ANNUAL REPORT 2010-2011 A comprehensive review of fiscal year 2010-2011
Cary M. Maguire Center for Ethics & Public Responsibility
Table of Contents ETHICS CENTER ADVISORY BOARD
NEW MEMBER BIOS
FACULTY ADVISORY COMMITTEE
DR. RITA KIRK, DIRECTOR CANDY CRESPO, ASSISTANT DIRECTOR TOM MAYO, FORMER DIRECTOR
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INTERNS & STUDENT STAFF
J. ERIK JONSSON ETHICS AWARD
CONFERENCE OF THE PROFESSIONS
“A LAWYER, A PRIEST, AND A DOCTOR WALK INTO A BAR”… THE ETHICS OF HUMOR IN THE PROFESSIONS
PUBLIC CONFERENCES AND SPONSORED EVENTS
DEATH PENALTY MATTERS THE RIGHT TO CARE? HIV/AIDS, DEV. PROGRAMS, AND VULNERABLE CHILDREN IN RURAL MALAWI MARKETING THE HPV VACCINE: LESSONS FOR CONSUMERS AND PHYSICIANS NORTH TEXAS BIOETHICS NETWORK BRAIN, MIND, & SOCIETY: THE FUTURE OF NEUROETHICS “WHAT IS A VIRTUOUS______?” GREATER DALLAS BUSINESS ETHICS AWARD
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MAGUIRE PUBLIC SCHOLARS
PROFESSOR CHARLES CURRAN, ELIZABETH SCURLOCK PROFESSOR OF HUMAN VALUES: “THE U.S. CATHOLIC BISHOPS AND ABORTION LEGISLATION: A CRITIQUE FROM WITHIN THE CHURCH.” 17 PROFESSOR CAL JILLSON: “LONE STAR TARNISHED: A CRITIQUE OF TEXAS PUBLIC POLICY” 18 MAGUIRE TEACHING FELLOWS
ETHICAL PERSPECTIVES ON ETHNOVIOLENCE
STUDENT PROGRAMS & ACTIVITIES
MAGUIRE AND IRBY FAMILY PUBLIC SERVICE INTERNS SOCIETY FOR ETHICAL EVALUATION AND DEBATE (S.E.E.D.) ETHICS DESIGN TEAM
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BENCHMARK CAMPUS-WIDE SURVEY
“MEASUREMENT IS NO LONGER AN OPTION.”
SOCIAL MEDIA AND WEB COMMUNICATIONS
BY THE NUMBERS
APPENDIX A: TEACHING FELLOW PROPOSAL
APPENDIX B: IN THE MEDIA
Ethics Center Advisory Board 2010 - 2011 The Ethics Center Advisory Board members serve three-year terms and generally meet twice each academic year. They operate under a set of By-Laws, which are available in the Maguire Center office. During the 2010-2011 fiscal year, the advisory board met on September 28, 2010 and April 8, 2011. Ruth Sharp Altshuler, Dallas Philanthropist and Civic Leader Ron Anderson, Parkland Health & Hospital System James E. Bass, Ojai Goliad, L.L.C. Bishop W. Earl Bledsoe, United Methodist Church Talmage Boston, Winstead P.C. Kenneth Cooper, Cooper Aerobics Center Jeanne Tower Cox, Dallas Philanthropist and Civic Leader Linda Pitts Custard, Custard/Pitts Land & Cattle Company Alex Ehmke, SMU Student Representative Nancy Halbreich, Dallas Philanthropist and Civic Leader Michael Hinojosa, Dallas Independent School District Ward L. Huey, Jr., Belo Corp., Emeritus Vester T. Hughes, Jr., K&L Gates L.L.P. Ray L. Hunt, Hunt Consolidated, Inc. Robin Lovin, Maguire University Professor of Ethics Jack Lowe, Jr., TDIndustries, Inc. Bobby B. Lyle, Lyco Holdings Incorporated Cary M. Maguire, Maguire Oil Company Nancy Cain Marcus, Dallas Civic Leader Curtis W. Meadows, Jr., Dallas Attorney and Philanthropist Erle Nye, TXU Corp., Emeritus Rena Pederson, National Math + Science Initiative Caren H. Prothro, Dallas Philanthropist Robert D. Rogers, Texas Industries, Inc. William T. Solomon, Austin Industries, Emeritus Bishop James M. Stanton, Episcopal Diocese of Dallas Roger Staubach, Jones Lang LaSalle Annette K. Vaughn, Dallas Philanthropist and Civic Leader Kern Wildenthal, UT Southwestern Medical Center Ex Officio members R. Gerald Turner, SMU President Paul W. Ludden, SMU Provost and Vice President for Academic Affairs Rita Kirk, Director of the Maguire Center
New Member Bios Bishop W. Earl Bledsoe Dr. Bledsoe holds a master’s of divinity degree from Perkins School of Theology, where he was a Benjamin E. Mays Scholar in Hebrew and Greek, and a doctorate from Drew University. He also holds a Doctor of Ministry degree from Drew University in Madison, New Jersey. He has been a district superintendent for the Bryan/West District in the Texas Conference. He has served as pastor for Spring Woods UMC in Houston, Cypress UMC and Bear Creek UMC in Houston. From 1990-93, he was director of teaching ministries for the Texas Conference. He was an assistant pastor at St. Andrews UMC in Fort Worth, and a part-time local pastor for Wyatt Memorial UMC in Amarillo and the Anahuac Circuit. Dr. Bledsoe is a jurisdictional member of the Connectional Table and was elected a General Conference delegate from 1992-2008. He chairs his conference’s Board of Ordained Ministry and is president of the Council on Finance and Administration. He also chairs the Texas Methodist Foundation Board and Houston Board of Missions Revitalization Committee.
Figure 1: Bishop W. Earl Bledsoe
On July 17, 2008, Dr. Bledsoe was elected bishop. He was the first bishop elected to the Episcopacy during the 2008 quadrennial gathering of the South Central Jurisdiction of the United Methodist Church. He and his wife, Leslie, have six children and 11 grandchildren. Nancy Cain Marcus Nancy Cain Marcus currently serves on the Boards of Directors of Westwood Trust (NYSE), the Dallas Center for the Performing Arts Foundation, The Trinity Trust, and the Dallas Committee on Foreign Relations. She has served as a trustee of both The University of Dallas (Executive Committee) and also of The Hockaday School, as well as a trustee on the Executive Board of Southern Methodist University Libraries. She is both a life trustee and a fellow of the Dallas Institute of Humanities and Culture. In 1999, Marcus received a gubernatorial appointment to serve on the State of Texas Commission on 21st Century Colleges and Universities, and she also served on the Boards of Visitors at both Duke University and Columbia University. She is a member of Charter 100 and is a longtime member of the advisory boards of the Dallas Women’s Foundation and the World Affairs Figure 2: Nancy Cain Council. In 2001, she received a presidential appointment to serve as a Marcus United States Public Delegate to the 56th Session of the United Nations General Assembly for a one-year post that began on September 10, the eve of the national tragedy. She holds a Ph.D. in literature from the Institute of Philosophic Studies at the University of Dallas, where she serves as an adjunct assistant professor of literature.
