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Young Europe EU & South American relations

EU & China Relations

Young people’s views

6. feb 2013

Young EuRope Adiam condimentum In consectetuer Proin in sapien. Fusce urna magna,neque eget lacus. Maecenas felis nunc. Side 2Ut orci, Duis ultricies Maecenas non quam. Cras erat. Aliquam pede. v ulputate eu, estmorbi tristique senectus. Side 3Cras adipiscing neque Eget lacus. Maecenas felis nunc,pharetra ut, aliquet non, rutrum quis, urna. Side 3Donec ac sapien

& Duis A ultricies, metus a feugiat porttitor, dolor mauris conv allis est, quis mattis. UtQorci. Chief Editor Vanessa M. Tran Side 4 Hi! I have always heard of EU and the things they do, so I feel a bit embarrassing to ask this following question: Wh Journalists at are the EU’s aims actually? EU – Emma Hjeds & Frederik Nielsen * That is really something people sometimes forget about, so no need to be embarrassed of it. EU wants peace, pros perity and freedom for its many citizens.

Hello! How many countries are there in the EU nowadays?

China – Signe Lan Le & Henrik Tuyen South America – Mathias Malmgren, Cammillamaya Løkkehjærte & William Kalisa Interviewers Mads Sørensen & Daniel Nielsen Technical supporters Mads Sørensen & Daniel Nielsen

* Today 27 countries are members of the union. Hey! Which countries founded the EU, and when was it fo unded? * Germany, France, Luxembourg, Belgium, Italy and the N etherlands were the founding members of the union, whic h were called the European Economic Community (EEC) b ack in 1957, when it was founded.

My friend and I have had a long discussing about the EU a nd would like to know, which of the countries in the Union that is the smallest? * By both population and size it is Malta. Hey! What kind of benefits do we get by being a member of the Union? Yo u n g E u r o p e • K u l t o r v e t 2 • 1 1 7 5 • 1 3 3 7 1 3 3 7


* Dear you! We get free open borders across the countrie s in the EU, which makes it easier for the goods to be tran

8/4/2011 - Phone: 13371337

financial support for the agriculture. 6. feb 2013

Young Europe EU gender equality The EU has set very ambitious goals for the future regarding the proble m towards gender equality. It is a problem today, but there are still man y advantages for woman e.g. they have a higher educational level. By: Frederik & Emma The ideas of gender equality were first outlined in the Rome-treaty in 1957. The basic idea was equ al pay for equal work between men and women. The concept of 'equal work' in the Treaty of Rome can only have a strict understanding as it speaks about equal pay only in that case if the work and its conditions are exactly same. Since 1957 the f ocus of gender equality expanded to include, equ al economic independence, equal pay for equal w ork, equality in decision making process, a valua ble and undisturbed life without gender related vi olence and securing gender equality outside of th e EU’s borders. The five points mentioned above is a part of the 2015 gender equality strategy. Finland was the first country that was a member of the EU, to allow women to vote, this happened in 1906. Lichtenstein was the last EU country to allow women to vote, and it was not until 1984. Educational level of men and women in the EU: The educational roles in the EU have changed a l ot over the last years. The overall educational lev el has increased continuously as more men and woman is going through upper secondary educati on. Woman is now a big number in the statistics over who takes university education or equals. At present, more women than men in younger age groups have university degrees or the equivalent and fewer have no qualifications beyond basic sc hooling in all but a few countries. Labor market Though the amount of women with a university e ducation has increased, their work is still not valu ed as much as if it was a man. A man and wome n with the same set of skills, in the same job thei r payment varies with a 17.5% in favor of the me n. The amount of women in high positions in compa Yo u n g E u r o p e • K u l t o r v e t 2 • 1 1 7 5 • 1 3 3 7 1 3 3 7 nies has also increased over the last years in the EU, but it is still only 12% of the company board



als that are to increase the amount of females in the boards to 30% by 2015 and 40% by 2020. A nother goal of the EU is also to eliminate the curr fent e b 217.5% 013 wage gap between men and women. A big problem with the current wage gap is that f emales over their entire career also earn 17.5% l ess than the men and this can cause big troubles for them when they retire.

