Page 1

FlyingHigh for Saudi Arabia Workbook 2

Simon Brewster Paul Davies Mickey Rogers


Contents UNIT

2

PAGE

LESSONS

1

In the past

2

Describing people

10 12 14

1 Who is he? 2 Visitors 3 Meeting new people

3

Time out

16 18 20

1 On the town 2 What’s happening? 3 Internet!

4

Learning for life

22 24 26

1 School days 2 Choices 3 Learning culture

5

On the move

28 30 32

1 Getting around 2 Getting away from it all 3 Getting there

4 6 8

1 Famous lives 2 Personal history 3 Famous events


UNIT

PAGE

LESSONS

6

Healthy living

34 36 38

1 Laughter is the best medicine 2 Your favorite team 3 Organizing your life

7

The story so far

40 42 44

1 Life histories 2 Experience and experiences 3 Success stories

Ways of life

46 48 50

1 Traditions 2 Your life 3 Working together

What’s next?

52 54 56

1 Reviewing the situation 2 Lifestyle changes 3 Twenty-five years from now

8 9

3


Unit 1 In the past

1

Famous lives Grammar builder: past tense regular verbs Form: • • •

To form the past simple of a regular verb, add -ed: acted wanted If the verb ends in -e just add -d: Yesterday graduated liked If the verb ends in consonant + y, change the y to i and add -ed: studied cried

I she we they

studied English. waited for you. watched a baseball game. walked home.

1 Grammar

Write the past simple of these verbs. use

used ___________________

1 establish ___________________

5 travel

___________________

2 study

___________________

6 enjoy

___________________

3 hate

___________________

7 move

___________________

4 live

___________________

8 compete ___________________

2 Reading a Read the article about Michael Phelps, the champion swimmer.

T

he world famous Olympic swimmer, Michael Fred Phelps, was born in Baltimore, Maryland in the U.S.A., on June 30, 1985. His father, Fred, worked for the Maryland State Police and Phelps, who is called ‘MP’ by his friends, started swimming when he was 7 years old. When he was 10 he was the fastest US swimmer of his age group. He graduated from Towson High School in 2003. In this year he first won the World Swimmer of the Year Award. Between 2004 and 2008 he studied sports management at the University of Michigan. The rest of the world first noticed Phelps in 2000 when, at the age of only 15, he competed in the Olympic Games in Sydney, Australia, and finished fifth in the finals. Phelps continued to develop as a swimmer. He won six gold medals at the Athens Olympic Games in 2004, and eight in Beijing in 2008. This is the record number of gold medals in any single Olympic Games. He is now a rich man. He earned about $5 million from advertising in 2008 and used some of the money to start the Michael Phelps Foundation, an organization that encourages children to swim. Phelps’ physical shape almost certainly helps him to swim so fast. When he holds his arms out, the distance from fingertip to fingertip is 201 cm. This is more than his height – he is 193 cm tall – and his feet are 49 mm long!

4

Unit 1


In the past  Lesson 1

b Answer the questions. 1 What was his father’s job? 2 Why do his friends call him MP? 3 Where did he go to university? 4 Did he win an Olympic medal in Sydney? 5 How many gold medals did he win in Athens and Beijing? 6 When did he start the Michael Phelps Foundation? c Now write five more questions about the article. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

3 Writing a Complete the form about yourself.

Personal information Date of birth: Place of birth: Father’s occupation: Elementary school: High school: Favorite subjects: Favorite activities:

b Now write an autobiography. Include all the information from the form. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Unit 1

5


Lesson 2  In the past

2

Personal history Grammar builder: past simple tense: irregular verbs Use: • The past simple forms of irregular verbs are all different. • You can really only learn irregular past simple forms by memorizing them. But you can help yourself by thinking of ways to remember them, e.g. by thinking of a simple sentence with a similar sound or rhyme: I took the book. or by grouping them in your mind: hit put set

taught caught bought

1 Grammar a Look at these infinitive forms. Write the past simple form in the correct column, depending on whether it is regular or irregular. love get spend

give leave do

take establish want

work read buy

Regular

Irregular

loved

gave

graduate grow begin

feel fly like

have say live

make be meet

act win become

b Look at page 4 and check your answers. c Complete the interview with the correct forms of the verbs in parentheses. A:  Where (1)_______________ you ______________ (live) when you were young? B: I (2)_______________ (live) in Colorado. My parents (3)________________ (have) a ranch. A: Who (4)_______________ you _______________ (hang) out with? B: I (5)_______________ (hang) out with some friends from the ranch. They (6)_______________ (be) a lot of fun. A: (7)_______________ you ________________ (have) many vacations? B: No, I didn’t. I (8)_______________ (not have) time. We (9)__________ (work) a lot on the ranch. A: But what (10) _______________ you_______________ (do) when you (11)_______________ (not work)? B: I (12)_________________ (play) tennis and sometimes I (13) _______________ (go) into the mountains on my horse.

6

Unit 1


In the past  Lesson 2

2 Grammar a Write answers to these questions about when you were younger. Use short answers when logical. 1 Who influenced you when you were young? _____________________________________________________________ 2 What did you do in your free time? _____________________________________________________________ 3 Who did you admire the most? _____________________________________________________________ 4 What sport did you like? _____________________________________________________________ b Write questions for these answers. Use your imagination!

did they admire? Who ___________________________ hung out with them? Who ___________________________

His brother did.

1 ___________________________

He hung out with my brothers.

2 ___________________________

My father.

3 ___________________________

One of my teachers at high school.

4 ___________________________

Math.

5 ___________________________

No, I didn’t.

6 ___________________________

He learned a lot from his brother.

7 ___________________________

His best friend did.

They admired their teacher.

c Put the conversation in the correct order. 1 What sports did you like? 2 Really? What sport did you play? 3 I’d like to know about when you were a child. Where did you live? 4 Football. 5 Thanks for the interview. I have a few questions for you.

A

6 No problem. What do you want to know? 7 He worked in a bank. 8 In Chicago with my parents and brothers and sisters. 9 What did your father do? 10 I really liked tennis, cycling, and football.

Unit 1

7


Lesson 3  In the past

3

Famous events 1 Word builder: understanding words from context a Read this article about Mount Vesuvius.

A

t one o’clock on the afternoon of August 24th in the year 79, the people of the busy Roman town of Pompeii were doing their daily activities. Across the bay of Naples the commander of the Roman fleet, Pliny, was relaxing on his boat after lunch and a bath. Suddenly, the nearby volcano, Mount Vesuvius, erupted. A cloud of ash shot into the sky ‘like a large tree’. The sun disappeared behind the cloud and the sky went completely dark. Some people stayed where they were and watched the eruption, others tried to escape. Thousands of people died, either in Pompeii or when they were running away. Pliny sailed his boat nearer to Vesuvius. He was trying to rescue survivors, but he could not. He, like many others, died while he was breathing poisonous gases. Luckily his nephew, also called Pliny (the Younger) survived and was able to write a description of the eruption.

b Circle the correct meaning of these words from the article. 1 fleet

a) ships

b) army

2 erupted

a) made a noise

b) exploded

3 escape

a) run away

b) hide

4 survivors

a) people who died

b) people who lived

5 poisonous

a) deadly

b) smelly

2 Reading

Read the account of the eruption of Vesuvius again. Put the events into the correct order. At 1 p.m. my son and I were working in our shop. a The sky went dark. b We ran outside. c Luckily, in the end, we survived. d Suddenly, we heard an explosion. e We saw a cloud of ash coming out of the mountain. f We ran away, out of the town.

8

Unit 1

1


In the past  Lesson 3

Grammar builder: past progressive Use: • Use the past progressive to talk about actions in the past which were a) in progress at a specific time: At 7:30, they were having dinner. b) in progress when something else happened: They were having dinner when their friends arrived. Form: I was He walking down the street when

I he saw an old friend.

They

they

were

3 Grammar a Look at the text in exercise 1. Underline all the examples of the past progressive. Think about why it is used in each case.

The first example is underlined for you.

At one o’clock on August 24th, the people of the busy Roman town of Pompeii were doing their daily activities.

This is an action in progress when something else happened.

b Correct the errors in this story. Yesterday I walked down Main Street when I was seeing my old friend Peter. I was stopping to talk to him. Peter told me about his new job when he suddenly was saying, ‘Look over there. What’s happening?’ I was looking across the street. A man ran away, and a policeman ran after him. ‘We must stop him!’ Peter was saying. I was looking again. ‘No, It’s OK,’ I was saying. ‘Do you see those people over there, with the camera? They’re making a movie!’ c Complete these sentences with the past simple tense or the past progressive of the verbs in parentheses. 1 This time last week I ____________ (have) coffee with my cousin. 2 I ____________ (have) a walk in the park when my cell phone ____________ (ring). 3 When Martha ____________ (make) dinner someone ____________ (knock) at her door. 4 I ____________ (wake up) at 7 o’clock this morning. 5 I ____________ (sit) on the bus at 7 o’clock this morning.

