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DS10_02.4: LEARNING wewanttolearn.wordpress.com

marina karamali

new design proposal for the central camp: the hottest coffee shop of the world


the hottest coffee shop of the world

the design proposes a field of

interactive pavilions for the central camp. the

pavilions will produce and serve beverages to the visitors. as each pavilion will serve a different drink, small variations to the technical specifications of each structure will be required. however, the design concept will be very similar for all. in this document, the coffee pavilion will be of interest.


system identification_01.a 6 identical components_30° more flexible system_9cm

strongest system_5cm

9cm 30° -25%

5cm 30° -15%

9cm 30° +40%

5cm 30° +200%

original position

01.a_30° all three lengths

9cm length

7cm length

5cm length

extention (physical model)

compresion and extention limits (digital model)

compression (physical model)

no break

the

first system identification

01.a,

is formed by a linear assembling of 6

identical components of the same angle and same length.

through

this ex-

periment the shringing and extending limitations of the system are tested. the breaking point is marked for each assemly. the aim is to identify the more flexible system and the strongest one.


system identification_01.a

6 identical components_45° more flexible system_9cm

strongest system_5cm 9 c 45°

m

5cm 45° -30%

9cm 45° +258%

5cm 45° +250%

original position

01.a_45° all three lengths

9cm length

7cm length

5cm length

(digital model) extention (physical model)

compresion and

extention limits

compression (physical model)

no break

for the experiment, physical models were used, in order to get an accurate material and system behaviour. then, a digital model for each one of the configurations was developed in rhino. there, forces were applied and deformations as well as values were extracted.


system identification_01.a

6 identical components_60° more flexible system_9cm

strongest system_5cm 9cm 60° -56%

5cm 45° -32%

9cm 60° +225%

5cm 45° +221%

original position

01.a_60° all three lengths

9cm length

7cm length

5cm length

extention (physical model)

compresion and extention limits (digital model)

compression (physical model)

no break

from

the results, it can be argued that the longests lengths (9cm) had more

flexibility, while the shortests (5cm) were stronger but unflexible. from the whole series, the strongest system in terms of shringing was the 30°_5cm and the most flexible one was the 60°_9cm.


ice in burning man festival

black rock city plan

walk-in camping area

it’s

not always easy being the

chilliest spot at burning man, an event defined by heat and fire. however, camp arctica hold it’s own in a city full of flames and art by providing the one thing that everyone needs in the hot desert. ice!! camp arctica sells ice to the burning man community as a public service, so participants may stay

(1) burning man

in black rock city and participate, rather than trekking far off playa, possibly even to

reno,

center camp

searching

for ice. proceeds from the sale of ice and additional donations from ice patrons are given to local gerlach and empire organizations.

(3)

walk-in camping area

land ing

strip

(2)

interactive theme camps

N

5000'

camp arctica

(4)

(5)

tracks

statistics:

camp arctica opening hours

tracks bring in ice in a daily basis

12

and camp arctica takes place at the centre camp.

in

2000, a preliminary igloo design for the camp arctica ended up being more smooshed-wedding-cake than igloo.

in

2001, a new design for camp arctica’s frosty abode was developed, creating a beautiful cathedral-like, peaked-dome structure designed like a giant fan ben

9

12

12

3

9

3

9

12

3

9

3

(6)

6

6

daily

6

6

labor day

down to the ground. the same structure was reused for 2002.

then

more emphasis was placed on decor and lighting as the igloo was transformed from ice sales during the day to a glacially ambient public space with entertainment and dynamic lighting at night.

(7)

(8)

what is needed two coolers per person: one for food one for drinks

----------> dry ice ----------> regular ice

(1-3) campers who just bought ice (4-6) camp arctica (7) setting up the arctica structure (8) track with ice


central camp_coffee shop

black rock city plan

walk-in camping area

the hottest coffee shop on the planet is at burning man! the center camp café coffee shop offers over 11.500 m� space, some of the worlds tastiest coffee, the best machines known to man, a complete beverage menu, and more shade than anywhere on the playa.

