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Salmonella

Ebola

Salmonella infections are zoonotic and can be transferred between humans and nonhuman animals. Many infections are due to ingestion of contaminated food. For example, recent FDA studies link Guatemalan cantaloupes with Salmonella panama. In speaking of other salmonella serotypes, enteritis Salmonella and Salmonella typhoid/paratyphoid Salmonella,the latter—because of a special virulence factor an a capsule protein (virulence antigen)—can cause serious illness, such as Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhi.

Causes extremely severe disease in humans and in nonhuman primates in the form of viral hemorrhagic fever. EBOV is a select agent, World Health Organization Risk Group 4 Pathogen (requiring Biosafety Level 4-equivalent containment), National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Category A Priority Pathogen, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Category A Bioterrorism Agent, and listed as a Biological Agent for Export Control by the Australia Group.

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About 142,000 (reported) Americans are infected each year with Salmonella enteritidis from chick en eggs, and about 30 die. The shell of the egg may be contaminated with Salmonella by feces or environment, or its interior (yolk) may be contaminated by penetration of the bacteria through the porous shell or from a hen whose infected ovaries contaminate the egg during egg formation.

2007 Kasai 71 Occidental Province, Democr % atic Republic of the Congo

2008 Kasai 47 – Occidental Province, Democr % 2009 atic Republic of the Congo

2012 Kibaale Western Uganda

District, 71 %

2012 Isoro, Viadana, Dungu 50 districts of Orientale % Province Democratic Republic of the Congo When-Where was discovered

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The genus Salmonella was named after Daniel Elmer Salmon, an American veterinary pathologist. While Theobald Smith was the actual discoverer of the type bacterium in 1885, Dr. Salmon was the administrator of the USDA research program, and thus the organism was named after him by Smith. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salmon ella#History

Was first described in 1976 by David Finkes. Today, the virus is the single member of the species Zaire ebolavirus, which is included into the genusEbolavirus, family Filoviridae, order Mononegavirales. The name Ebola virus is derived from the Ebola River (a river that was at first thought to be in close proximity to the area in Zaire where the first recorded Ebola virus disease outbreak occurred) and the taxonomic suffix virus.

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%89bola_(virus)

http://www.entornomedico.org/enfermedadesdelaalaz/index.php? http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus option=com_content&view=article&id=289:ebola&catid=39:enferm /spanish/salmonellainfections.html edades-con-e&Itemid=338 http://www.fsis.usda.gov/es/Salmon ella_Preguntas_y_Respuestas/index. asp

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs103/es/index.html


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