An excursus (7 days) on Calabria's traditions: food, wine and culture
PROGRAMM FOR A • DAY 1 Hours 15.30 hours from 16.30 to 17.30 Hours 20.00 hours from 22.00 to 23.00
• DAY 2 Hours 7.30 to 9.00 Hours 9,30 - 12,30 Hours 13.00 Hours 16.30 to 18.30 alternative activities Hours 16.30 to 17.30 Hours 16.30 to 19.30 Hours 19.00 Hours 20.30 Hours 21,30 to 23.00 • DAY 3 Hours 7.30 to 9.00 Hours 9.30 to 15.30
Arrive to Hotel Magara from Lamezia Terme and hotel accomodation; Welcome buffet; Dinner at the Hotel; A variety of entertainment (cultural, gastronomic tables and customs, etc.) and then (if you want) night disco.
Breakfast; Guided tour in St. Giovanni in Fiore, Gioacchino da Fiore abbey Florense’s, handcrafts of the place, etc.; Lunch at the Hotel; presentation of a company producing wines with descrip tion of the methods of production and wine tasting.
Aerobics class invigoranting and funny; Walking and / or relaxing in heated pool; Exposure with tastings of typical products of local food; Dinner at the Hotel; A variety of entertainment and details about the visit of the next day (cultural, gastronomic tables and customs, etc.) Exposure of typical products with tastings. And later (for those who want) night at disco;
Breakfast; Guided tour to the city of Cosenza: the historical sites of
A WEEK IN CALABRIA
Hours 15.30 to 17.30
king Alarico, the Cathedral of Frederick II, the MAB Open Air Museum, the Museum of Bruzi and Enotri, the Castle, the historical Renzelli café, the National Gallery, Istituto alberghiero (lunch included), the National Library. Visit to the Regional wine cellar of the Province of Cosenza, with illustration of the typical production and tasting of the best wines from Calabria.
Dinner at the Hotel; A variety of entertainment and details about the visit of the next day (cultural, gastronomic tables and customs, etc.); Exposure of typical products with tastings; And later (for those who want) night at disco
Breakfast Guided tour Giants Fallistro’s Park, visit to a farm with typical taste of “’mpanata”. Back to the Hotel, where you can see the production of mozzarella at the time and then tasting them, too. Lunch at the hotel; guided tour of a winery in Calabria, with tastings of the best products Dinner at the Hotel; A variety of entertainment and details about the visit of the next day (cultural, gastronomic tables and customs, etc.) Exposure of typical products with tastings; And later (for those who want) night at disco.
Hours 20.00 Hours 21.30 to 23.00 • DAY 4 Hours 7.30 to 9.00 Hours 9.30 to 13.00 Hours 13.30 Hours 15.00 to 18.30 Hours 20,30 Hours 21, 30 to 23.00 •
• DAY 5 Hours 7.00 to 8.00 Hours 8.30 to 13.00 Hours 13.30 Hours 16.30 to 18.30 alternative activities Hours 18.30 to 19.30 Hours 19.00 Hours 20.30 Hours 21,30 to 23.00
Breakfast; Visit to Sila’s National Park; Lunch at the hotel; presentation of a company producing wines with descrip tion of the methods of production and wine tasting.
Walking and / or relaxing in heated pool; Exposure with tastings of local products; Dinner at the Hotel; A variety of entertainment and details about the visit of the next day (cultural, gastronomic tables and customs, etc.); And later (for those who want) night at disco.
Breakfast; Visit to S. Severina’s castle; Guided tour of a winery in Calabria, with tastings of the best products
Hours 20.00 Hours 21.30 to 23.30 • DAY 7 Hours 7.30 to 9.00 Hours 11.00
Dinner at the Hotel; In the last evening there will be interviews about the week just spent. At the end there will be a big folk musical and dancing entertainment.
• DAY 6 Hours 7.30 to 8.30 Hours 9.00 to 12.00 Hours 13.00 to 18.30
Breakfast; Morning in freedom; Possible departure to Airport.
