Page 1

Dynamic Create charismatic environments using the elements and principles of design

h"p://www.pinterest.com/pin/233202086928114979/ Â


http://www.pinterest.com/pin/233202086928278992/

Elements Of Design

6

Line

7

Texture

11

Light

15

Color

19

Space

23

Shape

27

Form

31

Principles of Design

Letter From Editor Pg. 3

36

Balance

37

Harmony

42

Emphasis

45

Mass

48

Scale

58

Proportion

55

Rhythm

52

Design Thesis Pg. 4


Letter From the Editor

My name is Madeline Pettit and I grew up   in   the   City   of   Richmond   with   in   a   part   of   the   city   referred   to   as   Ginter   Park.   The   house   we   lived   in   is   to   this   day   one   of   my   favorite   places   on   planet   earth   and   inspires   me   constantly.   The   house   was   built  in  mid  1800’s,  and  decorated  and   furnished   with   as   many   anLques   my   parents   could   get   their   hands   on,   every   room   featured   different   color.   This  house  is  the  reason  I  have  such  a   love  for  beauLful  old  houses.    I  spent   all  of  my  life  in  Virginia  unLl  I  came  to   North  Carolina  to  a"end  East  Carolina   University.   Though   I   love   North   Carolina   I   am   very   passionate   about   my  Virginia  roots.    

3


Design Thesis

I have always possessed a love of vibrant patterns and colors. I believe that they are a major contributor to what makes the world a more visually interesting place. Along with my love of pattern and color, there is a large place in my heart for antiques. I conclude that by pairing these three things with some modern elements as well one is able to create dynamic and interesting environments. However the most important factor in that equation is the elements and principles of design.

4 Â


5


ELEMENTS of Design h"p://www.pinterest.com/pin/233202086928299963/

h"p://www.aUcmag.com/2009/09/plummy-­‐dark-­‐rooms/

6


LINE

7


Curved lines   have   have   a   graceful   and   subtle  effect  on  a  room.  They  can  provide   relief   and   soWness   from   simply   straight   lines.  They  have  a  quality  about  them  that   makes   them   easy   on   the   eyes   and   pleasing  to    view.       Trying  to  create  a  more   visually  interesLng   space?  Try  using  both   curved  and  straight   lines,  for  it  creates   complexity  and  adds   interest.    

8


Vertical Lines 9

VerLcal lines   have   an   effect   on   how   spaces   are   perceived.   They   are   used   to   visually   lengthen   the   look   of   a   room   or   object.   Not   only   can  lines  visually  alter  how  a  room   is   perceived,   but   they   also   have   psychological   effects   on   a   room.   VerLcal  lines  generate  a  feeling  of   strength,   simplicity,   and   most   of   all  height.  


Horizontal Lines Lines   have   a   great   affect   on   how   one   perceives   spaces.  Horizontal  lines  do   so   by   making   things   appear   wider   than   they   might   actually   be.   When   aiming   to   create   a   calm   environment,   one   could   do   so   through   the   applicaLon   of   horizontal   lines   for   they   suggest   rest   and  stability.    

h"p://www.pinterest.com/pin/233202086928233215/

10


Texture

11


Sur face Quality Texture refers  to  the  surface   quality  of  objects,  and  every   surface  has  a  texture  weather  it   be  rough  or  smooth.  They  can  be   perceived  by  either  touch  or   sight.      Textures  have  the  ability   to  add  much  visual  interest  in  an   environment.  By  combing   different  textures  one  can  have   variety  and  create  a    more   visually  and  tacitly  interesLng   and  dynamic  environment.    

12


Reflective

Like all   object   have   a   surface   texture,   each   texture   has   a   surface   quality   that   effects   light  reflecLon.    Smooth,  Shiny   surfaces  such  as  glass,  mirrors,   metals,  highly  polished  woods   reflect   more   light   than   rough   and  dull  textures  like  stone  or   brick.   When   working   with   an   environment   with   a   strong   natural   light   source   one   can   add  reflecLve  elements  to  the   space   to   really   emphasize   the   light.        

13


NON REFLECTIVE SURFACES Rugs are  a  great  example  of   a  non  reflec4ve  surface,  and   they  play  a  very  large  role  in   environments   for   they   can   define   environments   and   fill   up   the   nega4ve   spaces   in   room  .     When  choosing  the  right  rug   for  your  space  be  sure  to   look  at  all  the  op4ons  for   there  are  vast  amounts  of   fabrics,  pa@erns,  and  colors   that  can  be  incorporated  to   match  the  room  one  is   working  with.    

