his might be thought of as merely one of those academic studies that re‐ sult in a statement of the blindingly obvious. Funded by the National Eye Institute (NEI) in the United States and published last month in the jour‐ nal Ophthalmology, the research project compared the performance in early literacy tests of pre‐school children with uncorrected moderate hyperopia with the results of pre‐schoolers with normal vision. The study found that children with uncorrected long‐sightedness did significantly less well in the tests than their peers. Few will view these results with surprise. It may seem self‐evident that, in the words of one of the NEI program directors, ‘An untreated vision problem that makes it harder for children to see things up close can create literacy deficits that affect grade school readiness.’ Sometimes, though, researchers need to confirm what is previously strongly suspected but unproven. Without statistically validated evidence, policy makers may be reluctant to direct hard‐pressed resources into addressing an issue. Concerns about barriers to literacy have dogged politicians and education‐ alists in the United Kingdom as well as in the US. Money is pumped into fash‐ ionable reading and pre‐reading schemes but relatively little attention has been given to physical barriers that impede the learning of young children. Survey evidence in the UK shows that one in five children aged 12 and un‐ der has never had an eye test. The proportion of pre‐schoolers who have nev‐ er been sight tested is very considerably higher. There is a national ‘recom‐ mendation’ that all four‐year‐olds should have their sight checked but the UK’s College of Optometrists found that less than a third of local authorities in England are currently providing vision screening. Moderate hyperopia very often goes otherwise undiagnosed. Parents may be unaware of the condition, and another study suggested that 30% of par‐ ents are under the misapprehension that their child needs to be able to read and recognise letters before they can have a sight test. Meanwhile, children whose sight is hampering their literacy are commonly being misdiagnosed as dyslexic or with other learning difficulties like attention deficit disorder. Studies may sometimes tell us what we think we already know, but it is clear that there are still important lessons to be learnt – and our industry has a key role to play in extending messages to parents, pre‐schools and policy makers.
CONTENTS March 2016 Volume 44 · Number 379
INTERNATIONAL SCENE 2 · Optrafair and Optician
OUTLOOK 4 · Silmo Istanbul 5 · Mondottica and Mural Inc joint venture 6 · Increased visitor numbers at Opti 2016 7 · Strategic appointments announced by Adlens 8 · Essilor’s new acquisitions
FEATURES 10 · The World Optical Market in 2016 – Part 2 Richard Chaffin 12 · Survey Anti reflection coating
OPTIPRODUCTS 24 · Zeiss office lenses 25 · Nidek Anterior Chamber Angle mode for Tonopachy NT-530P
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Optrafair and Optician
hen Optrafair opens its doors at Birmingham’s National Exhibition Centre (NEC) next month, Britian’s longest running trade and educational show for eyecare professionals (ECPs) taking place from April 9-11, will have, in effect, a new co-organiser. Partnering the Federation of Manufacturing Opticians (FMO) will be the familiar name the Optician, one of the world's few successful weekly journals for ECPs and optical retailers. The name is familiar; the journal began its association with the FMO in 2013. But this Optician is reborn. Published in Britain weekly since 1891, having been since the late 1960s a member of what is now international titan Reed Business Information group, OPTICAL WORLD’S contemporary is back now where it began, with an independent family owned publisher: one, moreover, which has a strong record not only for supporting health care journals but as an event and exhibition organiser, The Mark Allen Group was founded with just two titles (acquired from International Thompson by Mark Allen himself) in 1985. Its present day offices in Herne Hill, South London, are now home to some 70 publications. Mark Allen has not only acquired the Optician itself, but ‘all that goes with the brand’ explains chief executive office Ben Allen, Mark Allen’s son. Co-organising with the FMO of Optrafair was a key element in the agreement to purchase, along with the Mark Allen Group’s capacity to provide the facilities and services a major optical trade show needs. The Optician (both OPTICAL WORLD’S editor and founder Gerald Ward and the present writer are past editors) has a long tradition of linkage to exhibitions showcasing the optical supply industry going back to Bill Hardy (editor 1938-
65). The journal not only told the story of development and change in professional and retail optometry, but a story of a changing and developing industry, to which the profession – and optical retailing! – in the UK has always owed so much. it is good to see that the new publishers have upgraded both the Optician and today’s editor, Chris Bennett, who has also become the Optician’s publisher. Optrafair will be the new look Optician’s biggest test of 2016, with the FMO’s centenary show to follow next year. ‘This time we are focused on offering visitors and exhibitors at Optrafair, both from Britain and abroad, the best possible experience' says Ben Allen. ‘As well as showcasing the very best products in the market, Optrafair offers the chance for visitors to attain 50 CET points from some of the most well known and authoritative experts in their field. This year we have also planned for service, and facility improvements from arrival at the NEC showground onwards. We believe this approach offers the best opportunity of translating into better business for exhibitors.’ As for the show itself, the FMO’s Optrafair supremo Malcolm Polley confirmed as this issue went to press that 90 per cent of exhibition space is sold. The exhibitor rollcall covers the full span of modern-day ophthalmic product and service offers, with contact lenses more strongly represented, and presented than at some past shows. An extra strong wide ranging Continuing Education programme is promised to complement the exhibition itself. Last year’s ‘standing room only’ innovation, a ‘question time’ with big named panellists will feature again; this year’s theme ‘The Future of Optics: Technology in Practice’.
InternationalSCENE Equipment in focus Over the past 20 years, since the era when a fundus camera was the latest consulting room must have, and the ocular coherence tomographer (OCT) a mere gleam in the instrument designer’s eye, Optrafair has grown into an exhibition which ECPs utilise as an opportunity to browse through a variety of new-instrument options on show. For them and for exhibitors there is always the enticing possibility that window-shopping might shade over into a real-life major purchase. This trend has intensified as optometrists have advanced further into what was once trespass-proof medical territory. Your writer expressed, in a previous column, the fear that preoccupation with an ever-expanding clinical eyecare sector, could cause profitable and consumernecessary eyewear, especially lenses, to be neglected. There are other risks too, consumer and ECP perceptions may not match up. Results of two recent surveys (reported in the Optician) conducted by eye laser surgery firm Optegra and for the optical regulatory body the General Optical Council (GOC), indicated that for all of ECPs’ in CET and instrumentation, consumers still do not see them as eye experts. ‘The optician’, they consider deals with sight problems; for medical problems, most consumers would rather consult a doctor ... despite the fact that doctors themselves doubt their own competence when it comes to eye ailments. A companion study, by the UK’s Royal National Institute for Blind People (RNIB) also found that consumers aged under 35 neglect regular eye tests (‘too expensive’) though they acknowledge they should not. Even among presbyopes and pre-presbyopes, less than two-thirds of those questioned had the recommended two-yearly eye test. Attendance at Optrafair’s Continuing Education Sessions this year look likely to underline ECPs’ dogged determination to move further into the field of clinical eyecare. How can they persuade consumers to share their new self-perception as eye, not just sight, experts? How far should they wish to venture along this clinical path? When the Optician began contributing to professional and industry education, way back in the 20th century, Bill Hardy (an optician before he became a journalist) recalled how he had been trained never to diagnose an eye condition such as glaucoma or a detached retina, however clear the clinical evidence. Ophthalmologists would not stand for such trespassing on their ground. Now, a British optometrist who misdiagnoses or misses eye disease signs is liable to serious charges: manslaughter, even, in one
2015 case. When the value of an NHS eye test is still set at under £22, is ECP enthusiasm being exploited?