Unit 1

9


Unit 2 Describing people

1

Who is he? Grammar builder: describing people’s physical appearance Use:

Form:

• T o talk about people’s general appearance, use be + adjective:

He / She

tall.

( is )

slim.

She is tall. He’s slim. I’m average height.

blue.

• To talk about their eyes or hair, His / Her use have + adjective + noun:

eyes

are

green.

hair

is

short.

He has short hair. I have blue eyes.

brown.

Or: My eyes are blue. His hair is short and straight.

I

have

black hair.

He / She

has

brown eyes.

1 Grammar a Complete the sentences using the correct form of be or have. His eyes _______________ brown and his hair _______________ black. are is 1 He _______________ tall and slim and he _______________ green eyes. 2 My hair _______________ blond and my eyes _______________blue. 3 I _______________ average height and I _______________ brown, wavy hair. 4 He _______________ green eyes and his hair _______________ gray. 5 I _______________ long, black hair and I_______________ short. b Put the words in the correct order to form sentences. 1 and / is / Jack / medium / tall / weight / . _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 2 short, / He / has / hair / curly / blond / . _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 3 blue / eyes / has / He / . _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 4 slim / Ali / medium / is / height / and / . _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 5 and / eyes / green / hair / has / short, / red / He / wavy / . _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

10

’s

Unit 2


Describing people  Lesson 1

2 Word builder: describing people a Match the words with similar meanings. 1 funny

a) normal

2 average

b) thin

3 dark

c) smart

4 fat

d) friendly

5 intelligent

e) amusing

6 outgoing

f) brown/black

7 slim

g) overweight

2 Reading and writing a Read the phone conversation and look at the picture. Who are the two people (A and B) who are meeting at the airport? 6 3 1

2

4

5

7

A: ….and I’m meeting you at the airport tomorrow at 11:30. B: Thanks so much. How can I recognize you? A: Well, I’m quite tall. I’ve got long dark straight hair. B: Not like me. I’m not very tall, and my hair’s very short and blond. Oh, and I wear glasses. A: So do I. And I usually carry a shoulder bag. B: I hope it’s OK – I usually travel in casual clothes. It’s more comfortable on the plane. I’ll change at my hotel. A: I’m going to a meeting before I meet you. I’m going to wear a suit to the meeting – but, I know…. I can wear a flower in my jacket. B: That’s a good idea. OK! See you tomorrow! b Write a brief description of yourself, including what you are wearing now.

Unit 2

11


Lesson 2  Describing people

2

Visitors Grammar builder: present progressive as future Use:

Form:

• To talk about things which are happening now (A): I’m reading the newspaper right now.

I He She

• To talk about things happening around now over a period of time (B): She’s staying with her brother for two weeks.

am is

We are They

watching television. visiting friends. staying in Los Angeles. leaving tomorrow.

• To talk about future arrangements, usually involving other people (C): He’s meeting her tomorrow.

1 Grammar a Correct the errors. 1 You walking in the street.

_____________________________ You’re walking in the street.

2 We writing an exercise.

_____________________________

3 He are learning English at college.

_____________________________

4 She speaks to her mother on the phone right now.

_____________________________

5 I going away next weekend.

_____________________________

6 They is watching the ball game later.

_____________________________

A

b Now write A, B, or C next to each of these sentences depending on which use of the present progressive it is (see the uses A, B, and C in the Grammar builder). c Complete the e-mail with the correct forms of the verbs in parentheses.

Alan

Dear Alan, I (1) ___________ (sit) here alone in my room. One of John’s cousins from Dallas (2) ___________ (visit) him and he (3) ___________ (bring) him around here for coffee. They (4) ___________ (go) on to a football game later, but I (5) ___________ (want) to stay in and finish some work. I (6) _________ (work) very hard at the moment. I (7) _______ (have) a new boss and I (8) __________ (like) to keep him happy! How are you? (9) ____________ (you/enjoy) your new job? And your younger brother?? He (10) ____________ (start) school soon, isn’t he? Sorry Alan. I must go. Someone (11) ___________ (ring) my doorbell. It’s John and his cousin. E-mail me! Andrew

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Unit 2


Describing people  Lesson 2

d Think of someone you know – a relative or friend – and write some sentences about their current activities and future arrangements. What are they doing right now? What are they doing this afternoon or evening?

2 Word builder a Complete the table with the words in the box.

restaurant Go out

park

museum

of town

shop

Go to a

baseball game

to dinner

Go to the

b Complete the conversation. Use words from the box above. A: What are you doing this weekend, George? B: I don’t know. I’m thinking about going (1)_____________________ . A: But you don’t like going to the park. B: I know, but Bassam does. I want to go (2)________________ . My favorite team is playing, but Bassam doesn’t like baseball. What about you? A: I’m going (3)__________________ . My uncle is sick. He lives in Chicago. My father wants to visit him. If I have time, I’m going (4)___________________ . There’s a great natural history museum in Chicago. B: Be sure to go (5)___________________ . There are some great restaurants there. A: OK. I’d like to go (6)__________________ , too. B: Hey! Are you going to Chicago for a weekend or a week?

Unit 2

13


Lesson 3  Describing people

3

Meeting new people Grammar builder: prepositional modifiers Remember you can identify people in two ways: With a verb + -ing: She’s the woman sitting near the window. With a prepositional phrase: He’s the man in the blue baseball cap.

1 Grammar a Put the words in the correct order to make sentences. man / with / his / umbrella / the / in / an / hand / the man with an umbrella in his hand 1 the / sweater / blue / a / guy / wearing / 2 man / near / the / brother / standing / your / 3 the / suit / in / man / a / 4 with / a / the / of / juice / glass / person / 5 Jennifer / the / with / girl / 6 blond / the / hair / with / one / curly, / b Rewrite the sentences with a preposition or an -ing verb. I think that girl is English. She’s wearing a blue blouse.

I think that girl wearing a blue blouse is English.

1 I want to meet the man. He’s standing near the window. 2 He’s the one. He’s eating a beef-burger. 3 There’s the woman. She’s in a big hat. 4 I like that teacher. He’s sitting at that table. 5 See that guy? He has short, black hair. 6 She’s the woman. She’s wearing a brown coat. 7 I think those guys are brothers. They have very short hair.

c Can you write any of the sentences in exercise 1b in a different way?

I think that girl in a blue blouse is English.

14

Unit 2


Describing people  Lesson 3 2 Word builder: small talk

a Write the letter of the correct category next to each comment.

b Complete the conversations with expressions in the box.

A Comment on what is happening now

Hi, I’m Andrew.

B Personal question

Do you come here often?

C A request

Nice day, isn’t it?

D The weather and climate

Are you enjoying the gathering?

E Common interests

That’s an interesting book. It’s a nice gathering, isn’t it?

1 Excuse me, could you tell me the time?

C

2 You’re new here, aren’t you?

A: (1)______________________________________

3 What a quiet baby. What’s his name?

B: I don’t know. I think it’s boring.

4 Do you come here very often?

C: (2)______________________________________

5 It’s hot tonight, isn’t it? 6 Is that your car over there? It’s really great. 7 It’s a fun gathering, isn’t it? 8 Do you think our team will win? They aren’t playing well. 9 Could you lend me a pen? 10 Do you work or study?

D: Yes, it is very nice. E: (3)______________________________________ F: A few times a month. G: (4)______________________________________ H: Is it? I just bought it. I: (5)______________________________________ J: Nice to meet you. I’m John. K: (6) ______________________________________ L: Yes, I am. How about you?

Unit 2

15


Unit 3 Time out

1

On the town Grammar builder: prepositions and directions Use: •  Look at the way these prepositions are used to describe location: on Fifth Avenue at the corner behind the library between the theater and the station across from the mosque • Remember to say next to the mosque but near the bookstore (without to). • To give directions, use turn left, turn right, go three blocks, cross the street, you’re at the station. It’s on your left / right.

1 Reading a Look at the photo. Do you know where it is? Do you know anything about it? b Read the text.

Tate Modern

Tate Modern was opened in London in 2000 in an enormous building which used to be a power station. It has a wonderful collection of paintings which are arranged thematically, including works by Picasso, Monet, Andy Warhol, and many, many others. Some people go just to see the building, which has been beautifully converted and is quite breathtaking in its scale. It also has marvelous views of the Thames river, especially from the upper floors. The museum has a restaurant, cafeteria, and a terrace overlooking the river where you can have tea on summer evenings.

Tate Modern Hours: Sunday to Thursday: 10 a.m. – 6 p.m. Friday and Saturday: 10 a.m. – 10 p.m.