14


Light

15 9  


Table Lighting

Portable lighLng   such   as   table   lights   can   both   purely   funcLonal,  decoraLve  or  both.  They  shine  light  upward  and   downwards   creaLng   ambient   light   to   illuminate   a   small   area.  Light  sources  play  large  role  in  interior  spaces,  which   is  why  it  is  important  to  put  though  into  what  light  source   is   right   for   the   environment.   By   choosing   a   light   with   and   interesLng   base   or   lamp   shade   one   can   add   to   overall   aestheLc   quality   of   the   room.     Beaded   and   stained   glass   lamp   shades   add   a   whole   other   quality   to   the   room   for   when   they   are   turned   on   not   only   do   they   project   color   they   also   project   interesLng   pa"erns   onto   the   walls   and   ceiling   which   can   aide   in   the   creaLng   a   dynamic   environment.     By Choosing Lamps with beaded shades, one can create dynamic environments through the colors and patterns they project on their surroundings

16


Natural Light Natural Light   has   a   way   of   enhancing   the   beauty   of   every   interior.     It   consists   of   pure   natural   sunlight   that   shines   through  windows  lighLng  up  the   interior   of   a   room   through   out   the   day.     Natural   light   can   be   enhanced   by   using   white,   paler   colors   and   reflecLve   surfaces.   When   choosing   the   colors   that   will  be  used  in  the  room  it  is  very   important   to   take   into   consideraLon   the   amount   of   natural   light   that   the   room   receives.    

17


Ambient Lighting Ambient lighLng   provides   an   area   or   a   space   with   overall  illuminaLon.  It  can  be  accomplished  through   chandeliers,  recessed  or  track  lights,  ceiling  or  wall   mounted   fixtures;   such   as   ceiling   fans,   like   the   ones   seen  below.      

h"p://www.pinterest.com/pin/233202086927616188/

Jazz up your ceiling fan blades by adding rhinestones to add some sparkle to your space and project interesting patterns around the 18 room.


19


Analogous Analogous color   schemes   are   produced   from   colors     that   are   adjacent   to   each   other   on   the   color   wheel.   As   a   designer   by   using   an   analogous   color   scheme   it   is   easy   to     create  the  feeling  of  harmony  with  in   an  environment  for  you  can  achieve  a   close   relaLonship   between     a   large   variety  of  values  and  intensiLes      

For example both of the rooms pictures were created using an analogous color scheme that ranged from redviolet to yellow.

20


Monochromatic MonochromaLc color   schemes  are  formed  from   one  single  hue,  but  uLlize  a   range  of  different  values  and   different  intensiLes.  They   have  a  way  of  creaLng  a   feeling  of  unity  with  in  a   space.     21  

h"p://www.pinterest.com/pin/233202086928461685/


Complementary or   contrasLng   color   schemes   are   oWen   used   because   they   can   offer   a   lot   of   variety.   It   is   a   color   scheme   composed  directly  of  colors  that  are   directly   opposite   of   each   other   on   the  color  wheel.  And  example  being   orange  and    blue  or  red  and  green.   With   the   two   contrasLng   colors   placed   side   by   side   they   enhance   each   other   which   can   create   a   powerful   and   charismaLc   environment  

h"p://www.pinterest.com/pin/233202086928461888/

22


space

23 Â


Crowding Territorially

The Term  crowding  defines  where  in  an  area   people  are  grouped  together  in  restricted  areas.   It  refers  to  a  space  where  people  are  meant  to   gather,  like  dining  rooms,  family  rooms,   breakfast  nooks  in  kitchens.     h"p://www.pinterest.com/pin/233202086928569064/  

24


Negative Space The negaLve  space  with  in  a  room   consists  of  the  spaces  that  are  not   occupied  by  furniture  that  then  turn   into  lanes  of  traffic  or  pathways    that   allot  for    people  to  move  through  out   the  space.  

The NegaLve  space  with  in  the   pictures  is  the  area  surrounding   the  table  that  is  void  of  furniture,   which  the  arrows  point  out.      

25


Positive Space

The posiLve  space  of  a  room  is   any  area  that  is  occupied  by   furniture,  as  one  can  see   demonstrated  in  this  room.   26  


shape

27 h"p://www.pinterest.com/pin/233202086928349869/  


By combining different geometric shapes, as seen in the pillows to the left, one is able to add an element of variety, and complexity to the space

A shape  can  be  defined  as  an  enclosed  area  created   by  line,  texture,  color,  or  even  and  area  enclosed  by   other   shapes.   Everywhere   one   turns   geometric   shapes   can   be   found   with   in   any   type   of   environment.     As   illustrated   by   the   geometric   shapes   discovered   with   in   the   face   of   a   clock,   artwork   hanging   on   a   wall,   or   the   mere   pain   of   a   window.    

