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There can be no doubt that THE MARTIAL ARTS SHOW has attracted the attention of the entire UK martial arts industry but it has also attracted the interest of the rest of the worlds martial arts fraternity too as we have had a great amount of interest from all four corners of the globe. What started out as an event to celebrate all that the diverse and fascinating world of martial arts has to offer, has rapidly grown into a massive martial arts fest, offering hundreds of demonstrations, thousands of martial art performers, 12 interactive areas, a Film premiere and a host of events within the show that are all free to experience after paying what I consider to be a nominal entrance fee (£10 Adult and £5 Junior with under 5’s allowed in free) for the nec in Birmingham. As well as the above, there is now a big fight night taking place on the Saturday night, featuring some of the UK’s biggest names and most notable stars. To find out all the latest, be sure to visit our web site where the full weekend’s events details can be found, for all to see. If you are planning to attend any of the fight night event, be sure to book your ticket early as they are limited. or call 0870 264 3333 or 0121 351 6930. To book your FREE seminar/workshop, simply call us or go online, book your ticket and apply for your FREE place on any of the seminars or workshops that are taking place at The Martial Arts show, it’s that simple. Alternatively, get to the show early and register your place at the Central meet and greet stand behind the q&a theatre. So, if you would like to experience a fantastic weekend, make sure you visit THE MARTIAL ARTS SHOW , it’s got it all because it was created just for you - see you there! Paul S Clifton. Oss.

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6 12 -


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MIKE FINN - Real Life Encounters - Part 6

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LESSONS FOR THE CAGE - By Gavin Mulholland

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THE MAN SPEAKETH! - By Robert Devane

LETTERS THE FORMS FORUM - With Joe Hallett TRAIN 2 GAIN - By Philip Malin THE NEGOTIATOR - By Aran Dharmeratnam COMBAT FILM - With Phil Hobden CHATTERBOX - With world champion Kerry-Louise PRODUCT REVIEW- The Five Fingered Shoe? STAY SAFE - By Mark Dawes


SHAOLIN COMBAT - With Iain Armstrong




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AMAZONS Real Warrior Women or Ancient Myth

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THE ORIGIN OF KUNG FU By Grandmaster Yap Leong

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FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT Healthy Living Through The Deadly Arts

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AN AGE OLD QUESTION Is Their Room For a ‘Masters’ Division in MMA? THE EVOLUTION OF A MARTIAL ART SYSTEM Traditional Martial Arts in The 20th Century

98 KEVIN O’HAGAN - Old Values, New Horizons 104 - THE BIG BOSS - By Pesilat Scott McQuaid 106 - THE ANATOMY OF A FRONT KICK By David Bland 112 - WORLD BUDO DEVELOPMENT SOCIETY An Estimated Half a Million Readers - Staggering! 114 - LONG POLE TECHNIQUES - By Sifu Paul Whitrod 120 - CIMAC SUPERLEAGUE - Windsor Leisure Centre 122 - 7 WORLD CHAMPIONS! at The Wako World Kickboxing Championships

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142 - POOMSAE - An Introduction For Beginner to Black Belt & Beyond 148 - GRANDMASTER M.K. LOKE - The Interview Part 1 152 - UTF SCOTLAND - In a League of Their Own!



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TRAIN2GAIN By Philip Malin

Martial Arts

& Weight Experience Hello Phil and Gav, I read your article in the the December issue of Combat with great interest. I am 25 years old and started Jiu-jitsu (The Jitsu Foundation) when I was 19. I never looked back since I stepped in the dojo on that day. I hold a black belt and have been teaching Jiu-jitsu for about three years now. I took up Judo in the summer of 2009. I am loving them both! I took up Judo to expand my knowledge of groundwork and throwing a resisting opponent, and also to experience competitions. However I’ve also wanted to increase my muscle mass but I am a newbie compared to the other people who have been weight lifting for quite some time. I have been in and out of the gym for about a year now mainly due to the fact that there is so much information out there. I do not know which would suit me in achieving more muscle mass and strength, that would help me achieve more in my martial arts training. It is the New Year and I’ve been looking around for a programme that I get into and be able to monitor my progress over time. I hope I haven’t been too vague. If you need any more information from me I’ll be happy to provide it.

progress seen over the weeks and months the trainee will lack the ability to put the work into the exercises that they should be utilising. The cold hard truth is that if you dedicate yourself to a small handful of exercises and work like a madman on them, over time you will develop significantly better than the man that trains in a super-high tech gym. I think squats are and should be the cornerstone of any routine - strongmen, Olympic weightlifters, cyclists and football players all need to spend time in the squat rack - there is no reason to think a martial artist should be any different. The power, strength and stability that comes from an improved squat will Furuya o Kensh improve your standing friend. u Jiu-Jits A little reply for our and ground game. The The common factor in what I do squat is an exercise that uses a reaand what I recommend is the type of sonably large amount of weight (comexercises that I think are the most paratively) that is useful for combat efficient/effective and hard work. confidence and co-ordination. If you Most often poor progress in are confident that you can stand up weight training is due to too little from a low position with 150+ kilos direction and too little effort. Trainees then you know that most opponents wander around a gym selecting poor you face are lighter and you “know” what 150kgs on your shoulders feels exercises and doing them wrong like. Clearly a “human weight” is wrigthey have no plan. With little train with weights effectively and continue as a martial artist you need to balance your training. At the moment I’m lifting weights every day, I would not advise anyone else to do this if they are reasonably new to weight training. I’ve been lifting for over 20 years and my goal is to get to National standard in power lifting, so my goals and how I want to get there will be different to yours.



Weight Experience

A great master, a great teacher, is always gentle and humble. At the same time, he is like a razor sharp sword

Kind regards, Brian The advice I give to people is based around what has worked for me and what has worked for people I’ve trained. There is very little wrong with many popular weight lifting or bodybuilding routines, each have their merits and may benefit particular people at particular times. As I’ve said before I think that in order to 24 COMBAT WWW.COMBATMAG.CO.UK

glier and less well distributed and harder to handle, but you know your muscles are capable of moving this weight. Squats need to be taught correctly, especially under heavy weight, people do different things under heavy weights depending on all manner of things, its useful to have a coach. Proper squat form isn’t too difficult to teach and will last you a lifetime and is the most important thing to learn in the gym. (Note - I’m going to need to meet this guy and coach him at some point - pass me his details and hopefully we’ll work something out). If all you do is squat a couple of times a week then you will see changes in your ability on the mat there are lots of other things you can do that will help. The bench press is done in every gym and is a pretty decent upper body developer. The standing overhead press is similarly a good exercise, yet is done far less often than the lying down press. Chin ups, pull ups and a variation on a row (one arm with a dumbbell or bent over row with a barbell) are all good upper body exercises. Parallel bar dips are good too (have you seen what gymnasts look like ?) Power cleans will teach you explosiveness (if you believe it can be “taught” maybe it’s better to describe that it helps you to focus that “explosiveness”) and dead lifts are arguably as useful as squats (although brutally difficult to do often without over-using the lower back muscles)...

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LESSONS FOR THE CAGE By Gavin Mulholland

Double Leg Takedown Last month we looked at single leg takedown and this week we are going to move on to look at its two-legged cousin - the double leg take down. As with most techniques, there are literally dozens of ways of finishing the double leg takedown and we are going to focus on just two of them here - the standard takedown, and the lift and slam. Standard takedown: As ever we are assuming both you and your opponent fight left leg forward; if you don’t just alter the technique to suit. Start facing your opponent and make sure you are in striking range (Pic 1) - too far out and the techniques won’t work. Duck down below his left punch by dropping your weight straight down (Pic 2). Don’t lean forward and bend from the waist. As with the single leg takedown, shoot forward driving your left knee in between his legs and close to his left ankle. You want to hit him hard enough that he has no choice but to

fold over your shoulder (Pic 3). Grab him behind both knees and step up and beyond him with your right foot (Pic 4). Keeping your head high and pushing to your left, step up and pull his legs from under him and across your own body to your right. (Pic 5). It is very important that his legs clear your body or you might find yourself pulling his legs up into your own crotch. Fun for everyone else; less fun for you. Maintain the pressure with your head throughout the takedown and quickly scramble for side position or mount as soon as you hit the ground (Pic 6). Lift and slam: the set up for this is exactly the same as before so slip the punch (Pic 7), drop your weight and shoot forward, driving your left knee in between his legs and step-

ping up and beyond his left leg with your right foot as you grab him behind both knees (Pic 8). Again you need to have hit him hard enough that he has folded over your shoulder. Now keeping low, step up with your left foot and get your hips underneath you ready for the lift (Pic 9). Stand up and walk him to the centre of the cage or towards your corner where you will better hear your cornermen (Pic 10). At this stage you will need to change your hand positions ready for the slam so change your right hand to an underhook, and slide your left hand up to support his torso as you start to angle him across your body (Pic 11). Lifting his legs as high as you can, spin him down and to your right, raising him up with your right hand and releasing him with your left. Slam him hard into the floor and follow down to secure position and control (Pics 12, 13, 14). As with all techniques there is danger in training so make sure you do these moves in a supervised environment and under the guidance of a qualified instructor. Good luck.

