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Romiyatun, S.Pd. Ismoyo, S.Pd.

BAHASA INDONESIA JENDELA ILMU PENGETAHUAN 

KELAS VII SMP/MTs

          Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs. Hak Cipta pada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Dilindungi Undang-Undang

Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs

Penulis

: Romiyatun, S.Pd. Ismoyo, S.Pd.

Ilustrasi, Tata Letak : Ismoyo Perancang Kulit

: Tim

Ukuran Buku

: 21 x 28 cm

410 ROM b

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iii


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iv


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

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1


2





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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

3





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4



Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

5



 &CNCO MQORGVKUK KPK YCMKN +PFQPGUKC OGTCKJ FWC GOCU UCVW RGTCM FCP UCVW RGTWPIIW WPVWM MQORGVKUK KPFKXKFWCN 5CVW GOCU WPVWM MQORGVKUK VKO FCNCO MQORGVKUK KPVGTPCUKQPCN WPVWM UKUYC DGTWOWT FK DCYCJ  VCJWP 1NKORKCFG KPKFKKMWVKQNGJVKOFCTKPGICTC[CKVW $WNICTKC +PFKC +PFQPGUKC +TCP 0GRCN 6JCKNCPF 6CKYCP FCP (KNKRKPC /GTGMC VCORKN MG DCDCM HKPCN UGVGNCJ OGNCNWK TQPFG RGP[KUKJCP [CPI DGTCV /GFCNK RGTCM FCP RGTWPIIW OCUKPIOCUKPI FKTCKJ (KTUVKQ #JOCF 5GRTKCFK FCTK 5/2+ #N#\JCT  -GOCPI 2TCVCOC $GMCUK FCP )JKHHCTK*CGMCNPQQT6WLWCPVQFCTK5/20 ,CMCTVC

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6



Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.



 -QPVTKDWUK [CPI FKDGTKMCP .CKNC FCP #VKMC UGTVC LWVCCP MCWO OWFC NCKPP[C CFCNCJ YWLWF MQPMTGV PKNCKPKNCK MG RCJNCYCPCP 2CJNCYCP [CPI UGUWPIIWJ P[CVKFCMRGTPCJOCVK/GTGMCUGPCPVKCUC JCFKT FCNCO UGIGPCR CURGM MGJKFWRCP MKVC &CNCO CUTCOC 225&/5 [CPI MKPK VGTUGDCT FK NKOC MQVC MCOK DGTVGMCF WP VWM OGPIJKFWRMCP VGTWU LKYC MG RCJNCYCPCPKVW

2GTVCP[CCP Å&#x2014; 

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2TGUGPVCUKMCPJCUKNFKUMWUKMCNKCP/KPVCNCJVCPIICRCPMGNQORQMNCKP VGPVCPIMGVGRCVCPRQMQMDGTKVC[CPIMCNKCPVGOWMCP

6WNKUNCJRQMQMRQMQMDGTKVC[CPIMCOWVGOWMCPFKDWMWVWICU  

+PKNCJRQMQMRQMQMDGTKVC[CPICMWVGOWMCP



 &WCICFKU[CPIOGPIIQPFQNGOCUFCNCO1NKORKCFG/CVGOCVKMC9+</+% CFCNCJ.CKNC/WJKDCJFCP#VKMC#NOKTC

     

 AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA  AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA  AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA

5. AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA 6. AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA

   /GP[KORWNMCP+UK$GTKVC 

.CPIMCJOGP[KORWNMCPUGNCPLWVP[CCFCNCJOGP[CTKMCPRQMQMRQMQMDGTKVC[CPIUWFCJ FKVGOWMCP2GTJCVKMCPEQPVQJDGTKMWV 2QMQMDGTKVCCFCNCJ&WCICFKU[CPIOGPIIQPFQNGOCUFCNCO1NKORKCFG/CVGOCVKMC 9+</+%CFCNCJ.CKNC/WJKDCJFCP#VKMC#NOKTC 5CTKRQMQMDGTKVCFKCVCUCFCNCJ.CKNC/WJKDCJFCP#VKMC#NOKTCOGORGTQNGJGOCUFCNCO 1NKORKCFG/CVGOCVKMC9+</+% Â&#x2122; 6GPVWMCPUCTKDGTKVCFCTKRQMQMRQMQMDGTKVCNCKP[CPIMCNKCPVGPVWMCP

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

7

4CPIMCKNCJUCTKDGTKVC[CPIMCOWVWNKUOGPLCFKUCVWRCTCITCH4CPIMCKCPUCTKDGTKVC[CPI MCOWDWCVOGTWRCMCPUGDWCJMGUKORWNCPFCTKDGTKVC[CPIMCOWFGPICT2GTJCVKMCP EQPVQJDGTKMWV   

.CKNC/WJKDCJFCP#VKMC#NOKTCOGORGTQNGJGOCUFCNCO1NKORKCFG/CVGOCVKMC  9+</+%AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAUCTKDGTKVCRCTCITCH AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAUCTKDGTKVCRCTCITCHAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA  AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAUCTKDGTKVCRCTCITCHAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAUCTKDGTKVC 

RCTCITCHAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAUCTKDGTKVCRCTCITCHAAAAAAAAAAA    /WFCJDWMCPOGP[KORWNMCPKUKDGTKVC!-COWRCUVKDKUC $KNCOCUKJTCIWMCOWFCRCVOGPEQDCP[C6CP[CMCPMGRCFCVGOCPOW[CPIUWFCJDKUC 5GMCTCPIIKNKTCPOWDGTNCVKJOGP[KORWNMCPKUKDGTKVC.CMWMCPFGPICPVGOCPOWMGIKCVCP DGTKMWVKPK  

$GTNCVKJ/GP[KORWNMCP+UK$GTKVC 

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&GFK7*CPFK2CJNCYCP$CIK6WPCPGVTC FKTKP[C UGDCICK RGPICLCT KNOW RGTVCPKCP WPVWMRCTCVWPCPGVTC 6XPEHUZZZNLFNDQG\FRPNLFNQHZVDVS

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



*DPEDU%X\XQJ7XQDQHWUD%HUSUHVWDVLVHGDQJ0HPEXND5HNHQLQJ  GL%DQN5DN\DW,QGRQHVLD3D\DNXPEXK6XPDWHUD%DUDW



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8



Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

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





8QLW3DKODZDQ

RGPWJK FGPICP CNCVCNCV RGTVCPKCP 5GNWTWJ CNCV RGTVCPKCP [CPI FKIWPCMCP QNGJ RCTC VWPCPGVTC DGTUKHCV OCPWCN -GUCDCTCP FCP MGVGMWPCP &GFK OGPICLCT VWPCPGVTC OGODWCJMCP JCUKN -KPK  UKUYCP[C OCORW OGPIICTCR NCJCP RGT MGDWPCPOWNCKFCTKRGP[GFKCCPDKDKVRG PCPCOCPJKPIICRGPLWCNCPJCUKNMGRCUCT /CUKPIOCUKPI VWPCPGVTC [CPI KMWV RGNCVKJCP VGTUGDWV FKDGTK LCVCJ NCJCP IC TCRCPUGNWCUOGVGTRGTUGIK5GOKPIIW RGTVCOC RCTC VWPCPGVTC OGPCPCO DKDKV UC[WTCP-GOWFKCPUGVKCRFWCJCTKUGMCNK OGTGMC OGOCPVCW RGTMGODCPICP VC PCOCPP[C FGPICP ECTC OGTCDC 2GTMG DWPCP KVW VKFCM MCNCJ TCRK FGPICP RGT MGDWPCPICTCRCPQTCPIPQTOCN2CUCNP[C FCNCO OGODWCV RGVCM NCJCP MGDWP OG TGMCOGPIIWPCMCPICTKURGODCVCUDGTWRC VCNKUGJKPIICVKFCMCMCPCFCUC[WTCP[CPI FKVCPCOFKNWCTICTKUVGTUGDWV/QVQ[CPI FKVGTCRMCPRTKCDGTYCLCJVGFWJKVWCFCNCJ MGOCPFKTKCP FCNCO DGTMCT[C  5GNWTWJ UKUYC RGNCVKJCP FKVWPVWV OCPFKTK VKFCM JCP[C VGTDCVCU FCNCO DGTEQEQM VCPCO VGVCRKLWICFCNCOMGJKFWRCPUGJCTKJCTK /GTGMCJCTWUOGNCMWMCPMGIKCVCPUG JCTKJCTK UGPFKTK 5GRGTVK OGTCRKMCP MC OCT OGOCUCM OGPEWEK RCMCKCP JKPIIC DGTMGDWP  VWVWT &GFK 5GVGNCJ UCVW VCJWP OGPIKMWVK RGNCVKJCP VGTUGDWV UGQTCPI VWPCPGVTC OCORW DGTYKTCWUCJC -CTGPC KVW RGNCVKJCP KPK NGDKJ FKRTKQTKVCUMCP OG PCORWPI VWPCPGVTC [CPI MWTCPI RTQ FWMVKH-CTGPCNCOCDGTDCWTFGPICPVWPC PGVTC VKFCM JGTCP DKNC &GFK UGTKPI OG PKVKMMCPCKTOCVCMGVKMCOGNKJCVVWPCPGVTC OGPLCFKRGPIGOKU6GTNGDKJLKMCKCRGTPCJ OGPLCFK CPCM FKFKMP[C +VWNCJ CICMP[C [CPIOGODWCV&GFKOCNCUDGRGTIKCPFCP NGDKJ OGOKNKJ VKPIICN FK TWOCJ FKPCUP[C [CPIDGTCFCFKMQORNGMURGNCVKJCPUGNWCU JGMVCTKVW

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

9

 6WNKUNCJJCUKNFKUMWUKMCNKCPUGRGTVKFCNCOVCDGNDGTKMWV6WNKUFKDWMWVWICUOW 

2CTCITCH

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 2TGUGPVCUKMCPJCUKNFKUMWUKMCNKCPFKFGRCPMGNCU  &KUMWUKMCPFGPICPUGNWTWJUKUYCLCYCDCP[CPIRCNKPIVGRCV  /KPVCNCJDKODKPICPIWTWLKMCFKRGTNWMCP    

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5KCRMCPMGTVCUFCPRGPUKN6WNKUNCJRQMQMRQMQMDGTKVC[CPIMCOWFGPICT



 

5KORWNMCPKUKDGTKVC[CPIMCOWFGPICT6WNKUFKDWMWVWICU 2GTNKJCVMCPFCPOKPVCNCJUCTCPFCTKIWTWOWFKUGMQNCJGUQMJCTK



   

 $$GTEGTKVC  $CICKOCPC MGIKCVCPOW OGP[KORWNMCP KUK DGTKVC! 6GPVW MCOW UWFCJ OGPIWCUCK FGPICP DCKM 0CJ UGMCTCPI MKVC NCPLWVMCP FGPICP DGTEGTKVC -COW RCUVK UWMC OGPFGPICTMCPEGTKVC5CCVUGMQNCJFKVCOCPMCPCMMCPCMDKCUCP[CIWTWOGP[CORCKMCP UGUWCVW FGPICP EGTKVC /CUKJ KPICVMCP MCNKCP! 6GPVW OCUKJ $KCUCP[C CPCMCPCM OGP[WMCKEGTKVC#RCNCIKDKNCUKRGPEGTKVCDGTEGTKVCFGPICPOGPCTKM $CICKOCPCMGIKCVCPDGTEGTKVCFKMCVCMCPOGPCTKM!6GPVWUCLCDKNCFKEGTKVCMCPFGPICP WTWVUWCTCOGPCTKMIGTCMVWDWJOGPCTKMFCPOKOKM[CPIOGPCTKM-CRCPJCNJCNKVW FKMCVCMCPOGPCTKM! 0CJMGIKCVCPMKVCMCNKKPKCFCNCJDGTEGTKVC-CNKCPCMCPFKRCPFWWPVWMOGNCMWMCP VGMPKMDGTEGTKVC[CPIFCRCVOGPCTKMRGTJCVKCP#[QKMWVKMGIKCVCPKPKFGPICPDCKM

8QLW3DKODZDQ




10



Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

/GOCJCOK7PUWT7PUWT%GTKVC  5GDGNWO DGTEGTKVC MKVCJCTWU OGOCJCOK KUK EGTKVC %CTCP[C CFCNCJ FGPICP OGOC JCOKWPUWTWPUWTFCNCOEGTKVC7PUWTWPUWTEGTKVCOGNKRWVKVQMQJRGTYCVCMCPVQMQJ NCVCTCNWTFCPCOCPCV[CPIKPIKPFKUCORCKMCP 6QMQJCFCNCJRGNCMWFCNCOEGTKVC6QMQJFCNCOEGTKVCVGTFKTKCVCUVQMQJRTQVCIQPKU FCP VQMQJ CPVCIQPKU 6QMQJ RTQVCIQPKU CFCNCJ VQMQJ WVCOC FCNCO UGDWCJ EGTKVC HKMUK CVCW TGMCCP $KCUCP[C VQMQJ RTQVCIQPKU OGP[CORCKMCP PKNCKPKNCK RCPFCPICP RCPFCPICP CVCW JCTCRCPJCTCRCP [CPI UGUWCK FGPICP RGODCEC 6QMQJ CPVCIQPKU CFCNCJ VQMQJ [CPI OGTWRCMCP RGPGPVCPI VQMQJ WVCOC  6QMQJ CPVCIQPKU DKCUCP[C OGP[GDCDMCPMQPHNKMCVCWMGVGICPICPRCFCVQMQJRTQVCIQPKU $GTFCUCTMCP RGTYCVCMCPP[C VQMQJ EGTKVC FCRCV FKDGFCMCP MG FCNCO VQMQJ UGFGT JCPC FCP VQMQJ DWNCV MQORNGMU  6QMQJ UGFGTJCPC JCP[C OGOKNKMK UCVW UKHCVYCVCM VGTVGPVW UCLC 6QMQJ MQORNGMU OGOKNKMK DGTDCICK MGOWPIMKPCP UKMCR FCP VKPFCMCP KC LWICUGTKPIOGODGTKMCPMGLWVCP .CVCT CFCNCJ VGORCV YCMVW FCP NKPIMWPICP UQUKCN VGTLCFKP[C RGTKUVKYC FCNCO EGTKVC #NWT RNQV  CFCNCJ RGTKUVKYCRGTKUVKYC EGTKVC [CPI OGORWP[CK RGPGMCPCP RCFC CFCP[C JWDWPICP UGDCD CMKDCV #OCPCV CFCNCJ UGUWCVW JCN RGPVKPI FCP DCKM [CPI DGTJWDWPICPFGPICPOQTCN[CPIKPIKPFKUCORCKMCPRGPWNKUOGNCNWKEGTKVC $CECNCJEGTKVCCPCMFKDCYCJKPK6GPVWMCPWPUWTWPUWTEGTKVCCPCMVGTUGDWV 

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



8QLW3DKODZDQ



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






Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs. )WNKXGT UGOCMKP CMTCD FGPICP RGPFWFWM RGPFWFWM FK NKPIMWPICP KUVCPC )WNKXGT OGODGTKMCP MGPCPIMGPCPICP DGTWRC UG DWCJLCOMGRCFCOGTGMC          5WCVW JCTK 4CLC FCVCPI FGPICP RWVTK P[CWPVWMDGTWPFKPI4CLCOGTCUCDKPIWPI MCTGPC TCLC PGIGTK VGVCPIIC KPIKP OGPKMCJ FGPICP RWVTKP[C 6GVCRK RWVTKP[C VKFCM OGPIKPIKPMCPP[C0COWPLKMCRGTOKPVCCP VGTUGDWVFKVQNCMTCLCPGIGTKUGDGTCPIOGPI CPECO CMCP FCVCPI OGP[GTCPI $CKMNCJ CMW CMCP DGTWUCJC OGPQNQPI 6WCPMW )WNKXGT OKPVC FKUGFKCMCP VCNKVCNK [CPI FK DGTKMCKNRCFCWLWPIP[C-GVKMCKCRGTIKMG RGNCDWJCPMCRCNMCRCNOWUWJUWFCJDGTLC LCTFKVGPICJNCWV)WNKXGTRGTIKMGCTCJMC RCNKVW6KDCVKDCKCFKUGTCPIFGPICPRCPCJ RCPCJMGEKN[CPIVKFCMVGTCUCFKDCFCP)W NKXGT +C JCP[C OGPWVWR OCVCP[C FGPICP VCPICP CICT RCPCJRCPCJ KVW VKFCM OGPIG PCK OCVCP[C )WNKXGT OGPCTKM MCRCNMCRCN OWUWJ MG RGNCDWJCP *KFWR )WNKXGT *GDCV)WNKXGTUCPICVMWCV#MJKTP[CTCLC PGIGTK VGVCPIIC OGOQJQP OCCH FCP DGTLCPLK VKFCM CMCP DGTRGTCPI NCIK 4CLC KVW LWICDGTLCPLKCMCPOGPLCNKPRGTUCJCDCVCP 'UQM JCTKP[C )WNKXGT OGPGOWMCP RG TCJW [CPI UWFCJ TWUCM FCP JCP[WV VGT QODCPICODKPIQODCM-CNCWMQPFKUKRG TCJW KPK DCKM CMW OWPIMKP DKUC DGTVGOW  FGPICP MCRCN NCWV [CPI CMCP RWNCPI MG

