks, 200 Waterthorpe Greenway, Crystal Peaks, Sheffield, S20 8LY, UK Tel: 0114 248 2049 Open: A LA CARTE & TAKEAWAY: Mon-Sat: 5:30pm - 11:30pm & Sun: 4:30pm - 10:30pm BUFFET: Mon-Sat: 5:30pm - 10:00pm & Sun: 4:30pm - 9:30pm Takeaway service available. *TERMS AND CONDITIONS Above promotions not valid on takeaways or throughout December. Not valid in conjunction with any other offer. Please contact the branch to check availability of these offers prior to coming to the restaurant.

Read Inside

Keep Eating Your Kebabs....

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The Renaissance Of Land And Development

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The City of Stars


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State of Sheffield 2017:

A Real Picture Of Life In The City The State of Sheffield 2017 report launched last month, exploring the real picture of life in the city. The report looks at how Sheffield is changing over time, and how we compare to other major cities in the UK. The production of the report is a collaborative effort with organisations across the city and for the first time has been written by six different authors, each an expert in that area. The 2017 report covers six areas, looking at Sheffield’s Vibrant Economy, Sheffield as A Youthful City, An Ageing Friendly City, A Fair and Just City, at The Ecosystem and at Sheffield’s Democracy & Engagement. Some key findings of this year’s report include high levels of exercise and physical activity in the city, high levels of volunteering of Sheffield residents within their communities, and the impressive progress made by Sheffield’s children at secondary level when compared to other cities. The report identifies opportunities where Sheffield is already thriving or making progress that the city can build on in 2017, and sets out recommendations to help stakeholders across the city achieve this. Chair of Sheffield City Partnership Board, Lord Blunkett of Brightside & Hillsborough, said: “Sheffield distinguishes itself as the only major UK city to conduct this kind of authentic and objective analysis of itself. “There is a lot to celebrate here, as well as clear areas to work on. But the great thing about this city is that it is endeavouring to avoid the danger of burying its head in the sand. Where there are issues, the Sheffield way is to tackle these head on. This report will inform policy makers and agencies throughout the city, as well as helping people that live, work, study and play in Sheffield to understand their city better. The lesson both past and present is that despite the enormity of the problems we face, it is possible to make real improvement if we work together. Not just joined up thinking but practical action to achieve change.” The State of Sheffield 2017 Report is available to download at Summary of contents At a glance each section tells us: 1. Vibrant Economy • There are a number of growth sectors in Sheffield, including advanced manufacturing and creative and digital. • While the city has a low growth rate of new business start-ups, Sheffield businesses show greater resilience and there is a low rate of business closures. • There is still a strong culture of innovation in Sheffield: the second highest number of patents granted per capita of any UK core city.

• Sheffield’s gross value added (GVA) remains low, but has seen faster than average growth • The city has a larger than average manufacturing sector, and continues to strengthen its sector specialism in advanced manufacturing • The health and education sectors remain dominant employment sectors • The most noticeable jobs growth in the last five years has been in the professional, scientific and technical sector • The growth of the creative and digital industry sector is another success story • Cities in the northern triangle of Sheffield, Manchester and Leeds are poorly connected at present • The majority of people in Sheffield work in jobs with low skills requirements, impacting on salaries which are low. Some people take jobs they are overqualified for. While reflecting a lower number of jobs requiring a NVQ level 4 and above, this may also show the city’s attractiveness as a place to live. • Self-employment has increased by 10.3% in the last year • Although the city’s unemployment rate remains higher than the national average, the number of people claiming out-of-work benefits has returned to pre-recession levels. • When ranked according to how prosperous each core city is as a whole, Sheffield comes second in the UK. CONTINUED ON PAGE 8

Families Given Secondary School Places Of Their Choice A huge 96 percent of children in Sheffield have been given a place at a secondary school of their choice. Of the 6101 pupils set to start secondary school in September, 96 per cent have been given a place at one of their three choices of school, while 88 per cent have been given their first choice of school. This is around the same as last year, where Sheffield was once again above the national average. This year again saw a decrease in the number of children coming through into our secondary schools as the rise in births since 2002 filters through from primary schools. This has meant growing pressure on places in some parts of the city and that is set to grow again in the next two years. In order to ensure families continue to access a local school from September 2018, two great new schools are being created in those areas of pressure – one on the Bannerdale site in south

west Sheffield, and one on the Woodside site in the north east of the city. Additional places will also be available at Don Valley Academy from September 2018. In total 96 per cent of pupils were allocated one of their three preferences and 88 per cent were allocated their first choice. Last year, 96 per cent were also allocated one of their three choices, while 87 per cent got a place at their first choice of school. The small number of children who were not allocated a place at any of their three preferences have either been referred back to their catchment school or been allocated the nearest school with places available. Information and advice is available for anyone not satisfied with the school place which they have been allocated. Parents also have the right to appeal. Appeals take place between April and July.

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Getting caught using your phone behind the wheel is about to cost you a whole lot more. As of March 1, the previous punishment of a £100 fine and 3 points has doubled to £200 and 6 points. It means that anyone who already has points on their licence could be at risk of losing it all together and drivers who passed their test less than two years ago with have it automatically revoked. Refuse to accept the Fixed Penalty Notice and you could wind up in court. Similarly, if the police think a fine and points aren’t enough of a punishment you could also end up being taken to court. Either way, your fine will almost certainly be bigger and disqualification is possible – the maximum fine in a court is £1,000, or £2,500 you were driving a bus or a goods vehicle.

New Online System Simplifies Parking Appeals Process Motorists who wish to appeal parking tickets will be helped by a new online system which aims to make the process easier by assessing the chances of a successful outcome. Sheffield City Council has introduced a new online interactive guidance tool. It means motorists appealing against a Penalty Charge Notice (PCN) will be given support and a full explanation so they can assess the likely outcome of their appeal. Almost 95,000 penalty charge notices were issued by civil enforcement officers and bus lane cameras across the city during the financial year 2015/2016, with about 31 per cent of these being appealed. Of the tickets appealed about 30 per cent of those were successful. The system, asks people whether they want to pay the PCN or to ap-

peal it. If they wish to appeal they are asked to enter a ticket number and the two-digit contravention code. This then takes people to a page that asks them the reason for making an appeal and a number of options. The customer selects the reason and they’re given feedback, such as what evidence they would need to supply and the likelihood of an appeal being accepted. It also aims to explain some of the reasons why a parking ticket would not be overturned, such as driving through a bus gate while following a satellite navigation system. Parking service officers at the Council are confident that the system will also speed up the appeals process, meaning that responses will be received in a more timely manner.

But it’s not just fines that judges and magistrates hand out, it’s prison sentences too. If your driving’s bad, or if there’s a crash while you’re using your phone, you could be prosecuted for careless driving, dangerous driving or, if someone is killed, for causing death by careless or dangerous driving. Can you use your phone at traffic lights? No. Even when you’re stationary it’s still classed as driving and you are still in charge of the vehicle so using your phone in traffic or at lights is still an offence. Can you press buttons on your phone to answer/hang up a call on hands-free? No. The phone must be secured in a holder out of the 45-degree angle of the driver’s view. You can’t touch it whilst driving. Is it OK to answer a call while driving if your phone is on loudspeaker on your knee? No. It’s still classed as using your phone while driving whether it’s in your hand or not. Can you use your phone as a sat nav? Yes – as long as you programme it before you start the car and set off and it’s in a holder out of the 45-degree angle of the driver’s view. You cant re-programme or touch it while in motion, the same rules apply for any sat nav. Texting, using social media, checking emails or holding your phone while driving distracts you from the road – it’s been proven to be as distracting as drink driving. Using a mobile phone whilst driving is one of the Fatal 4. That’s the four most likely offences to result

Sheffield Rated One Of Most Gridlocked Cities In The UK Drivers in the UK's biggest towns and cities spent an average of five days stuck in traffic last year, with journey times in Sheffield at peak periods having increased by five per cent over the last five years. Sheffield drivers now spend 36 minutes a day stuck in traffic, a study found. The UK was the second most congested country in the world, behind China, according to traffic analysts TomTom. Researchers found Belfast had the worst congestion in the UK, with motorists facing a 43 per cent increase in travel times because of traffic jams when compared to free flowing roads. Edinburgh and London were the next most congested cities, followed by Manchester, Brighton and Bournemouth.

Sheffield Council To Give Priority To New Social Housing

Council Tax Hike Planned From April Sheffield City Council are set to increase council tax by 1.99% with an extra 3% precept to fund adult social care. The council will spend a significant proportion of its 2017/18 budget on adult social care and faces pressures of an ageing population, increased demands for services and increased costs.

in a fatal collison. The easiest way to remember it is to put your phone in your pocket, or bag or glove box and leave it alone while driving. The Highway Code recommends you switch it off.” Here are a few other pieces of advice... So what do you do if you need to make or take a call? Guidance from The AA says what you should really do is pull over and stop the car or leave it and let it to go to voicemail. If you must talk and have a hands-free phone, keep conversations short and simple or say that you’ll find a safe and legal place to stop and phone back. What is hands-free? It basically means mobile phone accessories that allow you to safely use a mobile phone without holding it, such as Bluetooth headsets and speakers. Using hands-free is not an offence, however, you can still be prosecuted if you’re seen not to be in control of your vehicle while using it. But I need to use my phone for work? In that case, your employer could to be open to prosecution if they: Cause or permit you to drive while using a phone or to not have proper control of the vehicle. Require you to make or receive calls whilst driving. Install a phone in your car that then causes you to drive dangerously while using it. Is it the same for cyclists? Well it’s not actually an offence to use your phone while cycling but you could be prosecuted for careless or dangerous cycling. What if it’s an emergency? You can make an emergency call to 999 or 112 but only if it’s impractical or unsafe to stop.

Sheffield Council have pledged to put social housing at the top of the agenda as new homes open to families in Darnall and Manor. A plan to provide 1000 homes by 2021 has already seen new building on Ouse Road, Darnall among other locations. The average Semi-Detached House in Sheffield, United Kingdom has increased by more than £34,624 in the last 5 Years. Even after Brexit!

Sheffield was rated as the seventh worst city in the UK for congestion, with traffic jams comparable to those in New York. The global study of 390 cities in 48 countries found Mexico City was the most congested, ahead of Bangkok and Jakarta. A Department for Transport spokeswoman said: "We are making the most extensive improvements to roads since the 1970s, investing a record £23 billion to keep our country moving and make journeys faster, better and more reliable for everyone. "As announced in the 2016 Autumn Statement, we are also spending a further £1.3 billion over the course of this Parliament to relieve congestion and provide important upgrades to ensure our roads are fit for the future."

£328 Million Cost Of A Day With No Migrants Britain's economy would take £328 million hit all migrant workers down tools for a day. the nations GDP would fall 4% if all nonBrits stopped work for 24 hours and institutions such as the NHS would be unable to function according to the new economics foundation. it comes as thousands of people across the UK take part in 'one day with us' a Pro migrant day of action. the foundations head said Britain has a long and proud tradition of openness to people from overseas and our research conclusively shows that migrants have more than repaid the welcome they

have received. our future as a country depends on the economic cultural and social contribution that migrants make as countries all around the world succumb to the Siren call of populism, we to remember that contribution and to celebrate it migrant workers in the UK make up 10.9% of the total workforce

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Compensation Bill Hike To Hit NHS And Insurers Insurers have condemned a "crazy" reform increasing payouts for personal injury victims that they say will lead to steeply higher premiums for motorists as well as landing the NHS with a £1bn bill. The Association of British Insurers (ABI) said the change announced by the Ministry of Justice was "reckless in the extreme" and affect 36 million motor insurance policies. Between £50 and £75 will be added to the average car insurance policy, according to accountants PwC, with hikes of up to £1,000 for younger drivers aged 18 to 22 and £300 for motorists aged over 65. The change, announced by Justice Secretary Liz Truss and welcomed by personal injury lawyers, centres on the way courts award lump sum payments to people suffering personal injuries. Until now it had been assumed that those receiving the award would be able to invest the money and earn a rate of return, so a portion could be deducted from the total. Insurance firm Admiral said the change in the discount rate could cost it as much as £175m and that

it was postponing the publication of annual results. Shares lost 2.5% of their value in Monday trading. Rival Direct Line - which has already delayed results ahead of the announcement - said it would reduce profits by up to £230m. It was 7.2% lower by the close of trading. But the Association of Personal Injury Lawyers said the change was "long overdue" and that people with the most severe injuries had been deprived of the help and care they need for years. It said in a statement they "can now be assured that the compensation needed to look after them is calculated correctly" and attacked the reaction of insurance firms saying it "simply beggars belief". The Ministry of Justice said the change was "likely to have a significant impact on the insurance industry and a knock-on effect on public services with large personal injury liabilities - particularly the NHS". It said the Government had committed to ensuring that the NHS had enough money to cover clinical negligence costs following the change.