100% Optical Britain’s other optical trade fair, 100% Optical, was staged at London’s mighty Excel show ground over a long weekend last month. Previously, 100% Optical has claimed the crown of ‘UK’s biggest eyewear showcase’, but it was evident this year that the lesson of ECP interest in consulting room instrumentation has been learnt. New equipment on show here included the AngioAnalytics Angiovue, a non-invasive OCT-based device for imaging the eye’s vascular system, shown at Excel by Haag-Streit, together with novel add-ons for Zeiss’s Cirrus OCT. Heidelberg Engineering took the occasion of the show to launch a new Optometric Faculty. Not greatly in evidence at Excel: ECPs practising outside the UK. However, the UK model of optometric education and practice, based in turn on the USA, has become increasingly influential in Europe over the past decade. The USA influences the UK so strongly in large part because US firms took a lead role in supplying the UK industry when optometry was new here, when the industry in its turn was a major contributor to early ECP education and training. The UK eyecare-based model of professional development for ECPs has gained strength in parts of Scandinavia and the Netherlands, and in parts of Southern Europe from Malta to Spain. Even Germany, whose technical optics-based model has been a strong rival, has been moving towards optometry in the 21st century. Here, however, an educational approach which values ophthalmic lenses continues to weigh in the balance … as it does in the successful tradition of the Republic of Ireland.
Old and new As optometrists extend their activities into new territory, so does ophthalmology. Recently in the news was an Oxford, England, hospital’s success with the latest ‘bionic eye’ retinal implant, designed and made in Germany. This design will, it is hoped, prove really useful for a patient group ECPs cannot help, sufferers from the hereditary and progressive blinding disease retinitis pigmentosa. A newspaper headline extolling new roles for vintage lenses drew your reporter’s attention recently. Alas, these vintage lenses were not a new variant on Franklin bifocals, say, but anamorphic camera lenses to support the latest fashion for old style looks in period films such as Oscar nominated western The Revenant.
Essilor’s Eye Mitra creates socio-economic impact A new independent study carried out by Dalberg Global
tasks such as farming and domestic chores.
Development Advisors across six districts in the Indian
‘Essilor’s Eye Mitra program demonstrates how correcting
state of Uttar Pradesh, has revealed that Essilor’s Eye
vision can contribute to a community in a very real and
Mitra inclusive business program is creating a strong socio-
sustainable way. It both transforms individual lives and
economic impact by addressing the issue of uncorrected
economic futures through creating jobs, improving earnings
vision needs in India.
or productivity and benefiting other local businesses,’ said
Eye Mitra, launched in 2013, is one of the inclusive business models being deployed by Essilor’s 2.5 New Vision
Professor Kevin Frick, Vice Dean for Education at Johns Hopkins Carey Business School and adviser on the study.
Generation division to raise awareness and improve access
‘This impact study confirms the key role our inclusive
to primary vision care for the 550 million Indian people
business division plays in Essilor’s mission to improve lives
who suffer from uncorrected poor vision. The program has
by improving sight, as well as in the Group’s strategy to
to date trained over 1,000 under-employed men and
sustainably grow the market by innovating to improve
women in rural and semi-urban areas, who have each set
awareness and access to vision care for underserved popu-
up a micro- business providing vision care in their local
lations,’ said Jayanth Bhuvaraghan, Essilor’s Chief Corporate
Seventy five per cent of people served by Eye Mitra
‘Good vision is a key enabler to achieve the UN’s 2030
purchased their first pair of spectacles and two-thirds re-
Sustainable Development Goals, and inclusive business
ported increased independence in movement and travel
programs like Eye Mitra will contribute even further to
thanks to improved vision. This had a positive impact on
specific goals such as eradicating poverty, creating work
productivity, with over 1.5 hours per day saved on daily
and gender equality,’ he added.
Silmo Istanbul, a promising edition Silmo Istanbul exhibition held in December, took place in the largest city in Turkey, at the crossroads between Europe and the Balkans, Central Asia, the Near and Middle East and North Africa. The exhibition demonstrated its relevance to both the local and international optics and eyewear sector. Held in the Istanbul Expo Centre, Silmo Istanbul hosted 106 exhibitors occupying 8,000m² exhibition area, made up of manufacturers from the Turkish optics and eyewear industry and companies from both Europe and Asia involved in every aspect of the sector: frames, lenses, contact lenses, materials, services, etc. It welcomed 8,970 visitors, an increase of 12.9 per cent on last year. The number of international visitors rose sharply, up 43 per cent on 2014. The organisers of Silmo Instanbul (Silmo Association and Comexposium for France, 24 Saat Ajans, publisher for the past 12 years of the trade journal 4Eyes, for Turkey) were delighted by this surge in visitor numbers, and plan to continue promoting interest in this new trade fair on the international calendar of optics and eyewear events. Silmo Instanbul 2016 will take place from 8-11 December 2016.
Armin Luft appointed Senator in German Senate of Economy Armin Luft, founder and CEO of Laser 2000 GmbH, was appointed to the Senate of Economy in Bonn at the beginning of January, based on the strength of his 40 years of experience and expertise in the field of photonics, and contributions to German industry. The Senate of Economy is an association of leading figures in business, science, media, and culture as well as representatives from the fields of politics and diplomacy. This coalition acts as an independent political and economic advisory body.
Hoya is Academy conference platinum sponsor for second year The European Academy of Optometry and Optics has announced
and a practical sense. The ultimate goal, of course, is to
Hoya as platinum sponsor of its annual conference for the
help people see well. By working closely together with those
second year running. The conference will take place at
at the cutting edge of optometry and optics - eye care pro-
Beuth University of Applied Sciences, Berlin, from 19-22
fessionals and respected organisations such as the Academy
- the Hoya Faculty is playing an important role in promoting
Last year, Hoya celebrating its 75th anniversary this year,
a lifelong learning strategy in our industry and life care.’
sponsored the Academy’s clinical skills workshops at their
Academy president, Dr Mireia Pachecho-Cutillas FEAOO,
Hoya Faculty in Budapest, in addition to being the headline
commented: ‘Hoya shares the vision of the Academy to har-
monise and raise standards and improve education in the
Olga Prenat, director Hoya Faculty and Education, said:
fields of optometry and optics. They are a perfect partner in
‘We are delighted to be the platinum sponsor of the EAOO
working towards our commitment to sharing knowledge and
conference for the second year in a row. At Hoya Faculty we
promoting expertise and we thank them for supporting our
support eye care professionals across Europe in their day to
annual conference again. Working together we hope to
day work. We ensure they become leaders in the sector and
improve the quality of vision across Europe and to meet the
have a full range of skills at their disposal, both in a scientific
optical demands that today’s society places on us.’
Mondottica and Murai Inc joint venture Mondottica International has announced the establishment of Mondottica Japan KK, a new joint venture company between Mondottica and Murai Inc. Murai is a long established company in the Japanese market and is a wholly owned subsidiary of Nihon Seimitsu KK, which trades on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. Murai is already distributing several key brands for Mondottica, including Yohji Yamamoto, Anna Sui and Marimekko. They will be transferred to Mondottica Japan, which will exploit additional Mondottica brands in the future.
Vision Expo East 2016 features enhanced education content International Vision Expo & Conference has announced
The Dispensing Essentials Track, new for Vision Expo
additions to its learning formats and expanded content
East, will offer courses covering the four core competencies
for all eyecare professionals at the 30th Anniversary of
of a successful optician: clinical, technical, fashion, and
Vision Expo East, being held next month at the Javits
Center New York, NY, US.
Vision Expo’s popular Global Contact Lens Forum will
Highlights include three new education tracks offering
feature a new format that provides direct access to the
content via condensed formats allowing on-the-go attendees
program’s thought leaders and their prospective on the
to absorb information quickly and help them maximise
future of the contact lens practice.
their time at the conference. Lightning Rounds, a rapid
Mark Dunbar, OD, FAAO co-chair of the Conference
fire ‘speed dating’ format that will deliver five unique
Advisory Board said ‘For decades, the progress of the pro-
perspectives on a single topic. Crash Courses, COPE-
fession has been shaped by the knowledge shared at
approved 30 minute sessions on multiple topics. Fashion-
focused education. Business Solutions Track will expand to include more than 100 hours of curriculum organised around five key
The curriculum not only shines a light on advances in eyecare, but also builds on shared ideas and continues to grow our community of visionaries’.
areas to address the core business needs of attendees:
Vision Expo East dates are: Education April 14-17, 2016.
leadership, customer experience, human resources, big
Exhibition: April 15-17, 2016. To learn more visit www.Vi-
data, and profitable growth.