Pic 1


Pic 2

Sweat dries, blood clots, Train hard.

Pic 3

Pic 4

Pic 5

Pic 6

Pic 7

Pic 8

Pic 9

Pic 10

Pic 11

Pic 12

Gavin Mulholland is the author of the number one bestselling book, Four Shades of Black - The Traditional Path to Building the Complete Fighter which can be purchased from Amazon or direct from the DKK website. He is the Chief Instructor for DKK Fighters and joint Chief Instructor for Daigaku Karate Kai based in Central London. DKK can be contacted via or directly on 07976-411-901.

Pic 13

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Pic 14


THE MAN SPEAKETH! By Robert Devane

Increase Your


Hi everyone and welcome to my column this month. I’m always being asked how to increase speed. It’s one of the most common questions asked in martial arts. I’m sure most people asking are looking for an easy and quick answer but there’s more to it than that. So if you want faster punches and kicks? Please read on. There are many different types of speed and several ways to develop them. Above all we are talking about landing a good shot on your opponent before they land one on you. There are 3 main ways you can develop the skills to do this: Distance, Resistance and Persistence.

DISTANCE: The person that can control the distance in a fight is the person that will land the fastest shots. It doesn’t matter if you are bigger or smaller than your opponent. If you can control distance and range, you’ll win. The best way to increase long distance striking is to increase the gap between you and

your target when training. Most fighters hit the bag and the mitts while already being at the correct distance. The majority of competitive martial arts fights are started with the fighters outside of each others range. It’s important to practise using your shots to first get you into range. Simply start off further away from your target. Try to eliminate all ‘telegraphing’ motions e.g. reduce and limit the small tell tale signs that announce to your opponent that you are about to strike. Training in front of a mirror can be great for this because what you see yourself doing or not doing is exactly what your opponent will see. Once you do land a shot, make sure that you string a combination together -’Punches in Bunches’.

RESISTANCE: Lifting weights can be a great way to develop explosive power. There are many different weight lifting methods and techniques. When training for a fight, most fighters prefer to train in a sport specific fashion. Shadow boxing with 46 COMBAT WWW.COMBATMAG.CO.UK

weights can be great to increase punching speed. Do be careful when kicking though because the weights can fly out of your hands if they relax slightly! Another great method to increase hand speed is to use resistance bands. Resistance bands can be found in most sports stores and they provide resistance through your normal range of movement. Shadow boxing with these bands is very useful. You can simply wrap the band around yourself while holding the ends in your hands or you can attach it to an immovable object. Speed decreases when your limbs get tired and the resistance bands can be great to develop the muscular endurance needed to sustain your speed. Try fast punching for short bursts of 10, 30 or 60 seconds. For faster kicks, ankle weights have been used for a long time. These are strapped around your ankles and they are a great method to quicken the legs. However, you must be careful not to injure your joints. It’s recommended that you only use ankle weights once every couple of weeks because you do have to change your kicking technique to accommodate the extra weight at the end of your legs. Weighted vest are great too. The plan is to overload your muscles with more weight than they are used to so that when you take it off and return to your normal bodyweight, you’ll feel lighter and stronger which will also equal faster. Simply perform your normal training routine while wearing the weights vest. They come in a variety of weights. If you don’t have any equipment available and you want to improve overall speed, plyometrics (jumping exercises) is probably the best method. You can start off with sprints then progress to long strides, long jumps, high jumps and a wide variety of manoeuvres.

to get faster that most people are looking for but it is the best method. When you are trying to improve speed, forget about cardio. Cardio and increasing speed training don’t really mix. Cardio makes you tired and will slow down your strikes. To work on speed alone, you need to strike fast, take a short break to analyze and then strike fast again and repeat. Lashing out a series of strikes can improve the overall speed of a combination but won’t really increase the speed of each of the components of that combination. Speed training is quality over quantity and normal cardio training has more of an emphasis on quantity.

Practising a move over and over again will help reduce the ‘lag’ time when you are sparring or competing. Lag time is the delay between your mind telling your body to do a move or to react and then your limb actually performing the function. Martial artists always talk about automatic response and about their bodies thinking independently from the brain. This is what you hope to achieve by drilling your moves...

To read more articles like this make sure you get the next issue of Combat available from WH Smiths & all good newsagents

PERSISTENCE: If there’s one quality that a fighter needs to have above all else, it’s stubbornness or put in more positive lingo, persistence. The key to being faster is to practice moves and combinations over and over again. Alright, this isn’t the quick fix WWW.COMBATMAG.CO.UK COMBAT 47



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Real Warrior Women or Ancient Myth? ‘female fitness has just gone tough’ Foreword and interview questions by Kevin O’Hagan. Interviewing Soeli Devane.Founder of the Amazon workout.

Stories of beautiful and bloodthirsty female warrior women thundering across arid battlefields have been told, re-told and speculated over for thousands of years and by many cultures. Greek myths are filled with tales of the Amazons and their exploits, love affairs and battles with Olympian gods like Zeus, Ares and Hera. But what about the modern day female can she uphold the principles and believes of such a strong and feared female race? Here is one lady that believes she can cultivate a warrior mentally and physical toughness through her unique fitness and conditioning class but still be feminine. THE AMAZON WORKOUT. I was fortunate to meet Soeli some years back and give her a helping hand in her martial arts and fitness journey. She was going through a very tough period of her life and needed some focus to give her back her confidence and belief. Since these early days I have seen her grow as a person, women and martial artist. She has bloomed into a very strong and beautiful human being. She can be sensitive and caring but also fiercely tough and driven. She is a woman who can bang out 20 long arm chin ups, countless picture perfect push ups. Has cardio conditioning like a machine and a right cross like an exploding grenade. She is special to me and I was glad to catch up with her amongst her busy schedule to have a chat about the past, present and future.... Kevin & Soeli


What is your Fitness Background? I have been into fitness for a long time but my real fitness training started in early 2007 when I was fortunate to meet reality based martial arts legend Kevin O’Hagan. Before enrolling into his fierce training methods I dipped in and out of the gyms like most people. I played around with weights and tried hard to find cardio machines to work me properly! In one particular gym I met another amazing sports person. She was a female bodybuilder and a UK champion. As soon as I saw her train I thought to myself I need to know what she is doing and why. I guess I have always been drawn to wanting to train with true legends with raw talent. Standard Classes and gym sessions with pointless chit chat to strangers never really floated my boat!

