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What do we mean by abuse? By: Mateo Varela An explanation of a very awful topic that affects the life of a lot of people. Abuse is an attempt to control the behaviour of another person. It is a misuse of power which uses the emotional tie (intimacy, trust and dependency) to make the victim vulnerable. There are different types of abuse and ways of being abusive. One of them is the physical abuse which includes pushing, slapping, kicking, punching, hitting, spitting, pinching, pulling hair, strangling, throwing things, hitting victims with an object, and using or threatening to use a weapon. This might have visibly signs in the victim and if someone looks carefully to this person appearance will know that he/she is suffering of violence. Probably the victim will try to hide these injuries and it will depend on the location and the seriousness of them that the other people will notice it or not. Another type of abuse is the sexual abuse which happens when someone is forced to have unwanted sexual contact in any form, demanded to wear more (or less) provocative clothes; insisted to act out fantasies or denied of his/her sexuality. This might not have physical signs in the victim unless it includes violence but it certainly will have psychological and emotional damages on the victim. Verbal abuse is also a form of abusive behaviour that involves the use of language (criticizing, name-calling, threatening, blaming, insulting, saying nasty things). Verbal abuse is a pattern of behaviour that can seriously interfere with one’s positive emotional development and with the past of the time it can lead to significant deterioration to the victim’s self-esteem, emotional well-being and physical state. Verbal abuse, although it is not visibly apparent, it is as harmful as sexual abuse. Another way of abuse is the financial abuse which occurs when someone is not allowed to have money or any control over his/her money by someone else. This could include running up large debts in his/her name or selling his/her possessions without permission. The abuser should keep the victim well informed of any money spent in his/her name and not should waste his/her money without informing. However, this will not happen. In addition, all people should spent their own money with freedom and without taking care of what other person thinks about the things in which they spend it because no one needs someone’s approbation to use his/her own money. This type of abuse could also involve not being allowed to work and have a job so that the victim becomes dependent on the other abuser for money and survival. Isolation is also another form of abuse. It happens when someone is cut off from his/her family, friends, and community as a way of staying in control of his/her life. That person who tries to isolate the victim may be extremely jealous of any contacts that he/she may have and because of that he will try to forbid the other person to have contact with anyone, or check his/her phone calls, mail or daily activities. Sometimes the abuser could use intimidation or threats to control the victim. He/She will request the sufferer information of his/her location, explanations of his/her time away and the victim will have to make up

excuses for leaving home. Also the person that is suffering from this type of abuse may have to communicate secretly with other people when the abuser is not present. Furthermore Emotional/psychological abuse is very common nowadays and some people don't understand it as a way of injustice and violence.This abusive behaviour can cause anxiety, depression and isolation from everyone or everything around the victim. Examples of this type of abuse includes insulting family or friends, ridiculing beliefs, race or religion, using constant derogatory phrases, threatening with suicide if the victim leaves, keeping the person prisoner at home, threatening to take the children if the victim leaves. The last type of abuse that comes to my mind and which is directly related with children and elder people is the neglect. This abusive behaviour consists in giving little attention or respect to someone or leaving that person unattended. This way of behaving affects the other person and cause him or her failure to gain weight (especially in infants), desperately affectionate behavior, voracious appetite and food stealing. The abusive behaviours are present in our daily life and we cant keep allowing them to do that. We have to prevent,inform and stop the abuse and the abusers

In this magazine we are going to center our investigation in two particular cases of abuse. There are a lot more of abusive relationships.So if you ever feel like you are in one of this toxic relationships, don't be doubtful! and call 911, what you are living is not safe, and is

clearly not love.

Light at the end of the tunel? By Rocio Franco

Nowadays no many people know about cases of elder abuse,because it does not appears on the tv or in social media. That's the reason why we consider important to include it in our magazine.

Firstly we have to define what is elder abuse, and it is a simple or repeated act, or lack of appropriate action, that occurs within any relationship where there is an expectation of trust, which causes harm or anguish to an older person. This type of violence constitutes a violation of human rights and includes physical, sexual, psychological and emotional abuse; financial and material abuse; abandonment; negligence; and serious loss of dignity and respect. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) about 1 in 6 people over 60 suffered some type of abuse in community settings during the past year.Rates of elder abuse are high in institutions such as nursing homes and long-term care facilities, and 2 out of 3 employees report that they have committed abuse in the past year. Elder abuse can cause serious physical injuries and long-term psychological consequences. It is predicted that elder abuse will increase as many countries experience rapidly aging populations. The world population of people 60 years old or more will more than double, from 900 million in 2015 to about 2 billion in 2050. It is a fact that elder abuse exists so we can't stop thinking why it is not in the media. And we end up with the conclusion that the elderly people are a minority. They are not easily heard and taken into account, and we also have to take into account that many of them are in these hospitals because their health is not good. It is even more complicated for them to defend themselves.

