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Design and Practice Report

Future History Malgorzata Persa MArch 2 C77174985 Website: https://mpersa92.wixsite.com/ malgorzatapersa

Leeds Beckett University Tutor: Sarah Mills Submission date: 30th April 2018


CONTENTS

Report 1: Design and Technology 1.1. 1.2. 1.3. 1.4. 1.5.

Personal Position The Design Studio Context The Design Thesis Technical and Technological questions Further Development

03 07 09 15 19

Report 02 Management and Law 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. 2.5.

Planning issues Development Appraisal Scenario Procurement and Risk Architectural Practice Professional Reflection

Appendices 1. 25 London Projects and new accommodation 2. Criteria for accepting tenants in new residential units 3. Respond to the City Plan 2015 framework 4. Work phasing and contract types. 5. Cost breakdown CV Bibliography Figure 11 Report 1: 2486 Report 2: 2607 Total word count: 5093

23 27 29 33 35

37 38 39 42 43 44 45 46


Report 1: Design and Technology


Fig. 01. Vision of architecture before staring an architecture course. The design of a shopping hall with abstract and floating elements. Not much consideration for materials and technical detail.

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1.1. Personal Position

The Architect title is dissolving.

In the current, fast growing and developing world, Architects are facing many problems and challenges arising from them as well as the general public expectations. Over the years, the role of the Architect and architecture has changed. From magnificent and colossal sacral monuments of ancient times, through defensive walls of medieval castles to uniform post-war terrace houses serving all working classes. Architects power to design what there inspirations were shifted to the oppressing needs of the society and available techniques and materials. This movement is seen now more than ever before. The Architect needs to follow specific framework and comply with various standards and regulations. It is no more about a great piece of architecture but a piece that fits within the description. I have learnt that when I did my year out in a small practice, Stone & Associates Architects in Malton. The practice specialises in the residential sector with new build and refurbishment works. The large number of projects we were working on were located in a conservation area or was a listed building. We had to follow the strict framework set by the local planning authorities in Ryedale City Council or North York Moors National Park. Any development that would not fit in the description, including materials, size, scale and heights would be rejected. On one occasion, the planning authorities were near to reject the PassivHaus proposal due to their unfamiliarity to the concept of the PassivHaus. Stone & Associates is currently expanding to specialise in the ecological deign. This specific project, in a small and busy site in Rillington village, was the best possible scheme.

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Fig. 02. Photograph of a children playground made from recycled wind turbine blades. Project Wikado playground by Superuse Studios. Project was developed by different professionals in the practice who progressed techniques for use of reclaimed materials and their assembly on site. Image source <http://denisguzzo.com/projects/superuse/dortyart/> [Accessed 29th April 2018]. - 05 -


1.1. Personal Position

Many small practices accept the Clients and plannersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; visions, abandoning their own inspirations. This is often dictated by the need to have a stable income and workflow. Often, practices do not have enough specialist designers to help them develop and promote the scheme that would best suit the project and the site. I believe that Architects need to build an extensive professional network that will allow them to seek advices and solutions to best suit the projects they are working on. It would be beneficial to have diverse professionals in the practice but that is not always possible due to the lack of the specialist projects they are working on. A successful example of this type of working environment is the Superuse Studios from Amsterdam, that I came across during my research for my masterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s dissertation paper. The firm characterises by having different professionals and specialists in their team, starting from environmental scientists, chemists, through analysts, engineers to salvage team. They work in collaboration with freelancers and experienced consultants that require specific expertise on the project. I believe that the Superuse Studios is a model for future architectural practices. In many cases, it is not feasible for various professionals to work together on daily basis, but it is important to build a professional network that we can collaborate with on specific projects. It can be the solution to the death of architecture and even better future with diverse projects.

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Fig. 03. Projection of set model. The image to represent the use of the space for viewing / educational space between concrete walls of fish tanks. Image from DS2 portfolio.

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1.2. The Design Studio Context

The architecture course is well established within Leeds Beckett University and is a part of Leeds School of Architecture under School of Art, Architecture and Design. Design studio module is divided between three studio groups that focus on different areas of architecture as well as skill sets. Cinematic Commons is the most art and cinematographic based studio group among Abstract Machines and Penton-Ville studio groups. During my master studies, I have been a part of Cinematic Commons studio group, lead by Sarah Mills. As a unit, we work on the sites in Kyoto, Japan or London, United Kingdom. The key principle of this studio group is to research areas of the city we are working on in depths of a specific notion. This year we are looking at ‘museum’, ‘copying’ and ‘archives’. We searched for a ‘new common’ - an area of interest for us and stories related to them - narratives. That lead then to uncover different problems related to them and come up with the solutions through architecture. These solutions will inform a new architectural typology - a new infrastructure. The studio uses various cinematographic tools and media as a design tool. The research and the project narrative is presented through a storyboard and film essay. The proposed design and narratives are then developed through 1:20 set models that explore use of the spaces, activities and relationship to the site. Set models allow to represent the design through series of photographs and films. Along the 2-dimensional drawings, like plans, sections and elevations, we are working on the 3-dimensional axonometric drawings to better understand the areas and spaces we are exploring. I believe that the new skill sets and use of montaging techniques like film, collages and storyboards, I have learned during last two academic years, will allow me to better represent my proposals to the clients and wider audience like city planners, general public, during planning meetings or competition entries.

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1

6

2 5

4

3

Key Projects: 1

OrganicLea

2

GrowUp

3

Repowering London

4

FoodCycle

5

Centre for Sustainable Fashion

6

GoodGym WrapUp (seasonal in metro stations)

Fig. 04. Location of the key charities from 25 London Projects around London. They are all located far away from central London. The idea behind the design thesis is to bring them into the Museum of London to create a living exhibition.