Faculty Advisory Committee 2010 - 2011
The Faculty Advisory Committee continues in its purpose to assist the Maguire Center in setting priorities, in carrying out the Maguire Center programs, and in being personally involved in particular center programs. Currently, there are 22 members on the committee who are serving a three-year term. The Faculty Advisory Committee met twice this year, on October 5, 2010 and April 13, 2011. Joseph L. Allen, Perkins School of Theology Caroline Brettell, Department of Anthropology William Bridge, Dedman School of Law Seyom Brown, Department of Political Science Charles E. Curran, Perkins School of Theology Linda S. Eads, Dedman School of Law Jeffrey Gaba, Dedman School of Law Fred Grinnell, Department of Cell Biology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas Kenneth M. Hamilton, Department of History James K. Hopkins, Department of History Alice Kendrik, Temerlin Advertising Institute JosĂŠ Lage, Department of Mechanical Engineering Bruce Levy, SMU Center for Inter-Community Experience Robin Lovin, Maguire University Professor of Ethics Rebekah Miles, Perkins School of Theology Tony Pederson, Department of Journalism Daniel Orlovsky, Department of History Robert W. Rasberry, Cox School of Business John Z. Sadler, Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas Carolyn Smith-Morris, Department of Anthropology Steven Sverdlik, Department of Philosophy Theodore D. Walker, Perkins School of Theology
Leadership Dr. Rita Kirk, Director Rita Kirk, Director of the Cary M. Maguire Center for Ethics & Public Responsibility, holds the rank of Professor at SMU and is both an Altshuler Distinguished Teaching Professor and a Meadows Distinguished Professor. Kirk has been awarded both the prestigious â€œMâ€? Award and the Outstanding Faculty Teaching Award by the SMU student body. As an academic, she is recognized for her analysis of political and persuasive campaigns. She is the author of several award-winning books and numerous articles, including Political Empiricism: Communications Strategies in State and Regional Elections; Hate Speech, a book analyzing implications for hate discourse in public communication, with coeditor David Slayden; and Solo Acts: The Death of Discourse in a Wired World. Specializing in communication strategy, she has more than 30 years of experience as a strategist for city council, mayoral, state, U.S. Representative, and gubernatorial races. Figure 3: Rita Kirk
In addition to her political consulting, she has served as a communication consultant to several national and multinational corporations on public policy matters. Kirk and research colleague Dan Schill conducted dial tests for CNN and ABC-Hearst/Argyll during the 2008 Presidential primary and general elections debates and continues to work with them during Presidential State of the Union addresses. Kirk holds a bachelor's degree in communication/political science and a master's degree in communications, both from the University of Arkansas. She received her Ph.D. in communications from the University of Missouri.
Candy Crespo, Assistant Director Candy Crespo is the assistant director of the Cary M. Maguire Center for Ethics & Public Responsibility at Southern Methodist University where she oversees the center’s operations and strategic communications. She joined SMU direct from The Glover Park Group in Washington, D.C., where she practiced public affairs and served as Special Assistant to former White House Press Secretary and GPG Founding Partner Joe Lockhart. Specializing in crisis communications and social media outreach, Crespo provided strategic account support for Fortune 500 companies. Her brand portfolio includes Babcock Ranch, Grocery Manufacturers Association – “Food Before Fuel” Campaign, HBO, Hewlett Foundation, PhRMA, Pfizer and Society for Human Resources Management. Previous experience also includes extensive work in non-profit communications and communication research at various international non- Figure 4: Candy Crespo governmental organizations including The Ormylia Center, Ormylia, Greece; The Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers, London, England; The Harwood Museum of Art, Taos, NM; Vickery Meadow Youth Development Foundation, Dallas, TX; and CNN. In addition, she spent six years as a senior personal financial representative at Washington Mutual Bank, specializing in mortgage and equity lending and investment planning. Red and blue, thru and thru, Crespo graduated cum laude from SMU with a B.A. in Corporate Communications & Public Affairs and a minor concentration in Spanish. Additionally, she recently completed SMU’s Cox School of Business Graduate Marketing Certificate Program.
Tom Mayo, Former Director During his five and a half years as director of the Ethics Center, Tom Mayo worked to raise the profile of the center across the campus and throughout the Metroplex. The Center reached out to SMU’s many schools and departments by joint-venturing lectures and programs in the areas of religious ethics, human rights, ethics and the arts, bioethics, and many others. New ethics-oriented collaborative relationships were created with Dallas area institutions, including The Dallas Institute of Humanities & Culture and the North Texas Bioethics Network. Major conferences included National Security and Liberty, The Ethics of Collecting Cultural Artifacts, and Neuroscience and Ethics. The web site received a major upgrade, including video capability and Facebook and Twitter connectivity. Professor Mayo completed his term as director in December 2010. Figure 5: Tom Mayo
Interns & Student Staff Rachel Buchanan Hometown: Grapevine, TX Major: Psychology Minor: Ethics Classification: Junior Leadership Achievements: • Competitor, Ethical Evaluation and Debate SEED Awards: • Phi Theta Kappa Honors Society Figure 6: Rachel Buchanan
Roza Essaw Hometown: Wylie, TX Majors: Communication Studies and Political Science Classification: Sophomore Leadership Achievements: • First Year Senator, Student Senate • Membership Committee Chair, Student Senate • Scholarship Committee Vice Chair, Student Senate • Speech and Debate Team, SMU • External Affairs Manager, Dallas Communication Initiative • President’s Commission on Alcohol Prevention • Student Foundations Ambassador • Public Relations Chair, SMU Service House
Figure 7: Roza Essaw
Awards: • Ray and Nancy Hunt Leadership Scholar • Bill and Melinda Gates Scholar • Mustang Scholar • Pre-Law Scholar • University Honors Program • Honor Roll with Distinction
Taylor Reed Hometown: Salado, TX Major: Communication Studies Minor: Sports Management Classification: Sophomore Leadership Achievements: • • • • •
Director of PR, Public Relations Student Society of America (PRSSA) Wesley Campus Ministry Honors Board Committee National Society of Collegiate Scholars Alpha Lambda Delta Honors Fraternity
Figure 8: Taylor Reed
Awards: • PRWeek Student of the Year National Finalist • Honor Roll with High Distinction • Mortar Board Top Ten Sophomore
Katherine Rose Hometown: Austin, TX Majors: Accounting and French Classification: Junior Leadership Achievements: • VP of Pledge Education, Secretary, Delta Sigma Pi Professional Fraternity • VP of Administration, Emerging Leader, LEAD Leadership Organization • Delta Delta Delta Social Sorority – Member on several committees Figure 9: Katherine Rose
Awards: • University Honors Program • Cox BBA Scholar • Rotunda Award Scholarship • SMU Distinguished Scholar Scholarship
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J. Erik Jonsson Ethics Award March 10, 2011
The J. Erik Jonsson Ethics Award is named in honor of the public-spirited former mayor of Dallas. It is given to individuals who epitomize the spirit of moral leadership and public virtue. The founders of our nation foresaw that the ideal of liberty alone would not sustain our country unless accompanied by the concept of "public virtue," a sacrifice of self and resources for the public good. The Maguire Center is proud to present this award to people whose careers should be recognized, honored, and modeled. Iconic civic and philanthropic leader Ruth Collins Sharp Altshuler was chosen to receive the 2011 J. Erik Jonsson Ethics Award. The awards presentation included tributes by former First Lady Laura Bush, SMU President R. Gerald Turner and Nancy G. Brinker, founder and CEO of the Susan G. Komen for the Cure Breast Cancer Foundation. Approximately 320 guests attended the event honoring Mrs. Altshuler, raising approximately $211,950 in net revenue. The luncheon appeared in both Bob Miller and Alan Peppardâ€™s columns and generated five separate news stories.
Figure 120: Nancy Strauss Halbreich, Sally Sharp Harris, Ruth Collins Sharp Altshuler and R. Gerald Turner
Figure 111: Former First Lady Laura Bush and Ruth Collins Sharp Altshuler
Figure 102: Cary M. Maguire, Ruth Collins Sharp Altshuler and Meera Nair
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Conference of the Professions October 14, 2010
“A lawyer, a priest, and a doctor walk into a bar”… The Ethics of Humor in the Professions In 1985, SMU’s Dedman School of Law and Perkins School of Theology began “The Conference of the Professions” – a unique collaboration with the Dallas Bar Association, the Dallas County Medical Society, the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, and, beginning in 1995, the Maguire Center for Ethics & Public Responsibility. The idea behind the series was simple. While the traditional learned professions are unique in many ways, they face some of the same ethical issues – both from internal forces as well as societal changes. The Conference of the Professions is the result of a collective judgment that much can be learned and accomplished by addressing these issues together.
