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Preventing bike thefts on campus Features, p.4

Decolonizing contemporary dance Arts, p.6

Coffee shops up and down Snelling Food and Drink, p.7

Macalester’s Independent Student Newspaper Since 1914

The Last Call: what are prisons for? Opinion, p.8

Vol. 125, No. 4 Oct. 4, 2019

Green Sheikh appearance cancelled amid protests By LINDSAY WEBER Web Editor

Protestors prepare to march against Line 3 in Duluth. Photo by Kori Suzuki ’21.

Students go north to protect Gichi-gami

By ABE ASHER Editor-in-Chief On Saturday, Sept. 28, more than 1,000 Minnesotans gathered by Gichi-gami in Duluth to stand against the proposed construction of Enbridge’s Line 3 oil pipeline. The gathering, which ran from noon into the evening on a cool, sunny day, featured a rally, march, music and a communal meal — bringing a spotlight to the yearslong struggle against Line 3 northern Minnesota and the people who stand to be most affected by it. A number of Macalester students and faculty arrived at the event on buses that left from Minneapolis,

while others joined after completing class trips in the area. Dio Cramer ’20, whose Stop Line 3 prints were omnipresent on signs and banners on Saturday, said that being in Duluth and hearing from speakers in northern Minnesota gave the gathering a gravity it would not otherwise have had. “That was the right way to do this event,” Cramer said. “It’s just really important hearing from people whose perspectives are very different. I live in the Twin Cities. This pipeline is not literally being built in my backyard.” According to Margaret Breen ’20, the gathering was originally supposed to be in the Twin Cities —

until organizers like her decided that, with the climate strike being held the week before at the capitol, this event would be a perfect opportunity to support front-line communities. “It was a conversation that the leaders of the event had,” she continued, “[We] decided that smaller numbers up north would be more meaningful and impactful than larger numbers in the Twin Cities.” The original Line 3 pipeline was built starting in 1961 to transport crude oil from Edmonton, Alberta to Superior, Wisconsin — crossing the length of northern Minnesota along the way. Gichi-gami, cont. on page 3

When Karinna Gerhardt ’20 and Jason Kohn ’20 met Sheikh Adbul Aziz al Nuiami while studying abroad through the SIT Jordan program last year, their program director told them not to ask him any controversial or political questions. Al Nuaimi, a self-proclaimed humanitarian who has dubbed himself the “Green Sheikh” to reflect his purported environmentalism, is a member of the royal family of Ajman in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Al Nuiami’s humanitarian interests, coupled with his ties to the autocratic regime of the UAE, intrigued Gerhardt and Kohn. They left their encounter with the Sheikh with more questions than answers, and a desire to learn more. They kept in touch with al Nuiami over the summer via Facebook. When he expressed an interest in speaking at college campuses in the United States, they jumped at the chance to invite him to Macalester and scheduled an event for this past Monday, Oct. 2. But late last Wednesday, Kohn sent an email to various members of the campus community announcing that the event was cancelled. The event was titled “Global Sustainability and the Middle East: Conversations with the UAE’s Green Sheikh,” and was Sponsored by Pi Sigma Alpha, the political science honor society that Gerhardt co-chairs.

Event posters invited attendees to “a conversation on sustainability and global youth engagement with Sheikh Abdul Aziz al Nuiami” and labeled him a “global leader, environmentalist, and social campaigner.” Gerhardt and Kohn intended to have a moderator ask al Nuiami questions, leaving time for a Q&A session with the audience at the end. They hoped students would press the Sheikh with tough questions about his role in the UAE’s autocratic regime. The UAE ranks 117 out of 162 countries for personal and economic freedom, according to the Human Freedom Index. The country is known for its repressive human rights regime, intolerance of dissent and systemic violations of labor rights. The UAE is also one of the leaders in the Saudi-led coalition active in the Yemeni war, which has become the worst humanitarian crisis in the world. According to Human Rights Watch, the coalition has committed 90 illegal attacks in Yemen since March 2015. Gerhardt and Kohn expected the event to spark controversy. But they hoped that the conversation with the Sheikh could be a learning experience for themselves and attendees alike. “What I wanted out of that event was to see all parties involved dive into these issues of humanitarianism and sustainability, and what it means to be an activist in a place where you could get your head cut off,” Gerhardt said. Green Sheikh cont. on page 4

Library may undergo significant renovations in coming years By ESTELLE TIMAR-WILCOX Staff Writer Students studying in the Dewitt Wallace Library today use most of its original furniture and facilities from 1988, when electrical outlets were scarce and research projects involved searching the shelves for print books. Usage of the building, however, has changed dramatically since then. Library staff hope to update the facilities to match the new era. The library staff emailed a survey to students, faculty and staff on Sept. 23 inviting feedback on exactly what today’s users need from the library. Questions ranged from technology to space use and prompt feedback on what needs updating. The library also hosted meetings last week for those who wanted to voice their

opinions on what they would like to see in the building’s future. “I think the main thing is to look at what students want,” library director Terri Fishel said. “There are gaps between the devices and the way you’re doing your work now based on what it was like 30 years ago.” The process of reimagining the library started in 2013, when the library planning group drafted a vision for its future. Since then, the first floor added its media services center and the second floor saw updated, movable furniture and the addition of the Idea Lab. “In some ways, [the survey is] an extension of the discussion of the 2013 plan,” Vice President of Administration and Finance David Wheaton said. “Before we do something else, maybe we should step back and say, ‘where is this whole thing going?’” he continued. “That’s really what

our master planning process is about.” The master plan could impact spaces beyond the walls of the library. The project stemmed from Associate Vice President for Information Technology Services Jenn Haas’s 2018 report on a reimagining of the Digital Resource Center (DRC), which suggested moving the DRC from its current location in Neill Hall to the library. “It’s pretty clear that there could be some dominoes that fall from [that move], and so we decided to put a team together that could say, let’s think about the whole thing,” Wheaton said. Moving the DRC to the library would merge its services with the library’s current help desk, increasing accessibility for students and expanding its hours of availability. The move would leave behind free space in Neill Hall, too.

“If we could do this, then that creates an interesting opportunity in [Neill],” Wheaton said. “It’s an unusually large amount of space and it’s centrally located.” This possibility may open up opportunities for collaboration between the DRC and the library help desk, as well. Decisions about the space in Neill Hall, though, are far on the horizon. First, there are several steps left in the master plan process. When the survey closes on Oct. 4, Fishel says the library will work with architect Rebecca Celis of Minneapolis-based architecture firm HGA to draft potential redesigns. The firm also designed the second floor of the library and the new theater building. Any proposals will go to senior staff for approval and then to the board of trustees. As many of these projects may need significant

funding, they could need time for consideration. “It’s definitely a [multi-]phase project and it’s going to require funding,” Fishel said. Within a year or two, a few changes might come to the library, but there will be no quick overhaul. Working in phases will allow most of the library to stay open while one part is renovated. It will also be easier to fund small projects in phases rather than paying for a large remodel. For its master plan, the library planning group hopes to design a space that will still serve students’ needs long after it’s built. “We’re looking at a long-term, phased approach,” Fishel said. “It’s not something that can be done overnight. We’re really trying to look out beyond the next ten years.” •


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The Mac Weekly

Students form new conservative group, splitting with Mac GOP believes that a more moderate approach is better for a Republican organization at Macalester. “It’s quite clear that Macalester isn’t the college for traditional conservative values,” Sohrabi said, “And the best thing for us as an organization is to really try to reach out to people who aren’t necessarily conservative but have some ideas that align with conservatives.” Palma and Snyder were particularly motivated to create their own organization when Sohrabi rejected Snyder’s request to bring a speaker to campus from the conservative student organization Turning Point USA (TPUSA). Sohrabi said that Mac GOP’s leadership did not want to associate with the organization due to its history of overt racism and white supremacy. Palma and Snyder disagreed with Sohrabi’s assessment. “Their lead speaker is a black woman. She’s a Republican,” Palma said, “I don’t understand.” Palma and Snyder also feel that Mac GOP hasn’t been active enough on campus. They said that if their new group gains a charter, they plan to invite conservative speakers to campus and hold debates with Mac Dems. Mac GOP, in contrast, focuses primarily on hosting weekly meetings where members discuss politics from the vantage point of the