11

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

 

,CYCDNCJRGTVCP[CCPRGTVCP[CCPFKDCYCJKPK              

5KCRCUCLCVQMQJFCNCOEGTKVCCPCMFKCVCU! $CICKOCPCYCVCMOCUKPIOCUKPIVQMQJFCNCOEGTKVCCPCMFKCVCU! &CTKOCPC)WNKXGTDGTCUCN! #RC[CPIVGTLCFKMGVKMC)WNKXGTDGTCFCFKVGPICJNCWV! /GPICRCTCLCMGDKPIWPICPFCPOGPICLCM)WNKXGTWPVWMDGTWPFKPI! $CICKOCPCRGPFCRCVOWOGPIGPCKYCVCM)WNKXGT! 6WNKUMCPRGTKUVKYCFCTKCYCNUCORCKCMJKTP[C)WNKXGTDGTVGOWMCRCN[CPICMCP RWNCPIMG+PIITKU

8QLW3DKODZDQ




12



Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

 %CTC$GTEGTKVC  

$GTEGTKVC FK FGRCP QTCPI DCP[CM KVW OWFCJ -CNKCP JCP[C RGTNW OGOWRWM TCUC RGTEC[C FKTK ,KMC UWFCJ OGOKNKMK TCUC RGTEC[C FKTK OCMC UGOWC CMCP VGTCUC OWFCJ 5WFCJMCJ TCUC RGTEC[C FKTKOW VWODWJ! $CIWU -CNKCP JCTWU RGTEC[C FKTK 5GNCKP TCUC RGTEC[CFKTKMGTWPVWVCPEGTKVCQNCJUWCTCKPVQPCUKFCPNCHCNVGRCVIGTCMVWDWJOGPCTKM CVCWUGUWCKEGTKVCUGTVCOKOKM[CPIUGUWCKKUKEGTKVCLWICFKRGTNWMCP  

C$CICKOCPCUGJCTWUP[CUWCTCMKVC!        



 

5GDWCJEGTKVCOGOKNKMKVQMQJFCPUGIGPCRRGTYCVCMCP#ICTOGPCTKM UWCTC CPVCTVQMQJ FCRCV MCNKCP DGFCMCP 5GNCKP KVW VGORQ [CKVW EGRCV CVCW NCODCV RGPWVWTCP EGTKVC JCTWU FKCVWT UGUWCK FKPCOKMC GOQUK EGTKVC 6GTMCFCPI NCODCV MCVC RGT MCVC CVCW EGRCV FCP MKCP EGRCV FCNCO UCVW VCTKMCPPCRCU,KMCVGORQRGODCECCPEGTKVCFCTKCYCNUCORCKCMJKTUCOC OCMCEGTKVCVKFCMOGPCTKM 8QNWOG FCP PCFC UWCTC KPVQPCUK  FKUGUWCKMCP FGPICP UKVWCUK EGTKVC -CFCPIVKPIIKMCFCPITGPFCJMGTCUCVCWNKTKJ2GPIWECRCPMCVCFGOKMCVC LGNCU 2GNCHCNCP [CPI LGNCU UCPICV FKRGTNWMCP WPVWM MGKPFCJCP EGTKVC 2GOGPIICNCP MCNKOCV LGFC  LWICJCTWU VGRCV -CRCP MKVC DGTJGPVK UGLGPCM FCPMCRCPMKVCDGTJGPVKEWMWRNCOCJCTWUFKCVWT

 D$CICKOCPCUGJCTWUP[CMKVCOGODCYCVWDWJMKVC! 

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8QLW3DKODZDQ


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

13

 $GTNCVKJ$GTEGTKVCFCNCO-GNQORQM  

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8QLW3DKODZDQ


14  





Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

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8QLW3DKODZDQ

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




Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs. 2GTVGORWTCP JGDCV FK 5WTCDC[C KVW VGTLCFK  VCJWP [CPI NCNW -KPK PGICTC MKVCUWFCJDGDCUFCTKRGPLCLCJDGTMCVLCUC RCTC RCJNCYCP 1NGJ MCTGPC KVW UGVKCR VCPIICN  0QXGODGT DCPIUC +PFQPGUKC OGORGTKPICVKJCTK2CJNCYCP &WNW RCJNCYCP JCTWU DGTMQTDCP FGPICP DGTLWCPI OGNCYCP RGPLCLCJ FK OGFCPRGTCPIDGTDGFCFGPICPRCJNCYCP OCUC MKPK 5CCV KPK RCJNCYCP VKFCM NCIK

15

OGPICPIMCVUGPLCVC2CJNCYCPDKUCFKCTVK MCPQTCPI[CPIDGTLCUCFKDKFCPIP[CCVCW RWP DGTIWPC DCIK DCPIUC FCP PGICTC )WTW [CPI OGPICLCTMCP OWTKFOWTKF P[C KNOWYCP [CPI DGTJCUKN OGPGOWMCP UGUWCVW[CPIDGTIWPCFCPUGPKOCP[CPI OGP[WODCPIMCP MCT[CP[C DCIK DCPIUC LWICFKCTVKMCPRCJNCYCPOCUCMKPK

$TCXQ0Q0QXGODGTŌ&GUGODGT FGPICPRGPIWDCJCP 

   

/GPECTK-CVCFCNCO-COWU



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 %CVCVNCJMCVCMCVCUWNKV[CPIMCOWVCPFCKFKDWMWVWICU  %QPVQJOGNWEWVKOKUKWNVKOCVWOIGTCOOGFCPOGP[WODCPIMCP  ,KMCCFCMCVCLCFKCPVGPVWMCPVGTNGDKJFCJWNWMCVCFCUCTP[C  %QPVQJMCVCDGTKODWJCPOGP[WODCPIMCP MCVCFCUCTUWODCPI  7TWVMCPNCJUGUWCKCDLCFMCVCMCVCUWNKVKVW  %QPVQJOGNWEWVK NWEWV OKUKWNVKOCVWOIGTCOOGFCPOGP[WODCPIMCP UWODCPI   7TWVCPP[CCFCNCJ IGTCO NWEWV OGFCP OKUK UWODCPI WNVKOCVWO  5KCRMCPMCOWU  %GTOCVKNCJJWTWHRGTVCOCMCVC[CPICMCPFKECTKOCMPCP[C  2KNKJNCJUCNCJUCVWCDLCF[CPICFCFKMKTKCVCWMCPCPCVCWEGMWPICPMCOWU  $WMCNCJMCOWUUGUWCKFGPICPCDLCF[CPIMCOWRKNKJ  %CTKNCJNGOC[CPIUWFCJVGTUWUWPUGECTCCNHCDGVKU  

  /GPECTK/CMPC-CVCFCNCO-COWU  -COWUWFCJDGNCLCTOGPECTKMCVCFCNCOMCOWU0CJOWFCJDWMCP5GMCTCPIMKVC CMCPOGNCPLWVMCPDGNCLCTOGPECTKOCMPCMCVCFCNCOMCOWU$CICKOCPCECTCOGPGOWMCP OCMPCMCVC[CPIVGRCV! %CTCOGPGOWMCPOCMPCMCVCFCNCOMCOWUOGOKNKMKWTWVCP[CPIUCOCFGPICP OGPGOWMCPMCVCFCNCOMCOWU-COWEWMWROGNCPLWVMCPOGPECTKOCMPCMCVC[CPIVGRCV UGUWCKMQPVGMUMCNKOCV

8QLW3DKODZDQ


16   





Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

 2GTJCVKMCPMCNKOCVFKDCYCJKPK 5GNCKPKVWVGPVCTC+PIITKULWICOGORWP[CKOKUKWPVWMOGPIGODCNKMCP+PFQPGUKC MG$GNCPFC



 $CICKOCPCOGPGPVWMCPCTVK[CPIVGRCVWPVWMMCVCOKUKFCNCOMCNKOCVFKCVCU!

 

 $WMCNCJMCOWU6GOWMCPMCVCOKUK

      

-CVCOKUKOGOKNKMKVKICCTVK2GTJCVKMCP OKUKPRGTWVWUCP[CPIFKMKTKOQNGJUWCVWPGICTCMGPGICTCNCKPWPVWM OGNCMWMCPUWCVWVWICUMJWUWUFNDKFCPIFKRNQOCVKMRQNKVKMRGTFCICPICP MGUGPKCPFUDRGTFCICPICPMKVCCMCPOGPICFCMCPMWPLWPICPMGNWCTPGIGTK-CV MGIKCVCPOGP[GDCTMCP-CDCT)GODKTC +PLKN FCDOGPFKTKMCPLGOCCVLGOCCV UGVGORCV[CPIFKNCMWMCPCVCUFCUCTRGPIWVWUCPUDIMGNCPLWVCPOKUK-TKUVWU VWICU[CPIFKTCUCMCPQTCPIUDIUWCVWMGYCLKDCPWPVWMOGNCMWMCPP[CFGOK CICOCKFGQNQIKRCVTKQVKUOGFUD 6GPVWMCPCTVK[CPIVGRCVUGUWCKMQPVGMUMCNKOCV  &KCPVCTCMGVKICCTVKFCNCOMCOWUVGTUGDWVOCPCCTVK[CPIRCNKPIVGRCVWPVWM MCNKOCV  Å&#x2019;5GNCKPKVWVGPVCTC+PIITKULWICOGORWP[CKOKUKWPVWMOGPIGODCNKMCP+PFQPGUKC  MG$GNCPFCÅ&#x2019;  ;C#TVK UCVW CFCNCJCTVK[CPIRCNKPIVGRCVWPVWMMQPVGMUMCNKOCVFKCVCU  %CTKNCJOCMPCMCVCMCVCUWNKVNCKP[CPIMCOWVGOWMCP)WPCMCPECTC[CPIUCOC  UGRGTVKFKCVCU 

   

$GTNQODC/GPGOWMCP/CMPC    $GTKMWVFKUCLKMCPFWCDCECCP#ICTUGOCMKPRCPFCKOGPECTKOCMPCMCVCC[Q  DGTOCKPOGPGOWMCPOCMPCMCVC   $GMGTLCNCJUGECTCDGTRCUCPICP  $CECNCJDCECCPUGECTCDGTICPVKCPFCPVGPVWMCPMCVCMCVCUWNKV    

$CECCP 5WTCDC[C-QVC2CJNCYCP 5GDCICK -QVC 2CJNCYCP 5WTCDC[C OG OKNKMK DCP[CM VGORCVVGORCV DGTUGLCTCJ 6GORCVVGORCV [CPI OGOKNKMK PKNCK UG LCTCJKPKUGDCICKDWMVKRGTLWCPICPDCPIUC +PFQPGUKC 

8QLW3DKODZDQ

6WIW2CJNCYCP 6WIW 2CJNCYCP 5WTCDC[C FKDCPIWP WPVWM OGPIGPCPI LCUC RCTC RCJNCYCP [CPIIWIWTFCNCORGTVGORWTCPOGORGT VCJCPMCP MGOGTFGMCCP +PFQPGUKC 6WIW 2CJNCYCP 5WTCDC[C DGTFKTK MQMQJ OGP


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs. LWNCPI VGRCV FK VGPICJ MQVC 5WTCDC[C VGRCVP[C FK 6COCP -GDQPTQLQ ,CNCP 2CJNCYCP 6WIW[CPIDGTDGP VWM UGRGTVK TQMGV [CPI OGPICTCJMGDWNCPKPK FKDCPIWPFGPICPDGP VWM[CPIUCPICVUGFGT JCPC 6CRK LWUVTW MG UGFGTJCPCCP KPKNCJ [CPI OGODWCV OQ PWOGP KPK LCFK OG PQPLQN FKDCPFKPI VWIW NCKP FK 5WTCDC[C &K UGDGNCJVWIWVGTFCRCVOWUGWO&KFCNCO OWUGWO KPK DKUC FKUCMUKMCP UGLCTCJ RGT LWCPICPTCM[CV5WTCDC[CFCNCOOGNCYCP $GNCPFC FCNCO RGTVGORWTCP OGORGT VCJCPMCPMGOGTFGMCCP 

 /QPWOGP-CRCN5GNCO &K UGDWCJ /CN 5WTCDC[C VGTFCRCV UG DWCJ MCRCN UGNCO [CPI FKHWPIUKMCP UG DCICK OWUGWO /WUGWO KPK FKMGPCN FGPICPPCOC/QPMCUGN /QPWOGP-CRCN 5GNCO  /QPWOGP KPK UGDGPCTP[C CFCNCJ MCRCN UGNCO +PFQPGUKC [CPI RGTVCOC 2CUQRCVK  2CUQRCVK  CFCNCJ LGPKU MCRCN UGNCO 4WUKC [CPI FKDWCV FK 8NCFKXQUVQM4WUKCRCFCVCJWPMCRCN KPK FKDGNK +PFQPGUKC RCFC VCJWP  -CRCN UGNCO KPK DGTUGLCTCJ MCTGPC OGOG ICPI RGTCPCP RGPVKPI FCNCO 1RGTCUK /CPFCNC QRGTCUK OGODGDCUMCP 2CRWC [CPIUCCVKPKDGTPCOC+TKCP$CTCV -CRCN

17

UGNCO KPK LWIC VWTWV UGTVC FCNCO RGTVGO RWTCP FK .CWV #TW [CPI OGNKDCVMCP -4+ /CECP 6WVWN [CPI FKRKORKP QNGJ .CM UCOCPC ;QU 5WFCTUQ -CRCN KPK DGTJGPVK FKQRGTCUKMCP RCFC VC JWP 2CFC VCJWP  )WDGTPWT 5WTCDC[C OG OWVWUMCP WPVWM OGP LCFKMCPMCRCNKPKUGDCICK OWUGWO7PVWMOGOKP FCJMCPP[C MG NQMCUK UG MCTCPI MCRCN KPK FK RQVQPIOGPLCFKDCIKCP 2QVQPICPRQVQPICP MCRCN UGNCO VGT UGDWV MGOWFKCP FKUCODWPIMCP MGODCNK UGVGNCJVKDCFKNQMCUKUGMCTCPI 

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4GDWUCP-WDKU/GTCJ,CFK2GYCTPC-CKP Amalia Dwi Riska adalah salah satu penemu bidang teknologi tepat guna berskala nasional. Meskipun baru kelas VIII SMP, Riska telah menemukan teknologi yang cocok dengan kebutuhan masyarakat dan bisa dimanfaatkan. Ia menemukan pewarna kain yang dibuat dari rebusan kubis merah. 

