The police and the SIS The origins of the British Police
Cross-curricular – History
The origins of the British Police
1 You are going to read some facts about the British Police. Before you read, why do you think these words or numbers appear in the text? Guess. 1 1827
5 panda cars
7 1 metre 78
8 Scotland Yard
I think 1827 is when the British Police began. 2 Read Rea ead d thee te text and checkk yyour answers. o r an ou nswers.
The British Police force was the ﬁrst modern police force in the world. It began in 1827. People sometimes call police ofﬁcers ‘bobbies’. This is because the person who started the police force was Sir Robert (Bobby) Peel. Sir Robert Peel didn’t want the police to wear green. Green was the colour of the army uniform and the army wasn’t very popular at the time. So Peel decided to make police uniforms blue. This was the colour of the navy. The navy was popular. The ﬁrst policewoman started work in 1915. Women became a regular part of the police force at that time because many men were away ﬁghting in the First World War. The emergency number to call the police in Britain is 999. They chose this number because on old telephones, it was very difﬁcult to ring the number by accident. People called the ﬁrst police cars ‘panda cars’ because they had panels of different colours, sometimes black and white, or often blue and white. In the past, to be a police ofﬁcer, you needed to be 1 metre 78 or more. Now it isn’t important how tall or short you are. The ﬁrst police headquarters were in a place called Great Scotland Yard. In 1890, they moved to a different place. People called this New Scotland Yard. Then, in 1967, the police built a new, modern headquarters, which is also called New Scotland Yard! It is just 450 metres from the Houses of Parliament in London.
International cultural knowledge The British Secret Intelligence Service 3 Work with a partner and do the Secret Intelligence Service quiz. 4
2.36 Listen. Did you choose the correct answers in the quiz?
5 What about you? 1 Do you think real secret agents have exciting lives? Why/Why not? 2 Would you like to be a secret agent or a police oﬃcer? Why/Why not? I think they probably have exciting lives because they travel a lot. I don’t agree.
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of the future? d n o B s e m Ja e th u o y Are the Secret Intelligence nce to work for Do you have the intellige swers. If you choosing the correct an by it e ov Pr S)? (SI ice rv Se don’t know, guess! the SIS is MI5/MI6. 1 The popular name for n. rks in Britain/outside Britai 2 The SIS generally wo is M/C. 3 The director of the SIS of s/doesn’t have a director 4 In real life, the SIS ha cter Q in the James Bond technology, like the chara films. secret the SIS in London has a 5 The headquarters of nel under the River Thames. nuclear bunker/a secret tun
Click Onto Unit 2 Lesson 1
The police and the SIS
Warmer Play 20 Questions for students to guess Daniel Craig. Tell students you are thinking of a famous ﬁlm actor. They can ask up to 20 Yes/ No questions to ﬁnd out who it is. When they have guessed the answer, ask students to open their books on page 139 and ﬁnd the photo of Daniel Craig.
Cultural information D Daniel Wroughton Craig (born 2nd March 1968) is an English actor and ﬁlm producer. He starred as James Bond in the 2006 ﬁlm Casino Royale and was nominated for a BAFTA award. His most recent Bond ﬁlm is Quantum of Solace (2008). Other famous ﬁlms he has starred in are Layer Cake, The Golden Compass and Lara Croft: Tomb Raider.
Cross-curricular – History: The origins of the British Police 1 Before they read, ask students to guess why they think the words or numbers appear in the text. Students could do this in pairs or you could do this as an open-class activity.
Word booster Students match the words and deﬁnitions before reading the text. Key 1 b 2 a
5 f 6 c
2 Students read the text and check their answers in 1. Ask students to tell you what information in the text justiﬁes each answer. Recording: Unit 2 p22 Click onto … on www.gateway-online.net Key 1 The British Police force began in 1827. 2 Police oﬃcers are called ‘bobbies’ because the name of the founder of the police force was Sir Robert (Bobby) Peel. 3 Green was the colour of the army uniform. 4 The ﬁrst police woman started work in 1915. 5 People called the ﬁrst police cars ‘panda cars’ because they had panels of diﬀerent colours, sometimes black and white, or often blue and white. 6 The emergency number to call the police in Britain is 999. 7 In the past, you needed to be 1 metre 78 to be a policeman. 8 The police headquarters are called Scotland Yard.
Fast ﬁnishers Write three extra questions on the board for students to answer: 1 Why did Peel choose blue for the police uniform? 2 Why did women become a part of the police force? 3 Why did they choose the number 999?
International cultural knowledge: The British Secret Intelligence Service 3 In pairs, students do the quiz. 4
2.36 Play the CD for students to listen and check their answers. Elicit any extra information they can remember about each quiz item. With a less conﬁdent class, you may like to pre-teach some vocabulary before playing the CD: stand for – if an abbreviation or a symbol stands for something that is what it means or represents; abroad – in or going to a foreign country; boss – the person who is in charge of you at work; code name – a name for someone or something that you use when you want to keep their real name secret; ink – a black or coloured liquid that is used for writing, drawing or printing; gadget – a small tool or piece of equipment that does something useful or impressive.
Audioscript The correct name for the British Secret Service is the SIS, or Secret Intelligence Service, but most people call it MI6. MI6 stands for Military Intelligence Section 6. This department generally works abroad, outside Britain. Of course, when people hear the name MI6, they often think of James Bond. Bond’s adventures are obviously not true, but some things are similar to the real SIS. For example, Bond’s boss doesn’t have a name. She’s just called ‘M’. In real life, the director of the SIS is called ‘C’. The reason for this is because the ﬁrst director of the Intelligence Service was Sir Captain George Mansﬁeld SmithCumming. He wrote the letter ‘C’ in green ink at the bottom of oﬃcial papers and letters. ‘C’ then became the code name for the director of the SIS. Another popular character in the James Bond ﬁlms is ‘Q’. ‘Q’ is the inventor of the gadgets and equipment that Bond uses on his adventures. In fact, the SIS really does have a similar person, the director of their new technology department. This director of technology works in the new headquarters of the SIS in London. This central headquarters is next to the River Thames. The outside of the building appears in three or four Bond ﬁlms. Rather surprisingly, the inside of the building also appears in one of the Bond ﬁlms. Not very secret for a secret service, perhaps! One thing that is more or less secret though is a possible tunnel that begins inside the headquarters and then goes right under the River Thames. Many people think this tunnel exists, but nobody knows the details … or, at least, nobody is talking. 5 What about you? In pairs, students discuss the questions. Focus their attention on the model dialogue for question 1. With a less conﬁdent class, you could brainstorm some ideas together ﬁrst and write them on the board, along with some key discourse markers, to help structure their ideas: The main advantage/ disadvantage would be …, On the one hand …, On the other hand …, However, …, What’s more, …
Key 1 Because blue was the colour of the navy and the navy was popular at the time. 2 Because men were away ﬁghting in the First World War. 3 Because on old-style telephones it was diﬃcult to ring the number by accident.
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