Admission: free

16

Unit 3


Time out  Lesson 1 c Write full answers to the questions. What is Tate Modern?

Tate Modern is an art gallery. ___________________________________________________

1 Where is Tate Modern?

___________________________________________________

2 What is included in the collection?

___________________________________________________

3 What is special about the museum?

___________________________________________________

4 Where can you have tea in the museum?

___________________________________________________

5 Which evenings is the museum open late? ___________________________________________________ 6 How much is the admission fee?

___________________________________________________

2 Word builder a Look at the map and complete the text. Tate Modern is _______ the South Bank on (1) _______ Mansion House. It is (2) _______ the Globe. If you are coming from Blackfriars station, turn (3) _______ on Upper Thames Street, (4) _______ about two blocks, then (5) _______ the river (6) _______ the Millennium Bridge. (7) _______ right on Bankside, walk down Bankside and the museum is (8) _______ the left, (9) _______ Queen’s Walk. b Use the map on page 23. Write directions to these places. You are at the Dorset Hotel. 1 The Broadway

4 The Donnell Library

2 The Community Center

5 The Museum of Modern Art

3 Carnegie Hall _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ c Complete the conversation about your neighborhood. A:

Excuse me. Is there a bank near here?

You: Of course. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

A:

And how do I get to the nearest food store?

You: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Unit 3

17


Lesson 2  Time out

2

What’s happening? Grammar builder: gerunds and infinitives Use: Form: • Use the gerund (verb + ing) to talk about things you generally like / love / enjoy: I like to go I like reading. I love shopping. I enjoy going love going to the park. to the park. He enjoys seeing friends. • With like and love you can also use the infinitive, but not with enjoy: I like to watch TV. I love to eat out. • For specific wishes use would like to (’d like to) I’d like to stay home. or would prefer to: prefer I’d like to eat out tonight. I’d prefer to visit friends tomorrow. • For suggestions, use Why don’t we or Let’s Why don’t we have dinner out tonight? + the infinitive without to: Let’s eat out. Why don’t we go to that new Italian place? Let’s go to the park. • You can answer suggestions by accepting them: Good idea. That’s fine with me. or rejecting them: I’d rather not. No, I don’t think so, thanks.

1 Grammar a Put the conversation in the correct order. 1 I’d prefer not to. I had Italian last night. What about shawarma? 2 I don’t really enjoy watching sports. Let’s go out to eat. 3 Yeah, OK, that’s fine by me. I’ll meet you there at 8 o’clock. 4 Hi, would you like to go out tonight?

A

5 OK, fine. Why don’t we go to that new Italian restaurant? 6 Yeah, OK. Why don’t we go to the ball game? b Notice all the suggestions and ways of accepting / rejecting them in the conversation in exercise 1a. Underline them. The first one is done for you. c Correct the errors. A: Hello, how are you doing? B: Fine, thanks. A: Would you like going out tonight? B: Good idea. Why don’t we going to dinner? A: No, I don’t think so. I’m a little too tired for that. Let’s just to go out for coffee. B: Fine with me. Do you like drink outside? A: Oh, yes, good idea. Let’s to go to the coffee house on the river.

18

Unit 3


Time out  Lesson 2

2 Writing

Write what you would say in these situations. 1 A person you meet in the park: What do you like doing on weekends? (List the things you like.) _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ 2 A friend: Would you prefer to go to your friend’s house or a restaurant? (Imagine you went to your friend’s house last night.) ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

3 A colleague at work: Why don’t we go to a fish restaurant? (Imagine you never eat fish.) ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

4 A friend: What would you like to do this weekend? (Suggest some ideas.) ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

5 A friend: Did you hear? Samir´s in the hospital! (Suggest an idea.) ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

Unit 3

19


Lesson 3  Time out

3

Internet! 1 Word builder: computers a Read the definitions and complete the words.

You can type letters on this. K EYBOAR ______D 1 You can carry this computer with you. L _ _ _ _ P 2 You can see your work here.

M_ _ _ _ _R

3 You can hear your CDs through these. S_ _ _ _ _ _S 4 Your friends can see you because you have one of these. W _ _ _ _ M 5 You can go to a different place on the screen when you move this. M _ _ _ E 6 You can make a paper copy of your work with this. P _ _ _ _ _ R b Match the verbs and the nouns.

20

1 print out

a) the computer

2 surf

b) a DVD

3 look up

c) a document

4 re-boot

d) CD-ROMs

5 play

e) the net

6 check

f ) my e-mails

7 watch

g) computer games

8 read

h) information on the internet

Unit 3


Time out  Lesson 3 Grammar builder: going to / will / won’t Use:

Form:

Use be + going to to talk about definite plans or intentions: I’m going to work all evening. She’s going to cook dinner.

Use will or won’t to say what you think will or won’t happen: You’ll like the book. It’s really good. You ‘ll He won’t like the book. I and to make offers: He won’t I’ll help you. I’ll wash your car.

I’m She’s going to work at home. They’re

enjoy it. make some sandwiches. be there at 9 a.m.

2 Grammar

Complete the conversation using the correct form of will or going to. A: I ______________ go to the stadium next Friday to watch the football final. Would you like to come? ’m going to B: I’d love to but I (1) ________________ help out at the library on Friday. A: Can’t you change it? I think it (2) ________________ be a great game.

And there (3) ________________ be lots of people there that you (4) ________________ know.

B: Well, I could ask, but I don’t think my boss (5)________________ be very happy. A: I’m sure it (6) ________________ be OK. You never usually ask for time off. B: All right. Fine. I (7) ________________ go and see him now and see what he says.

By the way how (8) ________________ we travel there?

A: I don’t know yet. But I (9) ________________ think of something!

3 Writing a Write five true sentences about yourself using going to. This afternoon

_______________________________________ I’m going to leave work at 5:00 p.m.

1 Tonight

_______________________________________

2 Tomorrow

_______________________________________

3 Next weekend

_______________________________________

4 Next month

_______________________________________

5 Next year

_______________________________________

b Make some predictions about the general future using will. Complete the sentences. When I get home tonight,

_______________________________________ it’ll be dark.

1 I think tomorrow the weather _______________________________________ 2 After I finish this course, I think

_______________________________________

3 In the next few years, people

_______________________________________

4 By 2050, the world

_______________________________________

5 In the next few months, my family _______________________________________

Unit 3

21


Unit 4 Learning for life

1

School days 1 Word builder: school a Put the letters in order to form seven school subjects and three people connected to schools. siphscy

physics _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

1 tham

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

2 ritysho

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

3 sElinhg

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

4 prots

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

5 erahcet

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

6 tedusnt

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

7 logyboi

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

8 hreadetcha _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 9 grahpygeo _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ b Match the words in exercise 1a with the definitions. a kind of science

physics _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

1 the language spoken in Britain

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

2 the head of the school

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

3 involves exercise and games

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

4 the person who gives the lessons

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

5 the study of numbers

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

6 the study of the countries, seas, rivers of the world _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

22

7 the study of events in the past

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

8 the person who studies something

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

9 the scientific study of living things

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Unit 4


Learning for life  Lesson 1 c Complete the paragraph with the words in the box. captain

coach

librarian

Geography

History

Math

subjects

teacher

I always liked school. I enjoyed a lot of (1)_________________ . My favorite was (2)_________________ . I love reading about the past. I also liked (3)__________________ . I always wanted to see the world. I didn’t like (4)_________________ . I never really understood numbers and my (5)__________________ wasn’t very patient. I did well in sports; I was (6)__________________ of the football team in my senior year. We had a very good (7)___________________ . But my favorite person at school was Bill. He was the (8)__________________ . He looked after the library, but he also enjoyed talking to the students. I learned a lot about life talking to him.

2 Writing a Look again at the report cards on page 23 and the paragraphs about John and Andy. b Read this report card of another student, Juan, and then write a paragraph about him.

Barndale High School REPORT CARD Student: Juan Jimenez

Subject

Grade Comments

Math

A

Excellent

Religion

B+

Good work

English

B+

Good work

Physics

A

Excellent

P.E.

C

Could make a better effort

French

B

Did good work this year

Computer science

A

Excellent

Geography

A

Excellent

DATE: 6/20/08 SIGNED:

Mr Barry

___________________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 4

23


Lesson 2  Learning for life

2

Choices Grammar builder: comparatives Use:

Form:

• Use a comparative adjective to compare two things or people and than (not that) to join the two ideas:

easier

John is smaller than Imad.

bigger

Canada is colder than New Zealand.

