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decision to sentence the leaders of the anti-Macedonian rebellion, together with Demosthenes, to death. Demosthenes managed to escape to an island where he committed suicide. The ancient Greek historian Plutarch witnessed the antiMacedonian endeavors of Demosthenes. In his work “Comparison between Demosthenes and Cicerone” (written in 75 BC) Plutarch wrote: „Demosthenes…walked among the cities in Greece and everywhere, as we have previously said, indulged himself in the conflicts in the service of the Greeks who wanted to chase the Macedonian representatives away… After he came back he continued to resist Antipater and the Macedonians” In his writings, Demosthenes attacked Macedonia and he clearly defined Macedonians and Greeks as two separate nations. Even in his “First Philippic”, he described Philip as (quote): “a man who subjugated the citizens of Athens and ruled Greece‟s internal affairs.” Demosthenes also clarified the absence of any connection, either ethnic or mythological linking the ancient Macedonians to the “Greek God Heracles”. In one of his many anti-Macedonian speeches, he disputed the right of Macedonians to assert a claim as the descendants of Heracles. Criticizing the Macedonian delegates, who repeated that Philip II is Heracles‟ descendant many times, Demosthenes argued: “I believe that Heracles, heard the words of the delegates, who persistently say that Philip is a descendant of this God with a revolt. Let this god get to know the scorn of all religions. Let this god see the Macedonian tyrant. This god, the hater, punisher and destroyer of tyranny…” (Quintus Curtius Rufus: “The history of Alexander of Macedon”, translated from Latin by dr. Ljubinka Basotova; Skopje, 1998, pg. 30). Perhaps, Demosthenes provided the clearest evidence of the non-Greek origin of the Macedonians and their rulers in his “Second Philippic”, where he said the following about Philip II:

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