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8QLW3DKODZDQ


18





Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

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8QLW3DKODZDQ

5CORCKFWFWMFKDCPIMWMGNCURWP KCLWICOCUKJTCPMKPIRGTVCOCMCVC+DW 4KUMCDCPIIC       

#OCNKC&YK#TKUMC VGPICJ LWCTC.QODC+PQXCUK 6GMPQNQIK6GRCV)WPC6KPIMCV0CUKQPCN.+2+WPVWM VKPIMCV5/62DGTUCOCMGNWCTICP[C 



/GPWTWVP[C RGYCTPC RCMCKCP FCTK MWDKU OGTCJ KPK UGNCKP JGOCV DKC[C LWIC ICORCPI OGPIGTLCMCPP[C 4KUMC OGPLGNCU MCP RGTVCOCVCOC MWDKU OGTCJ FKKTKUKTKU MGOWFKCP FKTGDWU FGPICP CKT .CNW GMUVTCMP[C FKUCTKPI *CUKN UCTKPICP KVWNCJ [CPIDKUCFKIWPCMCPWPVWMOGYCTPCKMCKP 7PVWM OGPICYGVMCP YCTPC MGVKMC ECKTCPMWDKUOGTCJCMCPFKRCMCKOGYCTPCK MCKP VWCPIMCP ECKTCP VCYCU %CKTCP TGDWUCP MWDKU OGTCJ KVW CMCP DGTYCTPC OGTCJ OWFC MGVKMC FKECORWT FGPICP NCTWVCPCUCO-CNCWFKECORWTNCTWVCPDCUC YCTPCP[CDGTWDCJLCFKDKTWWLCTP[C .CTWVCPCUCODKUCFCTKNCTWVCPCKTLGTWM CVCW EWMC &CTK NCTWVCP DWCJ PCPCU LWIC DKUC +VW MCP VGTOCUWM CUCO LWIC WLCT ICFKU [CPI OGPIKMWVK GMUVTCMWTKMWNGT -+4 UGPKVCTKFCP2/4FKUGMQNCJP[C -GFCVCPICP 4KUMC FCTK 5GOCTCPI MG 5WDCPI VKFCM UKCUKC +C OGP[CDGV IGNCT LWCTC RGTVCOC .QODC +PQXCUK 6GMPQNQIK 6GRCV )WPC 6KPIMCV 0CUKQPCN FCTK  UKUYC 5/2 UG+PFQPGUKC 6KFCM JCP[C JCUKN MCT[CP[C UCLC [CPI FKPKNCK NC[CM ECTC RGOCRCTCP FCP RGPCORKNCPP[C LWIC NWCT DKCUC 5C[C UGPFKTK VKFCM OGP[CPIMC MCNCW CPCM UC[C DKUC RTGUGPVCUK UGDCIWU KVW FK FGRCPLWTKMCVC5TK9KF[CUVWVK 9CPKVC[CPIUGJCTKJCTKP[CDGTFKPCUFK $CFCP 2GODKPCCP #FOKPKUVTCUK 8GVGTCP FCP %CFCPICP -QFCO +8 &KRQPGIQTQ VGTUGDWV VKFCM OGP[CPIMC DKNC RWVTKP[C


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs. MGNWCT UGDCICK LWCTC RGTVCOC FCP OGO DCYCRWNCPIWCPI4RLWVC 5W[QPQ OGPCODCJMCP RWVTKP[C OG OKNKMKMGOCPFKTKCPFCNCODGNCLCTFCPFC[C KPICV [CPI VKPIIK 5GNCKP KVW 4KUMC LWIC UWMC OGODCEC FCP TCLKP DGNCLCT -CNCW 5GPKP CFC WNCPICP UGLCM 5CDVW KC UWFCJ DGNCLCT $CJMCP VKFCM OCW FKCLCM RGTIK WLCTIWTWQNCJTCIC5/#0GIGTKKPK +CLWICOGPICVCMCPMCNCWRWVTKP[CUWMC DGNCLCTFKUGODCTCPIVGORCV$CJMCP4KUMC UGTKPI DGNCLCT FK NCPVCK 2QMQMP[C MCNCW UWFCJ DGNCLCT FK UWCVW VGORCV FKC CMCP

19

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23

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

26   

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.  

27

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

28

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29

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

31

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Å&#x2019;Å&#x2018;$CICKOCPC5KPDCF#RCMCJMCWOCUKJOGTCUC OGPLCFKOCPWUKCRCNKPIOGTCPC!Å&#x2019;MCVCUCWFCITC[CPILWICDGTPCOC5KPDCF

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

32            

6WICU4WOCJ

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8QLW3HULVWLZD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

33 6XPEHUKWWSLPDJHVJRRJOHFRLG

*DPEDU.DZDK*XQXQJ3DWXKD



               

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

5WODGTTGRWDNKMCEQO/KPIIW#IWUVWUFGPICPRGPIWDCJCP 





/GPIGUCPMCP UGMCNK RGPICNCOCP [CPI FKEGTKVCMCP FK CVCU 2GP[CMKV MWNKV [CPI UWFCJNCOCVKFCMUGODWJVKDCVKDCUGODWJJCP[CMCTGPCDGTGPFCOFKMCYCJRCVWJC 2GPICNCOCP UGRGTVK KVW VGPVW UCLC UWNKV FKNWRCMCP 6GPVW RGPICNCOCP VGTUGDWV VGTOCUWM RGPICNCOCP [CPI OGPIGUCPMCP FCP OGODCJCIKCMCP $KNC FKKPICV [CPI RWP[CRGPICNCOCPVGTUGDWVRCUVKCMCPVGTUGP[WOIGODKTC 6GPVWP[C MCOW UWFCJ OGOCJCOK RGPICNCOCP [CPI FKEGTKVCMCP FK CVCU 7PVWM NGDKJOGOCJCOKP[CKMWVKMGIKCVCPDGTKMWV 

  /GOCJCOK2GPICNCOCP 

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

34           

,CYCDNCJRGTVCP[CCPRGTVCP[CCPDGTKMWVDGTFCUCTMCPKUKEGTKVCFKCVCU   2GTKUVKYCCRC[CPIVGTLCFKFCNCORGPICNCOCPEGTKVCFKCVCU!  5KCRCUCLC[CPIVGTNKDCVFCNCORGPICNCOCPEGTKVCFKCVCU!  $CICKOCPCUWCUCPCEGTKVCFKCVCU!  &KOCPCRGTKUVKYCFCNCOEGTKVCFKCVCUVGTLCFK!  -CRCPRGTKUVKYCKVWVGTLCFK!  $CICKOCPCRGTCUCCPVQMQJ[CPIOGPICNCOKRGTKUVKYCKVW!  $CICKOCPCRGTCUCCPOWLKMCMCOWOGPICNCOKJCN[CPIUCOCFGPICP UKVQMQJ!

    

%CTC/GPEGTKVCMCP2GPICNCOCP[CPI/GPIGUCPMCP

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 %CTC MGFWC CFCNCJ OGPFCVC UGNWTWJ RGTKUVKYC UGECTC TWPVWV &GPICP MCVC NCKP MCOWRGTNWOGPWNKUMCPCNWTEGTKVCRGTKUVKYC[CPIMCOWCNCOK %QPVQJ 2GTKUVKYC#MWUCMKVMWNKV 2GTKUVKYC#[CJOGPICLCMDGTNKDWTMGIWPWPI2CVWJC 2GTKUVKYC#KTMCYCJRWVKJDKUCOGP[GODWJMCPRGP[CMKVMWNKV 2GTKUVKYC#MWVKFCMUCFCTMCNCWUWFCJVKFCMICTWMICTWMNCIK 2GTKUVKYC#MWUWLWFU[WMWTMCTGPCDGDCUFCTKICVCNICVCN

8QLW3HULVWLZD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

35

%CTCMGVKICCFCNCJOGTKPEKUGNWTWJRGNCMW[CPIDGTJWDWPICPFGPICP RGTKUVKYC/KUCNQTCPIQTCPI[CPIVGTNKDCVFCNCORGTKUVKYCKVWCFCNCJC[CJKDW FCPCMW  %CTCMGGORCVCFCNCJOGNWMKUMCPUWCUCPCVGORCVFCPYCMVWVGTLCFKP[C RGTKUVKYC/KUCNP[CUWCUCPCIWPWPI2CVWJC[CPICUTKFCPUGLWM-GIKCVCPKPK FKNCMWMCPUCCVNKDWTCPUGOGUVGT  %CTCMGNKOCCFCNCJOGODWCVMGTCPIMCEGTKVC-GOWFKCPOGPIGODCPIMCP MGTCPIMCOGPLCFKUGDWCJEGTKVCWVWJ   

%CTC/GPWNKU%GTKVC2CNKPI/GPIGUCPMCP

       

daftar peristiwa yang pernah dialami, pilih satu peristiwa paling mengesankan, data seluruh peristiwa secara runtut, rinci seluruh pelaku yang terlibat dalam peristiwa, tulis suasana, tempat, dan waktu terjadinya peristiwa, membuat kerangka cerita, dan mengembangkan kerangka cerita.

    

/GPWNKU2GPICNCOCP/GPIGUCPMCP 

5GDGNWODGTEGTKVCUGECTCNKUCPCFCDCKMP[CEGTKVCRGPICNCOCPOGPIGUCPMCPMCOW VWNKUVGTNGDKJFCJWNW*CNKPKCICTEGTKVCOWFCRCVTWPVWVFCPDCKM&CNCOOGPEGTKVCMCP RGPICNCOCPOGPIGUCPMCPIWPCMCPMCNKOCVGHGMVKH   6GPVWMCPRGTKUVKYC[CPIRCNKPIOGPIGUCPMCP[CPIRGTPCJMCOWCNCOK  &CVCNCJUGNWTWJRGTKUVKYCUGECTCTWPVWV  6WNKUNCJUGOWCQTCPI[CPIVGTNKDCVFCNCORGTKUVKYCVGTUGDWV  6WNKUNCJUWCUCPCVGORCVFCPYCMVWVGTLCFKP[CRGTKUVKYCVGTUGDWV  $WCVNCJMGTCPIMCEGTKVCRGPICNCOCPOW  -GODCPIMCPMGTCPIMCEGTKVCOWFGPICPMCNKOCVGHGMVKH

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

36 

5[CTCVOGPWNKUEGTKVCRCNKPIOGPIGUCPMCP



1. Pilihan kata menarik, kata-kata yang digunakan harus ekspresif. Contoh: Aku tidak mungkin melupakan peristiwa itu. (kurang ekspresif) Peristiwa itu tak mungkin terlupa. (lebih ekspresif)

 

2. Kalimat efektif, tidak menggunakan kata-kata yang tidak berarti. Contoh: Aku sudah mencoba berbagai macam cara dan upaya namun tidak berhasil juga. (tidak efektif) Aku sudah mencoba berbagai cara namun tidak berhasil. (efektif)

     

$GTEGTKVCUGECTC.KUCP 5GMCTCPI VKDC UCCVP[C MCOW DGTEGTKVC FK FGRCP VGOCPVGOCPOW $WCV MGNQORQM FCPKMWVKMGIKCVCPDGTKMWV   $GTICDWPINCJFGPICPQTCPIVGOCPOW  %GTKVCMCPNCJUGECTCNKUCPRGPICNCOCP[CPIUWFCJMCOWVWNKU

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+UK%GTKVC %GTKVCMWTCPI DGTMGUCP  

-CNKOCV $CP[CMMCNKOCV VKFCMGHGMVKH  

 

6WICU4WOCJ

  

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8QLW3HULVWLZD

2KNKJCP-CVC 2KNKJCPMCVCMWTCPI OGPCTKM  


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.    

37

%/GPEGTKVCMCP-GODCNK%GTKVC#PCM -COWUWMCOGODCECEGTKVCCPCM!$CIWUUGMCNK2GTPCJOGPEGTKVCMCPEGTKVC CPCM[CPIMCOWDCEC!$CICKOCPCECTCOWDGTEGTKVC!;COGPEGTKVCMCPMGODCNK KUKEGTKVCCPCMFGPICPCNWTRGUCPFCPRGPQMQJCPUGECTCDGPCT,KMCOGPEGTKVC MCPUGECTCNKUCPRGTJCVKMCPNCJNCHCNKPVQPCUKFCPLGFC[CPILGNCUGMURTGUK OGPFWMWPIFCPIGTCMVWDWJ[CPIUGUWCK -GIKCVCPMCNKKPKCFCNCJOGPEGTKVCMCPMGODCNKEGTKVCCPCM[CPIFKDCEC 5GDGNWOOGPEGTKVCMCPEGTKVCCPCM[CPIFKDCECMCOWRGTNWOGPIKFGPVKHKMCUK WPUWTWPUWTEGTKVC 5GDGNWOOGPEGTKVCMCPMGODCNKVGPVWP[CMCOWJCTWUOGODCECEGTKVCCPCM VGTNGDKJFCJWNW5GMCTCPIKMWVKNCPIMCJNCPIMCJRGODGNCLCTCPDGTKMWV

 

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

38

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8QLW3HULVWLZD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

39

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8QLW3HULVWLZD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

40 

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.   

41

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

42 Contoh 2

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

43

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

44

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8QLW3DULZLVDWD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

47



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8QLW3DULZLVDWD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

48

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8QLW3DULZLVDWD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

49

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8QLW3DULZLVDWD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

50

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8QLW3DULZLVDWD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

51

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8QLW3DULZLVDWD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

52

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

53

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8QLW3DULZLVDWD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

54 

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8QLW3DULZLVDWD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

55

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8QLW3DULZLVDWD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

56

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8QLW3DULZLVDWD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

57

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8QLW3DULZLVDWD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

58

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

60

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

68

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

69

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70

Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs. PIQDTQN UCOC DWNCP #MJKT [CPI DWMCP TGPECPC KPK MWFCRCVK DGTUCOCOW 6CJWMCJ MCW! #MW OGP[WMCKOW MCTGPC ECTCOW OGPIQNCJ JKFWR $GTRKMKT FGPICP UGFKMKV DGTHKNUCHCV /CMCUKJ CVCU MTKVKMCCPP[C/GP[GDWVMWPQTCM&CPKVWGOCPI VGTLCFK RCFCMW UCCV CMW OGP[CRC OCVCJCTK &CP DWMVKMCPDCJYCMCOWPIICMPQTCMUCCVOGP[CRC OCVCJCTK RCFCMW 2CPFCPIK OGTRCVKOW FK UKUK EGOCTC&KCCMCPOGODCYCOWFCNCOMGUGFKJCP %CTKNCJ UQNWUK VGTDCKM ,CPICP OGPCIKU #MCP MWWUCRCKTOCVCOW$[G-JCÅ&#x2019;     /GPGPVWMCP7PUWT+PVTKPUKM%GTKVC 

71

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

72

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8QLW/LQJNXQJDQ


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs. 

73

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

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Contoh penyuntingan: a. penggunaan huruf kapital kepada masyarakat luas dimohon kesediaannya mengamati pemilihan calon legislatif kota yogyakarta. Perbaikan: Kepada masyarakat luas dimohon kesediannya mengamati pemilihan Calon Legislatif kota Yogyakarta. b. penggunaan tanda baca Peserta lomba dapat mendaftarkan diri di SMP Muhammadiyah 2 Depok Jalan. Swadaya Depok Perbaikan: Peserta lomba dapat mendaftarkan diri di SMP Muhammadiyah 2 Depok Jalan Swadaya Depok. c. pilihan kata Peserta wajib membawa surat keterangan masih menjadi siswa dari Kepada Sekolah masing-masing. Perbaikan: Peserta wajib melampirkan surat keterangan masih menjadi siswa dari Kepala Sekolah masing-masing. d. penggunaan kata hubung Peserta wajib membawa pensil 2B, penghapus, atau penggaris sendiri. Perbaikan: Peserta wajib membaca pensil 2B, penghapus, dan penggaris sendiri. e. keefektifan kalimat Para peserta lomba diharap datang tepat waktu. Perbaikan: Peserta lomba diharap datang tepat waktu.

  

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8ML.RPSHWHQVL6HPHVWHU


100

Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

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8ML.RPSHWHQVL6HPHVWHU


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

101

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8ML.RPSHWHQVL6HPHVWHU


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

102

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

103

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8ML.RPSHWHQVL6HPHVWHU


104

Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

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8ML.RPSHWHQVL6HPHVWHU


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

105

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106

Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

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8ML.RPSHWHQVL6HPHVWHU


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

107

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108

Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.



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82

Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

83

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8QLW3HQGLGLNDQ


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

84

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

85

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

86

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

87

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

88

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

89

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

90 

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91

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

92

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

93



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8QLW3HQGLGLNDQ


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

94 

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

95

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

96                          

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

110

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs. 

