2022 | Galleria Calendars (CAN)

Page 11

BLACK HISTORY

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Alice Coachman-Davis (1923-2014)

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968)

African-American Olympic Gold Medalist

Civil Rights Hero

SUN

Born in Albany, Georgia in 1923, Alice Coachman Davis was an extremely skilled high jump champion — winning ten consecutive national championships. Along with being a skilled jumper, she excelled in running as well, winning national championships in the 50-meter dash, 100-meter dash, and team relay. In 1948, at the Olympic Games in London, Coachman Davis was able to show the world her skills in jumping and broke the record by jumping over 1.68m. She went on to become the first Black woman to win an Olympic gold medal and it was presented to her by King George VI. Although Black women such as Serena Williams and Wilma Rudolph have dominated their sports and won Olympic gold medals, Alice Coachman Davis will always be remembered as the one to do it first.

MON

TUE

DECEMBER 2021 1955: Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. organizes bus boycott, marking beginning of the Civil Rights Movement.

1995: Willie Brown becomes the first African-American mayor of San Francisco.

1875: Educator Carter G. Woodson, “Father of Black History,” born.

Gilbert Scott-Heron (1949 - 2011) Described as “the godfather of rap” and “the black Bob Dylan” this American musician and songwriter was a major influence during the 1970s. He paved the way for future generations of African-Americans, and music genres such as hip hop and neo soul. He was also known as a jazz poet and author, having written two novels. Gilbert Scott-Heron was well known for his work as a spokenword performer. Scott remained active until his death in 2011, and in 2012 his memoir, The Last Holiday, was published. In that same year he received a posthumous Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.

SUN

MON

FEBRUARY 2022 s

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Shrove Tuesday St. David's Day (Wales)

APRIL 2022 s

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1857: U.S. Supreme Court issues Dred Scott decision.

TUE

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1914: Ralph W. Ellison, author and educator, born.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 2006: Photographer-filmmaker Gordon Parks, who captured the struggles and triumphs of black America, dies.

7

WED

1

THU

2

New Moon Ash Wednesday 1867: U.S. Congress enacts charter to establish Howard University.

1865: Freeman's Bureau established by federal government to aid newly freed slaves.

FRI

3

SAT

1965: Bill Russell of the Boston Celtics honored as NBA's most valuable player for fourth time in five years.

4

1770: Crispus Attucks becomes one of the first casualties of the American Revolution.

19 26

Last Quarter Boxing Day (CAN, UK) Kwanzaa

2011: Sam Rivers, jazz legend, dies.

The Godfather of Rap

8

1841: Amistad mutineers freed by U.S. Supreme Court.

9

First Quarter

1913: Harriet Tubman dies.

10

1959: Lorraine Hansberry's "A Raisin In the Sun" opens at Barrymore Theater, New York, the first play by a black woman to premier on Broadway.

11

1932: Andrew Young, former U.N. ambassador and former mayor of Atlanta, born.

13

First Day of Spring 1883: Jan. E. Matzeliger patents shoe-making machine.

20

1956: Montgomery bus boycott ends when municipal bus service is desegregated.

1965: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. leads march from Selma to Montgomery, AL for voting rights.

14 21

1947: John Lee, first black commissioned officer in the U.S. Navy, assigned to duty.

1898: J.W. Smith patents lawn sprinkler.

15 22

1827: Freedom’s Journal, the first U.S. black newspaper, is founded.

1873: Slavery abolished in Puerto Rico.

16 23

St. Patrick’s Day

1890: Charles B. Brooks patents street sweeper.

1907: Nurse and aviator Janet Harmon Bragg born.

17 24

Full Moon

1822: The Phoenix Society, a literary and educational group, founded by blacks in New York City.

Last Quarter

2009: John Hope Franklin, a prolific scholar of AfricanAmerican history who influenced thinking about slavery and reconstruction, dies.

18 25

1939: Langston Hughes founded The New Negro Theater in Los Angeles.

5

1831: Bishop Richard Allen, founder and first Bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church, dies.

19 26

27

1924: Jazz singer Sarah Vaughan, “The Divine One,” born.

28

1870: Jonathan S. Wright becomes first black state Supreme Court justice in SC.

1918: Pearl Bailey, singer and actor, born.

29

1870: Fifteenth Amendment ratified, guaranteeing voting rights to African-Americans.

30

1988: Toni Morrison wins Pulitzer Prize for Beloved.

31

MARCH 2022

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Pearl Harbor Day (USA) 1942: Reginald F. Lewis born, first African-American to create a billion-dollar business empire.

14

1829: John Mercer Langston, congressman and founder of Howard University Law Department, born.

21

First Day of Winter 1911: Baseball legend Josh Gibson born.

28

1905: Earl “Fatha” Hines, “Father of Modern Jazz Piano,” born.

