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Madeline Nero Portfolio Pratt Institute GAUD ++

CONTENTS 01 ����������������������������������������������Visitors Center, El Yunque Rainforest Alexandra Barker | Spring 2011 02 ��������������������������������������������������������������Lumina:City Elderly Housing Craig Konyk | Fall 2010 03 ���������������������POPS Space (Privately +Owned +Public +Space) Alexandra Barker | Fall 2009 04 ������������������������������������������������Port Authority of Cagliari, Sardegna Ludovica Tramontin l Fall 2011 05 �������������������������������������������������������FAX NY: Farming Extreme in NY Sulan Kolatan I Spring 2012

VISITOR’S CENTER EL YUNQUE NATIONAL RAINFOREST, PUERTO RICO El Yunque’s new visitor’s center is a place of exhibition and education, featuring a gallery space, a small auditorium, administrative offices and a café. Visitors enter the site at ground level. As the building progresses along its horizontal trajectory, due to the site’s sloping terrain, the visitor experiences the changing elevation of the forest. An extended ramp leads the guest up to the mezzanine café, where the building pierces the thick canopy, revealing the extensive view of the lower elevations of the rainforest and the distant harbor.

Site ����������������������������������������������������������������������� El Yunque, Puerto Rico Professor ���������������������������������������������������������������������� Alexandra Barker Team ���������������������������������������������������� Jeffrey Autore, Christian Strom Consultants: Structural ����������������������������������������������������������������������������Matthew Clark Facade �������������������������������������������������������������������������������Sameer Kumar Landscape �����������������������������������������������������������������������������Elliott Maltby Environment ����������������������������������������������������������������� Mattew Flannery Course ��������������������������������������������� ARCH704: Design Studio IV: CAP Semester �������������������������������������������������������������������������������� Spring 2011 Timeline ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 12 Weeks

Prevailing Winds


Wind Frequency (Hrs)

Location: San Juan L M Marin Intl Ap, PRI (18.4°, -66.0°) 330° Date: 1st January - 31st December Time: 00:00 - 24:00


50 km/h



698+ 30°

628 558

40 km/h




418 349

30 km/h 300°



209 139

20 km/h

<69 285°


10 km/h










150° 195°



Average Annual Wind Direction, El Yunque National Forest


Puerto Rico Mean Annual Precipitation, 1971-2000

The proposed site for the new visitor’s center for Puerto Rico’s expansive rainforest lies in the heart of the vibrant Palo Colorado section. At +2000 feet above sea level, this area of the forest contains three distinct strata of flora and fauna created by the canopy of trees, the understory, and the emergent growth above. The site maintains a comfortable temperature and humidity throughout the year with steady cooling breezes from the trade winds out of the east. Rainfall averages 130170 inches per year.

130”-170” 90”-130” 50”-90” 30”-50”

El Yunque National Forest: 130-170 in/year



Site Average Temperature: 710 F Visitor’s Center Site Elevation: +2000ft

Temperature. F

77.5 75.0 72.5 71.0 70.0 67.5 67.0

Jan- Mar- May- Jul - Sep Feb Apr Jun Aug Oct


El YunqueMonths Average Annual Temperatures El Yunque Average Temperatures

Dwarf Forest Elevation: +3000ft

Palo Colorado Forest Elevation: +2000ft

Sierra Palm Forest Elevation: +1500ft

Tabonuco Forest Elevation: < 2000ft

Digital Model of Column Structure

Study Model of Column Structure

Conceptual Sketches of Column Structure

North Facade Rendering

Mezzanine Level +11’-0” Entry Level 0-0” Lower Level - 13-0”

Longitudinal Section

Canopy Boundary

Mezzanine Level +11’-0” Entry Level 0-0”

Understory Boundary Lower Level - 13-0”

Transverse Section

10â&#x20AC;? Steel Column

P.O.S. Concrete Footing Cap 1

Footing Section

Steel Column Base Concrete Pile Cap Steel Plate

Footing Plan

Steel and Concrete Piles

Longitudinal Section

FACADE DESIGN The site’s unique temperate climate, averaging about 71° at this elevation of the forest with steady prevailing winds from the east, provides an opportunity to use passive systems of cooling. Cool air is drawn in from operable windows along the east side while warmer air in the double height space rises and escapes through assisted vents in the roof system. Fritted ETFE (Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene) panels provide a lightweight roof with an insulating shield from solar heat gain. A gradient of frit density increases as the building moves out from the protective tree canopy.