By OLIVER SOGLIN Staff Writer A group of dissatisfied students are working to start a new conservative organization on campus—citing what they see as the increasingly liberal bent of Mac GOP. The new group, which calls itself the Macalester Republicans, is in the process of obtaining a charter from the Student Organization Committee (SOC) of MCSG. Anthony Palma ’22 and Finn Snyder ’23 are the founders of the organization. “We are strongly conservative people,” Snyder said. “We are procapitalist, anti-big government, conservative. We just feel that Mac GOP doesn’t share those values.” Mac GOP chair Kian Sohrabi ’22 doesn’t necessarily disagree. He argued that while Mac GOP does support the Republican Party, traditional conservative values aren’t a natural fit for Macalester. He described holding a similar attitude to Palma and Snyder when he was a first-year, before changing his view after taking on a leadership role in the club. “I went from someone just critiquing what was happening to someone playing an active role in trying to get people to come to meetings and have an engaging dialogue,” Sohrabi said. He now

Republican Party. Palma says that while the Macalester Republicans have already begun putting up signs and handing out flyers, Mac GOP has failed to advertise their organization. “I was here for a year and I didn’t even know they were a thing,” Palma said, “I mean, that is a leadership problem right there.” The two groups also have vastly different perceptions of how conservatism is treated on campus. Palma says that professors often shut down students voicing traditionally conservative viewpoints, such as an opposition to abortion rights. “If someone has a pro life perspective and they’re a white man they can’t speak up,” Palma said, “Professors say ‘I’m gonna ask you to stay out of this discussion.’” He also claims that classrooms are rife with negative comments about Republicans. “There are constant slights against Republican beliefs and the current administration in every class,” Palma said. “My high school teachers in North Carolina were more professional.” Snyder agreed — noting that while his high school teachers refused to share political opinions, he has had experiences with professors who are more than willing to do so. “I think that a teacher should be entirely neutral and teach the subject

of the class and the facts of the class,” Snyder said. Sohrabi, on the other hand, said that he has never experienced intolerance towards conservatism in his year-plus at the college. “I find that if you are not rude or ignorant, and you are open-minded and smart in the way you bring up discussions you can have some truly interesting experiences here,” Sohrabi said. It’s not a guarantee that MCSG will vote to charter the Macalester Republicans. The primary obstacle to their receiving approval is their need to demonstrate that they are not redundant with a Republican group already on campus. Because Mac GOP is already chartered and active, SOC chair Camden Moser ’20 says that the Macalester Republicans have a difficult case to make. “As a voting member of the SOC, I believe they’re redundant because we already have Mac GOP on campus and functioning,” Moser said, “I don’t really see the need for another Republican organization on campus.” Moser said that while he cannot predict the outcome of the SOC vote, he thinks that the other members of the SOC are likely to agree with him. But Palma and Snyder believe their group is easy to differentiate from Mac GOP. “We talked with a member of [Mac

GOP’s] leadership at the involvement fair and she self-identified their group as being libertarian,” Palma said. “Even according to their leadership group they’re not Republicans, they’re not conservatives.” Regardless of the result of the SOC vote, the two plan to continue their work. Palma said that it is in the best interest of the student government to approve them, because then they can be regulated. “If we’re not a student org there’s no rules and regulations that apply to us,” he said, “It comes down to if they want to be able to regulate us and have us follow certain rules or not.” Sohrabi believes that the vote will come down to what Macalester students want to see on campus. “We believe, to have a successful organization we need to be an organization, that is more openminded and accepting,” Sohrabi said. He acknowledged, however, that the Macalester Republicans may provide something more appealing to conservative students. “If they go in a different direction and try to make a stronger claim to traditional conservative values, it would show that’s what Macalester wants,” he said. “They want traditional conservative values out of a Republican organization and not what we are trying to provide.” •

LB approves committee to address food insecurity By HANNAH CATLIN News Editor This week’s MCSG meeting was the first for the recently-elected members of the Legislative Body (LB). At the start of the meeting, MCSG faculty advisor and Associate Dean of Students Andrew Wells conducted a brief training on parliamentary procedure and MCSG policy. Next, Student Organization Committee (SOC) member Jason Kohn ’20 presented several proposals to address food insecurity at Macalester. The first asks Bon Appétit and business services to ensure that food options remain available during all

school breaks. During spring break, for example, there are currently no options for students to use meal swipes to purchase food on campus. Second, he proposed bringing a meal swipe donation program to campus. This would allow students to pool their unwanted meal swipes into a group so they can be redistributed to students who need them — regardless of whether the recipient is on the meal plan. Carleton has a program similar to this run by Bon Appétit on their campus. “It is a feasible program that we can start,” Kohn said. “It’s just a matter of pressuring administration to provide the funds for it.” After Kohn’s presentation, the floor opened for questions from the LB.

“I’m curious as to the donation aspect of it,” junior class rep. Em Hayward ’21 said. “How that will be treated with the most discretion if needed? I worry about individuals feeling uncomfortable asking for help with the concern of who is going to know.” Kohn responded that while the LB would likely collect the donations, Macalester staff would then distribute the donated meal swipes to students who need them. Kohn guessed that this would probably fall to the financial aid office. Following this conversation, Interim Speaker of the LB Karinna Gerhardt ’20 invited a motion to form an ad hoc committee for food security projects. The LB voted unanimously to form the committee.

The LB then considered travel requests from High Power Rocketry and Climbing Club. Travel budgeting usually falls to the travel committee, but that committee is currently vacant. The LB approved both requests. Next, representatives nominated candidates for speaker of the LB. Gerhardt, Hayward and Kohn each received a nomination, and the vote for the speakership will take place at next week’s meeting. Finally, Gerhardt proposed forming an ad hoc committee to discuss the possibility of anonymously surveying students about their experiences receiving academic accommodations through Disability Services. “I’ve heard anecdotally that the system is lacking in a lot of ways,” Gerhardt said.

Members of the LB questioned her about this idea. “I’m curious about your goal for this survey,” Hayward said. “Is it to make accommodations more accessible or just to learn about current issues with the process?” Gerhardt said she hoped to present the information to Disability Services and Facilities Services as they work to make the campus more accessible. Ayaa Asoba ’22 asked whether the whole student body would receive this survey, or just those already receiving accommodations. Gerhardt said this would likely be a question answered by the committee. The LB voted unanimously to form the ad hoc committee. •

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Oct. 4, 2019 • Page 3


Gathering highlights Line 3 threat to indigenous communities Gichi-gami, cont. from pg. 1 Now, the pipeline is breaking down. It is a degrading public safety hazard, riddled with what Enbridge terms “structural anomalies,” and operating well below its original capacity due to the effects of corrosion. As a result, in 2014, Enbridge pitched building a new pipeline to replace the existing one. But those opposing the project say that the new Line 3 is far from a straightforward substitute for the pipeline built in the ‘60s. “[The new Line 3 is] on a totally different route, it’s carrying a higher concentration of oil and it has… twice the carrying capacity,” Breen said. “They’re calling it a replacement project, but it’s not.” Indeed, the new Line 3, projected to be the biggest project in Enbridge history at a cost of $7.5 billion, has been designed to transport more than 900,000 barrels of oil each day. It would have a tremendous impact on the climate of northern Minnesota and beyond. “The oil carried by Line 3 has the carbon emission equivalent of building 50 new coal plants in Minnesota,” Breen said. “That is very clearly a step backwards when we need to be taking ten steps forward.” But it’s not just that the pipeline is designed to move massive quantities of oil in the state. It’s about the kind of oil that the pipeline would move. “It’s carrying tar sands oil, which is even more destructive to water,” Breen said. “It’s the consistency of peanut butter. They have to mix it with all of these chemicals to even push it through the pipe, because it’s so thick. “So when it spills,” she continued, “Unlike conventional sweet crude oil that floats to the top and you can see it, it sinks to the bottom and mixes with the sediment — which makes it really hard to clean up, and [also] makes it really easy for Enbridge to say, ‘oh, it’s clean.’” The possibility of a spill, like the one million gallon spill from Enbridge’s Line 6B on the Kalamazoo River in 2010, looms over the proposal.