Event Summary The 2010-2011 Annual Conference of the Professions was held October 14, 2010, in the Great Room, Prothro Hall, Perkins School of Theology. It was the 25th in a series of unique conclaves at which representatives of law, medicine, and clergy come together to address common ethical issues facing the professions and to discuss solutions. This year, the conference --“A lawyer, a priest, and a doctor walk into a bar”… The Ethics of Humor in the Professions – examined the use of humor in the professions. The keynote speaker was Phillip Freeman, M.D., D.M.H., a practicing psychoanalyst, psychiatrist, author, and theatre/film consultant at Boston Psychoanalytic Society and Institution (BPSI). Dr. Freeman is also a member of the faculty of the Departments of Psychiatry at both the Harvard Medical School and the Boston University School of Medicine. Attendance: 100 (35 persons issued Continuing Education Credit)
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Public Conferences and Sponsored Events Death Penalty Matters An event co-sponsored by the Embrey Human Rights Center and the Cary M. Maguire Center for Ethics & Public Responsibility, the series aimed to educate the SMU and DFW communities about the Death Penalty issue and its human rights implications, and to inspire people to meaningful types of activism. With nine events over the course of the fall 2010 semester, approximately 758 SMU students, staff, faculty, and the surrounding Dallas community members attended the series.
The Right to Care? HIV/AIDS, Development Programs, and Vulnerable Children in Rural Malawi On January 26, 2011, Dr. Anat Rosenthal gave a lecture to 63 attendees from the SMU community that included undergraduates, graduates, faculty, and staff. The following day, Dr. Rosenthal spoke to 40 students in the class “Health, Healing and Ethics,” and 14 graduate and undergraduate students at a lively pizza lunch/Q&A at noon in the Anthropology department. Fortuitously, Dr. Eric Bing, entering head of Global Health projects at the Bush Center, agreed to join in the lunch discussion and answer students’ questions. His perspective as a clinician who has worked on HIV/AIDS prevention and gender-based violence prevention in Africa was a wonderful surprise addition to the conversation.
Figure 13: Anat Rosenthal
Speaker Bio Dr. Rosenthal is a medical anthropologist and Israeli scholar. Although there exists no established network of international health researchers or medical anthropologists in her country of origin, she nonetheless charted out a path of self-motivated scholarship and activism focusing, most recently, on how rural communities in the East African country of Malawi are coping with rising numbers of orphans as a result of HIV, which has devastated their communities. She has won multiple awards for research excellence from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where she earned her Ph.D., for this research and for her earlier work on the lived experiences of undocumented West African immigrants in Israel living with HIV/AIDS. Some of her research in Malawi was conducted in conjunction with a research team at the University of Pennsylvania. She is the recipient of a Fulbright Scholarship, which enabled her to pursue postdoctoral research and training in the Department of Global Health and Social Medicine at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Rosenthal’s research calls our attention to one of the most serious and troubling ethical dilemmas of our time - how individuals, families, communities, and the international development 13 | P a g e
sector can – and ought to – respond to the devastating epidemic of HIV/AIDS, especially in poor countries of the global South. Moreover, Dr. Rosenthal herself is a glowing illustration of how someone with passionate concern for the health and well-being of people she has never met can craft a research agenda; find moral, intellectual and financial support to pursue her interest; and conduct world-class research that has an impact on scholarship, policy, and even clinical practice. It seems worth mentioning that research in the developing world – and especially in rural Africa – poses tremendous challenges, especially for a young solo researcher working in rural areas. To conduct research of this sort involves a tremendous amount of ethical commitment and personal fortitude. In this respect, this event is an excellent opportunity both “to recognize, honor, and model ethical behavior” and to “celebrate ethics that reflect SMU's fundamental goals throughout the campus and in the Greater Dallas community.”
Marketing the HPV vaccine: Lessons for Consumers and Physicians On February 8, 2011, Dr. Sheila Rothman gave a lecture to approximately 70 attendees from the SMU community that included undergraduates, graduates, faculty, and staff. “Dr. Rothman’s talk revealed how the human papillomavirus vaccine Gardasil was marketed to adolescent girls and their families by portraying it as a wonder drug that would prevent cancer, thereby tapping into popular fears about cancer. Meanwhile scientific knowledge to date has well-established that the routine and inexpensive administration of pap smears to women is very effective in addressing uterine cancer, especially in the poorer, heavily minority populations that are most affected by this relatively rare form of cancer -- Dr. Rothman showed that these are the very populations who would likely not be able to afford the expensive three-shot regimen of the vaccine. In addition, the vaccine is only effective for select strains of HPV, and HPV does not necessarily result in cancer. Dr. Rothman’s is an important lesson about how we must educate ourselves through attention to actual scientific knowledge in order to make more informed decisions about health care interventions. Doctors do not always know best. Both health care consumers and practitioners must think critically about novel medical technologies and pharmaceuticals whose risks may outweigh the potential benefits.” ~ Nia Parson, Ph.D., Medical Anthropologist, Department of Anthropology, SMU.
Speaker Bio Sheila M. Rothman is a Professor of Public Health in the Division of Sociomedical Sciences at the Joseph L. Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University. She is also Deputy Director of the Center for the Study of Society and Medicine at the Columbia College of Physicians & Surgeons.
Figure 14: Sheila M. Rothman
Her most recent book co-authored with David Rothman is The Pursuit of Perfection: The Promise and Perils of Medical Enhancement (2003). Using historical and contemporary sources, it examines the development, promotion, and use of hormonal therapies as well as the promise and current development of genetic technologies. It focuses on the way scientific research, medical practice, and 14 | P a g e
drug companies exaggerate benefits of enhancement therapies and minimize risks. In doing so, it explores what the pursuit of biological perfection has meant and will mean to us as individuals and as a society. She has worked on genetic research, race, ethnicity and disease, live organ donation, and the HPV vaccine. Rothman has a long interest in human rights and medicine. Together with David Rothman, she has published articles in The New York Review of Books on how AIDS came to Romania, medical accountability in Zimbabwe, and the impact of organ donation policies on socially disadvantaged groups in Thailand, Singapore, and the Philippines. Trust is Not Enough: Bringing Human Rights to Medicine (2006) is a collection of these articles.
North Texas Bioethics Network The North Texas Bioethics Network brings together bioethics scholars from diverse academic and practice-based backgrounds from institutions all across North Texas, including SMU, UT Southwestern Medical Center (UT-SW), University of Dallas, UT School of Public Health, UT Dallas, UT Arlington, Texas Wesleyan University, Austin College, Medical City Dallas, Baylor Health Care System, and others. Organized under the leadership of Professor Fred Grinnell at UT-SW, the network meets twice a year for a dinner and ethics presentation by a member or guest. An email-based network also facilitates communications, consultations, and cooperation among scholars who share research, writing, and teaching interests in the field of bioethics.
Brain, Mind, & Society: The Future of Neuroethics The “Brain, Mind, & Society: The Future of Neuroethics” conference was an enlightening event held on campus at Southern Methodist University’s Storey Hall on February 10, 2011. Approximately 70 students, professors, and local professionals from many backgrounds gathered to discuss topics on the ethics of neuroscience developments. The conference provided an opportunity for deep thought on weighing the costs and benefits of manipulating the brain with the hope of learning more about it. The full-day conference consisted of five lectures: 1) “What Can Theoretical and Experimental Neuroscience Tell Us About Morality?” given by Paul Churchland, Ph.D., Department of Philosophy, University of California, San Diego; 2) “Cognitive Enhancement,” given by Thomas Metzinger, Ph.D., Professor of Philosophy and Director, Theoretical Philosophy Group, Department of Philosophy, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz; 3) “Brain Scans at the End of Life,” given by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Ph.D., Chauncey Stillman Professor in Practical Ethics, Department of Philosophy, Duke University; 4) “Neuroscience and Law – The View from 400,000 Feet,” given by Hank Greely, J.D., Deana F. and Kate Edelman Johnson Professor of Law, Director, Stanford University Center for Law and the Biosciences; and 5) “Neuroethics: A Natural Meta-Ethics?” given by James Giordano, Ph.D., Director, Center for Neurotechnology Studies, Potomac Institute for Policy Studies. A panel discussion concluded the conference, which discussed the impact of neuroethics and public policy. 15 | P a g e
“What is a Virtuous______?” Presented by the Cary M. Maguire Center for Ethics & Public Responsibility and The Dallas Institute, the “What is a Virtuous …” series consisted of four seminars attended by approximately 385 participants. Seminars included "What is a Virtuous Lawyer,” “…the virtuous businessperson,” “…journalist,” and “…statesman.” "...the greatest good of man is daily to converse about virtue...and the life which is unexamined is not worth living." Socrates The Institute continued its series begun in the fall of 2010 on the classic concept of virtue or "excellence" -- bequeathed to us by the Greeks, venerated in the West until the Enlightenment, and today largely forgotten. Having focused on meanings of virtue, the virtuous citizen, and the virtuous physician, this semester the Institute turned to other key professions or pursuits, beginning with Institute Fellow Dr. Randy Gordon's February 1st presentation, "What is a Virtuous Lawyer?" Thereafter they visited three others: the virtuous businessperson, journalist, and statesman.