This one is

• For short adjectives add -er: smaller / colder

These

are

• Double the consonant if it is a one-syllable adjective with a single vowel and ending in a consonant: big – bigger slim – slimmer • For long adjectives (two syllables or more) use more + adjective:

nicer

smaller

that one. than more interesting those. more expensive better worse

Language assistant

more expensive more colorful

The comparative forms of good and bad are irregular: better worse

• For two-syllable adjectives ending in -y, change the y to i and add -er: funnier sillier

1 Grammar a Complete the table. Adjective

Comparative form

Adjective

Comparative form

cheap

cheaper

than

5 intelligent

than

1 young

than

6 famous

than

2 modern

than

7 thin

than

3 happy

than

8 dirty

than

4 exclusive

than

9 extreme

than

b Write these sentences again, correcting the errors. My brother is seven years more old that me. Although I am more young that him, I am intelligenter and more happy. I am more tall and slimer than he is and one day, when I am a little bit biger, I will be a lot famouser. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 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_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

24

Unit 4


Learning for life  Lesson 2 2 Writing a Look at the table below. Write sentences comparing the places.

City

Population

Weather in the summer

Weather in the winter

Cost of living

Mexico City

20,000,000

warm

cool

inexpensive

Rome

4,000,000

hot

cold

expensive

Moscow

10,300,000

warm

very cold

inexpensive

(Mexico City / Rome / population) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Mexico City is bigger than Rome. 1 (Rome / Moscow / weather in the summer) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 2 (Moscow / Mexico City / weather in the winter) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 3 (Rome / Mexico City / cost of living) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 4 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 5 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 6 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 7 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ b Look at this table. Write short paragraphs comparing the people. Age Height Weight Personality

Peter 10 1.30 m. 50 kg happy

John 25 1.65 m. 75 kg very happy

David 50 1.70 m. 100 kg sad

Intelligence

very intelligent

intelligent

very, very intelligent

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Unit 4

25


Lesson 3  Learning for life

3

Learning culture Grammar builder: requests Form: Can you open the window, please? Could close the door? help me with this? Can you open the window? Could you lend me your umbrella, please?

Use: • Use can you (informal) and could you or would you (formal) to ask other people to do things:

Would you mind if I used your phone? Use Could I + infinitive or Would you mind if I Could I use your pen? + present simple to ask for permission: Could I speak to you for a moment? Would you mind if I used your phone?

Both of these are quite formal or polite.

1 Grammar a Put the words in the correct order to form requests. window the open you please could?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Could you open the window, please?

1 early you left I mind if would?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

2 for carry me you this please can?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

3 me call you could later?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

4 tomorrow finished mind you if would I this?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

5 me ride you give could please a?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

6 you may talk I to?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

b Write requests / ask for permission in the following situations. You are lost. Ask for directions. Could __________________________________________________ you tell me how to get to the station, please? 1 You need a pen. Ask your best friend. __________________________________________________ 2 You need next Monday off. Ask your boss politely. __________________________________________________ 3 It is very hot in the room. Ask your colleague politely to open the window. __________________________________________________ 4 You need to leave class early. Ask your teacher very politely. __________________________________________________ 5 You want a cup of coffee. Ask your sister to make you one. __________________________________________________

26

Unit 4


Learning for life  Lesson 3

c Write requests using comparative adjectives. This belt is too short.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Could you get me a longer belt, please?

1 This shirt is too small.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ?

2 This coffee is cold.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ?

3 This train is too slow.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ?

4 This exercise is really difficult. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ? 5 I can’t leave that late, I’m afraid. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ? d Match the sentences in exercise 1c with the people speaking in each one. a) employee to boss

______

b) student to teacher

______

c) customer to waiter

______

d) customer to salesperson

______

e) passenger to booking agent

______

2 Writing

Tom lives in Canada, but he is going to study in Saudi Arabia. He wrote you an e-mail asking you for information about your country. Write an e-mail answering him. Tell him about the weather, food, customs, and language in your country.

______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________

Unit 4

27


Unit 5 On the move

1

Getting around 1 Grammar a Look at the following table about types of transportation. Complete it with logical information.

Bus

cost

$$

comfort

Car

Train

***

food service speed

Plane

yes

**

other advantages can travel to other continents other disadvantages

delays

Key: $ cheap $$ a little expensive $$$ expensive $$$$ very expensive * a little to **** a lot.

b Now write sentences comparing each of the types of transportation.

The bus is cheaper than the plane. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 2 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 3 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 4 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 5 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 6 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 7 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 8 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 9 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ c What advantages and disadvantages does each type of transportation have? Complete the table.

Advantages

bus

Disadvantages

slow

car train plane

28

Unit 5


On the move  Lesson 1

d Write sentences about some of the advantages and disadvantages. Explain why. _ The ____bus ____is ___very _____slow _____because _________it __has _____to ___stop _____in ___many ______different __________cities. _____________________________________________ 1 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 2 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 3 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 4 _ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 5 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

2 Reading a Read this article.

EUROSTAR O

ne of the fastest and most modern passenger trains in the world is the Eurostar, which covers the distance between London and Paris in just three hours – a trip which used to take five or six hours and always involved a slow ferry crossing. You can leave London Waterloo at four o’clock on a Friday afternoon and be in the center of Paris in time for dinner. One of the most exciting things about the Eurostar is that it goes through a tunnel under the sea. This part of the trip takes about 20 minutes and you don’t really notice what is happening, but some people choose not to travel by the Eurostar because they find the idea very frightening. The trains are very comfortable and there is a good

variety of food and drink available in the buffet car. One slight disappointment, though, is that the train travels so fast, particularly on the French side where it speeds up considerably, that you can’t really see anything clearly out of the window.

b Read the article again and check (✔) the statements (T) true or (F) false. You can get from Paris to London in one and a half hours.

T

F

1 The trip from London to Paris by train is much faster than it was.

T

F

2 You cross the sea by ferry on the Eurostar.

T

F

3 Some people are too scared to travel on the Eurostar.

T

F

4 You can buy drinks but no food on the train.

T

F

5 The train travels faster in France than it does in England.

T

F

Unit 5

29


Lesson 2  On the move

2

Getting away from it all Grammar builder: superlatives

Form: Use superlative adjectives to say which of three or more people / things is the biggest, best, etc: It’s It’s the dirtiest hotel in town. She’s the oldest woman in the world.

Look back at the rules for long and short adjectives when making comparative forms and for spelling. The rules for superlatives are the same, but don’t forget to use the adjective + -est or the most + adjective (not the more!):

Use: •

the longest river

the most expensive car

the highest the longest the smallest the most expensive the most colorful

mountain. river. country in the world. diamond. picture.

Language assistant The superlative forms of good and bad are irregular: the best restaurant the worst food

1 Grammar a Look back at the article about the Eurostar on page 29 and underline the examples of the superlative form. (“One of the fastest …”) Think about why it is used in each case. b Some of these sentences are correct and some are not. Put a check (✔) next to the correct sentences and write a correct sentence next to the others. He is the most fast runner on the track. 1 He is the more intelligent boy in the class.

___________________________________________

2 It is the longest river in the world.

___________________________________________

3 They are my best friends.

___________________________________________

4 That is the worse book I’ve ever read.

___________________________________________

5 It is one of the most exclusive hotels in the world.

___________________________________________



30

 He is the fastest runner on the track. ___________________________________________

Unit 5


On the move  Lesson 2

c Complete the text with the superlative forms of the adjectives in parentheses. Don’t forget to use the. Madrid – the capital and ___________ the biggest (big) city in Spain. It is one of (1)___________ (hot) places in the summer and sometimes (2)___________ (cold) in the winter but always with (3)___________ (exciting) gatherings. Barcelona – probably (4)___________ (cosmopolitan) city with (5)___________ (interesting) collection of art and architecture in the country. Also famous for some of (6)___________ (good) food. San Sebastián – perhaps (7)___________ (colorful) city in Spain, certainly on the north coast. In the Basque country, one of (8)___________ (rich) areas in the country but also one of (9)___________ (expensive). Granada – historically one of (10)___________ (important) cities. Famous for the Alhambra, one of (11)___________ (well-preserved) examples of Islamic architecture in western Europe. d The following are answers to quiz questions about the universe. Write suitable questions using superlative forms. Asia

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ What is the biggest continent?

1 Everest

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

2 The Pacific _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 3 June 21

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

4 The Nile

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

5 Venus

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

6 Cairo

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Unit 5

31


Lesson 3  On the move

3

Getting there Grammar builder: auxiliary verb + too / either Use: Auxiliary verb + too (affirmative) when you agree:

Form: I like this game.

I do, too.

I love this hotel. – I do, too. I’m very happy. – I am, too. Auxiliary verb + either (negative) when you disagree: I don’t like this city. – I don’t either.

I don’t like basketball. I don’t either.

I can’t swim. – I can’t either.