1

1955: Rosa Parks arrested, sparking the Montgomery, Alabama bus boycott.

8

1925: Entertainer Sammy Davis Jr. born.

1883: William A. Hinton, first African-American on Harvard Medical School faculty, born.

1883: Arthur Wergs Mitchell, first black Democrat to be elected to Congress, born.

15 22 29

1924: Author, sportswriter A.S. “Doc” Young born.

2

1884: Granville T. Woods patents telephone transmitter.

9

1872: P.B.S. Pinchback of Louisiana becomes first black governor.

1976: Andrew Young nominated to be U.S. ambassador to United Nations.

1867: Sarah “Madam C.J.” Walker, first black female millionaire, born.

1892: Dr. Miles V. Lynk publishes first black medical journal for physicians, the Medical and Surgical Observer.

16 23 30

3

1847: Frederick Douglass publishes first issue of North Star.

First Quarter 1950: Dr. Ralph J. Bunche, first African-American awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

1802: Teacher and minister Henry Adams born.

1832: Charter granted to Georgia Infirmary, the first black hospital.

1930: Odetta, blues and folk singer, born.

10 17 24 31

4

New Moon 1906: Alpha Phi Alpha, first black Greek letter fraternity, founded at Cornell University.

11

1926: Blues singer Willie Mae “Big Mama” Thornton born.

Full Moon 1865: Congress passes 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery.

18 25

Christmas Day

1907: Cab Calloway, first jazz singer to sell 1 million records, born.

JANUARY 2022 s

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Toni was actually born Chloe Anthony Wofford Morrison in Lorain, Ohio. She was the first African-American woman to win the Nobel Prize for Literature. Toni was a critically acclaimed novelist, essayist, book editor as well as a college professor. She is best known for her novels that focused on intimate relationships with epic themes such as the Song of Solomon (1977) which won her the National Book Critics Circle Award. In 2001 Toni Morrison was awarded the National Arts and Humanities Award, which Bill Clinton presented to her while quoting her as having “entered America’s heart.”

MON

TUE

APRIL 2022 3

10

Palm Sunday 1816: Richard Allen consecrated first Bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church.

17 24

1944: United Negro College Fund Incorporated.

MON

TUE

JANUARY 2022 New Moon Holiday (Scotland) 1965: Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. calls for non-violent protests if Alabama blacks are not allowed to register and vote.

2 9

First Quarter 1866: Fisk University founded in Nashville, TN.

16

1978: NASA names African-American astronauts Maj. Frederick D. Gregory, Maj. Guion S. Bluford Jr. and Dr. Ronald E. McNair.

1891: Dr. Daniel Hale Williams founds Provident Hospital in Chicago, the first training hospital for black doctors and nurses in the U.S.

1844: Richard Theodore Greener, first AfricanAmerican to graduate from Harvard, born.

23 30

1624: William Tucker, first African child born in America.

DECEMBER 2021 s

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10

Full Moon Martin Luther King Jr. Day (USA)

17

1865: Congress passes 13th Amendment, which, on ratification, abolishes slavery.

1844: Richard Theodore Greener, first AfricanAmerican to graduate from Harvard, born.

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4

1971: The Congressional Black Caucus organized.

1940: Benjamin O. Davis Sr. becomes U.S. Army’s first black general.

1856: Dr. Daniel Hale Williams, pioneer heart surgeon, born.

Last Quarter 1851: Sojourner Truth addresses first Black Women’s Rights Convention, Akron, OH.

WED

MARCH 2022 s

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1997: The Charles H. Wright Museum of AfricanAmerican History, the world’s largest museum of its kind, opens in Detroit.

18

Easter Monday (CAN, UK excl. Scotland) 1995: Margo Jefferson receives Pulitzer Prize for Criticism.

25

St. George’s Day (England) 1918: Ella Fitzgerald, "First Lady of Song," born.

1951: Washington, D.C. Municipal Court of Appeals outlaws segregation in restaurants.

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5

12

1983: Harold Washington becomes first AfricanAmerican mayor of Chicago.

19

1972: Stationed in Germany, Major Gen. Frederic E. Davidson becomes first black to lead an army division.

26

1888: Sarah Boone patents ironing board.

FRI

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6

Tartan Day (CAN)

1909: Matthew A. Henson reaches North Pole, 45 minutes before Robert E. Peary.

13 20

2010: Dorothy Height, leading female voice of the 1960s civil rights movement, dies.

27

1968: Dr. Vincent Porter becomes first black certified in plastic surgery.

1

1950: Charles R. Drew, who developed techniques for processing and preserving blood, died.

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

1997: Tiger Woods wins Masters Golf Tournament.

SAT

New Moon

MAY 2022 f

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1968: Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated.

THU

1959: Lorraine Hansberry becomes first black playwright to win New York Drama Critics Circle Award (for A Raisin in the Sun).