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1.3. The Design Thesis

The design thesis proposes a 24 hour use of the Museum of London, while incorporating accommodation units for professionals working in the City of London on a minimum wage together with active exhibitions of 25 London Projects. The project thesis started with looking at the museums in London and thereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s role in the life of the ordinary citizens of London. They do not bring direct benefits to the citizens but they improve the tourism, resulting in increased need for hospitality and culinary sectors. London as a business and financial centre is using most of the available floorspaces for offices to support the leading role in business. This results in reduced number of available spaces for residential units. This is a real problem in the City of London borough. City Plan framework will not allow for residential developments if it would harm the business aspect of the area. 400,000 workers and only 8,000 residents are in City of London each day. This means that remaining 392,000 commute from other parts of London (and outside of it) every day. This situation has a profound impact on Londoners life. People, who run the city on a daily basis, like nurses in hospitals, kitchen porters in schools, ticket controllers on trains, struggle with simple tasks that are forced on them by a difficult housing position. Historically, the high demand for housing in City of London was achieved by building mixed use estates. The example here are Barbican Estate and Golden Lane Estate. Both were designed and built following the bombing of London during World War II. They were to provide with a social housing with a variety of amenities and facilities for the residents who lost their homes to the Blitz. Golden Lane Estate includes a swimming pool, a community centre and over 500 flats. Barbican Estate contains the Barbican Art Centre, the Guildhall School of Music and Drama, the public library, the City of London School for Girls and 13 terrace blocks, accommodating over 2,000 flats. Each of these developments follow a strict principles of Brutalist architecture creating monumental structures. This approach is difficult to follow in current City of London and alternative types of accommodation / developments are needed. Proposed 24 hour use of the museum and sleeping between the exhibitions could be a solution here.

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Fig. 05. Living Pods ‘growing’ on Vertical Farm structures. Image: screen print of the photographed model.

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1.3. The Design Thesis

After visiting the Museum of London, I have learned about interesting exhibition that was held in the museum. I belief that the projects mentioned in the exhibition, including 25 London Projects, where beneficial for citizens of London. However, the public did not know enough about them to make a difference in their lives. More on 25 London Projects in Appendix 1. The thesis project proposes to accommodate a few of the mentioned projects as live exhibitions. They will overtake spaces of the museum that are currently misused and do not bring any cultural value to the museum. The uniqueness of each of them will determine what projects and types of accommodation will be allocated there. The project is divided into three main phases. Phase 1 will overtake a North Wing of the building and accommodate growing projects (OrganicLea, GrowUp, Living Under One Sun and Growing Communities) and Living Pods. The 14 pods will house 28 young professionals, who work night shift. Phase 2 will develop recycling and sustainability projects (GoodGym, FoodCycle, Repowering London, Sustainable Fashion, WrapUp) in the rotunda area with new residential units accommodating the existing wall. It will create 18 two bed two storey units, accommodating further 54 residents on permanent basis. Phase 3 is located in the main permanent exhibition area, around the central atrium / courtyard. The spaces between existing exhibitions will be used a temporary sleeping accommodation for 60 occupants for no longer than three consecutive nights. Each of the projects and accommodation types is unique and requires specialist design, services or building techniques. These will be further explained in section 1.4. Technical and Technological questions. Further details on entry criteria for residential units in Appendix 2.

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Rev

Date

EM - Employer change to BU - Buildability ST - Ch

Fig. 06. OS location map.

Job:

#Pro Address:

#Site F

Client:

#Clie Drawing:

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S+A Intern Scale

F

1:1000 Job No. 0

D


16.5m Acc

ess

road

to G

uildh

all G

irls S

cho

ol

Lower level grassed area

12.5m

t ate Stree

Aldersg Higher level grassed area

Ironmonger's Hall

Control room New entrance to Museum

Section of the building not explored in this report

Proposed Ground Floor Plan Road level

Fig. 07. Floor plan of ground floor level. Living pods are located between vertical farms. Access to them is possible only through stairs leading between farms.

Proposed R

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Typical connections of steel frame and existing reinforced concrete retaining wall Scale 1:20 Steel Square Hollow Section 250x250x8mm sits on the bolded steel plate. SHS is welded to the metal plate to stay in place. SHS proďŹ les of the same size run horizontally to connect the structure. Metal rods are tying the frame so it is stable. Ibeams 127x76mm runs horizontally to tie the frame to the existing building (wall). GSEducationalVersion

Fig. 08. Detail of installing new steel structure on existing concrete elements. Drawing done for the purpose of DSIT C Technology Report.

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1.4. Technical and Technological questions

Technical issues: The Museum of London was designed following the Barbican Development. It highlighted a design principles of Brutalist architecture of 1960s and 1970 as a re-development of the bomb-damaged areas of the City of London. Heavy concrete structures supported by deep concrete columns, elevated off the ground, creating skywalks and green roofs might seem off place when facing the glass and steel office buildings in the neighbourhood. The Museum itself is not recognisable between the existing structures and it is not easily accessible from road level. The main entrance point is on the pedestrian level, which is first floor of the Museum. The proposed scheme will look to create a more visually pleasing and inviting envelop with glimpses of the activities from further views. Also, the pedestrian access will be improved with a new entrance on the road level from Aldersgate Street. The proposed scheme is overtaking an existing concrete structure and making the best use of it and its unique spaces in relation to proposed activities. To accommodate them all, a demolition techniques suitable for the busy site needs to be implemented. Furthermore, curving of the thick concrete walls is a big structural undertaking. The material choices for the proposed structures corresponds to the activities within the museum, new micro-climates created and available materials on the site. Phase 1 and Vertical Farms with the Living Pods have a year-round controlled environment. The materials need to withstand the humidity, temperature and exposure to artificial light. Steel and Kalwall system are the two key materials used in this space. They have a high resistance to temperature, water and exposure to light. Steel needs to be treated to preventing it from deteriorating, where Kalwall, thanks to its fibreglass properties is protected from these environmental conditions. Next to the structural issues there are also many environmental issues to consider. The early studies of lighting, ventilation and heating allowed for a best adaptation of the building in relation to the new activities. The North Wing is divided into three zones depending on the existing environmental conditions and the possibilities they offer, like lower ground do not have much sunlight but is a tall space and it is perfect for Vertical Farms, where top roof is open, has a lot of natural light and cross ventilation, allowing for greenhouse agriculture (read in conjunction with DSIT B and DSIT C Reports). Application of new micro-climate will need to be tested for a few weeks prior the use of the building by the visitors and residents. The proposed works will face a logistics / construction issues. To support the construction process there is a need for a well organised transport system due to the lack of parking spaces around the building. The removal of construction waste and deliveries of the new materials need to follow the earlier agreed schedule. - 16 14 -


All drinking water and for domestic use provided from the mains. Approx. 110 cubic meters per 2 bed unit. Grey water from domestic units, museum kitchen, restaurant and toilets.