1 Grammar a Write responses for these statements. I get up late.

______________________________________________ I do, too.

1 I like learning English.

______________________________________________

2 I can play tennis.

______________________________________________

3 I speak another language.

______________________________________________

4 I’m not hungry.

______________________________________________

5 I can’t drive.

______________________________________________

6 I sleep very well.

______________________________________________

7 I’m a teacher.

______________________________________________

8 I don’t like vegetables.

______________________________________________

b Complete the conversation with the words in the box. I don’t either

I do, too

I can’t either

I am, too

A: It’s a great restaurant. I’m having a great time. B: (1)_____________________ . I really like the atmosphere. A: (2)_____________________ , but the beef-burgers are cold. I don’t like cold food. B: (3)_____________________ , but I think the kebabs are delicious. A: (4)_____________________ , but I can’t eat too many. B: (5)_____________________ . They are very spicy. And I love the fresh orange juice. A: (6)_____________________ . You can’t beat it.

32

Unit 5


On the move  Lesson 3 2 Writing a Look at the completed landing card and use the information to write a paragraph about Karim Benzine.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Karim Benzine is

Landing Card Admission Number 077097360071–95 Welcome to the United Kingdom

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ARRIVAL RECORD

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_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Benzine

2. First (Given) Name(s)  

Karim

3. Middle Initial(s) 4. Birth Date 5. Airline Flight

12 / 08 / 70 AA 3751

6. Number of Family Members traveling with you: None

7. (a) Country of Citizenship 7. (b) Country of Residence

Algeria Algeria

8. (a) U.K. Address (Sreet) 26 George St. 8. (b) U.K. Address (City)

Oxford

8. (c) U.K. Address (State) Oxfordshire . Countries visited on this trip prior to U.K. arrival: 9 None 1 0. The purpose of my (our) trip is or was: to see relatives

b Karim is in Customs at the airport. Use the information from his landing card in exercise 2a to complete the conversation. Officer: Excuse me, (1)������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������? Karim:

I’m Karim Benzine.

Officer: (2)����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������? Karim:

K-A-R-I-M.

Officer: (3)����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������? Karim:

I’m from Algeria.

Officer: (4)����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������? Karim:

I live in Algeria, too.

Officer: (5)����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������? Karim:

I’m 26.

Officer: (6)����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������? Karim:

26, George Street, Oxford in Oxfordshire.

Officer: (7)����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������? Karim:

To see my aunt and uncle.

Unit 5

33


Unit 6 Healthy living

1

Laughter is the best medicine 1 Word builder: lifestyle

Positive

Negative

a Look at these words or phrases about health and put them in the appropriate column, depending on whether you think they are positive or negative for your health.

lots of sleep

junk food

junk food

fun

lots of sleep

smoking

relaxation

fruit and vegetables

doing exercise chocolate

sedentary lifestyle

staying up late coffee

working long hours

stress

cookies

bicycle riding

fast food

walking

watching TV

b Now add three words or phrases of your own to each column. c Complete the text with words or phrases from exercise 1a. Me? Unhealthy? No way! OK, I have a very __________________ sedentary lifestyle because I work 10 hours a day in front of a computer. I worry about my diet, too! I eat a lot of (1)__________________ , beef-burgers, cookies, and soda. I also drink too much (2)__________________ , about seven cups a day! But I don’t smoke! When I get home, I enjoy relaxing, you know, (3)__________________ and listening to the radio. And (4)__________________ ? You mean bicycle riding, jogging, and playing tennis? Not me! But let’s be positive, I get (5) __________________ , eight hours a night. And am I worried about a heart attack? Well …

34

Unit 6


Healthy lives  Lesson 1 2 Reading and writing a Read the article. What does the writer think is strange about going to the gym?

Going to the gym I

t is becoming more and more popular nowadays for young people to spend part of their free time exercising or “working out” at the gym. Some people pay very high membership fees, then try to make sure that they get their money’s worth by going to the gym at least three times a week. In some ways, this is a reaction to an otherwise sedentary lifestyle. Most young people spend several hours a day in front of a TV or computer screen, and they then feel they need to balance this with vigorous exercise, especially if they are worried about their weight. It is also seen as “trendy” to dress up in the latest workout gear and go to the gym. Many parents feel nervous about letting their kids play

or exercise in the street or in the park, and the gym seems to offer a certain amount of safety. But it’s funny that people spend money to use machines which imitate things like walking, rowing, and bicycle riding when they could walk, row, or cycle in the fresh air and for free!

b Read the article again and make notes under these headings. Advantages _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________

Disadvantages _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________

c Write a paragraph on your opinion about going to the gym. Do you go to a gym? What advantages do you see? What disadvantages?

������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������

Unit 6

35


Lesson 2  Healthy lives

2

Your favorite team 1 Word builder: sports and exercise a Look at these words for sports / exercise and check (✔) the characteristics which apply to each one.

Bicycle riding

Jogging

Basketball

Tennis

Rugby

team solo

with a ball with a racket inside outside

b Complete the paragraph with the correct forms of play, go, or do. If you want to (1)____________ exercise in a beautiful environment, come to Pleasure Sports Club. We have very modern facilities. Famous athletes use them every day. They

c How much can you remember about Manchester United from page 49? Complete the text with the words in the box. capacity

championship

fans

football

games

stadium

(2)____________ football and basketball. They also

Manchester United is one of the richest

(3)____________ tae-kwon-do. Last year we had a

(1)__________________ clubs in the world. It is

great tennis tournament. The best players in the

also one of the best. The club has a long history

city (4)____________ both indoor and outdoor

and it won its first (2)_______________ in 1907.

tennis. If you don’t like team sports, you can also

Old Trafford, its (3)_______________ , has a

(5)____________ jogging or (6)____________

massive (4)_______________ and almost 70,000

aerobics in our elegant gym.

(5)_______________ go to watch their (6)_______________ when they play at home.

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Unit 6


Healthy lives  Lesson 2

Grammar builder: possessive pronouns Use:

Form:

Remember to use a possessive pronoun your car? to avoid repeating the noun: Is this his book? her pen? Is this her pen? No, it’s mine. (not my pen) Is this your car? No, it’s his. (not his car). hers. mine. No, it isn’t. It’s his. theirs.

2 Grammar a Complete the table.

Subject

Object pronoun

Possessive adjective

Possessive pronoun

I

me

my

mine

you

he

she

it

we

you

they

b Correct the errors. Their team is more successful than our. ______________________________________ ours 1 This isn’t hers bicycle. It’s my.

______________________________________

2 Yours brother looks like their.

______________________________________

3 My house is bigger than your.

______________________________________

4 Is this your hat? No, it’s her.

______________________________________

5 I like theirs car more than mine.

______________________________________

c Complete the conversation with the correct possessive. Mother: Children, come here! Look at your room! Bobby, is this (1)______________ sweater on the floor? Bobby: No, it isn’t (2)_____________ . It’s Nelly’s. Nelly:

It isn’t (3)_____________ sweater. (4)_____________ is in the closet. Look.

Mother: And children, are these (5)_____________ schoolbooks? Nelly:

Well, that math book is (6)_____________ , but the other books are (7)_____________ .

Mother: Clean up the room right now. Remember, good children always look after (8)_____________ things.

Unit 6

37


Lesson 3  Healthy lives

3

Organizing your life 1 Grammar a Match the columns. You can use the words in the second column more than once. 1 don’t have to 2 want to 3 don’t need to 4 need to 5 have to 6 don’t want to

a) It’s an obligation. b) You would like to do it. c) You can do it if you’d like to. d) It’s necessary, but not an obligation. e) You wouldn’t like to do it.

b Put the words in the correct order. 1 do / every / have / homework / night / to / You / your / . _______________________________________________________________________________ 2 to / the / see / needs / Frank / dentist / . _______________________________________________________________________________ 3 shops / go / the / to / to / Ali / wants / . _______________________________________________________________________________ 4 with / Why / to / take / cell phone / my / me / I / have / do / ? _______________________________________________________________________________ 5 Do / need / this / to / weekend / work / you / ? _______________________________________________________________________________ 6 to / They / have / don´t / come / . _______________________________________________________________________________ c Circle the correct words. 1 I have to / want to study. I have a big exam tomorrow. 2 He doesn’t have to / doesn’t want to go to school. He has a headache. 3 Yousef needs to / doesn’t have to go to the dentist. He has a toothache. 4 My brother has to / wants to get a passport. He’s going to the U.S.A. next month. 5 We want to / don’t need to graduate this June, so we can go to Europe in the summer. 6 They want to / have to pay their college tuition this week or they can’t take their final exams. 7 Does Sam want to / have to have some more cake? 8 Tom doesn’t have to / needs to get a summer job. He doesn’t have any money for school.

38

Unit 6


Healthy lives  Lesson 3 2 Word builder: ways to organize your life a Zaki is very disorganized. Read the paragraph and then give him advice using Why don’t you …?