7

14

1775: First abolitionist society in U.S. is founded in Philadelphia.

21

1966: Pfc. Milton L. Olive III awarded the Medal of Honor posthumously for valor in Vietnam.

28

2009: Sojourner Truth, former slave turned abolitionist, becomes first African-American woman to have a memorial in the U.S. Capitol.

1974: Atlanta Braves slugger Hank Aaron hits 715th home run, surpassing Babe Ruth as the game's all-time home-run leader.

Good Friday

1964: Sidney Poitier becomes first black to win Academy Award for Best Actor for Lilies of the Field.

Earth Day 1922: Jazz bassist and composer Charles Mingus born.

1899: Duke Ellington, jazz musician and composer, born.

8

15 22 29

1984: Georgetown coach John Thompson becomes first black coach to win NCAA basketball tournament.

9

First Quarter 1816: African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church formed.

16

Full Moon Passover

1862: Slavery abolished in the District of Columbia.

23

Last Quarter

1856: Granville T. Woods, inventor of the steam boiler and automobile air brakes, born.

30

New Moon

1952: Dr. Louis T. Wright honored by American Cancer Society for his contributions to cancer research.

MON

1 First Quarter Mother's Day (USA, CAN) 1983: Lena Horne awarded the Springarn Medal for distinguished career in the field of entertainment.

8

15

1820: U.S. Congress declares foreign slave trade an act of piracy, punishable by death.

22

Last Quarter 1921: Shuffle Along, a musical featuring a score by Eubie Blake and Noble Sissle, opens on Broadway.

29

1901: Granville T. Woods patents overhead conducting system for the electric railway.

FRI

11

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New Year's Day

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1863: Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation.

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5

1943: George Washington Carver, agricultural scientist and inventor, dies.

1948: Supreme Court rules blacks have right to study law at state institutions.

18

1918: John H. Johnson, editor and publisher of Jet and Ebony magazines, born.

25

1977: Andrew Jackson Young Jr. becomes the first African-American to serve as the United States Ambassador to the United Nations.

6

1831: The World Anti-Slavery Convention opens in London.

1990: L. Douglas Wilder inaugurated as first AfricanAmerican governor (Virginia) since Reconstruction.

13

19

2009: Barack H. Obama becomes the first AfricanAmerican president of the U.S.

20

1870: Hiram Revels elected first black U.S. senator, replacing Jefferson Davis for the Mississippi seat.

27

1998: Sarah “Madam C.J.” Walker, first black female millionaire, honored on U.S. postage stamp.

1961: Leontyne Price makes her Metropolitan Opera debut.

7

1837: Black journalist Phillip A. Bell established his first newspaper, the Weekly Advocate.

12

26

Bank Holiday (UK) 1995: Shirley Jackson assumes chairmanship of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

2010: Lena Horne, singer, actress and civil rights activist, dies.

TUE

2

14

1975: William T. Coleman named Secretary of Transportation.

21 28

1811: Charles Deslondes leads slave revolt in Louisiana.

1929: Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. born.

2009: Susan Rice confirmed as U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, becoming the first African-American woman to represent the nation before the world in this capacity.

1926: Violette Nealy Anderson becomes the first woman lawyer to argue a case before the U.S. Supreme Court.

9

16

Full Moon

1927: Dr. William Harry Barnes becomes first African-American certified by American surgical board.

Victoria Day (CAN) 1900: Sgt. William H. Carney becomes the first African-American awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for valor at Fort Wagner, SC, 1863.

New Moon Memorial Day (USA) Spring Bank Holiday (UK) 1965: Vivian Malone becomes the first AfricanAmerican to graduate from the University of Alabama.

23 30

1950: Boston Celtics select Chuck Cooper first black player drafted to play in the NBA.

1954: U.S. Supreme Court declares segregation in public schools unconstitutional in Brown v. Board of Education decision.

4

1961: "Freedom Riders" begin protesting segregation of interstate bus travel in the South.

FRI

5

Cinco de Mayo (MEX) 1988: Eugene Marino becomes first African-American installed as a Roman Catholic archbishop in the U.S.

1895: Composer William Grant Still, the first AfricanAmerican to conduct a major American symphony orchestra, born.

11

17

1896: Plessy vs. Ferguson, Supreme Court upholds the doctrine of "separate but equal" education and public accommodations.

18

1993: University of Virginia professor Rita Dove appointed U.S. poet laureate.

19

25

1961: Marvin Cook, first black envoy named by Kennedy Administration to an African nation.

26

31

1870: Congress passes the first Enforcement Act, providing stiff penalties for those who deprive others of their civil rights.

THU

10

24

1854: Lincoln University (PA), the first black college, is founded.

1926: Jazz trumpeter Miles Davis born.

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1862: Black slaves commandeer the Confederate ship “The Planter.”