Police At Breaking Point Says MP Sheffield Central MP Paul Blomfield says six years of cuts to funding had harmed the capacity of South Yorkshire Police to fight crime and antisocial behaviour, and put officers at risk. Mr Blomfield told the House of Commons that South Yorkshire had lost nearly 1 in 5 of its front-line police officers, and a quarter of civilian support staff, between 2011/12 and 2017/18. Mr Blomfield said that constituents had told him of the growing impact of police cuts in local neighbourhoods where community policing and part-

nership building had reduced crime and anti-social behaviour, making people feel more positive about their communities. But, he said, the “thin blue line” provided by the police was now at “breaking point”. In 2011/12 South Yorkshire Police employed 5849 FTE staff, but in 2017/18 has a force of 4967. Between 2011 and 2017/18 front-line police have gone down by 18%, police civilian staff down 24% and Police Community Support Officers down 27%.

Energy Switching Reaches Six-Year High As Customers Shop Around The rate of customers switching energy suppliers rose to a six-year high in 2016, regulator Ofgem said. It said 7.7 million switches took place last year, up by 1.7 million or 28% on 2015, as customers shopped around for better deals. The figures come as customers face a spate of bill hikes, with standard tariff increases announced by Npower, Scottish Power and EDF, though the biggest supplier, British Gas, has left prices on hold until the summer. Britain’s energy market has come under intense political scrutiny over claims hard-pressed households are paying too much and that competition between suppliers is not working. Ofgem has encouraged switching, advising

consumers that they can typically save around £230 by shopping around and warning that standard variable tariffs usually cost more than fixed price deals. Its latest figures showed the switching level at around 15.8% of gas and electricity customers, the highest since 2010. Of these, 47% were to small or medium suppliers outside the Big Six of British Gas, SSE, Npower, EDF, Eon and Scottish Power. However, Ofgem said two-thirds of customers remain on standard variable tariffs. Last month, Ofgem announced a temporary cap on pre-payment meter prices that it said would save four million households around £80 a year.

NHS Loses 500,000 Pieces Of Medical Documents, Putting Patients At Risk Thousands of patients have been put at risk after the NHS lost more than 500,000 pieces of medical correspondence, including cancer test results. In a data blunder the Government is accused of covering up, the documents went undelivered for five years - ending up stashed in a warehouse rather than being sent to GPs. NHS England has launched an investigation to find out how many patients have been affected by the biggest loss of medical documents in the history of the health service, and whether delays in reports reaching their GPs have played a part in any deaths. The missing medical correspondence, mislaid by the NHS Shared Business

Royal Mail To Increase Stamp Prices The price of stamps is to increase at the end of the month, Royal Mail has announced. A first class stamp will go up by 1p to 65p and a second class stamp by 1p to 56p. Royal Mail said the changes were needed “to help ensure the sustainability of the universal postal service” but that it had sought to minimise the impact on customers. The changes will take effect from 27 March. It follows a previous 1p rise for both first and second class stamps last March. This year’s increases will also see the cost of large letter first class stamps rise by 2p to 98p, and large letter second class stamps go up 1p to 76p. Royal Mail claims its stamps are among the best value in Europe. It said the European average for a first class stamp was 87p. Letter volumes have been declining. Royal Mail said last month they fell 6% year-on-year in the nine months to 25 December.

Self-adhesive stamps were first introduced in Sierra Leone in February 1964. The West African country's humid climate had been causing water-activated stamps to stick together before they had been applied to envelopes. However, the decision infuriated philatelists as the self-adhesive stamps were difficult to remove and save in mint condition.

Kids’ School Holiday Hunger Unprecedented numbers of free meals have been given out to children in deprived areas this half term in an ongoing effort to combat hunger in the UK. It comes as an all party Parliamentary group has ordered an inquiry to establish why so many British children are going hungry in the holidays. Demand for free food at lunch clubs has steadily increased since the start of austerity and now organisations such as Make Lunch, which runs 64 projects across

the UK, says many of its kitchens have had the busiest ever February half term. There is often no provision during school holidays for children who qualify for free school meals during term time. Research by YouGov has previously showed that almost a third of parents on lower incomes in the UK have skipped a meal in the school holidays so their children could eat properly.

Sex And Relationships Education To Become Compulsory In All Schools Sex and relationships education is to become compulsory in all of England's schools, Education Secretary Justine Greening has confirmed. Under the move, all primary schools will have to teach age appropriate lessons about relationships, while secondaries will have give classes in both sex and relationships. In a written statement, Ms Greening said statutory guidance for sex and relationships education was introduced in 2000 and is becoming "increasingly outdated", failing to address issues that have increasingly common, such as cyber bullying, sexting and online safety. Parents will still have the right to withdraw their child from the lessons, Ms Greening said. "I am today announcing my intention to put relationships and sex education on a statutory footing, so every child has access to age appropriate provision, in a consistent way," the minister said in her statement. She also said that she is intending to make personal, social and health education (PSHE) compulsory in the future, following further consultation on what it should include. The statement said: "The statutory guidance

for sex and relationships education was introduced in 2000 and is becoming increasingly outdated. It fails to address risks to children that have grown in prevalence over the last 17 years, including cyber bullying, 'sexting' and staying safe online. "Parents will continue to have a right to withdraw their children from sex education. "Schools will have flexibility over how they deliver these subjects, so they can develop an integrated approach that is sensitive to the needs of the local community; and, as now, faith schools will continue to be able to teach in accordance with the tenets of their faith." Currently, sex education is compulsory only for secondary pupils in schools run by local authorities. The change makes the subject mandatory in all schools, including academies, independent schools and religious free schools and extends the subject to include relationships and modern phenomena such as internet porn and sexting. The move was welcomed by school leaders and campaigners. What are your thoughts?

Service (SBS), included blood and urine tests, treatment plans, material related to child protection cases and cancer diagnoses. Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt quietly disclosed the details of the data loss in a written statement on last day of parliament before the summer break in July. However, the statement said only that an issue had been identified “whereby some correspondence in the mail redirection service has not reached the intended recipients”. At the time the Government refused to say how many patients had been affected by the blunder and Mr Hunt did not make clear the scale of the error.

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Foreign Spouse Income Limit For Immigration The Supreme Court has ruled that Government financial measures which are hitting British citizens who want foreign spouses or partners to join them in the UK do not breach human rights legislation. Seven justices at the UK's highest court announced their decision in a number of linked challenges brought against a mandatory "minimum income" immigration requirement. As of 2012, Britons must earn more than £18,600 before a husband or wife from outside the European Economic Area (EEA) can settle in the UK. Critics claim 15,000 children have been separated from parents because of it. If the government loses, thousands of couples who currently live outside the UK could move to Britain. In a series of test cases, affected couples argued that the rules breached their right to family life. The rule was introduced by the former coalition government to stop foreign spouses becoming reliant on taxpayers. The minimum income threshold, which also affects people settled in the UK as refugees, rises

to £22,400 if the couple have a child who does not have British citizenship - and then by an additional £2,400 for each subsequent child. These thresholds replaced a previous, more general requirement to show the Home Office that the incoming partner would not be a drain on public resources and that the couple or family could adequately support themselves. The current rules do not take into account the earnings of the overseas partner - even if they have higher qualifications, or are likely to be employed in higher-paid work than their British spouse. The minimum income threshold does not apply to spouses from within the EEA. currently more than 41% of people in the country do not earn more than £18,600. Families are being torn apart. These immigration rules are impacting British citizens. The unintended victims seem to be children. When the government introduced the measures, it said they aimed to reduce the burden on taxpayers, promote integration and prevent and tackle abuse of the family migration route.

Bank Of England Sticks With £5 Note Despite Animal Fat Concerns The Bank of England has said it will stick with its new £5 plastic notes despite calls to remove trace amounts of animal fat found in them. Vegan campaigners were angered by the revelation that the notes contain tallow, a suet derivative, and started a petition to have the fat removed. The Bank said it undertook a careful review of options, including destroying current notes in circulation, reprinting the notes without the tallow additive and delaying the planned introduction of polymer £10 notes. It concluded that taking any action would be too costly and could put the efficiency of advanced counterfeit measures contained in the notes at risk. The notes, which feature Winston Churchill and are designed to be more robust, began to enter circulation in September. The first print run was set to produce 440 million notes, with polymer tenners to be launched later this year and £20 notes by 2020.

SpaceX To Send The First Paying Tourists Around Moon Next Year

Muslim Inventions That Changed The World Coffee About 1,600,000 cups of coffee are consumed every day around the world and yet very few people are aware of the Muslim origins of this ubiquitous drink. Coffee found its way from the highlands of Yemen to the rest of the Ottoman empire the Islamic caliphate of the 15th century. Algebra While many secondary schools students may not appreciate the importance of algebra it is one of the most important contributions to the world it was developed by the great scientist and mathematician Muhammad-al-khwarizma Who lived from 782 to 850 in Persia and Iraq.

from it and reproducing that image. But doing so is impossible without the trailblazing work of the 11th century Muslim scientist, Ibn al-Haytham University The first formal madrasah was Al-Karaouine m, who developed the field of optics and described founded in 859 by Fatima al-Fihri in Fes, Morocco. how the first cameras work. The first degree-granting educational institutes quickly spread throughout the Muslim world. Al- Flying Abbas Ibn Firnas was the first person to make a Azhar university was founded in Cairo in 970. real attempt to construct a flying machine and actually fly. He designed a winged apparatus which Cameras It's hard to imagine a world without photography resembled a bird costume. in his most famous the billion dollar industry is based on the idea of trial near Cordoba in Spain, Firnas flew upward for capturing light from a scene creating an image a few moments.

Free Advice Surgery For The Trustees And Leaders Of Islamic Organisations Managing an Islamic organisation is a serious responsibility, be it a Masjid, Jamiat, Madrassah or a community project. So to help, FaithStar LLP is running a free and confidential advice surgery for the trustees and leaders of Islamic organisations. If you would like help in preparing your accounts or have a query about how to organise your finances, fundraising or governance, then book a place and their in-house support will give you free advice on your problem.

SpaceX has announced plans to fly two private citizens around the Moon next year, in the first manned US mission since the 1970s. The tourists, who have paid a “significant deposit” for the week-long trip, will travel using a spaceship being developed for NASA astronauts - as well as a heavy-lift rocket that is yet to be flown. SpaceX chief executive Elon Musk said he hopes the privately funded flight - the first ever to travel beyond the International Space Station - will happen in late 2018. Mr Musk did not reveal who his two customers are, nor how much they paid, but the entrepreneur told reporters they are not from Hollywood. The pair’s long lunar loop could seen them travel hundreds of thousands of miles - as a one-way trip to the Moon covers about 240,000 miles alone. The billionaire described the plans as “incredibly exciting” - and said SpaceX plans to do more than one mission in the not-too-distant future.

hour slots are available, starting at 9:30am and ending at 4:00pm. Bookings are “first come, first served”, so please email or telephone their offices to book your time. This is not a drop-in surgery. For more information about FaithStar LLP and the services they provide, please visit

FaithStar LLP Telephone: 0114 3503310 Clifton Court, 19-23 Clifton Street, Sheffield, S9 CEO Shahida Siddique says: “At FaithStar we 2DQ have had a lot practice in supporting organisations that want to comply with Sharia in their finance and governance. We are also hearing from Islamic organisations that they are having more problems managing UK government regulations and we want to offer our services to help them with this”. The surgery takes place on Thursday 30th April 2017 at offices on Clifton Street near Meadowhall. Eleven half

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International Women’s Day 2017

International Women’s Day on 8 March is a global celebration of the economic, political and social achievements of the past, present and future. Its origins are rooted in the struggle for women’s suffrage and equal rights. It has been celebrated worldwide since 1911. The 2017 theme is #BeBoldForChange. The theme for International Women’s Day, 8 March, 2017, focuses on “Women in the Changing World of Work: Planet 50-50 by 2030”. The world of work is changing, and with significant implications for women. On one hand, we have globalization, technological and digital revolution and the opportunities they bring, and on the other hand, the growing informality of labour, unstable livelihoods and incomes, new fiscal and trade policies and environmental impacts—all of which must be addressed in the context of women’s economic empowerment. In 2015, world leaders adopted the Sustainable Development Goals, placing gender equality and empowerment of all women and girls at the heart of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Achievement of the goals, including ending poverty, promoting inclusive and sustainable economic

Woodland treasures

growth, reducing inequalities within and between countries, and achieving gender equality and empowerment of all women and girls, rests upon unlocking the full potential of women in the world of work. Measures that are key to ensuring women’s economic empowerment in the changing world of work must include bridging the gender pay gap, which stands at 24 per cent globally; recognizing women’s unpaid care and domestic work and addressing the gender deficit in care work; as well as addressing the gender gaps in leadership, entrepreneurship and access to social protection; and ensuring gender-responsive economic policies for job creation, poverty reduction and sustainable, inclusive growth. Additionally, policies must count for the overwhelming majority of women in the informal economy, promote women’s access to innovative technologies and practices, decent work and climate-resilient jobs and protect women from violence in the work place. On International Women’s Day, UN Women calls upon all actors to Step It Up for Gender Equality towards a Planet 50-50 by 2030.