Increased visitor numbers at Opti 2016 Held over a three day weekend in Munich from January 15-17, it is claimed that opti 2016 recorded an 8 per cent increase in visitor numbers, with over 27,500 attendees from 81 countries at this year’s event. The total number of exhibitors at the show was 576 and for the first time there were more international than national companies exhibiting. The European industrial association (EUROM) also met for the first time at opti, as did members of the European umbrella organisation for optometrists and opticians, the European Council of Optometry and Optics (ECOO). Two new additions to the trade-fair portfolio met with a very positive reception. More than two thirds of visitors gave top grades to the focus topic ‘digital optometry’ and for the premiere of the new !HOT area in Hall C1. This area, with over 60 firms alongside the 120 independent and fashion labels in the YES area, forms the opti-Design Chamber. As a result of the expansion of the Munich Exhibition Centre to include two new halls, which will be available for opti 2019, the 2017 schedule must be moved by one day and will take place on Saturday, Sunday and Monday — from January 28-30, 2017.
Strategic appointments announced by Adlens Adlens has announced a series of strategic appointments and promotions to ensure capacity is aligned with business growth in 2016. The structural changes have been made to reflect the company’s growing needs following the launch of AdlensFocuss, the first prescription eyewear to feature groundbreaking Variable Power Optics (VPO) technology. David Eichelberger has been appointed senior vice president of VPO, leading and assuming full responsibility for the global strategy of AdlensFocuss. As well as building on current operations in the US, David will work with the aim to launch AdlensFocuss in other global locations. David takes up the role following the departure of Megan Molony to work in a new senior role within the US optical market. Sue Creek has been appointed vice president of sales and training, and will take on responsibility for all VPO sales revenue, leading the management and training of a team of account managers. David Hunt has been appointed director of VPO Customer Success & Operations, and will lead on the provision of exemplary customer service and communication to all AdlensFocuss patients. Mara Nieuwsma has been appointed vice president of Global Business Development, with overall responsibility for developing and delivering new digital and e-commerce strategies in key markets across the world. James Methven has been appointed vice president of marketing, assuming overarching responsibility for all global marketing activity. James joins Adlens with 20 years’ experience in developing brand growth across multiple geographies, connecting marketing activity with overall business objectives. Michael C Ferrara, CEO & Executive Chairman of Adlens, said: ‘2016 is going to be an extremely busy year for Adlens and it is important for us to start the year with the right organisational structure, driven by exceptional and experienced talent, in place. We have invested in these appointments based on the necessity for us to meet the growing demand for our groundbreaking technology. I’d like to welcome James to Adlens and congratulate David, Sue, Mara and David on their continued development within the organisation. All of them will play a critical role in achieving our business objectives in 2016.’
Essilor’s new acquisitions Actively pursuing its growth strategy, Essilor International has
vendors of optical products (contact lenses, sunglasses and
announced the signing of nine additional external growth
prescription glasses), and e-lens, a major online contact lens
transactions representing combined annual revenue of around
distributor. Based in Sao Paulo, eÓtica and e-lens generated
revenue of around BRL 15 million and BRL 12 million respectively
These acquisitions are in line with the company’s strategy
of balanced growth that is evenly spread across developed
The company purchased Optic Club, Russia a contact lens
and fast-growing markets, with the aim of strengthening
distributor with revenue of around RUB 1.6 billion in 2015
Essilor’s presence in the prescription lens industry and stepping
(around €20 million at end-December 2015 exchange rates).
up growth momentum in the online and sunglasses segments.
Optic Club's product offering and regional footprint will tie in
In developed markets, the company completed three trans-
well with Company Grand Vision, the distributor of ophthalmic
actions that strengthen its ties with eyecare professionals
lenses and contact lenses acquired in 2014. Optic Club will
and advance its multi-network strategy.
boost Essilor's market positioning in a country whose 145
In the US, Essilor purchased a majority stake in The Profes-
million population has major unmet visual correction needs.
sional Eyecare Resource Co-Operative/Infinity Vision Alliance
Lastly, in Kuwait, Nikon-Essilor has acquired a majority
(PERC/IVA), a group purchasing organisation comprising more
stake in Nikon Optical Middle-East (NOME), which generates
than 2,400 independent eye care practices. Essilor also
revenue of €3.5 million and is the exclusive distributor of
finalised the acquisition of Vision Source, the leading service
Nikon brand lenses in the Gulf Cooperation Council states.
network providing services to independent optometrists,
This partnership marks Essilor's entry into Kuwait.
which was originally announced in July 2015.
The Company closed a total of 19 acquisitions in 2015
The Company acquired a majority stake in ECP, Spain, the
representing aggregate additional annual revenue of around
distribution platform of CECOP, a group purchasing organisation
€214 million, thereby strengthening its position across all
comprising around 800 domestic optical stores as well as op-
its operating segments (Prescription Lenses, Sunwear and
erations in Italy, Portugal and the United Kingdom. ECP
posted revenue of almost €3 million in 2015. It will develop the Kodak brand in Spain and Portugal, expanding the Company's local offering and conquering fresh customer segments. Essilor enhanced its mid-range ophthalmic lens offering in Poland with the purchase of Jai Kudo Polska. Also present in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, Jai Kudo Polska generates annual revenue of around €5 million. In fast-growing markets, six new transactions have helped Essilor broaden its geographical reach to better serve unmet vision care needs. The Company closed four transactions in Brazil, where it bolstered its footprint in the prescription lens segment by signing partnerships with Prime Optical, a major prescription laboratory in Rio de Janeiro, the country’s third most populous state, with annual revenue of BRL 49 million, and RX, a Recife-based prescription laboratory in Pernambuco state, where the Company did not yet have an operational presence, with annual revenue of around BRL 8 million. Essilor is stepping up its fast-growth strategy in online sales with the acquisition of two leading companies in the Brazilian market: eÓtica, one of the country’s leading online
EXPOÓPTICA International Optics and Optometry Exhibition takes place from 8-10 April 2016, at Ifema, Feria de Madrid, Spain ★ The London College of Optometrists, have announced the election of three new members. Aleksandra Mankowska (MCOptom), Andrew McGregor (MCOptom), and Priya Jayaprakash. ★ The Association of Optometrists (AOP) and Media 10 have announced that their partnership on 100% Optical, the London-based show, will continue until at least 2019. ★ Mondottica has announced the renewal of eyewear licenses with Ted Baker, Pepe Jeans and Christian Lacroix. The Ted Baker license runs through 2020, while Pepe Jeans and Christian Lacroix will run through 2018. ★ Indo Optical Expo 2016, the 1st International Optical Exhibition in Indonesia will be held from November 23-25, 2016 in JIExpo, Kemayoran, Jakarta, Indonesia. ★ VISION 2020 UK, has announced National Eye Research Centre, a leading UK charity which raises money to fund research into the causes of eye disease, the development of treatments and the prevention of blindness, as a new member organisation. ★ Pentax Medical, a division of Hoya Group, has announced the appointment of Gerald W. Bottero as Global President of Pentax Medical.
ONE SIZE DOES NOT FIT ALL
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THE WORLD OPTICAL MARKET IN 2016 – Part Two Richard Chaffin, Consultant Editor
he world optical market 2016 - part two will discuss the last five of the top ten country optical markets in the world. Those countries are France, Indonesia, United Kingdom, Italy and Mexico. What is it about these five countries that determines they are leading optical markets worldwide? Each country has been given a ranking according to the number of optical buyers. Who are optical buyers? Optical buyers are the people in need of eyewear and have the financial means, personal or government, to purchase eyewear (‘ability to buy’). The number of eyewear buyers has been determined by using a proprietary computer formulation combining many individual factors. In addition, knowing who the buyers are is as important as their total number. To analyse whom the buyers are you need to know their gender, male or female, age of the population, and also their disposable (more than food and shelter) income. However, each one of these factors must be further broken down. Gender may involve the eye skill required for male or female occupations. Age of the population has an important bearing on eyewear needs. Most people need vision correction, in general, at middle age (40) as their power of accommodation diminishes. They will be single vision wearers, reading, distance, or both. If presbyops they are multifocal or potential progressive lens wearers. Certain ethnic groups (countries) have more vision correction needs than others. The economic factor of whether a coun-
try has a developed economy and is rich, or underdeveloped and poor, is to be considered. All of the above are important. Also of interest when analysing a country’s optical market is its future, its growth factor. There are three elements to a country’s growth factor; the age of eyewear buyers, whether or not the population is growing or decreasing, and the changes in economic conditions.