APRIL 2022 s

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15 22 29

1991: The Smithsonian Institution approves the creation of the National AfricanAmerican Museum.

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13

1872: Matilda Arabella Evans, first AfricanAmerican woman to practice medicine in South Carolina, born.

1961: U.S. Attorney General Robert Kennedy dispatches U.S. Marshals to Montgomery, AL, to restore order in the "Freedom Rider" disturbance.

1942: Dorie Miller, a ship’s steward, awarded Navy Cross for heroism during the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941.

7

1845: Mary Eliza Mahoney, America’s first black trained nurse, born.

1913: Clara Stanton Jones, first black president of the American Library Association, born.

14

20

2006: Katherine Dunham, pioneering dancer and choreographer, author and civil rights activist, dies.

21

27

1948: National Party wins Whites-only election in South Africa and begins to institute policy of apartheid.

28

MON

TUE

JULY 2022 1688: The Quakers in Germantown, Pennsylvania make first formal protest against slavery.

3

10

1943: Arthur Ashe Jr., first African-American to win the U.S. Open and men’s singles title at Wimbledon, born.

17

2009: Ret. Marine Corps Maj. Gen. Charles F. Bolden Jr. becomes first AfricanAmerican administrator of NASA.

1807: Shakespearean actor Ira Aldridge born in New York City.

1874: Rev. Patrick Francis Healy inaugurated president of Georgetown University, Washington, DC.

24 31

1900: Traditional birthdate of Louis “Satchmo” Armstrong, jazz pioneer.

1905: W.E.B. DuBois and William Monroe Trotter organize the Niagara Movement, a forerunner of the NAACP.

1998: African-American Civil War Soldiers Memorial dedicated, Washington, D.C.

1916: Garrett Morgan, inventor of the gas mask, rescues six people from gas-filled tunnel in Cleveland, OH.

WED

JUNE 2022 s

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5

1991: Nelson Mandela elected president of the African National Congress.

Battle of the Boyne Day (Northern Ireland)

1949: Frederick M. Jones patents cooling system for food transportation vehicles.

1925: Paris debut of Josephine Baker, entertainer, activist and humanitarian.

1948: President Harry S. Truman issues Executive Order 9981, ending segregation in armed forces.

THU

FRI

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1889: Frederick Douglass named U.S. Minister to Haiti.

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First Quarter

1957: Althea Gibson wins women’s singles title at Wimbledon, first AfricanAmerican to win tennis’ most prestigious award.

Full Moon

1965: Thurgood Marshall becomes first AfricanAmerican appointed U.S. Solicitor General.

Last Quarter

1950: Black troops (24th Regiment) win first U.S. victory in Korea.

1880: Alexander P. Ashbourne patents process for refining coconut oil.

1948: Cleveland Indians sign pitcher Leroy “Satchel” Paige.

7

2000: Venus Williams wins women’s singles championship at Wimbledon.

8

1872: Elijah McCoy patents first self-lubricating locomotive engine. The quality of his inventions helped coin the phrase “the real McCoy.”

1893: Dr. Daniel Hale Williams performs first successful openheart operation.

2 9

13

1951: George Washington Carver Monument, first national park honoring an African-American, is dedicated in Joplin, MO.

14

1867: Maggie Lena Walker, first woman and first African-American to become president of a bank, born.

15

1822: Violette A. Johnson, first black woman to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court, born.

20

1896: Mary Church Terrell elected first president of National Association of Colored Women.

21

1827: James Varick, first Bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion (A.M.E.Z.) Church, dies.

22

1962: Jackie Robinson becomes first black baseball player in the major leagues inducted into baseball’s Hall of Fame.

23

28

1895: First National Conference of Colored Women Convention held in Boston.

29

1822: James Varick elected first bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion (A.M.E.Z.) Church.

30

27

New Moon

1868: 14th Amendment, granting AfricanAmericans full citizenship rights, becomes part of the Constitution.

16

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1907: Dr. Ralph J. Bunche, first African-American Nobel Prize® winner, born.

1989: The North Carolina Black Repertory Company hosts the first National Black Theater Festival in Winston-Salem, NC.

1904: Bandleader and composer William “Count” Basie born.

14 21 28

1963: Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. delivers “I Have A Dream” speech during march on Washington, DC.

Civic Holiday (CAN) Summer Bank Holiday (Scotland) 1879: Mary Eliza Mahoney graduates from the New England Hospital for Women and Children, becoming the first black professional nurse in America.

2005: John H. Johnson, founder and publisher of Ebony and Jet magazines, dies.

2007: Max Roach, first jazz musician honored with a MacArthur Fellowship, dies.

1880: Cartoonist George Herriman born.

Summer Bank Holiday (UK excl. Scotland)

1920: Saxophonist Charlie "Bird" Parker born.