Flood tank, containing water from fish tanks and mains

Water to supply fish tanks

Located in plant room on level -2

0.75% of total water loss for evaporation = 6.6 cubic meter per day

Manhole connected to mains

916 cubic meter to supply proposed system

Water is not changed, only added as a respond to daily losses

Grow beds. Water is passed in tubs to water each plant. 5,440.68 leaner meter of growing tubes for plants. That is equivalent of production of 2.737 millions of lettuce heads a year.

Waste water is pumped to mains. Pump located in water treatment room on level -2.

0.75% of total water loss during water filtration and waste removal = 6.6 cubic meter per day

Water treatment Filtration

KEY: Storm water and surface water collection Grey water collection Waste water disposal GSEducationalVersion

Sump tank with pump to supply water back to fish tanks Located in plant room on level -2

Fig. 09. Environmental consideration for water supply, its distribution and use within the building. The system to be designed by a specialist consultant. Drawing done for the purpose of DSIT C Technology Report.

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1.4. Technical and Technological questions

Detailed design and representation: The proposed project is the first of its kind, where individual systems are already used in other projects, merging them together will be a challenge. There will be a lot of questions raised about security and use of the building in 24 hours period. It is important to detail it well and present it to planners and public so it will clear out all the questions and potential disliking. The design will be developed using ArchiCAD software. The advantage of the software is the possibility to work in 2 and 3 dimensional spaces. This way, series of plan, section and elevation drawings as well as axonometric and perspective images will be produced. It is a complex project and it is difficult to understand all of the principles and use of space looking only at line drawings. To explore use of the building at day and night time, both by the residents, visitors and museum workers, cinematographic tools will be used. The physical models in scale 1:20 will explore the key spaces. Use of animation, film and projection on the physical model will create a visually clear translation of the project principles. The more specialised system like heating, air conditioning and cooling (HVAC) will be designed by specialist engineers. Structural elements of the proposal will be designed by structural engineers.

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Fig. 10. Model of the Future History project can be adapted in different locations in London and other major cities in the UK and world. Their scale can be adopted to fit available spaces and needs for diversity in use and occupancy.

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1.5. Further development

The design thesis project is the first of its kind in the United Kingdom. Architects, researchers and engineers around the world see a need to develop a new model of housing. They will also need to introduce innovative solutions to improve the environment and promote healthier lifestyle. The Hague, also known as Urban Farmers De Schilde in the Netherlands created a successful model for using rooftop space for accommodating an urban farms and aquaponics systems. The project high-jacked disused roof space and a floor below to create a diverse use of the building, including for existing offices on lower floors, showrooms and guest hospitality amenities to top floor with urban farms on the rooftop. This project was met with positive feedbacks from planners, politicians, but mostly - the public. The design created a diverse use of available spaces and supported wildlife. However, it does not promote 24 hours of the building in the remaining office spaces. In London, on several occasions, museums organised special events that allowed children and adults to spend a night in a museum. This means it is possible to keep this arrangement and apply it on a larger scale. I believe that Future History project, if build, could become a model for similar projects. That could be also expanded on other building types, like offices, retail shops, libraries. It will come with great benefits, like produce additional income for the owner (production of materials, clothes, rent), create diverse environments (urban farms and aquaponics), create integrated communities (residential units and public open spaces). On the other hand, it will come with few restrictions, like access, use of spaces out of opening times, security of personal items. I would like to see this project being realised at least in the small portion if not in full. I believe that it would promote healthy and diverse lifestyle of Londoners more than it is now.

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Report 02. Management and Law


Fig. 11. The North of the City area. Key areas of the planning that need to be considered in the design phase. The map corresponds to the policies mentioned in Appendix 2. Image source: City of London, Local Plan 2015, p. 60, (2015) <https://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/services/environment-and-planning/planning/planning-policy/local-plan/Documents/local-plan-2015.pdf> [Accessed 13.02.2018] - 23 -


2.1. Planning issues

Museum of London is not a listed building or is not in the conservation area. However, it is in a direct neighbourhood of a grade I and II listed buildings – e.g. Church of St. Giles, the Barbican, the Salters’ Hall, scheduled ancient monuments – sections of Roman and medieval walls, Roman amphitheatre, Guildhall Yard and conservation areas. The proposed thesis needs to consider their presence and respond to their materiality, visibility and sitting. The Museum of London is facing a big move to the Smithfield Market. Where the artefacts and exhibitions are moved, the existing structure will be demolished to provide with a site for a new concert hall. At this stage, we have to establish if the proposed Future History project will be accepted. The first step to do that will be to attend a pre-application meeting with the local planning authority - The City of London Department of the Built Environment. It is important to obtain advices from the planning officers. Once we know that the scheme might be accepted (pre-application advice is not a formal agreement to the proposal), we have to submit a full planning application for a change of use from D1: non-residential institutions to class C4: House in multiple occupancy from commercial building. The permission need to be granted before proceeding with any further works. A separate full planning application need to be submitted for all proposed works. The application will require full set of planning drawings, including building as existing, proposed demolition and building as proposed is required. The application need to be supplemented by Design and Access Statement (DAS), Sustainability Statements (including BREEAM or Code for Sustainable Homes pre-assessment), Air Quality Impact Assessment. The proposed scheme comes under City Plan 2015 framework. It is a comprehensive document set as a guideline for all future developments in City of London up to year 2026. It sets out the City Corporation’s objectives, strategies and visions for planning the City of London. The document is complex and it includes transport, economic development, housing, energy and air quality and planning issues.