France is the home of the largest lens company in the world, Essilor. France is also the place that progressive lenses originated as we know them today. The eyewear market in France is approximately 41 million buyers. Those that need eyewear are able to buy 100 per cent. France’s total population is more than 60 million people or close to 15 per cent of Eastern Europe. France ranks between eight and ten among the 109 countries studied for the total number of eyewear buyers. It has a strong number of ‘High End Buyers’. Progressive lens buyers make up 46.4 per cent of the potential market and are 19.35 million people. Market growth in France is due primarily to its aging population.
Indonesia is a country of more than 250 million people. The eyewear market is growing at a rate that is third largest in the world. The number of eyewear
buyers in Indonesia is 41 million. However that is only 25 to 30 per cent of those needing eyewear. There are no ‘High End Buyers’ in Indonesia. Therefore the amount of progressive lens and contact lens buyers is a small percentage. Indonesia’s rapid eyewear growth is due mainly to its economic growth, slight population growth, and aging population. The business environment in Indonesia ranks in the lower third of the world’s countries.
The UK, a country that in the past had eyewear provided by the government, is a country where those needing eyewear have the ability to buy 100 per cent. The number of eyewear buyers in the UK is nearly 40 million. The ‘High End Buyers’ are approximately 13 million. The HEB is the fourth largest in the world. The UK has an aging population older than the world average. It is a very stable market for eyewear that was dominated by ‘multiples’, companies with countrywide outlets. The UK has the 10th largest number of eyewear buyers in the world. Growth in the market is due almost equally between economics, population growth, and aging.
Italy is the 6th most profitable eyewear market in the world. Italian frame companies dominate the world as well as the Italian optical market. Luxottica is not only a frame company but also the owner of Lenscrafters in the US, Oakley sunglasses, and Sunglass Huts worldwide. There are 40 million eyewear buyers in Italy, a number that has not changed for more than a decade. The number of people able to buy eyewear is 100 per cent. ‘High End Buyers’ in Italy are a strong area of growth numbering more than 10 million. The upper income groups have fueled the HEB growth. There are approximately 10 million buyers of progressive lenses or 49 per cent of the potential market. The progressive lens market is the 6th largest in the world. Aging of the population will be the key growth factor in Italy. Italy’s total population has been declining at a rate close to 5 per cent.
Mexico is a country of more than 120 million people of which nearly 65 million need eyewear but only 40 million are able to buy. In spite of that, Mexico has become the 8th largest market for eyewear in the world. Mexico ranks 16th in the world for progressive lens buyers. ‘High End Buyers’ are only 3 million. The low-end income groups dominate the eyewear
market. Mexico’s economic growth will be the major factor in the future of the eyewear market. Aging and the population growth will also have some part to play in the market. The World Market for Vision Correction 2016 – Number of Buyers: (1) China, (2) US, (3) India, (4) Japan, (5) Russia, (6) Germany, (7) Brazil, (8)France, (9) Indonesia, (10) UK The World Market for Vision Correction 2016 – Increase of Buyers: (1) China, (2) India, (3) Indonesia, (4) US, (5) Brazil, (6) Russia, (7) Turkey, (8)Mexico, (9) Thailand, (10) Iran The World Market for Vision Correction 2016 – ‘High End Buyers’: (1) US, (2) China, (3) Japan, (4) Germany, (5) UK, (6) France, (7) Italy, (8)Canada, (9) Spain, (10) South Korea The World Market for Vision Correction 2016 – Profitability: (1) US, (2) China, (3) Japan, (4) Germany, (5) UK, (6) France, (7) Italy, (8)Canada, (9) South Korea, (10) Spain
The Top Ten
An analysis of the top ten countries, their facts and figures, is certainly helpful when making decisions as to what eyewear market or country would be the most advantageous for doing business. However, this analysis may not tell the whole story. Where will the market be next year, the next five years? What is the political climate? How will wars and immigration effect eyewear business? How will the economic conditions of each country move forward? In addition, there are two things of ultimate importance that cannot be forecast. Those two things are the effects of government and technology. Governmental controls, regulations, and interference are unpredictable. Countries may have national health. They may regulate manufacturing, pricing, or set standards and rules. Technology can change everything. Computers, medical research, social media can cause big changes in the optical business. Continuing advances in organic indices, the photochromic process and coating are technology examples. What will 2016 predict for the future of the top ten and the world of optics? The information presented here comes from “The World Market for Vision Correction 2005 – 2020” authored by Mike Schaus and Richard Chaffin.
Anti reflection coating Tony Jarratt, Technical Editor
he supply of coated lenses has now become an everyday occurrence with the process being applied to a large majority of spectacle lenses – particularly when they are produced from high index material. It should be noted that the word ‘coatings’ now covers a far wider range of applications than was previously the case. In the ophthalmic context, ‘coatings’ originally meant only anti-reflection coatings. However, we now have to consider: Hard coatings Anti-reflection coatings Tinted coatings (Mirror coatings) Hydrophobic coatings Sometimes these are supplied individually, but they are often applied to the lens surface in successive layers, or even in one continuous process. This type of ‘combined coating’ is now most evident when we are talking about hard and AR coating. Many coatings now combine the properties of a hard and anti-reflection coating, sometimes with the added advantage of a hydrophobic or clean coat final layer – commonly known as a ‘top coat’. AR coating and reflections AR-coating on lenses is used for two principal reasons - to improve both the optical performance and cosmetic appearance of the lens. These are to some extent the same thing – if we improve the optical performance of the lens, we are quite likely to improve its appearance. The prescriber/dispenser will probably consider the optical aspects of applying such a coating whilst the end user – the wearer – will see the effect from a 12
cosmetic point of view, a reduction in surface reflections which will enhance the cosmetic acceptability of the lenses, thus making them more attractive in wear. The wearer will not necessarily realise that the improved appearance also means that there will be fewer reflections and an increase in transmitted light, with the resultant improvement in contrast and visual acuity. Formation of reflections If we consider the lens and eye in combination, we can see that they have three external surfaces between them – front and back surfaces of the lens and the surface of the cornea. Using this model, it can be shown that four different types of reflections are formed, depending on conditions. These reflections are: 1. Frontal reflections. Some of the light incident on the front surface is reflected back towards an observer, therefore degrading the cosmetic appearance of the lens. An example of this type of reflection is that produced when a spectacle wearer is in front of a television camera, the very bright studio lights are reflected from the spectacle lenses, thus obscuring the wearer’s eyes behind the lenses. 2. Backward reflections. Some of the light from behind the wearer is reflected from the back lens surface onto the eye. This causes disturbing reflections, particularly in dusk conditions or when driving at night, e.g. where ambient light levels are low and there is a bright light source such as the headlights from a car behind the driver.