Where and when did you meet Kevin O’Hagan? He worked at a gym where I was training in Bristol. I was wandering around like a lost puppy looking for something exciting to do as all the machines which I wanted to use were busy! I was in a rush and the gym was packed. I think he noticed my frustration and offered to help me with my session. He gave new and exciting approaches to exercises and this got me interested in what he had to say. I don’t usually speak to anyone in the gym as I want to get in and out as quickly as possible but I had a feeling that Kevin was different! Wow was my gut instinct right! The next time I saw Kevin, it was at his fitness class he invited me to called the Gladiator total body workout. I walked in with no idea what to expect, it was very quiet and people were just sitting on the mats looking pretty anxious. It was after the class started and I have been to the toilets

Womens mma star Gina Carano

twice to revisit my dinner that I realised I wasn’t fit at all. I was pushed into zones I never knew existed, it was awesome. I became a regular to the Gladiator and after a few weeks realised the Gladiator workout was only a small piece of the Kevin O’Hagan Pie! Martial Arts were what he was really about and the fitness to mirror that is where the Gladiator came in! As with the Gladiator class I was invited to “try it out” a mma session. So one Tuesday evening I ventured along to his dojo to see what MMA was all about. It was that Tuesday session that changed my life and training to this day. I started training in the class regularly which was no mean feat because there were so few females. I also met Kevin every week in the gym to hit the pads and work the bag. From there I became heavily involved in ‘reality based ‘martial arts. One of the recent highlights for me came when I attended the BRITISH COMBAT ASSOCIATION’S residential seminar weekend. Kevin was teaching on the seminar and got me out to hit the pads in a short demo. I think all the guys assembled initially wondered what this ‘little lady’ was going to show them. By the end of the demo they gave me a standing round of applause lead by Peter Consterdine and Geoff Thompson. Both men commented that apart from Geoff’s wife Sharon they hadn’t witnessed another female hit the pads as well or as hard as me. That was a huge compliment coming from two of the world’s leading lights in reality combat. It also hit home to me how far I had come in my journey from a young frightened girl who had suffered her fair share of violent abuse to a strong and confident lady that would never go down that path again.

How did the Amazon Workout Originate? I had been training for a while in MMA and became very strong and fit. My body had made huge changes from when I first started due to the hard work I had put in week after week. One morning after dropping of my little boy in the gym crèche I really wanted to do some hard training in the day times again no disrespect but aerobics and step just weren’t for me. All the classes on offer just didn’t have what I wanted they all seemed the same. None interested me apart from the boxing classes. By then I had been attending the Gladiator class for nearly a year and had started using a lot of bodyweight exercises and explosive weight routines in the gym. Lots of ladies had noticed this and began to ask me about my training. As their interest increased I had the idea of star-ting a female’s only class along the lines of the Gladiator training. (The class since then caters for mixed sexes) So I approached the manager of the gym about the type of training and qualifications I would need to teach such a class. I also started researching into the growing idea of developing my own class. A week later I was enrolled on a Personal Trainer/gym instructor course and started coming up with crazy training structures using bodyweight only for my new class. I wanted my students to have access to the training methods and unique style of fitness from the background I had learnt from. I passed my qualifications and made my dream happen. The Amazon Workout was born!..

To read the rest of this article why not order a back issue, for details call +44 (0) 121 351 6930 WWW.COMBATMAG.CO.UK COMBAT 55


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Battling to be

the Best by Master Rob Simpson (Yuan Xiang)

Competition is unavoidable - it is the way we live, it is in our nature and defines us - whatever you do, you find that there will always be demands made for you to compete. It is usual to want to do well. To do so effectively you must choose your arena, understand the rules of engagement and prepare well. At school, at work, in relationships, in sport, in every aspect of life there is some element of competition. At work, for example, an opportunity for promotion may arise and you may have to compete for it. To make sure that you get that promotion you will want to ensure that you are the best candidate for the job. And when seeking that promotion, you too will need to make adequate preparation in order to be successful. In this context, the work place is your arena and the rules of engagement relate to the interview and


preparation for it. You are organised, competent, confident and your highly developed skills make a first impression to ‘blow the competition away’. As in life, generally, preparation can be employed to ensure success in a range of other arenas and endeavours - martial arts tournaments should be no different. This is a truism which is ignored at the peril of the competitor. Competition encourages us to bring out our best skill and competencies and to develop those qualities into advantages. We need to

compete in life and aspire to excellence in order to improve ourselves. In every facet of our lives, competition is apparent, whether we compete against others in organised tournaments or against ourselves to overcome some flaws in our search for perfection - it is inherent. The Lei Tai (Platform) was one such arena where the very best martial artists proved themselves against any opponent willing to put their skills to the test. The Lei Tai was not for everyone - although anyone could step onto the Lei Tai as a challenger. There was always a choice of course. Those who have fought Lei Tai share a common bond with the Masters of old and an ancient tradition. In the context of martial arts teachings, some may suggest that Lei Tai competitors and the desire to compete on the Lei Tai is a paradox. In one respect we may appear self-absorbed seeking to prove ourselves at the expense of others - bloodied and bruised standing victorious on the platform; but we can also be seen as a noble ambassador of the martial arts, demonstrating skills and abilities against worthy opponents with whom lifelong bonds may then be made. The rivalry of ancient styles played out in an environment where respect is earned and diligent practice, commitment and preparation are rewarded.

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By Grandmaster Yap Leong



kung -fu

There have been lots of naïve speculations about the origin of kung fu. Where did it come from? India? Certainly Not! Northern Pakistan? Of course not! Did a Mythical Hindu Deity create a sword to fight demons? In time this Art took root in Northern Pakistan, from where Buddhist Monks happily took it to China and beyond. This version was printed in a UK martial arts magazine not so long ago. I thought Bodidharma was supposed to be from Southern India and he took the easy route rather than through the Himalayas Once upon a time an Indian guy asked me ‘Where did Karate come from’? I replied ‘Japan’. How did it get into Japan? ‘From Okinawa’. How did it get into Okinawa? China. How did it get into China? India? I asked. ‘Absolutely - Bodidharma brought it from India to China’ he replied. Oh he was so proud!! What happened to the art in India then? How come there is none left? Well - Bodidharma took everything - the whole art - from India and gave it to the Chinese. That is why there is none left in India. Really? Really! A few years ago, there was a quiz on a national radio programme. The question was: ‘Where did Karate originate from’? Was it (a) India or (b) Portugal? The listener answered ‘India’ and was told that it was correct. What utter nonsense. Well, did Bodidharma really bring the art into China from India? If he did, why bother to go to meet the Emperor? Why not go straight to Songshan to the Shaolin Temple? Maybe the Chinese monks crossed the Himalayas into India and spread the art there. This would enable the Indian monks to re-cross the Himalayas and return the favour to the Chinese by giving them back all their Art, leaving no trace of any art in India whatsoever. 62 COMBAT WWW.COMBATMAG.CO.UK

There is an instructor who teaches a funny Japanese-named art which he called it Shotokan based, but influenced by the Indians. Why didn’t he simply call his art ‘Indiankan’? At least it would tie in with the Mythical Indian Art, based in Northern Pakistan, with a bit of Genghis Khan added in.

Never heard of Bodidharma To be honest, I doubt that the Indians have ever heard of Bodidharma until they read about him in Shaolin. Where was his birthplace? If they could identity his birthplace, why did they not find anybody practising the same art there? They don’t have to show me the wonderful art - just point out to me where I could find Gurus in India where I could experience the 18 Lohan- Hand Exercises.

Mythical Deity? Instead we heard of this mythical deity with a demon destroying sword as a basis for influencing kung fu. China had millions of these demon destroying swords which were not connected to any mythical deity. Just read their comic books. Maybe Bodidharma actually did nick the whole art in its entirety from his birthplace and gave it to the Chinese. What generosity? It is just like saying a kind hearted Englishman took all the Fish & Chips from England and gave it to the Europeans, leaving England without any Fish & Chips. Maybe Fish & Chips did come from India. There were plenty of fishes and potatoes plus plenty of mythical deities there to give the dish their holy blessing and shipped them off to England, through the Himalayas, passed the Great Wall into China, round the Cape of Good Hope and then to England.

Changes in the Textbooks If Kung Fu really came from India, why was it called Kung Fu, and not some Indian term? Bodidharma would be appalled if we called it Kung Fu. He would have wanted an Indian sounding name, just like the Japanese, who cleverly got rid of the Chinese Connection by changing the name ‘Tang Soo Do which means ‘Chinese Hand’ to ‘Hung Soo Do or Karate’ which means ‘Empty Hand’ The Japanese really knew how to change their ‘textbooks’ even then.