111

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112

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8QLW3URIHVL


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

114

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8QLW3URIHVL


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

115

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8QLW3URIHVL


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

116

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8QLW3URIHVL


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.     

117

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

  

/GPGPVWMCP7PUWT+PVTKPUKM%GTRGP

 2GODCEC EGTRGP JCTWU OGOCJCOK KUK VGTNGDKJ FCJWNW UGDGNWO KC OGODCECMCP WPVWM QTCPI NCKP ,KMC UWFCJ OGOCJCOK KUK EGTRGP OCMC KPVQPCUK LGFC GMURTGUK FCP IGUVWT CMCP VGTDGPVWM FGPICP VGRCV $CICKOCPC ECTC OGOCJCOK KUK EGTKVC RGPFGM! %CTCP[CCFCNCJFGPICPOGPGPVWMCPWPUWTWPUWTKPVTKPUKMEGTRGP 7PUWT KPVTKPUKM OGNKRWVK RGPQMQJCP CNWT NCVCT UWFWV RCPFCPI VGOC FCP RGUCP $CECNCJFCPRCJCOKWPUWTKPVTKPUKMEGTRGPDGTKMWV

$GTCPIMCV

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2CIK OCUKJ OGPIIKIKN 1TCPIQTCPI OCUKJ DGTUGNKOWV UCTWPI FCNCO VKFWTP[C [CPI P[GP[CM 6CRK VKFCM DCIK ,WDGFCJ [CPI UWFCJ OWNCK OGODGPCJK FKTK DG TCPIMCV MG MGDWP 9CLCJ LCPFC DGTCPCM UCVW KVW RWP VCORCM UWFCJ UGICT FKDCUWJ CKT YWFJW UJCNCV UWDWJ ;C VCORCM UGMCNK DGTUGTKUGTKOGORGTNKJCVMCPMGEGTKCPUGRGT VKUWOTKPICJNCPIKVOGTCJUGKTKPIVGTDKVP[C OCVCJCTK $GTCPIMCV MGTLC OGOGVKM OGNCVK RCIKRCIK UGMCNK OGPLCFK MGDKCUCCP ,WDGFCJ 5GVGNCJ UJCNCV UWDWJ NCPIUWPI MG MGDWPOGODCYCUGTVC4CTCCPCMP[C[CPI UGOCVC YC[CPI +DW FCP CPCM KVW RGTIK MG

OCPCOCPCUGNCNWDGTUCOCUCOC;CUKCRC NCIK [CPI CMCP RGFWNK FGPICP CPCM KVW MCNCWDWMCP,WDGFCJUGPFKTKMCTGPC4QLCNK UWCOKP[C UGLCM RGTEGTCKCP FWNW UWFCJ GP[CJ$KNCVGTKPICVOCUCNCJRGTGDWVCPJCM YCNK CVCU 4CTC [CPI VGTLCFK UCORCK MG RGPICFKNCP FK OCPC FKC JCTWU DGTLWCPI OCVKOCVKCP WPVWM OGPFCRCVMCP MGODCNK 4CTC FCTK VCPICP 4QLCNK UWCOKP[C [CPI RGOCDWMKVW$CICKOCPCUGQTCPIRGOCDWM FCRCVOGPIWTWU4CTCMCNCWOGPIWTWUFKTK UGPFKTK UCLC VKFCM DGEWU MGVWU ,WDGFCJ VCPRC UCFCT $KNC VGTKPICV UGOWC KVW UWFWV OCVC ,WDGFCJ OGODCUCJ 'OCM LCPICP

8QLW3URIHVL


118

Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

UGFKJ /CM  UWCTC 4CTC OGPIIGNGICT DW[CTMCPNCOWPCPP[C 6KFCM0FWM'OCM VKFCM UGFKJ  LCYCD ,WDGFCJ OGPEQDC OG PCORCMMCP YCLCJ EGTCJ UCODKN DWTWDWTW OGP[GMC CKT DGPKPI [CPI OWNCK OGPI IGPCPI FK UWFWV OCVCP[C VCRK VGNCPLWT UGVGVGUCKTOCVCKVWVGNCJOGPGVGUVGU,CVWJ VGRCV MG FCWPFCWP OWPIKN DWPIC RWVTK OCNW [CPI UQPVCM OGPLCFKMCP DWPIC KVW OGPWPFWM UGRGTVK KMWV DGTUGFKJ CVCU MG UGFKJCP [CPI VGPICJ FKUCPFCPI ,WDGFCJ ,CPICP DQJQPI /CM  RTQVGU 4CTC OGPI JGPVCM VGNCM -CNK KPK ,WDGFCJ VKFCM DKUC OWPIMKT NCIK CPIIWMCP UGDCICK UGDWCJ RGPICMWCP KVW RWP JCTWU FKNCMWMCP FGOK OGODGTK RGPIGTVKCP RCFC 4CTC CPCMP[C [CPI OCUKJ UGMGEKN KVW JCTWU OGPCPIIWPI DGDCPMGUGFKJCP[CPIVCMVGTVCJCPMCP +DWCPCM KVW OGNCPLWVMCP RGTLCNCPCP P[CMGMGDWP-KPKOGTGMCJCTWUOGPKVKFK ICNGPICP [CPI RCPLCPI 5GQTCPI RGPI IGODCNC OGODGTKMCP UKWNCP TGCMUK UKO RCVKP[C [CPI URQPVCP ,WDGFCJ VGVCR OG NCPIMCJ OCPVCR 2GTNCMWCP DGIKVW UWFCJ DKCUC TKUKMQ UGDCICK UGQTCPI LCPFC OWFC [CPI OGPCTKM ECPVKM FCP UGMUK 5GDCICK DCNCUCP CVCU RGTNCMWCP KVW ,WDGFCJ OG P[GPCPFWPIMCP NCIW [CPI JCP[C FK OGPIGTVKQNGJFKTKP[CUGPFKTK-CNCWUWFCJ DGIKVW 4CTC RGTEC[C GOCMP[C VKFCM DGT UGFKJNCIKFCPVGTDKVNCJMGEGTKCCPRCFCFKTK DQECJEGPVKNKVWFGPICPMCMKDGTLKPIMCVFCP VCPICP OGTGPVCPI UGRGTVK VKPIMCJ DCNNGTKPC MGEKN[CPINKPECJ2GTLCNCPCPOGTGMCDGTFWC CMJKTP[C UCORCK FK MGDWP OGNCVK [CPI OGPGDCTMCP JCTWO UGDWCJ MGDWP FK RGPWJK OGNCVKOGNCVK [CPI OGTGMCJ ,WDGFCJ NCPIUWPI DGTDCWT FGPICP RCTC RGOGVKM UGFCPI 4CTC DGTNCTKCP MGEKN UG RWVCT MGDWP [CPI OGPIJCORCT CU[KM DGT OCKP UGPFKTKCP UCLC OGPWPIIWK GOCMP[C DGMGTLC $GFQN FCVCPIP[C OGICNOGIQN LCFK VGVCR VGNCV  UKPFKT 5TKPVKN UGQTCPI RGOGVKM [CPI UGNCNW WUKN RCFC ,WDGFCJ ;C OCM NWONCJ DCYC OQOQPICP  LCYCD ,WDGFCJ OGP[WPIIKPI UGP[WOCP OCPKU /CVCJCTK DCPIMKV FCP DCTW OWNCK UGFKMKV OGPEKEKRK JCTWO OGNCVK [CPI OCORW OGODGMCNK MGEGTKCCPRCIKDGTUGTKUGTKVCRKOGNCVK[CPI OGMCT UWFCJ UGOWCP[C FKRGVKM UGJKPIIC OGPIJCTWUMCP RCTC RGOGVKM KVW RWNCPI

8QLW3URIHVL

FGPICP OGPFCRCVMCP DC[CTCP 5GNGUCKNCJ UWFCJ,WDGFCJOGPWPCKMCPVWICUOGOGVKM OGNCVK FCP UGIGTC OGPICLCM 4CTC DGTIGICU RWNCPI &CNCO RGTLCNCPCP RWNCPI 4CTC UGNCNW OGPICODKN CTCJ [CPI NGYCV IGFWPI UGMQNCJ FCP ,WDGFCJ OGPWTWV UCLC FGPICP VGVCR OGPIKTKPIKP[C 5GRGTVK DKCUCP[C OCVCJCTK VGPICJ PCKM FK UGMQNCJ FCUCT UWFCJ TKWJTGPFCJ FGPICP CPCMCPCM UGMQNCJ [CPI TCOCK DGTOCKP FK JCNCOCP 7PVWM DGDGTCRC UCCV 4CTC OGPIJGPVKMCP NCPIMCJP[C NCNW OGOCPFCPIK OGTGMC FGPICP VCVCRCP VCLCO MGOWFKCP TCUC KTK OGPIJWPLCOFKRCNWPIJCVKP[C[CPIRCNKPI FCNCO VCRK MGOWFKCP ,WDGFCJ DWTWDWTW OGPICLCMP[C RWNCPI 5GUCORCKP[C FK TWOCJ 4CTC FGPICP TCUC KTK [CPI OGPIJWPLCO UGOCMKP OGPLCFKLCFK FCP MKPK OGPCPECR RCFC JCUTCV FKTK KPIKP UG MQNCJ UGDCICKOCPC CPCMCPCM UGDC[C FKTK P[C [CPI FKUCMUKMCPP[C FK UGMQNCJ KVW -CTGPC VCM VGTMGPFCNK JCUTCVP[C VWORCJ FGPICP UGTCPIMCKCP TGPIGMCP /CM 4CTC KPIKP UGMQNCJ  ,WDGFCJ UGPICLC RWTCRWTC DWFGM UGRGTVK VKFCM OGPFGPICTP[C FCP UWCTC TGPIGMCP 4CTC KVW RWP FKWNCPI /CCM4CTCKPIKPUGMQNCJ ,WDGFCJOCUKJ UCLCOGODWFGMMCPFKTKFCPTGPIGMCP4CTC FKWNCPI NCIK FGPICP PCFC MKPK NGDKJ OG PKPIIK /CCCM 4CTC KPIKP UGMQNCJJJ  -CNK KPK ,WDGFCJ OGP[GTCJ +[C PCPVK MCNCW UWFCJ VKDC YCMVWP[C 4CTC RCUVK UGMQNCJ #CCJ MCRCP /CM!  VCP[C 4CTC OGNWPLCMOCPLC *GKLCPICPOCPLCDGIKVW  2QMQMP[C 4CTC KPIKP EGRCV UGMQNCJ  +[C K[C UGMQNCJ  VGICU ,WDGFCJ UQPVCM FCRCV OGPIJGPVKMCP TGPIGMCPP[C $GPCT [C /CM 4CTC UGMQNCJ!  FGUCM 4CTC WPVWM NGDKJ OGP[CMKPMCP FKTKP[C FCP ,WDGFCJ OGPLCYCDP[C EWMWR FGPICP CPIIWMCP MGRCNC UCLC 5GVGNCJ OGTCUC [CMKP DGPCT 4CTCUGTVCOGTVCDGTUQTCMUQTCKMGIKTCPICP *QTGGGG 4CTC UGMQNCJ 4CTC UGMQNCJ 5GMQNCJ  /GNKJCV UGOWC KVW ,WDGFCJ JCP[CIGNGPIIGNGPIMGRCNCFCPDGTIWOCO NKTKJ ;C PCOCP[C UCLC CPCMCPCM UGNCNW UGICNC MGKPIKPCPP[C JCTWU UGEGRCVP[C FK VWTWVK  $GUQMP[C ,WDGFCJ DGTCPIMCV OGOGVKM OGNCVK NGDKJ RCIK NCIK UGWUCK UJCNCV UWDWJ NCPIUWPI UCLC DGTIGICU MG MGDWP VKFCM


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs. OGPIICPFGPI VCPICP 4CTC OGNCKPMCP OGPIIGPFQPIP[C CICT DKUC UGEGRCVP[C UCORCK FK MGDWP OGNCVK ,CPICP EGRCV EGRCV LCNCPP[C /CM  UGTW 4CTC MGTCU OGPIJGPVCM JGPVKMCP NCPIMCJ ,WDGFCJ 4CTC KPIKP EGRCV UGMQNCJ CVCW VKFCM!  VCP[C ,WDGFCJ OGPIWLK +K[C 4CTC KPIKP EGRCV DKUC UGMQNCJ /CM  LCYCD 4CTC VGT ICICR 0CJ MCNCW DGIKVW 4CTC JCTWU OG PWTWV VGICU,WDGFCJFCPMGOWFKCPNCPI UWPI OGPLGNCUMCP 'OCM LCNCPP[C EGRCV EGRCVCICTUGEGRCVP[CUCORCKFKMGDWPFCP NGDKJ DCP[CM NCIK OGOGVKM OGNCVK +VW CTVKP[C'OCMFCRCVFWKVDCP[CMWPVWMDKUC DC[CT DKC[C UGMQNCJ 4CTC PCPVK OGPIGTVK!  4CTC OGPWTWV UCLC VKFCM NCIK RTQVGU VCRK JCP[C DGTFKCO FK IGPFQPICP 5CORCK FK MGDWP OGNCVK ,WDGFCJ NCPIUWPI OGOGVKM OGNCVK UGPFKTKCP $GDGTCRC UCCV MGOWFKCP RCTC RGOGVKM NCKPP[C RWP OWNCK DGT FCVCPICP *CK $GFQN VWODGP ICUKM  UKPFKT 6WVK RGOGVKM [CPI DCTW FCVCPI KVW ;COGUVKICUKMFGOKOQOQPICPCMCPUG MQNCJ  LCYCD ,WDGFCJ OGPLGNCUMCP 1[C 4CTC CMCP UGMQNCJ!  VCP[C 5CTK[GO UG VGPICJ MCIGV UGRGTVK VKFCM RGTEC[C +[C UGOQIC UCLC 4CTC DKUC UGMQNCJ VCJWP KPK  LCYCD ,WDGFCJ UGTKWU FGPICP VCVCRCP MG CTCJ NCPIKV UGRGTVK OKPVC TGUVW RCFC 5CPI /CJC -WCUC /GTGMC VCORCM DGTUGOCPICV OGOGVKM OGNCVK VCRK FCTK UGOWC RGOGVKM KVW ,WDGFCJNCJ [CPI RCNKPI DGTUGOCPICV FGOK OGPFCRCV WCPI DCP[CM DWCV OGO DC[CTDKC[CUGMQNCJ4CTC5GNGUCKRGMGTLCCP OGOGVKM OGNCVK ,WDGFCJ [CPI DKCUCP[C NCPIUWPIRWNCPIMKPKRKPFCJMGNCFCPINCKP [CPIFKVCPCOKRCFK&KUCPCCFCRGMGTLCCP OGP[KCPIK RCFK [CPI FKLCNCTK TWORWV TWORWV NKCT ,WDGFCJ OGP[KCPIK RCFK UGFCPI 4CTC FKDKCTMCP DGDCU DGTOCKP FK UGRWVCTNCFCPI[CPIDCICKRGTOCFCPKJKLCW TCMUCUC DGIKVW NWCU OGODGPVCPI UCORCK MCMK )WPWPI 5NCOGV 4CTC LCFK CICM VGNCPVCTVCRKKDWCPCMKVWVGVCRDKUCRWNCPI DGTUCOC OGPLGNCPI OCITKD $GIKVWNCJ MKPK FCP JCTKJCTK UGNCPLWVP[C ,WDGFCJ OGNCMW MCP RGMGTLCCP ICPFC OGOGVKM OGNCVK FCP OGP[KCPIK RCFK UGDWCJ VWPVWVCP MGTLC NGDKJ MGTCU NCIK FGOK OGPFCRCV FWKV UGDCP[CMDCP[CMP[CWPVWMDKUCOGODC[CT