“Line 3 poses a really intense threat to clean water in Minnesota,” Breen said. “It crosses over 192 bodies of water, including the Mississippi River twice. And pipelines leak.” The Minnesota Public Utilities Commission (PUC) initially granted Enbridge the Certificate of Need it required to move forward with the project last year. They were stopped from proceeding in June, however, when the Minnesota Department of Appeals found that the PUC’s environmental impact statement was inadequate. Enbridge has continued to seek the permits that it needs to build since, facing opposition from various governmental and activist groups. The stakes are high — for the communities who stand to be affected, but also for Enbridge itself. “If it were any other pipeline, Enbridge would have backed out a long time ago,” Breen said. “I obviously can’t read Enbridge stakeholders’ minds, but I think that they understand that… if they back out now, it will be a lot harder for them to get future pipelines in the ground.” As a result, Enbridge’s campaign to get Line 3 approved and built has been expensive and exhaustive. Last year, the company spent in excess of $11 million lobbying the Minnesota state government — more than any other company in the state, and more than double what it spent in 2017, when it was also the state’s highest spender on lobbying. Opponents of Line 3, on the other hand, spent around $200,000 on lobbying in 2018. Enbridge’s lobbying effort has not been exclusively focused on the state capitol either. The company has made a concerted effort to curry favor with communities set to be directly affected by Line 3, funding the construction of new parks and playgrounds in places like Superior, Manitoba and Saskatchewan. “Enbridge has been very strategic in supporting rural communities with things like playgrounds,” environmental science professor Christie Manning said, “So people in communities where the pipeline

Activists protest Enbridge’s Line 3 project in Duluth. Photo by Kori Suzuki ’21.

will be built see Enbridge as a good guy — an organization that cares.” For a number of these communities, which have lost population in recent decades and suffered economically, the promise of investment from a multinational corporation is understandably enticing. Enbridge says that the project will create more than 8,000 jobs in Minnesota over a two-year period — a major reason why the company has enjoyed the support of several unions active in the northern part of the state and several tribal communities there as well. Manning identified Enbridge’s incursion into northern communities as reflective not just of the corporation’s strategy to generate support for its project, but of a broader political reality on the ground in the places where the pipeline is slated to be built. “All the cost is being born by Minnesotans, and all the benefits… are pretty much for Enbridge and its shareholders,” Manning said. “But I have to say that, yes, there will be some jobs, and that is perceived as a lifeline for some rural communities. “Can’t Minnesota do better than that for our rural communities?,” she continued. “Do we have to sell

A man looks on as demonstrators march along the shores of Gichi-gami. Photo by Kori Suzuki ’21.

our clean water? Do we have to sell the rights of our Native people to a Canadian corporation to get our rural communities jobs? I don’t think so.” Regardless, the claim that Line 3 will be a major economic driver for the state is dubious. A review of the proposal last year by a public utilities commision-appointed judge found that the pipeline would create between zero and 20 long-term jobs — and do so at an extraordinary cost. The state Department of Commerce has estimated that the cost to society associated with building a new Line 3 — from impacts associated with climate change and declining human health — would total $287 billion over the first 30 years of the pipeline’s existence. That cost is set to be absorbed disproportionately by indigenous people. The proposed Line 3 would cross miles of treaty land — land on which tribes have the right to hunt, fish, harvest wild rice and gather medicinal plants to support themselves on a continuing and uninterruptible basis. Its construction would pose a grave risk. “The path that Line 3 is scheduled to go on is untouched by pipelines,” Breen said. “It is outside of Enbridge’s main terminal. So it exposes all of that new land to the risks of construction and new spills.” Speakers and other leaders at Saturday’s gathering, meanwhile, focused on another aspect of danger to the indigenous community: the epidemic of violence perpetrated against indigenous women, which pipeline construction projects in places like North Dakota have exacerbated. According to the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence, more than one in three indigenous women will be sexually assaulted in their lifetime and some 80 percent of assaults on reservations are committed by men from outside the indigenous community who often cannot be

prosecuted by tribal courts. “Everybody who left [the gathering] should know that Line 3 is a climate issue,” Breen said, “but first and foremost is an indigenous rights issue.” Certain presidential candidates have taken notice. Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) announced his opposition to the pipeline in January, while Sen. Elizabeth Warren (DMA), at the behest of MN350 activists, announced her opposition shortly before visiting Minnesota in August. But Canada, Wisconsin and North Dakota all approved the project three years ago. Only in Minnesota has the fight to stop it dragged on. Enbridge has started what it calls “preconstruction” in the state — under the close observation of Native and other anti-Line 3 activists — but thus far has not been able to proceed with the bulk of the project. “Line 3 is about setting a new precedent in Minnesota — about what kind of infrastructure we want to build here and what kind of economy we want to be investing in,” Breen said. “That’s why they’re fighting so hard for it, and why we’re fighting so hard against it.” Manning echoed that sentiment. While she said that many of the activists opposing Line 3 are “living close to the edge,” giving up their time, comfort and resources, their commitment to their cause is steadfast. Just three days after the action in Duluth, the PUC announced a lastminute early-morning meeting in downtown St. Paul. “Enbridge had a large number of people, apparently all wearing matching blue fleece jackets and hats,” Manning said, “And yet there were just as many activists who showed up at 7:30 to wait in line outside before they opened the doors for a meeting… [that] was about 12 minutes long.” Breen, for one, is confident. “If I did not think that we were going to stop Line 3,” she said, “I would not be here today.” •


Oct. 4, 2019 • Page 4

The Mac Weekly


Protesters condemn Sheikh’s complacency in human rights abuses Sheikh, cont. from pg. 1 Sheikh Abdul Aziz al Nuaimi is the nephew of Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi III, the ruler of Ajman. Ajman is one of the seven emirates that make up the UAE. He previously served as an environmental adviser to the government of Ajman, and is now the CEO of the Al Ihsan Charity Association, which provides humanitarian aid throughout the UAE. But despite Al Nuiami’s purported activism, he is not a dissident from the UAE’s regime. He is uncritical of the UAE’s human rights violations and its dependence on oil money. So when Avik Herur-Raman ’20 learned about the event on Friday, Sept. 30, he found it to be “incredibly problematic” and “outrageous.” He quickly forwarded the email invitation to the event to a large group of students and student orgs expressing his concerns and desire to organize against the event. “A College-supported entity, Pi Sigma Alpha (the political science honors society) has recently gone ahead and invited a member of the blood-soaked kleptocratic U.A.E. royal family,” Herur-Raman wrote. Soon, Herur-Raman and a group of concerned students were planning a protest to coincide with the Sheikh’s talk — corresponding via a Facebook messenger group chat. The group chat grew to include more than 90 people including people from outside of Macalester over the next several days. HerurRaman is a member of the Twin Cities chapter of the Democratic Socialists of America, and invited fellow members to participate in the protest. The protest organizers saw the invitation of a UAE royal family member as deeply offensive and an implicit endorsement of the UAE’s

regime. “I think that we felt that it is wildly irresponsible… and legitimating, normalizing, to think that you can dialogue with someone who is the scion of a clique of slavedriving genocidal parasites,” protest organizer Nick Salvato ’22 said. Salvato suggested that, in order to foster education and dialogue about human rights in the UAE and the humanitarian crisis in Yemen, the college should instead have invited dissidents and citizen activists rather than royal family members. Furthermore, some protesters saw al Nuiami’s event as indicative of larger problems with the college’s choice of speakers invited to campus. “The real issue is that the college sees no problem in attracting international figures, public luminaries, foreign dignitaries,” Herur-Raman said. “Because for them, the idea of someone being the primary beneficiary of a corrupt, immoral system is fundamentally not a problem.” He cited former Secretary of State Madeline Albright and First Tuesday speaker Rebecca Van Dyke ’91 as two figures he believes shouldn’t have been invited to Macalester. But unlike those speakers, al Nuiami’s event was entirely student-run and organized. “Pi Sigma Alpha is the political science honor society so we fund them and they are directly affiliated with our department,” chair of political science Paul Dosh said, “But it is a student group. It’s their organization, they make the decisions.” While the protesters were making plans on how to respond to the event, they deliberately never reached out to Gerhardt and Kohn to express their concerns. “It was not our intention to communicate with them,” protest organizer Isaac Hoehn ’20 said. When Gerhardt and Kohn learned