I feel my life is really disorganized. (1) I never know what I have to do next and I’m always forgetting things. (2) In the mornings I run around packing my school bag and I usually leave something behind. (3) And my room’s in such a mess that I can never find things. (4) Then, when I get home in the evening I never start my homework until late. This means that I can’t relax, and usually go to bed late. (5) Even on weekends I never seem to do fun things like my friends. I guess I leave it too late, and everyone has made other plans. (6) And today we’ve got an English test at school and I forgot all about it, so I didn’t do any revision. I know I’m going to do badly!

Your advice: 1 Why don’t you _______________________________________________________________________________ ? 2 Why don’t you _______________________________________________________________________________ ? 3 Why don’t you _______________________________________________________________________________ ? 4 Why don’t you _______________________________________________________________________________ ? 5 Why don’t you _______________________________________________________________________________ ? 6 Why don’t you _______________________________________________________________________________ ? b Complete this conversation. You are talking to a friend with problems. Give advice. Friend: I don’t know what to do. I never have enough time to do anything. I always

wait until the last minute to do things I have to do and I never finish them on time.

You:

Why don’t you (1)_______________________________________________________________________ ?

Friend: That’s a great idea. And my father says I don’t eat enough – but I never feel hungry. You:

Do you do any exercise? Do you play any sports?

Friend: No, I don’t. You:

That’s probably the reason you never feel hungry. Why don’t you (2) ___________________________

_____________________________________________________________________ at least twice a week?

Friend: I never thought of that. But I still forget to do things. You:

You need to get organized. Why don’t you (3) _______________________________________________ ?

Unit 6

39


Unit 7 The story so far

1

Life histories 1 Word builder: life events

A

Complete the letter. Use the words from box A or box B. won got

joined getting

had broke

got

B

club accident

a job news

award your leg

fired

Dear Grandma,

got How are you? I was happy to get your last letter. I’m having a good time in Paris! My big news is that I _______ a (1) ______________ in an art gallery! I like working there and I’m enjoying it a lot. And I (2) ______________ an (3) ______________ for one of my paintings last week, too! I’m doing a lot in my free time as well. I (4) ______________ the tennis (5) ______________ last month and I play there two times a week. I’m very sorry to hear you (6) ______________ (7) ______________ . I hope you’re feeling better. A friend of mine in Paris (8) ______________ a bad car (9) ______________ a few days ago. He’s still in hospital. It’s terrible that James (10) ______________ (11) ______________ from his job. I hope he finds a new one soon. Take care of yourself and write when you can. I love (12) ______________ (13) ______________ from home.

2 Reading a Read the article.

Derek Walcott–1992 Nobel Prize Literature Winner Derek Walcott is a very well-known writer. He has written several plays and many poems and has won a number of awards including, in 1992, the Nobel Prize for Literature. Life has not always been easy for Derek, however. He was born in 1930 in St. Lucia and raised in a poor family. He went to College in St. Lucia

40

Unit 7

and, later, to the University of the West Indies in Jamaica. He has worked as a schoolteacher and as a college professor at such prestigious institutions as Yale, Harvard, and Columbia, as well as being a prolific writer. His first play was produced in 1950. At the age of 34, Walcott published a collection of his poems called In a Green Night. The poems were popular and showed the world what Walcott was capable of. For years, Walcott divided his time between the Caribbean and Boston, where he taught literature and creative writing.


The story so far  Lesson 1

b Answer the questions. When was Derek Walcott born?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ He was born in 1930.

1 Where was he educated?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

2 What is he famous for?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

3 Where has he worked?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

4 When was his first play produced?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

5 Why was In a Green Night important?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

c Now write three more questions about Derek Walcott. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

3 Writing Read the profile of a football player and write a paragraph about him.

★ PROFILE ★ ★ ★ ★

Name: Hugo Sanchez

Hometown: Mexico City Year of birth: 1958

★ ★

Began playing professional football: 1976 First team: Pumas, Mexico Most famous team: Real Madrid

Number of awards for most goals: 5 Current job: Coach

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Unit 7

41


Lesson 2  The story so far

2

Experience and experiences Grammar builder: present perfect Use:

Form:

• Use the present perfect (has / have + past participle) to talk about your past experiences, especially if you don’t say when they happened:

I

written a book.

We

been to India.

I’ve written several poems.

He

• Use the same tense to talk about things which started in the past and still continue:

She

have

They has

eaten Chinese food.

He’s always worked here.

1 Grammar a Complete the table with the irregular verb forms. Put them into their principal parts (infinitive form, past simple, and past participle) in alphabetical order. go seen drink written win broke come

Infinitive

42

Unit 7

swim had read know write came drunk

Past simple

drank read see was made fallen come

knew been do won broken made

Past participle

known gone saw had make done

Infinitive

be went swum break fell fall

Past simple

read did have wrote won swam

Past participle


The story so far  Lesson 2 b Put the words in the correct order. 1 all / has / his / in / John / life / lived / this / town / .

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

2 read / Paul / never / has / a mystery book / .

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

3 haven’t / in / James / seen / We / years / .

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

4 They’ve / never / had / car / a / .

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

5 a / been / football game / Have / recently / to / you / ? _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 6 your / swum / brother / river / Has / ever / across / a / ? _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 7 Paul / and / been / Bob / Europe / haven’t / to / .

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

c Complete the conversation with the correct forms of the verbs in parentheses. A: (1)______________ you ever____________ (go) hang-gliding? B: No, I (2)________________ (have), but I (3)__________________________ (climb) a few mountains. A: I (4)______________________ (not do) that. Is it dangerous? B: Well, I (5)____________________________ (not have) an accident, but I (6)____________________ (feel)

nervous sometimes. My brother (7)________________________ (have) a lot of bad experiences.

A: Really? (8)___________________he ever _____________________ (fall)? B: Only once, but he wasn’t hurt.

Language assistant been and gone

d Match the questions and answers.

1 Has Alice ever been to the ocean?

a) Yes, she has.

2 Has your brother ever lost a job?

b) Yes, it has.

3 Has your car ever broken down?

c) Yes, I have.

4 Have you and your family ever been to another county?

d) No, we haven’t.

5 Have you finished your homework?

e) No, they haven’t.

6 Have your parents ever lived in another city?

f) No, he hasn’t.

Both been and gone can be used as the past participle of be but been is more common. Been means gone and returned: He’s been to Spain twice.

2 Reading

Put the conversation in the correct order. 1 Well, it was difficult at first but once we got going it was great, really exciting.

2 Windsurfing, no, but I have been hang-gliding.

3 Well, it was hard to land and eventually I hit a tree and came down with a bump.

4 Oh no, not at all. I’d go again in a second.

5 Let’s see … have you ever done any windsurfing or hang-gliding? 6 And you didn’t have any problems at all? 7 And that didn’t scare you? 8 Sure, go ahead.

9 I’m doing a survey about dangerous sports. Would you mind if I asked you a few questions?

A

10 Really? And how was it?

Unit 7

43


Lesson 3  The story so far

3

Success stories Grammar builder: present perfect vs. past simple Use: • The past simple tense is used for actions or situations that began and ended in the past: He graduated in 1999. He won three awards in high school. • The present perfect is used for actions or situations that began in the past AND that will probably continue or be repeated in the future: He's studied English for six years. He hasn’t won many races.

1 Grammar a Correct the errors. 1 She has made a cake last night. ___________________________ 2 Henry didn’t ever read Shakespeare. ___________________________ 3 Has your brother eaten a pizza last night? ___________________________ 4 He has won seven championships between 1998 and 2005. ___________________________ 5 I have broken my arm last week. ___________________________ 6 He won many races and he didn’t finish winning races yet. ___________________________ b Shaquille O’Neal is a famous basketball player. Complete the conversation with the correct forms of the verbs in parentheses. A: Shaquille, I have a few questions for you. Why (1)___________ you _____________ (move) to Miami? B: I (2)__________________ (need) a change of scenery. A: How many years (3)__________________ you ______________ (play) for Los Angeles? B: I (4)__________________ (be) there for eight years, but I (5)__________________ (play) with Miami for over three years now. c Put the conversation in the correct order. 1 Yes, I went to Rome and Naples last year. 2 What was the best part of Rome? 3 Peter, have you ever been to Rome? 4 No, but I’ve wanted to go for years. 5 I’ve always liked Roman ruins and I think the Forum is amazing. 6 I loved it. It was a very interesting city. Have you ever been there? 7 Did you like Rome?

44

Unit 7

A


The story so far  Lesson 3

2 Word builder a Answer the clues and write your answers in the word puzzle. At the end you should be able to read the key word (1 down). All the words are from Unit 7.