119

DKC[C UGMQNCJ 4CTC CPCM UGOCVC YC[CPI [CPIDGIKVWUCPICVFKUC[CPIKP[C 5WFCJUGMKCPYCMVWDGTUGNCPI,WDGFCJ OGODCPVKPI VWNCPI FGPICP UWUCJ RC[CJ DGTWUCJC UGMWCV VGPCIC OGNCMWMCP RG MGTLCCP OGOGVKM OGNCVK FCP OGP[KCPIK RCFK -KPK VCDWPICPP[C EWMWR DCP[CM 2CFC JCTK /KPIIW ,WDGFCJ RGTIK MG RCUCT OGODGNKUGRGTCPIMCVDGMCNMGDWVWJCP4CTC UGMQNCJ UGRGTVK RCMCKCP UGTCICO VCU FCP UGRCVW -CNK KPK UGDGNWO RGTIK ,WDGFCJ NGDKJ FWNW OGPKFWTMCP4CTC FK TWOCJ ;C JCP[C MCNK UCLC 4CTC VKFCM KMWV UGTVC WPVWM NGDKJ OGPIJGOCV UGDCD MCNCW CFC 4CTC DGVCRC UGKUK FQNCPCP CPCMCPCM FK RCUCT CMCP FKDGNKP[C $KUC FKDC[CPIMCP VGTMWTCU NWFGUVCDWPICPP[CUGDGNWOFCRCVOGODGNK UGRGTCPIMCV MGDWVWJCP UGMQNCJ 5GPFKTKCP ,WDGFCJ RGTIK MG RCUCT OCUWM MG FCNCO JKTWMRKMWM MGTCOCKCP CMVKXKVCU LWCNDGNK FCP UGDGPVCT MGOWFKCP MGNWCT FGPICP OGODCYC UGRGTCPIMCV DGMCN MGDWVWJCP UGMQNCJ 2WNCPI FCTK RCUCT ,WDGFCJ OGPFCRCVK 4CTCOCUKJVKFWTRWNCUVCRKNCPIUWPIUGIGTC FKDCPIWPMCPP[C *QTGGG 'OCM DCYC QNGJQNGJ UQTCM4CTCDGIKVWDCPIWPVKFWT 0CJ UGOWC KPK WPVWM MGDWVWJCP 4CTC UGMQNCJ  LGNCU ,WDGFCJ OGORGTNKJCVMCP UGTCICO UGMQNCJ VCU FCP UGRCVW [CPI FK DCYCP[C KVW .CPIUWPI FKEQDC [C /CM!  +[C EQDCNCJ RCUVK RCU WPVWMOW 0FWM  4CTC NCPIUWPI OGPIGPCMCP UGTCICO UG MQNCJ UGRCVW FCP OGPECPIMNQPI VCU DCTW KVW FCP OGOCPI RCU FKEQDCP[C 4CTC MKPK VCORCM EGTKC FGPICP DGTIC[C NC[CMP[C UGRGTVK UWFCJ LCFK CPCM UGMQNCJ UCLC UGDCICKOCPC IC[C 5JGTKPC UGMQNCJ FCNCO HKNO 2GVWCNCPICP 5JGTKPC *QTG JQTGG JQTGGG  UQTCM 4CTC OGNQPLCMNQPLCM MG IKTCPICP .KJCV /CM 4CTC DGTCPIMCV UGMQNCJ 4CTC DGTCPIMCV $GTCPIMCV  /GORGTJCVKMCP 4CTC VCORCM DGIKVW MGIKTCPICP KVW ,WDGFCJ UCPICV VGTJCTW DGVCRC FKC OGTCUC CMCP OCORW OG P[GMQNCJMCPCPCMP[CVCPRCDCPVWCP4QLCNK UWCOK [CPI RGTPCJ OGTGOGJMCP MG OCORWCPP[C 4CTC OGOCPI OGPLCFK UG DWCJ MGDCPIICCP DCIK ,WDGFCJ MGDCPIIC CP[CPIVCMVGTWMWTQNGJCRCRWP

8QLW3URIHVL


120

Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

9CMVW [CPI NCOC FKVWPIIWVWPIIW KVW FCVCPI LWIC 6KDC UCCVP[C 4CTC CMCP UGMQNCJ ,WDGFCJ VGTUGPVCM FCTK DCPIWP VKFWT OGPIKPICVP[C 6CRK VKDCVKDC OG P[GTWCM FK DGPCMP[C HKTCUCV VKFCM DCKM FGPICP UC[WRUC[WR OGPFGPICT VGTKCMCP DWTWPIICICM[CPIUGRGTVKOGPIKU[CTCVMCP UGUWCVW 5GOGUVKP[C FKC DCJCIKC MCTGPC YCMVW DGTCPIMCV UGMQNCJ 4CTC UWFCJ VKDC VCRK VGTKCMCP ICICM [CPI UGOCMKP MGPECPI OGPIIGNKUCJMCPP[C ,WDGFCJ DWTWDWTW OGODCPIWPMCP 4CTC VCRK VGTP[CVC 4CTC VKFCM DCPIWP-GODCNKKC DCPIWPMCP 4CTC VCRK PKJKN ,WDGFCJ MGOWFKCP OGPIQ[CPI IQ[CPIMCP VWDWJ OWPIKN KVW VCRK VGVCR VKFCMDGTIGTCM 0FWMDCPIWPNCJ-CWJCTK KPKJCTWUUKCRUKCRDGTCPIMCVUGMQNCJ 4CTC VGVCRVKFCMDGTIGTCM,WDGFCJOWNCKOGTCDC FCFC 4CTC FCP VKFCM CFC FGVCM LCPVWPIP[C UGJKPIIC OGODWCV ,WDGFCJ RCPKM &K NWCT DWTWPI ICICM UGOCMKP MGPECPI VGTKCMCP

P[C UGRGTVK UWFCJ OWNCK OGPEKWO DCW MGOCVKCP +PPCNKNNCJKYCKPPCKNCKJKTQLKWP  UGDWV ,WDGFCJ FGPICP UWCTC DGTIGVCT UGVGNCJ[CMKPCPCMP[CKVWOGPKPIICNFWPKC FCP MQPVCP KC OGPLGTKV JKUVGTKU 6QNQPI 6QNQQPI 6QNQQQPIII  6GVCPIIC UGMKVCT UGIGTC DGTFCVCPICP ,WDGFCJ MKPK OGTCVCR RKNW FK FGRCP 4CTC $WTWPI ICICM OG PIGRCMPIGRCMMCP UC[CRP[C UGRGTVK OG PCPFCKVWICUP[CVGNCJUGNGUCKOGPICDCTMCP UGDWCJ MGOCVKCP FCP MGOWFKCP VGTDCPI OGPLCWJ FCTK TWOCJ ,WDGFCJ OWPIMKP OGPICDCTMCP MGOCVKCP NCIK FK VGORCV GPVCJ FK OCPC ,WDGFCJ JCP[C DKUC OG PCPIKUUGVKCROGNKJCVUGRGTCPIMCVDGMCNMG DWVWJCP UGMQNCJ 4CTC KVW DGVCRC VGTCUC OCUKJ VGTPIKCPIPIKCPI UWCTC 4CTC DGT UQTCMUQTCM .KJCV /CM 4CTC CMCP DG TCPIMCV UGMQNCJ 4CTC DGTCPIMCV $GTCPIMCVÅ&#x2019;

5WODGT4GRWDNKMC#IWUVWU 



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Å&#x2018;5WFCJ UGMKCP YCMVW DGTUGNCPI ,WDGFCJ OGODCPVKPI VWNCPI FGPICP UWUCJ RC[CJ DGTWUCJCUGMWCVVGPCICOGNCMWMCPRGMGTLCCPOGOGVKMOGNCVKFCPOGP[KCPIKRCFK-KPK VCDWPICPP[C EWMWR DCP[CM 2CFC JCTK /KPIIW ,WDGFCJ RGTIK MG RCUCT OGODGNK UGRGTCPIMCVDGMCNMGDWVWJCP4CTCUGMQNCJUGRGTVKRCMCKCPUGTCICOVCUFCPUGRCVWÅ&#x2019; 'DULFXSOLNDQGLDWDVGDSDWGLNHWDKXLEDKZDNDUDNWHUWRNRK-XEHGDKDGDODKSHNHUMDNHUDV  &DUDPHQHQWXNDQODWDUWHPSDW 3HUKDWLNDQFXSOLNDQFHUSHQEHULNXW Å&#x2018;+DWCPCM KVW OGNCPLWVMCP RGTLCNCPCPP[C MG MGDWP -KPK OGTGMC JCTWU OGPKVK FK ICNGPICP [CPI RCPLCPI 5GQTCPI RGPIIGODCNC OGODGTKMCP UKWNCP TGCMUK UKORCVKP[C [CPI URQPVCP ,WDGFCJ VGVCR OGNCPIMCJOCPVCR 2GTNCMWCP DGIKVW UWFCJ DKCUC TKUKMQ

8QLW3URIHVL


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

121

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8QLW3URIHVL


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

122 

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs. 

123

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8QLW3URIHVL


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

124

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8QLW3URIHVL


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.



125



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8QLW3URIHVL


126   



  

Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

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8QLW3URIHVL


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

127

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8QLW3URIHVL


128

Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

129

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8QLW3URIHVL


130

Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

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8QLW3URIHVL


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

131

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8QLW3URIHVL


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

132

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8QLW3URIHVL


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

133

 

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152

Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs. 4'(.'-5+ 4'(.'-5+ -GOCORWCP

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154

Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

  

#/GPWNKU*CN2GPVKPIFCNCO9CYCPECTC /GP[KOCM9CYCPECTC /GPFKUMWUKMCP*CNJCN2GPVKPIFCNCO9CYCPECTC $GTNCVKJ5GPFKTK 6WICU4WOCJ

$$GTVGNGRQP /GODCPFKPIMCP&KCNQI$GTVGNGRQP /GPWNKU&KCNQI$GTVGNGRQP /GP[WPVKPI&KCNQI$GTVGNGRQP /GNCMWMCP&KCNQI$GTVGNGRQP

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8QLW2ODK5DJD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.    

155

#/GPWNKU*CN2GPVKPIFCNCO9CYCPECTC 2CFC 7PKV  MCOW UWFCJ OGPIGPCN MGIKCVCP YCYCPECTC 5GMCTCPI MCOW FKCLCM WPVWM MGODCNK DGNCLCT OGPFGPICTMCP YCYCPECTC /CUKJ KPICV DWMCP CRC KVW YCYCP ECTC! 9CYCPECTC CFCNCJ MGIKCVCP DGTVCP[C LCYCD FGPICP PCTCUWODGTWPVWM OGPGOW MCPKPHQTOCUK[CPIFKDWVWJMCPCVCWOGOGECJMCPRGTOCUCNCJCP[CPIFKJCFCRK&CNCO OGPLCYCD RGTVCP[CCP VGPVW PCTCUWODGT OGODGTKMCP KPHQTOCUK UGNGPIMCR OWPIMKP &CNCO WTCKCP LCYCDCP VGTUGDWV CFC JCNJCN RGPVKPI CVCW RQMQM [CPI RGTNW FKRCJCOK RGYCYCPECTC -GIKCVCPMCNKKPKCFCNCJOGPGOWMCPJCNJCNRGPVKPI[CPIFKMGOWMCMCPPCTCUWODGT FCNCOYCYCPECTCFCPOGPWNKUMCPP[CMGODCNK$CICKOCPCOGPGPVWMCPJCNJCNRGPVKPI KVW!+MWVKMGIKCVCPDGTKMWVFGPICPDCKM   

/GP[KOCM9CYCPECTC 

&WCVGOCPOWCMCPOGODCECMCPYCYCPECTCDGTKMWV5KOCMFGPICPDCKM5KCRMCP CNCVVWNKU6WNKUNCJJCNJCNRGPVKPIFCTKLCYCDCPPCTCUWODGT 

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 6KO 5CVTKC /WFC MCNK KPK CFCNCJ ICDWPICP CPVCTC RGOCKP CUKPI FCP RGOCKP NQMCN &WGV RGOCKP CUKPI VGTUGDWV CFCNCJ #NGZCPFGT )QTFQP *CTVOCP FCP ,GOKPQ -COCN 5QDGTU 5GFCPIMCP RG OCKP NQMCN CFCNCJ ;QWDGN 5QPFCMJ 4QPP[ )WPCYCP (CKUCN,#JOCF9GPFJC9KLC[C #OKP 2TKJCPVQPQ FCP 9GNN[CPUQP5KVWOQTCPI

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$CICKOCPCRGTOCKPCPOGTGMC 2CM!

0CTCUWODGT

 &WGV KPK DGTOCKP FGPICP RCFW FCP MQORCM 6CORCM RCFC CYCN RGTOCKPCP 5CVTKC /WFC WPIIWN FGPICP  RCFC GORCV OGPKV

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8QLW2ODK5DJD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

156

RGTVCOC5GOWCRGOCKPVGTOCUWM[CPIDGTCFCFKDCPIMWECFCPICP OGODGTK MQPVTKDWUK OCMUKOCN -COK DGTOCKP FGPICP RQNC MCOK UGPFKTK FCP DGTDGFC FGPICP VCJWP NCNW -COK DGTOCKP NGRCU VCPRC DGDCP 2GYCYCPECTC

 -JWUWU FWGV RGOCKP CUKPI KVW CRC MGWPIIWNCP [CPI OGTGMC NCMWMCPWPVWM5CVTKC/WFC!

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 *CTVOCP FCP 5QDGTU OGPLCFK RGPIWORWN CPIMC VGTDCP[CM FGPICP  FCP  RQKP -GFWC RGOCKP CUKPI KPK OGTWRCMCP RGOCKP MWPEK 5CVTKC/WFC

2GYCYCPECTC

$CICKOCPCUVTCVGIKRGTOCKPCP5CVTKC/WFC2CM!

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$CICKOCPCRGTOCKPCPOGTGMC2CM!

0CTCUWODGT

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 *CNRGPVKPICVCWKPHQTOCUKFCNCORGVKMCPYCYCPECTCFKCVCUCFCNCJMGMQORCMCPRQNC [CPIDGTDGFCFCPMQPVTKDWUKOCMUKOCNFCNCOUGVKCRRGTOCKPCP   2TGUGPVCUKMCPJCUKNFKUMWUKMCNKCPFKFGRCPMGNCU  /KPVCNCJVCPIICRCPFCTKIWTWFCPMGNQORQMNCKP  2GTDCKMKNCJJCUKNMGTLCOW[CPIOCUKJMWTCPIVGRCVUGUWCKFGPICPVCPIICRCPIWTWFCP VGOCPNCKP 

8QLW2ODK5DJD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

157

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

$CICKOCPCTCUCP[CDGTOCKPFK&GTD[6[PGYGCTFCPOGPEGVCMIQN RGPGPVW!

1YGP

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2GYCYCPECTC

5GVGNCJUGTKPIEGFGTCDCICKOCPCMQPFKUKUGMCTCPI!

1YGP

 #MJKTP[C UC[C DKUC DGTOCKP FK JCORKT UGNWTWJ RGTVCPFKPICP 0GYECUVNG OWUKO KPK /GOCPI UGORCV CDUGP UCCV OGPICNCOK ICPIIWCP FK RCJC VCRK UC[C NCPIUWPI MGODCNK DGTOCKP FCP OGPEGVCM IQN 5GECTC WOWO UC[C UWFCJ EWMWR UGPCPI FGPICP MQPFKUKKPKFCPVGVCRDGTJCTCRRGTHQTOCUC[CVGTWUDGTMGODCPI+PK CFCNCJRGPCORKNCPVGTDCKMUC[CUGOGPLCMFCVCPIFKUKPK

2GYCYCPECTC

2GTHQTOCVKOUGPFKTK!

1YGP

-COKOGOCPIOGPLCNCPKOWUKO[CPIDWTWMFCPKVWOGODWCVUC[C FCP MNWD HTWUVCUK -COK JCTWU OGPFCRCV JCUKN DCIWU WPVWM OGPLCYCDMTKVKMVGTUGDWV

2GYCYCPECTC

&WMWPICPFCTKUWRQTVGT!

1YGP

 2GPFWMWPI 0GYECUVNG UCPICV DGTUGOCPICV FGPICP UGRCM DQNC /GTGMC VGTWU OGPFWMWPI YCNCW MGCFCCP VKFCM DGTLCNCP FGPICP DCKM 6CRK UCCV #PFC OGTCKJ MGOGPCPICP VKFCM CFC VGORCV NCKP [CPIDKUCOGPCPFKPIK0GYECUVNG

2GYCYCPECTC

2GPFCRCV#PFCVGPVCPI-GGICP!