Regional wine cellar of Province of Cosenza
The Regional wine cellar of Province of Cosenza
The environments of particular beauty are the result of a careful restoration, which lasted more than two years, which has revitalized and innovative use for the former eighteenth-century Church of Santa Maria of Constantinople and the Holy Rose of Lima Rose of Viterbo, erected by the Archbishop of Cosenza Andrea Brancaccio, part of a nunnery. More than 1,600 bottles, which highlight the best labels of the production of Cosenza and the entire region. Wines presented to the territories of origin within three rooms offering a path from: Terre di Cosenza, Ciro, Lametino and Reggio Calabria. The top of a production, where traditions are integrated with technology solutions, which overlooks the national and international market strength of a quality that has been growing over the years. A quality that enhances the wine, enhancing, through the function that date, the promotion and enhancement, intertwining with excellent food. The Enoteca intends to have a function of disclosure and information on viticulture through the Calabrian wines. He arranged for this space, three large rooms, in sequence, divided into territories. The first room is devoted to the wines of the â€œ Terre di Cosenza â€œ , the second to Ciro, the third Lametini wines of the district and the province of Reggio Calabria. Inside the rooms, however, the following criterion was based on the vines .
THE LOCATION: MAGARA HOTEL
The “ Magara Hotel” is located in Calabria, in the municipality of Spezzano Piccolo (CS), in the heart of the Sila Grande at 1450 meters above sea level. The structure is easily accessible either from the Tyrrhenian coast or that ionic, thanks to State Road 107 which connects the two shores of Calabria from Paola to Crotone. It consists of a main hotel, 12 semi-detached houses and four-family, a large garage, 3 sports fields, parks and common green. Nestled in the woods, with all the comforts, just a few kilometers from the ski lifts of Camigliatello Silano, in Lorica and lakes Blindness and Arvo, it is the ideal place to spend holiday periods in all seasons.
• Services • dining room with adjacent outdoor terrace for outdoor services; • spacious lounge bar with terrace; • billiard room; TV room; two large multipurpose rooms; disco; • heated indoor swimming pool (with distinction adults and children), solarium outdoor area. • fitness center with saunas, whirlpools and beauty center; • 200-seat conference hall with adjoining control room;
THE NAME: MAGARA IN HISTORY
Magara: dialect word used to indicate the witches or the “old wise ”. The figure of the witch in the history and beliefs is mostly related to nature and prosperity. The “magara“ was the one who possessed healing powers, combining pagan religious beliefs to those of naturalistic type. The so-called “ grandma’s remedies “ derive precisely from the old wisdom of that country who were able to cure illnesses and in some cases, remove or throw the evil eye with natural remedies and strange rites. A case in point is “ The sfascino “, an ancient ritual that has been passed down orally among Calabrian women of the same family and it is believed to have the power to ward off headaches linked to the “ charmed “ (a kind of evil eye given by ‘ envy ). The ritual can be taught to a girl only during the Christmas midnight . Evident is therefore the link between a typically pagan beliefs, such as the “evil eye” or the enchant with Christian religious items, such as Christmas Eve, as a key date for the transmission of the rite.
THE TERRITORY: THE SILA
• THE SILA NATIONAL PARK The park covers approximately 73,000 hectares in the heart of Calabria ( the provinces of Cosenza, Crotone and Catanzaro ) within the silan that plateau Greeks and Romans appealed “Hyle “ and “Silva“ because it appeared like an immense, uninterrupted forest from it was possible to drew timber for fleets and armies as well as the construction of cities. But Sila was also a sacred grove where the ancient myths and legends were born. So it is in the collective still it represents a magical and mysterious region. And it is the wood, therefore, the most distinguishing element of the landscape of the park. Here they are located mainly beech and pine trees, is one a endemic species to the Sila, where are preserved specimens reaching high 40 meters and 2 meters in diameter (Fallistro, Gallopane) . The Sila National Park, as part of its development programs, has starte, since 2010 the application of the territory in which it falls, also, the area of the Park’s order, to become a “Biosphere Reserve “as required by the MAB Programme (Man and the Biosphere), supported by the Ministry of Environment, under the very prestigious aegis of UNESCO.