1 8

15 22 29

1924: James Baldwin, author of Go Tell It On The Mountain, The Fire Next Time, and Another Country, born.

1936: Jesse Owens wins fourth gold medal at Summer Olympics in Berlin.

1922: Author Louis E. Lomax born.

1926: Carter Woodson, historian, author, inaugurates Negro History.

1983: Lt. Col. Guion S. Bluford Jr. becomes the first African-American astronaut in space.

WED

2 9

16 23 30

1989: General Colin Powell is nominated Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, the first African-American to hold the post.

1849: Lawyer-activist Archibald Henry Grimké, who challenged the segregation policies of President Woodrow Wilson, born.

1836: Henry Blair patents cotton planter.

Zora Neale Hurston (1891 -1960)

Marvin Gaye (1939 – 1984)

Writer and Anthropologist

Singer and Songwriter

SUN

Zora Neale Hurston was a world-renowned writer and anthropologist. In 1925 she earned four literary awards. Her novels, short stories and plays depicted life for African-Americans in the South and examined black folklore. Zora also dedicated her life to educating others about the arts, even establishing a school for dramatic arts. Her works were not well known during her lifetime but since her passing she has been ranked as one of the best writers of the 20th century. She continues to influence writers around the world.

MON

OCTOBER 2022 First Quarter

2000: James Perkins Jr. sworn

1956: Nat “King” Cole becomes first black performer to host his

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SAT 1996: Lt. Gen. Joe Ballard becomes first African-American to head the Army Corps of Engineers.

NOVEMBER 2022 s

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1864: First black daily newspaper, The New Orleans

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2011: Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth,

1917: Political activist Fannie Lou Hamer born.

1993: Toni Morrison becomes the first African-American to win

SUN

1941: Rev. Jesse Jackson born in Greenville, SC.

1

MON

TUE

2011: Joe “Smokin’ Joe” Frazier, former heavyweight world boxing champion, dies.

1938: Crystal Bird Fauset is elected state representative in

First Quarter All Saints' Day (UK)

OCTOBER 2022 s

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FRI

1945: John H. Johnson publishes first issue of Ebony.

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Full Moon

20 27

1897: Marian Anderson, world-renowned opera singer and civil rights activist, born.

7 14

St. Valentine’s Day 1760: Richard Allen, founder of the African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church, born.

Presidents’ Day (USA) Family Day (AB, BC, MB, NB, NS, ON, PE, SK) 1965: Malcolm X assassinated in New York.

21

8

First Quarter 1968: Three South Carolina State students killed during segregation protest in Orangeburg, SC.

15

Flag Day (CAN) 1820: Susan B. Anthony, abolitionist and women’s rights advocate, born.

22

Washington’s Birthday (USA) 2008: Johnnie Carr, major icon of the Civil Rights Movement, dies.

28

1984: Michael Jackson, musician and entertainer, wins eight Grammy Awards®.

1915: Biologist Ernest E. Just receives Spingarn Medal for research in fertilization and cell division.

9

1995: Bernard Harris becomes first African-American astronaut to walk in space.

Full Moon 1874: Frederick Douglass elected president of Freedman’s Bank and Trust.

Last Quarter

1868: W.E.B. DuBois, scholar, activist and author of The Souls of Black Folk, born.

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1927: Leontyne Price, internationally acclaimed opera singer, born.

16

1938: Mary Frances Berry, first woman to serve as chancellor of a major research university (University of Colorado), born.

17

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1864: Rebecca Lee Crumpler becomes first black woman to receive a medical degree (New England Female Medical College).

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JANUARY 2022 s

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2009: Eric H. Holder Jr. sworn in as the nation’s first AfricanAmerican attorney general.

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1913: Rosa Parks, civil rights pioneer who sparked 1955 Montgomery, Alabama bus boycott, born.

11

1990: Nelson Mandela of South Africa is released from prison after 27 years.

1931: Toni Morrison, winner of 1988 Pulitzer Prize for her novel Beloved, born.

1853: First black YMCA organized in Washington, D.C.

5

1884: Willis Johnson patents eggbeater.

Lincoln’s Birthday (USA) 1909: NAACP founded in New York City.

12

18

2002: Vonetta Flowers becomes Winter Olympics’ first African-American gold medalist.

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1965: Civil rights activist Jimmie Lee Jackson dies after being shot by state police in Marion, AL.

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FEBRUARY 2022

National Youth Poet Laureate

At 22 years of age, Amanda is being referred to as “the next great figure in American poetry.” She graduated cum laude with a degree in Sociology from Harvard. In 2017 she was named the first ever National Youth Poet Laureate. She has been publishing her poetry since the tender age of 16. Amanda writes of her social concerns and is inspired by the political, social and economic climate. In 2014 her poem “Neighborhood Anthem” addressed themes of injustice and inequality.