(1) burning man

center camp

(2)

land ing

strip

walk-in camping area

interactive theme camps

N

5000'

(3)

volunteers are employed to run the cafe, which offers 4-hour shifts 24 hours a day, starting 7 am after the gates open on monday and ending at 3 pm labor day monday for the following positions: •barristas •cashiers •support •criers

(1-2) exterior view of the existing central camp (3) section of coffee shop (4) the cafe is a navigational landmark (5) the burning man cup (6-7) relaxing area inside the cafe (8) performances take place on stage

coffee shop

performances

day

and night, throughout the entire event, the centre camp offers the following beverage menu: iced tea iced coffee lemonade iced chai electrolyte replacement powder hot tea drip coffee hotchocolate chai espresso latte cappuccino mocha

(6)

jugglers,

stilt-walkers, marching bands, and magicians are just some the participants of black rock city who fill the café with their pulsing, raucous energies.

in (4)

(5)

addition to the free-form entertainment that abounds, the café hosts special events, and has a stage for scheduled community performances.

(7)

(8)


form finding_inspiration

the spiral as a starting point of the design

spiral and helix in nature

the golden section and the fibonacci sequence are proportional constants which provide har-

monious aesthetic arrangements. fibonacci spirals are present in nature, in clockwise and anti-clockwise arrangements.

the

elevation on a

original assemblance of the components

fibonacci

each individual

spiral in turn itself

comprises clockwise and anti-clockwise fibonacci spirals, whose elevations consist like-

form a spiral. the spiral combination has a principal role in the behaviour of the system.

extention and compression levels are strongly related to the spiral geometry.

wise of fibonacci spirals. as there are logically limits to this process, one ought correctly yo speak of self-affinity.

(3)

(5)

(7)

(2)

(4)

(6)

(8)

(15)

(16)

(1)

back to minimal surfaces

(9)

(10)

(11)

the

(12)

belgian physicist joseph plateau (18011883) made soap bubbles experiments to find the minimal surface of each given bound-

ary. in addition to the minimal surfacesof the catenoid and the helicoid, plateau found the anticlastically curved minimal surfaces which all fulfil the condition of a disappearing mean curvature, which means that in each point of the area the sum of positive and negative curvatures in zero. however, with more complex frame forms, we sometime get various minimal surfaces. for the same boundary.

(1) linear component assemblance, shring (2) fibonacci spiral (3) nautilus shell forms a perfect logarithmic spiral (4) fibonacci spiral (5) whirlpool (6) cactus (7) romanesco broccoli (8) sun flower (9-14) helicoid minimal surfaces (15) helicoid surface formed by a helical wire and central acrylic tube. (16) combination of a rigid outer helix with a non-rigid thread.

(13)

(14)


spiral form variations

elevation (1)

elevation (2)

elevation (3)

top view(1)

top view(2)

top view(3)

working with mathematical functions in order to manipulate the

spiral.


form finding_designing the helix

basic spiral analysis the

o 5cm 30 -15%

9cm 60o +225%

initial physical tests of the system (01.a) provided important results

regarding the systems behaviour. as the strongest system combination was formed by the smallest angle and the smallest component length, that should be placed at the foundations of the bigger design. on the other hand, the most flexible system was the one with the biggest angle and the longer

component length. that would be placed at the upper parts of the structure.

the design which has as a principle the helix compination, has been parametrised according to those outcomes.

strongest system_5cm

more flexible system_9cm

parametric helix model

gravity applied at the system 0:30

1:00

1:30

2:00

2:30

3:00

3:30

4:00

4:30

5:00

stifness: 500

stifness: 1500

0:00

extending the system

the first helix design has been developed in a digital parametric model. then it’s reaction to forces was examined. initially a force starting at the upper end of the helix was applied, which had a vertical direction, upwards. that caused some paramorphosis to the system. then a second examination followed, where gravity forces were digitaly applied to the helix. here the stiffness of different materials was also taken into consideration. the diagram above shows how the system has been breaked down.