Welded connection between roof and primary mullion members ETFE Air hose connection, typ.

STRUCTURAL SYSTEM The inspiration for the building’s structural system is derived from a biomimicry study of the Puerto Rican Parrot and the unique composition of a feather. Both strong and lightweight, feather structure is light enough for flight but also strong enough to withstand high winds. The goal is to create a maximum structural support with a minimum impact on the land, thus helping to preserve the delicate balance of life at the forest floor. The interconnected column system mimics the woven nature of a feather, supporting three levels with eleven small column footings at the ground.

ETFE pillow, typ. Line of 5x5 steel tube beyond, typ.

5x5 steel tube, typ.

Fixed louver panel set behind perforated galvanized aluminum sheet.

Aluminum sill plate, typ. Steel angle welded to primary mullion framework. Angle to be bolted to W section below slab & decking. W24, typ. Spray-applied fireproofing (typ. all beams) Suspended wood plank ceiling

Recessed LED downlight Max. slab cantilever of 2’-0” 2-1/2” rigid insulation typ. McNichols galvanized aluminum press-locked grating. Panels suspended from 1/2” S.S. anchored through aluminum panel into rigid insulation above.

Cafe Kitchen

Rainwater Collection

Flue Restroom 2 Rain Water Polisher


Water Heater

Restroom 1

Hot Water Cold Water

Water Detention Tank (Overflow released to ground)

Water collection and distribution

Finished Ceiling Air Intake


Return Air Self Contained Air Unit 12 ton capacity



Resource Center

ZONE 2 Auditorium

Supply Air

Finished Floor

HVAC System

Interior view at mezzanine ramp

Sectional model interior view

Interior view at mezzanine cafĂŠ

Interior view at entry level

Entry Level Reflected Ceiling Plan

Lower Level Floor Plan

Foundation Plan

LUMINA: CITY ELDERLY HOUSING FOR ARTISTS WITH EARLY ONSET ALZHEIMER’S Light and memory are transitory and fleeting in nature. They function as traces on our existence, snapshots and impressions left upon our minds. This connection of light and memory is the driving concept behind my structure. This center will bring together a community of artists with early stage Alzheimer’s. The artists’ work must be related to light, which may include light sculpture, light graffiti, light drawing, interactive light installations, performance light art, or any creative endeavor of their choosing related to light. Practicing light artists in residence will assist them in creating this work. The program includes living and studio spaces for the artists as well as a public corridor for exhibition and retail.

Project �������Elderly Housing, Artists with Early Onset Alzheimer’s Concept ��������������������������������������������“Remembering Before I Forget” Site �������������������������������������������������������������� Coney Island, Brooklyn, NY Program ���������������������������� 84 Living Units, Retail, Exhibition Space Professor ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������Craig Konyk Course �������������������ARCH662: Design Studio III, Urban Mixed Use Semester ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ Fall 2011 Timeline �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 15 Weeks

CONEY ISLAND BROOKLYN, NY Coney Island has long been a venue for spectacular, innovative artificial light. The site was used as an experimental testing ground for electric lighting, where the Luna Park and Dreamland amusement parks sparkled from miles away in surreal spectacle. The tradition continues today with the lighting of the Parachute Jump and the new Luna Park. MTA’s Arts for Transit program sets up a precedent for Urban Art at the site with the renovation of the two train stations flanking the site. Vito Acconci’s “Wavewall” of 2005 adorns the West 8th street station, while Robert Wilson’s “Coney Island Baby” glass-silkscreen block wall (2004) forms the rear wall of the Stillwell Avenue station.

