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Urbane Strategien für Onaville, Haiti Urban Strategies for Onaville, Haiti

Forschungsgruppe Research Group www.lao.wzw.tum.de Leitung Head of the Research M. Sc. Johann-Christian Hannemann Prof. Regine Keller Prof. Christian Werthmann (TUM-IAS; Chair of Landscape Architecture and Design at ILA Hannover) Chair of Landscape Architecture and Public Space Prof. Regine Keller regine.keller@tum.de +49.8161.713251 in Zusammenarbeit mit in collaboration with Chair of Sustainable Urbanism Prof. Mark Michaeli Chair of Urban Water Systems Engineering Prof. Dr.-Ing. Jörg E. Drewes PD Brigitte Helmreich Chair of Hydrology and River Basin Management Prof. Dr. Markus Disse Chair of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Management Prof. Dr. Peter Rutschmann TECHO Haïti Förderung Funding German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) TECHO Haïti

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Urban Strategies for Onaville is an inter-disciplinary project platform for Master’s and PhD-students of landscape architecture, urbanism, and environmental engineering at the TUM. Since 2012, a cooperation with the Port-auPrince-based non-profit organization TECHO Haïti has made it possible to exchange information, undertake research visits, take part as a volunteer, and coordinate with local community initiatives and neighborhood committees since late 2012 (figure 3). Subject of research The setting up of an Internally Displaced Persons camp about 15 km north-east of the Haitian capital Port-auPrince in the aftermath of 2010 earthquake by the “international community” in conjunction with the Haitian government, caused the rise of Canaan, a vast unplanned urban settlement. As new families arrive each day, the pressure on people, land and environment increases. Public services such as water supply, sanitation and electricity are absent in most areas. In 2013 the area was already expected to host over 60,000 people (Haitian government officials estimate about 300,000 people) with more than 10,000 in the TUM-USO focus area Onaville. Onaville covers an area of approximately seven square kilometers situated in the transitional area between the Chaine-deMatthieux mountain range in the north and the Cul-deSac plain in the south. The seasonal river Ravine Lan Couline marks the border between Onaville and Jerusalem (figures 1 and 4) and poses the largest flood related risk to the surrounding settlements. As ongoing land ownership issues, uncontrolled and rapid urbanization, and the lack of a functioning political administration lead to difficult and complex circumstances, no major interventions have been executed by the Haitian government, so that the neighborhoods mostly rely on micro-scale work executed by NGOs and self-organized initiatives. Starting in 2015, Haitian Government entities together with

Focus Area – Urban and Landscape Transformation

USAID, the American Red Cross, and institutional partners are aiming to undertake a first integrative pilot project in the zone of Jerusalem, Canaan. Aims and methods Onaville is exposed to environmental hazards (flooding, landslide risk, lack of drinking water, etc.) and characteristic, unplanned development and, as such, is a good study area in which to elaborate trans-disciplinary approaches for locally-adapted, strategic development planning. TUM-USO investigates, both through remote modeling as well as local field work, whether economically, environmentally, and socially integrative development and the improvement of living conditions in marginalized neighborhoods is possible when the community is the main actor in a multi-stakeholder framework. A central question is also whether the involvement of academia – promoting research, mutual learning, as well as citizen empowerment and community-based action in open-ended multi-stakeholder processes – can generate less cost intensive, better adapted and more durable solutions than classical top-down planning approaches. TECHO Haïti has been active in Canaan since the early days of the settlement in 2010 and provides an important link to the population of Onaville. Through preceding projects within the framework of the TUM-USO research group, a relatively strong connection and communication channel has been established to residents of Onaville. Evaluation and pilot projects During field research in 2014, these networks and communication channels were used to raise awareness of the GIS-modeled hazard situation among affected residents and community leaders (figure 2). A small focus group was established to monitor environmental hazards, consisting of TECHO volunteers and a few active and influential members of the local community of Onaville. The

Profile for Fakultät für Architektur TU München

Jahrbuch 2015  

Jahrbuch der Fakultät für Architektur, TUM mit einem Schwerpunkt auf Forschung und Entwicklung

Jahrbuch 2015  

Jahrbuch der Fakultät für Architektur, TUM mit einem Schwerpunkt auf Forschung und Entwicklung

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