1YGP

 &KC RGNCVKJ [CPI DCIWU +C OGPCPCOMCP TCUC RGTEC[C FKTK MGRCFC UGOWC QTCPI FCP UCCV KPK MCOK UGFCPI OGTCUCMCP OCPHCCVP[C /GOCPI OGODWVWJMCP YCMVW CICT MGKPIKPCP RGNCVKJ FKRCJCOK

8QLW2ODK5DJD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

158

UGOWC RGOCKP VCRK UCCV KPK MCOK UWFCJ OWNCK OGPIGTVK MGKPIKPCPP[C 2GYCYCPECTC

$CICKOCPCVCTIGVFCPTGPECPCOCUCFGRCPFK0GYECUVNG!

1YGP

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2GYCYCPECTC

$CICKOCPCFGPICPRGODKECTCCPMQPVTCM#PFC!

1YGP

-NWDOGOCPIDGNWOOGOWNCKRGODKECTCCPWPVWMOGORGTRCPLCPI MQPVTCMUC[C6CRKRCFCFCUCTP[CUC[CUCPICVP[COCPFCPDGTCJ DGTOCKP FK UKPK /CPCLGT RWP UWFCJ OGOKPVC UC[C WPVWM VGVCR FK UKPK,CFKUC[CJCP[CDKUCOGPWPIIW

2GYCYCPECTC

-GJKFWRCPUGVGNCJUGRCMDQNC!

1YGP

 -CTGPC UC[C OGPEKPVCK UGRCM DQNC OWPIMKP MGJKFWRCP UC[C VKFCM CMCP LCWJ FCTK NCRCPICP JKLCW 5C[C CMCP OGOKMKTMCP MCTKGT UGDCICKOCPCIGTCVCWOGPLCFKRGNCVKJDCJMCPOGPLCFKMQOGPVCVQT FKVGNGXKUKCVCWOGPWNKUCTVKMGNVGPVCPIUGRCMDQNCFKMQTCP 6XPEHU7DEORLG%ROD-XPDW$SULO 

  

,CYCDNCJRGTVCP[CCPRGTVCP[CCPDGTKMWVUGUWCKFGPICPKUKYCYCPECTC



 0CTCUWODGT FCNCO VGMU YCYCPECTC FK CVCU DGTCUCN FCTK ECDCPI QNCJ TCIC CRC!



 $CICKOCPCUKMCR1YGPVGTJCFCRUGRCMDQNC!



 1YGP UGTKPI EGFGTC FCNCO RGTOCKPCP UGRCMDQNC 0COWP KVW VKFCM OGODWCVP[CLGTC#RCRGPFCRCVOW!  *CNJCNRGPVKPICRC[CPIMCOWFCRCVFCRCVVGMUYCYCPECTCFKCVCU!

     

6WICU4WOCJ

  

 %CTKNCJ UGDWCJ VGMU YCYCPECTC FK MQTCP CVCW OCLCNCJ [CPI DGTMCKVCP FGPICPQNCJTCIC



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8QLW2ODK5DJD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.    

159

$$GTVGNGRQP $GTDKECTC OGNCNWK VGNGRQP VGPVW VKFCM CUKPI DCIK MCNKCP 6CJWMCJ MCNKCP DCICKOCPC DGTDKECTC [CPI DCKM OGNCNWK VGNGRQP! #FC CVWTCP CVCW VCVC ECTC [CPI RGTNW FKRGTJCVKMCP UCCV DGTVGNGRQP /GPICRC FGOKMKCP! 5CCV DGTDKECTC OGNCNWK VGNGRQP MCNKCP VKFCM OGNKJCV NCPIUWPIOWMCQTCPI[CPIFKCLCMDKECTC-CNKCPJCP[COGPFGPICTUWCTCQTCPIKVW7PVWM OGPKODWNMCPMGUCPUCPVWPFCNCODGTVGNGRQPOCMCCFCVCVCECTC[CPIRGTNWFKRCVWJK $QNGJMCJDGTVGNGRQPFCNCOYCMVW[CPINCOC!6GNGRQPCFCNCJCNCVDCPVWMQOWPKMCUK [CPI VKFCM OWTCJ 7PVWM OGOCMCKP[C MKVC RGTNW OGODC[CT RWNUC 1NGJ MCTGPC KVW OGPIGHGMVKHMCPMCNKOCVFCNCODGTVGNGRQPLWICRGPVKPI$CICKOCPCECTCP[C! -GIKCVCP MCNK KPK CFCNCJ DGTVGNGRQP FGPICP MCNKOCV GHGMVKH FCP DCJCUC UCPVWP $KNCOCPC MCNKOCV FKMCVCMCP GHGMVKH! $CICKOCPC VCVC ECTC DGTUQRCP UCPVWP FCNCO DGTVGNGRQP!+MWVKMGIKCVCPDGTKMWVFGPICPDCKM

   /GODCPFKPIMCP&KCNQI$GTVGNGRQP $CECNCJFKCNQIDGTKMWVFGPICPUCMUCOC$CPFKPIMCPFKCNQIFCPFKCNQI

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8QLW2ODK5DJD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

160

&KUMWUKMCPRGTVCP[CCPRGTVCP[CCPDGTKMWV 

$CICKOCPCECTC5QPKOGOWNCKRGODKECTCCPOGNCNWKVGNGRQP!



5WFCJUCPVWPMCJFKC!



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#RCKUKRGODKECTCCP5QPKFCP#OCPFC!



#RCMCJECTC5QPKOGPICLCM#OCPFCOGPQPVQPUGRCMDQNCUWFCJUCPVWP!



5KCRC[CPIOGPICMJKTKVGNGRQP!$CICKOCPCOGPWTWVOW!



$CICKOCPCECTC-CPYCOGOWNCKRGODKECTCCPOGNCNWKVGNGRQP!

 

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 5KCRC[CPIOGPICMJKTKRGODKECTCCPFCNCOFKCNQI!$CICKOCPCOGPWTWVOW!  &KCNQIOCPC[CPINGDKJUQRCPFKCNQICVCWFKCNQI!,GNCUMCPLCYCDCPOW  &KCNQIOCPC[CPIOGPIIWPCMCPMCNKOCVGHGMVKH!,GNCUMCPLCYCDCPOW  6GPVWMCPVCVCECTCDGTVGNGRQP    /GPWNKU&KCNQI$GTVGNGRQP  -CNKCP UWFCJ OGPFKUMWUKMCP VCVC ECTC DGTVGNGRQP LWIC RGPIIWPCCP MCNKOCV GHGMVKH UCCV DGTVGNGRQP-KPKUCCVP[CMCNKCPOGPWNKUFKCNQIDGTVGNGRQP 6WNKUNCJFKCNQIDGTVGNGRQPFGPICPPCTCUKDGTKMWV 2GPGNGRQP 2GPGTKOC 6WLWCP

&KCPC 'PFCPI /GOKPLCOTCMGVVGPKUNCRCPICP

2GPGNGRQP  2GPGTKOC  6WLWCP

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2GPGNGRQP  2GPGTKOC  6WLWCP

4QOK 4K\CN /GPICLCMOGPICPVCTMCPUWTCVRGTOQJQPCPK\KPOGOKPLCONCRCPICP DQNCWPVWMNQODC

2GPGNGRQP  2GPGTKOC  6WLWCP

6GIWJ ;WFC /GPICLCMDGTNCVKJDCFOKPVQP

2GPGNGRQP  2GPGTKOC  6WLWCP

6CTVK .KNC /GPICLCMOGPQPVQPVWTPCOGPIQNH

8QLW2ODK5DJD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs. 

161

/GP[WPVKPI&KCNQI$GTVGNGRQP

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

5GJCTWUP[C  2QNVCM *CNQUC[C2QNVCMDKUC DKECTCFGPICP6KIQT! 6KIQT *CNQUC[CUGPFKTK#FC [CPIDKUCUC[CDCPVW 2QNVCM! 2QNVCM $GIKPK6KIQT5C[COCW OGPICLCMOWOGPQPVQP UGRCMDQNC#RCMCJMCOW DGTUGFKC! 6KIQT 6GPVWUCLC-COWLGORWV UC[C[C 2QNVCM $CKMNCJCMWLGORWV MCOWRWMWN9+$ [C! 6KIQT 5KCR 2QNVCM 6GTKOCMCUKJ6KIQT 

   /GNCMWMCP&KCNQI$GTVGNGRQP  5GVGNCJ FKCNQI [CPI MCOW VWNKU FKUWPVKPI FCP FKRGTDCKMK OCTK NCPLWVMCP FGPICP MGIKCVCPOGNCMWMCPFKCNQIDGTVGNGRQP .CMWMCPFGPICPVGOCPUGDCPIMWOW %QDCNCJDGTFKCNQIVCPRCOGODCECVGMUCICTVGTMGUCPVKFCMMCMW  

8QLW2ODK5DJD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

162    

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

*DJDVDQXWDPDGLDNKLUSDUDJUDI 6XSRUWHU WHUXV PHPEHUL GXNXQJDQ NHSDGD *UHVLN 3HWURNLPLD PHVNLSXQ NDODK GDODP  VHW'XD ULEX SHQRQWRQEHUWHSXN VRUDN 7HULDNDQ PHUHND UXSDQ\DEHUKDVLO PHOHFXW VHPDQJDW GDQPHQMDGLNDQ SDUD SHPDLQ *UHVLN 3HWURNLPLDEDQJNLW 5HOLUHOL SDQMDQJ GLSHUDJDNDQ NHGXD WLP 3DGD VHW NHHPSDW DNKLUQ\D *UHVLN 3HWURNLPLD PHPHQDQJNDQ SHUWDQGLQJDQ .HPHQDQJDQ *UHVLN 3HWURNLPLD DWDV -DNDUWD 3RSVLYR 3ROZDQELVDGLELODQJVHEDJDLNHPHQDQJDQVXSRUWHU*UHVLN

*DJDVDQXWDPDWHUVLUDW 5/20OGPICMJKTKRGTVCPFKPICPFGPICPUMQTCMJKT2GTVCPFKPICP[CPIDGTLCNCP RCPLCPI VCPRC WLWPI FKOGPKVOGPKV VGTCMJKT LWUVTW OGPWPLWMMCP MGJKFWRCP 5WNKUOCPVQ OGOCUWMMCP DQNC MG ICYCPI 5/2 0   OGPKV UGDGNWO RGTVCPFKPICP WUCK &KUWUWN 9CPIUKV 9CPIUKV DGTJCUKN OGPIIKTKPI DQNC MG MCPFCPI NCYCP  OGPKV UGDGNWO RGTVCPFKPICP WUCK &GVKMFGVKM MGVGICPICP FKOCPHCCVMCP #PIIC WPVWM OGODKFKMMCPDQNCOGPKVUGDGNWORGTVCPFKPICPWUCK  +FGRQMQM-GOGPCPICP5/20CVCU5/20FCNCORGTVCPFKPICPUGRCMDQNC

    

8QLW2ODK5DJD




Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

163

)CICUCPWVCOCFKCYCNFCPCMJKTRCTCITCH 2GTUKLC ,CMCTVC OCUKJ KPIKP FKRGTDQNGJMCP OGPIIWPCMCP 5VCFKQP )GNQTC $WPI -CTPQ *CN KPK MCTGPC UVCFKQP .GDCM $WNWU FKMCVCMCP VKFCM OGOGPWJK U[CTCV WPVWM MQORGVKUK .KIC 5WRGT  *CP[C DGDGTCRC UVCFKQP [CPI OGOGPWJK U[CTCV UGDCICK VGORCV OGNCPIUWPIMCP .KIC 5WRGT UCNCJ UCVWP[C 5VCFKQP )GNQTC $WPI -CTPQ 0COWP NCTCPICP /GPRQTC OGPIIWPCMCP UVCFKQP KPK OGPLCFK JCODCVCP VGTUGPFKTK 6KFCM CFC UVCFKQP FK ,CMCTVC [CPI OGOGPWJK U[CTCV FK FCGTCJ $CPFWPI $QIQT FCP 6CPIGTCPICRCNCIK1NGJMCTGPCKVW*WOCU2GTUKLC$CTEG0C\CTOCUKJOGPWPIIWK\KP OGPRQTC WPVWM OGPIIWPCMCP 5VCFKQP )GNQTC $WPI -CTPQ UGDCICK MCPFCPI MQORGVKUK     /GPFKUMWUKMCP)CICUCP7VCOC6GMU   $GDGTCRCEQPVQJNGVCMICICUCPWVCOCFKCVCUVGPVWUWFCJMCOWRCJCOK$GTFCUCTMCP MGGORCV RCTCITCH FK CVCU FCRCV FKUKORWNMCP DCJYC CFC GORCV OCECO RCTCITCH DGTFCUCTMCPNGVCMICICUCPWVCOC 2GTVCOC RCTCITCH FGPICP ICICUCP WVCOC FK CYCN RCTCITCH )CICUCP WVCOC FKCYCN RCTCITCHFCRCVDGTCFCFKMCNKOCVUCVWCVCWMCNKOCVFWC-CNKOCVUGNCPLWVP[COGTWRCMCP MCNKOCVRGPLGNCU -GFWC RCTCITCH FGPICP ICICUCP WVCOC FK CMJKT RCTCITCH #TVKP[C NGVCM ICICUCP WVCOC CFCNCJ FK CMJKT RCTCITCH -CNKOCVMCNKOCV UGDGNWOP[C OGTWRCMCP MCNKOCV MCNKOCVRGPLGNCU -GVKIC RCTCITCH FGPICP ICICUCP WVCOC VGTUKTCV 7PVWM OGPGPVWMCP ICICUCP WVCOC RCTCITCH LGPKU KPK FGPICP ECTC OGP[KORWNMCP 5GOWC MCNKOCV FCNCO RCTCITCH LGPKU KPK OGTWRCMCP MCNKOCVMCNKOCV RGPLGNCU ,CFK WPVWM OGPGPVWMCP ICICUCP WVCOC CFCNCJ FGPICPOGP[KORWNMCPMCNKOCVMCNKOCVRGPLGNCU -GGORCV RCTCITCH FGPICP ICICUCP WVCOC FK CYCN FCP FK CMJKT 2CTCITCH LGPKU KPK OGOKNKMKICICUCPWVCOCFKCYCNFCPFKCMJKTRCTCITCH)CICUCPWVCOCFKCMJKTRCTCITCH OGTWRCMCPRGPGMCPCPMGODCNKICICUCPWVCOCFKCYCNFCPDGTHWPIUKUGDCICKRGPIWCV  -GIKCVCPDGTKMWVCFCNCJOGPFKUMWUKMCPICICUCPWVCOCVGMU$GTICDWPINCJFGPICP QTCPIVGOCPOW.CMWMCPMGIKCVCPDGTKMWV   $CECNCJVGMUDGTKMWVFGPICPUCMUCOC



)TCPF2WLK5VGXGP)GTTCTF

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

8QLW2ODK5DJD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

164

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

5WODGT-GFCWNCVCP4CM[CV5GNCUC#RTKNFGPICPRGPIWDCJCP  

,CYCDNCJRGTVCP[CCPRGTVCP[CCPDGTKMWV C /GPICRC%JGNUGCRGPCUCTCPRCFC.KXGTRQQN! D 5KCRCRGOCKPCPFCNCP.KXGTRQQN! E /GPICRCFKCOGPLCFKCPFCNCPFK.KXGTRQQN!