about the planned protest from someone in the Facebook chat, they reached out to the Department of Multicultural Life (DML) in the hope that they could have a mediated conversation with protest leaders. That conversation took place on the morning of Wednesday, Sept. 25. Dean of the Department of Multicultural Life Marjorie Trueblood and Director of the Lealtad Suzuki Center Jason Jackson facilitated the exchange. Wednesday morning was the first and last contact between Gerhardt and Kohn and the core group of protesters. That afternoon, the protesters began putting up posters to promote their protest. “It was explicitly said that they d[id] not want to follow up with us,” Gerhardt said. “The folks who are working on the counter mobilization did not want to collaborate in any way beyond us cancelling the event.” Indeed, the protesters’ plan went further than just a corresponding rally or protest. They hoped to disrupt the event to prevent the Sheikh from speaking on campus. “Our plan was to rally outside on Snelling and Grand trying to draw public attention to [the event],” Hoehn said. “From that point, once the Sheikh was supposed to start speaking, we were going to go inside to Davis Court and try to yell and to deplatform him.” Come Wednesday evening, however, al Nuaimi suddenly pulled out of the event, citing “a last-minute scheduling conflict.” However, Gerhardt, Kohn and the protesters all suppose that he had security concerns — Gerhardt and Kohn had looped al Nuiami and his security consultant in about the protest. “The claims that... worried security, which likely were said as a joke but still had to be taken seriously, were [about] going to Goodwill and

buying shoes to throw at him or burning UAE flags,” Kohn said. The protesters stressed that they never intended for their protest to become violent. “It was not our intention to use violence as a means to get him off of campus,” Hoehn said. For the protesters, al Nuiami’s cancellation was a victory and a testament to the power of student organizing. “We took that as a victory because, like we said, our goal was to get him to not speak,” Hoehn said. “We didn’t anticipate that there would be a cancellation. We planned on just shouting until he was forced to leave.” But the protesters were not done. As of Friday, Sept. 27, they planned to hold a rally at the same time that the event was originally scheduled. “We [were] framing [the rally] in a few ways,” Hoehn said. “It’s a celebration of student power … a group of students without an official student org managed to go against this Emerati autocrat and against the Poli Sci honor society.” Over the weekend, however, plans for the rally fell apart. The group of student organizers was beginning to splinter following the DML-facilitated conversation on Wednesday. Alex Young-Williams ’20 learned about the protest when Herur-Raman added him to the protest Facebook chat. He was involved with the original planning of the protest and attended the DML-facilitated conversation, but soon began to feel disillusioned with the protesters’ vision. “I feel like there was potential for this to become a conversation we could have on campus,” YoungWilliams said. “But the people that I was talking to were so convinced that they were right, and so afraid of the institution diluting their message

by working through it, that… they removed the possibility of this kind of event taking place.” When Young-Williams voiced his concerns to Herur-Raman about the protesters’ vision, he was removed from the group chat. Muslim students on campus also expressed concern with the protest poster, which depicted the Sheikh wearing a Keffiyeh stylized to appear soaked with blood. There were also cross bones below his image. “[Students from the Muslim Student Association (MSA)] almost unanimously felt that the poster’s caricature was offensive/insulting to Arab/Islamic traditions,” MSA member Hassan Ismaeel ’20 wrote in an email to The Mac Weekly. “We of course had no problem with the protest… but we felt that some of it was taken out of context.” While the protesters see the event’s cancellation as a victory, in the eyes of Gerhardt and Kohn, it represents a lost opportunity. “I think it still could have been a wonderful opportunity for the Sheikh to come,” Gerhardt said. “Even if there was a peaceful protest going on, I think that in itself could have been very educational. We want people to know about the [UAE’s] crimes. I think that would have been a fascinating time on campus.” Gerhardt and Kohn hope to follow up with an event to teach students about the UAE’s humanitarian crimes, the war in Yemen and US imperialism. Salvato was the one to initially suggest a teach-in during the conversation with Trueblood and Jackson. Kohn hopes that both groups will come together to raise awareness of these issues. “We’ve invited Avik and his friends to join in on those plans if they’re interested.” •


Macalester security addresses bike thefts on campus By EVA STROMGREN Contributing Writer At the beginning of her first year, Clare Mazack ‘22 had her bike stolen from the bike rack under Dupre. She had been using a thick cable lock. Months later, Mazack returned from winter break to find slashes in the tires of the bike she had bought to replace her first, also stored on Macalester’s campus. The National Bike Registry reports

that 1.5 million bikes are stolen every year. There is a fifty percent chance a student’s bike will be stolen during their four years of college. In an email to The Mac Weekly, Macalester’s Assistant Director of Security Bill Collumbien provided some statistics on when bike theft commonly occurs. According to Collumbien, Macalester Security received 20 reports of bike, or bike-parts, thefts. They have added additional cameras around the Dupre bike racks and

Dupre bike racks where many students lock their bikes. Photo by Smith Mayse ’22.

there is a routine patrol through the area. “Get a U-lock; don’t use a cable lock,” Mazack advised. “Lock both the tire and the bar of your bike.” Collumbien echoed the importance of using proper locks for your bike. “Use good quality U-Locks, ALWAYS lock bikes, lock the entire bike, not just wheels or frame,” he wrote. Campus security recommends using the smallest U-lock possible because smaller locks are more difficult to wedge open. St. Paul’s city website has more details on bike theft prevention measures. U-locks can be bought at most general stores. Target sells them for $20.29 and Amazon sells a U-lock and cable lock combination set for $23.99. On the Macalester website, campus security provides a section specifically on bike theft prevention. They recommend registering any bikes that students have on campus

in order to increase the chances of stolen bikes being returned. “Studies show that nearly 48 percent of stolen bikes are recovered by police, but only 5 percent are returned to their owners,” Macalester Security said. “To increase the chances your bike will be returned to you if it is lost or stolen, it is essential that you document and register your bike.” Bike registry entries should include a picture, the serial number, and proof of ownership for each bike a student has on campus. Bikes can be registered with a national registry program, like 529 Garage, as well as with campus security. The bike theft prevention web page includes information about the safest types of locks to use, diagrams of the safest bike-locking techniques and guidelines on where to lock up a bike. “Use only designated bike racks. If one is not available, make sure you lock your bike to a metal structure securely fastened to concrete,”

advises the Macalester Security’s web page. “Before locking your bike to any structure, consult your city ordinances or campus bike policies… Select a well-lit area and make sure all removable parts of your bike are secure and the lock is put through the frame.” Both Macalester security and the City of St. Paul recommend parking a bike around as many other bikes as possible in order to prevent theft. Locking your bike on the big set of bike racks under Dupre or on the set of bike racks outside the campus center may be a safer choice than on emptier or less visible racks. If students have immediate concerns about bike theft, they should call campus security at 651-6966555 on their 24-hour line. Students can also file online crime reports for non-urgent incidents on the campus security department of Macalester’s website. •


The Mac Weekly

Oct. 4, 2019 • Page 5

Professional team struggles to hold ground against UMN By LILY DENEHY Food & Drink Editor On Sunday, Sept. 22, the University of Minnesota women’s hockey team defeated the Minnesota Whitecaps 5-1 in front of 1,490 fans at Ridder Arena in Minneapolis in their final 20192020 preseason game. The Minnesota Whitecaps play in the National Women’s Hockey League (NWHL) and are one of the league’s top teams. Last year they beat the Buffalo Beauts to win the Isobel Cup, the NWHL championship trophy. The team currently employs seven Minnesota alumnae. The Gophers have historically dominated the Western Collegiate Hockey Association (WCHA) and NCAA Division I Women’s Hockey. They’ve won seven WCHA championships and made 20 semi-final appearances since the WCHA added women’s hockey for the 1999-2000 season. The University of Minnesota has won the most national championships of any women’s hockey team, with six titles in the past 18 years, most recently in 2016. The Gophers outshot the Whitecaps 57-12. Their dominance is no surprise,

considering Minnesota is ranked second in the nation and their roster is full of members of the United States and Canadian National Teams. The Minnesota players train constantly. They are in college to play hockey and spend most of their time with teammates whether at practice, traveling, or just living together. Many of the Whitecaps players, on the other hand, have other obligations–most of them work day jobs. “On the rosters of NWHL teams are teachers, medical professionals, engineers, financial analysts, coaches and trainers, marketing and communications executives and entrepreneurs,” according to the NWHL website. “Team practices are at night and games are most commonly on the weekends so players can balance their business and hockey careers,” it continues. With scarce practices and longer stretches of off-season, there is less chance to develop team chemistry and to improve their individual games. According to NBC Sports, the average NWHL player earns $15,000 per season. In comparison, the average National Hockey League (NHL) salary was $2.9 million in the 2015-16

