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many modern historians. One of them is the well-known American historian, Dr. Eugene Borza. In his book: "In the Shadow of Olympus, The Emergence of Macedon" (Princeton University Press, New Jersey, ISBN 0-691-05549-1, USA, 1990) Borza asks: “If Alexander was really Greek would not the Greeks know that in advance? Wouldn‟t they know if the Macedonian dynasty is “Greek” and if it is what would be the need of proving it to them? On the contrary, they knew very well back then who their compatriots were, and who were not,” (especially during the war with the Persians). The question arises why anyone would need to stress their allegedly “Greek” origin, and why would a genuine citizen of Athens or Sparta or any other real Greek state need to prove the bona fides of his Greek origin? Other historians are of the same opinion: Macan, How, Wells, Badian and others. Yet another question arises. Why did the Greeks initially prevent Alexander I from participating in the Olympic Games and declare him a “barbarian”? Surely, if he was Greek, they would not first declare him a barbarian (a man who does not speak Greek); rather they would recognize their compatriot immediately. Alexander I‟s decision to declare himself a “Greek”, just prior to the battle of Plataea in 479 BCE is discussed by Herodotus. Borza states that Alexander I did this for political reasons, specifically to align himself with the Greek world after they emerge victorious over the Persians. Borza also notes (Eugene Borza; "In the Shadow of Olympus, The Emergence of Macedon", pg. 63, ibid) that Herodotus contradicts himself, when describing this episode, because Herodotus (History, 7.130) cites that the Thessalians (Greek tribe who lived on the south from Macedonia) were “first Greeks” to come under Persian rule, and in so doing, Herodotus, for all practical purposes, confirms that the Macedonians are non-Greeks. This means that the participation of Alexander I at the Olympic Games was difficult to achieve and he succeeded only

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TIMELESS MACEDONIAN UNIQUENESS  
TIMELESS MACEDONIAN UNIQUENESS  

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