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ZONE 3

DT - 02

Green house

Living Pod FFL 29.52m Level 4 FFL 28.8m

Office

Kitchen / Staff rooms

Office and Staff rooms

Office and Staff rooms

ZONE 2

Level 3 FFL 25.8m

Level +2 FFL 21.85m

Market / Exhibition space and accommodation during night

DT - 01

Level +1 FFL 19.8m

GL 16.5m

ZONE 1

Living Pod FFL 16.1m

Vertical Farms

Level -2 FFL 10.63m

PROPOSED Section A-A Scale 1:100

DT - 06 DT - 07

Fig. 12. Diversity of the project can be achieved by understanding the available spaces, they qualities, environmental and structural issues. The proposed section drawing shows how the spaces were adapted to serve new activities. Drawing done for the purpose of DSIT C Technology Report. - 25 -


2.1. Planning issues

The central challenge facing the City of London is to deliver a sustainable long-term economic growth to support London and its economies. At the same time, it will provide population growth, protect the environment and improve quality of life. Also, the planning framework put pressure on sustainable design, use of energy and waste management. It all comes under the Zero Carbon Development Policy that followed the Paris Agreement from 2015. The policy is in a favour of sustainable developments that improve the economic, social and environmental conditions in the area. The proposed scheme is aiming to create a sustainable building with high energy efficient systems, heat recovery systems and extensive recycling which comes under the requirements. More information details on City Plan 2015 policies and thesis respond to them refer to Appendix 2. Parallel to the planning application a building notice application is submitted to the City of London Building Control to obtain a Building Regulations approval. The building notice and all the documents and drawings associated with it needs to comply with Approved Documents (read in conjunction with DSIT C Report).

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2.2. Development Appraisal Scenario

The proposed site â&#x20AC;&#x201C; the Museum of London is owned and maintained by City of London, who is the client at the same time. The proposed thesis does not imply extending the existing building boundaries or taking a possession of adjoining land. The project will be developed by City of London who wish to preserve the site and existing activities in the cultural area of the Barbican. The Museum of London building was designed to best fit in the site of listed buildings and ancient Roman walls remaining. It is desired by City of London to maintain this heritage site. Also, the proposed development will improve the city needs for housing and diverse use of space. Museum of London is also keen on keeping the existing settlement. From historical point, museum has been moved several times to bigger locations. That was to accommodate the constantly growing collections. It is certain, that the new Smithfield Market site will be overcrowded in next few decades and there will be need for further move or expansion. If possible, the museum would like to split its collections and categorise them depending on the era they are from. Accommodating contemporary and seasonal exhibitions, like City Now. City Future, with Preserving Future History exhibitions (proposed 25 Projects within the Museum) will create a unique cultural space that will not only exhibit the past but also preserve the future and eventually improve it. The new activities will also bring income to the Museum / City of London that then can be used in other areas of the city. 25 London Projects will take a prime exhibition space, with growing and recycling processes shaping the design. Well established projects, like GrowUp (aquaponics urban farming) and Repower London (production of sustainable energy) will help to develop the design. They will providing with detailed drawings and documents for used systems or installation guides.

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The Museum of London is a non-profitable organisation, therefore it will not be able to fund the proposed development. The current plan to move the museum to the Smithfield Market site has raised £180m - £110m from Square Mile and £70m from the Mayor of London. The proposal will include seasonal and temporary exhibitions to take place in new developed site of the Future History project. That will allow for £15m of funding designated for their move and exhibiting them in the new site to be allocated for this development. The City of London will fund the housing scheme for this proposal, contributing £2.5m towards the budget. The City of London is facing a housing crisis. There are nearly 8,000 residents in the City of London with nearly 400,000 workers. City of London, as a business and financial centre, is focused on providing office spaces rather than residential units. That is also due to the luck of available spaces and high price of available land. Accommodating new residential units within the existing structure while improving the existing use of the building is an ideal solution for the council. The city will decide who can become the resident of this development. GrowUp organisation, as a main exhibitor to the phase 1 of the proposal will fund the vertical farming, aquaponics systems and all the relevant servicing, contributing £1.8m. It is a profitable organisation which means it will make profit from this investment. However, the vertical farms will be part of the museum’s exhibition and the GrowUp Directors agrees to take 20% of the profit for next 10 years only. They hope for a great cooperation with the City of London in the future projects and expansion within central London.

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Toughened glass balustrade in stainless steel frame Timber planter - raised beds design Drainage channel for surface water

Structural concrete floor joists (size 125mm x 250mm) and floor slab (150mm thick), in-situ. @ 550mm centres. Concrete mix of 28-day cube strengths of 34 N/mm2 or 42 N/ mm2. Concrete floor finish (existing structure) Structural concrete beam, in-situ, size 300mm x 800mm (existing structure)

38mm Timber Tong and Grove boarding panels 70mm Concrete screed Damp proofe membrane, wraps to door threshold Steel trapezoid sheet 100mm Rigid insulation Vapour control membrane

Ceiling finish - plastic waterproof panels

250x150mm rectangular hollow profile, Thermal break Nanoprane, 90x150mm C shape steel beam

Heated glass (9mm thermic laminated pane , 16mm cavity filled with argon, 4mm inner pane with low e-coating) in aluminium frame

250x250mm Square Hallow Section 3m height spaced 3.3m apart (vertical structure). Connected with metal plates and bolted together, horizontal 250x250mm SHS to embrace structure. Welded to the steel plate and bolted to existing concrete retaining wall Timber plate Flashing wrapping under frame with min. 2 degree slope to grassed area

C shape steel profile Plastic waterproofing panels fixed to steel frame 12.5mm gypsum board with latex paint as vapour barrier Vapour control membrane 100mm steel stud wall filled with 100mm rigid insulation 50mm rigid insulation

Damp proofe membrane 1000mm reinforced concrete retaining wall (existing structure)

Fig. 13. Construction detail drawings of new glazed wall, steel open frame, walkways. Insulation of existing retaining wall. Drawing done for the purpose of DSIT C Technology Report. Full scale drawing located at the end of this report. - 29 -

Structural in-situ concrete, 800mm diameter (existing structure)