season. Despite having less of the puck and the structural disadvantages, the Whitecaps opened the scoring in the last second of the first period. After a scramble in front of goal on a power play, Jonna Curtiss slid the puck past Gopher goaltender Sydney Scobee ’20. During the second period the Gopher offense assailed Whitecaps goaltender Amanda Leveille with 25 shots and held the Whitecaps to just four. Grace Zumwinkle ’21 scored in the fourth minute off an assist from Taylor Heise ’22 to tie the score at 1-1. The team used that momentum to take the lead just four minutes later when Heise snuck one in off an assist from Zumwinkle to put the Gophers up for the first time, 2-1. Redshirt sophomore Amy Potomak ’21 scored the final goal in the second period during the 18th minute. With the Gophers up 3-1 in the third period, play settled on the offensive end. The Minnesota defense continued to play well, holding the Whitecaps to just three shots. Despite the more relaxed frontline, Minnesota still scored twice in the third period. First, Sydney Shearen ’23

scored off an assist from Katie Robinson ’20. This was Shearen’s second game for the University of Minnesota. In the final three seconds of the game, Heise scored again off a pass from Alex Woken ’20. With these two goals, the Gophers solidified the 5-1 win and entered the NCAA regular season on a high note. The difference on the scoreboard illustrated the gulf between the resources of the Gophers and Whitecaps. “That’s reflective of women’s hockey not having existing capital rather than anything to do with league management,” Macalester women’s hockey captain Daria Chamness ’21 wrote in a message to The Mac Weekly. “The NHL took a long time to be financially stable and now the NWHL is facing criticism for not immediately having the level of success it took the NHL decades to achieve.” “The NWHL is facing a lot of flack in the hockey world right now because the pay for players is so low, but they’re doing the best they can with very limited resources,” Chamness continued. Chamness appreciates both the existence and proximity of the NWHL. “I only got to watch women playing hockey every four

years growing up [during the Winter Olympics], so having the opportunity to introduce new players at Mac to the game in a place where there are women playing pro games every weekend is super special.” Despite the NWHL’s lack of resources, the league is moving forward. Last year the Whitecaps were the first team to turn a profit, and they sold out TRIA Rink, in St. Paul’s Lowertown neighborhood, every game. The demand for women’s hockey is growing fast. From 2010-2019 the number of women’s hockey players around the world increased by 17.6 percent. This league gives young players a tangible goal and an opportunity to continue playing after college. On Sept. 27 and 28, the Gophers opened their official NCAA 20192020 season against Colgate University at Ridder Arena with 2-0 and 8-1 wins respectively. They will take on the Minnesota State Mavericks on Friday and Saturday in Mankato. The Minnesota Whitecaps will open their 2019-2020 season on Oct. 12 at the TRIA Rink against the Metropolitan Riveters. •

THIS WEEK IN MAC SPORTS Women’s Football Men’s Soccer Women’s Soccer

• Women’s Soccer tied the College of St. Benedict this past Saturday, 0-0. Kayla Togneri ’21 had 12 saves on the day, and Georgia Kazemi ’21 also put two shots on goal. • On Wednesday, Women’s Soccer defeated Bethel at home, 2-1. • Alice Bieda ’22 opened the scoring in the fourth minute and Abby Ecker ’23 added a second goal just a minute after Bethel tied the game.

• On Saturday, the Scots defeated Grinnell 42-3. • The Scots played four different quarterbacks in the game, who combined to go 11 of 13 for 187 yards passing with four touchdowns and no interceptions. • Sam Jakshtis ’21 and Dean Smith ’20 both intercepted passes in the game. • Kai Akimoto ’22 rushed for a touchdown in the game. Brody Fuller ’21 led the Scots in receiving with 45 yards and one touchdown.

Cross Country

• The Scots ran at the Roy Griak Invitational hosted by the University of Minnesota. • Macalester finished 18th out of 32 teams. The top five runners were separated by only 25 seconds.


• On Saturday, the Scots fell to Saint John’s 3-2. • Floyd Krom ’21 scored first in the 32nd minute. Chris Bajek ’20 scored the Scots’ second goal in the second half. • On Tuesday, the Scots defeated Bethel at home, 1-0. • Webster An ’20 scored the lone goal of the game in overtime to help the Scots to victory. • Cade Fink ’21 had four saves and now has 47 on the year.

• Macalester fell to Augsburg 3-0 on Saturday. • Eliza King ’23 led the Scots with nine kills. Claire Wilson ’22 had a team-high 12 assists. Katrina Schoen ’23 also had 15 digs. • On Wednesday, the Scots lost 3-0 • The Scots played in the ITA Regional this past weekend to to the College of Saint Benedict. • The Scots participated in the • Claire Loomans ’22 led the close out their fall season. Twin Cities Invitational from • Jeffery Jorgensen ’22 team with 24 assists. • Although they did not Saturday through Monday. advanced to the third round. record a finish, Women’s • The Scots finished 17th out of Matthew Sullivan ’23 and Golf saw strong individual 19 teams. Jim Smith ’21 and Anton Korolev ’23 both performances across the Jason Shi ’23 led Macalester • On Wednesday, Softball had made it to the second round. board. Tenley Smith with scores of 237 and 239, 14 scholar-athletes named to • On Friday through Sunday, ’22 finished 13th overall, respectively. Smith shot a the Easton/National Fastpitch the Scots also played in the shooting a 242 over three career-best 76 on the first day Coaches Association Division Midwest Open. Alex Poland days. Kiwa Anisman ’22 and Shi shot a career-best 77 III All-American Scholar-Athlete ’22 made it to the third round. and Emma Iverson ’22 on the second day. team. To be named to the team, • In doubles, Poland and Josh followed in 31st and 37th, scholar-athletes must have at Marine ’23 made it to the respectively. least a cumulative GPA of 3.5. semifinals, after winning four matches.

Women’s Golf

Men’s Tennis

Men’s Golf


Numbers of the Week


Different players who have scored for the Men’s Soccer team

90.56 Average minutes Women’s Soccer player Molly Adams ’19 has played in each game so far


Number of quarterbacks who played in Macalester Football’s 42-3 win over Grinnell College


Page 6 • Oct. 4 , 2019

The Mac Weekly

Indigenous artist defies definition at the Law Warschaw Gallery By ISABEL SAAVEDRAWEIS Contributing Writer It’s hard to sum up Nicolas Gelanin’s exhibit “Everything We’ve Ever Been, Everything We Are Right Now”. The Law Warschaw Gallery is filled with sculptures, painting, video screens, audio recording, film projections and photography. The themes range from blood quantum laws, to police violence and cultural appropriation. “What struck me the most was the diversity of mediums and the breadth of topics, and yet how cohesive it [is],” Anjali Moore ’22, who visited the exhibit during the opening reception, said. Despite variety, the artwork in the gallery is united by resisting “romanticisation, categorization and limitation.” Gelanin, who is of Tlingit and Unangax descent, uses a raw and sometimes brutally sarcastic tone in his work. In response to the phrase “kill the Indian, save the man,”

Gelanin films himself destroying Tlingit masks made by non-Native people for non-Native people. He then glues the wood shavings back together, to recreate a mask-like shape that resembles nothing of a face. The critique is two-fold; the destroyed masks represent the erasure of indigenous people as well as the exploitation of their culture and artwork. Audience discomfort, especially that of non-Indigenous visitors, seems to be welcomed. “I use my work to explore adaptation, resilience, survival, active cultural amnesia, dream, memory, cultural resurgence, connection to and disconnection from the land,” Gelanin said in his artist statement. The exhibit made its way to Macalester in a process that included many conversations between Gelanin and Jehra Patrick, the Law Warschaw curator and gallery director. “I reached out to Nicholas about a year and a half ago to start a conversation about the possibility of showing with Macalester,” Patrick

said. “It’s important for me to develop relationships with the artists that I work with and that our exhibition process be collaborative.” Patrick sees the value in showing Galanin’s art at Macalester not only because of his national influence — he was invited to the 2019 Whitney Biennial, the Whitney Museum of American Art’s prominent annual art exhibition — but also because of the interdisciplinary nature of his artwork. “Galanin’s work offers connections to not only the studio and performing arts, but also to environmentalism,

“Everything We’ve Ever Been, Everything We Are Right Now” in The Law Warschaw Gallery. Photo by Jehra Patrick.