Maybe the Chinese did not know the Indian word for ‘Indian Hand’ or Bodidharma did not care a toss as he was totally mental - sorry - in a state of mind or Chan or Zen or whatever at the time.

tainly do have is the art of Snake Dancing out of their Basket to the tune of spiritual music. There are millions of Indian Snake Charmers around. Snake Kung Fu? None!!!

Bodidharmai & African Martial Arts? Background in Kung Fu, Karate or Taekwondo In order to justify their claims, a few Indian instructors started coming out with their so-called ‘Indian Arts’. They had to have a history and the best person they could latch on to was Bodidharma. Whenever they appear in the Martial Arts Magazines, they wear their traditional robe, put on a turban and carry a sword and shield. As Shaolin Monks are usually bald and don’t even put on a turban or carry a sword and shield, where is the Indian connection? Are there similarities between their so-called ‘Art’ and Kung Fu? Were they doing an Art Form? Did they have a Shaolin salute? Did they have set patterns and not wild swings and parries? Could they trace their lineage prior to Bodhidarma? Have they ever heard of Bodidharma until the Chinese told them? Is it because of the popularity of Kung Fu since the sixties that they suddenly found out that they had an ‘Art’ by reading about Bodidharma being Indian? Did they have ‘spring energy’, ‘frightened energy’ ‘yin energy’ or any described in Kung Fu? Did they devise forms and transmit them from one generation to another, from master to disciple or father to child? When you look at the history of these Indian Instructors teaching so called ‘Indian Arts’, you would find that their original martial arts background would have been Kung Fu, Karate, Aikido, Jujitsu,Taekwondo or Kickboxing. After they qualified (or maybe not), they decided to change them into Indian Arts by pulling out some mythical stories to back them up. One of the instructors I knew practised Wing Chun, but now teaches the Indian Art and keeps on practising the Wing Chun Dummy & Chi Sau - just in case he needed the Chinese Art to protect himself. How come we don’t hear of Tiger, Crane, Leopard or Snake Martial Arts in India? Surely there are such animals or snakes in India. I will leave out the dragons as they are just a figment of the imagination of the superstitious Chinese. One thing they cer-

This problem is not confined to India alone. There are instructors who taught African Martial Arts, who said that Bodidharma, after leaving China, travelled to Africa, including Indonesia and Malaysia as well. There is another instructor who mentioned about an Egyptian Martial Art based on the crocodile. The problem is that he is a Taekwondo man. He is probably the only one in the whole galaxy who really believes in Crocodile Martial Arts. However he is wise enough not to blame the influence on Bodidharma I thought Bodhidharma died in China at a ripe old age. To justify the existence of their arts, they said that after Bodidharma left China, he settled down in Africa to teach the Africans. What utter nonsense again! Take a look at one of those African Martial Arts Videos and you will find teachers showing moves which looked like modified ‘bong sau’ blocks. Sound very Wing Chun to me. Why did the some of these Indians keep on boasting that kung fu came from India? The truth is that up to and until, the Kung Fu Boom in the sixties, nobody, even amongst Indians themselves, had heard of Indian Martial Arts. They were not extinct, but simply non-existent...

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Fighting Fit at 50 and Beyond When Paul Clifton asked me to write an article about myself and how I had achieved a 6 pack at the age of 50 I was a bit reluctant at first, but then my narcistic egotistical side got the better of me! any of my fighters could shift me. However the downside was I began to ‘smooth’ around my abs and gain weight on my waist. Even so, for my age my physique was looking reasonably good, I hadn’t lost any of my speed and my flexibility, although not what it was, was good. It was during sparring that I found the problems. The extra weight (muscle and fat), was hindering my stamina, it was like running up a hill with someone on my back, I could spar well for 2-3 rounds but then the lactic acid would set in and


our waists and bellies. There really is no need for this; it is because we changed our lifestyle habits. We may eat the same amount but chances are we are less active or we are still active but we eat more. The worst of cases is we eat more and are inactive! So we put on weight, we become less fit, less healthy. So at the age of 50, weighing in at 95kg in June 2009, I decided on a plan of action. Firstly the plan would be long term as I always say to my students ‘it’s KEEP fit, not GET fit’. I also did not want to go for any quick weight loss because the easier lost then the easier gained. My first area of improvement was my diet, and this I was about to discover, was the magic key. Let’s use the analogy of a formula 1 racing car; you would not put regular 4 star petrol into its tank would you? However it might surprise you that the fuel they use is not too dissimilar to the regular stuff but it also contains compounds and blends that are tuned for maximum performance. So you may well eat some healthy food but if you are putting the wrong type of ‘fuel’ into your body then your performance will certainly be affected. In addition to this, if you over fill a fuel tank in a car it will simply spill out and this is what happens to us, our ‘spillage’ being excess fat, fuel reserves for the journey that we are most likely not going to take.


To be honest the whole purpose of this achievement was done purely for me and no other reason than to set myself a personal goal. You see, I have kept myself in shape ever since I began Martial arts in 1973 and entered the local Judo hall in Wolverhampton. I was heavily influenced by Bruce Lee and his amazing physique especially for such a small guy. So my grounding was through the Martial arts with thousands of push ups and sit ups and other ‘Spanish inquisition-esq’ callisthenics! As a young man I developed a high level of stamina and flexibility but it wasn’t until I started weight training that I began the rudiments of a ‘physique’. Over the years I studied nutrition and eventually became a fitness instructor as a result of my passion for training. At the age of 40 I had my final fight which was for the British title in San Shaou full contact. I managed to win the bronze medal that year and then retired from fighting to concentrate on teaching and coaching Muay Thai. However, training for my British title helped me to develop the sixpack and physique I had always strived for, I was 76kg and felt in the best shape of my life and I was 40! As the years went on and I approached 50 I continued to train but I was centring too much on power and as a result increased my weight training & nutrition to compensate for this. It certainly helped me as a pad holder because it was very rare that

The best inspiration is not to outdo others, but to outdo ourselves


my guard would drop. My fighters would suss this out and attack in and out so that I would not get the chance to fire off. Only the very brave stood toe to toe with me as I started to sit back on the ropes to draw them in so that I could fire off single power shots. Running was out because I got back-ache or joint aches, I put this down to age when in fact it was because I was carrying too much weight. Most of us put weight on as we get older; we start to thicken around


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NAM00 1/02

I had a problem with this, because although I am extremely disciplined, I really enjoy chocolate and am partial to eating out and take-away. So how can I make this a long term thing if I am going to make myself miserable by cutting out the things I enjoy? I sat down and worked out what I actually consumed each day and I was brutally honest. The majority was crap food, high in carbohydrates and calories! For me it was what I was putting into the ‘fuel tank’ for my journey and not so much my activity. I therefore tailored myself an eating plan that I would be reasonably comfortable with. The first thing I set out was that I would not consume chocolate, sugar drinks (except fruit juices), and pastries (includes cakes, pies etc), sugar loaded cereals etc during the week and only allow myself to eat any of these during the weekend. I allowed myself treat days (Saturday & Sunday), and, psychologically this was good, because if I

had a craving for any of my favourites then I knew I just had to ‘sweat it out’ until the weekend. However this did not mean that I would consume a week’s supply of chocolate or cakes etc on my treat days! This initial eating plan was to run for the first month, so I ate pretty normally in the week during breakfast, dinner and lunch, I just basically cut down on the sweet stuff. After my first 3 weeks I had dropped off 3 kg, so this was steady as I had anticipated. Sitting at 92kg, I now needed to up my training. This bit was easy because I train a minimum of 5 days a week generally. However it was my approach and my training routine that needed to be upgraded not the frequency. So my routine was as follows: MON - Muay Thai pad work & sparring TUES - Weights: Shoulders, triceps & abdominals WED - Muay Thai pad work THUR - Weights: Back & biceps plus Muay Thai pad work FRI - Weight: Chest & Abdominals The routine was not much different from my regular training except I added abdominal training twice per week and I upped my Muay Thai pad work. Doing this plus reducing my calories during the week by omitting sweets etc reduced my weight to 88kg within less than two months and I was starting to see my waist shrink and my abs were tightening. By September I had reduced my weight to 85kg, a total of 10 kg in 3 months and was now ready for my next phase of training and eating plan. I became stricter with my day to day eating in the week and my diet was now devised to put carbohydrates in during the day (pre-fuel for training) and protein at night (repair-

ing muscle tissue). So a typical day’s diet would be:

BREAKFAST 1 teaspoon Manuca honey Multi vitamin/mineral complex capsules Cod liver oil capsules Smoked Kipper Bowl of: Strawberries, Blackberries, Raspberries, Goji Berries & Mixed nuts Green tea Protein drink

SNACK Apple or banana

LUNCH Salmon, Crab or prawns Mixed leaf (Spinach, lettuce etc) Bowl of: Strawberries, Blackberries, Raspberries, Goji Berries and Mixed nuts. Green tea. Protein drink

PRE-WORKOUT (1 hour before) Multi-vitamin mineral pack Protein drink

DURING & POST-WORKOUT Protein/low carb drink blend

DINNER Steak, fish or chicken breast (on its own no vegetables). Water Bear in mind I would eat well at the weekend; however this is quite a low calorie, high protein diet that I found worked for ME, based upon MY body size and weight. My carbohydrate intake coming from the fruits and carb drink to fuel my workouts I listened very carefully to my body too, I only had one reaction and that was at about 3am one morning when I awoke for the toilet and the whole room was spinning (I don’t drink alcohol before anyone goes there!). I lay down but everything continued to spin and I was light headed. So I nipped downstairs and fixed myself a shot of fruit juice and a protein drink and slept like a baby! I had no doubt trained hard the previous day and did not have enough blood sugar in my body for normal functions hence the light headiness! The orange juice instantly corrected that and I put in the protein drink as it also contained some slow burn carbohydrates that would stabilise me until breakfast. So you really do have to listen to how your body is reacting to your diet and training, this is of key importance...

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LESSON TWO MOVEMENT AWAY FROM AN ATTACK If you read my last action plan I said to keep a record of body parts that are sensitive to touch. This is a good exercise to keep on doing every day as you will learn something new. The next step to take within movement is to understand how everything works together. All your meridian lines are still in the same place. Keep thinking about this when you move normally on a daily basis. Hopefully you will feel new points to investigate. Keep a visual track of all your points and keep adding to it. Moving away from an attack sounds like it is a simple task and in retrospect it is simple. The hard part is the freedom of movement within this action. To make your movement as natural as possible is what we are aiming for. The best way to under-


stand this is if a pigeon flies past someone’s head in the street they automatically move out of the way. They haven’t stopped to think about where to move, it just happens. This is exactly where we need to get to in order to understand what natural

movement means. Every step you take is a free movement and nothing should restrict you from your journeys end. A great way to learn this freedom is get a training partner to punch at you. Once the punch comes to you take a large step to the side. Then another punch is thrown take another step and so on and so forth. Always do this slowly because you are basically training your brain and your body to react in a subconscious way. This isn’t about being fast or about you jumping two feet in the air or even a spinning kick. After you start to loosen up and it feels more natural and the punch becomes routine you will start to move more freely because you are no longer thinking about where or how to move, you are only moving. Take this one step further and step with one foot and ‘slide’ the other foot along the floor to meet the first, as if you are on ice giving you a similar feel to ice-skating. You may feel like you are wasting your time or you may even feel a bit silly. When you start feeling this way start looking at what your body is doing and realise how much is going on just within this simple movement. You are opening

up your hips, which helps with flexibility and this even teaches you some very basic knowledge of how a human being walks. We will talk more about this at a later stage though when it comes to striking. The best thing to do is think about something else when you are training like in this method. Try humming a tune and never look the person in the face. This will help take your mind off thinking about movement. While you are doing this ice-skating movement you should move in all directions and even move closer to your attacker then the time before. Just make sure every movement is

slow and free-flowing. Many times you will start to either speed up and stop and think about what you are doing. When you start to speed up all you need to do is stop for a moment to take a deep breath. If you are constantly stopping and deciding where to go you should change what you are doing. By this I mean you should lower your hips for the next two attacks. There is another technique called crosscrawl. If you are stood facing toward your attacker in a normal stance all you are going to do is put your right foot over your left as if you are crossing your legs. As soon as your

right foot hits the ground you should lower your hips. Try this form of movement in as many directions as you can. There is nothing stopping you from coming up with your own way to move. Parrot fashion isn’t right for everyone as long as you understand the concept of the technique you have every right to change it to how you see fit. This is only showing you the way, not leading you...

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Marc Davis Sifu

My Journey So Far! Thank you Sifu, for this opportunity to interview you. One of the things that I’m always curious about is how people got started in Martial Arts. Can you tell us a little bit about your story?

martial arts was to become an expert in all areas of combat, in all ranges physical, mental and spiritual.

MARC DAVIS: It is my pleasure; many members of my family have practiced some form of Martial Arts so it has always been a part of my life. I can remember being as young as five/six years old practicing boxing, kicking and basic blocking techniques with my uncles and cousins. However my main interest grew when I was six/seven and a friend of the family showed me my first Kung Fu film, which happened to be Fist of Fury starring Bruce Lee. He also showed me some footage of an old master demonstrating his martial arts skills against multiple attackers. I could not take my eyes off the screen and after seeing such speed, power and technical skills, I knew that I must study martial arts and develop this skill to one day become an expert.

MARC DAVIS: The main emphasis is on street effectiveness, and body conditioning i.e. hardening the body, training the mind to respond naturally, flowing techniques and using your opponent’s strength and energy against them, and finally to be proficient and complete in all areas of combat and martial arts.

After gaining a strong foundation and studying many different styles you developed your own unique system of mixed martial arts known as MD Martial Arts, that you have now been teaching for 18 years. What was the reason for this? MARC DAVIS: The reason for developing my own system of martial arts is very simple. The various styles that I had practiced did not cover all areas and therefore made me feel incomplete. My intention when I started

What is the main emphasis of MD- Martial Arts?

Over the years, how many students have you taught? MARC DAVIS: I have been teaching for the last 18 years and in that time I would say that I have taught around 1500 students - all levels from beginners to people who are black belts or experts in their own right.

You have been practising martial arts for over 30 years now. This is a long time to train. Any advice for the readers on how to keep going in Martial Arts for so long? MARC DAVIS: I am a firm believer in not just doing something half-heartedly but fulfilling a journey and achieving your full potential. Martial art is not something that you do just for five or ten years but it is a lifelong study (a pursuit of excellence). I think that once you see and feel the health and fitness benefits and the constant improvement and development in your physical and mental self it drives you on to keep training, stay dedicated and progress to the next level.

What is your proudest moment in Martial Arts? MARC DAVIS: My proudest moment was becoming an expert and opening my first kwoon/dojo. This was followed closely by writing my first book and getting published.

Do you still get to train as often as you’d like given everything you have going in your life? Do you train everyday and what would be a typical training session for you? MARC DAVIS: From the age of about 12 to 26 I practiced for three and a half hours every day without fail. As I am now a lot busier with teaching and running my full time martial arts academy, I have to balance my time 84 COMBAT WWW.COMBATMAG.CO.UK

between many things. I currently train for two hours a day five days a week. My training varies from practicing different areas of empty hand combat techniques to weapons training, bag work, skipping, running, body conditioning, stretching and meditation.

What are your views on the more traditional aspects of the martial arts such as kata? MARC DAVIS: Traditional martial arts must always be given full respect because it is from this very source that all forms of combat started. The most important thing is to do what suits you as an individual, your size, personality etc... Some people may prefer to stay in a traditional style all their life and I respect that. However for me it’s about moving with the times and which ever direction martial arts goes in then I will be right there pushing boundaries and striving for the most effective method. But remember whether you practise traditional or modern martial arts it always comes down to the individual and how they use their style or method.

Many people are saying now that traditional martial arts are all but useless for street self defence. Do you think this is true? MARC DAVIS: I disagree. Nothing in traditional martial arts is useless, it just depends on what you want from our art and what the rules are. Everything can be good and bad depending on how you use it - whether it be traditional Kung Fu, Karate or MMA.

How can traditional martial artists modify their training to better prepare themselves for a real self defence situation?