Young europe

men does, this can have a major affect on their p the EU and China Relationship between ension and women will experience an earlier poss When women have a 17.5% lower payment than

of poverty pension. Byible Signe Lan Le,during 1.G & their Henrik Tuyen, 1.G The EU is now taking large steps to try to increas e the increase the fairness towards women. The wage gap is decreasing and there are. EU’s relation with China were established in 1975 and are governed by the 1985 EU-China “Trade and Cooperation Agreement” The EU is China’s biggest trading partner, while China is the EU’s largest source of imports and second largest two-way trading partner. Trade in goods: In 2009 they exported for €281.9 billion. Same year, they also imported to EU for €113.1 billion. Trade in service EU services exports to China €18 billions in 2009. They also imported from China €13 billions in 2009. The political relation: The EU needs China more than China needs EU. EU has focused on the enlargement, the economic crisis and the euro crisis. There’s also a lack of capacity and political will to develop a stronger relationship. China is nowadays the second biggest economy, how does EU tackle this big economy in the future? The Trade relation is almost unproblematic. China focuses on how they’re getting oil, coal,gas,raw materials and food for its population. Do we ever think of the human rights in China than the business they’re doing and that they’re the

Yo u n g E u r o p e • K u l t o r v e t 2 • 1 1 7 5 • 1 3 3 7 1 3 3 7

world’s biggest fast growing economy?


If we talk about Human Rights in China 6. feb 2013 China is violating human rights and respect for the individual:

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Torture Death penalty Freedom of Speech etc.

If we get a question like, “will there be any democracy in China, like we, mostly in Europe have?” The answer will be no, not in the By Cammillamaya Honey and Mathias Malmgren near future, because sinceLøkkehjærte 1921 they’ve been a communist party until where day, it’s still On a nowadays, very rainy spring in a cof governed by communism, and fee shop in the middle of Copenha that’s why, causes not gen, we metit with an problems, expert in trad only for the Chinese people, but e, between The European Union (E also forBrazil. us! U) and Caroline Jensen agre ed to give me an hour to get a goo Can it be becauseofwe European d understanding why Brazil is ex don’t think like the Chinese people porting more and more to Europe. think?

Beef for us, Soy for our cows

Q: “The biggest export from Brazil When we European buy stuffs on to Europe is primary products – es the Internet, we just pay with our pecially ox meat. Can you tell me credit cards trough PayPal i.e. a little bit about that?” But when Chinese people buy A: “Well, in 1999 Europe bought stuffs, mostly they want to see 7 0.000 tons of beef, and in 2007 and touch the stuffs first, beforeth ey bought 180.000 tons, the huge they will buy it. increase due to EU in 2000 and 20 01 mad-cow dise We were can’t affected give anyby specific reasons ase. This happened because the for why it’s like this, but we can E uropean cows wit conclude farmers that, in fed the their end this can h meat and bone meals. When it c cause that EU don’t want this ame to the medias attention, peopl trade with China. e stopped buying meat from their own countries. Instead they starte d to buy Commerce beef from United States, Chinese Minister Bo Brazil, Australia and Argentina, Xilai, right, shakes hands with wh ere the animals fed with pro European Union where (EU) Trade per cow-food. Meanwhile in the at E Commissioner Peter Mandelson U, itsigning becameceremony illegal to of feed wi the thecows Chinath meat and bone meals. The EU textile trade agreement in farm ers needed to get anotherJune cheap al Shanghai early Saturday, 11, ternative, but it could not be sweet 2005. [AP/Xinhua] corn from the USA because it was modified genetically, which was no Did you know… t…inChina EU’s has interest. Therefore they st 1.3 billion people, arted buying Soy from Brazil. So n making it the most populous ow European cows eat Brazilian So nation on the planet, occupying a y and people eat Brazilian Beef.” territory roughly the same size as the United States. China’s Q “But whatis about wethe hadUS th population 4x thewhen size of e financial crises? Did the EU conti population.…The World Bank nue to buythat a lot400 of meat from Brazi estimates million people l?” have been lifted out of poverty in China since economic reforms began in 1978. Life expectancy in China doubled between 1950 and 2003 (from an average of 35 years to 71 years). Infant mortality (percent of children who die before A: “Offifth Ycourse o u nbirthday) g E everybody u r o p e declined • K u l tcould o r v from e t feel 2 • 1175 their that there was a big worldwide cris 20% to 2.5%.… Today, 90% of all es, and the Brazilians felt it too. Chinese children receive at least E9