Greater Dallas Business Ethics Award The Greater Dallas Business Ethics Awards (GDBEA) honors Dallas-based companies that demonstrate a firm commitment to ethical business practices in everyday operations, management philosophies, and responses to crises or challenges. Now in its 11th year, the GDBEA uses a rigorous process of nomination, entry submission, and evaluation. Dallas-based companies of any size, public or private, may be nominated or may self-nominate for the award. Local program winners may be forwarded for the national awards competition at the discretion of the GDBEA. Entrants are judged by an independent panel representing the business, academic, public service, and consulting communities in North Texas. Companies are evaluated based on the following criteria: • • • •
Executive commitment to business ethics Company ethics program Demonstration of sound ethical practices Demonstration of commitment to stakeholders
Over the past 10 years, many of Dallas’ leading large, medium, and small companies have been honored locally and several have gone on to win the American Business Ethics Award.
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Maguire Public Scholars From the center's earliest years, we have showcased the University's most exciting scholars in our Public Scholar lecture series. Many of the Public Scholar lectures have been published (in slightly revised form) as Occasional Papers of the center.
Professor Charles Curran, Elizabeth Scurlock Professor of Human Values: “The U.S. Catholic Bishops and Abortion Legislation: A Critique from within the Church.” On Thursday, October 28, at 11:30 a.m., the Maguire Center hosted the first Public Scholar lecture for the 2010-2011 academic year. Featuring Professor Charles Curran, Ph.D., the lecture was held in the Hughes-Trigg Student Center Ballroom. Lecture Abstract “The U.S. Roman Catholic bishops have now made legal opposition to abortion their primary social issue. This lecture documented the change that has occurred in their position about abortion laws over the years. In addition, the lecture criticized the bishops from the perspective of Catholic theology, for having claimed too much certitude for their position. There should be room in the Catholic Church for different positions on this issue.” Speaker Bio Professor Charles E. Curran, Ph.D., is an expert on fundamental moral theology, social ethics, the role of the Catholic Church as a moral and political actor in society, and Catholic moral theology. He is the author of numerous books and articles, including Catholic Moral Theology in the United States: A History (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2008) and Loyal Dissent: Memoir of a Catholic Theologian (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2006). He is the president of three national academic societies: the Catholic Theological Society of America, Society of Christian Ethics, and American Theological Society; a member of the editorial boards of: Annual of the Society Figure 15: Charles E. of Christian Ethics, The Ecumenist, Horizons, Journal of Religious Ethics, and Theoforum; the first recipient of the John Courtney Murray Award of the Curran Catholic Theological Society of America for distinguished achievement in theology; the winner of the American Publishers Award for Professional Scholarly Excellence in Theology and Religious Studies (PROSE) for his 2008 book, Catholic Moral Theology in the United States: A History; and a Roman Catholic priest of the Diocese of Rochester, New York (ordained 1958).
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Professor Cal Jillson: “Lone Star Tarnished: A Critique of Texas Public Policy” Co-sponsored by the SMU Faculty Club, the Maguire Center presented Professor Cal Jillson and his lecture, “Lone Star Tarnished: A Critique of Texas Public Policy” on February 11, 2011. The event was held on campus at the Faculty Club and was attended by approximately 30 SMU faculty. Lecture Abstract “As California goes into eclipse, Texas is widely touted as the ascendant model for the nation of limited government, economic growth, and personal freedom. While there is some merit to this view, it is at best a partial picture. The Texas model works well for the haves, but it leaves many public services upon which the have-nots depend – including education, health care, food security, transportation, and the environment – in poor quality and limited supply. Professor Jillson is currently at work on a book, entitled Lone Star Tarnished, which will assess the strengths and weaknesses of the Texas model, consider whether current problems in education, health care, and other critical policy areas are likely to shrink or grow, and ask whether alternative pathways into the future are available to Texas.” Speaker Bio Cal Jillson, professor of political science at Southern Methodist University, is frequently called upon by reporters for his astute observations of state and national politics. Reporters love him for the time he takes with them, the ideas he offers (which often lead to more stories), and the way he takes complex issues and puts them into easy-to-understand historical frameworks, expressed by a seasoned writer and speaker. Both the Dallas Morning News and the San Antonio Express-News have profiled him as one of Texas’s top political experts. As a scholar of American politics, Cal shares his knowledge of how government and politics work, in particular the development of American Figure 16: Cal Jillson institutions and ideas and how they continue to shape national debates. He earned a doctorate in government and politics in 1979 from the University of Maryland and has been teaching about American politics since 1976. Since moving to Texas in the mid-1990s, he has charted the rise to power of President George W. Bush and has written extensively on U.S. and Texas. On the international side, Cal is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. From 1996 to 2001, he was chair of the SMU Political Science Department and directed the Tower Center for Political Studies, which examines domestic politics and national security issues. In addition to his classic book, Pursuing the American Dream: Opportunity and Exclusion Over Four Centuries, Jillson is the author of two popular government texts. American Government: Political Development and Institutional Change (Routledge, 2008) is now in its fifth edition with a sixth edition scheduled for 2011. Texas Politics: Governing the Lone Star State (McGraw-Hill) is currently in its second edition with a third scheduled for 2011. His other books include Congressional Dynamics (Stanford University Press, 1994), New Perspectives on American Politics (Congressional Quarterly Press, 1994) and The Dynamics of American Politics (Westview Press, 1994). All deal with the origins of American legislatures and with the health and performance of contemporary American political institutions. He also is co-editor of Pathways to Democracy: The Political Economy of Democratic Transitions (Routledge, 1999) and of Perspectives on American Government (Routledge, 2010).
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Maguire Teaching Fellows Each year the Maguire Center seeks to honor and support one or more SMU faculty members who develops a new course relating to ethics, or who adds an ethical dimension to an existing course. Last year, the selection committee chose Soraya Gollop, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Philosophy, who developed and taught a course in medical ethics, and Thomas Siems, Ph.D., Senior Lecturer of Engineering, who developed and taught the j-term course, “Ethics in Engineering.” For the 2011-2012 academic year, the Maguire Center selected Professor of Sociology Anthony Cortese. Cortese, with the guidance of a self-selected interdisciplinary group of colleagues, will design a course entitled “Ethical Perspectives on Ethnoviolence” for Spring 2012. According to Cortese, the goal of the course is to help students to develop a conscience — a deep sense of social responsibility. See Appendix B for Cortese’s course proposal.
Anthony Cortese, Ph.D., Sociology Anthony J. Cortese is professor of sociology at Southern Methodist University (SMU) in Dallas, Texas. His major areas of research and teaching are ethnoviolence, ethnic and race relations, media, ethics, and gender, social problems, social policy, and the culture and environment of Costa Rica. Cortese is the author of over 45 scholarly articles and essays and of Ethnic Ethics: The Restructuring of Moral Theory (1990), Walls and Bridges: Social Justice and Public Policy (2004), Opposing Hate Speech (2006), and Provocateur: Images of Women and Minorities in Advertising (3rd ed., 2007). His new book, Contentious: Conflict on Race (University of Texas Press, in press), examines Mexican immigration, racial profiling, capital punishment, and affirmative action. Figure 17: Tony Cortese Cortese’s current book project will focus on ethnoviolence and human rights (University of Pennsylvania Press, Human Rights Series). He received his Ph.D. from the University of Notre Dame in 1980 at the age of 25. As a Fulbright fellow in Japan in 1990 and 1991, Cortese taught courses on ethnic diversity in the United States. He has also taught maximum-security inmates at Illinois's Pontiac Correctional Center. He has served as Director of Ethnic Studies and Director of Mexican American Studies at SMU and has served on the American Sociological Association's Committee on Professional Ethics. Cortese is on the Advisory Board of the Perkins School of Theology’s Center for Latina/o Christianity and Religion. He is the 2011-2012 Cary M. Maguire Teaching Fellow; he is creating the course “Ethical Perspectives on Ethnoviolence.” He is the director of the new SMU Abroad program in Costa Rica, “Culture and Environment of Costa Rica.”