F /GPICRC%JGNUGCKPIKPOGTGDWVRGOCKPCPFCNCP.KXGTRQQN! G $CICKOCPCOGPWTWVOWCRCMCJOGTGDWVRGOCKPNCYCPKVWVKPFCMCP[CPIURQTVKH! H 5KCRCRGOCKPCPFCNCP%JGNUGC! I /GPICRCRGOCKPCPFCNCP.KXGTRQQNFCP%JGNUGCMGOWPIMKPCPVKFCMKMWV DGTVCPFKPI! J #RCMQOGPVCTOWVGTJCFCRUKMCROCUKPIOCUKPIMGUGDGNCUCPVGTUGDWV!    6GPVWMCP ICICUCP WVCOC UGVKCR RCTCITCH VGMU FK CVCU &KUMWUKMCP FGPICP VGOCP UGDCPIMWOW 6WNKULCYCDCPOWFCNCOVCDGNDGTKMWV6WNKUFKDWMWVWICU 2CTCITCH

7TCKCP



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





8QLW2ODK5DJD

)CICUCP 7VCOC 






Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs. 2CTCITCH

165 )CICUCP 7VCOC

7TCKCP

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

8QLW2ODK5DJD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

166

 $GTNCVKJ/GPGOWMCP)CICUCP7VCOC6GMU   $CECNCJVGMUDGTKMWVFCPVGPVWMCPNCJICICUCPWVCOCVGMU 6GMU

6KPVKP$GPP[Ŏ5TKMCPFK)QNHŏ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ŏ;QI[CMCTVC &CTKRKCNCRKCNC[CPIFKRGTQNGJKVWCFCUGDWCJ[CPIVGTIQNQPIEWMWRKUVKOGYC[CKVW RKCNC 1XGTCNN $GUV )TQUU [CPI FKTCKJ FCTK VWTPCOGP IQNH OGORGTKPICVK  VCJWP $24 FK RCFCPI IQNH #FKUWEKRVQ ;QI[CMCTVC VCJWP  -GVKMC FKVGOWK FKTWOCJP[C DGNWO NCOC KPK 6KPVKP $GPP[ OGPICVCMCP UCCV OGTCKJ RKCNC 1XGTCNN $GUV )TQUU YCMVW KVW RGPKNCKCP LWONCJRWMWNCPP[CFKICDWPIMCPFGPICPPKNCKRGOCKPRGOCKPIQNHRTKC[CPIRWP[C

5WODGT-GFCWNCVCP4CM[CV/CTGV 

 6GMU

2CWNQ4WOGTG

/GNGRCU$C[CPIDC[CPI5CPI2CRC -GJQTOCVCP OGODGNC /GTCJ 2WVKJ VCM NCIK UGDCVCU OKORK DCIK 2CWNQ 4WOGTG /GUMK JCTWU DGTUCKPI FGPICP DGDGTCRC PCOC DGUCT UGRCMDQNC 6CPCJ #KT IGNCPFCPI 2GTUKRWTC ,C[CRWTCKPKDGTVGMCFOGORGTLWCPIMCPUGVKCRMGUGORCVCP[CPICFC 5VCVWUUGDCICKRGOCKPFGDWVCPUGORCVOGODWCV2CWNQOKPFGTFCPOGPWVWRFKTKFCTK UGUCOC TGMCP RGNCVPCU ő6CRK EQCEJ $GPP[ &QNNQ OKPVC UC[C LCPICP VCMWV ;CPI RGPVKPI DGTOCKPUGDCKMOWPIMKPCICTVGTRKNKJŒ6WVWTP[C+VWRWNC[CPIOGODWCV2CWNQMKPKNGDKJ UCPVCKFCPOWNCKDKUCOGP[GUWCKMCPFKTK -GOCORWCP DGTOCKP FK DGTDCICK RQUKUK OGPLCFK OQFCN 2CWNQ WPVWM OG[CMKPMCP $GPP[)GNCPFCPIVGTVCJCP2GTUKRWTCKPKLWICOGOKNKMKMGOCORWCPOGPIQ[CMRGTVCJCPCP NCYCP FCP OGPEGVCM IQN $CJMCP RCFC RCTVCK RGTFCPC %QRC +PFQPGUKC  2CWNQ OGPEGVCMFWCIQNMGICYCPI2GTUKFQ&QPIICNCő2CWNQUCPICVDCKMMGVKMCOGP[GTCPIFCTK NKPK MGFWC 7ORCPP[C LWIC VGTWMWTŒ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

8QLW2ODK5DJD


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

167

2CWNQ VKFCM KPIKP FKICPFWNK DC[CPIDC[CPI PCOC DGUCT *GPM[ 4WOGTG *GPIM[ FCP 2CWNQ CFCNCJ C[CJ FCP CPCM /GUMKRWP DGIKVW OGTGMC DGTDGFC /GTGMC JKFWR FK \COCP DGTDGFC /CUKPIOCUKPI OGORWP[CK MGNGDKJCP FCP MGNGOCJCP #[CJ JCP[CNCJ VGORCV OGOKPVCPCUKJCV -GNWCTIC CFCNCJ UGICNCP[C DCIK 2CWNQ &CTK RGPIJCUKNCP UGRCM DQNC KC OCORW OGODGNKMCPTWOCJDCIKQTCPIVWCP[CFCPOGODKC[CKRGPFKFKMCPMGFWCCFKMP[C  ,CYCDNCJRGTVCP[CCPRGTVCP[CCPDGTKMWV  5KCRCVQMQJ[CPIFKDKECTCMCPFCNCOVGMU!  #RCQNCJTCIC[CPIFKIGOCTKVQMQJFCNCOVGMU!  #RCUCLCRTGUVCUKVQMQJFCNCOVGMU!  5KCRCVQMQJ[CPIFKDKECTCMCPFCNCOVGMU!  #RCQNCJTCIC[CPIFKNCMQPKVQMQJFCNCOVGMU!  $CICKOCPCMGOCORWCPDGTOCKPVQMQJFCNCOVGMU!  6GPVWMCPICICUCPWVCOCVGMU  6GPVWMCPICICUCPWVCOCVGMU  -GUKORWNCPCRC[CPIDKUCFKCODKNFCTKMGFWCVGMUFKCVCU!     6WICU4WOCJ       %CTKNCJUGDWCJVGMUFGPICPVGOCQNCJTCIC   6GPVWMCPICICUCPWVCOCVGMU   6CTKMNCJUGDWCJMGUKORWNCPFCTKVGMU[CPIMCOWDCEC      

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171

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182

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184

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186

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

187

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188

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs. -GVKMCJGPFCMOCUWMMGJCNCOCPECPFK UGQTCPIKDWOGOCPIIKNMGVKICCPCMKVW ő5KNCMCPOGPIKUKDWMWVCOWFWNWŒ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ő/GPWTWV ECVCVCP -CNC CFCNCJ RGP LGNOCCP 5[KYC FCNCO CICOC *KPFWŒ WLCTP[C OGPKTWMCP ECVCVCP FCNCO DTQUWT VGPVCPI %CPFK 5KPIJCUCTK [CPI FKDCECP[C ő5GNCKP KVW RCFC ECPFK KPK LWIC VGTFCRCV

189

DGDGTCRC RCVWPI DCVW [CPI KPFCJ DWCVCP P[C&WNWŒ ő&WNW!#RCOCMUWFOW!Œ6CP[C#PVQP 0CPQ OGPICLCM MGFWC VGOCPP[C OG PIKVCTKECPFKUCORCKFKFGRCPTGNWPIECPFK UGDGNCJ WVCTC 5CODKN OGPWPLWM TGNWPI [CPI MQUQPI 0CPQ OGPGTCPIMCP ő&WNW FK TGNWPI WVCTC KPK VGTFCRCV UGDWCJ &WTIC /CJKUCUWTCOCTFKPK ;CKVW CTEC &GYK &WTIC FK CVCU RWPIIWPI DCPVGPI 5GOGP VCTCFKTGNWPIVKOWTCFCCTEC)CPGUJC6CRK UGMCTCPITGNWPITGNWPIKPKMQUQPIŒ ő#TECCTECP[CMGOCPC!Œ6CP[C#PVQP ő&KDCYCMGPGIGTK$GNCPFCRCFCVCJWP CPŒ 0CPQ OGPCTKM VCPICP #PVQP &KCLCMP[C VGOCPP[C KVW OGPIKVCTK NCIK MG TGNWPIUGNCVCP/CTKCPCOGODWPVWVKMGFWC CPCMNCMKNCMKKVW ő;CPIVKPIICNEWOCCTECKPKŒMCVC0CPQ OGPWPLWM MG FCNCO TGNWPI #PVQP FCP /CTKCPCOGORGTJCVKMCPCTECFCNCOTGNWPI KVW 2CVWPI KVW OGPIICODCTMCP UGQTCPI RGPFGVC [CPI DGTLCPIIWV RCPLCPI FCP VGDCN 2CVWPI KVW VKFCM UGORWTPC NCIK .GPICPP[CRCVCJ ő9CJ NGPICPP[C RCVCJŒ UGTW /CTKCPC OGP[C[CPIMCP ő,WUVTW OWPIMKP MCTGPC KVW CTEC KPK VKFCM KMWV FKDCYC MG NWCT PGIGTKŒ UCJWV 0CPQ ő+PKCTECCRC!Œ6CP[C#PVQP ő#TEC)WTW#ICUV[CŒ ő9CJCPCMKPKDGPCTDGPCTVCJWDCP[CM NJQ #PŒ WLCT #PVQP OGPWFKPI 0CPQ UGOGPVCTC OWMCP[C DGTRCNKPI MGC TCJ /CTKCPC ő.JQ MQM JGTCP! #MW MCP 0CPQ #FK #FKV[Q! 0CPQ [CPI LGPKWU UGNCNW VCJW DCP[CMŒMCVC0CPQOGP[QODQPI /CTKCPCOGPFQTQPIDCJW0CPQő6GPVW UCLC MCOW VCJW 5QCNP[C MCOW UWFCJ OGORGNCLCTK MGVGTCPICP VGPVCPI ECPFK KPK -CNCWJCP[CKVWŌCMW[CDKUCŒ 0CPQ OGPIGNCM ő'J MCVCOW VCFK CFC [CPI OGPCOCMCP ECPFK KPK UGDCICK %CPFK -GP &GFGUŒ MCVC /CTKCPC DGDGTCRC UCCV MGOWFKCP ő#RCMCJ MCTGPC FK VGORCV KP KRGTPCJFKVGOWMCPRCVWPI-GP&GFGU!Œ ő6GRCVŒ 0CPQ OGPLGNCUMCP ő&K VGORCV KPK OGOCPI FKVGOWMCP RWNC UGDWCJ RCVWPI YCPKVC ECPVKM /WPIMKP UGMCNK KVW

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190

Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

CFCNCJ -GP FGFGU -GP &GFGU KVW KDWP[C UKCRCUKJ!Å&#x2019; Å&#x2018;#PWUCRCVK 5WFCJ LCPICP DGTNCICM LCFK RCMIWTWÅ&#x2019;UGPVCM/CTKCPCMGUCN.CIKNCIK 0CPQ VGTIGNCM Å&#x2018;2CVWPI -GP &GFGU KVW FKUGDWVRWNCFGPICPPCOC2TCLPCRCTCOKVC #TVKP[C &GYK -GDKLCMUCPCCPÅ&#x2019; UCODWPI 0CPQMGOWFKCP Å&#x2018;5GMCTCPI RCVWPI KVW FK OCPC! *KNCPI LWIC!Å&#x2019;UGNC#PVQP2TK[CVPC Å&#x2018;#TEC [CPI KPFCJ KVW MKPK FKUKORCP FK /WUKWO0CUKQPCN,CMCTVCÅ&#x2019; Å&#x2018;9CJ WPVWPI VKFCM KMWV NGP[CRÅ&#x2019; MCVC /CTKCPCNGIC Å&#x2018;#TEC KVW DKUC FKMCVCMCP UGDCICK JCUKN UGPK [CPI UCPICV KPFCJ 7MKTWMKTCPP[C DCIWUFCPJCNWUÅ&#x2019;MCVC0CPQ Å&#x2018;&CTK OCPC MCOW VCJW! #RC MCOW UWFCJRGTPCJOGNKJCVP[C!Å&#x2019;VCP[C/CTKCPC Å&#x2018;-CVCP[CÅ&#x2019; LCYCD 0CPQ Å&#x2018;-CVCP[C KVW DGTCTVK CMW DGNWO RGTPCJ OGNKJCV FGPICP OCVCMGRCNCUGPFKTK,GNCU!Å&#x2019;0CPQDGTRWTC RWTCOGNQVQV Å&#x2018;*GJGJG Å&#x2014;Å&#x2019; /CTKCPC FCP #PVQP VGT MGMGJOGNKJCVNCICM0CPQ -GVKIC UCJCDCV KVW OGPWTWPK VCPIIC ECPFK /GTGMC OGP[CMUKMCP TGTWPVWJCP CTEC [CPI FKVCVC TCRK FK JCNCOCP UGDGNCJ DCTCV&KUGDWVTGTWPVWJCPMCTGPCCTECCTEC DCVW [CPI VGTFCRCV FK UKVW UWFCJ VKFCM WVWJNCIK#FC[CPIMGRCNCP[CJKNCPI $GDGTCRC MCNK VGTFGPICT /CTKCPC OG PIGNWJ /GP[C[CPIMCP MGCFCCP RCVWPI RCVWPI RWTDCMCNC [CPI OGPICPFWPI UG LCTCJKVW &CTK RKPVW IGTDCPI PCORCM UG TQODQPICP YKUCVCYCP OCUWM /GTGMC LWIC OCW OGNKJCV ECPFK 6KIC QTCPI FK CPVCTC CPIIQVC TQODQPICP KVW VWTKU CUKPI DGTMWNKVRWVKJ6WTKUCUKPI[CPIDTGYQMVCM JGPVKJGPVKP[C OGPLGRTGVMCP MCOGTCP[C MG CTCJ ECPFK 0CPQ OGPICOCVK IGTCM IGTKM VWTKU KVW -GOWFKCP UCODKN OGPQNGJ RCFC MGFWC VGOCPP[C KC DGTMCVC Å&#x2018;;WM MKVCOKPVCFKHQVQ[WMÅ&#x2019; Å&#x2018;*WUUÅ&#x2019; UGPVCM /CTKCPC Å&#x2018;5GRGTVK QTCPI DGNWO RGTPCJ FKRQVTGV UCLC 2GTIKNCJ UGPFKTKÅ&#x2019; UCODWPI #PVQP UCODKN VGTVCYC Å&#x2018;#MW [CMKP QTCPI KVW VGTJGTCPJGTCP OGNKJCV ECPFK 0GPGM OQ[CPIP[C DGNWO