MARC DAVIS: In many martial arts there are moves, techniques or training drills that are not necessary. In my humble opinion just focus on what is really needed and what will work in that situation or environment - street, cage or ring.

Do you believe the view that the only consistently effective technique in street encounters is the pre-emptive strike? MARC DAVIS: No, it depends on the situation and your skill level. However, if you know that you are going to be attacked and you can intercept your opponent/enemy, it can be one of the most effective and important things you can do to defend yourself...

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An Age Old

Question Is There Room For a “Masters” Division In MMA?

A lot has been written recently about the age of a few certain fighters, and whether or not they should still be competing. Case in point is the bout between UFC Hall of Famers Randy Couture and Mark Coleman. The combined age of both men is an astounding 91-years-old. We all know that age is just a number as far as Couture is concerned, but are there enough fighters over the age of 40 to institute a masters division?

ing headlines, as he made his MMA debut a successful one on Jan. 30th under the Strikeforce banner.

That doesn’t include Pat Miletich, who is looking to make a return at the age of 41.

Walker is a 47-year-old former NFL running back who had trained in some form of martial arts since he was very young.

There are plenty of fighters who are in their upper 30s that still love to compete, but are having a hard time keeping up with the younger, more evolved fighters of today.

Dan Severn recently had something to say on this matter.

The UFC has a few fighters who could fit well into the “Masters” category. Besides, Couture and Coleman, there is former light heavyweight champion Chuck Liddell.

At 55-years-old, Severn last competed in July of 2009, earning his 90th career victory against Woody Young on a King of the Cage show. Herschel Walker has also been mak-

Frank Trigg is 37-years-old. Vladimir Matyushenko is now 39, as is Dan Hend-erson. Yes, Hendo is still competitive, but that can change in the blink of an eye.

It’s happening in other sports as well, look at Brett Favre in football. Mariano Rivera of the NY Yankees is 39-years-old, but still the best closer in the game. Maybe I am wrong here and there is no market for such a division. Or maybe the UFC can schedule a few fights per year to get these guys in on the action.

Coleman vs Couture @ufc109

The one thing that is very evident is that with the conditioning programs and supplements that have become available, fighters are taking better care of themselves, which allows them to compete a lot longer than ever before. With Dana White and the UFC, it boils down to whether or not these fighters can put on competitive bouts, and whether or not the fans would be interested in watching them fight. One thing is certain, if these guys want to fight, they are going to fight. At least with a masters division, they can go up against other fighters their own age. 88 COMBAT WWW.COMBATMAG.CO.UK

pictures copyright

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Children’s Warm-up Games:

Magic Mitt My article in March’s Combat covered various aspects of teaching children, and in particular the importance of warming them up with a game. This month, I wanted to share with you probably the first game that I used and remains a firm favourite today. “Magic Mitt” is based on the old playground game “Tag”, but can be altered to suit the size and age of your class. Firstly, when I introduced the game to the children, I told them that the game was called “Magic Mitt” because the focus mitts that we were to use, held mystical powers that turned people to stone when touched (ie - they are stuck to the floor and cannot move). This may sound like something out of “Dungeons and Dragons”, but children have such vivid imaginations and lap up all the fictitious details, (even some of the Seniors’ eyes lit up with excitement!). At the start of the game, I usually start with 2 students who wear a “Magic Mitt” each, who work as a team and whose aim it is to turn every other student “to stone”. The next rule to the game to explain was that the only way the


spell of the Magic Mitt could be broken was by receiving a “High Five” from someone who hadn’t been touched by the Magic Mitt. It’s a simple concept, but there are numerous points that need to be made in order to make the game successful and enjoyable for the children: 1) It must be made clear before the game starts, that it is only a game and that as an instructor, you are looking out for good sportsmanship and HONESTY. 2) The mitt holder must not aim to the head. (The children could be told that the spell only works from the shoulders downwards.)

3) The mitt holders must not start hitting the other students with the mitts hard - just a simple tap is sufficient. If I see any child going in too hard, I stop the game and give the mitt to someone else. 4) To release the “spell” a proper High Five is needed, and not just a slap on the back or across the body. As with all of the games that I use, I ensure that there are Martial Arts elements involved, and highlight them to the children. With “Magic Mitt”, I use the game to promote footwork and avoidance. It’s important to encourage the children to look where the mitt holders are and avoid them wherever possible. To me, this is unintentionally the first lesson in Self Defence. The children soon learn that if their attention is solely focussed on one mitt holder, the second can surprise them from behind or to the side. With regard to the footwork, I always try to discourage the children turning their back on the mitt holder, similar to the way that we spar. It’s very easy for a child to forget this in the middle of a game with all the excitement, but I have awarded “Student of the Week” to some students solely on the base that during this warm up game, they used their heads looking to where the mitt holders were, and then using their footwork to avoid

being touched without turning their back to the opponent. I’ve had a couple of incidents where two students have both been running with their back to the mitt holder, whilst looking back over their shoulders, which has resulted in them colliding into each other and banging heads. Not only is this painful for the children involved, it’s embarrassing if their mum or dad is sitting at the side watching, or if they are picking their child at the end of a lesson with a big bump on the forehead! From a Health and Safety point of view, another tip that I would give is to where possible give the mitts to 2 of the smaller children. With a game this energetic, it’s very easy for smaller children to take a knock. However, if the smaller children have the mitts, everyone is trying to avoid them from the start! I have also found “Magic Mitt” to be a fantastic way of introducing new students to the class. It’s very easy for a child (especially if they are starting at your club on their own and don’t know anyone) to feel isolated, By handing one of the mitts to them, they will jump straight in to being a big part of the game and help them make new friends. There are also variations on how you can play “Magic Mitt”. For example, you can pick different pairs of students, all of whom get 1 or 2 minutes each with the mitts. The pair that win, are the pair who at the end of the allotted time have the most amount of people “under the Magic Mitt’s spell”. Alternatively, if the game is quite easy, rather than a High Five to release the spell, the other students have to go through the legs of the person stuck. However, the most common method I use is while I am watching from the side slip extra mitts to other students, so that without many children realising, there are suddenly four or five mitt holders, which really tests their footwork, avoidance and observation...

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Kevin O’Hagan Old values, new horizons Combat recently caught up with veteran reality based Martial Artist Kevin O’ Hagan who was recently been awarded his 7th Dan black belt full masters level grade in combat jujutsu. An extremely high level of achievement. It shows the time and dedication Kevin has devoted to the Martial Arts. He is still an active figure on the scene, on the mats and training hard. ‘Still seeking the perfect technique’, he will tell you. We asked him talk about old school Martial Arts values and training and how they stack up in comparison to the modern day methods, and if they work together or not. Here is what Kevin said from his 35 plus years involvement in the Martial Arts world. I remember the first time I walked into a Martial Arts class. It was in the year of 1975. The class was a Kung Fu taster session. A dozen or so of us lined up in this dusty and sparse church hall to face a scary looking gentleman decked out in a black gi with the ‘coveted; black belt around his waist. I was nervous but also excited. As a fourteen year old lad, I was living the dream of following my then idol Bruce Lee’s footsteps to Martial Arts fame. That first episode didn’t last long as within the first two weeks of training, the instructor buggered off with the membership fees! Undeterred by this minor problem, I found another class in another dusty church hall teaching “Pak Mei” Kung Fu. I was off on my journey properly this time. Little did I know that Martial Arts would have such a huge influence on my life and shape my very being forever? 35 years down the line and I am still actively training and teaching and have seen many, many changes along the way. I have also achieved every goal I set myself on my journey. I have lived and trained through the kung fu/karate era of the 70, s.The taekwondo and kickboxing craze of the 80’s.Mauy Thai, Grappling, BJJ and reality combat of the 90,s and the massive rise in pop98 COMBAT WWW.COMBATMAG.CO.UK

ularity of MMA and cage fighting of the 2000’s.It’s been a long career which has seen me re-event myself more times than Madonna. But one thing I learnt is you must sink or swim. For longevity in any career you have to be prepared to change and grow. You can’t rise on your laurels, you will be left behind. For example I read about the Gracie family and the no holds barred arena back in 1995.I was already playing around with and teaching what was to eventually become MMA way back in 1993.I first experienced Brazilian jujutsu in 1996 on a seminar in London with Franco Vacirea ,a BJJ black belt based in Switzerland realised right back then how huge this art was going to be and the massive change it would have on the Martial arts world. I have also been lucky to get the opportunity to talk and train with BJJ legends such as Royce and Renzo Gracie, John Machado, Mario Sperry and Antonio Rodrigo Noguira. Either you get aboard the boat or you miss it. I knew I had to be aboard. Many buried their heads in the sand and paid the price. I first trained in Japanese jujutsu in 1984 competed in the jujutsu kumite and BJJ in 1998 and last fought in the pro MMA cage at 43 years old in 2005.That is a massive time span.