American history, political science, justice reform, Indigenous identities, land rights and other campus values,” Patrick said. Moore visited the exhibit for a second time with her Radical Reelism: Indigeneity, Politics and Visual Culture class to speak with Galenin. She found that the exhibit fit the curriculum of her class perfectly well, and supplemented their discussions about Indigenous reclaiming of visual art. On a personal level, Moore felt drawn to Galanin’s piece that critiqued police brutality towards Indigenous people. The piece My Ears are Numb is an American flag stretched across a drum with a police baton carved out of wood. Neighboring the drum is a piece called How Bout Those Mariners, a screen plays the image of a Tlingit man walking and holding a knife, with the police audio of the shooting of John T. Williams playing through a pair of headphones. Because Moore is active in anti-police brutality protests, she was inspired by these pieces to make her own activist art.

The topics explored in “Everything We’ve Ever Been, Everything We Are Right Now” are not easy ones to discuss, but the dialogue that Gelanin’s artwork provokes is more than necessary, especially at a college that was built on stolen indigenous land. The artist makes statements which add to the narrative of the exhibit and allow Gelanin to explain his process. In doing so, there is less room to approach the gallery with a sense of comfortable distance that can be so common in academia. Instead, gallery-goers must confront undeniable truths about indigeneity. “Nicholas Galanin is an important artist of our time,” Patrick said. “Go see the show because the work is conversation-worthy and this is an artist who is changing the field for the better.” “Everything We’ve Ever Been, Everything We Are Right Now” will be at the Law Warschaw Gallery through Dec. 8. •

Ananya Dance Theatre performing decolonized contemporary dance By MALCOLM COOKE Arts Editor Ananya Chatterjea has been dancing Odissi, a classical Indian dance form, for almost her entire life. Now she runs her own dance company, Ananya Dance Theatre (ADT), which practices a new form of contemporary Indian dance based on Odissi. “[Chatterjea] came to the United States for her doctorate degree at Columbia University and was really disappointed and frustrated with how westernized dance teaching and dance philosophy are in the United States,” Toan Thanh Doan ’19, an ADT dancer. said. “She’s interested in making a new contemporary notion of dance. However, even the word contemporary itself has been co-opted by western dance, by white dance.” Contradicting the idea that Indian dance or other non-western dance forms are “cultural” forms rather than just another type of dance like ballet or contemporary, Chatterjea has spent over 10 years developing the new dance form “Yorcha.” This dance form contains elements of classical Odissi, vinyasa yoga, the eastern Indian martial art form Chhau and new movements which bring these forms into a modern, activist setting. “We are culturally specific but we also are not put into the box of ‘Indian’ dance or ‘cultural’ dance, we are ‘contemporary’ dance,” Doan said. Their latest dance performance, “Sutrejāl” captured Yorcha’s specificity, urgency and relevancy to the current political moment when it was performed at the O’Shaughnessy Auditorium at St. Catherine’s University on Sept 20 and 21. Set in the surreal and historyladen “Broken City,” the dance performance is a mythologised fantasy realm with deep ties to the histories of real communities. “One thing that we frequently say is that in ADT, our work is partly

Julia Gay ’16 in ‘Sutrejāl.’ Photo by V. Paul Virtucio, courtesy of Ananya Dance Theatre

researched, partly remembered and partly imagined,” Julia Gay ’16, another dancer in ADT, said. “And so in that I think ‘Sutrejāl’ is really all those things.” Recognizing their commitment to engagement with real world communities, the show began with a “land celebration” in place of a land acknowledgement. Instead of simply recognizing that the performance is on Dakota land, ADT worked with Janice Bad Moccasin, a tribal member of the Dakota nation, to provide a blessing of the space. “In classical Indian dance, there’s a practice called Parnam which is thanking the earth and thanking the land that we dance on,” Gay said. “And so we worked with Janice to create a practice that acknowledged the land but also that this is Dakota land.” This outreach embodies ADT’s commitment to building substantive relationships as a part of their art and also their attention to the stories that the dance pulls its history from. The performance began with a number of brief vignettes, as the dancers created short stories about life in the setting of “the Broken City.” Although these short snippets may seem abstract, they contain

characters which ADT has put a large amount of work into constructing. ADT has extensive conversations about the kind of stories they want to portray. The world of “Sutrejāl” is filled with personal moments of desire, conflict, work and oftentimes love. Doan has one such love duet with a black male dancer, and the stories that they try to tell with this interaction go far beyond the world of the dance. “We talked about how in the Vietnam War there were a lot of black folks who were sent to the forefront of the Vietnam War to fight,” Doan said. “We thought about the potential for different queer encounters that happen during that time that never get talked about. And also what the embodiment of softness means on a black male body and what does that body of softness mean on an asian male body? What we are trying to tell through the kind of desire and unapologetic desire of love [is important] for queer communities, especially queer communities of color all around the world.” Even if these stories can’t be told directly through movement, they express ADT’s diligent outreach to communities of color across the world. Although many of these narratives are drawn from the past, Sutrejāl has a complicated relationship with time and has characters who move through it nonlinearly. Throughout the dance, the world of the Broken City is framed by spoken word pieces performed by a character referred to as “The Poet,” who is portrayed by Tish Jones. Her monologues reveal that her character is a sort of historian, trying to uncover the untold stories of “the Broken City.” This role is also aided by a character named Ahiwa, played by Alessandra Williams ’07 . She is a seer who traverses time and space to preserve the stories of spirits in “the Broken City.” “[Tish and Williams’ characters] provide a narrative arc that I think is so interesting because again, it is both in the past and always tracing these

stories that are often untold,” Doan said. “But also their characters are very futuristic in a sense. I personally imagine them as people 200 years from now, maybe even post human extinction, post climate change and everything, digging up these stories and trying to tell these stories and also imagine a future that we don’t yet know how it looks like.” Although “the Broken City” is a fantastical place in many different times and spaces at once, it is also representative of real world communities of color. “The very close example of ‘the Broken City’ that we think about is the Rondo community,” Doan said Rondo was a thriving African American neighborhood in Saint Paul during the 20th century. Much of the neighborhood was demolished for the construction of the I-94 freeway in the late 1950s and 1960s. ADT’s studio, the Shawngram Institute for Performance & Social Justice, is in close proximity to Rondo, an intentional decision that further highlights ADTs commitment to relationship building in and outside of performance. One of the most surprising and energetic moments of “Sutrejāl” involved audience participation. During an energetic and inspiring sequence, the entire front row of

Toan Thanh Doan ’19 in ‘Sutrejāl.’ Photo by V. Paul Virtucio, courtesy of Ananya Dance Theatre

the audience jumped onto the stage and started dancing alongside the performance. Even though other members of the audience joined in during the spur of the moment, the front row dancers involvement was part of a much longer collaboration. “We work to incorporate audience participation in creative ways that isn’t just surface level, but is really about relationship building,” Gay said. “And so the people who got up and danced with us in the middle of ‘Sutrejāl’ are people we’ve been building relationships with over the year, over many years.” “I think Ananya is also very intentional as ‘dancing in the middle of life’, is the phrase that she usually refers to,” Doan said. “Even the institute, our dance studio, we call the Shangram Institute for Performance & Social Justice, so it’s not just a dance studio but also we want it to be a community center, a place where people hold different events and different ceremonies and gatherings and protests. And that location itself is very important for us because its near a lot of high schools that serve youth of color.” Despite the fact that Sutrejāl was only performed for two nights, it is the embodiment of a project of decolonization in art and community that ADT works on year round. The numerous stories of silenced communities are at the core of the kind of political art the company is making. Those stories can not be easily summarized, and instead become a part of a complex tapestry of movement, history, politics and community called Sutrejāl. “We don’t dance just to dance,” Doan said. “We don’t dance to see how fast our bodies can move, or how far we can jump or how high of a split we can do. “We dance because we are invested in activism, we dance because dance is a kind of culture activism and we see the importance of embodiment, especially for people whose bodily liberation is constantly denied.” •