The Sila, whose landscape features reminiscent of Nordic mountain scenery, has a floral heritage of great scientific value. The flora silana is composed of more than 900 species. Some of these are exclusive to the reliefs as Soldanella Calabria and the Calabrian Luzula, others are exclusive of the southern Apennines like maple Acer lobelii variety and more are exclusive Calabrian Apenninespeloritano as the Rose viscose. There are numerous officinal herbs present. For example we cite the valerian, elder, mallow, nettle and the same pine that are collected the gems for medical purpusoses.
â€˘ THE FAUNA The territory is home to the silane fauna typical of the Apennines. The wolf is still present despite the persecution. The wolf, protected by law since 1976, in the past decades was in danger of extinction but thanks to the establishment of the National Park of Calabria it has been a possible recolonization. Large is the representation, of small predators, especially the wild cat and the fox. Several species of mustelids are present in Silas though, because of their rarity and because of their nocturnal habits, it is difficult to spot them: martens skilled predator of squirrels, the stone marten, weasels and polecats. Among the rodents are present the dormouse and the black squirrel typical of southern Italy. Other mammals currently present in Sila are the deer and the deer that had died out at the beginning of the century and have been reintroduced along with the deer from the State Forestry Corps. There are also wild boar and hare. Among the nesting bird population there are birds of prey such as the goshawk, sparrow hawk, buzzard, red kite, eagle owl , the barn owl and the owl. Among the crows, and widespread infesting the hooded crow is best seen in large flocks. Among the woodpeckers, in Sila, live the great spotted woodpecker, green woodpecker and the rare black woodpecker. It is not uncommon to observe, in the silan lakes, ducks, grebes, herons and cranes during the periods of migration. Among the amphibians wich live in Sila, in addition to the common green frog, frog and toad, also the spotted salamander and the salamander exclusive of the southern Apennines. Among the reptiles there is the green lizard and snakes like the adder (viper), the grass snake, the cervone. The brown trout is the most popular fish in silan streams and lakes. Despite the many barriers, due to the hydroelectric plants, even today you can catch specimens of eel.
• THE WATER Sila is the wettest area of Calabria and the main reservoirs are located on this territory, and more over the main regional water courses born there and also run. • THE RIVERS The main waterways are the river Crati and the river Neto, the two longest and most important rivers in Calabria. They are joined by a number of tributaries, some very relevant. • THE LAKES The silan lakes are Cecita, Ampollino lake Arvo and lake Ariamacina. To highlight the presence of some lakes found in the past, extincted thousands of years ago because of erosion forms of their thresholds. • THE AIR According to recent studies conducted by the researcher Stefano Montanari, director of the Nanodiagnostics Laboratory of Modena, in Silas we can breathe the cleanest air in Europe.
ITINERARY AND EXCURSIONS 1. THE FALLISTRO’S GIANTS
The main purpose of biogenetic reserve institution of the of “Fallistro“ is to preserve an exceptional stretch of centuries-old pine forest where the large-sizes trees give a unique testimony of the ancient forest of Sila. Also you want to keep a suitable ecosystem for the production and subsequent collection of seeds to be used in new plants and forest genetic studies. It is spread over 5.44 ha. at an average altitude of 1,420 m s.l.m.. The fauna is typical of Sila and the Apennines, is limited due to the reduced extension. The black squirrel is the largest and easily visible representative. Within the reserve there are 56 plants of Corsican pine (4 of which are on the ground) and 7 of mountain maple, all numbered and classified. The diameters of the stem, to 1.30 m. height ranging from 71 to 187 cm. The heights, which are on average of 35 meters, in most cases, touch 43 meters, enabling these natural monuments to reach volumes of wood close to 30 mc. and in the most majestic to 60 mc. and more. 2. NATIONAL PARK OF CALABRIA (IL Cupone)
The Cupone is the location where the Visitor Center of the National Park Area Sila Grande was born. The Center offers information services, a natural history museum, a projection room, a library and exhibition halls. Within these it was made a picnic area, a botanical and a geological garden. Among the itineraries which, starting from the center, crossing the most beautiful and interesting areas of the park, there is a teaching one through are located the fences equipped with appropriate wildlife observers that allow to admire wolves, deer, fallow deer and roe deer without annoying the animals. It is recommended to visit the permanent exhibition on the wolf silane, the botanical garden and the interesting wildlife shows. From the Cupone 10 nature trails start for walking, of varying difficulty. The guides with related maps are available at the information center in the park. 3. SAN GIOVANNI IN FIORE
It is the oldest, largest and populated town of Sila. San Giovanni in Fiore is about 70 km from the provincial capital and 50 km from Crotone.The town is linked to the figure of the abbot Joachim of Fiore, exegete monaco of the twelfth century, where he founded the monastery of San Giovanni in Fiore and the florense Congregation. In 1844 the florense center rose in the news for national events related to the capture of the Bandiera brothers, Italian patriots, and all the components that were part of the Expedition of the Thousand.