3. Internal reflections. Light is reflected between the two lens surfaces, internally. This can be caused by light from any direction. It is the cause of the multiple 'rings' seen around the edge of some high minus lenses.
can be conveniently converted into percentage loss at each surface:
4. Corneal reflections. Caused by light being reflected from the surface of the cornea and then interacting with the lens surfaces. The last three reflections cause ghost images and can lead to lowering of visual acuity, due to blurring and reduced contrast. They therefore diminish the optical performance of the lens. Reflection number one would appear to be only a cosmetic problem, as it results in difficulty for an observer due to the frontal reflections. However, it does reduce the amount of transmitted light, which in turn reduces the efficiency of the lens. Surface reflections The ability to reduce the loss of light, caused by these reflections, has become more and more important as the dispensing of high index lenses has shown continued growth. This is because the surface reflections increase along with an increase of the index of the material. This increase in surface reflectivity is solely a function of the material index and cannot be affected by material design or composition, as can the ν Value (or Abbe number) and material density / weight. The amount of light reflected from a lens surface is given by the formula:
n’ – n ²
[ ] n’ + n
where sr = surface reflectance n’ = refractive index of lens material n = refractive index of the substance in which the lens is immersed – for spectacles this is air and n = 1
From this formula, it can be seen that as the material index rises, i.e. [n’] becomes larger, [sr] will also increase. This means that the amount of surface reflection will rise. Using the above formula and some of the standard indices, which are widely available, we can calculate values for sr and these
As we have to consider a lens there will be light lost at both surfaces, but this is not double the figure lost at the first surface. If we take the incident light at the first surface as 100 per cent and considering the light loss for a glass of n=1.800, we have the following: Incident light % loss at 1st surface (8.163% of 100) light transmitted after first surface % loss at 2nd surface (8.163% of 91.837) Light transmitted through lens
100.000 –8.163 91.837 –7.497 84.340
or a total loss of 15.66 per cent – assuming a ‘clear’ lens material and reasonably thin lens, where there is little or no light loss due to absorption by the material itself. Extra thick lenses, or those with a tint, will exhibit a lower overall light transmittance. It is normally accepted that the light loss for CR39 and spectacle crown does not cause any real problem for the wearer – although ghost images can cause difficulty in certain conditions. However, we can see, from the table, that the reduction in transmitted light for the higher index materials does become increasingly large. A loss of much over 10 per cent, becomes questionable and over 12 or 13 per cent, would be considered unacceptable to most users. In fact, the higher figures shown in the table – 15 to 18 per cent reductions in transmitted light, are equivalent to the sorts of levels found in some cosmetic tints applied to many lenses. In addition to this high light loss, the appearance of reflections for the lens surfaces is disturbing to the wearer due to the higher level of reflectance, which means that ghost images etc. are more noticeable. W
Table: Losses due to reflection for a range of materials
For these reasons, it is advisable to provide antireflection coating for all materials with an index over say 1.66 and they are a must for 1.8 and above. It is, of course, now normal for all major manufacturers to supply their high index and very high index lenses with an AR-coating as standard. How coatings work Reflections are caused by some of the incident light being reflected by the surfaces of the lens material, theoretically when the light does not strike the lens surface at right angles. This causes several types of reflection. If we interpose a transparent layer between the light striking the lens surface and that surface, we cause two reflections – the first from the surface of the layer and the second from the surface of the lens itself. If the thickness of the layer is made a quarter of a wavelength thick, the two reflected rays will be ‘out of phase’, by half a wavelength. This is because the ray, which is reflected from the lens surface, has to travel through the layer and then back again – i.e. twice the distance. As the two rays are out of phase by a half wavelength, they will be mutually destructive – i.e. they will eliminate each other, thus destroying the reflection. As this mutual destruction takes place for one wavelength, the resulting reduction in reflections will not be complete. To overcome this problem, multi-layer AR coatings were introduced – these are far more effective, eliminating reflections over
a much wider range of the spectrum. Final transmissions of up to about 99.5 per cent can be achieved. Manufacture AR Coatings, initially introduced only for high index glass materials, can now be supplied to virtually all ophthalmic lens materials, both mineral and organic. Traditionally the method of applying an AR coating has been by vacuum deposition and this technique has been used since its introduction by Zeiss in the 1930's - initially for optical systems, but subsequently (in the mid 1950's) for high index glass spectacle lenses. However, there are now several variations on the original concept and the process can now be classified into the following methods. Most depend on the deposition on the lens surface of one or more alternating low and high refractive index layers of metal oxides. (Note: the following descriptions give a general idea of the coating processes involved – they are not intended to be definitive – but only to act as a guide. Different variations of the processes are available – according to the particular requirements of the end user and the equipment available). 1. The original evaporation process: Under this process, the lenses are placed in a chamber, which is capable of having the air evacuated to a very low pressure – thus producing a
high vacuum. The chamber and the material to be used for the coating layer(s) are then heated – in the case of the coating chemicals, to a very high temperature. This causes the chemicals to vaporise into a gaseous state. At the same time the lens surface is charged electrically, with respect to the remainder of the chamber. As the chamber is at a high vacuum, the gas molecules can travel directly from the heating element onto the lens surface, being attracted to this by the electrically charged differential between the lens and chamber. To achieve these results, the earlier coating machines had to achieve a very high temperature, in order to evaporate the chemicals. This temperature would have damaged the plastics lens materials. However, a new method was introduced which overcame this problem. 2. 2nd variation – using an Electron beam gun: These machines use a different method of evaporation. This is achieved by means of an electron beam gun, which fires a charged beam at the chemicals, achieving evaporation at a much lower temperature. This, coupled, with the use of sophisticated microprocessor control of pressure, temperature and evaporation rate, has enabled manufacturers to produce machines which can deposit single and multi-layer coatings on virtually any lens material. 3. Magnetron Sputtering: A third method of deposition is that of sputtering. In this process the material to be deposited (in the form of a fixed target within the vacuum coating chamber) is eroded by energised particles (normally positive ions) striking its surface – the rate at which this takes place being controlled by magnetic fields produced by magnetrons within the chamber. The resultant material ejected from the target, being deposited on the lens surfaces. Again, this method can be carried out at a much lower temperature, making the process suitable for all types of lens substrate. 4. Plasma polymerisation: Polymerisation is basically a chemical reaction where molecules (the monomers) are joined to16
gether to form the polymer, which then consists of large repeated chains of molecules. Plasma polymerisation is a process where the chemicals are evaporated into a gaseous state (gas-phase monomers) within the vacuum chamber and are then assisted by the plasma into forming a polymer, which is deposited onto the substrate surface. This type of process is used, for example, to deposit the ‘hydrophobic’ coatings as the top layer of an AR coated lens. Other considerations The following two pieces of information are supplied courtesy of Satisloh and is taken from their coating process guide. Top coating options. Ease-of-care is perhaps the most important feature of AR coated lenses to the average customer. A naked AR coating is by nature rough and hydrophilic, meaning it will attract dirt and water and will be difficult to clean. Making the problem even worse is the fact that an AR coated lens will show the dirt more than a non-AR coated lens. Fortunately, coating technology has advanced rapidly and there are a number of new chemical options available to make AR coating easier to clean than ever before. These chemicals are applied on top of AR (hence the term ‘top coating’) inside of a vacuum chamber. Hydrophobic vs. oleophobic. When the first easy care top coatings were introduced back in the late 1980’s, they were loosely referred to as hydrophobic top coatings. Hydrophobic literally means ‘waterrepellent’ and the quality of a hydrophobic top coating has traditionally been measured by the contact angle of a drop of water on a lens. A higher contact angle (roundness of the drop of water) equates to a better hydrophobicity. Traditional hydrophobics typically have contact angles in the range of 97-104 degrees. The newest generation of hydrophobic top coatings, referred to as super hydrophobics, have a contact angle in the range of 106-112 degrees. More important than its ability to repel water is a super hydrophobic’s ability to repel oil and fingerprints, referred to as oleophobicity.