Ethical Perspectives on Ethnoviolence The purpose of this project is to overhaul a course on ethnoviolence that will serve as a catalyst for promoting ethical reasoning, global engagement, and diversity proficiency in students. Ethnoviolence is an act (or attempted act) motivated by group prejudice and intended to cause physical or psychological injury. These violent acts include intimidation, harassment, group insults, property defacement or destruction, and physical attacks. The targets of these acts involve persons identified because of their race or skin color, gender, ethnicity, religion, or other physical or social characteristic of groups such as sexual orientation.
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Student Programs & Activities Maguire and Irby Family Public Service Interns Since 1996, over 90 students have been awarded summer intern stipends for public service and research in ethics. These students have served more than 100 agencies of their choosing throughout Dallas and the United States and in 11 other countries. Interns gain practical experience struggling with social problems well beyond their capacity to solve in total, but within their capacity to contribute productively. This summer, three undergraduate and three graduate students from five SMU colleges will span two continents to work in a vast number of diverse internship placements. Through such opportunities, the students will gain concrete information about the needs of others, as well as differing perspectives on how to resolve those needs. In the process, they draw on their university education and personal talents, honing skills as leaders and gaining both humility and self-confidence. They’ll also gain experience which illuminates concepts taught in the classroom and enables engagement in public service where financial circumstances might not otherwise allow. Applicants are responsible for locating a qualified placement site and securing an agency's agreement to participate. The Maguire Center then selects interns based on the following criteria: • • • • •
a well-articulated proposal agreement between the sponsoring agency and the student's project description a need for and the ethical merit of the proposed project possible justice issues the project will address and the ethics it will teach the student the role the internship will play in the student's vocational future and maturity
2011 Maguire & Irby Family Foundation Public Service Summer Interns Aden Abiye, an undergraduate majoring in accounting and markets & culture, will intern at DFW International Community Alliance in Dallas, working to update six guides for new Americans, assisting in the creation of a Dallas Latino festival, and planning workshops for newly arrived international families.
Sunghoon Chung, a graduate student studying economics, will intern with HIS BridgeBuilders in Dallas, where he will evaluate the economic impact of south and west Dallas economic development programming.
Meera Nair, an undergraduate majoring in computer science, will intern at ReachSwasraya in Kerala, India, where she will work to develop a process to track the individual development of special needs and handicapped children, update the website, and promote and sustain inclusive education.
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Laura Oei, a graduate student studying counseling, will intern at Children’s Advocacy Center of Collin County in Plano, where she will plan and execute the Back-to-School Fair Project.
Jacob Stewart, an undergraduate majoring in theatre, will intern at Studio@620 in St. Petersburg, FL. His mission will be to create and produce a children’s theatre performance, direct a production of Kenneth Lonergan’s “This Is Our Youth,” and work collaboratively with a culturally diverse population to discuss ethical issues related to children’s lives.
Kelly Vowell, a graduate student studying piano performance & pedagogy, will intern with the West Dallas Community School to create and establish a self-sustaining summer music enrichment program.
Society for Ethical Evaluation and Debate (S.E.E.D.) SEED is comprised of motivated SMU undergraduate students who enjoy researching, reflecting upon, and debating ethical issues. Fielding a team for competition in ethics bowls raises awareness about ethics on campus and honors students who take ethics seriously. SEED began the year with two rookie teams. Each met two hours per week to learn ethical frameworks and develop strategies for approaching ethical cases pulled from current headlines. They also invested a substantial amount of time outside of meetings preparing their debate cases. The regional case topics are as follows: • • • • • • •
Figure 18: Mary Fan, Meredisth Tavallaee, Celestia Valdez and Rachel Buchanan
“Minding Your Ethics”- on free speech “Spanish Ban on Bullfighting”- on animal cruelty and cultural expression “Responsibility to Vote”- considering a proposal of a mandatory voting law “Facebook Privacy”- considering online privacy “Pregnant Athletes” –on pregnancy and college athletics “Objectivity to Truthiness”- on media ethics “Development with Coal” – on ethics pertaining to international development projects
The seven students who prepared cases for the Regional Intercollegiate Ethics Bowl on November 13, 2010, at Saint Mary’s University in San Antonio, TX, were all new to debate and eager to compete. Those students were: • • • • • • •
Rachel Buchanan (Junior, Team Red) Mary Fan (First Year, Team Blue) Maniel Harris (Senior, Team Red) Dante Silva (Junior, Team Blue) Shervin Taheran (Sophomore, Team Blue) Meredith Tavallaee (First Year, Team Red) Celesstia Valdez (Sophomore, Team Red) 21 | P a g e
SMU Team Red placed fifth in the region among 20 teams, qualifying them to advance to the national competition on March 3, 2011, in Cincinnati, OH. The four students that represented SMU at nationals - Buchanan, Fan, Tavallaee, and Valdez - worked in the early months of the spring semester to prepare 14 cases on the following topics: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
“Cons and Pros”- on the ethics of inmate labor “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell”- on the US military policy regarding homosexuality “DisenCHANted”- on race depictions in early American cinema “Ethical Hacking”- on security and intangible property rights online “Gin and Sin” on the legality of prostitution and the legal drinking age “Hemmed In” –on international interests in Haiti’s post-earthquake economic development “Loopy Juice” – on the ethics of highly caffeinated alcoholic beverages often marketed to teens “Lords of Creation”- on use of interspecies embryos for scientific research “Papers, Please”- on US immigration policy “Paygrade” – on linking teacher pay to student performance “Pesterpower”- on marketing to young children “Running Away from Home”- on dilemmas related to selling substantially devalued homes “Smokescreen” –on screening potential employees according to their smoking habits “STELAAAAH!” –on debarking dogs considered public nuisances “To ‘D’ or not to ‘D’”-on the adoption of an ‘FD’ grade in higher education to indicate academic dishonesty
The students won their first case against Macalester College in the National Ethics Bowl Competition, but lost their second two cases, one to the University of Oklahoma, the team that won the regional competition, and another to Colgate, a team that advanced to the semi-final round. The students continued to attend the competition throughout the day, and were able to learn much from those teams that advanced to the final rounds.
Ethics Design Team The second undergraduate ethics team sponsored by the center, the Ethics Design Team, undertakes a project related to a specific ethical topic, which they pursue throughout the academic year. Students must submit applications and be interviewed as part of their bid to be selected for the Design Team. The members of the 20102011 Ethics Design Team were: • • • •
Drew Konow (Senior, majors: religious studies, foreign languages and literatures, human rights) Joseph Gilbert (Junior, major: philosophy) Figure 19: Table display from the Food Desert Rebecca Quinn (Senior, majors: art history, Symposium Spanish, and French) Jordan Wondrack (Junior, majors: public policy and international studies)
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Food Desert This year the Design Team chose food ethics as their topic, and during the middle of the fall semester, they decided to focus their efforts on ethical issues related to the “urban food deserts” (areas with limited access to fresh foods) in South and West Dallas. They researched the historical development of Dallas’s food deserts, then undertook ethnographic research to understand the experience of those living in Dallas’s food deserts. The Design Team partnered with a group of high school students at Lincoln High School in South Dallas to accomplish two major goals: (1) understand the health Figure 20: Drew Konow, Stephanie Garippa and concerns of those living in food deserts by listening to the Johnny Garippa voices of those in food deserts, and (2) identify community resources that might be developed and deployed to address the expressed concerns. The Design Team cast their research as a public policy white paper, which they completed at the end of the semester. Although the team began their project with the assumption that adding a grocery store in a food desert area would be sufficient to address the problem, the research done with those living in food deserts reframed the issue. Multiple unexpected factors influenced the food choices made by residents of food deserts, and the research pointed the team to a more nuanced and holistic approach to addressing the food desert phenomenon. The students planned to present their recommendations to Dallas-based politicians in an effort to promote effective public policy regarding the food deserts in Dallas. In addition to their own research project, the Design Team also sought the ideas of their peers on the SMU campus. In order to accomplish this, they organized a Food Ethics Symposium and a Food Desert Banquet. Four students and one community member presented papers at the symposium, which was attended by 34 SMU students, faculty, staff, and community members. The 90-minute symposium began with each presenter reading his or her paper and was followed by a lively discussion with the audience. Most attendees moved directly to the Food Desert Banquet where the Design Team had created four interactive learning kiosks to facilitate further reflection and discussion. The 42 banquet attendees then listened to an interview with two community organizers living in West Dallas and a presentation of the research undertaken by the Design Team. The symposium and banquet promoted critical discussion of ethical factors contributing to permanence and change in Dallas’s food deserts and facilitated new partnership connections for those working to address hunger and food access in our community.