MON

MAY 2022 s

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1987: Dr. Mae C. Jemison becomes first black woman astronaut.

1963: Medgar W. Evers, civil rights leader, is assassinated in Jackson, MI.

Father’s Day 1865: Blacks in Texas are notified of Emancipation Proclamation, issued in 1863. "Juneteenth," marks the event.

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1831: First annual "People of Color" convention held in Philadelphia.

1967: Thurgood Marshall nominated to the U.S. Supreme Court by President Lyndon Johnson.

Last Quarter

1953: Albert W. Dent of Dillard University elected president of the National Health Council.

1991: Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall announces his retirement.

13 20 27

7

First Quarter

1917: Poetess Gwendolyn Brooks, first African-American to win the Pulitzer Prize (Poetry 1950), born.

14

Full Moon Flag Day (USA)

1864: Congress rules that African-American soldiers must receive equal pay.

21

First Day of Summer

1821: African Methodist Episcopal Zion (A.M.E.Z.) Church established.

New Moon

1911: Samuel J. Battle becomes first black policeman in New York City.

28

THU

1968: Henry Lewis becomes first black musical director of an American symphony orchestra: the New Jersey Symphony

1

2011: Clara Luper, Oklahoma civil rights icon who led sit-ins at drugstore lunch counters in 1958, dies.

8

1913: Dr. Effie O'Neal, first black woman to hold an executive position in the American Medical Association, born.

1897: William Barry patents postmarking and cancelling machine.

1995: Lincoln J. Ragsdale, pioneer fighter pilot of World War II, dies.

2008: Senator Barack Obama wins Democratic presidential nomination, becoming the first African-American nominee of a major U.S. political party.

9

1854: James Augustine Healy, first AfricanAmerican Roman Catholic bishop is ordained.

1970: Kenneth A. Gibson elected mayor of Newark, NJ, first African-American mayor of a major eastern U.S. city.

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22

1940: Sprinter Wilma Rudolph, winner of three gold medals at the 1960 Summer Olympics, born.

23

1917: Lena Horne, singer, actress and civil rights activist, born.

SAT

2

15

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2006: Lloyd Richards, theater pioneer and Tony® Award winner for direction of Fences, dies on his 87th birthday.

FRI

1971: Samuel L. Gravely, Jr. becomes first African-American admiral in U.S. Navy.

10 17

1775: Minuteman Peter Salem fights in the Battle of Bunker Hill.

24

Fête nationale du Québec

1964: Carl T. Rowan appointed the Director of the United States Information Agency.

30

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4

1972: Angela Davis, Civil Rights Activist acquitted of charges related to courtroom shooting.

1964: Nelson Mandela sentenced to life imprisonment by South African government.

11 18

1942: Harvard University medical student Bernard Whitfield Robinson commissioned as the Navy’s first black officer.

2009: Michael Jackson, musician and entertainer, dies.

25

JUNE 2022

4

1810: Abolitionist Robert Purvis born.

11

Full Moon

1872: Dr. Solomon Carter Fuller, acknowledged as first black psychiatrist, born.

18

1859: Harriet Wilson's Our Nig is first novel publsihed by a black writer.

25

1925: A. Phillip Randolph founds Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters.

SEPTEMBER 2022 s

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First Quarter

1962: Nelson Mandela, South African freedom fighter, imprisoned. He was not released until 1990.

1977: Steven Biko, leader of the Black Consciousness Movement in South Africa, arrested.

Last Quarter

1954: Dr. Ralph J. Bunche named undersecretary of the United Nations.

1946: Composer, singer and producer Valerie Simpson Ashford born.

The Plant Doctor

12 19 26

1965: President Lyndon B. Johnson signs Voting Rights Act, outlawing literacy test for voting eligibility in the South.

1981: The Reagan Administration undertakes its review of 30 federal regulations, including rules of civil rights to prevent job discrimination.

1993: Dr. David Satcher named director of the Centers for Disease Control.

New Moon

1963: W.E.B. DuBois, scholar, civil rights activist and founding father of the NAACP, dies.

6

13 20 27

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MON

TUE

SEPTEMBER 2022 1957: Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus calls out the National Guard to bar black students from entering a Little Rock high school.

Patriot Day (USA) Grandparents’ Day (USA, CAN) 1959: Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington wins Springarn Medal for his achievements in music.

4

11 18

1895: Booker T. Washington delivers famous Atlanta Exposition speech.

New Moon

AUGUST 2022

George made history when he became the first African-American to earn a Bachelor of Science degree in 1894. Carver had an interest in plants from a young age and was often called the “plant doctor.” He left home at an early age to earn his Master’s degree in Agricultural in 1896 from Iowa State University. Later he taught, as well as becoming a researcher, at the Tuskegee University. He was an inventor who developed methods to prevent soil depletion which helped many farmers to grow crops other than cotton, such as peanuts, soy beans and sweet potatoes.