The following companies have kindly supplied material for review. Full details of their systems can be found via their websites and catalogues. Bühler Leybold Optics www.buhlergroup.com Bühler Leybold Optics offers several anti-reflection coatings for the ophthalmic industry, designed to cover nearly every quality requirement. The coatings are available throughout the company’s machine portfolio, to give every customer the possibility of being competitive in the market, independent of the production size. The coatings are designed to work on a wide range of substrates and hard-coat lacquer systems to guarantee the best solution on a wide product range. Customising of ARcoatings is available, to serve customers special requirements. Syrus 1350 Listed in the company’s portfolio are the following systems: The Syrus series offering the highest throughput and unbeatable cost-per-lens the coaters are said to be the most productive and cost-efficient ophthalmiccoating plants to be found on the market today. Designed for large batches, both for classical stock lens mass-production and for Rx production, the Syrus series excels with unsurpassed cost-benefit ratios. A special configuration optimised for (super)hydrophobic top-coat applications is also available. The coaters are capable of handling from 350 to 960 pairs per
eight-hour shift, using either a 4 or 3 segment calottes. Diameters from 60 to 80mm can be accommodated. The ECS system coater series is Bühler Leybold Optics’ offering for mass-production of eyeglass coatings where optimum value from investment is an uppermost requirement. The ECS series is conceived to meet specific requirements of East Asian stocklens manufacturers, such as largebatch production, easeof-use and local adaptations. The configuration is streamlined according to the specific application, thus reducing initial investment. The machines handle 180 to 90 pairs per eight-hour shift, using one of two chamber sizes. The CCS series modular concept allows the user to start with a moderate initial investment and only compact floor space requirements, but without compromising on quality. Later, they can easily upgrade the machine in line with the growth of business. As production volume and variety increases, it will not be necessary to exchange the machine – just add new components to the system. In its ultimate configuration, the CCS Pro, the system becomes a powerful and versatile tool for mid-scale laboratories.
Features & Benefits: • Fully automated process • Easy and comfortable machine handling and operation • Easy access to components and instruments • Easy system maintenance • Compact footprint • Ergonomic chamber shieldings • Short pump-down time to process start pressure • Modification of process parameters according to customer specification • Multi-layer anti-reflection coating • Hydrophobic and super hydrophobic coatings • Organic and mineral lenses • Remote analysis via modem and data logging The basic configuration – CCS 610 handles 54 to 78 pairs per eight-hour shift and offers the following features: • Ergonomic design for ease of use • Automatic flip-over carrier • Electron beam gun – Leybold Optics HPE 6 • Ion source Mark 1 • Ion pre-clean • In chamber hydrophobic coatings • Turbo-molecular pump 1500 l/s water cooled Two ‘upgrades’ are available: the Priority (72 to 104 pairs per eight-hour shift) which adds the following:
• Cryogenic refrigeration system • Meissner trap • Ion assisted deposition • Process calibration The Superior upgrade (108 to 156 pairs per eight-hour shift) adds the following: • Full dome Boxer is a coating system for ophthalmic lenses. It is ideal for Rx production as well as for stock production, and the system is also suitable for clean room use as well. Features: • Plug and coat design • Cubic coating chamber with straight sided walls ensures - easy maintenance - optimised coating geometry - quick removal of chamber liners for cleaning • Easy maintenance of all components • Clean room compatible • Simple click fixing of substrate carrier. Numerous hardware upgrades available Also listed are several other systems (see their catalogue for further details) including the Syrus which is ideal for series and stock production and designed for large batches, for classical stock lens mass production as well as for Rx production. A special configuration optimised for super hydrophobic top coat is also available.
Cotec www.cotec-gmbh.com Established and successful in the
field for many years Cotec pro- tical (dictionary definition – adj. vides coating systems especially of the sense of touch, of dermal designed and developed for hy- perception) properties can be drophobic ‘easy to clean’ coat- tailored to meet the needs any ings. By using separate AR and specific product and applicahydrophobic coating users will tion, while the optical and cosachieve optimum throughput metic appearance will not be afand quality. fected. Examples are easy-toThe fields of applications are clean coatings with increased optics, spectacles, automotive as water repellence, resistance to well as R&D. They have also de- dirt, oil, watermarks and other veloped Digital Inkjet Printers for exterior influences as well as marking hydrophobic, progres- antifouling, antistatic and antisive lenses and in addition Cotec fog coatings. provides the complete range of Applications are employed in PVD evaporation materials. On optics, display technology, elecrequest they even produce spe- tronics, medical technology, cial parts for users biotech, the autocoating systems. motive industry, conCotec offers active sumer products and support and is well metallisation. Long equipped with the experience in thin necessary expertise film coatings and and capability to percontinuous research form standard and and development special services. They make Cotec an excan also supply concellent partner for sumables for the spelabs needs in both cially designed crustandard and cuscibles, e-beam gun tomised solutions. and ion-source parts, Designed for adliners, calotte-segvanced applications ments, filaments and in the precision opquartz crystals. tical industry, HCS Cotec produce sev100P-H also is suited eral systems for the for applications of a application of hywide range of other Cotec HCS 100P drophobic coatings. industrial users. Amongst these, the HCS 100PThe geometry of the chamber UH is a fully automatic coating as well as a special evaporation system for the production of concept ensure an absolutely honanocoatings designed to alter mogeneous distribution making surface properties. This inter- it possible to coat even complex face modification is based on three-dimensional substrates as advanced nanotechnology with well as larger substrates simultawhich coatings of only a few neously. The integrated adnanometer thicknesses can be vanced PDU technology (Polymer created. Tribological (the sci- Distribution Unit) allows the use ence and technology of friction, of almost the entire chamber vollubrication, and wear) and hap- ume for coating.
Process features: • Batch time approx. 20 minutes • Absolutely homogeneous coatings of complex products • Ultra-hydrophobic and oleophobic (basically fingerprint resistant) properties • All sides of the substrates are coated simultaneously in one batch • Chemically bonded to surface – non removable coatings • Applicable to all substrate shapes • No contamination of PVD coating system System features: • Chamber and door heater up to 65°C • Vacuum pumping system • Evaporator for ultrahydrophobic chemical Duralon UltraTec • Includes new advanced PDU technology • PLC for system and process control • Vacuum measurement system and venting valve • All components are mounted in 19" electrical cabinet • Customised substrate carriers are available • Digital data logging available • Wiring available for European, Asian and American standards Cotec also lists the HCS 50P-UH a fully automatic coating system for the production of 3D ultrahydrophobic coatings. It is designed for all small and medium
sized coating laboratories and ume production of AR coatings perfectly compatible with PVD in the smallest labs. It can also be used for special products like systems with a batch mirror coatings or blue capacity of 40-60 relax filters which lenses. The HCS50Ptypically run in UH is a plug and play small quantities in solution and will be each type of lab. delivered together The OAC-60 and with a customised OAC-75 match the process parameter needs of small to adapted to your mid-size labs. Both products. Roundunits are characing off the list is terised to combine the HCS 150 is anshortest process other fully autotime and highest matic operated coatflexibility. This aling system for the lows for the producproduction of 3D ultion of the right product tra-hydrophobic coatings. Designed OAC-60 from OptoTech mix in each session. Finally, for all medium and large coating the OAC-90 and OAC-120D are laboratories with high flow ca- ideal solutions for mid-size and pacity, it is perfectly compatible larger labs to achieve highest with PVD systems with a batch throughput numbers. The five machine sizes (OACcapacity of 100 - 160 lenses. 25/60/75/120) have a consistent OptoTech design which allows running all www.optotech.de type of coatings in high quality OptoTech is one of the leading independently of the size of the suppliers for production equip- coating plant: ment for the ophthalmic industry and as a turn-key supplier • Unique coating concept offers production solutions for • Front door loader for easy the entire process chain in the access manufacturing of ophthalmic • Heating system for cold and lenses including AR coating hot processes equipment. They can provide • EB-gun and ion-source to their customers with all necesapply all kind of coatings sary production equipment and • Powerful pumping systems process know-how from a single for shortest process times source. • Using high quality In the field of coating they ofcomponents only – from fer the OptoTech anti-reflection German, Italian and US Coaters series named OAC. The suppliers OptoTech AR coating product portfolio provides five different Nothing works without the sizes to cover the right solution proper process. In addition to the for the different types of RX- wide range of coating systems, labs. The OAC-25Plus AR-coat- OptoTech also supplies the aping system is made for low vol- propriate coating processes and
Main features of the system are:
materials. This allows users to achieve optimal coating results for their products. From standard AR processes up to coatings with highest performance, OptoTech gives full support in optimising the coating process to the customers’ specific needs. Based on their long-term process experience they have developed the well-known and production proven process Duracoat with its exceptional durability. The premium AR processes combine anti-static and super-hydrophobic as well as oleophobic properties. A relaxed vision can be offered with a Blue Relax coating. UV Protection coating guarantees excellent protection for the pa-
tients eyes from harmful ultraviolet rays. Mirrors are available in all fashionable colours as well as tinted brown and grey shades completing the wide process portfolio. For quality control purpose, OptoTech also offers equipment for the measurement of the optical properties like reflectance/ transmittance with a spectrophotometer, the hardness of the layers with a Bayer-tester and the durability of the entire coating with accelerated aging tester.