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Benchmark Campus-Wide Survey â€œMeasurement is no longer an option.â€? A campus-wide online survey of SMU faculty, students and staff regarding the Cary M. Maguire Center for Ethics & Public Responsibility was conducted in late April and early May 2011 before the end of spring semester. The survey represented the first formal attempt to gauge awareness, engagement and program feedback from the entire campus community. Specific objectives of the study were to establish benchmark familiarity with and participation in Maguire Center programs; to obtain information about attitudes among the campus community toward the Maguire Center and to gauge interest in existing and potential programs and activities for the Maguire Center. An online survey resulted in 1,133 responses from undergraduate students, graduate students, faculty and staff. The full research report and findings will be published and available in late August 2011.
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Social Media and Web Communications By the numbers The online consumer is more sophisticated than you think. The average adult spends 15+ hours a week on the Internet and it is expected that by 2012, 90 percent of the U.S. population will have broadband in their homes.
• 52% of American Adults use Facebook Daily (30 billion pieces of content shared monthly)
• 33% of American Adults use TwiBer Daily (50 million Tweets per day, 600 tweets per second)
• 55 million unique visitors go to YouTube every month (Approx. 3 billion searches per month)
In order to raise awareness of the Maguire Center, its mission, programs and activities, it quickly became apparent that it was necessary to develop and expand the existing strategies for visibility. The Maguire Ethics Center began by creating a new logo and website, that would deploy on June 1, 2011, and implementing a strategy to optimize social media marketing. However, in order to gauge our success, the center had to create a starting point by measuring some basic online statistics. Below, is a brief summary of findings.
The Maguire Ethics Center Website From January 1, 2011 – May 31, 2011, The Maguire Center site had 14,384 visits, with an average of 270 page views. The first table below provides data on the top five pages visitors use to enter the Maguire Center site, the top five pages visitors leave from and the top five pages that visitors spend the most time on. The second table displays geographical information on visitors to the center’s site. From January 1 to May 31, 82.91 percent of site visitors were located in the U.S. Interestingly, Norway and South Korea were home to the second and third highest number of visitors. Additionally, of the 11,930 U.S. visitors, 3,706 were from Texas, 3,272 from Washington and 2,167 from California.
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Website Tables Table 1: Content Summary
Table 2: Geographic Location of website visitors
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Facebook and Twitter In January 2011, the Maguire Ethics Center had a disappointing two “likes” on Facebook and four “followers” on Twitter. By May 31, 2011, the center increased the number of likes on Facebook to 49 and the number of Twitter followers to 28. In the upcoming fiscal year, the center plans to increase both of those numbers exponentially. Table 3: Facebook user data from Jan. 1 – May 31, 2011
Table 4: Maguire Ethics Center Twitter Analytics by Twitalizer as of May 31, 2011
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Revenue and Expense Summary Income and Expense Summary June 1, 2010 â€“ May 31, 2011
Gifts Income from Endowment Publications Total Revenues
Staff and Student Salaries and Benefits General Office Expenses Neuroethics Conference Lectures and Sponsored Programming Ethics Bowl (SEED) Public Scholars Public Service Interns Newsletter Teaching Fellows Ethics Design Team Ethics Advisory Board Publications Faculty Advisory Committee
16, 068.54 165,063.51 5.00 $181,239.06
86,162.33 38,492.65 15,966.03 9,335.40 7,995.27 7,150.76 4,711.80 4,044.30 3,315.47 3,094.06 2,549.77 945.25 644.77
*The Maguire Ethics Centerâ€™s net loss of $3,168 was covered by accumulated funds in the operating account from the last fiscal year where there was an unanticipated gain.
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Appendix A: Teaching Fellow Proposal Ethical Perspectives on Ethnoviolence Anthony Cortese, Professor of Sociology The purpose of this project is to overhaul a course on ethnoviolence that will serve as a catalyst for promoting ethical reasoning, global engagement, and diversity proficiency in students. Ethnoviolence is an act (or attempted act) motivated by group prejudice and intended to cause physical or psychological injury. These violent acts include intimidation, harassment, group insults, property defacement or destruction, and physical attacks. The targets of these acts involve persons identified because of their race or skin color, gender, ethnicity, religion, or other physical or social characteristic of groups such as sexual orientation. At the start of the twentieth century, reflective individuals were able to believe in moral law and moral progress, and to see human viciousness and barbarism in retreat. Early in the twenty-first century, it is hard to be confident about either moral law or moral progress. If there is moral law, how can we explain a world that includes the Batak massacre where Turks raped, killed, and scorched Bulgarian women and children? They hanged prisoners after first making them spend their last night nailed by the ear to a fence. They used daggers to cut babies out of women's wombs. They tossed nursing infants in the air, catching them on bayonets and delighted in doing it before their mothers’ eyes. What claim can God or human reasoning have to be a moral authority? The belief in moral progress has also been undermined. The problems have come from events. The twentieth-century history of large-scale ethnoviolent cruelty and killing is only too recognizable: the mutual slaughter of the First World War, the terror-famine of the Ukraine, the Gulag, Auschwitz, Dresden, the Burma Railway, Hiroshima, Vietnam, the Chinese Cultural Revolution, Cambodia, Rwanda, the collapse of Yugoslavia. Because of this history, ethics should not be “business as usual. ” The major questions this project tries to answer: How can historical and contemporary ethnoviolence lead to the restructuring of moral theory? How is ethics relevant to a world in which ethnoviolence has historically been and still continues to be so prevalent? How does one resolve the tensions between humanity and inhumanity? How have the human-made horrors of ethnoviolence infected the family, in the way children are treated, and in the relations between men and women? This course gives twentieth-century ethnoviolence a central place for ethical analyses. But barbarism and atrocities are not unique to the twentieth century. The entirety of human history includes wars, massacres, and every kind of torture and cruelty. There are reasons for thinking that across the globe the changes of the past century have been towards a more emotionally humane climate than at any previous time. Nevertheless, much of twentieth-century history has been a very unpleasant surprise. Technology has made a difference. The decisions of a few people can mean horror and death for hundreds of thousands, even millions, of other people. Are weapons of mass destruction ethical if they are used in retaliation or for what is regarded as a morally justified end? These events shock us not only by their scale but they run counter to expectations at the turn of the twentieth century. A century of largely unbroken European peace between 1815 (the defeat of Napoleon) and 1915 (the breakout of First World War—WW I) gave hope that the humanity was growing out of its ethnoviolent past. This course asks: Have we learned from our mistakes? In 1915 the poet, Charles Sorley, wrote home a few months before being killed in battle, “War in this century is inexcusable.” More recently, soldiers fighting in the Middle East have also have felt war to be inexcusable. This project attempts to analyze ethnoviolent incidents within an appropriate ethical 29 | P a g e