After reading of all this cases we think of some solutions to help the elderly people: ● Hospitals should make a psychological exam, to see if they are in conditions of taking care of old people ● Hospitals should also include cameras in all their room, in order to see what is happening there. ● When we can´t take care of our grandparents/parents anymore we should look for the right people to take care of them. Not send them to the first geriatric institution. ● Listen to them: If we listen to them we could prevent a lot of worse things! In conclusion the purpose of writing about elder abuse was to inform everybody through This magazine about the seriousness of this topic, and how is very common although










Continuing with the topic, we suggest you to see the following video, which may help you to understand a little bit more about what is Elder Abuse, and how can we prevent it. We hope it will help you understand a little more about what we have been talking about, and why we believe it is an issue that should be made visible

Another type of abuse that we decided to focus on is Child abuse, and one of our editors, Magdalena Nieto, made a research about this reality that unfortunately a lot of children are living.

The speaking numbers By Magdalena Nieto

A deeply look into a topic that involves a part of the society that is innocent and in defence.

Most of the children that are abused can not say they are being abused because the abuser generally is part of the family. Child abuse is when a parent or caregiver, whether through action or failing to act (because you are allowing what is happening), causes injury, death, emotional harm or risk of serious harm to a child. There are many forms of child maltreatment, including neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, exploitation and emotional abuse.

It is not that just one abuse is committed because neglect and emotional abuse generally come together. Children are an easy target because they rely and depend on their parents or in adults. They can not distinguish when something is right or wrong. It is Usually one of the parents the one that commits the abuse or is someone that is close to the family. There are different signs that can make people realise what is going on with the child, for example: ● Bruises, blisters, burns, cuts and scratches (of genital area), broken bones, sprains, dislocated joints ● Internal injuries, brain damage ● Frequent urinary tract infections or yeast infections ● Unexplained or explained in a way that doesn’t make sense ● Doesn’t want to change clothes, ● Depressed, anxious, aggression, lack of confidence,phobias ● Decline in school performance, destructive or anti-social behaviors ● Fear of bedtime (nightmares, bedwetting ), ● Health problems (sleep disorders,ulcers, skin disorders,often hungry,very low body weight, height for age, often tired, sleepy, listless) Everyone should be aware of this, because it could be happening in your own background. 53% of cases take place in the house of the victim and 18% on the aggressor's house. The victim is between 6 and 12 years mostly (47%) or between 0 and 5 (28%). A family member is the abuser in the 75% of cases; 40% of them is the father and 16% the stepfather. Those are very alarming numbers that we must work to solve. Only in the States: 4.1 million child maltreatment referral reports received. Child abuse reports involved 7.4 million children. 3.5 million children received prevention & post-response services. 143,866 children received foster care services. 74.8% of victims are neglected.

18.2% of victims are physically abused. 8.5% of victims are sexually abused 6.9% of victims are psychologically maltreated

All over the world: In 38 low- and middle-income countries, close to 17 million adult women report having experienced forced sex in childhood.

In 28 countries in Europe, around 2.5 million young women report experiences of contact and non-contact forms of sexual violence before age 15. Worldwide, around 15 million adolescent girls aged 15 to 19 have experienced forced sex in their lifetime; 9 million of these girls had been victimized within the past year. In 20 countries, nearly 9 in 10 adolescent girls who have been victims of forced sex say this happened for the first time during adolescence. Data from 28 countries indicate that 9 in 10 adolescent girls who have experienced forced sex report being victimized by someone close/known to them

I guess that these numbers will shock you as much as they did to me. So it is time to do something to change them..

This video was made by UNICEF in 2007 to raise awareness about child maltreatment. It was produced by Gianne Yap, and in the description of the video

you can find a link that directs you to a page where you can sign in order r to stop child abuse.

In case you didn't see the page of UNICEF here is the link where you can learn more about child abuse, and how to stop it:

Letters to the editor


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Rocio Franco: “Light at the end of the tunel?”, advertisement Magdalena Nieto: “The speaking numbers”, cover page Mateo Varela: What do we mean by abuse? , abuse video

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Abuse: what is it?, how we can stop it?, types....


Abuse: what is it?, how we can stop it?, types....