Satisloh www.satisloh.com Satisloh lists a range of equipment for coating, including three coaters, a cleaning system and a
hard coating spin coater. The 1200-DLX 6-sector dome box coater deposits anti-reflective (AR) and / or mirror coatings on organic and mineral glass lenses via thermal evaporation process (PVD). It offers multiple process applications. The 1200-DLX is built for unprecedented throughput requirements in Rx-Lab and stock lens production. Benefits and features: • Extremely fast technology with unprecedented low process times • 6-sector dome, ring less full big dome or a flip over system for double-side processing available
• Offers consistent AR coatings and highest lens productivity • User friendly control software
ible AR coating system. This is the ideal sputter coater for market entry AR, small volume continuous flow coating, and rush orders. The sputtering system introduces a new concept in optical The MC-380-X box coating sys- coating for the ophthalmic industem deposits anti-reflective (AR) try. It is ideal for entry level apand / or mirror coatings on or- plications or back-up capacity. ganic and mineral glass lenses via Ready for back side AR on Nucleo thermal evaporation process blocked lenses. (PVD). This 3-sector dome box A new process has been engicoater combined with an neered exclusively ultrasonic cleanfor the SP-200: ing system is a Easy-Coat Plascomplete coating tic, Easy-Coat solution. It proMineral, Easyvides consistent, Coat Mirror. sophisticated AR Benefits and feacoatings in short tures are: easy to process times with set up and operan easy process ate, extremely setup. fast – as little as Satisloh engi12 minutes’ cycle neered a new time for 4 lenses process generaone side AR coated. MC-280-X from Satisloh tion, available Low cost of ownership, only for the MCuser-friendly control soft380-X: Ioncote k+ X / Ioncote Car- ware. It can handle the following bon (available only with Satisloh lens materials: CR39, Polycarbonlacquers) Ioncote k X Perform- ate, High Index, Photochromic, ance X Multiquartz X. Benefits Mineral glass up to n = 1.9. and features: reduced process times with newly developed Schneider processes, 3-sector dome or a flip- www.schneider-om.com over system for double-side pro- Schneider lists three coating syscessing and user friendly control tems in their portfolio the EBC 400, EBC 600 and the EBC 900, software. Also listed is the MC-280-X – each aimed at a different segthis lower volume stand-alone ment of the market. The EBC 400 compact coating box coater offers multiple process applications and provides highest system accommodates all the reflexibility for Rx labs with small quirements of a small Rx-lab. Reliable and proven components, batch requirements. MC-280-X features the same so- provided in a compact system, phisticated AR and mirror coating combined with modern process processes as 1200-DLX and MC- technology characterise the EBC 400. 380-X. A powerful EBG system with a The next system is the SP-200 (Sputter-coater) – a fast and flex- high number of pockets provides
maximum process flexibility. Expanded ion source power for argon and oxygen use and a water-cooled process chamber guarantee high process stability. With the new visAR process, the system allows high-end coating into small Rx-labs whether on organic or mineral lenses. Benefits: • Compact economical vacuum-coating system • Proven technology • High-end quality coatings • In-chamber hydro-/ oleo-phobic coatings • Easy to use interface • Remote maintenance • Small footprint Capacities range from 22/20 for 56/65mm diameter to 16/14 for 80/85mm. Options include – Meissner-trap with cryo-cooler, full dome, flipover. The next machine in the range, the EBC 600 covers the requirements of small to medium sized laboratories. A powerful EBG system with a high number of pockets provides maximum process flexibility. Expanded ion-source power for argon and oxygen use and a water-cooled process chamber guarantee high process stability. The machine features: touch screen operation, convenient and functional user interface with remote maintenance functions, substantial data-logging and fault analyses. State of the art process technology – Ion assisted deposition (AR and O2), antistatic coating, hydrophobic and oleophobic coatings. Customised processes available on request.
Various options are available to allow for increased production levels, for future requirements. These include Meissner-trap with cryo-coolerand flip-over. The final system offered, the EBC 900 is Schneider’s advanced coating solution for mediumsized and larger Rx labs. State-ofthe-art process technology and proven components combine to provide the shortest process times and make the EBC 900 a powerful and reliable batch EBC 900 from Schneider coating system. Its high performance EBG system and crucible configuration provides full evaporation material flexibility – whether on a segmented dome or a flip-over system. Layer properties are optimised with Ion Assisted Deposition using AR or O2 to guarantee best process qualities on organic or glass lenses. With the optimised design of the vacuum chamber and protection shields, shield changes are not only minimised but can also be done faster and easier, resulting in less downtime during production. The modular design is upgradeable for higher productivity requirements. Benefits of the system: • Economical mid-sized system • High productivity rates • Proven reliable technologies • High-end quality coatings • In chamber hydro/ oleophobic coatings • Easy to use interface
• Easy maintenance • Convertible dome system The flip-over system of the EBC 900 (included in the basic system) can be converted into a segment dome in a few simple steps. Capacities range from 114 lenses of 65mm diameter in a three segmented dome (72 in a flip over) to 72 for 80mm diameter in a three segment configuration and 36 in a flip over. Customised processes are available on request. Options to the standard machine are – Meissner-trap with cryo-cooler, 3 segment dome, 2nd Turbo Molecular Pump, Thermal Evaporator (Boat), Double Crystal Head.
Stratox www.stratox.com Stratox is a technology company which designs, manufactures and supports low and ultra low temperature refrigeration systems. Which compete against liquid nitrogen, advantages are low capital cost and exceptional energy conversion. Founded in 2000 their special focus is auto-cascade refrigeration processes and they have unique experience in the optimisation and development of the complex gas mixtures and thermodynamics to realise clients process goals. Their clients are large corporations in vacuum, bio-medical, petrochemical and
food distribution industries. Stratox, through its Global service network specialises in the service of vacuum pumps, cryopumps and instrumentation found on all ophthalmic coating plant. They have remanufactured Polycold and Telemark systems for all of the major ophthalmic groups across the world. These systems are critical for all thin film coating, metallurgical and vacuum heat treatment processes. In collaboration with their partner Druschke their remanufacturing upgrade programme greatly extends the life of PFC00 and 01 series systems and greatly improves the performance and reliability of current generation MaxCool and PFC02 series units. A Stratox remanufactured and upgraded unit performs better and costs around half the price. Polycold systems are well regarded as tough reliable units. Sticking valves and blocked capillary lines have been designed out of the remanufactured units. Higher performance than the OEM is achieved through improved oil handling and a unique high efficiency gas Cascade refrigerant blend, environmentally safer, with reduced power consumption and low global warming – so much so that the twice per year inspection requirement under F-Gas is reduced to a single annual check. Remanufacturing not only saves money but makes environmental sense, so confident in their German factories quality that they offer a 12-month warranty when installed by a Stratox channel approved installer.