State of Sheffield 2017 CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1 2. A Youthful City • Sheffield has high rates of 16 and 17 year olds engaging in training, and successful apprenticeship programmes. • The educational attainment of children in Sheffield has increased over the last few years. • Crucially, the 2016 rankings see Sheffield’s performance rankings outperforming its deprivation rankings. • Improved pupil outcomes are matched by improved school outcomes, with more than 80% of schools judged ‘good’ or ‘outstanding’ by Ofsted at the end of 2015. • More than 92% of 16-17 year olds are in full time education or training, higher than both the national and Core Cities average. • Sheffield has the lowest proportion of young people not in education, employment or training. • There’s been strong growth in apprenticeships with more than one and half times the national average being taken up. More than 800 places were created in two years, plus a further 620 vulnerable teenagers placed in apprenticeships. • Our universities were attended by almost 60,000 students. • There is a strong contrast in the numbers of young people progressing to university, depending on the area of the city in which they live. 3. An Ageing Friendly City? • Our older population comprises nearly a third of the city’s total population. • 5% of the older population are of BME origin and over the coming decades this will become increasingly diverse. • Many of the older population provide unpaid voluntary work looking after their grandchildren, which has a positive influence on their health. • Sheffield does better than national average on some health indicators, and better than similar cities on life expectancy in men and disability-free living in men. • There could be up to 25 years difference in life expectancy depending where people live in Sheffield. On average men have 18 years of poor health and women 22. • Life expectancy, time spent in good health, disability-free life and quality of life in over 65s are all less than the national average for people living in Sheffield. 4. A Fair and Just City • The number of children living in families who claim benefits or are on low incomes has increased. • Across the city 24% of children are living in poverty, but this is as high as 42% in certain areas of the city. • 900 households in Sheffield are now affected by the benefits cap,

since it was lowered in the Government’s welfare reform, compared to 113 households before the cap was lowered. These households contain almost 3500 children. • Benefit delays and changes, and low income are the most common reasons for using food banks. • Three new food banks have been opened, with 18 banks in total in the city. Sheffield City Council have agreed a grant funding arrangement for three years, which will help to pay for advice and advocacy services offered by Citizen’s Advice Bureau in nine of Sheffield’s food banks. This is the best and most stable funding position that CAB has in any of the Core Cities. • Food bank services would not be possible without the generosity of other Sheffield residents who provide donations. • Although Sheffield has seen an increase in fuel poverty, it has the lowest percentage of fuel poverty across all the Core Cities. The council has undertaken five rounds of collective energy buying to help people save money, with the average household saving £300 per year. • Life expectancy for men and women has improved, but the difference between communities remains substantial. • 20% of deaths in Sheffield are considered preventable. High blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, alcohol consumption and lack of physical activity are the main causes of premature death. • There has been significant improvement in attainment of those children who are eligible for free school meals, with 21% progressing to higher education. • Over-indebtedness is growing in the city and some communities in Sheffield are facing greater levels of deprivation. Looking at closing the gap in deprivation levels across the city, the council is launching a new Financial Inclusion Strategy in 2017. 5. The City Ecosystem • Sheffield is the leading city for those who want a lifestyle that combines city and countryside. • The city’s urban parks, woodlands and countryside receive more than 25 million visits each year. • Sheffielders have significantly better access to woodlands across the whole city than anywhere else in the country. • Allotment provision has increased by 130 plots in the last five years. • There are five free, weekly, Saturday morning, 5km running events across the city, attracting 1200 people each week. • People are using cars and buses less for their journeys. Journeys by bike and on foot have increased by 96% and 45%. However, cycling rates remain low compared with national average. • More than 88% of people in Sheffield are active by walking, the second highest of Core Cities.

The robin ceases its evening song The cricket holds its last croak For a bird, will come out The curtains have opened of the old oak Here it comes A bird with Smokey quartz feathers Eyes like glass beads One of woodlands greatest treasures It dawdles and it dives From high ascending trees Dodging dainty daisy’s Passing buzzing bees It’s often seen flying Traveling in a pair Chasing after each other, exuberantly Fluttering in the air He wears a dark brown blazer With a cerulean silk cuff A cream bowler hat A stripy fluffy puff The trees call for it to be perched on Shading the Jay with its leafy canopy The Jay shares his adventures to the tree And the tree speaks natures profundity. Written By: Shaheryar A. Chishty • Transport and the pollution from diesel vehicles is the largest cause of air quality issues in Sheffield. • Up to 500 premature deaths in Sheffield are attributed to air quality issues. This is similar to the England level and has been gradually reducing since 2010. • Sheffield has the lowest proportion of municipal waste sent to landfill than any other authority in the SCR and second lowest of the Core Cities. • More than 200,000 tonnes of non-recyclable waste produced per year in Sheffield, is managed through the city’s Energy Recovery Facility and transformed in to electricity and thermal energy. • Recycling rates in Sheffield are 13% lower than the national average. 6. Democracy and Engagement • Of Sheffield’s 570,000 residents, around 450,000 are over 18 and most of them are eligible to vote. • People aged 18 to 25 in Sheffield are least likely to register to vote • People in Sheffield came out in large numbers to have their say about Britain’s membership in the EU, 67% of those eligible voted, more so than they have in previous elections in recent years. • The EU vote was split almost exactly three ways; 136,018 voted to leave, 130,735 voted to remain and 129,741 did not vote. • In the last five years, turnout for elections has varied from as low as 15% in the South Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner 2012 by-election, to as high as 77% in the Sheffield Hallam constituency in the 2015 general election. • Almost two thirds of Sheffield people do not take part in choosing their local councillors, however there are substantial differences between ward turnouts, from 20% in City Ward to 49% in Ecclesall. • The highest ward voting turnouts in the 2016 election coincided with the wards that have the largest proportion of adults that are highly educated. • In the past year the council has conducted more than 200 public consultations across various city wide matters. • People in Sheffield feel that they are not listened to and that their views are not acted upon and that more should be done to engage and inform people about how to contribute. • Sheffield’s Trade Unions have seen their membership numbers greatly reduced. • Sheffield undoubtedly has s strong community and voluntary sector, with at least 3300 community and voluntary organisations, with 90,000 people active in these organisations. • The combined turnover of Sheffield’s community and voluntary organisations is more than £370 million and it is estimated that they add over £800 million of ‘gross value added’ to the city.

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Keep Eating Your Kebabs… So Donald trump is in power and on the march in America, ISIL – Daesh is on the march in the border lands of Iraq and Syria, the National Front is on the rise in France, Nationalistic and Far Right parties across Europe and other parts of the world are polling with their respective publics like they could only dream of a decade or more ago. Even good old Sweden, that haven of peace and tolerance is questioning the position of immigrants. So what? You may ask has this all to do with me? Well if you’re a Muslim quite a lot, if you’re an immigrant, quite a lot and if you’re an immigrant who is a Muslim then a hell of a lot. You see the increase of nationalistic politics and the narrowing of peoples’ tolerance is underpinned by both of the described groups. The average white person, living in his great grandfathers, grandfathers, grandfather’s country, is looking round and doesn’t like what he sees. He’s always been told that this is his country and birth right, that it is his enlightened attitudes, wealth and prosperity that keeps him like a shining light in the hearts of lesser people in the world who don’t have what he’s enjoyed for so long and aspire to achieve what he takes for granted. But when this guy looks round and sees brown faces, different cultures, with all of his and more rights walking tall, sharing his towns and cities, without just cause, then the enlightened tolerance which he had turns to a dark place, with thoughts of his hospitality being abused, his children’s’ heritage under threat and his country being over -run by foreigners, start filing his heart. He perceives that the shining light is actually an evil attitude to take over and conquer,

Let’s not forget that they too were a lot like you and me as people of the book who believed in monotheism ( one god), practised kosher (halal), circumcised their children in the tradition of the prophets they believe in from Abraham to Moses and formed their own communities, where conservative values were custom and women genSo brothers and sisters a great duty falls upon us as British Muslims erally covered their heads and observed modesty. born and bred in most cases, benefiting from our tolerant homeland, society and communities, opportunities for growth to earn Similarly again in the 20th century, the Muslims of Bosnia, who bemoney and raise your children in a land with a rule of law. And so fell genocide and ethnic cleansing at the hands of people they lived what do we do to challenge the misrepresentation of our faith, the and integrated with for centuries. This is why the lessons of hiscondemnation of our motives?.........We keep eating our kebabs and tory are to wake up and challenge, to take note of the rhetoric being used to identify Muslims and immigrants, to challenge the wilful leave it to others. misrepresentations which are common place now about Muslims, I recently heard a recital from the holy book the Koran, which I will their beliefs and ways and what their holy book sanctions. For I tell paraphrase for you, where people will say that they followed the you now that what is done by people who identify as Muslims and ways of their fathers and the reply will be even if their fathers were what the faith of Islam states are as far apart as the moon and stars uneducated and in darkness?. This my brothers and sisters is the from earth. path taken by us and todays modern British equivalent is keep eat- Good fortune and history protects minority communities in the 21st ing the kebabs….while boarders and walls are constructed around century in the UK as never before. The historical experiences of othyou….keep eating your kebabs…..while your faith is hijacked by mur- er peoples of the book (Jews) and the Bosnians enshrine the edicts derers and rapists ( Daesh)….keep eating your kebabs and while at- of human rights in modern society, so that the example is never fortitudes are hardening your neighbours reject you and laws passed gotten. Islam paved the way for what we call the modern Geneva convention of human rights today, to show humanity the mercy of to restrict you………, its ok…..keep eating your kebabs. A good parallel is the Jews of Germany in the 1930’s, with estab- god and the teachings of his prophets, yet its alleged followers today lished communities, who thought they were integrated and contrib- would attempt to do everything that is the opposite and disprove uting, sleep walked their way into genocide and what came to be any connection between Islam and human rights on a daily basis………..BUT …………..don’t worry and just keep eating your kebabs! known as the Holocaust ( burnt offering ). change and veil over the culture of his forefathers lands. This essentially becomes cultural waterboarding, where people’s way of life is visibly disappearing in foreign languages, peculiar practices, all taking place in their back yard and homeland.

Scientists Discover Continent ‘Zealandia’

Vitamin D Tablets ‘Can Help Beat Colds And Flu’ For Millions Taking vitamin D supplements could help more than three million people a year stave off colds and flu, according to new research. Scientists at Queen Mary University of London claim that taking the so-called 'sunshine vitamin’ may have benefits beyond bone and muscle health and could protect against acute respiratory infections. They analysed data from 11,000 people across 25 trials in 14 countries and concluded that vitamin D can help prevent infections. Assuming a UK population of 65 million and that 70% have at least one acute respiratory infection each year, then daily or weekly vitamin D supplements will mean 3.25 million fewer people would get at

There is an entire, submerged and unrecognised content that has been hiding until now, according to scientists. New Zealand is sitting on top of the geological entity, most of which sits underneath the South Pacific and so can’t be seen, according to a major new paper. The continent – known as Zealandia – is a distinct geological entity and meets all the criteria that are satisfied by the existing seven continents, the researchers said. Having the continent recognised isn’t a matter of appealing to any official body, and there is no codified list of what continents exist. Indeed, some people hold there might be four, while most say that there is seven. Zealandia covers nearly 5m square km, of which 94% is under water, and encompasses not only New Zealand but also New Caledonia, Norfolk Island, the Lord Howe Island group and Elizabeth and Middleton reefs.