1974: Barbara Hancock becomes first AfricanAmerican woman named a White House Fellow.

25

Labor Day (USA, CAN) 1960: Leopold Sedar Senghor elected president of Senegal.

1992: Dr. Mae C. Jemison becomes first AfricanAmerican woman to travel in space.

1893: Albert R. Robinson patents electric railway trolley.

Rosh Hashanah

1962: Sonny Liston knocks out Floyd Patterson to win heavyweight boxing championship.

5

12 19 26

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1886: Literary critic Alain Locke, first African-American Rhodes Scholar, born.

13 20

1830: First National Convention for Free Men agrees to boycott slaveproduced goods.

1912: W.C. Handy publishes "Memphis Blues."

27

FRI

1993: Condoleeza Rice named provost at Stanford University, becoming the youngest person and first African-American to hold this position.

AUGUST 2022 s

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1848: Frederick Douglass elected president of National Black Political Convention in Cleveland, OH.

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1954: Washington, D.C. and Baltimore, MD, public schools integrated.

1921: Constance Baker Motley, first AfricanAmerican appointed federal judge, born.

1998: Florence Griffith Joyner, Olympic track star, dies.

1991: National Civil Rights Museum opens in Memphis, TN.

14 21 28

1981: Roy Wilkins, executive director of the NAACP, dies.

1963: Four African-American girls killed in Birmingham church bombing.

First Day of Autumn 1862: Emancipation Proclamation announced.

1910: The National Urban League founded in New York City.

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15 22 29

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1958: Frederick M. Jones patents control device for internal combustion engine.

9

1968: Arthur Ashe Jr. wins the first U.S. Open Tennis Championship.

Constitution Day (USA)

1923: First Catholic seminary for black priests dedicated in Bay St. Louis, MS.

1863: Civil and women's rights advocate Mary Church Terrell born.

1962: James Meredith enrolls as the first AfricanAmerican student at University of Mississippi.

16 23 30

3

First Quarter

1979: Robert Maynard editorpublisher of the Oakland (CA) Tribune, first African-American to head a daily newspaper.

10

Full Moon

1855: John Mercer Langston elected township clerk of Brownhelm, Ohio, becoming first black to hold elective office in the U.S.

Last Quarter

1983: Vanessa Williams becomes first AfricanAmerican woman named Miss America.

1895: Three Baptist Conventions merged to form the National Baptist Convention.

17 24

OCTOBER 2022 s

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Ida Bell Wells-Barnett (1862 – 1931)

WED

1

13

1895: Frederick Douglass, leading voice in the Abolitionist Movement, dies.

SAT

Known as the “Prince of Soul” Marvin was a soul singer and songwriter. He was best known for “What’s Going On” with lyrics that spoke of controversial themes such as war and political unrest. The single was released and became an instant success in 1971 despite the objections of Motown’s directors. Marvin found peace in music and he developed a love for R&B. He later developed his personal style with hits like “I Heard it Through the Grapevine” and “Sexual Healing.”

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Daylight Saving Time Ends (USA, CAN)

THU

3

1800: Gabriel Prosser leads slave revolt in Richmond, VA.

1950: Judge Edith Sampson named first black delegate to the United Nations.

1970: Joseph L. Searles becomes first AfricanAmerican member of New York Stock Exchange.

1883: Ragtime pianist and composer Eubie Blake born.

THU

2

Groundhog Day

George Washington Carver (1860 – 1943)

In 1942 she began to use the stage name Dinah Washington and she toured with the Lionel Hampton band

SAT

1

Canada Day

AUGUST 2022 f

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Independence Day (USA)

6

1993: Arthur Ashe Jr., tennis player, humanitarian and activist, dies.

1975: Dr. Samuel Blanton Rosser becomes first African-American certified in pediatric surgery.

MAY 2022

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1902: Langston Hughes, poet, born.

SUN

had a brief, but dazzling career as a singer and pianist, primarily in the genres of jazz, blue and R&B. She was inducted into Rock n Roll Dinah the Rock n Roll Hall of Fame in 1993 by Natalie Cole. She was cited as the “most popular black female recording artist of the 50s.” Hall of Fame Dinah was born Ruth Lee Jones. As a child her family moved to Chicago where she sang and played piano for her church choir.

MON

TUE New Moon Chinese New Year

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NBA Superstar

SUN

MON

1

Dinah Washington (1924 – 1963)

One of the best basketball players in the history of the NBA passed tragically, along with his daughter, and several others in a helicopter crash in January 2020. Kobe played guard for the Los Angeles Lakers for 20 years. His jersey was recently retired during a ceremony at halftime. Kobe won a gold medal at the Beijing Olympics as a member of the US men’s basketball team. He was named the NBA Finals MVP, and surpassed Michael Jordan to become third on the all-time scoring list with 32,310 points.

