➔ according to individual needs case-by-case,
ﬁrst-come-ﬁrst-served, drop-in, ad-hoc, case-bycase, as-needed, individual Note that we have
limited space and that rooms will be allocated on a first-come-first-served basis.
fought, ferocious A pitched battle took place between government troops and rebels.
➔ important decisive, climactic, famous, ﬁnal On
September 3, the final and decisive battle of the Civil War was fought.
N+of-i merit, ability, aptitude, experience Awards • are made purely on the basis of academic ability.
2 a situation in which people try hard to win
2 ideas or actions from which something develops
v+N ﬁght, win, lose, wage, face Mary won her • battle against bureaucracy and red tape. adj+N continuing for a long time long-running, • ongoing, protracted, long She died on 2 January,
v+N form, provide, constitute, be, serve as, act as, • lay, establish A newspaper article can act as a basis for discussion in class.
N+for-i discussion, negotiation, comparison, • decision, action, planning, calculation, assessment, study, analysis This course forms an excellent basis for continued study.
N the water in a bath; when you wash yourself in it adj+N hot, warm, relaxing, cold, tepid, nice I’m • going to have a nice long relaxing bath. v+N pour water/wash in a abth have, take, run, • get into I went up to the bathroom and ran a hot bath.
➔ enjoy enjoy, relax in, luxuriate in, wallow in
N an object in a radio, clock etc providing electricity v+N add power to a battery recharge, charge The • batteries are charged from solar panels on the roof of the boat.
➔ take power from a battery drain, discharge I have talked for up to 2 hours on the phone, but it does drain the battery.
➔ take out a battery disconnect, remove, change, replace Is it easy to change the battery without dissembling the unit?
➔ work using batteries use, require, run on, be powered by The magnifier requires 2 1.5 volt size batteries (not included).
You can also say that something is battery powered. N+v run down, die, fail, run out With this wind-up • torch you don’t have to worry about batteries running out in the dark.
adj+N rechargeable, spare, ﬂat Cordless drills run • on rechargeable batteries that take 1–3 hours to recharge.
N+n charger, pack, life, compartment, power The • notebook weighs 2.1kg and has a battery life of 3.5 hours.
N 1 a fight between armies or people v+N take part in a battle ﬁght, wage, join The • Combined Fleet joined battle with a large Japanese fleet.
➔ win or lose win, lose Charles II lost the Battle of Worcester in 1651.
N+v rage, ensue, commence, begin Cars and • buildings burned and shops were looted as the battle raged.
• adj+N very violent pitched, ﬁerce, bloody, hard-
something or stop something
after a long battle with cancer. ➔ difficult uphill, hard-fought, bitter, tough The bitter battle between the air industry and environmentalists shows no sign of easing.
You can also say that someone is ﬁghting a losing battle: We will be ﬁghting a losing battle, in the sense that we will continue to lose habitats and species. ➔ types of battle legal, court, courtroom, takeover, boardroom, relegation The company is now owned by a Spanish-backed consortium after a dramatic takeover battle.
V try very hard in a difficult situation adv+V hard, bravely, gamely, valiantly, heroically, • ﬁercely But, although they battled gamely, they eventually lost 2–0 to finish as runners up.
V+n addiction, cancer, relegation, alcoholism The • charity says more needs to be done to help vulnerable people battling drug addictions.
V+against-i cancer, addiction, injury, illness, • disease Barry has been battling against cancer for some time.
1 an area of the coast where the land curves inwards
adj+N sheltered, sandy, secluded, sweeping, • shallow, beautiful, picturesque, rocky The hotel is set in a secluded bay, fringed with palm trees.
2 a partly enclosed or marked out area used for a particular purpose
n+N parking, loading, engine, bomb, payload, • cargo The truck was reversing into a loading bay.
N an area of sand beside a sea or lake adj+N lovely palm-fringed, beautiful, golden, • idyllic, glorious, lovely, stunning, superb, sundrenched/-kissed I prefer a holiday somewhere very hot, where I can bask on a sun-drenched beach. ➔ made of a particular material sandy, pebble/pebbly, stony, shingle/shingly, white-/black-sand, gravel We are only a few miles from Brighton with its pebble beaches.
➔ not crowded unspoilt/unspoiled, pristine, secluded, uncrowded, deserted We walked back to the campsite along a deserted beach.
➔ used by a particular group surﬁng/surf, nudist, naturist If it takes your fancy then there’s even a nudist beach!
Input Data Services Ltd 05-14-2009 13:37:42
slovník anglických kolokací - nejčastěších slovních kombinací a spojení