1

C L

I M B E D

2

3 4 5 6

7 8 9 10 11 12

Clues 1 Have you ever ___ a mountain?

7 He ___ lots of awards in college.

2 A ___ is the story of someone’s life.

8 The sport of riding on water on a board with a sail. To ___ .

3 I haven’t ___ to many countries.

9 He’s started lots of novels but he hasn’t ___ any of them.

4 I‘ve ___ in the open several times.

10 How long have you studied ___ ?

5 He’s never ___ rugby.

11 Past participle of write.

6 He’s passed every exam he’s taken.

12 An important moment in your life when things change.

He’s never ___ any. b Complete the sentences with words from the word puzzle. The big _____________________ in my career was when I got a major part. turning point 1 He _________________ all his races that day. 2 He was tired after he _________________ the seventh story. 3 I’ve just read this incredible _________________ of Picasso. 4 I love the ocean and I surf a lot, but I don’t _________________ . 5 Some historians say that Marco Polo never _________________ to China.

Unit 7

45


Unit 8 Ways of life

1

Traditions Grammar builder: make and do Use:

Form:

• Use make for products, constructions, results:

I

We made a table. They made a cake.

He

a model airplane.

• Use do for actions, activities, processes:

We

our exercises.

He did his homework. You did a good job.

They

made did

a cake for her.

their duty.

But note: He made a phone call.

1 Grammar

Complete the text with the correct form of make or do. I have a very busy life at home. Every day I have to (1)_________ breakfast and then (2)_________ the dishes. After that, I usually (3)_________ the beds. Some days I also (4)_________ the laundry and hang it up to dry. One thing I’m not too good at is (5)_________ the ironing. My sister always (6)_________ that. I like (7)_________ the shopping, though, as it gets me out of the house and I often run into people I know. When I get back from shopping, I sometimes (8)_________ a few phone calls, then I usually (9)_________ dinner and, if I have time, put my feet up before the children come home from school.

2 Writing

Write a paragraph about what you do every day. Try to include as many examples of make and do as you can.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

46

Unit 8


Ways of life  Lesson 1 3 Reading a Read the letter about a trip to Salvador and then answer the question below.

Dear Paul, We’re having a wonderful time in Salvador, Brazil. It’s so great to be staying so close to the Park of the City. The park is a protected area. It is huge and it’s so nice to find a big green area in the middle of the city. Mom likes the flowers and trees there, but I enjoy it because I can go jogging there every morning before breakfast. Last night we went out to a special restaurant for a typical delicious dinner. We tried a moqueca bowl, a Brazilian fish with tomato and coconut milk stew. Really, it was great. Tomorrow we’re going to visit Pelourinho, an old part of Salvador, that’s worth visiting for its cobblestone streets, pastel-colored buildings, restaurants, stores, and nightlife! Then sadly, it’s just one more night and then we have to get on our plane. Anyway, that’s about it for now. I hope all is well with you and you had a good time in Jamaica. Looking forward to seeing you soon. I’ll give you a call when we get back and we can swap vacation pictures! Bye, Bob

What is special about Bob’s vacation? ______________________________________________________________________________________________

b Check (✔) the statements (T) true or (F) false.

There are no trees in Salvador.

T

F

1 Bob is alone in Salvador.

T

F

2 Bob likes to jog through the city streets every morning.

T

F

3 A moqueca bowl is made with fish.

T

F

4 Pelourinho is an old part of Salvador.

T

F

5 Bob has one more week in Salvador.

T

F

Unit 8

47


Lesson 2  Ways of life

2

Your life

Grammar builder: present perfect with for / since and how long? Use: Form: • Use the present perfect + for or since to How long have talk about something which began in the past and is still true now. has

you

she

• Remember to use for with a period of time, I since with a point in time, and how long We have in the question: They How long have you lived here? She We’ve lived here for two years / since 2004.

48

Unit 8

has

lived here?

they he

worked there?

lived here

for a long time.

worked there

since 1999.

studied English


Ways of life  Lesson 2

1 Grammar a Put the words or phrases in the correct column, depending on whether they go with for or since. For

Since

six months _________________________

last week _________________________

_________________________

_________________________

_________________________

_________________________

_________________________

_________________________

_________________________

_________________________

_________________________

_________________________

_________________________

_________________________

_________________________

_________________________

_________________________

_________________________

six months

10 years

last week

April

12 o’clock

a long time

September

three weeks

spring

January, 2000

1997

years

10:30 ages

this morning

last summer

b Correct the errors. How long are you here?

d Complete the conversation.

How __________________________________________ long have you been here? 1 Oh, since about six months. __________________________________________ 2 He have live here for one years. __________________________________________ 3 I study English nine months.

A: Mr. Phelps, I have a few questions for you.

Do you live in London?

B: Yes, I do. A: How long (1) _____________________________? B: (2) ______________________________________ .

__________________________________________

A: Do you play a sport?

4 How long they work there? They work there for 1998.

B: No, I don’t but my brother plays tennis.

__________________________________________

A: How long (3)______________________________?

5 We has been in this line 20 minutes.

B: (4) _______________________________________ .

__________________________________________

A: You study French. How long

c Circle the correct words. We’ve been here since / for two o’clock. 1 They have / has lived in Paris for four years. 2 He’s studied / studying English since October. 3 I’ve been here since / for three days. 4 He have / has worked at the college since 1998. 5 We’ve been in New York since / for a long time. 6 I’ve worked here since / for 1981.

(5)________________________________?

B: (6)______________________________ . My brother

studies Arabic. He (7)___________________

two years.

A: Do you have any hobbies? B: I collect stamps. A: How long (8)______________________? B: Since I was a boy. (9)________________ when I was twelve.

Unit 8

49


Lesson 3  Ways of life

3

Working together Grammar builder: tell / ask / want Use:

Form:

• When you want to report orders and requests, use ask, I want, or tell: She

asked

him

hurry up.

told

her

shut the door.

He told me to clean my boots. They asked him to leave. them

• Use an object pronoun without to after the verb:

to

She asked her.

not to

I told him to wash the car.

• Remember you can use not to after tell and ask but We didn’t want him to not usually after want: you

He told me / asked me not to hurry.

I didn’t want him to leave.

do the cleaning. make a noise. shout. say anything. watch TV.

1 Grammar a Put the words in the correct order to make sentences. make / beds / she / to / us / our / told / .

She told us to make our beds. __________________________________________________________________________________________ 1 homework / me / my / to / she / told / do / . __________________________________________________________________________________________ 2 us / they / up / to / stand / asked / . __________________________________________________________________________________________ 3 asked / raise / hand / his / him / to / he / . __________________________________________________________________________________________ 4 told / to / us / quickly / march / more / he / . __________________________________________________________________________________________ 5 not / boots / the / leave / our / told / to / he / us / bed / under / . __________________________________________________________________________________________ 6 call / early / him / in / Mark / me / morning / not / the / to / told / . __________________________________________________________________________________________ 7 us / to / that / Imad / his / bring / book / asked /. __________________________________________________________________________________________

50

Unit 8


Ways of life  Lesson 3

b Correct the errors. 1 My brother asked to me not to touch his computer.  _ __________________________________________________ 2 The librarian wanted us stop talking.  _________________________________________________________________ 3 The company told to us to try to think creatively.  __________________________________________________ 4 My mother asked me for to clean my room.  ______________________________________________________ 5 He wants us to learning French.  _______________________________________________________________ 6 The teacher told the students not bring some photos of their families to class if they have some. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ c Complete the letter with the correct forms of the words in parentheses.

Dear Steve, I had a very busy day. My history teacher (1)________________________ (ask / us / write ) a five page composition and my math teacher (2)________________________ (tell / us / study) for the exam next week because it’s going to be very hard. Then I got home and my father (3)______________________ (want / me / help) him paint the bedroom and my little brother (4)______________________ (ask / me / take) him to the zoo. That evening my older brother called me. He (5)________________________ (ask / Peter and me / come) to his house next Saturday and he (6)________________________ (want / us / bring) the food. I don’t know how I’ll find the time. John

d Read the situations and write requests using ask, tell, or want. Your French teacher has planned an assignment that needs lots of pictures from magazines. He _asked _______________________________________________________________________________________ . us to bring lots of pictures from magazines. 1 Your cousin doesn’t like you to be late. He invited you to a restaurant tonight. He ________________________________________________________________________________________ . 2 You are having health problems and you don’t do any exercise. You visit your doctor. He ________________________________________________________________________________________ . 3 Your teacher is organizing a photo exhibition after class and he needs help. He talks to some of the students during class. He ________________________________________________________________________________________ . 4 The football team hasn’t won a game all season. The coach thinks the players aren’t working hard. He ________________________________________________________________________________________ . 5 Your boss needs some employees to work on the weekend. He talks to them. He ________________________________________________________________________________________ .