interactive design types of systems: types of systems: systems systems

types of systems:

can be static or dynamic (react)

systems can be static or dynamic

time based design

es a A from linearity: us

ca

time based design

to circularity:

ca

c causes

causes

es us

a

to circularity: c

c

which can be self-adjusting or learning which can be first or second-order which can be recirculating or self-regulatory which can be self-adjusting or learning

b

s use ca

automatic design: clocks, kinetic sculptures, cinematic film. reactive design: the artifact has the ability to be triggered by stimuli, that causes a change in its output. interactive design: dialogue of conversion needs to take place between participants.

ca

from linearity: A

to circularity: B

b ses a u

which can be recirculating or self-regulatory which can be linear or closed-loop which can be first or second-order

B

causes

interactive

reactive

which can be first or second-order causes

s use ca

automatic

B

es a us c b from linearity: A to circularity: causes

interactive

reactive

causes

s use ca

automatic

which can be recirculating or self-regulatory can be static or dynamic which can be linear or closed-loop (react) (interact) which can be recirculating or self-regulatory

B

ca

interactive

reactive

causes

from linearity: A

s use ca

automatic

(interact)

which can be linear canorbeclosed-loop static or dynamic systems (react) (interact) which can be linear or closed-loop

time based design interactive

reactive

(react)

types of systems:

time based design

automatic

(interact)

which can be self-adjusting or learning which can be first or second-order

b causes

which can be self-adjusting or learning

goal goal

is c om pa re d

ct pa m

can affect

can affect

can affect

ha sa n

i

an

is c om pa re d

is c om pa re d

is c om pa re d

an

is c om pa re d

is c om pa re d

is c om pa re d

is c om pa re d

i

ct pa m

ha sa n

an

is c om pa re d

ct pa m

i

i

an

ha sa n

ct pa m

is c om pa re d t c a p m

ha sa n

can affect

disturbances

an

ei n

disturbances

1. action (by the system) take s pla ce in

ha sa n

an

ct pa m

he et

take s pla ce in

take

2.

s environment pla c

disturbances

disturbances

1. action (by the system)

2. environment

2. environment

2nd order cybernetic loop an observing system watching an observed system includes language and agreement in order to negotiate, to collaborate and to participate.

take sp l a ce in

system

1. action (by the system)

system

2. environment

information in the form of feedback is returned to the system

1. action (by the system)

actual result intended goal

he et

actual result intended goal

reaction 3.

reaction 3.

error to be corrected

ma yc ha ng system

to

ma yc ha ng

actual result intended goal

e th to

system

e reaction th 3.

he et

actual result intended goal error to be corrected

information in the form of error to be corrected feedback is information in returned to the the form(by the of system) system feedback is returned to the system information in the form of feedback is (by the system) returned to the system

ma yc ha ng

e th

e th to

error to be corrected

reaction 3. (by the system)

ma yc ha ng

affects the

an

e th to

an

1. action (by the system)

affects the

goale

is c om pa re d t c pa m

1. action (by the system)

system

goal

i

ha sa n

ha sa n

i

i

ct pa m

affects the

1. action (by the system)

goal

system

actual result intended goal

affects the

1. action (by the system)

actual result intended goal

goal

reaction 3.

he et

1. action (by the system) take s p lac ei n

environment

ha sa n

i

1st order cybernetic loop an observed loop communication, regulation, system with goals

2.

take s pla environment ce in

environment

environment

2.

1. action (by the system)

2.

error to be corrected

system m ay ch an 4. system g

(by the system)

take s p lac ei n

system

2.

system

1. action (by the system) take s pla ce in

reaction 3.

he et

actual result intended goal

4.

information in the form of feedback is returned to the system

1. action (by the system)

actual result intended goal

ma yc ha ng system

to

information in the form of error to be corrected feedback is information in returned to the the form of (by the system) system feedback is returned to the system information in the form of feedback is (by the system) returned to the system

error to be corrected

ma yc ha ng he et

system

e reaction th 3. (by the system)

information in the form of feedback is returned to the system

actual result intended goal

e th

reaction 3.