It is the administrative headquarters of the Sila National Park, located in the hamlet of Lorica, which is part of the Montana Sila. Hosts forwards the International Center for Studies Joachimists, institution recognized by the Ministry of Heritage and Culture, which collaborates with prestigious Italian and foreign universities in research publications abbot florense. â€˘ Florense Abbey The Abbey of Fiore and the complex Badiale of San Giovanni in Fiore, relative to the first group, was built by the Abbot Joachim of Fiore around the confluence of the rivers and Arvo Neto. Despite the many changes, the Abbey florense retains the austerity of the Romanesque style. The facade has a portal in Gothic style formed by bundles of slender columns , with capitals decorated with palmettes and leaves, dating from around the year 1220. At the main altar is the crypt that holds the urn containing the remains of Joachim of Fiore, and the burial niche. 4. SANTA SEVERINA
The village is located on a tuff spur overlooking the valley of the river Neto . As evidence of Byzantine domination , there is the district of Grecia , in the east, virtually unchanged from the urban point of view , where the houses are all perched on a rocky spur ( those of the wealthiest families in the top of the hill , the other dug into the rock ) from which the panorama of the Marquis unfolds. Adjoining the GrecĂŹa there is the district of Iudea, inhabited by Jews until their expulsion in 1510. From the ninth until the eleventh century the town experienced its heyday: the Baptistery, the Old Cathedral, the Church of St. Philomena and other ruins throughout the area, are the most striking evidence of the period of Byzantium. The Baptistery is the oldest monument of Byzantine Calabria: made between the eighth and ninth centuries. The Church of Santa Filomena, an interesting example of Norman-Byzantine architecture, is a building of the eleventh century. The same Castle, majestic and imposing, was erected in 1076 by the Normans on the site of an earlier Byzantine fortress.
Cosenza also known as the “city of Bruzi”, is among the oldest of Calabria, the leader of a conurbation of 270,000 inhabitants in whose perimeter ( Rende) is located on the Unical , the largest university campus in Italian. The capital bruzio is home of an open air museum (the only one of its kind in Italy), located in the heart of the new city along the Corso and is a major regional centers from the point of view of economic, urban, cultural, social, organization. Cosenza is also identified as the Athens of Calabria because of its cultural past, the Academy Cosentina, for example, was the second of the Kingdom of Naples and one of the first academies founded in Europe. Even today it remains a city where art and culture are rooted. The Cathedral of Cosenza from 12 October 2011 is officially listed as a UNESCO World Heritage property, as “a witness to a culture and heritage of peace“, this is the first award given by the organization in Calabria. Cosenza historically played the role of capital Bruzi and later the capital of Calabria Hither (or Latin Calabria). Situated on seven hills on the River crater, at the confluence of the latter with the Busento, confluence that determines the geographical distinction between the historical center, located at the top of the hill until Pancrazio, and the modern city developed along its left bank of the crati. The historic core, better known as old Cosenza, reflects the standards of the typical southern antique centers.
The Museum of Brettii and Enotri The Museum of Brettii and Enotri is as a center that tells the story of the land, of the city of Cosenza, and their populations, through the use of thematic rooms.
The National Gallery of Cosenza The collection was born from the need to rebuild and promote knowledge of the artistic history of the region. Featuring works by painters born in Calabria, from Peter Negroni to Mattia Preti in Umberto Boccioni, and in consideration of the historical dependence of Calabria from Naples, Neapolitan artists who have influenced the outcome of the local painting.