2.3. Procurement and Risk

The proposed thesis project is divided into three key phases. Each of them is characterised by different type of the design, technologies, materials and construction techniques involved. Phase 1 – North Wing and urban farming – uses steel, glass and plastic materials and its containing hi-tech, efficient systems for ventilation, heating, cooling and water supply. Phase 2 – Rotunda and 3D workshops – have a lot of self-produced and self-build elements. Phase 3 – main exhibition space and living between artefacts – occupies empty spaces between exhibits to provide with a temporary sleeping accommodation. All of the proposed works occupy an existing structure which requires a demolition techniques to best suit the site conditions and neighbouring areas. Considering the circumstance and phasing requirements, four procurement routes will be applied. The site preparation and demolition will be done by a Traditional procurement route, using Intermediate Building Contract with a Pre-Construction Services Agreement (General Contractor). Phase 1 will also follow a traditional procurement route on lump sum, using a Standard Building Contract with Quantities. Phase 2 will come under Management Building Contract procurement route (with Custom-build homes). Phase 3 will use a traditional route with a Minor Works Building Contract with contractor’s design. The site preparation contractor and phase 1 contractors will be appointed through a competitive tender. Phase 2 will employ a various tradesman’s by appointed Management Contractor. Phase 3 will be undertaken by a Museum’s maintenance team. Further details on the construction phases and contracts in Appendix 3. The choice of contracts for each phase of work is to minimise potential risks related to unsuitable professional team working on them, potential cost increases related to change of design or not meeting the completion date. However, it is not ensured that there will not be any delays and extra costs involved. For example, in phase 1 the design is precise and it requires materials and skilled workers on site on-time. If the project faces unexpected delays in material delivery or availability of the specialist equipment, the timescale of the construction can be shifted. That involves extra cost for scaffoldings on site and storage of the materials in suitable and secured location.

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Removal of top ďŹ&#x201A;oor

Removal of rear staircase

Removal of front staircase Removal of walkways to Ironmongers' Hall

Removal of low wall

Fig. 14. Demolition works on - a site preparation phase. All the demolition works to be done on concrete structures. Drawing done for the purpose of DSIT C Technology Report.

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2.3. Procurement and Risk

Another potential risk is location of the site. There is large number of schools, office buildings, residential towers in the immediate neighbourhood. That will reduce working hours on site when large and loud equipment is used. If this is not considered early in the construction planning, it can add extra cost and delays in delivering the project. Also, density, narrow roads and overhead bridges can bring logistics problems. Long and tall vehicles will not fit on the site or could not approach it. All the elements need to be delivered by smaller vehicles. That could result in longer delivery time (shifting construction works as explained before) or need for smaller structural elements (increase construction time and labour needed â&#x20AC;&#x201C; higher construction costs). The build cost is separate for each phase of the proposed works. For the purpose of this report, only phase 1 works are priced. The total floor area here is 4,672 sq. m. with an average of ÂŁ4,709 per sq. m. The total cost of Phase 1 is ÂŁ22m. The development is financially demanding as it requires a specialist design and construction techniques. Also, applied hi-tech systems makes this area very efficient and productive as well as high in maintenance. Further cost breakdown for phase 1 works in Appendix 4.

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2.4. Architectural Practice

We are an architectural practice based in London. We specialise in commercial use building design, medium to large housing development, educational and retail. We work a lot with refurbishment projects, re-appropriating existing structures to serve a new purpose. Our practice ethos is to design with consideration for environment, sustainability and diversity. We work mainly in London and neighbouring counties. Over the years, we built a professional network, and expanded to accommodate 10 Architects, 7 Part 2 and 3 Part 1 Architectural Assistants, 3 Structural Engineers, 2 Environmental Designers and a Service Designer in our practice. We work with researchers and artist from local areas who we employ on specific projects. We have also worked closely with the Superuse Studios from Amsterdam who undertaken a project in London to design a temporary pavilion for the O2 Arena using elements of abandoned Kodak factory. For this project, we were appointed Architects through the competition. City of London announced a competition to design an alternative use of the Museum of London other than its demolition and erection of the new concert hall. We are working according to the RIBA Plan of Work 2013. Our team of 3 Architects, 1 part 1 and 1 part 2 Architectural Assistants, 1 Environmental designer, 1 Structural engineer and 1 Service designer will work to develop this scheme. We will provide the Client with all the necessary drawing and design documentation up to stage 4 and tender. We will produce set of sketch drawings, planning drawings and planning documents, building regulation drawings and tender drawings and schedules. We will also submit a planning application and building notice application and eventual condition discharge drawings and documents. Alongside the design team, we will employ international engineering firm Arup to design the servicing, itsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; sizing capacity and efficiency for the proposed vertical farms and aquaponics systems. Their professional fees are separate from the Architectsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; fees. Repowering London will design and size the renewable energy sourcing and its distribution within the building. Repowering London will not charge for their services as they are non-profitable organisation and they will become part of the new museumâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s exhibition.

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Up to this point, our professional fees are 15% of tender price we will receive back from the appointed Contractors. This includes fees for all design work and other services done by professionals in our practice. The payments will be made in 3 intermediate payments. First to be made at the planning application submission stage (30%), second on building notice submission stage (30%) and the remaining 40% will be paid when the construction works are finished. Past the stage 4 where the design is finalised, four of our team members will be appointed to represent the client during the construction work. The professionals will act as the Contract Administrator in Intermediate Building Contract (site preparation), Standard Building Contract with Quantities (Phase 1) and Minor Works Building Contract with contractor’s design (Phase 3), and Management Contractor under Management Building Contract (Phase 2). The fees for the Contract Administrators and Management Contractor are made separately from our Architectural fees. They are based on number of visits required and are paid monthly. There are also additional fees for a Planning Application and Building Notice. They are paid directly to the local authorities – City of London for planning application and District Surveyor’s Office for building notice. Our practice is insured up to £10m for any potential faults in the design as a result of our liability.

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Fig. 15. Set models exploring the design, scale, use of space, At my third year on undergraduate course I designed a sustainable houses in London, Brick Lane (picture on the left). I believed that there is a problem in the area with housing and sustainable communities. 3 years later, my view on this matter got even stronger. I am proposing now different approach to the same problem (picture on the right). I believe that this is a way forward and I will pursue the urge to develop new solutions and ways to design.


