Page 1

i n t e r n a t i o n a l

82

2013

t h e

r e v i e w

o f

l a n d s c a p e

a r c h i t e c t u r e

a n d

u r b a n

d e s i g n

About Landscape

T he multic ult ur a l me a nings of l a ndsc a pe · China A ffore station progr a m for de ser t s · Canada a f t er oil sa nds e x t r ac t ion · indonesia ore mining l a ndsc a pes · Egypt g ated cit y in the desert · Australia plundering the kimberle y region · Europe l a ndsc a pe a nd legends · USA l a nd a r t at t he columbi a ri ver · Mexico ecologic a l pa rk for me x ico c i t y · Tajikistan pa rk in a n remot e mounta in r a nge · India re viving a desert · japan preserving cult ur a l l a ndsc a pes · South Africa Fa rml a nd versus de velopment


about

landscape

table

of

contents

Cover: Namib Desert Photo: Annette Kleisun

16

The meaning of landscape differs around the

D iedrich B r u ns

Betsy H enning

world. In Western cultures, landscape is often defined

16 The Multicultural Meanings of Landscape

72 A Confluence Of Cultures

by viewing it (photo: Dovre Mountain area in Norway).

The understanding of landscape in different cultures

A land art project at the Columbia River, USA

K athry n M oore , B r u no Mar q ues

21 Breaking down Silos and Compartments The International Landscape Convention

I ñ aki E che v erria, Jonathan H ajar

79 Texcoco Lake, Mexico City: Landscape as Infrastructure

Dag Jenssen

Ecological park as a work in progress project

C hristophe Girot

24 About Topology

An integrated comprehension of landscape

84 Up on the Roof

A nthony Wain

A park for the city of Khorog in the harsh

62

Impressive landscapes like the one at Seljord

Rosetta S arah E lkin

Lake in Norway often attract tourists through their

30 Green Wall Infrastructure in China

tales about supernatural powers.

3-North Shelterbelt Program: The afforestation of deserts

Tajik Pamir mountain range

A kshay Kaul

88 Reviving a Desert Landscape

K elly Nelson D oran

Rao Jodha Desert Park in Jodhpur, India

37 After Extraction The legacy of the Canadian oil sands industry

Yuko Tanabe

Robert Schäfer

93 Foodscape – Cultural Landscapes in Japan

P u spita Galih R esi

About the relationship between lifestyle and landscape

42 Indonesian Mining Landscapes The reclamation of ore mining sites in Mimika Regency,

Papua

99 Save Cape Town’s Pantry

G areth H aysom

The Philippi Horticultural Area near Cape Town is threat- Ore mining has brought about irreversible changes in the landscape of Mimika Regency, Papua. Along the

Akshay Kaul

42

banks of the Ajkwa River, the reclamation of deposit areas created during mining is generating a new landscape.

88

During the monsoon season, shrubs and ephe-

M anu el A lvare z D iestro

ened by the development of new settlements

49 New Cairo Photos of an emerging gated city in the desert

M ichael Howard

merals create green spots in the meagre landscape of

56 Larger than Landscape

Rao Jodha Desert Park in Jodhpur, India.

Plundering the Kimberley region, Australia P eter F j å ges u nd, Tone Telnes

62 Landscapes and Legends

Currents 6 Competitions, News, Personalities 104 Projects, Obituaries, Books 109 Authors

An EU project about the importance of telling stories Manuel Alvarez Diestro

111 Credits/Imprint C hristian A ndersen

68 Small Means – Big Experiences The “Places in Landscapes” project in Denmark

The desert near Cairo is being dug up in order Robert Schäfer

49

to build new housing estates. New Cairo will be

Puspita Galih Resi

totally segregated from the Egyptian metropolis.

4

99

The Philippi Horticultural Area provides food for

Cape Town and jobs.The fields are now under threat because developers have set their sights on them.

5


competitions

competitions

West 8 proposes a distinctive divi-

West 8

ecological water system network.

Guangzhou Liwan Planning Department announced two winning schemes for the Guangzhou Huadi Fangcun Sustainable Masterplan Competition: Scheme 1: West 8 urban design & landscape architecture Scheme 2: GZPI; Rainer Schmidt Landscape Architects (RSLA). Guangzhou Huadi Fangcun (Flower City), located in southern China, is a former delta landscape with a traditional horticultural legacy. With speedy expansion of the horticultural industry, the current scattered and disorganised land use of the area is detrimental to the environment, and ecosystems are ­severely polluted. The Guangzhou government is in search of a sustainable solution to the current problem in this era of rapid urban development. The plan encompasses a site of 2,050 hectares (20.5 square kilometres), with more than 450 hectares of wetland area.