Unit 8

51


Unit 9 What’s next?

1

Reviewing the situation 1 Word builder: study, hobbies, home, family and friends a Complete the spidergrams with the words in the box. living room

outdoor

siblings

homework

house

yard

activity

kitchen

uncle

collecting coins

free time

school

best friend

gathering

college

graduate

_________

_________

_________

family and friends

hobbies

_________

_________

_________

_________

_________

_________

_________

study

_________

_________

_________

home

_________

_________

_________

b Complete the paragraph with words from the spidergrams in exercise 1a. Mrs. James lives in a nice (1) ________________ in the suburbs. It isn’t that large, and the (2) ________________ where Mrs. James cooks all the family meals is very small. But the (3) ________________ is quite big, so there’s lots of space to watch TV or read a book. Mrs. James’s three children sometimes do their (4) ________________ there, but they don’t really spend much of their (5) ________________ inside. They all enjoy (6) ________________ hobbies, like riding their bikes or going for walks. The favorite (7) ________________ of Simon, the youngest son, is playing football. You can usually find him outside in the (8) ________________ kicking a ball around.

52

Unit 9


What’s next?  Lesson 1

c Complete the interview. A: Tim, has your life changed much in the last five years? B: I guess it has. A: Really? (1)____________________________________ now? B: No, I don’t. I graduated two years ago. A: (2)___________________________________ five years ago? B: Yes, I was in college. I studied architecture. A: (3)___________________________________ now? B: Of course. I work in an architect’s office. A: (4)___________________________________ five years ago? B: Yes, I did. I had a part-time job at a fast-food restaurant. A: Where (5)___________________________________ now? B: I have an apartment downtown. A: (6)___________________________________? B: I lived with my parents. A: (7)___________________________________? B: I don’t. A: (8)___________________________________ your apartment? B: Yes, I do. With another guy from the office.

2 Writing a Now write a paragraph about Tim. Use the information from the interview in exercise 1c. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ b Write a paragraph about yourself and the things which have or have not changed for you. Use the prompts to help you. Ten years ago _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ and / but _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ . Five years ago _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ and / but _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ . A year ago _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ and / but _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .

Unit 9

53


Lesson 2  What’s next?

2

Lifestyle changes

a Complete the text with should or shouldn’t. If you are stressed, you (1)_______________ exercise regularly. You (2)_______________ drink much caffeine and you (3)_______________ eat a healthy diet. You (4)_______________ take frequent breaks at work and you (5)_______________ take your job home with you. Before you go to bed, you (6)_______________ drink a cup of hot milk and you (7)_______________ staying up late watching television. If you start thinking about everything you have to do, you (8)_______________ try counting backward from 100 to 0. b Match the problem with the advice to solve it. 1 I can’t sleep at night. I can’t stop thinking about my problems.

a) You should ask him to give you lessons.

2 I need to lose weight.

c) You shouldn’t take your problems to bed with you.

3 I drink too much coffee. 4 My best friend doesn’t listen to me. 5 My younger brother doesn’t do enough exercise. 6 My cousin speaks better English than I do. 7 My father won’t let me stay up late at night. 8 I never finish my homework in the evening.

54

Unit 9

b) You should drink fruit juice instead. d) He’s sensible! You should always obey him! e) Why don’t you start doing it earlier? f) Invite him to play football with you and your friends. g) Eat healthy foods and lots of fruits and vegetables. h) Ask him why he ignores you.


What’s next?  Lesson 2 c Now write a suitable piece of advice for each of these problems. I can’t get to sleep at night. ________________________________________________________________________________ You shouldn’t worry about it. 1 I spend hours in front of a computer every day. ________________________________________________________________________________ 2 I don’t know what to do during vacations. ________________________________________________________________________________ 3 I like English but when I try to speak, I feel shy. ________________________________________________________________________________ 4 I usually have a headache when I come home from school. ________________________________________________________________________________ 5 I often arrive late at school. ________________________________________________________________________________ d Complete the conversation. Ed:

Steve, you don’t look very happy.

Steve: No, Ed. I’m not. Can I ask your advice? Ed:

Of course. That’s what friends are for!

Steve: Well, it’s the Math exam next week. I’m finding the revision really difficult. Ed:

(1)

 .

Steve: But I do plan my revision time. I work from 6 to 9 every evening. Ed:

3 hours! Do you take a break?

Steve: No, I just study. And the longer I study, the more difficult it seems. Ed:

(2)

 .

Steve: OK, I’ll try that. Maybe I’ll go for a walk or something. Ed:

That’s a good idea. And (3)

 .

Steve: It’s difficult not to worry! Ed:

And have you spoken to anyone?

(4)

 .

Steve: Your right. I’ll speak to him tomorrow after class. Maybe he can help. Thanks.

Unit 9

55


Lesson 3  What’s next?

3

Twenty-five years from now Grammar builder: future with will / won’t / might for predictions Use: Form: • Use will or won’t (will not) + the infinitive without It will to for making predictions about the future: get

hotter.

There will be more people living in cities. It won’t

cooler.

Conditions in cities won’t improve. might Oil • Use might when it’s just a possibility:

cheaper.

wetter.

There might be more pollution.

1 Grammar a Circle the correct verb form. The world (1) will / won’t be very different in a hundred years. I’m sure the number of people in the world (2) will / might be over four billion. There (3) will / might be even more. Doctors (4) will / might probably find cures for many diseases, but there (5) might / won’t be new diseases we haven’t heard about today. People (6) won’t / will surely live for over a hundred years and their health (7) will / might definitely be better. There (8) will / won’t be as many animal species. I’m sure many (9) might / will be extinct, like elephants and chimpanzees. The world’s cities (10) will / won’t be more crowded and the slums (11) will / might definitely be much larger than they are today. b Complete the conversation. A:

Do you think the world will be better in twenty-five years?

You: (1)_____________________________________________________________ . A:

Why?

You: (2)_____________________________________________________________ . A:

How much do you think the population of your city will increase?

You: (3)_____________________________________________________________ . A:

What changes do you think there will be in health care?

You: (4)_____________________________________________________________ . A:

How do you think the educational system will change?

You: (5)_____________________________________________________________ . A:

What changes do you see in technology?

You: (6)_____________________________________________________________ .

56

Unit 9


What’s next?  Lesson 3

2 Writing a Look at these sentences. Put a check (✔) in the box you think most appropriate. The population will increase in cities and decrease in the country.

Definitely

Maybe

Definitely not

1 The Earth will continue to get warmer and weather conditions will change. 2 Public transportation won’t improve. 3 People will live in complexes which include stores, offices, etc. 4 Most shopping will be done on the Internet. 5 Most people won’t go to work, but will work from home. 6 People won’t work so much and will have more free time. b Now use your answers to write a paragraph about how you see the future. Use will and won’t and add some ideas of your own. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 9

57


Macmillan Education Between Towns Road, Oxford, OX4 3PP A division of Macmillan Publishers Limited Companies and representatives throughout the world ISBN: 978-0-230-40533-2 Text © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 Written by Simon Brewster, Paul Davies and Mickey Rogers Design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2009 Published under licence from Editorial Macmillan de Mexico, S.A. de C.V. First published 2009 All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publishers. Typeset by Zed and White Horse Design Cover design by Andrew Oliver Cover photography by Ardea/ François Gohier. Illustration: Terry Hand (Art Collection), Tony Forbes and Yane Christensen (Sylvie Poggio), Russ Cox Cover Credit: Ardea/ François Gohier Publishing management: hyphen The author and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce their photographs: Alamy/ Eric Nathan p16, Image Register 094 p20, Jimmy Lopes p27, CalatheaPhoto p31BR, Pat Behnke p57BL; Axiom Photographic/ Chris Coe p31BR; Corbis/ Roger Ressmeyer p8R, Don Hammond/ Design Pics p22, Owen Franken p29, Kim Eriksen/ Zefa p35, moodboard pp36L, 36R, Larry Lee Photography p47, Lucidio Studio Inc. P53, CJ Gunther/ epa p57R; DigitalStock pp25L, 25R; Getty Images/ ISM Agency p4, Fox Photos p8L, Jed Jacobsohn p13L, Jean Pragen p13M, John Lamb p13R, Nigel Atherton p25L, Altrendo Panoramic p30, Stephen Beer p31BL, Horst Tappe p40, AFP p41, Steve McAlister p48TL, Ziyah Gafic p48BL, Jan Cobb Photography Ltd p48TR, R. Armstrong Roberts p48BR, Peter Griffith p57TL; Hémis.fr/ René Mattes p31TL.

Printed and bound in Saudi Arabia 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2

Flying High for Saudi Arabia - Level 2 - Workbook  

Flying High for Saudi Arabia - Level 2 - Workbook

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