2.5. Professional Reflection

The environment, climate and technologies are changing where most of the people still decide on traditional design of their homes â&#x20AC;&#x201C; brick cavity walls, pitched slate roof, electricity and gas supply from the mains. Not many people put much thought into the possibility of use of other materials and systems to improve their everyday life and protect the environment. I believe it is an Architects role to suggest these to clients and make them realise that their current choices will affect our surroundings for next centuries and it will be visible in next few years or decades. After I graduate, I would like to go back and work for Stone & Associates Architects where I did my first year out. I believe, it is a great place for me to obtain a basic knowledge on design, construction, planning and contracts. It will help me to gain Part 3 and to obtain my qualifications as an Architect. At the same time, I would like to learn building workmanship, like bricklaying, plastering, tiling, joinery. I trust, it will help me to have a better understanding of the construction process which will allow me to design in a greater attention to the details. In the long term, I would like to experiment with use of different materials in residential dwellings. Practical skills and technical knowledge will allow me to build small prototypes, like garden offices, sheds, garages, tree houses. I have confidence that skills I have gained being a student of Cinematic Commons group will become handy in this process. In the future, I could apply them to my proposals with prototypes being built. That will help clients to understand my schemes or inspire others to do the same. I hope it will lead me to specialise in environmental design and use of reclaimed materials in architecture. A wide network of Architects, Engineers, Researchers, Artists and Consultants that I will meet in my career could help me to improve my future design decisions. That could also help me to spread my interest on other people and perhaps open a multi-professional office, like the Superuse Studios in Netherlands, where we could develop and pioneer new design solutions and work towards a better future.

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Appendix 1

25 London Projects and new accommodation The existing space will be adapted to accommodate new exhibition – 25 London Projects that are part of City Now City Future exhibition. These projects work with local communities and volunteers to create a better London for the citizens and bring the society together. The projects will become a living exhibition that will create interactive spaces for visitors as well as income for the museum which currently is non-profitable organisation. At the same time, the new accommodation will be provided for young professionals, families and elderly citizens of the City of London. Exhibitions and accommodations will provide with spaces that will be used 24 hours, 7 days a week. The different types of accommodation will be provided depending on which project is associated with it and where in the building it is located. The proposed works are divided into three main phases. Phase 1 will look into growing projects – OrganicLea, GrowUp, Living Under One Sun and Growing Communities – and accommodation for young professionals. Three types of accommodations will be provided – Living Pods on the roof, Living Pods hanging between the vertical farms on lower floors and hidden accommodation between exhibition spaces. First two types are used all day and night as a permanent accommodation, where third type is used only when museum is closed as temporary spaces. This phase is located in the West Wing of the museum that currently accommodated theatre room and school. Phase 2 is housed in the Rotunda and will include for productive projects – GoodGym, FoodCycle, Repowering London, Sustainable Fashion, WrapUp – that will involve collection, production and distribution areas. The volunteer team from each charity will be responsible for collecting the materials. Residents and visitors will be then reliable for their sorting and further recycling or distributions. Phase 3 of the project will accommodate free spaces between exhibitions, that during opening hours are used by staff or as corridors. There is not direct relationship to a particular project, but the residents/ visitors will be able to use all of the amenities provided by museum and new live exhibitions.

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Appendix 2

Criteria for accepting tenants in new residential units In my design thesis, I identified crisis in accommodation for professionals working on minimum wage in the City of London. Their life is highly influenced by shortage of social housing and high rent in private sector. Living far away, sleeping in work place, constant moving, is effecting not only sleeping patterns but also social life of the residents. The proposed scheme will aim at these professionals group. It will offer attractive flats with rent being half of the price on private market. The accommodation is for a short period of time â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 4 months. In this time, the residents are expected to save for private sector rent (fees, deposit, upfront payments). To become a resident of Future History project you need to: 1. Work full time in the City of London. 2. Work for public organisations, like museums, schools, hospitals. 3. Your income to be no more than minimum living wage. 4. Contribute 20 hours of voluntary work each month to support the Museum. If you are a citizen over 65-years-old, the only criteria for you is that you have lived in the City of London area for minimum of 5 years. The temporary sleeping accommodation is intended for the same group of professionals. However, it is only available at night times â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 7pm to 8am next morning for no more than 3 consecutive nights. Every resident can use all the resources and exhibitions for their personal use, like kitchens, grown vegetables, sawing machines, playground. This will create a sustainable community that support each other. â&#x20AC;&#x192;

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Appendix 3

Respond to the City Plan 2015 framework The City Plan 2015 is setting out what type of development are expected to be advanced in the City of London. It sets out the City Corporation’s objectives, strategies and visions for planning the City. The document is complex and it includes for transport, economic development, housing, energy and air quality and planning. The central challenge facing the City is to deliver a sustainable long-term economic growth to support the London and economies, parallel to providing for population growth and protecting and improving the environment and quality of life. (2.4. p. 15) The City of London predicts that in the next decade City’s working and residential population will increase due to raising number of businesses and financial movements. That results in increased need for health services, childcare, educational facilities and community accommodation. The City Plan is setting out all policies into five main themes. The next paragraphs will refer to them in relationship to proposed works. o

A World Financial and Business Centre

London as a business centre is focused on providing with a new office floorspaces rather than residential units. The prices of land are high and its availability is minimal. According to Policy DM21.1. Location of new housing, new housing will not be permitted when: • ‘It would prejudice the primary business function of the City;’ • ‘It would inhibit the development potential or business activity in neighbouring commercial buildings and sites;’ However, the proposed residential units will be located parallel to the existing activities of the museum and will not result in reducing potential use of the floorspace for business activities. o

Key City Places

The Local Plan is highlighting the need for mix use and sustainable development to accommodate future growth of the City. North of the City, where proposed thesis are located, suggests that there need to be 60-70% increase in housing to accommodate future need with only 10-20% increase for office floorspace. (table 2.3. p. 16) The Policy is in a favour of sustainable development that improve the economic, social and environmental conditions in the area. (1.9.1, p. 10) Core Strategic Policy CS5: North of the City – protection of communal amenities and facilities, connecting to Citigen combined cooling, heat and power (CCHP) network, use of water harvesting systems, support to the Smithfield Market and St Bartholomew’s Hospital, improvements to the Barbican area. - 39 -


o

City Culture and Heritage

Policy DM 10.3 - roof gardens and green walls (3.10.20), ground floor elevation to effect the public (3.10.10, p.93), plant room and flues (3.10.12), Policy DM 10.4 Environmental enhancement – rainwater recycling (p.95) Policy DM 11.1 Protection of Visitor, Arts and Cultural Facilities - support the cultural facilities o