Photo by Madeline Nero

Mapping of Tower Locations, Old Luna Park

Aerial View Showing Towers of Luna Park, 1921

Trace of Luna Park Towers

Study Model

Conceptual Sketch of Light Corridor

LIGHT AS TRACE, LIGHT AS MEMORY The buildingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s structure will function as a blank canvas for the artists as the building itself becomes part of the residentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s art. The exhibition will occur primarily in the elongated, open public circulation corridor, with additional spaces for testing among the living quarters. Interactive installations and workshops held by the artists will function to tie into the community. A throwback to Luna Park and Dreamland, the building will become a spectacle at night, viewable both from the street and by trains passing through the light zone.

Detail at Exterior Wall

Detail at Parapet

Window Head Detail

Window Sill Detail

POPS Space (Privately + Owned + Public + Space) 53RD & 6TH AVENUE, NYC New York’s Calyon building is host to one of the city’s many POPS spaces, or privately owned public spaces. A 1961 zoning regulation allows relief from height and setback restrictions to tall buildings by providing indoor or outdoor spaces for the public on their property. Few of these spaces are very successful, 53rd and 6th a good example as it seem to provide little to the public. Our challenge for this studio was to build a structure within an existing less successful POPS space for public and commercial use. This studio began as a material study, where I analyzed the properties of wire screen mesh. I was particularly attracted to the flexible nature of the screen and its ability to mold into organic forms. I created three distinct variations which transition into one another across the field, shown in the image below.

Project �������������������������������������������������POPS (Privately Owned Public Space) Site ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������53rd & 6th Ave. NYC Program ����������������������������������������� Pavilion for Commerce, Subway Access Professor ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������� Alexandra Barker Course ���������������������������������������ARCH620: Design Studio 1, Fundamentals Semester ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� Fall 2009 Timeline ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 15 Weeks

53rd & 6th Ave, NYC The tall buildings along 6th avenue soar to impressive heights, and in their wake cast long shadows at the ground level. I became aware of this effect of light while visiting the site, in which the building and its cast shadow appear as a peeling away of two layers. The slowly rising form of the new pavilion mimics this behavior of the cast shadows, as the two layers of the street and roof line peel away from one another. Light filters to the ground from the dancing forms above, transforming monotonous shadows into a playful and inviting user experience.

Shadow Play at Street Level

Shadow Play at Stubway Level

Layered Design Sketch

3D Print Study Model

Wire Mesh Morph Studies

Plan View

Morphing Plan Studies

Rendered Section at Street Level

Rendered Section at Subway Mezzanine Level

Digital Morphing Studies

PORT AUTHORITY OF CAGLIARI SARDINIA, ITALY Over the course of this studio, we investigated how to create ‘breathable spaces.’ My interpretation of how a space ‘breathes’ is how it behaves with respect to light transmittance and the circulation of air and water. I studied the material tyvek to investigate how it ‘breathes’ with respect to light, air and water. Tyvek is a material made from the irregular layering of fibers and is used for air and water resistance in buildings, safety suits, and mailing envelopes. Through a series of experiments, I found that tyvek mailing envelopes change their porosity when exposed to heat. As heat is added, dense areas shrink and pull apart, leaving a network of translucent branches between these dense areas. This process creates a gradient of enclosure and transparency in the material. I hope to achieve this gradient of enclosure and transparency within the interior of the structure. The building houses many programs under one roof, including office, auditorium, virtual meeting room, retail and public areas. These varying programs require different levels of lighting and conditioning. Using my research as inspiration, I created a gradient of interior spaces by varying the density of exterior facade treatment and creating small pods of conditioned enclosure within. This treatment reduces the cooling load on the building and takes advantage of the temperate climate and persistent breezes on the island of Cagliari.

Project ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� Port Authority of Cagliari Site ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� Cagliari, Sargedgna, Italy Program ��������������������������������������������������������� Office space, retail, transportation hub Professor �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������Ludovica Tramontin Course ��������������������������������������������������������������ARCH 624: Design Studio 5, Vertical 1 Semester ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������Fall 2011 Timeline �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������15 Weeks

CAGLIARI, SARDINIA, ITALY The predominately temperate climate of Cagliari allows for a design that creates a variety of enclosure conditions. Temperatures average around 62o at the site, with highs in the upper 70s in the summer and lows in the upper 40s in the heart of winter. Steady winds across the island create a cool and comfortable atmosphere even on the warmest days. Due to these conditions, we were given freedom to create spaces with degrees of enclosure, from fully exposed outdoor space to semi-enclosed and fully conditioned indoor space. 80.0 75.0