The British Queue Culture Brits have long been known for their inherent love of queuing but according to academics their willingness to wait in line is governed by a rule of six. A new study by researchers at University College London has found that people will wait for an average of six minutes in a queue before giving up in frustration and we only remain calm if staff appear visibly busy or are making a conscientious effort to deal with the queues. The British have a well-established culture of queuing and a very specific type of queue conduct, one that has been known to confuse many a foreign visitor. However when it comes to the likelihood of them becoming too irritated and leav-

Jaan M. Khan

ing the queue, it virtually evaporates if the number of people behind them has grown to six people or more. What is more, people are unlikely to join a queue that has more than six people in it. And in keeping with the theme, the report also revealed that a six inch radius is the minimum amount of personal space that needs to be afforded to a person in a queue, to avoid increasing stress or anxiety. In a time when Britain is changing rapidly, and the ways in which we queue are shifting, the psychology behind British queuing is more important than ever – it a one of the keys to unlocking British culture.

least one acute respiratory infection a year. Taking a regular supplement halved the rate of respiratory infections in people with the lowest levels of vitamin D, below 25 nanomoles a litre (nmol/L). But it also cut infections by 10% among those with higher vitamin D levels. Respiratory infections, which can include flu, bronchitis and pneumonia, take a big toll on the nation’s health. About 70% of the UK population get one respiratory infection in any year, with 25% going to the GP. Vitamin D can be found in brain tissue and two large studies recently suggested that low vitamin D levels could increase the risk of developing dementia.

Hate Crime Surges To Record Levels After Brexit Vote Hate crime has surged to record levels in the months after the EU referendum, according to figures. Three quarters of police forces in England and Wales recorded their highest levels of hate crime in the three months after June’s vote since records began in April 2012. And three forces - the Metropolitan Police, Greater Manchester Police and West Yorkshire Police - saw more than 1,000 hate crimes each. The Met recorded 3,356 hate crimes, Greater Manchester 1,033 and West Yorkshire 1,013. Victim Support, said the charity supported 16,000 victims of hate crime in England and Wales last year. It said that there had been more referrals in the aftermath of the EU referendum. “Hate crime has no place in our society and every victim

of this crime is one too many,” it said. The Home Office said Britain’s hate crime legislation was among the strongest in the world. A spokesman said: “The Home Secretary has been crystal clear that crime motivated by hostility and prejudice towards any group in society has no place whatsoever in a Britain that works for everyone.”

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Nokia 3310 Back With Longer Battery Life And Snake Game The updated version, costing £41 and going on sale later this year, will have a battery that lasts a month on standby mode. The maker of Nokia phones has unveiled its much-anticipated new 3310 - a revamp of one of its most successful models. The device, which first came out in 2000 and was discontinued five years later, was known for its long battery life, indestructible nature and popular Snake game, with 126 million units produced. The updated version, costing €49 (£41) and going on sale later this year, will have a battery that lasts a month on standby mode - compared to around 11 days in the original. Standby time is defined as the amount of time a fully-charged phone can be left on waiting for a call or text message. It will have 22 hours of talk time - 10 times more than the original and for Snake fans it will again feature the classic game. It offers 2.5G connectivity, meaning the user can only get basic internet on the handset and there is no Wi-Fi. HMD Global, owner of the Nokia brand, said

the new model is aimed at those looking for a second or so-called "burner" phone to make calls and send texts. The 3310 will come in a range of colours, including the original navy blue as well as red, yellow and grey. The new version features a colour screen instead of monochrome and is slightly thinner than the original. Nokia once dominated the mobile phone market but was overtaken by Apple and Samsung as its popularity waned. In 2014, Nokia sold its by-then ailing handset operations to Microsoft for $7bn. Then last December HMD, a new company led by ex-Nokia executives and backed by Chinese electronics giant Foxconn, took over the Nokia feature phones business. And it struck a licensing deal that gave it sole use of the Nokia brand on all phones and tablets for the next decade.

Eat 10 Fruit And Vegetables A Day Not Five Eating loads of fruit and vegetables - 10 portions a day - may give us longer lives, say researchers. The study, by Imperial College London, calculated such eating habits could prevent 7.8 million premature deaths each year. The team also identified specific fruit and veg that reduced the risk of cancer and heart disease. The analysis showed even small amounts had a health boon, but more is even better. Fruit and vegetables have been shown to reduce cholesterol levels, blood pressure, and to boost the health of our blood vessels and immune system.

A portion counts as 80g (3oz) of fruit or veg - the equivalent of a small banana, a pear or three heaped tablespoons of spinach or peas. The conclusions were made by pooling data on 95 separate studies, involving two million people’s eating habits. Lower risks of cancer were linked to eating: green veg (eg spinach); yellow veg (eg peppers); cruciferous vegetables (eg

cauliflower). Lower risks of heart disease and strokes were linked to eating: apples; pears; citrus fruits; salads; green leafy vegetables (eg lettuce); and cruciferous veg.

Discovery Of New Planets Astronomers have found a nearby solar system with seven Earth-sized planets, three of which circle their parent star at the right distance for liquid surface water, raising the prospect of life. Nasa hosted a press conference to reveal the findings of the new study which was a multinational collaboration between top space scientists. The Earth-sized worlds lie in the “Goldilock’s zone” of their sun, where temperatures are not too hot or cold, and are thought to be capable of having oceans of water. The group of at least seven planets orbits a dwarf star called Trappist-1, in a newly discovered solar system 39 light years from us. Researchers

believe no other known star system contains such a large number of Earth-sized and probably rocky planets. They have focused on finding Earth-sized rocky planets with the right temperatures so that water, if any exists, would be liquid, a condition believed to be necessary for life. Even if the planets do not have life now, it could evolve. Trappist-1 is at least 500 million years old, but has an estimated lifespan of 10 trillion years. Astronomers have discovered 114 new planets, including 60 which are orbiting stars near the Earth. One of the exoplanets was a hot “super-Earth” that has a rocky surface and is found in the fourth

nearest star system to our own. That planet, known as Gliese 411b, could suggest that all the stars near our own sun have planets orbiting them – and as such that those too might be like Earth and have the conditions for supporting alien life. The results are based on almost 61,000 individual observations of 1,600 stars taken over a 20-year period by astronomers in Hawaii. Since the first planet outside our solar system was found in 1992, astronomers have recorded more thatn 3500 worlds in 2675 star systems.

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THE RENAISSANCE OF LAND AND DEVELOPMENT Mohammed Mahroof BSc (Hons) MRICS Consultant Mark Jenkinson & Son Land and development has become a major topic with many people enquiring if buying land and developing is a good idea, and how to go about this. Firstly, I was quite excited by the question and secondly, it encourages me that people follow these articles. Land development is a topic I have briefly covered but have been professionally involved in for many years. It is a very exciting area to be involved in but here there is a note of caution – development is very much a professional vocation and anybody contemplating such a venture should seek professional advice before embarking on this, what can only be described as, adventure. Land as a commodity is certainly not being reproduced and is a finite product. Demand is always going to be there. What price you pay and how you go about developing is dependent on a number of major considerations which I cannot begin to do justice to in a short article. Just to give you a flavour you must consider the following issues. Planning What status does the land have a planning terms with the local authority? This will clearly dictate what you can do with the land. The planning process can be a major consideration in with a whole host of scenarios to consider. It is also a long winded process which may involve redesigning, amendment and re-submission. It certainly needs a developer who is committed to deal with a wide range of related issues. Finance There will be costs not only in buying the land but also professional fees which you will need to budget for, you will need to finance the development start-up costs, and construction finance costs. Finance

is not easy to secure for development with many finance houses, banks and building societies requiring a certain amount of experience in this field before they would commit. Personal advisers You will need to liaise with lawyers, architects, planning advisers, surveyors, financiers and many more. It is sensible to put a project

You as a developer will need to know what sort of return you are looking for on a development project, after all that is the main reason you are getting involved in development. Construction costs These will influence developer profit and needs careful consideration. You will need to work with a good contractor. The chances of a development failing is high if this relationship breaks down. Surveyor’s advice You will need a development valuation carried out to give you an indication of what value you should pay for the land. There are many other considerations to take into account which your professional advisers will be able to explain, patience, perseverance and an eye for development is very important. Development does require time and money. But first things first. You need to indentify a piece of land which you should then get a valuation appraisal on, which should give you a value to negotiate with the vendor. Once you have bought hour piece of land, whether for commercial, residential or mixed use development the adventure will begin. Once you have done one development you will either not do one again or you will enjoy the adrenalin flow that will make you want to do another one. The key ingredient for a successful development is to have a good team around you and a great deal of patience.

team together. The logistics of project management I will talk about in another article. Needless to say project management is an impor- As ever, if you want to contact me please call me on 07879 015 095 of through ILM. tant part of a successful development. Developer

Immigration Issues The UK has many immigration issues from backlogs of asylum seekers, students overstaying their stay to illegal immigrants trying every way they can to stay in the country. There really are not definitive statistics available of how many illegal immigrants are actually in the UK, or how the UK government aims to tackle all these immigration issues. Immigrants staying in the UK be it illegal or here on a ‘visit’ are trying many ways to try and elongate their stay and make it permanent. Illegally staying in the UK, is still breaking the law and many who are staying here in this manner, do not like it being discussed. But it is a matter which needs to be raised even within the communities that are fully aware that it goes on. Babies for Visas One technique that has been used by illegal immigrants is called ‘Babies for Visas’. This is where by having a child in the UK, illegal immigrants can enhance their chance of staying. There have been certain cases that the Home Office has across where people have tried to stay in the UK by having children. The Immigration Rules generally create a circumstance where if you are an illegal immigrant or overstayer and you have a child with a British Citizen then you can submit an application to remain in the UK under ‘the parent route’. Another rule also exists currently, where if you are a family and have no status and your child has lived in the UK for 7 years continuously, you then may submit an application to remain in the UK. This is not a recent method used by immigrants. It even took place in the past, in the late 50’s and 60’s, when the wives and children of South Asian men came here. To solidify their stay, having another child born in the UK helped their case. Another trend that is making use of babies to obtain stay in the UK is where illegal immigrants are having babies with Eastern European women in the UK by paying them. These are called ‘paid babies’, which is a very shocking practice but it is actually happening just to remain in the

earning at least £18,600 per annum and must have been working for at least 6 months in a stable job before applying to bring their spouse Extending Illegal Stay In addition to the ‘babies for visas’ route, a lot of over. people try to extend their stay illegally in the UK Family Vistors and Stay from the sub-continent. A lot of people are under the misconception Most British Asians will have family back home. that if they are illegal and that they marry a Brit- Be it relatives, grandparents and uncles or ish Citizen then they can remain in the UK. This aunts; there is always someone who would like is not true. The general Home Office position is to visit. Especially, for special occasions like a that if you are illegal and you do marry a British wedding. Citizen then you should go back to your country The first port of call would be to make a sponand make a fresh application for entry clearance sorship (similar to an invitation letter) to invite and apply for a spouse visa, unless of course, as their relatives over to the UK. On the applicastated earlier, you have British child in the UK.” tion, it must state the reasons for the visit, duration and the sponsor needs to disclose their financial position and attach their wage slips and Marriage Tourism Marriage tourism is still a big thing for British bank statements.” Asian families. Especially, for arranged marriag- There is no guarantee them being allowed to es. This is where commonly British Asian men come to the UK. The UK authorities generally go to the sub-continent to find suitable wives. will look at the financial situation of the person who is coming over before making a decision. Be it for the first time or after divorce. This has seen the rise in many marital issues. For A typical visitor visa application can take up to 4 example, Asian men marry abroad, have large weeks to process. Frequent travellers can get a dowries but then do not return to their wives same day service if they need to travel urgently.” or even call them over to the UK. And there are many other problems faced frequently by the Life as an Illegal in the UK Living illegally in the UK is not the experience women in these marriages. In some cases spouses from abroad have been many dream of when they leave their homeland generally abused physically and mentally. There trying to get here illegally. have been cases where brides from overseas Once here, most living here are constantly hidhave been treated similarly to slaves and robots ing, working for cash-in-hand below the miniin dire conditions and they are in a new country mum wage, exploited by landlords, given literally very little rights and no formal documents. with nowhere to turn to. Even helping illegal immigrants is not an easy option for UK residents. Bringing a Spouse Over With the world becoming smaller because of the Internet, it’s become much easier to meet Immigration Law people online from South Asia. So, getting mar- Immigration regulations are a maze. Even a lot ried abroad is still an attractive option for many of British Asians living in the UK to do not fully understand them. So, for immigrants, it must be British Asians. But with the legal requirements and laws even harder. changing to deal with illegal immigration issues Immigration issues are high on the agenda for and sham marriages, the process is not always most countries including the UK and the laws will always be reviewed to make it harder for ilstraightforward. The main requirement now revolves around the legal immigration. income of the UK-based sponsor. They must be UK.