The overall concept by GZPI/RSLA derives from the form and character

GZPI, RSLA

of the dominant elements of flowers and water. The proposal incorporates artificial and natural wetlands to control flood patterns and intensity.

Grow Your City – The future of Danish suburbs

Cultivating edible plants is an essential part of the strategy by Elkiær + Ebbeskov Arkitekter for the Suburb of the Future in Nykøbing Falster.

Elkiær + Ebbeskov Arkitekter (3)

and urban areas as well as a new

8

currents

Guangzhou Huadi Fangcun Sustainable Masterplan Competition

sion between horticultural land use

Humboldt Forum, Berlin The Berlin-based landscape architects bbz landschaftsarchitekten won the Humboldt Forum competition for the ­area around the controversial reconstruction of the Berliner Stadtschloss. The jury commended the winning proposal for approaching the site’s heritage in a contemporary way and for forging a link with the adjacent pleasure gardens. The project splits the embankment of the Spree River into two levels, the Spree balcony and

the river promenade. Two ramps and steps connect both levels. Raised beds of herbaceous perennials to the north and outside the Humboldt ­Forum are reminiscent of the former palace terraces. The slab paving material is continued across to the pleasure gardens opposite. The second prize went to WES GbR LandschaftsArchitektur and Hans-Hermann Krafft from Berlin. Lützow 7 from Berlin won third prize.

bbz landschaftsarchitekten’s winning proposal reinterpreted the Humboldt

Elkiær + Ebbeskov Arkitekter have won first prize in the Suburbs of the Future Competition with their proposal “Grow Your City”. The idea is not to reinvent the suburbs from scratch, but the ­designers believe that if it is possible to identify their existing strengths and exceptional features, the areas sometimes referred to as the “fringes” may have the potential to become the “cutting edge”. The design describes a modern area of suburban cultivation – the “Growth Zone” (Vækstzonen) – as a new residential quarter in the town of Nykøbing Falster. Its underlying notion is based on the broad links sweeping from countryside to seaside and on into the close-grained structure of the Danish fields and farmlands. People living in Nykøbing Falster’s Suburb of the Future will show, quite literally, that they want their town to grow – because without involved, committed citizens the suburbs will wither away. Cultivating edible plants is an essential part of the strategy, and the key components are community, cooperation and countryside. The Suburbs of the Future Competition aims to initiate debate and formulate visions for a future sustainable development of the Danish suburbs. Among Danish citizens, the suburbs are popular places to live, but there is a need to make the suburbs more sustainable. The campaign includes architecture competitions in the cities of Aalborg, Albertslund, Furesø, Glostrup, Nykøbing-Falster and Vejle. All six competitions have been completed and are now b ­ eing prepared for public exhibition in the summer of 2013.

Forum on the site of the Berliner Stadtschloss reconstruction in a contemporary way.

bbz landschaftsarchitekten (2)

currents

9


Christophe Girot

The term topology could be used to help understand terrain. Point cloud pictures like the one of the rail infrastructure at Gรถschenen, Switzerland, enhance new perspectives on landscape.

24

About Topology The term topology helps to establish an integrated understanding of terrain at all scales of planning and design.

25


Rosetta Sarah Elkin

Green Wall Infrastructure in China The Chinese 3-North Shelterbelt Program is the largest afforestation program in the world, extending across over 40 percent of the country. The project is being recommended as the most effective strategy to combat desertification and dust storms. At this scale, planting is certain to have extensive ­effects on both the local territory and the region. A critical view on a complex landscape issue.

The Tarim Desert Highway crosses the Taklamakan desert for 550 kilometers. It was built to access the region’s vast oil reserves. The single species shelterbelts planted under the auspices of the 3-North Shelterbelt Program protect the road from encroaching sand.

30

31


Peter Fjågesund, Tone Telnes

There is a relationship between local legends and the landscape they originate from. This project is based on a holistic approach to sustain­ ability, where culture, nature and economy come together in an attempt to develop a distinctive method of rural development.

Lan ds ca pe s a nd Leg en ds

Loch Ness, Scotland’s Great Glen, is the mythical home of the monster “Nessie,” who was brought to the world’s attention in 1933. Despite the o­ verwhelming landscape, it is this legend that attracts tourists. “Landscape and Legends” is a project proposed to the EU culture program “Strand.”

62

63

2013 01