Food & Drink

The Mac Weekly

Coffee in the Mac-Groveland area

Neighborhood Cafe is Cahoots, a small, cozy coffee shop. Cahoots’ interior is very welcoming and different from most coffee shops. One exciting aspect of Cahoots is As the chilly afternoons and its emphasis on supporting local evenings of autumn approach, it businesses by emphasizing the becomes less enticing to go for a importance of it on their website. It walk and explore the local café features dim lighting, cozy carpets scene, especially when a warm latte hanging from the wall, novel or cappuccino is available just across lampshades with camels on them the street at Dunn Bros or Caribou and locally made jewelry for sale. Coffee. But in the Mac-Groveland Cahoots sells not only coffee but also area there are quite a few hidden-gem ice cream, smoothies, Middle Eastern coffee houses that offer great coffee inspired food and pastries. I ordered a turtle mocha with and the perfect environment to work almond milk, and it was perfection or socialize. You can find several neighborhood coffee shops within — one of the best mochas I’ve 10-15 minutes of campus. We looked had. The turtle mocha was not too just north and south of Macalester chocolatey nor heavy on the espresso. and found Cahoots Coffee Bar and As STEM majors would say, “It was Roots Roasting. Each with their own at equilibrium.” The prices at Cahoots individual menu and atmosphere, are similar to Starbucks and Caribou, both cafes offer tasty coffee within about four dollars for most drinks. One thing to keep in mind is that if the walking distance of campus. Near Whole Foods and the price is under five dollars and you pay with a card, they charge extra. I would recommend this place to study or catch up with friends because it offers many different s e a t i n g arrangements and doesn’t play music which is important for focus. 4/5 stars Just a couple of doors down from the corner Roots Roasting. Photo by Malyn Banitt-Moore ’22. of Snelling and


Saint Clair is Roots Roasting. It’s a two-room coffee house that offers a simple, tasty menu of coffee, drinks and pastries. All their beverages are available hot, iced or decaf, and milk substitutes are available for no extra charge. Roots Roasting has a mission to provide only the best ethically-sourced coffee beans and to do the best by the coffee industry and the environment. All the single-use items (cups, straws, napkins, etc.) are compostable, and according to their website, five percent of their profits “are donated towards ending modern slavery in the coffee industry in Brazil.” I ordered an iced latte with oat milk and their house simple syrup, and was pleasantly surprised by how different and delicious it was. Rich and smooth, the coffee was like nothing I’ve had before in the Twin Cities, and is competitively priced at four dollars for 12oz. I sat in the cafe for over an hour, enjoying the bright space and easy-going background music while I studied. The baristas, decor and lighting give Roots Roasting a relaxed and inviting space. It is perfect for studying, catching up with friends, or simply grabbing a delicious coffee. A hidden gem, I think Roots Roasting is a wonderful spot for the busy Macalester student. 4.25/5 stars Cahoots Coffee is located at 1562 Selby Ave, Saint Paul. Roots Roasting is located at 1552 St. Clair Ave, Saint Paul. • •

Oct. 4, 2019 • Page 7

Lemon Meringue Pie By ALEKOS TETRADIS Contributing Writer Fall weather is only just starting, which means winter is just around the corner. However, with this lemon meringue pie recipe, you won’t have to let go just yet! This pie has a flaky, buttery crust and is stuffed with a tart lemon filling covered in soft and sweet meringue. This pie is perfect for any and all occasions. Make it for your friends, family or just yourself! Head on over to the store, and prepare this delicious dessert! What you’ll need: 1 cup white sugar 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour 3 tablespoons cornstarch ¼ teaspoon salt 1 ½ cups water 2 lemons, zested and juiced 2 tablespoons butter 4 egg yolks, beaten 1 pie crust, baked, should be about 9 inches (frozen crusts work perfectly) 4 egg whites 6 tablespoons white sugar Directions: 1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees Fahrenheit. 2. Lemon Filling: In a mediumsized saucepan, whisk together 1 cup sugar, flour, cornstarch and salt. Once combined, stir in water, lemon zest and lemon juice. Cook over medium-high heat, stirring frequently until it boils. It should

look glossy and viscous. Mix in the butter. In a separate bowl, mix together the 4 egg yolks with about 1/2 cup of the sugar-lemon mixture. Once mixed, put the egg yolk mixture back into the saucepan and bring it to a boil while whisking constantly until it begins to thicken. Take off heat once it boils and transfer it into your pie shell. 3. Meringue: In a large, durable bowl (glass or metal), whip the egg whites until they are foamy. Add 6 tablespoons of sugar and keep whipping until you see stiff peaks form. You can tell once they are stiff if the tips of the peaks stay mostly intact. Spread the meringue over the pie and make sure you seal ALL the sides so nothing leaks out! 4. Bake in your wonderfully preheated oven for 10 minutes or until you see the meringue begin to brown. Notes This recipe takes very little time to make (about 40 minutes) so it’s perfect for people who need a study break or just love baking but don’t have a lot of time. I recommend taking the sugar-lemon mixture off the heat once it boils because you don’t want it to burn or curdle. If you’re feeling fancy, make patterns on the meringue using any type of apparatus available, and make sure you seal the edges! •


The problem with unrealistic college expectations By EVA STROMGREN Contributing Writer I remember sitting at a restaurant in late May 2018, only a couple of weeks before my high school graduation. I spoke with a family member who had just recently finished their first year of college. All I heard, and all I wanted to hear, was how fun and spectacular their experience was. It never crossed my mind that they may not have fallen in love with their college and their college identity as it seemed they had. I did not realize that maybe I was only hearing about the friends who stayed close — not the ones who drifted away. I only dreamed of the weekends full of parties and trying new restaurants, the meals at giant tables full of people with whom I felt completely at ease. I don’t write this article to say that these wonderful experiences do not or will not exist, but the unreasonable and unrealistic expectations that we all bring with us to college infiltrate our conversations and our sad moments too often. These expectations are furthered by a culture of institutional, social and peer pressures that encourage a culture of busyness as a way to find personal contentment and gratification. Going into college I had this persistent idea that I would hit a point, be that after a month, a semester or a year, and then I would suddenly be comfortable at Macalester: comfortable with my opinions, my interests, my home, comfortable forcing myself into conversations before class and forcing myself into Café Mac tables that I don’t feel welcome at and I think, to be truly honest, comfortable with myself. At the end of my first year, I struggled almost

constantly. I did not feel as though I belonged at Macalester. I was constantly embarrassed of myself — how few people I thought I knew, how few opinions I felt secure in, how few people I ate with, how much time I spent at the library. I never thought other students might be struggling as well. I am not saying that all of our irrational life expectations are invalid. However, I am saying that we need to consciously work to further a college culture that does not revolve around how busy and stressed we are. By busy, I mean busy with various rigorous courses, a multitude of student organization or athletic commitments or just busy with fun. I think the societal pressure that we put on college students to be busy, as if stress makes a fulfilled life, is blatantly incorrect. While joining activities is definitely important for meeting people and feeling involved, our entire life and well-being should not revolve around how much we have to fit in or get done. Thus, I hope that we can remember that we are not alone in our struggles and our pressures, and become more aware of this mentality in our daily lives. This past summer, I worked in the Admissions Office. While I am incredibly grateful for that opportunity — as I met some incredible people and got to rediscover what I love about being at Macalester — I was always bothered by the questions guests asked about the activities I was involved in. Granted I wasn’t knocking the ball out of the park in that regard, but I was in multiple activities, taking a full course load, working and attempting to transition to college and figure out who I was all at once. But somehow, I was embarrassed because I did

not feel as though I was busy enough. While I whole-heartedly admire my peers who are able to manage their time so well and participate in so many things, students are inherently busy enough with our coursework and maintaining our well-being, without even beginning to account for time committed to organizations, athletics and friends. That said, societal and institutional pressures still encourage us to be the extremely-involved Macalester student that can be held up on promotional material. These pressures create an atmosphere of social shame that translates into guilt when we are not extremely busy. I think the most painful and frustrating part of the college expectations struggle is how everyone seems to think they are alone in it. So moving forward, I am hoping for more honesty, from myself, from Macalester’s publicity materials and from the Macalester community. I believe that social media is a major force in perpetuating these feelings and ideas worldwide. We compare ourselves to the always busy and endlessly fun lives that we see on social media from our friends back home. We see everyone else’s high moments without being able to see their internal struggles.While I’m not suggesting that we quit all social media apps in existence, we must recognize the impact that these one-sided social media portrayals have on ourselves, on each other and on the expectations of future students. Obviously, there are great moments that we want to share with the world, and Macalester as an institution wants to attract students who want to be involved with their community. But we cannot talk the talk about acceptance and

self-love when our social worth revolves around being as busy and stressed as possible. There is no beauty or glory in suffering through stress. There is no medal for the busiest Google Calendar. There is no point in continuing to emphasize a self-love culture while still equating busyness and social popularity with value. Apart from more awareness and honesty about the up-and-down nature of college, we need to work to challenge the current dialogue around our toxic culture of busyness, so we can break down these unhealthy and unrealistic expectations. In talking to some friends at the beginning of this year, I realized that I was not alone in having to drastically change my expectations about the busyness of college life. However, Macalester still struggles to shake these unrealistic expectations. Though it seems as though we all had that point during first year where we realized that college was not really the same as it was portrayed, our dialogue must also change to be more honest and open about college stress and college culture. Macalester is moving in the correct direction to combat inaccurate and harmful college expectations and culture around busyness with a number of various Health and Wellness initiatives. But we still could be doing much more. Acknowledging that Macalester has high rates of student loneliness and discussing how this culture of busyness feeds into student loneliness and student stress is a conversation we need to have. We must think about our role as individuals and as an institution in providing future college students with this unrealistic mindset. We must act to change our culture of busyness and stress. •