So you need to grow and this has all been good but other things have slipped a little, which is a shame. In this day and age, everybody and their dog has got a black belt. Every second person you speak to has practised some kind of Martial Art at one time or the other. Back in 1975 when I started out Martial Arts was still very secretive. You had a job in my hometown of Bristol to hunt down a club. The black belt was a thing to revere. It was like the Holy Grail. I passed my 1st Dan black belt in 1986 and gained my 7thDan in 2009 Somewhere in the eighties and nineties, the black belt lost its mystique due mainly to large associations and organisations given them out like Smarties to everyone and anyone. The standards dropped for the glint of money. People were picking up 2nd Dans less than a year after their 1st Dan. I was always told you wait the equivalent time in years between Dan grades. This to me is the right way. Back in the day, the black belt was hard earned. The practitioner went through some very harsh and cruel training under incredibly tough task masters. I trained under many top Japanese instructors and no quarter was given or asked for. Yes I admit it was a little bit of blind faith but you just didn’t question the Sensei.

Martial Arts taught me discipline. Through the harsh training, I developed a strong mind and body. Plus a work ethic that translated into other areas of my life too. At fifteen years old, I was a small, slightly built youth (not the incredibly fit specimen you see today, ha ha). I trained with full grown men and they didn’t make any allowances for that fact: young, old, male or female, you were all expected to do the same thing: thousands of knuckle push-ups, sit-ups, squats, smashing forearm against forearm for blocking practise, being kicked in the guts to condition your abs, a partner pulling or kicking away your legs to stretch you. Smashing your fists to they bleed on the Makiwara boards. It was all done with no mercy. If you drunk water back then in a class or on a seminar, you were regarded as a ‘poof’. I have trained on six hour seminars and the only time you could drink was in the 15 minute lunch break. I underwent one of my instructors, Sensei Mickey Upham’s infamous ‘in the woods’ sessions, where a total beasting was giving in isolation so nobody heard the screams (I kid you not). I have seen grown men broken in these sessions. The work was immense, the pressure at boiling point. A lot of people in this day and age would baulk at this sort of training. I’m not debating whether this type of training is good or bad. I am just pointing out the fact that it disciplined you to get through discomfort. It was character building and there were some monster Martial Artists in this era, as there were in the 50s and 60s.I am pleased and privileged to say I have got to train with some of the very best and they all have greatly influenced and inspired me in different ways. The list is massive; so long I couldn’t list them all. But maybe some of these names will illustrate the length of time and varied training I have received. Wally Jay, Brian Jacks, Neil Adams, Terry O’Neil, Gary Spiers, Chiba Sensei, Kanetsuka Sensei ,Brian Dossett ,Bryan Cheek, Richard Morris, Larry Tatum, Dave Turton, Geoff Thompson, Peter Consterdine, Bob Breen, John Machado, Erik Paulson, Bas Rutten, Quentin Jackson it goes on and on......

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Online Store This is the only place to find our range (S M L XL XXL)



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Welcome to...


Founded in 1970 WAKO is the largest unified kickboxing organisation in the World with over 100 nations currently in membership. WAKO World H.Q. is based in Milan. ★ WAKO History ★ WAKO started its activity in Europe in 1976. The founder was Mr Georg Bruckner from Berlin, who promoted the first ever World Championships in semi and full contact karate (as it was called in those days) back in 1978 with 110 competitors representing 18 countries. WAKO immediately created the rules and regulations for the new fighting sports and acted, since the very beginning, as the authentic Kickboxing Federation of the world. In our Championships, only national teams are accepted. Each member country can present only 1 competitor in each weight class. The WAKO World Championships are NOT open competitions therefore each representative is the premier competitor in that category, from their country.

World Governing Body for Kickboxing World and European Amateur Championships Title Fights held continually both Amateur & Professional Regional Competitions are held throughout the year British Amateur Championships to choose British Teams Full-Contact, Light Continuous-Contact, Semi-Contact, Musical Forms Licence, Membership and Insurance available to all of U.K., Southern Ireland and Republic of Ireland Coaching courses, Referee Training, Seminars and Training Dan Gradings and WAKO certificates for all Members For upto the minute details of all forthcoming W.A.K.O events visit our website To see national ama/wako listings of over 13,000 instructors/clubs on the web, type: then in ‘business’ type: martial arts and town

Contact: Treas & Office: Jacky Carson, 75 Grantham Ave, Derby, DE21 4FJ Tel: 07792 341036 (after 6pm and weekends) Email: WAK001/22

The Anatomy of

a Front Kick By David Bland

In the first part of this new series I delved into the mechanics of a straight punch; for this second installment I’ll be looking at the physical requirements to improve the front kick. As martial artists, we all want to achieve a level of competence in which we are proud; for some this may focus on complex katas or drills, while others aspire to instruct or even develop a style of their own. The study and practice of martial arts offers many physical and personal benefits - to help you achieve your goals, this new anatomy series will investigate the physical requirements to perform specific actions, whilst also offering detailed exercises to support the chosen move. Front Kick: An overview *


Lead-front kick is short, sharp and quick; this can be used to keep an opponent at a distance while, you create an opening. This typically requires a higher level of flexibility and speed in order to compensate for the limited time you have to perform the kick. Additionally due to the short distance in which the kick must travel before it strikes the opponent, this kick may require an increased speed component in order to develop enough power to deliver an effective strike. The Front Kick is performed with the rear foot, due to the increased distance to the Target, this allows for more time to develop the power for the strike. It is for this reason the front-kick is an effective knockdown tool; one which also requires less flexibility (i.e. compared to the lead-front kick) but more strength to develop the necessary power for a knockdown.

Stance Position and Kick Development As mentioned in the first article of this series; the overall quality and effect of a strike is determined by many factors, these include flexibility, joint stability, joint mechanics, 106 COMBAT WWW.COMBATMAG.CO.UK

muscle recruitment and your stance (foot position). As a martial artist you should be able to deliver a kick from the two fighting/defensive positions - these are the openstance and closed-stance; for instance a lead-front kick is an open-stance action which is limited in its ability to rotate through the hips, hence this is typically a weaker strike than the rear foot front-kick which requires rotation through the hips, which increases muscle recruitment and is therefore termed a closed-stance strike. Muscle Activation during Closed/ Open Stance Lead-front Kick The colour coded list helps to highlight the major muscles you should recruit while performing a lead-front kick (open-stance) or front-kick cross (closed-stance). This will help to guide you in developing and open and closed-stance movements. When we look at the physical requirements of an open and closed stance front-kick we see that the open-stance closed-stance punch requires more mobility and flexibility; for those with reduced flexibility you may overly use the strong hip flexor muscles to force the knee to the chest, additional problems may also occur in the re-chambering

phase as the kick with withdrawn to the chest following a kick. Other problems may arise with a restricted mobility of the hip rotators will be limited the degree of movement in the hip to close fully while performing a (rear-foot) front kick. As with any other restriction, limitation or weakness, this can lead to a reduction in power, accuracy, speed and agility as well as ingraining poor movement patterns and muscle imbalances which may increase the risk of muscle fatigue or injury. Exercises selection While there are too numerous (possible) exercises to list, I have focused on those that will improve, joint mechanics, and posture through the use of stability, activation and endurance based exercises.. Specific warm After having performed a whole body warm up, perform the following drill. *


Run on the spot, keep your hands out flat (palm down) level with your hips - initially aim to touch your hands with your knees - perform 20 reps in to total. Now raise your hands to the highest point and touch with your knees for 10 reps (performed as fast as possible).