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Zeiss office lenses Zeiss oﬃce lenses are tailored to the specific visual needs of the
sion based on the personal visual requirements.
wearer and ensure a relaxed, comfortable and natural body pos-
The op mum maximum viewing distance within
ture is adopted when undertaking occupa onal viewing tasks.
the room is defined with perfect precision for the
They provide very large fields of vision from near to intermedi-
wearer. In addi on, the wearer's centra on
ate viewing distances and enable pa-
data, near working distance and spectacle
ents to experience the required
frame dimensions are used within the
range of vision for their ac vity.
design and produc on of these
The top- er Zeiss oﬃcelens Indi-
vidual can be customised to the
Accoun ng for diﬀerent pa ent re-
wearer’s unique visual needs for even clearer vision whilst read-
quirements, they are also available in two addi onal performance
ing, using electronic devices or within the workplace and has an
ers, providing op cians with a wider dispensing choice: Zeiss
individual Maximum Intermediate Distance (M.I.D.) which can
oﬃcelens Plus and Zeiss oﬃcelens Superb designs are also
be tailored to the specific needs of the wearer in a range from
available in three M.I.D. for visual comfort from reading distance
100cm to 400cm. The M.I.D. value is the specific distance within
to a fixed M.I.D. of 100cm, 200cm and 400cm.
a room that the wearer requires to have the best and clearest vi-
For further details visit: zeiss.co.uk/better-vision
Kolor Up sun lenses from Essilor Kolor Up is a new brand and technology of sun lenses developed in coopera on with the Essilor R&D teams. Tradi onal sun lenses are designed to reduce light intensity, to protect the eyes, reduce glare and perform homogeneously for the full spectral range. Kolor Up lenses selec vely modulate the light reaching the re na and the wavelengths of the primary colours received by the photoreceptors in the eyes to create some visible results, reinforcing the brightness of colours while maintaining a high level of protec on, bringing to life the natural hues of the surrounding environment and guaranteeing high levels of vision performance even in very bright condi ons. The lenses are available both in plano (non-prescrip on), polarized or non-polarized, in solid or gradient colours such as amber, brown, grey, grey-green and copper. For further details visit: www.essilor-sunsolution.com
i.Terminal Mobile from Zeiss Delivering the best vision possible depends on more than just an
latest digital centra on system for iPads, gathers and calculates
accurate prescrip on. In the modern world where everything
all required fi ng parameters, such as monocular interpupillary
changes quickly, product oﬀering
distances, fi ng heights and pantoscopic angle, with a precision
is broad and compe
on is high,
of 1/10mm, allowing for increased dispensing flexibility
pa ents require the most inno-
within prac ce and delivering im-
va ve and customised lens so-
proved visual comfort and fast
lu ons to suit their individual
lens adap on for pa ents.
lifestyles. A smooth and so-
The Zeiss i.Terminal Mobile is not
phis cated dispensing process
only quick with reliable results, it is
tends to strengthen pa ents’
also simple and highly intui ve for
confidence and reinforce the
all dispensing staﬀ to use eﬀec vely
op cian’s recommenda on
without excessive training required.
on a lens solu on.
For further details visit:
In just 20 seconds, Zeiss i.Terminal Mobile, the
Coco Song collection
The Coco Song collec on, the line of frames designed by Area98,
colour eﬀect and creates a play on the contrast between exterior
draws its inspira on from eastern culture.
and interior. The enamelled cross hinge also adds a touch of ori-
The brand’s typical bright colours are joined now by warm nuances in the shades of beige, Havana and brown with touches of
ental elegance. The imperial dragon, the archetypal symbol of authority, be-
fuchsia and blue which create a highly feminine eﬀect
comes a key element in the
of so ness and light thanks also to the
Meld Gold frame, winding
silk inserted between the layers
along the temple. Enamel and
of acetate. The Hard Speaker models brings floral inspira ons from a Zen garden with dried flowers which decorate the
semi-precious stones complete this product. The cat eye metal frame front in the My Same model is embellished by enamelled Greek frets which also run along the temples at the hinges. Details of dried
front and temples, further embellished with ornaments in metal
leaves appliqués on the silk add a sophis cated exo c touch
and gemstones – turquoise, malachite, ger’s eye and lapis lazuli.i.
to the frame.
A floral mo f also for the You Soon model which takes on the
For further details visit: www.area98.it
Nidek Anterior Chamber Angle mode for Tonopachy NT-530P The Anterior Chamber Angle (ACA) mode
ular pressure, the visual observation of
launched by Nidek is a new feature included
the anterior chamber angle further as-
in the Tonopachy NT-530P, the unique model
sists in the assessment of glaucoma.
combining Non Contact Tonometer and Pachymeter in one unit. The ACA mode allows the operator to capture
The clinical utility of the Tonopachy NT-530P is enhanced with the inclusion of the ACA mode.
an image of the anterior chamber angle with
For further details visit:
the Scheimpflug image. Along with the intraoc-
AtoZ of OPTICAL websites All the companies listed in our A to Z guide are featured on our own Website along with a Hyperlink. Log onto www.optical-world.co.uk and select the company you are looking for, then simply click on their URL which is highlighted and you’ll be automatically re-directed. Remember to bookmark the Optical World Website so you can easily locate it for future use. If your company’s Website is not shown below, contact us immediately, via our email address email@example.com – The annual cost of an entry in this guide is £90 (£180 with logo) Fair & Cheer Inc www.fnc.com.tw
www.agp-abrasifs.com Fil-Tech Inc www.filtech.com
AIM Specialty Materials www.aimspecialty.com
Arch Crown www.archcrown.com
Automation & Robotics www.ar.b
Bühler Alzenau GmbH Business Area Leybold Optics www.buhlergroup.com
Federation of Manufacturing Opticians www.fmo.co.uk
PBG Piezoelettrica Business General Srl www.pbg.it
Groupe Couget Optical www.groupecouget.com
Hong Kong Optical Fair www.hkopticalfair.com
Phantom Research Labs Inc www.phantomresearch.com
POMDI-Herramientas De Diamante S.A. www.pomdi.com
Cerium Optical Products www.ceriumoptical.com
Comes Fratelli Colombo S.r.l. www.comes.it
Schneider GmbH & Co. KG www.schneider-om.com
Comexpo – Silmo www.silmoparis.com
Contact Lens Manufacturers Association www.clma.net
SEIKO Optical UK www.seiko-optical.co.uk
COTEC Gmbh www.cotec-gmbh.com
www.mido.it – www.mido.com
Reed Exhibition Companies www.reedexpo.com
Norville Autoflow www.norville.co.uk
OLA (Optical Laboratories Association) www.ola-labs.org
Wenzhou Int’l Optics Fair, China www.donnor.com
IS YOUR COMPANY FEATURED HERE Telephone: (44) 1702 345443 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The International Suppliers Guide Circulates to over 11,500 readers in more than 100 countires www.optical-world.co.uk W
IS YOUR COMPANY FEATURED HERE Telephone: (44) 1702 345443 Email: email@example.com
The International Suppliers Guide Circulates to over 11,500 readers
in more than 100 countires
The International Suppliers Guide Circulates to over 11,500 readers in more than 100 countires www.optical-world.co.uk
2016 EXHIBITION DIARY 8-10 April
EXPOÓPTICA Feria de Madrid, Spain
OPTRAFAIR BIRMINGHAM 2016 NEC, Birmingham, UK
Expo Abióptica 2016 São Paulo, Brazil
International Vision Expo East Jacob Javits Convention Centre New York, USA
DIOPS 2016 The 15th Daegu International Optical Show Exco, Daegu, Korea
29th China International Exhibition Centre Beijing, PR China
International Vision Expo West Sands Expo Centre, Las Vegas, USA
SILMO 2016 Parc des Expositions, Villepinte, Paris, France
29 November 1 December 8-11 December
Hong Kong Optical Fair Hong Kong Convention & Exhibition Centre VISION X 2016 Dubai World Trade Centre, United Arab Emirates Silmo Istanbul Istanbul Expo Centre, Turkey
FORTHCOMING FEATURES APRIL ISSUE Survey: Progressives – Part 1
The International Suppliers Guide Circulates to over 11,500 readers in more than 100 countires www.optical-world.co.uk 32
Survey: Progressives – Part 2 If you wish your company to be included in the above surveys please send relevant information to our technical editor Tony Jarratt Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Spotlight on Asia www.diops.co.kr www.easypower .com.hk
Hong Kong O Manufacturers A ptical ssociation
www.siof.cn ww w.ciof.cn