he et

goal

error to be corrected

reaction 3. (by the system)

reaction 3.

e th

actual result intended goal

to

ma yc ha ng

he et

goale

e th to

error to be corrected

ma yc ha ng

actual result intended goal

e th to

he et

goal

e th to

actual result intended goal error to be corrected

to

information in the form of error to be corrected feedback is information in returned to the the form of (by the system) system feedback is returned to the system information in the form of feedback is (by the system) returned to the system

ma yc ha ng

e th

goal

e reaction th 3. (by the system)

ma yc ha ng

4.

e th to

error to be corrected

reaction 3. (by the system)

all cybernetic systems have loops in them

goale

fundamental cybernetic loop

ma yc ha ng

4.

e th to

goal

is c om pa re d

learning through a closed loop


spatial organisation

step 1 people to mechanism

position

fixed

1:1

free

hidden

rning lea

rning lea

multiple:1

1:multiple

step 2 mechanism to mechanism

outcome

rning lea

linear

exposed

square

circular

looking

at different typologies regarding communication patterns, space occupation and methods.


building program: diagram of interactivity

drink coffee

consume 3. (by the system)

ma yc ha ng

4.

e th to error to be corrected

water valve

he et

is c om pa re d

interpreting the state of exchange

actual result intended goal

performance

coffee cup

1. action (by the system)

visitors

multiple visitors at a time

is c om pa re d

error to be corrected

coffee outcome 3.

ma yc ha ng actual result intended goal

he et

decompose

e th to

1. coffee preparation

mechanism

(by the system)

dynamic infrastructure

g clin

2. environment

i

used coffee grounds

take s pla ce in

re c y fades out

orientation landmark

ct pa m

(by the system)

information in the form of feedback is returned to the system

ha sa n

gift

(fertilizer to be used to grow coffee trees)

make coffee

information in the form of feedback is returned to the system

an

evaluating the state of exchange

perceiving the state of exchange

money

sunlight

dust

weather one week

temperature

wind

the

design of the new central camp requires interaction between the visitors

and the structure. as coffee (and ice) are the only two things on sale at the festival, the participant’s behaviour changes a lot, becoming aggressive when

it comes to pay. the concept of the new proposal is to create communication for the two systems, where one should evaluate their actions in relation to the reaction of the other system. moreover, the coffee pavilion will provide gifts to the visitors at the end of the festival.


building program: diagram of functions and activities

receive gift

FUNCTION OF COMPONENTS

initially serve as foundations to the wooden structure.

gift

flower pots

bicycle parking

money kiosk

spiral structure

performances solar provide energy to panels warm up water.

cofee bags

leds recycling

pipe system

consume coffee

water tank make coffee

distributes water to coffee bags.

VISITORS ATTENDANCE

receive coffee cup

performances at the coffee-camp stages.

leds navigation landmark

coffee availability designing and manufacturing of components.

entering coffee pavilion

hot water (96ยบ) labour day

solar energy

PRE-FABRICATION SETTING UP

day

day

day

day

day

day

one

two

three

four

five

six

seven

FESTIVAL BEGINS

day

on the playa work.

DECONSTRUCTION

used

coffee ground and a coffee tree seed will be given as gifts to the participants of the

festival. the used coffee ground would be recycled and used as a fertilizer to grow more coffee trees.

bicycle parking VISITING PROCEDURE

night-time

GIFTING

day-time

STRUCTURE PERFORMANCE

money out

MONEY

proportional

money in


coffee machines research

filter coffee, instant coffee, espresso. the three types of making coffee require simple methods to be produced or more complicated systems.


reference project_nespresso battery

vienna designers mischer’ traxler made batteries from 700 used coffee capsules to power clocks installed in the window of nespresso austria during vienna design week. the installation uses aluminium in the capsules together with strips of copper, coffee grounds and

salt water to make batteries. six pots linked together power a clock, while the whole installation would run a small radio.

the energy for the movement of the sweep hands is powered by 17 simple, self made batteries. each battery-block consists of used old aluminium capsules, coffee grounds, strips of copper and salt water.