Page 8 • Oct. 4, 2019


The Mac Weekly

IRT 2019: re-evaluating the purpose of prisons

By KARÍN AGUILAR-SAN JUAN Columnist The theme of this year’s International Roundtable is “Incarceration (Un)interrupted: Reclaiming Bodies, Lands, and Communities,” putting prisons in broad, interdisciplinary and community-based contexts. How can you prepare to join the flow of the IRT conversations? One step might be to think about this question: What are prisons for? At first glance, the answer seems obvious. Prisons are for crime. People in prisons are criminals. There is some truth in those statements, but we should also look at the history, uses, abuses and long-term consequences of prisons. We need to consider which crimes get assigned what kinds of punishment. Historian Pippa Holloway shows that in the post-Reconstruction-era South, a propertied white man committing murder could be excused for a “crime of passion” and receive no prison time, while a poor person stealing a chicken was certain to be flogged. It would take much more than the 1,000 words allotted here to explain how that startling example relates to the situation today. With the world’s highest rate of incarceration, the United States has become the focus of scholarly research on prisons — and a grassroots movement is focused on abolishing them. A few years ago, the National Research Council pulled together an ad hoc committee to study the many factors that contribute to incarceration rates and found that changing policies, not rising rates of crime, were the

determining factor. More people were being arrested and sentenced, and extended sentences made sure that people stayed in prison for longer periods of time. As a result, the number of people in U.S. state prisons (where the bulk of the prison population is found) tripled from 1980 to 2010. Currently over six million people are in the grasp of the U.S. prison system, including federal and state prisons, county jails, probation or parole. The fact that African Americans and Latinx people are disproportionately represented in prison merits discussion and further investigation. According to the Bureau of Justice, black men born in 2001 had a 32 percent chance of serving prison time at some point in their lives, compared to six percent of white men. In 2015 black women were twice as likely as white women to be in prison. That same year, non-violent drug offenses accounted for 50 percent of the population in federal prison. Michelle Alexander attributes “racialized mass incarceration” directly to the Reaganera "War on Drugs." Her New York Times best-selling book "The New Jim Crow" argues that putting black people in prison for using marijuana and crack cocaine — and then stigmatizing them for life — essentially comprises a legal, Jim Crow-redux system of racial segregation that covers itself in raceneutral language. Once out of prison, these petty drug offenders face a myriad of obstacles that diminish their access to housing, jobs, education and other social supports. What if the War on Drugs had treated marijuana and crack cocaine as a public health crisis rather than a criminal offenses, the way the opioid overdose epidemic is handled today? Thanks to "The New Jim Crow" and also to Ava Du Vernay’s film “13th,” more people

recognize the anti-black bias in policing and prisons. Hopefully, that recognition will eventually lead to change. Meanwhile, we need to address the lingering notion that prisons are okay as long as prisons are racially proportional and the crimes prisoners commit are truly violent. We need to consider whether and how U.S. prisons, jails and detention centers violate human rights. For example, is the use of solitary confinement for extended periods of time — days, weeks, months, even years, acceptable? That means locking someone in a tiny cell with a toilet and a bed, without any form of distraction, not even a pen or pencil, never mind a phone or video games. Meals are served through a hole in the door and prisoners are forced to wear chains when exiting their cell for recreation. Psychology Today called solitary confinement “Torture, pure and simple” in January. According to the Bureau of Justice, in 2015 there were 1,473 proven cases of sexual assault in prisons, 42 percent of which were perpetrated by prison staff. Sociologist Joshua Price refers to sexual assault as a practice of humiliation that is part and parcel of the incarceration experience, especially for women and non-gender conforming or transgender people (see his book, Prison and Social Death). Pregnant women are forced to give birth while shackled. Until the U.S. Supreme Court ruled it out in 2015, a teenager as young as 14 could be given a sentence of life without parole. If all of this happens on a regular basis, why should we be satisfied with making prisons racially equitable? When it comes to violent crime — including robbery, sexual assault and murder — a number of people believe that justice requires an equal measure of violence in return. Judging from the popularity of crime shows, there might even

be a certain amount of pleasure derived from the act — or spectacle — of punishing violent criminals. What kind of repair would ending a life actually bring to our collective sense of resolution? Wouldn’t that act just add one huge awful link to a long chain of harm? In 2015, there were 1.3 million people in state prisons, 55 percent of whom had violent convictions. It’s good to reform policies affecting nonviolent drug crimes. Now we need to tackle the penchant for using extreme sentencing for violent crimes, such as solitary confinement for extended periods of time, or life without parole. Excessive punishment might feel like the right thing to do at a time when you’ve been badly hurt and damaged by someone. But leaders across both political parties are now discovering that this approach often fails as a deterrent. Moreover, it doesn’t make sense to keep old people in prison, when they are no longer a threat to others. At the end of the day, more humane ways to handle violent crime include: treatment for substance abuse and addictions, increased resources for public schools such as early childhood education, jobs, housing, geriatric parole and expanded programming within prisons — classes, mentoring, therapy, workshops and cultural activities. That’s where the discourse on “who is a criminal” returns. As a society, what resources are we actually willing to devote to improve the well-being of people whom we have already branded and discarded as “criminals”? • “The Last Call” is written by Prof. Karin Aguilar-San Juan, Anni Clark, Mandy Ortiz and Shireen Zaineb. It appears each week on the backpage of The Mac Weekly.

Attend Fossil Free Mac's sit-in By ZACH JORDAN Contributing Writer

Graphic courtesy of Fossil Free Mac.

A massive moment in fossil fuel divestment is upon us. On Friday, Oct. 4, members of the Macalester community will be participating in a sit-in at Weyerhaeuser Hall as a call for immediate action on the climate emergency. Macalester’s Board of Trustees will meet to discuss Fossil Free Mac’s proposal to place a moratorium on renewing any contracts that the college has with fossil fuel companies. If the board approves this measure, 40 million dollars worth of investments will be divested over a 15 year period: a huge step forward for the movement. This just might be the best chance we have had yet to finally halt millions of dollars from funding fossil fuel projects that relentlessly pollute our planet and destroy marginalized communities. This is a call to action — the board of trustees has passed up opportunities to vote on the proposal twice now. There can be no further delay in action on this issue. The movement can only succeed with the support of a highly engaged community united through our demands for environmental justice and a cleaner planet. We stress urgency in the face of climate disaster, and it is past time for Macalester’s actions to match its rhetoric in regards to valuing sustainability and environmental preservation. There is no more room for debate on how the student body

feels on this issue — in our referendum last spring, 94 percent of Macalester students stated that they support Fossil Free Mac’s proposal. To vote against the proposal would be to vote against the will of the students, members of the generation that will be responsible for fixing the mess created by these irresponsible investments. This meeting comes on the heels of the University of California system divesting entirely from fossil fuels, joining a wave of colleges seeking more ethical investments as they made their 13.4 billion dollar endowment entirely fossil free. With more than 40 educational institutions already committed to achieving complete divestment, Macalester is rapidly bleeding credibility as an institutional leader in the pursuit of climate justice. The people who have suffered from the environmental destruction of fossil fuel companies have the momentum. Stand with us today and make your voice heard — we will not support funding the very companies that are responsible for many of the climate disasters that we see today. Starting at noon and concluding at the end of the board meeting, we will be occupying Weyerhaeuser Hall. All are welcome to sit with us in a place of peace and reflect on what Macalester’s ethical obligations ought to be as an institution of power and influence. We do not seek to aggravate; we seek to demonstrate. We are looking forward to seeing you there. •

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