EU – Brazil trade in 2007 Direction of trade Goods Services Inv estment flow Investment stocks EU to Brazil €21.2 billion €5.1 billion €5.1 billion €88 billion Brazil to EU €32.3 billion €4.6 billion €1.1 billion €10.5 billion * EU goods exports to Brazil 2009: € 21.6 billion * EU goods imports from Brazil 2009: €25.7 billion * EU investment flows to Brazil 2009: €6.9 billion * Brazil investment flows to EU 2009: €2.8 billion * EU investment stocks in Brazil 200 9: €112.5 billion Brazil investment stocks in EU 2009: €42.1 billion

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as they had done several year 20% in 1949. Thefor adult literacy s, but in 2009/10 it quickly went t rate in China is 91%. he other whey around again.”

6. feb 2013

Q: “You talk a lot about Brazil who exports to EU. Doesn’t Brazil impor t from EU?”

Sej l ads

A: “Yes they do. Actually they bou ght almost the same as they sold. Did you know, that EU is Brazils bi ggest trading partner; in fact we b By: Daniel Nielsen & Mads Sørensen uy 22.5% of everything that they s ell? EU also “loves” to import prod ucts from Brazil. Brazil is the bigge st of agricultural products Byexporter interviewing young people on the streets of Cope to the EU. Brazil is accounting forknew about the EU i nhagen we found out what they 12.4% of total EU imports. I think n general and if they knew any specific information. that is really impressive. EU bough t product from Brazil (mainly mea The of the and young people t) formajority €25.7 billion, they sold fwe interviewed had no real knowledge about the EU, many knew that the or €21.6 billion to Brazil.” EU has offices in Brussels and Strasbourg but that w as it. Other than that it was mostly guesses or wrong Q: “What For does Brazil want from Ewith two young boy answers. instance, we talked U? I thought it was suppose to even be know what the E s at the age of 14 who did not services we wanted to sell, and notjust told us it was U was. When we asked them they material goods.” letters.

Youngsters know nothing about EU!

A: “Brazil buys transpor Even though EUmachines, is so important and decides around t75 equipment, and chemicals. th % of our laws, our generalBut knowledge is at a mini ey also buy lots and lots of service mum. Because of this, EU is very determined to crea s. buy services for €8.8but billio te Brazil more debate in Denmark, are having a hard ti n every year from EU, but they me doing so because, especiallyonl in time of the nation y for around €6.3 billion of ser al sell election. vices. Most EU related topics are pushed-aside for domestic Q: “How is the trade Braz care more about concerns because we,between in Denmark, il and EU?”inside our own country rather than proble problems ms that goes on outside of our border. A: “Right now there are negotiatio ns in EU about establishing a free t However we also interviewed the French university st rade udents, and they were also lacking vital knowledge a bout the EU, they could not answer questions like “w hat was the latest treaty to be signed by the commis sion” and “who is the President of the EU”.

And hereby we conclude that it is a problem in Denm ark, but however we are not agreement (FTA) between thealone EU in this matter; it s eems like other European countries, and the Mercosur (Brazil, Argentin i.e. France, are l acking knowledge about the EU as well. a, Paraguay and Uruguay) region. The agreement will probably be ex tensive, covering not just goods, b ut issues such as services, investm ents, sustainable development and effective competition policies. A dir ect FTA between the EU and Brazil would also eliminate the need for a n indirect trade route via Israel, w hich would reduce costs for Brazilia n exporters into the EU.

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6. feb 2013

Young Europe The Youngsters... Do you ever think of the EU in your daily life ? This Jo, her favorite EU country is England (Great Britain) Not really. I don’t think of it as a big deal.

This is Emilie her favorite country is France No never . It seems so distant from our daily life

This is Luna, her favorite EU country is Italy, because they have good food. - I never though of the EU until we had to do assignments about it in school

This is Øyvind, his favorite EU country is Denmark. i don’t think about the EU on a daily basis.

Yo u n g E u r o p e • K u l t o r v e t 2 • 1 1 7 5 • 1 3 3 7 1 3 3 7


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