Net Migration To Britain Falls To Lowest Level In Three Years Net migration has fallen to its lowest level in three years driven by a sharp increase in the number of eastern Europeans leaving in the wake of Brexit. Figures from the Office for National Statistics show net migration, the difference between people arriving in the UK and those leaving, has dipped below 300,000 to 273,000 in the year to September - a 59,000 drop. The figures are the first to give a picture of the impact of the EU referendum on 23 June and indicate that Brexit has been a trigger for people from the eastern European countries, which joined the EU in 2004, to leave. Although we have seen a fall in net migration of EU citizens there have been continued increases in immigration from Romania and Bulgaria, so it is too early to say what effect the referendum result has had on long-term international migration. They show in the year to September 39,000 people from Poland, Slovakia, Latvia, Lithuania, Czech Republic, Hungary, Estonia and Slovenia moved away from the UK. However, they also showed a record high of 74,000 people coming into the UK from Romania and Bulgaria, perhaps in an attempt to be in the UK before any Brexit immigration deadline is imposed. The number of people coming to live in the UK from the EU as a whole has dropped to 268,000 from a record high of 284,000.

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The people of Pakistan celebrate the 23rd of March, every year, with great zeal and enthusiasm, to commemorate the most outstanding achievement of sub-continent Muslims who passed the historic Pakistan Resolution on this day at Minto Park, Lahore in 1940. The Lahore Pakistan Resolution also known as Karar datey Pakistan was indeed a landmark in the history for the Muslims of the sub-continent. Before this, the Muslims of sub-continent had no goal and no future in view and Muslim politics remained in the hands of the individuals with conflicting interests and inclinations. As soon as Lahore Resolution was passed by the Muslim League, the Hindu press started criticising the Muslim League and declared this resolution as Pakistan Resolution. The personality of Mohammad Ali Jinnah was also criticised by the Hindus and their prominent leaders. Mohammad Ali Jinnah got nationwide popularity after Lahore Resolution, because the Muslims of India had a lot of expectations from him and he was the only source of inspiration for the Muslims. The All India Muslim League played a vital role in the creation of Pakistan in the year 1940. Muslim league had become a stronger political party for the Muslims of Indo-Pak Subcontinent, under which the Muslims were struggling for a separate homeland for them. The great leader of the Muslims, Mohammad Ali Jinnah by the time had become the lining symbol of Muslim unity and Muslim politics and the Muslims had so completely centred on him that he had become almost an institution in himself. Pakistan Resolution, as it is called now, is a brief but a comprehensive declaration. The Resolution addressed the Muslim question in the political and constitutional context of British India and pointed out to the course of action, the Muslim League intended to adopt to secure the Muslim identity, rights and interests.

It underlined the principles that were relevant to the modern state system and the political context of British India. It made five specific demands [Please go through the original text of the resolution available in the article]. The Resolution consequently offered a new course of action for the Muslims of British India as compared to the Muslim League position adopted on constitutional and political issues in the past. It gave rise to the change in strategy but not in goal, which remained the same. The All India Muslim League’s goal since its inception in December 1906 was to protect and advance Muslim socio-cultural identity, rights and interests in British India’s socio-political and constitutional context. The change of strategy was caused by the political experience of the Muslim elite in their interaction with other communities, especially the Indian National Congress, and the policies of the British government. These strategies also manifested the growing desire of the Muslims to assert their separate socio-political identity. The Muslim League demands became more specific and assertive in the post-1940 period. By 1942, the focus of the Muslim League shifted to a singular phrase of the state. In September 1944, Quaid-e-Azam was very categorical in asserting that he was talking of one state of Pakistan. This issue was finally clarified by the convention of parliamentarians from majority regions in the United India held in Delhi, in April 1946. The evolutionary process of the creation of Pakistan began before March 1940 and ended with the attainment of independence in Pakistan in 1947. Today, Pakistan is not a dream it has carved into a reality! Once a strategy, it then became the only destiny for over 200 million people.

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“ The City Of Stars ” Link FM Anniversary Dinner Celebrations held earlier this week to mark the running of the first successful year of Link FM’s radio station were widely welcomed by everyone who has ever prayed that the advancement of technology does not kill the radio as a medium of entertainment and information. Link FM which broadcasts on 96.7FM and is an off shoot of the nationally recognised charity, The Pakistan Muslim Centre, Sheffield celebrated their first birthday by honouring their presenters and various service providers who have contributed towards the development of the city. A crowd of over three hundred people, comprising of presenters, members of the emergency services, councillors, the Lord Mayor of Sheffield, Deputy Lord Lieutenant Dr G. Bloomer, Lord Nazir Ahmed and other dignitaries crammed the exquisite banqueting hall of the Arooj Restaurant on Attercliffe Road, Sheffield. Over 60 volunteer presenters were honoured with trophies which were presented by the respective dignitaries. Link FM Community Recognition Awards were also awarded on the day to The St Luke’s Hospice, Sheffield City Council, The Northern General and the Children’s Hospital. South Yorkshire Fire & Rescue Service.The South Yorkshire Police Service. The Ambulance Service. BBC Radio Sheffield and Sheffield Train Station and The Star and Sheffield Telegraph. Amongst the rich array of celebrities and distinguished personalities was a surprise performance by a local singer and presenter of Link FM. Mohammad Hafees who’s vocals majestically and professionally resemble those of the legendary singer, the late Muhammad Rafi placed a smile on all the guests faces.

Iffat Yasmin

the prestigious award to the exceptionally talented editor Nancy Fielder, Lord Nazir Ahmed complimented both Link FM and Sheffield Star on their plans to launch an initiative, “Know your neighbour “ which will encourage individuals to interact with one another more regularly. Speaking about the success of the event, Chairman and CEO Muhammad Ali said “Today’s gathering is all about celebrating accomplishment and the success of Sheffield as city that is not only a city of sanctuary, but a city that is the home to various treasures. The emergency services, the teaching hospitals. BBC Radio Sheffield, the Star and Sheffield Telegraph. These organisations and so many like these have proven to be a lifeline to so many individuals. It’s a great honour for me to have overseen the first successful year of Link FM and also to share the success stories of Sheffield as a city. I want to congratulate everyone from the presenters to all those individuals who help keep the city moving.” As the evening drew to a conclusion the one concept that became observable was the fact that despite years of the scaremongering about how the arrival of the television, the walkman, computers and spotify would kill the radio, the actual popularity for radio’s was and is growing day by day. The proliferation of radio stations on Sheffield airwaves, coupled with the success of the Link FM’s First Anniversary Dinner certainly cleared the air for all futurologists. The so called prophecy concerning the death of the radio was nothing more than a frail myth.

“celebrating accomplishment and the success of Sheffield”

The highlight of the evening was the presentation that was made for a special award for The Star and Sheffield Telegraph newspaper for their outstanding and unbiased reporting. Whilst presenting

Google Pays Tribute To Abdul Sattar Edhi On 89th Birthday Google has paid tribute to Abdul Sattar Edhi with its Doodle honors portraying him with his Edhi ambulance, a mother with her two kids, hospital home, pet dog and a book. Google displayed the photo on its homepages in various countries, including the United Kingdom. The search engine giant praised Edhi for helping people all around the world. The Edhi Foundation even helped people who suffered from Hurricane Katrina in the United States of America. Edhi is widely accepted as a great humanitarian and pride of Pakistan. He served as an award-win-

ning philanthropist. Born today in 1928, he found Edhi Foundation back in 1951 after migrating to Pakistan upon independence. Edhi saved the lives of thousands of orphan kids in Pakistan by raising them in his orphan home. He led the largest chain of ambulances across all cities in the country before being laid to rest on July 8, 2016 Not to mention the title of “Angel of Mercy” given to Edhi for his lifetime achievements apart from the numerous awards.

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Scientists Discover An Amazing Way To Erase Bad Mr Shumile J. Chishty Memories Whether you have ended up in an embarrassing situation at school or in front of your in-laws, at times we would like to forget those moments, now scientists have discovered a way. In a new study, researchers found that attempting to push away your thoughts about the less important, like background aspects of such memories was key to intentionally forgetting something. Those background aspects may include the smells and sounds to the event you may not want to remember. For example, if you wanted to forget a conversation you just had over the phone you sometimes may divert back to watching TV (the TV being the background aspect). Although the researchers did not examine the details of the strategies used in the study, people in the study were employed to mentally push out certain thoughts, researchers have previously suggested two main strategies that might help in the process. One strategy is to clear one’s mind and deliberately attempt to think of nothing. The other strategy is trying to fill one’s mind with thoughts about something very different than whatever is trying to be forgotten. For example, if you don’t want to think of a certain person think of a different person.

Pakistan Allows Export Of Sikh Holy Water

The Pakistan government has allowed the export of holy water from a well located in one of the holiest sites of the Sikh religion – Gurduwara Kartarpur Sahib. The water from the well is called Amrit Jal and is like what Aab-i-ZamZam is to Muslims.

This new study involved 25 people aged between 19 to 34. The the words on the list or forget them. Meanwhile, the researchers researchers gave them lists of words to study while showing them scanned the individuals’ brain throughout the experiment. Results showed that when the participants were asked to forget the words, they tried to push out their minds, thoughts related to the images they had been shown while studying the words. It is like looking at the colour blue but not thinking of the colour blue. Another test was proceeded but with mice. Fear-based memories in mice were successfully activated and erased by researches, who over-produced a particular brain protein that indicates which neurons are being used to form bad memory. Although it could have practical uses for many forms of trauma, the scientists behind the technique have warned it has major ethical problem- and may even prevent us learning from our mistakes. During the trials, certain neurons were genetically removed so specific memories could be erased without affecting other memories. The researchers said that the tests on mice showed that cocaine addiction could be overcome by getting rid of emotional memories associated with taking the drug. This research has a great possibility to treat people with PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) by erasing these traumatic memories, in these people, their memories are intrusive and images of outdoor scenes, such as forests, mountains and beaches. disturbing, many soldiers today, suffer from PTSD due to the disturbThe researchers then asked the participants to try either remember ing experiences they come across.

Asda To Launch Halal Cosmetics Asda will become UK's first major retailer to launch halal cosmetics. The full range of skincare and cleansing products will be exclusive to Asda and will launch within 54 Asda stores. Halal cosmetics created by businesswoman Salma Chaudhry will be stocked at Asda from May. They will also be available to purchase via the Asda online home shopping website. A limited edition Eid Gift range, which includes cosmetics for both men and women, will launch in June which will be when Ramadan falls this year. Details of store locations will be available on the company's website

Salma from Blackburn who was named Entrepreneur of the Year at the Fusion Awards in 2013 said, "Halal beauty is currently one of the fastest growing sectors within the beauty industry. "This demand is driven by Muslim millennials who want a modern lifestyle without compromising their beliefs. "Since our business launched in 2014, we have noticed an increased demand for halal cosmetics year on year as Muslims become increasingly aware of the distinct differences between halal cosmetics and other brands both in the UK and overseas.