Environmental Sustainability

Policy DM 15.1 Sustainability requirements (p. 126) - waste management, recycling 50% of recyclable waste on site, remaining waste collected aby local recycling and utility companies. Policy DM 15.2 Energy and CO2 emissions assessments (p. 127) – use or renewable energy – solar power, part of CCHP network, clearing out air through planting new trees and growing plants on front elevation and rooftop. Policy DM 15.3 Low and zero carbon technologies (p. 128) – use of high efficient systems for cooling, heating and air conditioning, heat recovery systems used in majority of spaces. Policy DM 15.6 Air quality – minimizing air pollutions produced by building and materials transport and construction / later deconstruction, use of the existing structure and reclaimed materials. Policy DM 15.7 Noise and light pollution – proposed design is taking best use of available light, proposal is blocking noise from busy roads and neighbouring buildings through building fabric. Construction process uses techniques to minimalize impact on neighbourhood – use of concrete cutting techniques to reduce noise, vibrations and dust production. Lighting to suit the activities inside. Energy efficient lighting is proposed to reduce energy consumption. Policy DM 16.2 Pedestrian movement – a new pedestrian routes are planned, elevated highwalks will be compromised to fit the project. Policy DM 16.3 Cycle parking – the existing parking will be relocated within the museum lower ground level. A new parking spaces will be provided within the development to serve new residents and museum employees. Policy DM 16.4 Facilities to encourage active travel – a communal shower rooms are provided in two places in the museum. Policy DM 17.1 Provision for waste in development schemes (p. 147) – recycling of some materials within the building – wood, glass and card with reuse in them, grey water treatment, remaining materials sorted and collected by local recycling firms. Organic waste recycled for compost. Policy DM 17.2 Designing out construction waste – reuse of existing structure to the maximum, use of recycled materials sourced at the museum and local businesses.

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o

City Communities

Open spaces and recreation facilities are mostly private and heavily used. There is a need for housing but prices of land and high demand for offices means there is no space. The proposed thesis comes under the vision of the Local Plan framework. (p. 28). Area in Eco design area Policy DM19.1 Additional open space – (p. 162) better use of existing green space in rotunda area. It will be more accessible and provide with new activities Policy DM19.2 Biodiversity and urban greening (p. 164) – green roofs, trees, soft landscaping, biodiversity Policy DM19.4 Play areas and facilities (p. 166) – new playground and play rooms, parallel to barbican estate and public buildings, like museum, schools, etc. Core Strategic Policy CS21: Housing (p.177) – provide with affordable housing near identified residential area – Barbican. New housing will include permanent housing (use class C3) and temporary sleeping accommodation, housing for the elderly. Policy DM 21.3 Residential environment (p. 179) - All new residential development proposals must demonstrate how potential adverse noise impacts on and between dwellings will be mitigated by housing layout, design and materials. Policy DM 21.5 Housing quality standards (p. 180) - providing open and leisure space for residents, complies with the London Plan’s Density Matrix standards, The layout should incorporate sufficient storage space and facilities for waste and recycling bins. Amenity space for residents could include gardens, roof top gardens, balconies and the provision of new sports facilities. These amenity spaces could be private, shared or have public access. Policy DM 21.6 Temporary sleeping accommodation (p. 181) – temporary sleeping accommodation, occupied by the same person for no more than 3 consecutive nights. The temporary accommodation to meet the accommodation needs of local workers, like nurses, security guards, shift workers. Policy DM 22.1 Location and protection of social and community facilities (p. 187) – redevelopment of existing community facilities – garden. Provide with multi-use spaces. Policy DM 22.2 Provision of public toilets (p. 188) – provide with the new toilets, accessible 24 hours, 7 days a week.

All references made to the City Plan 2015 document by City of London.

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Appendix 4

Work phasing and contract types. The general works â&#x20AC;&#x201C; site preparation â&#x20AC;&#x201C; will be undertaken by a single contractor selected through a tender process. The proposed works will involve a demolition of upper floor, demolition of external staircase, demolition of a low wall and creation of new stairwell opening in the North Wing; curving of the concrete walls in the rotunda and setting out the 3D workshop there. The General Contractor is also responsible for setting out the scaffoldings in the building. Phase 1 is using prefabricated modules and elements. Three specialist contractors are invited to tender the works. They need to include for a specialist installer of services used in Vertical Farms. The main advantage of Standard Building Contract with Quantities is that all the works to be completed to an agreed budget and timescale that was established during tender and / or detailed costing. Phase 2 requires various trades to complete works but also give a chance to residents to produce building materials and construct their new homes. Management Building Contract is used in this phase with in-house management contractor. The works are divided into works packages and tendered separately. The general works, like primary structure construction, plumbing and drainage installation will be undertaken by a separate professionals. The new residents will be scheduled to undertake a custom-build homes package and work on production of construction material â&#x20AC;&#x201C; external and partition walls, and internal finishing. Phase 3 works include for minor internal alterations and do not require major structural works. The construction will be undertaken by a maintenance team of Museum of London, who is familiar with working between exhibition spaces and know the existing layout of services and installations. Before any works start, a full set of construction and detailed drawings will be issued to contractors. This will allow for a competitive tender pricing for proposed works. Detailed design allows for calculating quantities of materials and their pricing giving an accurate cost.

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Appendix 5

Cost breakdown: Works: Area (sq.m.) Cost per sq.m. Cost 1. Demolition works 658 £45 £29,610 2. Internal alterations 2270 £840* £19,068,800 3. Vertical farming 828 £1530** £1,266,840 4. Roof top garden 389 £1530** £595,170 5. Living pods 532 £1800*** £957,600 Total:

£22m

*Average cost of alterations in commercial scale buildings in London. Statista. **Rooftop greenhouse and aquaculture system costing based on Urban Farm De Schilde in the Netherlands. Urban Farmers. Total investment: €2.6m Rooftop greenhouse: 1200 sq.m. Aquaculture system: 300 sq. m. Average cost per square meter (incl. adaptation of existing building): ***Priced based on average of prefabricated houses price. Job Prices.