28


29

h"p://www.pinterest.com/pin/233202086928450293/


Natural shapes  are  commonly  found   with  in  nature,  however  in  no  way   are  they  limited  to  that.  These   shapes  found  with  in  nature  oWen   serve  as  inspiraLon  and  therefore   can  be  found  in  many  man  made   items.  They  have  a  different  type  of   effect  on  space,  verses  that  of  the   geometric,  or  organic  shape.  

30


31


GEOMETRIC A form  is  any  3   dimensional   composiLon  or   object.  Geometric   form  is  the  most   the  common  type   of  form  and  can  be   seen  almost  any   where  you  go.     With  in  this  space  a   basic  form  can  be   seen,  in  the  oval  of   the  coffee  table.    

32


Natural Form is often inspired by natures own designs.  

h"p://www.pinterest.com/pin/233202086928450311/

Natural from  creates  a  bridge  between  interior   and  outdoor  environments,  in  a  way  providing   the  best  of  both  worlds.  I  believe  it  to  be  the   most  beauLful  and  graceful  type  of  form.  Also   providing  a  tranquil  energy  to  the  space   33  


Abstract

from consists only of intrinsic from, with minimal to no attempt at realistic representation. It is visually intriguing and adds to the overall interest of an environment.   34  


Principles Of Design h"p://www.pinterest.com/pin/233202086928299963/ Â

h"p://www.pinterest.com/pin/233202086928191979/ Â

36


Balance

37 Â

h"p://www.pinterest.com/pin/233202086928569061/ Â


Visual Symmetry As demonstrated   in   the   image   below   symmetrical   balance   is   created   through   repeLLon,   by   arranging     idenLcal   objects   on   either   side   of   the   dividing   line,   almost  like  creaLng  a  mirror  image.    With  the  night   stand  acLng  as  the  dividing  line,  each  side  is  nearly   idenLcal   from   the   radial   design   above   the   headboard,   to   the   ballet   shoes   hanging   from   the   footboard.   Balance   such   as   this   brings   a   sense   of   order  to  an  environment  

h"p://www.pinterest.com/pin/233202086928450392/

38


Asymmetrical balance  is   achieved  through  contrast.    It   involves  the    placement  of   objects  with  varying  visual   weights,  in  away  that  is  will   allow  the  objects  to  balance  one   another  around  a  specific  point.   Asymmetrical  balance  is  more   casual  while  at  the  same  Lme   more  interesLng  and  dynamic   than  symmetrical  balance  

39


The two  matching  arches   on  either  side  of  the  room   create  structural   symmetry.  The  Line  of   symmetry  being  right   down  the  center  line  of   the  book  case.    

h"p://www.pinterest.com/pin/233202086928569126/

40


Harmony

41 Â


Unity Through

Line

Achieving harmony involves the selection or design of elements that share a common trait. In this case the trait is line.

Harmony is   this   room   can   be   seen   through   the   use   of   line   throughout   the   enLre   environment.   There   are   strong   verLcal   and   horizontal   lines   within   the   bookcase.   The   verLcal   lines   are   echoed   with  in  the  fabric  of  the  chair,  while  horizontal  lines  can  also  be  seen   with   in   the   blinds   on   the   window.   Through   the   use   of   all   of   these   lines  it  creates  a  visually  sLmulaLng  and  harmonious  environment   42  


With in   this   room,   the   colors,   Maroon,   Magenta,   Golden   Yellow,   and   Orange   are   used   consistently   throughout   the   space   with   in   a   variety   of   different   objects.     This   creates   a   harmony   via   unity   through   color.   In   addiLon   these   colors   have   a   warming   and   energeLc   effect  on  the  room  

43

UNITY THROUGH COLOR


Rectangles are  common  shapes  than  can  be   found  in  all  types  of  environments.  With  in  this   space  we  can  see  the  unity  that  is  created   through  shape,  via  the  collage  of  pictures,   rectangular  in  shape  that  is  hanging  on  the   wall.     44  


Emphasis

45 Â


Focal Point Structural

When  creaLng  a  focal  point  it  is   important  to  have  furniture  that   will  lead  the  observers  eye  to  the   intended  focal  point.  The  chairs   with  in  the  image  act  as  frame  to              the  focal  point  and              draw  you  eye  straight              into  the  focal  point,                which  is  the  fire  place                and  intricate  collage.  