UK Teens Among The Gloomiest In The World British youngsters have among the lowest levels of mental well-being globally, according to a major report. It suggests that the nation's youngsters are less likely to feel optimistic, loved, confident and generally content than their peers in many other countries, including Indonesia, India, Germany, France and South Korea. The study of 20 countries also indicates that many UK young people do not feel they get enough rest and exercise, compared to many of their international counterparts. And it reveals that when it comes to fears and worries for the future, the greatest concerns of those in the UK are extremism and global terrorism. The report, published by the Varkey Foundation, an education charity, is based on a poll of more than 20,000 people from the participating countries, born between 1995 and 2001. It places the UK 19th out of 20 nations for mental well-being, with a score of 47.3. Only Japan scored lower, with Indonesia topping the table, followed by India, then Nigeria, Israel and China. The score is based on young peo-

ple's views on 14 different areas, such as optimism about the future, feeling loved and good about themselves, feeling confident and cheerful. Just 15 percent of the UK youngsters who took part said they have good physical well-being, meaning that they get enough sleep, regular exercise and time for rest and reflection. This is the same proportion as number of other countries, including Australia. Nigeria scored the highest for this measure at 41 percent, followed by India at 24 percent. The report reveals that generally, more than two thirds of young people in the UK - 67 percent - think that the country is a good place to live - higher than nations including France, Israel and the United States. Around 46 percent of the UK youngsters questioned said they have this view because the UK is "a free country where I have the freedom to live the way I want to". Young people were also asked for their views about global issues such as immigration, with UK youngsters split on the matter. While 31 percent said it should be made easier

for immigrants to live and work legally in the UK, 26 percent said the government should make it more difficult. In comparison, 38 percent of those in Italy and 37 percent of those in Germany think that legal migration should be easier, along with 27 percent of those in France. Extremism and the rise of global terrorism make UK young people more fearful for the future than other issues - this was the top concern for 13 countries. The findings also show that in general, young people worldwide support values such as tolerance and equality. At a time of nationalist and populist movements that focus on the differences between people, the evidence shows that young people - whatever their nationality or religion - share a strikingly similar view of the world. Teenagers in Nigeria, New Delhi and New York share many of same priorities, fears, ambitions and opinions. There is far more unity among young people than a glance at the headlines would suggest.

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How Do Use By Date And Best Before Date Differ? Do you know the difference between a use by date and a best by date on food products? And what should you do if a use by date is not printed on your food? If you look at many packaged items in the grocery store, you’ll probably notice that there’s a use by date and a best before date. You might be wondering how the two dates differ. Which is the one to follow and what does each date mean? Another thing to consider is foods which don’t have either of these dates on them. You might not be sure how you can figure these dates out on your own if they’re not marked.

duced have passed their best by date. The best by date will, as will the use by date, often come with instructions. This will usually include how to store the food and what to do after opening it. Most instances of a use by date and best by date will take this sort of usage into consideration. So if you see that a food has passed its best by date, there’s no need to throw it away. All you’ll need to do is take into consideration that it might not taste its best. A food which has passed its best by date is, however, perfectly safe.

The Use By Date If you’re only going to remember one date, make it the use by date. The use by date is basically what it sounds like; the date you need to use the food by. To follow the use by date properly, you’ll need to consume the food before the date labelled. You can either eat it before this date or freeze it. Freezing the food before the use by date will preserve it for a longer time than the use by date. This means that you can ensure none of your food goes to waste. If you don’t think you’ll eat something before it will pass the use by date, it’s a good idea to freeze it. It’s important to follow the use by date because it’s indicative of how safe it is to consume the food. Once a food has passed its use by date, it runs the risk of becoming spoiled. This means that you can run a higher risk of developing an illness from the food. You’re more likely to find a use by date on food items which are going to spoil more easily. This will include foods like meats, dairy and freshly prepared meals such as salads. So if you find that your food has passed the use by date, you need to be wary of consuming it. Keep in mind that the food will likely have spoiled, and spoiled food can cause illnesses.

What about foods which have neither? Many people tend to still buy groceries and meat from Desi shops. These foods will often be freshly prepared or purchased from smaller manufacturers. This means that they may not have a use by date or a best by date printed on them. Even if a food does not have a use by date printed, it can still spoil as easily as food which does. Therefore, it is important to find out what the use by date is. For example, if you purchase meat from a butcher what dates are applicable to the meat you buy. Likewise, you should ask the shopkeeper the same regarding fruits and vegetables. Since these foods may not have dates on them it can make it difficult to easily determine when to use them by. You may only notice when the food has clearly gone rancid. If you are unable to find out the use by date of a food, you can always look it up. For example, eggs can last approximately 3-5 weeks when refrigerated. Chicken, however, can only last about 2 days. Also, other foods like mithai (sweets) ideally need to be consumed within 2-3 days of purchase. Unless you put them in the fridge, which can keep them fresher for longer.

The Best Before Date The best before date differs from the use by date because it is not indicative of safety. If a food passes its best by date, it can still be safe to eat. The best before date shows you when the manufacturer of the food recommends that you eat it. It will simply not taste as good as it would before this date. Because of this, you will likely find many foods in shops which have been re-

able to find out, and make sure you stick to it. If you are unable to find out from the shopkeeper, you may need to look it up yourself. There’s no need to worry, however. If you’re about to reach the use by date and don’t want to waste the food, you can always freeze it for later.

What is safe to eat? Always check the packaging of your food for a use by date. If there is a best by date, ideally you should consume the food before then. Freezing it before the best by date will keep it preserved at a higher quality. The crucial date to stick to is the use by date. Do not consume the food after this date as this is the date designed to show when the food will begin to spoil. If the food you buy has no use by date, it’s important to find out what it is. Ask the shopkeeper if they know what it is or if they are

Five Billion Global Mobile Phone Users In 2017 The number of mobile phone users globally will surpass five billion by the middle of this year, according to a study by the association of mobile operators. With populations in Asia, and notably India, on the rise, the number, which stood at 4.8 billion a year ago, should mushroom to 5.7 billion, or three quarters of the world’s population, by 2020. Asia will account for around half total growth, according to GSMA’s ‘Mobile Economy’ report with India alone adding some 310 million new subscribers in the coming three years. The study also showed a trend towards mobile broadband networks and smartphones, said the study, which highlighted the mobile industry’s growing contribution to economic activity and social development. Mobile is a global platform that today supports two-thirds of the world’s population, delivering the connectivity and infrastructure that is

powering new digital economies and addressing socio-economic challenges. The near ubiquity of smartphones and high-speed connectivity is enabling innovation in areas such as artificial intelligence and driving the digital transformation. That investment had seen the telecom sector account for a 4.4 percent share of world GDP worth $3.3 trillion dollars last year, rising to a 4.9 percent share by 2020, for economic value equivalent to $4.2 trillion. The mobile ecosystem last year employed 28.5 million people directly or indirectly, a figure it said would rise to 30.9 million by 2020. Operators are forecast to invest a further $700 billion by 2020 when 5G connectivity is set to bring ever faster data connection. Ahead of 5G — forecast to enable subscribers to download a full HD film in less than one second — 4G has been steadily becoming the norm, rising from current market penetration of 21 percent to 41 percent by 2020.

IMF Decides To Promote Islamic Banking The executive directors of the International Monetary Fund have adopted a proposal to promote Islamic Banking (IB) due to its popularity in the global financial system. The IMF has adopted a set of proposals on the role the fund should play in this area. The proposals, according to the bank, and the case for adopting them, are contained in the staff paper titled “Ensuring Financial Stability in Countries with Islamic Banking” and the accompanying country case studies paper. A statement from the IMF said the board noted that the growth of Islamic Banking and its complexities posed new challenges and unique

risks for regulatory and supervisory authorities. “Against this background, the directors called for stronger efforts to establish a policy framework and environment that promote financial stability and sound development of Islamic Banking, particularly for countries in which Islamic Banking has become systemically important,” IMF said. The fund said, while accounting for a small share of global financial assets, IB has established a presence in more than 60 countries and has become systemically important in 14 jurisdictions. IB involves operations, balance sheet structures, and risks that differ from their conventional banking counterparts.

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Pakistan’s Regional Languages Face Looming Extinction many of whom, as a consequence of low literacy rates, do not speak English well or at all. Urdu, the most common national tongue and spoken as a second language by the majority of Pakistanis, has been relegated to the middle- and lower-level halls of power, while the widely spoAccording to scholars, Hindko's decline as the ken regional languages -- usually native to their foremost language of Peshawar city began in 1947 speakers -- are not even taught in schools. when Hindu and Sikh traders left the city after the The result is an underclass that remains out of partition of British India. any public policy making, its upward mobility inKnown for its curious aphorisms such as "Kehni creasingly limited, and harbouring a deep sense of aan dhiye nu, nuen kan dhar" ("I'm talking to inferiority. A majority of Pakistanis are unable to my daughter, my daughter-in-law should listen") recognise car registration plates, many road signs -- which is meant to convey a harsh message but that are only in English, and signboards of shops indirectly), it only has some two million speak- and offices. ers across Pakistan as opSome language activists posed to Pashto's 26 milhave taken a stand, such lion. as Rozi Khan Baraki, a champion of the Urmari It has also become a milanguage of South Wazirisnority language in the tan tribal zone that claims city of its birth. Years and some 50,000 speakers. At years of political unrest in its peak in the early 16th Pakistan's northwestern century, the language region and Afghanistan flourished across much of have adversely impacted Afghanistan and what is the language and it has now northwest Pakistan. lost grounds to Pashto. Some three million mainly Pashto speakers fled But then people in the area, began speaking Pawar from neighbouring Afghanistan over the past shto and Persian because many of the speakers of 35 years, while others are more recent migrants those languages migrated to the fertile lands of from other parts of Khyber Pakhtunkwa province. this region. Pakistan's 200 million people speak 72 provincial and regional tongues, including official languages Urdu and English, according to a 2014 parliamentary paper on the subject that classed 10 as either "in trouble" or "near extinction".

The most endangered of Pakistan's dialects are now spoken by only a few hundred people, such as Domaaki, an Indo-Aryan languages confined to a handful of villages in remote northern GilgitBaltistan.

Often to avoid extinction, community elders have asked their people to "force their children to speak Urmari at homes, especially those who have married women who speak other languages".

We should laud such efforts but the process of Even regional languages spoken by tens of millions saving dying languages can only happen when it is like Sindhi and Punjabi are no longer as vigorous taken up at a governmental level as was the case with Welsh, a regional language of Britain. A loss as they once were. of diversity can have lasting ill effects. Those who There is not a single newspaper or magazine pub- shift from their mother tongue to assimilate try to lished in Punjabi for the 60 million-plus Punjabi become clones of another group -- the one which speakers, despite it being the language of the they want to imitate, and lose respect for their nationally revered Sufi poet Bulleh Shah and the former group. native-tongue of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. Children now find it difficult to communicate to English has been seen as the language of the elite their elders, while folk stories and music can also fade from memory. In rural areas there are names in Pakistan since the country was founded. of herbs and local names for fruit and animals that It is used at the highest official levels, despite are lost. In some cases when you lose the name of the fact this excludes the majority of Pakistanis -- the herb the use is also forgotten it is feared.

‘Triple Lock’ Could See Pensioners Work Till Death State pension age will have to rise above male life expectancy in poorer areas of the country to pay for the increase in pension payments, MPs have warned. Paying for the “triple lock”, which guarantees state pensions will always rise by at least 2.5%, means the age at which people can stop working will have to rise to sustain the increases. According to figures from the Institute for Fiscal Studies, compiled for the Commons Work and Pensions Committee, pension age would have to rise to the age of 70.5 by 2060. With the triple lock in place the only way state pension expenditure can be

made sustainable is to keep raising the state pension age This is higher than life expectancy for men in 26 areas of England, including Manchester, Leicester, East London and the Wirral, and 162 areas of Scotland. It raises the prospect of men in poorer areas of the country working all their lives and never receiving their state pensions. In contrast, those in wealthy neighbourhoods will continue to benefit from higher state pensions for many years after retirement - male life expectancy in the Westminster area of London is 92.9 years.

The Secret Of Why We Like To Eat Chocolate It may seem simple - we like chocolate because it tastes nice. But there's more to it than that - and it relates to a fat/carbohydrates balance that is set right from the very beginning of our lives. So what is it about the food that so many of us find irresistible? And what characteristics does chocolate share with other foods that we simply can't say, "no" to?