framework. There is a pervasive and frenzied flow of informationâ€”especially from mass media-about the developing narrative of our times--so many facts that it is hard to reflect on their meaning and relative importance. Kantâ€™s theory of idealism posits how the mind does not passively receive knowledge, but actively interprets the world in terms of its concepts and categories. What keeps people from treating others cruelly or selfishly? What reasons there are for accepting moral restraints on conduct? These moral dilemmas are central to this project. There are questions about what happened when WW I started, when the atomic bomb was dropped, in Stalin's Russia, in Nazi Germany, or, more recently, in Rwanda, Bosnia and Kosovo. The aim in using ethics to interrogate ethnoviolence is to help understand a side of human nature often left in darkness. In understanding ethnoviolence, ethical questions cannot be ignored. Ignoring or poor answers to these questions have contributed to a climate in which ethnoviolence was made possible. We will study the sociohistorical contexts of ethnoviolence in, for example, Nazism, Stalinism, dictatorships in the Caribbean and Latin America, totalitarian regimes in Vietnam and elsewhere. Sometimes we express the hope that others, in time of peace, will extract from their experiences some help towards saving future people from having to repeat them. Yet ethnoviolence remains. Those of us who are lucky not to be victims need to study the conditions and intervene against ethnoviolence. Journalists risk their lives to let us know where and how ethnoviolence occurs. Victims painfully narrate their experiences so that we may understand. Often they do this in the belief that, if the world hears, there will be protest and something will be done. How much suffering must the victims of ethnoviolence undergo prior to the supposed enlightened world reacts? How much ethnoviolence must occur before there is a response? No response implicitly perpetuates ethnoviolence. Will the response be humanitarian and ethical or violent and authoritarian? How do we stop ethnoviolence? This course uses practical ethics to address ethnoviolence. There has been a shift in philosophical discussion of ethics from purely abstract questions to more practical ones. Discussions of right and good and analyses of moral judgments have given ground. Now there are discussions of the just war, social justice, human rights, feminism, nuclear deterrence, and environmental racism. The shift towards applied ethics is beneficial for this project. Humanistic concerns have moved from the margins to the middle. The tone of applied ethics is missing the mark. It suggests that John Stuart Mill is still alive and that none of the twentieth century has happened. In this course, I hope to help change this by encouraging an idea of ethics as a more empirical subject. We cannot assume that a set of moral principles simply needs to be applied. The result can be the mechanical application of utilitarianism or a simplistic list of precepts about justice, autonomy, kindness, or compassion. Such principles are taken for granted or derived in an unthinking way, and practical conclusions are deduced from them like mathematical formulae. What is missing is the sense of mutual interaction. The principles themselves may need modifying if their practical conclusions are too normative, if they require us to ignore or deny phenomena we care about when faced with a practical dilemma. Many scholars are sympathetic to a more pragmatic form of ethics, where principles are put forward tentatively, in the expectation that they will be shaped and modified by our responses to practical problems. The mutual adjustment between principles and our intuitive responses is the process leading to what John Rawls has called reflective equilibrium. Jonathan Glover suggests pragmatism could be taken further, to encompass the idea that our ethical beliefs should also be revisable in the light of an empirical understanding of people and what they do. If, for instance, ethnoviolence teaches moral lessons, this should affect our picture of what kinds of actions and character traits are good or bad. Some intellectual disciplines are highly abstract, and perhaps understanding people is unimportant in those fields, but ethics is not one of them. 30 | P a g e
At the start of the twentieth century, there was optimism, coming from the Enlightenment, that the spread of a humane and scientific outlook would lead to the fading away, not only of war, but also of other forms of ethnoviolent cruelty and barbarism. They would fill the chamber of horrors in the museum of our primitive past. In the light of these expectations, the century of Hitler, Stalin, Pol Pot and Saddam Hussein is a surprise. Volcanoes thought extinct turned out not to be. Now some see the Enlightenment view of moral progress as thin and mechanical and the hopes of social progress through the spread of humanitarianism and the scientific outlook as naïve. John Maynard Keynes said of Bertrand Russell, a follower of the Enlightenment, that his comments about life and affairs were “brittle” because there was “no solid diagnosis of human nature underlying them.” I use The Fundamentals of Ethics to introduce students to the basic ideas of ethics. We will cover normative ethics and metaethics. I will carefully deconstruct and analyze multiple incidents of ethnoviolence in depth, at a level that is understandable to students with no prior background in ethics. The course will canvass everyday assumptions, expectations, and vocabulary. I will ask students engaging questions on ethnoviolence and conduct lively exercises on ethical dilemmas, keeping jargon to an absolute minimum. In short, I will lead students to an articulation and selfawareness of fundamental ethical issues. This course will present the core ideas of different ethical theories, as well as fairly presenting their various strengths and weaknesses. Students will come away from this course with a very good understanding of ethnoviolence and its relevance to a wide variety of issues in ethical theory. Course Topics What is Ethnoviolence: An Introduction Genocide and the Holocaust Ethnic Violence and the Colonial Encounter Racially Motivated Murders in the U.S. South Anti-Gay Ethnic Violence Crusades as Conquest: Middle East, Europe, and Latin America The Rwandan Genocide Philanthropy as a Tool for Ethnoviolence Anti- and Neo-Colonial Violence The Death Penalty and Institutional Violence The Symbolism of the Soot Suit Riots Key authors: Plato, Aristotle, Immanuel Kant, John Stuart Mill, John Rawls, John Maynard Keynes, Bertrand Russell, Jonathan Glover, Russ Shafer-Landau. Pedagogical techniques: journal of self-reflection, research paper based on primary data collection, pervasive critical class discussion, and in-class ethics group projects. Key Readings: Russ Shafer-Landau. The Fundamentals of Ethics (Oxford University Press) Jonathan Glover. Humanity: A Moral History of the Twentieth Century (Yale University Press) Anthony Cortese. Ethnoviolence: Interdisciplinary Perspectives (University Readers) 31 | P a g e