h"p://www.pinterest.com/pin/233202086928574358/

46


Focal Point

Visual

Emphasis in   a   room   refers   to   the   focal   point   and   supporLve   furnishings   that   work   together   to   create   the   center   of   a"enLon.   The   focal   point   should   be   placed   at   the   head   of   the   room,   and   be   one   of   the   largest   pieces   with   in   the   room,   like   it   is   in   the   picture  below  

47

h"p://www.pinterest.com/pin/233202086928574410/


mass

48 Â


Actual Density

This beauLful   upholstered  couch  is   a  wonderful  example   of  actual  density,  for   it  is  a  solid  volume   and  doesn't  have  any   crevices  like  opLcally   dense  objects  due.       49  


OPTICAL DENSITY OpLcal Density   is   a   type   of   visual   density   that   can   be   witnessed   when   an   object   appears   dense   and   heavy,   but   in   reality   its   an   illusion.   Book   shelves   being   a   good   example   for   while   they   do   take   up   a   large   amount   of   space  with  in  the  room,  they  leave  open  space  on  their   shelves  for  one  to  store  things.    

Other Examples: Cabinetry Trunks Armoires

50


rhythm

51


Repetition is Rhythm established by the harmonious recurrence of elements like color, pattern, texture, line, light, form.

52 Â


Contrasting Rhythm One can   create   a   contrasLng   rhythm   simply   by   placing   two   objects   in   opposiLon   of   one   another,   like   the   two   pillows  composed  of  contrasLng  shapes.  OpposiLon  can   also   be   implied   by   contrasts   in   from,   pa"ern,   color,   etcetera  .  

53


Transitional Rhythm TransiLonal Rhythm  tends  to  flow  smoother,  where  your  eye  naturally   glides  from  one  area  to  another.  The  most  common  transiLon  through   the  use  of  curved  line  to  gently  lead  the  eye.    

With in this room you can see transitional rhythm through the smooth curved line with in the table.

54


proportion

55 Â

h"p://www.pinterest.com/pin/179651472606969409/ Â


h"p://www.pinterest.com/pin/233202086928574406/

ProporLon encompasses   the   the   relaLonship   of   an   object   in   comparison  to  another  object  or  space,  over  size.  It  is  more  specifically   is  the  RelaLon  of  size  between  and  object  and  its  parts.  ProporLon  can   be   witnessed   all   through   out   this   room,   for   one   there   is   not   more   negaLve   space   than   there   is   furniture.     Also   proporLon   can   be   seen   with  in  the  book  shelves  and  the  books  displayed  on  them.  

Proportional Space

56


Un-proportional Space This living  room  is  an  example  of  an  un-­‐proporLonal  space.  The   size   of   the   furniture   in   the   room   in   comparison     to   the   amount   of   negaLve   space   with   in   the   room   is   a   indicator   of   how   un-­‐ proporLonal  it  is.  

57

h"p://starvenmarven.files.wordpress.com/2011/08/p1070509.jpg


scale

58


HUMAN SCALE With out  consideraLon  of   scale,  most  parLcularly   human  scale,  our  every  day   lives  would  be  more   difficult.  Human  scale  is   used  first  and  foremost  to   spot  light  the  accessibility   of  furniture  used  by  the   average  person.  For   example  chairs  have  been   scaled  to  fit  the  human   body  

59


Symbolic scale To best  explain   Symbolic  Scale,   imagine  a  scaled   miniature  model  of   any  object,   building,  or   environment.  For   example  this   realisLc  looking   piano  music  box  is   an  example  of   symbolic  scale.  It  is   proporLonal  with   in  itself,  the  keys   being  proporLonal   to  the  size  of  the   piano.  It  even   houses  things  that   are  of  proporLonal   size.  However  in   reality  and   compared  to   human  scale  it  is   very  small.    

60


References All pictures  not  labeled  with  links  in  magazine  were  taken  by  Madeline   PeUt  in  these  ciLes:     The images can be found on these pages. Richmond VA:  15,  42,  48,  49,  50,  51,  54,  59.   R aleigh, NC:    12,  13,  14,  17,18,  22,  25,  26,  28,  30,  31,  39,  52,  53. Gr eenville, NC: 7,  8,  9,  10,  11,  12,  16,  19,  20,  23,  30,  32,  34,  41,  43,   44,  45,  59,  60.  

Dynamic  
Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you