in this mixture between a soil battery and a salt water battery the

aluminium functions as the anode, the copper as cathode and the salt water as electrolyte.

due

to a chemical reactions a small, but

usable, amount of energy is created. 1,5 – 1,7

volts.

each battery produces about


making a coffee machine

coffee bag

water capsules

mechanism to pump water within the coffee bag

mechanism to cut coffee beans

placing a bag within the structure

developing the coffee mechanism

making coffee for burning man 2012

the concept of the design is that the structure of the pavilion will produce coffee itself. through a series of sketch models, different ways to embed the coffee production to the spiral have been tested. the principle is that a filter bag will be hold withing the structure and water will go through it.


design approach_pavilion design plan view_pavilion

plan view_one spiral

section_one spiral

a single spiral that rotates along itself was developed. each spiral structure has 100 turns. each of them will accomodate a coffee bag. the design of the single spiral is controled by a variety of parameters that enable its deformations.

the

initial spiral is then been rotated to form a

pavilion. the number of turns determines the amount of coffee bags that can be hosted at the pavilion.

section_pavilion

wooden structure water tank money kiosk bicycle parking foundation-pots

h: 3m

r: 14m


design approach_general layout

burning man

coffee camp

condition c condition b

condition d condition a condition d

the previous study on designing a field condition of tents, is applied

the new design proposes 8 drink camps that co-exist within the central camp. each of them will produce and serve a different beverage.

to the master plan design of the new coffee camp on burning man festival.

pavilion types:

1.

designing the drink pavilions. the initial design approach assigns small pavilions within each larger drink field. the design of these is parameterised and modified in order to adapt to the given geometry.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.


master plan_diagram of activities

free entrance to the camp

bicycle parking r: 12,8m

stage 3 sitting area oriented towards

man

r: 13m

r: 9,5m stage 1

r: 9,5m

d: 120m stage 2

r: 12,8m

r: 25,5m r: 15m

bicycle parking

free entrance to the camp r: 12,8m bicycle parking

free entrance to the camp

coffee:

750.000

espresso:

250.000

lemonade:

150.000

iced coffee:

100.000

stages - performace

hot tea:

100.000

view direction

mocha:

50.000

visitors route

chocolate:

50.000

bicycles parking

iced tea:

50.000

bicycles

1.500.000 drinks will be served during the 7 days of burning man. the design

proposes separate areas for each drink. the initial master plan is formed

according to the amount of drinks required for each drink pavilion. in this way all drink bags will be pre-installed at the structures.


decaying_sections for each day

day 1 close up

day 1: all coffee bags illuminated

day 2

day 3


day 4

day 5

day 6

day 7: all coffee bags used

day 7 close up

during

night time, the coffe bags which are unused will get illuminated. this

will provide information to the visitors on which bags they can use. moreover, as the central camp is the heart of the city, the cafe will become a dramatic navigational landmark.


section with coffee bags


inside the coffee pavilion


structural

details_component design

0.60m

0.87m

2.90 m

0.2 8m

0.4 3m

m 0.49

m 0.49

0.4 4m

0.3 9m

0. 29 m

0. 25 m

m 20 0.

0.51

m

coffee bag

1.05m

1.1 1m

wooden structure water pipe

1.13m

scale: 1:50

14 m

largest component

cm

19.5

15.3

cm

smallest component

one way valve

the visitors once

cm

coffee pipe

0.3 cm 0.2 cm

water pipe

4c m

o

60

48.7 cm

bag. the user should place his cup underneath the coffee pipe and close the valve once his drink is ready.

coffee pipe

cm

they receive their cups, they are free to choose a component to use in order to drink coffee. through a valve water flows within the coffee

0.8

coffee bag

coffee bag

53

continuous water pipe runs along the whole pavilion.

metal support cm 54

a

water pipe

7 cm

30o

wooden component 1.5 cm


assembling the components

digital model of the ten components.


perspective view of the coffee pavilion


inside the structure


Coffee Shop Pavilion