Curriculum Vitae Books Contentious: Conflict on Race. University of Texas Press, forthcoming Ethnoviolence: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, University Readers Provocateur: Images of Women and Minorities in Advertising (3rd ed.), 2008, Rowman & Littlefield Opposing Hate Speech, 2006, Praeger Publishing Walls and Bridges: Social Ethics and Public Policy, 2004. State University of New York Press Ethnic Ethics: The Restructuring of Moral Theory, 1990, State University of New York Press Honors & Awards Grawemeyer Award in Education, nominee (Opposing Hate Speech) 2006 Gustavus Meyers Outstanding Book Award, nominee (Opposing Hate Speech) 2006 Outstanding Academic Title, 2004, CHOICE (Provocateur) 2005 National Public Radio, Kojo Nnamdi Show (Provocateur) 2005 Walls and Bridges: Critics Choice, American Educational Studies Association, 2004 Provocateur: ‘Essential’, CHOICE, 2004 ABC 20/20. Consultant, Erasing Ethnicity, 1998 St. Mark's School of Texas, Robert B. Dennard Visiting Scholar, 1996 K. W. Kellogg Foundation National Leadership Grant, finalist, 1993 Amherst College, Law & Society Summer Institute, 1992 Cornell University, Child Development and Social Policy Institute, 1984 Duke University, National Endowment for the Humanities, 1983 Harvard University, Center for Moral Education, 1981 Invited Lectures The 14th Amendment: Race, Immigration and Transformation in the 21st Century. The Black Academy of Arts and Letters Roundtable Writer’s Breakfast. Dallas 2011 Political and Ethnic Images in Advertising, Thomas Parker Lectures, Dallas, 2010 The Anatomy of Prejudice, Thomas Parker Lectures, Dallas, 2009 Racial Profiling and Ethnic Stereotyping: Muslim Terrorists and Illegal Aliens, Kwantlen Polytechnic University, Vancouver, British Columbia, 2008. Faces Seen, Hearts Unknown: Mexican Immigration to the United States, University of Maine, 2006 Opposing Hate Speech, College of St. Benedict/St. John’s University, 2006 Games in Moral and Gender Development: Cultural Relativism v. Universalism, The Guildhall at SMU, 2005 Are Blacks and Latinos Becoming White? Ethnic Images in Advertising, Stetson University, Values Council Series, The Human Body, 2004
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Our Legacy, Dallas County Juvenile Department, Annual Hispanic Celebration, Latino Cultural Center, 2003 20th Century Events that Changed our Lives. Millennium Lecturer, Universe Explorer, Eastern Caribbean Cruise, 2000 Beyond Y2K: Predictions for the Next Millennium. Millennium Lecturer, Universe Explorer, Eastern Caribbean Cruise, 2000 Alpha Kappa Delta (International Sociology Honor Society), Texas A & M University, 1999 Selected Journal Articles/Book Chapters on Ethics Ethical Issues in a Subculturally Diverse Society, pp. 52-123 in T.F. Johnson (ed.), Handbook on Ethical Issues and Aging, 1999, Westport, CT: Greenwood. Dialogue Between Cultures: Ethnic Conflict Resolution, pp. 115-124 in A. Gasparini (ed.), Nation, Ethnicity, Minority and Border: Contributions to an International Sociology. Gorizia, Italy: International Institute of Sociology. 1998. A Comparative Analysis of Japanese Religion and Ethics: Implications for the West, Journal of Comparative Sociology and Ethics, 1996, 23: 1-26. Affirmative Action: Are White Women Gaining at the Expense of Black Men? Equity & Excellence in Education, 1992, 25:77-89. From Durkheim to Habermas: The Role of Language in Moral Theory, (w/ S. Mestrovic) pp. 63-91 in J. Wilson (ed.), Current Perspectives in Social Theory, 1990. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press. Structural Consistency in Moral Judgement, British Journal of Social Psychology, 1989, 28:279-281. The Interpersonal Approach to Morality: A Gender and Cultural Analysis, Journal of Social Psychology, 1989, 129:429-442. Beyond Justice and Legitimation: Interpersonal and Communicative Morality. New Observations, 1989, 72:20-23. The Internal Consistency of Moral Reasoning: A Multitrait-Multimethod Analysis, Journal of Psychology, 1987, 121:373-386. Habermas and Kohlberg: Morality, Justice and Rationality, pp. 141-156 in J. Wilson and S. McNall (eds.), Current Perspectives in Social Theory, 1986. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press. The Inception, Evolution, and Current State of the Moral Development School of Lawrence Kohlberg, pp. 327-346 in R. Monk (ed), Structures of Knowing. 1986. Lanham, MD: University Press of America. The Sociology of Moral Judgment: Social and Ethnic Factors, Mid-America Review of Sociology, 1985, 9:109-124. 33 | P a g e
Standard Issue Scoring of Moral Reasoning: A Critique, Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 1984, 30:227-246. Moral Judgment in Chicano, Black, and White Young Adults, Sociological Focus, 1984, 17:189-199. Stage Universality in Moral Development: Chicano Socialization. Resources in Education, 1984, 19:15, ED 243-631. A Comparative Analysis of Cognition and Moral Judgment in Chicano, Black, and Anglo Children, Resources in Education, 1983, 18:141, ED 223-485. Moral Development in Chicano and Anglo Children, Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 1982, 4:353-366. A Comparative Analysis of Ethnicity and Moral Judgment, Colorado Association for Chicano Research Revue, 1982, 1:72-101. Ethnic Ethics: Subjective Choice and Inference in Chicano, White, and Black Children, La Red: The Net, 1981, 38:2-3.
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Appendix B: In the Media Banned By the Pope Newsweek, Charles Curran, June 5, 2010
Bishop Kevin Farrell objects to SMU professor's upcoming lecture on U.S. Catholic bishops and abortion law The Dallas Morning News, by Sam Hodges, October 26, 2010
Fr. Charles Curran draws fire for SMU lecture National Catholic Reporter, by Tom Roberts, Oct. 27, 2010
SMU professor avoids controversy over lecture on abortion issues The Dallas Morning News, by Emily Fox, October 29, 2010
Leadership to Change at SMUâ€™s Maguire Ethics Center Education News, November 30, 2010
SMU to emphasize real-world ethics in all fields of study The Dallas Morning News, by Lori Stahl, December 25, 2010
Prof. Rita Kirk the new director of SMU's Maguire Ethics Center SMU News, January 24, 2011
HIV/AIDS Expert Speaks to Students on Campus SMU Daily Mustang, by Hayley Bosch, January 27, 2011
Medical anthropologist promotes AIDS awareness in Malawi The Daily Campus, by Patricia Boh, January 28, 2011
Marketing the HPV Vaccine: Lessons for Consumers and Physicians SMU Daily Mustang, by Meg Jones, February 10, 2011
Doctor doubts anti-cancer vaccine The Daily Campus, by Patricia Boh, February 11, 2011
Aggressive marketing of Gardasil plays on public fear of cancer TheTruthAboutGardasil.com, by Wendi Lewis, February 18th, 2011
The Dallas Institute to Present "What is a Virtuous Businessperson?" Business News, March 7, 2011
Ruth Altshuler to receive J. Erik Jonsson Ethics Award at SMU 35 | P a g e
The Dallas Morning News, by Robert Miller, March 8, 2011
Trailblazer Ruth Collins Sharp Altshuler receives SMU’s J. Erik Jonsson Ethics Award SMU News and Information, March 9, 2011
SMU’s ethics award honors national philanthropist Daily Campus, by Ashley Withers, Friday, March 11, 2011
Ruth Altshuler honored with SMU’s J. Erik Jonsson Ethics Award SMU News, by Denise Gee, March 15, 2011
Commentary: Teaching For A More Ethical World KERA, by Lee Cullum, March 23, 2011
Mom: Gender Selection "Is Amazing" NBCDFW.com, by Meredith Land, September 30, 2011
Ruth Altshuler to receive SMU's 2010-11 J. Erik Jonsson Ethics Award SMU Forum for Faculty & Staff
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A special thank you to the Maguire Ethics Center supporters who have been so generous. Ms. Lindalyn Adams
Mr. and Mrs. John
Ms. Rena Pederson
Mrs. Elaine B. Agather
Mr. Fred Penn
Dr. Kenneth Z. Altshuler
Dr. and Mrs. Fred Hegi
Mrs. Ross Perot, Jr.
Mr. James Bass
Ms. Mary Joy Hinton
Mrs. Margot Perot
Mrs. Nancy Best
Mr. Ray Hunt
Mr. John Phillips
Mr. Michael M. Boone
Mr. Michael Jenkins
Ms. Ann Phy
Ms. Rebecca Bright
Mrs. Gene Jones
Mrs. Caren Prothro
The Honorable Nancy
Ms. Deanie Kepler
Mr. and Mrs. Edward W.
Mrs. Carole Lee
Mr. and Mrs. Stuart
Mr. William H. Lively
Mr. and Mrs. Carl Sewell
Ms. Graham Jones
Bishop Ann B. Sherer-
Mr. and Mrs. Brad E.
Mr. Jack Lowe, Jr.
Dr. Bobby B. Lyle
Mr. and Mrs. William T.
Mr. Richard H. Collins
Mrs. Gail Madden
Mrs. Jeanne T. Cox
Mr. and Mrs. Cary M.
Mr. Roger Staubach
Mr. and Mrs. William
Mr. Ronald G. Steinhart
Mrs. Nancy Cain Marcus
Mrs. Helen Storey
Ms. Paula Davis
Major Ward Matthews
Mrs. Diana Strauss
Mrs. Nancy Dedman
Mrs. Linda McFarland
Mr. John C. Tolleson
Ms. Kim Delvo
Mrs. Janie McGarr
Mrs. B.J. Ward
Mr. Gerald J. Ford
Mr. Curtis Meadows
Ms. Tucean P. Webb
Mr. and Mrs. Debbie
Mr. David B. Miller
Mr. Phillip Wiggins
Mrs. Joyce Mitchell
Dr. Kern Wildenthal
Ms. Jackie Franey
Ms. Anne Monning
Mr. and Mrs. Blake
Mr. and Mrs. Don
Ms. JoAnne Moore
Mrs. Lydia Novakov
Mr. Charles Wyle
Mrs. Nancy Halbreich
Mr. Erle Nye
Mrs. Randi Halsell
Mr. Peter O'Donnell
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