Chocolate is made from cocoa beans, which have been grown and consumed in the Americas for thousands of years. The Maya and the Aztecs made a drink out of cocoa beans called xocolatl, which means "bitter water." That's because in its raw form cocoa beans are intensely bitter. To get at the beans you first have to crack open the thick husk of the cocoa pod, releasing a pulp that has an intense tropical flavour that's halfway between lemonade and a custard apple. Known as baba de cacao, it's sweet, acidic and very sticky. The beans and pulp are then sweated and allowed to ferment for several days before being dried and roasted. Roasting releases a range of chemical compounds including 3-methylbutanoic acid, which on its own has a sweaty rancid odour, and dimethyl trisulfide, the smell of over-cooked cabbage. The combination of these and other aroma molecules creates a unique chemical signature that our brains love. But the rich, chocolaty smells and the happy memories of youth that those smells provoke, are just part of chocolate's attraction. Chocolate contains a number of interesting psychoactive chemicals. These include anandamide, a neurotransmitter whose name comes from the

Sanskrit - "ananda", meaning "joy, bliss, delight". Anandamides stimulate the brain in much the same way that cannabis does. It also contains tyramine and phenylethylamine, both of which have similar effects to amphetamines. Finally, if you look hard enough, you will find small traces of theobromine and caffeine, both of which are well-known stimulants. For a while, some food scientists got very excited about the discovery but to be honest, although chocolate contains these substances, we now know they are only there in trace amounts. Your brain is not going to get much of a chemical rush from eating a few squares. None the less, they may play a small part in seducing our senses. So what else does chocolate have going for it? Well, it also has a creamy viscosity. When you take it out of its wrapper and put a bit in your mouth without biting, you will notice that it rapidly melts on your tongue, leaving a lingering sensation of smoothness. Special touch receptors on our tongues detect this textural change, which then stimulates feelings of pleasure. But the thing that really transformed the cocoa from a bitter and watery drink into the snack we adore today was the addition of sugar and fat. The addition of just the right amount of each is crucial to our enjoyment of chocolate. Look at the side of a packet of milk chocolate and you will

see that it is normally contains around 20-25% fat and 40-50% sugar. In nature such high levels of sugar and fat are rarely found, or at least not together. This ratio, 1g of fat to 2g of sugars, is the same ratio of fats to sugars that you find in milk chocolate. And in biscuits, doughnuts, ice cream. In fact this particular ratio is reflected in many of the foods that we find hard to resist.

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Shahid Afridi Announces International Retirement Shahid afridi aka ‘boom boom’ announced his retirement from international cricket, ending an illustrious 21-year career. He had already quit tests in 2010 and ODI cricket in 2015.

Amitabh Bachchan Too Busy To Accept Queens Invitation Amitabh Bachchan declined an invitation from Queen Elizabeth II. She, along with Prince Philip, invited the big Bollywood star to Buckingham Palace. However, Amitabh Bachchan turned down the invite due to “prior commitments”. The Queen hosted the UK-India Year of Culture launch at the famous British landmark. The prestigious event took place on 27th February 2017. The UK government hope that the UK-India Year of Culture will strengthen ties and create a cultural bond

between the two nations. Amitabh Bachchan’s decline sent shockwaves through the press. Who would turn down an invitation from the longestreigning Queen? However, it appears that a busy schedule is to blame. A source says: “He has already extended his regret to the invitation, citing pre-scheduled commitments, but is honoured to receive a special invite from Buckingham Palace.” So what is keeping Amitabh Bachchan so busy? The trailer to his latest film Sarkar 3 is due to launch this month. He will also begin filming scenes for Thugs of Hindostan, also featuring Aamir Khan. Combine this with further filming for Aankhen 2 and Dragon, it’s understandable that the big Bollywood star would have to give the UK event a miss.

Dementia Risk Can Be Prevented By Eating ‘Five-A-Day’ Dementia is a disease that describes as a set of symptoms that may include memory loss and difficulties with thinking, problem-solving or language. These changes are often small to start with, but for someone with dementia they have become severe enough to affect daily life. A person with dementia may also experience changes in their mood or behaviour. According to new research, there is one simple thing older adults can do to help reduce their risk of dementia: eat their "five-a-day." This disease is estimated to affect around 47.5 million people worldwide, and this number is expected to more than triple by 2050. In a study published in the journal Age and Ageing, researchers found that eating at least three portions of vegetables and two servings of fruits daily was associated with lower risk of dementia in older adults Compared with adults who did not adhere to WHO recommendations for fruit and vegetable intake, adults who consumed three servings of vegetables and two servings of fruits daily were found to be at lower risk of dementia development over 6 years.

The results remained after accounting for a number of confounding factors, including age, smoking status, and the presence of other chronic diseases. The study was not designed to pinpoint the reasons why fruits and vegetables might lower dementia risk, but the researchers speak of one hypothesis. They explain that oxidative stress - an imbalance between free radical production and the body's ability to counteract the toxic effects - and inflammation is believed to play a role in dementia. Fruits and vegetables contain vitamin B, vitamin E, and other nutrients with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that could help prevent such processes. Further research is needed to explore precisely how fruits and vegetables might lower dementia risk, but this current study sheds light on how much we need to consume to reap the rewards.

Pakistani Teacher Nominated For $1M Global Award Salima Begum, a teacher from Gilgit-Baltistan, is one of the top 10 finalists for the Global Teacher Prize. The Global Teacher Prize is a $1 million award presented annually to an exceptional teacher who has made an outstanding contribution to the teaching profession. It seeks to acknowledge the impacts of the very best teachers, not only on their students but on their community. Begum was selected among 20,000 applications from around the world. She has been working at a women elementary school in Gilgit since 1992 and has instructed more than 7,000 teachers across G-B and more than 8,000 across Pakistan. The winner will be announced at the Global Education and Skills Forum in Dubai on March 19.

Almost 60,000 Afghan Children Born In Pakistan Every Year 60,000 afghan children are born every year in Pakistan, said a report on United Nations high commissioner for refugees. Since 2002, the UN refugee agency has facilitated the return of 3.8 million afghans from Pakistan.

Pakistani Women’s Rugby Team Make International Debut portunities for women. Therefore, Pakistani rugby officials encouraged both teachers and students in attempts to form a team for women’s rugby. Now a year on, the team have made a memorable international debut at the The team returned home after making rugby event. a historic international debut at the This debut of a women’s team, particuAsian Women’s Rugby Sevens cham- larly in a contact sport such as rugby, pionship recently. The event took place in Laos. Despite winning only one match, the team made headlines for women’s rugby. The Asian Women’s Rugby Sevens took place from the 17th-18th February 2017. The Pakistani team made their debut in the event’s first match, against South Korea. They competed in a total of six matches and won a match against Nepal with 17-7. Overall, they finished in 6th place. The Pakistani team only joined up together a year ago. The country recognised the lack of sports opThe Pakistani Women’s Rugby team made their international debut at the Asian Women’s Rugby Sevens. They competed against countries such as India and Nepal.

breaks cultural stereotypes. Pakistani women can face many difficulties when trying to pursue a sport. Whether those difficulties come from family or even society as a whole. It is hoped that the historical debut of the women’s rugby team will inspire more efforts to raise the profile of women’s sports.

Green Signal For PSL Final In Lahore Confusion regarding holding of Pakistan Super League (PSL) final in Lahore cleared when Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif, gave a green light to authorities to confidently hold the mega event in Lahore on March 5. Earlier, confusion had surrounded the final and it was not clear whether it will be held in UAE or Lahore. Reports said the PM has directed authorities to complete the preparations regarding the holding of final at Lahore’s Qaddafi Stadium. The PM has also directed security agencies to ensure a foolproof security of foreign players who will arrive in Lahore from Dubai next week. Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Chairman and former cricket captain Im-

ran Khan voiced his strong opposition to holding the final of Pakistan Super League (PSL) in Lahore. “God forbid, if any blast takes place in Lahore, there will be no cricket in Pa-

ation here,” he added, referring to the series of bomb blasts which rocked Pakistan in month of February. What’s the point of holding the PSL final in Lahore when it’s not even an international match, he asked. “In my view, it is a terrible bad idea. We want to hold this match by calling in army. The roads will be blocked and there will be security. This will not send a good message,” he asserted. Legendary cricketer Javed Miandad seconded Imran Khan’s stance on hosting the final in Lahore. “I have been saying this for three days that there is no need to hold the final of PSL in Lahore owing to security situation,” Miandad said. “It kistan in the next 10 years,” Khan said would be a great setback to Pakistan’s talking to a private television channel. cricket if anything happened during “This is madness considering the situ- the final.”

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This is the period of the internet. You can find each and everything on it. However, it is like a double-edged knife – useful for cutting but can also be used for hurting somebody. I get many informative, humorous, etc Messages on the internet, one such being about our golden traditions and the exemplary character of our forefathers. It is about our famous commander, Qutaybah ibn Muslim, who conquered Central Asia and South West China. This particular episode is about the conquest of Samarkand, the most beautiful and richest city of its time. “Samarkand is a great country located in North Asia and Samarkand city is filled with gold, silver, silk, porcelain and natural resources. People of Samarkand used to worship idols they made of jewellery. They placed these gods in a temple in the mountains. The temple was specifically made for senior monks, and there were a lot of small temples in the centre of Samarkand. “In that era, Muslims were ruled by a Caliph who was an example because of his good manners, piety and fear of God. His name was ‘Umar ibn Abdul Aziz and he was the grandson of the second caliph Al-Farooq ‘Umar ibn Al-Khattab. His kingdom extended from China to the Atlantic Ocean. His wife, Fatima, the daughter of Caliph ‘Abd al-Malik and also the sister of Caliph Sulaiman, was the most honourable woman of her time as seven males of her relatives had been rulers. “The Islamic army was under a seasoned and merciful commander, Qutaybah ibn Muslim. When the Islamic army led by him reached the outskirts of Samarkand, he ordered it to go to the mountain behind the city because he didn’t want the people of Samarkand to see them. The Muslim army attacked the city and reached the centre of Samarkand without resistance. The monks had fled to the great temple in the mountains and the people of Samarkand stayed

in their homes. “Slowly the people of Samarkand began sending out their young children to fetch food and water and the Muslims helped them. This situation began to spread feelings of trust and tranquillity in the hearts of the people of Samarkand. Normal life returned between Muslims and the people of Samarkand. They found that Muslims were fair in their business and dealings; they did not lie or cheat. This impression rose when two persons quarrelled – one from Samarkand and the other a Muslim. They went to the judge who favoured the man from Samarkand. The news reached the runaway monks in the mountain temple. They ordered their men to go to the ruler of the Muslims and tell him what happened in the war. “A young man was sent to Damascus. He saw what he thought was a large palace, but it was the ‘Umayyad Mosque’. It was studded with precious gems, ornaments and majestic minarets. He saw Muslims praying together lined up in rows. “After prayer he asked a Muslim: ‘Where is your leader?’ ‘He was the man who led the prayer’, he was told. The Muslim asked him: ‘Did you pray with us?’ The man asked: ‘What is prayer?’ The Muslim said: ‘It is worshipping the Almighty Allah alone and becoming obedient to Him without any partner.’ The Muslim asked him: ‘What is your religion?’ He said: “The religion of the priests of Samarkand. They worship idols.’ “The Muslim then described the caliph’s home to the man. He went there and found an old clay house and an old man who was mending the wall. His clothes were full of mud. The man went back to the mosque and said to the Muslim: ‘I asked you about your leader’s palace and you sent me to a poor man mending his wall.’ “The Muslim went to the house with the man and told him: ‘This is the Emir who is mending his wall.’ The man remembered the priests and how they were too proud to talk freely to their people. He went to ‘Umar ibn Abdul Aziz and said: ‘Are you the Emir of the Muslims?’

Fasting Diet ‘Regenerates Diabetic Pancreas’ The pancreas can be triggered to regenerate itself through a type of fasting diet, say US researchers. Restoring the function of the organ - which helps control blood sugar levels - reversed symptoms of diabetes in animal experiments. The study, published in the journal Cell, says the diet reboots the body. Experts said the findings were "potentially very exciting" as they could become a new treatment for the disease. People are advised not to try this without medical advice. In the experiments, mice were put on a modified form of the "fastingmimicking diet". It is like the human form of the diet when people spend five days on a low-calorie, low-protein, low-carbohydrate but high unsaturated-fat diet. It resembles a vegan diet with nuts and soups, but with around 800 to 1,100 calories a day. Then they have 25 days eating what they want - so overall it mim-

ics periods of feast and famine. Previous research has suggested it can slow the pace of ageing. Diabetes therapy? But animal experiments showed the diet regenerated a special type of cell in the pancreas called a beta cell. These are the cells that detect sugar in the blood and release the hormone insulin if it gets too high. Scientists conclusion is that by pushing the mice into an extreme state and then bringing them back - by starving them and then feeding them again - the cells in the pancreas are triggered to use some kind of developmental reprogramming that rebuilds the part of the organ that's no longer functioning." There were benefits in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes in the mouse experiments. Type 1 is caused by the immune system destroying beta cells and type 2 is largely caused by lifestyle and the body no longer responding to insulin. Further tests on tissue samples from people with type 1 diabetes produced similar effects. However, people should not rush off and crash diet. People may cause havoc with their health if it was done without medical guidance.