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€1733= £1530.


MALGORZATA PERSA RIBA Part 2 Experience: 08/2015 - 09/2017 Stone & Associates Architects, Malton Part 1 Architectural Designer Education: 2016 - present Leeds Beckett University, Leeds MArch Architectura (RIBA Part 2) 2012- 2015 De Montfort University, Leicester BA Hons Architecture (RIBA Part 1)

Personal Information: Address: Upper Flat, Highfield St. Peterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Gardens Leeds LS13 3EH

2011- 2012 University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn Architecture of Landscape Courses: 2010-2011 Labirynt, Warsaw Drawing course Activities and achievements:

Mobile number: 07715999898

03/2018 Guest to provide feedbacks for BA1 at Leeds Beckett University

Email: m.persa.92@gmail.com

06/2017 Prepare end of the year exhibition at Leeds Beckett University

Website: https://mpersa92.wixsite.com/malgorzatapersa

11/2016 Japan

Prepare exhibition in Design Hub, Tokyo

2013

Taekwon-Do Volunteering, DMU Part of Mill 2 Project - teaching children TKD

Marital status: Single Date of birth: 19th March 1992 Languages: Polish (mother tongue) English (advanced)

Skills: Professional:

ArchiCAD, SketchUp, Adobe programs (Photoshop, InDesign, Premiere), high quality of model making and hand sketches

Personal:

good comunications skills, efficiency and good work organisation, punctuality, responsibility, driving licence

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Bibliography

City of London, Barbican Estate listed building management guidelines, <https://www. cityoflondon.gov.uk/services/environment-and-planning/planning/heritage-and-design/listed-buildings/Pages/Barbican-Listed-Building-Management-Guidelines.aspx> City of London, City Plan 2036 <https://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/services/environment-and-planning/planning/planning-policy/Pages/Local-Plan-Review.aspx> [Accessed 29.02.2018] City of London, Golden Lane Estate Listed Building Management guidelines, (2012) <https://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/services/environment-and-planning/planning/heritage-and-design/listed-buildings/Pages/Golden-Lane-Listed-Building-Management-Guidelines.aspx> [Accessed 29.02.2018] City of London, Local Plan 2015, (2015) <https://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/services/environment-and-planning/planning/planning-policy/local-plan/Documents/local-plan-2015. pdf> [Accessed 13.02.2018] City of London, Low Carbon City <https://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/services/environment-and-planning/sustainability/Pages/climate-change.aspx> [Accessed 26.04.2018] City of London, Sustainable development planning requirements, (2015) <https://www. cityoflondon.gov.uk/services/environment-and-planning/planning/design/sustainable-design/Pages/Sustainable-development-planning-requirements.aspx> [Accessed 13.02.2018] City of London, Sustainability Policy, <https://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/services/environment-and-planning/sustainability/Pages/sustainability-policy.aspx> [Accessed 26.04.2018] City of London, The City of London Climate Change Adaptation Strategy, (2010) <https:// www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/services/environment-and- planning/sustainability/Documents/ climate-change-adaptation-strategy-2010-update.pdf> [Accessed 26.04.2018] Designing Building Wiki, Custom build homes, (2017) <https://www.designingbuildings. co.uk/wiki/Custom_build_homes> [Accessed 2.04.2018] Historic England, Listing search, <https://historicengland.org.uk> [Accessed 10.01.2018] Job Prices, How Much Does it Really Cost to Build a Flat Pack Home, <https://job-prices. co.uk/flat-pack-homes/> [Accessed 26.04.2018] Statista, Average cost per square meter of internal area in the United Kingdom (UK) for constructing an industrial building in 2016, by region in GBP, (2018) <https://www.statista. com/statistics/601846/industrial-building-cost-uk-2016/> [Accessed 26.04.2018] Urban Farmers, UF Press Release and Press Invitation - UF De Schilde, <https://urbanfarmers.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/141112_UF-Press-Release-De-Schilde_EN-NL. pdf> [Accessed 26.04.2018] - 45 -


Toughened glass balustrade in stainless steel frame Timber planter - raised beds design Drainage channel for surface water

Structural concrete floor joists (size 125mm x 250mm) and floor slab (150mm thick), in-situ. @ 550mm centres. Concrete mix of 28-day cube strengths of 34 N/mm2 or 42 N/ mm2. Concrete floor finish (existing structure) Structural concrete beam, in-situ, size 300mm x 800mm (existing structure)

38mm Timber Tong and Grove boarding panels 70mm Concrete screed

Structural in-situ concrete, 800mm diameter (existing structure)

Damp proofe membrane, wraps to door threshold Steel trapezoid sheet 100mm Rigid insulation Vapour control membrane

Ceiling finish - plastic waterproof panels

250x150mm rectangular hollow profile, Thermal break Nanoprane, 90x150mm C shape steel beam

Heated glass (9mm thermic laminated pane , 16mm cavity filled with argon, 4mm inner pane with low e-coating) in aluminium frame

250x250mm Square Hallow Section 3m height spaced 3.3m apart (vertical structure). Connected with metal plates and bolted together, horizontal 250x250mm SHS to embrace structure. Welded to the steel plate and bolted to existing concrete retaining wall Timber plate Flashing wrapping under frame with min. 2 degree slope to grassed area

C shape steel profile Plastic waterproofing panels fixed to steel frame 12.5mm gypsum board with latex paint as vapour barrier Vapour control membrane 100mm steel stud wall filled with 100mm rigid insulation 50mm rigid insulation

Damp proofe membrane 1000mm reinforced concrete retaining wall (existing structure)

Fig. 13. Construction detail drawings of new glazed wall, steel open frame, walkways. Insulation of existing retaining wall. Scale 1:10 Drawing done for the purpose of DSIT C Technology Report. GSEducationalVersion

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Design & Practice Report MArch  

Design and Practice report supporting my design thesis project, developed on my final year at MArch Architecture course.

Design & Practice Report MArch  

Design and Practice report supporting my design thesis project, developed on my final year at MArch Architecture course.

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