Dynamic Hamstring Stretch 1

Dynamic Hamstring Stretch 1



Now lower your hands to hip level and perform 20 reps in total at a comfortable pace. Repeat this high/sprint and low/slow for 3-5rounds (where high + low = 1 round).


Now swap stance and perform on the opposite rear leg.

Dynamic Hamstring Stretch Set up * Begin by adopting a fighters stance. * Hands up by your head to ingrain upper-body protection.

Notes * To control over-stretching you can bring the same-side hand down to touch the thigh muscle - this works to cue the return of the leg to the start position. * Your Foot can be relaxed or pulled back as shown above) to increase calf stretch.

Action * With a controlled effort and motion swing/lift the rear leg forward and up to a point where your feel a gentle stretch of the hamstring (stretch should rate 6/10 for tension, increased levels of tension may reinforce tightness and therefore limit flexibility). * Control the leg back down to the start position and repeat for a total of 10 reps.

Closed-stance Hip Activation This is used to focus the effort into the hip (of the rear kick leg) during a front-kick, the key here is to active the muscles which lift the knee and rotate around the hip of the supporting leg, before controlling the return phase of the exercise. Set up (left foot forward) * Attach a resistance band, tubing or cable thigh attachment (above the knee) of the left back leg


Closed stance Hip Activation 1

Closed stance Hip Activation 2

(please note: the red line is representative of the position of the cable and approximate position of attachment point - this should be wrapped around the thigh and held on the floor by a partner, attached under a door or the lowest position of a cable machine). Stand with your left foot forward fighters stance, knees should be bent and hands raised to protect the head and upper body.

Action * Breathe in, to prepare - keep your arms in position as you sharply raise your left knee up and forward (toward the chest) - hold for a count of two and control your foot to the ground. Notes * This may require you to need to use a nearby wall as the pull of the tubing can pull you off balance. * Perform exercise on the opposite side, with resistance band attached to the right knee - and left foot leading. * To progress to a power based alternative - perform 6 repetitions as fast as possible with control to the floor. Open-stance Hip Activation This exercise activates the deep hip muscles of the lead leg, which helps to increase dynamic flexibility of the glutes and hamstrings. Set up * Attach a resistance band, tubing or cable thigh attachment (above the knee) of the front foot. * Stand with your right leg foot forward in fighters stance, knees should be bent and hands raised to protect the head and upper body. Action * Breath in to prepare - keep your arms in position as you sharply raise your front knee to the chest t - hold for a count of two and control your foot to the ground. Notes * If balance is an issue, use a nearby wall to stabilize. * To progress to a power based alternative - perform 6 repetitions as fast as possible with control to the floor...

To read the rest of this article why not order a back issue, for details call +44 (0) 121 351 6930 WWW.COMBATMAG.CO.UK COMBAT 107


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Superleague Windsor Leisure Centre, Windsor

The Windsor Leisure Centre was the first venue for the start of the 2010 series of events on the Cimac Superleague. With a large crowd already forming outside the centre, it looked as if the day’s competition was going to be a good one. At 11.30 all five areas were up and running with the under 14 boys and girls points fighting. Novice Boys and Girls Points Harry Aitken from the Mad Dogs took the first trophy of the day by defeating Callum Lewis from Storm in the novice boys final, with Joe Giles taking a well-deserved third place. The girls under 4’4” also saw some great fighting from these small competitors, after a long and well contested fight, first place went to Morgan Plummer with Chloe Roberts taking second spot. There were also wins for Daniel Whittle, Marvin Roach, Christian Hamilton and Helen Weaver.

Advanced Boys and Girls Points The advanced boys and girls divisions always proves to be a big crowd please with some of the counties top competitors taking to the mats to prove that they are the best in their category. And wow what a

impact they made with coaches, mums and dads screaming out at their fighters in every round that they fought. After some exciting exchanges top honours went to Sammie Rennie boys under 4’ 4” with Marcus Ainsbury taking second place. In the girls under 4’4” Chloe Litwin fought her way to the number one spot with Stephannie Killick in second place. Koben Ward kicked off his new campaign with first place in the boys under 4’7” with Jake Morgan runner up. Elijah Everill from Telford took top spot over Daniel Beeston in the boys under 4’11” Other first places went to Ryan Marlow under 5’2”, Kashanna Williams girls under 4’11”, Keeleigh Gocher girls under 4’7”, Charlie Maddock girls under 5’3”

Forms The forms divisions started with the under 13 open hands and after some great demonstration of techniques Katie Harrison from GBMAA took first place with Josh Meek taking second. In the adults open hands Matthew Kizintas edged out his team mate Andrew Harris into second place with Max Khaihara finishing third. The weapons also saw Matthew Kzintas in first place with Andrew Harris in second place and Saiha Shaikh in third place.

Boys and Girls light Contact The boys and girls light contact saw a variety of clubs entering their students in the various heights. Some of these young fighters showed why light contact is fast becoming a spectators sport with some great non stop kicking and punching techniques. Top honours went to Sheldon Smallman Boys under 4’4”, Stacey Davey girls under 4’7”, Archie Thompson boys under 4’7”, Chantelle Reid girls under 5’3”, Ellis Blake boys under 5’2”. The last two heights saw Daryl Gallagher beat Arjun Dulay in the under 5’4” with Jav Gidda taking third. One of the best finals of the day saw Grant Mallinson from Spartans showing all the tricks in his final against Harley Kenny to walk away with top ranking points.

Cadet Men and Ladies Points and Light Contact With the introduction of new ages in the cadets divisions there were a great turn out of teenagers between 15 and 17 years old. Watching some 120 COMBAT WWW.COMBATMAG.CO.UK

of these talented young competitors moving around on the mats reminds me of some of the greatest competitors that team GB have produced over the years. The first weight up on the mats was the under 57kg with Jordan Simmonds cruising through all his fights to meet Josh Harder from team Bomb Squad to set up an epic final with Jordan walking away with the title. Tom Gould finished in top spot in the under 60kg by beating Billy Harrison in the final. In the over 60kg final Josh Withers pulled out all stops to defeat Joshua Asquith from Team Epic. In the cadet ladies under 60kg Rachel House went home with a well deserved first place with Charlie Maddock finishing as runner up. In the over 60kg final Jess Osullivan was a convincing winner over Jay Newth, with Gemma Upfold third. In the cadet over 60kg light contact Josh Males from TEK was unstoppable in all his fights. In the final he got all the judges decision against Adam Finney.

mats with Adam Finney kicking and punching his way to first place in the under 75kg. Jack Mountford showed why he is a star for the future black belt divisions with some well-timed counter fighting to defeat all his opponents to the number one spot in the over 75kg. In the light contact divisions David Pearson put up a great fight to defeat Majid Hussain in the under 75kg. In the over 75kg final Sebastian Luszczek beat Tone Baker.

Junior Intermediate Men

Ladies Novice

Junior and intermediate men’s divisions saw some excellent fighting with top honours going to John Hazel in the junior under 75kg. And Paul Marney beat Jason Johnson in the junior over 75kg. The intermediate saw a lot of new faces taking to the

The novice category is the stepping stone for the novice ladies to make a mark on the mats before moving up to the advanced divisions. They display a great variety of skills, with Kirsten Hook beating Mercedes Bromfield in the final.

Mens Open Weight With cash up for grabs in the Mens open weights there were a lot of entries with some of the regulars and a lot of new faces going head to head. Darren Chapman showed some great skills by defeating a well improved Raj Chiripal in the final and walked away with the cash prize. With the event finishing at 6.00pm a special thanks must go out to all the regular referees and time keepers for all their help and support in making the first Cimac Superleague a memorable one for all who attended. And a big thanks Lloyd Allen floor manager and Tony Cashman for being chief referee throughout the day.

For the next event in the Superleague series make sure you get the next issue of Combat available from WH Smiths & all good newsagents WWW.COMBATMAG.CO.UK COMBAT 121


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Combat v36i02  

Combat Magazine - The World's Greatest Martial Arts Magazine

Combat v36i02  

Combat Magazine - The World's Greatest Martial Arts Magazine