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HISTORY

time there, he often travelled to Macao to visit his friend Yang He­ ‑ling; the two discussed reforming China amongst a group of friends. In September of 1892, Sun moved to Macao and worked at Kiang Wu Hospital, established in 1871 by and for the Chinese. It offered traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and had no facilities for Western treatment or operations. At the time, the majority of Macao’s Chinese doctors practiced TCM, and many Chinese regarded Western medicine with fear and scepticism. The hospital gave Sun a MOP1,440 loan to open the pharmacy at 80 Rua des Estalagens where he could offer both Western and Chinese medicine. Every day was a busy schedule for Sun: 07:00–09:00 am at 80 Rua das Estalagens, 10:00–12:00 pm at Kiang Wu and 1:00–3:00 pm at 14 Largo do Senado. After 3 pm, he would pay house calls to his patients.

SUN MAKES A LIFE­‑LONG FRIEND AND MADE SUPPORTER AMONG THE MACANESE

While Sun was a diligent doctor, his greater mission in life was to reform China. In the 1890s, he wrote a long article to Li Hong­ ‑zhang, one of the highest officials of the Qing government, setting out the reforms he considered necessary to modernise China and confront Western powers. Li did not dignify him with a response. This was a critical moment for Sun: believing that the government would not reform, he concluded that violent revolution was the only way forward. While studying in Hong Kong, he met a Macanese named Francisco Hermenegildo Fernandes who was sympathetic to his ideas. Fernandes was a translator at the Hong Kong High Court and became a strong supporter. In 1892, Fernandes returned to Macao and founded the weekly newspaper Echo Macaense printed in both Portuguese and Chinese. It published Sun’s articles promoting political reforms as well as news of his medical work. The newspaper was distributed in Xiangshan, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Fuzhou and Xiamen in addition to Macao. Fernandes’ family had lived in Macao for generations. It was Fernandes whom Sun asked to apply on his behalf for a licence to practice in Macao. But Sun’s career as a doctor was

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While Sun was a diligent doctor, his greater mission in life was to reform China. In the 1890s, he wrote a long article to Li Hong­‑zhang, one of the highest officials of the Qing government, setting out the reforms he considered necessary to modernise China and confront Western powers

MATCHBOX Made in Macao

NOVEMBER 2016


Macao Magazine November 2016