Hundreds Of Social Media Buzzwords Added To The Online Oxford Dictionary The dictionary has been updated by more than 300 words with catchphrases such as Squad Goals, drunk texts, cringey and craptacular all included. The update reflected society's obsession with vernacular used on sites such as Facebook and Twitter as well as our passion for food and fitness. Other phrases also represented the current concern for the environment with new words such as 'climate refugee' added. The change in the way we express our political views was also shown with the addition of 'clicktivism', which was defined as, "Actions performed via the Internet in support of a political or social cause but regarded as requiring little time or involvement, for example signing an online petition or joining a campaign group on social media." Social media sites are full of people either posting selfies of themselves posing in the gym or writing about their current fitness regime and Oxford dictionary reflected that with its

latest update. HIIT, the acronym for High Intensity Interval Training, sees its place in the list of fitness-related words. While fitness and food have long been linked, the addition of superfruit and aquafaba also indicated our passion for wellbeing. Love of different cuisine around the world has inspired a wealth of food additions. They include the North African spice mixture ras-el-hanout, the South East Asian rice noodle dish pad kee mao, and the spicy Korean paste gochujang. Words associated with changing atmospheric conditions feature heavily in this update, including climate denial and climate denier. While a climate refugee is someone who has been forced to leave their home as a result of the effects of climate change on their environment. Our fascination with capturing the moment doesn't seem to be fading. Kodak moment, image board, and video selfie are all helping to attain those squad goals on social media sites.

When the Caliph replied in the affirmative, he said: ‘I have a complaint about Qutaybah ibn Muslim. When you conquer any country, you make them choose one of three things: invite them to Islam, ask them to pay tribute or fight. Is it also your custom to start the assault by surprise?’ The Caliph replied: ‘It is not our custom to do so and Allah Almighty has ordered us not to do so and our Prophet (pbuh) forbade us from being unjust.’ The man said: ‘Qutaybah ibn Muslim attacked us by surprise.’ Upon hearing this, the Caliph decided to write to the governor of Samarkand and ordered the man to take the letter. “The governor was surprised to note the seal on the letter and found that he was told to appoint a judge between the priests of Samarkand and Qutaybah ibn Muslim. A judge was quickly appointed and he ordered the priests and the people to come in the presence of Qutaybah ibn Muslim, who was told to sit next to his opponent. The priest said: ‘Qutaybah ibn Muslim entered our country without warning us.’ “When asked what he had to say to this, Qutaybah replied: ‘war is a trick….. had we fought, they would have killed more of us than we would have killed from them. By the help of Allah and surprise, we defended Muslims from great harm.’ The judge said: ‘Qutaybah, you have confessed.’ Then the judge issued his ruling: ‘I rule that all armies of Muslims in this country should get out of this country and give it back to its people and give them the opportunity to prepare for war, and then make them choose between Islam, tribute or war.’ The young priest then said: ‘What they did proves that their religion is right. I witness that there is no God but Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger.’ All the inhabitants of Samarkand then embraced Islam and it became the capital of a Muslim empire for hundreds of years.” Email:

Half Of Families Text Each Other In The Same House 45% of people message somebody under the same roof on their phones Some will find it depressing. Others will recognise an all-too familiar snapshot of tech-obsessed modern life. But nearly half of families with children now text each other when they are in the same house. Just under a third of us are guilty of tapping out messages on mobiles when we want to talk to someone under the same roof, according to research. That figure rises to 45 percent for households with children - suggesting the phenomenon is only set to get worse. It's not the only way mobiles get in the way of family time at home. In a third of households, people use their mobiles during their mealtimes. More than four in ten parents complain their children have ignored them at the table because they were so distracted by their phones. In fact, tablets and mobiles are so prevalent at home, they are also depriving us of rest. A quarter of the 2,800 adults surveyed by Aviva admitted at least one person in their household was losing sleep because they were staying up too late on their phone, and one in five said that there was someone at home who just couldn't "switch off". These communication tech-

nologies are almost certainly having long-term and possibly dramatic impacts on family life. It is potentially catastrophic for the human relational values that underpin family life at its best, with real, face-to-face communication being increasingly displaced and sidelined by the machine. Technology makes keeping in touch easier. But sometimes children complain it is their parents who are on the phone too much. The study found that a third of us worry that family members have become 'lazy' because they spend too much time playing video games. But whilst these findings would fill many of us with horror, eight out of ten still say that technology has had a positive impact on their lives. Those who think technology has improved their lives value activities such as online shopping and the ability to stream TV shows on Netflix and the BBC iPlayer. More than a quarter also valued the peace of mind technology brings, whilst six out of ten say that it has become easier to stay in touch with family and friends. Households with children in particular suggest that technology can at times be intrusive, with people communicating via their phones rather than in person, and at inappropriate times such as during family meals."

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Rotating Dubai Skyscraper The Dynamic Tower Hotel in Dubai will have individually rotating units Residents at Dubai's new hotel will be able to watch the sunrise and sunset in the city's rotating hotel. The Dynamic Tower Hotel, which has been in the works since 2008, will finally be built in 2020. The skyscraper will be able to rotate 360 degrees, so the view will change endlessly for residents inside. Units will be built on separate floors of the 1,375foot-tall, 80-story building, with each rotating independently around the structure's concrete center at the command of voiceactivated control by the residents. The building will also feature wind turbines positioned horizontally between each floor and solar panels on the roof, which will allow it to be completely self-powered. It was reported in 2013 that up to 79 wind turbines will be fitted to each floor to generate enough energy to fuel the building's electricity. The Dynamic Group claims that the landmark will offer a 'wellness experience' rather than simply work as a hotel. "Indeed, it will no longer be a 'hotel' but a new product

in line with today's life," the group's website says. "How many stars? This 'hotel' will be beyond stars." The site adds, "This dynamic experience will offer exclusive services, luxurious accommodation and facilities for the traveller with the most cutting-edge technologies, whether for business or leisure. Dynamic Hotel' guests will have the choice of spacious luxury suites or excellently appointed deluxe rooms and the benefit of exceptional service delivered by one of the world's leading hospitality companies." Some of the units could be turned into apartments, which would cost $30million each, according to Mashable.

Amir To Fight Pacquiao In April Philippine boxing hero Manny Pacquiao and British fighter Amir Khan confirmed separately that they would face each other on April 23 after weeks of conflicting reports. Pacquiao tweeted: “Negotiations between team Pacquiao and team Khan have come to terms for the April 23 bout as

Tesco Making Its Way To Pakistani Market

this is what the fans wanted. “PacquiaoKhan”. Khan, 30, a few minutes later posted on his official Twitter feed: “My team and I have agreed terms with Manny Pacquiao and his team for a super fight “pacquiaokhan “April23rd”. Neither of them gave a venue for the match but a source in Pacquiao’s office said the bout would be in the United Arab Emirates. Pacquiao announced a brief retirement last year but made a successful comeback against Jessie Vargas in Las Vegas in November, saying he still felt like a youngster. Pacquiao had said he was retiring to focus on his new role as Philippine senator, after winning elections last year on the back of his sporting fame.

Tesco, the UKs largest retailer is making its way to the Pakistani market. The company has partnered with alpha supermarkets in Pakistan to launch its food and non-food products in the country.

Pakistan’s Women Cricketers Thrash Ireland In Super Six Clash Pakistan women cricket team has defeated Ireland women by 86 runs in a crucial super six match of the women’s world cup qualifier in Colombo. Nahida Khan and Javeria Khan scored half centuries.

PCB Becomes Fourth Richest Cricket Board Pakistan Cricket Board PCB is the fourth richest cricket board in the world with a net worth of $55 million despite the fact that Pakistan have been deprived of cricket at home for many years.

Life Expectancy To Break 90 Barrier By 2030 Imperial College London and the World Health Organization analysed lifespans in 35 industrialised countries. It predicted all would see people living longer in 2030 and the gap between men and women would start to close in most countries. The researchers said the findings posed big challenges for pensions and care for elderly people. South Korean women will be the first in the world to have an average life expectancy above 90, a study suggests. South Korea has gotten a lot of things right according to researchers. They have been a more equal place and things that have benefited people - education, nutrition - have benefited most people. They are better at dealing with hypertension and have some of the lowest obesity rates in the world." The data also forecasts that Japan, once the picture of longevity, will tumble down the global rankings. It currently has the highest life expectancy for women, but will be overtaken by both South Korea and France, the study suggests. Meanwhile, male life expectancy will go from the fourth highest to 11th out of the countries studied. The US also performs poorly and is on course to have the lowest life expectancy of rich countries by 2030. The study predicts an average age of 80 for men and 83 for women - roughly the same state

Mexico and Croatia will have achieved. They are almost opposite of South Korea as society in the US is very unequal to an extent the whole national performance is affected - it is the only country without universal health insurance. The US is the first country that has stopped growing taller, which shows something about early life nutrition. The US will be overtaken by Chile, where women born in 2030 will expect to live for 87 years and men for 81. Between 2015 and 2030, life expectancy in the UK is expected to go from 79 to 82 for men and from 83 to 85 for women. The study, published in the Lancet, also shows the gap in life expectancy between women and men is closing. Men traditionally had unhealthier lifestyles, and so shorter life expectancies. They smoked and drank more, and had more road traffic accidents and homicides, however, as lifestyles become more similar between men and women, so does their longevity." Much of the increases are due to improvements for the over-65s rather than reductions in deaths during childhood. The study found countries which perform well do so by investing in their health system and making sure it reaches everyone.

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Thorp Close Sheffield S2 4SL Tle: 0786 0624 786 ThorpClose CloseSheffield SheffieldS2 S24SL 4SLTle: Tle:0786 07860624 0624786 786 444Thorp - --- Page 31 Page 31 Page 31 Page31 31 Page 31 Page


UK 2010



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(Reg Charity No: 1139948) Molana M Aslam Zahid donating sawing machines during his recent visit to Bagh, Azad Kashmir...

                                                      250                                               1       600                                                               2       50                                                   3       700                                                           4                      






6 APPEAL 2014

Join with us and become closer to Allah in this blessed month to increase your blessings ÂŁ250 supports an orphan and brings you closer to the Holy Prophet (pbuh) in Jannah ÂŁ600 supports a family with no income and is equivalent to increased blessings from prayers ÂŁ50 buys a sewing machine - an essential source of income for a widow or young orphan girl ÂŁ700 helps a derelict mosque prosper again and reinforces your iman for the here and after ÂŁ2000 helps finance the marriage of an orphan girl and you gain blessings for yourself and our family By making provision for Sehri and Iftar for the needy in the Holy month of Ramadan you can gain forgiveness and sawaab from those fasts and work towards a place in

Yorkshire Bank, Account Number: 19842710 Sort Code: 05 08 58 Alhabib Welfare Foundation is a UK registered international relief and development charity. It was founded by Molana Aslam Zahid who is the imam of Usmania Education Centre and the Vice Chairm an of Jamiat Ulma-e-Bri tain. With your support Alhabib Welfare Foundation aims to help poor families, orphans, and widows across Pakistan and other countries around the world. We ensure 100% of your donation reaches the poor. Please donate generously on the above account number or online by visiting our website...

Molana M Aslam Zahid visited local Madressa during his recent visit to Bagh, Azad Kashmir...

Alhabib Welfare Foundation is relying on your support this Ramadan to help survivors of the Pakistan floods. Donate your Zakat and Sadaqa to us this Ramadan and we will use it to help orphans, widows and those who are in need.

The prophet saw said “Whoever helps any muslim and makes them happy in the process, they have made me happy. Whosoever makes me happy has made Allah happy. And whosoever makes Allah happy, Allah will provide a place in Jannah for him�. Come let us all help the poor, disabled, widows and orphans who desperately need our help,and gain the approval of Allah the Almighty You can give your Zakaat, Sadaqatul Fitra to help towards our ongoing support of these needy families. We invite you to come and be a part of a good and worth cause and gain nearness to Allah and the blessed Messenger (peace be upon him). We are offering you the opportunity to extend your good practice in the month of Ramadan by gaining sawaab for helping our fellow Muslims who need your help.



Molana M Aslam Zahid donated computers during his recent visit to Bagh, Azad Kashmir...

Orphans Widows Tel: 01142811927, Mob: 07894540303 Web:



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March Edition 2017  

ilmnews syed fayyaz Hussain

March Edition 2017  

ilmnews syed fayyaz Hussain