In 1921 Bessie Coleman soared across the sky thrilling audiences with her daring aerial performances. She was the first woman of color to earn her pilots license. Nick-named “Brave Bessie,” she inspired others to reach for their dreams. Her hard work helped her to save up and buy her own plane, a Jenny–JN–4 with an OX-5 engine. Her career ended much too soon as she died in a fatal plane crash at the age of 34. In 1931 a tradition was started by the Challenger Pilots’ Association to fly over Bessie’s grave each year to honor her.

SUN

Amanda Gorman (1998)

WED

3

1964: Frederick O'Neal becomes first black president of the Actor's Equity Association.

First Female American Civil Aviator

SAT

Corporal Freddie Stowers was a war hero who was killed in action during World War 1 while serving under a French command. He was born in Anderson County, South Carolina in 1896. Despite facing discrimination, he chose to serve his country in the segregated 371st Infantry Regiment. In 1990 a team was sent to France to investigate the circumstances of his death. Later, in 1991 his family was presented with a Medal of Honor by President George H. W. Bush for Corporal Stowers bravery and leadership during the attack which took his life. He was the squad leader for Company C in the 93rd Infantry Division.

SUN

2

THU

FEBRUARY 2022 s

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1750: James Varick, first Bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion (A.M.E.Z.) Church, born.

1942: Muhammad Ali (Cassius Clay) born.

WED

Kobe Bryant (1978 – 2020)

SUN

Mothering Sunday (UK) Daylight Savings Time Begins (UK)

1862: African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church founded in New Bern, NC.

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SUN

World War I Hero

1983: Alice Walker wins Pulitzer Prize for fiction for The Color Purple.

1773: Jean Baptiste Pointe Du Sable, black pioneer and explorer, founded Chicago.

20

1860: South Carolina secedes from the Union, initiating the Civil War.

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Critically Acclaimed Novelist

Easter Sunday

Daylight Saving Time Begins (USA, CAN)

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FRI

Freddie Stowers (1896 – 1918)

SUN

12

1944: First black servicewomen sworn into the WAVES.

NOVEMBER 2021 s

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Toni Morrison (1931 – 2019)

1826: Poet-orator James Madison Bell, author of the Emancipation Day poem "The Day and the War," born.

1945: Phyllis M. Daley becomes first black nurse sworn in as a Navy ensign.

5

12

1932: Richard B. Spikes patents automatic gearshift.

WED

Bessie Coleman (1892 – 1926)

Some interesting and possibly unknown things about Martin Luther King Jr. include the fact that he was born Michael. His name was later changed to Martin. He was a prodigious student, skipping two whole grades, and earning his bachelor’s degree at 19. While most remembered as a motivating public speaker, he did poorly in public speaking classes in his youth. Dr. King’s speech given in Memphis in 1968 may have been a catalyst to his death where he is quoted as saying “ I’ve seen the Promised Land.”

1983: President Ronald Reagan designates Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Day a national holiday.

1731: Mathematician, urban planner and inventor Benjamin Banneker born.

THU

2

1981: Thirman L. Milner elected mayor of Hartford, Connecticut, becoming first black mayor in New England.

2006: Benny Andrews, painter and teacher whose work drew on memories

FRI

3

2008: Senator Barack Obama elected 44th president of the U.S., becoming first AfricanAmerican to be elected chief executive in the 232 year history of the country.

Veterans' Day (USA) Remembrance Day

SAT

4

Guy Fawkes Day (UK) 1968: Shirley Chisolm of Brooklyn, NY, becomes the first African-American woman elected to Congress.

1941: Mary Cardwell Dawson and Madame Lillian Evanti establish the National Negro

5

Journalist and Activist

SUN

Ida was an investigative journalist and activist who led an anti-lynching crusade in the 1890s. She was an early feminist. She taught in a segregated public school in Memphis and was vocally critical of the condition of Black only schools. After being fired from this position she continued to champion other causes for civil rights and the women’s movement. Ida was an early founder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). She was born into slavery but was freed by the Emancipation Proclamation during the American Civil War.

MON

DECEMBER 2022 1906: Alpha Phi Alpha, first black Greek letter fraternity,

1955: Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. organizes bus boycott,

TUE

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JANUARY 2023

NOVEMBER 2022 s

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1932: Richard B. Spikes patents automatic gearshift.

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1955: Rosa Parks arrested, sparking the Montgomery, Alabama bus boycott.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Full Moon Pearl Harbor Day (USA)

1925: Entertainer Sammy Davis Jr. born.

FRI

1

1884: Granville T. Woods patents telephone transmitter.

1872: P.B.S. Pinchback of Louisiana becomes first

SAT

2

1847: Frederick Douglass publishes first issue of North Star.

1950: Dr. Ralph J. Bunche, first African-American

9

3