8QLW6HQLGDQ%XGD\D

VGPVW DKUC OGODCPIWP ECPFK UGKPFCJ %CPFK5KPIJCUCTK;CVKFCM!Å&#x2019;WLCT0CPQ Å&#x2018;;C [CÅ&#x2019; UCJWV /CTKCPC OGPFQTQPI DCJW 0CPQ -CTGPC VGTVCTKM QNGJ VKPIMCJ NCMWRCTCYKUCVCYCPKVW0CPQFCPMCYCP MCYCPOGPIKMWVKOGTGMC &K CPVCTC TQODQPICP KVW CFC UGQTCPI RGOCPFW YKUCVC 5GQTCPI RGOWFC [CPI VCJW DCP[CM VGPVCPI ECPFK KVW MGRCFC TQODQPICPP[C -CFCPIMCFCPI FGPICP DCJCUC +PFQPGUKC MCFCPIMCFCPI FGPICP DCJCUC+PIITKU /CTKCPC OGORGTJCVKMCP VKPIMCJ NCMW RGOCPFW YKUCVC KVW &CNCO CPICPCPICP KC OGODC[CPIMCP DGVCRC OGPICU[KMMCP OGPLCFK UGQTCPI RGOCPFW YKUCVC 5G OGPVCTC KVW VWTKU DTGYQM OGORGTJCVKMCP 0CPQ FCP MCYCPMCYCP -GOWFKCP KC OGPICVCMCP UGUWCVW FCNCO DCJCUC +PIITKU RCFC UK RGOCPFW YKUCVC 2GOWFC KVW OGPICPIIWMCPIIWM 5GVGNCJ KVW KC OGPI JCORKTK0CPQFCPMGFWCVGOCPP[C Å&#x2018;$CRCM KVW KPIKP DGTHQVQ FGPICP MCNKCP FCP VGOCPVGOCP -CVCP[C WPVWM MGPCPI MGPCPICP [CPI CMCP FKDCYCP[C MGODCNK MG PGIGTKP[C -CNKCP OCW DWMCP!Å&#x2019; MCVC RGOCPFWYKUCVCUCODKNOGPWPLWMUKVWTKU 0CPQ OGPQNGJ RCFC /CTKCPC FCP #PVQP FCPOGP[GPIKTNWEW Å&#x2018;0CJ MGKPIKPCPOW VGTMCDWNÅ&#x2019; MCVC /CTKCPC 0CPQ VGTMGMGJ 5CODKN OGOCP FCPI RGOCPFW YKUCVC KC OGPLCYCD Å&#x2018;$QNGJÅ&#x2019; Å&#x2018;#[QÅ&#x2019;CLCMRGOCPFWYKUCVC Å&#x2018;6WTKU FCTK OCPC OGTGMC!Å&#x2019; 6CP[C #PVQP Å&#x2018;$GNIKCÅ&#x2019; #PCMCPCM FKRQVTGV FWC MCNK 2GTVCOC FGPICP FWC QTCPI VGOCP VWTKU DTGYQM FK FGRCP DKNKM WVCOC ECPFK -GFWC OGTGMC DGTUCOC UK VWTKU DTGYQM FK FGRCP TGNWPI WVCTC2GOCPFWYKUCVC[CPIOGOQVTGV Å&#x2018;0CJ UGVGNCJ KPK DGTCTVK MKVC CMCP UCORCKFK$GNIKCÅ&#x2019;MCVC0CPQUGWUCKFKHQVQ Å&#x2018;6CRK HQVQP[C UCLCÅ&#x2019; UCJWV #PVQP VGT IGNCM Å&#x2018;6JCPM [QW VJCPM [QWÅ&#x2019; MCVC 2CM $TGYQM OGPIWECRMCP VGTKOC MCUKJ UCODKN OGPGRWMPGRWMDCJW0CPQ Å&#x2018;6GPIMKWMGODCNKÅ&#x2019;UCJWV0CPQFGPICP NCICM[CPIOGODWCVQTCPIVGTVCYCIGNK


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs. Å&#x2018;#[Q CJÅ&#x2019; CLCM /CTKCPC UGVGNCJ RWCU DGTECPFC FGPICP DCRCM VWTKU FCP RG OCPFWYKUCVCP[C -GOWFKCP MGVKIC UCJCDCV KVW OGPWTWPK VCPIIC ECPFK 0CPQ OGNCODCKMCP VCPICP RCFC 2CM $TGYQM [CPI VGTP[CVC UGPCPI DGTECPFCKVW Å&#x2018;5WFCJEWMWRMCP!Å&#x2019;VCP[C#PVQP#PCM KVW OGPFQPICM OGOCPFCPI MG CTCJ OCVCJCTK [CPI JCORKT OGNGYCVK ICTKU VGPICJECMTCYCNC Å&#x2018;;CC[QRWNCPIÅ&#x2019;CLCM/CTKCPC 0CPQ OGPICPIIWM /GTGMC VGPICJ DGTLCNCPMGCTCJRKPVWIGTDCPIMGVKMCVKDC VKDC 0CPQ OGPCJCP NGPICP VGOCPVGOCP P[C 2CPFCPICP 0CPQ VGTVWLW RCFC FWC QTCPI NCMKNCMK [CPI DCTW OGNGYCVK RKPVW RCICTECPFKMGFWCP[COGPGPVGPIJGNO Å&#x2018;#FCCRC0Q!Å&#x2019;VCP[C#PVQP Å&#x2018;$CPI1NQPÅ&#x2019;LCYCD0CPQRGTNCJCP

191

Å&#x2018;$CPI 1NQP! 2GTCPVCTC [CPI UGNCNW OGPIGTGEQMKPGPGMOW!Å&#x2019;VCP[C#PVQPNCIK Å&#x2018;;CÅ&#x2019; $CPI 1NQP FCP NCMKNCMK MCYCPP[C OGNGYCVK CPCMCPCM 0COWP KC VKFCM OG PIGPCNK 0CPQ +VW DKUC FKOCMNWOK MCTGPC RGTLWORCCPP[C FGPICP 0CPQ FK TWOCJ 0GPGM 2CTVK UGVGNCJ MGTKDWVCP KVW JCP[C DGTNCPIUWPIUGMKNCU /CTKCPCJGPFCMOGPGTWUMCPRGTLCNCPCP MGNWCTECPFK0COWP0CPQOGPCJCPP[C Å&#x2018;6WPIIW#PÅ&#x2019; Å&#x2018;#RC [CPI CMCP MCW NCMWMCP!Å&#x2019; VCP[C /CTKCPCDGTDCNKM 0CPQVKFCMOGPLCYCD&KCLCMP[CMGFWC VGOCPP[C DGTFKTK FK VGORCV [CPI VGFWJ 5GOGPVCTC KVW RCPFCPICPP[C VKFCM VGT NGRCUNGRCUOGORGTJCVKMCP$CPI1NQP

&YKCPVQ5GV[CYCP6TKQPC-CUWU.WMKUCP%CPFK 

  

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Å&#x2018;-GVKIC UCJCDCV KVW OGPWTWPK VCPIIC ECPFK /GTGMC OGP[CMUKMCP TGTWPVWJCP CTEC [CPI FKVCVC TCRK FK JCNCOCP UGDGNCJ DCTCV &KUGDWV TGTWPVWJCP MCTGPC CTECCTEC DCVW [CPI VGTFCRCV FK UKVW UWFCJ VKFCM WVWJNCIK#FC[CPIMGRCNCP[CJKNCPIÅ&#x2019; %QPVQJ MWVKRCP FK CVCU OGPIIWPCMCP UWFWV RCPFCPI QTCPI MGVKIC VGTDCVCU &KMCVCMCP OGPIIWPCMCP UWFWV RCPFCPI QTCPI MGVKIC VGTDCVCU MCTGPC RGPWNKU CVCW PCTCVQT JCP[C OGPEGTKVCMCP CVCW OGNCRQTMCP UGUWCVW [CPI FKCNCOK CVCW FKNCMWMCP VQMQJUCLC

8QLW6HQLGDQ%XGD\D


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

192

$GTICDWPINCJFGPICPVGOCPOW,CYCDNCJRGTVCP[CCPRGTVCP[CCPDGTKMWV&GPICP OGPLCYCD RGTVCP[CCP FK DCYCJ KPK DGTCTVK MCOW UWFCJ OGPECTK FCP OGPGPVWMCP WPUWTKPVTKPUKM C 5KCRCUCLCMCJVQMQJFCNCODWMWEGTKVCCPCM6TKQPC-CUWU.WMKUCP%CPFK! D $CICKOCPCYCVCMVQMQJVQMQJFCNCODWMWEGTKVCCPCM6TKQPC-CUWU.WMKUCP%CPFK! E $CICKOCPCTCPIMCKCPRGTKUVKYC CNWT [CPIFKCNCOKRCTCVQMQJ! F &KOCPCNCVCTEGTKVCCPCM6TKQPC-CUWU.WMKUCP%CPFK! G #RCCOCPCV[CPIVGTEGTOKPFCNCOEGTKVCFKCVCU! H #RCVGOCDCIKCPEGTKVCCPCM6TKQPC-CUWU.WMKUCP%CPFK! I 6GPVWMCPUWFWVRCPFCPIRGPICTCPIFCNCODCIKCPEGTKVCCPCMFKCVCU!

 

2TGUGPVCUKMCPNCJJCUKNFKUMWUKOW/KPVCNCJMGNQORQMNCKPWPVWMOGPCPIICRK





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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

193

 &KUMWUKMCPFGPICPVGOCPOWTGCNKVCUMGJKFWRCPCPCM[CPIVGTEGTOKPFCNCORGVKMCP EGTKVCCPCMFKCVCU 6WNKUFKDWMWVWICUOWFCNCODGPVWMVCDGN 7PUWT+PVTKPUKM    

            

2GVKMCP    

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

206

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207

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211

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215

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217

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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

219

GLOSARIUM amatir

: kegiatan yang dilakukan atas dasar kesenangan dan bukan untuk memperoleh nafkah, misalnya orang yang bermain musik, melukis, menari, bermain tinju, sebagai kesenangan.

ambang

: tingkat

berita

: cerita atau keterangan mengenai kejadian atau peristiwa yang hangat; kabar

biografi

: riwayat hidup seseorang yang ditulis oleh orang lain

bordes

: tangga untuk naik ke pintu kereta api

cerita

: karangan yang menuturkan perbuatan, pengalaman, atau penderitaan orang; kejadian dan sebagainya baik yang sungguh-sungguh terjadi maupun yang hanya rekaan belaka

degradasi devisa

: kemunduran, kemerosotan, penurunan : alat pembayaran luar negeri yang dapat ditukar dengan uang luar negeri

diagram

: gambaran (buram, sketsa) untuk memperlihatkan atau menerangkan sesuatu

dialog

: percakapan

domisili dongeng

: tempat tinggal resmi : cerita yang tidak benar-benar terjadi (terutama tentang kejadian zaman dulu yang aneh-aneh)

frustasi gaplek

: rasa kecewa akibat kegagalan di dalam mengerjakan sesuatu atau akibat tidak berhasil dalam mencapai suatu cita-cita : ubi kayu yang telah dikupas dan dikeringkan

hipnotis

: membuat orang berada dalam keadaan seperti tidur karena sugesti

indikator inovasi

: sesuatu yang dapat memberikan petunjuk atau keterangan : penemuan baru yang berbeda dari yang sudah ada atau yang sudah dikenal sebelumnya (gagasan, metode, atau alat)

kalimat

: satuan bahasa yang secara relatif berdiri sendiri, mempunyai pola intonasi final dan secara aktual ataupun potensial terdiri atas klausa : buku yang memuat kumpulan istilah atau nama yang disusun menurut abjad beserta penjelasan tentang makna dan pemakaiannya

kamus kawah kinesik

: bagian puncak gunung berapi yang dilewati bahan letusan berbentuk lekukan besar : ilmu tentang pemakaian gerak tubuh, tangan, muka, dan sebagainya sebagai bagian dari proses komunikasi

kolumnis

: orang yang secara tetap menulis artikel di koran atau majalah

komentar

: ulasan atau tanggapan atas berita, pidato (untuk menerangkan atau menjelaskan)

kompetisi

: persaingan

komunikasi

: pengiriman dan penerimaan pesan atau berita antara dua orang atau lebih sehingga pesan yang dimaksud dapat dipahami; perhubungan

konfigurasi

: bentuk; wujud

konkret

: benar-benar ada

kontribusi

: sumbangan


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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs

misi

: tugas yang dirasakan orang sebagai suatu kewajiban untuk melakukannya demi agama, ideologi, patriotisme, dan sebagainya

motivasi

: dorongan yang timbul dari diri seseorang secara sadar atau tidak sadar untuk melakukan suatu tindakan dengan tujuan tertentu

natural objek

: alamiah : hal, perkara, atau orang yang menjadi pokok pembicaraan

panorama

: pemandangan alam yang bebas dan luas

pantun

: bentuk puisi Indonesia (Melayu), tiap bait biasanya terdiri atas 4 baris yang bersajak a-b-a-b, tiap larik biasanya terdiri atas 4 kata, baris pertama dan baris kedua biasanya untuk tumpuan sajak dan baris ketiga dan keempat merupakan isi

paragraf pendapat

: bagian bab dalam suatu karangan (biasanya mengandung satu ide pokok dan penulisannya dimulai dengan garis baru); alinea : kesimpulan sesudah mempertimbangkan, menyelidiki, dan lain sebagainya

peraga

: alat media pembelajaran untuk memperagakan sajian pembelajaran

pesan

: amanat

prioritas profesi

: yang didahulukan dan diutamakan dari pada yang lain : bidang pekerjaan yang dilandasi pendidikan keahlian

profil

: ikhtisar yang memberikan fakta tentang hal-hal khusus

register ronde

: buku catatan atau daftar yang disusun secara bersistem dan menurut abjad : babak pada pertandingan tinju

spontan

: serta-merta

stalagtit

: batangan kapur yang terdapat pada langit-langit gua dengan ujung meruncing ke bawah : orang yang memberi pengarahan dan bertanggung jawab terhadap atas masalah artistik dan teknis dalam pementasan drama, pembuatan film

sutradara target

: sasaran yang telah ditetapkan untuk dicapai

teoretis

: menurut teori

tiwul

: penganan yang dibuat dari tepung gaplek, diberi gula sedikit, kemudian dikukus, dapat dimakan bersama kelapa parut yang telah diberi garam sedikit

transisi

: peralihan dari keadaan

turnamen ultimatum

: pertandingan yang diikuti oleh beberapa regu : peringatan atau tuntutan yang terakhir dengan diberi batas waktu untuk menjawabnya


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

INDEKS Amatir 175 Ambang 155 Bordes 180 Degradasi 4 Devisa 5 Domisili 176 Eksis 4 Frustasi 157 Gaplek 181 Handytalky 185 Hipnotis 175 Karier 124 Kolumnis 124 Kompetisi 3, 5 Komunikasi 179 Konfigurasi 97 Konkret 4 Kontribusi 4, 6 Milis 111 Misi 14 Motivasi 111, 112, 115 Natural 176 Objek 47,54 Olimpiade 3, 4,5,6 Panorama 52 Pelaminan 185 Peraga 81,83,85,96 Performa 157 Prioritas 8 Profesi 125, 127, 129,132 Profil 136,137 Register 97 Ronde 3,5 Souvenir 47 Spontan 118,120 Stalagtit 47 Sutradara 137 Target 157 Teoretis 8 Tiwul 181,182,184 Tour 52 Transisi 156 Trekking 52,53 Turnamen 160,166 Ultimatum 14

221


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Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs

DAFTAR GAMBAR Gambar 1.1. Kihajar Dewantara, swaramuslim.com/, halaman 1. Gambar 1.2. Headline News Metro TV, bluearticuno.blgsome. com/, halaman 3. Gambar 1.3. Peserta WIZMIC Foto Bersama, India 2007, http://financemanila. Net, halaman 3. Gambar 1.4. Buyung, Tunanetra berprestasi sedang membuka rekening di BRI Payakumbuh, Sumatera Barat, www. Kickandi.com/, halaman 7. Gambar 1.5. Bung Tomo sedang berorasi, http://riokrismawan.wordpress.com/, halaman 14. Gambar 2.1. Kawah Gunung Berapi yang menyembur keluar, http// www. Dephut. Go.id, halaman 25. Gambar 2.2. Kawah Gunung PAtuha, http://images.geogle. Co.id halaman 33. Gambar 3.1. Peta Pariwisata Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, http://wwwâ&#x20AC;? bakosurtanal. Go.id/, halaman 45. Gambar 3.2. Air Terjun Bantimurung, http: www: sulsel. Go. Id/tips pariwisata tips, halaman 47. Gambar 3.3. Salah satu kelompok peserta lomba parade tari, halaman 50. Gambar 3.4 . Sunrise dari Puncak Bukit Tugel, http://nezco.wordpress.com/2007, halaman 52. Gambar 3.5. Salah satu Bangunan Candi Boko, halaman 52. Gambar 4.1. Lingkungan Alam yang Terjaga, halaman 61. Gambar 5.1. Siswa Kelas 7B SMP Muhammadiyah 2 Depok sedang belajar di kelas, halaman 81. Gambar 6.1. Dokter sedang Melakukan Proses Operasi, http://joyokusumo. files.wordpress.com/2007/08/mama-gia-operasi.jpg, halaman 109. Gambar 7.1. Juara Umum Lomba Matematika Himadikmatika Tahun 2002, Sumber: http://picasaweb.google.com/smpdasus/DasusPrestasi, halaman 135. Gambar 8.1. Berlatih Bulutangkis, Sumber: www.bulutangkis.com/mod.php, halaman 153. Gambar 9.1. Kesenian Reog Ponorogo, com/2007, halaman 173.

Sumber:

http://risko12057054.files.wordpress.-

Gambar 10.1. Pasar Terapung, Sumber: http://www.pasar-indonesia.ch/index, halaman 195.


Bahasa Indonesia Jendela Ilmu Pengetahuan Kelas VII SMP/MTs.

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