Temperature. F

70.0 65.0 62.0 60.0 55.0 50.0 45.0

Jan- Mar- May- Jul - Sep Feb Apr Jun Aug Oct Months


Cagliari Average Temperatures Site Average Temperature: 620 F

Schematic Site Plan

Preliminary Study Models

Conceptual Diagram

View From Dock

Level 2 Floor Plan

Exterior View Looking South

Interior View of 3D Print Model

Aerial View

Views of 3D Print Model

FAX NY: Farming Extreme in NYC This project explores the integration of residential and vertical farming units into a cohesive structure that fosters a symbiotic relationship between the building’s inhabitants, visitors, plants and their pollinators. An open structural condition emerges from the ground plane, forming a semi-enclosed market space. Residential and farming units grow towards one another, morphing into a homogeneous center where the two programs intertwine. The two towers then split once again into separate spaces for residents and farmers.

Project ������������������������������������������������������� FAX NY: Farming Extreme in NYC Site �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������18th St. & 10th Ave. Program �������������Vertical farming, green market, bee research & honey harvesting Professor ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� Sulan Kolatan Course ��������������������������������������ARCH805: Design Studio 5, Vertical Option Semester �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� Spring 2012 Timeline ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 15 Weeks

Average Annual Wind Direction

FAX NY Within the farm units, a variety of enclosure and light conditions accommodate the needs of a variety of plant species. Carefully controlled colonies of honeybees are used for plant pollination, and honey and other bee products are harvested and sold in the open market below. Exterior terraces and semi-enclosed interior courtyards permeate the residential units, allowing inhabitants to have their own garden oasis within the living unit, as well as aiding in the circulation of air and light throughout the building. The result is a building language and lifestyle that is meant to give relief from the congestion and regularity of the surrounding city. USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map 90.0 80.0

Temperature. F

70.0 60.0 55.0 50.0 40.0 30.0 20.0

Jan- Mar- May- Jul - Sep Feb Apr Jun Aug Oct Months


New York Average Temperatures York City Annual SiteNew Average Temperature: 620 FTemperatures

Cell Aggregation Studies

Shadow Study at Equinox and Solstice Dates

Tetrahedron Cell Typology

Flowers and annual crop plants - Summer Common name

Latin name

Blooming months


Cannabis sativa


White Clover

Trifolium repens

Jun - Jul


Fagopyrum esculentum

Jul - Aug


Aster spp.


Land-in-blue, Bushy Aster

Aster x dumosus

Aug - Sep


Calendula officinalis

Jun - Sep

Heather sp.

Calluna vulgaris

Jul - Aug


Cucumis spp.



Cucumis melo



Cucurbita pepo



Epilobium angustifolium

Jul - Aug


Helianthus annuus

Jun - Sep


Medicago sativa

July - Aug


Papaver orientale

May - Jul


Papaver somniverum

May - Jun


Phacelia tanacetifolia

Jun - Sep

Sweet Corn

Zea mays

Jun - Jul

Flowers and annual crop plants - Spring Common name

Latin name

Blooming months


Asparagus officinalis

May - Jun


Brassica napus

May - Jun

Yellow Crocus Crocus vernus



Onobrychis viciifolia

May - Jul


Taraxacum officinale

Apr - May

Trees and shrubs - Spring Common name

Latin name

Blooming months


Malus domestica, Malus sylvestris

Apr - May


Prunus spp.

Apr - May


Prunus amygdalus


Wild Cherry

Prunus avium

Apr - May

Cherry Plum

Prunus cerasifera

Apr - May

Sour Cherry

Prunus cerasus

Apr - May


Prunus persica

Apr - May


Pyrus communis

Apr - May


Rubus spp.

May - Jun


Rubus idaeus

May - Jun

Pollen Color

Residential Tower

Typical Residential Units

Residential Terraces

View From Ground Level

Section Through Elevator Core

133 W 82nd. St. #3 NEW YORK, NY 10024 (+1) 757-714-5427 MADELINENERO@GMAIL.COM


Selected works from Pratt Institute's MArch I Program.

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